Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Chapter 4: Characterize the Watershed
Introduction For each assessment point, an “assessment point area” has been developed as a part of the modeling process. These assessment point areas are the land areas that the water quality model uses to calculate the delivered loads to the assessment point. Each assessment point’s water quality is the result of the upstream water quality and the impact of the delivered loads from the assessment point area, accounting for the effects of instream processes through the water quality model. For each assessment point, the following is presented: • A Map of the assessment point area showing the area and land use in the area • Land Use in the assessment point area • Civil Divisions (municipalities) that are in the assessment point area • Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality – with “Baseline” defined as: o The simulated water quality resulting from the model which has been validated considering actual water quality data through calendar year 2007 o Land use as of 2000 o Land use pollutant loading rates that were initially based on the SLAMM and SWAT models with some adjustments made to calibrate the water quality model. Note that extensive “Fact Sheets” have been prepared for each assessment point and can be viewed at the Southeastern Wisconsin Watersheds Trust web site at http://www.swwtwater.org/home/WatershedActionTeamDocuments.cfm. This web site contains a listing of individual fact sheets for each assessment point which contain additional detailed data for each one of the Menomonee River assessment points and assessment point areas. Each “fact sheet” is approximately 24 or more pages of maps, data, figures and tables. • The pollutant loading is presented by Nonpoint Sources and Point Sources (Industrial discharges, and CSOs (Combined sewer overflows) and SSOs (Sanitary sewer overflows). The loading for nonpoint sources is further refined to show the delivered loads by land use (both in loads and in per cent of total loads), and the unit loads for each land use (loads expressed in units per acre per year). • Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality – with “Year 2020” defined as the water quality resulting from the model assuming the following: o o Growth in the assessment point areas as projected in the RWQMPU for 2020 Complete implementation of the recommended actions for the RWQMPU recommended Plan which includes full implementation of WDNR NR 151, and implementation of many other actions as detailed in the RWQMPU. Water quality modeling results based upon these assumptions.

o

4-1

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

o The pollutant loading is presented by Nonpoint Sources and Point Sources (Industrial discharges, and CSOs (Combined sewer overflows) and SSOs (Sanitary sewer overflows). The loading for nonpoint sources is further refined to show the delivered loads by land use (both in loads and in per cent of total loads), and the unit loads for each land use (loads expressed in units per acre per year). While the following pages present the assessment point areas individually for detailed analysis of each assessment point area, it may be useful to first provide a comparison between all assessment point areas within the Menomonee River Watershed. TABLE 4-1 offers a summation of loads derived from modeled nonpoint and point sources. The nonpoint and point loads represent the baseline modeled water quality in units per year.

4-2

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-1 TOTAL BASELINE ASSESSMENT POINT AREA LOADS

TP pounds MN-1 MN-2 MN-3 MN-4 MN-5 MN-6 MN-7 MN-8 MN-9 MN-10 MN-11 MN-12 MN-13 MN-14 MN-15 MN-16 MN-17 MN-18 267.98 721.75 600.25 681.37 1,348.24 1,225.53 1,294.7 1,547.01 2,648.72 429.89 4,135.22 425.47 2,259.05 4,357.23 3,289.12 3,920.53 668.39 3,295.49

Baseline Nonpoint TSS BOD FC tons pounds billion counts 72.51 159.12 166.1 155.84 299.95 503.46 359.86 348.6 794.41 132.24 1,206.69 162.1 458.19 1,080.77 906.89 938.64 153.47 945.39 18,311 40,380 31,849 30,953 56,361 45,516 46,638 45,937 96,487 16,862 159,035 17,753 66,400 137,569 108,283 120,123 20,254 110,523 17,124 80,777 77,793 94,701 243,600 411,666 200,552 224,212 775,299 150,343 2,203,091 159,102 1,102,226 2,353,537 1,735,461 2,342,744 421,757 1,910,966

TP pounds 0 988.18 0 0 1.42 161.34 0 5.55 169.1 0 355.75 90.19 1.89 41.67 27.99 205.45 1,794.5 16,169.74

Baseline Point TSS BOD FC tons pounds billion counts 0 1.6 0 0 0.04 0.14 0 0.16 0.17 0 1.28 0.09 0.05 0.42 0.69 0.64 53.32 79.05 0 6,760 0 0 20 450 0 78 164 0 3,100 570 27 380 1,262 1,082 20,758 148,801 0 0 0 0 1,551 0 0 6,070 3,101 0 517 0 2,068 14,266 6,586 9,010 1,486,392 838,648

TP pounds 267.98 1,709.93 600.25 681.37 1,349.66 1,386.87 1,294.7 1,552.56 2,817.82 429.89 4,490.97 515.66 2,260.94 4,398.9 3,317.11 4,125.98 2,462.89 19,465.23

Baseline Total TSS BOD tons pounds 72.51 160.72 166.1 155.84 299.99 503.6 359.86 348.76 794.58 132.24 1,207.97 162.19 458.24 1,081.19 907.58 939.28 206.79 1,024.44 18,311 47,140 31,849 30,953 56,381 45,966 46,638 46,015 96,651 16,862 162,135 18,323 66,427 137,949 109,545 121,205 41,012 259,324

FC billion counts 17,124 80,777 77,793 94,701 245,151 411,666 200,552 230,282 778,400 150,343 2,203,608 159,102 1,104,294 2,367,803 1,742,047 2,351,754 1,908,149 2,749,614

4-3

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

4.1

Assessment Point Reach (Subwatershed)

The Menomonee River contains 18 assessment points. The assessment points and their locations are presented on Figure 4-1. 4.1.1 North Branch Menomonee River (Assessment Point MN-1) The North Branch Menomonee River is located in the far northern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows easterly for about 1.5 miles and then southeasterly for about 1.5 miles to its confluence with the mainstem of the Menomonee River. The MN-1 assessment point area encompasses 2.7 square miles. Downstream, the assessment point area extends to a point that is located nearly 100 feet upstream of its confluence with the mainstem, approximately 1/2 mile north of Fireman's Park, Germantown (Figure 4-2). For more information on the North Branch Menomonee River or any other subwatersheds within the Menomonee River, see the MMSD’s Menomonee River Watershed Booklet and the RWQMPU The land use within the MN-1 assessment point area is predominantly agriculture (68%). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 22% of the total land use within the area. Low-density residential along with transportation, manufacturing and industrial, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 10%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 2% of the MN-1 assessment point area is impervious. More information pertaining to land use and the effects of imperviousness on water quality and flows are available in the RWQMPU. TABLE 4-2 presents the land uses within the MN-1 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-2 LAND USE IN THE MN-1 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 1.8 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 0.1 0.0 2.7 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 67.76% 5.69% 0.00% 0.06% 0.00% 21.63% 4.49% 0.37% 100.00%

4-4

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-1

Menomonee River

4-5

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-2

Menomonee River

4-6

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of two municipalities within Washington County are located within the MN-1 assessment point area. The municipalities are the town of Germantown and the village of Germantown. Nearly 88% of the 2.7 square mile area is located within the village of Germantown. The town of Germantown occupies the remaining 12%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-1 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-3.
TABLE 4-3 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-1 ASSESSMENT AREA Civil Division Town of Germantown Village of Germantown Total Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.3 2.4 2.7 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 12.33% 87.67% 100.00%

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of dissolved oxygen (DO), total phosphorus (TP), fecal coliform (FC) and total suspended solids (TSS) at this assessment point; however, the parameter of focus in the North Branch Menomonee River is FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline loads are commercial (52%) and residential (24%) land uses. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of average FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_1_fact_sheet.pdf.). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and moderate for the swimming season. The data suggest that FC exceedances are a function of nonpoint source loading, as higher FC concentrations tend to be coincident with higher flows. See Figure 4-3, Figure 4-4, and Figure 4-5. Note: the black line on Figure 4-3 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. In addition to the parameter of focus, detailed assessments of, DO, TP and TSS were performed. These parameters were assessed as very good at assessment point MN-1. The relationship between TP and TSS suggests that TP is probably associated with suspended sediment; the concentrations of both parameters appear to be linked to nonpoint source loads. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The concentrations of DO tend to decline during the summer months. However, they decline more than would be expected. This could be due to inputs of organic material and biochemical oxygen demand from the reach’s abundant wetlands. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-4. 4-7

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-5 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-1. TABLE 4-6 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-6 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-1 per acre.

4-8

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-3

Menomonee River

4-9

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-4

Menomonee River

4-10

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Figure 4-5

4-11

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-4 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-1
Assessment Point
MN-1 North Branch Menomonee River

Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic
Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Baseline Condition
701 81 116 287 672 89 90 147 9.6 9.5 90 0.047 0.038 95 1.24 1.12 8.2 6.9 0.0023 0.0013

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

4-12

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-5

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-1 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ---------

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 44.24 12.38 1,987 8,970 25.52 22.15 3.39

65.26 56.95 10.86 2.19 -0.37 ---5,251 5,435 1,555 181 555 826 157 19

11.61 0.79 403 336

9.27 0.64 264 622

1.75 0.07 33 154

3.28 1.45 209 335

3.20 0.81 428 156

2.34 0.44 182 249

1.22 0.19 86 149

10.02 2.28 337 4,066

-----

0.94 0.23 36 362

44.85 1.80 1,923 168

-----

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-6 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-1 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 17% 17% 11% 52% 24% 21% 35% 31% 29% 30% 3% 5% 4% 5% 8% 1% 1% 1% 1% 0%

-----

4% 1% 2% 2%

3% 1% 1% 4%

1% 0% 0% 1%

1% 2% 1% 2%

1% 1% 2% 1%

1% 1% 1% 1%

0% 0% 0% 1%

4% 3% 2% 24%

-----

0% 0% 0% 2%

17% 2% 11% 1%

-----

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-13

SSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-7 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-1 (UNITS / ACRE/ YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.018 0.027 0.024 0.005 0.001 0.005 0.011 0.009 0.001 0.000 0.828 2.188 2.265 0.648 0.076 3.738 0.231 0.344 0.065 0.008

-----

0.005 0.000 0.168 0.140

0.004 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.110 0.014 0.087 0.178 0.076 0.036 0.140 0.259 0.064 0.140 0.065 0.104 0.062 1.695

-----

0.000 0.019 0.000 0.001 0.015 0.801 0.151 0.070

-----

-----

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-14

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within North Branch Menomonee River was evaluated at MN-1. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-1, the flashiness was characterized as very good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC Regional Water Quality Management Plan Update (RWQMPU) would result in a 1% reduction from baseline FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data at this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4-11. TABLE 4-9 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-1. TABLE 4-10 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-10 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-1 per acre. Notwithstanding the 1% reduction FC loads, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any appreciable change in the assessment of FC. The assessment of FC (annual) would remain as poor and FC (swimming season) would remain as moderate. In terms of other water quality parameters, there also wouldn’t be an improvement in the assessment of DO (annual), which was assessed as good. Total phosphorus, TSS and DO (warm weather months) were already characterized as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-1 would deteriorate from very good to good.

4-15

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-8 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-1
Assessment Point
MN-1 North Branch Menomonee River

Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic
Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Year 2020 Condition
726 80 68 309 700 87 44 152 9.5 9.5 90 0.046 0.038 95 0.95 0.88 7.1 5.8 0.0022 0.0012

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

4-16

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-9

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-1 (UNITS / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

43.74 35.45 28.67 6.75 12.15 12.47 9.76 8,864 47 64 1.82 15

5.08 0.87 45

--0 --

15.85 1.25 649 494

15.92 1.33 565 1,145

2.28 0.11 50 218

1.47 0.66 97 149

1.91 1.50 0.32 0.48 0.27 0.05 324 12 149 20 29 5

13.37 3.01 464 5,269

-----

0.95 0.23 37 354

52.85 2.12 2,266 198

-----

2,008 4,468 4,282 1,516 420

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-10 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-1 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion count 19% 26% 12% 52% 16% 13% 3% 27% 21% 4% 26% 25% 9% 0% 0% 0% 2% 2% 2% 0%

--0% --

7% 3% 4% 3%

7% 3% 3% 7%

1% 0% 0% 1%

1% 1% 1% 1%

1% 1% 2% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 6% 3% 31%

-----

0% 0% 0% 2%

23% 5% 13% 1%

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-17

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-11

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-1 (UNITS / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.017 0.015 0.012 0.003 0.002 0.005 0.005 0.004 0.001 0.000 0.837 1.862 1.785 0.632 0.175 3.507 0.019 0.027 0.006 0.019

--0.000 --

0.007 0.001 0.270 0.206

0.007 0.001 0.236 0.477

0.001 0.000 0.021 0.091

0.001 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.005 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.040 0.135 0.062 -0.193

-----

0.000 0.000 0.016 0.141

0.022 0.001 0.944 0.083

-----

-----

0.062 0.005 0.008 0.002 2.131

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-18

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.2

Menomonee River

Upper Menomonee River Area (Assessment Points MN-2 and MN-5)

The Upper Menomonee River area is located in the north central portion of the Menomonee River Watershed. Assessment points MN-2 and MN-5 are located along the mainstem in this area. Throughout these two modeling reaches, the mainstem of the Upper Menomonee River flows southwesterly for about six miles and then southeasterly for about two miles. Together, the assessment point areas encompass approximately 17.7 square miles. The MN-2 assessment point area is located along the far northern extent of the watershed. Assessment point MN-2’s area encompasses 9.4 square miles and extends to a point downstream that is located at the confluence with the West Branch Menomonee River (Figure 4-6). This downstream point is located at STH 145 in the village of Menomonee Falls. Downstream of MN-2, MN-5’s assessment point area encompasses 8.3 square miles. The downstream terminus of MN-5’s assessment point area is approximately located at a point 1/4 mile south of the USH 45/CTH Q interchange (Figure 4-7). MN-2 The land use within the MN-2 assessment point area is predominantly agriculture (54%). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 31% of the total land use within the assessment point area. Low-density residential along with transportation, institutional and governmental, manufacturing and industrial, commercial, and high-density residential land uses compose the remaining 15%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 5% of the MN-2 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-12 presents the land uses within the MN-2 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-12 LAND USE IN THE MN-2 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 5.1 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.0 0.5 0.0 9.4 54.12% 7.08% 0.40% 0.56% 0.84% 31.49% 5.03% 0.48% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-19

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-6

Menomonee River

4-20

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-7

Menomonee River

4-21

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of three municipalities within Ozaukee and Washington counties are located within the MN-2 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the city of Mequon, the town of Germantown, and the village of Germantown. Approximately 86% of the 9.4 square mile area is located within the village of Germantown. The city of Mequon occupies nearly 9% of the assessment point area. The town of Germantown occupies the remaining 5%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-2 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-13.
TABLE 4-13 CIVIL DIVISIONS WITHIN THE MN-2 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Percent of Assessment Point Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Area within Civil Division 0.9 0.4 8.1 9.4 9.01% 4.55% 86.44% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Mequon

Town of Germantown Village of Germantown Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Upper Menomonee River are TP and FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline FC loads are commercial (47%) and residential (21%) land uses; the largest contributors of TP are industrial point sources (58%) and commercial land use (11%). The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_2_fact_sheet.pdf.). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and moderate for the swimming season. In general, FC concentrations don’t spike to ‘above 5,000’ levels as frequently as with other assessment points. Fecal coliform concentrations tend to be highest during high flows; this suggests that nonpoint sources are contributing to FC concentrations at MN-2. See Figure 4-8, Figure 4-9, and Figure 4-10. Note: the black line on Figure 4-8 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Total phosphorus was also assessed in detail. The concentrations of TP were assessed as poor and they tend to be highest during low flow periods. This trend suggests that a background source of phosphorus could be present. The background source could be associated with agricultural drain tile discharges or releases from private onsite wastewater treatment systems (including agricultural lagoons).

4-22

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO and TSS data. For DO, the concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The concentrations typically decline during the summer months, which could be a function of decreased water agitation and increased water temperature. The moderate variability in DO concentrations suggests that there may be algal growth, organic enrichment and increased oxygen demand within the river. The concentrations of TSS were characterized as very good at MN-2. The data indicate that TSS concentrations are generally low and they decline even lower during the winter months. Settling of suspended solids, especially within the assessment point area’s wetlands, could be contributing to the low TSS concentrations at MN-2. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-14. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-15 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-2. TABLE 4-16 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-17 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-2, per acre. Assessment point MN-1 is upstream of MN-2. The baseline cumulative loads, including those from MN-1, are estimated at MN-2. TABLE 4-18 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-2. TABLE 4-19 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-2. TABLE 4-20 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-2 per acre.

4-23

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-8

Menomonee River

4-24

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-9

Menomonee River

4-25

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-10

Menomonee River

4-26

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-14 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-2
Assessment Point Water Quality Indicator Statistic
Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Total Suspended Solids Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition
797 75 124 262 602 86 79 144 9.3 9.1 100 0.09 0.072 70 0.77 0.72 7.9 5.7 0.0024 0.0012

MN-2 Fecal Coliform Bacteria Upper Menomonee (annual) River

4-27

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-15

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNITS / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs --------

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 187.70 52.52 8,429 31.00 125.16 2.62 12.12 48.69 0.82 2,494 11,946 375 263 1,814 38

8.94 7.23 1.53 2.23 739 78 618

36.46 2.47 1,266

57.85 4.00 1,650 3,887

8.04 0.33 150 709

16.61 7.35 1,059 1,697

5.93 1.51 793 289

34.37 2.28 6.41 0.35 2,677 161 3,656 278

41.03 9.33 1,377

----

15.16 141.37 988.18 -3.79 583 5.67 6,061 1.60 6,760 --

billion counts 38,057

5,936 1,054

16,643 --

5,847 530

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-16 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-2 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 11% 33% 18% 47% 2% 8% 5% 0% 7% 30% 25% 2% 0% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 2% 0%

0% 1% 1% 7%

2% 2% 3% 1%

3% 2% 4% 5%

0% 0% 0% 1%

1% 5% 2% 2%

0% 1% 2% 0%

2% 4% 6% 5%

0% 0% 0% 0%

2% 6% 3% 21%

-----

1% 2% 1% 7%

8% 4% 13% 1%

58% 1% 14% --

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-28

SSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-17

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNITS / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units Pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.035 0.006 0.024 0.000 0.002 0.001 0.007 0.010 0.002 0.009 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.586 0.469 2.247 0.070 0.139 0.116 0.238 7.159 0.050 0.341 0.007 0.015 1.116 0.198

0.011 0.002 0.003 0.001 0.006 0.000 0.008 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.002 0.310 0.028 0.199 0.149 0.504 0.030 0.259 0.731 0.133 0.319 0.054 0.688 0.052 3.131

-----

0.003 0.027 0.001 0.001 0.110 1.140 1.100 0.100

0.186 0.000 1.272 --

-----

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-18 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNITS / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

231.94 96.25 182.11 13.48 11.14 7.23 64.90 37.64 70.84 4.21 1.90 2.23 618 10,416 7,745 17,381 1,930 921 47,027 818 2,640 194 98

48.07 67.12 9.79 19.89 3.26 4.64 0.41 183 864 8.80 1,269 2,032 1,670 1,915

9.13 2.32

36.71 3.51 6.85 0.54

51.05 11.61 1,714

-----

16.09 186.22 988.18 4.02 619 6,209 7.47 7,984 698 1.60 6,760 --

-----

1,220 2,860 247 445

5,936 1,389 4,509

3,905 428 20,710

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-29

SSOs -----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-19

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-2 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

12% 28% 16% 48%

5% 16% 12% 1%

9% 30% 27% 3%

1% 2% 3% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 1% 1% 6%

2% 1% 3% 1%

3% 2% 3% 5%

0% 0% 0% 1%

1% 4% 2% 2%

0% 1% 2% 0%

2% 3% 4% 4%

0% 0% 0% 0%

3% 5% 3% 21%

-----

1% 2% 1% 6%

9% 3% 12% 1%

50% 1% 10% --

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-20 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNITS / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.030 0.012 0.024 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.006 0.009 0.001 0.003 0.001 0.005 0.000 0.007 0.008 0.005 0.009 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.002 1.350 1.004 2.253 0.250 0.119 0.080 0.216 0.248 0.024 0.164 0.158 0.371 0.032 0.222 6.095 0.106 0.342 0.025 0.013 0.769 0.180 0.584 0.112 0.263 0.058 0.506 0.055 2.684

-----

0.002 0.024 0.128 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.080 1.035 0.876 0.805 0.090 --

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-30

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Upper Menomonee River area was evaluated at MN-2. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-2, the flashiness was characterized as very good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would not result in reductions from baseline TP and FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data at this assessment point are presented in TABLE 421. TABLE 4-22 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-2. TABLE 4-23 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-24 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-2 per acre. Assessment point MN-1 is upstream of MN-2. TABLE 4-25 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-2. TABLE 4-26 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-2. TABLE 4-27 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-2 per acre. Not surprisingly, without reductions in FC and TP loading, the water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any appreciable change in the assessments of parameters of focus (FC or TP). The assessments of FC (annual) and FC (swimming season) would remain poor and moderate, respectively. The assessment of the other parameter of focus, TP, would also remain poor. The other water quality parameters were already characterized as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there also wouldn’t be any change in the assessment of flashiness (very good) at MN-2.

