You are on page 1of 29

2012s6,

Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

I**
q

j m,

Z"
!*
gx

tg Z Z

~Q

~
KZ

o^,nem +
34

Z"
!*
gx

39

j t W

j"
m,
:k?C]!*
.
_

45

~g +ZgWz6,

sg q
-ZX j m,
"
+Z m,

48

Z"
!*
gx

g ZZsZ

54

Zt

58

g Z

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

l

ci
+Zd
$zy z

V
~

'

bZi

-;X1 Z
E

'

Zw

g Z

'

!* 

E
LE

Vzg

Zw
(N
E


nM'M C

j m,

Zz

yQ

~gz

W
Q

g


~
~zc

i W

g
kS
Q

'
H

\W

Z
VQ

"m,

ci
+Zd
$zy z

4)Z [g [ Z[ Z} }w
G
GLI
i! ~
,
Wg g z Z V z [ W

M
+

q q

W,
Z

'5
'

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

~ i
} Z  z ng Z {
?~ng z Z w Z ? ] g ~
q} Z q ~ %
E
G
"i
G
~ i
L $ z g } Z , '
,
L 3E
* } Z xz } F,~ V G
~ Z g z s Z } Z?

Z}
.} Z Z 8
-g Z g ~
,
w } % Ct g z Z
] L } Z w z ig W
e{  '
, e{ 6,~ W
Z } Z 6,xwg Z V Y H ~
"
(
?~ [
CC
{ > LX=E

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

Vc*
0Z7]'
,
z nA ~ V c+
WkX g
(
E:XE
yZ WY 1zZgzZ 5Z o yzz o ~kZ ~gz -. X  g

ci
+Zd
$zy z

tg Z Z

0
/
% Iz ! Z qzg gzZX .z -

# v'
,
$ ]| Xc ]| { ]|g ]|X  t x **
P yZ  zggzZ
:~!*
!*
+Z ` Zu gzZ i Zgui Z{zZp]|!+Z g ]|^'
,
XZ
p]o6,
*W

AzZzg Z
:0*

z
rg|
# ~ ZZ~*Y} wgy*zy)y^~
gz ( Ch
+.
Zzg g kZ~kZgzZXgz0*
Z
X q q
-Z "
niZ X
H ~g YV5 )i QX
HV{ x n

c*
^V[
R&n ]5q**
kZz!*
( i 0*
Zu)g D
)g f,
MZgzZysgzZs]!*
~J
-[Zr
# ni,zX W
r
# niZ X [ [s yxg }g J
-u X C
$ ziE \N*
y X Zi Z {z G
L L { izg 8ZE

~ ]g Z Z
-**
S
!*
Wg ;g ~g YV!*
-k
J
,
]Zg sOZg nc*
g Z
=g CWZj[ Z MuSZj[ ZgzZVo! Z
g 9 Z ~z!*
+C
~ Z Z(,
yY t
ggzZ X ?}yvH [ Zzg Z +
M **
ZgzZ -"t ~g X D7
gzZ Z 56,
V!*
Zj]5 ZzZ e ,8
-g

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

aZVzg *0
+ey W}g *s{7~}iukZ ` WX
H

;g&gi n [ Zz y!*
izg Z S
-*
* !*
Wg

x q
-Z qzgz ]g @*
gzZ yz d
$ Zzg KZ }i kZ V-X

-**
S
!*
WgX @ Zg Z V ZgZ }iukZX ;gq
xzg Z X Zj<
z[ ZgzZ gZX x
/q
-Z

X klq
-Zx Zy5gzZ g Z`
Hq
-Z +@W

kZ  Z
# : VYX [ Z <
gzZ <
[ Z V
Z m i Z { zZp ]|

AzZ zg ZgzZgzZ gWZg


VkZ kZX Zt Z YS
-*
* !*
WgyX 
kZ1X : {zzTX byZ Z LX V[^%
x Wx] X#
}
. Z
# X ^/gzZ!*
-Z^g !*
q
"
niZ ,uz wdz dZk
,
g r Zl
X  !*
g \Z
Z@*
g7+R,
=g &
+v~6,
g ZZg PZgg Z)y[
c*
(
E.:XE

~VAzZ zgZgzZ gw qzg - X

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

x sgz **
**
Zg Zu~`q] Zj~h Zz
X 7
B}: Zzgg PZg D
c*
-

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

" DQ d |$
3OF
gzQ # MgzZ ~ V G
+'
:
G
? M~~ /O#F}g H !# M} Z L L
G/O#FZ~kX Q1
$]t !
L L 1QX # M
X $
72
yQDQ
G
" lyRQ1
V 3OF
$ s !# M } Z L L1 |$
+'
4$
M ~
X VC
X V e' G
4$MN M ~
yR VC6, Hge6, yQ G
/~VC
X yVQ1
$X l
ykS VCt ? Q>VC

X 
N N
1 V
X ZhZh'Zg D M1X X V C
s Zg Zt Zz Y ? V
{z Y ~ =X Y M ~ 
~]tX g g ~g tX Z (,

X Z(,

0
+
iZg
L L 6,
Z
tX qtX J1tX ]~]uztX ]uz
tX zgtX x JxtX |{tX tX
ZgtX 'tX VptX 7
t X L VVZt X Z z gt X t X T
$rtX x M tX V(Z QtX)u
BB V }it Xg Vt X Vc*
QV M

ci
+Zd
$zy z

E4E
&g )**
lZZg Zu[ ! Zg ci
+Z ! Zg 1G
izgX Z F,
~ +

cZX ~Q

~
KZ

{z<
L IZ yZ {z g2 ~W r
# ~
c*
X niZ
b #Izx {gpniyZ q
-Z p~(,
W
n8
-Z{zR,

=g Ze ~
c*
X  g .
Vc*
g Yz V*x Y n ~z
X~g PZgXg !*
m]5 zyx . Z/[W
/Z
{ =Zmg PZg X t x **
Vc*
P ~ yZ N '5 ~
F

yZ ]
.Zzz z

g} Z *Z ZgsZ **
gc
$ zX N '5 Zg ZuZ ~i +Z} Z *Z y

G
OZ'
gzc*
iE \N*
{ izg8BS~ TX g CWk
,
~ iE \N*
-**
S
!*
Wg HkC ~X c q6,
)

Zzz]
X h
+zYz{0
+
i7!*
~i ZygzZ+
M
KZv
G
E+
X H7 MG
5B g'
,
Zx 0CZZzZ e~~]5Z
X iCq
-Z

~xZ
~ i Z { g z Z
~g Y [ Z  ; z x

10

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

t X M
h } Z ZgzZ  M
h q
-Z
]gzZX 8
-gG.OcX aN]z
KZgzZX z
KZ
1/
X bzZi
E
E
o~
Cq
-Z **
o O8 M a o O8 Z ' C
]!*
t X @*
7,**
H H Ma L Lq
-Z kZpX L L ]!*
X
X !*
lXq
-ZX@Zq
-Z(KZ
E
Og c*
o O8 M
%pX J
-3,c*
kmXg z c*
g O{!X m G
G"N
5F
x M X C %paVV.X 7e
x M ' t X Z 7,**
g
/ V%J
-pg x6,Ka h N ]
d~u
V"~X V ~ 7,1: '!*
H Hx KZJ
-w b X  Y
3g" xcX D ZVzhVzg Yx ~ X D h
Xp DO V 0*
6,~ Ka ]Zg Zg Zg y
MgzZ ~ Vz
`g0
+eIzeDQ Z'
,
ZX M
hCb stX V~ 7,
,0
+
1
Vz J
-" ~z!>
M }@x
- ?H >t X} 7,
W.
$,z pX Z7,
MJ
-V Z<

^m,
/
Vg@*
{{gzZVZV,.
g
V\ M - s t Z/ 8
-g yypJ
?B ?N ` VV ?,f nX $
y
X M(q
-Z^]!*
]z sw c*
T
B  z
D c*
8
-g
% p 7
H ?g Hp 7? ozVY **
%p7
} Z?VYy
M X%pX x **
 ? H ?m

GOH ?e
Cg> M ~w~
/Z?
$sHkZX%pX x {
x ~X 6, T : X zz kZ r Zu

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

= X ~i VC Zz MB;
t X
Q V
N
U{g kZQgzZX c*
[p: {g tZz Za V kS gzZ\ M
{ c*
iX zzgBkZX c*
Zg ZDX c*
}XzZg ~V
X c*
i ZgVgzZg X zqcX D
c*
21X c*
} Dy X ~
A &BVC
H 2Xc*
2gzZ ~} w) f
} gzZ
Xb gzZswXc*
Xc*
}eIXc*

! { C V : k
,
iz X} 2= : k
,
iz YZg
2]3,
^Q X ~gz
Cmg a I
gqa+ Y g ! { C 1:k
,
izX YZgX}
1X 1 YZgX  H ~gqX 7]!*
X ~gz **

YZgXg zYZ Yzgq!Zp:k


,
iz
G~g z ` M X  V- YZ X kZ Ht X c*
M Z(,
! { Y ! z z K :1 Q ;g g
#k
,
~hk
,
iz X V @*
qz
]!*
}X X km Y z g zp
4$XM |YZgX qz
X Vg
WkmG
X1uuQX g (Z{ Zz Za e *Q
~gz **
J
-3,
a
W km ! 4X c*
[Z k
,
iz
Xo  YzJ
-3,
gzZX
gzg J
-x z q
-ZQ :~
k
,
i *Z
h ?HX )z y
M
KZX1 DX
Y ?H ? C qzV bzggzZ @*
V
N p? YN YZ { c*
N
w1{z Y7E_
i {zY7E_
XYa**
{zpX Y7{zY7w1gzZY7
i~ : M aNVX 7g Z- yxg VzaN]

