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Fact Sheet for Assessment Point MN-18

Watershed Restoration Plan

Assessment Point: MN-18 The following data are excerpts from multiple reports. While the same location in the Menomonee River watershed is represented, the assessment point IDs differ. Throughout the following data, Assessment Point MN-18 is also represented by: o Reach 919 o RI-10 o Falk Dam o Menomonee River Near Upstream Limit of Estuary

45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o CEDARBURG CEDARBURG

NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

§ ¦ ¨
43
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

41 t u 45 t u

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

§ ¦ ¨
43
LIT TLE MENOMONEE RIVER UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

45 t u 41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE

LILLY CREEK

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

BUTLER DITCH

41 t u
C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

45 t u

LOWER MENOMONEE RIVER

UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

18 t u

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

o ff SHA SHA

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

§ ¦ ¨
894
C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

HONEY CREEK

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

45 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94
C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Combined Sewer Area Civil Divisions
0 0.5

³
1 Miles 2

Watershed Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

45 t u
G " )

T " ) M " )

T " )

Y " ) C " ) M " ) C " )

@ ?
145

@ ?
181

N.

BR.
NORTH BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
57

M

Y " )

E
NO

PIG EO N
E CRE

PIT LAKE

§ ¦ ¨
43

@ ?
175

145

41 t u 45 t u BARK LAKE
BAR

MENOM O

W.

RI VE R

F " )

NE

WEST BRANCH MENOMONEE RIVER

ME NO MO . NEE BR

RIVER
E
LITTLE MENOMONEE CREEK

RI

" )
G

VE R

@ ?

CREEK

@ ?
167

C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

ME NO MO NE E

N MO
EE

@ ?
32

K
W " )

AMY BELL LAKE

@ ?
167 Y " )

@ ?
167

@ ?
57

@ ?
181

WILLOW CREEK

NOR-X-WAY CHANNEL

LITTLE

@ ?
145

CH AN NE L

@ ?
175

CREEK

@ ?
57

LAC du COURS

WIL LOW

AY

NOR-X -W

Y " ) YY " )

RIV

ER
PP " )

@ ?
175 W " )

B " ) G " )

IN D

CREEK

VV " ) J " )

V VV " " ) )

Y " )

LILLY

K
RIV ER
Q " ) V " )

FISH

Q " ) F " )

Q " )

@ ?
32

CREEK

LITTLE

@ ?
57

@ ?
145

§ ¦ ¨
43
WAUK E MIL

LITTLE MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

@ ?
100

ME

@ ?
100

@ ?
100

N

@ ?
32

UPPER MENOMONEE RIVER

@ ?
74

45 t u 41 t u

@ ?
181

E

O M
O NE

. CR
N IA

W " )

NO ME

E

NEE MO

RI V ER

C ii tt y o ff C y o GLENDALE GLENDALE
S " ) W " )

ER RIV
PP " )

@ ?
74

@ ?
145
LILLY CREEK

E WHIT

@ ?
74

S " )

F

45 t u @ ?
100 E " )

@ ?
57

SUS SEX

VV " )

§ ¦ ¨
43

" )
YY K " ) K " ) EE " )

@ ?
181

E CR E

K
EE " )

J " )

BUTLER DITCH

LINCOLN

Y " )

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

@ ?
190

CREEK

@ ?
190 J " )

@ ?
100

@ ?
145

@ ?
57

41 t u

@ ?
164

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u
UN

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
DE

RIV ER

JJ " )

CREEK

PE
TJ " ) Y " )

UKE WA
FT " )

M " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W A U WLOWER MENOMONEE RIVER ATOSA W A U WA T O S A
UNDERWOOD CREEK

OD RW O

E
M " )

FOX

§ ¦ ¨
43
RIVER

ER RIV

MENO M

ONE E

§ ¦ ¨
94
DOUSMAN DITCH

41 t u

DOUSMAN

K EE CR

18 t u

DITCH

" )
J

JJ " )