4-31

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-21 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-2
Assessment Point
MN-2 Upper Menomonee River

Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic
Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Year 2020 Condition
832 73 100 269 502 85 53 147 9.3 9.1 100 0.091 0.073 70 0.62 0.59 7.4 5.1 0.0024 0.0011

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

4-32

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-22

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

181.04 12.52 49.01 1.12 14.51 50.94 4.41 16.69 0.30 2.48 16 109 2 127 8,348 1,578 7,319 251 1,200

7.73 2.36 664 5,542

47.81 115.72 3.77 1,957 1,490 9.70 4,109 8,324

8.39 0.41 186 806

10.83 2.10 11.57 4.90 713 1,000 0.53 357 13 2.08 1,144 156

1.06 0.15 95 16

92.64 21.34 3,214 34,240

-----

16.73 151.93 988.18 4.18 662 5,855 6.10 6,514 569 1.60 6,760 --

billion counts 33,881

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-23 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-2 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 11% 39% 19% 37% 1% 3% 4% 0% 3% 0% 1% 2% 3% 0%

0% 2% 1% 6%

3% 3% 4% 2%

7% 7% 9% 9%

0% 0% 0% 1%

1% 4% 2% 1%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

5% 16% 7% 37%

-----

1% 3% 1% 6%

9% 5% 14% 1%

58% 1% 15% --

13% 0% 16% 1% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-33

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-24

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.033 0.002 0.009 0.000 0.003 0.010 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.000 1.570 0.297 1.377 0.047 0.226 6.173 0.003 0.021 -0.024

0.001 0.000 0.125 1.027

0.009 0.001 0.368 0.280

0.022 0.002 0.773 1.566

0.002 0.000 0.035 0.152

0.002 0.000 0.002 0.000 0.017 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.004 0.134 0.067 0.215 -0.605

-----

0.003 0.001 0.125 1.076

0.029 0.001 1.225 0.107

0.186 0.000 1.272 --

0.188 0.002 0.029 0.003 6.373

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-25 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Government / Institution Transportatio n Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

224.77 47.98 63.09 16.88

77.68 26.45

7.87 2.12

19.59 7.73 3.34 2.36 664

63.66 131.64 10.67 12.30 4.01 13.07 5.01 2,607 11.03 4,674 0.52 237 5.56 810 1.01 2.35 682 1,293 25 177

1.38 0.20 124 21

106.00 24.36 3,678 39,508

-----

17.68 204.78 988.18 4.41 700 6,209 8.22 8,780 767 1.60 6,760 --

10,356 6,046 11,601 1,766 1,620 42,745 63 173 17 172

5,542 1,984

9,469 1,024 1,149

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-34

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-26

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-2 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs ------

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

12% 35% 17% 39%

2% 9% 10% 0%

4% 15% 19% 0%

0% 1% 3% 0%

1% 2% 3% 0%

0% 1% 1% 5%

3% 3% 4% 2%

7% 6% 7% 9%

1% 0% 0% 1%

1% 3% 1% 1%

0% 1% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

5% 14% 6% 36%

-----

1% 2% 1% 6%

11% 5% 14% 1%

51% 1% 11% --

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-27 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-2 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Government / Institution Transportati on Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.029 0.008 1.342 5.540

0.006 0.010 0.001 0.003 0.001 0.008 0.017 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.002 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.784 1.504 0.229 0.210 0.086 0.338 0.606 0.031 0.105 0.088 0.168 0.016 0.008 0.022 0.002 0.022 0.718 0.257 1.227 0.133 0.149 0.003 0.023 0.003

0.014 0.003 0.477 5.120

-----

0.002 0.027 0.001 0.001 0.091 1.138 0.805 0.099

0.128 0.000 0.876

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-35

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan MN-5

Menomonee River

Assessment point MN-5 is located downstream of MN-2, along the mainstem of the Menomonee River. The land uses within the MN-5 assessment point area predominantly recreation, natural areas, and open space (32%). Low-density residential land use makes up nearly 24% of the total land use within the assessment point area while transportation makes up nearly 19% of the total land use within the area. Agriculture along with high-density residential, commercial, institutional and governmental, and manufacturing & industrial land uses compose the remaining 25%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 18% of the MN-5 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-28 presents the land uses within the assessment point area associated with MN-5.
TABLE 4-28 LAND USE IN THE MN-5 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 1.3 2.0 0.3 0.2 0.1 2.7 1.6 0.1 8.3 16.03% 23.72% 3.87% 2.47% 1.51% 32.19% 18.92% 1.29% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

Portions of two municipalities within Washington and Waukesha counties are located within the MN-5 assessment point area. The municipalities are the village of Germantown and the village of Menomonee Falls. Nearly 92% of the 8.3 square mile assessment point area is located within the village of Germantown. The village of Menomonee Falls occupies the remaining 8%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-5 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 429.

4-36

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-29

Menomonee River

Civil Division

CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-5 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Percent of Assessment Point Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Area within Civil Division 7.6 0.7 8.3 91.59% 8.41% 100.00%

Village of Germantown Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Menomonee River are TP and FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are commercial land use (44%) and grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (13%). The largest contributors to FC are commercial (50%) and residential (24%) land uses. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_5_fact_sheet.pdf.). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. While FC concentrations at this site tend to exhibit only infrequent spikes of ‘above 5,000’ counts, FC counts regularly exceed regulatory standards during periods with high flows. See Figure 4-11, Figure 4-12, and Figure 4-13. Note: the black line on Figure 4-11 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Total phosphorus concentrations were characterized as poor. At assessment point MN-5, concentrations of TP tend to peak during high flows and during low flows. This suggests that there are likely two prominent sources of TP within the assessment point area. The sources likely include a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable during low flows and nonpoint contributions that increase the TP concentrations during high flows. In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO and TSS data. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The TSS concentrations were characterized as good to very good by all measures. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-3031.

4-37

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

While chlorides were not modeled with the water quality model, chlorides were characterized at this assessment point with water sample data. These samples exhibit chloride concentrations that are below those that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. Concentrations measured in March consistently exceed the chronic toxicity threshold. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and there are no winter data. Note that concentrations in the spring samples (which include snow melt and spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. However, chloride concentrations during the winter would be expected to be greater than those measured in spring. As the field data used to develop this figure do not include samples from the winter, it is impossible to draw accurate conclusions regarding chloride at this assessment point (Figure 414). As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-32 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-5. TABLE 4-33 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-34 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-5 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-4 are upstream of MN-5. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-1 through MN-4, are estimated at MN-5. TABLE 4-35 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-5. TABLE 4-36 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-5. TABLE 4-37 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-5 per acre.

4-38

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-11

Menomonee River

4-39

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-12

Menomonee River

4-40

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-13

Menomonee River

4-41

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-3031 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-5
Assessment Point
MN-5 Menomonee River at WashingtonWaukesha County Line

Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic
Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Baseline Condition
1,417 68 205 202 890 82 105 125 10.5 10.7 99 0.097 0.063 70 1.21 1.08 10.2 6 0.0041 0.0016

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

4-42

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-14

Menomonee River

4-43

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-32

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ----20

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 598.86 167.56 26,893 21.61 22.09 7.90 9.31 9.66 316 2.88 113 1,440 1,484 810

4.67 11.48 70.96 0.78 3.54 378 40 982 4.78 2,447

180.32 47.08 33.56 12.35 5,098 1.95 876 14.84 2,140

3.10 0.76 399 145

2.98 0.54 226 308

3.09 0.47 217 375

143.27 49.83 32.58 4,810 18.50 2,138

64.60 82.84 16.14 3.31 2,485 3,539 24,921 309

-----

1.42 0.04 1,551

billion counts 121,420 180

9,432 2,036

12,005 4,145 3,429

58,122 6,303

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-33 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-5 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 44% 56% 48% 50% 2% 3% 3% 0% 2% 3% 3% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 4%

5% 2% 4% 1%

13% 4% 9% 5%

3% 1% 2% 2%

2% 5% 4% 1%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

11% 11% 9% 24%

4% 6% 4% 3%

5% 5% 4% 10%

6% 1% 6% 0%

-----

-----

0% 0% 0% 1%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-44

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-34

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs

Load s TP TSS BOD FC

Units Pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.127 0.005 0.005 0.002 0.001 0.002 0.015 0.035 0.002 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001 5.682 0.304 0.314 0.171 0.080 0.207 0.517 25.652 0.038 0.067 0.024 0.008 1.993 0.430

0.038 0.010 0.007 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.030 0.003 0.000 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.007 1.077 0.185 0.452 0.084 0.048 0.046 1.016

0.011 0.014 0.018 0.004 0.003 0.001 0.452 0.525 0.748

-----

-----

0.000 0.000 0.004 0.328

2.536 0.876 0.724 0.031 0.065 0.079 12.279 1.332 5.265 0.065

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-35 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

1257.36 351.81 56,465 254,933

224.01 260.56 27.96 29.27 90.43 103.91 9.47 4.92

20.69 6.38 1,769 16,998

280.37 315.42 69.77 164.24 18.89 9,667 8,044 21.65 8,938 2.90 72.62

30.08 7.47 3,927 1,432

49.27 9.14 3,820

9.81 1.50 689

286.45 65.14 9,617

121.02 111.54 361.78 44.93 5,191 27.86 4,290 14.49 15,487 1,354

988.18 1.60 6,760 --

-----

1.42 0.04 20 1,551

17,034 23,380 3,422 2,386 1,892 3,767 402 253

1,298 10,473

21,048 6,143 16,778

5,216 1,191 116,205 15,307 43,032

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-45

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-36

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-5 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs

Load s TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

27% 41% 31% 49%

5% 11% 9% 0%

6% 12% 13% 1%

1% 1% 2% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 1% 1% 3%

6% 2% 5% 2%

7% 3% 5% 4%

2% 0% 1% 1%

4% 8% 6% 3%

1% 1% 2% 0%

1% 1% 2% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 8% 5% 23%

3% 5% 3% 3%

2% 3% 2% 8%

8% 2% 8% 0%

-0% 4% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-37 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.066 0.012 0.014 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.015 0.017 0.004 0.009 0.002 0.003 0.001 0.015 0.006 0.006 0.019 0.052 0.018 0.005 0.005 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.004 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.003 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.000 2.969 0.896 1.229 0.180 0.125 0.093 0.508 0.470 0.068 0.551 0.206 0.201 0.036 0.506 0.273 0.226 0.814 0.355 13.405 0.099 0.198 0.021 0.013 0.894 0.423 1.107 0.323 0.882 0.075 0.274 0.063 6.110 0.805 2.263 0.071 --

CSOs

-----

0.000 0.000 0.001 0.082

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-46

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Upper Menomonee River area was evaluated at MN-5. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-5, the flashiness was characterized as good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would not result in reductions from baseline TP or FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data are presented in TABLE 4-38. TABLE 4-39 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-5. TABLE 4-40 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-41 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-5 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-4 are upstream of MN-5. TABLE 4-42 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-5. TABLE 4-43 presents the Year 2020 cumulative percentage breakdown for each load at MN-5. TABLE 4-44 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-5 per acre. Not surprisingly, without reduction in FC and TP loading, the water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any appreciable change in the assessments of parameters of focus (FC or TP). The assessments of FC (annual) and FC (swimming season) would both remain poor. The assessment of the other parameter of focus, TP, would also remain poor. The other water quality parameters were already characterized as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there also wouldn’t be any change in the assessment of flashiness (good) at MN-5.

4-47

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-38 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-5
Assessment Point
MN-5 Menomonee River at WashingtonWaukesha County Line

Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic
Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Year 2020 Condition
1,362 67 180 214 657 81 79 134 10.5 10.7 99 0.102 0.065 69 0.95 0.85 9.7 5.5 0.0042 0.0016

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

4-48

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-39

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----0% 0% 0% 0% SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

653.59 178.47 29,832

2.36 0.86 252 3

0.50 0.18 57 1

-----

4.76 0.80 385 41

14.32 4.21 1,192

82.67 181.62 47.82 47.30 0.09 0.01 0.00 169.51 48.24 6.25 3,245 14.44 6,115 2.27 21.04 0.02 0.00 0.00 14 0 1 0 0 0 37.10 17.78 5,888 2,076 1,033 3,065

69.00 16.67 2,744

83.58 3.34 3,570 312

-----

0.47 0.01 7 517

billion counts 120,336

10,000 2,549 12,869 4,580 4,405

60,735 5,828 23,180

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-40 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-5 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 46% 59% 50% 49% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% ----0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 4%

6% 2% 5% 1%

13% 5% 10% 5%

3% 1% 2% 2%

3% 7% 5% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

12% 12% 10% 25%

3% 6% 3% 2%

5% 5% 5% 9%

6% 1% 6% 0%

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-49

CSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-41

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.130 0.000 0.000 0.038 0.000 0.000 6.302 0.053 0.012 24.286 0.001 0.000

-----

0.001 0.000 0.081 0.009

0.003 0.001 0.252 2.070

0.017 0.001 0.686 0.539

0.038 0.003 1.292 2.719

0.010 0.000 0.218 0.968

0.010 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.033 0.004 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.008 0.647 0.003 0.000 -1.244

0.010 0.013 0.004 0.004 0.439 0.580

0.018 0.001 0.754 0.066

-----

-----

0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000

0.931 0.000 0.000 0.000 12.414 1.231 4.710

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-42 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 1,333.89 83.20 tons pounds billion counts 361.86 29.51

97.25 33.30

9.56 2.60

44.01 24.95 366.57 404.63 77.08 191.10 7.81 15.07 1.45 7.42 7.33 27.91 32.85 3.66 85.76 1.93 2.70 0.21 130 23

394.69 116.40 118.19 392.99 988.18 87.69 13,629 43.24 28.34 15.74 1.60 5,048 4,666 16,824 6,760 --

-----

0.00 0.01 7 517

60,603 10,179 14,131 2,022 3,593 2,075 14,492 13,912 1,663 12,483 1,294 1,486 249,450 110 217 21 381 17,326 11,323 28,839 7,381 17,791 47 203

143,543 13,671 40,027 1,471

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-50

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-43

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-5 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

29% 47% 33% 47%

2% 4% 6% 0%

2% 4% 8% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 0%

1% 1% 1% 3%

8% 4% 8% 2%

9% 4% 8% 5%

2% 0% 1% 1%

4% 11% 7% 3%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 11% 7% 27%

2% 6% 3% 3%

3% 4% 3% 8%

8% 2% 9% 0%

21% 0% 4% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-44 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-5 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Government / Institution Transportati on Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source CSOs SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds/acre 0.070 tons/acre 0.019 pounds/acre 3.187 billion 13.116 counts/acre

0.004 0.005 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.019 0.021 0.004 0.010 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.005 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.535 0.743 0.106 0.189 0.109 0.762 0.731 0.087 0.656 0.068 0.078 0.007 0.006 0.011 0.001 0.020 0.911 0.595 1.516 0.388 0.935 0.002 0.011 0.001

0.021 0.006 0.006 0.021 0.052 -- 0.000 0.005 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.000 -- 0.000 0.717 0.265 0.245 0.885 0.355 -- 0.000 7.548 0.719 2.105 0.077 --- 0.027

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-51

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.3 West Branch Menomonee River (Assessment Point MN-3)

Menomonee River

The West Branch Menomonee River is located in the northwestern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows from west to east for about 2.5 miles to its confluence with the mainstem of the Menomonee River. The tributary area of the West Branch Menomonee River includes Goldenthal Creek. Assessment point MN-3’s assessment point area encompasses 4.5 square miles and extends downstream to a point that is located 3000 feet upstream of its confluence with the mainstem. This downstream point is approximately located along the north side of Lake Park Golf Course in village of Germantown (Figure 4-15). The land use within the MN-3 assessment point area is predominantly agriculture (50%). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 23% of the total land use within the area. Highways and local roads contribute to transportation, which makes up approximately 11% of the total land use within the assessment point area. Manufacturing and industrial along with low-density residential, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 16%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 12% of the MN-3 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-45 presents the land uses within the MN-3 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-45 LAND USE IN THE MN-3 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 2.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.5 0.3 4.5 49.60% 6.75% 1.23% 0.54% 0.56% 23.07% 11.39% 6.86% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-52

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-15

Menomonee River

4-53

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of three municipalities within Washington County are located within the MN-3 assessment point. The municipalities include: the town of Germantown, the town of Richfield, and the village of Germantown. Approximately 96% of the 4.5 square mile area is located within the village of Germantown. The towns of Germantown and Richfield occupy the remaining 4%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-3 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-46.
TABLE 4-46 CIVIL DIVISION IN THE MN-3 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Percent of Assessment Point Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Area within Civil Division 0.0 0.2 4.3 4.5 0.05% 4.43% 95.52% 100.00%

Civil Division

Town of Germantown Town of Richfield Village of Germantown Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameter of focus in the West Branch Menomonee River is FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline loads of FC are commercial (56%) and industrial (12%) land uses. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_3_fact_sheet.pdf.). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and moderate for the swimming season. Fecal coliform concentrations exceed the regulatory standard about half the time, during high flows. See Figure 4-16, Figure 4-17, and Figure 4-18. Note: the black line on Figure 4-16 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. In addition to the parameter of focus, detailed assessments of DO, TP and TSS were performed. The DO concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The average concentrations of DO exhibit typical declines during the summer months. However, the lower portions of the ranges (below the median or 25th percentile) decline more than would be expected. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand in the stream.

4-54

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

The TP concentrations were characterized as good and TSS was very good at assessment point MN-3. The increase in concentrations of both TP and TSS with increasing flows suggests contributions from nonpoint sources. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 447. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-48 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-3. TABLE 4-49 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-50 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-3 per acre.

4-55

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-16

Menomonee River

4-56

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-17

Menomonee River

4-57

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-18

Menomonee River

4-58

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-47 Assessment Point MN-3 West Branch Menomonee River BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-3 Water Quality Indicator Statistic Fecal Coliform Bacteria Mean (cells per 100 ml) (annual) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria Mean (cells per 100 ml) (May-September: 153 Percent compliance with single sample days total) standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 1,167 77 159 250

712 90 101 144

9.4 9.5 91 0.053 0.039 91 1.08 0.96 10.6 8.1 0.0035 0.0013

4-59

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-48

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-3 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ---------

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 216.57 60.60 9,726 63.17 25.80 1.87 24.70 10.04 0.58 5,083 2,462 268 537 374 27

3.42 1.90 0.58 0.59 282 30 163

56.95 3.86 1,978

23.90 1.65 682 1,605

3.17 0.13 59 280

87.91 38.87 5,606 8,980

7.65 1.95 373

3.79 0.71 403

0.38 0.06 27 47

20.95 4.77 703 8,500

32.72 12.15 1,404 4,139

13.59 36.51 3.40 523 1.46 1,565

-----

1,023 295

billion counts 43,910

1,562 1,646

5,243 137

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-49 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-3 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 36% 36% 31% 56% 11% 15% 16% 1% 4% 6% 8% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 2%

9% 2% 6% 2%

4% 1% 2% 2%

1% 0% 0% 0%

15% 23% 18% 12%

1% 1% 3% 0%

1% 0% 1% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

3% 3% 2% 11%

5% 7% 4% 5%

2% 2% 2% 7%

6% 1% 5% 0%

-----

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-60

SSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-50

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-3 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.075 0.021 3.389 15.302

0.022 0.009 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.020 0.009 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 1.771 0.858 0.093 0.098 0.057 0.689 0.187 0.130 0.009 0.010 0.544 0.574

0.008 0.001 0.031 0.003 0.001 0.000 0.007 0.001 0.000 0.014 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.002 0.238 0.021 1.954 0.357 0.103 0.009 0.245 0.559 0.097 3.130 0.130 0.141 0.016 2.962

0.011 0.005 0.013 0.004 0.001 0.001 0.489 0.182 0.545 1.442 1.827 0.048

-----

-----

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-61

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the West Branch Menomonee River area was evaluated at MN-3. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-3, the flashiness was characterized as moderate. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a reduction from baseline FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data at this assessment point are presented in TABLE 451. TABLE 4-52 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-3. TABLE 4-53 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-54 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-3 per acre. Notwithstanding the reduction in the loads of FC, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any appreciable change in the assessment of this parameter of focus (FC). Recall that FC was assessed as poor for the annual measure and moderate for the swimming season. In terms of the other water quality parameters, there also would not be any improvement in TP (good) or DO (annual measure) which was assessed as good. The concentrations of DO (warm weather months) and TSS were already characterized as very good and did not change relative to baseline conditions. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there also wouldn’t be any change in the assessment of flashiness at MN-3 (moderate).

4-62

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-51 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-3 Assessment Point MN-3 West Branch Menomonee River Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition

1,161 76

127 262

612 87

70 147

9.4 9.4 91

0.053 0.038 91

0.79 0.71 10.0 7.2 0.0036 0.0012

4-63

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-52

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-3 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

247.21 19.29 8.39 0.08 5.50 62.55 6.79 25 2.86 0.02 0.94 18 -454 48 19 11,029 2,431 1,253

2.81 0.73 211 1,723

94.05 7.41 3,851 2,932

35.42 2.97 1,258 2,548

4.59 104.45 1.05 0.73 0.05 0.22 102 440 47.27 0.27 0.13 0.01 6,878 9,700 179 7 73 10 4 1

36.90 30.92 17.52 42.29 7.70 11.75 3.80 681 1.70 1,813 159 1,288 1,370

-----

-----

billion counts 47,656

12,756 3,522 5,703

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-53 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-3 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 38% 40% 34% 55% 3% 4% 7% 0% 1% 2% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% -1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 2%

14% 5% 12% 3%

5% 2% 4% 3%

1% 0% 0% 1%

16% 30% 21% 11%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 5% 4% 15%

5% 7% 4% 4%

3% 2% 2% 7%

6% 1% 6% 0%

-----

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-64

SSOs -----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-54

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-3 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.072 0.007 0.003 0.000 0.002 0.022 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.000 3.844 0.847 0.437 0.006 0.158 13.216 0.009 0.007 0.000 0.017

0.001 0.000 0.074 0.544

0.033 0.003 1.342 1.022

0.012 0.001 0.438 0.888

0.002 0.000 0.035 0.153

0.036 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.011 0.016 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.003 2.397 0.062 0.025 -0.449

0.011 0.005 0.004 0.001 0.477 0.237 1.227 1.656

0.015 0.001 0.632 0.055

-----

-----

3.381 0.002 0.003 0.000 3.942

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-65

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.4 Willow Creek (Assessment Point MN-4)

Menomonee River

Willow Creek is located in the northwestern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows northeasterly for about one mile before its confluence with the Menomonee River. Assessment point MN-4’s area encompasses about 5.9 square miles. The downstream extent of MN-4’s assessment point area extends to a point that is located 3,400 feet upstream of Willow Creek's confluence with the mainstem. The downstream terminus of the assessment point area is located approximately 1/2 mile southwest of USH 45/STH 167 interchange in the village of Germantown (Figure 4-19). The land use within the assessment point area for assessment point MN-4 is predominantly agriculture (38%). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses comprise nearly 28% of the total land use within the assessment point area while low-density residential comprises nearly 21% of the total land use within the area. Transportation along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 13%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 9% of the MN-4 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-55 presents the land uses within the assessment point area associated with MN-4.
TABLE 4-55 LAND USE IN THE MN-4 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 2.2 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 0.6 0.1 5.9 37.70% 21.39% 0.86% 0.27% 0.09% 28.24% 9.63% 1.82% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-66

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-19

Menomonee River

4-67

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of four municipalities within Washington and Waukesha counties are located within the assessment point area associated with assessment point MN-4. The municipalities include: the towns of Lisbon and Richfield, and the villages of Germantown and Menomonee Falls. Approximately 57% of the 5.9 square mile assessment point area is located within the village of Germantown. The town of Richfield occupies nearly 23% of the area. The village of Menomonee Falls and the town of Lisbon occupy the remaining 20%. The extents of the civil divisions within the assessment point area for MN-4 are presented in TABLE 4-56.
TABLE 4-56 CIVIL DIVISION IN THE MN-4 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Percent of Assessment Point Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Area within Civil Division 0.3 1.4 3.4 0.8 5.9 5.27% 23.15% 57.24% 14.34% 100.00%

Civil Division Town of Lisbon Town of Richfield

Village of Germantown Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameter of focus in Willow Creek is FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline loads are commercial (45%) and residential (30%) land uses. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_4_fact_sheet.pdf.). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and moderate for the swimming season. In contrast, the measure of FC by flow indicated that during periods of high flows, FC counts exceeded the regulatory standard about 75% of the time. The increases in FC concentrations during high flows suggest that FC concentrations at MN-4 are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. See Figure 4-20, Figure 4-21, and Figure 4-22. Note: the black line on Figure 4-20 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. In addition to the parameter of focus, detailed assessments of DO, TP and TSS were performed. The DO concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The data indicated that DO declined during the summer

4-68

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

months more than would normally be expected. The decline could indicate a lack of agitation and riffles upstream of MN-4. Concentrations of TP were assessed as good and TSS was assessed as very good. Both of these parameters are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The relationship between TP and TSS data also suggest that TP could be associated with suspended solids. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-57. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-58 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-4. TABLE 4-59 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-60 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-4, per acre.

