The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue
Being a C ompendi um of vari ous useful articles and sundri es f or t he Victorian era, together wit h information pertaining to t heir use

By Rod Basler

Disclaimer: The following is a game supplement. The prices listed herein are based on historical research and are from period catalogs – while some of the items are still manufactured, they are not for sale at the prices listed here, and are not available either from the author or from Chaosium, Inc. All information about 19th century medications and medical treatments is for historical interest only – for the sake of everything that is holy, do NOT use them (and please tell me that I don’t need to say that.) Any comments or information about race or religion are neither the opinions of the author, nor of Chaosium, Inc., but rather are meant to be a reflection of the attitudes common among certain social classes of the period in question. They are in no way meant as either an offense or an endorsement. The role-playing game Call of Cthulhu is copyright © 2005 to Sandy Petersen and Lynn Willis. Images from the 1902 Sears Catalog are copyright © 2002 PrincetonImaging.com. Used with permission. All rights reserved. All other images and quotations are, to the best of my knowledge, in the public domain; if any are still under copyright, please contact the author.

Copyright 2005
Acknowledgements The author would like to thank the following persons and organizations for their assistance with the research for this book: Ken Orlando and Smith-Victor, Inc.; Jim Troeller of Green's Security Centers, Inc.; Walter Shawlee and Clark McCoy of the Slide Rule Universe; Stuart Schneider and Bill Utley of the Flashlight Collectors of America; Dan Taylor at the Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome; Tina Armstrong of the News International Archives in London; Judy Lim-Sharpe and Andrea Pearson at the U.S. Treasury Department; Stephen Hartson of The Wheelmen (an antique bicycle and bicycling club); Dave Johnson for his Online Mining Artifact Museum; Sioux Feeney, historian for Western Union; Lee Jackson for the incomparable website ‘The Dictionary of Victorian London’ (www.victorianlondon.org); Richard Fraser, archivist and curator of manuscripts at the College of Physicians of Philadelphia; James Stephens, for being willing to read the disembodied chapters I kept tossing in front of him; Erikka Thompson and Lynn Kurtz, for being willing proofreaders; Richard Basler, numismatist, philatelist, all-around history buff, and a heck of a great dad; and finally Michell Basler, my wife, for putting up with and actually encouraging what must surely be a form of insanity. Last, but not least, I would like to thank the ‘Old Man of Providence’ himself: H.P. Lovecraft, whose imagination, writing, and deep love for the past started this all. Thanks, Howard, wherever you are.

Crinolines. 8’s. Barrel Sizes. 6’s. Lamp Fuels circa 1850 Medical Equipment and Medicines Milestones of Gaslight Era Medicine. The Balloon and Early Aeronauts. Skill Use: Telegraph Operation and Wireless Operation. Learning to Fly. Miasmic Fevers. Physicians. Telegraphs and Telegrams. etc.Table of Contents Introduction Currency and Exchange Rates Camping Gear and Outdoor Equipment Alpine Ropes. The Edison Speaking Phonograph. Ranged Weapons (table) Miscellaneous Equipment Calling Cards. Shotgun Shells (table). Candles. Boxes. Hazards. The Wet Collodion Process Laboratory and Scientific Equipment Scientific Discoveries of the Gaslight Era Lamps and Illumination Illuminating History. Planes. Gasoline. The Underground. Steamships. Cooking – Open Hearth and Cast Iron Stoves Photographic Equipment Photographic History. Medical Terms 70 Optics Toiletries. and Waterproofing. Various Anti-Social Devices Some Useful Inventions. Soldering. Shotguns (table) Hardware and Housewares Brushes and the Cult of Cleanliness. Burglar’s Tools and Techniques 79 81 84 93 Transportation Some Dates in Transportation. Pistol Ammunition (table). American Postage. On Locks and Locksmithing. Carriage Lamps. Lodging. Railroads. Long-Distance Coaches (Stagecoaches). Gaslight. Diving Equipment Bibliography . and Dining Victorian Entertainments. Parcel Post. The Pioneering Motorists. and Vices Tools Gentleman’s Tools. Arctic Lights. Candle Shades. and Containers Communication Equipment and Stationery Some Selected Dates. Postage in the Confederate States of America. Apothecaries. anyway?”. Firearm Data (table). Using a Gaslight. The Omnibus. Explosives and the Law.. Highwheel Bicycles. Flash Powder Units. Hansom Cabs and Coaches. Canvas. Franking. and Electric. Matches 106 111 117 122 Weapons and Accessories Melee Weapons (table). The Well-Stocked Medicine Chest. Poste Restane. Rifle Ammunition (table). The Universal Postal Union Sporting Goods Entertainment. Thames River Boats. and Bustles Luggage. Primitive Lighting. Luxuries. Surgeons. Laudable Pus. Flashlights and Batteries. Doctors in the United States. The Pony Express. Tests. and More. Inflammation Theory. So Where Are the Backpacks? 1 2 6 12 15 17 20 Men’s Clothing The Importance of Hats Women’s Clothing Corsets. Freight. Western Union. or “Just how do I get on this thing. Steam. Renting Horses from the “Jobber”. Delivery Times. Riverboats. “Tossing the Pieman” 27 30 36 50 56 60 63 Firearms British Gun Laws. Typical Medical Fees. British Postage.

the miller took a percentage of the grain in exchange for grinding it into flour. Those huge steam engines had become small enough and powerful enough to speed enormous trains along steel rails. The field of medicine had changed distressingly little since his time – in fact. the revolutionary idea that disease was caused by tiny organisms too small to be seen had replaced long-held theories about humours and ‘inflammation. not even our own 20th century. and the strong human back still provided most of the motive power. which starts with Victoria’s reign and ends at the start of WWI. If an educated person. Storeowners had to judge how much credit could be safely extended to each customer. you would notice that while you had a very wide variety of products available. and the Niagara Falls was being harnessed to light them. first cousin to the ape.two shots from a small self-loading pistol patented in 1900 would trigger the First World War. Whenever available. This began pushing the rural population toward a cash-based economy and gave them access to any manner of products. they would have studied some of the same texts. there is not much that he would see and experience that would not be immediately understandable. The prices in this book were primarily obtained from those mail-order catalogs. there is very little that he would see that is familiar. so there is an unavoidable bias in these pages toward the end of the “Gaslight Era”. only 14 years later . these things would be easily understood. but he would easily recognize their origins in Athenian Greece and the senate of Rome. and in exchange for money. the first in a series of equipment guides for different gaming eras. which allowed them to purchase supplies on credit during the growing season. While he might marvel at the Montgolfiers’ balloon or be awestruck at the enormous steam engines of Watt and Newcomen that was now beginning to pump water and lift ore from mines. to give more context to this remarkable age. and for many of them. he might comment upon the clever flintlock mechanism. let alone understandable. Candles and oil lamps were fast being replaced by electric lights. In medicine.’ and a controversial book by the naturalist Charles Darwin posed the disturbing possibility that man might be just another animal. The mail-order catalogs. the farmer could (hopefully) settle the account with a little left over. A man on a bicycle. In the introductory timelines. Even in the styles of clothing he would see the faint echoes of his own era. Finally. If you were to walk into a general store in any rural town. very little since the time of Aristotle. events and discoveries back to the beginning of the century are included. so while there would certainly be a sewing machine. and most everyday transactions between farmers and townsfolk were made on the basis of barter – the doctor accepted a chicken in exchange for a house call. twice as fast as a horse could run. even at times what people knew. If he were to hold a rifle. Steam and internal combustion engines now powered small ‘motorcars’ and trucks that were fast replacing the horse. no matter how remote.the sorts of items that were available (and when they were invented). allowed customers. the horse. especially if an item’s price varied widely after its introduction. could be transported nearly two hundred and fifty years into his future to meet with a counterpart in 1800. had traveled at the unheard-of speed of 60 miles an hour. indivisible unit of matter since the ancient Greeks. The “atom”. and x-rays could penetrate solid matter. Wind. and the process would start again. Once the harvest was in. there would only be one (most likely a Singer). saw such amazing change and development. and man rarely traveled faster than on the back of a fleet horse. had just recently been discovered to be made up of smaller. how they were used. to peruse and select from products from all over the world. price information from earlier decades is included. which got their start around the 1880s (against the considerable resistance of the general store owners).The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Introduction This volume. for good or ill. most of the population of both Britain and the United States still lived in rural communities. During the 19th century. based on the farmer’s holdings and the prospects for the year. there was very little choice – the owner of the store could not afford to have products sitting around on the shelves. say for example a physician from the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Invisible waves of energy sped through the air as radio. money was almost an abstract concept.a sort of idyllic coda to this most remarkable century . He might lift an eyebrow at the democratic experiments in the American colonies and in France. bringing three empires crashing down in ruin and ushering in our modern age. If you were to take this good doctor’s 1800 informant and move him forward to 1900. hitherto unknown particles. powered only by his legs. but it would be immediately understood as a simple development of the matchlock carried by his country’s soldiers. This is particularly important because the 19th century is perhaps the single most remarkable period in the history of the west: no other century. thought to be the smallest. 1 . have them delivered via rail or coach. Farmers had an account at the general store in town. is more than just a price list: its aim is to provide both Keeper and Player with as much information as is possible within these few pages about the way people over a century past lived and worked .

prices may be listed in shillings. but the measure of 21 shillings remained in use throughout the period. 20.S. the ‘real’ or ‘bit’ (so called because the coins were sometimes cut into 8 equal pieces) was worth 12 cents. by the way. The Civil War of 1861-1865 brought in “Confederate” money. substantial bronze coin. Penny – copper (bronze after 1860) Threepence. and “Double Eagle ($20) gold Bills: (Before 1861): $50.50). so that the meaning of abbreviations like “3/6” or “5 gns” are clearly understood. The guinea coins were only minted until 1813. 2 . 500. 8 shillings.’ The unit of value of the penny is also called ‘a penny. Many people still used the old pounds/shillings/pence measure. It is recommended that readers familiarize themselves with the British system in particular before continuing to other chapters. “Eagle” ($10). if one had 5 pennies. 2 pounds. Sovereign (worth 1 pound). “Half Eagle” ($5). Bills: crown. and everything from newspapers to produce will be sold by the bit or by 12 cents. Until 1857. United States 100 cents = 1 dollar Coins: penny. and not uncommonly. 1000 Fractional Currency (1862-1875): 5. almost twice the size of a U. 2. their value would be 5 pence. gold dust. etc. Great Britain 4 farthings = 1 Penny (“d”) 4 pence = 1 Groat 12 pence = 1 Shilling (“s”) 2 shillings = 1 Florin 5 shillings = 1 Crown 20 shillings = 1 Pound (“£”) 21 shillings = 1 Guinea (“gn”) Coins: Farthing. dollar (50 cents). penny . The above system. 5. 4 pence (equal to about $10. Shilling. club memberships. Sixpence. is anything but in the 19th century. was used as legal tender. the written amount 2 / 5 / 4 means. 10. Sovereign (worth 10 shillings). 50. Farthing. quarter. The 8 Reales piece (the famous “Piece of 8” of pirate lore) bears particular explanation: valued at 1 dollar. 15. dime.’ but the plural is ‘pence. 10.99 in U. 500.) Abbreviations: Prices in Britain are written as: Pounds (£) / shillings (s) / pence (d) For example. measured either by weight or literally by the “pinch”. and 1000 pounds.80 –4. 1. The penny. simple in theory.copper Nickel (5 cents) . Especially in the gold fields of the West. or more frequently “28/6. is a large.” A note on Pennies and Pence: The coin is called a ‘penny. Groat. which was subject to tremendous inflation throughout the war. A few of those in a child’s pocket felt like serious money. 100. dollar .S Quarter and weighing one ounce. wherever struck. and were despised. and 3 Guinea – gold.90 (A quick rule-of thumb was that 1 pound equaled 5 dollars. carriages. were the only currency accepted. 50 cents During and shortly after the Civil War. Florin. 5 shillings. 5. and so gold and silver. Many places were suspicious of paper money. 1000 (After 1861): $1.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Currency and Exchange Rates This chapter describes the monetary systems used by a several countries likely to be of interest to investigators and keepers alike. The entry for ‘pounds’ is dropped if the amount is less than one pound. Penny. the Mexican/Spanish 8 Reales piece was commonly used in the West). These were commonly referred to as “shinplasters”. 100. 20. Crown.nickel dime (5 cents). the government tried to alleviate the problem by issuing notes for amounts under a dollar. particularly in the northeast. Crown – silver. and becoming worthless after the loss by the South. 6 pence” could be written “£1/8/6”. pound. there was a severe shortage of coins. 1. 25.’ the plural of penny is ‘pennies.silver “Quarter Eagle” (worth $2. 500. or 1 shilling equaled 25 cents. 100. even if more than one pound: thus the amount of “1 pound. 200. and was used for “high class” items like horses. many foreign coins were freely accepted (for example. 2. Exchange: £1 = $4.’ In other words. 10. currency). The ‘bit’ was an extremely common unit of value (“two bits” is still the slang expression for 25 cents).

2. 1. 10. copper/nickel. equal in value to the US dollar: 1. 10. 50. 10. or bronze 50 centimes. 50 Taels 1903-1909: Various banks in China began issuing notes in Dollars. 10 cash – cast bronze (The sinkiang “red” cash were cast from copper in the western provinces) 1 dollar in cash coins weighed about 4 pounds! “Sycee” trade ingots: In order to store or transport any significant amount of money. 25. 100 leva – gold Bills (first issued in 1885): 5. 10. or the Mexican 8 reales. 10 dollar – gold Bills: 1. 1/5.193 (US) Canada 100 cents = 1 Dollar (Canadian) Coins: 1 cent – bronze 5. 50. a Lev in gold is called Lev Zlato) Coins: 1 stotinka. China 800-1600 cash = 1 Tael 400 Sinkiang “red” cash = 1 Tael Coins: 1. these coins were (and still are to this day) the main medium of exchange. 500. 7. 10. 1500. 100. 50. These were cast in a number of shapes and weights. 1000. 5. 10. 2. and 50 tael. The most common was the boat or “slipper” shape. copper/nickel 1.193 (US) Bulgaria 100 stotinki = 1 Lev (A Lev in silver is called Lev Strebro. 1000. 10. and were stamped with the weights and various inscriptions. In many regions in North Africa and the Middle East. One tael weighs between 35 and 38 grams silver Bills: 1853 issue: 500. 100 Lev Zlato 1899 issue: 1. 2 heller – bronze 10. 2 Franc – silver 20 Franc – gold Bills (first issued in 1810): 20. 5. 1. 5. 20 centimes – copper. and came in the following denominations: Tael. 100 Egyptian Pounds Exchange: 1 Egyptian Pound = $4. 1/20. 1 dollar – silver 5. 25. 10. 5 corona – silver 10. 50 cent. 5. 1 lev. 72/100. 20. 1000 Francs Exchange: 1 Franc = $ 0. 5000 Cash. 5. 2. 2 leva – silver 20. The Maria Theresa Thaler always bore the date of 1780 (the date of the Empress’s death). 1000 Corona Exchange: 1 Corona = $0. the Canadian government formally adopted the ‘decimal’ system.233 (US) One “trade coin” of particular importance was the “Maria Theresa Thaler” – a silver coin about the size of the British crown. 100 dollars Exchange: 1 Tael = $0.94 (US) 3 . 10. 100 corona – gold Bills: 10. 1/10. the American dollar. 100. 20.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Austria-Hungary (from 1857 – 1892) 100 kreuzer = 1 Gulden (Florin) (from 1892-1918) 100 heller (fillér) = 1 Corona (Korona) Coins: 1. 50.703 (US) Egypt (1885-1916) 10 Ushr-al-Qirsh = 1 Piastre 100 piastres = 1 Egyptian Pound Coins: 1/40. 5. 10 qirsh – silver 10 qirsh – gold qirsh – bronze or Bills (first issued in 1898): 50 Piastres. 3. 4 dollar Bank Legal Issue: 500. silver ingots were used. and fixed the value of the Canadian dollar to the US dollar. 2000. 20 stotinki – copper/nickel 50 stotinki. no matter when it was minted. 5000 dollars (used only in bank transactions) “Shinplasters”: 25 cents (issued in 1870) Exchange: 1 $ (Canadian) = $1 (US) In 1857. 50. 50 Lev Strebro Exchange: 1 Lev Zlato = $ 0. 20 heller – nickel Corona. 1. 3. 1. 5. so great was the trust in the value of the coin and so great the reputation of the Empress herself. Belgium 100 centimes = 1 Franc Coins: 1.631 – 0. 2 stotinki – bronze 5.

10. 50. local rates of exchange prevailed. 2. 1. 20 Mark – gold Bills (first issued in Marks in 1874): 5.000 Rupees Exchange: 1 Rupee = $0. 25. 10. after the older monetary system.464 India. 500. 10 centesimi – copper 20. 10. 50. 10. 5. 10. different regions used distinctive coin standards. 2 Franc – silver 10. the silver kori (4. 50. 25 Lira Exchange: 1 Lira = $ 0. Princely States “In each state.24 (US) The Mark. 5. 50. 1. anna – copper. 25.0g) predominated.193 (US) German States (after 1871) 100 Pfennig = 1 Mark Coins: 1. was originally a unit of weight. In South India. 1 rupee – silver Bills (first issued in 1861): 5. 10 centimes – bronze 25 centimes – nickel 50 centimes. 100. In North India and the Deccan. 50. 10. 500. 2. 25. or gold coins.203 (US) India. In Gujarat. 1000 Francs Exchange: 1 Franc = $0. 20. 5. The 3-Mark coin was often referred to as a “Thaler”.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue France 10 centimes = 1 Decime 10 Decimes = 1 Franc Coins: 1. the silver fanam (0. 20 lepta – nickel 50 lepta – copper/nickel 1. British Colonies 3 pies = Pice (piasa) 4 pice = 1 Anna 16 Annas = 1 Rupee 15 rupees = 1 Mohor Coins: 1/12 anna. the silver rupee (11. 2. ch’ien) = 1 Cent (Hsien) 100 cents = 1 Dollar (Yuan) Coins: 1 cent – bronze 5. 20. 20. 2. Copper coins in all parts of India were produced to a myriad of local metrologies with seemingly endless variety” –from the Standard Catalog of World Coins Italy 100 centesimi = 1 Lira Coins: 1. 10. 1000 Marks Exchange: 1 Mark = $ 0.4g) were current.193 (US) 4 . 2. dollars Exchange: (US) 1 dollar (Hong Kong) = $ 0. 20. introduced in 1871. Greece 100 lepta = 1 Drachma Coins: 5.0g) and the gold hun or pagoda (3. 10 pfennig – copper or copper/nickel 25 pfennig – nickel 50 pfennig. 100 drachmai – gold Bills: 1. 5. 2. 1. 20. 100 drachmai Exchange: 1 drachma = $ 0. 5 Mark – silver 10. 100 lira – gold Bills (first issued in 1874): 50 Centesimi. 100 Franc – gold Bills: 5. 500.7 – 1.2 lira – silver 5. Within the subcontinent. 20. but rates varied in accordance with the values of the metal and by the edict of local authority. pice. There was no fixed rate between copper. and gold versions anna – copper and gold versions 1 anna – copper-nickel 2 anna – silver and gold versions rupee – silver and gold versions rupee. 100. 3. 50 – silver Bills (Issued by the Chartered Bank of India. 50 centsimi – nickel 1. silver. silver.193 (US) Hong Kong 10 mil (wen.6g) and the gold mohur (11.4g) were the main currency. 100. Australia. 10. 10.7g) and gold kori (6. 10. and China since 1865): 5. 20. 5. 50. 2 drachmai – silver 5. 1000. 100.

20 pesos – gold Bills (first issued in 1866): 10. 5. and stamped with various markings. 3. 37 rubles – gold Bills (the 500 and 1000 Ruble notes were first issued in 1886): 1. 100 Kurush. 1. 50. 10. 3 kopeks – copper 5. 1 yen – silver 5. 20 centavo. 10.462 (US) Romania 10 bani = 1 Leu Coins: 5. 100 Yen Exchange: 1 Yen = $0. 20 yen – gold Bills (first issued in 1881): 20. The units – dolya and zolotnik. 20 centimes – nickel . 10. 2. 100 lei – gold Bills (first issued in 1877): 5. 25. 5 lei – silver 12 . 1 peso – silver 1. 10 kurush – silver 12 . 10. 20. 25. 10. 500.266 grams silver 24 dolya.193 (US) Turkey and the Ottoman Empire 40 para = 1 Kurush (Piastre) 2 kurush (piastres) = 1 Kilik 2 kurush = 1 Yuzluk 3 kurush = 1 Uechlik 5 kurush = 1 Beshlik 6 kurush = 1 Altilik 100 kurush = 1 Lira (Turkish Pound) Coins: 5. rather like the troy ounce. 1 leu. 1000 Francs Exchange: 1 Franc = $ 0. 100. 10. 1 ruble – silver 5. there were a number of coin-like tokens made of silver that occasionally found their way into trades and stolen hordes – Russian law required that all silver refined out of the gold ore be returned to the mine owners. 1. 27. 10.193 (US) Switzerland 100 centimes (rappen) = 10 Batzen = 1 Franc Coins: 1. 20. 5 franc – silver 20 franc – gold Bills (first issued in 1907): 50.498 (US) Mexico (since 1863) 100 centavos = 1 Peso Coins: 1 centavo – copper 5. 100 Yen Convertible Gold Issues (1899): 5. 50. 100. 1000 Rubles Exchange: 1 Ruble = $ 0. 2 centimes – copper 5. 20. Pesos Exchange: 1 Peso = $ 0.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Japan (after 1871) 1000 rin = 10 Sen = 1 Yen Coins: 5 rin. 5. 100. 1. 10. 200. 100. 10 Yen Convertible Silver Issues (1885): 1. 500. 10 Zolotnik 5 . . 1 sen –bronze 5 sen – copper/nickel 10. 500. 25. 50. 2. 15. 25. 10. 5 Lira Exchange: 1 piaster = $ 0. 3. 1. but long since had become units of weight. 50 Sen. 1. 100. 5. 5.044 (US) Russian Empire kopek = 1 Polushka kopek = 1 Denga (Denezhka) 50 kopeks = 1 Poltina 100 kopeks = 1 Ruble 10 Rubles = 1 Imperial (Chervonetz) Coins: . 10. 200. 10 para. 500 kurush – gold Bills (first issued in 1840): 1. 20. 20. 20 bani – copper/nickel 50 bani. 20 sen. This silver was minted into circular ingots like coins. 2.515 (US) In addition. 10. 5. 96 dolya (doli) = 1 Zolotnik 1 Zolotnik = 4. were coins in the 11th century. 10. 50. 5. 1000 Lei Exchange: 1 Leu = $ 0. 25. 50 kopeks. 1.

referred to other chapters for more specialized equipments. to the 165’ lengths frequently used today. It also does not elongate like modern. Climbing ropes need to be meticulously cared-for or they may be dangerously weakened. 6 . and stepping on the rope can grind bits of dirt into the strands where they cut away at the fibers as the rope bends and stretches. synthetic ropes. so even minor falls ended with a bone-jarring jerk. on occasion.) Hemp rope readily absorbed water and became stiff and heavy when wet. Experienced climbers will carefully inspect each inch of rope before use. it dropped by 50% when knotted or bent over a narrow rod. The reader is. and in the late 1800s were usually 80 feet in length (the trend has always been toward longer and longer ropes – first the 100’ and 120’ lengths common in the 1920s and 1930s. Wet rope could freeze becoming nearly impossible to handle. Alpine Ropes Ropes for mountain climbing were made of hemp. While it has a breaking strength of 2500 lbs. were 7/16” in diameter.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Camping Gear and Outdoor Equipment This chapter includes a variety of equipment suitable for everything from a casual picnic in the countryside to a serious expedition. Being exposed to the elements outside for six months can further reduce the breaking strength by a half.

meaning less shock in a fall. see “Cook Set” later in this chapter. ladle. frying pan. 2 ” Bar needle. hemp. Wooden. with an iron spoke and ferrule at the bottom. Silk. 6 forks. and a cover for the spike at bottom. Sundial Pocket Compass. folding 2 lbs 0. 1 pint Cup.00 0.00 Folding metal frame with waterproofed canvas cover. adjustable handle for the utensils. Coffee Boiler. permitting the climber to grip the axe anywhere along the length. metal hinges. Cook Set. 2 pan covers. Includes frame for mosquito netting. Eureka Blanket. or can be set next to the coals to keep the contents warm.05 0. Miner’s drinking. with an iron spike and ferrule at the bottom. 10’ x 36”.’ 5 lbs 10 lbs 14 lbs full 13 lbs 0. holds 2-3 people. 6 cups. hinged cover. wool. 6qt.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Alpenstock Alpine Axes (Ice Axes) Weight 1lb 1lb US Price 0.17 7/3 0/10 0/1 0/2 0/9 Cup. Compass needle has a jeweled bearing.50 4. Many sizes available to fit standard tents. Comes with 2 oars and adjustable oarlocks. It was. 15 lbs - 1. In a pocket watch-type case. Food is kept warm in the inner bucket. green canvas carrying bag. folding.50 Chair.20 0. It was both stronger for its weight. Army surplus Wood frame. with japanned iron box Cup.65 UK Price 2/0 27/6 Ash walking stick. Folding (‘Hammock Chair’) Similar to the notorious ‘folding deck chairs. folding sight.02 0. prohibitively expensive. Pocket Compass.60 4. Aluminum. Comstock’s 1.15 12/0 6/0 5/9 17/3 £ 4/18/0 2/6 16/6 12/4 8/0 1/0 5/0 2/6 3/1 4/1 0/4 14/5 16/6 40/2 25/7 £ 5/9/6 22/8 Silk ropes were sometimes used by wealthy explorers. light and rust-proof. Chair. 1 Bathtub. 1 lb 1lb lbs 2. Coffee flask/Water bottle. Cot. 4 ” diameter Dinner pail. Includes 4 covered stew pots. 5-6’ long.00 3. Canteens –For the British ‘canteens’. Alpine Rope. tin. Folding. “Agate Iron” (enameled iron).60 5/0 2/6 Includes both a leather cover for the head. and a coffee pot. 2” In a pocket watch-type case. Leather Sheath for Alpine Axes Wrist Slings for Alpine Axes - 1. Binoculars and Field Glasses – see chapter 15: Optics. Make certain it is not tipped over. Compass. per yard Axe. tin. pewter.45 1.75 0. hunter’s With leather sheath and shoulder strap. 12x8 broiler. pancake turner. and an adze used to cut steps or handholds in ice.56 5. and had greater elongation.21 0. U. folding 20 lbs 1. wool. 2” Compass.20 A canvas duffel with shoulder straps – used to pack tents. Folding Sturdier than the wooden/canvas ‘hammock’ chair. Camp bed. cotton Blanket. Carry Bag.95 Camp stool. gnomon of the sundial folds up (but in not adjustable for latitude). Dip-Needle Prospector’s Compass Morocco-leather case. 7 . 2 frying pans. Lengths range between 28” and 36”. Can be suspended over a fire for quick boiling.90 1.00 9.60 0. Folding Sight Compass. Compass.” a smaller bucket nests inside the larger one.75 6.75 1. strainer. but heavier. tin Compass. “Buzzacott’s Patent Cooking Outfit” Each piece of cookware is seamless spun aluminum. Includes iron fire grate/grill. with bail and lid. see “Water Bottle” later in this chapter. and 6 plates. collapsing. The head is of iron.07 3. for 6 persons Cook Set. fork. light 35 lbs 2 lbs 6 lbs 4 lbs 24. Also included are 6 knives. and tea or coffee is poured into the outer bucket.20 26. with a pick on one side for ‘self arrest’ (stopping a slide). salt/pepper shakers.40 4.25 Canteens – For the American ‘canteens’. 1 salt and pepper shaker set. depending on the height of the user. heavy Blanket.S. The shaft is made of seasoned ash. Compass is nickel-plated. Boat. A metal pin near the ferrule keeps the ring from sliding completely off the axe.48 6. 80’ Alpine Rope. however. An adjustable wrist strap attached to a metal ring that slides freely along the shaft of the axe. spoon. Miner’s. 3 quart Sometime called a “Growler. 20 lbs As adopted by the US Army. 2 square aluminum pans (8 qt and 5 qt in size – they may be combined to make a large roaster) that nest inside the grate and contain the remaining pieces: coffee pot (3 qt). Folding Rubber-lined canvas tub with folding framework.00 0.

95 0.98 2. 14 lbs.95 0.35 Made of rubberized fabric and completely waterproof. 1 lb.00 0. Combination Pocketknife 3 ” blade.” 1 bottle Kit Bag. fleam. Insect Repellant . Fancy colored valances on each side. 1 butter pot (screw lid). Mirror may be hung.75 1. three legs to raised the pot over the coals.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Duffle Bag.00 9. 4 knives. 6 ‘ x 3’ Hammock Full-sized. or the case can fold open to stand the mirror upright. Whatever it is.25 2.“Dr. Suitable for shooting parties. Lamps and Lanterns – see chapter 13: Lamps and Illumination. package of 16 1 oz tablets Coffee. and wooden spreader bars.90 1. “Neversink” 9 lbs Cork floats. 3 ” blade. spring snap cover. Whole Roasted Jamaican. 4 lbs. 0. but 11” in diameter by 13 ” high. Buckhorn scales. 15” Ground Sheet. and corkscrew. Cooks Black Fly and Mosquito Paste. 12” Gold Pan. pocketknife 3-blade.14 3/11 0/7 5/6 1/3 8/0 3/9 6/0 2/8 29/0 37/6 0/10 3/1 8/0 3/8 2/3 4/0 8/3 8/3 5/2 4/8/0 The Dutch Oven is a versatile cooking/baking pot. leather shoulder straps. 1 preserve or cheese pot. 4 square enamel plates. cast iron.70 0. #1. Comes in a wooden box with one dozen charcoal tablets. nickel-plated heater. a popular frontier solution to the problem. 1 dozen Provisions: Coffee. skinning Knife. hoof knife. staple.85 “The Remedial Heater or Pocket Stove” Small.00 1. Front of basket folds down and is covered with a metal tray. and lock.54 0. 1 metal sandwich case. round. 1. closes with straps and buckles. 3 oz canister 1 lb 1 lb 12 lbs 0. canvas 10 oz brown canvas. white cotton canvas Duluth Pack Bag (See sidebar article): Size #1: 18” x 20” Size #3: 28” x 29” Dutch Oven. aluminum. Knife. fitted with the following requisites: 2 China provision boxes. 4 glasses in wicker cases. Not waterproof. 0/10 1/6 2/8 3/6 Mirror. it probably smells better than bear grease. pearl scales 3-blade.35 0. heavy-duty double-seine twine. Life Preserver. Mexican Hammock hooks. Powdered. Knife. 10” These are thinner and lighter than the more well-known cast iron frying pan. scissors. Holds between 1 5” square mirror in folding oak case. 2 lbs. canvas vest.00 2. Pocket Warmer 0.21 0/5 1/11 20/0 7/0 0/10 8 .32 0. lb. German silver bolsters and pearl scales. pocketknife. 2 1 pint wicker-covered bottles. buckhorn scales (handle).00 UK Price 2/0 5/2 8/3 Square. and a cover with a thick rim so coals can be rested on the top for baking. barrel corkscrew. and bar fastener.30 1. file. screwdriver. Horseman’s Pocketknife 3 ” blade. Hammock. hoof pick. screw. hunting 6” blade. Weight US Price 0. fitted with hasp. with 2 lidded tin trays. Made of woven sisal. 2 lbs. flat canvas pack used in Minnesota and Canada. Metal hinges. plus 9 other blades/tools – hook. Match Safe. 11” in diameter by 8” high. Luncheon Basket for Four Persons 22” x 9” x 12” wicker basket with lid and folding front. Has shoulder straps and a ‘tumpline’ over the forehead. corkscrew. 4 Tray As above. in fancy. coming with a heavy bail for hanging. mustard. Miner’s.65 7. 4 spoons. 12” diameter Frying pan. brightly-colored end strings.50 1. lined with felt and tin. 3 ” blade.25 21. 4 forks. per dozen “Hot Dinner” Basket. Knife. Burns small charcoal tablets – each tablet lasts approximately 2 hours. Gold Pan. buckhorn handle. pressed iron.20 0.65 and 2 bushels. Larger sizes are also available. Burning ember is safely contained and cannot cause a fire [but might ignite flammable gas]. folding camp mirror Pack Basket Woven ash splits. 3” diameter.45 0. salt. salt and mustard spoons. Round lidded basket of best English wicker.95 0. with leather sheath.10 0. dried and compressed. in 1 lb tins Cornmeal. Knife. polished iron. bright colors. Miner’s. and pepper pots. Will keep food warm for several hours. Extra Charcoal Tablets.85 1. 1 large knife and fork.45 4. has handles for carrying. Waterproof. punch. 2 Tray “Hot Dinner” Basket. Knife. leather punch.20 0. lock. pocket Heavy nickel-plated brass. etc.90 0. 0. 1 dozen Eggs. 27” x 20”. etc. 1 lb tins.

Snowshoes Handmade from straight-grain ash.75 19. duck 16’ x 20’.09 0. duck 50 lbs 125 lbs 6. canned. Made of strong.69 3. 1 lb tins. 8 oz. Photographer’s Tent 12’ x 16’ x 11’ high. Peeled. 10 oz. duck 24’ x 30’. Wall Tent 9 ’ x 14’ x 8’ high.00 0. 21 lbs 17. Large enough to pull up over the head and ears for extra warmth. 8 oz. Includes a separate 6’ x 6’ darkroom section (a sort of ‘tent within a tent’) that can be light-proofed with paint (color of choice). tablets Soups.30 12/6 4/2 2/10 14/5 2/1 8/0 23/4 £ 3/13/0 17/9 Snowshoe Bindings. reflecting some of the sun’s heat and allowing air to circulate.70 27/10 £ 4/1/3 A very roomy and comfortable tent. duck 12’ x 12’ x 9’ high. 1 dozen Mixed Vegetables. Requires three poles. Extremely heavy. First produced during the American Civil War. usually cut on site. and one of the easiest to pitch. double-filled duck Tent pegs. Complete with poles. 15 lbs 40 lbs 65 lbs Tents: The “A” or Wedge Tent 7’ x 7’ x 7’ high. 42” x 14”. but can sometimes be ‘hung’ from an overhanging tree Miner’s Tent 7’ x 7’ x 7’ high. ropes.95 4. canned Milk. Dried and Compressed in 1 oz. Tarpaulins: 10’ x 16’. usually used for extended or semi-permanent camps.15 15. duck Mountain Tent 7’ x 5’ x 5’ high. and were promptly dubbed “Desecrated Vegetables” by the troops. light green rotproof canvas.30 8/3 21/11 A very simple tent. 9” long.50 UK Price 14/0 2/3 0/7 0/9 0/4 0/7 1/5 5/6 0/7 £ 3/3/11 Many cowboys on the trail would carry a can of tomatoes or fruit in their saddlebags in lieu of a canteen. 12 oz. 15 lbs 37 lbs 2.75 £ 5/7/3 Designed like a very high ‘wall tent’.50 1.50 0. 8 oz. duck 14’ x 20’ x 9’ high. lightweight pegs. 1 lb 8 oz 1 lb 1 lb 12 lbs 8 oz 20 lbs US Price 2. 1 dozen tins Hard Tack (“Ships Biscuits”). Very sturdy and will withstand high winds. folding.14 0.00 5. 7” x 7” x 4” folded.18 0. per dozen Comstock’s. though that can even be discarded if the peak can be tied to an overhanging branch. 1 day each. these hard blocks could be broken up and boiled into a stew or soup.00 1. arctic lb tin Weight 20 lbs 7 lbs 2 oz. 3’ wall. 1 tin Marmite. Water was available from a barrel on the chuck wagon. various flavors. 3. this very basic tent has been used since Revolutionary times. The weight can be reduced somewhat by cutting trees on site to make the tent poles. so a stove can heat the tent. 10 oz. a square-based pyramid.95 5.33 0. duck 9’ x 9’ x 7’ high. 12 oz.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Provisions (cont): Emergency Rations.90 4.65 17. 1 bottle Meat Rations. and carrying bag. 1 pair Ski Poles. 8 oz. with specially-tanned cowhide lacing. sheepskin insulation (wool on). malleable iron. with a waterproof groundsheet sewn in. Four tent stakes and a central pole. burns 9 hours on one filling. Dried and Compressed. In hot climates. gasoline Stove. 3/1 9 . but is usually packed in by horse or canoe. and heavy drill lining. Sleeping Bag. “Kamp Komfort Will burn any liquid fuel. Condensed. 1 pair Stove. 4 lbs lb The “Mighty Mite”. Tomatoes. the tent can run a stovepipe through an asbestos ring in one wall.55 11/0 18/9 Tall and narrow to shed rain or snow. The first attempts were notoriously unappetizing.95 74/0 The “Whymper” (named after the first climber to reach the top of the Matterhorn). leather. In winter. 6’ wall. 10 oz. Heavy waterproof duck cover (tan). canned. 125 lbs 3 lbs 26. pocket Burns 1 hour using alcohol.40 0.35 1. Unsweetened. Includes loops and ties for rolling the bag into a small package.00 0. Milk. a ‘fly’ is pitched over the roof. canned. duck 25 lbs 35 lbs 2.15 0. 4’ wall. which can be removed for cleaning.55 0. 10 oz. double-filled duck Tent Heater.

but the evaporation cools the water inside. and when the damp of the evening makes the canvas sag. 0. includes a leather carrier and shoulder strap.64 UK Price 21/0 31/6 Not Available Before 1904 – Uncommon Before 1907. Many tents made from cotton canvas are not treated with anything to waterproof them – a good quality. Unfortunately. it will have to be adjusted periodically (one way is to dig a shallow hole under the tent pole. After a couple of treatments. good drainage.95 1. The second technique was to paint the cloth with a mixture of paraffin wax dissolved in a solvent like gasoline.25 9. “The Berkefeld Patent Traveller’s and Army Pump Filter. and was invented in 1823 by Charles Macintosh – India rubber dissolved in solvent was sandwiched between two layers of wool cloth. shoulder strap. and as the first drips form. it was fast. 4 pint Water Bottle. tightly-woven canvas will shed water as long as it does not sit in pools. resulting in the Hartford Circus Fire of 1944 which killed 171 people).17 1. tightening everything up.” Tents. Vulcanite.12 1/8 0/2 3/0 7/6 15/0 46/6 41/0 4/10 4/9 0/5 1/3 0/6 “The Lovett. quite loud. the best English black flint. no rocks or roots just under the grass that feel like boulders gouging into your spine at 3am). The next generation will come to know this sound as the signal to go “over the top. Water Carrier. 1 quart Khaki cover. Nickel plate Also used in the military.65 25 lbs full 11. the resulting cloth was also extremely flammable (circus tents were sometimes waterproofed this way. includes leather shoulder straps. Water Bottle. and became sticky in the heat. These were not solved until 1839 when Firestone discovered the process of Vulcanization.30 0. very effective. 5 gallon Water Filter Extra Filter Cylinders Tin Case for pump and 2 spare cylinders Whistle Nickel plate. approximately 2’ long.10 7. wicker carrier. Leather case is included. and aluminum cup.73 1. Aluminum tank. Glass-lined vacuum flask that will keep drinks hot or cold for up to 24 hours.82 3. the first was “oilcloth”.40 0. Whistle. this soon looks like someone turned a faucet on. This breaks the water resistance of the canvas. and as long as you don’t touch the cloth – this starts the water wicking through the material and once it starts. What usually happens is the tent is pitched improperly so the roof sags.” A high-capacity water filter. Tinderbox Extra wicking.” A polished brass box containing steel. Aluminum. where the canvas was soaked with a mixture of linseed oil and turpentine and allowed to dry. the cloth became quite waterproof. and set it on the level ground. and a solar or burning glass. Pitching a tent correctly requires some skill – not only do you have to select the best spot (level. someone pushes up in the roof to drain the collected water. and the drips soon become a stream. 5 gallon capacity. and Waterproofing There were three common means of waterproofing cloth in the 19th century.04 0.) 10 . but the canvas must be tight and not sag.12 0. and was still flexible. you reach out. The water gathers in the depression. The third technique was used primarily for groundsheets and waterproof clothing. with a foot stirrup and handle. The top cover functions as a cup. Popular in hot climates. 12” of treated wicking.15 0. 1 liter Khaki felt cover. Since canvas will stretch or shrink as the weather changes. The canvas body leaks slowly. lift the tent pole out of the hole. Canvas. and extremely cheap. The raw rubber made the cloth stiff in cold weather. per yard Water Bag. Canvas.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Thermos bottles: 1 pint 1 quart Weight 1 2 lbs full lbs full US Price 5. In a heavy downpour. it just gets worse and worse. with shoulder strap. Metropolitan Police Whistle Chain for Police Whistle.

they carried much of their gear (and there was a lot of it) in a pack basket. and often about 12” to 18” on a side. the pack board was usually made by the hiker to their own needs/specifications. Woven of wicker or split ash slats and carried on the back by two leather shoulder straps. for a number of reasons. so they could be easily loaded/unloaded and stuffed into odd spaces in the canoe. the bindlestick was simply a large bandanna tied around one’s gear to make a compact bundle. Even the classic “Great White Hunter” had a gun bearer to carry the 15+ pound elephant gun so the hunter’s arms would be rested and steady when the critical moment came. flat. ‘Pack Straps’ can be tied to the bag. external-frame backpack. The most obvious was a reliance on pack animals. Pack Board – The ancestor of the modern. the better). Or. Kit Bag – Popular in the British military.’ ‘scrip. the bag could be worn like a backpack. They are simple. and the rigid form made it easy to pack or unpack (though liable to spill if tipped or dropped. Conservation of dwindling wilderness resources was not a concern. reinforced with leather. It had a drawstring top. turning it into a crude backpack. and the ‘tumpline’ was placed on the head so the strong muscles of the neck could take much of the weight. cheap. One of the most common means of packing gear. so patterns and the level of workmanship varied widely. Duffle/Dunnage Bags – A large. and then the bundle tied to a convenient stick so it may be carried over the shoulder. The soldier in the field was rarely far from the baggage train with its wagons and mules. Rucksacks – Popular with climbers and hikers in the alpine region of Europe. the Duluth Pack (from the Duluth Tent and Awning Co. though if the haversack contains large. cylindrical cloth bag. keeping the center of gravity low so to not throw off a climber’s balance. and the waistbelt pulled it in close to the back. this was a large. and the fine boughs stacked to make a soft (and pleasantly-scented) bed. A smaller version. The rucksack rides low on the back. with two leather shoulder straps and a canvas ‘tumpline’/carrying handle at the top. the pack board is a sturdy frame of light wood with shoulder straps so that it may be carried on the back. open on one end. porters. heavy objects could dig into the wearer’s back uncomfortably if they were not carefully packed. while the cowboy on a cattle drive kept his bedroll and ‘plunder bag’ on the chuck wagon. particularly if they have to run. and could be stored in a dunnage bag.’ It is a large pouch of cloth or leather. They frequently have external pouches (the more. Haversacks – The basic haversack goes by many names: ‘wallet. hard. or it might just be folded over and tied with a cord. and efficient. the ‘shooting pouch.) Duluth Pack – First made in 1882. 11 . Like with the haversack. Bindlestick – Normally used by tramps and runaway children.) was (and still is) common on the rivers of Canada and northern Minnesota. When the gear had to be portaged around rapids or a waterfall. as was often the case when packing out game animals.’ ‘breadbag. and loops or straps to secure ice axes. The loads were lashed directly to the board.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue So Where are the Backpacks? The modern image of the backcountry hiker – the long-distance backpacker carrying everything they need in a huge. picking it up from the cook when they stopped for the night. heavy objects. The rucksack was usually made from a stout waterproof canvas. Experienced guides might even bundle several packs together and carry them by a tumpline – weights in excess of a hundred pounds were quite common. the Rucksack is a small to medium sized pack with shoulder straps and (frequently) a waist belt. wrapped in a tarp. usually with a “diamond hitch”. In the 19th century it was used by soldiers to carry their rations (hence the name ‘breadbag’). Tent poles and tent pegs can be cut from saplings. It was not meant to carry loads for long distances – it was a way of keeping gear or supplies together. or even tied directly to the board. keeping it from catching on rocks or branches. square bag with a carrying handle at the top Pack Basket – When the Roman legions marched from the sands of Persia to Hadrian’s Wall. with a simple shoulder strap so the pouch would hang at about hip level. they are flexible enough to be shoved into corners of wagons or boats. The pack closes with a full-length flap and is secured by leather straps. with a buckled flap over the top to keep water out of the pack. so the hiker or prospector was free to cut or gather firewood and shoot game for their food. and the solitary fur trade-era Mountain Man had his string of packhorses. Before 1929. The bag might close with a drawstring. The explorer and the mountain climber would employ natives to carry their mountains of equipment. ropes. square canvas bag. Additionally.’ or even ‘pocket. or vehicles to carry any heavy or bulky gear. rigid-frame pack – really did not exist in the Gaslight era. and other climbing gear. flat.’ was used to carry the numerous tools and supplies required by black-powder weapons. the Victorian camper did not need to carry as much gear as the backpacker of today. in a lot of ways. they can gouge or bang into the wearer’s hip or leg. and several can be bundled together in a tarp and tied to a pack animal. The pack is a large. the basket was strong and light. usually square or rectangular.

they were no less significant. The hat one wore. It just wasn’t done.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Clothing – Men’s “Vestis virum reddit” went the Latin maxim – ‘clothes make the man. In addition. there was an elaborate etiquette regarding hats – when they were tipped. or even a “woman.” The Sack Suit The Prince Albert Evening Wear 12 . one removed one’s hat indoors. implying that they are elderly. and would be unconscious for one with any degree of manners. for example when excusing oneself after jostling a woman in a crowd. the countless variations in style and the details of material and finish spoke volumes about your profession and social level and were immediately apparent to the practiced eye. One tipped one’s hat to show respect to a stranger. It was permissible to wear a hat at a luncheon counter. or remove it entirely. the details of this would have been ingrained upon the characters almost since birth. no man would voluntarily go out without a hat. With very few exceptions. tipping or removing one’s hat inappropriately (showing more deference than is required). removing the hat was the sign of greater deference. for example). On the Importance of Hats Throughout the century and well into the next. or while speaking with a friend. One could tip one’s hat to another. or a social better. The knee breeches and silk stockings gave way to hunting attire as everyday wear. can also be used as an insult. but one would remove it in a restaurant and certainly in a church or courtroom. then frock coats and trousers – finally to three-piece suits that would not look too terribly out of place today. One removed one’s hat when introduced to someone. an elder. or in the entrance or hallways of a public building. from the folded paper caps of artists to the silk top hats worn at formal occasions. in certain situations (a rough frontier saloon.’ While the changes that took place over the century were not as dramatic as in women’s clothes. when they were removed. a woman. One can snub someone by leaving one’s hat on. Refusing to remove a hat in a courtroom was inviting a fine for contempt of court. when it was appropriate to leave them on.