12

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

!y
KZgzZ
KZt X 7
! z!*
z F,
x KZ y*
Vq
-Z k Q  T gzZ l k Q
A&
Z F,
gzZ W Prototype Excellent Model X QX y
KZ
V P e r f e c t P e r s o n y
KZ q
-Z ~ w gzZ g LZ X
bTt Basic Premise ~
Cy*kZX Personification
zg Z yYg!*
-ZDm,
q
?t]Z Zz ~gz` M
~i Z0
+Z p!*
gzZ}e
$.y
KZgzZ q
-Z~~
C]kZ
GE
"N (Natural Laws) 2Z~~ ] kZ
3E
Q!*
X 

~
(Muhammad (SAW) ]Zf ~
V ]| wy
KZVgzZ[8q
-Z b
f
KZ6,g(Symbol) #
~(,
E

$
KZ in Person)
Gd
+
J
54CXziq
y
KZ6,R (Creative) !gzZ (Imaginative) G
-Z |
#
-Z c*
q
-Z ]Zf \ M k QZg ;

q
ZF,
(
KZ q
-Z Z
#
kZ\ M X lZjR0
+
i
KZ{ c*
i
y*kZ}g ^ lVz!gzZV@-Q M~} *
X q~
C
,Z q
-Zgt gzZ Z~x Cq
-Z d
$ZzigxsZ
-Z ~ yxg } ],
q
Z <
Z gzZ V'
KZ
z k Q Z ~
[X L L {zgzZ q
-Zs ZRk0*
xsZX ~]g R
X 7*zRgzZ{z~

~*
wA Z KZ wZ \zZ e
$
gxsZ6,}iukS
6,T gz{],
Z (Zq
-Z
/
g Zk Q1;0*
: o i
Fi ~
~ w ZzpVOX (Applications) ]:Z ZwZ k Q
zd
$& 73 fm
yZz6,q+Z J
-x
c*
g ~t
3!*
i Vz

[ @*
kCt X  /~C
b Zp
a CgzZ I
zttzz kZX  l{q
-k

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

11

ci
+Zd
$zy z

X [VX

/
u
vst?Y: VV[V
Nzig M X  xZpt X  wX  [Zp t X  7
bzZiX  X  Z7t X  'X  N X 
X%p
yZgzZX 'gg "X 
yZ ,Zq
-Zg~ Vbgz- ~L LX{}uzm
!\ M KZ
}g )(Volga) zz]Zg TgzZ

w Hf
% Yk0*
8
-u ag g y
MX g yZ {zX Lg
X%pX +y
MzwZX
H
The fruitless thought of what I might have been, haunting
me
ever, will not let me rest
A cold north wind has withered all my green
My son is in the west.
- Christina Rozetti.
I look
After and before
And pine for what is not
I fall upon the thorns of life
I bleed----.
--- Shelley

k Q  `i M \ M "7,& X }y*Z \ M X y*t


k QgzZ
KZX gqu ,T ~}g !*
O g @*
x!*
]!*
tX u~
Cy*kZZp~V Vz!
gzZet X d@*
{ c*
i A[|Z y*kZ 4b Zz~ ZZ
kZg zg _
OZX s ZZzg 5 dKZ= X^q
-Z l
Rdy*kZ\ M
/ZakZX 7~o ~z*g x]~gz
kZX
wJ]gm~ qz  n
pgyQ s ZZg6,

14

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

Z KZ zg~ ~{~~]g
( H u m a n
KZ ~ | gzZ
(Basic K~
Cq
-Z Imagination)
+gzZ <
Z
Z 6,g Element)
Vz ! y
KZ z!*
q F,
x
X
g
z
g Z CZ Z
# lz!y
KZC
X Y :gzZ Z7Za L~ [ Z
C ~
/xggzZ ~ ZZ wzgzZ sq
-Z LZ {zZg C
X
7wKZ @
rgm {z { Zpg


H k Q Vzg gzZ Z~ S Z(,k QgzZ Z k QX
rg
Vzg gzZ ZQ X $
Y 7Z k Qg Z ? g
]1) 7 W]g @*
wZt X **
]zz .
g yxg
Z
# {g 0*
*q
-ZX 7q
- t_gzZ+
M 7X wQ ~
C
~BVzg0*
yQ
zq
-/ @*

zBk Q @*

TgzZf
ex Vq
-Z CZ p}g 0*
{tX ` c*
M
6 x {t X *
@Y w$
+zg p }g 0*
6 ~
M ~z}g 0*
6 k Qp @*
I M ~z}g0*
zp~ x {}g }g  @*
Y ~gza0
+
i x kS
"
5G
gzZ g }g 0*
kZ bkZ X: VY X~pt { ZpX Za w OE
yxgZ6,gzZ6 X  f
e 0*
M F,
K
}u6 q
-Z~x }g7 gZZ
&kZ [ ZgzZ @*
t Z wkZx  _Z
wq b Q @*
wq bT 7ki Z]!*
tak Q
gzZ ]) ~g {z :Zz !l ]!*
kS  g {z gzZ X Lg m$
+
g gzZ !q
-Z Zz {z
/ZggzC
X &[pV-g Z &O f
'
,
i

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

13

ci
+Zd
$zy z

X 7
z
i Zz M '
,l] ~g7 Z ;g[
Zg Z'
, y
KZg !*
~y
M vZ
!
KZC
X ;g7Rf.
gzZ Z(,~{*X
]i !*
gzZ Zk
,
ZXg^ `z LZ 7d
$+Z X
Hc*

X u M 6,Rm{q
-Z d
$X  6,Vzu ~y
M wZzi LZ
~ y**
- gzZ tZ^X [ V**
g R} (,LZ xO @ zy
~}iu[~kZX
H
MCsq
-Z}g
/
d
$
E
E
+
C ZtX g[_
~ gkZ[Z E
.i Zz M q
-ZskgzZX ;gwz4,
L
;g7d
$s{t X  0wZpk
2/
X
rgwd
$Z
L Ls ZR~} M$k Q [Y Hy  6
-Z k QgzZX ~
q
V wg Z f {zgzZX
-Z s1uZz d
$k QgzZ
G object q
J54CE+

X Yq
- GgzZi[F,
x d
$
KZ~kZZf
X @*
Zz
L L~Z KZ wg c*

k
KZ \ Mt e
$ ZZ ~
V xZ
y
KZt /X c*
/a
W/X

H0:
L uZz ]&F,
x
gzZ kZ Z f ~
V * kZ
wy
KZ 7~ wwg
~ ]g [8L La
KZ
~ ]Zf KZ \zg [8,Z q
-Z X c*
wJ e
ZRq
-Z s |{0
+
igzZ ]g @*
-Z
q
0*u
KZEF,
x ~ L L
gzZ #
~(,
d
$
KZ **
Y
( ~C
LZ  #
t d
$
KZ

16

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

7F, G ag X  M
hx x **
(Complexity)
YY7J
-ukZ i Z c*
YY 7F,
Z a];C
X
gzZ]F,
t~y
M egzZX DwF,
QJ
-uT
gzZ bq
-Zwq ~gtt
~ gzZwqpX"
$U*
F
F6,
ekZ 3/X @*
0*
7C
pZ &
+g & x **
M J
-u
7~i t% 46,wZgzZ d @*
Y t ]!*
ZgzZq
-Z~
YY H g % Z e6,0
+
iqVzg & (Zq
-Zt X $
Y
+uZg Zz kZ: Zg { c*
i t b]!*
kZX
DJ
-ukZg ,gzi 6,]!*
kZBBZpX
gzZ ( A b s o r b i l i t y ) ~k
,
+
5
J ~ k Q J
- V ce **
gz
X} 7,
: W,
Z6,
(Lethargy)
Vh} ha EnQ c*
xzgZg e yJZD 7
o]!*
t
Vf NX  M
h[_
.D  D,Z v X Y 3gzJ
ug N*
s] Z g @*
J
X @*
7,**
q
-Z ypa kZ
| 7,*i'
,}g vq_(Plutarch)
4$6,
M ]!*
H **

J
-[Zt{zVLebgzi G
TX7q
/~g QgzZ} F,
Q c*
}qg {z ~gzag
!LZ6,
{ MgZ (,
` M bTXg @*
Jm
yZz6,
Q~]&KZ
7: " ]ZW,
Z ~g)gzZ ~g {z b Q @*
%]ZW,
Z
X @*

p D M ]!*
. nm~ y*Z Francesea gzZ Paolo
_
(Depth And ZgzZ Z
nT q Z!*
kZ Z
~

Zjg ~ y*Z kZX C/zG{z W,


@*
Hold)
E
4

45,(Ulysses) mG- {z C M Z

3G
{ c*
i (26th Canto)H
4

Zg Z'
,
g Z TgzZ
HHf ^~d mG- ~T 7
/
Wz
C

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

15

ci
+Zd
$zy z


HHf i]&k Q :Zz]!*
kZ~pm
{z c*
M Bt   7t p p6,X
H7a h
+'
,s
c*
4Vzgp6,Vce6g Zz]!*
tX Y36,
Vzg
Vz**
]&k QtpkZ:gzZ
rgzg'
,
Z'
,
yQ c*
F,
+
$
Oh!
-Z ,q z~T .
q
(ZgzZ(Zq
-Zt X Y ~ zg x Z

/ZX 7 g_ta}g 0*
6 X CY 8**
}uz
nYc*
x **
6 L
L Q : bkZgzZ 7_}utZg Y
7
/
t kZX Y B {g 0*
C
L L~p
g {z:gzZ
k Q!pgztp SgVzi!*
{zVY Cz{ c*
iq5
o Z M M& g (Zq
-Zt
gt X g 7zg
t sX 7IZ 6,
g ~ VYce '
,
B
~ kZ c*
e
$ZZh
+

~ kZgzZ CY 0*
_~ kZ  M
h
X
rg_Vzg0*
Z6,
tgzZC Me
$ZZ
g df ]!*
t a =Zz { c*
igzZ mg B

