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1.- What is the landscape?

And what are the elements?


Landscape is what we can see
around us.

The elements are: relief, water,


climate, vegetation, fauna
and man-made elements.
2.- What is the relief?
The relief is the combination
of all the different forms
of the surface of the Earth.
3.- Complete this chart with
information about Inland
relief.
ELEMENTS DEFINITION
Mountain

It is an extension of flat land.

Valley
ELEMENTS DEFINITION
Mountain It is a very high area of land and
can be different heights.
Plain It is an extension of flat land.

Valley It is an extension of flat land


between mountains or hills that
usually contains a river.
4.- Complete this chart with
information about Coastal
relief.
ELEMENTS DEFINITIONS
A..................
Beach
C...........e A portion of land that extends into the sea.
Bay
It is a high rocky area by the sea.
G.............
P..................
ELEMENTS DEFINITIONS
Archipielago A group of islands together.
Beach An area of land next to the sea. It can be
covered of sand or stones.
Cape A portion of land that extends into the sea.
Bay A small gulf or area of water that goes
inland.
Cliff It is a high rocky area by the sea.
Gulf Where the sea comes into the land.
Peninsula A piece of land surrounded by water on all
sides, except one.
5.- What are the cardinal
directions?
The cardinal directions are
references points that are
always the same.
They are: North, East, West
and South.
6.- Complete this chart with the
characteristics of the different
sections of a river.
SECTIONS CHARACTERISTICS
OF A RIVER
UPPER RIVER

The river is much bigger...

It is the final section ...


SECTIONS CHARACTERISTICS
OF A RIVER
It is the section of the river closest to its
source.
UPPER RIVER There is little water but it runs very quickly.
The strong current picks up a lot of stones and
sand.
The river is much bigger...in its middle section.
There is more water because other rivers called
MIDDLE RIVER tributaries join.
The current is slower and the river forms big
curves called meanders.
It is the final section ... of the river.
LOWER RIVER There is a lot of water and the current is very
slow.
The end of the river is called its mouth.
7.- What is the difference
between a sea and an ocean?

Write the names of the 2 Seas


and the Ocean that surround
Spain.
The difference is in its
extension.
Oceans are larger than seas.

Cantabrian Sea, Mediterranean


Sea and Atlantic Ocean.
8.- What is continental water?

Write a list with the different


types of continental water.
Continental water are masses of
water that cover areas of the
continent. They are ussually
fresh water.

Masses of ice: Polar ice caps and


Glaciers. Underground water,
Lakes and Rivers.
9.- Draw a picture of the parts
of the river and explain them.

1- The river flows along the ............................


2- ...........................................................................
3- ...........................................................................
4- The amount of ...............................................
River bank River bank

channel

River bed

1- The river flows along the channel.


2- The sides of the channel are called the river
banks.
3- The bottom is called the river bed.
4- The amount of water in a river in a certain
place at a certain time is called the flow.
10.- Complete:
Movements of Definition
Seas and Oceans
They are ...
W_v_s

They are ...


C_rr_nts

They are ...


T_d_s
Movements of
Definition
Seas and Oceans
They are ... ripples on the surface of
Waves the sea caused by the wind.

They are ... movements of large areas


Currents of water. They are like rivers inside sea
and oceans. Some are very strong and
dangerous.
They are ... movements up and down
Tides of the level of the sea