28+ 0.79 0. wind and waterproof Nightshirt. Top Hat. 1 pair Motorist’s Clothing: Balaclava. 1 pair Handkerchief. full white wool felt w/ leather reinforcements. Priest’s Coat.50+ 0.65 0. figured silk.95 24. full laces. Worn inside other boots for protection from the cold.82 3. waistcoat. sou’wester hat Overalls.10 130. Cowboy boots Boots. cashmere wool. calfskin with double palm. “The Sportsmen’s Delight” Boots.20 1. 2” wide Bill Holder (wallet). Leather.52 2. Provincial Grand Lodge Officer’s. silk stockings. 1st quality Apron Case. Linen Evening Dress (dinner jacket. Russian leather Mittens. or slate Hat.25 4. fine kid leather. Morocco grained leather Boots. Court Dress Knee breeches.00 0. waistcoat.25 0. quality muslin. coat. long coat. finest quality Gloves.10 1. reinforced inside 13 . double-breasted Coat. superior quality. Straw Boater. 1 dozen Hat. Derby. double textured.00 0. fur felt. black. Linen Cuff and Collar Box.30 25.00 1. Waterproof.85 1. walking or driving. 1 pair Gloves. w/ detachable cloak Masonic Regalia: Apron. Stetson (cowboy hat). Cuffs and Collar.15 29. nickel-plated overlapping frame.60 25. lined Overcoat.92 1. latest style Hat.50 18.45 0. Hat.10 38. Barber’s or Dentist’s. waterproof welts and tongue. Leather. extra heavy knit wool. oil-tanned horsehide. riding breeches) Frock Coat and waistcoat. black cashmere. leather Duster. Weight US Price 0. 8-ounce duck in dead-grass color. russet grained leather w/ spring steel stiffeners. 1st quality Apron. quilted Duster.50 25.80 UK Price 1/0 1/8 13/5 16/6 4/2 49/2 6/2 10/4 40/5 0/5 £26/18s+ 1/3 1/2 3/9 120/0 7/3 £7/7s £8/7/6 £5/7/6 5/2 3/6 1/11 1/11 8/3 1/6 8/3 2/11 41/3 20/8 5/1 £3/15s 7/3 £4/17/6 £5/5/0 £5/7/0 24/7 13/0 £ 6/0/0 6/9 3/6 3/6 7/6 14/6 9/6 £5/5/0 3/1 13/5 3/4 16” tall. lined Leggings. leather covered palm and back. Detachable.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Belt. fur felt Hat.50 0. Leather.50 2.75 3. drab. apron pants. cashmere-lined 3 lbs Coin Purse.50 9. breast pocket Oilskins. Gentleman’s. work. “Deerstalker. Detachable.75 34.85 0.25 0. navy blue broadcloth with leather bill and braided trim Inverness Cape.00 5. double-breasted Gauntlets. leather reinforcement and edging.” wool tweed Hat. Styles included the ‘Clerical’ or “Roman” collar. Hunting Coat. silk.90 29.40 3. Kid.75 23.00 11.45 2. chamois lined.95 3. double-braided Hat. 16” tall. Master Mason’s. Celluloid Not Available Before 1872. silk embroidery.85 0. Bib Front. heavy sole leather Dressing Gown. Yacht Cap.25 0. Fez Favored by retired army officers in mufti.10 1. Servant’s: Butler’s Livery Coachman’s Livery Footman’s Livery Macintosh Coat. linen. sword… Required dress for royal audiences. leather. extremely durable Hat.30+ 0. Planter’s. Collar. 6 pockets and game pocket.35 2. knee height Livery. Wool Felt Boots (shoe pacs) Cassock. trousers) Fox Hunting Attire (scarlet hunting coat. Cuffs and Collar.00 0. fancy. brown 10-ounce duck.40 1. wool Cap. white cotton duck. leather lined whipcord.95 5. Gauntlets.70 10. full caulks (spikes) and hobnails on sole and heel.

pockets. Extra-heavy wool knit.11 0.85 0. sweater. w/attached cuffs and collar. Hunting.00 3. shirt and drawers Underwear.00 20. Used by clerks to keep ink stains from their sleeves.35 6. Suit. while at the other end was a small key used to wind and set the watch.45 1.25 0. Round-Cornered Sack Suit.66 24. ebony. Prince Albert. Oxford. 1 pair Stockings.95 0.00 1. knee length. bargain. Elgin 20-jewel movement. 1 pair With patent rubber top. Shirt. Winter weight scarlet knit wool. Windsor Teck Scarf. String Tie Tie.50 7. Rubber. single-breasted Walking Stick.50 3. Leather. cotton Shirt. Masonic. or black Cheviot wool. white.00 10. keeping the seat dry. Bicycle. extra-heavy ribbed wool.00 2. 1 pair Stockings.30 4. silk braid on edge.35 4. Slippers. 10k gold The “Dickens Chain. gold plated Watch Chain. w/ pearl or diamond Stockings. Fancy Silk. Breeches.00 0.15 0. fleece-lined. Celluloid Shoes.65 3.50 0.40 0. embroidered silk plush Smoking Jacket.00 3. and ministers.00 1. waistcoat.14 1. Watch Charm. used by doctors. dress shirt. Summer Weight Cotton.88 1.25 0. per pair Stockings.95 0.75 0. Bicycle suit Light brown. Masonic. Extra Heavy knit wool.50 2. silk The descendant of the cravat.95 1.25 0. shirt and drawers Vest. One of the chains held the pocket watch.13 0.10 0. black taffeta silk. Bow Tie Tie. The toggle usually had some small charm dangling from a shirt length of chain. cashmere-lined Pith Helmet Pommel Slicker (Saddle Coat) Pouch. Wool. w/ fancy metal top Walking Stick.50 UK Price £ 4/2s 5/7 28/8 2/1 11/9 0/7 1/8 1/11 4/2 5/2 1/6 18/7 30/11 0/7 6/10 13/5 3/1 – 15/6 0/6 3/11 5/2 1/3 19/3 £ 5/7/6 £ 5/15/6 £ 3/14/3 12/5 2/1 13/5 0/5 0/8 1/0 8/1 2/1 6/2 16/6 10/4 4/2 £ 4/2/6 15/1 £ 16/10 4/2 43/4 Yellow oilskin slicker – cut with extensions in front and back to cover the saddle. per pair Pants. Turtleneck. w/ 6 diamonds Sleeve Protectors. (for additional sweaters. 1-buckle.50 1. had a toggle in the middle and two chains that looped to either waistcoat pocket across the belly.65 80. shirt and drawers Underwear. gold plate Wedding Band. and sleeves Stickpin.” named for the famous British author. white (detached cuffs and collar) Shirt.50 4. 7-jeweled movement Watch (pocketwatch). with superior quality gold head Watch (pocketwatch). lawyers.30 4. wooden crook handle Underwear. double feet – advertised as the warmest socks on the market. Professional Man’s Single breasted. double heels and toes. Detachable.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Overcoat. satin. Suit. w/ satin collar Overshoes. Extra-Heavy Wool Knit.00 18. cotton. and coat. double-breasted Suit. 30” diameter.50 1/3 18/7 14 . wool. Chesterfield. plain. Work shirt. Razor-toe patent leather dress shoes Signet Ring. gold. Gold. for Tobacco or Gold Dust Scarf.75 – 3. worn with a stickpin. Sides are long enough to cover the legs down to the boots. Rattan.25 0. trousers. worsted wool Suspenders (aka “Braces”) Sweater. dress shirt. 16k gold 0. before the ‘stemwinder’ was invented. see Chapter 7: Sporting Goods) Tie. Windsor silk tie Umbrella. Suit. Popular as daywear during last half of the century. oil-tanned horsehide. 1 pair Suit. Balbriggan half-hose.50 1. medium-weight half-hose. 14k gold hunting case Watch Chain. Weight 3 lbs US Price 19.40 28. Frock Coat Coat. pleated front (detached cuffs and collar) Shirt Front.25 1.

women’s garments forced them into more and more unnatural shapes. and a woman required help getting the garment on properly (some corsets had hook-and-eyes in the front. The bustle began to lose popularity in the 1890s. a cage arrangement that left the skirt flat in front. or flip up entirely if the wearer fell. becoming obsolete in the early 1900s when long corsets provided the desired shape to the rear without additional assistance. a rather serious garment that used stiff boning (either steel straps or whalebone) and tight lacing to mold the waist and hips to the desired form. high-waisted frocks with only a chemise underneath. if required). but full in the back. The Corset The Bustle …and the final result 15 .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Clothing – Women’s Women’s fashions during the century underwent rapid and dramatic changes. and Bustles While the Regency Period at the beginning of the century featured simple. These were replaced in 1856 by the Cage Crinoline. the Victorian era favored a pronounced bell-like profile with a narrow waist. After about 1870. While the lines of men’s clothing gradually became more natural. Corsets. the crinoline began to be replaced by the Bustle. it could blow up if caught wrong by the wind. The laces were in the back.” a fabric made from horsehair and cotton. The waist was obtained by use of the Corset. or by stiff petticoats made from “crinoline. At first the bell-shape of the skirt was created with multiple petticoats. and mass production made them affordable for women of every social class. Crinolines. exposing the legs and undergarments – it was extremely popular. so the wearer could remove it unassisted. While it had its disadvantages – it was awkward to get through doors and onto narrow streetcars. covering them with layer after layer of cloth. an elaborate arrangement of steel hoops connected by tapes.

Motoring. 16 . Cotton.00 1. trimmed with ribbons and bunches of silk flowers Hat. waterproof.85 1.00 1. Cotton.88+ 1. Victoria.50 1.25 0. w/ pearls or fire opal Bustle.10 1. 1 pair Jacket. white enameled handle Pocketbook. double-breasted.88 3. 11-jewel Elgin movement w/ 14kt gold case and diamond Watch Chain. 18kt Shawl. black silk. straw Hose.35 9.00 0.25 3. also called a “Shopping Bag” Handkerchief. solid-colored Hose. Satin Stole.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Apron. blue clouded figures.33 0. Wedding ring. Rubber. with Hamburg lace edging Evening Gown Gloves. white muslin Crinoline.00 1.65 – 20. Spring. lady’s. Fur. By 1895. gold.01. bustles could be found on clearance for $0.00 6. w/ veil Hat. flexible grade of boning.00 37. Extra-high cut button-up boots Shoes.95 15.33 0. gold. Pith Helmet. holds 2 pictures Mourning Jewelry – Brooch pin.50 9.50 1.50 2. herringbone trim. gold. wind and waterproof Corset.35 0. lace front. lace up Skirt. organ pipe pleats Slippers. embroidered ruffled collar Overboots.25 33. fine lace Hat.44 242.88-48. wool. French style Corset. Vienna calf leather with sterling silver corners Riding Habit Ring. Motoring Cap. Lady’s Hat.30 27. fine lace Watch. Fur. jet and gold Muff. kid. plain gold band. fine wool serge.15 0.55 27. Cashmere. onyx and gold Mourning Jewelry – Earrings. Razor-toed boots.50 0.50 4. Cashmere Shirtwaist. Corset Cover.40 0. Tortoiseshell Handbag. untrimmed. black sateen Shoes.75 1.50 UK Price 1/0 16/6 1/10 £50/0/0 14/5 3/11 £3/3/0 3/6 4/9 1/5 1/5 2/3 £5/15/0+ 4/2 6/2 4/2 7/9 – 200/0 9/6 14/6 5/5 1/6 0/5 5/4 2/1 17/7 14/5 39/2 5/2 £6/17/6 37/2 5/10 1/5 4/2 5/5 £5/15/0 12/5 5/2 8/3 3/1 5/2 15/6 10/4 16/6 8/3 £7/15/0 37/2 5/2 2/1 4/1 15/0 – 83/0 £ 7/4/4 27/10 3/1 – 10/4 Cape.25 4. Spring. allowing the wearer more freedom of movement. cotton. sateen finish.25 3.15 35. Muslin. Chinchilla Newport Suit.00 1.50 4.75 – 2. w/ 2 heart-shaped rubies and pearl decorations Ring. indigo cotton print to cotton-warp cashmere The wrapper was a simple housedress or daytime dress. Gingham Brooch and Lace Pin. ready-made. “Madam Strong’s Health Bodice” Uses a lighter. with removable steel boning for ease of cleaning Price listed is for 1880. skirt Nightgown.00 0.00 3.50 3.30 3. all wool Henrietta Umbrella. ebony crook handle Underwear.75 2. Wool Union Suit Veil. w/ steel hoop boning Drawers.50 1.25 0.25 2.00 1.00 2.00 1.29 0. 1 pair Hose. “Common Sense” Oxfords Shoes.34 1. cage crinoline. Fox Tea Gown. pearl buttons Hair Pin. diagonal wool Cheviot Locket. w/ charm Wrapper.30 0.75 0. Silk. Weight US Price 0. Mink Cape. button-up Parasol. Cotton Union Suit Underwear.60 9. Gold. engraved.50 1. fine Valencienner lace front Coat. w/ 8” Parisian collar Chemise. jacket.

Pity the poor. Dresser Trunk Gladstone Bag The Portmanteau. anyone of any means or style needed a staggering array of fitted cases and steamer trunks for anything more than the most casual visit.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Luggage. Boxes. or Fitted Dressing Case 17 . satchels. While the common traveler could get by with a scuffed carpetbag. overworked porter. and portmanteaus vitally necessary for transporting one’s goods and equipment about. and Containers This chapter lists and describes the various trunks.

1 ivory hat brush. 2 trays Gladstone Travel Bag Canvas. Austrian Touring Bag Willesden canvas with lining. 27” x 18” x 9 ”. corn knife.00 8. Designed for carrying tents. Fishing Tackle Box. iron corners and clasps. hinged lid. Stateroom Trunk (footlocker). double-seamed and soldered. lined with camphor wood. Small Wood frame. Safe. Large Canvas edges. hinged lids. Iron-bound. penknife. it is made in a number of sizes for different makes of tent. breast collar. 30” x 7” x 19” high. Small Canvas edges. iron corners and binding. 36” x 14” x 21”. Comstock’s Carry Bag Filing Cabinet.20 10/9 18/7 £ 4/2s £ 10/6s £ 18/11s 35/10 21/0 16/6 £ 4/10/0 £ 3/2/7 Saddlebags.25 1. 18 . 24” x 13” x 11”. 18” x 12” x 4”. 10” x 14” each side.12 0. Fishing Fly Box.28 0. button hook. leather shoulder straps. A large duffle or dunnage bag with shoulder straps. Camphor-wood lined. Fishing Tackle Box. Coat Case (suitcase). 4-drawer “Stone’s Drawer Cabinets”. Small Canvas.50 Includes pack tree. 1 tray 8” x 5” x 2”. Pigskin fittings and straps. 18” long. pigskin writing case. Storage Chest. Cantanas. Bodies of wicker covered with dull black canvas.50 20. Heavy tin.75 Coat Case (suitcase). Popular in the British service. leather Market Basket. Rucksack. and 1 tortoiseshell comb in case. 2 ivory hair brushes. 4-drawer. 2 shelves.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Bookcase.88 2. Per pair Fitted leather suit case. railway key. 10 spaces. top flap with strap and buckle.90 162. leather Grained leather. for foolscap size paper. Mule Portmanteau - 27” x 20” x ~4”. 16” long. 1 pair boot hooks. 1 tray. Weight US Price 9. alligator leather English Oxford alligator leather. Large Canvas.00 90. 24” long.10 4. extra large Grained leather. lined with camphor wood. silver-mounted flask. with pads to keep the flies moist. and harness. Large Market Basket.40 15. splint Cabin Bag.25 4. Fireproof: 1 cu.75 2.00 50. w/ space in front for shirts. Square. 9” x 14” each side. leather jewel case. Heavy tin. Storage Chest. 15 spaces. with riveted leather ends. ft inside volume 6 cu. 0.75 1. Stateroom Trunk (footlocker). 30” x 14” x 21”. double-seamed and soldered. Has room for 2 reels. japanned frame. Barracks Bushel Basket.60 4 lbs 445 lbs 1210 lbs 1925 lbs 4. but of heavy water-resistant canvas. woven splint.00 27. 12” x 8” x 6”.80 15. Solid Leather Holds up to 5 hats.00 21. 2.75 2. 3 compartment Pack Saddle Panniers. ft inside volume 3 cu. double-action locks. with riveted leather ends. Small Money Belt. ft inside volume Satchel. 3 lbs 3. locking doors. 19 ” x 18” x 11 “ deep.75 2. 27” x 12 ” x 15”. and 4 manicure instruments. iron corners and clasps.50 UK Price £ 2/0/3 9/4 18/6 15/6 11/4 8/3 5/0 17/6 7/6 3/1 7/9 10/4 79/0 3/1 0/6 1/2 0/10 1/8 £ 3/1/10 115/0 £ 33/10/0 Made of pine. and an instrument board containing 2 razors. leather Saddle Bags that are hung over the saddle horn. 1 ivory cloth brush. barrel corkscrew. saddle pads.20 4. w/ lid. chamois leather. also a razor strop. Made for pack mules. iron corners and binding. Large Wood frame. w/ lid.15 0. with removable standard at each end. 1 ivory shoe lift.75 0. woven splint. A flat bag with carrying handle on top – rather like a large carpet bag. w/o panniers.00 1. Gun Cases/Holsters – See Chapter 20: Weapons and Accessories Hat Case. Camphor-wood lined. containing 6 silver mounted bottles. with leather corners and straps. leather straps and carrying handles. 29” x 17 ” x 18”. German Silver 6 ” x 3” x 1”. Kit Bag Luggage Tag. mahogany-stained. leather handles. cinch.20 0. mirror. leather handles.50 19. oak. 2 trays. 38” x 20 ” x 21”. ink bottle and light (match) box. Steel.70 5.

Trunk. 9’ x 1 Wardrobe Trunk “ As above. Small As above. 40” x 23” x 28”. with iron corners and double-acting locks. Tall. Metal-Lined Trunk Stateroom Trunk Wardrobe Trunk 19 . recessed handles. Small Wood frame. Large Trunk. 29” x 17 ” x 18”.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Storage Chest. 76 lbs. nearly air-tight. Tin Lined Trunk Straps. Zinc-Lined. Large Wood frame. nearly air-tight. Dresser or Bureau Trunk. covered with yellow canvas. Zinc-lined. heavy russet leather. with iron strapping. leather straps and handles.40 13.75 0. 38” x 20 ” x 21”. Regulation Troopship Trunk Covered with dull black canvas.62 30. recessed handles. 53” tall x 22” x 21”.65 Basswood frame. 30” x 24” x 12”. Dresser or Bureau Trunk. Top fold up into a convenient bureau . 102 lbs. A clothes bar slides out on top and has 6 hooks for hanging women’s dresses. but lined with soldered tin to render the trunk nearly waterproof and exclude vermin.30 16. canvas covered. Trunk. Trunk. Regulation Troopship Trunk. 32” x 20” x 24”. Weight US Price 21.20 UK Price £ 4/10/0 £ 3/2/7 £ 4/12/9 £ 3/7/8 55/0 69/0 2/6 126/6 Storage Chest.50 16. 22.80 15.

connecting Britain with France. 1869 – The Telegraph Act granted the British Post Office a monopoly an all domestic telegraph services. Transmitting distances are usually within one or two miles.45 1896 – Guglielmo Marconi experiments with ‘Hertzian waves’. 1879 – The first telephone exchange in England opens in London with eight subscribers. and writing supplies. 1870 – First commercially sold ‘keyboard’ typewriter – the Hansen Writing Ball.” along with a reformed postal rate that allows a oz letter to be sent anywhere in the UK for one penny. and due to persistent trouble with the line. The Pony Express goes out of business later that same month. The cable burned a month later. it was 98 words long. Some Selected Dates 1837 – The Telegraph is demonstrated by Samuel Morse. in New York City. 1866 – After failing the year before due to a snapped cable. prepaid postage stamp. from Cornwall to Newfoundland. The first message ever sent via telegraph across the Atlantic Ocean was from Queen Victoria to President James Buchanan. Connecticut.000 amateur stations drop to around 1200. The rapid communication it afforded is credited with helping the defeat of the Sepoy Rebellion. telegraph and telephone equipment. 1851 – Telegraph cable is laid across the English Channel. beating another inventor to the patent office by only two hours. 1854 – The English complete a telegraph connection 800 miles across India from Calcutta to Ashram. 1878 – The first telephone exchange in America opens. which soon becomes its most popular service. 1912 – The Radio Act of 1912 is passed. 1871 – Western Union begins its wireless money transfer. 1898 –Marconi transmits the results of the Kingstown Regatta to a Dublin newspaper office. even the very latest in the growing field of wireless telegraphy. First licenses are issued. 1852 – The term “Telegram” is coined. 20 . 1889 – The first public telephone installed. 1876 – Bell patents the telephone. 1886 – The first long-distance telephone line connected New York and Philadelphia. 1860 – The Central Overland California and Pike’s Peak Express Company begins its “Pony Express”. The equipment used was carefully designed to avoid infringing on the Morse patents. in Hartford. The Civil War stalls any plans to repair the cable. 1865 – The International Telegraph Union is founded in Paris. Connecticut. The price of a 3-minute station-to-station call: $5. sending a signal a mile. 1861 – Western Union completes the transcontinental telegraph connection. making the first ‘commercial’ wireless broadcast. in New Haven. took 17 hours to transmit. To make a call.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Communication Equipment and Stationery This chapter lists some of the numerous means devised for recording and transmitting information: pens. 1874 – The General Postal Union is founded with the Treaty of Berne. the former passenger ship the Great Eastern successfully lays the second Transatlantic Telegraph Cable. 1892 – New York and Chicago connected by long-distance telephone. By the end of the year. The estimated 10. 1901 – Marconi transmits a wireless telegraph signal across the Atlantic Ocean. 1858 – First Transatlantic Cable laid between Ireland and Newfoundland. regulating amateur transmissions. stationery. amateurs are obtaining ranges of up to 350 miles. one had to pay the attendant standing nearby. 1909 – First amateur radio club founded – the Junior Wireless Club. nationalizing the numerous companies operating lines in and around London. 1840 – Britain introduces the gummed. art supplies. the “Penny Black. 1875 – Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the Telephone (though he is not the first to invent it). there are over 200. 1913 – Now restricted to frequencies of 200 meters and above.

Ink. slate gray duck covers with Russian leather corners and spine. 100 sheets 8 ” x 11”. 21 .65 UK Price 0/2 1/0 2/2 – 5/4 1/8 5/7 13/5 1/0 0/10 0/3 – 0/5 0/5 – 1/6 0/6 1/0 1/6 12/0 3/1 66/0 27/6 Brushes. common colors. 1 oz cakes. Used for watercolor. each page separated by tissue. oval or square Palette Knife. 3 “.30 0. full-bound in sheep. Bristle.09 0. 2 oz tubes. 25 tubes oil colors. 1 oz cakes. and 3 brushes. Weight US Price 0. No. used primarily when typing for creating duplicates.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Artist’s Supplies: Oil Colors. Blank Book.14 3. Drawing.05 0. poppy oil. 3 sable brushes. 500 pages. Folds into a portable package. the stiff bristles making it easy to push the thick paint around. 20” x 30”. Carbon Paper. and among the Pre-Raphaelites for oil paints.35 1/6 This pen is not self-filling. screw elevating movement can raise canvas up to 6’. Cavalry Small sketch board and scale that straps to the left forearm so that drawings can be made while mounted. Colored.35 0. each Watercolors.54 – 1. Pencil. Blank Quarto sized. Combination Sketching and Seat. Quarto sized (8” x 10”). each Tracing Paper. 1 lb Pencils. 3 sticks of charcoal and holder.35 3. Blackboard Eraser Blotter.05 0. Leaks are not uncommon. Ruler is graduated in yards with scales of 3” and 8” to the mile. each Watercolors. Desk.30 0. Steel Eraser. Artist’s.04 1. Sketching Easel. 100 pages. portable 3’ x 6’. A 6” long scalpel-like knife with a steel blade and ebony handle. Rubber. 250 Eraser. mahogany palette.12 0.75 16.9.75 0.07 2. Plasticine. 3 ” x 5 “.90 0. each Brushes. each Charcoal.25 0. Eraser. “Hogarth” 9” x 12”. used to carefully scrape away the ink. 18 sheets 9” x 11” Book. Sketch Board. oblong rubber eraser. Palette knife. Primed. medium thickness.00 3/1 0/1 24/9 Japanned tin box. each Used for oil paints. Sketchbook. one sheet Oil Paint Set.70 16. No. Hand Blotter. and spirits of turpentine. 21 colors. Book. 19 ” x 24 ”. Brass rollers and clamps keep the paper stretched tight and flat – paper is supplied by a pair of rollers.25 0. Red Sable. oak Blotter.75 0. per dozen By E. leather corners Blotting Paper. 6 bristle brushes. each Canvas. 19” x 24”. Watercolor Box Enameled tin tray with cover.09 – 0. Mahogany or Walnut. 1 tube of Chinese white.50 2 2 lbs lbs 0. 9” x 11”. box of 6 assorted Easel. Embossed Silver 3” x 5” Blotting Pads. 1 box Clay. heavy covers. portable A popular easel for outdoor work. for hand blotters. embossed. Fountain Pen. 1 gross Chalk Crayons. per sheet Blotting Paper. 15 pages. 5 grades from HH to BB. miniature Octavo sized (4” x 7”). hardbound. white. Includes a waterproof canvas case with shoulder strap. 0. Studio Polished oak. bound in red leather. Complete 8 lbs 0.36 2. each A round rubber eraser with attached brush.00 0.05 0.25 0. steel nib 0.25 0. Faber – bevel point.03 6.30 0. 200 pages.30 0.34 0. Book.40 0. canvas cover. 2 ‘brights’ bristle brushes. white.12.85 2. the fine points allowing tiny detail. Chalk Crayons.09 3/6 11/4 0/4 0/7 15/6 1/3 0/2 0/8 7/0 66/0 3/1 0/3 10/4 0/2 1/3 1/5 1/3 1/8 0/5 Blackboard.40 1.1 – No. 1 gross assorted colors Clip board Envelopes. 1 badger-hair blender.05 – 0.08 0.50 0. 13” x 9” x 3”.00 6. Easel. ink is loaded into the pen using an eyedropper. special colors. Hand Blotter.1 – No. 1 bottle each of pale dryer. on stretchers 9” x 15” 22” x 36” 40” x 54” Palette. Russian leather corners and spine. slated on both sides.75 0. Blank.20 0. Typewriter.

green. red. red. indelible black. Self-Inking Printer’s Ink.75 0. lined.17 1. Ivory. and an eraser blade for scraping away ink marks. assorted sized. with envelopes.25 0. and a necessity as most newspapers and even some books were sold with the paged ‘uncut’. polished cedar wood.08 0.30 0. Use with a Slate Pencil. Used for marking on prepared stone slates. each Pen Holders.25 0. leakage is impossible. silvered. Metallic effects are done by printing with sizing (an adhesive). each 6” x 9”. Marks will not rub or wash off. gold-filled and twisted pearl slide holder Pen Holders. Indelible. with nickeled tip and rubber eraser. lined. with envelopes.07 0.20 0.26 0. steel.03 0. each Pure aluminum point in an enameled handle. folding pocketknife.20 0.20 0. Dixon “Secretary”. 6 surfaces. Glass. fancy spiral fluted aluminum. pack of 3 Slates. Weight US Price 0. Dixon.20 0. Paper Knife. 0.06 0. 1 packet Red cloth tape used for binding government documents.30 0. Initial. Silicate Book Slates. Pen Nibs. 72 sheets per pad. Traveler’s. Pen. Mucilage. 4oz bottle with dropper Ink. India. Fancy nickel-plated box with ball catch. 4oz box Ruler.04 0. 12 oz bottle Water-soluble glue used for bonding paper. purple.10 0. and all necessary requisites. 2 ” diameter Sealing Wax Tapers. Prints a form 6” x 9”.07 0. Silver “Mordan’s Silver Safety Traveller’s Ink Bottle”. 3” closed. Colored. Suitable for map drawing.08 29.85+ UK Price 0/9 0/10 0/3 2/1 0/6 20/6 1/0 0/6 0/9 7/4 1/3 0/4 1/9 7/4 0/10 0/1 0/3 3/6+ Maroon finished iron base with rope-pattern crystal pen holder and two inkwells. Postage Stamp Box Printing Press. Paper. artists. A complete set. Inkstand. per box 7” long – box contains six colors. etc. 1 oz can Red Tape. Large. this was an indispensable tool – a knife with a small. a small drop-point blade or two.04 2/8 0/3 1/6 1/8 0/2 0/8 0/4 £ 6/3/3 0/5 0/10 0/10 0/10 1/1 1/0 0/2 1/3 0/5 1/1 1/6 0/2 Pencils. It usually had between two and four blades: a pen blade. black border. 4oz Inkstand. Black is for mourning. 2 oz can Printer’s Ink. Sliding Vest Pocket Pencil Nickel-plated telescoping tube pencil holder fitted with a round cedar pencil. Gold or Silver. Solicitor’s. Silver body and cap. and the edges had to be slit before reading.04 0. linen. and yellow.50 0.90 0. Note Paper. Printer’s Gold Sizing. and other colors for personal correspondence. 8” ream (125 pages) A sharper version of a ‘letter opener’. 1 dozen per box Available in blue. curved blade used for trimming quills. Rubber Bands. By the end of the century when feather quills had mostly been replaced by metal pen nibs. including 7 fonts. Wooden Paper Knife. per dozen Hexagonal wood. fancy iron caps. Colored. Sealing Stamp.40 0. oil can.15 0. 5 quires (120 sheets) Heavy gray paper.42 1. or oxidized finishes available for same price. Pen Knife In the early part of the century. or black. 22 . with cork finger grip. Pencil Sharpener Polished solid brass barrel and fine steel cutting blade. Gilt. 10k Gold (#5 long nib) Pen Nibs. black. each Long tapered handle of polished cedar wood. fine note paper.13 0. unruled. Fountain Pen. Traveler’s Polished lignum vitae wood with screw top.35 0. wooden. 2 oz can Printer’s Bronzing Powders. each Pen Holders. 1 dozen Pencil. when quill pens were still common. 2 oz can Available in blue.10 0. bayonet action. Slate Pencil.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Ink. pack of 25 Superfine heavy cream paper. 4”.35 0. w/ metal screw cap Inkstand Inkstand. 15” long Scratch Pads. Note Paper. red. Red wax is used for official correspondence.97 0. pack of 10 5” x 8”. Mourning.26 0. Black. teaching. colored. “The Bank Pen Holder”.75 0. #2 or 3 lead. blue-black. then sprinkling with bronzing powder.17 0. Pencil.65 0. 16k gold nib. Marking Pencil.12 14. it was more useful as a small.20 0. or assorted.

03 4. all mounted in a mahogany cabinet with binding posts and switches. 2. pack of 12 5” x 8”.00 3.W.09 0. letter sized. open cell.W.45 8/3 10/4 Telegraph Sounder 20 ohm resistance for main line use on lines pf up to 15 miles. Headset. a fixed condenser. with 6 foot green silk-braid insulated cords. 100 amp knife switch fulfills the requirements. Linen Gummed. Pencil. double-throw knife switch. Long Distance. Contains 3 large pockets for papers.W. Paper. “The Magneto Bell Telephone”. per bottle Typewriter Paper. glass. (the antenna could only be used for one or the other at any given time. black Wafers. Junior Receiving Set.00 12. sounder. Solid leather fitted case with straps and double-action strap lock. 2 each Wall mounted. Weight US Price 0.04 UK Price 0/4 0/3 1/4 0/1 0/2 Spindle.20 0. each Wire. leather “The Traveller” An index typewriter – one moves a pointer to the desired letter and pushes a lever. Cabinet is 21”x6”x7”.20 0. Condenser. Close Coupled Antenna Switch. with perforated pages.50 0.08 0. “The Sun Visible Writing Machine” Typewriter Cleaning Brush Typewriter Oil.75 £ 113/8/0 £ 37/2/3 49/6 15/6 Includes all the features of the K. Cabinet is of oak. Tape. allowing the experimenter to tune out unwanted stations and bring the desired signal in clearly.65 35. Includes a tuner.50 10 lbs 0. two rotary variable condensers. 1 K.W. A keyboard typewriter – the text is visible on the platen roller as it was typed.50 0. Quarto sized (12” x 9”). each Used to clean the slate pencil markings off of a slate. Desk Iron spindle with black lacquered iron base. Hytone rotary quenched spark gap. mile 1 lbs 1 lbs 5 oz. 500 sheets Typewriter Ribbon. Set of 2 Typewriter. and Manual of Telegraphy (complete instruction book). 220.60 18/0 In many places. Like most index typewriters. and fixed condenser. and telephone receivers. waterproof base. A very selective tuner. and loops for pens. Designed specifically for long-distance work.00 2. detector. a pocket for a travelling ink bottle. paper knife. fire underwriters (insurance companies) required that the antenna be grounded when not in use in case of a lightning strike.30 0. “The Ajax” Battery Jars.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Slate Sponge. Wireless Telegraph Equipment: Transmitting Set. The process of typing was also much faster than with an Index typewriter. galvanized iron #12 BB. Receiving Set. Telegraph Learner’s Set. If transmitting.05 7. Hytone Rotary Quenched Spark Transmitting Set. Suitable for private lines of any length. glass Zinc Electrode Copper Electrode Blue Vitriol Insulators.02 0. gummed. total height 20”. Gummed. “The American” Typewriter. a writing pad with blotting paper under corners. and 5 ampere precision hot wire meter. Tape. 1 lb 85 lbs 15 lbs 4 10 lbs lbs 1/0 1/3 0/10 0/4 0/2 31/6 £ 7/4/4 23/6 £ 4/12/9 0/10 0/8 6/2 2/6 0/1 18/3 Telephone. the text was not visible until another line has been typed. the set is 19” high.07 0. Switches on the front of the cabinet allow 4 transmitting power levels. 1 roll ” transparent paper tape. with the oscillation transformer coil. working battery. 25” x 10” x 9 “. gummed. Music Repair.70 22. Includes a 10 ampere key. high grade Steel lever.00 5. K. Oscillation Transformer. permanent-bound. This 600 volt. and is mounted on a insulating. Transmitting Set. 72 sheets per pad. lined.32 0.60 0. Includes a loose-coupled tuner.00 £ 45/7/3 The Hytone Rotary Quenched Spark Transmitting Set.25 0. mounted on a finished mahogany base. Cabinet dimensions are 38” x 12” x 12“.) Lightning Switch 4. the operator was unable to receive. 1 roll 1-1/8” transparent linen tape. envelope and card pockets. Transformer. used to connect the antenna to either the transmitter or receiver. Tablets.00 180. Capacity 550. Double 1 lbs 5. A 4-gauge copper conductor is required to run outside to the ground from the switch. 1 K.15 1. box of 6 dozen Writing Case. A double-pole. A complete set: key. Some paranormal investigators would affix them to doors and windows to see if they had been opened or disturbed. 75 ohm headphones – double receiver. Round circles of gummed paper used for sealing letters in lieu of sealing wax and a stamp. solid trunion desk key. Telegraph Equipment: Telegraph Key. Music Repair.00 20/8 High-quality. 23 . Gummed.

At low levels of skill (under 20%).The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Holtzer-Cabot Wireless Receiver (Headphone). and Germany. 24 . Weight 1 lbs US Price 16.70 per additional word. a character can clearly send and understand messages at a rate of 5 words per minute. One could send a 20-word telegram anywhere in London for only 6d ($0. and an operator skilled in one might be completely unfamiliar with the other.06 0. In 1870. and later known as Western Union.10 0. Western Union In the United States.08 0.00 0. $0. aimed at the middle class reader. sprang up around London and its suburbs. Initially.03 0. a number of small. they used very different versions of code. the sixpence only bought 12 words. Double Newspapers and Periodicals: Newspaper – The Times of London (began publication in 1785): 1836 – 1855 (price included the newspaper stamp tax of 1d) 1855 (July 2) – 1861 (price lowered after repeal of the stamp tax) 1861 (Oct 1) – 1913 Newspaper – The Boston Globe (began publication in 1872): 1872 – ? Newspaper – The New York Times (began publication in 1851): 1883 (Sept 23) – 1891 1891 (Dec) – ? Magazine – Punch or The London Charivari (began publication in 1841) Weekly humor/social satire. Magazine – Scientific American (began publication in 1845) Advertisement in Newspaper. a roll is only required if they are under stress or are trying to send/receive at a much higher rate of speed.02 0.02 0/5 0/4 0/3 0/2 0/1 0/1 0/3 0/6 12/5 0/1 Magazine –The Strand (began publication in 1890) Monthly literary magazine. Because of this. the operator is able to transmit between 10 and 15 words per minute.00 1.00 for a 20-word message. and promptly shut down the local companies. placing offices at the local train stations.12 3.45 5. Above 60%. 1850 1865 1870 1890 1901 Transatlantic Cables: $8.04 0.40 Skill Use: Telegraph Operation and Wireless Operation While both telegraphs and wireless used ‘Morse Code’. Operate Telegraph and Operate Wireless (Radio) are two separate skills. service was only offered between the United States and Britain. Telegrams and the Telegraphs In the years immediately following the invention of the telegraph. Personal or Classified. the Post Office obtained a monopoly on all telegraphic communication. 1500 ohm. Between 25 and 50%. 0. and the operator can send over 20 words per minute.55 1.40 0. such as the London District Telegraph Company. France.06 0.40 Coast-to-coast 7.55 1. When services resumed after 15 years. founded in 1851. double receiver. and for a higher fee. Listed price is for annual subscription.00 0.00 UK Price £ 3/6/0 High sensitivity headphones for long-range use.01-0. the local companies could connect to the regional carriers and send the message to most parts of Britain.12). with green silk-braid insulated cords. local companies.00 0. per word Monthly journal of scientific and technological matters. The following rates were charged: Local (w/in 100 miles) 1. the telegraphs were quickly dominated by one company: the New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company.

and had the postage paid by the sender.m. to 16 1d 2d 6d 10d 1s/2d 8d extra. Post Cards.m. drawn by the fastest and most experienced teams. Then in 1840. then are returned to the sender. for a fee of £3 per year. to 12 Britain joined the General Postal Union in 1875. they introduced the world’s first prepaid postage stamp. the office would only sell 1d stamps. Private letterboxes could be rented from the General Post Office. or the branch or district offices. and set postage at a uniform rate of 4d regardless of distance. Letters for the night mail had to be dropped off in one of the pillar boxes or at one of the branch offices by 5:30 p. Rolling out of the General Post Office each evening.. guards and toll gate operators were required to open the gates when they saw the coach coming or heard the distinctive horn. were the most well-known. 1d 1 d d extra. the Post Office began to institute the reforms proposed by Sir Rowland Hill. 25 .m. and Carter Patterson. the Uniform Penny Post was established. A letter sent from one of the post offices or dropped into the “pillar boxes” (iron curb-side post boxes. Parcel Post A number of shipping companies were based in London and shipped packages anywhere in London and the surrounding suburbs: London Parcels Delivery Co. Anyone interfering with or delaying the mail was faced with a £5 fine (a huge sum in 1784). there was a complicated formula that was between 2 and 3 times more expensive than the 1765 rates. and Globe Parcels Express shipped anywhere in the world. the “penny black” (stamps were printed in sheets. and was sealed with wax or with gummed paper wafers. deliveries were made to the London suburbs 6 times a day. Letters are held for two weeks. Poste Restant As a service to people traveling to London who have no fixed address. upon displaying their passport. Able to maintain an amazing speed of 11 miles per hour. The postage rates were increased and reorganized numerous times until by 1839. Sutton & Co. carried few. the rates were as follows: ounce – to 1 ounce – to 4 ounces – to 6 ounces – to 8 ounces – Each additional oz. it was quadrupled. the paper was folded. They can be mailed from the General Post Office by 6 p m. Delivery Times Especially near central London.. The letters could be picked up during the week between 9 a m. or an envelope. and cut out with scissors – the perforation was not invented until 1853. There were some strange regulations for the purchasing of stamps: After 6 p. and all letters under an ounce could be sent anywhere in Britain for 1d. or as late as 7:45 for an extra 6d fee. and an additional 1d for every 40 miles after that. could be sent anywhere in Britain for d. one end tucked into the other. This is for single sheets only – if there were two sheets. To keep from having to use an envelope. In the few branch offices open on Sunday. 2d for up to 40 miles. passengers. In 1839. America. and the service is no longer provided after two months – visitors are expected to have obtained a permanent address by then. worldwide 3d +1d 1s 2s – 6s By 1879.. the postage was doubled. special trains replaced the coaches. usually about 2 hours apart. first installed in 1855) might arrive at a London address within 3 or 4 hours (though sometimes it was delayed until the evening delivery). These rates are from 1897: Packages to 1 pound Each additional pound to 9 lbs 10-11 lbs 11 lbs. with the name of the addressee and the words “to be called for”. if any. By the end of the century.) From 1840 until 1865. Continental Parcels Express shipped to all parts of Europe..The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue British Postage In 1765. the British Post Office charged 1d for letters going up to 15 miles. but by the recipient to the postman upon delivery. they would not sell less than a shilling’s worth. Letters addressed to initials or fictitious names are not accepted. and a letter addressed to other parts of Britain could arrive on the addressee’s porch by 8 in the morning. there were as many as 10 mail deliveries a day. Four months later. or any of the member nations for 2 d. the Night Mail coaches. Mail could be picked up anytime between the hours of 7:30 am and 7:45 p. letters could be addressed to the General Post Office or to the Charing-Cross office. if the weight was over an ounce. Letters could then be sent anywhere in the United Kingdom. in May. or abroad for 1d. and 5 p m. It is important to note that the postage was not paid by the sender. introduced in 1870. the rates were: 1 ounce – to 2 ounces – Each additional 2 oz.

the Treaty of Berne established the General Postal Union. the fastest way to get a letter from St. see the different shipment options in Chapter 18. However. they just signed the letter where a stamp would normally go. with the required amount. Louis. Nevada. Twenty years later. During the Civil War. Employing lightweight but experienced riders and having them change horses every 10-15 miles. if no mail needed to be dropped off at the station. one of the privileges of being a politician is that all correspondence is sent free of postage. a uniform post was adopted. and that postal authorities treat domestic and foreign mail equally. gummed stamps finally became available in October of 1861. and were written on special lightweight paper. Each rider carried the locked saddlebags about 100 miles in a relay. an additional 40 cent charge was added if the letter had to cross the Mississippi. so many nations joined that the name of the organization was changed in 1878 to the Universal Postal Union. A letter to a far corner of the globe might have a rainbow of different stamps attached to the front. morning and evening every weekday. no matter the distance. doomed by the telegraph that connected the country from coast to coast. It operated for less than 19 months. also. For additional information. postage fees were based on the weight of the letter. freight charges varied widely subject to improvements in technology and the whims of supply and demand (during the California Gold Rush in 1849. Soldiers in the field were able to send their letters and have the postage paid by the recipient. Transportation The Universal Postal Union In 1874. Before the Treaty of Berne. it allowed the country of origin to keep the full amount of the postage.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue American Postage Before 1863. and the speed of service required. the rate was lowered to 2 cents. with a ounce letter costing 3 cents. In 1863. usually in black ink. and the postage rates were raised to 10 cents per ounce. for example. but this merely authorized the post office to collect the postage from the receiver. Colorado. and regulated postal rates and communication among the signatory nations.966-mile run. the United States Post Office continued to handle the mail until the Confederate Postal Service was able to begin service. so postmasters would handstamp “PAID” and the amount of the postage.00. and California Postage in the Confederate States During the first months after the succession. the weight that a 2 cent stamp would cover was increased to one ounce. Missouri and Sacramento. over 8 months after the succession. Nebraska. a letter being sent to a different country had to have sufficient postage paid for every country through which the letter would pass. many letters home were signed in the corner by the soldier’s commanding officer. Preprinted. and 10 cents per ounce for distances over 500 miles. Wyoming. The postal fees were 5 cents per ounce for distances under 500 miles. the effects of the blockade were being felt. Two years after that. where it remained until 1917 Cities in America usually had two mail deliveries a day. The Pony Express Between April of 1860 and October of 1861. it might be tossed to the waiting rider. the Pony Express carried mail to Kansas. in 1883. After 1863. Letters could weigh no more than an ounce. In return. Originally just covering Europe and America. 26 . Utah. freight charges climbed as much as 500%). California was the “Pony Express”. so those letters were stamped “DUE”. Along the route. Franking In America. but that later dropped to $1. Freight Throughout the century. It initially cost $5. since it had to be smuggled through. but would not have that right again until WWI. Mail was not delivered on Sunday. The Treaty required two things: that postal rates be more-or-less unified. the distance it had to travel.00 to send a letter to Sacramento. Soldiers in the field had a similar privilege during the Revolutionary War. printed stamps were not available. they were able to maintain an average speed of 10 miles per hour over the 1. with one delivery on Saturday.

particularly those of the middle and upper classes (in other words. The equipment they used – Indian Clubs. those whose trades did not consist of strenuous physical labor).The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Sporting Goods Sport was extremely important to both the British and the Americans. “a healthy mind in a healthy body. anyone? Or Baseball? Indian Clubs 27 . Chest Expanders. “Muscular Christianity”. Men. were encouraged to engage in exercise. the Medicine Ball – look quite strange to the modern eye Cricket.” games and contests of all sorts were thought to promote good health and foster a spirit of community.

regular league ball. 1 pair Athletic Tights.75 2. per pair Dumb bells. cast iron. each Baseball Cap. Boxing.65 . woven cane. 3-piece.00 3. 1-5 pound.25 1. 1 pair New Regulation Bayonet Fencing Equipment.21/0 4/6 38/3 7/3 6/6 5/6 8/6 For athletic or theatrical exhibitions.65 1/2 . Fencing Gloves. best straight-grained white ash. with Indiarubber palms Gloves.75 2.40 3. Catcher’s Mask.75 2. Velvet Puff.3/1 0/2 12/6 37/2 15/6 11/4 11/2 9/9 1/9 4/9 6/6 8/6 25/6 19/7 11/0 Fencing. Left glove padded.15 0. 1 pair Singlestick Helmet. Ash.58 2. 2 pair Punching Bag. Baseman’s.75 0. Available in black. Batting “The Claw. for 1 man Includes canvas jacket. 1-25 pounds.33 2. pads. felt padding. navy. Ask.50 1. waterproofed canvas. Duke’s “Willow King” Cricket Ball. Catcher’s and Umpire’s Breast Protector Baseball Uniforms Baseball Shoes Cricket: Cricket Bat. Leather. cotton.10 3. 1 set Double pull.75 2. ventilated Wicket. Steel. 1 pair Best buckskin. nickel-plated New Model Chest Weight. 1 pair Best oiled leather.42 1. Split Bamboo.50 3. French Pattern Singlesticks. with ear protection.5.10 1. Mounts on wall. Exercise Equipment: Indian Clubs.35 1. French-pattern hilts. best lamb’s wool Athletic Supporter Athletic Tights. with fingerless throwing glove. and gloves. with felt-lined case 28 .25 0. full-length.85 8. Includes rubber cords to connect with floor and ceiling.58 1. serrated ferrules. 1 dozen Basket Hilts. per pair Standard quality. canvas and leather.60 3. or maroon. best quality.10 9.04 3.70 2. worn over tights. 10’ 8-strip. right glove fingerless for better control of ball.05 UK Price 1/8 15/6 1/6 6/7 12/5 2/6 2/1 4/2 0/10 4/2 2/8 2/1 14/0 6/2 8/8 15/0 33/0 15/6 8/11 15/0 . each (price per pound) Sandow’s Patent Spring Grip Exerciser.25 .00 0. holds 1 dozen bats Gloves. best match quality Cricket Bag. regulation.50 2. white canvas. Wicker. worsted wool.00 21/4 3/1 61/10 Fly Rod.00 3.0. cotton rib knit Athletic Sweater.40 1.00 0. heavy wire Catcher’s Mitts. Boston or Chicago style Bat. Jointed Bamboo 4-piece.21 1. Leather Gauntlet.15 1. Champion. celluloid-wound handle Fly Rod. 1 dozen Steel Guard and Knucklebow.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Athletic Attire: Athletic Sweater. Fishing: Baitcasting Rod. Singlestick. 14’ – 17’ 5. per pair Best Solingen blade. Fencing Masks. Calcutta bamboo. buckskin.60 0. Wicket-Keeper’s.00 9. 3” x 5 yards Skull Cap. 6’6”. round. Boxing Gloves. full-length.15 3. Chubb. worsted wool Trunks. each Baseball: Baseball.75 0. and other Martial Sports: Fencing Foil. Weight US Price 0.65 0. 1 pair Wrist Supporter. 0. gray. Stumps and bails. double ferrules. weight is adjustable from 2 to 30 pounds. 1 pair Elastic Bandage.05 6.75 1. brass tops. each Bat Bag. 30”.” per pair Leg Guards. 1 each Fencing Jackets.00 0.75 15. padded with extra-thick felt.18 4.