O
6,g ]Zf KZ {z: YwJc*
qY : {z ~gz
6,gz {h
+ILZ ~y]Z f KZ {z:gzZX Y6,V7h
+Iz c*
-Zy
q
~gzgzZ:Zz y~ZgzZ ~
/
%{z ~gzag X Y
|Zz kZg X M ~ { E
+Z q ]i y~t 7
q
-Z !*
L Zp @*
J (,7 M q ce **
:Zz
m$
+
BB
zf y
KZce **
:Zz ]!*
kS QX @*
7
(Zq
-Z ~ptgzZ @*
gzspfX Y7sp|
# ~
CKZ1 Lg
% c*
(Shakespeare)J
: X @*
7i Z0
+Zq~ 5Zg g Z
kg Z
w 35000:gzZ g Z
Cgi Z (Homer)
+

h
\ M&g ZttgzZXV%~gqg0
+ZVzg (Gargas)
B tNz \ M & gzZ  M
h } x ** ( E l e g a n c e )

18

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

gZ Zzq
-Z y
KZ~ Zz kZ {y M

X
: H{zg.
yTg Z~}g !*

x }uz {z
) !*
Z X y
KZ **

S gzZ w { c*
i
{z i Vzg Y
6,
gCg Mx bZX
@*
0*

KZ {z)g f
4XE]I
-:G
kC NV% .X  Dqy
p ~ yQVY X C
s t k Q  D
+Z X p { c*
i Z gzZ X y
1 N Z V -Z
/Z  Vzq
gzZX ,q bZgzZ/g Y0Z]ZgzZ +F,
?f
zJ
-V\ p Cgq
-Z~Itzz kZ
6/
X x aV
KZx 7
KZ~ y
KZC
X ]Z fZ+F,
Z ~uz ~ ]
KZ
Le**
3 Vzuz 8  y
KZq
-ZX)i~Zpg Z]Zf
 {zX @*
V;Zp q
-~ ]CyQV @*
kC {zX
zggzZ LZ6,g~y
KZX Le **
q Z E
5_NVzgzR
y
KZX @*
q+
M 8zyj q q
-Z6,
gC;g Z zpgzZs
# Zg
%ZkS ]YgzZ~ ZZk QakZX yZYq
-Z~]KZVY
gzZ ]Z ]!*
.]!*
_
] ]Z@x LZ V {z C
g 7zJ
-]Z f KZ sV!*
x yZg6 m{zX}gZ ]
CQZpq
-Z r ZgzZ Lg ~g yq
-Z~ r z wk QX Y
ig Qa b & ZgzZ 4g f
KZ ]Z fZX Sg
{CYagzZsgzZ Za|
# Z6,
zlgz6,
KZ
X]gzCq
-Z

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

17

ci
+Zd
$zy z

yN M X @*
Za : ]!*
.qxX 76,"_
_
.q
-Z
Vz(Dante) Z[6f (Othello)zZgzZO (Agamemnon)
gzZ  Dxd
$
{ c*
iC
bzgZ~ Za W,
@*
: Zg /
.
**
wgzZ wq z!*
q!F,
x :
L ~
CkZ
uZzt X +
M 7 Zj ~I wVgzZ e
$
! |
# 6f
KZB
4/
X @*
t
ZzgzZ]!*
kZ ?
CYW0y
KZ Z
# Zj gzZ: Zg
XC{ ]
KZ *
* C~ a
yk QTg ZgzZy#Z
kZX ;g @*
g Z ~
CkZ KZy
KZJ
- ` M
M} ZZ
 Z Zg%Z yxgVzx?Zmx M ]|
6,ng Z
g @*

KZ~q Z4,
ZgzZ
HRe~]g q Z 4,
-Zg(Z]~
q
X ZzgZzAZ ypzO~
yQZ
# X z
z " rVzx M Z Zg fgzZL L
}uzgzZ wJ !*
q

-Z~yQ !*
Vz

4
VvZ : kZX V Zeg N G$M: k QX :
4$MVQB; aO=
G
/ZX @*
wJ,g 2
+
4$MX V VQ:B; a ON
@*
ge =Z gvZ G
4$XM V
Xg0qizgzZ{k
HCZgzZZVLe G
X!$
+
V>
{zgzZc*
y MakQO LZkQgy
M
XZzVQyv
H

~VyQgQ
LZ C Q @*
}i 5Z Oq
-Z vZQ
4$M!6,
} OkZ G
k\Z L L 1{zNtX l
k Q X
8wD
+ l LZ e: 6
5/
X c*
D6,
KLZ {z

20

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

~*
)gfZg]ZZX@*
!iZgZzZgZz)gf
)gf
D z36,
k
)gfzgz8
-g]~k
,

b
+]
.z[Zy
KZZ
# I `@*
LZgzZKZ
zh
QgZa
iz ]wgzZ ]Zg

Z ]z iZz M
z kQX M **
gZ
!z ]Z
Xc*
y.AZy
KZgZb
7
zx-ZX[
]Z fZ y
KZ ZzJ
-uh
+

]!*
tWJ
-V
X c*
azCZ: a
Zg k Q  : Zzg ~ `TVz !k QgzZ
KZ
p Art
L L "(, M
/Z N Yg ZgzZ Zz
X B
@*
gz{Z
+q
-Z pq
-Z b Zc*

yZk%ZgzZ\g- X YY 3g ~g Y~ !*
^z d
$]!*
t {zgzZ
p g VQ ~g Z &O f ~i t6,gLZ V2Vzgz Z
Dcp~k QgzZ^g M {zX Zc*
CZg T mq
-Z
`U*M X  pq
-Z C
 ^g M ~ k QgzZ 
V'~(,~(, *gzZbV%*^g M Kc*
g+C

igzZ ie
$.q
-ZtG~edz=^g MZzY0*
~
tak Qn
pg+
M pg ~g Y~VEXxMLZp
DV- X DwEZiZuz V ZXn M:x h
+

w+Z
g~{ Zt:Z kZ~V igzZV'Z6,Td}g7k Q
7C
^g M s  Dp+Zq
-Z
~ Za }4 bkZ eX Cc ]gik Q
X N Y[x
~g Y x M LZ X
rg z { ^g M g Z x|
x yQ
KZZgDpt^g M
L Lapg

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

19

ci
+Zd
$zy z

: ;g @*
VhZ&6,
gx y
KZg Z]Z f KZ
yZX 

{)z~g gzZ Zg eg~X)g f]wz]Zg

ZK /
X YYHg (Performing Arts)5Z Z.v~
{)z ~i gzZ u~gq~ Vg ]Z f Z gz ~ /
X D YK

kZX
C:
L (Literature)[ Z ]ZfZc c*
y!*
i /
X @*
YHg x lZx ~

gzZ}g 0*
,~
V vZwg\ M e
$Zzg Z]|
: c*

~
t p zZ \!*
V q
-Z
~
V vZ wg } Z L L
D
W~ y!*
i +Z VzzV1\ M
:c*

~ [Z \ M X @*M 7~~gz F,
 T
}= oe o kne ofm^i u^ oe oe]L L
4$Q
M X ~ +4gzZ ~ [g
~F G
gzZ c*

wEZ oe]L L\ M6,
V X 0*
lgz6,
\ M~y!*
i! i [ Z L L xJ
-V
[ Z ~ pyZ kZ X
ug I !*
i
7 2d
$ c*
[ Z wq p TX Z 7wEZ
n o ]L
L y M
pVYX 
oL L Z% oe]L LVX  tZ} (,
\M
~ xsZ ? ]!*
kZt gzZ ~ =
O!
@*
Y 1 [pVO X D Ya d
$ @*
7/
X
}g Z
# =g f 7~Y p Z]z ]!*

KZ
qZ Z~ w k Q X @*
kC y
KZ k Q c*
MB;
]ZZX CQ ,]**
z ]~ fkQX CgZz ]

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

22

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

X @*
Y c*
g Z
^g M Z ` M ( a {)z Y7 6,g~
C

ik Q c*
uZg Z k Qlw) Yt nZZ Zuz
X Zz zg~ ~,
gzZ ,ZX 7~gz **
Y Ht6,gzb

+!
xi Z Ze Z e X t 7g Z
CZ w) gzZ Cg[p  +Z
gtt I Zg ~ekZX YY H76,gwV (Dadaism)

(Cult F
]**
Dg,Z~^g M*
Z 
XD Y0*
{^
,Y~ Zg f Vr/kZ
/ZpM
h

~of Ugliness)
7w) {zC gtq CYZz!*
]!*
tY1
w) ~ k Q  q Tt VryZ X w)
kZ  ,g c*
]ZVa Fz gzZ~ i Z0
+Z ZZg f p @*

t Z:kZX **
{g~} ],
Zq
-Zc*
lw)a
7wJ.
a}g nZ Zt bkZX wq:,: c*
,
gzZ|
# ,q ~p6,RZ 1t Z
# X
ZzZgzZ
/
ZW~g M [Z  4Z w)
X}c(Combinations)]%
7
/F
  ]!*
tJ
-u [Z G
(Essence ngzZC
ngzZ w) c*
w) Zg Z w) C
 X 1 And Attribute)
~}g!*
|
# c*
X J e~|
# c*
^w)
xt wZ ,6,
o Y M Zg fvZ Y

yZ W
? H: kZ ? Ht  Cg[p c*
w) & D
9/
? mH!y
KZgzZ
KZ kZgzZ? H
gzZ Hw! fq
-Z Dp+
$Z$
+
: Ds
# zwk QQ
. f t X ^g M x **
s y
KZ6,]

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

8/

21

ci
+Zd
$zy z

@*
l Cg[p)g fwDZgzZVgVy
KZ~X 6,
VE
X @*
q Z$
+Z k Q c*
@*
uZg Z k Q
 YtnZZ X M
h]Z Zz6,
pkZ ~g
}X YY c*
7g Z
zi6,gK!^c*
]g|
# ~
(Abstract Expressionism)e
$g Z ~h
+ (Jakson Pollock)u7
uq q
-Z s~ g @*
~gqwg ZD
k H D
ZryY  ~gza ^g M * q
-Z [Z ZX
/gzZ
KZ 0*
Zg ,n ~ ekZX Y
: {z M ~z  V: VY p Z {z e Z
] ~ ZkZ } 7, ' wq tpVOX wq ~|
#
7e%g Tg ~ (Three Dimensional Univers)
B X M ~z c*
: VY 6,Zg Z Z {z { Zp
kZj
KZ Z Z yZ Z Za
]gkZ6,gzb
g|
#
]g (Literary Text)Q! Z~^x
KZ|
# X F,
!*

