You are on page 1of 12

GE Wind Energy

Overview of Windfarm Communications Using DNP3 NREL November 17, 2003

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


Windfarm High Level Communications Requirements Windfarm High Level Communications Requirements
Acquire quality and reliable real time and historical data on turbine and windfarm Acquire quality and reliable real time and historical data on turbine and windfarm operations operations Integrating all windfarm assets data (substation, met mast, relays, meters) Integrating all windfarm assets data (substation, met mast, relays, meters) data into the system so one integrated homogeneous database for all windfarm data into the system so one integrated homogeneous database for all windfarm assets assets Integrated data for remote monitoring and diagnostics, asset management, Integrated data for remote monitoring and diagnostics, asset management, advanced diagnostics, condition based maintenance advanced diagnostics, condition based maintenance Allow for choosing best-in-class software and hardware Allow for choosing best-in-class software and hardware Optimize system maintenance & configuration processes and costs Optimize system maintenance & configuration processes and costs Improved functional reliability improved availability Improved functional reliability improved availability Improved secure real time access to data anyone, anywhere, anytime Improved secure real time access to data anyone, anywhere, anytime Ability to reduce project configuration time Ability to reduce project configuration time Support advanced security technologies Support advanced security technologies

GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


Windfarm LAN Protocol Requirements Windfarm LAN Protocol Requirements
Flexible polling schemes, ability to poll by device, by class, by database points, Flexible polling schemes, ability to poll by device, by class, by database points, unsolicited (report by exceptions) unsolicited (report by exceptions) Multimedia: seamless integration across multiple physical media: Ethernet, serial, Multimedia: seamless integration across multiple physical media: Ethernet, serial, radio licenses / /unlicensed RF, phone, radio licenses unlicensed RF, phone, Seamless integration across corporate LAN / /WAN and Intranets / /Internet Seamless integration across corporate LAN WAN and Intranets Internet Supported by multiple vendors, open, well documented, deployed in the field Supported by multiple vendors, open, well documented, deployed in the field No significant processor requirements on slave devices (low overhead) No significant processor requirements on slave devices (low overhead)

SCADAnet
EMS

Operations Control Center


Radio Ethernet Router

Historian Server

Intranet

SCADA Control

Backup

Histor ian User Remote User


GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


Future Protocol Requirements Future Protocol Requirements
Self description, auto-configuration Self description, auto-configuration Device based object models Device based object models Access security: encryption Access security: encryption Peer to Peer communications Peer to Peer communications What to Watch Out for.. What to Watch Out for.. Still aalot of low bandwidth systems the last mile scenario Still lot of low bandwidth systems the last mile scenario Cost of implementation, learn from experiences of electric utilities with UCA, IEC 68150, millions of $$ Cost of implementation, learn from experiences of electric utilities with UCA, IEC 68150, millions of $$ have been and still not widely adopted by the industry have been and still not widely adopted by the industry Is the protocol stack too heavy for simple devices processor requirements, $$ Is the protocol stack too heavy for simple devices processor requirements, $$ Size, complexity and licensing issues of the protocol stack Size, complexity and licensing issues of the protocol stack The learning curve for aacomplex protocol for windfarm implmentors The learning curve for complex protocol for windfarm implmentors

GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program

GE Wind Energys Implementation of DNP3


GEWE required a windfarm LAN protocol that was already deployed, well documented and supported by companies (source code, OPC drivers, test sets, defined subets, etc) DNP3 met these requirements, today Promised migration path for future enhancements

GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program History of DNP3


Distributed Network Protocol, completely open protocol, extremely well documented and supported, has reached a level of maturity that makes deployment risk-free Based on early parts of IEC 870-5 Turned over to Users Group in 1993 DNP and IEC 870-5-101 have been specified in IEEE P1379 Recommended Practice for Data Communications Between Intelligent Electronic Devices and Remote Terminal Unit DNP3 protocol is now the most popular protocol in use by global electric utilities DNP LAN implementation leads the way for use by both North American and international utilities. Vendor Products >100 vendors, +250 DNP products and services, global

