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Nigeria is situated at the extreme inner corner of the Gulf of Guinea on the west coast of Africa.

It borders with Chad to the northeast, Cameroon to the east, Benin to the west, Niger to the northwest and by the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) to the south. The Niger, the third largest river in Africa, enters Nigeria from the Northwest and runs in a southeasterly direction, meeting its principal tributary, the Benue, at Lokoja, about 340 miles from the sea. It then flows south to the Delta, through which it runs into the Gulf of Guinea via numerous channels. Other main tributaries of the Niger are the Sokoto and Kaduna rivers. The second great drainage system of Nigeria flows north and east from the central plateau and empties into Lake Chad.

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy. Its independence came in 1960. Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999 with the election of Olusegun Obasanjoas the new President and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. Nigerias economy is one of the fastest growing in the world and is the second largest in Africa. Nigeria has the highest population of all African countries and is the eighth most populous in the world.

Population: About 120 million Ethnic Groups: More than 250, 4000 dialects Size: 577,355 sq. miles; that is two and a half times the size of California. Number of States: 36 plus Abuja, the Federal Capital territory Major Ethnic Groups: Yoruba, Hausa, Fulani, Ibo, Igala, Kanuri, Tiv, Ibiobio, Ijaw, Edo, Efik, Urhobo, Edoma, Itsekiri.

The Nigeria flag was officially adopted on October 1, 1960. The centered white stripe is symbolic of peace and country unity, while the green stripes represent the fertile land.

1. Yankari Game Reserve ----A natural sanctuary home to a diverse amount of species. Definitely a worthwhile visit for animal lovers. 2. Kano City ---- A trading hub and home of great ancient architecture, this place is also the home of Islamic civilization in Nigeria.. 3. Lagos ----What once was the capital city of Nigeria, is now home to some of the most amazing museums in Nigeria, and the best beach resorts too. 4. Anambra ---Has a lot of artistic features and is the best place for a romantic get-away. 5. Osun Osobgo ----A place with a lot of religious and symbolic value to nigerians. Very beautiful as well with different forms or art and landscapes.

The naira (sign: ; code: NGN) is the currency of Nigeria. It is subdivided into 100 kobo.

Many religions are followed in Nigeria. The constitution guarantees religious freedom. Christians predominantly live in the south of the country, whereas Muslims live predominantly in the north. Native religions in which people believe in deities, spirits and ancestor worship, are spread throughout the country. Many Muslims and Christians may also intertwine their beliefs with more unorthodox indigenous ones.
The major Christian celebrations of Christmas and Easter are recognized as national holidays. Muslims observe Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting, and the two Eids. Working hours in the north often vary from those in the south so that Muslims do not work on their holy day, which is Friday.

They are very attached to family There are clearly differentiated roles for men and women There is a hierarchical social ranking Religion dominates and shapes community values Men had control over women to a certain extent Most of the population is either Christian or Muslim Social life revolves around ceremonies Ceremonies include weddings, performances, cultural holidays etc. Clothing symbolized status, affiliation, and wealth Are avid sports fans Food is usually grain based

In 1990, estimates indicated that 82 million hectares out of Nigeria's total land area of about 91 million hectares were arable. However, only about 34 million hectares (or 42 percent of the cultivable area) were being cultivated at the time. Much of this land was farmed under bush fallow, a technique whereby an area much larger than that under cultivation is left idle for varying periods to allow natural regeneration of soil fertility. Another 18 million hectares were classified as permanent pasture, but much of this land had the potential to support crops

Both countries have similar means of communication Both have similar rules and requirements of army service Both have very similar elevation extremes Both have been controlled by Europe in the past

Nigeria is more populated than Thailand Thailand has a higher life expectancy Nigeria has a lesser crime percentage There is lesser unemployment rate than in Nigeria The governments are completely different: Thailand is a constitutional monarchy, while Nigeria is a republic Nigeria has a lot more land area than Thailand

Boundary: Land total: 4,047 km

Border countries:
Benin 773km, Cameroon 1,690km Chad 87 km Niger 1,497 km

NigerCongo languages The Hausa language English Local language

Nigeria is located in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and has a total area of 923,768 km2 . Its the world's 32ndlargest country . In the southeast stand the Obudu Plateau. Coastal plains are found in both the southwest and the southeast. This forest zone's most southerly portion is defined as salt water swamp. North of this is fresh water swamp, containing different vegetation from the salt water swamp, and north of that is rain forest.

Nigeria's Delta region, home of the large oil industry, experiences serious oil spills and other environmental problems. Waste management presents problems in a mega city like Lagos and other major Nigerian cities which are linked with economic development, population growth and the inability of municipal councils to manage the resulting rise in industrial and domestic waste.

One basic fact of the Nigerian social formation or the Nigerian State is its composition by multi-ethnic nationalities or multi-ethnic groups.

Nigerian cultures reflects African, Islamic, European influences. They are good in architecture, calligraphy, and ceremonial carvings. Music and dance is an important culture too.

The Nigerian economy is one of the most developed economies in Africa. It has the second largest stock exchange in the continent. It is the 12th largest producer of petroleum products in the world. Outside the petroleum sector, the Nigerian economy is amorphous and lacks basic infrastructure.

Cities Lagos Kano Ibadan Kaduna Port Harcourt Benin City Maiduguri Zaria Population 7,937,932 3,848,885 3,078,400 1,652,844 1,320,214 1,051,600 1,044,497 1,018,827

Nigerias population is about 20,953,302 Major cities population

Nigeria ranks twenty fifth worldwide and first in Africa in farm output. Nigerias agriculture is not that high because of the poorly conceived government policies. Theyre agriculture includes cassava corn, cocoa, millet, palm oil, peanuts, rice, rubber, sorghum, and yams.

Alongside the main religious sect is the traditional belief system that without contradicting civil law, manages to also govern ethics and morality amongst much of the population.

In addition to ensuring access to, and the continual fertility of, both land and people, seasonal carnivals act as a spectacle for "tourism" contributing to regional productivity.

Nigerian clothing for women include buba, kaba, iro, gele and iborun or ipele. Nigerian clothing for men include buba, fila, sokoto, abeti-aja and agbada.

Events New Year's Id-El-Fitri Id-El-Kabir Hajire (New year) Good Friday Easter Monday Workers' Day Children's Day Id-El-Maulud National Day Chrismas Day Boxing Day Dates Day January 1 January 9-10 March 17 April 7-18 April 21 April 24 May 1 May 27 June 17 October 1 December 25 December 26

The airline was managed by a number of foreign companies, including British Airways, KLM and South African Airways. It had its heyday in the early 1980s, just after a KLM team two-year-management period;at that time its fleet comprised about 30 aircraft.

Nigeria has 22 airports operated by the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), four of which are international airports. It also has a state owned airport located in Akwa Ibom State.