:pX C~
c*
V V-Zc ! Z V y sW [ ZL L
c*
X $
Y 76,gZz%$
+:V3
ZgZg Yq
-Z kZ g C1) q
 { Z g @*
V=pYX @*
7m"8Y c*
M
~ B
bg 7g C1) iZ Z F y
KZ
wy]**
K I }'Y q g C1)

*zy) pgzZ l{ i Ysz **


- wEZ
|$
+gzZ Zg Jn6,X$
Y 7BV ;gZD
kZ p
&E
B
g
ZgwZ dZ 2 + Vg~(,Kg *X
C ^g M
 ~i Vzgq*}uzgzZug **
gzZ ZF,
$gzZ
"

23

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

.gzZ]&y.x Bg6,]!*
kZ Zg f Zgf
/Z
4E
O&H~]&[
<}uzq
-Z btgzZ t
EG
{z ~gzt~[. At[Z kZ ?CY
s '
, kZ X N Q w) fgzZ y
KZ
11 /
X n
pgw~ Zy.}uz
Y y
g ]!*
t
/ZX @*
Y C
 ]w)
g Z kZgzZX @*
0*
gZ
|~$
+Zz i Z6,gC
]
zz ( Attribute:n)X nn
!*
]Z!*
q
-Z
}uz C
zX @*M {g 0*
q
-Z {g0*
{]
C
,Z ~ C
X
rg w ~ ZZ KZ z!*
pg xB
Xn
pg l}uzQz!*
kC.
**
  Db
Zg g Z e
$ ZZ ~ xgzZ ]~ e
$ ZZ kZ Y Hg
X
Z kCyQ @*
k
,
+]g p (Objective) zcZ
5
#
gzZ  ]g[p Z yQ gzZ Za w z
M f Y ~ (Objects)
@*
gZ CZg (Z (Subjective)]g~](Z
#
G3E
5_[zo
G
Dg V**
]zs
# ZggzZ+
M 8z
Kyz]Z
X
gzZ (Attractive)w ~ Z KZ6,gc*
C
6,gzc
zcX ~ p Z 7~ x|z pt
X @*
(Satisfying)
)
!*
ui **
kZ(Subjective Beauty)gzZ (Objective Beauty)
Za K
M

k,ZP~(Aesthetics)]1)gzZ[.~K:t
X e:q6zjgzZg _
OZ Z
KZzzX
x **
[z + Y 6,R~|gzZ : w)
1%~f q
-Z Zg ]1) Y g Z ]g @*
X ] 1 )

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

23

ci
+Zd
$zy z

Zx { ^g M ]t ,w)Z kZX 7[


~ Vz(]g[p LZ Zx {kZ y
KZX b
10 /
@*
7%[.wJ e
: c*
yt0Tg Z(Morrow)zg~,
c*
@6,T_c*
DwZZk Q^g M~x Tg Z
X CF
F Z
^g M H{z ~ k Q ^ F,
 (Venturi)~g yz
ykZ~g yzX [ ZgzZ @*
]g[.~C
LZ
[.{z 7q]t ~

s CY Zz ]!*
t
/ ,!X CY J
-u [.,!

~T
V, Y~{k Qy*kZW-~}g !*

XB{ ^
,YV V{n{n[ Z@
iX x **
s6,]y
KZt h
e y pt ^g M
@*
sy
KZ6,T H Zx { {z~ y.yQ @*
7,*
* o wZ Z kZ
?
c*
]J lZ F,

8x ogzZ8
-g gq

D z g z ~c*
]zZ gzZ%%
!gzZ1 s X J
-V X
/Z c*
o
X @k
Q]!*
~A ,
G
J54CE+

' G k Q gzZ y
KZ 6,T H Zx { {z ~ [ Z
p ZY 1t9[Zt
/Z ?p Z H?Cs
._ k Q Hg (Z: Q  x {Z[ Z
KZ {z t sX 7~gz **
p!*
p Z6,gx
D Za g7
z} MgzZg Z
F,
X >
Z^!*
]!*
tC
gzZ

26

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

mT,~ kZX @*
Y HqZ w) zf
CY )F,
XwZ {zgzZ @*
: gzZ
&D]1) X

@*
Y 36,7zggzZ
Z&Zg YY Hy} ; `Z
_ ]Zg C1) yQ ( 1) X  D 6,
C]Z
X  D y!*
i Zz wEZ ~ ]1) ~ Z KZ
C1) _]!*
.z ]ZgzZ V-gVpq6f yQ ( 2)
_
_
ZgZ'
, ZyQ ( 3)X DZa ~g/
ZyQ mZp H{z~yQy
MC Mgk
,
i]1)
12/
X D q]1)
/gzZ: 6,
gZ c

{z]1)
HHy 6
/Z J (,

MxMX C]Zg ]
CP
LZ]1)h
+

Bp (Basic Concepts)]Zg~

~ ekZ X Y x
~ y a
Xe*
*s
# z (Basic Aesthetic Values)Vzg~
C]1)
kZ C6,
VZgzZ bVzg~
C]1)d
$!f
]xy M
wZ XN C Y M Zg f\ M vZY

yZ ,
! fakZ1X DKVzgZ ]1) ~ zg
X ~gz**
f } ;` ZPw)
z M Z  szcz g]c*
0 ~ ]1)
/{zq
-ZX YY H~ Vz
/
a(Subjective) {z
X @*
y gzZ & p Z |z gzZ @*
w {@x.

:I]!*
kZ
/ZX @*
(Objective) zc~ w{z
/}uz
K
M
/Vz yZ YY t M Y
kg "6,g~fVz
X 

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

25

ci
+Zd
$zy z

!gzZD
KZX 6,VEx 0
+
i
KZt ~ Z
z z KZ w
KZ ]1) X @*M: ~ w ],
Z]1)  7(Z Vz
* [zz
KZ
{zg0
+Z LZ~ Z
gzZ Z
X
rgm
gzZ
HH~
.Z Aisthetikiy!*
i **
- Aesthetics]1)
(Alexander Hg x !*
Y g&
+Z
~ x|z% ` M Z
Dx| kZ k QgzZ HwEZ ~ Y 1735 G.Baumgarten)
:
8
g
O
{gz J
-uZg Z }g s]1) pk
YHZ Hg x !*
i Z0
+Z Zz Zg f]1) (Ludwig Wittgenstein)6Z E&z 8
-ze1X CY
: @*
y~
Philosophical study of the qualities that make
something an object of aesthetic interest and of
the nature of aesthetic value and judgment. It
encompasses the philosophy of art, which is
chiefly concerned with the nature and value of
art and the principles by which it should be
interpreted and evaluated. Three broad
approaches to the subject have been taken, each
distinguished by the types of questions it treats
as formast: (1) the study of aesthetic concepts,
often specifically through the examinaion of uses
of aesthetic language; (2) the study of the states
of mind-responses, attitudes, emotions-held to be
involved in aesthtic experience; and (3) the study
of objects deemed aesthetically interesting, with
a view to determining what about them makes
them so.

6g C1) Q_: mZpyQq ]1)


,
gzZ Vzg C1) ~ ]1) B kZ X  D w

28

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

w*u E
+
gzZc]**
- t ]!*
wX gHyT
X ayQ]!*
gzZD
C M0
+
igzZ|bzg
KZC
z}o**
-*
bzgt Z
# pX B
bgm |  b Zzg Z ~Z KZtVY
gzZ CZzz | kZX CY w
CY~
KZ
~ ~ m,
ZX  E
+

~ c*
{g!*
zzgZgzZ Yg {0
+
i 
E
4
 <
(Orphic) gGg X Reminiscence+F,
oaE

+
**
- Tg ZgzZ y#Z o Zc{z  c*
g Vz

kZ_VPyQX sZ e zg6,


v{z 5r Zu ]!*
]2y
KZ s Z]ZZ +q
- 4,
yQ ~wz
]
2yQ z ~ ]y
M qyQ]
/Z~ * kZ X B
+!
Y0
yQVaXT e **
p{z+~TX ]d
Vpq L L
ZL L
L L{z]gik Qa kZ 0
+
igzZ
X xg0 X xX XDgU&|q
-Z~
z
~ ]Z~ w y#ZgzZ o Zc
!z k Qg Z
4
F
(Chrysippus) ]ZX (Stoics) VZzgtZuz X
zz C
+ : (ZgzZ Y 1y { (Stoicism)EZzg
/Zw)
e
$ ZgzZ]q
- 4,
VZzg YYt t NzQ X 7
X x **
g Z+F,

zZ6,
y**
-Tg Z
oh
+

b CtF,
7"(,
M
(Plotinus- 204-270 #Z lt X a ] O$ q
-Z} i Zzg
(Peripatetic School)x
Y J
- MB.C)
Tg ZX $
(Plotinism)+
M#Z c*
EZZ
Y
#Z bZ X @*
X 
X YY H{E
+K
M
-gz#Z Tg ZV- ]!*
k&J

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

27

ci
+Zd
$zy z

b]!*
kZgzZgzZ+Zzy6,g
x **
zXg0
+Z LZy
KZ 7}~* Yg {
X @*
Za ~VzqwgzZ@ * g Z~zgzZ
{z 7 (Z wq Z  Z"

E
/# Y H
~ wq Q G
/
"** kZ Q Z w

@*
N N VY
t I Vqazc@'
,!*
a
Zz%Z Va q
- 4,
{z
/kZX @*
~ * Yg{s
]m!*
c*
w) zf w) f
agz kZk QakZ
X 7]gz
]c*
~g ZDw4%gZ ]c*
{z~]1)
 D0*
(Expression)g Z (Beauty) ]c*
t X  D B
~yZX,]!*
0]c*
P~yQ1{ c*
i{~ Z
X zcPgzZ]c*
P
(Socrates-469-399 B.C)o Zc~:]c*