Split-shot.75 1. Range 0. The Association “College Match” ball. 8 balls “…balls and mallets of neat design. 1 dozen Tennis Balls. copper rivets Reel Case. Canvas Jacket Football Suits. waterproof. ash or sycamore heads.29 – 0. cork Hand Line. square heel. 84 feet Line.03 1.60 8. braided silk.18 1. celluloid leaves. leather. 1 dozen Racquet Cover.55 UK Price 8/8 6/2 1/3 – 2/1 0/2 0/2 0/9 5/2 0/10 0/10 2/6 7/3 2/11 0/2 0/1 1/6 1/0 3/1 7/9 14/5 4/2 2/1 5/2 1/11 27/3 36/6 10/9 3/7 5/7 9/4 53/3 24/0 0/2 3/1 .60 0. cheap Tennis Balls.75 0. Baitcasting. Gentlemen’s set Set of 4 clubs. 10 space with 1 tray 15 space with 2 trays Heavy tin. per 25 yards Lures.85 2. patent lid fastening.25 12.12 1.25 0.25 – 20 lbs in quarter-pound increments Thigh Boots.50 0. nickel fittings For storing racquet and to prevent warping. rigged with hook. sinker. with braces. embossed russet leather.87 1. Spring Fish Scale Brass body. Padded Golf: Golf Clubs. with bag and one dozen ball.” 1.04 0.00 0. Flycasting. Football Inflator Football Suits. canvas.50 1. Martin’s Patent Tube Core Golf Ball. 1 dozen Winter Sports: Ice Skates.75 17 lbs 5. Practice. sizes 10/0 to 12. felt-lined Sinkers.88 3. 1 pair Waterproof Trousers (hip waders). 21” circumference. pine.04 0.25 0. Lead. and soldered. Lead Sinkers.75 0. 3’ handle Trout Basket (Creel) Woven wicker.50 1.” 16” x 62” 29 .45 6. canvas. double-seamed. brown linen.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Reel.65 2. sliding dog and backslide click (helps prevent tangled lines. Other Sports and Outdoor Games: Croquet Set.75 – 6. spring fly clip.20 0. and float. size 3.05 0.25 0. Sled. Black Glazed Rubber. rattan canes Polo Balls.05 0. painted and striped.03 0.65 3.75 1.80 0. leather ends Rod Case. linen line Line.50 2. Canvas Pants.40 6.10 1.70 0.60 1. Pocket Fly Book Leather cover. Golf Balls. 40 yard Fish hooks. 60 yard Quadruple multiplier. Landing Net Gaff Hook.47 0. per dozen Floats. Indiarubber.20 0.50 0. Artificial: Spoons Rubber Worms.35 2. rubber bladder. rigged with 3 hooks Rod Case.45 0. 1 dozen Golf Tees. Japanned. “The Princess” Racing Skates Skate Sharpener Wood Clog Ice Skates Beechwood foot block. with thong and tassel Tennis: Lawn Tennis Bat (Racquet).26/10 10/11 14/2 3/1 2/3 Reel.35 0. leather cover. Holds 20 pounds of fish. Regulation Tournament. 1 gross in a wood box Trout Flies Chain Stringer Tackle Box.90 5. “Flexible Flier.) Weight US Price 2. willow. 1 pair Football (American): Football. leather bound Racquet Press.45 7/3 4/3 5/9 27/6 10/2 0/6 7/3 22/6 Polo Mallets.

Lavish productions were staged. After 1850. they created the startlingly realistic illusion of seeing famous buildings. Victorian Entertainments Clubs – While not ‘Entertainment’ per se. “Penny Gaffe” – A very lowbrow type of theatre found in the East End of London. it was moved in 1854 to Sydenham Hill in South London. and socialize with other members of similar interests and tastes. and Dining This chapter attempts to list some of the many entertainments. Magic Lantern Shows – Part slide show. or panoramas of battlefields. Music Halls – Extremely popular among all social classes. Central London and the suburbs. The patrons were often tradesmen. landscapes. and some of the latest sensations originating from the Edison labs in America. the clubs provided a comfortable place to go. it was a wonder of the age. and displayed technological and artistic marvels from all over the world. two if you wanted a seat in the “galleries” (tiers of raised wooden benches – bleacher fashion . had one of the finest private libraries in London. for example. They featured variety acts of all descriptions – singing. Open only to members and invited guests (membership often had strict requirements. famous sporting events. bawdier version of Music Hall fare. “Penny Dreadful” – A cheap. lighting. the theatre slowly declines in popularity among the middle classes due to the (low) reputation of performers and the rowdy behavior of the audiences. The British equivalent of the ‘Dime Novel’. the Indian Rebellion. women on the other). part light show.on each side of the theatre. and action – the ‘Wild West’ was a popular source of subject matter. popular actresses reciting poetry. illustrated magazine in tabloid format with lurid and melodramatic stories. and the young. and the Cosmorama – These were large attractions. run by itinerant street performers. and sometimes even musical effects. complete with script and slides. and used carefully painted panels and backdrops. displayed for a halfpenny or penny. “Raree-Show” – Also known as a “Peep Show”. membership in the exclusive clubs on the London social scene. the Edison “Kinetoscope” (1892). both high-brow and base. the Magic Lantern or Stereopticon was popular fare both in private drawing rooms and large public halls. The Crystal Palace – . usually about crime and criminals. and the entertainment was usually a rougher. They might be a single room or cart with a lone curiosity. “Nickel-in-the-Slot” and the “Penny Arcade” – Several popular coin-operated amusements were invented toward the end of the century: the Edison “Nickel-in-the-slot” phonograph (1889). with over 30. with a clientele (and acts) appropriate to the character of the location. a short. dancing. animal acts. which allowed 4 patrons to listen to a recording through earphones. with halls in the West End. have a drink. Built in Hyde Park for the 1851 Great Exhibition. Nearly 200 acres and using almost a million square feet of glass. these were boxes that contained a number of pictures that could be viewed one at a time through small holes in the side. tableaux. were the most popular. Theatre – During the first half of the 19th century. and finally in the East End. available to anyone with some spare change in their pocket. They sometimes offered other amenities: the Athenaeum Club. Dime Novels – First published in 1860. and a prospective member had to be voted in. which showed a short film. they were an important part of the social scene for the middle and upper classes in London. juggling. The box could be lit by a candle at night. When viewed through screens or lenses. apprentices. men were seated on one side. very similar to the later vaudeville. the famous “Elephant Man”. adventure. to eat dinner. to an elaborate hall with numerous rooms and displays. 30 . various side-shows and freak shows displayed everything from pickled fetuses and five-legged calves to Joseph Merrick. It includes restaurants and dining. usually about crime. One could purchase prepared lectures. Freak Shows – Filling the crowded lanes of the East End. with spectacular sets and effects. music. and by the end of the century was extremely popular among all social classes. part documentary lecture. Dioramas. cheap paperback book with a lurid and melodramatic theme.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Entertainment. The pictures were usually some dramatic and newsworthy event like the Crimean War.000 volumes by 1865. and the “Mutoscope” (1895). a hand-cranked machine that displayed a short film using the ‘flip-book’ principle. with the attendant risk of being “black balled”). the theatre begins to improve its image. Panoramas. etc. One of the many attractions was a display of life-size sculptures of dinosaurs (as they were then understood). They were the “pulps” of the 19th century. Admission was a penny. ranging in size up to a small theatre. Lodging.

04 – 0. and Real Estate: Apartment Rental. Rental. This was for an apartment in the fashionable West End of London during “the Season.75). oil) was usually included.00). (admission fee) Reform Club. Freak Show The lower prices are for the single-attraction displays.00 127.02 0/1 (See sidebar article Tossing the Pieman) Purchased from a street vendor or from a pieshop. per week Includes meals – three a day plus afternoon tea.50 0. admission (on Saturday) Dining: Catering: Luncheon.12 8/6 10/0 2/0 1/6 0/2 – 0/6 Oyster Shop: Dozen Oysters.55 – 1. Prominent foreign travelers. one acre of land (fenced) and a well in South Carolina.72. 106 Pall Mall.150gns 1/0 £2 . per hour per person An extra fee of 0/6 for gaslight at night. 1890 1. per night Hot bath Lighting (candles. 7 Savile-Row. scientific.15 30/0 . one hour from the city. brass.25 UK Price 1/0 Club Membership: Army and Navy Club. An association of gentlemen who have lived and traveled abroad. Annual membership fee is £ 6/11s ($31. per year House.00). (admission fee) Scientific Club. are extended invitations for the duration of their stay. median sale price in US. To qualify for membership.25 – 0.50 17.00 / $41. This was the advertised price for a 9-room furnished home in upstate New York. south side. Annual membership fee is 10 guineas per annum for the first 5 years of election. for the promotion of the abstract and applied sciences. ca.50 0.750 0.00 825. in Manhattan. each Dioramas.9. etc.75 25. Annual membership fee is 2 guineas ($10. Public Lodgings. admission during the rest of the week is 1/0.25 0/5 1/0 – 2/0 0/ – 0/3 3/9 100 .06 0. 1 turn Hunting Horse. (admission fee) Athenaeum.00 .” when Parliament was in session. Rental. per head: - 0. This was the advertised price new 6-room house with back porch. St James’s Street.01 – 0. in season Small Lobster Fish & Chips Pie (Meat or Fruit) Restaurant (beverages and tip extra): Breakfast Luncheon Full Dinner 0. with basement. west side.00 840.00 51. Weight US Price 0.90 500 .36 0. Hotels.60 0. and for the nobles and gentlemen who are their liberal patrons.10 0.00 .250. per year House (Rural). 1877. Membership is exclusively for Liberal MPs of either house of Parliament. Annual membership fee is 8 guineas ($40. (admission fee) 145. closed on Sundays. Current and former members of the two services.70 2. House.00 3. Sale Price House. with land.00 £ 30 £ 3/10/0 10 gns 25 gns 5 gns 30 gns 36 Pall Mall.60 2/6 Price shown is Saturday only. trained Lecture. per week Boarding House Rental.00 0.36 0. An association of gentlemen of scientific pursuits. Annual membership fee is 10 guineas ($51.00 2.00 £226 £173 £170 £670 This was the advertised price for a 4-story brick house. 8 guineas per annum thereafter ($51. a well. per head: Full Dinner.00). and “300 fruit trees. (admission fee) Conservative Club. 107 Pall Mall.100. Pall Mall. New.25 . 2. Hotel. gas. and literary pursuits. ca. Panoramas. ca. An association of gentlemen for the furtherance of conservative principles.25 10. 1892.50 7.50). An association of gentlemen of artistic.55 153. 0. when properly recommended. Crystal Palace.20/0 1/0 Hunting Horn. 0.40/0 8/0 . 1877. A fire in the bedroom or sitting room was charged extra.75). (admission fee) Travellers Club. 31 .5.40 0. The quality varied widely and ingredients were sometimes of a questionable nature.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Billiard Room.30 1/6 2/6 2/3 – 5/6 “Dime Novel”. the individual must have traveled away from England at least 500 miles as measured in a straight line from London. Annual membership fee is 4 guineas ($20. Rooms farther east could be had for less.

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue A Public Stereopticon Lecture 32 .

A small crank rotates the disks in opposite directions. spare strings. Fife U. Magic Lantern Slides. Steinway Piano. complete set Not Available Before 1850 (in these models – primitive versions had been around for over 100 years) This is a children’s toy. 1 pair Violin. in rosewood. Geometrical Chromotrope Slides. 44 note.50 0. uses a small kerosene lamp and comes in a carrying case with one dozen fancy colored slides. Windsor Player Piano Annual Subscription to the library of player piano rolls Allows the subscriber to borrow 24 rolls a month. Sheet Music Collections.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Madame Tussaud’s Exhibition of Waxworks Children half-price.0.00 600. it is of japanned metal with gilt decorations. rosin. subject to availability. with bow. each Music Hall Tickets (1879 season prices) “Nickel-in-the-Slot” Penny Arcade Amusement (Average price). projecting an image about a foot in diameter. Nickel fittings Music Box. “Home.50 2.00(+) 0. “Penny Dreadful. Regulation Pattern 16” diameter.00 1.35 4.25 0.40 5.00 20.00(+) 175 . Only one cylinder could be played – the owner needed to change the selection frequently. Guitar. 9. 10 keys.75 0. 1 1/8”. 10 lbs - 4. amateur violin outfit Basic quality violin.” each 0. Edison “Nickel-in-the-Slot” Machine Not Available Before 1892. with German silver fittings. Includes bow and a wood case. complete set 0.05 125. Table Size Additional Tunes for the music box. each Magic Lantern. Private boxes could be had at most music halls for varying prices. and a pasteboard case.12).2/0 0/1 .45 25 lbs 18. Plays one short tune.50 0. Ebony.50 0.02 0/1 33 . uses a small kerosene lamp and comes in a carrying case with six colored slides.30 0. one dozen Magic Lantern.50(+) 2.” 3 1/8”. 2 heads. Like the smaller version. A program costs 0/6 ($0.00 Harmonica. These slides have two glass disks with colored radial patterns. colored moveable slides. “Home”.00 1/5 16/6 This is a larger lantern meant for home use. 18 note. plain colored slides. pedal-pumped. A type “M” battery-operated Edison phonograph fitted inside an attractive oak cabinet. Vocal.40 8.£12/7s 115 gns+ £36 . 3 1/8”. each Magic Lantern Slides. bowl-backed Metronome Organ.50 0.80 47. 16” long Coronet.00 0. Kalbe Conductor’s Baton. 3 1/8”.0/2 £ 25/15/6 Kalbe’s Imperial with “Vox Humana” tremolo attachment. Music Box. Numerous books available.50 0. Lowendall’s Artist’s Violin A much higher quality modern-made violin. wood Bottom half lined with flannel. Professional – see Stereopticon Musical Instruments and Accessories: Accordion. Not Available Before 1895. Drumsticks. 1 1/8”.60. Regulation pattern. Comes with one tune. or for small ensemble.75 UK Price 1/0 3/1 Magic Lantern. spruce top. but the larger slides were interchangeable with slides for professional machines. ebony.50 37. A finely finished instrument. per book Snare Drum. Had between 1 and 4 hearing tubes. Magic Lantern Slides.85 19/7 1/8 34/0 3/6 37/2+ 1/3 22/8+ 10/4 £7 . Hohner Mandolin. 12”high. instrumental. 3 1/8”. Cylinders with the tunes can be interchanged. 0/6 extra to view the Napoleon Room and the Chamber of Horrors. each Magic Lantern Slides. Violin Case.400 600. the lid lined with paper. 1.S. plain colored slides. 2 stops. Violin. Average admission is around 0/6.25 0. with instruction book. 3 1/8”. allowing the patrons to hear the recording. Small 2 ” in diameter. one dozen Magic Lantern Slides. Weight US Price 0. It is of japanned metal with gilt decorations. “The Columbian Standard” Mahogany back and sides. It would project an image 3 feet in diameter. Upright. Concert Grand.00 . Bb With French piston valves and German silver mouthpiece.25 0. it may be played in the conventional manner or by the automatic mechanism from a prepared roll. each with between 20 and 50 pieces.75 0. Windsor Piano.29 5.£82 £ 125 4 Gns 1/8 22/8 2/0 11/6 £9/13/10 4/2 1/10 75/3 1/3 0/3 .06 . moveable slides with colored landscapes.75 7/2 1/0 2/0 3/1 These slides have an object like a train or boat which moves across a painted landscape and disappears off the side of the image. creating a shifting moiré pattern. gut snares. ebony.

50 . each Chromotropes Similar in effect to kaleidoscopes. animated photos. were perennial favorites. A phonograph (using wax cylinders) made by the ‘Graphophone’ brand of Columbia Records. “The Bijou” “Raree-Show” (“Peep Show”) Stereopticon. Subjects range from famous cities and natural wonders. and were of higher quality. Plush-covered. 4 hour performance. nickel eyepieces.10 £13/18/5 0/11 18/6 . lower lenses for viewing stereo photos. high quality 34 . Weight US Price 51. medium quality Stereoscopic View Sets. each Phonograph Cylinder Carrying Case.10 30. Phonograph Cylinders. 4 ” objective lenses and leather bellows focusing. with polished nickel stand. “The Graphophone” (1897 price) Not Commonly Available Before 1891 (though the earliest version was available from 1878 – see sidebar article for history and prices).50 .20) will be applied if gas is not available. The required chemicals are described as costing “…but a few cents for the light of an evening’s entertainment. and vocal works were available.00 0. Stereoscope – “Stereo-graphoscope” Stereoscope. 12 cylinders of the customer’s choice. these throw fantastical moving colored patterns.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Performers for Hire: Conjurer Dance Band. polished walnut stand.” Numerous subjects are available – history.25 0. a bottle of oil. A broad and growing list of music. Phonograph Cylinders. comic.30 25. Individual slides with novel moving or dissolving effects: The ‘Dancing Skeleton and the ‘Rat Catcher’. one recording diaphragm. to the life of Christ. and a mechanical lime movement automatically rotates the lime. a screwdriver. but not illuminate the whole room.25 2. coronet. handheld. foreign cities. speeches.42 2.50 0. each Lecture Sets Lecturer’s Lamp Secret Society Sets. etc. and a small horn for concert use.45/5 9/4 5/10 9/3 . per set Colored Motion Slides. It includes the ‘talking machine’. an oak case. 35. with stand As above.25 0. colored.20 0.15/6 10/4 1/0 8/3 13/5 0/2 0/3 0/5 Apparatus for making the hydrogen and oxygen for the limelight. etc.00 3. Twin projectors with a ‘dissolving lever’ that controls the gas flow to the two burners.45 4.50 9. The motor is wound with a detachable crank. Stereoscopic View Sets.05 0. Magic Lantern Show. It includes a Graphophone phonograph (as above). 1 hour performance. folding Stereoscope.3. 4” upper lens for viewing photographs. 67. A hooded oil lamp that will throw a small amount of light directly down onto the script. allowing the operator to smoothly dissolve between the projectors. high grade lenses. where one rat after another leaps into a sleeping man’s mouth to be swallowed. Dissolving views using the latest limelight apparatus. consisting of conjuring.00 0. hearing tubes for 3 persons. Varnished sycamore wood.14/5 6/2 . 90 minute performance.3. each These cylinders were specially designed for recording music. piano.50 0. Violin.00 2. Pianist (Lady). each These cylinders were designed for vocal recording. satin-lined hood.01 98.25 1. collapsing frame of rosewood and nickel.25 . An additional charge of 5/0 ($1. Folding. blank.11. with lime light apparatus An ‘eraser’ that shaves down worn or damaged cylinders.00 5.07 0. 4 hour performance. Pre-Recorded. bible scenes. coronet. piano. designed for the education for various degrees in the Masons and the Odd Fellows.50 1. Phonograph Set Phonograph Cylinders. blank. handheld. astronomy. natural scenery. allowing the unit to be stored in a smaller space. Stereoscope. Gas Generator Stereo Views for Magic Lanterns and Stereopticons. folding nickel handle. cheap Made of oiled mahogany with polished hood and a folding handle. allowing them to be used for recording again. Phonograph. famous buildings.50 5. 4 piece Violin. and bass. Complete with slides and prepared script. one playback diaphragm. hand-colored Stereoscopic View Sets. Phonograph Cylinder Shaver. Ranging from 2 to 14 views per set.00 UK Price 10 gns 6 gns £ 2/0/3 9/6 £5/3/0 High class entertainment. for music. and bass. hand shadows. Stop cocks and gas jets are brass.75 2. canvas Holds 36 cylinders. one speaking tube.75 2. A discount of 3% was applied to orders of 12 or more.00 £7/4/4 0/10 1/0 2/0 20/8 20/8 0/ £20/4/2 A kit supplied by Graphophone especially for public exhibition. and a complete instruction book.

12 1.00 0.00 (16/6) apiece for the cylinders. and $7. It had characters from the play in various poses. it does not sell well. These were sheets that a child could color. 1906 – The Victor Company introduces the fully enclosed cabinet phonograph under the name “Victrola”.50 0. As sales increase. 1899 – The price of phonographs has dropped to $20. they approach Edison with an offer to collaborate. The backdrop could fold into a miniature stage.Alexander Graham Bell’s company patents several improvements. and begins marketing recordings (and the “Gemophone” phonographs) on their own. At $125. “tossing” was a little wager that they played with their customers to encourage sales. Though a sensation at first.10 – 25.55 1 – 5 Gns 10/6 Pit Gallery Victoria Theatre (The “Vic”): Box Seats Stalls 0.12): Adelphi: Box Seats Stalls Item and Description US Price UK Price 5.00 (£4) for the “Standard” phonograph. giving demonstrations of the new machine.00 (£25) for the machine and $4. “Tossing the Pieman” The Pieman wandered the streets. and people begin to tour. paste to cardboard.$0.02 0/6 0/1 Hand-colored sheets were available for 0/2. which uses a tinfoil cylinder. and with itinerant performers on street corners.25 2/0 0/6 5/0 – 21/0 1/0 Gallery Toy Theater Sheets.50 2. he changes the company policy and begins commercial sales. and cut out. and an abridged version of the script. usually jiggling the character to indicate which one was speaking. 1899 – Edison introduces the “Edison Concert Phonograph”. 1901 – Colombia Records begins producing gramophones for both disc and cylinders. 1890 – Edison gains control of the North American Phonograph Company. but ignores the home market. or could be bought as souvenirs of theatrical productions. capacity. 1886 .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Weight Theatre Tickets (1879 season prices) (Programs available for 0/6 . 1878 – Edison founds the Edison Speaking Phonograph Company. It was extremely popular.21 – 5.12 0. The cylinders only have a 2 minute capacity. plain 0. If the pieman called the toss correctly. They might be from well-known fairy tales or children’s stories. The new discs have a 4-min. which uses large-format (5” diameter) cylinders. Music Box 35 .Thomas Edison invents and patents the phonograph. It was apparently quite tricky to operate. including the wax cylinder. the price drops rapidly. but he refuses. It was a sort of puppet theatre – the characters were brought onto the set from the side and manipulated by the child from behind the set. peddling hot meat or fruit pies from his charcoalheated box for a penny apiece. you got your meal for free. The price of the machines is extremely high: $150. and the tinfoil cylinders wore out after a few playings. 1891 – Edison begins offering music and entertainment recordings. 1888 – The North American Phonograph Company gains exclusive rights to both the phonograph and the gramophone. the public soon tired of it and Edison became sidetracked with work on the light bulb. plus the backdrop and scenery. You tossed a penny in the air and caught it while the pieman called “heads” or “tails”.00 (£30).50 (30/11) for the “Gem”. both with children performing for each other or for their parents. Bell’s company manufactures the Gramophone. and begins producing machines again. and the figures would be attached to wires. if he missed. The Edison Speaking Phonograph 1877 . 1893 – Columbia Records severs its ties to the North American Phonograph Company. he kept your penny and you went hungry. and instead only rents machines to businesses for taking dictation.

Persons holding a valid license to kill game were exempt. Farmers were also permitted to use a gun without a license in their fields. or will be traveling overseas for a period of at least 6 months. British Gun Laws There were two laws during the Gaslight era that are of interest to investigators: the Gun Licenses Act of 1870. both in the course of their duties and for target practice. and the information on the licenses/proofs provided. These records must be produced for inspection upon request by any police constable or officer of the Inland Revenue. these rifles were sold in turn sold to the public. caplock shotguns. but only to scare birds or kill vermin. obtain an annual Gun Permit from any Post Office for a fee of 10 shillings. With each improvement. the name and address of the purchaser. by contrast. The Confederate States of America were able to pick up a large number of muzzle-loading rifles from both the British and the Prussians who were upgrading to breechloaders. outside of their immediate home or yard. After the war. and others converted to muzzle-loading. listing precise descriptions of the weapon.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Firearms and Ammunition The 19th century witnessed a remarkable development in firearms technology. In addition. dumping the old equipment on the civilian market or selling to other countries. and would result in a £10 fine. and the Pistols Act of 1903. and could be found in catalogs years later – some as curios. anyone selling or leasing a pistol is required to keep records of all such transactions. The Gun Licenses Act required that anyone desiring to carry or use a firearm of any type (including air guns). the constable could then take them into custody and bring them before a magistrate. or “suitable proof” that they are a householder and will be using the pistol only within their own property. If that person refused to provide their name and address. The Remington-Elliot Derringer The Remington Double Derringer The Harrington and Richardson Young American 36 . Failure to have a valid license would not lead to arrest. The permit expired every year on July 31st. These last two “proofs” are in the form of a letter signed by a police inspector or justice of the peace. required everyone desiring to purchase a “pistol” (defined as having a barrel length of less than 9”) produce either a Gun License or license to kill game. but the constable would require the person’s name and current address. The Pistols Act. from the muzzle-loading flintlocks of Napoleon’s armies to magazine-fed semi-automatic pistols and the machine gun. as were the military and police. the armies of Europe and America would upgrade their armament.

and it slides forward to load.A Revolver Weight: 39 oz. (The gun was designed to prevent children from being able to fire it. Chicago Palm Pistol Calibers: .00 Notes: The Remington was a very popular sidearm. PISTOLS: Revolvers Colt 1851 Navy Revolver Calibers: . By removing the wedge that held the cylinder in place the empty one cold be slipped out and a fresh one put into its place. Loading: Break-Open Available: 1890 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 12. vest pockets.50. Loading: Cap and Ball Available: 1863 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 18.22 Short Action: D. 1890s Ammo Capacity: 7 Price: $ 1. and the like.00 Notes: Popular due to its light weight and good balance. Spare cylinders cost $3. so the fastest way to reload was to have a second pistol available. but the main advantage was the solid top strap made it a sturdier gun than the Colts.32S&W Action: D. The cap nipples were primed with percussion caps. It is very flat and compact.90. each cylinder had to be individually charged with powder and a ball inserted. . Remington Double Derringer Calibers: . Remington-Elliot Derringer Calibers: . but was less likely to jam.50 Notes: A tiny four-barreled pistol – barrel assembly unlocks by pulling the stud under the fore end. Harrington & Richardson Young America Lady’s Revolver Calibers: .22 Short. Loading: Cap and Ball Available: 1851 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 15.A Revolver Weight: 7 oz .” It was held in the palm with the barrel protruding between the fingers and fired by squeezing the hinged backstrap.15 Notes: Probably the most famous of the "Derringers".50 Notes: Tiny revolver that can easily be hidden in a vest pocket.A Revolver Weight: 44 oz. . while the grip safety and heavy trigger pull nearly eliminates the chance of an accidental discharge. it still was effective enough to be used to assassinate President William McKinley. comes standard with black hard rubber grips – Pearl grips are available for an additional $ 0. and the pistol was ready for use. often nicknamed the “Lemon Squeezer. While the round is very underpowered (being known to bounce back and land at the shooter's feet when fired against a tree or wall). The larger caliber was one selling point. particularly among the Union Army troops in the Civil War. .32 Short Action: Single Action Weight: ~12 oz.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue PISTOLS: Derringers and “Stingy Guns” Sharps Model 1A (and 2A) Derringer Calibers: . Nickel-plated.32 Extra Short Action: DA 'Revolver' Weight: 9 oz.00 Notes: A small.22 Short.‘saw handled. Loading: Removable cylinder Available: 1882 Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $ 5.50 Remington 1863 Army Model Calibers: . Reloading in this manner takes only 3 rounds. Loading: sliding Available: 1859 Ammo Capacity: 4 Price: $ 5. the grips are reduced and the barrel is only 2” long. Loading: Break Open Available: 1866 Ammo Capacity: 2 Price: $ 5.36 Cap&Ball Action: S. To load the gun. Slow to load and awkward to fire. Many were converted to rimfire cartridges after the war. This process took several minutes. Loading: Swing-out Available: ca.) 37 . Loading: Break-Open Available: 1863 Ammo Capacity: 4 or 5 Price: $ 18. the open frame of the 1851 Navy was not as sturdy as the Remington designs.410 Rimfire Action: Single Action Weight: 12 oz. Smith & Wesson . The next-best way was to have a second pre-loaded cylinder. hammerless pistol of the ‘pepperbox revolver’ design .’ and with a ring trigger.32 Safety Revolver. and easily slips into boot tops. Ivory grips are available for an additional $1.00 Notes: A very compact revolver. Third Model Calibers: . then pressed down with the rammer – the pivoting lever under the barrel.00 Notes: Very unusual type of revolver.44 Cap&Ball Action: S.32 Short Action: Single Action Weight: ~12 oz. it can kill with a well placed (or lucky) shot. An internal firing pin rotates to each barrel in turn as the hammer is cocked. The hammerless design makes it quick to draw. The trigger is pushed forward to cock the pistol.A Revolver Weight: 13 oz.

” Smith and Wesson also produced a number of pistols in this pattern for the Russian government. so both guns could use the same ammunition. Loading: Break Open Available: 1871 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 18. though many preferred the balance of the “Peacemaker. and birds-head grips were standard.32-20.41 Colt Long. and the most recognizable handgun of that era. The . The new rounds are then inserted the same way. Colt Single-Action Army (Peacemaker) Calibers: .A. S&W Hammerless Colt Single-Action Army Colt Lightning Double-Action Revolver Webley Mk 1 38 ..45 Long Colt (and others) Action: S. and was both safe to carry and quick to bring into action.00 Notes: This revolver. . which went out of production in 1907. .” the Colt double-action used the same sidegate loading system. automatic ejecting revolver was much easier and faster to reload than the sidegate system used by Colt. Revolver Loading: Side Gate Weight: 36 oz.44-40 cartridge was particularly popular because the Winchester lever-action rifles came in the same chambering.38 S&W Action: DA Revolver Weight: 18 oz. Loading: Break Open Available: 1887 .50 Notes: The first in a long line of British service revolvers that lasted until after the Great War. but fast to load and utterly reliable. Smith&Wesson Schofield Calibers: .00 Notes: A veteran of the Old West. is a successful attempt to create a "pocket pistol" firing the 38 cartridge.00 Notes: The top-break.44-40 Action: S.44 Russian” cartridge proved to be extremely accurate.455 Webley Mk 1 Calibers: . In the side gate loading system. It is similar to the 32 Safety Revolver (q.455 Webley Action: DA Revolver Weight: 37 oz. Loading: Break Open Available: 1887 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 38. Available: 1877 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 20. the cylinder remains within the frame. Revolver Weight: 36 oz. revolver Heavy and bulky. a distinct advantage when the corner gunstore is over 100 miles away.A.) in design and features. when they were replaced by a smaller. They came with 4 ” or 6” barrels. The gun was popular enough that a at least one European manufacturer began making copies.A. .38 Colt (“Lightning”). and the “. lighter 38 caliber. Available: 1873 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 20. . but had a self-cocking mechanism.00 Notes: Not as popular (or as iconic) as the “Peacemaker.v. Colt “Lightning” and “Thunderer” Double-Action Revolvers Calibers: .41 Colt Long (“Thunderer”) Action: D. the cylinder being advanced by hand each time. . Revolver Loading: Side Gate Weight: 38 oz. and the casings are ejected one at a time through a loading port at the side.44-40.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Smith & Wesson Hammerless Revolver Calibers: .1907 Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $ 25. It was an abominably slow method.

that could convert the pistol to a small carbine. the gun included three magazines.00 Notes: One of Webley's early Top Break revolvers.’ 39 .A. Auto Weight: 40 oz.357 Magnum in 1935. then handloading the casings with 40 grains of black powder and about oz. It came in this caliber. Mauser C96 Calibers: 7. Remington Bull Dog Calibers: .50 cartridge. It is. A 16 gauge shotgun barrel formed the axis for a 9-shot cylinder which loaded through a sidegate like a Colt single-action revolver.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Bland-Pryse Type Revolver Calibers: . the bolt closes chambering the first round. and is loaded from the top using stripper clips.50 caliber shotshells can be made by trimming . a very reliable gun. however. the Le Mat was used in their penal colonies by guards.63mm Borchardt Action: S.50 Notes: The classic "Broomhandled Mauser". a wooden display magazine. Loading: Integral Box/Charger Available: 1896 Ammo Capacity: 10 Price: $ 37.) The 7. and can be purchased with a wooden holster that can be attached as a buttstock. when the empty clip is removed. Auto Weight: 40 oz. A lever on the head of the hammer selects between firing the pistol or the shotgun barrel. .50-70 brass. Loading: Break Open Available: 1877 Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 35. Loading: Side Gate Available: ~1868 Ammo Capacity: 9/1 Price: $ 50. of shot. or . The gun is not well designed from an ergonomic standpoint. it was not adopted by any military.45 Automatic Mauser C96 with attached shoulder stock PISTOLS: Self-Loading Borchardt C93 Calibers: 7. but the bullets can expect greater accuracy due to the rifled barrel.50 M71 Army Action: Single-shot Weight: Loading: Rolling-block Available: 1871 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $ 2. a cleaning rod. Dating from the good old days of the Colonial wars. It is. It feeds from an internal magazine in front of the grip. and a leather holster attached to a flat wood ‘stock’. Similar in effect to a sawed-off shotgun. it fired the massive round required to drop a charging native with one shot. this was one of the The gun is not well designed form an ergonomic standpoint.00 Notes: Built in France about 1868. Despite initial interest.v. being difficult to 'point' and aim quickly. and can be purchased with a wooden holster that can be attached as a buttstock. being difficult to 'point' and aim quickly. converting the weapon to a small ‘carbine. a very reliable gun.63mm Mauser Action: S. however.00 Notes: The direct ancestor of the Luger. Loading: Detachable Box Available: 1893 Ammo Capacity: 10 Price: $ 30.63mm bottlenecked cartridge was the highest-velocity pistol bullet in the world until the introduction of the . and the design was superceded by the Luger.577 Webley Action: DA Revolver Weight: 46 oz. Le Mat Revolver Calibers: 11mm Pinfire/16ga Action: SA Revolver Weight: 49 oz. It loads either the M71 Army .A. When purchased.90 Notes: This is a single-shot pistol based on the Remington Rolling-Block action. a cleaning kit. The LeMat Pinfire The Luger P08 The Colt . and in the larger 9mm (q.

00 Notes: One of the early lever-action rifles.S. only on a "0" will the gun jam. but a wooden forend is pumped forward and back to chamber a new round. 40 . the Hall carbine was a smooth-bored musket (later it was rebored and converted to a rifle during the Civil War. Loading: Detachable box magazine Available: 1904 Ammo Capacity: 7 Price: $ 24. . Very accurate and easy to use.15 lbs. By 1891. Very accurate and powerful. roll a 10-sided die again.25 lbs. . the breechblock and action would tip up. Was offered with either round or octagonal barrels. 9mm Parabellum Action: SA Auto Loading: Box Magazine Weight: 30 oz. Available: 1898 (7.65mm Action: S. . Luger P08 Calibers: 7. RIFLES: Colt Lightning Magazine Rifle Calibers: . but the exposed action was prone to jam badly when exposed to dust or sand. 4 oz. The breechblock and action could be removed as a unit for cleaning. 1853 Enfield Rifle Calibers: .92 lbs.1900 Ammo Capacity: 15 Price: $ 18. Army needed a replacement for the .45-60. It was a weapon of this model that was used to assassinate Archduke Ferdinand.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Browning Model 1900 Calibers: 7.38-40. Colt Lightning Express Rifle Calibers: . where the U.00 Notes: The first breech-loading weapon adopted by the US military.00 Notes: A hammerless automatic small enough to be classed as a "pocket" gun. is a product of the Moro Rebellion. Auto Weight: 22 oz. was the main British service rifle during the Crimean War.45". the slugs could penetrate 4” of wood at over 1000 yards and could hit targets at ranges that dismayed the Russians. the Henry had an awkward loading system similar to the Spencer. Loading: Tubular magazine (under barrel) Available: 1861 Ammo Capacity: 12 Price: $42.38 S&W revolvers that fared so poorly against determined. The first models were much squarer and blockier than the later 1911 and 1911A1 versions. designed by John Moses Browning.40-60. allowing a round to be easily and quickly loaded. Available: 1887 . and it was easier to load on horseback or while prone.32-20.65) 1908 (9mm) Ammo Capacity: 8 Price: $ 25.) By releasing a lever in front of the trigger guard. If a malfunction is rolled. the gun was no longer even listed in the Winchester catalog.44-40 Action: Slide Weight: 8. Henry’s Patent Repeating Rifle Calibers: . fanatical opponents. Tests showed that the weapon could be loaded and fired over twice as fast as a conventional muzzleloading musket. Loading: Box Magazine Available: 1900 Ammo Capacity: 7 Price: $ 20. rendering the entire weapon useless). allowing the rounds to be dropped in individually.45-85 WCF. . Colt . At the start of the American Civil War. uncovering the loading port. 1840 Hall Carbine Calibers: .577 Action: Single-shot Weight: 9. Loading: Single shot breechloader Available: 1839 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $ 22. . Some versions of this pistol had a lanyard ring on the bottom of the grip. touching off WWI and bringing an end to the Gaslight era.00 Notes: Probably one of the two most recognizable pistols in the world.user had to pull the magazine follower all the way forward.25 Notes: The famous "Colt .A. Britain was able to sell its surplus rifles to both the Union and the Confederacy. While the upper command officially forbid the practice (fearing that the soldiers would lose the breechblock.00 Chambered for the more powerful black powder rounds. and the soldiers quickly discovered that it could be used as a sort of derringer.00 Notes: Resembles the lever-action rifles of Marlin and Winchester.65mm Luger.50 (surplus) Notes: A rifled musket.45 Automatic Calibers: . The fit between the breech and the barrel allowed a good deal of gas to escape. the Luger was an improvement of the earlier Borchardt pistol. many soldiers went into town with the breech of their Hall carbine hidden in their pocket. The price dropped rapidly after the 1866 and 1873 Winchester rifles were introduced. and corrected the strange ergonomics of that weapon. It can take amazing amounts of grit and abuse and still function. The magazine loaded from the front. The rifle was loaded using greased paper cartridges – it was rumors of this grease’s composition that sparked the Indian Mutiny. Loading: Muzzle Loader Available: 1863 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $ 3.1894 Notes: Ammo Capacity: 10 Price: $ 24. so the muzzle velocity and range were not as good as with conventional muskets.44 Henry (rinfire) Action: Lever Action Weight: 9 lbs. long-barreled to take full advantage of the new Minie bullet.38-56. Loading: Integral tube / sidegate Available: 1884 . .50-95 Action: Slide Loading: Integral tube / sidegate Weight: 9. near the muzzle .45 ACP Action: SA Auto Weight: 39 oz.54 Ball Action: Cap-and-Ball Weight: 7.9 lbs.

58 lbs. 41 .00 Notes: The issue rifle of the British forces during WWI.38-56 Win.303 Enfield Smokeless Action: Bolt Weight: 9 lbs. . 2 oz.40-70 Win.1915 Price: $40.00 British service rifle – modified from the earlier Lee-Metford Magazine rifle so it could use smokeless powder cartridges. Loading: Detachable box/charger Available: 1903 Ammo Capacity: 10 Price: 60.1891 Notes: A lever-action firearm similar to the Winchester guns.00 Notes: Mauser Reichsgewehr 1888 (G 88) Calibers: 7.45-70 Govt. a shorter. . but they would only sell to British subjects. . These were sold to civilians through the Army-Navy Cooperative Society. Ammo Capacity: 8 Price: $40.303 Enfield Action: Bolt Weight: 8 lbs. It was loaded with a Mannlicher-style en-bloc clip.45-85 Marlin Action: Lever Loading: Integral tube / Sidegate Weight: 9. handier version of the full-length Lee Enfield.45-90 Win. Action: Lever Loading: Integral tube / Sidegate Ammo Capacity: 8 Weight: 8 lbs. . and still remained in use as a second-line and militia rifle during WWI. . which dropped from a slot in the bottom of the magazine when the last round was chambered.33 Winchester.40-60 Win. .45-70 Govt.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue 1840 Hall Carbine (Percussion) Trapdoor Springfield Sharps Carbine Colt Lightning Magazine Rifle Marlin Model 1895 Carbine Remington Model #1 Rifle Winchester M1885 Single-Shot Winchester 1894 Rifle Lee Enfield.40-65 Marlin. It can load either through the top using two 5-round stripper clips. 8 oz. . Loading: Integral Box/clip Available: 1888 Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: ~$5. Available: 1881 . .00 (surplus) Notes: A true anomaly: a rifle designed by committee that was actually an effective weapon. . Action: Bolt Weight: 8.38-55 Ballard. Short Magazine Lee Enfield. .00 Marlin Model 1895 Carbine (Called the “Model 95” after 1905) Calibers: .32-40 Ballard. .40-60 Marlin.40-82 Win. Notes: Winchester 1895 Rifle Loading: Detachable box/charger Available: 1895 Ammo Capacity: 10 Price: $60.40-60 Marlin. Designed as an answer to the French Lebel rifle. Mark 1 Calibers: . . Marlin Model 1881 Carbine Calibers: . Available: 1895 .88 lbs. it also saw use during the Anglo-Boer wars. Mark 1 Calibers: . or simply by replacing the magazine.92x57mm Mauser.

Surplus rifles were commonly found in many places in Africa and Central Asia. The hammer was drawn back to half-cock. and the trigger guard pivoted forward to cycle the action. Comes with a spring-leaf and elevator rear sight. Loading: Break-Open Available: 1903 Ammo Capacity: 2 Price: $ 436. Available: 1874 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $ 38. and spirit level. the other calibers were introduced later.3 lbs. . . .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Mauser Gewehr 1898 (G 98) Calibers: 7.92x57mm Mauser. (Remember: if the constable stops to ask you why you are carrying the rifle.00 Notes: British service rifle through the later colonial period. A cleaning rod section screws into a socket under the barrel – several soldiers could screw theirs together to make a complete cleaning rod. you say it is “to scare birds”. Sharps Long Range Rifle Calibers: . .50-70 Action: Single-Shot Loading: Rolling Block Ammo Capacity: 1 Weight: 9. Jeffries Rook Rifle. .75 Notes: A single-shot target and hunting rifle available in a wide variety of calibers.300 Rook Rifle Action: Single-Shot Weight: 7.50-110 Sharps Action: Single-Shot Loading: Falling Block Weight: 10 lbs.5 lbs.45-70.) Loading: Tubular magazine (in stock) Available: 1860 (1863) Ammo Capacity: 7 Price: $6. Loading: Falling Block Available: 1874 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $ 38. Manufactured under license and supplied to militaries all over the world in numerous calibers. Values for the carbine version are listed in parentheses.44-90 Creedmoor.25 lbs.40-90 Sharps.00 Notes: Favored by buffalo hunters and long-range target shooters.’ The rifle could be prone to jamming if not handled correctly.80 Notes: An early lever-action rifle used by the cavalry. . then rounds could be dropped into the magazine.80 Notes: A light single-shot rifle used by farmers and gamekeepers for bird and pest control.40-70 Sharps.45-100 Sharps. 42 .’ The rifle could be prone to jamming if not handled correctly.45-70. Soldiers were issued with an ammo case that held a number of pre-loaded tubes: a sort of ‘speedloader.44 S&W. carefully adjusting the angles of the stock so the weapon points naturally at the point of aim the moment it is shouldered.00 Notes: The main rifle of the German forces in WWI and beyond.87 Notes: An early lever-action rifle used by the cavalry. Martini-Henry Mk 1 Rifle Calibers: .44-40. . Values for the carbine version are listed in parentheses. .32-20.450 Martini-Henry Action: Falling Block Weight: 8. Such a weapon would have a +05% bonus to accuracy. Sharps Hunter’s Rifle Calibers: . .38-40 Sharps.50 Notes: The classic “Elephant Gun. Initially available only in .98 lbs. The magazine tube was in the butt – the magazine follower was unlocked and pulled out. Mauser Sporting Rifle Calibers: 9x57mm Mauser Action: Bolt Weight: 7.15 lbs. and many were converted to sporting rifles in a number of calibers. It was customary to go to the gunsmith to have the weapon “fitted” to the owner. and the trigger guard pivoted forward to cycle the action. “The Champion” No.” an extremely sturdy double rifle firing one of the largest cartridges available. Notes: Loading: Integral Box/charger Available: 1898 Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $50. The listed price is for the higher-end model with extractor.45-100 Sharps Action: Single-Shot Loading: Falling Block Weight: 9 lbs. Available: 1867 .600 Cordite Rifle Calibers: . Spencer 1860 Navy Rifle (Carbine) Calibers: . plus supplied under license in numerous calibers Action: Bolt Loading: Integral Box/charger Weight: 9 lbs. The magazine tube was in the butt – the magazine follower was unlocked and pulled out.) Jeffries . Soldiers were issued with an ammo case that held a number of pre-loaded tubes: a sort of ‘speedloader. Came with a full pistol-grip stock.1890 Price: $14.56-56 Spencer (rimfire) Action: Lever-action Weight: 10 lbs. wind gage.577/. Loading: Single shot Available: 1871 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $40.600 Nitro Express Magnum Action: Double-Barrel Weight: ~15 lbs.200 yards. Remington Model #1 Calibers: . vernier sight graduated to 1.40-90 Sharps.00 A hunting rifle based on the G98 action – popular in Europe and Africa. . .38-40 Remington. (8. The hammer was drawn back to half-cock. then rounds could be dropped into the magazine. rubber heel plate. 1 Calibers: . Available: 1898 Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $21. Available: 1874 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $ 100.

77 lbs. .38-70.85 ($10.40-70. Angle Bayonet Sword Bayonet $ 2. Available: 1863 Price: $ 3.38-40. . . but good for small game. . The .00 Winchester Model 1907 Calibers: . and a 15-shot Musket.44-40.44-40 Action: Lever Loading: Integral tube / sidegate Weight: 6.50 (surplus) Notes: . . The Musket version cost $19.00 (values in parentheses.50 Winchester Model 86 Rifle Calibers: . It was also available as a carbine for $19.50-110 Action: Lever Loading: Integral tube / Sidegate Weight: 8. Available: 1905 Notes: Cocking plunger protrudes from the front of the fore end. not powerful enough for deer. 4 oz. The M1873 was nearly identical in all respects.58 Musket cartridge.50 Like the 1905 rifle. (7.” or Minie Bullet).1924 Ammo Capacity: 15 (12) Price: $19.81 lbs.41 lbs.32-20 and . Available: 1906 .25 lbs. Available: 1894 .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Springfield M1863 Rifled Musket Calibers: . later converted to . The .S Army. . firing more powerful calibers.58 Springfield was also able to use lead bullets molded for the .351 Winchester Self-Loading Action: Automatic Loading: Detachable box magazine Weight: 7.45-70 was popular since it was possible to get ammunition at any military outpost. and rabbits without destroying most of the edible meat. . (8 lbs. . . Winchester Model 1905 Calibers: . . This gun used a sideport to load the magazine: individual rounds could be inserted into the magazine through a port in the side of the receiver.22 Short to . Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $29. .00 A light “takedown” rifle.38-40. .25-35.58 Musket (rimfire) Action: Single-shot Loading: Muzzle Loader Ammo Capacity: 1 Weight: 9.00) Notes: One of the first fixed-cartridge rifles adopted by the U.45-70.) Available: 1886 .87 lbs. the “Trapdoor Springfield” converted the older muzzleloading rifles to a breechloading cartridge weapon.1919 Notes: Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $15. . most commonly in .577 Enfield Rifle.00. or had the barrels bored out smooth and sold as single-shot percussion shotguns.44-40 Action: Lever Weight: 6.25 lbs) Loading: Integral tube / Sidegate Available: 1873 .00. many rifles were converted to breechloaders using the rimfire . . “Buck-and-Ball. .32-20.58 (round ball.50 ($17.35 Winchester Self-Loading Action: Automatic Loading: Detachable box magazine Weight: 7. caliber. It would easily kill muskrats. Winchester Model 1885 Calibers: 14 Rimfire and over 80 centerfire from . The trap is shut and the rifle can be brought to full cock.50-100.The main service rifle for the Union Army during the American Civil War.45-90. Notes: Loading: Integral tube / Sidegate Available: 1892 . The hammer is drawn back to half-cock. Available: 1868 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $6.32 Winchester Special. foxes. allowing a ‘trapdoor’ breechblock to be pivoted up.32-40. with a 20” barrel. “Fancy” models available for $45.32 Winchester Self-Loading. and a small lever is released.45-70. Winchester Model 94 Carbine Calibers: .1936 Notes: Ammo Capacity: 6 Price: $ 11. A short carbine version was also available.45-70 (M1873) Action: Single-shot Loading: Breechloader Weight: 9 lbs.50 $ 3.44-40 Action: Lever Weight: 8.38-55.57 lbs.577 Eley Action: Falling Block Loading: Single Shot Weight: 12. and new one can be inserted. and M1873 Rifle (“Trapdoor Springfield”) Calibers: . After the war. Springfield M1868 Rifle. which had a longer barrel that could take a bayonet. It was also available as a carbine (values in parentheses). which is covered by a spring-loaded cover to keep dirt from entering the mechanism.30-30. .32-20. . Winchester Model 73 Rifle Calibers: .50-70 (M1868).00 Notes: An improved version of the Model 73. The .) Winchester Model 92 Rifle Calibers: . .1932 Ammo Capacity: 4 Price: $ 21.1941 Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $ 15. Available: 1885 .86 43 . using the popular pistol calibers. This extracts any round still in the chamber.83 lbs.25-20.57 Notes: Ammo Capacity: 5 Price: $25.50) Notes: An extremely popular and almost ubiquitous rifle in the American west.32-20 was a rather light round.9 lbs. except for the smaller. under the barrel. the cocking plunger protrudes from the front of the fore end of the rifle.00 Available in both the Low Wall and High Wall breeches.