4-69

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-20

Menomonee River

4-70

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-21

Menomonee River

4-71

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-22

Menomonee River

4-72

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-57 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-4 Assessment Point MN-4 Willow Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Baseline Condition 1,244 76

183 218

794 87

125 125

8.9 9.1 96 0.036 0.025 93

0.73 0.65 9.1 7.3 0.0030 0.0012

4-73

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-58

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-4 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ---------

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 209.99 58.76 9,430 42.97 30.56 4.70 18.79 13.36 1.80 2,765 2,052 415 357 437 67

10.05 0.08 1.66 0.03 805 85 7 69

104.38 44.08 6.98 3,572 2,973 3.01 1,244 2,929

9.73 0.40 181 854

22.87 10.11 1,459 2,337

10.21 5.80 2.44 468 1.05 600 1,284 439

2.84 0.43 197 341

71.17 16.19 2,389

38.46 14.28 1,650

17.26 56.22 4.31 664 2.24 2,399

-----

billion counts 42,577

28,873 4,865

6,659 210

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-59 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-4 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 31% 38% 30% 45% 6% 12% 9% 0% 4% 9% 7% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 3% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

15% 4% 12% 3%

6% 2% 4% 3%

1% 0% 1% 1%

3% 6% 5% 2%

1% 2% 4% 0%

1% 1% 1% 1%

0% 0% 1% 0%

10% 10% 8% 30%

6% 9% 5% 5%

3% 3% 2% 7%

8% 1% 8% 0%

-----

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-74

SSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-60

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-4 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial Wetland

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.057 0.012 0.008 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.028 0.016 0.005 0.004 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.002 2.549 0.747 0.555 0.112 0.217 0.002 0.966 11.508 0.097 0.118 0.018 0.023 0.019 0.803

0.012 0.003 0.006 0.003 0.002 0.001 0.019 0.001 0.000 0.003 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.004 0.336 0.049 0.394 0.347 0.119 0.053 0.646 0.792 0.231 0.632 0.127 0.162 0.092 7.804

0.010 0.005 0.015 0.004 0.001 0.001 0.446 0.179 0.648 1.315 1.800 0.057

-----

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-75

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Willow Creek area was evaluated at MN-4. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-4, the flashiness was characterized as good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 4% reduction from baseline FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 461. TABLE 4-62 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-4. TABLE 4-63 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-64 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-4 per acre. Notwithstanding the 4% reduction in FC loads, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any appreciable change in the assessments of FC. Recall that FC was assessed as poor for the annual measure and moderate for the swimming season. In terms of other water quality parameters, there also wouldn’t be any improvement in the assessments of DO (annual) or TP, both assessed as good. The concentrations of TSS and DO (warm weather) were already assessed as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-4 deteriorate from good to moderate.

4-76

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-61 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-4 Assessment Point MN-4 Willow Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 1,196 75

161 233

607 86

99 136

8.9 9.1 94

0.037 0.024 93

0.58 0.51 8.8 6.7 0.0030 0.0012

4-77

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-62

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-4 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

208.33 13.57 10.68 1.61 14.16 57.75 4.97 18 3.82 0.46 2.34 24 4 120 9,386 1,450 1,220 237 1,133

0.08 0.02 7 61

126.20 55.94 9.24 4,790 3,858 4.41 1,865 3,953

14.00 27.06 2.66 1.26 0.02 0.64 292 11.88 0.63 0.22 0.00 1,731 419 15 119 16 2 0

82.28 37.24 13.99 62.33 18.53 13.72 3.46 2,775 1,602 541 30,544 4,321 4,934 2.49 2,660 232

-----

billion counts 38,714

1,337 2,536

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-63 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-4 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 31% 43% 31% 43% 2% 4% 5% 0% 2% 3% 4% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 2% 2% 4% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

19% 7% 16% 4%

8% 3% 6% 4%

2% 0% 1% 1%

4% 9% 6% 3%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

12% 14% 9% 34%

6% 10% 5% 5%

2% 3% 2% 5%

9% 2% 9% 0%

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-78

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-64

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-4 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.056 0.004 0.003 0.000 0.004 0.000 0.034 0.015 0.016 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.002 0.001 2.537 0.392 0.330 0.064 0.306 0.002 1.295 0.504 10.444 0.005 0.006 0.001 0.033 0.016 1.043 1.068

0.004 0.000 0.079 0.361

0.007 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.022 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.005 0.468 0.113 0.032 -0.750

0.010 0.004 0.004 0.001 0.433 0.146 1.168 1.331

0.017 0.001 0.719 0.063

-----

0.686 0.004 0.004 0.000 8.245

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-79

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.5 Nor-X-Way Channel (Assessment Point MN-6)

Menomonee River

Nor-X-Way is located in the north central portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows approximately four miles southwesterly to its confluence with the mainstem. Assessment point MN-6’s area encompasses 4.2 square miles and extends to a point that is located 4,300 feet upstream of Nor-X-Way's confluence with mainstem. The downstream terminus of the assessment point area is approximately 1/2 mile north of USH 45/STH 74 interchange in the village of Menomonee Falls (Figure 4- 23). The land use within the MN-6 assessment point area is predominantly agriculture (44%). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 26% of the total land use within the assessment point area while low-density residential makes up nearly 12% of the total land use within the area. Transportation along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 18%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 12% of the MN-6 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-65 presents the land uses within the MN-6 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-65 LAND USE IN THE MN-6 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 1.9 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.5 0.2 4.2 44.19% 11.98% 0.42% 0.35% 0.21% 25.57% 11.57% 5.71% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-80

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4- 23

Menomonee River

4-81

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of three municipalities within Ozaukee, Washington, and Waukesha counties are located within the MN-6 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the city of Mequon, the village of Germantown, and the village of Menomonee Falls. Approximately 71% of the 4.2 square mile assessment point area is located within the village of Germantown. The city of Mequon and village of Menomonee Falls occupy the remaining 15% and 14%, respectively. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-6 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 466.
TABLE 4-66 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-6 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Percent of Assessment Point Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Area within Civil Division 0.6 3.0 0.6 4.2 15.34% 70.76% 13.90% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Mequon

Village of Germantown Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Nor-X-Way Channel are FC and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline FC loads are commercial (60%) and residential (20%) land uses. The largest contributors for TSS are commercial land use (38%) and crops grown on hydrologic group C soils (24%). However, approximately 60% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_6_fact_sheet.pdf.). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The data suggest that nonpoint sources contribute to high concentrations of FC. This is supported by the fact that FC concentrations tend to exceed the regulatory standard during high flows. The concentrations of TSS were also assessed as poor and appear to be a function of nonpoint sources. See Figure 4-24, Figure 4-25, and Figure 4-26. Note: the black line on Figure 4-24 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year.

4-82

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments of DO, TP and TSS were also performed. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). As expected, DO tends to decline during summer months, but generally did not decline below the regulatory standard. The decline in DO could be exacerbated the concrete-lined channel within the reach. The concentrations of TP were assessed as good. Nonpoint sources appear to contribute to higher concentrations of TP at MN-6. The concentration of TP decreased during very high flows, which may indicate that TP is diluted during heavy storms. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-67. Actual water quality data are available through MMSD’s H2O Info website. Conductivity data are presented on Figure 4-27. The online conductivity data show very little impact on conductivity for long periods of time – meaning that chloride and other salts are not an issue in the assessment point reach. Dissolved oxygen data are presented on Figure 4-28. The DO exhibits similar good characteristics, both on the low (above 5.0 mg/l) and the high end (less than 15.0 mg/l). The turbidity measures the amount of TSS and sediment. The turbidity data indicate very low TSS (probably less than 10 mg/l) for much of the time period. The only spikes are wet weather induced runoff or resuspension of exiting sediments (Figure 4-29). The temperature data are also well within norms for fish habitat (Figure 4-30). As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-68 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-6. TABLE 4-69 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-70 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-6 per acre.

4-83

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-24

Menomonee River

4-84

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-25

Menomonee River

4-85

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-26

Menomonee River

4-86

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-67 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-6 Assessment Point MN-6 Nor-X-Way Channel Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Baseline Condition 3,261 72

208 200

1,962 83

113 114

10.0 9.9 100 0.056 0.038 90

0.75 0.70 16.0 4.3 0.0037 0.0011

4-87

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-27

Menomonee River

4-88

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-28

Menomonee River

4-89

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-29

Menomonee River

4-90

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-30

Menomonee River

4-91

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-68

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-6 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds 489.36 tons billion counts 191.65 pounds 21,976 11.74 90.24 4.83 14.98 119.92 5.04 391 3,116 187 850 39

12.42 4.06 2.02 1.76 549 80 347

48.31 3.33 731

232.28 3.43 23.42 2,960 9,929 0.25 31 187

126.29 1.75 25.18 1.52 78.49 8,052 0.33 6.89 132 999 0.48 60

78.82 25.19 2,646

44.44 23.15 1,908

13.69 37.17 4.81 527 1.75 903

161.34 -0.14 450 --

-----

248,649 66

8,360 885

32,327 72

2,004 126

80,677 14,091 13,240 84

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-69 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-6 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 35% 38% 48% 60% 1% 3% 1% 0% 7% 24% 7% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 2%

3% 1% 2% 0%

17% 5% 6% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

9% 16% 18% 8%

0% 0% 0% 0%

2% 1% 2% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 5% 6% 20%

3% 5% 4% 3%

1% 1% 1% 3%

3% 0% 2% 0%

12% 0% 1% --

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-92

SSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-70

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-6 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.174 0.004 0.032 0.002 0.004 0.001 0.017 0.068 0.005 0.043 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.001 7.814 0.139 1.108 0.067 0.195 0.123 0.260 88.406 0.024 0.302 0.014 0.028 2.972 0.315

0.083 0.001 0.045 0.001 0.009 0.001 0.028 0.008 0.000 0.028 0.000 0.002 0.000 0.009 1.052 0.011 2.863 0.047 0.355 0.021 0.941

0.016 0.005 0.013 0.008 0.002 0.001 0.678 0.187 0.321

0.057 0.000 0.160 --

3.530 0.066 11.494 0.025 0.713 0.045 28.684 5.010 4.707 0.030

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-93

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Nor-X-way Channel area was evaluated at MN-6. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-6, the flashiness was characterized as moderate. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 34% reduction from baseline FC loads and a 28% reduction in baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 471. TABLE 4-72 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-6. TABLE 4-73 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-74 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-6 per acre. Water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there would be an improvement in the assessment of TSS due to the 28% reduction in TSS loads. The assessment would change from poor to very good. However, despite the 34% reduction in FC loading, there wouldn’t be any appreciable improvement in the assessment of this other parameter of focus. The assessments of FC (annual measure) and FC (swimming season) would remain poor. Water quality modeling also indicates that the other water quality measures would remain the same. The assessment of TP would remain as good. The assessment of DO (annual and warm weather months) were already assessed as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-6 would deteriorate from moderate to poor.

4-94

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-71 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-6 Assessment Point MN-6 Nor-X-Way Channel Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 2,124 72

118 250

875 83

54 141

9.9 9.7 100

0.055 0.036 89

0.49 0.44 10.6 3.1 0.0035 0.0008

4-95

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-72 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-6 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ---SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

474.48 163.25 20,701 143,730

0.18 0.17 11 0

2.46 2.38 164 4

-----

13.50 2.20 597 87

6.15 2.35 498 7,479

49.50 266.60 3.16 779 613 24.97 3,550 7,713

5.83 188.90 0.88 3.71 1.28 113.79 38.70 13.09 41.78 161.34 -0.39 104.64 0.16 0.92 0.36 56 216 11,545 29,440 84 5 186 37 64 14 32.19 17.97 4.01 3,791 1,592 507 1.97 1,015 94 0.14 450 --

68,498 7,471 7,185

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-73 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-6 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 34% 45% 45% 53% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% ----1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 1% 1% 3%

4% 1% 2% 0%

19% 7% 8% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

14% 29% 25% 11%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 9% 8% 25%

3% 5% 3% 3%

1% 1% 1% 3%

3% 1% 2% 0%

12% 0% 1% --

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-96

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-74 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-6 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.161 0.000 0.001 0.058 0.000 0.001 7.360 0.004 0.058 49.740 0.000 0.001

-- 0.005 0.002 0.018 0.095 0.002 -- 0.001 0.001 0.001 0.009 0.000 -- 0.212 0.177 0.277 1.262 0.020

0.067 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.038 0.014 0.004 0.037 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.011 0.006 0.001 4.105 0.030 0.066 -1.348 0.566 0.180

0.015 0.001 0.361 0.033

0.057 0.000 0.160 --

-- 0.031 2.646 0.218 2.742 0.077 10.467 0.002 0.013 0.005 24.019 2.656 2.474

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-97

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.6 Lilly Creek (Assessment Point MN-7)

Menomonee River

Lilly Creek is located in the western portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows northerly for about 3 miles before its confluence with the Menomonee River. Assessment point MN-7’s area encompasses about 5.7 square miles. The downstream extent of MN-7’s assessment point area extends to a point that is located nearly 300 feet upstream of Lilly Creek's confluence with the mainstem on the south side of River's Edge Park in the village of Menomonee Falls. The land use within the assessment point area for MN-7 is predominantly low-density residential (43%). Transportation land use makes up nearly 19% of the total land use within the assessment point area while recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 17% of the total area. Agriculture along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 21%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 20% of the MN-7 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-75 presents the land uses within the MN7 assessment point area (Figure 4-31).
TABLE 4-75 LAND USE IN THE MN-7 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 0.7 2.5 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.0 1.0 0.3 5.7 12.06% 43.36% 1.14% 1.51% 1.29% 17.18% 18.63% 4.83% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-98

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-31

Menomonee River

4-99

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Only one municipality within Waukesha County is located within the MN-7 assessment point area. The entire 5.7 square mile area is located within the village of Menomonee Falls (TABLE 4-76).
TABLE 4-76 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-7 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Percent of Assessment Civil Division within Point Area within Civil Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Division 5.7 5.7 100.00% 100.00%

Civil Division

Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in Lilly Creek are TP, FC and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to current baseline TP loads are commercial land use (40%) and grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (28%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial (52%) and residential (28% land uses. Commercial (56%) and industrial (15%) land uses are the predominant contributors to TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_7_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The measure of FC by flow indicated that during periods of high flows, FC counts exceeded the regulatory standard about 75% of the time. The increases in FC concentrations during high flows suggest that FC concentrations at MN-7 are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The data also indicate that FC concentrations tend to unexpectedly increase during late summer months. The source of FC responsible for this increase is not readily apparent from the data. See Figure 4-32, Figure 4-33, and Figure 4-34. Note: the black line on Figure 4-32 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. The detailed analysis of TP data indicated that TP concentrations were assessed as moderate and TSS concentrations were assessed as poor and that both parameters are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The relationship between TP and TSS data also suggest that TP could be associated with suspended solids. The potential sources of suspended solids include runoff that carries a sediment load, stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

4-100

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

In addition to the parameters of focus, the detailed assessments were also performed on DO and TSS data. The DO concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). It is normal for DO concentrations to decline during the summer due to decreased solubility of oxygen in warm water; however, the concentrations of DO during colder months decline more than would be expected at MN-7. This could be a function of increased biochemical oxygen demand, including in-stream decomposition of organic matter. The concentrations of DO also declined during low flow conditions which could indicate a lack of agitation and riffles within MN-7’s water quality modeling reach. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on the annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-77. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-78 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-7. TABLE 4-79 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-80 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-7 per acre.

4-101

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-32

Menomonee River

4-102

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-33

Menomonee River

4-103

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-34

Menomonee River

4-104

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-77 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-7 Assessment Point MN-7 Lilly Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 2,427 69

359 89

1,416 81

265 38

9.3 9.3 92 0.063 0.040 85

0.74 0.67 19.0 7.9 0.0051 0.0013

4-105

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-78

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-7 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source Ultra Low Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 515.87 202.03 23,167 4.72 2.33 242 43.17 0.57 21.58 0.22 2,360 41 520 5

5.17 5.41 0.71 2.34 316 82 462

67.58 3.33 1,481

366.72 3.84 20.93 6,390 0.14 43

87.06 54.11 5,551 8,914

1.25 0.26 145 74

4.32 0.73 237 379

-----

135.56 -43.33 4,552 ---

19.34 34.12 6.79 744 1.03 907

-----

-----

billion counts 104,848 49

4,455 1,429

16,462 213

55,503 --

7,481 136

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-79 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-7 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 40% 56% 50% 52% 0% 1% 1% 0% 3% 6% 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 1% 1% 2%

5% 1% 3% 1%

28% 6% 14% 8%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 15% 12% 4%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

-----

10% 12% 10% 28%

-----

1% 2% 2% 4%

3% 0% 2% 0%

-----

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-106

SSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-80

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-7 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial Wetland

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.142 0.001 0.012 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.019 0.056 0.001 0.006 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 6.364 0.067 0.648 0.011 0.087 0.127 0.407 28.804 0.013 0.143 0.001 0.023 1.224 0.393

0.101 0.001 0.024 0.000 0.001 -0.006 0.000 0.015 0.000 0.000 -1.755 0.012 1.525 0.040 0.065 -4.523 0.059 2.449 0.020 0.104 --

0.037 0.012 1.250 15.248

-----

0.005 0.009 0.002 0.000 0.204 0.249 2.055 0.037

-----

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-107

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Lilly Creek area was evaluated at MN-7. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-7, the flashiness was characterized as poor. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 17% reduction for baseline TP loads, a 48% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 31% reduction in baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data at this assessment point are presented in TABLE 481. TABLE 4-82 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-7. TABLE 4-83 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-84 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-7 per acre. Notwithstanding the 48% reduction in FC loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures. In contrast, the reduction in TP and TSS loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TP from moderate to good and TSS from poor to very good. The assessment of DO (annual) would remain unchanged at good while the assessment of DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any change in the assessment of flashiness at MN-7 (poor).

4-108

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-81 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-7 Assessment Point MN-7 Lilly Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 1,211 72

190 210

547 84

132 115

9.2 9.2 92

0.055 0.037 87

0.54 0.49 12.9 5.2 0.0038 0.0009

4-109

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-82

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-7 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ----0% SSOs ----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

448.72 147.92 18,976

-----

-----

-----

3.89 0.53 238 62

6.51 2.36 518 3,005

57.99 308.80 2.53 1,291 818 15.68 5,475 9,266

3.12 0.10 36 116

74.43 39.35 4,464 4,341

-----

-----

-----

128.31 34.44 4,094 29,712

-----

16.65 32.13 4.90 607 3,654 0.97 854 128

-----

billion counts 52,481

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-83 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-7 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 42% 59% 52% 51% ------------0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 3%

5% 1% 4% 1%

29% 6% 15% 9%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 16% 12% 4%

-----

-----

-----

12% 14% 11% 29%

-----

2% 2% 2% 4%

3% 0% 2% 0%

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-110

CSOs

-----

SSOs ---0

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-84

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-7 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.121 0.041 5.213

----

-----

-----

0.001 0.000 0.065 0.017

0.002 0.001 0.142 0.821

0.016 0.001 0.355 0.225

0.085 0.004 1.504 2.546

0.001 0.000 0.010 0.032

0.020 0.011 1.226 1.192

-----

-----

-----

0.034 0.009 1.125 8.064

-----

0.004 0.001 0.167 0.990

0.009 0.000 0.234 0.035

-----

14.175 --

0.000

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-111

SSOs ----

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.7 Butler Ditch (Assessment Point MN-8)

Menomonee River

Butler Ditch is located in the western portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows southerly for about 1.5 miles, easterly for about one mile and then northerly for about 1.5 miles before its confluence with the Menomonee River. Assessment point MN-8’s area encompasses about 5.7 square miles. The downstream extent of MN-8’s assessment point area extends to a point that is located at Butler Ditch's confluence with the mainstem on the western boundary of the village of Butler. The land use within the MN-8 assessment point area is predominantly low-density residential (56%). Transportation land use makes up nearly 20% of the total land use within the assessment point area while recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 13% of the total land use within the area. Agriculture along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 11%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 21% of the MN-8 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-85 presents the land uses within the MN-8 assessment point area (Figure 4-35).
TABLE 4-85 LAND USE IN THE MN-8 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 0.1 3.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.7 1.1 0.2 5.7 1.99% 55.92% 2.08% 1.90% 2.79% 12.85% 19.79% 2.68% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-112

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-35

Menomonee River

4-113

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of three municipalities within Waukesha County are located within the MN-8 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the city of Brookfield, the village of Butler, and the village of Menomonee Falls. Approximately 70% of the 5.7 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Brookfield. The village of Menomonee Falls occupies just under 30% of the area. The village of Butler occupies less than 1%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-8 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-86.
TABLE 4-86 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-8 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Percent of Assessment Civil Division within Point Area within Civil Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Division 4.0 0.0 1.7 5.7 70.09% 0.26% 29.65% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Brookfield Village of Butler

Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in Butler Ditch are TP, FC, and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (42%) and commercial land use (35%). The predominant contributors of FC are commercial (48%) and residential (30%) land uses. Commercial (64%) and residential (16%) land uses are the largest contributors of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. The assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area reasonably characterize the resulting FC modeled water quality. There is no significant evidence of “unknown sources” in this assessment point area. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_8_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The measure of FC by flow indicated that during periods of high flows, FC counts exceeded the regulatory standard. The increases in FC concentrations during high flows suggest that FC concentrations at MN-8 are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The data also indicate that FC concentrations tend to unexpectedly increase during late summer months. The source of FC responsible for this increase is not readily apparent from the data. See Figure 4-36, Figure 4-37, and Figure 4-38. Note: the black line on Figure 4-36 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Total phosphorus and TSS were also analyzed in detail. The assessment of TP concentrations was moderate and assessment of TSS concentrations was poor. The data suggest that both of 4-114

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

these parameters are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The relationship between TP and TSS data also suggest that TP could be associated with suspended solids. The potential sources of suspended solids include runoff that carries a sediment load, stream bank erosion, or resuspended stream sediments. In addition to the parameters of focus, a detailed assessment was also performed on DO data. The DO concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The range of DO concentrations is wider than would normally be expected. This could be a function of increased biochemical oxygen demand, including instream decomposition of organic matter. The concentrations of DO also declined during low flow conditions which could indicate a lack of agitation and riffles within MN-8’s water quality modeling reach. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-87. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-88 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-8. TABLE 4-89 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-90 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-8 per acre.