X Ze]ZW,
ZZ6,
g Zz Rk QVYX qZ**
x k QpgzZ  D*u px k QZ
+Ix
zugzZgg Ze
$KZ **
-~*X C{g C1)
CgCg1D-6,
Z}
.A yR {z~ZZp
/ZXD HWZz
|{zV-gzZ1qCZ]gC
bV,Z
) !*
]ZW,
Yg{gzZZ
X 0 :
L 46,4g y
M 46,VE**
- X D
GU m!*

yQ ]
akZ Dg1
: Z]v {zVa
~gz6,TgzZ ~0Z]
M ZX 6,
ZZfq
- 4,

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

=tX {]Z1 F,
~p
/Z bzg
{z ZuzgzZ
/
% zT{zq
-ZX  D{ zbzgX q
bzg~T @*

wKk QmZy
X C6,* Yg {zT
4$CZ
5I
X ] c*
]&gzZ CZa iz'
,
c*
G
z ^'
,
Zg ~ X  K
M k } (,g e w)
H3ZzgzZ (Lipss) h (Robert Visher)
yQ X  +f .
(Volket) G
Zz {@x @*
7Tz CZf yQZz M~ Z Yg{ ._
D Y} M Z
# ]!*
.~gZtgzZ ~g
_
]gVzg Zz {@xpVOX @ Mwz@{z
X @*

/{~~
]Z z ]!*
.Zz {@x +yQtZuz
_
kZ (Croce) dzgzZ (Baumgarten)Hgx !*
X  D g Z
X Dg ~+Vc*

X (Sigmund Freud)[
+Z
h!*
kZgzZ C;{aZ
X ZJq
- 4,
kZ
Bt
} hK
M
~{z
/
a
kz+

X Dl~{V.y
KZ
g6,azck Z]1) c*
Y36,c*
a
C1) Vz yZ X @*
kZ gzZ 6 }g Z ~} ; aVz X Y
7]g]!*
Y m"gzZ Z}uz q
-ZV-
bkZzZc*
kZgzZ]gp~"C1)t Zg ]!*X C0*
Xe**
yQD]z
w = ) k Q ~uz gzZ yk z y i t * q
-Z y
KZ
tZ
# X * Yg {:gzZ YC
!*
* Z : {z X * ( r +
V C1) LZQ g66,0g~yS {zgzZk QVVz

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

30

29

ci
+Zd
$zy z

IG
G
$
h

"
3
G
5
E

3
X (Stoicism)EZzggzZ (Epicuriemism)e
$g GZ (Scepticlism) GG
XuZ ZaC1)z!*
qF,
x ~K
M
kVyZ
t=~ ] kZ ZZ w) #Z
1 {^
,Y U k Q g Z h%Z kZt0 ]1) #Z X C
X Y
u
a+|q @*
Vzq qzg &i M bkZ
(One)uZ ZX &t X  (Holy Trinity)X +4Z c*
e
X (Spirit)bzggzZ(Nous)
E
.MZL gLzZ dZzF,
tX G
,} Z}
'
.
zq
-/tX ZgfguZ Z
N
E
X-4$wz|gzZ =
X *uyQgzZzgtX <G
wX  X'{z r zw Z%
a p V Zz "7,X uZg Z z r gzZ wgZ
:D7kZq
-Zy M Zy)F,
Zi MxZ1Z **
V
zg kZ L L ! @*
Y H i **
L L T Nous
X)Y d
$ i **
L
L @*
x
rgx C
J
5" bZX
H L L
d
$
zg kZ**
gzZ (Noetic) H
~izggzZybgpVOX YYd
$}uz
5J" L L8**
**
L
L  {zX c*
g Z
[c i **
H

J
5" L
uZg Z pT d
$ H
L 7
**
- Z C & kZ g r! X 
~ppgzZ]Z f~!X g7
p Z
kZ X c*
g Z
Z y
KZ: ! Tg ZgzZ @*
Y 1

- V[ @*
x(Za
gt **
wp Z !pd
$t gzZ g (Z IF,
8**
13/
( 151mwZ) X 0QQ

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

32

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

4m$
+
Z$
+
X [|Z X 9/
Ludwing Wittgenstein- Lectures and conversations on Aesthetics,
X 10 /
Psychology, and Religious Belief - 1966, P-111

**
ZZ eX zig M X 11/
W.Proudfoot Begg- The Development of Taste, and other studies in
X 13/
Aethetics

ce**
H= ax"t /
X B
bg 2~[Z=
u!*
wi
X mZ c*
h YQ

H}g
CZgzZ
X ~[f}
iu
H
45_ )
( izg E
5G
6,
zizg Dg

/
~ /
VmZ e
=
rgu" qgzZ
 zZV[Vp~0
+
iZig {
( h)

:%XDVX ZX Prototype /

An original thing or person of which or whome copies, imitations,


improved forms, representations, etc. are made.
(Reader's Digest Oxford Wordfinder-1993)

X XVX Personification /
The act of personifying a person or thing viewed as a striking example of
a quality. (Reader's Digest Oxford Wordfinder-1993)

XM~
CX ~
CX Basic Premise /
The basic statement or argument from which an inference is made.

q
-ZX i Z0
+Zh
+]
.q
-Z ~gqX Dadaism /
Dadaism is a modern art movement founded in Zurich in 1916 which,

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

E.M. Bartlett- Types of Aesthetic JudgmentX 12/

31

ci
+Zd
$zy z

Zg7 T zig M Et y
KZ X k
,
/**

**
@V Vz yZQa
gzZ zig M wy
KZXi Zg
]Z f KZ k Q~
g Z
q wgzZ 0
+
iX @*

6,
i M a 76,:p

:C{tVVYX Tg~
O ^% o m
( 29X Z )X ~y

5{zy MC

O ^ ^ i] ^e
( 8X *Z)}a}g g Zg! [g}g } Z
~ wKZ {z:gz CzcgzZ ~ e
$i WKZ|
gzZ q
-Zs{z=g f kZzuZg Zk QgzZ s
vZY

yZ6,0
+
kzgkZjzX kZjx **
c zcX {z
~KZ*uV+Zy
KZX,]!*
} M
r ~
. VLX @*
Y w ZJ V gZ X  Vz gZgzZ L
X {)zgzZgX XXE
+
X*uVr X
y M
gzZ wq x lZ Vz mX gZ c*
V L'
X s
# zZg f]!*
t1XgZ2Z6,
wZ]1)

Zj

zg ZX V Mu0
+eF X 1/
43X 44mX 2e
$ZzgX
a` ZuX[.gzZd
$ X 2/
T.S.Eliot- Selected Essays
X 3/
T.S.Eliot - Tradition and the Individual Talent
X 4/

zdZ Z1ZF,
~
X 27X 31X {Z
+Z g X 5/
( y)zg Z F,
Z42mX Tg ZX G
G31 X 6/
1038
-g **
P8 X ]c*
gzZ](:]( X7/
3m+
$Z+
$X [|Z X 8/

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

34

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

33

ci
+Zd
$zy z

against the background of disillusionment with world war1, attacked


traditional artistic values. The name, which is French for "rocking horse"
was chosen at random from dictionary. The founders included poets such
as Tristan Tzara (1887-1966). As well as artists such as Hans Arp
(1887-1966).

o^,nem +

?kq
-Z j m,

]g S
-**
;

Z"
E
&Ogx

tWyykZgzZ gg
/
iZ%:] o^e

X

wZ { q
-ZC
/ wZt ~}g !*
iZ%{ : j m,

 Vzn~Y]i YS ~g Z0
+ZS ~[ !*
kS =p
gg
/~q)t yxgT c*
W7L kS h
+

z (Z6,
tW kS 6,g ~g) \WwZ{g zz X
gkS gzZ%q
-Z [t WX
[h
F,{ c*
iZz  t :
L X Process{ q
-Z  [Z F
!

]Zg hyS xyS gzZW,


Zk
,
i )[g JZgzZy
!

h 0*
,~ g Zz [
'
LZ Y Z )X 7 { ]ZW,
Z
gzZ )~ q
-Zq)t :
L ZuzX D 0*
7Xx LZVg

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

X ]g[p]g$
+X F
X Cult of Ugliness /
Cult of Ugliness, Ezva Pound's phrase, powerfully summarizes the ways
in which modernists such as Pound, T.S.Eliot, Wyndhan Lewis, and T.E
Hulme- the selfstyled "Men of 1914" responded to the "horrid or sordid
or disgusting" conditions of modernity by vadically changing aesthetic
theory and literary practices. Only the representation of "Ugliness", they
protested, would produce the new, truly "beautiful" work of art.

X~fq
-Z~igX Canto /
Cant is a sub-division of an Epic-comparable to a chapter in a novel
outstanding examples of its use are tobe found in Dante's Divina
Commedia, Spenser, Faerie Queene, Pope's The Rape of the Lock and
Byron, Childe Harold.

( @Z eZ[ Z :!Zf~z0
+
>ZZ ewZg @*
[ Z! )

/ The science of how things are known via the senses.