65 The Remington 11A.) Notes: Loading: Break Open Available: 1882 Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $17. Loading: Integral tube Available: 1903 .75 lbs.303. .95 Notes: A carbine version with a 20” bbl was available in . rather bulky and ungainly in appearance.405 Win.5 lbs. the Burgess use the novel technique of having the pistol grip/trigger assembly slide back and forth along the stock (the grip was actually a sort of tube that surrounded the small of the stock).405 Winchester Action: Lever Loading: Integral box / Stripper Ammo Capacity: 5 Weight: 7. .30-40. lever-action repeater. . . . SHOTGUNS Browning Auto-5 Gauge: 12.30-30. There was also a Takedown version produced between 1910 and 1914. slide-action shotgun.00 Notes: Exposed hammer takedown shotgun. 44 . 36” barrel. only loads 4 rounds in the magazine. (7. Burgess Repeating Shotgun Gauge: 12 Action: Slide Weight: 7.38-70. Available: 1895 . (9 lbs. which permitted the gun to fire as fast as the slide could be cycled by holding down the trigger. Winchester Model 1897 Gauge: 12..303 Enfield.75) Exposed hammer. until 1923.14 lbs.92 Notes: An exposed hammer. 30-30. While awkward sounding. 12 Action: Lever Weight: 9 lbs. Winchester Model 1887 Gauge: 10. The mechanism did not include a ‘disconnector’. jacketed cartridges can be used safely. 10 Action: Single Shot Weight: 10 lbs.) Notes: version. A number of these were purchased for use by the New York Penal Department before the turn of the century.30-’06. . and unfolded in an instant – they even manufactured a shoulder holster so the entire thing could be carried under a coat. This weapon was a bit of a departure for Winchester – instead of the standard tubular magazine.34. 20 Action: Auto Weight: 8.40-72.30-‘06. was Notes: Produced by FN Browning in Belgium.35 Winchester.55 lbs. It was also available as a Takedown gun for $19. top lever. . it proved to be extremely fast with practice. .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Winchester Model 95 Rifle Calibers: .30-40 Krag. Burgess also further modified the shotgun by making the two halves pivot and lock together with a spring latch. an integral box magazine is used so that sharp-pointed. Loading: Integral tube Available: 1885 Ammo Capacity: 5+1 Price: $28.1931 Price: $ 35.50 ($13.1900 (1901) Ammo Capacity: 5+1 Price: $16. Davenport Single Gun Gauge: 8.75 lbs.88 A hammerless. Figures in parentheses are for the 12ga.1939 Ammo Capacity: 5+1 Price: $ 43. .S. Loading: Integral tube Available: 1887 . Loading: Integral tube Available: 1897 Ammo Capacity: 5+1 Price: $17. Figures in parentheses are for the 10ga model. manufactured under license starting in 1911. it was not introduced in the U. The largest caliber. and . so the gun could be folded in half while fully loaded. 16 Action: Slide Weight: 7. Because Winchester had a patent on the forend slide mechanism.

A popular gun for goose hunting. 45 . Notes: Loading: Break Open Available: Ammo Capacity: 1 Price: $13. Greener Ejector Gun Gauge: 10 or 12 gauge Action: Double Barrel (side by side) Weight: 8 lbs.75 . hammerless. Automatic ejectors (meaning that the fired casings . the trigger for the right-hand barrel fires the center rifle barrel. Notes: Loading: Break Open Available: Ammo Capacity: 2 Price: $19.410 Action: Single Shot Weight: 6. . top lever.38-55. Lefaucheaux Sidehammer Takedown Shotgun Gauge: 8 Action: Double Barrel (side by side) Weight: 14 Loading: Break Open Available: 1882 Ammo Capacity: 2 Price: $23. Twin triggers – moving the lock lever slightly to the left. -9 lbs.00 cheaper.$17. Available: 1895 Ammo Capacity: 2 + 1 Price: $80. Listed figures and prices are for the . and must be manually removed. .50 Notes: A beautifully made.$50. self cocking double-barrel shotgun (the action is cocked and the safety engaged when the gun is opened. The others are pound lighter and $5.00 . the heavy aguge allowing a large.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Single Barrel Shotgun (Numerous makers) Gauge: 12. Double Barreled Breech-Loading Shotgun (Numerous makers) Gauge: 10 gauge Action: Double Barrel (side by side) Weight: 7. Full-length matte top rib. full choke gun with Damascus barrels.but only the fired casings – are completely ejected from the gun.5 lbs.32-40 Action: Triple-barrel Drilling Loading: Break Open Weight: 9. Loading: Break Open Available: Ammo Capacity: 2 Price: $260. 30” barrel.) The Daly Three-Barrel Breechloader Gauge: 12 gauge. W. plus . 16. or . exposed hammer drilling. fully-engraved.45-70 version.45-70. long-range load of shot.25 – 10 lbs.50 Exposed hammer.5 lbs.75 Notes: Sidehammer takedown shotgun with Damascus barrels– bottom lever. Most shotguns lift both casings part way.W.00 Notes: A high-quality. 20.00 Sidehammer.

05 1.56 46 .63mm Mannlicher 7.44 Webley .45 2.38 --1.44 Bulldog .25 1.455 Webley Mk-2 .20 1.32 S&W .30 0.38 S&W .25 ACP 7.10 2.30 ----2.75 0.06 1.80 0.10 2.60 --1.50 Remington Army .16 2.46 Short (rf) .44 S&W American .56 1.22 Short (rf) .80 1.28 2.48 0.20 1.32 Extra Short (rf) .25 1.15 1.45 ACP .57 1.00 1.75 2.50 0.63mm Mauser 7.15 0.38 Long Colt .44 S&W Russian .66 0.57 --1.44 0.20 1.20 1.55 0.65 --1.24 1.95 2.32 Long (rf) .10 0.00 1.00 0.44 Colt .45 Long Colt .41 Long Colt .65mm Luger 7.30 2.30 0.44-40 .42 1.90 1.10 --1.90 1.380 Long (Webley) .70 1.10 0.00 2.20 2.06 1.60 0.16 2.45 1.577 Webley Damage 1D4 1D4 1D6 1D4 1D6 1D8+2 1D8 1D8 1D8 1D4 1D8+1 1D8+1 1D8 1D8 1D8 1D8+1 1D8+4 1D10 1D8 1D10 1D8 1D10 1D10 1D6 1D10+1 1D10+1 1D10+1 1D10 1D10+2 1D10+1 1D10+1 1D8 1D10+2 1D10+2 1D10+1 1D10+1 1D10+2 1D8+1D4+1 Date 1857 1871 1887 1894 1908 1893 1900 1900 1893 1871 1860 1861 1899 1878 1903 1861 1882 1902 1875 1902 1877 1900 1868 1863 1877 1873 1907 1870 1870 1871 1868 1880 1905 1873 1897 1870 1871 1877 18851894 0.35 1.22 Long (rf) .96 1.38 1.32 ACP (7.67 2.88 0.75 1.60 2.50 2.50 2.10 1.25 --- 19051914 0.32 Long .44 1.88 1.91 0.38 Special .13 0.94 0.99 --1.44 Special .88 1.75 1.65 1.20 1.45 1.38 --1.00 2.38 1.22 Long Rifle (rf) 5.35 2.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Pistol Ammunition Name/Caliber .5mm VeloDog .32 Short (rf) .74 1.32 S&W Long .00 1.50 0.410 Rimfire Short .50 1.24 0.45 --1.42 1.58 1.70 1.63mm) .95 --2.00 1.80 1.14 1.40 2.65mm Borchard .46 0.50 --- PINFIRE ROUNDS 7mm 9mm 12mm 1D6 1D8 1D10 1.85 --2.19 0.38 Colt Automatic .72 1.32-20 Winchester 9mm Parabellum .20 --1.50 1.45 1.28 0.15 --1.42 1.95 Price per 100 rounds 18951904 0.63 0.70 1.

85 6.75 6.43 0.50 --1. .00 ------5.43 1.30-30 Winchester .50-110 Sharps .50 3.15 3.32 Winchester Special 9x57mm Mauser .00 --1.32-40 Ballard/Winch.37 1.00 3.22 Long Rifle (rf) .75 6.44 Henry Flat (rf) .405 Winchester .90 3.300 Rook Rifle .50 5.00 2.40 3.17 4.29 ----5.30 4.30-40 Krag .72 2.75 5.85 21.50 1.25 5.06 4.45 3.35 1.22 Short (rf) .85 1.65 3.97 4.50-70 Government .90 1. Self Loading .15 3.62 3.69 3. * .40-82 Winchester .600 N.75 2.98 3.75 1.30-‘06 .45-90 Winchester .00 5.C.70 7.61 3.75 3.17 5.00 2.40 3.90 3.30 ----5.10 --1.80 5.12 1.70 2.35 1.25 6.00 4.92mm Mauser .60 2. Creedmore .49 3.75 1.60 5.50 4.00 4.40 4. .32 Win.22 Win.E.56 3.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Rifle Ammunition Name/Caliber .35 Remington . Self Loading . Magnum Damage 1D4 1D6+1 1D6+1D4 2D6-1 1D8+1 2D6-1 2D6+3 2D6+4 1D8 2D6+3 2D6+3 2D6+3 2D6+4 2D6+4 2D6+4 2D6+4 1D8+2 1D10 1D10 2D6+3 2D6+3 3D6+2 2D6+3 2D6+3 2D6+1 2D6+3 3D6+2 1D8+1D6+2 1D8+1D6+2 1D8+1D6+2 1D8+1D6+3 1D8+1D6+3 1D8+1D6+3 1D8+1D6+3 1D8+1D6+4 1D10+2 1D10+2 1D10+1 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+3 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+4 2D8+3 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+4 3D6+4 2D6+2 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+4 3D6+6 Date 1857 1887 1885 1906 1895 1895 1894 1874 1874 1906 1895 1892 1906 1888 1886 1905 1882 1884 1905 1906 1902 1895 1906 1905 1907 1895 1905 1874 1884 1887 1881 1886 1885 1885 1904 1873 1881 1860 1880 1871 1873 1888 1876 1866 1876 1887 1880 1890 1862 1867 1869 1903 18851894 0.50-95 .19 0.60 4.62 3.577 Snyder .375 Belted N.00 6.21 3.F.00 --1.40-60 Colt New Lightning .303 Enfield 8x50R Lebel 7.28 1.40 --- Price per 100 rounds 18951904 0.15 3.50 4.35 * Identical rounds were produced by both Winchester and Ballard.35 Winchester 400/.38-40 Winchester .38-56 Winchester (Colt) .44-40 .35 Win.577/.78 6.58 4.C.00 5.25 --3.79 5.49 3.351 Win.70 ------------------1.5 4.50 4.50 ------4. Musket .50 1.00 --4.98 3.32-20 Winchester .35 3.20 17.38-55 Ballard/Winch.16 2.00 3.44-100 Rem.29 4.50-110 Winchester .75 19051914 0.44 Colt (New Lightning) .80 4.60 1.60 4.99 --3.76 3. * .25 5.32 Remington .30 2. E.50 4.32 4.38 2.23 2. 6.40-70 Winchester .450 Martini-Henry .45-70 Government .500 Nitro Express .56-56 Spencer (rf) .25-35 W.88 2.25 Remington .40-90 Sharps . Single-Shot . 47 .58 U.30 1.60 4.00 6.50 5.60 4.94 2.35 3.76 3.00 3.25 1.45-100 Sharps .50 6.80 3.24 0.15 3.F.38 1.30 Remington . Self Loading .92 5.25 3.50 0.75 3.25-20 W.30 3.30 3.00 4.5mm Swedish Mauser 7mm Mauser .75 1.00 --1.S.24 1.

577 Enfield Rifled Musket Lee Enfield Mk1 SMLE.600 Bore Cordite Rifle Base 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 30 20 20 20 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 Damage 1D4 (by caliber) 1D4 1D6 1D4 1D8 1D10+1 1D8 1D10 1D10+2 (by caliber) 1D8 1D10+1 1D10+1 1D8+1D4+1 1D10/shot 1D10+2 1D8 1D8+2 1D8+2 1D8 1D8 1D10+2 (by caliber) (by caliber) 1D10+2 1D10+1 1D10+4 2D6+4 2D6+4 (by caliber) (by caliber) 2D6+4 2D6+4 3D6+2 1D8+1D6+3 (by caliber) 1D8 (by caliber) (by caliber) 2D+2 2D6+2 1D10+4 1D8+1D6+4 1D8+1D6+3 (by caliber) (by caliber) 2D6+1 (by caliber) (by caliber) (by caliber) (by caliber) (by caliber) 3D6+6 Range 5 yds 5 yds 5 yds 5 yds 10 yds 15 yds 15 yds 12 yds 12 yds 15 yds 15 yds 15 yds 15 yds 15 yds 12 yds 20 yds 25 yds 20 yds 35 yds 50 yds 15 yds 20 yds 15 yds 50 yds 50 yds 50 yds 50 yds 60 yds 100 yds 100 yds 50 yds 50 yds 100 yds 100 yds 120 yds 80 yds 120 yds 70 yds 80 yds 90 yds 50 yds 50 yds 60 yds 60 yds 60 yds 100 yds 50 yds 50 yds 50 yds 50 yds 75 yds 75 yds 75 yds 80 yds Attacks 2 2 2 1 or 2 2 1/2 1/2 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1/2 1/2 1/3 2 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 1 1/4 1/2 1/2 1 1 1/2 1/2 1/2 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/3 1/2 1/2 1/4 1/3 1/3 1/3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 or 2 Rounds In Gun 4 4 or 5 5 2 7 6 6 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 5 9/1 1 8 10 10 7 8 7 15 10 1 12 1 10 10 8 4 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 1 7 7 1 1 1 1 5 5 15 4 5 6 5 or 4 2 Malfunction 00 99 98 00 00 BP BP 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 98 99 99 99 99 00 99 99 BP 98 95 00 00 98 99 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 98 98 95 99 99 00 97 97 99 99 99 98 99 00 Hit Points 5 5 5 5 8 10 10 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 9 12 7 7 7 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 12 10 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 10 10 12 12 12 12 10 10 10 12 12 12 12 12 48 . 9x57 Martini-Henry Mk1 Rifle Remington Model #1 Rook Rifle.32 Safety Revolver S & W Hammerless Revolver S&W Schofield Colt Single-Action Army Colt Lightning Revolver Colt Thunderer Revolver .45 Colt Lightning Magazine Rifle Colt Lightning Express Rifle 1840 Hall Carbine Henry’s Patent Repeating Rifle . M1874 Sharps Long Range Rifle M1878 Spencer 1860 Carbine Spencer 1860 Rifle .455 Webley Mk 1 Bland-Pryse Revolver LeMat Revolver (pinfire) Remington Bull Dog Borchard C93 Mauser C96 Mauser C96 (with stock) Browning Model 1900 Luger P08 Colt .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Firearms Weapon Sharps Model 1A Derringer Remington-Elliot Derringer Chicago Palm Pistol Remington Double Derringer H &R Revolver Colt 1851 Navy Remington 1863 Army S & W .58 Springfield Rifled Musket Springfield M1868 Rifle Springfield M1873 Rifle Winchester Model 1885 Winchester Model 1905 Winchester Model 1907 Winchester Model 73 Carbine Winchester Model 86 Winchester Model 92 Winchester Model 94 Winchester Model 95 Jeffrey’s . “The Champion #1” Sharps Hunter’s Rifle. Mk1 Marlin 1881 Carbine Marlin Model 1895 Carbine Mauser Reichsgewehr 1888 Mauser Gewehr 1898 Mauser Sport Rifle.

but are usually not available over the counter.10 1.48 1.51 1.40 1.45 1.410 20 gauge 16 gauge 12 gauge 10 gauge 8 gauge Damage 1D10/1D4/1D4 2D6/1D6/1D3 2D6+2/1D6+1/1D4 4D6/2D6/1D6 4D6+2/2D6+1/1D8 4D6+6/2D6+4/1D10 Range 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 18851894 1. 97) 12 gauge Lever (Win 87) 10 gauge Lever (Win.21 1.00 Listed prices are for birdshot in paper-cased shells using black powder. Shotguns Weapon Single Barrel Double Barrel 12 gauge Pump (Win.55 19051914 1.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Shotgun Shells Name/Caliber .30 1.59 5. 87) 20 gauge Automatic (Auto-5) 12 gauge Automatic (Auto-5) Combination Gun Base 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 Damage (by gauge) (by gauge) (by gauge) (by gauge) (by gauge) (by gauge) (by gauge) (by gauge) Range 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 10/20/50 Attacks 1 1 or 2 1 1 1/2 2 1 1 or 2 Rounds In Gun 1 2 5+1 5+1 5+1 5+1 5+1 2+1 Malfunction 00 00 00 99 99 00 00 00 Hit Points 12 12 12 10 10 10 10 10 49 .25 Price per 100 rounds 18951904 1.00 6.85 2.34 1. Smokeless powder rounds are sometimes available at a higher price. Buckshot pellets.46 4. and all-brass casings are available for handloading.78 1.34 1.85 1.

another dusted the upholstery inside. With their fondness for small.) Brushes and the Cult of Cleanliness To the Victorians. unscrupulous dealers would sometimes use barrels with staves that were thicker than normal. approximately 1. ornamental knick-knacks and their habit of decorating every imaginable surface with ornate floral or geometric relief. the demand for kerosene brought automation to the process. or garage. a “barrel” could range in size from 40 to 50 gallons. some commodities are measured by “barrels”. and a slightly different one for dusting bagatelle boards.2 US gallons. 50 . cleanliness really was next to godliness. and if they had been dry for a while. as well as building materials and some of the heavier equipment required by farms and homesteads. There was even a special brush for dusting billiard tables. even tightly-coiled chamois leather for polishing furniture. A barrel was approximately 33 inches long. and about 24 inches in diameter. horse or badger hair for softness. Some examples are: Wine 31 Gal Flour 196 lbs Beef or Pork 200 lbs Oil 42 Gal Note that the 42 gallon oil “barrel” was not settled on until the early 1870’s. There were brushes for bottles and for banisters. ones for dusting the outside of the coachwork. while a third type cleaned the spokes of the wheels. combined with the use of dirty fuels like coal and illuminating gas. the average Victorian household was an unimaginable dust magnet. there was one sort of brush for polishing one’s boots. and another to dust them off after a long ride. would leak profusely until the wood swelled up enough. equal to Confusing the issue further. reducing the actual volume and thereby stretching the dealer’s profit. each carefully designed for a particular task. clothes brushes to whisk the dirt and coal dust off the shoulders of a coat. kitchen. There were hairbrushes and hat brushes. Before that. Barrel Sizes Barrels were made from staves split from white oak. and iron hoops were driven down with steam hammers and the ends were trued and grooved on a lathe. In a similar vein. and many a servant was tasked with cleaning.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Hardware and Housewares This broad chapter covers the everyday. while water barrels were held tight by the swelling of the wood. scrubbing. After 1866. householders were armed with a staggering array of specialized brushes. To combat this sooty invasion. The bristles could be hog or palm fiber for stiffness. Pin 4 Gal Firkin 9 Gal Kilderkin 18 Gal Barrel 36 Gal Hogshead 54 Gal Puncheon 72 Gal Butt 108 Gal Tun 216 Gal (Measures are in Imperial gallons. barrels made for oil were lined with glue or isinglass to render them leak proof (unless the barrel was poorly made or the glue dissolved). useful items that one would find in the home. and dusting. Originally made by hand with bent hickory hoops.

tinned iron.17 3. 133’ ” link.50 1/3 3/1 0/2 5/4 0/2 4/9 1/7 5/2 23/9 0/6 34/0 20/3 31/6 0/9 30/11 2/1 Chamber Pot Glazed ceramic – no lid. 1 barrel (approximately 30 gallons) Coffee Mill 22” high. per yard Cloth. 8” Bucket.15 0. while the unburned cinders can be emptied and re-used.55 9. 15oz.05 1. cathedral chimes on the hour and half-hour. 0. bronzed iron.50 UK Price 12/5 18/0 12/6 8/0 4/3 2/4 6/2 1/5 2/9 16/6 0/3 2/3 2/1 2/1 2/5 0/5 0/8 13/9 1/9 2/2 0/4 1/8 4/10 1/3 1/4 2/1 1/8 9/9 13/0 60/0 38/0 31/6 1/6 22/8 24 lbs 8 lbs 6 lbs 100 lbs 100 lbs 100 lbs ” mesh. oak well bucket. with lid Enameled iron pail with close-fitting lid to prevent odors. copper Coal Scuttle.75 1 ton 0.00 0. Inside Carving “Kleeneezi” brush (chamois ‘bristles’) Lamp Brush.40 14. with a cylindrical sifter and hand crank at the top – waste ashes are poured into the sifter ad the crank is turned. 33’ 1” link.65 0.50 4.50 0.30 0. Galvanized.65 4. 6000 lbs strength. 1” Varnish Brush. hinge-topped box used to store coal near a fireplace. Tall. A 30” tall x 14” x a4” dustbin. Patented. 51 .60 0. 8-day movement. 6” dial. mixed bristle. alarm clock. 60” width. 5’ handle Stove Brush.57 1. rectangular.25 7.00 4. w/ 5’ handle Wall Paint Brush. with Weight US Price 3.36 5.40 1.31 0. per yard Cloth. 9’ Cinder Sieve Frame is 16” in diameter.08 0. Used to sift unburned bits of coal from the spent ashes. 1 barrel Chain.35 3.55 0. Black. Black walnut case. wooden. w/ pointed tuft Furniture Brush. Duplex Parquet Floor Brush.35 3. 1 pair Barrels: Barrel Kinderkin Firkin Brushes: Baluster Brush.65 0. Bunker was 18” x 16” x 36” high and held 224 pounds of coal. the ashes fall down into the bin. Hair. 27” width. 5 gallon Carpet Sweeper. Coal Helmet.25 5.33 0.50 0. Bristle.12 8. per yard Chamber Pail.42 0.50 0.75 0. w/ iron and oak handle Bottle Brush Crumb Brush Feather Duster Furniture Brush. 2 gallon Bucket.16 0.50 0.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Andirons (Fire Dogs). w/ 6’ handle Boot Wiper. 24. Japanned iron Coal Tar.30 0.18 7. 1 gross Coal. bristle. holds 2 cwt. finest quality Coal Bunker. Gray Bristle.000 lbs strength.38 1.53 0.35 0. Portland.95 1. Table/Mantel clock. English Chiseled Flat.50 0.00 1.40 2. Clock. Gingham. 4” Whitewash Brush. Cotton Duck. double bristle Banister Brush.95 7. Cinder Sifter. Silk Satin. w/ hand guard Bagatelle Board Brush Billiard Table Whisk Brush Boat or Carriage Brush. Seth-Thomas Clothes Pins. 2” dial Clock. English Wool Whipcord Serge. High Cut Turnout Library Duster Varnish Brush.35 0. 1500 lbs strength.10 0. Bissell “Grand Rapids” Cement. Ticking (cotton).00 0. 3” Wall Broom.07 0.05 1. Blacksmith’s. w/ iron block and tufts. short link: ” link. English Chiseled Flat. per yard Cloth. per yard Cloth. with dust bin Cloth and Yard Goods: Cloth.

it is operated by a handcrank. using a sulfuric acid solution as a refrigerant. or chill a carafe of water in three minutes. with stand Includes poker. Can run on gasoline or illuminating gas.00 0.25 3. brass. 64 panes/box 12” x 24”.00 23. tinned or galvanized tub with a backrest used for bathing.30 3. tongs. Contains a porcelain bowl.75 106.00 0. Motors. 1 keg Heater. 350 rpm Requires a 2HP or greater boiler (see below).80 0. and stand. iron and brass.05 2.00 UK Price 7/2 16/6 0/6 11/6 2/4 20/8 49/6 £13/7s 8/3 1/0 9/4 5/5 13/0 £3/2s £5/2s £16/3s £3/14s £123/14s £10/4s £10/18s £22/4s £22/0s £29/10s £30/12s 11/9 13/6 15/10 8/2 9/3 12/9 8/8 34/0 0/5 18/5 4/4 2/3 0/2 190/0 3/4 Corkscrew. 26” x 96”. Weight US Price 1. upholstered Polished hardwood cabinet.00 64. folding Glass.30 17. 4 Quart.85 3. Hand-Cranked Ice Maker – “The Raplin” Iron.950 lbs (empty) 49. Milk Strainer. 175 rpm Requires a 16HP or greater boiler (see below).800 lbs 2. Fireplace Screen.10 8.12 2. Sturges. Roofing. 3 gallon Butter Churn. 10HP.68 2. 200 rpm Requires a 10HP or greater boiler (see below).50 2. and Engines: Animal ‘Power’ – 1 dog treadmill Animal ‘Power’ – 2 animal treadmill (sheep or goat) Animal ‘Power’ – 2 horse treadmill 2. 1 lb 0. Cream Separator. 10 panes per box Grease. for oil heaters. 10HP Uses 1. tin-lined tank. Engine. A broad. 15HP. lb block of ice with 4 lbs 52 . Square. Curtis’ Improved Milk Strainer Dual screens. This separator is suitable for 1-5 cows.90 107. 5 gallon Steel churn. Steam. glass. 2HP. upholstered armrests and lid.00 0. Folding Corrugated Iron.55 0. This was a vertical shaft descending from an overhead gearbox. 60 lbs - Cast iron. Fluting iron A sawtoothed iron and base used to pleat fabric.75 4. 10HP Engine.05 Boiler. w/ “Sanitary Covers”. Naylor’s Patent Can – japanned. It could produce a 1 20 minutes of brisk cranking.56 5. Sanitary House Commode. no hinges to rust.50 0. Dustbins. shovel. #1 (family-sized) Uses 10 gallons of milk at a batch for 20 pounds of cheese. The horse was harnessed to the shaft and was lead in a circle around it.98 2.25 gallons per hour. Steam.800 lbs Animal ‘Power’ – 1 horse overhead power 450 lbs Engine. Pocket. brush. - Cheesemaking Apparatus. 10 quart.00 12.98 600. for connecting the Cream Separator to a dog-powered treadmill Dairy Thermometer.00 148.300 lbs 1. w/ lid 18 lbs empty Amusing trivia: the dome-shaped lid to a milk can is called a “breast”.10 4.10 2.85 1.850 lbs (empty) 1.25 3. 25 panes per box 24” x 30”. Larger sizes are available. 16HP Steam Whistle.15 15. 2”.45 1.75 143.00 78. w/ valve Fire Tools. Axle. 6 sheets Dairy Equipment: Butter Churn (Dash churn). Steam. spill-proof Insect Powder.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Coffee Roaster Commode.25 1. 18” square “Powers”. riveted iron. As sold. 9” diameter. each Ice Cream Freezer. hand-cranked. 2HP Engine. 39” high. window panes: 9” x 12”.20 46. Gas. Used to carry hot water from the kitchen to elsewhere in the house. fits in neck of milk cans. each Hip Bath Hot Water Can.25 2. Oil-burning Wick. 8 gallon. holds 5 quarts of oil (kerosene) Will burn for 10-12 hours. 1 tin Insulators. Boiler. 150 lbs/hr Pulley. 300 lbs 475 lbs (empty) 1.80 A hand-cranked ice maker. all-glass construction Milk Can. Boiler. though it is recommended that it be operated by dog power.50 52.

Japanned tin box with a cover. Takes 60 lbs ice.45 0. 1 gallon will double-coat 300 square feet of surface. and are placed on top of a stove of oil heater to warm. A vacuum cleaner using a lever-operated suction pump – requires two people to operate efficiently.25 3.00 0. Hemp (best Italian). Slotted. Sad Iron Stand.0. copper coated steel. keeps matches handy in the kitchen. Yale Pattern (pin-tumbler). 5 oz.75 4lb/foot 88 lbs 43 ft/lb 33 ft/lb 0. per pound Safety Pins.10 0.12 0. box of 100 - 0. 10 sizes of needle are available. ”.72 0.1/10 0/6 . extra strong.75 0/2 0/2 0/1 . so that when one sad iron is too cool. w/ burr. brass. knives were placed in the slots and the crank turned to polish them. and 50 gallon barrels.12 0.1/4 0/5 0/4 1/2 0/3 0/10 .02 0. Sewing. each Ironmongery and Fasteners: Carpet Tacks. These rivets are used by fitting them through a hole. as well as 4 different assortments of sizes. The handle is detachable. W/ lids and rubber seals. Boiled. Wall mounted Neat’s Foot Oil.10 0.07 0. Available in 48 colors.05 0. Softwood. a carpet sweeper nozzle. the inner buffing wheel was treated with mason’s dust.40 0.20 0.28 2. boots.95 0.03 0. House paint. or Barn paint. Laundry Wringer – “The Peerless Wringer” Wheel top screws. Large (size 2). 0/2 8 oz 8 oz lb These rivets are used by heating red hot. Available in 6 colors. 2 yards wide (72”). “6 oz” size. card of 12 Safety Pins. 1 gallon Used to oil and preserve leather goods like harnesses. ”– ” long. Iron.55 1. 1 lb size. Also available in 5.48 12. 1 gallon Paint. Small (Size 3). After cleaning. - In the kitchen. salt was kept in a small wooden box hung on the wall near the stove keeping it handy. Sad irons Weight 16 lbs US Price 0. Lead. Fence. 1 barrel Plow. it can be replaced on the heater and a new one used. and bags. 4-knife capacity In the days before stainless steel. 1 gallon Lock. 2. 14 pound bag Match Safe. 100 on a paper Carriage Bolts: ” x 1 ” – ” x 16”.4/2 2/0 52/6 A decorative iron trivet used to support a sad iron and prevent it from scorching the table.32 0. 1” Nails. Lumber. Hemp (best Italian). Powdered brick. Oilcloth.25 24. card of 12 Salt Box. Front Door. ”–3” long.65 UK Price 2/8 A set of 3 ‘sad irons’ – cast iron blocks used to press clothes.45 1. per yard Padlock. then spreading the split legs and hammering it flat. 1” diameter.12 . Mounts on table or on edge of a washtub. mahogany. 1”. used as a scouring abrasive for cleaning and for polishing knives and cutlery. Nightlatch. Needles. Canning. w/ 2 spare keys “The Low-Vacuum Pneumatic Dust Attractor” Lumber. per 10 papers “Golden eye”. Hardwood. Solid ash. and walnut. 1” – 3” in length.70 1. best quality.05 . 1 gallon Pipe. per dozen Nails. plain.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Iron. Wood Screws. Thins with linseed oil. ball-bearing joints. per foot Plaster of Paris. Copper. 3/8” – ”. Roof.55 0. sold by the yard. wooden Used for flooring or for table covers. per dozen Lag Screws: 5/16” x 1 “ – ” x 12”. wrought iron. The three are of different sizes and shapes for ironing different parts of the garment. per gross Jars.28 0. Available in many colors and patterns.15 0.08 8/3 1/10 6/5 5/2 £5/0s 13/0 0/6 0/6 0/5 3/11 1/11 3/0 0/10 2/3 2/11 4/9 3/1 1/2 8/3 33/11 67/2 0/10 0/10 0/1 0/1 0/4 Linseed Oil. The knife machine was a cylindrical box with a hand crank. Brush or Timberland. 2” Rivets. per cubic foot Common hardwoods were teak. 4-lever lock Padlock. porcelain-lined inner cooler (50” x 36” x 23”).22 16. but out of reach from little hands. 10. and 2 small nozzles. ”. warded lock Padlock.0.1. 12’ flexible metallic hose.00 8. and dried to prevent rust. per cubic foot Mason’s Dust.20 0. Yale pin-tumbler lock Paint. so it pulls the joint together tightly as it cools. 1 dozen Knife Machine.01 0. 25.08 0.02 0.45 0. 12” plowshare Refrigerator (Ice Box) Rope.07 . one box Rivets. w/ knob and warded lock. knives had to be carefully cleaned and polished. asst sizes. rounding them over on both sides. per pound Rivets. antique finish. Lock.20 0. Includes 1 dust bin.28 0. per pound Rope.20 0. 2 dust bags. 53 .

or wood. or for further grinding with a mortar and pestle. but does not have a tank for water. Ice Tongs Hand Washboard Sad Irons 54 . 60” x 150’ Wire Rope. “Berkefeld Patent Germ Filter”. 6-hole. Singer Sewing Machine Needles.75 32. per dozen Stepladder. painted 470 lbs Tower.08 0.00 0. number 11 “The Acme Drum Oven” Stove Tools. self-threading shuttle. with ‘Always Cool’ coiled handles: Lid Lifter For removing the covers from the ‘burners’. It includes a small oven. iron. for towers.50 0. Steel.35 0. without reservoir Stove. Galvanized (‘chicken wire’). Steel. square.125 Extra Filters Wax. 10’ diameter.95 3. 1 lbs Sugar used to be supplied in a hard. per pound Wire. Sanford’s Red Express “Selvyt” Polishing Cloth Treated cloth for polishing silver and silver plate. all steel. Cast iron.09 3. A small baking oven.35 0.25 UK Price 1/6 0/8 55/8 0/9 5/10 17/10 £4/6/7 15/0 7/3 0/4 0/4 0/9 1/0 2/3 0/5 4/3 0/5 0/9 2/5 10/4 14/9 24/9 21/0 2/4 1/9 0/5 £6/19s £6/16s 12/5 1/6 0/4 14/5 0/4 0/6 Sewing Machine. and automatic bobbin winder. 50’ 1. Burns coal only. Copper annunciator wire.10 1. ” Diameter. 1 gallon Wallpaper. Japanned oak stand with earthenware basin. for Windmill.000 lbs Metal Anchor Posts. pine Washing Machine – “The Anthony Wayne Washer” Wooden tub. Includes water pitcher and slop bucket. Beeswax 1 lb Wax. Galvanized telegraph wire.58 2. #12. per roll Wash Board Wash Tub. Weight 1 lb US Price 0. 4-rung Stove.40 4. Pot-Bellied – “The Iron Age”.32 21. Paraffin 1 lb Windmill. 4-hole. Galvanized iron reservoir. Inner bucket holds 6 lbs of ice. Treadle operated.16 13. gallon 5.00 Washstand Water Cooler Water Filter. attaches to any 6” stovepipe.18 1. 115 lbs 535 lbs 105 lbs A small.00 3. per pound 30 feet/lb Wire Netting.42 0.00 0. crank-operated agitator (peg dolly). plug and pull chain.’ Sugar nippers were used to break the loaf into suitably-sized chunks (for tea.32 0.50 3.08 0.) 46 lbs 0.65 1.10 0. Oven is 18” x 14 “ Poker Shovel Sugar Nippers Tap Borer Tap (for kegs or barrels) Turpentine. coal. for example.75 0. set of 4 Wire. Wire Rope. with walnut drop-leaf table.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Sealing Wax. conical ‘loaf. with reservoir Stove.50 0.18 0. wood-burning stove. 2 Decorated Stoneware.15 33. per foot 1 ton safe load. A small stove used primarily for heating – the top can be used for cooking. per foot tons safe load. Includes an oven and hot water tank. double-wound. and is heated by the flue gasses. 3 ” Diameter. Cast Iron.08 0. the outer holds 3 gallons of water. Can use either coke. Steel. #2.55 0.10 0.55 6.18 0.

either hung over the fire. This arrangement was convenient in that it required little additional material and expense other than the utensils themselves. raked over from the main fire. A small firebox would be stoked with wood or coal. then a grate held the fire. especially to women wearing long dresses and flowing sleeves. This raised hearth soon included a built-in brick oven and raised shelves for warming plates and to store pots.) Where the kitchen was a separate room. (“Hearth death” was an all-too-common fatal accident among women. and was common on the frontiers well into the middle of the century. or the lids covering the ‘holes’ so they could be heated directly by the fire. it would be supplied with a fireplace of its own. and was a vast improvement in both convenience and safety. so the hot stove gasses would flow around it. The main disadvantage was that it could be hazardous. an iron box oven replaced the brick oven. or raised up on trivets or ‘spiders’ (pots with built-in legs). a quarter-ton of iron with a fire inside it. Pots could be placed directly on the range top. sometimes in the main room of the house. then raking coals over it.) The heat going up the stovepipe could even be put to use by placing a warming oven or even a small bread oven in the chimney. and then finally the entire stove became enclosed. In winter months. the closed-range cast-iron stove had become common. Bread (if not baked in a brick oven outdoors) could be made by covering the dough with an inverted pot. with the desired amount of coals burning underneath. or possibly a raised platform of brick for the fire. The stove usually included a tank in the back where water was kept hot (pity the poor servant who had to carry hot water from the kitchen to master’s bath upstairs. and the top of the range had several holes covered with removable lids. Food was prepared in cast-iron pots and kettles.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Cooking – Open Hearth and Cast Iron Stoves Before the late 18th century. Icebox Oil Heater Coal/Wood-fired Stove 55 . By the mid-1800s. Ashes would sift down from the grate into an ash pan for easy removal. all cooking was done before the hearth: in a large fireplace. one pitcher at a time. The stove. it would be a popular place for the children to stay and get underfoot. As the cast-iron industry developed. the kitchen could be a miserable place to work. made the kitchen a very warm place. but in the heat of a muggy summer.

1882 – Isochromatic plates available. developed rapidly from a cumbersome art form requiring vast amounts of specialized equipment. 1851 – First demonstration of flash photography using an electric spark from a bank of Leyden jars. Photographic History 1837 – The Daguerreotype process is developed. 1889 – Roll film on transparent celluloid introduced. Exposure times are still several minutes. Exposure times are several minutes long. Exposure times of 1/25 second are common.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Photographic Equipment The art of photography. 1855 – The stereoscope. sensitive to blue and green light. which uses two closelyspaced photographic images to create a threedimensional effect. to a simple and sturdy tool that even an amateur could use. 1851 – Wet-collodion process introduced. Sensitivity increases significantly – 1/100 sec or less. increasing the sensitivity of the plates. 1860s – First aerial photographs as cameras are taken up in the gondolas of balloons in France. 1871 – Dry-plate process introduced. restricting it to landscapes and buildings. 1861 – James Clerk-Maxwell demonstrates the ‘color separation’ process – taking three images through red. The Kombi Hand Camera Folding Camera 56 . then projecting the resulting images as magic lantern slides through similar filters. but was unpopular because of the cumbersome equipment and complex developing techniques. 1906 – Panchromatic film emulsion introduced – equally responsive to all colors of light. 1907 – Color photography with integral-color plates (“Autochrome”) is possible. Normal film plates were only sensitive to blue light. and blue filters. Exposure times are now around 20 seconds. making head braces a necessity for the subjects. 1878 – The Dry-plate process is further improved. making hand-held cameras possible by the early 1880s. using multi-exposure roll film. is invented. green. 1888 – Eastman produces the Kodak hand-held camera. 1880 – George Eastman begins manufacturing dry plates in the United States. 1903 – Black-and-white infrared film is developed in Germany. 1885 – Eastman introduces paper-backed gelatin negatives – the first roll film. Roll film remains orthochromatic until the late 1920s. like many other discoveries of this era. 1841 – Improved lenses and techniques make commercial portraiture possible.

Rack-and-pinion focusing with an indicator scale.. Price includes the camera body.00 1. Price includes a cloth-covered case. A dial on the side indicates the current focus setting. There was no film counter. swing back. meaning that the images can viewed directly like slide film. cut films. It has a rising and falling front. 3. so it may be used either vertically or horizontally.60 2/6 Allows the film to be loaded into the developing tank without a darkroom. folding bellows. The shutter can be set for instantaneous or timed release. 57 . and a reversible view finder.00 14/5 4/2 12/5 An all-metal pocket camera. The shutter can be set to instantaneous or time exposure.00 £5/3s Not Available Before 1888.00 31.80 0. Includes one plate holder. The box was 3 25” x 3.90 34. developing. The images were circular. one plate holder. and was of wood covered with leatherette. The Kombi film is a “positive” film. 20. and has a counter that displays the number of exposures taken.75 0. 30 sheets Septums for dry plates. twin lenses. Exposure time was 1/20 second. 0.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Miniature Cameras: The Kombi Kombi Roll Film.50 2. Style C Film Packs. 12 each Roll Film Box Cameras: The Kodax Box Camera 26 oz. only 2” x 1 ” x 1 ”.35 1. or roll film. the camera reloaded and returned to the owner. enough for 100 exposures. Includes one plate holder. we do the rest. and makes loading the camera more secure. rack-and-pinion focus. Weight US Price UK Price Includes a developing tank. The camera held a 20-foot roll of paper-backed film. and a printing frame. 4x5 dry plates or 6 cut films.90 19/10 3/9 Uses 4x5 glass plates. 19.00 3. The developed film can be placed in a printing frame and attached to a larger camera so that prints can be made. held in a special magazine with dividers. where the film was developed. perhaps using a magnifying glass. Rubber Loading Sleeve Hand Cameras: The Nighthawk Plate Holder Folding Hand Cameras: Folding Premo Style “D” Uses 4x5 glass plates or cut film. Camera body is covered in fine Morocco leather and measures 6” x 6 “x 4”. A simple fixed-focus camera using preloaded roll film that opened photography to many amateurs.40 9. Takes 5x8 film – 12 plates or 30 cut sheets. and reloading the camera with film. 25. the camera was shipped back to the factory. 5 rolls Developing and Printing Outfit 4 oz. all necessary chemicals. but there was a small felt plug that could hold the shutter open for time exposures.25 0.75” x 6.25 £ 3/19/5 5/2 Takes 5x8 dry plates.50 1. 2. 4. Includes three plate holders. 2 lbs 10. The body has two tripod plates.60 82/6 £ 6/9/11 9/4 2/6 Takes 6.” Developing and Reloading Stereoscopic Camera: The New Model Stereoscopic Camera Plate Holder 10. a little record book was supplied to keep track of the pictures. and it uses a special roll of 25 exposures. When all the exposures were taken.25 1.5” in diameter. and a tripod.00 £2/1s This fee covered shipping.5”. Uses 5x7 glass plates. The Kodak slogan was “You push the button. The case is of bronze-finished metal.00 44/4 3/9 £ 7/0s 5/7 5/10 37/2 Plate Holder The Folding Premo Camera Plate Holder Cut Film Holder Roll Film Holder Magazine Hand Cameras: The Heatherington Magazine Camera #1 The Trokonet Camera.

A folding flash tray with 2 D-cell batteries in the handle.25 0. Folding A larger oil lamp with 3 illuminating surfaces with ruby glass lenses and a reflector.75 0. Roll.25 1. 8x10 Carlton’s Sliding Tripod Developing Trays. japanned tin.00 0. Ruby Lantern.80 2.80 1. Used for darkroom work. per dozen: 4x5 5x7 8 x 10 Dry Plates.78 1. Standard.65 0. Isochromatic. each Ruby Lantern.75 1. Pocket-sized A small. “The Perfection Magazine Flash Lamp” The receptacle (“magazine”) holds enough powdered magnesium for 20 flashes. japanned tin box and complete instructions. Box Camera Stereoscopic Camera Ruby (Darkroom) Lamp 58 .15 0. “Carlton’s Dark Room Lantern” Tripod.49 0. Cut. Comes with 18 colors. collapsible oil lamp with ruby glass lenses.15 2. ground-glass focusing plane. Flash. 8x10. Pressing the switch causes an electric spark that ignites the powder. per foot The ribbon burns at about 15 seconds per foot.40 0.50 1. Uses flash powder. “Lionel Photographer’s Flashlight” Flash Powder. Hand Tint Kit Magnesium Powder.80 0. Photo Print Paper. 8x10 Dry Plates. The view camera is a large-format camera that must be mounted on a tripod.00 £ 9/0s 7/0 13/0 1/8 2/0 3/5 7/5 2/6 4/2 8/11 3/3 6/10 2/11 6/2 7/5 11/4 0/8 9/4 4/2 1/0 3/1 0/11 2/1 7/5 4/2 Takes 8x10 dry plates. mixing palette. Reversible double-swing back.23 0. Not Available Before 1899.75 0. per dozen: 4x5 5x7 8 x 10 Film. Used for darkroom work.70 1.60 1.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue View Cameras: The Carlton Camera Plate Holder.70 3. 1 dozen sheets Retouching Pencils.) For hand-coloring photographs. 43.82 1.50 1.15 0. per 12 exposures: 4x5 5x7 Flash Lamp. ounce Not Available Before 1899. per dozen: 4x5 5x7 Film. Flash powder was explosive and not listed as not mailable in 1902 (though they would mail dynamite – gives an idea how volatile this was. per ounce Magnesium Ribbon.00 2.

the photographer and his tent – a full studio-on-thego was a constant fixture. To take the picture. While it required a large amount of specialized equipment and chemicals. On this glass screen. gave a steadier light. affordable. In order to get a flash. The photographer first prepared the plate (either metal for a ‘tintype’ or glass for a negative) by thorough cleaning. Under lightless conditions. arriving and setting up almost before the troops had finished pitching their own tents. the photographer can then view the image and focus the camera. and an air hose with a rubber bulb. leading to multiple exposures on the negative. it could be transported and performed in the field. The plate was then allowed to dry until the layer of collodion was just tacky enough. he poured onto it a small amount of thin collodion (a mixture of nitrocellulose dissolved in ether). then measure out the required length of magnesium ribbon. carvings and inscriptions that they are wont to encounter. a flash lamp was needed. pocket-sized book and had compartments for everything – even the matches used to light the alcohol lamp. carefully varnished and waxed to protect it from the dripping chemicals).The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue The Wet-Collodion Photographic Process The wet-collodion process is the earliest practical form of photography likely to be used by investigators. trying not to let their perspiration drip into the chemicals. powdered magnesium had to be mixed with enough air for it all to burn at once. magnesium ribbon. once everything was ready. The camera (hopefully set up before hand) is loaded with a frosted-glass plate set a holder that is a duplicate of the wet plate holder. The excess collodion was then poured off one corner to return it to the bottle. The plate is then removed from the tank and fitted into a lightproof frame (wood. The plate holder could then be removed from the camera and the plate removed under lightless conditions for development. In the army camps of the American Civil War. the focusing plate was replaced by the sensitized plate and a lightproof shutter is removed from the front of the plate holder. sometimes huddled under a lightproof blanket on the ground. As involved as this process seems. Squeezing on the bulb blows the magnesium up into the air where it passes by the flame of the lamp. several pieces of magnesium could be burned in different locations to provide the needed coverage. it burns slowly with a sputtering flame. the replaced both the lens cap and the shutter on the plate holder. and might be of use for recording the various monoliths. it was placed on a flame-proof surface and ignited with a match. evenly coating it from edge to edge. Crumpling it lightly. A flash lamp had a reservoir for the powdered magnesium. a photographer would set up the camera and gauge by experience how much flash was needed. A Hand Flash Lamp Flash Powder Units The earliest flash powder was simple powdered magnesium – it was available. It a large room was to be photographed. and gave an extremely bright light for its weight. and then carefully tilted the plate from one side to another. a small oil or alcohol lamp. the plate was lowered into a narrow tank of silver nitrate solution and soaked for about 10 minutes to penetrate the collodion and form the sensitized emulsion. 59 . At its simplest. while slower burning. the photographer removed the lens cap for several seconds. Most of these flash lamps were small table models. The problem is that unless the powder is finely divided and thoroughly mixed with air. ruins. swarms of amateur and professional photographers packed their equipment into wagons or even wheelbarrows and hiked into the wilderness to take photographs under the most primitive conditions. but there was one French device that resembled a small. Once the plate was dry.