4-115

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-36

Menomonee River

4-116

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-37

Menomonee River

4-117

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-38

Menomonee River

4-118

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-87 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-8 Assessment Point MN-8 Butler Ditch Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 2,425 64

424 82

1,325 79

286 31

9.6 9.3 93 0.065 0.042 85

0.68 0.62 17.5 7.9 0.0046 0.0014

4-119

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-88

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-8 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 543.05 222.44 24,388 1.13 0.54 65 3.19 1.60 174 37 -- 1.69 -- 0.25 -- 109 -- 28

2.65 1.20 227

66.41 2.95 1,334

654.11 1.83 28.45 9,276 0.05 17

43.61 28.07 2,780 4,467

0.15 0.03 18 9

2.46 0.41 132 209

-- 166.15 -- 55.17 -- 5,579 -- 68,996

-- 17.16 43.42 -- 6.27 -- 660 1.17 1,178

-----

-- 5.55 -- 0.16 -- 78 -- 6,070

billion counts 110,418 14

2,186 1,377

29,568 101

-- 6,640 162

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-89 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-8 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 35% 64% 53% 48% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% ----0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 1%

4% 1% 3% 1%

42% 8% 20% 13%

0% 0% 0% 0%

3% 8% 6% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

11% 16% 12% 30%

-----

1% 2% 1% 3%

3% 0% 3% 0%

-----

-----

0% 0% 0% 3%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-120

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-90

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-8 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.151 0.062 6.765 30.629

0.000 0.001 -- 0.000 0.001 0.018 0.000 0.000 -- 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.018 0.048 -- 0.030 0.063 0.370 0.004 0.010 -- 0.008 0.606 0.382

0.181 0.001 0.012 0.000 0.001 -0.008 0.000 0.008 0.000 0.000 -2.573 0.005 0.771 0.005 0.037 -8.202 0.028 1.239 0.002 0.058 --

0.046 0.015 1.548 19.139

-----

0.005 0.012 0.002 0.000 0.183 0.327 1.842 0.045

-----

0.002 0.000 0.022 1.684

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-121

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Butler Ditch area was evaluated at MN-8. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-8, the flashiness was characterized as poor. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 17% reduction for baseline TP loads, a 44% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 27% reduction in baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. Based upon the calibrated models, there is no evidence of significant “unknown source” FC load in this assessment point area. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data at this assessment point are presented in TABLE 491. TABLE 4-92 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-8. TABLE 4-93 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-94 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-8 per acre. Notwithstanding the 44% reduction in FC loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures. In contrast, the reduction in TP and TSS loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TP from moderate to good and TSS from poor to very good. The assessment of DO (annual) would remain unchanged at good while the assessment of DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that there wouldn’t be any change in the assessment of flashiness at MN-8 (poor).

4-122

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-91 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-8 Assessment Point MN-8 Butler Ditch Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 1,297 68

228 178

700 82

152 98

9.6 9.3 93

0.057 0.038 87

0.59 0.53 12.6 5.6 0.0035 0.0010

4-123

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-92

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-8 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ---CSOs ----0% 0% 0% 4% SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

479.30 165.02 20,548

-----

-----

-----

1.27 0.23 90 21

4.40 1.66 350 2,157

54.12 506.69 2.25 1,125 766 20.67 7,461 15,697

1.35 0.04 13 51

28.72 15.98 1,732 1,713

-----

-----

-- 153.01 --42.39 5,056

-----

15.70 41.60 4.77 587 3,663 1.65 1,573 156

-----

5.08 0.15 72

billion counts 59,897

-- 38,133

-- 5,553

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-93 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-8 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 37% 65% 53% 47% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 1% 1% 2%

4% 1% 3% 1%

39% 8% 19% 12%

0% 0% 0% 0%

2% 6% 4% 1%

-----

-----

-----

12% 17% 13% 30%

-----

1% 2% 2% 3%

3% 1% 4% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-124

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-94

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-8 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.127 0.046 5.700

----

-----

-- 0.000 -- 0.000 -- 0.025 -- 0.006

0.001 0.000 0.097 0.591

0.015 0.001 0.312 0.213

0.141 0.006 2.070 4.354

0.000 0.000 0.004 0.014

0.008 0.004 0.481 0.475

-----

-----

-----

0.040 0.012 1.402 10.198

-----

0.004 0.001 0.163 0.976

0.012 0.000 0.436 0.043

-----

0.001 0.000 0.020 0.000

15.806 --

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-125

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.8 Upper Menomonee River (Assessment Points MN-9 and MN-12)

Menomonee River

The Upper Menomonee River is located in the central portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This reach is represented by MN-9 and MN-12. Assessment point MN-9’s area encompasses 12.8 square miles and extends downstream to a point that is located at the confluence with Butler Ditch. This downstream point is approximately located on the western boundary of the village of Butler. Assessment point MN-9’s assessment point area also includes a three mile segment of the Nor-X-Way channel and tributary area that are located upstream of the channel’s confluence with the mainstem. The assessment point area for MN-12 is located downstream of MN-9 and encompasses 1.2 square miles The downstream terminus of MN-12’s assessment point area extends to at point that is at the confluence with the Little Menomonee River and is approximately located at the intersection of STH 100 and Hampton Avenue in the city of Milwaukee.. MN-9 The land uses within the assessment point area for assessment point MN-9 are predominantly recreation, natural areas, and open space (38%). Low-density residential land use makes up nearly 21% of the total land use within the assessment point area while transportation makes up nearly 20% of the total land use within the area. Agriculture along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, commercial, and institutional and governmental land uses compose the remaining 21% (Figure 4-39). Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 20% of the MN-9 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-95 presents the land uses within the MN-9 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-95 LAND USE IN THE MN-9 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Assessment Percent of Land Use within Point Area (sq mi) Assessment Point Area 1.1 2.7 0.4 0.3 0.2 4.9 2.6 0.6 12.8 8.45% 20.84% 2.83% 2.74% 1.79% 38.37% 20.50% 4.48% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture

Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-126

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-39

Menomonee River

4-127

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of five municipalities within Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Washington, and Waukesha counties are located within the MN-9 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the cities of Mequon and Milwaukee, and the villages of Butler, Germantown, and Menomonee Falls. Approximately 70% of the 12.8 square mile assessment point area is located within the village of Menomonee Falls. The city of Milwaukee occupies nearly 26% of the area. The village of Germantown, the city of Mequon, and the village of Butler occupy the remaining portions. The extents of the civil divisions within the assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-96.
TABLE 4-96 CIVIL DIVSIONS IN THE MN-9 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Percent of Assessment Civil Division within Point Area within Civil Assessment Point Area (sq mi) Division 0.1 3.3 0.1 0.3 9.0 12.8 1.11% 25.76% 0.63% 2.01% 70.49% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Mequon City of Milwaukee Village of Butler

Village of Germantown Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Menomonee River are TP, FC, and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are commercial land use (39%) and grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (20%). The largest contributors of FC loads are commercial (56%) and residential (17%) land uses. Commercial (48%) and transportation (14%) land uses are the largest contributors of loads of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. Assessment point MN-9 is composed of multiple modeling areas, some of these areas are not affected by “unknown sources.” However, with other modeling areas, approximately 60% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_9_fact_sheet.pdf). See Figure 4-40, Figure 4-

4-128

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

41, and Figure 4-42. Note: the black line on Figure 4-40 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The concentrations of FC were fairly consistent throughout the year and appear to be linked to nonpoint sources within the MN-9 modeling reach. Detailed analyses of TP and TSS were also performed. The concentrations of TP were assessed as poor and are greatest at high and low flows. This may indicate the presence of a background source that is particularly noticeable during low flows, potentially from non-contact cooling water. The elevated concentrations of TP at high flows suggest the prevalence of nonpoint sources during high flows. The concentrations of TSS were also characterized as poor. The data suggest that TSS concentrations are attributed to nonpoint sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from streambank erosion, or from re-suspended stream sediments. In addition to the parameters of focus, DO was also assessed in detail. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). As expected, DO concentrations declined during the summer months, but the lower portions of the ranges declined more than would be expected during the summer. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand within the river at MN-9. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-97. While chlorides were not modeled with the water quality model, chlorides were characterized at this assessment point with water sample data. These samples indicate that chloride concentrations are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and winter data are not available. In other parts of the watershed, chloride is higher in March – probably a residual from road salt. As this is not the case here, it is possible that chloride may not be problematic at this site. It is difficult to assess chloride without data from the winter months; however, the data suggest that high flows may dilute the chloride concentration (Figure 4-43). As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-98 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-9. TABLE 4-99 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-100 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-9 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-8 are upstream of MN-9. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-1 through MN-8, are estimated at MN-9. TABLE 4-101 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-9. TABLE 4-102 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-9. TABLE 4-103 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-9 per acre.

4-129

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-40

Menomonee River

4-130

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-41

Menomonee River

4-131

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-42

Menomonee River

4-132

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-97 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-9 Assessment Point MN-9 Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 2,828 57

489 72

1,571 76

229 51

10.8 11 99 0.101 0.061 69

1.08 1 15.7 6 0.0052 0.0019

4-133

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-43

Menomonee River

4-134

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-98

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ---

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 382.32 4.13 58.42 0.08 2.58 48,807 433,969 265 1,778 37 452 20 3 781

1086.81 5.19 46.22 0.21 15.79 14.77 140.00 561.29 13.25 137.88 1.66 19.52 1.13 177.66 224.35 64.90 138.09 166.26 -5.35 1,262 9.62 2,492 53.27 8,753 0.81 168 84.15 0.34 8,791 155 71 4.98 925 0.33 50 49.22 110.19 22.42 5,965 6.20 0.09 124 -9,629 2,497 4,149 375

2.84 0.08 40

107 20,045 2,764 26,451 889 33,967

1,656 101 131,163 62,617 60,632

-- 3,101

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-99 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-9 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 39% 48% 50% 56% 0% 1% 0% 0% 2% 7% 2% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 3%

5% 1% 3% 0%

20% 7% 9% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

5% 11% 9% 4%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 6% 6% 17%

8% 14% 10% 8%

2% 3% 3% 8%

5% 1% 4% 0%

6% 0% 0% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-135

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-100

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.144 0.051 6.460

0.001 0.006 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.019 0.074 0.002 0.018 0.000 0.003 0.000 0.001 0.008 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.007 0.000 0.011 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.035 0.235 0.003 0.103 0.167 0.330 1.158 0.022 1.164 0.021 0.122 0.007

0.024 0.007 0.789

0.030 0.015 1.274 8.288

0.009 0.003 0.330 8.025

0.018 0.001 0.549 0.050

0.022 0.000 0.016 --

0.000 0.000 0.005 0.410

57.437 0.005 0.060 0.000 0.014 2.653 0.366 3.501 0.118 4.496 0.009 0.219 0.013 17.360

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-101 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

3892.46 1350.24 174,803

246.79 112.41 17,997 2,058

443.37 305.43 30,808 5,626

33.56 14.82 3,671 449

64.35 10.48 4,141 550

47.59 17.04 4,068 52,044

602.66 2129.81 92.11 38.11 15,705 147.72 36,316 4.14 1,558

559.09 317.45 35,648 96,453

34.88 100.76 8.44 4,376 1,657 22.15 6,113 9,464

12.47 2.31 799 1,418

844.64 238.05 28,358 452,545

389.81 178.27 16,727 92,015

226.64 68.15 8,718 131,025

614.59 24.65 22,624 2,111

1315.78 1.83 7,335 --

9.81 0.28 138 10,722

billion 1,152,817 counts

14,500 103,459 7,533

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-136

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-102

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-9 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

33% 47% 42% 54%

2% 4% 4% 0%

4% 11% 7% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

0% 1% 1% 2%

5% 1% 4% 1%

18% 5% 9% 5%

1% 0% 0% 0%

5% 11% 8% 5%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 8% 7% 21%

3% 6% 4% 4%

2% 2% 2% 6%

5% 1% 5% 0%

11% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 1%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-103 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.106 0.007 0.012 0.001 0.002 0.001 0.016 0.058 0.003 0.015 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.023 0.011 0.006 0.017 0.036 -- 0.000 tons/acre 0.037 0.003 0.008 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.009 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.006 0.005 0.002 0.001 0.000 -- 0.000

BOD pounds/acre 4.772 0.491 0.841 0.100 0.113 0.111 0.429 0.991 0.043 0.973 0.119 0.167 0.022 0.774 0.457 0.238 0.618 0.200 -- 0.004 FC billion 31.471 0.056 0.154 0.012 0.015 1.421 0.396 2.824 0.206 2.633 0.045 0.258 0.039 12.354 2.512 3.577 0.058 counts/acre --- 0.293

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-137

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Upper Menomonee River area was evaluated at MN-9. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-9, the flashiness was characterized as good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 6% reduction for baseline TP loads, a 35% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 16% reduction in baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data are presented in TABLE 4-104. TABLE 4-105 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-9. TABLE 4-106 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-107 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-9 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-8 are upstream of MN-9. TABLE 4-108 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-9. TABLE 4-109 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-9.TABLE 4-110 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-9 per acre. Notwithstanding the 35% reduction in FC loading and the 6% reduction in TP loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures and the assessment of TP would remain poor. In contrast, the reduction in TSS loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TSS from poor to very good. The assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-9 would deteriorate from good to moderate.

4-138

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-104 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-9 Assessment Point MN-9 Menomonee River Downstream of Butler Ditch Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 1,865 59

329 149

783 78

131 113

10.8 11.0 99

0.098 0.063 68

0.85 0.79 12.9 5.0 0.0047 0.0019

4-139

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-105

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Government / Institution
Transportation

Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland CSOs ----CSOs ----0% 0% 0% 0% SSOs SSOs 1.42 0.04 20 1,551

Commercial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

1,104.22 342.02 48,862 282,163

-----

0.89 -- 13.82 0.30 -133 2 --2.26 695 94

17.87 5.71 1,444 15,929

110.67 7.27 2,201 1,744

457.29 41.49 8,101 17,344

11.89 0.71 168 706

195.69 0.10 3.67 -107.44 0.02 0.91 -11,986 30,046 10 1 186 -37 --

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

190.84 46.78 6,608 90,096

191.54 85.57 7,947 34,273

64.04 18.55 2,457 33,754

130.08 166.26 5.83 3,943 356

0.09 124 --

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-106 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-9 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland 5% 1% 4% 0% Point Source Industrial 6% 0% 0% --

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

42% 51% 51% 56%

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

1% 0% 1% 0%

Forest

1% 1% 2% 3%

4% 1% 2% 0%

17% 6% 9% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 16% 13% 6%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

7% 7% 7% 18%

7% 13% 8% 7%

2% 3% 3% 7%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-140

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-107

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs Wetland

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.136 0.045 6.467

-- 0.000 -- 0.002 0.002 0.015 0.061 0.002 0.026 0.000 0.000 --- 0.000 -- 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.000 0.014 0.000 0.000 --- 0.018 -- 0.092 0.191 0.291 1.072 0.022 1.586 0.001 0.025 --

0.023 0.006 0.875

0.025 0.008 0.011 0.002 1.052 0.325

0.017 0.022 -- 0.000 0.001 0.000 -- 0.000 0.522 0.016 -- 0.003 0.047 --- 0.000

36.023 -- 0.000 -- 0.012 2.073 0.231 2.296 0.093 3.977 0.000 0.005 --

11.592 4.536 4.345

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-108 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Point Source Industrial

Forest

SSOs CSOs
-----

Loads Units TP TSS

pounds 3,840.62 tons billion counts
1,180.06

83.38 29.67

100.60 35.99

9.56 2.60

76.50 12.64

59.88 19.41 4,885

638.86 1,944.01 99.27 678.84 43.13 19,889 135.66 38,499 78,860 4.90 353.17

8.80 2.11

22.45 4.53

2.74 0.57 195 36

980.64 243.49 33,178

346.64 227.68 638.58 1,315.78 146.78 14,587 60.56 8,823 26.16 24,208 2,204 1.83 7,335 --

6.97 0.20 98 7,620

BOD pounds 169,691 10,190 14,428 FC
787,722 110 223

2,022 5,213 21 645

1,936 42,211 1,388 1,858 8,471 83,330 52 277

45,896 15,265

369,982 55,415 88,282

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-141

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-109

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-9 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

35% 51% 42% 51%

1% 1% 3% 0%

1% 2% 4% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 3%

6% 2% 5% 1%

18% 6% 10% 5%

1% 0% 0% 1%

6% 15% 11% 5%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

9% 11% 8% 24%

3% 6% 4% 4%

2% 3% 2% 6%

6% 1% 6% 0%

12% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-110 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-9 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.105 tons/acre 0.032

0.002 0.003 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.017 0.053 0.003 0.019 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.027 0.009 0.006 0.017 0.036 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.010 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.007 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.278 0.394 0.055 0.142 0.133 0.543 1.051 0.053 1.152 0.038 0.051 0.005 0.906 0.398 0.241 0.661 0.200 0.003 0.006 0.001 0.018 1.253 0.417 2.153 0.231 2.275 0.001 0.008 0.001 10.100 1.513 2.410 0.060 --

0.000 0.000 0.003 0.208

BOD pounds/acre 4.632 FC billion 21.504 counts/acre

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-142

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan MN-12

Menomonee River

The land use within the assessment point area for assessment point MN-12 is predominantly transportation (37%). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 24% of the total land use within the assessment point area while manufacturing and industrial land uses make up nearly 19% of the total land use within the area. Low-density residential, highdensity residential, commercial, and institutional and governmental land uses compose the remaining 20%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 39% of the MN-12 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-111 presents the land uses within the MN-12 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-111 LAND USE IN THE MN-12 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.5 0.2 1.2 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 0.00% 11.05% 3.30% 5.34% 1.03% 23.82% 36.86% 18.60% 100.00%

Portions of four municipalities within Milwaukee and Waukesha counties are located within the MN-12 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the cities of Milwaukee and Wauwatosa and the villages of Butler and Menomonee Falls. Approximately 55% of the 1.2 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Milwaukee. The village of Butler occupies nearly 42% of the area. The village of Menomonee Falls and the city of Wauwatosa occupy the remaining 2 and 1%, respectively (Figure 4-44). The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-12 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-112.

4-143

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-44

Menomonee River

4-144

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-112 CIVIL DIVSIONS IN THE MN-12 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.7 0.0 0.5 0.0 1.2 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 55.33% 0.67% 42.17% 1.83% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Milwaukee City of Wauwatosa Village of Butler Village of Menomonee Falls Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Menomonee River are TP and FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are commercial land use (38%) and industrial point sources (17%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial (63%) and industrial (13%) land uses. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 60% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_12_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The concentrations of FC were fairly consistent throughout the year and appear to be linked to nonpoint sources within the MN-12 modeling reach. See Figure 4-45, Figure 4-46, and Figure 4-47. Note: the black line on Figure 4-45 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Based on detailed analysis, the concentrations of TP were assessed as poor and are greatest at high and low flows. This may indicate the presence of a background source that is particularly noticeable during low flows, potentially from non-contact cooling water. The elevated concentrations of TP at high flows suggest the prevalence of nonpoint sources during high flows.

4-145

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO and TSS data. The concentrations of DO were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). As expected, DO concentrations decline during the summer months, but the lower portions of the ranges decline more than would be expected during the summer. This may indicate excess organic matter and biochemical oxygen demand within the river at MN-12. The concentrations of TSS were classified as very good and the data suggest that TSS concentrations are attributed to nonpoint sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from streambank erosion, or from re-suspended stream sediments. in addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-113. While chlorides were not modeled with the water quality model, chlorides were characterized at this assessment point with water sample data. These samples indicate that chloride concentrations are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and winter data are not available. March data (which include snow melt and spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. Winter chloride concentrations would be expected to exceed those measured in March. It is difficult to assess chloride trends without data from the winter months; however, it appears that when chloride is not being actively applied, some amount is in a ‘reservoir’ (sediment). This chloride is gradually released and this is particularly noticeable during mid-to-dry conditions. During higher flow conditions, the concentration becomes diluted (Figure 4-48). Pollutant loading to MN-12 is primarily a function of land use within the adjacent 1.2 square mile area as well as inputs from upstream tributaries. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-114 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-12. TABLE 4-115 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-116 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-12, per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-11 are upstream of MN-12. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-1 through MN-11, are estimated at MN-12. TABLE 4-117 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-12. TABLE 4-118 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-12. TABLE 4-119 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-12 per acre.

4-146

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-45

Menomonee River

4-147

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-46

Menomonee River

4-148

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Figure 4-47

4-149

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-113 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-12 Assessment Point Water Quality Indicator Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 4,366 50

MN-12 Fecal Coliform Menomonee Bacteria River Down(annual) stream of Little Menomonee River

795 31

2,175 69

348 21

10.7 10.9 99 0.1 0.061 69

1.07 1.01 13.4 5.2 0.0054 0.0021

4-150

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-48

Menomonee River

4-151

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-114

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 197.85 77.48 8,885 ------------0.77 0.12 34 5

1.23 0.53 105 2,526

8.07 0.56 122 148

67.09 6.77 855 2,868

0.04 0.00 0 2

80.89 50.28 5,157 20,706

-----

-----

----

13.17 4.21 442

36.29 18.91 1,558

7.55 2.65 291

12.52 0.59 304 28

90.19 0.09 570 --

billion counts 100,528

-- 13,483 11,506 7,303

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-115 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-12 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 38% 48% 48% 63% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 1% 2%

2% 0% 1% 0%

13% 4% 5% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

16% 31% 28% 13%

-----

-----

-----

3% 3% 2% 8%

7% 12% 9% 7%

1% 2% 2% 5%

2% 0% 2% 0%

17% 0% 3% --

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-152

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-116

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs ----Industrial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.258 0.101

---

-----

-- 0.001 0.002 0.011 -- 0.000 0.001 0.001 -- 0.044 0.137 0.159 -- 0.006 3.296 0.193

0.088 0.000 0.106 0.009 0.000 0.066 1.116 0.001 6.731 3.743 0.003 27.024

-----

-----

----

0.017 0.005 0.577

0.047 0.010 0.016 0.025 0.003 0.001 2.033 0.379 0.397

0.118 0.000 0.744 --

11.596 -131.203 --

-- 17.597 15.017 9.531 0.037

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-117 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs ----CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

5550.41 1965.84 249,259 2,603,835

352.20 793.20 165.95 482.52 22,894 47,801 2,634 9,331

87.94 36.29 7,091 955

97.20 15.17 6,186 781

87.21 33.10 7,455 185,340

753.93 45.77 19,201 17,412

3168.31 120.10 203.45 54,002 152,513 5.15 1,856 9,071

892.02 512.17 56,877

48.30 143.00 22.51 11.19 29.33 3.86 5,844 8,470 1,255

1169.05 334.92 39,250 993,486

506.21 235.80 21,722

283.57 86.87 10,908

825.54 31.41 28,258 2,639

1671.06 3.10 10,428 --

-----

10.28 0.29 145 11,238

253,788 2,215 12,764 2,248

162,679 226,567

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-153

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-118

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-12 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial

Load s TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

33% 47% 42% 56%

2% 4% 4% 0%

5% 11% 8% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 4%

5% 1% 3% 0%

19% 5% 9% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

5% 12% 9% 5%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 8% 7% 21%

3% 6% 4% 3%

2% 2% 2% 5%

5% 1% 5% 0%

10% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-119 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.108 0.007 0.015 0.002 0.002 0.002 0.015 0.062 0.002 0.017 0.001 0.003 0.000 0.023 0.010 0.006 0.016 0.033 tons/acre 0.038 0.003 0.009 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.010 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.007 0.005 0.002 0.001 0.000

0.000 0.000 0.003 0.219

BOD pounds/acre 4.860 0.446 0.932 0.138 0.121 0.145 0.374 1.053 0.036 1.109 0.114 0.165 0.024 0.765 0.424 0.213 0.551 0.203 FC billion 50.769 0.051 0.182 0.019 0.015 3.614 0.340 2.974 0.177 4.948 0.043 0.249 0.044 19.371 3.172 4.418 0.051 counts/acre --

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-154

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Upper Menomonee River area was evaluated at MN-12. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-12, the flashiness was characterized as good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 10% reduction from baseline TP loads and a 46% reduction from baseline FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4120. TABLE 4-121 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-12. TABLE 4-122 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-123 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-12 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-11 are upstream of MN-12. TABLE 4-124 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-12. TABLE 4-125 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-12. TABLE 4-126 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-12 per acre. Notwithstanding the 46% reduction in FC loading and the 10% reduction in TP loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures and the assessment of TP would remain poor. The assessments of TSS, DO (annual), and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-12 would deteriorate from good to moderate.