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

36

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

LZt w{a gzZ


HH^
,6,#
S s'
,
N
[t W\W~,ZX CWh
e`g e
! !X

] o^e

?DkC]Zi q
Z H~

q
-Z~y

zmvZ-u0*
{: o^,e m
5Z't ]!*
EX Y o q]oX x **
]oZ
I
wg L i~ :7Zz zmv Z -wgoVzuu
GLG
" wV;X  Za i q

Z aU Z<

o ]} a

w$
$
+z: ]og S {g ~ Zi W(z6f qx gzZ
~} ],
Zzc*
 D Y Vc*
c*
g 2z

oC
,ZgzZ
[Z wZ \W zJ
-x u 0*
zy
/Z ]!*
X  g
~ ZZ KZx Zi Wq
-Zz!*
VY{F,
x LZ~y 0*
X 7{
Y~g 2z

kS e
$wgzZ ~ Zi WkS SgBe
$w
E
mwDS )x o TC
X: VYKL 3r e WO
g F,
g Z]Zi q
Zx Y ZV;z gqG @*
g
0 x Zi Wq
-Zp
/Z *zyC
/)**
y*zygX
Tz ];x ZV z V ` W @*
@*
Y **

L
]VvZY

SX @*
0*
7X ]ZW,
ZPsychkS {zKZ:
X  M
h
?ebx HVzg ` W

] o^e

}g ~y/T x Z: o^,e m


yQQ,qsg yQ {z
yuZgg

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

xu 0*
gzZyg Z]\W

35

ci
+Zd
$zy z

Y
Y Z  /G 0=g f we
$ bz qzgkS ~ J
-ukS
V
KZt :
L ZX  Tg D bzg" 7SGi Z0
+Z W,
Z6,Vz

3g ~}=
LZ bkSV
KZ ` W EZ @yS gzZ6,V
KZ
zcx CZ~ sp: 6,g~gc*
~gg 2 ` W
W X[ZX

x~T Lg @*
~
E
E
X[ZX 3g,zmvZ -{!]|g Z )$
!yQ X  Tg b
{" z L}G
W!*
, W
g D ZZ " KZ gzZ  f
e Z Z g c*
f
e
-Z
q
c*
gX 7 { }Z
+f Zz Zq
-Z Z6,w 35VX 
9
& B xj%
LG
"E.W Z Y x H*Q LZ ~}xq
-Z6,x Z
I &
#
W z}x **
Z.
X
}
/06,
p Z **
Z
HH qzgz wZ
# p
HH
Tw{z Z ZV;Y @*
YH qzgz wgz W L L:
9
lg Z
/qzgz w
"E.W ZY ~' CYS7,
[y$
+~
Y
LgzZ G
/ gzZ7,6,gs^Z PgzZ W6,a
Ug 8E
-
" X V @*

VrQVg Z
/
]~
" c*
yZtx !Z}x **
Z
g es "
=X ~w@WkZ}g
g
z'
,
~g
: c*
O
6-i
+
gwqx)
,

**
m] P

m
?gZySc*
**
Jm
? g Z y S c*
$
+
t s: w4ggzZ  g Z
'
,V V ]q ` WV &~
GO$xt6,khzz 7X h
+'
7
vZ-@]|
LZuS & _
) 6,0
+
ig Zpz?fq
-Zz!*
V F,
x V

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

38

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

] o^e

AzZg Z}X gzB%Z7: o^,e m


CY ~}~C
VX  D

a }gzZZ ~~
X *
@Yq OZ"7,
~}x
?ebx nMg gzZy{g Z Z

] o^e

S **

c*

ggzZ}g Z Zq
-Zx **
: o^,e m
&x ZZzkS y

,[j\WX *LE
kS ~
t ZO x  a X 6,t qS 46,
u
]!*
Z
/sT Y 3gX yz o Z
Z zS {gt
gB]o{z nS saMg X }g

G
S~
+Y Zz { Zg" ~egzZOg~
$
/
6,]

BB
Xt]X Z
ZB{ Zz{ Zz: ,B]P`
V-
///

? ~gzGn~

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

ci
+Zd
$zy z

X N VQ

?8
-gpk]{h
+I ] o^e
" i&k]{zC
@*
: kZ ~D@
LG
: o^,e m
E
:1 6,V\W {z 8
-g }uVY x x p{zC
Bz p
X V@*
I8
-g!
?~V\WH

37

] o^e

~gzuZg Z k Q ]gzGTa~

: o^,e m
gzh
+]
.X CY w$
+: z ~

]Zg Z ZGX
}g GL LX @*
kCsp
z DwEZ G~ wj
H

~ ] Z i GgzZ  ~ Zh Z V Vz

9
X 7,X

:
:o^,e m

?

g Z \zigzZw\W

] o^e

{ z Zz '
, 30L X3Z
{zZzVQB;{gzZ
G
"
m,
Zz H
5?N k Q ] NLZ
{zZzJ (,
|@*
(C
V/
: c*
q
-ZgzZ is:w
dZ {z Z~=
/N` W Z%w
Z z E
V >{ ( 8? 0
/Z
~y Q8
-gC
?y

{h
+I\W

] o^e

X ~gO
cg;
"_ jh %wDS):o^,e m

40

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

"
$U* 6, { c*
i Z F,
c*
g0
+ZyZX 

SIq
-Zq]!*
.+I
_
"j m,

X Z lzy

zl tu nyZX/_
.g7z])
I
6,
$
g4! ZzT uZg Z 0*g8Fu{z` yY[p{z
g UY-WgzZ]**
Dgz]c*
F,
x ~0
+
i{zX
zzX sZ KZqC
y
s !*
` yY[p{zX `N @*

%ZX D WDZ%sZ KZ6,RC


igzZ ~z!{z
E+G
G

C
3
G

!
3
G
g Z$z kggzgzZr!
[t Z%gzZ YZ O ~& G
k}W^L%ZX c*
0*
0g rLz^g WgZ}W
yZX @*
$z ~g7 ~
M f Yx yZ i
Z]!*
.gzZ
_
-Z {za X Sg 7 K W,
q
Z6,w bkZ ~g 6, x
w~

KZ {z
/ZX D 0*
}7z{ Zp{6,
x{EzGnkZy
KZsz^
+
G
C

GG3G3 KZ {z ` W B yY
g0
+Zg 2q
-ZX  M
h{g 7Z * ~&
X` W~yZ{z ev W
{gzW Zz Y ;6,x **
zg F,
+]
h
.V
"j m,

z ]Z 6,RC!*
.gzZ ~7Z z 7p m{ Y-W
_
X ]g zO~89 xyZzz X gg7 ] i Z
@Z
+gzZ}sZ 6,VyZ1X  > VrZq
*
*'!*
P6,~

DO~

gzZt yZ6,V ~X Zz
yZqz]!*
6,
~

DyZVLe t~pX VLe


x Z1Z ]!*
. sL

_
 @*
X Vz7 %| Wq
-Z ~

t
C p{zYXg
z!* x C

~% V c*
g
g L)9%~ ~ kZ V Sgz!*
xC
Vc*
g

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

39

ci
+Zd
$zy z

j"
m,
:k?C]!*
.
_
g g j t W
G
T n
pg O$
) ) k Q Vz

r
# j m,
"

Vzg 7Z {0
+
i] i Z ~E
C
kZ !gY-WF,
x
G kZ]**
+
G
GG3G3C nW& pgzgB
e
$gzZ]~&
G
yQ n kS !n O$ yQa X  M
h
u ~$
+Z
W RgzZ ~qg { c*
i Y-WgzZrz]**
Dg V
 kCBZ e6,
Q
(@gzZw4g ZZX @*
Yc*
0*
kZ
OxigzZ e
$g/Z o ~g i W
6,x **
y Zz Z ` W
c+Z g w4gkZX b6,}i ]tIgzZ ]
g6,]!*
.z ]Z Lai Z v ` Z'
_
  ~ Za
RKZtZ]c*
W:Zzyx

g 29 ` WzzX 
*Zzg@gzZ LZ {z  $vPgzZ [ Z%s]c*
Zzg
[zZZ {xigzZe
$g/[ZX gN Vz~Vg
ob NZ kZ6,xigzZ e
$g/[ZYX @*
kC7W
C : 7
~
/ {  t V Zg 0 6,

42

" H
m,
C
C

]zI

w>

u H i Z
u L

| 7,~Zz6,
zZkZgzZkZ e\W
/Z
;6,0
+
i ` WgZVzyZ\W
/ZgzZX M
hVZy)**
}g7
Z ~ w4gKZ 0
+
i ` W ,kC

A
$7,
C t j m,
"
~];
KZX 7

-Z
q

{ Zgi Z

\W

"
$U* w Zp C
\W
E!
 ~g d
$
z t Z ~C

z t X
H W - !*

41

ci
+Zd
$zy z

&
br
# j m,
"
 /GG
X @*
7x
o **
4Z]
C :DzgyZZg r Zl
W ~g !*

C) "

hZ w
/#
i 5JgzZ` {g D
b j m,
"
a
d
$
{ c*
i/V}uzV:~z*gzZ * {zakZ`q
GG3):X&VyZ z~(,~zyZX `N
qBB
6,**
0
+
i {zX q VpV **
~

yZX CY 0*

7g D 6 /g q
- ~

yZ zz X  s Ze 7tzZi m
(
AXF7x ~

hZ xu Zg7 yZ |t ,z X C
6,g ZiZ 'c*
z gZz Y 0*
~ x yZ X
ce6g Zz]!*
t X 

[x} (,
w]g0
+{z xBZ e
^

G3B g Z c*
j m,
"
X @*
7u 0*
G
V{ F,
x x


!
gzZ  f
e x w E
L Z Mg  7g Z,Z ~ x0 Lg
Xg ZpgzZN Z(,
i Z0
+Z KWyZX  a]g0
+gZ LZ
~g i  Di~V~ ! pkZ]!*
z]Z@xLZ {z
C 40 ew Z6"gzZ Qu
H

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

V\W V 8 ~


{  ~ ]g w g Z F,

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

y
s2 ?
W  z
&
{> LB
)  g

!*

} F, 

} F,
} F,
.

c*
W } 6, V
z t
]g0
+~(, j m,
"
g ] Z ~ {g f {g f ]
VZl
! pt xg0
+X c*
wJ e ~ ^[8 
CV\W
yB]g0
+
gzZ ! p]!*
kZ~}uzX C Za 7%~
G

HH
zZ}
.yxg]!*
w ZILZ } (,} (,
H0 k? ~ y

KZ ~ ]q ]g ZX  b
kZ bE

Z}
.

