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aberration (n.

) something that differs from the norm (In 1974, Poland won the World Cup, but the success turned out to be an aberration, and Poland have not won a World Cup since). abhor (v.) to hate, detest (Because he always wound up getting hit in the head when he tried to play cricket, Marcin began to abhor the sport). acquiesce (v.) to agree without protesting (Though Mr. Pospieszny wanted to stay outside and work in his garage, when his wife told him that he had better come in to dinner, he acquiesced to her demands.) alacrity (n.) eagerness, speed (For some reason, Simon loved to help his girlfriend whenever he could, so when his girlfriend asked him to set the table he did so with alacrity.) amiable (adj.) friendly (An amiable fellow, Neil got along with just about everyone.) appease (v.) to calm, satisfy (When Jerry cries, his mother gives him chocolate to appeasehim.) arcane (adj.) obscure, secret, known only by a few (The professor is an expert in arcaneKashubian literature.) avarice (n.) excessive greed (The bankers avarice led him to amass an enormous personal fortune.)

brazen (adj.) excessively bold, brash, clear and obvious (Critics condemned the writersbrazen attempt to plagiarise Frankow-Czerwonkos work.) brusque (adj.) short, abrupt, dismissive (Simons brusque manner sometimes offends his colleagues.) cajole (v.) to urge, coax (Magda's friends cajoled her into drinking too much.) callous (adj.) harsh, cold, unfeeling (The murderers callous lack of remorse shocked the jury.) candor (n.) honesty, frankness (We were surprised by the candor of the politicians speech because she is usually rather evasive.) chide (v.) to voice disapproval (Hania chided Gregory for his vulgar habits and sloppy appearance.) circumspect (adj.) cautious (Though I promised Martas father I would bring her home promptly by midnight, it would have been more circumspect not to have specified a time.) clandestine (adj.) secret (Announcing to her boyfriend that she was going to the library, Maria actually went to meet George for a clandestine liaison.) coerce

(v.) to make somebody do something by force or threat (The court decided that David Beckham did not have to honor the contract because he had been coercedinto signing it.) coherent (adj.) logically consistent, intelligible (William could not figure out what Harold had seen because he was too distraught to deliver a coherent statement.) complacency (n.) self-satisfied ignorance of danger (Simon tried to shock his friends out of theircomplacency by painting a frightening picture of what might happen to them.) confidant (n.) a person entrusted with secrets (Shortly after we met, he became my chiefconfidant.) connive (v.) to plot, scheme (She connived to get me to give up my plans to start up a new business.) cumulative (adj.) increasing, building upon itself (The cumulative effect of hours spent using the World English website was a vast improvement in his vocabulary and general level of English.) debase (v.) to lower the quality or esteem of something (The large raise that he gave himself debased his motives for running the charity.) decry (v.) to criticize openly (Andrzej Lepper, the leader of the Polish Self Defence partydecried the appaling state of Polish roads.) deferential

(adj.) showing respect for anothers authority (Donata is always excessivelydeferential to any kind of authority figure.) demure (adj.) quiet, modest, reserved (Though everyone else at the party was dancing and going crazy, she remained demure.) deride (v.) to laugh at mockingly, scorn (The native speaker often derided the other teachers accent.) despot (n.) one who has total power and rules brutally (The despot issued a death sentence for anyone who disobeyed his laws.) diligent (adj.) showing care in doing ones work (The diligent researcher made sure to double check her measurements.) elated (adj.) overjoyed, thrilled (When he found out he had won the lottery, the postman was elated.) eloquent (adj.) expressive, articulate, moving (The best man gave such an eloquent speech that most guests were crying.) embezzle (v.) to steal money by falsifying records (The accountant was fired for embezzling10,000 of the companys funds.) empathy (n.) sensitivity to anothers feelings as if they were ones own (I feel suchempathy for my dog when shes upset so am I!) enmity