4-155

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-120 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-12 Assessment Point MN-12 Menomonee River Downstream of Little Menomonee River Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 3,237 52

554 80

1,220 72

205 60

10.7 10.9 99

0.096 0.062 69

0.84 0.79 10.8 4.2 0.0048 0.0020

4-156

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-121

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----CSOs ---------

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

182.05 62.00 7,970

-----

-----

-----

0.76 0.12 34 5

0.96 0.35 76 1,069

6.01 0.38 95 74

49.37 4.62 657 1,428

0.03 0.00 0 1

69.55 38.53 4,251

----

-----

-----

12.25 31.60 7.15 3.39 418 14.67 2.17 1,300 275

12.51 0.59 304 28

90.19 0.09 570 --

billion counts 54,745

10,840 --

7,166 6,100 3,957

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D TABLE 4-122

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-12 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 39% 49% 50% 64% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 1%

1% 0% 1% 0%

11% 4% 4% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

15% 30% 27% 13%

-----

-----

-----

3% 3% 3% 8%

7% 12% 8% 7%

2% 2% 2% 5%

3% 0% 2% 0%

20% 0% 4% --

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-157

SSOs

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-123

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.225 0.081

---

-----

-----

0.001 0.000 0.044 0.006

0.001 0.000 0.099 1.374

0.008 0.001 0.124 0.097

0.064 0.006 0.858 1.864

0.000 0.000 0.000

0.091 0.050 5.548

-----

-----

-----

0.015 0.004 0.546 9.171

0.041 0.009 0.019 0.003 1.697 0.359 7.962 5.058

0.016 0.001 0.397 0.037

0.118 0.000 0.744 --

10.402 -69.669 --

0.002 14.148

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-124 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs ----7.45 0.21 105 8,137 SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 5,478.68 114.61 212.24 12.73 117.84 101.37 796.14 tons 1,711.35 43.77 84.97 3.68 18.55 33.89 8,219 50.43 23,567 pounds 240,333 12,822 25,030 2,440 7,772 billion 1,868,462 counts 136 405 25

2,853.54 164.99 1,081.76 20.07 53.62 6.33 1,312.64 478.27 285.37 885.13 182.13 54,266 7.05 2,659 562.94 66,722 4.39 9.53 1.08 397 73 329.73 44,040 826,035 204.87 77.12 106,41 161,64 4 5 34.25 2,917 4,016 110 580 19,978 10,978 30,763 2,787

1,761.25 3.18 10,998 --

929 160,090 18,098

118,572 12,098 211,917

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-158

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-125

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-12 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs ----Industrial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

35% 51% 42% 53%

1% 1% 2% 0%

1% 3% 4% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 5%

5% 1% 4% 1%

18% 5% 10% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

7% 17% 12% 6%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 10% 8% 24%

3% 6% 4% 3%

2% 2% 2% 5%

6% 1% 5% 0%

11% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-126 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-12 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source

CSOs
-----

SSOs
0.000 0.000 0.002 0.159

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.107 0.033 4.686

0.002 0.004 0.000 0.002 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.488 0.048 0.152

0.002 0.001 0.160 3.121

0.016 0.001 0.459 0.353

0.056 0.004 1.058 2.312

0.003 0.000 0.052 0.236

0.021 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.011 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.301 0.057 0.078 0.008 4.132 0.002 0.011 0.001

0.026 0.006 0.859

0.009 0.006 0.004 0.002 0.390 0.214

0.017 0.001 0.600 0.054

0.034 0.000 0.214 --

36.431 0.003 0.008 0.000 0.018

16.106 2.075 3.152

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-159

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.9 Little Menomonee Creek (Assessment Point MN-10)

Menomonee River

Little Menomonee Creek is located in the northeastern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. The Little Menomonee Creek Tributary flows southerly for about three miles to its confluence with the mainstem. Assessment point MN-10’s area encompasses 3.0 square miles. The downstream terminus of MN-10’s assessment point area extends to a point that is located approximately one mile upstream of the confluence with the mainstem, at the intersection of Granville Road and STH 167 in the city of Mequon. The land use within the assessment point area for MN-10 is predominantly agriculture (61%) (Figure 4-49). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 22% of the total land use within the assessment point area while low-density residential comprises nearly 11% of the total land use. Transportation along with high-density residential, institutional and governmental, manufacturing and industrial, and commercial land uses composes the remaining 6%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 5% of the MN-10 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-127 presents the land uses within the MN-10 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-127 LAND USE IN THE MN-10 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 1.8 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.2 0.0 3.0 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 60.76% 11.28% 0.55% 0.06% 0.65% 21.60% 4.95% 0.15% 100.00%

4-160

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-49

Menomonee River

4-161

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of two municipalities within Ozaukee and Washington counties are located within the MN-10 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the city of Mequon and the village of Germantown. Approximately 93% of the 3.0 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Mequon. The village of Germantown occupies the remaining 7%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-10 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-128.
TABLE 4-128 CIVIL DIVISION IN THE MN-10 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 2.8 0.2 3.0 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 92.93% 7.07% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Mequon Village of Germantown Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in Little Menomonee Creek are FC and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline FC loads are commercial (41%) and residential (28%) land uses. The largest contributors of TSS are crops grown on hydrologic group C soils (47%) and commercial land use (21%). The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_10_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The concentrations of FC were fairly consistent throughout the year and appear to be linked to nonpoint sources within the MN-10 modeling reach. See Figure 4-50, Figure 4-51, and Figure 4-52. Note: the black line on Figure 4-50 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Total suspended solids data were also analyzed in detail. The concentrations of TSS were classified as poor. The data suggest that TSS concentrations are attributed to nonpoint sources.

4-162

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from streambank erosion, or from re-suspended stream sediments. In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO and TP data. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). As expected, DO concentrations declined during summer months, but also note that DO declined during high flows; this suggests that stormwater runoff may carry a relatively large organic load and biochemical oxygen demand. The concentrations of TP were characterized as good. Unlike a number of other assessment points, the TP concentrations are not strongly correlated with TSS concentrations at MN-10. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-129 Pollutant loading to MN-10 is primarily a function of land use within the adjacent 3.0 square mile area as well as inputs from upstream tributaries. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-130 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-10. TABLE 4-131 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-132 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-10 per acre.

4-163

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-50

Menomonee River

4-164

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-51

Menomonee River

4-165

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-52

Menomonee River

4-166

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-129 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-10 Assessment Point MN-10 Little Menomonee Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 4,970 57

438 91

3,710 73

201 62

9.2 9.2 97 0.061 0.049 89

1.06 0.93 24.6 10.8 0.0031 0.0014

4-167

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-130

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-10 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source Ultra Low Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 74.85 27.79 3,361 24.84 123.96 5.20 12.61 62.76 1,154 6,022 136 1,313 2.05 327 48 6.81 0.97 424 47

1.13 0.46 96 3,715

12.77 0.65 295 233

81.14 4.35 1,382 3,608

4.10 0.15 44 225

1.82 1.07 116 749

3.44 13.39 1.47 0.71 377 143 2.28 747 1,046 0.23 67 121

26.08 7.79 876 42,411

----

22.91 25.98 7.54 881 0.83 694 62

-----

billion counts 60,969

-- 35,518

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-131 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-10 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 17% 21% 20% 41% 6% 7% 0% 29% 36% 1% 1% 2% 2% 0% 2% 1% 3% 0%

0% 0% 1% 2%

3% 0% 2% 0%

19% 3% 8% 2%

1% 0% 0% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 0%

3% 2% 4% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 6% 5% 28%

-----

5% 6% 5% 24%

6% 1% 4% 0%

-----

-----

10% 47%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-168

SSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-132

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-10 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial Wetland

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.035 0.012 0.058 0.002 0.003 0.001 0.006 0.013 0.006 0.030 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.582 0.543 2.835 0.154 0.199 0.045 0.139
28.702 0.064 0.618 0.023 0.022 1.749 0.110

0.038 0.002 0.001 0.002 0.006 0.001 0.012 0.002 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.004 0.651 0.021 0.055 0.177 0.352 0.031 0.412 1.699 0.106 0.352 0.067 0.492 0.057 19.966

-----

0.011 0.004 0.415 16.721

0.012 0.000 0.327 0.029

-----

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-169

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Little Menomonee Creek area was evaluated at MN-10. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-10, the flashiness was characterized as good. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 16% reduction from baseline FC loads and a 44% reduction in baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4133. TABLE 4-134 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-10. TABLE 4-135 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-136 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-10 per acre. Notwithstanding the 16% reduction in FC loading and the 44% reduction in TSS loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures and the assessment of TSS would also remain poor. The assessments of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Similarly, the assessment of TP would also remain unchanged at good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-10 would also remain unchanged (good).

4-170

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-133 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-10 Assessment Point MN-10 Little Menomonee Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 4,075 59

278 163

2,998 74

110 108

9.2 9.2 98

0.056 0.046 91

0.80 0.72 18.1 9.0 0.0026 0.0012

4-171

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-134 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-10 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

65.25 11.81 56.25 0.64 21.09 2,805 49,656 5.33 24.68 0.22 996 5,342 10 91 85 1

9.88 1.41 615 68

2.26 14.51 71.77 7.95 0.80 183 0.66 3.49 0.26 87 344 1,261

0.50 0.26 30 193

2.21 13.23 0.28 0.45 299 11 2.12 915 128 0.04 16 3

24.52 6.37 798 36,838

-0.00 ---

20.24 5.77 751 28,958

36.28 1.16 969 86

-----

6,910 265 3,194 439

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-135 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-10 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 19% 28% 18% 39% 3% 7% 6% 0% 17% 0% 33% 0% 34% 1% 0% 0% 3% 2% 4% 0%

1% 1% 1% 5%

4% 1% 2% 0%

21% 5% 8% 3%

2% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 2% 0%

4% 3% 6% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 9% 5% 29%

-0% ---

6% 8% 5% 23%

11% 2% 6% 0%

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-172

CSOs

-----

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-136 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-10 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.030 0.006 0.026 0.000 0.005 0.001 0.007 0.034 0.004 tons/acre

0.000 0.001 0.006 0.000 0.011 -0.375

----

0.009 0.354

0.017 0.001 0.456

-----

0.010 0.003 0.012 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.003 0.000 0.003

BOD pounds/acre 1.320 0.469 2.515 0.040 0.290 0.086 0.162 0.593 0.041 0.014 0.141 0.431 FC

billion counts/acre 23.094 0.005 0.043 0.000 0.032 3.244 0.125 1.504 0.207 0.091 0.005 0.060 0.001 17.191

13.497 0.040

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-173

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.10 Little Menomonee River (Assessment Point MN-11)

Menomonee River

Little Menomonee River is located in the northeastern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary generally flows southerly for about 10 miles to its confluence with the mainstem. Assessment point MN-11’s area encompasses 18.8 square miles and extends to a point that is located nearly 150 feet upstream of Little Menomonee River's confluence with the mainstem. This downstream point is approximately located at the intersection of STH 100 and Hampton Avenue in the city of Milwaukee. Assessment point MN-11’s assessment point area also includes a 0.9 mile segment of the Little Menomonee Creek and tributary area located immediately upstream of its confluence with the Little Menomonee River. The land uses within the assessment point area for MN-11 are predominantly recreation, natural areas, and open space (27%) (Figure 4-53). Agriculture land use makes up nearly 26% of the total land use within the assessment point area while low-density residential makes up nearly 17% of the total land use within the area. Freeways, arterial streets, and local roads contribute to transportation that makes up approximately 17% of the total land use within the assessment point area. Manufacturing and industrial along with high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 13%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 17% of the MN-11 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-137 presents the land uses within the MN-11 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-137 LAND USE IN THE MN-11 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 4.9 3.2 0.8 0.3 0.5 5.1 3.1 0.9 18.8 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 25.98% 17.14% 4.01% 1.57% 2.89% 27.06% 16.59% 4.76% 100.00%

4-174

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-53

Menomonee River

4-175

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of three municipalities within Milwaukee, Ozaukee, and Washington counties are located within the MN-11 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the city of Mequon, the city of Milwaukee, and the village of Germantown. Approximately 61% of the 18.8 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Milwaukee. The city of Mequon occupies nearly 38% of the area, and the village of Germantown occupies the remaining 1%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-11 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-138.
TABLE 4-138 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-11 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 7.2 11.4 0.2 18.8 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 38.27% 60.74% 0.99% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Mequon City of Milwaukee Village of Germantown Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameter of focus in the Little Menomonee River is FC. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline loads are commercial (59%) and residential (22%) land uses. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_11_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The concentrations of FC were fairly consistent throughout the year and appear to be linked to nonpoint sources within the MN-11 modeling reach. See Figure 4-54, Figure 4-55, and Figure 4-56. Note: the black line on Figure 4-54 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. In addition to the parameter of focus, detailed assessments of DO, TP and TSS were performed. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water 4-176

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

temperature, and aquatic habitat). As expected, DO concentrations decline during summer months, but also note that DO declines during high flows; this suggests that stormwater runoff may carry a relatively large organic load and biochemical oxygen demand. The concentrations of TSS were classified as very good and the data suggest that TSS concentrations are attributed to nonpoint sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from streambank erosion, or from re-suspended stream sediments. The assessment of TP was good and the data indicate that concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high flows. This suggests a dominance of nonpoint sources of phosphorus. Note also that the TP concentrations increase at low flows; this could be an indication that the modeling reach contains background sources of phosphorus, such as non-contact cooling water. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-139. Pollutant loading to MN-11 is primarily a function of land use within the adjacent 18.8 square mile area as well as inputs from upstream tributaries. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-140 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-11. TABLE 4-141 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-142 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-11 per acre. Assessment point MN-10 is upstream of MN-11. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-10, are estimated at MN-11. TABLE 4-143 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-11. TABLE 4-144 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-11. TABLE 4-145 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-11 per acre.

4-177

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-54

Menomonee River

4-178

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-55

Menomonee River

4-179

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-56

Menomonee River

4-180

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-139 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-11

Menomonee River

Assessment Point MN-11 Little Menomonee River

Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Baseline Condition Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) 7,777 53

700 68

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

4,477 70

261 48

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

10.4 10.5 98 0.058

Total Phospho rus

Mean (mg/l)

Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Total Suspended Mean (mg/l) Solids Median (mg/l) Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

0.043 89

0.58 0.56 13.2 4.6 0.005 0.0017

4-181

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-140

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs
-----

Loads Units TP TSS pounds tons
1583.10 587.80 71,094 80.57 225.86 49.18 26.04 40.92 114.34 19.42 3.72

38.50 15.61 3,291

138.50 957.36 23.89 331.11 7.01 51.38 0.86 254 193.64

9.97 28.86 8.57 2.04 4.91 1.32 390

298.32 116.41 34.01 89.08 10,016 57.53 4,995 11.18 1,308

184.97 355.28 5.93 4,940 438 1.27 3,093 --

0.47 0.01 7 517

BOD pounds FC

3,743 10,971 3,093 1,620

3,201 16,304

21,113 1,091 1,611 2,254

441 2,392 457 179 127,057 2,531 42,578 1,311 135,881 415 Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

billion counts 1,289,521

709 485,048 59,158 52,721

TABLE 4-141 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-11 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 35% 49% 44% 59% 2% 3% 2% 0% 5% 9% 7% 0% 1% 2% 2% 0% 1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 6%

3% 1% 2% 0%

21% 4% 10% 2%

1% 0% 0% 0%

7% 16% 13% 6%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 7% 6% 22%

3% 5% 3% 3%

1% 1% 1% 2%

4% 0% 3% 0%

8% 0% 2% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-182

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-142

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs
--

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.135 0.050 6.043 109.603

0.007 0.019 0.004 0.002 0.003 0.010 0.002 0.000 0.318 0.933 0.263 0.138 0.037 0.203 0.039 0.015

0.003 0.001 0.280 10.799

0.012 0.001 0.272 0.215

0.081 0.004 1.386 3.619

0.002 0.000 0.022

0.028 0.016 1.794

0.001 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.093 0.137 0.033

0.025 0.010 0.003 0.016 0.030 -0.008 0.005 0.001 0.001 0.000 -0.851 0.425 0.111 0.420 0.263 ---

0.000 0.000 0.001 0.044

0.111 11.549 0.035 0.192 0.060 41.227 5.028 4.481 0.037

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-143 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs
-----

SSOs
0.47 0.01 7 517

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 1657.95 tons pounds billion counts
615.60 74,455
1,350,490

105.41 349.83 54.38 32.85 53.54 4,897 576 177.10 21.47 4.69

39.63 16.07 3,387 130,771

151.27 1038.50 27.99 332.93 13.42 42.24 10.04 7.66 3,496 2,765 55.73 17,686 1.00 298 194.71 2.75 7.18 1.55 456 830

324.41 96.87 10,891

116.41 57.53 4,995

56.93 18.72 2,190

210.96 6.76 5,634 499

355.28 1.27 3,093 --

16,993 3,420 2,044 3,705 506 226

21,229 1,468 2,358 558 3,300

46,186 1,536 136,629

527,459 59,158 88,239

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-183

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-144

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-11 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

34% 46% 42% 57%

2% 4% 3% 0%

7% 13% 9% 0%

1% 2% 2% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 6%

3% 1% 2% 0%

21% 4% 10% 2%

1% 0% 0% 0%

7% 15% 12% 6%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 7% 6% 22%

2% 4% 3% 3%

1% 1% 1% 4%

4% 1% 3% 0%

7% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-145 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs -- 0.037 SSOs

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.119 0.008 0.025 0.004 0.002 0.003 0.011 0.075 0.002 0.024 0.001 0.003 0.001 0.023 0.008 0.004 0.015 0.026 -- 0.000 Tons/acre 0.044 0.004 0.013 0.002 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.014 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.007 0.004 0.001 0.000 0.000 -- 0.000

BOD Pounds/acre 5.360 0.353 1.223 0.246 0.147 0.244 0.252 1.273 0.021 1.528 0.106 0.170 0.033 0.784 0.360 0.158 0.406 0.223 -- 0.000 FC billion 97.230 0.042 0.267 0.036 0.016 9.415 0.199 3.325 0.111 9.837 0.040 0.238 0.060 37.975 4.259 6.353 0.036 counts/acre --

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-184

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Little Menomonee River area was evaluated at MN-11. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-11, the flashiness was characterized as moderate. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 21% reduction from baseline FC loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4146. TABLE 4-147 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-11. TABLE 4-148 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-149 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-11 per acre. Assessment point MN-10 is upstream of MN11. TABLE 4-150 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-11. TABLE 4-151 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-11. TABLE 4-152 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-11 per acre. Notwithstanding the 21% reduction in FC loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures. In addition to the parameter of focus, the assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. The assessment of TSS would also remain at very good and the assessment of TP would remain unchanged at good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-11 would remain unchanged at moderate.