This is promptly mistranslated as ‘canals’. 1801 – Thomas Young splits a beam of light and recombines it.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue LABORATORY AND SCIENTIFIC EQUIPMENT While the sciences underwent dramatic development during the 19th century. confirming his predictions. 1888 – Hertz discovers radio waves. discovers that metals will emit electrons when struck by light of short wavelengths – the photoelectric effect. the two moons of Mars. 1875 – Sir William Crookes begins experimenting with cathode rays in evacuated tubes. 1877 – Giovanni Schiaparelli observes dark lines on the surface of Mars. behaves like a particle. 1900 – Max Planck publishes the radical idea that energy comes in discrete amounts. 1900 – Henri Becquerel discovers beta particles. Named Helium. 1800 – Sir William Herschel discovers infrared light. the Photoelectric Effect. This chapter lists some of the many scientific tools available to investigators. 1801 – Johann Ritter discovers ultraviolet light by its action on silver chloride solutions. Scientific Discoveries of the Gaslight Era 1800 – Alessandro Volta invents the electric pile. 1899 – Ernest Rutherford discovers the alpha particle. several hundred are known. Gallium. 60 . While unnoticed for almost 40 years. describing heat and work in a closed system. and introducing the concept of entropy. the first known asteroid. which he called quanta. attempting to resolve the contradictory results of the Michelson/Morley experiment. one of the foundations of modern chemistry. The Descent of Man follows in 1871. while conducting experiments trying to prove the existence of radio waves. Naval Observatory. every known gas is liquefied. 1832 – Michael Faraday and Joseph Henry independently invent the electromagnet. technological civilization on Mars. 1846 – Michael Faraday goes public with his speculations that light is a form of vibration in magnetic lines of force. are discovered by Asaph Hall of the U. 1868 – The spectrum of an unknown chemical element is discovered in sunlight. 1898 – J. much of this change was evolutionary.the first of these. 1864 – James Clerk Maxwell publishes his theories on electromagnetism. 1868 – Dimitri Mendeleyev develops the Periodic Table of the Elements. demonstrating that light behaves like a wave. 1814 – Jons Berzelius develops the 1. proposes a series of equations describing how objects contract in length and time slows as velocity approaches the speed of light. is discovered in 1875. discovering gamma rays. 1887 – Heinrich Hertz. By the end of the century. 1895 – Wilhelm Roentgen discovers X-Rays using a modified Crooke’s Tube. 1904 – Hendrik Antoon Lorentz. 1887 – In an experiment designed to prove the existence of the luminiferous ether. 1877 – Phobos and Deimos.S. when combined with Darwinian evolution. They predict radio waves and a luminiferous ether – a medium for the transmission of electromagnetic waves.or 2-letter symbols for chemical elements still used today. 1830s-1850s – The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics are proposed and refined. producing interference patterns. called a photon. 1801 – Giuseppe Piazzi discovers Ceres. Albert Michelson and Edward Morley end up doing the opposite. 1859 – Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of the Species. 1877 – Oxygen is first liquefied. it is not discovered on earth until 1881. showing that the speed of light is independent of the motion of the observer. which he calls “Canali” (‘channels’). 1863 – Gregor Mendel. prompting speculation of an intelligent. 1820 – The continent of Antarctica is discovered. Albert Einstein proposes the Theory of Special Relativity. demonstrating the connection between electricity and magnetism. 1905 – In a series of papers. the “Father of Genetics” formulates his ‘Laws of Inheritance’. It predicts the molecular weight and properties of a number of elements unknown at the time . rather than revolutionary – the gradual refinement of existing areas of knowledge. ca. 1896 – Henri Becquerel notices that uranium ore could fog a photographic plate through a lightproof envelope. Over the next 30 years. These equations form the basis of Special Relativity. confirming Maxwell’s predictions from 24 years before. which build on Faraday’s earlier work. 1850 – The Law of Conservation of Energy is proposed by several physicists. an early battery. driven partly by the improvements in manufacturing technology that gave researchers more and more accurate instruments. in which a quanta of light. and shows that they are identical to electrons. Thompson accurately measures the photoelectric effect.J. it forms the basis of modern field of evolutionary biology.

65 2. Gold Leaf Furnace. w/ pocket case. with drawer for charts and pens.2 mg. for students Chemical Balance. The glass-sided cabinet stops air currents from disturbing the pans. All necessary equipment (slices.42 11. standard ” bore. Micromanometer Measures minute pressure changes. per pair Geologist’s Set.65 6. with weights Compass. Contains 2 scalpels.55 10. for example when vaporizing metals. egg blowpipe. 2 pair scissors.100/0 57/0 £ 2/0/0 £85/0/0 9/0 £5/0/0 2/6 12/6 22/8 £3/3/0 £20/10/0 5/0 6/6 £9/9/0 £58/0/0 6/9 £1/5/0 £9/6/0 £8/2/0 £5/0/0 £1/5/0 £2/15/0 0/9 17/0 1/9 48/0 9/0 £17/10/0 100 gram capacity. file. stains.80 9. Mahler-Coole Bomb Calorimeter Chemical Apparatus (glassware). 61 . highlighting crystalline structure and stress patterns. center cathode Dip Needle. With kew (calibration) certificate.00 5.25 99. Killing Jar. High Pressure Can produce pressures up to 3000 atm (44. 1 pair Dissection Kit. clarity. Requires an analytical balance. Recording barometer – chart drive is spring wound with an 8-day movement. top quality Drafting Tools.18 24. Demand for specimens always outstripped supply. with belt case Geologist’s hammer/pick and chisel in a leather belt case. etc.25 86. resolution to 0. Abbe Used to determine the refractive index of a liquid. microtome.100 psi). Polariscope attachment Mounting Kit Stains. and in many places it was illegal to perform dissections – Massachusetts did not legalize it until 1830. for students. 70x .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Analytical Balance.25 13.20 1.00 45. A precisely weighed sample is burned with compressed oxygen in a sealed “bomb. Used for mineral prospecting. 1 pair forceps. it detects the angle of the earth’s magnetic field to the ground. w/ Zeiss Lenses. 6” Dissecting Gloves. Vernier reads to 2 minutes of arc. w/ understage illuminator and case Oil Immersion Lens Allows greater resolution.90 .00 13.45 1. w/ Morocco leather case Compressor. For accurate measurement in radio-activity experiments. Hydraulic Pump. media. Universal.58 45.15 0. Triple revolving nosepiece Mortar and Pestle. Uses currents of up to 250 amps. Dip Needle.50 15.85 281. High Pressure Gas Compressor Requires 1 horsepower. with vernier scale.60 24. with case 11 lbs Microscope. A sophisticated tool that measures the area of a region traced out on a map with the attached pointer. Weight US Price 24. high accuracy.25 2. 800 x 40 mm.25 6.25 0.30 24. Used to precisely determine the direction of magnetic fields. Permits samples to be viewed through polarized light. Unit is housed in an attractive oak and glass case. For producing extremely high temperatures. 6 “ Planimeter Pressure/Vacuum gage. 1 bottle Synthetic dyes used to highlight structures within a sample. combined skinning hook and brain scoop. As purchased from the “resurrection men”.” and the resulting heat is measured. Goniometer.20 169. Crooke’s Tube.295x.15 82. suitable for dissecting Calorimeter. with drum chart recorder Barometer. Microscope. Folding Cadaver.60 3. Used to determine the specific heat content of a carbon compound of food. covers. as designed by Professor Rutherford.00 39.18 4. leveling screws and two spirit levels. Charts cover 24 hours.24. and Georgia until 1887. 3” (numerous ranges available) Refractometer.33 0.30 1. with microscope For determining the angles and structure of crystals. finest Indiarubber. Includes heavy iron tripod base. deluxe set Electroscope. and brightness at high magnifications. can supply 20-50 cubic feet per minute at 200 atm (2940 psi).).50 UK Price £ 5/1/6 £5/0/0 £ 17/17/0 4/3 2 gns £35/0/0 28/6 .75 6. stored in an attractive mahogany cabinet. with weighing cabinet and weights Barograph. Glass For collecting insects – uses either chloroform or cyanide vapor. Butterfly Net. This model has colored mica shutters for observing the reactions.75 412. Electric Arc Furnace Extra Carbon Electrodes.

ratios.50 35/1 33/0 18/6 £9/6s 1/3 36/0 £25/0/0 £6/10/0 Duplex Slide Rule.25 31. squares. Weight US Price 0. 1 gallon For distilling purified water.75 121. dividing. allowing direct observation of the sun. hour to 15 seconds of arc. 17” x 14”. 10” Mannheim Slide Rule. finder. Spectrometer. w/ tripod Telescope. 5. Determines the wavelength of an electronic signal (for example. 62 .15 5.95 0. and metal tripod. Charts cover 24 hours. iron Surveying Rods.00 UK Price 4/0 £2/18/0 Selenium Cell. pair Theodolite. Used to determine chemical composition by the light emitted/absorbed. 5” Refractor High quality instrument with 5 eyepieces. Iron column base. Not Available Before 1882. 5” scope. Used as the drawing surface for making maps. Not Available Before 1904. 3-cylinder. Astronomical. Equatorial Mount. Telescope.65 87. a radio transmission. with drum chart recorder Recording thermometer – chart drive is spring wound with an 8-day movement. Capable of extremely accurate calculations out to four significant digits. In effect a 30 foot long slide rule divided into 20 segments and arranged as a cylinder. mounted on stand Slide Rules and Calculating Instruments: Boucher Calculator 2 ” circular slide rule in the form of a pocket watch. with stage and bell jar Wavemeter. has a vernier drum that reads directly in wavelengths. Thermometer reads from 0 – 100 F.05 13.50 8. All metal parts are tin-lined. and roots. Surveying Equipment: Clinometer. Constant Deviation Camera Designed to mount to spectrometer – 21-inch focal length lens.50 109. Thacher’s Calculating instrument. Very sensitive. A more versatile slide rule.00 £1/11/0 £2/17/0 8/0 3/6 £25/0/0 £8/18s £55/0s £50/0s £22/10s £1/1s £6/10s £4/17/6 £ 18/0/0 £ 28/17/4 Plane Table.55 23. 0-5000 meter A sophisticated tool that measures the area of a region traced out on a map with the attached pointer. w/ tripod Surveying Chain. Packed in a pine case. Cell changes resistance in response to wavelength/intensity if light. Astronomical. Military Accurately determines slopes and grades. Declination graduated to 1 minute of arc. Vacuum Pump. and when performing calculations. Includes a compass and sight rule. 5’.85 1.50 45. Tesla Apparatus Thermograph.30 8. The rule has scales on both sides. Base includes leveling screws and two spirit levels.00 0. and detects the point of resonance.) The device uses a long spool of low-resistance wire.00 4. the operator will frequently move from one side to the other.15 266.97 14. 10” The basic slide rule – capable of multiplying.30 140. equatorial mounting with fine adjustment knobs and setting circles. 2 ” Refractor Brass body. plus trigonometric functions. for 5” telescope Clock Drive for Equatorial Mount Sun Diagonal Eyepiece Reduces light levels. and dew cap. cubes.75 242. Alt-azimuth mounting of brass claw table stand. Still. w/ 3” magnifier Specific Gravity Bottle. mounted in an ebonite frame on an iron tripod – height can be adjusted. 100ml A bottle with a precise internal capacity – used to determine the density of liquid samples.85 121.11 31. Table-top model with heavy iron base. capable of everything the Mannheim Rule.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Sample Case Japanned tin box fitted with 26 glass sample tubes.25 43. rank-and-pinion focusing. 8.

The Ever-Ready ‘Walleye’ Flashlight The latest wonder from the Wizard of Menlo Park 63 . and automobiles. 1860s . turning it into the “City of Light. 1879 – Thomas Edison invents the carbonfilament light bulb.c. driving all other forms of light before it…or has it? Candles are as popular as ever. ca.000 electric light bulbs illuminate the Colombian Exposition in Chicago. electric systems in homes and communities.” 1896 – Westinghouse generators. Illuminating History 1801 – Humphry Davy invents the electric arc light. improving both the light output and durability of the bulb.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Lamps and Illumination In our present day. ca. and 100. designed by Nikola Tesla. the many ways that investigators would have used to light their homes and their way. This chapter will list and describe. electricity has triumphed. 1907 – The AA size dry-cell battery is patented. coaches. Workable “flashlights” become popular. in some detail. 1900 – Carbide lamps develop rapidly for several applications. deliver electricity to Buffalo. New York. 1807 – Streetlamps in parts of Pall Mall. showing some of the characteristics and limitations of sources of light now unfamiliar to people for whom light is available at the flip of a switch. 1885 – George Westinghouse and William Stanley develop a practical a. starting America’s first ‘Oil Boom. Converts his Menlo Park laboratory to electric lights by New Year’s eve.c. used for ‘vest pocket’ lights and penlights. The “war of the currents” between Edison and Westinghouse begins. 1911 – The tungsten-filament light bulb enters the market. 1882 – The Edison Company begins to install d.’ ca. including miner’s lamps. generator. and powered by the waters of Niagara Falls. and headlights for bicycles. London were lit with gas. 1860s – Kerosene rapidly replaces whale oil and other fuels for lamps. 1812 – First gas company in London receives a royal charter – the London and Westminster Gas Light and Coke Company. 1859 – Edwin Drake drills the first oil well in Pennsylvania. and there are many places in the world that still rely on the same kerosene lamps that have been used for a hundred and forty years. 1896 – The D size dry-cell battery is patented. 1893 – President Grover Cleveland pushes a button.70s – Electric arc lighting used for streetlights in some major European cities.

goffered (pleated) linen Candle Shade. 6’s.40 0.90 1. Arctic Lights. Will only strike on the prepared surface of the box. 1 doz boxes Not Available Before 1850. box of 24 Paraffin Wax. flounced silk leaves on crepe Candlestick. w/ mirror bracket One arctic lamp with a brass bracket for attaching the lamp to a shaving or vanity mirror. Pillar Style. Blueware China. 6’s. Lantern. suitable for altar candles. long 1’s. nickel plated Arctic Lamp.10 0.07 0.30 14. 6”. Small and extremely versatile. Electroplate on German silver – takes short 6 candles (2). 3 lbs 3 lbs 3 lbs 3 lbs 3 lbs 3 lbs 3 lbs 6 lbs 0.65 1.65 0.15 0. 6”.00 0.55 2. 8”. Candles are used since oil might be spilled by the sometimes violent movements of the stirrup. wind-proof candle lantern that could be hung from a horse’s stirrup.60 These are slightly longer and thinner than other candles. 6”. Mostly waterproof. gold trim Candlestick.03 0. 8”.50 UK Price 4/1 3/9 6/6 6/1 2/2 1/8 3/4 2/7 2/7 5/4 10/9 13/0 1/1 1/7 0/9 0/3 0/10 1/5 0/1 0/9 6/0 22/3 2/6 0/5 0/8 7/6 4/10 1/2 1/3 60/9 19/0 A spring-loaded candle-shaped tube (see sidebar article). 8’s. but would sometimes light unexpectedly. 1 doz boxes Not Available Before 1855.45 5. 8’s. can be fitted to a standard candleholder. Tin Box w/ 12 candles. 36” long.20 0. Lucifer matches were pulled through sandpaper. With base and corrugated reflector hood. A small. 4’s. 6’s. Arctic Lamp . to fit inside the tubes of carriage lamps.55 0. brass.55 1. 1” in diameter. Suitable for camping. 1 lb 6 oz 1 lb 1 lb Available Between 1827 and 1850.75 4. 1 doz tins Not Available Before 1833. Candle Square. Congreves could be struck anywhere. Swedish Safety Matches.15 0.19 0. sized for the lantern Miner’s Candlestick Reading Light.82 1. Wax Vestas. box of 18 Stearine Stearine Spermaceti. brass Arctic Lamp.28 0.35 0. sturdy. w/ glass.26 0.60 3.38 0.Piano Lamp. 6 ea. box of 24 Spermaceti. 64 . square Friction Matches: Lucifer/Congreve Matches. and a hook so that it could be hung from a chain or horizontal object. giving some small light when riding at night. box of 18 Best Wax Church Candles.18 1.60 0. brass Candle Shade. double-tube candlestick Stirrup Lamp Made from wrought iron.80 0. Japanned tin Candlestick.16 1. a horizontal spike for driving into a wall or beam. 8” Carriage Lamp. Opal Glass. 1 box Ordinary (“Strike Anywhere”).The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Arctic Lamp. 6” w/ reflector and shade Candles: Carriage Candles. Aluminum. box of 12 Candle Shade Support. and 8’s Paraffin Wax. It had a socket for a candle.40 0. 8” Candlestick. box of 12 Arctic Lights. Weight US Price 1.

05 4/7 0/5 3/6 22/6 11/4 14/5 54/6 0/6 0/5 2/3 10/1 3/6 3/6 0/5 1/3 0/5 0/3 0/10 3/6 0/2 Kerosene. 1 Qt. Sturdy wooden box lined with green baize. Student Lamp Lamp Box. The design has a separate tank for the oil/kerosene that is above the font. creating the draft that pulls air in over the wick. 0.10 0.50 0.85 0. Hand Lamp “Guaranteed non-explosive.30 2 oz 0. 2 ” lens A more inexpensive model. Lamp Trimmer Lantern. The lens projects a strong beam of light.10 0.10 0. 1”. 80 candlepower central draft (Argand-style) burner. with burner. 80 candle power central draft (Argand-style) burner. red Used in railroad lanterns as ‘tail lights. simple tin lamp that strongly resembles a tiny pitcher or watering can. plain linen shade.25 0. Lamp. per gallon Lamp.67 2/1 18/7 0/8 2/9 Handle contains 2 D-cells and has a long gooseneck shaft to reach chandeliers. includes a table lamp with opal glass globe. Dark Lantern. Storm Lantern Wind-resistant. per dozen wicks Gaslight: Gas Burner Assembly.85 0. Sperm Oil. globe. and a chimney brush.20 0. wasting oil. 22 oz. preventing the light from being seen. Lamp. which had to be done several times during a shift. Lantern can be hand-held or clipped to the belt. Parlor Vase Lamp Lamp. Table-top model.55 25 oz. Travelling Lamp Chimneys.16 0. Without it. each Lamp Chimney Cleaning Brush Cleaning the chimneys was a daily task. clear Lantern Globes. 3 chimneys.85 5. Miner’s Cap A small. decorated glass font. still used in some lamps. with metal clip on the front for holding a miner’s lamp. each Taper Holder and Gas Turnscrew Used to adjust the gas flow and ignite the burners on chandeliers. Electric Mantle. Sturdy brown duck. Lantern.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Oil Lamps: Cigar Lighter Colored glass globe. hand-decorated vase. improving the flow of the thicker whale oils. Table Lamp Student Lamp Dark Lantern Storm Lantern 65 . scissors.06 0. Double-woven. Brass body. 14” shade. and a metal shutter can close off the lens. 2. Hanging Lamp Polished bronze. The chimney is required for efficient burning.50 13. 1 roll of wick. Requires Sperm oil.10 0.12 0. The current heats a platinum wire which ignites the gas. 10” decorated shade.45 2. There is a receptacle on one blade to catch the bits of the wick.75 3. w/ wire and cap. Wicking. Burns Sperm oil. Tin. Lantern Globes. 1. adjustable height. brass. or soot would dim the light.’ Miner’s Lamp Cadger. metal foot.50 4. per gallon An extremely high-quality whale oil. the lamp will burn with a dim and flickering light. 3” lens Lantern. and mantel Gas Lighter.” Now that makes me feel so much better. Dark Lantern. Some models have a tube-shaped holder for extra lamp wicks. The wire bail can be held in the hand or hooked to a special cap A tin ‘canteen’ that clips to the belt and holds oil for refilling the lamp.45 0. chimney.10 0. A small pair of scissors for trimming lamp wicks.85 0. 1 folding shade.

In general outline. they would burn out in less than 10 minutes. it is similar to a dark lantern.50 2. Electric Home Lighting: Engine and Edison Electric Dynamo Fuse Bases. fiber case Batteries.00 8/3 For the enterprising dandy that is good with tools and wants to make an impression at parties: the component cost of a wet-cell battery. there are patents going back to 1891.60 6. Ever-Ready (ca. 1899) Battery packs. the first flashlights were used only in short flashes – the switches only allowed momentary contact until after 1911. 5 Batteries volt. 1.05 0. do-it-yourself (1894) 2.21 0. Ever-Ready Batteries Lamp. Hand and House Lamp. connected to the bulb and handle with a cotton braid-covered wire. Because of this.50 0. 700. 1906). each Fuse Links. and the power could be run as far as 2 miles from the dynamo.20 0. ‘Walleye’ lens.65 0. The battery pack was still quite bulky. each (Flashlight takes 2) Bulb Iron Candle. Porcelain.00 0. but because it required D-cell batteries.” The Iron Candle 66 .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Electric Lights: Electric Scarf Pin. Ohio Electric Works (1895) Factory made unit using a dry-cell battery. and the naked bulb is at the top of a metal tube made to look like a candle. The battery was often carried in a Gladstone bag (an extra $2 50). and a handle in the back. Medical and Dental Appliance (1896) Vest-Pocket Flashlight. #18. The Ohio Pocket Flashlight (1899) Flashlight. bulb. or used to read restaurant menus or theatre programs in the dark. various amperages available. Keyless Wall Switches.10 0. per yard Light Bulbs. Battery packs. 4 each Lamp Cord.00 0.99 0. or 16 candlepower. resistance box. a small lamp and reflector was attached to a wooden block nailed to one end. The shelf life was only about 3 months. The switch was a bare metal strap that could be pushed down to touch the sides of the reflector. they were held in a table-top box.00 0. The batteries are housed in a square wooden box. per pound The lifespan of the early batteries was pretty bad by modern standards. Cost for operation would be about $1. This is the reason that they were called “flashlights. 8. 110 volt. each Walking Stick Flashlight. and if used continuously. due to its size. the lamp and reflector are in the front.00 0. each Metal top. Waterproof. 5 amp. Edison-screw base.22 0. each This is the earliest form of the penlight. 10. and maintenance. wire. A cane with the flashlight built into the head.60 3.36 0. 2-stranded w/ cotton braid insulation.00 per day for coal. water. Ever-Ready (ca.50 6/2 10/4 12/6 1/6 2/6 14/6 1/6 25/6 2/6 24/9 4/0 1/3 20/8 2/1 Flashlight.36 6. While this first shows up in the 1899 catalogs. Wire.50 3.26 Flashlights and Batteries £144/6s 2/7 0/5 0/2 0/11 0/10 0/11 1/1 Includes a boiler and steam engine. and a cheap stickpin. Ever-Ready (ca. #10. 1906).30 5. Switch is activated by turning the key-like blade. It looks much like a candle in a candlestick: The enlarged wooden base holds the batteries. Electric Scarf Pin. 11” long. The light could be flashed to attract attention.20 0. and ampere meter. Ever-Ready (1906) A cloth-covered cardboard box holding 4 D-cells. dynamo. each Sockets.

inexpensive tapers used for lighting gaslights – though extremely rural households might still make them for their own use. Carriage Lamps The lamps used on carriages. but after the isolation of paraffin from petroleum in 1860. The Short “8” was a standard size: 8” long and weighed about 2 ounces (8 to the pound). the number indicating the number of beeswax candles to the pound. The Arctic Light and Holder 67 . tricycles. ‘Stearine’ candles were made from a mixture of stearic acid (first refined from tallow in 1830) and coconut oil. enough for a small farm for a year. and required less attention to prevent the shade from going up in flames. and burn too fast. projecting tube under the lamp. a tallow candle about an hour less than that. etc. or drip. Arctic Lights Arctic Lights were high-quality wax candles that fit inside a candle-shaped metal tube. were some of the finest (and most expensive) candles – these were recommended for use with candle shades. so the flame was always at the correct height. a headlamp is fixed in position and needs the flame to be at the same height relative to the reflector for the strongest beam of light. and an omni-directional light was an advantage. and were both of good quality and extremely economical price. it could produce about 300 candles. Candle Shades One of the more frankly bizarre Victorian affectations was placing tiny lampshades on burning candles. a tallow candle could actually be eaten. melt. made from hardened sperm whale oil. The lights could also be fitted with shades. the only tallow candles usually sold were narrow. Hazards Even with attention. the spring pushed the candle up against a restriction. nearly one third of all the fires in London were due to candles. The tube narrowed at the tip. the open flame of the candle could be hazardous. A butchered ox would yield about 80 pounds of suet that could be rendered into tallow. and were popular for reading lamps. coach lights. most candles were made from mixtures of this new wax. and a spring plunger pushed the candle up against the top as it burned. causing the flame to gutter. The base of the tube could be fitted into nearly any standard candle holder. Left unattended. As the candle burned. and were held in place by little wire frames. These looked exactly like normal-sized lampshades. Note that in the event of a famine. smoke. and did not sag. Tallow candles required trimming about every 15 minutes or the wick will become too long. carts.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Candles Before the middle of the 19 century. By the end of the Victorian period. 8’s. The projecting tube beneath the lamp held the candle and a spring like the ‘Arctic’ light. This kept the flame at the same level without any attention. While a handheld lantern needed a flat base so it could be set down. In the first half of the century. the candle can sag allowing the flame to set fire to surrounding objects. and early automobiles were originally candle-burning and had a distinctive shape with a long. nearly all candles were made either of tallow or beeswax. from simple pleated linen shades to the most elaborate confections of flounced silk. th 6’s. they required constant attention as the candle burned to prevent their catching fire. and for lighting music stands. Candles were measured by their weight. With store-bought wick (or even hand-made string). An 8” wax candle would burn between 6 and 8 hours in still air. While stylish. Spermaceti candles. shaving/vanity lamps.

removing the spent carbide. If a mantle was damaged (perhaps by an errant moth). and a flame height adjuster. Some overhead fixtures had an elaborate pivot arm and counterweight so the lamp could be pulled down to a more convenient height for lighting or adjustment. knocking over the burning lamp. and factories. never to return. but smelled and produced soot that settled around the room.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Gaslight Though gas lighting had been available since nearly the beginning of the century. the lamp was lit immediately. It was a large canister of calcium carbide with a water reservoir on top that would drip into the carbide. Each burner cast a warm yellow light about as strong as 3 or 4 candles. The generator would have to be maintained every day. casting a shadow directly under the fixture. then would return to its normal height. electric lighters were developed that used batteries in the handle and a heated platinum wire. a flame was applied with a match or a lit taper to ignite the burner. long poles were used that had a socket to hold the taper. After around 1900. The incandescent gas mantle was invented in 1884. If such a home were to have been suddenly abandoned (the inhabitants mysteriously fleeing into the night screaming. The flame height adjuster brightened or dimmed the light. After 1896. there were also ‘moveable’ lamps. for example). carefully cleaning the machine. mills. necessitating frequent cleaning. Home gaslight did not become commonplace until the 1880s. some people would turn the gas down as low as possible when leaving a room. Once the gas was turned on. which used a flexible hose to supply the gas. For overhead lights. 68 . and refilling it. the burner could be hung upside down (a “reversed burner”). when they returned and turned up the gas again. both by displacing the oxygen. Made of a fine asbestos cloth. was poisonous. and had between one and four burners. methane. Using a Gaslight Gaslight fixtures usually had two controls: an on/off valve (stopcock). and if a burner was left unlit. tying a new mantle onto the burner. In addition. Once the cotton that gave it its flexibility had been consumed. it could generate acetylene locally. Rooms were usually lit with some combination of two basic fixtures: the chandelier-type burner hung from the ceiling on its gas supply pipe. On overhead fixtures. the gas could kill the inhabitants. and a single burner could produce as much bright white light as a modern 60-watt electric bulb. it heated the fibers until they glowed brightly. instead of using the light of the flame directly. and contaminants like both carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. and by the direct action of the toxic carbon monoxide. Illuminating gas. composed of a variable mixture of hydrogen. Instead of turning a burner completely off. it was mainly used in streetlights. The flow rate for the water (and the rate of gas production) could be adjusted. That way. possibly because of the risk of tripping over the hose. with the mechanism by necessity under the flame. If a home were not connected to city gas mains. the stopcock frequently had a pull chain so it could be turned on and off without needing to climb up on a chair. In addition. and quickly became the standard. some homes were fitted with gas generators in a room out back. only gradually invading the home market. and the wallmounted sconce which supported one or two burners. so the mechanism did not cast its shadow beneath it. and letting it burn down to the bare asbestos. so a tiny flame was still burning. and was a small thumbscrew right underneath the burner. the gas generator would be seriously corroded and not functional. These were never popular. like table or reading lamps. the lamp was ready for use. The earliest burners were broad and fan shaped. it was replaced by breaking apart the old one.

These would burn fairly long for their size.77/gallon. Dunwich. it solidified in cold weather. Away from the wick. so the contents of the lamp had to be pushed around periodically to keep a fresh supply near the wick. allowing the same holder to burn either rushlights or candles). but had a bad reputation for exploding – even blowing out the lamps could cause burning fuel to spatter. This ranged from a simple square pan with the corners pinched up. stuck in the ground. Whale Oil – averaged about $1. That arm was weighted so the jaws were held shut (some even had a socket for a candle as the weight. It was of low quality. The rushlight. usually around 18” long. when the government imposed a $2 per gallon tax on alcohol in 1862. the wick needed adjustment – if it were too short. and while it dripped grease and ash beneath it. If one required a more portable light. required constant attention – tallow tended to liquefy and flow up the wick faster than it could be burned. rather like a tallow candle. clear light. the tallow was solid. or perhaps in a remote and backward area (e. and required constant adjustment as it burned. The rushes were dipped a few times in melted tallow or even waste pan grease and allowed to dry. they could be had for about 3/0 a pound (about 1600 per pound). leaving a thin strip of the skin in place to hold the pith together. Coal Oil – $0. just before the birth of the oil industry. the householder had a number of options for lamp fuel: Camphene and “Burning Fluid” – $0.g. They burned with a bright. at least. the flame would burn small and faint.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Primitive Lighting If investigators were to find themselves in a building abandoned since colonial times. This was the most common lamp fuel in the early part of the century. Never extremely popular. and Burning Fluid a mixture of alcohol and turpentine. held between the teeth. Grease Lamps have been common since the Roman times. this was also used to lubricate machines. It burned with a low flame. and were very similar. then peeled to expose the fibrous inner pith. a 18” rush would burn for around 30 minutes and was effectively free. It was of extremely high quality. too long. or even clipped in a Rushlight Holder.90/gallon Refined from animal fat. but sometimes up to twice that. and burned with a dim flame. and like any lamp. if one had to buy rushlights. Grease lamps. with one handle bent upward. burning fluid was doomed. but the price fluctuated widely. and a support for one or more wicks. It consisted of some sort of tray to hold tallow. The rushlight was a primitive type of candle – rushes were gathered and allowed to dry.50 Finally. to the Phoebe Lamp or the Betty Lamp with its cover and internal tube to hold the wick.50/gallon A crude form of kerosene refined from coal – it smelled and burned with a sooty. and cause a fire. In addition. what would they find for light? The simplest option would be to use the hearth fire – everyone would gather around the fireplace to do his or her evening chores. hence the snuffer.50/gallon Camphene was turpentine scented with camphor. Rushlights. The rushlight was placed in the jaws of the holder and the end lit. The Phoebe had a pan under the lamp to catch the dripping fat. so the excess would drip over the edge. was held in a special holder that looked rather like a pair of pliers pointing straight up. 1000 stalks – $0. and would quickly turn rancid in hot weather. only burning in certain lamps designed to melt the solid grease. and could be held in the hand. dim flame. They were used in special lamps that had twin round wicks and long tubes with snuffer caps tethered by chains. and the flame would flicker and smoke. smelled. like most sources of light back then. Lamp Fuels. rather than making them at home. while the Betty lamp held the wick away from the edge using a tube so the excess would flow back into the lamp. circa 1850 In 1850. 69 . Pine Candles were used – splints of the resin-filled heartwood of old pine trees. Lard Oil – $0. Massachusetts).

She finds the hospitals in an appalling condition and proceeds to clean them up. eventually driving him mad. not a disease itself. and the slow dawning of awareness about bacteria and their role in disease began. a technique for sterilizing milk and other liquids. 1901 – Blood Types discovered by Karl Landsteiner. 70 . Ca. 1865 – Joseph Lister introduces the use of sterilized instruments. 1847 – Ignaz Semmelweis insists that doctors wash their hands with disinfectant before examining pregnant women to reduce the incidence of childbed fever. 1854-55 – Florence Nightingale arrives in the Crimea with 38 nurses. Ca. which before killed nearly 50% of all surgical patients. sent by the British Sanitary Commission. reducing postoperative infection. Deaths on the ward drop from 42% to 2%. It is in this period that precise surgery became possible. 1860s – Louis Pasteur proves that airborne microbes are responsible for decay and do not generate spontaneously. 1900 – X-Rays in common use for medical diagnosis. ca. and hospitals became places of healing. and antiseptic dressings in surgery. 1850s – Claude Bernard. realizing that certain drugs and toxins affect only one organ. though the ‘Rh factor’ remains unknown until 1940. 1854 – John Snow uses statistical techniques to trace the source of a London cholera epidemic to the Broad Street water pump. He publishes the Germ Theory of Disease: that illness is caused by invading microbes. it was: without proper attention. Many ideas and inventions which are taken for granted today were only developed during the Victorian era. He is widely ridiculed. 1846 – John Collins Warren first demonstrates a surgical procedure using the general anesthetic ether in Boston. and 1955 with the discovery of DNA. the ‘father of modern microbiology’. Exact structure and nature remained a mystery until 1935 when it was successfully crystallized. disinfectant spray. the basic techniques for isolating a disease-causing germ. The study and control of epidemics began. uses them to determine the function of the various internal organs of the body. Milestones of Gaslight Era Medicine 1819 – Rene Laënnec invents the stethoscope – seven years later he publishes a list of ailments that can be diagnosed by its use. of course. which. not the terrifying places of last resort for the poor and indigent. 1895 – Dmitri Iwanowski discovers the first virus: the tobacco mosaic virus. 1903 – Electrocardiograph is invented by William Einthoven. He develops Pasteurization. develops “Koch’s Postulates”. implicating sewage-contaminated water as the cause of the disease. Antiseptic techniques gain acceptance only after his death in 1865.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Medical Equipment and Medicines Medicine and medical care was treated as a deadly serious business in the 19th century. ca. 1870s – Robert Koch. any injury could turn life threatening in the days before antibiotics. Massachusetts. and some remained controversial throughout the period. and isolates vaccines for several diseases. 1868 – Carl Wunderlich proved that fever is a symptom of disease. Ca.

” Available By 1857.50 35. kidney complaints and such cases of nervous exhaustion not too severe or of long standing. quackery at its finest 71 . A medicated plaster containing a battery and two electrical contacts. 3’ length. Polished mahogany case. per dozen: oz. Polished wooden case containing a crankoperated flywheel and magneto generator. one olive-shaped. cotton lint. above elbow Prosthetic Arm. 2 ” elastic bandages. 1860. caustic. through knee Prosthetic Leg.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Accident and Emergency Case In a black japanned tin case. Conversation Tube 0. Flint Glass.25 3. possibly earlier. above knee Prosthetic Leg. “superior quality” is available for 50% more. kidney. and muscular pains in the back. Electrical Remedies and Devices: Giaffe’s Battery (Medical Battery) Available By 1895. …neuralgia.80 2. It minimizes the amount of shouting required to make one’s self heard. 16 oz. Silk covered conductors. braided mohair cover.85 1 lbs 7. insulated handles. finger bandages. Heidelberg Electric Belt. they place the ‘nozzle’ end to their ear. Current is instantly available and can be adjusted by the speed of cranking.00 7.00 UK Price 37/6 25/0 Ambulence Case Fitted leather case. 8” x 5 “ x 3”. complete with instructions. the other in a ‘mouthpiece’-like nozzle. For additional cost. cotton bandages.42 0.30 0. loins. court plaster. syringe. best quality. “…positively wonderful in its quick cure of all nervous and organic disorders arising from any cause. rubber pads and crutch tip. forceps.) Bedpan Enameled. oiled silk. “80 gauge current” Magneto-Electric Battery 6 lbs 4. One side ends in a small ‘horn’. containing: scissors. (Similar to a modern ACE™ bandage.00 18.25 61. 0. suitable for yachts. brushes.” Not Available Before 1900.00 61. with cover. mines. whether natural weakness. 7 “ x 4” x 1 ”. Includes a vial of bisulphate of mercury. “…for pains in the back.15 0. 9’ long (stretched). Pewter bowl with handle used to catch the blood during bleeding. headache. excesses. Used by the hard-of-hearing. “…for rheumatic.” The Heidelberg Electric Belt and the Electric Ring for Rheumatism. 3” 3” width. “20 gauge current” Giant Power Heidelberg Electric Belt. User can select three different currents. 1895. covered elastic. Artificial Limbs: Prosthetic Arm.00 49.75 Not Commonly Used After ca.75 1/0 16/0 32/0 Crutches. metallic brush conductor. probably earlier. and helps keep the conversation from disturbing others. rubber ends. below elbow Prosthetic Leg. factories. Bleeding Bowl Bottles. 4 oz. at ankle Price listed is for the “standard quality”. tourniquet. indigestion. slipper-shaped.10 6. 58.00 61.45 1/10 Not Available Before ca. “superior quality” is available for 50% more. Bandage. Two conductors and handles.75 1. the hands can be fitted with any sort of tool desired.15 0. ” tape plaster. with protective sheath. pair Wood (hickory). etc. indiscretions. etc. spirit of sal volatile. below knee Prosthetic Leg.20 0. and one spherical exciter. 32 oz.25 16/6 74/2 29/11 Not Available Before 1900.85 £12/0/0 £12/12/0 £12/12/0 £12/12/0 £10/4/0 £7/5/0 3/1 7/9 0/10 0/7 1/3 1/9 3/4 11/4 Price listed is for the “standard quality”. measuring glass. Weight US Price 9. while the other person speaks into the horn. Electrical Battery Plaster 0. Corn Knife Best steel.

14 2. Druggist’s Scissors. Precut in a tin case. and preparations. Forceps. Court Plaster Plasters. Complete in box. powders. of cut crystal with pierced silver mountings and stopper. for heads Made of pure gum rubber. Polished pillar and beam. Physicians Scale. silver Saddlebags.42 0. It was used by those who were hard of hearing. the fumes are directed into the sinuses. Mirror. Hypodermic syringe Extra Needles for hypodermic syringe Ice Bag. Belladonna and Capsicum Plaster. 9” x 6”. Comes with extra body and 2 needles. Smelling Salts Vial Fancy. Haemostatic 8” length. and the user would hold the what would be the ‘mouthpiece’ (if it were a bugle) to their ear. 0. 1860. Plaster. mirror has a ball-socket joint so angle can be adjusted.50 1.73 1. folding Abscess lancet. glass Assorted colors available. Lancet. First Aid Kit. Smelling Salts Vial Quite fancy.32 0.18 11. Surgical. handle folds down to cover blade. suitable for all climates.15 0. In Britain.50 Hearing Horn 2 “ x 4”.00 4/6 1/0 0/10 1/1 1/2 1/1 1/2 1/4 0/2 0/8 0/9 0/8 1/6 0/9 45/4 14/5 3/0 4/5 2/0 6/6 58/0 Glass body. box of 100 Sizes available containing between grain and 8 grains of powdered quinine – all sizes the same price. medicine were commonly administered by blowing it as a powder onto the back of the throat. A hearing horn was shaped like a bugle. with a tray for instruments. brass construction. A decorative glass flask with a nozzle in the stopper – the bottle contains menthol.12 0.26 0. the broad “mouth” of the horn would catch sounds and channel them to the user’s ear. Menthol Kidney Bowl. Full set of weights provided.20 0. straight blades Best Sheffield make. empty. Small Bandages and instruments packed in a japanned tin case. Weight US Price 1.05 0. Needles screw into case. The bags contain compartments for 24 stoppered bottles for drugs. each Plasters. Surgical.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Enema The Victoria Seamless Enema. Inhaler. Field Dressing. Forceps.50 0. 2-bladed. with brass case. 1.15 0. 2-bladed folding. Like locking tweezers – pressing on the handles opens the forceps. releasing them causes the jaws to close under spring pressure. protected by metal barrel.55 14. Gloves. 1860. Scissors.60 2.28 0. Dissecting. polished rosewood or walnut base. Flem. Splinter (tweezers) Gelatin Capsules.25 0. glass with silver-plated mountings. open on both sides with visible graduations. Dental Metal handle. per pair Made of the finest Indiarubber. curved Seton Needle. Artery Forceps. Mustard Plaster. 72 . and by inhaling with the nozzle in the nostrils. locking.10 0.18 0. for spines Ice Bag. London Medicated Corn Plasters. A type of adhesive plaster made by painting a mixture of glycerine and isinglass on a strip of silk cloth.40 0.05 0.28 0. 10” Enameled iron.35 0.05 0.17 0. folding Not Commonly Used After ca.00 1 lbs 3. per box Plasters. 9” x 3”. 6” Not Commonly Used After ca.10 0. paper packet. with drawer to hold weights. 6 in a tin box Powder Blower (Insufflator) Probe.12 UK Price 4/4 0/5 0/7 10/0 2/8 0/9 1/9 0/6 0/6 2/6 10/4 Eye Bath.65 0. aseptic Sterile cotton wool pad and gauze bandage in a waterproof. Nickel case with spring cover.26 0.

half-curve.65 0.95 14. or for spraying perfumed water for face massages. Suture Needles. and silk. 1. per 100 Numerous sizes available. suture wire. one dozen Sizes available from 2 to 4 inches – straight and full-curve available at the same price. 2 pairs plated artery forceps.25 1. Available By 1900.85 UK Price 9/0 9/4 4/0 10/0 1/10 2/1 . Monaural Not Available Before ca.00 41/3 Comes with trays. The plates require slightly different chemicals and techniques from normal photographic plates for best results. it can also power an X-ray tube. with envelopes: 4” x 5” 8” x 10” 20” x 24” 10.00 57/9 £51/12s Wagner Mica Plate High-Tension Electric Generator Available By 1900. Throat Brush. Spring-stuffed American leather cushions (either buttoned or plain).65 3/4 12/5 £5/1/8 Each plate is furnished with one black and one orange envelope. two sections (the larger ear-piece unscrews for storage.00 2.95 0. A luxurious leather easy chair. Fittings are ivory.70 0. Rubber tired bicycle-style wheels and a sliding. nickeled metal fittings. Magnifying body.. available in either straight or crooked styles. allowing the user to make examinations in lit rooms. Indiarubber tubes. The motor to spin plates uses house current. Medium-duty tube.00 0. higest quality Not Available Before 1856. Hand-held X-Ray Plates. binaural Not Available Before 1856. but an optional water-powered motor is available. Wheelchair. automatic flem for lancing boils or bleeding. Fluoroscope Screen. “The Morris” Wheelchair. Steam-powered Spring Lancet (Flem) Spring-loaded. Large.28 0.60 41.) Stoppers.20 0. per box of 6.12/2 £3/1/2 Steam generated by a small alcohol burner – used for spraying disinfectant in operatory theatres. tubes are covered with silk braid. aseptic Used for administering vaccinations. The plate is slipped into the black envelope shortly before use (prolonged contact with the paper can injure the film. James” X-Ray and Fluoroscopic Equipment: Wagner Adjustable Focus X-Ray Tube. 1 tube Vaporizer. chemicals. carpeted footboard. The plate and its envelope is placed under the subject and exposed to x-rays and then developed. Thermometer. a red-filtered kerosene safety lamp.36 0. straight scissors.00 250. Solid wooden construction – high back. 1820s. and complete instructions. Vaccination Lancets. Treated screen is held in a box to shield it from the ambient light.2. plated needle case containing 6 half-curve needles. 73 .45 0. printing paper. price dependent upon size.80 3. Stethoscope.60 20. Pocket Aseptic Pocket Army Regulation Case. clinical thermometer with magnifying index. single-edge scalpel w/ metal handle and detachable blades. Beloved of singers and opera stars everywhere. silver probe. “The St. Weight US Price 2. 5” x 7”. binaural. Urinal Bag. detachable blades. Developing Kit for X-Ray Plates 10. silver director. cabinet-sized device using 2 spinning mica plates. Surgical Case. carpeted footboard.50 . Vaccination Serum. 0. per tablet 4 sizes (thicknesses) on each tablet.45 0. silver hypodermic syringe with spare needle. polished walnut or mahogany color. Contains: Symes knife. dark. nasal For spraying fine mists into the nostrils. 14. printing frame. Device is supplied with an assortment of “Therapeutic Attachments” – electrodes for applying current to the body. polished walnut finish.04 0. Male and female patterns available. camel hair Nickel shaft. Much larger devices are available. cedarwood handle. clinical Requires 60 seconds for reading. Stethoscope. Throat Sprayer Finest quality. plated spring dressing forceps.75 4/0 1/2 1/6 0/2 2/11 3/11 2/9 0/10 2/6 85/0 170/2 Suture Silk. soft rubber Bag straps to leg. Stethoscope. 2 tubes of hypodermic tablets. Rubber (“Rubber Corks”). Rubber tired bicycle-style wheels and a sliding. each.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Sprayer.00 24. Introduced in the USA in 1835. Turned maplewood.00 41/3 Available By 1900.20 2.

Sulfate of Zinc*. they just were not allowed to charge for the service. Blistering Plaster. The quality of the education varied widely.” who with his partner William Hare. selling products over the counter) by apprenticeship. the medical profession in Britain was divided into a number of distinct levels. they had their own colleges. The Well-Stocked Medicine Chest The following list of medications appeared in the 1875 edition of Murray’s Handbook for Travellers in Egypt. Those marked with an asterisk were noted as particularly useful: Blue Pills*. Robert Knox. Ipecacuanha. Essence of Peppermint. For most of the poor and the inhabitants of the rural villages. Sulfate of Quinine*. and amputated limbs. to schools that were little more than diploma mills. one who was both Physician and Surgeon. just as the surgeons in Britain. Sweet Spirits of Nitre*. They were the aristocracy of the profession: university-educated and licensed by the Royal College of Physicians. In addition to performing something that resembled physical labor. they could begin their own practice after a 2 to 5 year apprenticeship. the Apothecary was the person to whom they turned for medical aid. Rhubarb Pills*. however. Dover’s Powder*. so named because they prescribed “physic” (medicine). Arnica*. Lint* . supplied cadavers to Dr. This same book.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Physicians. They would take a detailed medical history. lanced boils. Carbolic Acid*. frequent eyebaths with a dilute Boric Acid solution were strongly recommended. and the inevitable peddlers of endless patent medicines. The Royal College of Edinburgh was the most famous – and infamous . who advocated herbal remedies. America saw a host of small medical schools crop up all throughout the colonies – an average of one a year. so its advice should be taken cum grano salis (with a grain of salt. In addition. and More Closely mirroring the society it served. their services were very expensive.) The next rung on the ladder were the Surgeons. and able to stand the sight of blood. James’ Fever Powder*. Essence of Ginger. and then prescribe a medicine for an apothecary to fill. Dilute Sulfuric Acid. One learned the trade (and a trade it was. Nitrate of Silver. For a young boy able to afford a hundred dollars a year. the “General Practitioner” became the most important figure. treated infections. the notorious “resurrection man. Many doctors still learned through apprenticeship. ranging from prestigious institutions like Harvard or Princeton. Doctors in the United States In contrast to Britain. as one scientific discovery followed on the heels of the last. Calomel.in Britain.) 74 . there were a host of alternative practitioners: Homeopaths. (1829 saw the murder trial of William Burke. Thomsonians. Seidlitz Powders*. still advocated the use of leeches for various ailments. who dealt with the physical body of the patient – they set broken bones. Surgeons. In addition. which used baths and mineral water in huge amounts. Apothecaries. Anything resembling physical labor was to be avoided as ungentlemanly (it is perhaps because of this that the stethoscope was slow to be adopted in Britain. Hydrotherapists. At the top were the Physicians. They were permitted to examine patients and recommend medicines. Cream of Tartar. Sticking Plaster*. While many learned the profession by apprenticeship. Gregory’s Powder*.) The Gaslight era saw the rapid increase of surgery’s reputation. possessed of a strong stomach. the Company of Surgeons had been formally a part of the Barber’s Guild until only a century before. sutured wounds. Laudanum*. By the end of the century. Chlorodyne.