(n.) ill will, hatred, hostility (John and Scott have clearly not forgiven each other, because the enmity between them is obvious to anyone in their presence.) erudite (adj.) learned (My English teacher is such an erudite scholar that he has translated some of the most difficult and abstruse Old English poetry.) extol (v.) to praise, revere (Kamila extolled the virtues of a vegetarian diet to her meat-loving boyfriend.) fabricate (v.) to make up, invent (When I arrived an hour late to class, I fabricated some excuse about my car breaking down on the way to work.) feral (adj.) wild, savage (That beast looks so feral that I would fear being alone with it.) flabbergasted (adj.) astounded (Whenever I read an Agatha Christie mystery novel, I am alwaysflabbergasted when I learn the identity of the murderer.) forsake (v.) to give up, renounce (I won't forsake my conservative principles.) fractious (adj.) troublesome or irritable (Although the child insisted he wasnt tired, hisfractious behaviour - especially his decision to crush his jam sandwiches all over the floor - convinced everyone present that it was time to put him to bed.) furtive

(adj.) secretive, sly (Claudias placement of her drugs in her sock drawer was not as furtive as she thought, as the sock drawer is the first place most parents look.) gluttony (n.) overindulgence in food or drink (Helens fried chicken tastes so divine, I dont know how anyone can call gluttony a sin.) gratuitous (adj.) uncalled for, unwarranted (Every evening the guy at the fish and chip shop gives me a gratuitous helping of vinegar.) haughty (adj.) disdainfully proud (The superstars haughty dismissal of her costars will backfire on her someday.) hypocrisy (n.) pretending to believe what one does not (Once the politician began passing legislation that contradicted his campaign promises, his hypocrisy became apparent.) impeccable (adj.) exemplary, flawless (If your grades were as impeccable as your brothers, then you too would receive a car for a graduation present.) impertinent (adj.) rude, insolent (Most of your comments are so impertinent that I dont wish to dignify them with an answer.) implacable (adj.) incapable of being appeased or mitigated (Watch out: once you shun Grandmothers cooking, she is totally implacable.) impudent (adj.) casually rude, insolent, impertinent (The impudent young woman looked her teacher up and down and told him he was hot.)

incisive (adj.) clear, sharp, direct (The discussion wasnt going anywhere until her incisivecomment allowed everyone to see what the true issues were.) indolent (adj.) lazy (Why should my indolent children, who cant even pick themselves up off the sofa to pour their own juice, be rewarded with a trip to Burger King?) inept (adj.) not suitable or capable, unqualified (She proved how inept she was when she forgot two orders and spilled a pint of cider in a customers lap.) infamy (n.) notoriety, extreme ill repute (The infamy of his crime will not lessen as time passes.) inhibit (v.) to prevent, restrain, stop (When I told you I needed the car last night, I certainly never meant to inhibit you from going out.) innate (adj.) inborn, native, inherent (His incredible athletic talent is innate, he never trains, lifts weights, or practices.) insatiable (adj.) incapable of being satisfied (My insatiable appetite for blondes was a real problem on my recent holiday in Japan!) insular (adj.) separated and narrow-minded; tight-knit, closed off (Because of the sensitive nature of their jobs, those who work for MI5 must remain insular and generally only spend time with each other.) intrepid

(adj.) brave in the face of danger (After scaling a live volcano prior to its eruption, the explorer was praised for his intrepid attitude.) inveterate (adj.) stubbornly established by habit (Im the first to admit that Im an inveteratecider drinkerI drink four pints a day.)jubilant (adj.) extremely joyful, happy (The crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the flaming building.) knell (n.) the solemn sound of a bell, often indicating a death (Echoing throughout our village, the funeral knell made the grey day even more grim.) lithe (adj.) graceful, flexible, supple (Although the dancers were all outstanding, Joannas control of her lithe body was particularly impressive.) lurid (adj.) ghastly, sensational (Barrys story, in which he described a character torturing his neighbour's tortoise, was judged too lurid to be published on the English Library's website.) maverick (n.) an independent, nonconformist person (John is a real maverick and always does things his own way.) maxim (n.) a common saying expressing a principle of conduct (Ms. Stones etiquettemaxims are both entertaining and instructional.) meticulous (adj.) extremely careful with details (The ornate needlework in the brides gown was a product of meticulous handiwork.) modicum

