You are on page 1of 24

Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-4

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-4 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-4 is also represented by: o Reach 820 o Willow Creek

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

§ ¦ ¨
43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

§ ¦ ¨
43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

o ff SHA SHA

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

³
1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

M

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE

§ ¦ ¨
43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145

§ ¦ ¨
43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

N

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

E

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

E

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

F

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )

§ ¦ ¨
43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A
UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX

§ ¦ ¨
43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A

§ ¦ ¨
94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18

§ ¦ ¨
894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

N

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK

§ ¦ ¨
94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )

§ ¦ ¨
894
CREEK

@ ?
38

§ ¦ ¨
43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

³
0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

!

!

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6
45 t u 41 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

!
MN-9

!

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14

!

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A
18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

MN-18

! MN-18

§ ¦ ¨
894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
94

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!

Ap pl

!

MN-4

et on Av .
!

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water
0

³
650 1,300 Feet 2,600

ASSESSMENT POINT Map: MN-4
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

#

Waterbodies Civil Division

!

Ap pl

!

MN-4

et on Av .
!

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utlities Manufacturing and Industrial

³
0 650 1,300 Feet 2,600

Land Use Map: MN-4
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-4, Reach 820, Willow Creek
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Moderate Good Good Very Good Moderate Good to Moderate Very Good Very Good
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site fall below this level about 20% of the time. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are ‘below 400’. Unlike many of the downstream sites, this site does not exhibit frequent spikes of >5,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days and the concentrations of suspended solids do not exceed 125 mg/l on any day The decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. However, the summer concentrations decline more than would be expected. This may indicate a lack of riffles and aeration. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the conditions are poorest in March and are likely related to snow melt. Phosphorus concentrations exceed the planning guideline less than 25% of the time. The median concentration increases slightly in March and is likely related to snow melt. Note that the increases in the lowest values during the late spring and early summer could be related to fertilizer application. The concentrations of suspended solids are reasonable year-round and lower during the winter months. The lower concentrations during the winter are probably related to a number of factors including frozen conditions and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good to Moderate Note that the largest decreases in dissolved oxygen concentrations occur at low flows. This is partly due to a combination
of decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often naturally associated with the warm summer months). Decreases during low flow conditions may be exacerbated by excess organic material and biochemical oxygen demand. Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Note that during any period with the high flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard roughly 75% of the time. During low flows and dry conditions, the standard is met well over 75% of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.), although the amount of water in the stream may limit recreational use to wading. Concentrations of phosphorus only exceed the planning guideline at moist conditions and high flows. This suggests that the excess phosphorus is primarily from non-point sources. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Moderate to Poor

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good Very Good to Good

Flashiness Index

Reach 820

Description Willow Creek

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.44

Average Daily Flow
Willow Creek (820) 200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-4 Willow Creek

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
1,244 76 183 218 794 87 125 125 8.9 9.1 96 0.036 0.025 93 0.73 0.65 9.1 7.3 0.0030 0.0012

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820 )
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-0.05 0.05-0.1 0.1-0.15 0.15-0.2 0.2-0.25 0.25-0.3 0.3-0.35 0.35-0.4 0.4-0.45 0.45-0.5 >0.5

Average TP (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Willow Creek (RI 820)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Willow Creek – Reach 820
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Willow Creek – Reach 820
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Willow Creek – Reach 820
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Willow Creek – Reach 820
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data