Utilities/Industrials used by >300 utilities and industrials worldwide

www.dnp.org

Countries used in over 32 countries. National standard in many

Total Industry $250 Million / year of DNP products and services

Industries Electric, Oil & Gas, Water and Industrial

DNP Users Group: >300 active members, controlsthe protocol and migration, support web site, active Technical Committee, evolving documentation, technical bulletins
GE Company Confidential

DNP3 in Substation LAN


SCADA/EMS Masters To Enterprise

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


PowerLink Clients

SLIP/PPP

GPS Receiver

WAN
GUI

Telephone Co. Dial Up Network Remote SER/DFR Master or Maintenance Computer

GUI Bridge/Router GUI PowerLink Client

Redundant PowerLink Server Remote Communications Controller

Deployed in many hundreds of substations around the world by many vendors

Ethernet LAN

Fibre Optic Cables Server/Gateway Digital Fault Recorder Status I/O I/O Controls Analogs AC inputs Distributed I/O D25

I/O

IED's for Protection

I/O

IEDs I/O IED at circuit breaker I/O

Outdoor Locations GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


Wind Turbines with Turbine Communications Server

Switch / Router Bachmann Controller Turbine Communications Server

Converter

MET Tower

Substation

Embedded PC platform no hard drive or fan Linux operation system, embedded web server Real time interrupt driven database manager Polls data from wind turbine intelligent devices (Controller, meters, intelligent sensors, etc.) Secondary data processing, compression, alarming SQL database for local data archiving DNP3 server for real time mission critical data ODBC server for historical data OPC client or server for interface to other devices
GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


SCADA Master Station
Graphical User Interface Screens Park / Turbine overview: animated Annunciator Communications network overview, alarms Configuration screens SQL Database Report Generation Real Time or Historical Trending Alarm Management Email, SMS, voice, fax Remote User Interface Communications to Windfarm DNP3 for real time mission critical data ODBC for historical data High configurable and tunable
Wind Farm Operations Center
Web Access, Web Access, Remote Remote Configuration, File Configuration, File Transfer, ODBC Transfer, ODBC
WAN / Internet / Dial-In Pager, Email or Pager, Email or SMS Operator Alarms / Reports / SMS Operator Alarms / Reports / Notification Notification

SCADA Master / Server Backup Access User interface, trending, alarming, reports, SQL server

GPS Time Sync

GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program


Utility SCADA / / EMS Utility SCADA EMS / / RTA / ISO. RTA / ISO. (Multiple) (Multiple)
GEWE Remote GEWE Remote Control Center Control Center Scada Protocols DNP3 IEC 60870-5-101 UCA Others

Web Access, Web Access, Remote Remote Configuration, File Configuration, File Transfer, ODBC Transfer, ODBC
WAN / Internet / Dial-In

Pager, Email or Pager, Email or SMS Operator Alarms / Reports / SMS Operator Alarms / Reports / Notification Notification

Substation Meters, Relays,..


485.6 AMPS

SCADA Master / Server Backup Access User interface, trending, alarming, reports, SQL server

Utility Gateway
485.6 AMPS

GPS Time Sync

RCC Gateway

Substation
10/100 Mbit LAN DNP3/TCP/IP - ODBC

Wind Farm Operations Center

Switch / Router Bachmann Controller Turbine Communications Server

Converter

MET Tow er

Wind Turbines with Turbine Communications Server


GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program DNP3 and IEC 61400-25
Many members of the DNP Technical Committee also on IEC 61850 committee Many discussions ongoing regarding migration / melding of DNP3 and 61850 61400-25 can leverage from these activities, many similarities and much larger focus ($$) associated with 61850 activities and years of work DNP3 and 61400-25 can run concurrently on the same physical LAN, an ideal migration strategy

GE Company Confidential

Next Gen SCADA & Automation Program Substation Automation after IEC 61850
To Legacy Masters To WAN

Browser Laptop HMI

Gateway/ Coordinator

HMI with Power-Assisted Configuration

Self-Configuring Web Server

Firewall/ Router

Client/ Server
Interlocking/ Tripping Sampled Values

Bay Controller

CTs

PTs

CTs

PTs

Primary Equipment Monitors

Bay Controller CTs PTs


GE Company Confidential