4-185

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-146 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-11 Assessment Point MN-11 Little Menomonee River Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 6,053 54

520 96

2,704 71

171 69

10.4 10.6 98

0.053 0.041 91

0.47 0.46 9.7 3.3 0.0040 0.0014

4-186

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-147 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 1,390.76 tons pounds billion counts
448.20 59,867 976,339

19.41 8.76 1,636 17

55.39 24.30 5,260 90

2.52 0.86 333 4

30.70 4.38 1,910 211

38.27 13.33 3,076 106,215

136.76 6.25 3,239 2,494

788.39 38.35 13,849 35,090

57.74 1.88 635 3,188

332.87 170.99 20,229 117,554

9.06 1.83 1,230 47

17.95 2.88 1,242 174

3.32 0.47 187 34

295.24 76.48 9,646 412,048

100.03 43.42 4,091

30.31 8.61 1,129

197.77 6.34 5,282 468

355.28 1.27 3,093 --

0.47 0.01 7 517

44,898 40,449

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-148 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-11 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 36% 52% 44% 56% 1% 1% 1% 0% 1% 3% 4% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 1% 1% 0%

1% 2% 2% 6%

4% 1% 2% 0%

20% 4% 10% 2%

1% 0% 0% 0%

9% 20% 15% 7%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 9% 7% 24%

3% 5% 3% 3%

1% 1% 1% 2%

5% 1% 4% 0%

9% 0% 2% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-187

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-149 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.115 0.038 5.088

0.002 0.001 0.139

0.005 0.000 0.003 0.003 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.447 0.028 0.162 0.261 0.008 0.000 0.018 8.959

0.012 0.067 0.001 0.003 0.275 1.177 0.212 2.982

0.005 0.028 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.015 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.054 1.719 0.105 0.106 --

0.024 0.007 0.820

0.009 0.004 0.348

0.002 0.001 0.096 3.389

0.017 0.001 0.449 0.040

0.030 0.000 0.263 --

0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000

81.532 0.001

0.271 9.992 0.004 0.015 0.003 34.602 3.816

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-150 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

1,456.01 31.23 111.64 3.17 40.59 469.29 62,672 1,025,995 14.10 48.98 1.07 5.79 2,632 10,601 418 2,525 27 181 4

40.53 14.13 3,258

151.26 6.91 3,583 2,759

860.16 65.69 333.37 11.27 31.17 3.60 41.85 15,109 2.14 722 171.24 2.28 5.00 20,260 1,530 2,158 58 302 0.51 203 37

319.76 82.85 10,444

100.03 50.54 43.42 4,091 14.39 1,880

234.04 7.50 6,251 554

355.28 1.27 3,093 --

0.47 0.01 7 517

279 113,124

38,284 3,627 117,747

448,886 44,898 69,407

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-188

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-151 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-11 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

35% 50% 41%

1% 2% 2% 0%

3% 5% 7% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 2% 0%

1% 2% 2% 6%

4% 1% 2% 0%

20% 4% 10% 2%

2% 0% 0% 0%

8% 18% 13% 6%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 9% 7% 24%

2% 5% 3% 2%

1% 2% 1% 4%

6% 1% 4% 0%

8% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

billion counts 55%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-152 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-11 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs -----

SSOs 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.037 SSOs

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.105 tons/acre 0.034

0.002 0.008 0.000 0.003 0.003 0.011 0.062 0.005 0.024 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.023 0.007 0.004 0.017 0.026 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.003 0.000 0.012 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.006 0.003 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.189 0.763 0.030 0.182 0.235 0.258 1.088 0.052 1.459 0.110 0.155 0.015 0.752 0.295 0.135 0.450 0.223 --

BOD pounds/acre 4.512 FC

billion 73.868 0.002 0.013 0.000 0.020 8.145 0.199 2.756 0.261 8.477 0.004 0.022 0.003 32.318 3.232 4.997 0.040 counts/acre

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-189

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.11 Underwood Creek Area (Assessment Points MN-13 and MN-14)

Menomonee River

Underwood Creek is located in the southern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This reach is represented by MN-13 and MN-14. Assessment point MN-13 is located in the upstream reaches of the Underwood Creek area and includes the Dousman Ditch tributary area. Assessment point MN-13’s area encompasses 7.4 square miles and extends downstream to a point that is located 4.75 miles upstream of Underwood Creek's confluence with the mainstem. This downstream point is approximately located at the northern boundary of the village of Elm Grove. Further downstream, assessment point MN-14’s assessment point area extends to a point located nearly 200 feet upstream of Underwood Creek's confluence with the mainstem. Overall, MN-14’s assessment point area encompasses 12.5 square miles. This downstream point is located about 600 feet south of North Avenue at Hansen Park in the city of Wauwatosa. MN-13 The MN-13 assessment point area is located within the upper reaches of the Underwood Creek area and includes the Dousman Ditch tributary. The land use within the MN-13 assessment point area is predominantly low-density residential (43%) (Figure 4-57). Recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 24% of the total land use within the assessment point area while transportation land uses make up nearly 20% of the total land use within the area. Agriculture along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 13%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 21% of the MN-13 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-153 presents the land uses within the assessment point area associated with MN-13.
TABLE 4-153 LAND USE IN THE MN-13 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.2 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 1.8 1.5 0.0 7.4 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 2.54% 43.45% 2.55% 2.75% 4.28% 24.07% 20.06% 0.30% 100.00%

4-190

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-57

Menomonee River

4-191

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of three municipalities within Waukesha County are located within the MN-13 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the city of Brookfield, the town of Brookfield, and the village of Elm Grove. Approximately 88% of the 7.4 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Brookfield. The village of Elm Grove and the town of Brookfield occupy the remaining portions of the area. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-13 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-154.
TABLE 4-154 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-13 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division City of Brookfield Town of Brookfield Village of Elm Grove Total Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 6.5 0.2 0.7 7.4 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 88.39% 2.37% 9.24% 100.00%

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in Underwood Creek are TP, FC and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are commercial land use (36%) and grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (32%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial (59%) and residential (26%) land uses. Commercial (71%) and residential (13%) land uses are the predominant contributors of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_13_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. While FC tends to decline during the summer swimming season, the FC concentrations exceed regulatory standards on some days. For example, during periods with the highest flows, FC counts exceed the regulatory standard all of the time. This suggests that nonpoint sources are responsible for exceedances. See Figure 4-58, Figure 4-59, and Figure 460. Note: the black line on Figure 4-58 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year.

4-192

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Detailed analyses were also performed on TP and TSS. The concentrations of TP were assessed as moderate and TSS concentrations were assessed as poor. Concentrations of TP tend to increase during spring and summer, suggesting a relationship with annual snowmelt and nonpoint inputs of fertilizers. Increased flows tend to be coincident with the highest concentrations of TP and suggest that nonpoint sources are responsible for elevated concentrations of TP at MN-13. The concentrations of TSS tend to increase with increasing flows. In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO data. The DO concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). At MN-13, the data indicate that DO concentrations declined more than expected during the summer months. This decline could be due to a combination of decreased water agitation and higher water temperatures. Pollutant loading to MN-13 is primarily a function of land use within the adjacent 7.4 square mile area. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4-155. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-156 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-13. TABLE 4-157 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-158 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-13 per acre.

4-193

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-58

Menomonee River

4-194

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-59

Menomonee River

4-195

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-60

Menomonee River

4-196

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-155 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-13 Assessment Point MN-13 Underwood Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 9,075 61

789 44

4,377 77

404 17

10.1 9.8 96 0.069 0.050 83

0.68 0.61 17.2 7.6 0.0048 0.0013

4-197

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-156

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-13 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 806.12 323.10 36,202 0.01 0.00 0 0 2.53 1.27 133 31

34.40 6.19 24.54 196.41 725.67 105.43 7.82 13.44 0.81 10.89 2,446 351 369 96 2,097 7.81 3,688 25.10 9,258 2.55 962 4.80 499

-----

0.05 0.01 3 4

1.65 175.13 -- 19.25 153.85 -0.25 72 57.38 5,880 --6.92 741 3.86 4,051 548 ----

1.89 0.05 27

billion counts 655,448

80,833 4,180 33,983 6,066 3,203

147 287,543 -- 29,790

-- 2,068

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-157 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-13 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 36% 71% 54% 59% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 2% 3% 4% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 7%

9% 2% 6% 0%

32% 5% 14% 3%

5% 1% 1% 1%

0% 1% 1% 0%

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 13% 9% 26%

-----

1% 2% 1% 3%

7% 1% 6% 0%

-----

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-198

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-158

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-13 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units Pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.173 0.069 7.780

0.000 0.001 0.007 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.028 0.526 0.079

0.005 0.002 0.451 17.371

0.042 0.002 0.792 0.898

0.156 0.005 1.989 7.303

0.023 0.001 0.207 1.304

0.002 0.001 0.107 0.688

-----

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.016

0.038 0.012 1.264

-- 0.004 -- 0.001 -- 0.159

0.033 0.001 0.871 0.118

-----

0.000 0.000 0.006 0.444

140.854 0.000 0.007 0.076 0.021

0.001 0.032 61.792 -- 6.402

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-199

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Underwood Creek area was evaluated at MN-13. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-13, the flashiness was characterized as poor. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as good for the annual measure and good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 15% reduction from baseline TP loads, a 45% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 23% reduction from baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4159. TABLE 4-160 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-13. TABLE 4-161 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-162 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-13 per acre. Notwithstanding the 45% reduction in FC loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures. In contrast, the reduction in TSS and TP loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TSS from poor to very good and TP from moderate to good. The assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged as good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-13 would remain as poor.

4-200

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-159 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-13 Assessment Point MN-13 Underwood Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 4,845 64

422 119

2,210 80

212 66

10.1 9.8 96

0.061 0.044 86

0.59 0.53 12.8 5.6 0.0038 0.0010

4-201

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-160 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-13 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ----SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

724.26 255.90 30,835

-----

0.32 0.16 28 1

-----

5.22 0.68 310 81

21.78 8.54 1,692 42,034

151.92 5.69 2,961 2,217

562.64 18.47 7,525 18,127

109.85 2.51 1,047 4,360

4.80 2.56 290 1,233

-----

-----

-----

160.37 47.48 5,214 156,855

-----

16.00 5.17 590 14,553

153.11 3.84 4,032 545

-----

1.89 0.05 27 2,068

billion counts 359,924

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-161 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-13 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial Wetland

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

38% 73% 57% 60%

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 7%

8% 2% 5% 0%

29% 5% 14% 3%

6% 1% 2% 1%

0% 1% 1% 0%

-----

-----

-----

8% 14% 10% 26%

-----

1% 1% 1% 2%

8% 1% 7% 0%

-----

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-202

CSOs

-- 0% -- 0% -- 0% -- 0%

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-162

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-13 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.149 0.055 6.626

-- 0.000 -- 0.000 -- 0.006

-- 0.001 -- 0.000 -- 0.067 -- 0.017

0.004 0.002 0.364 8.821

0.033 0.001 0.636 0.476

0.121 0.004 1.617 3.895

0.024 0.001 0.225 0.937

0.001 0.001 0.062 0.265

-----

-----

-----

0.032 0.010 1.121 32.529

-----

0.003 0.001 0.127 2.996

0.033 0.001 0.866 0.117

-----

0.000 0.000 0.006 0.000

73.812 -- 0.000

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-203

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan MN-14

Menomonee River

Assessment point MN-14 is located downstream of MN-13. Assessment point MN-14 includes the South Branch Underwood Creek and the lower reaches of Underwood Creek. The downstream terminus of the MN-14 modeling reach is located immediately upstream of the confluence of Underwood Creek with the Menomonee River. The land use within the MN-14 assessment point area is predominantly low-density residential (34%). Transportation land use makes up nearly 32% of the total land use within the assessment point area while recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 17% of the total land use within the area (Figure 4-61). Agriculture along with manufacturing and industrial, high-density residential, institutional and governmental, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 17%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 28% of the MN-14 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4163 presents the land uses within the MN-14 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-163 LAND USE IN THE MN-14 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.0 4.2 0.7 0.5 0.6 2.1 4.0 0.4 12.5 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 0.19% 33.51% 5.77% 3.71% 4.78% 16.95% 32.09% 3.00% 100.00%

4-204

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-61

Menomonee River

4-205

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of six municipalities within Milwaukee and Waukesha counties are located within the MN-14 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the cities of Brookfield, Milwaukee, New Berlin, Wauwatosa, and West Allis as well as the village of Elm Grove. Nearly 32% of the 12.5 square mile modeling is located within the city of Wauwatosa. The city of West Allis and the village of Elm Grove occupy nearly 22 and 21% of the area, respectively. The cities of Brookfield, New Berlin and Milwaukee, together, occupy the remaining 25%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-14 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-164.
TABLE 4-164 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-14 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 2.1 0.4 0.7 4.0 2.7 2.6 12.5 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 17.02% 3.17% 5.37% 31.68% 21.92% 20.84% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Brookfield City of Milwaukee City of New Berlin City of Wauwatosa City of West Allis Village of Elm Grove Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in Underwood Creek are TP, FC, and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are commercial land use (38%) and grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (32%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial (58%) and residential (22%) land uses. Commercial (62%) and transportation (12%) land uses are the predominant contributors of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_14_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for 4-206

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

the swimming season. The data indicate that FC concentrations tend to decrease during the summer months and that nonpoint sources are the primary contributors of FC at MN-14. See Figure 4-62, Figure 4-63, and Figure 4-64. Note: the black line on Figure 4-62 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Detailed analyses of TP and TSS were also performed. The concentrations of TP were assessed as moderate and are greatest in March and are likely related to runoff from snowmelt. Concentrations decline during the summer and early fall and could be related to plant uptake during the growing season. The data also suggest that TP concentrations are attributed to nonpoint sources and that TP could be associated with suspended solids. Total suspended solids were characterized as poor at MN-14. The increase in concentrations of TSS with increasing flow suggests that nonpoint sources contribute to elevated TSS at MN-14. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or from resuspended stream sediments. However, note that MN-14 contains concrete-lined reaches within its assessment point area. As a result, these activities likely make less of a contribution to TSS than natural reaches that experience these activities. In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO data. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). While it is natural for DO concentrations to decline during the summer months, the data indicate that DO concentrations sporadically decline during these months. This is relatively unusual and may be a function of biochemical oxygen demand in runoff associated with snowmelt. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4165. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. TABLE 4-166 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-14. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-167 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-168 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-14 per acre. Assessment point MN-13 is upstream of MN-14. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-13, are estimated at MN-14. TABLE 4-169 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-14. TABLE 4-170 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-14. TABLE 4-171 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-14 per acre.

4-207

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-62

Menomonee River

4-208

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-63

Menomonee River

4-209

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-64

Menomonee River

4-210

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-165 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-14 Assessment Point MN-14 Underwood Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 8,133 71

691 247

2,964 86

351 147

11.0 11.1 100 0.066 0.043 84

0.67 0.61 16.8 7.9 0.0048 0.0013

4-211

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-166

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs --

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 1675.76 671.65 75,255 1,362,536 ---------2.22

-- 17.05 42.74 373.13 1423.77 34.54 109.60 0.20 18.97 14.84 49.25 0.83 315 67.34 6,988 0.04 24 11 -- 1,015 3,653 -7,006 18,164

0.35 0.06 17 30

-- 322.47 263.92 41.93 51.77 28.61 -- 13.06 -- 105.65 133.55 15.07 1.30 0.05 -196 -0.37 184 -- 10,827 11,328 1,613 1,363 -- 529,444 133,902 64,873 184

264 140,791 7,942 66,675 1,987 44,896

-- 14,266

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-167 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-14 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 38% 62% 55% 58% ------------0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 6%

8% 1% 5% 0%

32% 5% 13% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

2% 6% 5% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

7% 10% 8% 22%

6% 12% 8% 6%

1% 1% 1% 3%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 0% 0% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 1%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-212

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-168

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs ----Industrial

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.212 0.085 9.543 172.779

-----

-----

-- 0.002 -- 0.000 -- 0.129

0.005 0.002 0.463

0.047 0.181 0.004 0.014 0.000 0.000 -0.002 0.006 0.000 0.009 0.000 0.000 -0.888 2.303 0.040 0.886 0.003 0.002 --

0.041 0.013 1.373

0.033 0.005 0.007 0.004 0.017 0.002 0.000 0.000 1.437 0.205 0.173 0.025 --

0.002 0.000 0.023 1.809

-- 0.034 17.853 1.007 8.455 0.252 5.693 0.001 0.004 --

67.137 16.980 8.226 0.023

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-169 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs
-----

SSOs
14.95 0.43 211 16,334

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

2481.88 994.75 111,457 2,017,985

0.01 0.00 0 0

2.53 1.27 133 31

34.40 23.25 13.44 3.03

67.27 29.85 5,750

569.54 2149.44 22.66 74.35

139.97 3.38 1,278 8,053

117.42 0.20 72.15 7,487 48,099 0.04 24 11

0.40 0.07 20 35

1.65 0.25 72 147

497.60 163.03 16,707 816,987

263.92 133.55 11,328

61.18 205.61 28.61 21.99 2,354 5.16 5,414 732 0.05 196 --

2,446 1,383 351 360

10,694 27,421

221,624 12,122 100,658

133,902 94,663

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-213

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-170

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-14 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Wetland

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

37% 65% 55% 58%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 6%

9% 1% 5% 0%

32% 5% 13% 3%

2% 0% 1% 0%

2% 5% 4% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 11% 8% 24%

4% 9% 6% 4%

1% 1% 1% 3%

3% 0% 3% 0%

0% 0% 0% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-171 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Point Source Industrial

Forest

SSOs CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.198 0.079 8.889

0.000 0.000 0.000

0.000 0.000 0.011 0.002

0.003 0.001 0.195 0.028

0.002 0.000 0.110

0.005 0.002 0.459

0.045 0.002 0.853

0.171 0.006 2.187 8.027

0.011 0.000 0.102 0.642

0.009 0.006 0.597 3.836

0.000 0.000 0.002 0.001

0.000 0.000 0.002 0.003

0.000 0.000 0.006 0.012

0.040 0.013 1.332 65.154

0.021 0.011 0.903

0.005 0.002 0.188

0.016 0.000 0.432 0.058

0.002 0.000 0.016 --

0.001 0.000 0.017 1.303

160.932 0.000

0.029 17.674 0.967

10.679 7.549

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-214

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Underwood Creek area was evaluated at MN-14. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-14, the flashiness was characterized as poor. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 16% reduction from baseline TP loads, a 48% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 24% reduction from baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4172. TABLE 4-173 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-14. TABLE 4-174 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-175 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-14 per acre. TABLE 4-176 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-14. TABLE 4-177 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-14. TABLE 4-178 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-14 per acre. Notwithstanding the 48% reduction in FC loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures. In contrast, the reduction in TSS and TP loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TSS from poor to very good and TP from moderate to good. The assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-14 would remain as poor.

4-215

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-172 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-14 Assessment Point MN-14 Underwood Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)a Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper
a

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 4,250 74

369 282

1,332 89

180 153

11.1 11.2 100

0.057 0.039 87

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

0.57 0.52 12.7 5.8 0.0037 0.0010

Variance Standard in Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.

4-216

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-173

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

1,502.42 514.48 64,137 710,290

-----

-----

-----

14.90 1.94 887 231

38.97 14.40 2,999 68,345

292.54 10.96 5,702 4,269

1,078.07 35.39 14,419 34,734

27.12 0.62 259 1,077

76.79 41.06 4,644 18,277

0.16 0.03 24 1

0.04 0.01 3 0

-----

303.21 225.88 85.25 9,972 99.48 9,195

39.74 12.18 1,476 35,294

44.08 1.11 1,161 157

28.61 0.05 196 --

10.99 0.31 155 12,006

278,75 66,805 3

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-174 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-14 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 41% 63% 56% 58% ------------0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 6%

8% 1% 5% 0%

29% 4% 13% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

2% 5% 4% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

8% 10% 9% 23%

6% 12% 8% 5%

1% 1% 1% 3%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 0% 0% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 1%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-217

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-175

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.180 0.065 8.133

----

-----

-----

0.002 0.000 0.112 0.029

0.004 0.002 0.380 8.429

0.037 0.001 0.723 0.541

0.137 0.004 1.828 4.404

0.003 0.000 0.033 0.137

0.010 0.000 0.000 -0.005 0.000 0.000 -0.589 0.003 0.000 -2.318 0.000 0.000 --

0.035 0.011 1.265

0.029 0.005 0.013 0.002 1.166 0.187

0.006 0.004 0.000 0.000 0.147 0.025 0.020 --

0.001 0.000 0.020 0.000

85.361 --

33.957 8.471 4.295

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-176 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

2,226.68 770.39 94,971 1,070,213

-----

0.32 0.16 28 1

-----

20.12 2.62 1,197 312

60.74 22.94 4,691

444.46 1,640.71 16.65 8,663 53.86 21,944 52,861

136.98 3.14 1,306 5,436

81.59 43.63 4,934 19,510

0.16 0.04 0.03 0.01 24 1 3 0

-----

463.58 132.73 15,187 435,608

225.88 55.74 99.48 9,195 17.35 2,066

197.20 4.95 5,193 702

28.61 0.05 196 --

12.88 0.37 181 14,074

110,379 6,486

66,805 49,847

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-218

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-177

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-14 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

40% 66% 56% 58%

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 3% 6%

8% 1% 5% 0%

29% 5% 13% 3%

2% 0% 1% 0%

1% 4% 3% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

8% 11% 9% 24%

4% 9% 5% 4%

1% 1% 1% 3%

4% 0% 3% 0%

1% 0% 0% --

0% 0% 0% 1%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-178 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-14 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs 0.001 0.000 0.014 1.122 SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.178 0.061 7.574 s85.348

-----

0.000 -- 0.002 0.005 0.035 0.131 0.011 0.007 0.000 0.000 -0.000 -- 0.000 0.002 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.003 0.000 0.000 -0.002 -- 0.095 0.374 0.691 1.750 0.104 0.393 0.002 0.000 --

0.037 0.018 0.004 0.016 0.002 0.011 0.008 0.001 0.000 0.000 1.211 0.733 0.165 0.414 0.016 --

0.000 -- 0.025 8.803 0.517 4.216 0.434 1.556 0.000 0.000 -- 34.739 5.328 3.975 0.056

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-219

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

4.1.12 Menomonee River Mainstem (Assessment Point MN-15 and MN-17) This segment of the mainstem is located in the eastern portion of the Menomonee River watershed and is approximated by the assessment point areas for MN-15 and MN-17. The segment of the mainstem associated with MN-15 flows southeasterly from the mainstem’s confluence with the Little Menomonee River for about three miles to a point just downstream of the confluence with Underwood Creek. Assessment point MN-15’s area encompasses 9.0 square miles. Downstream of MN-15, the segment of the mainstem associated with MN-17 flows southeasterly for about two miles to 72nd Street. Assessment point MN-17’s area encompasses 2.7 square miles and includes a portion of the Honey Creek tributary area. Both assessment points are located in the city of Wauwatosa. MN-15 The land use within the assessment point area for MN-15 is predominantly transportation (34%). High-density residential land use makes up nearly 21% of the total land use within the assessment point area while recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 15% of the total land use within the area (Figure 4-65). Low-density residential along with institutional and governmental, manufacturing and industrial, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 30%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 32% of the MN-15 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-179 presents the land uses within the MN-15 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-179 LAND USE IN THE MN-15 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.0 1.2 1.9 0.3 0.6 1.3 3.1 0.6 9.0 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 0.00% 13.43% 21.31% 3.14% 6.92% 14.52% 34.20% 6.48% 100.00%

4-220

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-65

Menomonee River

4-221

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of four municipalities within Milwaukee and Waukesha counties are located within the MN-15 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the cities of Brookfield, Milwaukee, and Wauwatosa as well as the village of Butler. Nearly 51% of the 9.0 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Wauwatosa. The city of Milwaukee occupies 37% of the assessment point area. The city of Brookfield and the village of Butler, together, occupy the remaining 12%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-15 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-180.
TABLE 4-180 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-15 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.9 3.4 4.5 0.2 9.0 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 9.76% 37.40% 50.69% 2.15% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Brookfield City of Milwaukee City of Wauwatosa Village of Butler Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Menomonee River are TP, FC, and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are commercial land use (40%) and grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (37%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial (56%) and residential (24%) land uses. Commercial (58%) and industrial (16%) land uses are the predominant contributors of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 60% to 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_15_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the concentrations of FC were assessed as poor for FC (annual measure) and FC (swimming season). During periods with the highest flows, FC counts typically exceed the regulatory standard. During moist conditions, FC counts still exceed the standard 75% of the time. As FC concentrations increase with increased flows, nonpoint sources are attributed to

4-222

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

elevated FC concentrations at MN-15. See Figure 4-66, Figure 4-67, and Figure 4-68. Note: the black line on Figure 4-66 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Detailed analysis of TP and TSS were also performed. The concentrations of TP and TSS were both assessed as moderate; the data suggest that both of these parameters are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The relationship between TP and TSS data also suggest that TP could be associated with suspended solids. The potential sources of suspended solids include runoff that carries a sediment load, stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO concentrations. The concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4181. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-182 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-15. TABLE 4-183 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-184 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-15 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-14 are upstream of MN-15. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-1 through MN-14, are estimated at MN-15. TABLE 4-185 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-15. TABLE 4-186 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-15. TABLE 4-187 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-15 per acre.