The thick liquid was brushed over the wound.40 0/10 £6/2s 1/8 ??? Amyl Nitrate. rectified. Only available by prescription in the USA until 1915.40 0. It acted as a purgative and cathartic. will make thin persons plump…” Not Available Before 1899. usually forced on children once a week. but it was still available 75 years later.25. crystals. constipation. and travel guides of the era recommended the practice for travelers to deserts and the tropics.10 0. Dover’s Powder. Aromatic Spirits (Spirits of Hartshorn). Used in numerous of remedies for colds. Collodion was nitrocellulose dissolved in a mixture of ether and alcohol.85 2/1 3/1 0/7 3/6 Good for what ails you. and remedies. 4oz Used as a disinfectant and as an inhalant to revive unconscious patients (“smelling salts”. and an antidote for the toxic effects of Prussic Acid (cyanide). exists. 4 minim ampoules.75 0. A powerful disinfectant. Eucalyptus Reduces redness and inflammation.20 0/10 Calomel was a tasteless gray powder.25 0.50 0.” It had nothing to do with electricity – that was just the popular marketing ‘buzz word’ of the day. there was a gold-plated version of the ring available for $1.20 0. Recommended for consumption.25 0.29 0. bottle Used in many ointments. 4 grain tablets. and minor infections.03 UK Price 0/1 Used in numerous home remedies – as a styptic applied to wounds (or inhaled to stop bloody noses). dressing bruises.18 0. 1 oz bottle A combination of ipecac and opium. Commonly fed by the spoonful to protesting children. 1 oz bottle 0. Aspirin Tablets. It was also quite flammable. Carbolic Acid.12 1/3 0/2 0/6 1/0 “…valuable remedy for sprains.05 0.12 1/8 0/10 0/10 1/0 0/9 0/6 Castor Oil. A popular medicine containing mercury. 2 grain tablets. will tune up the whole system and when used for a length of time. 1 lb “…used for washing. 1 lb. Quickly became one of the most widely-used drugs of the era.20 5/0 The pungent-smelling resin distilled from the camphor tree. and was one of the most commonly prescribed medicines in the 19th century. Concerns about its hazards began in 1863.” Boric Acid. 1 oz bottle 0. “…for rough or discolored skin. powdered. It cleaned and protected the eyes from irritation and infection.09 1/0 0/6 0/5 0/4 Not Available Before 1900. Eucalyptus Oil. prepared from the mineral calomel – mercury(I) chloride. they would often prescribe camphor in some form. throat and lung trouble. Collodion. It was used as we use band-aides today. and compounded in just about everything else. lotions. “…guaranteed to provide immediate relief of nasal catarrh.20 0. and sinus trouble.” 0. worms. 1 lb Weight US Price 0. to cover small cuts and scrapes. Camphor. strains. some tried dissolving it in water and using it to control malaria symptoms (for those who could not afford quinine). killing cockroaches. consumption. Was dissolved in water and used to bathe the eyes (that’s what ‘eye cups’ are for). each Gray metal ring with suspiciously vague claims of “curative powers. coughs. 1 bottle “A dose can be taken whenever a craving for morphia. bruises stiff joints & swelling. 1 lb. 1 small box Aspirin. it must be good for you. colds.25 75 .20 29. Electric Ring for Rheumatism. 1. etc. Ammonia. General anesthetic. 1 ounce stoppered bottle Not Available Before 1848. If it tastes this bad. Calomel. medical grade. it absorbed the toxin while in the stomach before it has a chance to be absorbed by the system. A mild laxative. If a physician were at a loss. 0. waterproof protective coating. 1 bottle Blue Pills. powder Advertised as being safe if taken as directed. inhalants. cold in the head. 5 grain. Powdered. A while crystalline powder. Arsenic Complexion Wafers. Ether. 1 lb Chilblain Lotion. 6 oz. Only available by prescription in the USA until 1915. Generally used in a hot water bath for soaking or for compresses – it reduces swelling and inflammation for sprains. Treatment for poison – when fed to the victim. Electricating Liniment. Abuse by drinking/inhaling is common in certain places in the late 19th century.) 0. Relieves pain and induces sweating. 16 oz bottle Cure for the Opium and Morphia Habit.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Medicines and Preparations: Alum. 1 large bottle Epsom Salts. even “child-bearing. 0. 1 oz bottle Borax.” 0.50 0. usually used by dissolving in water.12 0. and after the solvent evaporated. in a poultice with Vaseline for poison ivy. box of 8 A mild stimulant. 1 lb. For the stylish (or very gullible). it left a strong. It is also used orally to relieve constipation. 5 grain tablets. 1 bottle Charcoal. 4 oz bottle Catarrh Snuff. starching. or opium.14 0. Aspirin is first distributed to pharmacies in powder form. despite being quite toxic. Cod Liver Oil. as a treatment for cold sores. 1 lb.” Most likely similar to any number of rings still advertised to this day in the back of tabloid magazines. hay fever. Also used in incenses. need it or not.” The bottle is packaged with a “Perfect Powder Blower” and complete instructions. prepared. toothache. It was widely prescribed for ailments like apoplexy.

bicarbonate of potassium. like bloating after eating. Seidlitz Powders.) Smelling Salts. acidity of the stomach. 1.. per bottle Wine with the leaves of the coca bush steeped in it. heartburn. etc. “They’ve got more xyz than Carter has Little Liver Pills” has for ages been a colloquialism for “a whole lot. oz. 1 oz. Gelatin coated tablets. The two powders were poured into a glass of water. and were available in household cases of 12 or 24 commonly-used remedies and an instruction booklet. and peppermint leaves. Malaria.” 0.” Jamaican Ginger Essence. and relies on very weak solutions of drugs that cause the condition or symptoms in a healthy person. These were extremely popular. 8 oz bottle Headache Cure. women in this century were quite prone to fainting.0.e. 2 oz bottle Peppermint Oil. 12 powders in a box “…Certain headache and neuralgia cure. Catarrh. 1 oz. if taken once or twice a day.25 0. Not widely used as a mouthwash until the 1920’s. early decay. Used for pain relief and to promote relaxation. oily liquid used in lotions and creams.20 1/0 0/9 0/9 . Will cure gonorrhea or gleet in from 1 to 5 days. oz vial Injection No. dizziness. Pink Pills for Pale People. Widely abused. used to revive unconscious victims. (Whiskey kills germs just as well. Bitter resin used in some old-time remedies.18 0. 6 boxes “…This will cure you if you feel generally miserable or suffer with a thousand and one indescribable bad feelings. (There were ‘urban legends’ during the period of a woman who drank the mix immediately and died as her stomach burst. 0.18 0.95 0/5 2/6 3/11 Tincture of opium with camphor. lifelessness.53 0. bottle Ipecac – used as a purgative to induce vomiting. It was also sold by the case of 12 bottles for $10. 2 oz bottle Tincture of opium in alcohol. never causing constipation.” Sweet.50 UK Price 2/1 “Every man can be permanently cured of the habit or desire for intoxicating drink of any kind. or sense of goneness. Pasteur’s microbe killer. 76 . price depends on dosage. weariness. and relieve constipation. like…” and so on for an entire paragraph. which would effervesce strongly – the liquid was drunk once the fizzing began to die down.” As coca leaves are the source of cocaine. More frequently used in incense. this was actually an effective treatment. In the case of malaria. described as an “aid [to] digestion.) Peruvian Wine of Coca. too. and the “summer complaint of children.16 3/3 0/9 1/0 0/9 2/2 0/8 “…French specific for troubles of the urinary organs in either male or female. 24 oz bottle Little Liver Pills.04 3.14 0.79 0. Gregory’s Powder.20 0. and all other diseases arising from mental worry. bottle Glycerin.” Makes one wonder just what was in these things… 12 boxes was the recommended course of treatment for “almost any case”. anise. Small box of 24 doses Weight US Price 0. Rheumatism. It was a mild cathartic and laxative. I’m sure that was not this wine’s only attraction.20 0/10 Aromatic carbolized eucalyptus smelling salts. tube of 100 Not Available Before ca.”. Used in stomach remedies. which. particularly in remote areas away from conventional doctors. nervousness.25 0. drug them into insensibility. There were specific preparations for nearly any complaint. dysentery. Homeopathic Preparations. “…contains all the stimulating. among them low spirits.” Used as a specific against “miasmic fevers” (see sidebar article). 4 oz. 1 bottle Ipecauanha tablets.. 0.” A popular and ubiquitous over-the-counter medicine that was supposed to increase the function of the liver and digestive system. 10 doses/box An extremely popular medicine – each dose consisted of powder in two paper packets (one blue and one white): one contains a mixture of bicarbonate of soda and Rochelle salts. Blood Poison. Quinine Tablets. and all disorders of the blood…This preparation of Dr. cholera morbus.25 0.00 0/2 12/5 Nerve and Brain Pills. bottle Laudanum. 1-5 grain. Carter’s. Due to the tight corsets that restricted their breathing. 7. Paregoric Elixir. and would probably be less hazardous…tastes better. will prevent La Grippe. 5 grain tablets. Microbe Killer.00. and healing properties of good ginger…for stomach and bowel trouble…” Listerine. Widely used to cure diarrhea and coughs – also used to calm restless children (i.60 0.) Myrrh Powder. 1 oz. not unlike the “Pop-Rocks and Coke” legends of today. removes fatigue and improves the appetite. and I’m sure many took advantage of the offer. Applied to the skin it can help prevent windburn. rheumatism. cures pale and sallow complexions. both mental and physical.97 4/0 “…This is Dr. Also used in cases of poisoning. 0.1/11 0/10 “…a great blood builder. 0. Pasteur’s will eradicate any form of disease and purify the whole system. Prescribed for diarrhea. 100. the other of tartaric acid. per Homeopathic Medicine was one of the major alternatives to conventional medicine through most of the 19th century.12 0. Originally invented as a surgical disinfectant. 1 box Quinine Powder.18 .25 0/6 0/7 1/0 1/0 A combination of rhubarb powder. Consumption.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description German Liquor Cure.45 0. weakness. warming. and benzoic acid. feeling of fullness. 4 oz. after using a few doses you will feel the craving for liquor disappearing and a warm healthy spreading out from the stomach over the whole system. gallon bottle 0.18 0. 1880.

4 oz bottle Topical antiseptic. in a case in which no further visits are required $ 2 – 10 When detained. prevent infection. Stings like the dickens and stains clothes. Arnica extract in alcohol. bruises. chapped or rough skin…” Witch Hazel Extract. Tincture of Iodine. Small box 0. Fees increased slightly later in the century.” per bottle Weight US Price 0. and increase the adhesion of bandages.30 0.22 1/0 0/9 0/7 1/3 0/11 2/6 Tincture of Arnica. Sure Cure for the Tobacco Habit. 0. 4 oz bottle Used as a diuretic and to reduce fevers Whether it worked or not is open to debate. 1 box “…a very satisfactory remedy for destroying worms and removing them from the system. in a case where the physician is in regular attendance $1–2 For a post mortem examination in a case of legal investigation $ 25 For a vaccination $5 For an ordinary case of midwifery $ 10 – 30 For reducing fractures $ 5 – 10 For amputation of a leg or arm $ 25 – 100 For amputation of a finger or toe $ 5 – 20 For extirpation of large tumors $ 50 – 100 For extirpation of other tumors $ 5 – 30 For trepanning $ 25 – 100 For the operation for Cataract $ 50 – 100 For the operation for Aneurism $ 100 – 200 Dental Fees These were obtained from an 1880 advertisement: Administering Gas Extraction Silver Filling Gold Filling $ 0.” This patent medicine might prove useful to those attempting to extend their Dreamland stays.20 0/10 Typical Medical Fees The following examples of medical fees were established at the December 1843 meeting of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia.” Makes one wonder just what was in these things… 12 boxes was the recommended treatment for “almost any case”. it increased blood flow and produced a powerful ‘heating’ sensation. rejuvenates the weak and unstrung nerves caused by overindulgence in this poisonous weed. For a single visit. 1 lb tin White petrolatum. cuts. It is a vegetable preparation composed of herbs soothing and healing to the entire system. 4 oz.50 $ 1. Kids hate it. Painted on the skin to reduce irritation. sore eyes.18 0.14 0. 2 oz. Gum Benzoin in alcohol.25 0. and are probably typical of the time. Used as a liniment for strained and sore muscles – when rubbed into the skin. Sweet Spirits of Nitre.00 77 . Tincture of Benzoin. and advise. Brownish liquid familiar to anyone who has had a cast for a broken bone.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description “Somone – Sweet Refreshing Sleep.” Worm Cakes. 1 quart Astringent used for cleaning the skin. per hour $2–5 For an ordinary visit.25 $ 0. morphine or poisonous narcotics of any kind whatever. hemorrhage.75 UK Price 3/1 “…We guarantee it to contain no opium. used in ointments.50 2/1 “This is Nature’s own remedy.25 $ 0. entirely harmless. sprains. Vaseline. in fact nearly every accident. and “…for bruises.” 0. also “…sore throats. It cures because it builds up and fortifies.

and the blunt needle threaded with a silk cord or tape was threaded through. the infection began to spread and the tissues became inflamed. etc. both the seton needle and bleeding by flem or lancet continued to be a part of veterinary practice at least until the Great War. Laudable Pus Since the early Greeks. In addition to the normal care. Tissue might be removed. 78 . Apoplexy – A stroke. food poisoning. leaving the cord in place to provide the necessary irritation. The physician might even resort to the Seton Needle. was fortunately enough an effective remedy. treatments included purgatives. were caused by the poisonous atmospheres exuded by swamps and decaying matter. where a fold of skin was pinched up. sometimes localized to one part of the body. or a sudden fit resembling a stroke. These were treated either by palliative care or through amputation if the damage were too great.) Eruptive Fevers included smallpox. as with a head cold. It could cause a dry cough. An extremely common disease in the Victorian era. swelling due to accumulation of fluid in the tissues. Dropsy – A symptom. yellow fever. called “laudable pus” was a healthy sign of a healing wound. etc. followed by a diaphoretic to sweat any remaining poison from the body. blows. Continued. disorders of the blood-purifying organs. cathartics. creamy discharge. Pleurisy – Inflammation of the lining of the chest. typhus. which in the case of malaria. and Eruptive Fevers. caused by burns. a variety of counter irritants might be used to try to “draw” the irritation away from the affected organ. Direct Inflammation was external. with a dose of a cathartic to purge the bowels of toxins. When the pus turned foul. Bleeding was used to reduce ‘excess circulation’ (though after around 1835 its use was rapidly falling out of favor. Putrid Fever – Another term for Typhus. and were characterized by boils. The skin might be rubbed with substances like mustard or turpentine. and were treated in a similar manner though with less effect. even boiling water.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Inflammation Theory Developed by Dr. as those associated with malaria. This dubious technique had largely fallen out of favor by the 1860’s. primarily striking children. or pustules. pneumonia. Dyspepsia – Indigestion. Since the internal organs were (perhaps fortunately) beyond the reach of the physician. Palsy – Paralysis. or even a mercuric paste. the pustules might be treated with cold water. up to chronic pain and a hunched posture. Once gangrene began. rather than a disease itself. excessive food or drink. Indirect Inflammation affected the internal organs of the body. this was the theory that disease was caused by inflammation due to “nervous irritability” of the body. Treatment was generally to give the patient plenty of fresh air. Intermittent Fevers were further treated with Peruvian Bark (quinine). Oddly enough. Chilblain – Swelling of the extremities caused by exposure to severe cold then heat. plague. the diseases were further subdivided into Intermittent. Medical Terms These terms. Finally. Consumption – The wasting away caused by the final stages of pulmonary tuberculosis. such as bad airs. Symptoms ranged in severity from difficulty breathing and hoarseness to convulsions and death. and diaphoretics to sweat out what remained. at least. or even burned away with fuming nitric acid. These could be either Direct or Indirect Inflammation. gunshot or knife wounds. drastic measures would need to be taken to prevent sepsis (gangrene) from setting in. Catarrh – Nasal or sinus congestion due to inflamed tissues. it might be blistered with applications of “Spanish Fly” (powdered cantharid flies) or stronger chemicals.) Narcotics might be used to calm the body and induce sleep. The pustules might be lanced to relieve the pressure. or a solution of acetate of lead dissolved in water. Lumbago – Chronic lower back pain and numbness. once common in the 19th century. and could be brought on by excessive stimulation of many kinds. the medical wisdom held that a white. lesions. and some explanation may be in order: Ague – Fever and chills. exposure to cold air or water. Continued Fevers included “Camp Fevers”. It might affect any part of the body. and similar causes. pierced with a lancet or slender blade. and emetics to purge the body of poisons. immediate amputation of the affected limb was the only treatment. Miasmic Fevers This was the idea that disease. Croup – A number of similar diseases. particularly fevers. William Collins in the mid1700s. have fallen from use.

range finders. telescopes. With chain 79 . and field glasses.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Optics This chapter includes both corrective optics like eyeglasses.” Spectacles Pince-nez Eyeglasses. as well as various devices like magnifiers. Purely astronomical telescopes and microscopes are covered separately in the chapter “Laboratory Equipment.

Approximately 2X. Double Lens Fold-out Pocket Magnifier Rubber case. morocco leather-covered body. nickel-plated case. Approximately 2 Used by the US Signal Service2 ” objective lenses. With leather case and strap. in steel frames are available at the listed price. Lumex Prism Binocular.10 4. 12x Binocular. 5” closed. Goerz Prism Binocular. Lumex Prism Binocular.50 1. or 5x (depending on whether one or two lenses are used). Short body. Spectacles. Weight - US Price 31. 1.50 46. compact size. Magnifier. Corrective. Bifocals. ” lens.50 55. mother-of-pearl inlay Spyglass .85 9. 2” Objective lens. 30x 1 lb. Straight temples Spectacles. Colored lenses Spectacle/Eyeglass Case.00 8.30 14. Coddington Magnifier. Waltkins Artillery Telemeter Reading Glass (Magnifier).25 0. Gold frames. Spectacles. Morocco case. Weldon Range Finder. 2” working distance.75 3. Polished brass body. Tourist Magnifier. Reading Glass (Magnifier). Single-wheel focusing. or amber).42 UK Price 6/10/0 9/10/0 6/10/0 11/10/0 14/5 5/11 4/14/10 4/18/11 1/16/1 8/8 5/2 1/0 1/3 3/0/0 4/5/0 4/2/6 11/4 3/11/0 16/5/0 3/6 12/5 0/5 16/6 8/1 5/2 1/0 1/3 7/8 39/2 Binocular.75 2. 3 lbs. holding the spectacles securely to the face. Approximately 2X. 8x Monocular. long draw makes them compact and easy to carry. High pearl tops.29 Field or Marine Glasses. 6 oz 1 lb. 2 2 1 lbs lbs lbs 23. Genuine Colmont Smoked Pearl Glasses Opera Glasses Range Finder. Zeiss. 13 ” long extended.00 1. 10x. Straight temples. Straight temples Spectacles.25 0.00 2. Morocco case. 10 “ long closed. morocco leather covered.00 31. are available at the same price as corrective lenses. 12x Opera Glasses. colored lenses (smoke. 8x Binocular.95 1. 2 ” Nickel frame. Gold frame. or a spyglass shortened by folding the optical path with prisms. Watchmaker’s Loupe. black enameled frame. 1 ” Objective lenses. 10 kt Eyeglass Chain and Hooks. polished aluminum bars and tubes. 10x Spyglass . 10 kt. x.50 Polished brass tubes. papier mache. wooden handle. 36“ long extended. Gold-filled Frame. 1” Objective lens. 1 oz 9 oz 8 oz Fold-out magnifier. Steel frame. 5x. Riding or Hook-bar Frame. Coddington Magnifier Opera Glasses 80 . 4x 2” objective lenses. 12x Eyeglasses (pince-nez). Zeiss. solid gold Field Glasses. 1 ” Objective lenses. Temples have curved spring ends that hook around the ear.80 0. With leather case and neck strap.00 24.25 0.00 0. One eyepiece is adjustable to compensate for differences in vision between the user’s two eyes. 1 ” Objective lenses. wooden handle. US Cavalry.10 1. Monocular. One half of a binocular.75 17.84 3.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Binocular. 4 x Field Glasses. 1 ” lens. 4 ” long closed.50 20. highest quality 1 5/8” lenses. Approximately 2 Rubber case. high-power lenses. Steel frames Spectacles.25 0.50 20. Single Lens Fold-out Pocket Magnifier Magnifier. 5” Nickel frame. covered with black leather. With leather case.20 78. Flat lenses (no correction). 6x Single-wheel focusing. Goerz Prism Binocular. blue.

Luxuries. plus those little requisites that speak of a gentleman or lady of quality. both for themselves and for others. and Vices This chapter is devoted to the many little (and some big) things that make life pleasant.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Toiletries. It includes the various necessities for grooming. candies and chocolates. tobacco and fine alcohol. 81 .

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue
Item and Description
Barley Sugar ‘Bull’s Eyes’, 1 bottle Bookmark, silver Brush Set, Gentlemen’s, Ebony Brush Set, Gentlemen’s, Silver Brush and Boot Set, Military Brush Set, Military
Two wooden military hairbrushes in an oval leather case.

Weight 2 lbs

US Price 0.28 0.97 5.21 34.65 9.75 3.00 3.80 3.25 0.79 11.88 0.55 3.10 6.00 5.70 - 52.60 1.03 7.50 88.50 1.20 - 3.25 0.25 - 1.00 0.75 0.20 0.17 43.75

UK Price 1/2 4/0 21/6 £ 7/3/0 40/3 12/6 15/9 13/6 3/3 49/0 2/3 12/9 24/9 23/6 - 217/0 4/3 31/0 365/0 5/0 - 13/6 1/0 - 4/2 3/1 0/10 0/8 £ 9/5/0

Solid leather case, containing one pair of military hair brushes, hat brush, cloth brush, mirror, and comb, complete in ebony. Velvet-lined leather case with silver hinges and latch; fitted with two hammer-pattern silver brushes, hat brush, cloth brush, and comb. Leather trunk containing 3 shoe brushes, 1 clothes brush, 1 hat brush, 1 boot jack, 1 button stick,2 blacking bottles.

Calling Card Case, crocodile leather w/ 9kt gold corners Calling Card Case, plain silver Chocolate, Swiss Cigar Case, crocodile leather, solid silver frame Cigar Cutter, horn handle Cigar Cutter, silver Cigar Lighter, Electric Cigars, Cuban, per 100 (usually in boxes of 25) Cigarette Case, roan leather, nickel frame Cigarette Case, Silver

1 lb

Not Available Before 1896. Uses D-cell dry batteries to heat a platinum wire.

With gold hinge and gold push piece, spring opening. Holds two rows of cigarettes.

Cigarette Case, 18 kt Gold, as above Cigarettes, per 100 Cologne, 1 oz. Comb, Dressing, pure aluminum Comb, Dressing, Goodyear pure extra-heavy rubber, 8” Crème Toffees, Devonshire, 1 tin Dressing Bag, Ladies

1 lb

“The Ladies Fitted Monitor Dressing Bag” – Morocco leather, lines with silk, with silver-mounted fittings. Includes 2 hair brushes, cloth brush, velvet brush, soap jar, pomade jar, 2 scent bottles, tooth brush jar, and powder jar, all silver mounted. Also contains a leather writing case, a comb in a case, silver match box, ink jar and trinket box, mirror, scissors, and a full set of manicure instruments.

Dressing Case, Gentlemen’s

19.40

80/0

Leather case with strap and buckle, lock and key. Leather divisions, with 2 hair brushes, hat, cloth, tooth, nail, and shaving brush, screw powder jar, 2 square scent bottles, soap case, metal case for toothbrush, comb, razor strop, 2 razors, scissors, and button hook.

Dressing Case, Fitted, Ladies’

330.00

£ 68/0/0

Crocodile leather, all silver hammer pattern bottles, soap, tooth powder, pomade, nail and toothbrush roll, 2 scent bottles, puff box, 2 hair brushes, cloth and velvet brushes, mirror, flask, jewel case, paper knife, shoe lift, button hook, glove stretchers, 2 tortoiseshell combs, silver-mounted crocodile leather writing case, ink, matchbox, cutlery board, 3 pair scissors, 5 instruments and 2 bodkins, pen and pencil, tooth and nail brushes, nickel watch in a silver case.

Manicure Case, Morocco leather Manicure Case, Silver-fitted Mineral Water, 1 dozen bottles Palate Brush, badger hair, ivory handle Pencil Case (holder), silver, for 3” cedar pencil Pen/Pencil case, telescopic Paper knife (letter opener), Ivory blade with silver handle Peppermint Rock, 1 bottle Perfume, 1 oz Pipe, briarwood, w/ vulcanite stem Pipe, Calabash
For those who want the “Sherlock Holmes” look.

4.00 12.60 2.90 0.40 0.85 2.85 1 lbs 4.97 0.27 0.50 - 1.00 0.55 2.55 4.55 0.50 1.20 0.42

16/6 52/0 12/0 1/8 3/6 11/9 20/6 1/1 2/1 - 4/2 2/3 10/6 18/9 2/1 5/0 1/9

Leather case, fitted with polisher, 2 silver-mounted jars, tweezers, nail polisher, 2 pairs scissors, nail file, cuticle knife, nail brush, knife, and nail trimmer.

Pen nib slides out of handle, pencil point screws out, handle telescopes down for convenient pocket size.

Pipe, Meerschaum, amber stem, Russian leather case Pipe Bowl Scraper, Steel, with leather pocket case Pipe Rack, Nickel-mounted, on polished mahogany base, for 4 pipes Pipe Tool, combination tool w/ ivory handle -

82

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue
Item and Description
Shaving Brush, wood handle, badger hair Snuff, 1 lb tin Snuffbox, silver Soap, Plain Castille, 1 lb cake Soap, Roger and Gallet, ‘Heliotrope Blanc’, 3 cakes Soap, Shaving Stick, in celluloid case Sovereign Case and Matchbox, Combined Sovereign Case, 9ct gold
Holds 5 gold sovereigns and 6 half-sovereigns.

Weight -

US Price 0.15 1.07 3.25 0.12 1.70 0.20 3.65 16.75 10.43

UK Price 0/8 4/5 13/6 0/6 7/0 0/10 15/0 69/0 43/0

Spirit Stand, Fall Front
Dark oak with nickel fittings. Front has lock. Holds three cut-crystal bottles.

Ale, Wine, and Fine Spirits: Absinthe, 1 bottle Ale, Beer, or Stout, 1 dozen pint bottles
Price does not include the 1/0 deposit on the bottles.

1.85 0.73 12.10 11.65 20.85 48.50 4.85 15.05 72.75 6.79 0.91 23.25 13.55 11.15 1.09 - 2.05 0.32 0.34 1.33 0.36 0.15 0.25 0.12 1.27 0.20 0.12 1.58 2.42 26.68

7/8 3/0 50/0 48/0 86/0 200/0 20/0 62/0 300/0 28/0 3/9 96/0 56/0 46/0 4/6 - 8/6 1/4 1/5 5/6 1/6 0/8 1/0 0/6 5/3 0/10 0/6 6/6 10/0 110/0

Ale, Beer, or Stout, in cask (36 gallon)
If the barrel was not returned within 3 months, a fee of 18/0 was charged.

Pale Amontillado (sherry), 1 dozen bottles Champagne, Perrier Jouët, extra quality, extra dry cuvee, 12 bottles Champagne, Pommery & Greno, nature, 12 magnums Claret, 12 flagons Cognac, Pale, 12 bottles Cognac, J and F Martell’s Extra – 50 years old, 12 bottles Gin, Nicholson’s Dry, 12 bottles Lager, German, Imported, 1 dozen pint bottles
Price does not include the 1/0 deposit on the bottles.

Sauternes, 12 bottles Scotch Whiskey, Ben Nevis, 12 bottles Tawny Port, Very Fine, Old, 12 bottles Tobacco, Pipe Tobacco, Imported, 1 lb Tobacco, Plantation Twist – 1 lb, 16 twists to the pound Tobacco, Plug Tobacco, 1 lb cake Tobacco Jar, Wedgwood, with air-tight lid, lb capacity Tobacco Pouch, rubber lined Toothbrush, bone handle Toothbrush, folding pocket brush Tooth Paste, “American Wintergreen”, 1 tube Toothpick, Silver, with fluted case and ring for attaching to a chain Tooth Powder, “Colgate’s Antiseptic Dental Powder”, 1 tin Tooth Powder, “White Rose”, 1 tin Tooth Powder Box, ebony Vesta Case, Hallmarked Silver
With striking surface and chain ring.

Vesta Case, as above, 18ct gold

83

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue

Tools
The tools found here are not only available to investigators, in later eras, they might commonly be found in old barns or garages. The tools were made to last, and a thrifty public kept them in good repair. Many have survived to the modern day.

Gentleman’s Tools In Britain during this era, gentlemen (men of the upper classes) were indulged, in fact almost expected, to have various hobbies or pursuits. It was generally understood that this was merely an idle pastime (even if they became quite good at their little hobby), and for those who wanted to try their hands at the manual arts like woodworking and carpentry, having tools suitable to one of their station was an absolute must. Thus the strange practice of “Gentleman’s Tools.” These were usually supplied in full sets, lovingly stored in polished, fitted cases. The tools themselves were works of art – made of the finest materials, exquisitely finished, usually in a highly elaborate and decorated style. In an age where even ordinary tools had polished brass fittings and handles of rare woods like cocobolo or ebony, these were extraordinary. Unfortunately, they were not very good: the temper was poor and the durability was low, perhaps under the assumption that the tools would not likely be subjected to sustained use. The gentleman of leisure was therefore forced into the odd situation of being expected by his peers to pay twice as much for tools that were only half as good; Of course, to a ‘gentleman’, the price is never even a consideration, let alone a serious issue. A truly eccentric hobbyist might insist on purchasing only “Journeyman’s” tools: made for the craftsmen who earned their living by their trade and required both good quality and the greatest possible durability.

Bit Brace and Auger Set

84

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue
Item and Description
Adze, Carpenter’s, 4” head Apron, Blacksmith’s (sheepskin) Apron, Machinist’s (heavy cotton ticking) Axe Axe Handle, 36” Blacksmithing Tools: Anvil, wrought iron, steel faces Farrier’s Tools, in leather tool roll Forge, #2, w/ blower and hood
12” blower, 23” x 35” hearth.

Weight 3 lbs 5 lbs 1 lb 100 lb

US Price 1.15 1.15 0.20 0.70 0.10 11.00 6.45 14.40 0.60 0.95 0.40 0.18 - 0.50 0.15 0.30 0.75 0.85 3.00 0.28 5.70 0.27 3.75 4.50

UK Price 4/9 4/9 0/10 2/11 0/5 45/5 26/6 59/5 2/6 3/11 1/8 0/9 - 2/1 0/8 1/3 3/1 3/6 12/5 1/2 23/6 1/1 15/6 18/6 0/5 0/10 42/0 6/2 0/9 2/6 3/11 1/2 3/9 0/4 0/4 1/3 - 1/8 0/8 1/0 1/9 1/3 - 1/8 1/8 0/7 2/0

Includes Shoeing hammer, pointing hammer, rasp, whetstone, buffer, buttress, shoe nippers, and three farrier’s knives.

120 lbs 2 lb 2 lbs 1 lb 2 lbs 12 lbs 110 lbs 2 lbs 65 lbs 1

Hammer, Blacksmith’s Cross-peen Hoof Nippers, 12” Hoof Rasp, 14” Horseshoe Blanks, (6 different sizes), per pair Horseshoe Nails, Knife, Farrier’s Pincers, Blacksmith’s, 14” Sledgehammer, Blacksmith’s, 36” handle Swage Block, cast iron Tongs, Blacksmith’s, 20” Vice, Blacksmith’s Babbitt Metal, hard alloy, per pound Blowtorch, gasoline
Holds 1 quart of gasoline. Brass body and tank.

The cross-peen end stretches the metal in one direction only, while the flat face smoothes the surface and stretches the metal in all directions equally.

A heavy, square block with channels and profiles molded into the edges. hammering it down into the desired channel.

The workpiece can be shaped by

While the vice clamps to a bench, a long extension reaches all the way to the ground, allowing the vice to withstand a great deal of force: workpieces are often bent, twisted, or hammered while clamped in the vice. A low melting point alloy used for bushings and to line bearings. A skilled mechanic will be able to replace or renew these by casting them in place with fresh babbitt metal.

Bolt Cutter, Champion #2,
Can cut bolts (in the threaded area) up to ” in diameter.

Box Hook, Iron, with wood handle, 6”, each 12”, each Brazing Lamp
Holds 3 quarts of kerosene and burns with a 20” flame for 1 hour at maximum setting.

0.10 0.20 10.50 7 lbs 1.50 0.18 0.62 0.95 0.28 0.90 5 oz 1 lbs 2 lbs 5 lbs 0.08 0.08 0.30 - 0.40 0.15 0.25 0.42 0.30 - 0.40 0.40 0.13 0.48

A vicious iron hook attached to a T-handle, used for handling heavy freight. It can be found in nearly any barn where they are used to carry hay bales, or to cut the balling wire by hooking under a wire and twisting until it snaps.

Broadaxe, 10” blade Broadaxe Handle
26” long, right or left-hand curve.

Brush Hook Butcher’s Steel, magnetic, staghorn handle Can, Kerosene Can, 1 Gallon
Includes pouring spout.

3 lbs empty

Can, “New Ironsides” Oil and Gasoline Pump, 3 Gallon
Removable valve and pump.

Can opener Chisel, Cold Chisel, ” Chisel, Wood Chisel, each
Sizes between 1” and 2”.

Clamp, Iron ‘C’ clamp, 4” Clamp, Iron ‘C’ clamp, 6” Clamp, Iron ‘C’ clamp, 10” Chisel, Wood Chisel, each
Sizes between 1” and 2”.

Combination Tool Dividers, steel, 6” Drawknife, 10”

Hollow cocobolo handle, storing the following 10 tools that chuck into the handle: chisel, gouge, 3 screwdrivers, tack puller, scratch awl, 2 gimlets, brad awl.

1

lbs

85

Weight US Price 1. suitable for household use. 8-12” 12-16” 16-20” Ladder. Mill File.50 .02 0. 2 ” face Mallet.65 0. 20 lbs 46 lbs 2 lbs 6 lbs. square-shank. Body of can is brushed copper.90 18 oz.40 0. 10” sweep. Automatic Hand Drill Drill. 18” Froe. 12” Used for splitting wood into barrel staves or shingles.67 0. causing the shaft to spin. Half-Round.75 0. 11” long. Pick.00 0. Takes square-shanked drill bits.25 UK Price 5/5 18/2 1/3 17/6 4/6 16/4 2/1 . ordinary non-safety.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Drill.20 12. The delivery man would use a pair like these. in a canvas roll.35 1. 24” high Drill.40 1. Breast Drill Double-handled style. 12” File Handles.55 1.28 1/8 2/0 1/0 1/6 5/4 86 . 1 dozen boxes Mattock Maul Miter Box. Dust Mask – “Patent Dust Protector” Nickel-plated metal body. 3” nozzle. 1. size #3 Jaws open 24”. wet sponge filter.30 4.67 2. long. suitable for ice wagon use.17 0.45 0. Claw Hammer Hammer. base is of clock steel.73 1. revolving Glass Cutter.50 0. File.95 0. Body of can is brushed copper. Auger Bit Set 13 bits from 4/16” – 1”. 4” blade Hoe Ice Tongs.23’ Lawn Mower (push mower).08 5. 1 lb 1 lb 2 lbs 0. Drill.85 0. each Round shank. 1 dozen boxes Matches.17 0.10 3. 3” nozzle. Takes round shank drills. Gimlet.20 Drills. Hand cranked. Drill. Jack Screws.90 3. Drift Pick Pick. Cooper’s. wooden safety.4. Extension Ladder. 10 lbs 3 lbs Adze head on one side.75 0. 12” long. 35 lbs Can drill 1/8” to 3/4" holes in metal. Drills.50 2. Half-Round File.28 0. each Rosewood handles. the shaft telescopes into the handle. With a push. Screwdriver bits can also be chucked onto the shaft to rapidly insert/remove screws. base is of clock steel.30 0.16/6 3/9 1/0 0/9 1/8 0/1 1/11 3/1 0/3 0/4 20/8 1/2 2/8 1/11 1/3 1/9 3/0 4/8 6/10 9/11 6/2 12/0 15/10 2/9 2/1 0/7 0/8 0/5 2/3 5/0 52/7 2/8 0/10 Looks like a large screwdriver – 8 drill bits store in the handle. Bench Drill. Railroad. wood w/ brass ferrule Framing Square.40 0.12 1.49 0. 1 pint.40 0. Machinist’s Twist Drills. 12” Oil Can Oil Can.42 0. Wood Rasp. Takes square-shanked drill bits. Bit Brace. 14” (w/o grass catcher) Lawn Mower Grass Catcher Mallet.25 0. Hardwood head and handle. accepts square-shank drills of up to ”. 3” diameter.65 0.00 0. Rawhide.30 4. with glazier’s diamond Hammer.15 0. size #1 Jaws open 16”.25 0. Mining Pick Handle Pitch Fork Plane. assorted sizes. w/ 28” x 5” backsaw Monkey Wrench. sizes available from 1/16” – 1/2”. 6’ . Wooden Matches.45 0. Used for digging and cutting tree roots 3” diameter. Machinist’s Ball-Peen Hatchet. Hand Drill.11’ Ladder. 12” File. axe head on the other. 1 1 1 lb lbs lbs Ice Tongs. geared “Egg beater” style.10 0. Adjustable Chamfer Plane 4 lbs 4 lbs 1 lb 0. Gentleman’s Tools – See: Tool Sets Glass Cutter. Extension Ladder. 12” File. steel. long.07 0. 12’ .

23 0. matching taps. with hook.86 0. 9 ” Plane.25 1. 12”. designed to cut across the grain of the wood. w/ steel point Post Hole Digger Rake. Plane Set. whose chisel-like teeth would cut quickly along the grain of a board. Mining Shovel Shovel. Hacksaw Frame Metal frame.08 0. iron ferrule Soldering Copper Stove Spirit Level.55 0.86 0. Keyhole Uses replaceable blades Keyhole Saw blades. 6” 12” Forged steel shaft.60 0.25 0.68 5.00 0.15 ” rope): 0.20 1/8 3/4 4/11 UK Price 1/8 2/10 30/0 3/8 7/5 6/7 0/10 0/7 1/0 4/2 0/10 0/5 1/2 . Pond Ice Saw. 9”.60 1.40 0.80 1. Pruning. extends from 8-12”. “Stanley’s Improved Scrub Plane”.39 0. 24” Saw. one dozen Saw.38 0.60 0. Scoop Shovel Sickle Sickle Stone (sharpening stone) Solder (60/40 tin/lead soft solder) “Solderine” (soldering flux). 4” sheaf (for Single Sheaf Double Sheaf Triple Sheaf 1 lb Holds two coppers. Comes with hose for attaching to domestic gas supply.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Weight 4 lbs US Price 0. applewood handle. Garden.18 0. Scythe Snath (handle) Shears.20 0. Hacksaw blades. each Saw. 5” Plumb Bob.75 1. 5 sizes Includes screwplates.80 0. 8oz bottle Soldering Copper Soldering Copper Handle. with a tiller (t-style) handle. iron body.35 0. Tongue and Grooving Plane Pliers. 2’ Folds in 4 sections. 5” Screwdriver. 26” handles Shears.25 0.05 0.89 0.72 0.88 1. Bench Plane.09 0.13 0. Screwplate Set. Plane. and tapwrench. 87 .10 1. one dozen Hacksaw blades. for Traut’s Adjustable…Plane” Numerous profiles are available. basswood.12 0.27 . 3” jaws Shovel.65 0. Scythe Blade Scythe Blade. one Jack Plane. Sheep Shears Shears. one is held ready while the second is in use. Garden Hand Shears Shears.50 0. Hand Saw. and Slitting Plane” Plane Blade Sets. w/ iron frame and tines Reamer. There were two broad varieties – the Crosscut saw. 6” Tackle Blocks. 54” Scratch Awl. “Barton’s Bench Planes” Set of 4: one Smoothing Plane.25 0. The Champion Screwdriver. 16” Plane.03 0.20 0. Combination (flat nose w/ wire cutters).20 0.0.10 0. Fluted Taper Reamer 9 sizes between ” and ”. Bucksaw. Brush Scythe Shorter and heavier blade for cutting light brush and clearing land. Saw. 30” Wood frame. Scrub Plane.59 0. Saw. The blade is 4 ’ long. Tinner’s. one Fore Plane. 6” Pliers. and one Jointer Plane.50 0. brass.2/11 0/11 2/6 7/8 3/4 2/5 3/8 0/9 0/5 7/8 0/5 1/5 2/4 18/9 2/4 2/1 2/1 2/6 1/0 0/10 1/6 2/8 2/1 1/0 0/4 1/0 0/6 1/7 0/1 3/1 4/9 Plane.50 0.57 0. metal turnbuckle. Used for cutting up ice for storage.80 1.57 4.– “Traut’s Patent Adjustable Beading. Flat-Nose. Rabbet.34 0. 6 oz Rule. square Reamer. Folding. and the Ripsaw.

2 awls.40 34.45 2. 1 rule. Vice. Pipe wrench. wood sides.90 55/0 45/0 18 of the most commonly-used tools for automobiles fitted into a leather tool roll. smoothing plane. and coach wrench. 2 hammers. steel wheel Wheelbarrow.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Tackle Blocks.28 1.40 1. glue pot and brush. 38 lbs 2. 6 bradawls. steel pocket tape. Contains 2 saws. with hook.30 3.20 1. claw wrench. oil stone. carpenter’s adze. pincers.25 2. 12” deep. 6 brad awls. carpenter’s mallet. 8” x 1 ”.60 0. 1 hand vice. 4” jaws Mounts to workbench. 2 punches. best brace with 18 bits.55 7/2/6 Fitted case is 33” x 16” x 15”. spokeshave.25 0. Trowel. 12” sheaf (for 1 ” rope): Single Sheaf Double Sheaf Triple Sheaf Tape Line.25 0. cutting punch. Tool Set – “The Colonist’s” 34. 13” x 9” x 3 ” folded. 10” Tool Sets: Tool Set – “Number 6” Fitted case is 21” x 11 ” x 8 ”. Weight US Price 0. 1 pair flat cutting pliers. 8” sheaf (for 1” rope): Single Sheaf Double Sheaf Triple Sheaf Tackle Blocks. 3 socket chisels with handles. draw knife. one pair grooving planes. 3 turnscrews. carpenter’s pincers. 1 hone. 2 gouges. 3 files. with hook. improved brass slide mortise gauge. axe. 3 gimlets. Mason’s. &c. Motor Car Tool Kit Tool Roll 13. 21x27” base. Contains axe. rule. pliers.85 0. Railroad. Japanned steel frame. marking gauge. scraper. locksaw. hand saw.75 5. 5 lbs 40 lbs Wheelbarrow. rabbet plane. brad punch. Whetstone. 3 steel firmer gouges with handles. 5 steel firmer chisels with handles. 4 files.55 UK Price 3/5 6/0 9/5 9/6 15/6 25/9 1/2 5/2 1/8 7/2/6 Tape. smooth plane. 2 hammers. compass saw.60 2.83 1. 3 files (assorted).88 0. 2 chisels. hard Arkansas stone Wire Cutters (side cutters). 6” Wrench. 3 augers with handles. bench and roofing hammer. compasses. tenon saw. mallet. machinist’s. 1 combination tool. rile. 2 spokeshaves. 4 gouges. steel Used with a sledgehammer or maul for splitting logs. 10” (for ” – 1” pipe) 15” (for ” – 2” pipe) 88 . glue pot and brush. chalk line reel. 6’ With spring and stop in German Silver case. jack plane. marking awl. marking gage. 6 cast steel gimlets. 1 saw. 50’ Brass-bound case. boxed whetstone. 6 chisels. handled marking awl. 1 rasp. Each tool is outlined on the roll so that the motorist can see at a glance if any of the tools have not been replaced after use.28 2. 3 mortise chisels. pliers. 1 spring punch. Contains: 2 turnscrews. 1/16” divisions. compasses.65 11/9 0/10 5/2 9/3 2/6 1/8 6/7 10/11 Wedges.35 10. Garden. 6 gimlets. Leather tool roll. 1 pair small pliers. folding crank handle. jack plane. 2 London turnscrews.

Soft (low temperature) soldering is performed with a ‘Soldering Copper”. for shaping curves. the others can be heating while the other is in use. and brushed with flux. fitted carefully together and held in place (thin iron wire may be used since the solder will not stick to it). When the joint is ready. dado cutters. sureforms. were all done with specialized types of planes. and is faster and more watertight than riveting.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Planes One class of tool notable for its extreme variety and profusion in this era is the plane. the copper head may range between 1 and 8 pounds in weight (soldering coppers for small work like jewelry have heads that weigh an ounce or two). routers. a soldering copper would make an excellent club (especially if hot. may be heated using a gasoline blowtorch (be careful to shield the walls and surrounding woodwork with some wet leather or asbestos sheeting). The copper is heated using a fire or furnace. like copper plumbing pipes. and for cutting grooves. There were planes for smoothing surfaces. the copper is taken from the heater and then used much as one would use a smaller soldering iron today – the mass of copper holds a lot of heat. There were even special routers with profiled blades that would slowly cut a fancy molded edge. but the principle is otherwise the same. Any tool catalog from this period will have page after page of specialized planes – the ones in this list are only a tiny fraction of the broad variety available to the Victorian or Edwardian craftsman. shapers. Usually the craftsman will have at least two coppers.) Traut’s Patent Adjustable Plane Soldering Copper Head Stove for Soldering Coppers 89 . which is a pointed block of solid copper on an iron shaft with a wooden handle. In a pinch. for flattening curves. jointers. Soldering Before the advent of plastics and epoxy adhesives. being one of the best ways of joining metals: it requires less heat than welding. soldering was a common and necessary skill in many crafts and trades. for preparing squared edges for joining. the joint is cleaned. and the high conduction lets it flow quickly into the part being soldered. so that while one is in use. Larger pieces. The wooden handles are easily replaceable should they become scorched or burnt. All the jobs performed in modern times by sanders. and while heating. and much more.

the key would still work. or preliminary research had to be done).) Lock picks. the paddle-shaped “tooth” would catch the bolt and pull it in or out. and making the tools was valuable practice for the apprentice. Anyone else wanting to learn the arcane art of opening locks without a key was required to spend a lot of time taking apart locks. in fact. then holding the key blank in a pair of pliers to file one-handed. a duplicate key was produced. allowing it to pass as many wards as possible – the thin webbing that remains looks like the bones of a skeleton. requires no more time than using a normal key. or if several cuts were combined into a single. The blank was removed and the marks inspected. large cut. and practicing (which is. As the key was turned in the lock. hence the name. they will have to carry a rather large bunch of keys. when a locksmith made a warded lock from scratch. only without any guidance. Eventually. 90 . Keys may be a “bit key”. The warded lock used the characteristic “old-fashioned” key (see illustration). A well-designed set of skeleton keys can open most locks of a given dimension and style. no companies manufactured pick sets like you can purchase today. Using a skeleton key – if you have the right one. which has a solid shaft. and tempering metal. Lockpicks were made by hand. meaning that two bolts had to be moved simultaneously to unlock – keys for these locks have a tooth on either side of the shaft. or a set of “Skeleton Keys. it was usually assembled with the wards in place. but fumbling through a large bunch of skeleton keys and trying each one can take several minutes. were even harder to come by – they weren’t for sale. so unless the locksmith knows ahead of time what sort of lock he is going to need to open. and the Lever lock. The key blank was carefully inserted into the lock and turned until it was stopped by a ward. There were three types of lock in common use: the Warded lock. the Pin Tumbler lock. which has a hollow shaft that fits over a post in the keyhole. usually by the smith or apprentice himself: the skills required – filing. so a “skeleton key” is one where the tooth has been cut away. or a “barrel key”. in fact even up until the Second World War. Picks for warded locks consist either of flat metal tools that reach inside the lock and directly move the bolt. There is no such thing as a single skeleton key that will open all locks. and was used for everything from trunks and handcuffs to interior door locks (“night latches”). When crouched in front of a storeroom door. all of which are still used today. it would take about 10 minutes for a smith to impression a key in a well-lit shop and with a bench vice to hold the key blank. all while trying to prevent the tell-tale brass filings from scattering on the floor – that could take a bit longer. studying them. With very few exceptions. In some padlocks and trunks. what an apprentice does. requires very little time – often far less than a minute. and even to front doors (though the Pin Tumbler lock gradually took over that duty). the tools could be customized to the taste and needs of the user. and tried again.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue On Locks and Lockpicking In this period. trying to read the marks on the tooth by a sliver of light from a shuttered dark lamp. of course. anything a locksmith could not buy in a normal hardware store he made for himself. depending on which way the key was turned. locksmithing was not a common skill. In addition. are often harder to pick. and then the key fitted afterwards by impressioning – this was far easier and faster than making the wards fit the key. and coated it with soot from a candle flame. Another technique used to open warded locks was to file a new key by “Impressioning”. by placing this obstruction in the keyhole. The Warded lock was the simplest. shaping. Picking a warded lock. meaning sets of specialized tools required to open locks.” If the notch in the tooth of a key were too large. the locks were even ‘double sided’. were a vital part of the craft. since they could more easily be made to work from either side of the door. The reason is that it was learned the old-fashioned way: by apprenticing to a master locksmith. coated the key with soot. Metal projections in the lock called “wards” prevented the key from turning unless the ‘tooth’ had the matching cuts in its edge. One filed away all the marks. Barrel key locks. Bit key locks were more commonly used on doors. With all the proper tools. One took a blank key (either a large number of different blanks had to be kept on hand. given the necessary skill and proper tools.

then using the picks. The Lever Lock in action 91 . even candles. flat piece of metal with a set of notches near the end. Lever locks. which rotates in a cylinder. it would be extremely difficult. even for a brief moment. and several ‘lifter’ picks. and in these ride small sets of pins called “tumblers. Some intelligence agencies made a small box that would look like a snuff or cigarette box. the cuts between the two parts of the pin line up with the joint between the plug and the cylinder. and the other to do the picking. Lever locks can be made extremely difficult to pick simply by adding more levers. With a warded lock this is often possible (as long as the wire was sufficiently strong and springy). which can be later used to create a duplicate key. in 1848. For example. bending the pin to fit past any wards and using it to draw back the bolt. the person would require two pins – one to apply the tension on the plug/bolt. allowing it to turn. is the most common form of lock today. While within the realm of possibility. Impressions have been made with soap. is used in a number of high-security applications. the key can be pressed into something soft that will take an impression. the lock will open. First.” these lock the plug and the cylinder together. creating an impression of all sides of the key at once. The key was placed inside the box and the cover was squeezed closed. Sr. or might require an hour of patient manipulation. especially high-security ones. The time required to pick a pin tumbler lock varies widely based on the age and complexity of the lock. A lock might open within seconds. and when the key is inserted. and can even include side wards to make opening the lock with a different key more difficult. usually require quite a bit of time to pick. invented by Linus Yale. but some look like warded lock keys. it becomes far less likely. A set of lockpicks for a pin tumbler lock will have an L-shaped strip of spring steel called the ‘torsion wrench.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue On Locks and Lockpicking (continued) The Pin Tumbler lock. but contained wax in each side of the case. on account of the narrow levers. Pick sets for lever locks will include several ‘z’ shaped torsion wrenches (of different lengths to accommodate locks of different depths). A series of holes are drilled from the cylinder to the plug. the safety deposit boxes in banks still use a special lever lock that requires two separate keys (one held by the box owner and one by the bank) to be used simultaneously in order to open. and can include devious features like false ‘gates’ and notches in the lever that will cause it to freeze in place if the lever is at the wrong height when tension is applied. holding the pin in place. the locksmith applies a tiny amount of turning force to the plug. which up until 1851 was considered to be unpickable. with a large dose of luck in the mix. allowing the plug to turn a minute fraction. In a pin tumbler and lever locks. The Lever lock. Each tumbler has at least two pieces. The core of the lock is the “plug”. moves the tumblers up and down until the cuts between the pins catch on the joint between the plug and the cylinder. Improvised Lock Picks One of the classic stunts in crime fiction is using a hairpin to pick a lock. Using the torsion wrench.’ and one or more ‘picks’ – small probes used to lift the tumblers. forcing the locksmith to start over from the beginning each time a mistake is made. wax. usually more slender and sharply-curved than for pin-tumbler locks. preventing the plug from turning. A key for a lever lock is usually a long. and the locksmith would need a way of making careful bends in the hairpins/wires Wax Impressions If one is able to get access to a key. Once all the pins have been lifted to the correct levels.