(n.) a small amount of something (Refusing to display even a modicum of sensitivity, Magda announced her bosss affair to the entire office.) morose (adj.) gloomy or sullen (Davids morose nature made him very unpleasant to talk to.) myriad (adj.) consisting of a very great number (It was difficult to decide what to do on Saturday night because the city presented us with myriad possibilities for fun.) nadir (n.) the lowest point of something (My day was boring, but the nadir came when my new car was stolen.) nominal (adj.) trifling, insignificant (Because he was moving the following week and needed to get rid of his furniture more than he needed money, Kim sold everything for a nominal price.) novice (n.) a beginner, someone without training or experience (Because we were allnovices at archery, our instructor decided to begin with the basics nuance (n.) a slight variation in meaning, tone, expression (The nuances of the poem were not obvious to the casual reader, but the teacher was able to point them out.) oblivious (adj.) lacking consciousness or awareness of something (Oblivious to the burning smell emanating from the kitchen, my father did not notice that the rolls in the oven were burned until much too late.) obsequious

(adj.) excessively compliant or submissive (Donald acted like Susans servant, obeying her every request in an obsequious manner.) obtuse (adj.) lacking quickness of sensibility or intellect (Political opponents warned that the prime ministers obtuse approach to foreign policy would embroil the nation in mindless war.) panacea (n.) a remedy for all ills or difficulties (Doctors wish there was a single panaceafor every disease, but sadly there is not.) parody (n.) a satirical imitation (A hush fell over the classroom when the teacher returned to find Magdalena acting out a parody of his teaching style.) penchant (n.) a tendency, partiality, preference (Fionas dinner parties quickly became monotonous on account of her penchant for Indian dishes.) perusal (n.) a careful examination, review (The actor agreed to accept the role after a three-month perusal of the movie script.) plethora (n.) an abundance, excess (The wedding banquet included a plethora of oysters piled almost three feet high.) predilection (n.) a preference or inclination for something (James has a predilection for eating toad in the whole with tomato ketchup.) quaint (adj.) charmingly old-fashioned (Mary was delighted by the quaint bonnets she saw in Romania.)

rash (adj.) hasty, incautious (Its best to think things over calmly and thoroughly, rather than make rash decisions.) refurbish (v.) to restore, clean up (After being refurbished the old Triumph motorcycle commanded the handsome price of $6000.) repudiate (v.) to reject, refuse to accept (Tom made a strong case for an extension of his curfew, but his mother repudiated it with a few biting words.) rife (adj.) abundant (Surprisingly, the teachers writing was rife with spelling errors.) salient (adj.) significant, conspicuous (One of the salient differences between Alison and Helen is that Alison is a couple of kilos heavier.) serendipity (n.) luck, finding good things without looking for them (In an amazing bit ofserendipity, penniless Mark found a $50 bill on the back seat of the bus.) staid (adj.) sedate, serious, self-restrained (The staid butler never changed his expression no matter what happened.) superfluous (adj.) exceeding what is necessary (Samantha had already won the campaign so her constant flattery of others was superfluous.) sycophant

(n.) one who flatters for self-gain (Some see the people in the cabinet as the Prime Ministers closest advisors, but others see them as sycophants.) taciturn (adj.) not inclined to talk (Though Magda never seems to stop talking, her brother is quite taciturn.) truculent (adj.) ready to fight, cruel (This club doesnt really attract the dangerous types, so why was that bouncer being so truculent?) umbrage (n.) resentment, offence (He called me a lily-livered coward, and I took umbrageat the insult.) venerable (adj.) deserving of respect because of age or achievement (The venerable High Court judge had made several key rulings in landmark cases throughout the years.) vex (v.) to confuse or annoy (My boyfriend vexes me by pinching my bottom for hours on end.) vociferous (adj.) loud, boisterous (Im tired of his vociferous whining so Im breaking up with him.) wanton (adj.) undisciplined, lewd, lustful (Joannas wanton demeanor often made the frat guys next door very excited.) zenith (n.) the highest point, culminating point (I was too nice to tell Emily that she had reached the absolute zenith of her career with that one top 10 hit of hers.)