18 t u
DEER
CRE E K

18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A

§ ¦ ¨
94
SOUTH BRANCH UNDERWOOD CREEK

t u
18

§ ¦ ¨
894

@ ?
181

@ ?
59 D " ) Y " )

AR PL PO

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

@ ?
59

ER RIV

O " )

@ ?
100 D " )

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u KINNICKINNIC
LYONS

@ ?
32

D " ) ES " )

T " ) NN

" )
HO Y NE
HONEY CREEK

E CR EK

W IL

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N

SO

N

@ ?
9

Y " ) U " )

U " )

@ u ? t 45
100

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

@ ?
36

PA RK

§ ¦ ¨
94
CR.

@ ?
164

" )
O I " )

I " )

§ ¦ ¨
894
CREEK

@ ?
38

§ ¦ ¨
43
UPPER KELLY LAKE
LOWER KELLY LAKE

Y " ) N " )

" )
Y

@ ?
24

MILL

EK CR E

I " )

@ ?
119

OK

ES " )

@ ?
24

LEGEND
Water Waterbodies Watersheds Subwatersheds Civil Divisions

³
0 2,600 5,200 Feet 10,400

Aerial Map
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October, 14, 2008

45 t u

MN-1
C ii tt y o ff C y o MEQUON MEQUON

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-1 MN-3
41 t u 45 t u

MN-2 MN-10

!
MN-3

!!

MN-2

!
MN-4 MN-4

MN-6 MN-5

MN-10

!

!

MN-5 MN-11 MN-6
45 t u 41 t u

§ ¦ ¨
43

!
MN-9

!

MN-7

C ii tt y o ff C y o

MN-7

GLENDALE GLENDALE

45 t u

MN-8

!!

MN-12

MN-9

! !

MN-11

§ ¦ ¨
43

MN-12 MN-8

MN-15
41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o B R O O K F II E L D BROOKF ELD
45 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE
C ii tt y o ff C y o WAUWATOSA WAUWATOSA

MN-13 MN-13

MN-14

!

§ ¦ ¨
94 18 t u

!
MN-14
18 t u

MN-15 MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
43 41 t u 18 t u

! ! MN-16 ! MN-17

§ ¦ ¨
94

A A
18 t u

§ ¦ ¨
94

MN-18

! MN-18

§ ¦ ¨
894

C ii tt y o ff C y o W E S T A L L II S WEST ALL S

41 t u

C ii tt y o ff C y o N E W B E R L II N NEW BERL N
45 t u

MN-16

C ii tt y o ff C y o G R E E N F II E L D GREENF ELD

§ ¦ ¨
94

§ ¦ ¨
894

§ ¦ ¨
43

LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Routing Reach Tributary Area Watersheds Waterbodies Civil Divisions

³
0 2,5005,000 Feet 10,000

MN Watershed Model Reach Tributary Area
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
November 10, 2008

76th S

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

nd Fo

y o ff y o ATOSA ATOSA

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

MN-18
!

Greenfield Av.

o ff o A L L II S ALL S
LEGEND

!
" "

Assessment Points CSO SSO NCCW

Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Water
0

³
550 1,100 Feet 2,200

Assessment Point Map: MN-18
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

#

Waterbodies Civil Division

76th S

C ii tt y o ff C y o M II L W A U K E E M LWAUKEE

nd Fo

y o ff y o ATOSA ATOSA

! ! !

Bluemound Rd.

MN-18
!

Greenfield Av.

o ff o A L L II S ALL S
LEGEND

!