One burglar used a violin case (in the days when every hotel and restaurant had live music. there were many musicians always going to and from work at all hours. If a door were secured with a padlock. opened with a skeleton key.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Burglar’s Tools and Techniques Burglars. An auger or bit brace is used with an expanding bit – the adjustable blades quickly (and with proper lubrication. If a cracksman did not have access to one of these. Locks on doors and shutters could also be bypassed entirely by drilling a hole in it. Hammers with heads of lead or soft copper and covered with leather would produce little noise. Some retired burglars would even rent out their tool kits One of the simplest and most versatile tools was a very sharp. a burglar needed a source of light. so the watch would not be aroused. tightening it like a tourniquet. and the first task was to get inside and out of sight as quickly as possible. so nothing looks disturbed until they give the signal to let them out. Finally. breaking open bars and gates. or a new key could be made by impressioning. enter the store. thin-bladed knife. coin-sized beam. 92 . The tools were often padded with cloth so the bundle could be noiselessly thrown away if capture were likely. and subterfuge were the order of the night. and can be filed down at leisure. very quietly) cut an opening large enough to admit the burglar’s arm. In some situations.) A burglar might have a female lookout carry the tools to the site in her handbag. The tools would be carried in something that wouldn’t arouse suspicion. since they were less likely to be searched. A diamond drill bit was a prized possession. allowing them to open the latch from inside. Speed.” were criminals engaged in breaking into homes and shops. The wax holds the impression of the wards. Cracksmen rarely used glasscutters or glazier’s diamonds for this – the knife was as fast and a more versatile tool. Some of these were ordinary tools that could be bought (or stolen) from any hardware store. A sharp chisel was sometimes used for this. a piece of paper. and ‘dark lanterns’ were modified to project a small. while screw jacks could silently apply tremendous force. while others were designed and built by craftsmen who distributed their wares through a clandestine network. leaving the outside of the building apparently undisturbed. the lookout could also summon a wagon that had been arranged previously. and developed or adapted a number of specialized tools to this end. requiring a trip to the station. and then cut a hole through the floor. A knife could also cut a lock from a drawer or trunk. Locks could be picked with specialized tools. A length of stout cord had several uses – it could bend iron bars by wrapping the cord around the bars and twisting it with a stick. since it could be used with a hammer to cut out the wood around deeper and stronger locks. A cracksman might rent or break into an adjacent building. then drill out a brick in the connecting wall and remove more bricks with a jimmy. Finally. if the latch wouldn’t cooperate. a pane could be cut from the frame in less than 15 seconds. or even rented for a special job. the key can be made in advance: the blank is covered with beeswax. these tools could be purchased. and the cracksman uses some ruse to get close to the lock and work the key blank in it. or to distract and delay the constable if required (perhaps by acting drunk and disorderly. It could be made in several segments that connected together.) To carry the loot away. signaling the burglars inside when it was ready to be loaded: getting out of the building and away from the crime scene quickly was as important as getting in quickly. these tools were sometimes of extremely high quality. quickly cutting through hardened steel and masonry. sometimes known as “Cracksmen. the criminals might obtain one that looked as similar as possible. usually having someone on the outside to keep watch and give a signal when the patrol is near. or he might enter through the roof or attic. or even used to tie up a subdued householder. saving the time of picking it. then quickly cut away or break the existing padlock. It could be knotted into a rope ladder for climbing down from upper stories. If a hole had to be drilled in a door or shutter. hardened metal could often be drilled after a few minutes heating with an alcohol lamp and blowpipe. The burglar’s main foes were the constable on patrol. cracksmen rarely worked alone. which destroyed the temper of the lock or bar. allowing a long tool (with a lot of leverage) to fit in a small kit. painted to match the surrounding color. and the night watchman. The “Jemmy” was a modified crowbar used to force open locks and break masonry. For those with access to underworld contacts. It could be slipped through the gap between a window and the sash to open the latch. silence. and have an accomplice lock them in with the new lock. allowing it to be cut with ease. might be pasted over the hole.

1904 – The first subway system opens in Manhattan. The winning car. 2 mph in the city. at least one of which had to carry a red flag.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Transportation This chapter covers the various means of getting about: horse-drawn carts and coaches. and required it to be accompanied by three people on foot. running 9. 1890s – A ‘bicycle craze’ both in the United States and in Europe leads to improvements and a rapid drop in prices. boats. the Interborough Rapid Transit. an international road race around the world from New York to Paris. 1869 – Completion of the Transcontinental railroad in the United States.” 1884 – British cycling clubs begin posting “Danger” signs at the top of steep grades. 1880 – The first of the “deep tubes” opens in London. and cost around $8. Previous tires were solid rubber. Workers digging alongside the Old Common Burial Ground discover the remains of more than 900 bodies in unmarked graves 1899 – While wearing ‘rational’ cycling attire. and subway systems. ca. elevators.) 1896 – The “Coaster Brake” is invented for the bicycle. 1899 – Charles “Mile-a-Minute Murphy” sets a bicycle speed record of 1 mile in 57. 1878 – The “British Cyclists’ Touring Club founded. 1904 – The Motor Car Act of 1903 takes effect – all vehicles require registration. 1911 – Calbraith Rodgers lands in Pasadena. 1863 – The first underground railroad in London opens. bicycles. ca. namely motorcars and aeroplanes. Vehicles no longer require attendants. Lady Harberton is refused service at the Hautboy Hotel in Surrey. Some Dates in Transportation 1824 – The steam locomotive and the railroad invented in England.) 1876 – The “Ordinary” bicycle first demonstrated in the United States.K. 1890s – Electric motors used to power streetcars. after making the first coast-to-coast airplane flight in a series of short hops (and many crashes). running between Paddington and Farringdon Street. The club actively lobbies for better roads by organizing local “Good Roads Movements. 1913 – The famous red circle-and-bar logo is adopted by the Underground in London. from the Tower of London to Bermondsey. California. riding along a carefully-prepared wooden track behind a special coach that blocked the wind. 1889 – Pneumatic rubber tires are invented for bicycles. 1886 – Karl Benz begins commercial sales of gasoline-powered vehicles. Starley invents the “Safety Bicycle”.1 miles between City Hall and 145th Street.” 1884 – J. 1896 – British motorists force the Emancipation Act. The trip took 63 days. where the front and rear wheels are the same size.000.8 seconds on June 30th. crossing three continents.” since the different sizes of the two wheels resembled the British penny and farthing coins. 12 hours. 1872 – The “Ordinary” or “Highwheel” bicycle invented in England (also called the “Pennyfarthing. the speed limit is raised to 14 mph (though it is shortly thereafter lowered to 12 mph. 93 .000 miles in 169 days. Restricted all self-propelled vehicles to 4mph in the country. Rhode Island. 1880 – “The League of American Wheelmen” founded in Newport. drove more than 22. and must display license plates. 1903 – The Wright brothers make the first powered flights at Kitty Hawk. Horatio Jackson and mechanic Sewall Crocker make the first coast-to-coast automobile trip in the United States – on a $50 bet. where the rider moves the pedals backward to engage a brake in the rear hub. as well as some of the newer modes of transport available toward the end of the era. 1897 – First US subway opens in Boston. making it less likely to send the rider over the handlebars in a “header. the Thomas Flyer. 1870 – First elevated railway in Manhattan. 1908 – The New York Times and Le Matin sponsor ‘The Great Race of 1908’. saddles and bridles. 1865 – The Locomotive Act (also called the “Red Flag Act”) passed in Britain. 1903 – Dr. North Carolina. required 800 gallons of gasoline. but the speed limits are raised.

but an unvulcanized rubber compound used for repairing tires. “The New Club Tandem" (1885) Bicycle Chain Bell. “The Electric Bicycle” (1897) Bicycle. and no brakes. Bicycle The “New Departure Bicycle Bell. Listed price is for a 52” wheel – other sizes are available at adjusted prices.35 3. handlebar mounted Coaster Brake hub Coaster Brake hub.85 2. Only one gear. 94 . valve.60 £ 16/0s A good.15/9s Several American manufacturers began making versions of the Velocipede. resisting their forward motion. but sells for the same price. Price is for a small. 16oz can A high-grade kerosene used in oil bicycle lamps. Only one gear. Canvas Pump. 65. Comes with 2 keys.30 1.75. burning the special Illuminating Oil (q. popular both in France and England. and hold any standard bicycle lamp. the lamp was more a warning to carts and horses. with 16” iron chain. and no brakes. down to £6 ($ 30. Bicycle.00 0. Bicycle.00. rather than having to push against the ground. It was closer to a true bicycle that the earlier “hobbyhorse. A small oil lamp that hung from the axle of a highwheel bicycle within the cage of the spokes.12 0. Only one gear. spring shackle. Made from iron. “Cooper’s Patent Inextinguishable Hub Lamp” Not available before 1900. Not available until 1986. 0. Hand Pump Rubber Cement. Illuminating. The low angle and the light closer to the road may also have made it easier to see obstructions liable to cause a highwheel rider to ‘take a header’. Bicycle Indiarubber bulb.1868) Weight US Price UK Price 25. Parcel Carrier. Sze is 12” x 9” x 3”. complete with rim Headlamp Bracket Headlamp. which can be easily dismounted. Velocipede (1840s . Lock. “The Searchlight” Hub Lamp. Men’s and ladies versions were very similar. It could be converted to a single-seat tricycle in a few minutes’ time. each Pocket-sized oil can. for $ 6. A small oil lamp with clips to hold the tire or innertube above it – used to vulcanize the rubber applied during repairs. A two-seat quadricycle. Hawthorn Safety Bicycle (1895) Bicycle. The “Electric” in the name is just an advertising hook. Case is solid aluminum. Circa 1879.00 0.” clamps to the handlebars. Only one gear.00 1. it attaches to the handlebars of the bicycle. thumb operated.25 4. the bicycle was slowed by applying pressure backwards to the pedals.45 5. “The Ripper” A small. Other manufacturers make cheaper models. Angle is adjustable Headlamp.” and had a steerable front wheel and foot pedals attached to the front hub.45 0.15 1 lb 0.) Made from heavy steel wire and extra-long leather straps. it can clamp to the handlebars or frame.15 1. high-end pennyfarthing bicycle.50 3/6 8/3 1/6 0/8 1/3 1/0 1/3 4/2 0/6 2/1 Innertubes.25 0. and can be used to attach various parcels or luggage.00 . It has a double-thickness flap and is waterproofed. Oil burning. Acme King Bicycle (1900) A man’s bicycle. Camera Carrier. Bicycle. Horn. 2 (1895) A ladies bicycle.00 £5/3s . Headlamp.00 £13/8s £9/5/7 £6/3s 61/8 61/8 £33/0s 1/0 3/4 1/6 14/3 22/6 0/8 5/2 16/6 7/3 12/6 A man’s bicycle. Gas (carbide). While the tire cast an undesirable shadow. Bicycle lock Oiler. and of the same price. A lamp using calcium carbide and water to generate acetylene gas. Pedaling backwards caused the mechanism in the hub to stop the rear wheel from turning.80 0.30 0. and no brakes. Morgan & Wright Pneumatic Tire. Foot Pump Pump. Ohio Electric Works (Battery) A three-cell model is also available. White Star No. Not the cement used to glue paper. self-locking.v. each Price is for 28” and 30” wheels. Bicycle. Quadricycle. economical oil lamp. Oil. The “Racer” model is lighter.00 24 lbs 29. and no brakes. metal-foil 6” x 1” tube. Ladies New Model Acme Jewel (1900) A ladies bicycle.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Bicycles and Accessories: Bicycle. the rider still had to pedal. “Ordinary” (highwheel) (1879) 38 lbs 77.90 14. and stem.00 45.00). tin-plated horn.75 3. Includes tube.95 14. Oil. per tube Tire Heater A canvas bag that straps to the frame of the bicycle.95 160.35 0.24 0.00 0.

Morgan & Wright Pneumatic Tire. they can smoothly push themselves up into the saddle and put their left foot on the pedal. Bag hangs from the frame of the bicycle. In an emergency. leaving the rider standing on the ground holding his bicycle by the handlebars. modifiers determined by the Keeper The “Ordinary” Bicycle The “Tandem” Quadricycle Safety Bicycle An Oil-burning Headlamp 95 .00 0. the rider could then hop to the ground. or “Just how do I get on this thing. Obstacles or sudden maneuvers will require a Ride: Bicycle roll. jumping back from the pedals while hanging on to the handlebars. embossed clasps. RULES: Mounting a highwheel bicycle should require a Ride: Bicycle roll – double the chance if it is under good conditions. The rider could then swing their right foot around to the pedal and begin to pedal the bicycle with it. The bicycle pitches back. Once they had their balance and they were beginning to press down on the pedal. each Price is for 28” and 30” tires.05 0. Getting on the bicycle was a task in itself. Getting off was a little easier – the user normally would slow the bicycle. preventing them from getting caught in the chain – for those who choose not to wear knee-breeches and stockings while riding. Small strips of spring steel that wrap around the trouser cuff. could be quite tricky to operate and was very unforgiving: a sudden move or stop. This undignified but common means of dismounting was known as “taking a header. The size of the front wheel varied from 40 to 60 inches. usually on the left side. Highwheel Bicycles. per pair Wrench. then swing a leg over so they were standing on one side with one foot on the pedal. Russet grain leather. or running into a rock or pothole in the road could send the rider sailing forward over the wheel with their legs trapped under the handlebars. but its weight made hills difficult to climb.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Tires. Weight US Price 3. anyway?” The “Ordinary” or “Highwheel” bicycle. since a sudden jerk or trying to jump into the saddle would probably result in a ‘header’. “The Vulcan Bicycle Wrench” 4 “ long adjustable wrench.45 0. Bag is supplied empty – no tools are provided.” On smooth. The rider grasped the handlebars. The key word is ‘smoothly’. with its unstable design and hard rubber tires. the rider could throw himself backwards. the larger (and faster) the wheel. level ground it was capable of remarkable speed. and was determined by the height of the rider – the longer the legs. and the design made descending a steep hill something only an expert could hope to safely manage.25 UK Price 12/5 1/11 0/3 1/0 Tool Bag Trouser Clips. There was a footpeg mounted on the frame down near the back wheel. if the bicycle was traveling slowly. put their left foot on the peg. then pushed against the ground with their right foot so the bicycle coasted along.

but dangerously loose. Plaited from the best oil-tanned rawhide with a cable cord center.£7/4s 53/8 30/11 These prices assume that the fodder is bought from a supplier in the city.£7/14s 4. per pair Texas pattern.6/7 2/3 . keeping the saddle in place.00 Popular draft animals.60 0. 5 lbs.50 2.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Horse Saddles and Tack: Bits Bridle and Reins Price includes the bit(s).25 0. Rawhide.£5/11s 22.4. Experienced riders watch for this. 30. Leather. 3 lbs Brush. 10 . or for pulling small carts. per pair Spur Straps. 43 foot Lariat. It must be tight or the saddle could slip at the most inopportune moment.35.55 3.50 18/7 2/6 0/10 .75 . in front of the rider. 2 lbs 0.50 0. 10” x 14” each side. 9” x 14” each side This is the strap that goes under the belly of the horse. used by street vendors. 1 pair Hoof Pick. hard rubber Nose Bag. 105. Cotton String. These fit over the cantle of the saddle.1.00 0.55 .£3 £25 – 150gns £6/4s £21/0s Horse Mule Pony Favored by women and children as riding animals. made of hand-forged steel with the wickedly-pointed rowel over 2” in diameter. it costs far less if the animals are foraging in the country and being fed grain that you grow. Regulation Lariat.75 1. 3.05 2 lbs 6. behind of the rider. Riding astride a horse was not considered “proper. Placed on the horse’s front legs. so it will be comfortable (for the horse).35 . Saddle Bags. 0. 2-bit versions had 4 reins.£3/6s 2/1 Used by ladies in full skirts. made of oiled leather. used particularly in the American west.75 3. it (theoretically) prevents them from straying too far during the night.00 Low end of price range is for a hack or cart horse – top end is for a trained hunter. Devious horses will inhale deeply and hold their breath when the rider tightens the cinch. 2 lbs Cowboys often believed that rattlesnakes would not crawl over a horsehair rope.60 0. Saddle.15 3. to give different signals to the horse. Notoriously smart and strong-willed.50 0/8 14/0 .14.50 0.95 .15 lbs. wool felt Spurs. 4 lbs 1 lb. McClellan Military Saddle Used by the U.00 13. 8/0 .55 121 .750. Side Saddle. Leather Saddle Blanket.S.40 lbs. Racing Saddle Saddle. abbreviated version of an English saddle.4. 1. this doesn’t work. Plain Cinch. but still allows them to browse for food. Rawhide Riding Crop. Malacca handle.20 .75 0.25 lbs.00 96 . In the “real” world.00 . and sometimes two different bits. English Style Price includes cinch. 15 lbs.85 0. Price includes cinch.16 3.15 6 .75 0. Draft and Riding Animals: Donkey Prized animals for pulling small carts around in the cities.00 . heavy cotton duck with ventilating mesh Saddle.00 7. The suppliers would charge 1/0 per ‘hand’ (4” of height) per week 1 lbs Leather anklets connected by a short chain.18 . used in horseracing. three-horn Saddle. 6” Leather saddle bags that fit over the horn of the saddle. 0.37.00 15/6 . A very light. rather like handcuffs.60 0. Horsehair.00 35.17/7 0/8 15/6 1/3 A bridle had one.30 0/9 . Prices range from the simplest plated brass spurs to the elaborate “California” style. Cavalry since before the Civil War. Cavalry since before the Civil War.£1 2/1 2/6 0/2 27/10 15/6 6/2 8/3 7 gns 0/8 2/3 12/5 .2 lbs.” Price includes cinch. Curry Comb Fodder (grain and hay). buckhorn crook handle Riding Lessons (24 sessions) Mane Comb. Western Used by the U. 22 foot Quirt. and kept a lariat to lay on the ground in a circle around their bedroll.S. 1 . per week Halter Hobbles.27.16. but in the game??? Saddle. Folding. 15 . Very strong and durable. Horse Brush Cantanas.25£4/11s . Extra-Large.

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue The Phaeton The Surrey Side Saddle The McClellan Saddle The English Saddle The Western Stock Saddle 97 .

Drover’s Whip.00 32. horses. 7’ Whip. 3 lbs. June. shot-loaded Renting Horses from the “Jobber” Keeping horses is an expensive proposition.00 1. 3-spring buggy w/ cover.50). Family Carriage (4-seat). 29.00 28.12/5 8/3 4/2 1/3 . One could also hire a horse or a coach for a few hours.” w/o top Cart. Rental for a full day runs £1/1s ($5. 10’.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Horse drawn Carts.10) for a one-horse carriage. so most people rented while in town. tack.25) for a two. there is the constant threat of illness or injury. depending on the particulars. One horse would cost 5 guineas a month ($25. 7’. In any case. a month.82) for two hours during the day. and a replacement will be delivered. 98 . 36” steel wheels 750 lbs Phaeton (2-seat).5/2 9/4 7/0 Holds up to 600 pounds in addition to the driver and passenger. and Wagons: Cart. and the coachman (providing only the household livery for the coachman. usually within two hours. 2-wheel. Because of this. An evening out cost 10/6 ($2.55) to 27/6 ($6.00).33) if the jobber provides the stabling and forage.” w/o top Delivery Wagon.00 30.67). “The Eureka.) Even if one had horses (and if one had an estate in the country.00 39. Even if they are not being used. Canopy Top (4-seat).00 99.70 £ 6/0s £ 6/4s £ 6/12s £ 28/17s £31/19s £8/3s £15/9s £18/11s £20/8s £25/3s £2/1/3 £2/1/3 £2/17/9 £5/15/6 3/6 . or even for an entire year. Team Whip. a one-horse coach might run 200 guineas ($1022.50 75. one had plenty of horses. At the other end of the scale. A one-horse coach typically cost 7/6 ($1. special grade Farm Truck. 3-spring buggy w/ cover. In addition.” and if hiring by the year. Available in Standard grade only. when parliament was in session. 3-spring buggy w/ cover.00 122.00 19 lbs 10. Pony Harness Harness.30) for a one-horse carriage.00 140. 3-spring buggy w/ cover.” (In America. standard grade Surrey.1. shot-loaded Whip.25 1. Jobbers typically require that their coaches not be taken outside of a 7 mile radius from Charing Cross Station. Buggies.00 10. Heavy Truck Harness (2-horses). Wool Stable Sheet A very light blanket worn when cooling off a horse or to it protect from flies. they are a constant drain on money and time.00 0.25 2. coach. and £1/10s ($7. and stabled. 7 gns ($32.”) One could rent either for the evening. Canopy Top (4-seat). w/ Collars Horse Blanket Lap Robe. special grade Harness. most people who came to London rented their horses from one of the “Jobbers. Light. standard grade Phaeton (2-seat). 3 ton capacity. Prices typically are 20 to 30% lower out of “season. or injury. leaving their own prized animals behind in the country to rest up for harvest and hunting season. one could just rent a horse or two. exercised. special grade Special grade includes fine wood wingdash and silver rails. Team Buggy Harness. standard grade Family Carriage (4-seat). Buggy Whip. and their shoes have to be changed on the average of every four to six weeks.00 14. for a day. Single Buggy Harness Harness. If a rented horse suffers any sort of mishap.) conditions on the London streets were hard on horseflesh.00 90. 2-wheel Pony Cart. w/ Collars Harness. Renting annually was more economical than renting by the week during “the season” (May.85 – 3.00 155. they have to be fed. Whip. illness. July. the coachman will expect a gratuity.) This would typically cost 30 guineas a month ($153.00 0. one could rent coach. a similar institution was called a “Livery Stable.00 2.30 . and coach house at the residence in London.00) for a two-horse carriage like a landau. If one had a stable. Surrey. all that is necessary is to send word to the jobber. and 45 guineas a month (#230. “The Dream.

De Dion Bouton (1900) Power: 3 Seats: 2 HP – 1 cyl. and a Phaeton Standhope ($1.00 Weight: 1451 lbs £103 Notes: Tiller steering. Price shown is for the 2-seat Runabout. a 7-seat Touring Car is available for $950. Duryea (1895) Power: 6 HP – 3 cyl. Price shown is for the 2-seat Runabout. Seats: 2 (up to 7) Speed: 39 mph Range: (unknown) 835. The car had a crank starter which protruded from the right side of the vehicle. hand brake lever.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Horseless Carriages and Motorcars: Benz Victoria (1893) Power: 4 HP – 2 cyl. 4-seat vis-à-vis with short wheelbases that were extremely convenient for motoring about town.00 Weight: 500 lbs £1. so the driver could start the engine while seated. foot brake. steam Speed: 27 mph Range: (unknown) 600.000. Seats: 2 (or 4) Speed: 14 mph Range: 60 miles 500. tall. The water is heated with a kerosene or gasoline burner. but the open cooling system only got 1. 99 . Ford offered to convert 1908 vehicles to the 1909 controls for $15. Named for the characteristic curved front. floor-mounted foot brake. Right-hand drive.500. tiller steering.00 Weight: 700 lbs £134 Notes: An extremely popular motorcar – in 1903 2. reverse. the two most common were to two-seat phaeton and the 4-seat “vis-à-vis” which had the driver in the rear and the two front seats facing backwards. and took about 5 minutes for the water to boil and reach operating pressure. Stanley Steamer “Gentleman’s Speedy Roadster” (1906) Power: 20 HP – 2 cyl.00 Weight: 500 lbs £257 Notes: The first gasoline-engine motorcar produced in the United States. After 1909. and the oil cup needed to be refilled by hand every 20 miles. The Victoria got about 10 miles to the gallon. Ford Model A-Two (1903) Power: 8 HP – 2 cyl.00.00.66 miles per hour. Price shown is for the 2-seat Phaeton.00 Weight: (unknown) £123 Notes: While their production of the popular and iconic steam-powered vehicles began in earnest in 1901. Seats: 2 (or 3) Speed: 20 mph Range: 30 mpg 650. this Model A was the first production car sold by Ford. Wheel steering was now standard.5 liter. a 2+2-seat Phaeton is available for $950. Stanley Steamer (1898) Power: 6 Seats: 2 HP – 2 cyl.00. a 4-seat Surrey is available for $1.00 Weight: 1200 lbs £172 Notes: Steering wheel with throttle and spark advance levers. their first sales were three years earlier. which had to be frequently replenished. Seats: 2 Speed: 96 mph Range: (unknown) 5. Baker Electric (1899) Power: ~3 HP electric Seats: 2 Speed: 6 or 12 mph Range: ~120 miles 850. the company added an optional supercharger for $376.00).5 miles to the gallon of water. it could seat 2 (and an optional rear-facing back seat (“Dos-a-dos”) could carry one extra adult or two children. Wheel steering. Speed: 18 mph Range: (unknown) 600.100 were sold – in 1904 this jumped to over 5. 6-cylinder engine developed 70-75 HP. Tiller steering.134 Notes: Probably the earliest American “Muscle Car. The first models were the Imperial Runabout (shown). and in 1910. Seats: 2 (or 4) Speed: 20 mph Range: (unknown) 1. Later models came in a number of body styles.” The enormous 11. steam Seats: 2 Speed: 67 mph Range: (unknown) 1. and brake.250. Later models had a hand brake on the steering column. Ford Model T (1908) Power: 24 HP – 4 cyl. The engine was splash lubricated.00 Weight: 1200 lbs £175 Notes: Not the famous Model A of the 1920s. The experience of going at top speed in an open roadster over the roads that existed at the time must have been terrifying. including enclosed. Chadwick “Great Six” (1908) Power: 75 HP – 3 cyl. Tiller steering – the tiller was mounted in the center so it could be driven from either side.00 Weight: (unknown) £206 Notes: Don’t underestimate the steamer – a modified version of this roadster set the world land speed record in 1906: 127.500. pedals for low gear.00.00 Weight: (unknown) £175 Notes: Baker was one of the popular and successful makers of electric cars in America. and a lever for low/high/reverse gears. Wheel steering.000. to say the least. First model year (1908) had hand levers for reverse and brake.00. Oldsmobile Curved Dash (1901) Power: 4 HP – 1 cyl.00 Weight: (unknown) £123 Notes: one of the most popular cars in France. Seats: 2 Speed: 20 mph Range: (unknown) 850.600. Body styles were clearly copied from horse-drawn carriages.

one might think it a wonder that this new machine caught on at all. and heavily traveled by horses wearing iron shoes. It took some strength to get them going.61 0. a life-saving advantage when news of a medical emergency arrived via the telephone.97 3. Cadillac invented the Self Starter. oars. ingenuity. fell out regularly. 14’ Gunning Punt.00 4. and oarlocks – completely fitted. automobiles are a tested and mature technology. Cork (can be used as a floatation device). In fact. 1 pair tire was a strenuous chore. 10-20 lb Bailer. but it did have its advantages. Iron. Gasoline.82 £16/0/0 £23/15/0 £36/0/0 £31/10/0 £1. and mechanical skill. and recoil rope spring. While a coach required at least a half hour to prepare and to harness the horses. and as a hobby it required a great deal of perseverance. the electric vehicle declined in popularity. all while stopped at the side of the road. an automobile could be ready to go within 5 minutes. some cars carried up to four spares. fully 40% were steampowered. 75 lbs 224 lbs 77. as well as a flexible attitude about one’s actual arrival time.16 4.20 174.85 0. 12” x 12”. each Sounding Lead. Breakdowns were common. It was not unknown for a motorist to have to pull and replace the transmission. Probably the single biggest hazard and source of delays for the early motorist was flat tires. held on by nails. With seats. The earliest motorists were an adventurous bunch. 1 paddle. hand-operated Boat Hook Boat Lamps. at least one puncture was almost guaranteed. With all these drawbacks. or to rewind the ignition coil. hardware stores. per pair Fenders. with a 3’8” beam.97 1. Electric vehicles were particularly popular with women. Steam. Canadian.42 4. 22 ’ Thames Pair Oared Skiff. but this was not always the case. each Fog Horn. leaving tire-chewing hazards everywhere.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue The Pioneering Motorists Today. 25’ Yacht Anchor. and only 22% were gasoline. and pumping up a patched Boats: Canoe. 8” scoop Bilge Pump. seats two rowers and several passengers. for a trip of any length. but was used for urban delivery vehicles well into the 1930s. Because of this. 10’. 38% were electric. mouth blown Oars. 22’6” long. and if. 16 ’ Dinghy. or even pharmacists. and fuel was purchased by the 2-gallon can from mechanics.75 5000. Seats. Filling stations did not exist. In 1912.60 152. Sailing. and sometimes entire shoes. gasoline-powered motorcars were very much in the minority: of all the cars registered in the United States. A motorist was advised to carry a change of clothing for when. Some of the biggest users of early automobiles (aside from wealthy hobbyists) were physicians – small town or country doctors. because the gasoline engines required a crank for starting. 5 lb.030 20/0 0/8 16/6 1/9 19/0 1/6 4/0 16/0 4/0 7/6 Designed for a 140 lb gun. Comes with 1 pair of sculling oars. and one had to know ahead of time where the next fill up could be found. Most roads were dirt or gravel. w/ 20 fathom line 100 .88 0. Woven Rope. including ones requiring serious mechanical work. 1 setting pole.00 0. and Electric In 1900. These nails. and accidents that bruised fingers or broke arms were not uncommon. gun elevator.60 115.36 0. eliminating the effort and risk of the crank starter. they finally arrived at their destination. The narrow inner-tube tires used before the balloon tire was invented had to be of extremely high pressure to support the weight of the vehicle (often around 90 psi).

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue
Steering Compass, 8”, w/ oak case and brass bowl Aeroplanes: Antoinette Type VII Monoplane (1909)
Length: 40 feet Seats: 1 Power: 50 HP Length: 25 feet Seats: 1 Power: 25 HP stick. Length: 33.5 feet Seats: 1 Power: 25 HP controls ailerons. Length: 39 feet Seats: 2 Power: 50 HP Wingspan: 46 feet Speed: ~60 mph Controls: Two hand-wheels and pivoted lever for feet.

1.82 5,000.00
Weight: 1301 lbs Endurance: 10 miles

7/6 £1030

Blériot Model 11 Monoplane (1909)

2,400.00

£495

Wingspan: 28 feet Weight: 661 lbs. Speed: 45 mph Endurance: 5 miles Controls: Universal lever for hands, pivoted lever for feet, spark interrupt button on

Curtiss Model A Pusher Biplane (1909)

4,000.00

£825

Wingspan: 29 feet Weight: 550 lbs Speed: 55 mph Endurance: 5 miles Controls: Wheel for steering and elevation, hand and foot throttle levers, pivoting seat

Farman III Monoplane (1909)

5,600.00

£1155

Wingspan: 32.5 feet Weight: 1150 lbs Speed: ~60 mph Endurance: 10 miles Controls: Universal lever for right hand, pivoted lever for feet.

Santos-Dumont Demoiselle Monoplane (1909)

1455.00

£ 300

Length: 26.25 feet Wingspan: 16.75 feet Weight: 315 lbs Seats: 1 Speed: 56 mph Endurance: 10 miles Power: 35 HP Controls: Left-hand wheel for rudder, right-hand lever for elevation, stick attached to back of jacket for wing-warp, toe lever for throttle, spark interrupt button on stick.

Wright Model A Biplane (1908)

6,000.00

£1237

Length: 29 feet Wingspan: 41 feet Weight: 1200 lbs Seats: 2 Speed: ~55 mph Endurance: 20 minutes. Power: 30 HP Controls: Left-hand lever for elevating, right hand lever for steering and wing-warping Note: Unlike the other planes listed which use wheels for takeoff and landing, the Wright Model A required a wooden rail for takeoff and has skids for landing.

Engine, Aircraft, 2-Cylinder, 30 HP Propeller, Wooden, 6’ Propeller, Wooden, 8’ Tuition, Flight School

110 lbs 7 lbs 11 lbs

775.00 30.00 50.00 250.00

£160 £6/4s £10/6s £51/11s

The Bleriot XI in flight

101

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue

Learning to Fly While the bicycle and the motorcar had obvious advantages that outweighed their temporary disadvantages, for the first decade after its invention, the aeroplane was a frivolous and extremely dangerous hobby. By 1909, flying schools had been established in a number of cities in France (see below), but in the United States, the Wright Company was the only one that provided formal training. A two-seated Wright Flyer was used with dual controls; the student would make 60 flights or more; at first just feeling the way the aeroplane moved, then with their hands lightly on the controls they could feel how the pilot instructor moved them in response to the ever-changing conditions of the air. Only after many flights of increasing duration would the student begin to operate the controls themselves, and eventually make solo flights. The flight schools run by the Aero Club of France were in the following cities: Châlons, Pau, Buc, Étampes, Mourmelon, Lyons, Juvisy, Issy, and Mouzon. After training, a pilot’s license would only be issued after the candidate had made three flights of at least five kilometers in the presence of a committee from the Aero Club. By 1911-1912, numerous flight schools were cropping up all over the United States: the Curtiss Aircraft Company opened schools in Miami Florida and San Diego, California, while the Burgess Company opened a school in Squantum, Massachusetts. For those hobbyists who must teach themselves, they needed a smooth, open field of at least a square mile (a flat expanse of sturdy lake ice also provided an ideal beginning training ground). A knowledgeable mechanic and some friends with an automobile to follow along on the ground was of incalculable assistance. It was recommended that new pilots have a thorough grounding in the operating and servicing of automobiles enabling one to operate and service the engine; experience in hot air balloons gave one a feel for being in the air and for the way the air moved; and a detailed knowledge of the weather was absolutely vital. The student was urged to start by merely taxiing on the ground scores of times, pausing between each run to check the cables and parts of the plane. Once confidence has been developed, the student could begin to make short hops, sometimes of only a few feet. Only then could longer and higher flights be made with any degree of safety. It was estimated that even if a new pilot managed to avoid serious injury to themselves or catastrophic damage to the plane, they could expect to pay about $2000 in parts and repairs to the plane before they got a good feel for flying. By 1911, there were enough planes that it was possible to find one second-hand. Prices ranged from $500 - $2000 for an aeroplane in good condition

The Balloon and Early Aeronauts 1808, - Italian aeronauts Pascal Andreoli and Carlo Brioschi ascend 25,000 feet in a hot air balloon. 1821 – A balloon was first inflated with coal gas (an impure mixture of hydrogen and methane). It cost between £25 and £50 to fill a balloon. Filling a balloon from the municipal gas mains was far easier, faster, and cheaper than filling using a hydrogen generator, and a balloon could be filled in 23 hours, rather than taking all day or longer. A balloon filled with coal gas, while not as buoyant, remained inflated longer since hydrogen diffused more rapidly out of the envelope. 1836 – The Royal Vauxhall balloon was made for a cost of £2,100. It was enormous: 80 feet tall, and could carry 9 passengers up 13,000 feet in 5 minutes. 1838 – The Vauxhall set an altitude record of 27,146 feet. 1840 – The Royal Vauxhall was sold for £500. 1844 – During a night ascent, a balloon burst at 7000 feet, but one of the aeronauts (Henry Coxwell) was able to cut some of the ropes, allowing the envelope to become a sort of parachute. 1862 – James Glaisher and Henry Coxwell set an altitude record of 37,000 feet – over 7 miles. The thin air caused Glaisher to black out, and Coxwell, nearly unconscious and hands frozen by the cold, was able to save them by pulling the cord to the exhaust valve with his teeth. 1862-1865 – Balloons are used for military observation during the American Civil War. Hydrogen gas is generated on the site by reacting zinc or iron powder with acid in large, wagon-like units. ca. 1860s – Parisian photographer and avid aeronaut Félix Tournachon takes his cameras up in his balloon, taking the first aerial photographs. 1870 – During the Siege of Paris, some Parisians were able to escape over the Prussian lines in balloons, taking with them mail, and even carrier pigeons, allowing messages to be sent back to the city. 1900 – Count von Zeppelin launches his first dirigible

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The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue

Long-Distance Coaches (Stagecoaches) The Concord Coach was widely used in America and Europe; it weighed about 3,000 lbs. empty and could carry over 2 tons of passengers and cargo when pulled by 6 or 8 horses. The body of the coach hung from a system of leather straps, transforming much of the bumps and vibration of the road into a gentle rocking motion. One difference between the European version of the Concord and its American cousin is that in the former, the driver’s seat is attached to the chassis, rather than the cab, so the driver would have to suffer through everything the road had to offer. On both sides of the Atlantic, the driver sat on the right, while the guard (riding “shotgun”) sat on the left. Inside the cab, there were three bench seats – two facing forward, and the front most facing back – there was storage space beneath the benches, which sat three comfortably. Three more could sit on a bench on the roof with their legs hanging off the back (where they had a ringside view of anyone or anything pursuing the coach.) It could carry 12 persons comfortably, but twice that number could be crammed inside in a pinch. Despite the ‘gentle’ suspension, a rough road could frequently toss riders off of the top seats, and on the less-developed American roads, even overturn the coach – something that happened often enough that most travelers resigned themselves to enduring at least one rollover on their journey. A coach could travel about 35 miles in 8 hours. Some stage lines would run around the clock – only stopping long enough to change horses or drivers; others would only run during the daytime, stopping at stations for an overpriced meal and a bedbug-ridden cot for the night. On the better-quality roads back east or in Europe, coaches could travel up to 9 or 10 miles per hour for stretches. It typically took an entire month to cross the United States from coast to coast. When mud or winter snows made a stretch of road impassible, the driver would send ahead to a station to send a “mud wagon”, a lighter, 4-horse coach that would ferry the passengers and cargo across the bog. Fares were about $0.08 per mile. Railroads After its invention in the 1830s, the railroads became the main form of land transportation in both Britain and America for both passengers and freight, though the stagecoaches continued to

service the smaller towns off of the lines into the first decade of the 20th century. The owners of the railroad companies, both in Britain and in America, were notorious for their greed and lack of safety standards. For example, in order to stop a train, the driver would signal by blowing the whistle, and the brakemen would race through the cars, setting each of the brakes by hand – a slow and uncertain process that led to many accidents and collisions. The open platforms at the ends of the cars would ride up over each other, crushing anyone standing there, and nearly 20,000 employees a year were killed or injured, many while trying to couple or uncouple the cars. In 1868, George Westinghouse invented the Air Brake system, allowing the driver to apply all the brakes at once, and it was improved in the 1880’s so that if any cars became uncoupled, the brakes would apply automatically, bringing them to a stop. While some railroads quickly adopted these improvements, it was not until 1893 that President Harrison signed the Safety Appliances Act, requiring all trains to use automatic couplers and air brakes. The enclosed ‘vestibule platform’ on the Pullman cars was also a safety measure, protecting passengers in a collision. Fares per 100 miles: 1st Class: 2nd Class: rd 3 (“Emigrant”) Class: $5.00 $ 3.75 $ 2.00

A coast-to-coast trip across America 1st class cost $173, not counting meals that were usually taken at the stations. A berth in a Pullman Sleeper car cost $2.00 per night, and you were expected to tip the porter at least $0.25 a night. The 3rd Class, called “Emigrant Class” in America, was better than riding in a cattle car…but not by much. In England, the Third Class fare was on the “Parliamentary Trains” – in 1844, parliament passed a regulation that all lines were to have at least one train a day (in each direction), that stopped at each station, and cost 1d ($0.02) per mile. No one of substance would use these trains, but they gave the working classes their first real opportunity for travel. Railroads averaged between 20 and 25mph. A coast-to-coast trip across the United States took six and a half days. Conditions on trains, especially for 2nd and 3rd class, could be Spartan – steam heating was not introduced until 1874, and there were no toilet

103

104 . and a single passenger fare cost between 1d and 6d. depending on the distance traveled. the Landau. Thames River Boats The Thames is London’s “Silent Highway”. Boats left from the numerous docks every five to 20 minutes. but could be purchased second-hand for around $5.01/mile to ship 100 lbs of cargo. there were a number of 2and 4-wheeled. Four-oared boats cost 1/6 for the first hour. then pulling them back with block and tackle and a winch while gunning the engine. Railroad Baggage Allowances: 112 lbs 1st Class: 80 lbs 2nd Class: 60 lbs 3rd Class: Railroads usually did not charge for baggage being overweight unless the amount was exorbitant. People transporting coaches up or down stream would often sleep inside them. he was entitled to an extra 0/6 per mile. like a man on crutches – a maneuver called “grasshoppering”. and then required a larger fee at the completion. riverboats. at their discretion. the broad rivers were the arteries and veins of the country. If a driver agreed to a lesser fee. It was not considered proper for a woman to accompany a man in a Hansom cab.15 per mile if you wanted a stateroom (and usually included a 250 lb.50 $0. Drivers had the right to refuse any fares in excess of 6 miles. and long before the tubes and the omnibus carried passengers about. or less than half that if you slept out on the main deck. Lost luggage was required to be turned in to the nearest police station within 24 hours (if not claimed sooner. to take the passenger to the nearest police-court or police station for the local magistrate to decide the matter. The huge floating glitter palaces of the Mississippi. as well: a twooared boat (called a ‘wherry’) could be had for 1/0 for the first hour. The following fares were typical of London in the second half of the century: For fares that start and finish in a 4 mile radius around the Charing Cross station – 1/0 for the first two miles.000 and up to build. and 0/6 for each mile or part of a mile.10 1st Class: $0. could cost up to $250.000 to build and decorate. they could turn the boat around. In the event of a dispute. a 2wheeled. carrying both passengers and cargo. they could limp forward one hop at a time over the obstacle. there was a 40s fine. and 0/6 for every hour after that.07 4th Class: Riverboats Before the railways bridged the American Continent. pay all expenses.) A reasonable amount of baggage could be carried inside the cab. either roaming through the streets or waiting in neat queues at cabstands. Fares were to be agreed upon in advance. and 50-100 miles a day coming back. fares were generally around 8d per mile. baggage allowance). steam packets. and ferries of all sizes shuttled people up and down the river. pointed forward. horse-drawn coaches available for hire. and 1/0 for every hour after that. They also carried a pair of heavy spars on the bow.000. as luxurious as the finest hotel. for each parcel carried on the outside – 0/2 A cab could be asked to wait – the first 15 minutes was free. Each mile beyond 4 miles of Charing Cross – 1/0 Each person beyond 2 – 0/6 (each child under the age of 10 counted as half a fare. and a suitable reward to the cab driver as determined by the commissioner. Freight rates for 100 pounds per 100 miles: Express: $0. Hansom Cabs and Coaches In cities of any size. a 4-wheel enclosed coach that could seat 4. and the Brougham. the boats usually had stern wheels – if they were blocked by a shallow sandbar. but every 15 minutes or portion thereafter was 0/6 for a 4-wheeled coach.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue facilities until 1892. Paddle-wheel steamers could travel about 25-30 miles a day upstream. There were several common types: The Hansom. Passengers cost between $0. or 0/8 for a 2-wheeled cab. Before 1850. if requested. by lowering the spars and digging them into the bottom. A moderately-sized steamboat cost $20. Out west. It cost about $0.12 and $0. Boats could be hired. back the engine. enclosed cab that would comfortably seat 2 (invented in 1835). an open. using the wheel to chew a passage through the sand.) Anyone claiming the luggage was required to prove to the satisfaction of the local police commissioner that it was his or her property. Some of the ferries could take several 2-horse carriages in addition to foot passengers. drivers were required. An open Landau was more suitable. 4-wheel coach that could seat 4-6. Drivers were not obligated to travel more than 4 miles per hour – if asked to rush. A stop at a station often brought a mad rush for the lavatories.

one patron in 1887 was moved to note “…I had my first experience of Hades to-day. preventing overcrowding.12) The price of the London-New York passage also varied by season: 1st class passage ranged between £15 and £35 ($75 . but a good rule-of-thumb is $11.00 per ton per 1000 miles: 105 . the two upper classes had comfortable leather seats. The 100-mile trip would take about 16 hours to cross through the desert. the underground lines were built using the “cut and cover” method – a trench was dug. which opened in December of 1858. The later lines were “tubes” burrowed out of the deep clay using a drilling machine. The price for “Steerage” dropped sharply all through the period. but the name stuck for years. the tunnel roofed over and buried. the Atlantic is on the west. In 1844.00 (22/6). but in 1855. no matter what distance traveled.02 . Traffic going from Asia to the Mediterranean could go through the Suez Canal. Freight rates varied considerably throughout the century. Petersburg: London-New York Boston-New York: 10/5 – 8/5 23/0 – 15/0 30/0 – 20/0 £7/10s . By the mid 1890s. the fares ranged from 6d to 1s. purchase tickets on the railway.$55). and can run two trains abreast. and 3rd class carriages. The Panama Canal did not open until 1914. and continued to fall Servants traveling with their 1st class employers were only charged the 2nd class rate. assume a ticket costs between 1d-6d ($0. The Underground Until 1880. Going from New York to San Francisco required either traveling “Around the Horn” in a sailing vessel in the first half of the century took between 150 and 200 days. Most lines were 2d.04). the Panama Railway crossed the isthmus. Because of the way Panama makes an “S” bend.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Steamships While the great sailing ships continued to ply the world’s oceans carrying cargo well into the 20th century.£5 £35 . and the tobacco smoke. as did the frequency of the trips: the Dover to Calais run left three times a day. Initially. and charged only 2d ($0. the fumes from the oil lamps. The earlier lines charged varying rates depending on the distance traveled.” In 1907. there never seemed to be enough room to keep women from muddying their hems against someone’s boots. with the ones on the 1st class carriage divided by armrests. Cargo and passengers would offload.0. earning it the nickname of the “Twopenny Tube. facing each other. In 1902. the tracks laid. The seats inside were two benches running the length of the coach.00 The Omnibus Omnibuses. These lines are relatively shallow. By 1870. a transatlantic crossing was $20.£12 $2. and have only enough space for one train. Between the smoke. On muddy days. sulfur and steam of the engines. Light was provided by gas burners of oil lamps (in 3rd class). Here are some sample fares (1st class – 2nd class): Dover-Calais: London-Amsterdam: London-Hamburg: London-St. the fares had dropped to 1d to 6d.$175).” In lieu of a complicated fare chart. and the Pacific on the east. but the draft made the lights flicker while the trains were in motion. Crossing the Atlantic in one of the large passenger liners took five and a half to six and half days – about 500 miles a day. the Central London line opened. and be picked up by another ship on the other side. are large coaches drawn by two horses and can carry 12 people inside and an additional 9 on top. the steamships carried nearly all the passengers by the end of the century. the air could get quite foul. The fares for White Star Lines were slightly cheaper than Cunard. while 2nd class ranged from £8 to £12 ($40 . The fares varied wildly. half fare if the passenger was willing to ride on top. these were powered by moving cables. Until the lines switched to electricity. the fares were increased to 3d for journeys of more than 8 stations. 2nd. The earlier trains had 1st. while the Atlantic crossings by Cunard and White Star left once or twice a week. but in 1890 the locomotives were gradually switched over to electric power. which originated on the continent.