Writing dialogue skills - activities to answer the question


1. Teacher : All the students except you, have submitted the assignment. I dont see how you can get away with it. Student : Must I complete the assignment before this evening? Teacher : Yes, you must. 2. Ravi brought a letter from his school to his father with a request to permit him to attend NSS camp for ten days. Father : Were planning to go to Thiruppathi next week. Do you really need to attend the camp? Ravi : Yes, Daddy. Im an NSS volunteer. I am afraid I cant avoid it. Father : What do you all do there? Ravi : We have to render some social service to the villagers. Father : OK then, go ahead with your camp. TASKS: Write dialogues for the following situations, each person in a dialogue having atleast four turns: 1. Your friend has to catch the train at 9 pm. You advise him that it is necessary to be at the station before 8.30 pm. 2. The postman delivers a parcel to you. He asks you to sign a form. 3. You are in a shop to complain about a camera you have bought, which does not work properly.You speak to the manager about his obligation to replace it.

Asking others to do something in English - "you have to" or "should I"


ASKING IF/SAYING ONE IS OBLIGED TO DO SOMETHING WARM UP You have to leave your footwear outside. Where have you seen this kind of instruction? Why is it necessary to follow this instruction? LETS ROLE PLAY 1.Arundathi : My son in Delhi has written to me asking me to go over there next Monday. Bhagyam : What for? Arundathi : It seems he has to attend a training programme

at Kolkatta. Do I need to go? Bhagyam : Yes, I think you ought to go. His family needs some elderly person to be with them. Arundathi : In that case let me tell my husband to book a train ticket for me to Delhi. Bhagyam : Its better if he books today itself. Arundathi : Yes, thats a good idea. 2. In a Transport Company, the manager has received a court warrant for deposing before the magistrate about a bus accident. Transport Inspector : Sir, did you see the warrant from the magistrate court? Manager : Yes, but I didnt see the details. Transport Inspector : You know, Sir. One of our buses plying to Trichy was involved in an accident a fortnight ago. Manager : Oh! I see. Are we required to be present in the court? Transport Inspector : I think we are under an obligation to depose before the magistrate. Manager : Who will do it, you or me, Sir? Transport Inspector : One of us can represent our company. I myself will attend because I know all the details of the case very well. Manager : OK. Thank you. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION Asking if one is obliged to do something Informal & Neutral Have I got to ? I havent got to ..Have I? Must/should I ..? Formal Are we under any ...obligation to Are we / Arent we obliged to/ required to ? Is the onus upon me ? Saying one is obliged to do something Informal & Neutral I think you have to....... Im afraid youll have to .. Im afraid you should/ought to. I think you are expected to Im afraid you cant avoid .

Formal I think you are under an obligation to . I think it is compulsory/ obligatory. I think the onus is upon us.

How to encourage others in English with example


1. Physical Education Teacher & Renuka PET : Renu!You were mainly responsible for the victory of our team in hockey. Thats great. Renuka : But, Sir, I am anxious about playing for the state tournament. PET : You are doing fine. Theres nothing to feel discouraged. Renuka : Thank you for your encouragement, Sir. Im now going home for the week end. PET : Convey my regards to your Dad. Renuka : Yes, Sir. Let me take leave of you. PET : OK, Bye. Renuka : Good-bye, Sir. 2. School Pupil Leader (SPL) with senior students. Student 1 : When are we getting the bus passes? Many of our friends are asking for it. SPL : Im meeting the Headmaster this evening to represent the matter. But I am a little scared. Student 2 : Why should you? Go ahead. Were right behind you. SPL : Thanks a lot. Student 1 : We were told that he was not too well yesterday. So, before opening the matter, please enquire after his health. SPL : Ill try my best to convince the Headmaster about the problem. Student 1 and 2: All the best. SPL : Thank you. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION A. Encouraging: The expressions that can be used to encourage people in their efforts and on their achievements, are detailed below: Informal : Come on! Keep it up! You can do it! Go on!