4-223

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-66

Menomonee River

4-224

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-67

Menomonee River

4-225

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-68

Menomonee River

4-226

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-181 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-15 Assessment Point MN-15 Menomonee Mainstem Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Menomonee River

Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Baseline Condition 6,137 47

1,063 12

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

3,064 67

476 6

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

11.0 11.1 100 0.063 0.043 84

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

0.55 0.52 15.6 5.6 0.0057 0.0023

4-227

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-182

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 1327.84 529.24 59,631 981,176 -------------

6.90 27.62 1.07 12.25 383 46 2,361 90,196

45.34 1226.17 3.92 230.06 -2.66 808 929 77.12 15,641 56,978 0.19 141.97 -36 14,668 --

-----

-- 268.78 69.23 48.92 34.34 21.96 --87.84 9,024 35.55 17.53 2,972 1,882 1.47 877 75 0.51 1,177 --

-----

6.03 0.17 85 6,586

224 81,018 --

-- 423,987 28,515 72,315

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-183 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-15 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 40% 58% 54% 56% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 2% 5%

1% 0% 1% 0%

37% 8% 14% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 16% 13% 5%

-----

-----

-----

8% 10% 8% 24%

2% 4% 3% 2%

1% 2% 2% 4%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 0% 1% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-228

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-184

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.231 0.092 10.389 170.945

-----

-----

-- 0.001 0.005 -- 0.000 0.002 -- 0.067 0.411

0.008 0.000 0.141

0.214 0.001 0.040 0.013 0.000 0.025 2.725 0.006 2.556 9.927 0.039 14.115

-----

-----

----

0.047 0.015 1.572

0.012 0.006 0.518

0.009 0.003 0.328

0.006 0.000 0.153

0.004 0.000 0.205 --

-- 0.001 -- 0.000 -- 0.015 -- 1.148

-- 0.008 15.714 0.162

-- 73.869 4.968 12.599 0.013

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-185 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 9557.97 352.21 795.73 122.34 128.11 183.33 1376.88 6611.02 264.04 1320.39 48.50 143.40 24.16 1948.61 875.65 401.22 1078.02 1811.82 tons 3567.31 165.95 483.80 49.73 19.39 75.74 71.64 361.69 8.73 776.56 11.23 29.39 4.11 589.99 65,423 423.81 129.04 38.63 3.74 12,370 -pounds 429,232 22,895 47,933 9,537 7,986 15,671 30,825 97,919 3,170 84,190 5,868 8,490 1,328 billion 5,602,995 2,634 counts 37,580 15,434 34,854

31.26 0.90 440 34,159

9,362 1,307 1,187 497,161 30,464 310,150 17,349 382,906 2,227 12,798 2,396 2,234,461 325,097 393,544 3,446

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-229

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-186

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-15 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs --

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 35% tons billion counts 52% pounds 46% 57%

1% 2% 2% 0%

3% 7% 5% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 5%

5% 1% 3% 0%

24% 5% 11% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

5% 11% 9% 4%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 9% 7% 23%

3% 6% 4% 3%

1% 2% 2% 4%

4% 1% 4% 0%

7% 0% 1% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-187 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs SSOs

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.137 0.005 0.011 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.020 0.095 0.004 0.019 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.028 0.013 0.006 0.015 0.026 -- 0.000 tons/acre 0.051 0.002 0.007 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.005 0.000 0.011 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.008 0.006 0.002 0.001 0.000 -- 0.000

BOD pounds/acre 6.170 0.329 0.689 0.137 0.115 0.225 0.443 1.408 0.046 1.210 0.084 0.122 0.019 0.940 0.540 0.222 0.501 0.178 -- 0.006 FC billion 80.542 0.038 0.135 0.019 0.017 7.147 0.438 4.458 0.249 5.504 0.032 0.184 0.034 32.120 4.673 5.657 0.050 counts/acre -- 0.491

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-230

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within this reach of the Menomonee mainstem was evaluated at MN-15. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-15, the flashiness was characterized as moderate. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 17% reduction from baseline TP loads, a 46% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 23% reduction from baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4188. TABLE 4-189 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-15. TABLE 4-190 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-191 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-15 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-14 are upstream of MN-15. TABLE 4-192 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-15. TABLE 4-193 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-15. TABLE 4-194 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-15 per acre. Notwithstanding the 46% reduction in FC loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures. In contrast, the reduction in TSS and TP loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TSS from moderate to very good and TP from moderate to good. The assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged as very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-15 would remain as moderate.

4-231

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-188 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-15 Assessment Point MN-15 Menomonee Mainstem Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 3,820 50

677 53

1,538 70

263 36

10.9 11.0 100

0.059 0.042 87

0.47 0.44 12.5 4.6 0.0049 0.0022

4-232

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-189

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ---0% 0% 0% 1% SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds

1,116.20 -396.25 48,074 ---

-----

-----

6.51 1.13 364 87

24.65 9.65 2,001 50,368

35.10 978.00 2.18 660 501 63.55 13,175 31,766

3.11 209.42 -0.16 115.72 -30 125 12,806 -46,005 --

-----

-----

228.00 66.23 7,377

60.70 27.88 2,499

44.02 14.02 1,628

32.95 1.45 843 101

21.96 0.51 1,177 --

6.03 0.17 85

billion counts 526,215 --

226,604 15,908 40,928

-- 6,586

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-190 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-15 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 40% 57% 53% 56% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 1% 2% 5%

1% 0% 1% 0%

35% 9% 15% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 17% 14% 5%

-----

-----

-----

8% 9% 8% 24%

2% 4% 3% 2%

2% 2% 2% 4%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 0% 1% --

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-233

CSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-191 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.193 0.069 8.376

----

-----

-----

0.001 0.000 0.063 0.015

0.004 0.002 0.349 8.751

0.006 0.000 0.115 0.087

0.170 0.011 2.295 5.534

0.001 0.000 0.005 0.022

0.036 0.020 2.231 8.015

-----

-----

-----

0.039 0.012 1.285

0.011 0.008 0.005 0.002 0.435 0.284

0.006 0.000 0.147 0.018

0.004 0.000 0.205 --

0.001 0.000 0.015 0.000

91.097 --

39.299 2.772 7.097

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-192 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

8,821.56 114.61 212.56 12.73 144.47 186.76 1,275.70 5,472.25 305.07 1,372.77 20.22 53.66 6.33 2,004.23 764.85 385.13 1,115.27 1,811.82 -2,877.99 43.77 85.12 3.68 22.31 66.48 69.26 299.53 10.34 722.29 4.42 9.54 1.08 528.69 89,386 3,994 84,462 2,941 4,018 397 580 66,603 332.23 108.49 40.65 3.74 12,370 383,379 12,822 25,057 2,440 9,334 14,912 32,890 3,464,890 136 405 25 31,672 14,672 36,798

26.35 0.75 371 28,797

1,328 320,837 25,086 203,199 17,659 277,431 112

73 1,488,246 189,127 252,420 3,590

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-234

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-193

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-15 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs ----Industrial CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

37% 55% 46% 55%

0% 1% 2% 0%

1% 2% 3% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 5%

5% 1% 4% 0%

23% 1% 6% 3%

6%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 10% 8% 24%

3% 6% 4% 3%

2% 2% 2% 4%

5% 1% 4% 0%

8% 0% 1% --

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 14% 0% 4%

11% 0% 10%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-194 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-15 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs 0.000 0.000 0.005 0.414 SSOs

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.127 tons/acre 0.041

0.002 0.003 0.000 0.002 0.003 0.018 0.079 0.004 0.020 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.029 0.011 0.006 0.016 0.026 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.004 0.000 0.010 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.008 0.005 0.002 0.001 0.000 0.184 0.360 0.035 0.134 0.214 0.473 1.285 0.057 1.214 0.042 0.058 0.006 0.957 0.455 0.211 0.529 0.178 --

BOD pounds/acre 5.511 FC

billion 49.807 0.002 0.006 0.000 0.019 4.612 0.361 2.921 0.254 3.988 0.002 0.008 0.001 21.393 2.719 3.628 0.052 counts/acre

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-235

Watershed Restoration Plan MN-17

Menomonee River

The land use within the assessment point area for MN-17 is predominantly high-density residential (25%) (Figure 4-69). Transportation land use makes up nearly 23% of the total land use within the assessment point area while institutional and governmental land uses make up nearly 21% of the total land use within the area. Parks and open space along the river corridor contribute to recreation, natural areas, and open space make up nearly 20% of the total land use within the assessment point area. Low-density residential, agriculture, manufacturing and industrial, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 11%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 26% of the MN-17 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-195 presents the land uses within the MN-17 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-195 LAND USE IN THE MN-17 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.0 2.7 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 1.94% 7.96% 25.25% 0.94% 20.76% 19.96% 22.74% 0.45% 100.00%

4-236

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-69

Menomonee River

4-237

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of two municipalities within Milwaukee County are located within the assessment point area for MN-17. The municipalities include the cities of Milwaukee and Wauwatosa. Nearly 97% of the 2.7 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Wauwatosa. The city of Milwaukee occupies the remaining 3% of the area. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-17 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-196.
TABLE 4-196 CIVIL DIVISION IN THE MN-17 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.1 2.6 2.7 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 2.86% 97.14% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Milwaukee City of Wauwatosa Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Menomonee River are TP, FC, and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are CSOs (32%) and SSOs (22%). The largest contributors of FC are CSOs (47%) and SSOs (31%). Commercial land use (44%) and CSOs (17%) are the predominant contributors of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_17_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. As FC concentrations increase with increased flows, nonpoint sources are attributed to elevated FC concentrations at MN-15. See Figure 4-70, Figure 4-71, and Figure 472. Note: the black line on Figure 4-70 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Detailed assessments of TP and TSS were also performed. The assessment of TP was poor. At MN-17, the concentrations of TP are greatest at high and low flows which may indicate the presence of a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable at low flows

4-238

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

(perhaps from non-contact cooling water). The high concentrations at high flows indicate that nonpoint sources contribute to elevated TP concentrations at MN-17. The assessment of TSS concentrations was poor; TSS tends to increase with increasing flows. This suggests that nonpoint sources contribute to suspended solids concentrations. The potential sources of suspended solids include runoff that carries a sediment load, stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. In addition to the parameters of focus, detailed assessments were also performed on DO data. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4197. While chlorides were not modeled with the water quality model, chlorides were characterized at this assessment point with water sample data. These samples indicate that chloride concentrations are below levels that are toxic to fish and invertebrates. However, a common source of chloride is road salt and winter data are unavailable. Note that concentrations in March samples (which include snow melt and spring runoff) are higher than the rest of the year. Winter chloride concentrations in samples would be expected to exceed March’s chloride concentrations. It is difficult to assess chloride trends without data from the winter months; however, it appears that when chloride is not being actively applied, some amount is in a ‘reservoir’ (sediment). This chloride is gradually released and is particularly noticeable during mid-to-dry conditions. During higher flow conditions, the concentration becomes diluted (Figure 4-73). Actual water quality data are available through MMSD’s H2O Info website. Figure 4-74 presents conductivity. The online conductivity data show very little impact on conductivity for long periods of time – meaning that chloride and other salts are not an issue in the assessment point reach. Dissolved oxygen concentrations are presented on Figure 4-75. The DO exhibits similar good characteristics, both on the low (above 5.0 mg/l) and the high end (less than 15.0 mg/l). The turbidity measures the amount of TSS and sediment. The turbidity data indicate very low TSS (probably less than 10 mg/l) for much of the time period. The only spikes are wet weather induced runoff or resuspension of exiting sediments (Figure 4-76). The temperature data are also well within norms for fish habitat (Figure 4-77). As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-198 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-17. TABLE 4-199 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-200 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-17 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-16 are upstream of MN-17. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-1 through MN-16, are estimated at MN-17. TABLE 4-201 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-17. TABLE 4-202 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-17. TABLE 4-203 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-17 per acre.

4-239

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-70

Menomonee River

4-240

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-71

Menomonee River

4-241

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-72

Menomonee River

4-242

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-197 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-17 Assessment Point MN-17 Menomonee River Downstream of Honey Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 6,926

63 1,124 196

3,622 81

496 130

11.1 11.1 100 0.111 0.074 66

1.13 1.07 16.3 6.0 0.0057 0.0024

4-243

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-73

Menomonee River

4-244

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-74

Menomonee River

4-245

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-75

Menomonee River

4-246

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-76

Menomonee River

4-247

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-77

Menomonee River

4-248

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-198

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 225.59 90.42 10,131 ------------

4.77 28.40 0.73 12.60 284 30 2,428 93,558

12.51 302.85 1.79 0.69 235 266 18.59 3,863 0.09 16

3.49 2.14 222 1,429

0.25 0.05 30 10

0.53 0.15 27 43

----

62.67 20.53 2,104

3.14 1.59 135

15.65 5.62 602

6.75 463.84 783.73 546.93 0.27 178 14 3.37 34.29 15.66 7,707 2,030 11,021 --

183,423 --

14,182 103

-- 102,891 1,591 24,217

888,741 597,651

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-199 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-17 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 9% 44% 25% 10% ------------0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 6% 6% 5%

1% 0% 1% 0%

12% 9% 9% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

3% 10% 5% 5%

0% 1% 0% 0%

1% 3% 1% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

19% 2% 5% --

32% 17% 27% 47%

22% 8% 19% 31%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-249

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-200

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre

0.173 0.070 7.791

----

-----

-----

0.004 0.001 0.218 0.023

0.022 0.010 1.867 71.954

0.010 0.001 0.181 0.205

0.233 0.014 2.971 10.907

0.001 0.003 0.000 0.000 0.002 0.000 0.013 0.171 0.023 0.079 1.099 0.007

0.000 0.000 0.021 0.033

-----

0.048 0.016 1.618 79.131

0.002 0.001 0.104 1.224

0.012 0.004 0.463 18.625

0.005 0.000 0.137 0.011

0.357 0.003 1.561 --

0.603 0.026 8.476 683.514

0.421 0.012 5.927 459.642

billion 141.067 -counts/acre

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-201 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs

SSOs
783.73 34.29 11,021 586.43 16.79 8,263 888,741 640,820

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 11258.23 352.21 795.73 122.34 138.41 265.80 1427.07 8543.28 283.94 1371.91 48.84 144.12 24.16 tons pounds
4251.46 505,587 165.95 483.80 22,895 47,933 9,362 49.73 9,537 1,307 20.88 8,607 1,289 112.39 22,720 768,833 74.00 31,911 31,556 435.13 123,182 9.22 3,351 807.84 87,474 11.29 29.60 4.11 5,908 8,526 1,328

2465.31 759.37 82,772 3,086,400

1039.11 441.52 501.26 44,598 143.55 16,985

1098.49 2472.86 39.28 35,398 3,507 7.52 15,366 --

billion 6,985,321 2,634 counts

399,869 18,486 404,003 2,240 12,856 2,396

408,025 455,898

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-250

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-202

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-17 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs CSOs

Loads TP TSS

Units pounds tons billion counts

33% 53% 46% 49%

1% 2% 2% 0%

2% 6% 4% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 5%

4% 1% 3% 0%

25% 5% 11% 3%

1%

4%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 10% 8% 22%

3% 6% 4% 3%

1% 2% 2% 3%

3% 0% 3% 0%

7% 0% 1% --

2% 2% 0% 0% 1% 1% 6% 5%

0% 10% 0% 0% 8% 3%

BOD pounds FC

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-203 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS

Units

pounds/acre 0.145 0.005 0.010 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.018 0.110 0.004 0.018 0.001 0.002 0.000 0.032 tons/acre
0.055 0.002 0.006 0.001 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.006 0.000 0.010 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.010

0.013 0.006 0.573

0.006 0.002 0.218

0.014 0.001 0.455

0.032 0.010 0.000 0.000 0.197 0.142 --

0.008 0.000 0.106

BOD pounds/acre 6.496 0.294 0.616 0.123 0.111 0.292 0.410 1.583 0.043 1.124 0.076 0.110 0.017 1.064 FC

billion 89.753 0.034 0.120 0.017 0.017 9.879 0.405 5.138 0.238 5.191 0.029 0.165 0.031 39.657 5.243 5.858 0.045 counts/acre

11.419 8.234

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-251

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within this segment of the Menomonee mainstem was evaluated at MN-17. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-17, the flashiness was characterized as moderate. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 35% reduction from baseline TP loads, a 54% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 27% reduction from baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4204. TABLE 4-205 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-17. TABLE 4-206 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-207 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-17 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-16 are upstream of MN-17. TABLE 4-208 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-17. TABLE 4-209 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-17. TABLE 4-210 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-17 per acre. Notwithstanding the 54% reduction in FC loading and the 35% reduction in TP loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures and the assessment of TP would remain poor. In contrast, the reduction in TSS loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TSS from poor to very good. The assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-17 would remain unchanged at moderate.

4-252

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-204 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-17 Assessment Point MN-17 Menomonee River Downstream of Honey Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)a Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper
a

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 4,198

66 704 230

1,833 84

271 147

10.9 11.0 100

0.105 0.075 67

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

0.93 0.89 13.2 4.9 0.0049 0.0022

Variance Standard in Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.

4-253

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-205

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

203.22 73.12 8,755 105,165

-----

-----

-----

4.11 0.74 245 64

23.13 9.22 1,897 48,507

10.21 0.64 202 152

242.05 15.72 3,266 7,949

1.44 0.07 14 58

3.17 1.75 194 827

0.18 0.05 30 1

0.39 0.12 27 5

----

52.36 15.40 1,686

2.77 1.26 114 894

15.19 4.90 561 14,963

5.23 0.22 138 19

463.84 3.37 2,030 --

489.14 21.40 6,879

82.70 2.37 1,165

-- 54,713

554,674 90,374

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-206 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-17 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 13% 49% 32% 12% ------------0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 6% 7% 6%

1% 0% 1% 0%

15% 10% 12% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

3% 10% 6% 6%

0% 1% 0% 0%

1% 3% 2% 2%

0% 0% 1% 0%

29% 2% 7% --

31% 14% 25% 63%

5% 2% 4% 10%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-254

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-207

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs CSOs 21.40 6,879

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.156 0.056 6.733

----

-----

-- 0.003 -- 0.001 -- 0.188

0.018 0.008 0.186 0.007 0.000 0.012 1.459 0.155 2.512

0.001 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.011 0.149 0.023 0.021 0.045 0.636 0.001 0.004

-----

0.040 0.012 1.297

0.002 0.012 0.001 0.004 0.088 0.431

0.004 0.000 0.106

0.357 0.376 0.064 0.003 0.016 0.002 1.561 5.290 0.896 -0.000 0.000

80.880 --

-- 0.049 37.306 0.117 6.114

42.078 0.688 11.508 0.014

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-208 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 10,339.50 114.61 212.56 12.73 152.26 255.26 1,316.40 7,022.27 320.78 1,398.79 20.47 54.19 6.33 2,451.16 880.77 422.24 1,131.27 2,472.86 489.14 116.78 tons pounds billion counts 3,427.08 43.77 85.12 3.68 23.59 93.83 71.25 358.99 10.73 736.51 4.48 9.69 1.08 660.40 81,007 381.64 120.49 41.17 7.52 15,366 -3.34 1,646 448,809 12,822 25,057 2,440 9,801 20,531 33,816 110,815 4,146 86,054 2,981 4,054 397 4,211,565 136 405 25 1,449 459,748 25,703 253,657 18,290 283,873 113 586 36,450 16,042 37,223

73 1,933,455 224,376 287,983 3,648

554,674 127,615

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-255

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-209

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-17 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs 2% 0% 1% 7% CSOs 0.006 0.000 0.088 7.127

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

35% 56% 47% 50%

0% 1% 1% 0%

1% 1% 3% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 0% 1% 0%

1% 2% 2% 5%

5% 1% 4% 0%

24% 6% 12% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

5% 12% 9% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

8% 11% 8% 23%

3% 6% 4% 3%

1% 2% 2% 3%

4% 1% 4% 0%

8% 0% 2% --

0% 0% 0% 2%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-210 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-17 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.133 0.044 5.767

0.001 0.003 0.000 0.002 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.165 0.322 0.031 0.126

0.003 0.001 0.264 5.907

0.017 0.001 0.434 0.330

0.090 0.005 1.424 3.259

0.004 0.000 0.053 0.235

0.018 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.009 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.106 0.038 0.052 0.005

0.031 0.008 1.041

0.011 0.005 0.005 0.002 0.468 0.206

0.015 0.001 0.478 0.047

0.032 0.000 0.197 --

0.002 0.000 0.021 1.640

54.114 0.002 0.005 0.000 0.019

3.647 0.001 0.008 0.001 24.843 2.883 3.700

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-256

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.13 Honey Creek (Assessment Point MN-16)

Menomonee River

Honey Creek is located in the southern portion of the Menomonee River watershed. This tributary flows northerly for about 7.5 miles before its confluence with the Menomonee River. Assessment point MN-16’s assessment point area encompasses about 10.2 square miles. The downstream extent of MN-16’s assessment point area extends to a point that is located 4,400 feet upstream of Honey Creek's confluence with the mainstem. This downstream point on Honey Creek is approximately located at Wisconsin Avenue in the city of Wauwatosa. The land use within the assessment point area for MN-16 is predominantly transportation (31%) (Figure 4-78). High-density residential land use makes up nearly 30% of the total land use within the assessment point area while low-density residential land uses makes up nearly 21% of the total land use within the area. Recreation, natural areas, and open space along with institutional and governmental, manufacturing and industrial, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 18%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 30% of the MN-16 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-211 presents the land uses within the MN-16 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-211 LAND USE IN THE MN-16 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.0 2.1 3.1 0.3 0.5 0.9 3.2 0.1 10.2 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 0.00% 20.74% 30.24% 2.76% 4.91% 9.07% 30.98% 1.30% 100.00%

Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total

4-257

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-78

Menomonee River

4-258

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of five municipalities within Milwaukee County are located within the MN-16 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the cities of Greenfield, Milwaukee, Wauwatosa, and West Allis as well as the village of Greendale. Nearly 35% of the 10.2 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of West Allis. The cities of Milwaukee and Greenfield occupy nearly 33 and 28% of the area, respectively. The city of Wauwatosa and the village of Greendale, together, occupy the remaining portions. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-16 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-212.
TABLE 4-212 CIVIL DIVISIONS IN THE MN-16 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division City of Greenfield City of Milwaukee City of Wauwatosa City of West Allis Village of Greendale Total Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 2.9 3.4 0.3 3.5 0.1 10.2 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 28.40% 33.49% 2.30% 34.70% 1.11% 100.00%

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in Honey Creek are TP, FC, and DO (BOD). Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are grass grown on hydrologic group C soils (39%) and commercial land use (36%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial (51%) and residential (32%) land uses. Commercial (63%) and residential (16%) land uses are the predominant contributors of BOD. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_16_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The measure of FC by flow indicated that during periods of high flows, FC counts exceed the regulatory standard. The increases in FC concentrations during high flows suggest that FC concentrations at MN-16 are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. See Figure 4-259

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

4-79, Figure 4-80, and Figure 4-81. Note: the black line on Figure 4-79 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year. Detailed analyses of DO and TP were also performed. The DO concentrations were assessed as poor for the annual measure and poor during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). The concentrations of TP were assessed as moderate and the data suggest that TP concentrations are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. In addition to the parameter of focus, TSS was also analyzed in detail. The TSS concentration was assessed as very good and also appears to be attributed to nonpoint sources. The relationship between TP and TSS data also suggest that TP could be associated with suspended solids. The potential sources of suspended solids include runoff that carries a sediment load, stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments. However, note that MN-16 contains concrete-lined reaches; these activities likely make less of a contribution to TSS than natural reaches that experience these activities. In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality data, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4213. Actual water quality data are available from the H20 Info website. Figure 4-82 presents conductivity. The online conductivity data show very little impact on conductivity for long periods of time – meaning that chloride and other salts are not an issue in the assessment point reach. Dissolved oxygen concentrations are presented on Figure 4-83. The DO exhibits similar good characteristics, both on the low (above 5.0 mg/l) and the high end (less than 15.0 mg/l). The turbidity measures the amount of TSS and sediment. The turbidity data indicate very low TSS (probably less than 10 mg/l) for much of the time period. The only spikes are wet weather induced runoff or resuspension of exiting sediments (Figure 4-84). The temperature data are also well within norms for fish habitat (Figure 4-85). As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-214 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-16. TABLE 4-215 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-216 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-16 per acre.