Assessment Points Water Waterbodies Watersheds Assessment Point Basins Civil Division

Land Use
Agriculture Low Density Residential High Density Residential Commercial

Institutional and Governmental Outdoor Recreation, Wetlands, Woodland and Open Lands Transportation, Communication and Utilities Manufacturing and Industrial

³
0 550 1,100 Feet 2,200

Land Use Map: MN-18
WATERSHED RESTORATION PLAN MENOMONEE RIVER WATERSHED
October 16, 2008

Menomonee River - Variance Standards/Targets Constituent Measure Variance Standard - Geomean not to exceed Fecal Coliform Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Total Phosphorus (TP) Variance Standard - Less than 10% of all samples/month Variance Standard - Minimum Concentration USGS Median TSS Reference Concentration (estimated background concentration) Planning Guideline Richards Baker Flashiness Index (quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow; the index ranges from 0 - 2, with 0 being constant flow) Standard/Target 1,000 counts/100 ml 2,000 counts/100 ml 2 mg/l 17.2 mg/l 0.1 mg/l

Flashiness

indicator only

Menomonee River Watershed Restoration Plan Fact Sheet MN-18, Reach 919, RI-10, Menomonee River Near the Upper Limit of the Estuary (Falk Dam)
Data resulting from model runs:

Figure Flashiness index Dissolved oxygen v. days per year Fecal coliform v. days per year

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment The Flashiness Index quantifies the frequency and rapidity of short-term changes in stream flow. The index ranges from 0 Good Good Variable (some good, some bad)
to 2, with 0 being constant flow. The flashiness is reasonably good at this location. Typically, aquatic communities need 5 mg/l or more of dissolved oxygen to survive. Concentrations at this site are nearly always above this level and are consistently above the variance standard of 2 mg/l. For recreational uses, lower fecal coliform counts (a measure of bacteria) are better (preferably under 400 counts / 100ml). The counts on majority of the days are either ‘below 400’ or ‘above 5,000’. A potential goal in this case may be to determine the conditions that create the ‘above 5,000’ days and discourage recreational use on days that meet these conditions. As there is a variance that allows the fecal coliform to reach 2,000 counts, another goal could be to find ways to decrease coliform loading in order to increase the number of days that have fewer than 2,000 counts. Phosphorus is a nutrient that can lead to increased growth of algae. About half of the days had concentrations that exceeded the 0.1 mg/l planning guideline. Suspended solids cause water to become cloudy, which is aesthetically unpleasant. They can also clog the gills of fish and invertebrates, make feeding difficult, and lead to sediment deposition (poor habitat). The concentrations are less than 25 mg/l on most of the days. Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during the summer. This is normal due to the decreased solubility of oxygen in warmer water. Concentrations are well above the special variance level. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, notice that the median values decline during the summer swimming season. This may be related to the die-off of bacteria due to solar radiation. Also note that the summer accounts for many of the ‘below 400’ days mentioned above while the winter has many of the ‘above 5,000’ days. Fecal coliform counts increase noticeably in March and are potentially related to snow melt. While the ranges of values are fairly consistent throughout the year, note that the median concentration increases slightly in March. This could be explained by snow melt. Suspended solids concentrations are relatively low year-round and slightly lower during the winter months. This is probably linked to a number of factors including frozen conditions, decreased construction activities, and low-impact storms (snow doesn’t pound the soil like rain).

Phosphorus v. days per year Suspended solids v. days per year Monthly dissolved oxygen Monthly fecal coliform Monthly phosphorus Monthly suspended solids