Neutral : Well done! Youre doing fine / very well! Thats fine / lovely / great! Formal : You have our backing. You have our whole-hearted support We feel you should go ahead. Thats most encouraging. B. Enquiring after someone: Informal : Say hello to Prithiv. Regards to your Dad and Mom. Give my love to your kids. Neutral : Please give Mr. Baskar my best wishes. Please remember me to your uncle. Formal : Please give my regards to John. Would you give your Dad my kind regards? Please convey my best wishes to Rakhesh. ORAL PRACTICE Principal : Im happy to know you are among the top five in the half yearly exam. Student : I got 96% Sir. Principal : 96 %! Thats great! Keep it up. Student : Thank you, Sir. A: You seem to be in a hurry. B: Yes, Im taking a train to Chennai. Im attending an interview for a job. A: Good luck! By the way, will you meet our friend Sudhakar? B: Im actually going to stay with him. A: Really? Give my love to him. B: O sure. See you later. A: Bye. TASKS: Write dialogues for the following situations. Each person in a dialogue can have four turns. Use both encouraging expressions and utterances for enquiring after someone. 1. The District Collector encourages a police officer who has been awarded a medal for his meritorious service. 2. A boy encourages his younger sister who is participating in a dance competition for the first time. 3. A teacher conveys his enquiries to the Headmaster of another school through a friend working in that school.

ACTIVITY: Pair work Get your dialogues corrected by your teacher and role-play them.

Discussing about higher study or Higer education in English


B. DISCUSSING HIGHER EDUCATION Answer these questions: 1. Did you go to a nursery school? 2. How many subjects did you study at the primary level? 3. How is the secondary school system different from the primary level? 4. At what age do you leave school? 5. When you leave school will you take up a job or go for higher education? STUDYING IN COLLEGE / UNIVERSITY You will soon pass the Higher Secondary Examination and if you have done well will get a seat (a place) in a College or go into/enter a University / an Institute. In a college you have the option of taking up a degree course or a diploma course.You could also avail of / receive / be awarded a grant / scholarship if you do extremely well in the Higher Secondary Examination. Your teachers will be known as lecturers and professors and your lessons will be lectures and dissertations / projects / field study. You will be an undergraduate while doing / studying the course and you will become a graduate when you complete the course. If you go in for further study and register for a second course or degree, you will be doing a post graduate degree and on completion you will be a post graduate. You could go on studying further through the M.Phil. course (Master of Philosophy) and end up with a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) by conducting / carrying out / pursuing research in the subject of specialisation. In the final analysis you could be considered a skilled / a technically trained or an academically / professionally qualified person. Task 1: The subjects you have studied at the school level are quite different from those you would be studying at the higher level. Here are a few subjects which are the courses for study. Each subject has its related branches. Name atleast three related branches for each subject. e.g. Film Technology: Cinematography,Animation, Directing 1. Medicine 2. Business Management 3.Law 4.Architecture 5. Politics 6. Education 7. Applied Science 8. Humanities 9. Catering 10. Engineering

Task 2: The following terms are frequently used by students who are at the Higher Secondary or undergraduate level: To what do these terms refer? 1. Career Counsellors 2. Placement Agencies 3. Student Advisory Bureau 4. Human Resource Development Department Collect information on the above through reference work in the library or Net. Task 3: Role-play: Conduct a mock interview in the class between a career counsellor and a student who wants to go abroad for further studies. With the information gathered under Task 2 construct your dialogue, using the italicised terms from the write-up on Studying College / University. Highlight the following: 1. The course chosen 2. Procedures for obtaining application form 3. Information on Universities which conduct the course without scholarships or grants 4. How to apply? 5. Are there research facilities available? 6. What are the tests and exams to be taken for admission?