) kZgzZ **
Z kZX
Cy
KZ X
MX +zQ
N
N
N

G
:

Q
t
N
M
& LO
$ MQ L L E
q V
KZ X Zx!*
6,* ~g  !*

QNLQG
G
Z
L !c*
ZvQ kZ h V&Z
# X
{z~i
z
zakZh
+

X D77VYsx
: Z

gzZ
KZAg j m,
"
X T e
CZ}
.b Zzy
p
GO${zzz X {6!*

l **
ZBB

l
Z g
tuVg* ` W
H e**
g p **
Z~kZpX 
v X ZxV7Z sC
` WX _ W~
/VzgpgzZ VzgZ
# Z@{zD7ntut yZ
VYk\ bVZ
E
LE
C D%

)l

$D
e

] Zg Zz
Y

yY
gzZ ~g ZtuyZgz #
i 5 J V [ n 6 j m,
"

` WBbhZ {zakZX `Nd


$
[pigx ~g tu

z }g k X
Cg Ztu b~ x < Zc kZ
j m,
"
'!*
~g t  f
e bJ
- V-g ~g 0
+Z
C Z9yZ6,
w4ggzZ
5tyZX B[pr
#
~ ~M ]zI y Q ?

Z  Z W '
, yQ
VXyZvnkZ 1

bm{q
-ZV j m,
"
a
 x ,g6,~

DyZvz
/Z Dz{ c*
i6, VzgzZ
w s

pX  D Y 0*
]**
kZ} (,g0
+~ V yZ
Za ]]
.~ ~

tgzZX  M
h x CZ G{z ,z6,~

D
sC
{],
Z g ZkZ @*
W ~ ' Vzg 2} (,} (,**

E
G
+
4ZgzZ 3 Z * ~gzZ X Lg 5BE g5 !*
5E
[ Z !*

G
}^
,Y kZ ~

j m,
"
wqX { c*
i 
xyZ ~I]g0
+
t
/ZX g I]g0
+
-Z {z CYZz]!*
q
Z
B LyTKZ0g 2g {g **
-Z G{z [x~
q
X
///

ci
+Zd
$zy z

X wZ e ~ i WJVZp~];
KZ @*
~
/
v X ]~}g !*
W Y} W Wz
{zD ay
!*
is

C X c*

kZX Y7kZ Y} 7 T W ' CZ ZX M


h}7

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

43

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

44

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

X @*
Y0q Z] ;
KZtb
G
3&b ` W
Lg}ox WkZ F,
Z Y E
t j m,
"
~X ;gN [Zp 6,0
+e O}iy
KZ[ ZX 
C

XN
5X
H0q w]g0
+

Zz ~i  D g V W
"
$U* U KZ ~i p 6, 0
+e
{ W ~g a yZ h
+

N Y !*
W6,0
+e y
KZ Z
#
z; {zD zg]!*
zZ ~ *X 5Y Z by W}i
LZgzZDLZvtDzg
'
,V
KZ
/
pz])gzZ
E
/# Y N Y 7,~ ]z HgzZ ,
V'
,P * G
@k\ ZzgZ
X Y+Sh1~
f z Z e
@ ? t 7

m KZ Vz0
+
g ?  H t 1
pXg Zi30
+
iyZg Z shv ~* ` W
C ~h gzZ@R,
y C
x Zg WzHk0*
yZ~g 0*
hv
&A
E
H > ~ h La '
, V

g
zg Z
M

L7@*
096,0
+
i D Yg Z,Z~x j m,
"

g c*
^9T
5 N*
gq
-Z yZX D YF,
Z~w

46

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

IG$E
6,
U*
L kS yS
~X  gz `gxs:~yZy
IG
$E
w ZU*
L  ] Ol!~(,
Nt Z e { ~W6,
w~uz yZ
G.O6XyQ ~X 4}
V6& ~\W W vZ gzZ J (,

6,{)z nzL VrZ HQX # (,W Zi Z


g~gZX "7,
Y ZxX BZ e| 7,
gzZN ZjVp
~!*
~ VzuON$gzZ ~ i k Qr
# m,
"
X Za g
[ ^ Im ~!*
yQX q w7Q ~ OFluteX D O

Zzq
-ZX Zi Z ~ Z E
L B7Q W vZX D z Yi ZzWKZ {zX
H
% iz .r
# kg Z ` Zg- rW~ 5X H
~d
$q
-Z S
-**
dZ LG
g
~ \ 6,]Z ~g u6,nZ {zX p=S
VrQ ~ 7,
~V yQi ZzWON$~!*
r
# m,
"
Xsz^
Zz gzZ +
$Y r
# m,
"
VQugzZ c*
r
nqkS D{ Zg Z qLZ
# 6r
# "
m,
Xg
Xg f
e b & S {z v !*
Wg}X n
pg: V Q
9
W
.
x CZ k0*
 q
-Z
"EZY

szczgQ
X ;g7` Z b & S x yQ[ZV&~Xg b & Z3
E
'O
-Z _7, ,
q
F/w c*
Z
#r
# m,
"
V @*
n~
E
G
l
L 38E
L L: ;g wkg~ V  @*
kCV- X @*
Y| V
g c*
G
"7,yQX wZ6,]ogzZyQg yQ ~ F,
i ZzW
X Qv Y~w G
ggzZ"7,
g !*
g !*
7Q
w%XCY0*
]:Sx {zz~V yQ
!*
 ~}g !*
V gzZ VXr
# m,
"
~ CYgzZ 7w
VXX V;g7 V gzZ VXyQ~]okZ g "
:g Z
Zz Y #
$ ~

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

45

ci
+Zd
$zy z

sg qZX j "
m+Z ,
,
m
M.A.B.Ed

xj%g"
~g +ZgWz6,

H
{z ~h Zzg J , 5X  g
/

} j m,
"
+Z m,

D
br
# m,
"
X @*
J 7,
g gzZzgQ~VD
b
Y C}uzb]!*
tXn
pg Z [ Zz y!*
izg Qz!*

Annual }p yQ g ~ J
-Z
# {zX W7= ~
Xg D

wC
~ Magazine
#
z }p yQ ~ i d

yQ =X Z w= X g {

y*q
-Z yQ
H6, zg QX
A future prose 7Q ~ X N WVJ
g ,i Z q
-Z w~
pX Kwriter in miniature
y} {z y q
-Z V 8 H E
EB c*
X  Pt!uL L:1 D J (,s~q
-ZgzZ W
\WZ L L yQ% Z e { ~uuq
-Z6,
g Z~ ?7c*

YZ \W~ , K~ , YZ Og : x~ yZy ~

{z (ZN&w~uz {z}g*y } hX 

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

48

9741277047

g V K Kz ?X
r Z
){6,
k
~Z
r ZYV75~ w j m,
1 j m,
!*
{g
]g V YZ zg C
C
Z yZ 1  M
h a yZ
bgz ]Zg Z}xX 7sg ` Z, j m,
X @*
W
~g Z0*
g ZZ sZ V j m,
X 3 \Y yZ J
-,
MZ
SkZ X ~

: w{ w{ j m,
X BzZ
zg ~ m,
Z Xh
+gzZ! e
$. w) kZ

 t wzZ
H

45
kZ gzZ Zq
-Z L
L ~q
-Z LZ ( KEATS) G

(Z n j m,
X
Za y ~ vgvg }w)
 3g g ~g Z kZgzZ CW T~ y kZ 1
wZf V-0Zz'
,
Zz 0gzZ ]z'g gz
V-&#
uzX
~g Z yZt}uzX 76: x~kS
/ZgzZ7
 Tg D{ Z %Z kZ~V ZZ}g X 7: %
gzZ r $
+zg & 0[8X @*
g~ xWgzZ x **
g6

Ze
C m z w W }%
Z e < w ~ ~ ~g Z

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

gzydZk
,

3Zz
5B+E Z .|G
E

{ z Zz kg vZ

^ ^ ]] o]
o^,em
]"
o^e

ci
+Zd
$zy z

47

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

~  +Z |@*V ~ V Zw
:Pw
Y
)  ~% [ Z l
H c*

7 w

w ` @* n Vzu Vzg
0
+
i

:gz

0
+
i

0
+
i

-Z
q

x LZ~ Vzx VrQX 

{[ Z sZr
# "
m,

7ZgzZn
A w[xZ x
) LZ~VEX c*
Z;
yQ]!*
tX sWC
x yZ YY 7t! ,Z/X Hp#[p
Nt=X CWt 6,

} (,
} (,{z,z CWt 6,
x
WX blF,
[p[p L Lr
# m,
"
 C]~(,
C V@*
X w k Q**
w/b Y7
Yx \ Z m,
"
g|@*
z
///

50

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

: @*
Wg7et9gZyQgzZ @*
Y00Z[L

Y/
+

` Z'
VY
Gw$
]ZgVg ZZ
H-G
4J&
k
,
+o zZr"
5
yxg t ZZz t ~}
kZ @ ~&
h ]Z Y:g Zz
Zz 0*
,y WgzZ q$
'
+z ~FZ
: ~
G
"
m,
& OhI$}q
-Z
3
X
U z L Z B
bg x
/
6, q)gzZ ~gz$ }uz kZ 4 !*
z ~ F,
,g !V
'
:5~kZ@%q
-Z,ZwZzig ZZZCg Z2Z
v ?
47t
{0
+
ix L L
! ~g6 CQ k
,
t VY
,6,
^
o: Zg Z)f D Z
Z,Zg ZzZa }k
,
+wZziZ
5
:D Y0(kogzZ~g c*
gTg
" V C
m,
]!*
VzKJ
-[Z
c*
g !*
zx gzZ x PZ ( * g K Z Z
o x qzg{tZ@'
,
kZX {g 0*
{g 0*
K Z Z ` WX
,i Z0
+Z8x S q
-ZX e07 F,
Z
ZgzZ}
~ x sZ siuZz b) q y
KZX }: $

:%gzZ X F,
wZZz yi Z ~ ` ZZ Vz'bzggzZ { '
)sf `g n g Z w kZ X zmvZ -wg ]
:
H0=g f |VzggzZ]
Za g=~gl{LZ
Y
Za X=NN Y{g: {V0