Moderate to Poor Good Very Good to Good Moderate to Poor

Moderate to Poor Good

Figure Dissolved oxygen by flow Fecal coliform by flow

Overall Project Analysis Team Assessment Good Note the decline in dissolved oxygen concentrations during low flows. This is likely due to a combination of decreased Moderate to Poor
water agitation and higher temperatures (low flow conditions are often associated with warm summer months). Generally, a pollutant that is present at high concentrations during high flows and low concentrations during low flows (fecal coliform, in this case) is attributed primarily to non-point sources. The infrequent sewer overflows (once every 2-5 years) would only contribute during the high flows when substantial non-point loads are already present. Note that during any period with the highest flows, fecal coliform counts exceed the regulatory variance standard. During moist conditions, the counts are above the variance standard over 50% of the time. During low flows, the variance standard is met all of the time. This would be the safest time for any recreational uses (boating, swimming, wading, etc.). Concentrations of phosphorus are greatest at high and low flows, although concentrations are frequently greater than the planning guideline under all flow conditions. The higher concentrations at flow extremes suggests a background source of phosphorus that is particularly noticeable at low flows (perhaps due to inputs of non-contact cooling water) as well as nonpoint sources of phosphorus at high flows. The concentrations of suspended solids increase with increased flows, suggesting contributions from non-point sources. The suspended solids may come from runoff that carries a sediment load, from stream bank erosion, or re-suspended stream sediments.

Phosphorus by flow Suspended solids by flow

Moderate to Poor

Good

Flashiness Index

Reach RI-10

Description Falk Dam

Richards Baker Flashiness Index 0.49

Flashiness Index
Falk Dam (919) 1200 AVERAGE DAILY FLOW (CFS) 1000 800 600 400 200 0
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Existing Water Quality Data

Assessment Point
MN-18 Menomonee River near Upstream Limit of Estuary

Water Quality Indicator
Fecal Coliform Bacteria (annual)

Statistic

Condition Existing
6,889 64 1,081 200 3,557 81 468 133 11.0 11.0 100 0.133 0.104 52 1.25 1.20 16 5.5 0.0056 0.0023

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Fecal Coliform Bacteria (May-September: 153 days total)

Mean (cells per 100 ml) Percent compliance with single sample standard (<400 cells per 100 ml) Geometric mean (cells per 100 ml) Days of compliance with geometric mean standard (<200 cells per 100 ml)

Dissolved Oxygen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with dissolved oxygen standard (>5 mg/l)

Total Phosphorus

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l) Percent compliance with recommended phosphorus standard (0.1 mg/l)

Total Nitrogen

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Total Suspended Solids

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Copper

Mean (mg/l) Median (mg/l)

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)

400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-1 1-2 2-3 3-4 4-5 5-6 6-7 7-8 8-9 9-10 >10

Average DO (mg/L)

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-400 400-600 600-1000 1000-2000 2000-3000 3000-4000 4000-5000 >5000

Average Fecal Coliform (#/100ml)

>0.5

0.45-0.5

0.4-0.45

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)

0.35-0.4

0.3-0.35

0.25-0.3

0.2-0.25

0.15-0.2

0.1-0.15

0.05-0.1

0-0.05

80

400

360

320

280

240

200

160

120

40

0

AverageTP (mg/L)

Average Number of Days Per Year

Menomonee River @ Falk Dam (RI 10)
400

360

320

Average Number of Days Per Year

280

240

200

160

120

80

40

0 0-25 25-50 50-75 75-100 100-125 125-150 150-175 175-200 >200

Average TSS (mg/L)

Falk Dam (RI-10) – Reach 919
Dissolved Oxygen
Flow Conditions 100
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Special Variance Regulatory Standard (2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Falk Dam (RI-10) – Reach 919
Fecal Coliform
Flow Conditions 1.E+05
High Flows

Regulatory Standard- Special Variance (2,000 cfu/100 mL)
Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows

Box & Whiskers
Dry Conditions Low Flows

1.E+04
C onc e ntra tion (c fu/1 0 0 m L)

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Falk Dam (RI-10) – Reach 919
Total Phosphorus
Flow Conditions 1.00
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Planning Standard (0.1 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

0.10

0.01
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data

Falk Dam (RI-10) – Reach 919
Total Suspended Solids
Flow Conditions 1000
High Flows Moist Conditions Mid-range Flows Dry Conditions Low Flows

Reference Concentration (17.2 mg/L)

Box & Whiskers

Concentration (mg/L)

100

10

1
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Flow Duration Interval (%)

Modeled Flow Data