4-260

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-79

Menomonee River

4-261

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-80

Menomonee River

4-262

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-81

Menomonee River

4-263

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-213 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-16 Assessment Point MN-16 Honey Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 9,286 72

612 259

4,073 86

325 148

11.0 10.7 97 0.074 0.049 84

0.77 0.69 14.4 7.2 0.0046 0.0016

4-264

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-82

Menomonee River

4-265

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-83

Menomonee River

4-266

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-84

Menomonee River

4-267

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-85

Menomonee River

4-268

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-214

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-16 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs ----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts 1474.67 593.73 66,225 1,198,903 ------------5.53 0.76 337 71

54.07 24.05 4,622 178,114

37.68 1629.42 18.12 48.02 1.67 851 826 54.85 21,399 0.41 165 29.14 3,062

0.09 0.02 10 3

0.19 0.05 9 15

--

454.04 160.32 24.65 13.73 197.20 -8.89 948 0.37 367 46 0.40 965 --

8.25 0.24 116 9,010

-- 148.84 75.86 -- 15,245 6,883

75,538 1,035 19,668

-- 749,049 81,337 38,138

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-215 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-16 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 36% 63% 55% 51% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 3% 4% 8%

1% 0% 1% 0%

39% 6% 18% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 3% 3% 1%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

11% 16% 13% 32%

4% 8% 6% 3%

1% 1% 1% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

5% 0% 1% --

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-269

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-216

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-16 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source Industrial

CSOs
-----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.212 0.085 9.513 172.218

-----

-----

-----

0.001 0.000 0.048 0.010

0.008 0.003 0.664 25.585

0.005 0.000 0.122 0.119

0.234 0.008 3.074

0.003 0.000 0.024

0.007 0.004 0.440 2.825

0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.001 0.000 0.002

-----

0.065 0.021 2.190 107.598

0.023 0.011 0.989

0.004 0.001 0.136

0.002 0.000 0.053 0.007

0.028 0.000 0.139 --

0.001 0.000 0.017 1.294

10.851 0.149

11.684 5.478

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-270

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Honey Creek area was evaluated at MN-16. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-16, the flashiness was characterized as poor. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as poor for the annual measure and poor during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 16% reduction from baseline TP loads, a 47% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 17% reduction from baseline BOD loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4217. TABLE 4-218 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-16. TABLE 4-219 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-220 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-16 per acre. Notwithstanding the 47% reduction in FC loading, the 16% reduction in TP loading, and the 17% reduction in BOD, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures, the assessment of TP would remain moderate and the assessment of DO (annual) and (warm weather months) would remain poor. The assessment of TSS would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-16 would remain unchanged at poor.

4-271

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-217 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-16 Assessment Point MN-16 Honey Creek Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)a Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper
a

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 4,864 75

338 294

1,882 88

178 153

11.0 10.6 98

0.067 0.046 85

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

0.70 0.64 11.5 5.7 0.0038 0.0014

Variance Standard in Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.

4-272

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River
TABLE 4-218 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-16 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Point Source Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Wetland

Commercial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Forest

CSOs ----0% 0% 0% 1% SSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

1,314.71 475.97 56,675 641,510

-----

-----

-----

3.67 0.55 223 57

45.36 18.14 3,722 90,403

30.49 1.35 724 466

1,307.98 14.27 43.73 18,163 42,509 0.32 137 573

22.85 12.47 1,399 5,615

0.06 0.02 10 1

0.14 0.04 9 2

-----

394.58 113.15 21.92 116.31 12,717 48.16 4,664 7.10 809

10.77 0.30 287 39

197.20 0.40 965 --

7.73 0.22 109 8,443

390,496 34,354 20,601

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-219 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-16 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

38% 66% 56% 52%

-----

-----

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 3% 4% 7%

1% 0% 1% 0%

38% 6% 18% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 2% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

-----

11% 16% 13% 32%

3% 7% 5% 3%

1% 1% 1% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

6% 0% 1% --

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-273

CSOs

-----

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-220 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-16 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.189 0.068 8.141

----

-----

-----

0.001 0.000 0.032

0.007 0.003 0.535

0.004 0.188 0.002 0.000 0.006 0.000 0.104 2.609 0.020 0.067 6.106 0.082

0.003 0.000 0.000 0.002 0.000 0.000 0.201 0.001 0.001 0.807 0.000 0.000

-----

0.057 0.017 1.827

0.016 0.003 0.007 0.001 0.670 0.116

0.002 0.000 0.041 0.006

0.028 0.000 0.139 --

0.001 0.000 0.016 0.000

92.150 --

0.008 12.986

56.093 4.935 2.959

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-274

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan 4.1.14 Lower Menomonee River Mainstem (Assessment Point MN-18)

Menomonee River

This portion of the lower Menomonee River mainstem is located in the southeast portion of the watershed. The mainstem flows generally easterly and southerly for about three miles before reaching the downstream limit of the Menomonee River watershed. This downstream limit is located approximately 500 feet downstream of the 35th Street Viaduct. At this point, the Menomonee River discharges to the Lake Michigan estuary. Assessment point MN-18’s assessment point area encompasses 6.2 square miles. Assessment point MN-18’s area also includes Woods Creek and its tributary area. The MN-18 assessment point is located in the city of Milwaukee. The land use within the assessment point area for MN-18 is predominantly transportation (33%) (Figure 4-86). High-density residential land use makes up nearly 30% of the total land use within the assessment point area while recreation, natural areas, and open space land uses make up nearly 12% of the total land use within the area. Institutional and governmental, manufacturing and industrial, low-density residential, and commercial land uses compose the remaining 25%. Based on an analysis of land use data used to develop the water quality data, approximately 36% of the MN-18 assessment point area is impervious. TABLE 4-221 presents the land uses within the MN-18 assessment point area.
TABLE 4-221 LAND USE IN THE MN-18 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Land Use Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial Institutional & Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands, and Open Space Transportation Manufacturing and Industrial Total Land Use Included in Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 0.0 0.2 1.8 0.2 0.6 0.7 2.1 0.6 6.2 Percent of Land Use within Assessment Point Area 0.00% 3.64% 29.31% 2.70% 9.80% 11.93% 33.38% 9.24% 100.00%

4-275

Watershed Restoration Plan
Figure 4-86

Menomonee River

4-276

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Portions of four municipalities within Milwaukee County are located within the MN-18 assessment point area. The municipalities include: the cities of Milwaukee, Wauwatosa, and West Allis as well as the village of West Milwaukee. Nearly 53% of the 6.2 square mile assessment point area is located within the city of Milwaukee. The city of Wauwatosa occupies nearly 29% of the area. The city of Wauwatosa and the village of West Milwaukee, together, occupy the remaining 18%. The extents of the civil divisions within the MN-18 assessment point area are presented in TABLE 4-222.
TABLE 4-222 CIVIL DIVSIONS IN THE MN-18 ASSESSMENT POINT AREA Civil Division within Assessment Point Area (sq mi) 3.3 1.8 0.5 0.6 6.2 Percent of Assessment Point Area within Civil Division 52.83% 28.79% 7.88% 10.50% 100.00%

Civil Division City of Milwaukee City of Wauwatosa City of West Allis Village of West Milwaukee Total

Baseline Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Water quality was characterized in terms of DO, TP, FC and TSS at this assessment point; however, the parameters of focus in the Menomonee River are TP, FC, and TSS. Within this assessment point area, the largest contributors to baseline TP loads are industrial point sources (77%) and commercial land use (6%). The largest contributors of FC are commercial land use (39%) and CSOs (31%). Commercial (51%) and industrial (14%) land uses are the predominant source of TSS. The pollutant loading within the assessment point area is a function of the area’s land uses and ultimately impacts the water quality within the assessment point reach. However, approximately 75% of the urban nonpoint source FC load is attributed to “unknown sources.” These are sources of FC that cannot be attributed to the assumed FC loads from the land uses in the assessment point area. These sources may be caused by illicit connections to the storm sewer system, leaking sewers, or other unidentified sources. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. In the following loading tables, the “unknown sources” loads are distributed amongst the impervious land use classifications in proportion to the distribution of “known” sources. The detailed assessment of FC counts in terms of days per year average FC counts, FC counts versus months of the year, and FC counts as compared to stream flow can be viewed in the fact sheet (http://www.swwtwater.org/home/documents/mn_18_fact_sheet.pdf). Based on these detailed analyses, the assessments of FC concentrations were poor for the annual measure and poor for the swimming season. The increases in FC concentrations during high flows suggest that FC concentrations at MN-18 are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. See Figure 4-87, Figure 4-88, and Figure 4-89. Note: the black line on Figure 4-87 represents the cumulative number of days, at various concentrations, throughout the year.

4-277

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

Detailed analyses were also performed on TP and TSS. The concentrations of TP were assessed as poor. The concentrations of TP exceed the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline on nearly half of the days over the year. Also, concentrations of TP are greatest at high and low flows. The higher concentrations at these flow extremes may indicate the presence of a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable at low flows (perhaps due to TP inputs from noncontact cooling water) as well as nonpoint sources of phosphorus at high flows. The concentrations of TSS were also classified as poor at MN-18. The data indicate that suspended solids are primarily attributed to nonpoint sources. The potential sources of suspended solids include runoff that carries a sediment load, stream bank erosion, or resuspended stream sediments. In addition to the parameter of focus, detailed assessments of DO were performed. The DO concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months (see habitat section for details on the interactions of DO, water temperature, and aquatic habitat). In addition to the detailed analysis described above, the modeled baseline water quality date, summarized on an annual basis, are presented in TABLE 4223. As noted earlier, water quality is impacted by a number of factors, including pollutant loading. On the following loading tables, loads are grouped by their type, point or nonpoint, and are further categorized by their source. Note: loads of BOD are presented in the loading tables; BOD impacts the concentrations of DO within the assessment point reach. TABLE 4-224 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-18. TABLE 4-225 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-226 presents the baseline annual pollutant loads for MN-18 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-17 are upstream of MN-18. The baseline cumulative loads, including loads from MN-1 through MN-17, are estimated at MN-18. TABLE 4-227 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-18. TABLE 4-228 presents the baseline percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-18. TABLE 4-229 presents the baseline cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-18 per acre.

4-278

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-87

Menomonee River

4-279

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-88

Menomonee River

4-280

Watershed Restoration Plan Figure 4-89

Menomonee River

4-281

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-223 BASELINE WATER QUALITY AT MN-18 Assessment Point Water Quality Indicator Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml) Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l) Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River

Baseline Condition 6,889 64

MN-18 Fecal Coliform Menomonee Bacteria River near (annual) Upstream Limit of Estuary

1,081 200

3,557 81

468 133

11.0 11.0 100 0.133 0.104 52

1.25 1.20 16 5.5 0.0056 0.0023

4-282

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-224

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Point Source Industrial

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

CSOs 57.19 47,658 SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds 1308.47 524.44 58,761 -----------5.44 0.83 324

35.79 15.88 3,059

-- 1223.37 7.10 232.20 ---75.11 15,607 57,290 0.34 142.67 -65 14,805 -409 95,114 --

-----

----

262.34 169.60 38.47 12.71 15,074.16 1,095.58 -85.95 8,808 85.82 13.83 7,280 1,480 0.52 335 27 21.85 101,144 ----

billion counts 1,063,905 --

35 117,898 --

-- 430,723 86,046 59,521

838,648 --

Units are mass or counts per year A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-225 BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-18 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Point Source

Ultra Low

Industrial

Industrial

Grass (B)

Grass (C)

Grass (D)

Crop (B)

Crop (C)

Crop (D)

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC 7% 51% 23% 39% ------------0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 2% 1% 4%

-----

6% 7% 6% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 14% 6% 3%

-----

-----

-----

1% 8% 3% 16%

1% 8% 3% 3%

0% 1% 1% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

77% 2% 39% --

6% 6% 18% 31%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-283

CSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-226

Menomonee River

BASELINE LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Forest Point Source

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.284 0.114 12.735 230.567

-----

-----

-- 0.001 0.008 -- 0.000 0.003 -- 0.070 0.663 -- 0.008 25.551

----

0.265 0.002 0.050 0.016 0.000 0.031 3.382 0.014 3.208

----

-----

----

0.057 0.019 1.909

0.037 0.019 1.578

0.008 0.003 0.321

0.003 0.000

3.267 0.005

0.237 0.012 10.328

0.073 21.920 --

-- 12.416 0.089 20.613 --

-- 93.345 18.648 12.899 0.006

181.750 0.000

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-227 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units

pounds 12566.70 352.21 795.73 122.34 143.85 tons pounds
4775.90 564,349 165.95 483.80 22,895 47,933 9,362 49.73 9,537 1,307 21.71 8,930 1,324

301.59 128.27 25,779 886,731

1427.07 9766.65 291.05 1604.10 48.84 144.12 24.16 74.00 31,911 31,556 510.23 138,788 9.57 3,415 950.50 11.29 29.60 4.11

2727.65 845.32 91,580

1208.70 587.08 51,877

479.99 157.38 18,464

1111.20 17547.02 39.79 35,732 3,534 29.37 116,510 --

1879.31 91.48 58,679

586.43 16.79 8,263

102,279 5,908 8,526 1,328

billion 8,049,226 2,634 counts

457,160 18,895 499,117 2,240 12,856 2,396 3,517,123 494,071 515,420

1,727,390 640,820

Cumulative units are per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-284

SSOs

SSOs ----

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-228

Menomonee River

BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-18 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Point Source Industrial

Wetland

Forest

CSOs CSOs 0.023 0.001 0.712

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

24% 53% 42% 48%

1% 2% 2% 0%

1% 5% 4% 0%

0% 1% 1% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

1% 1% 2% 5%

3% 1% 2% 0%

18% 6% 10% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

3% 11% 8% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 1% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

5% 9% 7% 21%

2% 7% 4% 3%

1% 2% 1% 3%

2% 0% 3% 0%

33% 4% 1% 0% 9% -1% 0% 4% 1% 10% 4%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-229 BASELINE CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.152 0.004 0.010 0.001 0.002 0.058 0.002 0.006 0.001 0.000 6.845 0.278 0.581 0.116 0.108

0.004 0.017 0.118 0.004 0.002 0.001 0.006 0.000 0.313 0.387 1.683 0.041

0.019 0.012 1.241 6.054

0.001 0.000 0.072 0.027

0.002 0.000 0.103 0.156

0.000 0.000 0.016

0.033 0.010 1.111

0.015 0.007 0.629 5.993

0.006 0.002 0.224 6.252

0.013 0.000 0.433 0.043

0.213 0.000 1.413 --

0.007 0.000 0.100

97.634 0.032 0.114 0.016 0.016 10.756 0.383 5.545 0.229

0.029 42.661

20.953 7.773

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-285

SSOs

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan Baseline Habitat and Related Issues

Menomonee River

The flashiness within the Lower Menomonee River Mainstem area was evaluated at MN-18. The index of flashiness quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in steam flow. At MN-18, the flashiness was characterized as moderate. Dissolved oxygen is another key factor affecting habitat suitability. Insufficient DO (less than 5.0 mg/l) will stress aquatic life. Maintaining sufficient DO concentrations throughout the year is an important component of aquatic habitat. However, excessive DO concentrations (greater than 15 mg/l) can also harm aquatic life, especially during warm weather months. Dissolved oxygen concentrations were assessed as very good for the annual measure and very good during the warm weather months. Year 2020 Pollutant Loading and Water Quality Implementation of the recommendations of the SEWRPC RWQMPU would result in a 66% reduction from baseline TP loads, a 43% reduction from baseline FC loads, and a 26% reduction from baseline TSS loads that are derived from this assessment point area. The major reason for the reduction in baseline FC loads is the projection in the RWQMPU that 50% of the “unknown” FC source loads will be eliminated. The modeled Year 2020 water quality data for this assessment point are presented in TABLE 4230. TABLE 4-231 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-18. TABLE 4-232 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each load. TABLE 4-233 presents the Year 2020 annual pollutant loads for MN-18 per acre. Assessment points MN-1 through MN-17 are upstream of MN-18. TABLE 4-234 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-18. TABLE 4-235 presents the Year 2020 percentage breakdown for each cumulative load at MN-18. TABLE 4-236 presents the Year 2020 cumulative annual pollutant loads at MN-18 per acre. Notwithstanding the 43% reduction in FC loading and the 66% reduction in TP loading, water quality modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of FC would remain poor for both the annual and swimming season measures and the assessment of TP would remain poor. In contrast, the reduction in TSS loading would result in the improvement of the assessments of TSS from poor to very good. The assessment of DO (annual) and DO (warm weather months) would remain unchanged and very good. Modeling of the 2020 Regional Plan conditions indicates that the assessment of flashiness at MN-18 would improve from moderate to good.

4-286

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-230 YEAR 2020 WATER QUALITY AT MN-18 Assessment Point MN-18 Menomonee River near Upstream Limit of Estuary Water Quality Indicator Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual) Statistic Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total) Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<2,000 cells per 100 ml)a Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<1,000 cells per 100 ml)a Dissolved Oxygen Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>2 mg/l)a Total Phosphorus Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l) Total Nitrogen Total Suspended Solids Copper
a

Menomonee River

Year 2020 Condition 4,214 66

685 232

1,861 85

261 147

10.9 10.9 100

0.127 0.103 52

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

1.06 1.02 13.1 4.7 0.0048 0.0022

Variance Standard in Chapter NR 104 of the Wisconsin Administrative Code.

4-287

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-231

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs 622.89 31.76 24,452 509,902 SSOs -----

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

1,169.25 420.73 50,374 605,081

-----

-----

-----

5.04 0.90 300 78

30.57 12.18 2,507 64,105

-----

983.53 63.87 13,272 32,301

5.45 0.27 53 220

163.82 90.36 10,020 42,709

-----

-----

-----

226.46 66.61 7,294 236,646

116.42 52.89 4,794 37,593

34.24 11.05 1,264 33,717

11.03 0.47 290 39

3,338.53 11.47 57,263 --

Units are per year and are rounded to the nearest hundredth unit per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-232 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-18 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Point Source

Wetland

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

17% 55% 29% 39%

-----

-----

-----

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 2% 1% 4%

-----

15% 8% 8% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

2% 12% 6% 3%

-----

-----

-----

3% 9% 4% 15%

2% 7% 3% 2%

1% 1% 1% 2%

0% 0% 0% 0%

50% 2% 33% --

9% 4% 14% 33%

Percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-288

CSOs

SSOs -----

Watershed Restoration Plan

Menomonee River

TABLE 4-233 YEAR 2020 LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs 0.135 0.007 5.299 0.000 CSOs

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.253 0.091 10.917 131.132

-----

-----

-----

0.001 0.000 0.065

0.007 0.003 0.543

-----

0.213 0.014 2.876 7.000

0.001 0.000 0.011 0.048

0.036 0.020 2.172 9.256

-----

-----

-----

0.049 0.014 1.581

0.025 0.007 0.011 0.002 1.039 0.274

0.002 0.000 0.063 0.009

0.724 0.002 12.410 --

0.017 13.893

51.285 8.147 7.307

Units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth pound per acre per year; a "0.000" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 pounds per acre per year. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-234 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / ACRE)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source

Forest

SSOs ----116.78 3.34 1,646

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

11,508.75 3,847.80 499,182 4,816,646

114.61 43.77 12,822 136

212.56 12.73 157.29 85.12 3.68 24.49 25,057 2,440 10,101 405 25 1,527

285.83 106.01 23,038 523,853

1,316.40 8,005.81 326.23 1,562.61 20.47 54.19 6.33 2,677.63 71.25 33,816 25,703 422.86 124,088 11.00 4,199 826.87 96,074 4.48 9.69 1.08 727.01 88,301 2,981 4,054 397 113 586 73

997.18 434.53 41,243

456.48 1,142.30 5,811.39 131.54 17,306 41.64 37,514 3,687 18.99 72,629 --

1,112.03 53.16 31,331

285,958 18,511 326,582

2,170,101 261,968 321,700

1,064,576 127,615

Cumulative units are per year. A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-289

SSOs

Watershed Restoration Plan
TABLE 4-235

Menomonee River

YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-18 (PERCENT)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

CSOs 3% 1% 3% 11% CSOs
0.013 0.001 0.380 12.913

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds tons pounds billion counts

32% 56% 44% 48%

0% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 2% 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0%

1% 2% 2% 5%

4% 1% 3% 0%

22% 6% 11% 3%

1% 0% 0% 0%

4% 12% 9% 3%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

0% 0% 0% 0%

7% 11% 8% 22%

3% 6% 4% 3%

1% 2% 2% 3%

3% 1% 3% 0%

16% 0% 6% --

0% 0% 0% 1%

Cumulative percentages are rounded to the nearest integer. A "0%" represents a nonzero value less than 0.5%. Note: A “--” indicates that the land cover is not present within the given assessment point area. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

TABLE 4-236 YEAR 2020 CUMULATIVE LOADS FOR MN-18 (UNIT / ACRE / YEAR)
Nonpoint Source Transportation Government / Institution Commercial Residential Pasture (B) Pasture (C) Pasture (D) Ultra Low Industrial Grass (B) Grass (C) Grass (D) Crop (B) Crop (C) Crop (D) Wetland Point Source Industrial

Forest

Loads TP TSS BOD FC

Units pounds/acre tons/acre pounds/acre billion counts/acre

0.140 0.047 6.055 58.424

0.001 0.001 0.156 0.002

0.003 0.001 0.304 0.005

0.000 0.000 0.030 0.000

0.002 0.000 0.123 0.019

0.003 0.001 0.279 6.354

0.016 0.001 0.410 0.312

0.097 0.005 1.505 3.469

0.004 0.019 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.010 0.000 0.000 0.051 1.165 0.036 0.049 0.225 3.961 0.001 0.007

0.000 0.000 0.005

0.032 0.009 1.071

0.012 0.005 0.500 3.178

0.006 0.002 0.210 3.902

0.014 0.001 0.455 0.045

0.070 0.000 0.881 --

0.001 0.000 0.020 1.548

0.001 26.323

Cumulative units are per acre per year and are rounded to the nearest thousandth unit per acre per year. A "0" represents a nonzero value less than 0.0005 units per acre per year. Note: A "--" indicates that the land cover is not present in the given Assessment Point. (B) = Hydrologic soil group B; (C) = Hydrologic soil group C; (D) = Hydrologic soil group D

4-290

SSOs

SSOs

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.