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

49

ci
+Zd
$zy z

[8]kZ ~g{z~gz ~xm,


pX @*
Yg
7**
zg g [8m,
"
~ Z]
. kZ X 7 Vi Z 0
~g b kZX  D Y [ze~ o ]
OZzgzu Tz [_
. D zg
-Z wzg ~ VzyZt }X CY ~g . fZ O6,
q
g 0[8gzZ @*
7
;**
6,[8g {z Xg Z y
KZgZpgzZq])
8~ ~

F,
x yS X 7YC
gzZ z" g z!*
D
g Z0*
gZZ sZ q
-Zt C
Y7gzZ M7f g L L}
6,
Vzq kZyStN~y
W~kZX ~

G8
-gz [Ww)z T [8 Vc*
CZgq
-Z [8 V
: CkZm,
G @*
kZ
"
m,
ni~g Z}%
Wg ?}% :
Lt
zs]1yQ m,
}E
+kS g ZP }zn
wq ]g(z Y{X gg"z yQ Z  D
W,
O wj
/
g Z LZ

kn m,
 t zz kZX g zu
(c*
0*
g ZZYzZmX~g ZyZm,
"
X Tg7%
W : c*
~i !*
{c*
`
/g z m ` Z~H qV1i
yZX CY0*
9 W WBBg ZP`
~yZ 7
$.q
e
-Z bT H ~qD

g Z g c*
:LZ~g Z

wEZ ] P bZ Za ~k
,
8
-g
zgzZ nz `

@ i ~Z
Z wq ]g}g

ZPgzZ Hx
Wp
: ] t X  Vc*
6,
g Zzk
,
i Z
z
R ~ kZgzZ F,
zg X {)z$ F,
:VW+V!*
yZ 

V*!*
 VYgzZVZy*zy~ rz

pgzZ
~ g Z |kZ ;g @*
YHi Z0
+Z8 bTVE!*
V ~

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

Lg @*
~g pugzZ]
.z6,
m,
X s zz kZX eB:
C1) ~V yZX Y 78
-g" gzZ ^3 x

sZ g yc*
0*
X
 @*
Y**
tX?Zzg$
+F~)B]kZ
G
4]gzZkZc*
GG3G
~g Z ~! !X VZzgq
-Z
~

Dt
E
w ;kZgzZg Z /G ~V X 6 : AZzgzZ u )
]Z@xz ]Z LZt ! p~
Cx6,gX c*
!*
z
VV5g ZX D hg7B; Z wm,
"
~ 5Z Z ]!*
z
:~de
$.g ZtX c*
}Wz8
-gwlWz/_
.
H1
@Q~i
H w y

6,z i Z F,
C]!*
nz`
@VuJ
-Z
H =V [ Z =
! ~g7VV oC

~g V y Q Q
G
g Z $N~A
G
F,
Q~yZygZig $N
GE
3O8E

x} F,
?af
%~E
h Zg L ! y Z } Z
\N
U EB zZW
U ; gW Z z S '
VYN zZVz
6,S
#
/p s S
GLz'~
VZmZ
IF
4& n k Z
U 7 L G
7Za kZ ~ z ]g ': Z

m,
"
_ V

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

52

51

ci
+Zd
$zy z

KZO G e
$ZuGa ~} f} f]
G3)Z k
~]
g qzgGt~ G~S g Z G
G
+
-oBE
+G
-Z  CYWw2k Z
q
# ~ yxg pX Lg l
-g gz
J
gzZ uzs V @*
x g
I

kZgzZ CYsp~qzg L i VkQX CY{gz


: @*
i
~~ hgV **
Y 0F
< Nl
yLh ~wzr
ZaV]!*
.~af
_
E
Za F,Q ~ w Z WISG
5
g8
VZ z ig WxL FZ
H r Zke
tX ZzZ
]9: 51 : }oI ~ g Z x
#$
+~V X 6, |gzZ 4z y
KZ +sZ q
-Zg Z
Zzgzggz t Zm I ZF,
z p ZgzZ z%X ~g : yz
]Z "1p Z (z { gZ t b c*
g " q
-ZX 7
ykZ wEZ p Z [ckGX wEZ ]X 
6fgzZ XZ ]

~i IF, I ZF,{gzZ X
HHm,
/

kZX C bz ] wEZ yZ1X q Z Z


F,
az q
-Z ~m,
"
x ~i IF,
X  :Zz [pr
# m,
|
i Zg Z~xn ZX 7L 1~x r Zz
7x ]Zg 7Zz]$bZX wZ6,V-q{: Zg 2

tgzZ
g Z Zg W~g Zx X
H1x { c*
i { c*
iX
Hc*
=
X CW7~gn
~

t $
Y OZ}g7 ]!*
t _V x yZ

G
.O>+
z~G
/
Y
V**
-zxzg

3{ L
gzVZk
,
Zgzm?
V{7uZC

g eg6 X
gh T~cdO]
.
!
F,
E
L ZVj
VZ

z"zd
4G
gOE
&
6,
VbV
E
g^N Z] O8Z
G
5O!
/0~yG

]@*
mz]Z )~
6,
V!*
iyZ u 0*
zg Q
WkZtyy
W
E
g O3!yTWZ
&
&L
V )OA ZftWZ E
~
h
~y
W +
$
\I
.
L 0*

_CZ0
+!*

i+ZsZ e

54

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

6~i
,
3gx
az[Z [ Z

g a
-5

~Vps Q
p"z^ V-p Z
tO! ~i E
-o$
O]
. ~g
/LG
zv g Yr
~V#zgtt
Zz{ Y M{q
0*
0*
xz
E
I
5_gpzg6,
g O3!LG

C
I;c{z
L 5!{ f { fzg
C
g W+
$YuZC

Z QZ {Z
;g Z<
TZ
gf W0ZXD i
LZu}>WH
S~C
Z { z VT
g Z
{ ?c*

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

53

ci
+Zd
$zy z

X w{ V Z ]!*
z]Z@x]C

t]!*
E1X @*

~ yZ F~)g zuyZ e *
c : 5c*
V e Bt
~ nz `
@V/gzZ ~0Z zg ~ }W
K pu~ 6x
6c
6,
Zw L L [ r Z"gzZs zs m,
"
XlW^t9
X {6zj: : x Z~x b
m,
 B s ZgzZ <5g Zt
: H 6,
Zw L
L \W~

N Hy
Vz'
y$
+=d
$yS
oa i W
gzg Z V
0
+
i
] !*
. \ W 7( Z
_
]q}%Z
#

Vi}g 3g i
H ?V Z Z 0
7@*W 7@*W
r Z
CWQ6,
VznyZ

gzZq
-Z ~ ZVzg ZD
y*zy j m,
 t
/Z
q
-q
-Z j m,
ZgX ~}0
+ZJ{z~w} Z
{z~TX ~g Z0*
z~g Z Z ]c*
Zzgzg ZZsZ~[ ZT x **
sw~ y: Z

LZ j m,
X [x J
-u jyEZG
B s ~ yZX  Y [p{ p p
:Vzg
w ) kw ?
:Vz; ~wC

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

56

55

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

ci
+Zd
$zy z

? x ** t 6, V!*
i
?

* c*
J e O$ L X3Z m
[ Z N

H | (, kS ]o ~gz6,D g
E 
S V p ZS Z
S L L LE

h sp Vp
gzZ kZZ f ~ }p
/Z
J (, V+j Q =g ' "  1

g 6,Vb i @*~ Vi p
/Z
. x Z g Vz ~ lg !*m,
"

j m,

!C

cg z u : i

? x { t x

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

c*
C p
/Z t ? n ? H
%

[ W } LG

1 N yZ

X w ]| V> [ Z
9N F
9N
N eg /i 5 $
FF
F [ oo
!*
ko 6, .
g

:Zz $ }g

Z
?

{g

x Z 1Z t 

6, {g x

x Zy
v

Zgz

V : VY { :
x !* t z
i
V } ~
x Z
! } ? y$
+
:gz

g\

-g
8

;g

x Y $ N i W { z
V 6,

}Z

x\

#q
~

o

x ** y

x\
7 $

p 
[z

x !* !* t g 7
! [g c*
L L gj g 2
+t
? x 5 :

~,
'g +
2

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

58

57

2012s6,
Z @*
ag

ci
+Zd
$zy z

ci
+Zd
$zy z

k^f]
J

ww w. ja ha ne na at .co m. nu

rz
ZpgzZ ~6'
,( k
B { / Zi%. )
"7,gzZ hZ V a c*
Y ~ x " a^g " n
bzgxsZtztzfV ZpgzZVz

{g Z ZtX 7V Zz
a^ggzZ8
-gg Z ]yZ X
) !*
J m
yZz6,._
Zq g %+Z %VZpszcgzZ

!*
z
6,
uy 0*
VrZX H D[DLZ~ i ZZ LZ6,{ ;g b
g @*
~


) !*
T
Hc*
zJ
- q s~gz` M 
iZ%FgzZVzeA
$ksZZ{g Z Z}g X 0*
0:z
c*
yZyxVU! ZgzZ wxg !*
W6,
g
/

Y07z g @*
-
J
z kZ [ Z  wZ g @*
 VrZX
DpgzZ sZ V  VrZ X Y Zg
/: KW{z J
-Z
#
**
7zZ V~f Z VU RgzZ Y z  ,g
6U*
o
KxsZV({z6'
,
~: { %+Z %Xce
nV Zz"7,gzZ V x ~6'
,X Yx !zZ
! Zzdwgs
# )g fZgBVzg Z Z Zz
) !*
p
6, D Zkzg VU Ze
$ Z kZgzZ e
$Zzg
X }x 2Zux

D
LOu {! Zz } W }
D
LOu {! V { Q \ W

= } ?
Z
# ,
D
J LOu {! Y 2 zg V x
r Zl
V ZS ~ Vl
D
J Lu {! ]Zg
9 / 9 !*L X3Z Z
# i
D
J LOu {! @* ?

{z
t

V V yQ V i Z
D
J LOu {! X 
`Q
J LOu

V Z C
x ~ l
D
{!  \ W

" zg
m,
J LOu

{g q
-Z }g VZZ D
g
D
GLz
{! X VZZ

j m,