English word related to occupation - questions and roleplay to improve english


Task 1: The following are words pertaining to occupations: Job - regularly paid position, post or occupation Profession - a paid occupation that requires advanced education and training Career - profession or occupation with opportunities for advancement or promotions Task 2: Role Play 1. Gather information on the following occupations. 2. Imagine you are working in one of these and address the class about yourself and your job. You may use some of the words/ phrases underlined in the reading passage with reference to a) the hours of work b) the responsibilities of the work c) the promotion / growth opportunities d) the retirement benefits e) perquisites 1. Radiographer 2. Front Office Executive

3. Security Officer 4. Telephone Operator 5. Nursing Staff 6. Admiral 7. Copy-writer 8. Chemist 9. Physician 10. Ecologist 11. Free-lancer 12. Technician Task 3: Put the following questions to a neighbour, a family friend, your parents and your teacher and record their responses. The meaning of the words / phrases have been given in brackets for your benefit: 1. What is your occupation? 2. Do you have job satisfaction in your work place (A feeling that your job is worth doing and refreshes you)? 3. Do you get regular salary increments (increase in pay)? 4. Does you job require you to work hard or to get better qualified academically to keep you climbing the ladder (to get promotions)? 5. Would you reach a glass ceiling in this post (reach a level where you cannot get further promotion even if you deserve it)? 6. What is your holiday entitlement (number of days you have a right to take leave)? Discuss the findings in the class.

Expressing sympathy - O God, HOw sad, using it in conversation - formal and informal
EXPRESSING SYMPATHY WARM UP The Newsreader on TV: Ninety children studying in classes I to V were burnt to death in a fire accident in a school in Kumbakonam. Viewer: O God! How sad! LETS ROLE PLAY 1. Formal Student : May I know why you look sad, Sir? Teacher : Im really upset; you know, my uncle passed away day before yesterday. Student : Im very sorry to hear that, Sir. Teacher : In fact, it was he who brought me up. He was my godfather too. Student : How sad, Sir! Teacher : Well miss him a lot. Student : Time is the best healer, Sir. Teacher : Thank you for the comforting words. Student : It was the least I could do.

2. Neutral A: Why do you look upset? B: You know, I have lost my wallet somewhere this morning. A: Oh, Im very sorry to hear that. How much money did you have in it? B: I had Rs.500 /- in it. A: Which places did you visit from the morning? B: I went to the restaurant for breakfast and then .. A: Why dont you speak to the person in the cash counter? B: Yes, let me try. A: I hope you will get it back. FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION Some of the expressions we use for sympathising with people who are in distress in various situations are given below. Formal I am most upset to hear that. What a terrible situation for you! One should not worry too much I do sympathise with you. Informal What a pity! Thats awful. How sad! Poor old you, Neutral O dear! I am sorry. Im awfully sorry. What bad luck! Thats a pity! You must be very upset / annoyed. Task 1: In each of the following exchanges, the one who sympathises is not using the appropriate expression, make his expression communicatively effective. a. A: My cousin got his leg fractured in an accident. B: Hes poor. A & B are watching a cricket match on TV b. A: How great Anil Kumble is! Look here, hes bowled out Muralidharan. (Suddenly the power goes off) B: The power has gone; it is bad. Task 2: On the first day of the Pongal holidays, you ring up to your friend Arvind to invite him to a party that evening.

He tells you he is running a high temperature. Write a telephone conversation between you and your friend. Task 3: Your uncle has invested all his lifes savings in a company. He has just heard that the company has gone bankrupt. Write a dialogue between you and your uncle.

Explaining the scenrio - giving reason in English - Example usage of "reason, explain"
GIVING REASONS WARM UP The quality of life of a villager in India is far inferior to that of a villager in the West because the people in India do not receive good education. Do you agree with the reason for the poor quality of life in India? Formal The principal has called Rahim into his chamber to talk to him about an offer of scholarship to study in Malaysia. Principal : Dont you think the scholarship is a great boon youve got. Why do you decline this offer? Rahim : I do realise the value of the scholarship, sir. But if I could explain, my mother doesnt want me to go overseas. Principal : Why? Rahim : You know, Sir. I am a fatherless boy and Im the only son at home. My mother living alone for three years in my absence! She cannot even think of it. Principal : Nobody to take care of her? Rahim : My uncle, my mothers brother, is already in Dubai. Principal : Oh, I see. Then you are justified. Informal Leela and Brinda are friends staying in a college hostel. Leela : Hi! Good morning! Where were you all the while? Brinda : Im very much here. Leela : But I couldnt see you at breakfast. Brinda : Well, I woke up early this morning so that I could go for a long walk. Leela : Didnt you have your breakfast? Brinda : I did. I was the last person to come out of the dining hall.

