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Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-15

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-15 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-15 is also represented by: o Reach 883 o Menomonee Mainstem

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

§ ¦ ¨
43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

§ ¦ ¨
43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

o ff SHA SHA

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

³
1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

M

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE

§ ¦ ¨
43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145

§ ¦ ¨
43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

N

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

E

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

E

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

F

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )

§ ¦ ¨
43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A
UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX

§ ¦ ¨
43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A

§ ¦ ¨
94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18

§ ¦ ¨
894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

N

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK

§ ¦ ¨
94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )

§ ¦ ¨
894
CREEK

@ ?
38

§ ¦ ¨
43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

³
0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

!

!

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6
45 t u 41 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

!
MN-9

!

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14

!

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A
18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

MN-18

! MN-18

§ ¦ ¨
894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
94

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

!

! ! !

76th St.

76th St.
c La v. A

nd Fo u D n to le pp A A
!

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

v.
M II L M

!

MN-15

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water
0

³
850 1,700 Feet 3,400

Assessment Point Map: MN-15
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

#

Waterbodies Civil Division

!

! ! !

76th St.

76th St.
c La v. A

nd Fo u D n to le pp A A
!

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

v.
M II L M

!

MN-15

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodlands and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

³
0 850 1,700 Feet 3,400

Land Use Map: MN-15
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Geometric Mean Standard Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Not to Exceed Standard Minimum Concentration Standard USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 200 counts/100 ml 400 counts/100 ml 5 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-15, Reach 883, Menomonee Mainstem
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad) Good Good Very Good to Good Moderate to Poor
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonable at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are normally higher than this level. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A goal may be to determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on these days. An additional goal could be to decrease fecal coliform loads in order to increase the number of days that have ‘below 400’ counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. The concentrations on most of the days are at or below the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Throughout the year, the phosphorus concentrations do not exceed 0.3 mg/l on any day Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy and aesthetically unpleasant. They can clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days, but the concentrations exceed 100 mg/l on some of the days. It is natural for dissolved oxygen concentrations to decline during warmer months due to decreased solubility. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median and 75th percentile values decline substantially during the summer and early fall. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria. Conditions are particularly poor in March and are likely related to snow melt. Also note that the summer accounts for many of the ‘below 400’ days while the winter has many of the ‘above 5,000’ days. Phosphorus concentrations are greatest in March and likely related to snow-melt. The 75th percentiles decline slightly in the summer and early fall. This is likely related to uptake by plants during the growing season. Suspended solids concentrations are below the reference concentration most of the time. The majority of the higher concentrations are likely related to larger rain or snow melt events that disturb bare soil. Winter has lower concentrations due to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow vs. rain).

Good Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Note that dissolved oxygen concentrations decline slightly during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of Good Poor
decreased water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with the warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. Infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. During periods with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory standard; during moist conditions, fecal coliform counts exceed the standard 75% of the time. During low flows, the standard is met over 75% of the time. These conditions would be the safest time for recreational use (boating, wading, swimming). Concentrations are greatest at high flows, with concentrations exceeding the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline about 50% of the time during the highest flows. This suggests that phosphorus sources are primarily non-point. The similarities between the phosphorus and suspended solids data suggest that the phosphorus may be associated with suspended sediment. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. All of the instances when the concentration exceeds the reference occur at the moist-to-high flow conditions. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Good to Moderate Good

Flashiness Index

Reach

Description

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.46

883

Menomonee Main Stem

Average Daily Flow
Menomonee Main Stem (883) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-15 Menomonee Mainstem

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
6,137 47 1,063 12 3,064 67 476 6 11.0 11.1 100 0.063 0.043 84 0.55 0.52 15.6 5.6 0.0057 0.0023

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

80

400

360

320

280

240

200

160

120

40

0

Average TP (mg/L)

Average Number of Days Per Year

Menomonee River @ Mainstem (RI 883)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Menomonee Main Stem – Reach 883
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (5 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Menomonee Main Stem – Reach 883
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Regulatory Standard (400 cfu/100 mL)

Box & Whiskers

1.E+04
Concentration (cfu/100 mL)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Menomonee Main Stem – Reach 883
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Menomonee Main Stem – Reach 883
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data