FOCUS ON COMMUNICATION The expressions that can be used for giving reasons effectively are as follows: Formal Situations If I could explain . The main reason is that I believe hes fully justified in supporting .. Informal Situations The simple reason is that .. The point is .. Your father has a point in asking you Well, the thing is . ORAL PRACTICE A telephone conversation between a father and his son who is in the hostel. Father : Hello, Shyam! How are you? Shyam : Im fine, Dad. Hows everyone at home? Father : All are fine. Have you received the DD I sent? Shyam : I just got it, its for Rs. 500/-, Dad. But Im afraid I may need another Rs. 500 /Father : What? Another Rs. 500 /-? What for? Shyam : Well, Dad the thing is that the last month mess bill has gone up to Rs. 850 /Father : Has it? OK then. Ill send a DD for another Rs. 500 / - in a day or two. Shyam : Thank you Daddy. Father : Take care of your health. Shyam : Yes, Daddy, bye. Father : See you, bye. TASK: Choose the appropriate expression to fill in each blank from the two given in brackets. Most of the students taking entrance test for medicine want to become doctors (because / so that) they can earn a lot of money. The expenditure involved for completing the course .. (justifies / satisfies) their motive to earn money. But 90 % of the doctors want to work only in towns and cities .. (because / so that) medical ethics is not imbibed in them. The .. (idea / point) here is that neither the college nor the parents give importance to ethics.

1. Raghu : Hari! I didnt see you in the class yesterday. You didnt come to the assembly either. Where were you? Hari : I didnt come to school yesterday. that I was down with viral fever. 2. Ramya : Why do you look dull? Sowmya : My father has bought me a Scooty I have got the first rank in the exam. Ramya : Oh, Thats good news! You should be happy about that! Sowmya: But he allows me to drive only around my colony. I cant take it on the highway. Ramya : Sowmi, your father has a . The traffic on the highways is heavy now-a-days. You havent got enough experience yet.

Glossary - talking about object apperance


Glossary: curl : twist/coil roll : to curl /bend prevalent : common drained : water running off or flowing away organic : natural compost : manure shielded : protected scraps : bits and pieces pitchfork : long handled fork with two or three long curved tines for lifting, turning or tossing aeration tool : tool used to expose circulation of air to purify weeds : wild plants sedges : grass-like plants growing on wet ground havoc : mess /disorder yield : produce gnats : insects peat : brownish deposit of partially decomposed vegetable matter saturated with water shovel : spade prune : clip/trim biennial : twice a year galls : an abnormal outgrowth in plant tissue caused by certain parasitic insects pathogens : agents that can cause disease

dialogue writed exercise


1. Teacher (announces) : Tomorrow you will take a test in Hydrostatics? Student : I beg your pardon, Sir. Is it hydraulics?

Teacher : No, I said hydrostatics. Student : Thank you, Sir. 2. Jaya : Hey, there was an interesting programme on TV last night. It was, The Bold and the Beautiful. (telephone rings) Reena : Could I ask you to repeat that? Jaya : The Bold and the Beautiful. 3. Anil : Hello, Mohamad, you look sad. Whats the matter? Mohamad : Im badly in need of money now. Can you help me? Anil : Oh sure, how much do you need? Mohamad : Five thousand rupees. Anil : Pardon? Mohamad : I want five thousand rupees; Ill return it within a week. Anil : Thats allright, shall I give you a cheque? Mohamad : Of course, Ill encash it tomorrow. Thank you. Anil : Welcome. TASK:Write dialogues for the following situations. Let each person have about four turns in a dialogue. 1. You notice a snake in the backyard. There is no one else in the house. You seek the help of your neighbour. 2. You want a one-rupee coin to make a telephone call. You have no change on you. 3. You ask your friend over phone requesting him to book a ticket for Bangalore.