1891 – Nicola Tesla invented the ‘Tesla Coil’. were a person found to be storing a large quantity of sulfuric acid after a string of unsolved acid attacks. Most. if not all. 1859 – The hand-cranked magneto generator is patented. if not immediate arrest.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Various Anti-Social Devices This section describes materials and equipment that can be used (or more often misused) for purposes of mayhem and destruction. or can be obtained without too much difficulty. and would be quite at home in the arsenal of a villain on a budget. 1847 – Ascani Sobrero discovered Nitroglycerine. The Gasoline Blowtorch The “Very Pistol. All are legal to own (in this time period). 1847 – Ascani Sobrero discovered Nitroglycerine. though their possession in certain circumstances might raise questions. 1867 – Alfred Nobel invented dynamite. and could often be ordered through the mail. he would face a lot of very awkward questions. of these are freely available. These items might be of use to investigators who have decided upon a course of direct and drastic action. but are not classified as ‘weapons’.” or 12 gauge Signal pistol Some Useful Inventions 1845 – Nitrocellulose (guncotton) discovered. For example. 1874 – Barbed wire is patented. Nippers Handcuffs Chain Twister 106 .

85 21.79 1. 2-strand.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Ammoniacal Nitre.12 1. long. 5 lb tin. Rubber Barbed Wire. was used as a powerful disinfectant. Made of polished brass. each Holds one tube ready for use. the chain is tightened.32 0.42 12. 1 gallon tin When dissolved in water.64 0.18 2 lb 7 lbs 1 lb 0.) Barbed Wire Cutter Leather Saddle Case for Barbed Wire Cutter Staples for barbed-wire fencing. A long. Easily available.40 2. The look and styling are identical to men’s dress gloves.35 2. scattering the chemical. Produces lye when dissolved in water Chloroform. 10 gal 5 gal Harden Star Grenade Fire Extinguisher.90 1.25 1. The British price is slightly higher (less demand. 0. Rubber. By pulling the two halves of the tube together. The smell is vile. The grenades are thrown into the fire and break. or a hook end for hanging from rails or tracks. 1 pair Glycerine. Galvanized. 5 gallon can Deposit required on the can – or empty cans may be refilled. but perhaps not the most desirable look for a budding psychopath Not available before 1874.45 2/0 1/3 2/0 42/0 2/9 15/6 1/4 0/7 8/3 114/11 86/6 31/6 1/9 50/9 0/9 1/8 8/6 0/6 6/2 10/11 1/2 14/5 3/9 7/3 2/3 1/0 0/4 0/5 1/0 6/0 Carbolic Acid crystals. Refill chemical 0/6 per gallon Decorative glass globes filled with flame retarding chemical liquid.65 0. 1 dozen boxes Meat Hook.50 0. Wall sockets for Lewis’s Fire Extinguishing Tubes. 1 lb tin Kerosene. 1 lb Made of 7/8” iron. 560 yards This is a ladies fancy white kitchen apron. Fire Extincteur (backpack fire extinguisher). “Ordinary” or Strike-Anywhere. 25 lb boxes Caustic Soda.00 for 100 pounds. available with either a screw end for attaching to beams. Carpet tacks. brass nozzle. complete with the decorative seams on the back.50 2. bar or shot. Heavy indiarubber gloves.67 25 lbs 5.10 0.13 2. 4-prong. 1 oz bottle Fire Extinguishers: The “Model” Hand or Garden Pump or Fire Extinguisher Pumps from a pail or container. Formalin.28 3.06 0. A chain with a two-piece t-handle.00 7. within 10 years the price had dropped to the amount shown.55 0. Gasoline. Will force a ” stream 40 to 60 feet. It fitted around the wrist of the prisoner.10 0. When first introduced.48 10. The lamp vaporizes formalin.30 0. box of 1000 Brazing Lamp Holds 3 quarts of kerosene and burns with a 20” flame for 1 hour at maximum setting. 1 pair Gloves. Weight 6 lbs 1 lb 100 lbs US Price 1. the chemical liquid inside is squirted out the nozzle.$20. lined with rubber. pure 5 pound tin Ammonium Nitrate – used both in fertilizer and explosives. 1 dozen 123 lbs filled 83 pounds filled Pressurized via hand pump. 1 dozen Wire basket for 6 Harden Star Grenades Lewis’s Fire Extinguishing Tube. for work with high-voltage electricity of x-rays (after 1895). There are men’s gloves. bulk. 1 pint Apron.00 27. 16oz Handcuffs and Restraints: Handcuffs. large Mercury Metal.5 lbs 3. telescoping tube with a small nozzle on one end.48 0. 4 Insect Powder. Sodium hydroxide.75 0. per pound Matches. 1 gallon Gauntlets.09 0. and by twisting on the handle.30 0.20 0. creating fumes to sterilize a room or lab. lined with indiarubber. The claws lock around the prisoner’s wrist automatically when pressed against it.00 UK Price 4/7 3/3 5/7 14/3 Aromatic Spirits of Ammonia. 1 quart bottle Formalin lamp. 107 . the price was far higher . Double Lock Detective’s Handcuffs Chain Twister Thomas’ Nipper No.25 0. Indiarubber. The t-handle could be twisted to apply pressure to the wrist forcing compliance Lead. 2-prong barbed wire is available for a slightly cheaper rate. leather harness straps.75 1 lb 0. A pain-compliance device.

1000’ Triple tape. After a 30 to 60-second delay. and speeding the decomposition of bodies and animal waste. Butcher’s.70 4. and white.80 Brass tank and pump. 1 lb Commonly used in the pickling and preserving of meat. and burns at a rate of 30-45 seconds per foot. Signal Rocket Apparatus Includes one rocket. 8’.28 6. each Miner’s Squibs. 60% and higher is used in hard rock mining. 24” Steel framed (like a hack saw). firing trough. per 100. 1 lb roll Prussiate of Potash. per pound 0.17 0/7 0/9 Dynamite is shipped in cases of either 25 or 50 pounds. for reducing the odor in outhouses. exploding the charge. Used in electroplating and the refining of gold. It is sometimes made from copper or bronze to prevent sparking. Will fire 8 caps. 4’ lead wires 12’ lead wires Packaged in boxes of 50. extra strong Compressed black powder pellets. for use on damp ground. Also available with 6’.10 1. 0. leaving a small passage down to the powder. Quicklime. Safety Fuse. and stand Signal Rockets. tins 25 lbs Crimping Pliers/Fuse Cutter Can be used to cleanly cut safety fuse and crimp non-electric blasting caps onto the fuse.55 Signal Flares. and prospectors. The needle was removed. each Spray Pump.45 UK Price 11/2 19/2 3/6 6/6 1/11 Explosives and demolition equipment: Blasting Caps. A squib (which looks like a long twist of paper) was placed in the hole left by the needle and the end lit. Saw.00 61/11 Dispenses twin wires for firing electric blasting caps. Meyer’s 66 lbs full 2.50 5. packed in 25 lb. but rather must be pumped continuously. powdered. 40% is used for breaking ore. After the powder was packed into the shot hole. 1 dozen Made for alarm guns. 1 lb bottle Hydrogen Cyanide. wire bail carrying handle (like a bucket handle). single-shot.58 0. 17.30 3/0 3/3 2/3 1/0 0/5 0/6 6/6 0/5 5/5 1/2 25/0 11/6 60/0 10/0 19/10 Piano Wire. lifting stumps. Weighs 1 lb 3 oz 1 lb 0.06 2. a long brass “needle” was stuck down into the charge and the hole packed with tamping material. A “squib” was a small pyrotechnic delay used to fire a black powder demolition charge.85 1. Electric (“Electric fuses”). miners.65 0. Scalpel Signal Pistol Break-open.42 4. dozen 300 foot range.11 1. Dynamite is rated by its nitroglycerine content (usually between 30 and 75%). the higher the percentage. 108 . the match composition in the tip fired.73 0. and the other end is pointed to make a well for the blasting cap in the stick if dynamite. 9 lbs. Crank handle is removable to comply with latest Home Office regulations. Magneto-Exploder Miner’s Squib Case.14 0. It is usually carried from place to place.58 0. per 100 Blasting Powder. and then pumped with one hand while the hose is held and directed with the other hand. and was supplied to jewelers. Blasting Caps. and breaking ice. and 10’ lead wires. tin. 1 lb Prussic Acid. smelting plants. blue.10 0. 2% solution. non-electric. 40% nitroglycerine. Potassium Cyanide. 8 gallon tank.00 3/12/6 0/2 21/3 ‘Hellbox’ for firing high or low tension fuses (electric blasting caps). set down on the ground.79 0. 1 case (10 boxes of 100) 19 lbs. depending on the temperature and humidity at the time. 12 ga. 1 pound Rat Poison (warfrin) Rocket Shells. 500’ 15. This sprayer is not the type that uses a pressurized tank. One leg of the pliers usually has a flat tip to use as a screwdriver. green.55 0. 1000’ 3.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Weight US Price 2. or a non-electric blasting cap may be crimped on the end to fire dynamite or other high explosives. Reel holds 500’ of wire. steel. Saltpeter.25 0. 1 ” x 7”.70 14/5 23/6 Safety fuse is supplied in 50’ coils. Wire Reel.04 10. per pound 60% nitroglycerine. the sharper and more “shattering” the explosion. 1 gallon Concentrated Sulfuric Acid. Calcium Oxide. available in red. for use in mud or underwater. 24 gauge. with an additional 5-10 feet in the middle to run to the exploder box.50 0. or sold by retailers either by the case or by individual pound sticks. It can ignite black powder directly. but would theoretically fit in standard cylinder-bored shotguns. Oil of Vitriol.79 14. Single tape. A caustic powder used for making mortar and whitewash. Dynamite. Users are encouraged to test-burn a known length before use to determine the current burning rate.

0. If it was not. each For beaver. steel. Size 4 . British regulations permitted the storage of up to 50 pounds of black powder in a residence. The materials were shipped in a special metal canister that had to be immediately returned.50 A solution high in nicotine used as a pesticide on plants.10) for over 200 miles. 1 oil can. 1 pair scissors.00 12. black powder and blasting agents could be shipped anywhere by rail.25 0. Setting clamps for Newhorn steel traps – Size 4.00 3. and the bombing campaigns of 1919 that many communities began restricting the sale of explosives. It is interesting to note that the police could only enter a boat on the Thames to search for or seize explosives during the hours of daylight.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Snare wire. 1 lb coil Fine twisted brass wire. Dynamite could be ordered by the case of 25 or 50 pounds and shipped through the mail. 1 pint Traps. Traps. A metal bracket which holds the jaws of the trap open while setting and baiting the trigger. 9 lbs. Leather tool roll containing 3 skinning knives. could not be carried on a passenger vehicle under any circumstances. 1 oil stone. They burn for several hours. For amounts up to 1 cwt (112 lbs). 100 pounds if it was kept in a fire-proof safe. each Traps. and pyrotechnic signals. 8” jaws. 6. Granular sulfur. earth to be moved. prospectors and miners need to break through the overburden to get at ore. and it could also be ordered directly through the mail from suppliers like Sears and Roebuck. etc. could only be carried in a passenger vehicle or boat if the amount were less than 5 pounds. were freely available in rural hardware or general stores. like nitro-glycerin and fulminates. cleaning wine barrels. Black powder in bulk. particularly in a young and developing nation like the United States. rats. Halstead’s Emasculating shears.30 0. Weight 1 lb US Price 0. Quite poisonous: is even absorbed slowly through the skin.75 3.55) would be made.00 41/3 12/5 12/5 Incisor Cutters. “Explosives”. 16” jaws. each For gophers. a charge of 60/0 ($14. Traps. Taxidermist’s Flensing Kit Tobacco Extract. moose. Straight Molar Extracting Forceps. Size 6. lions. which also included ammunition. and “all due precautions be taken for the prevention of accident by fire or explosion. 13” Explosives and the Law Explosives have many perfectly legitimate uses. If it was kept in such a safe apart from a dwelling. 109 . Available in any rural hardware store. fireworks. or it could be bought from a general store either in case lots.5” jaws. or by the individual stick. In fact. 1 lb 13 oz. producing sulfur dioxide gas. etc.17 0.5” jaws.07 2.” Certain explosives. there are tunnels to be dug. Newhorn brand. 4 Setting clamps for Newhorn steel traps – Size 6 Veterinary Tools: Ecraseur.80 2. and later dynamite.55 0. and sometimes in preserving dried fruit. each Sulfur Flowers. 3 lbs. each For grizzly bears. for gelding bulls and horses. Farmers need to remove tree stumps and large rocks from their fields.79 UK Price 2/3 0/9 0/4 11/6 1/3 1/0 3/4 8/3 49/6 0/8 2/1 Sulfur candles. 42 lbs. Used for disinfecting rooms. 1 pair cutting pliers. Sears only stopped supplying these materials in 1909 because the cost of insurance would be too high. Guaranteed to hold 2000 lbs. 3. steel. Newhorn brand. It was not until the threat of bolsheviks. and 4/6 ($1. Newhorn brand. 9. the charge was 3/6 for distances under 200 miles. and a reasonable distance from any public place. grades to be leveled. Size 4. Newhorn brand. steel. With long drag chain.15 0. steel. anarchists.00 0. fuses. Size 0. preventing the trapper from accidentally losing a hand in the process. For wolves. 200 pounds may be stored. used for fumigation or dusted as a fungicide. In England. all made easier and faster through the use of explosives.

One merely broke off a match as needed. it sputtered and popped loudly like a string of firecrackers. Paper matches in booklets were invented around 1890.) Charles Darwin was apparently quite impressed by them while on his famous voyage on the HMS Beagle. dropped from a running horse. dry surface (even the seat of the pants).37) and came with a piece of sandpaper.” They could be struck against almost any rough. Not the safest of arrangements. a Swedish company developed the “Safety Match. Somewhere around 1827. the deceptively sweet match heads lead to several deaths every year. but contained white phosphorous and were far easier to light – perhaps too easy: they were known to ignite if stepped upon. the “Strike-Anywhere” match was invented.” and the “Lucifer. Never ones to give up a good name. sending sparks and embers flying. They were lit by squeezing hard and pulling them sharply though a fold of sandpaper. but a whole block probably would. they were a long strip of twisted paper that contained a glass bulb of sulfuric acid. A book contained 20 matches and had the striking strip on the inside of the book. This formula remains in use to this day. Congreves cost about the same. when an opera company in New York used matchbooks with their logo printed on the cover to advertise their opening. stood little chance of igniting the brush. improved and pirated.” A box of 50 Lucifers cost 2/6 ($0. a smaller match was invented – one easier and more convenient to light. More than one traveler in the American west shook off pursuing natives in this way. leaving such a bewildering mess that no two references seem to be able to agree with one another. two types of friction matches were invented – the “Congreve.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Blasting Machine Crimping Pliers Matches During the 19 century.” which replaced the poisonous white phosphorous with the more benign and stable red phosphorous and moving it to a special striking surface on the box. These ‘blocks’ sometimes found use by people fleeing on horseback – a single lit match. but were still attached on the bottom – much like the teeth of a comb.” as the matchstick was either wax or paper heavily soaked in wax – actually making the match waterproof. but did not become popular until 1897. th 110 . Their application to various booby traps and infernal devices should be obvious. and were extremely popular. One early form of match that might be of (mis)use is the “Promethian. it also left behind a tell-tale briefly glowing streak. usually children.” Invented in 1829. the British still call pocket match safes “Vestas.” Around 1850. They came in a vest pocket sized tin that had a rough striking surface on the bottom. but emitted a cloud of poisonous and foul-smelling gas (users were warned not to breathe that smoke). by crushing it in your teeth. Containing a mixture of white phosphorous and sugar. Strike-Anywhere matches were sometimes supplied in “block” form: the individual matches were not sawn all the way through to separate them from the strip of wood. They also had to be kept in an air-tight case. also popularly called “Lucifer Matches. If the head didn’t pull off. In 1833. They were called “Wax Vestas. a confusing number of friction matches were invented and discarded. In 1855. coated with chemicals that would burst into flame if the bulb were broken by a pair of nippers (or if you were brave.

The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Weapons and Accessories This section describes objects that may be directly used as weapons – they are either purpose-built (like bowie knives). such as holsters.) Also included are various accessories for firearms and melee weapons. It does not include the near-infinite variety of tools and household devices that can be used as weapons. sights. and slings. butcher knives and ice picks. or are common tools and implements that have historically been used for weapons (such as hatchets and sledgehammers. investigators in a tight spot are heartily encouraged to peruse the chapters on “Tools” or “Hardware” and use their devious imaginations. magazines. cleaning kits. The “Bowie” Knife Police “Sap” or Blackjack Hand Reloading Tool Anson Mills Cartridge Belt “Pull Through” Cleaning Rod 111 .

25 0. . and is can be used like a normal blackjack by holding the cords short. or 16 ga shells. It can be found in nearly any barn to carry hay bales.40 6. best quality. Cleaning Rod.55 0.25 0.50 UK Price 3/0 1/0 0/5 35/3 27/0 1/6 1/4 1/1 1/6 1/8 26/9 10/0 5/0 2/11 0/6 2/0 2/0 4/0 17/6 1/0 3/11 2/1 Arrows.20 0. 36” Baseball Bat Baton. Item and Description US Price 0. 5 lbs.45 1. Available for a wide variety of calibers. . Arrow case Arm guard. target arrows. each 12”.14 0. Wood. but the head is weighted with lead and the shaft is steel rod. easily packable. It is often used as a weapon by Longshoreman in dockside brawls. Made of sturdy cotton webbing. with scabbard and frog (belt loop) Bicycle Chain Billy. 14” (‘Dayclub’) Baton.32 0. 1 dozen Plain target points. iron. well-seasoned. gentleman’s 6’ length. and slotted wiper.45 calibers. Holds 1 dozen arrows. For pistol calibers: . Pistol Cartridge Belt.S. 112 . 35-55 lb pull. the blade protruded from between the fingers of the closed fist. Light.38. Includes a shoulder strap for support. and a game hook.44.50 2. 4-section Cleaning Rod. leather Bow bag.25 0. Shafts are held apart so the fletchings are not damaged.25 0. finest quality steel blade.177 caliber.19 0.73 0. 4 section rod with wooden handle – rod can rotate within the handle as the brush or patch follows the rifling. Web.38 0. Cleaver.55 6. steel guard. Rosewood.45.10 0. Head covered with extra-heavy spun cloth. Iron.22. leather Targets. each Cane Knife (“Machete”) Cane. ‘Anson Mills’ was the designer: General Anson Mills. .10 8. 22” (‘Nightclub’) Bayonet. When gripped.25 1. Incidentally. The classic “Blackjack” – a short. Brass. 48” Target Stand. canvas on straw. Policeman’s. with a long wrist loop. 12. used for handling heavy freight. It can even be slipped inside a glove and hidden in the palm of the hand and the target attacked by slapping. Anson Mills woven shell belt (not sewn).36 0. Braided leather Pocket Billy Canvas covered wood. Grass Suits - 1.36 0. 1 lb. Loaded Cartridge Belt.95 0. the push dagger had a short blade and a t-shaped handle. 4 oz. 5’6” Quiver with belt Axe.26 0. Single Bit Axe Handle. Cleaning Rod and Brush. 1 dozen Lead BBs. brass brush. chamois-lined canvas Bow string. with wood handle.21 0. 3-foot long club: fast and versatile. and was used by punching at the target. a teardrop-shaped lead weight covered with braided leather. .24 0. and sheds rain well. linen Skeleton Glove. Butcher’s. . Also known as the “Slungshot”. for Shotguns Includes swab. and .The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Weight Air Rifle. 4” Blade Pearl handle.35 0. Hickory belly with yew backing. 3-section. Looks like a normal walking stick. The Improved Daisy Air Rifle.32. Includes cord. 6 oz. 6”. weight.33 0.38. It was fast and powerful. Rosewood. Brass Screws on to the end of a cleaning rod. Plaited. Policeman’s.27 4 lbs 1. or the cord can be looped around the wrist and the billy swung for extra force or thrown into the target’s face.00 4. Pistol Available for a wide variety of calibers. footed shafts. The handle to an axe can act as a strong. patterned like a caped coat with hood. Rifle. The belts hold 36 rounds.60 0.32. single-shot repeater 2 Darts.177 caliber. With canvas carrying pouch. ~1800 pellets 1 lb Archery Equipment: Bow. Government-Issue. tough marsh grass. and . flexible leather club weighted with lead shot. Push Dagger A favorite of the professional gambler. Box Hook. U.50 0. 9 ” Billy. 10” Blade Dagger.42 1. Available for . fits 10.12 1. The billy is small enough to be hidden in the hand. The sheath could be hung from the inside of a coat. scratch brush.75 0/5 0/10 2/6 1/0 1/11 5/2 1/5 0/10 1/7 1/6 1/2 4/5 5/2 7/3 A vicious iron hook attached to a T-handle. jerking the weight back after the throw. Dagger. 0. Rifle (pull-through) Cleaning Brush. .50 1.70 0. and wiper.75 7/3 Made of long. Shotgun Cleaner. and is a staple tool on the docks. Web. allowing a fast draw.

Splitting. Winchester Bullet Mold Any caliber and profile can be supplied. The spike is stored inside the hollow handle. Molded Leather. staghorn handle.00 UK Price 4/2 24/9 0/5 3/4 1/11 1/7 1/0 3/1 0/5 0/6 1/2 3/9 17/9 Best brown canvas.68 .”) All throughout this period. flag. Pocket sized Recoil Pad.38 caliber revolvers with barrels up to 3 ” in length. 6” Knife Sheath. for takedown weapons Gun Grease. Rubber Reloading Supplies: Black Powder 1 pound = 256 drams = 7000 grains. leak-proof dispenser bottle for applying drops of oil to a gun mechanism.38 0.20 0.0. Reloading Tool Set. Includes the reloading too. The pad is attached to the butt with screws. Walsrode Smokeless Shotgun Powder Not Available Before 1896.00 0.44 0. Complete (regulation head. leather bound. This is a mold that has moveable punch with an annular groove that fits into rings in the mold – one mold can make bullets (of one caliber) of a variety of lengths and weights (and numbers of lubricating grooves. for takedown weapons Gun Case. and sheath) Lance Head. Weight US Price 1. but with a more sharply pointed tip. and slides out to lock into place for use.75 0. Blade is similar to a butcher knife. Sliding Knife. brass guard. Heavy molded leather. minimizing the length. When the blade is folded. it protrudes from the back of the handle. Bullet Mold. Clip-point blade.10 0.30 “Bowie”-style blade.15 0. iron shoe. 25 lbs 1 lb 1 lb 4. with leather sheath. When opened. and the blade length is 9 “.) Dipper/Ladle Cast iron with wooden handle. 8” Plain wood handle without any guard or bolster.40 16/6 3/1 3/4 6/11 .45 0. Winchester.09 0. sling. Each set is made for a specific caliber.28 0/8 0/10 . Folding 1 lb 1 lb 0. with leather lock. staghorn handle.90 4. Recoil Pad. Leather Leather sleeve laces together around the butt to hold the pad in place. “Perfect Grooved Mold” Melting Pot For melting lead for casting bullets. Barrel and stock are stored in separate compartments.00 0.80 1. and a charge measure. Knife.25 2. Sticking.38 0. shaft. Butcher. Regulation Lance Head. Sperm Hatchet Holster. a folding cross-guard locks in place. acting like a 4” fixed-blade knife. Hunting.80 0. Shoulder Holster Ice Pick Ice Pick.10 0. minimizing the length. for blades 6-9” in length Lance.1/4 30/0 10/6 6/0 2/0 5/0 0/5 1/10 1/2 Plain wood handle without any guard or bolster. and even up to the outbreak of WWII.45 0. With accessory pouch. With tool pouch. Knife. 0. per tube Gun Oil. An extremely high-quality light oil that does not gum up or go rancid. Bamboo Lance Sheath. and the excess is filed down to shape it to the gunstock. It is used for slaughtering livestock (hence the expression “bleed like a stuck pig.28 Heavy grease for protecting metal surfaces from rust or for lubrication.55 1.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Gun Case. for boar hunting Lance Shaft. Flap holster Holster. handle. Available for .2. a bullet mold.22 Winchester Center Fire up to .75 3. and for firearms. leather Maul. Barrel and stock are stored in separate compartments.48 1. Leather holster that fills the entire hip pocket to keep the gun firmly in place. Hip Pocket Holster Holster. Commonly used for lubricating fine mechanisms like watches and scientific instruments.20 .32 7. 2 oz 1 lb - 0.32 and . Supplied in a metal foil tube.40 0.75 0. Spermaceti oil extracted from the head of sperm whales. Smokeless Powder.00 6. manufactured by Winchester. finest quality.12 0. and end caps. 6” Knife. leather. 10 pound Oiler. canvas. 113 .26 0. With leather sheath. ranging from . Dupont Not Available Before 1896.50-110. the lance was a common weapon for cavalry troops.9/11 3/1 12/5 1/7 1/8 Smokeless Powder. 11 lbs - A small. Hunting.

leather binding. box of 250 Wad Cutters: 11-20 ga. making the target easier to see in bright or in dim conditions.35 1.00 Not Available Before 1903. Star-crimp tools are available for extra cost.50 0. chilled. box of 250 Primers. steel-framed Eyeglasses with distinctive yellow lenses.50 0. 9-10 ga. chilled. but use the damage from the next-farther range band (e.) Primers. Safety Razor blade. and 16 ga. any size: #12 to 000 buck 25 lbs. AllBrass. no damage at long range. Shotgun. but at the expense of range. forged blade was used in “safety razors” since the mid 1880s. or concealed in the mouth (that one takes practice.35 2.90 1. box of 250 Shot. The color is said to increase the contrast. Empty.15 1. In that year. for pistol calibers. Regimental colors available. cloth.18 0. causing the load to spread more rapidly. box of 250 Primers.50 1.00. all thicknesses.25 UK Price 0/9 0/8 2/1 1/11 1/6 6/2 0/5 1/0 Shell Crimper (Roll Crimper): 20-16 ga.90 1.50 0.70 1. 1D6 at medium.20 1.85 0. a heavier. all gauges. Paper hulls. tin lined.25 1. holds 200 shotgun shells Heavy sole leather box.) Shot Spreaders.45 0. Universal Fits the bases of shotgun shells from . - 1.15 18.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Shotshell Reloading Tool: 20-16 ga. Felt.80 0. box of 100 20. 12 ga 10 ga Wads. empty and primed. Shotgun. Canvas Waterproof canvas. box of 250 Wads. 6-8 ga A cutting die allowing the user to make shotgun wads from any desired material. chamois lined Saber Knot Flat braid strap with tassel. Shooting Glasses. nickel plated fittings. held between the fingers while slapping an opponent. Safety razor blades have been sewn into hats or shoe heels. 12-10 ga. flannel lined.45 0.22 to 8ga.) Shell Box. 8 ga Powder/Shot Measure Available in different loadings. 8 ga A device for decapping/recapping the shells and loading the charge. with shoulder strap. Rifle/Carbine Sheath. all gauges. 2D6 at short range for a 12ga.14 0.15 0. 14.15 0..00 1.95 0. box of 50 10 or 12ga. Gillette began manufacturing cheap. Pinfire. Empty. Leather. Shell Shells. box of 25 20 ga.10 0. Does not work with buckshot. A cardboard ‘x’ that slips in the shell in the shot column.20 2.25 12/2 0/7 1/0 Shell Extractor. 0. Leather Attaches to saddle – leaves the butt exposed so the weapon can be quickly drawn. Cardboard.20 0. Weight US Price 0. (The ‘star crimp’ is usually used over solid balls or bullets for the paradox or ‘jungle’ guns.08 0. Increase chance to hit by 10%.73 1/6 2/6 2/1 6/2 2/1 2/11 3/9 5/2 5/7 8/3 4/9 4/9 5/0 5/0 8/8 2/11 3/9 6/0 0/4 1/0 0/8 0/10 3/4 2/11 4/9 3/15/0 3/6 3/0 4/1 Rifle Cover. 12 ” x 6” x 7 “ 2. Saber. double-edged. A screw clamp tool that produced a rounded crimp over the top wad. for shotgun shells. Pinfire. Shotgun.25 0. stamped-steel blades for the safety razor – previous to this.70 0. box of 100 20 ga. Pinfire. These blades cost $1.15 1.50 0. Paper.09 0. #2. Shot.70 0.35 0.60 0. 16 ga 12 ga 10 ga 8 ga Shell Shells. 16 ga 12 ga 10 ga 8 ga Shell Shells. “dust” size 5 lbs.g. 12-10 ga. this increases short-range accuracy. 114 .20 0. cavalry saber Saber bag.

45. The elevation screw has minute-of-angle clicks (1/4” at 100 yards. allowing a long focal length in a short package. allowing it to set farther from the eye. 12 pound Straight Razor. 0. Throws clay pigeons for Skeet and Trap shooting.50 3/5 3/6 3/11 3/1 13/3 0/8 26/10 12/0 33/0 8/3 5/0 2/6 5/0 2/6 2/8 10/4 This price is for only one stick – they are normally purchased by the dozen for use in practice. Bogardus’s Patent Glass Ball Trap Glass Globes. This type was more common after 1880-1890.” used for Trap and shotgun practice.21 0.90 8.61 For “Bogardus’s Patent Glass Ball Trap. The barrel of the weapon would require threading. Trap. Side-shields on the lenses cut out light from any direction other than the target. Paper. Silencer. 3X.94 UK Price 1/0 8/0 Eyeglasses with distinctive yellow lenses. or even an adaptor. Telescopic. Singlesticks and their accoutrements are covered more thoroughly in Chapter 7: Sporting Goods.15 6. flip-up - 4.83 0.) Popular with target shooters. the small aperture significantly increases the depth-of-field. 1 dozen Trap. Clay. 1000 Water Funnel. Rifle Cleaning Whip. Telescopic. etc. The handles are frequently loaded with lead shot as well. - 0.303 Enfield rifle. When raised. each Sledge. making it easier to sight the weapon accurately. cheap Switchblade. an open notch ‘battle sight’ is visible.00 16/6 This sight is the familiar ‘ladder’ sight. revolving handle.25 1. by Voigtländer Sight. Rifle. - 2. This type was more common before 1880. - 2.85 30. Singlestick.30 4/10/0 6/5/0 This sight uses prisms and looks like a short periscope. Ash. Sight Black. making the target easier to see in bright or in dim conditions. Recoil-operated firearms sometimes require modification to the action spring in order to function properly. Darts for Walking stick blowgun. Throws round glass globes into the air for shotgun practice. quickly dissolving and washing away the corrosive fouling that can damage the bore. allowing the wielder to use it as a ‘blackjack’.61 1. Models were available for numerous pistol and rifle calibers between . and shotgun practice. usually sighted to 250 yards. w/ steel guard and knucklebow. Drover’s. barrel of 500 Trap. Rifle. polished cherry wood shaft. the second is black. plain silver collar. preventing glare or reflections from visibly distorting the shape. 12’ 1 lb Designed to fit the chamber of the . Staghorn handle. one tube. Sight. 4 ” blade Swordstick (Swordcane) Finest Toledo blade.75 3. leading the firer to aim too high.00 1.). box of 100 Walking Stick Blowgun Cane tube. 115 . 1” at 400 yards.65 2. One lens is smoked. The sight has an extended eye relief.” used for Skeet. Targets. the sight has graduations in 100-yard increments to 1000 or 2000 yards. 13 lbs 1 lb 0. Blacksmiths.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Shooting Glasses. and is adjustable for both elevation and windage.21 0. steel-framed Shooting Glasses – “Improved Goggle Shooting Orthoptic” Weight US Price 0. by Zeiss - 21.85 0. and also has a ‘quick thread’ movement option for rapid adjustment. this funnel allows hot water to be poured from breech to muzzle. permitting more accurate aiming (sunlight glinting off the top of a curved foresight makes it appear to be shorter that it actually is.00 “The Cleveland Blue Rock Clay Pigeon. The color is said to increase the contrast. The best results are obtained from manually-operated repeaters. Sight. 8’ Whip. metallic tube used to darken the sights of a gun. when folded down. useful on rifles with heavy recoil or for shooters who wear glasses.25 0.95 0. adjustable aperture. Micrometer. Used by target shooters.12 0/6 A flat black paint in a small. 2X. with a small.00 20/8 Not Available Before 1908.22 and . Maxim 5. 1 dozen Clay Balls. Bullwhip.50 End loaded with lead shot. The Empire Expert Trap Pigeons. Rifle.

(4) May attack at Medium range without penalty.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Melee Weapons Weapon Base Damage Length Attacks Hit Points Axe as Axe 1D8+2+db Medium 11 15 Axe Handle as Large Club 1D8+db Medium 4 1 15 Baseball Bat as Large Club 1D8+db Medium 1 20 Bayonet (hand) as Knife 1D6+db+impale Short 1 15 Bayonet (fixed) as Bayonet 1D8+1+db+impale Medium 1 15 Bicycle Chain Chain (20% base) 1D4+1+db+grapple Medium 1 10 Blackjack/Billy Blackjack ( 40% base) 1D4+db+stun Short 1 4 Box Hook Hook (25% base) 1D3+impale Short 1 12 Cane Knife (Machete) as Small Club or Sword 1D8+db Medium 1 12 Cane. 12 lb. as Large Club 1D8+2+db Long 11 25 2 Slungshot Chain (20% base) 1D4+1+db+stun Short 1 4 Splitting Maul as Large Club 1D8+2+db Long 11 25 Straight Razor as Knife 1D3 Short 1 9 Swordcane (blade) as Foil 1D6+db Medium 1 10 Whip. Sticking as Knife 1D6+db+impale Short 1 12 Lance. Folding as Knife 1D4+2+db+impale3 Short 1 12 6 Knife. (3) Use the stats for Hunting Knife if folded. Push Dagger as Fist 1D6+1+db+impale Short 1 10 Daystick as Small Club 1D6+db Short 1 15 Hatchet as Small Club 1D6+1+db+impale Short 1 12 Ice Pick as Knife 1D3+impale Short 1 5 Knife. Loaded as Small Club 1D6+2+db Short 1 18 Cleaver. (6) Knife has no guard. Butcher’s as Hatchet 1D6+db Short 1 12 Dagger as Knife 1D6+db+impale Short 1 10 Dagger. Butcher 6 as Knife 1D6+db+impale Short 1 12 Knife. Drover’s 5 Whip (05% base) 1D4 or Grapple Long (15’) 1 5 Notes: (1) This weapon is heavy and slow – all attacks are made at the end of the round. (2) If attacking with surprise. it jay be used as a Blackjack. cavalry as Lance 1D8+1+1D6+impale Long 1 15 Lance. use the Blackjack skill instead. Hunting as Knife 1D6+db+impale Short 1 12 Hunting Knife. hand-held as Spear 1D8+db+impale Long 1 15 Nightstick as Small Club 1D6+db Medium 1 15 Razor Blade 6 as Fist 1D3 Short 1 3 Saber. (5) It the handle is weighted with shot. the wielder’s hand may slip up onto the blade. On a fumble. Cavalry Sword (15% base) 1D8+1+db Medium 1 20 Singlestick as Small Club or Foil 1D6-1+db Medium 1 12 Sledge. cutting the fingers Weapon Air Rifle (pellets) Air Rifle (darts) Bow Blowgun (pellets) Blowgun (darts) Base as Rifle as Rilfe as Bow (10% base) as Blowgun as Blowgun Ranged Weapons Damage Range 1D3-2 1D2-1 1D8 +Impale 1D4-3 1D2-1 10 yds 10 yds 60 3 yds 3 yds Attacks 1/3 1/3 1 1/2 1/2 Rounds In Gun 1 1 1 1 1 Malfunction 97 97 - Hit Points 6 6 10 3 3 116 . Bullwhip 5 Whip (05% base) 1D3 or Grapple Long (10’) 1 4 Whip.

but do not readily fit into other categories. some useful household items. and two of her husband’s. The cards were kept on a silver platter or a bowl in the entrance hall. one for his wife. Upon arriving in London at the start of the ‘Season’. A woman would leave one card. and books and references.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Miscellaneous Items This chapter includes various items that investigators might find useful or entertaining. it was customary to go around to the houses of acquaintances. it was considered proper to return the favor by dropping by the caller’s house to leave a card of his or her own – or if favorable. (and those whom you would wish to number among your acquaintances). she would generally wait in the carriage while her footman actually went up to the house. were a vital tool in the London society scene. if married – one for the master of the house. usually with the cards of the most prominent callers arranged where they could be most readily seen. one might stop for a short visit. leaving your calling cards with the butler. printed from finely engraved copper plates. a far more devout age. Cribbage Board and Cards Bagatelle Calling Cards Calling cards. It includes games. he might leave one for each of them as well. 117 . Upon receiving a card. but if he were single and the household included eligible daughters. A gentleman would similarly leave two cards. The ‘Books’ section contains a large number of strictly religious texts such as prayer books and study bibles – this was. you must remember.

00 1.20 0. published every February. long and short rests. Smith’s Bible dictionary.38 0.75 6. or similar texts from different publishers.48 11.45 256. Updated annually. “…with fifty-eight beautifully-executed halftone photographs of the Professor and a skilled antagonist. with epistles and gospels.’ Octavo sized (~5” x 8”). and leather dice cups.00 1/11 £ 52/16/0 Billiard Table and Set 12 foot long mahogany table on 8 heavy.50 1. Red Letter Edition ‘Words of Jesus in red. Oxford Teacher’s Bible Imitation of Christ Keble’s Christian Year New Testament. marking board. illustrated with engravings by Doré.35 1.98 5. preventing such dreadful social faux pas as introducing Sir “X” G.18 5. while the inside of the case forms the backgammon board. resources.45 1. published twice a year in May and December.B. Comes with 12 cues.70 1. folding Weight US Price 1. instead of the other way around. new edition published every December. 1 set solid ivory balls. Includes wooden chess pieces and counters (for either checkers or backgammon).65 0/6 42/0 31/6 The Burke’s books.’s New Pictorial Atlas of the World Royal Blue Book: Court and Parliamentary Guide Includes names and addresses. updated annually.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Backgammon/Chess set. gold stamping.25 6/2 6/2 10/0 2/11 £6/1/8 6/0 5/9 2/9 0/9 20/8 5/0 2/11 41/2 20/0 £2/0s 6/9 3/0 4/9 15/6 25/6 21/6 3/3 4/1 1/6 5/5 2/0 46/5 A sort of “Burke’s Peerage” for the Anglican Church. chalk cups and chalk. populations.67 0. to Sir “Y” K. with their origins and their historical development.98 0. dice. Prayer Book (Catholic) Vest Pocket sized. red rubrics.20 0. were vitally necessary for anyone who wanted to move in ‘society’ circles. brush. photographed from life. General Subjects: Bradshaw’s Railway Guide (British.30 0. It listed every titled individual (or member of the landed gentry) and gave his or her precedence. turned mahogany legs. long butt.C M.G. 2-vol. with chapters on biblical history and the natural history of the Holy Land. McNally.70 9. set Bible. Anglican – The Altar Service Crimson morocco leather.15 8 lbs 3. Mesmerism. lined with lambskin. 12 volumes Advertised as costing over $50.00 UK Price 4/2 Parquet wood board folds in half to create a storage box.65 0. Octavo sized.50 1. Original cost of the British edition ranged from $85 to $250. Bagatelle Board Spring cue.42 0. Short Daily Prayers Buffalo Robe Heavy buffalo hide. Altar Manual. Til the Doctor Comes Manual of basic first aide and sickroom nursing. Popular as a blanket or lap throw when riding in carriages. Religious Subjects: Altar Manual. Universal Encyclopedia. flexible leather binding. Lists the areas. steel balls with cloth storage pouch. and Suggestive Therapeutics Practical Ventriloquism (paperback) Rand. which show exactly every movement described in the text…” A low-cost American reprint of the British encyclopedia. Welsh slate bed. Webster’s Unabridged English Dictionary Books and References.18 5. published annually) Burke’s Landed Gentry of Great Britain Burke’s Peerage 0. superfine west English cloth. The Anglican Book of Common Prayer. Cassell’s French-English/English-French Dictionary Cassell’s German-English/English-German Dictionary Clergy List Donovan’s Science of Boxing The Encyclopedia Britannica (American Reprint) The Encyclopedia of Etiquette Gunsmithing Manual Hypnotism. includes concordance. government. & Co.20 7. half butt.12 10.00 9. with an inner rubber lining. 0. 30 quarto volumes total. 2 vols. Prayer Book (Catholic).00 if purchased separately. and Hymns Ancient and Modern. with 5 additional volumes of the “American Supplement”. 118 . Family Bible Bible. Anglican – Before the Throne The Apocrypha Book of Common Prayer and Hymnal. Two volumes attractively bound in a leather slipcase.73 1. The chessboard is on the outside. frost-proof bumpers. Self-pronouncing. The extravagant camper might find this a very comfortable ground sheet for their bedroll. Books and References. brass pins.70 29. iron and shoe. Includes ethnographic data for each of the world’s peoples.79 0. 1662 revision. and climate of each country of the world. French calfskin binding. 1.C.50 2.

though rarely successful. and formally recommended the Seibe rig.12 0. In 1840.30 0. With higher airflow. silver plate. Diving Helmet. Preventative measures like slow ascents and an emergency recompression chamber (first used in 1879 during construction of the New York subway under the Hudson River) helped. “The Bends” remained a common occupational hazard throughout the Gaslight era. per yard Air Compressor Diving Dress Rubber-lined. Board sold separately. 3-light Siebe pattern Mittens. “Black Diamond” celluloid. one dozen Dice. per dozen Dice Cup.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Checkers (Draughts) Chess or Checker Board Board is of printed pressboard. Augustus Siebe invented his “Improved Diving Dress”. flagon. 8” tall Dice. It was noted that divers were susceptible to attacks of “rheumatism”. leather.18 1. dives down to 200 feet were possible. gray vulcanized collar and cuffs. believed to be caused by the cold. the British Royal Engineers tested several existing diving rigs during the salvage of the HMS Royal George. Red/Black and White/Black sets are available. A diver in the Siebe dress could stay underwater as long as there was light and people to operate the pumps on the surface – 6 or 7 hour shifts were not uncommon.00 16.20 0. in a cardboard box. It has remained in use (with various improvements and modifications) for over 150 years.50 1. due to “the rapture of the deep” (nitrogen narcosis) below about 100 feet.00 60. Crucifix Candlestick.80 0. causing the divers to pass out. ”. it wasn’t until 1905 that research determined that the culprit was carbon dioxide buildup from insufficient airflow to the helmets. 5/8”. Cribbage Board Wooden board with compartment for storing the pegs and two decks of cards. waterproof white canvas.50 0. Red/Black and White/Black sets are available. in a dovetailed polished hardwood box.80 240.00 12. and folds in half for storage. Weighted. paten. which combined the now-familiar copper helmet with a waterproof suit that prevented the helmet from losing air if the diver fell or leaned over. per pair Shoes. 9/16”. with fittings.00 14. The true reason – dissolved nitrogen bubbling out of the bloodstream – was not discovered until 1878. Weight US Price 0.00 175.18 0. each Diving Equipment: Air Hose. but accurate dive tables were not developed until after WWI. with rings and clamps. Opal Glass. 119 . bone. Chessmen Church Service or Communion Set Includes chalice. interlocking pieces. and baptismal bowl. The practical limit for depth was around 120 feet.00 UK Price 0/6 2/1 4/2 31/7 3/4 0/9 0/10 1/3 0/9 7/5 £50/0s £12/7/5 £36/1/8 37/9 66/0 Polished wood. gold-lined. Board sold separately. Polished wood. per pair Diving Equipment In 1829.

can be pulled down for display. large-scale. thick paper. Asia. and Embossing: Die Sinking (for embossing dies) – Heraldic Crest. Copperplate. & Co.65 Fox-sized animal.00 Ouija Board (“Egyptian Luck Board”) 1.’s School Maps Contains all 7 of the above maps. on heavy paper. colored with oils.00 – 52. The planchette is placed on a piece of blank paper (a desk blotter is excellent for this) to record automatic writing. Playing Cards. 66” x 46” on rollers. Europe. containing Rand. horseshoe magnet. From Rand. USA/Canada/Mexico. one deck Poker Chips.25+ 1. McNally.33 Tiger Skin.00 0. and the world in Mercator projection. head mounted on plaque 3.82 Fox-sized animal. colored with oils.50 £6 . best English make.25 41/3 0/6 41/2 . Headstone. and several valuable tables. & Co.98 . Indian.32 1. United States. Magnet. McNally. ordinary size. Monogram.12. North America.£10/16s 45/0 7/6 £3/17s 12/0 22/0 58/0 4/2 0/8 . plus several Canadian provinces. celluloid. Manual also includes 46 problems on the use of the globe.50s 0/4 3/11 Mounting and Taxidermy: Bird.75 2. 29. flat 5. Africa. head raised w/ teeth and glass eyes 14.50 0. McNally.80 0. ordinary size. Marble Size ranges from 14” x 21” to 28” x 21”.’s “Globe” series maps.98 2.50 3.55 1.00 Picture Puzzles 0. Weight US Price 0. thin paper. Asia.65 4. 120 . lined and edged as rug. 100 Lever Embossing Press Uses monogram/heraldic dies (see above) for making raised designs on paper. the more expensive are backed with wood. McNally.0. ivory.50 0. for letterhead.35 0. celestial charts. can be pulled down for display. the plane of the ecliptic.25 2. Cloth-backed. Available maps include all current states.45 28. fully indexed.10 0.30 0. charts of temperatures.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Dominoes. Rand. cloth-backed. South America.75 UK Price 3/1 10/6 4/9 4/0+ 1/0+ 4/6 1/3 1/4 6/0 36/1 Engraving. New Mexico. color. logos.75 Cheaper versions are on pasteboard. the four territories (Arizona. per year Scoring Pad. with cardboard box Safety-Deposit Box Rental. for small business card.00 0. Printing. Copperplate. with rules and illustrative examples. mounted in glass case 10. & Co. 3 initials Engraving. set of 100 Poker Dice. Globe. containing Rand. & Co.97+ 0. Carved and inlaid wood Lodestone. and Africa. and other celestial phenomena.61/10 10/4 2/1 2/1 14/0 £6/17s 10/1 £5/18/9 1/0 A globe illustrating the locations of stars and constellations.00 . for Gentleman’s calling card. McNally. Double-Nine Engraving.09 0. Terrestrial Included is a manual explaining geographical and astronomical terms. 12 inch. Western Hemisphere. ocean currents and several valuable tables. Copperplate. 1 pound Naturally magnetic iron ore. mounted in glass case 1. name only Engraving. mounted.3/1 0/4 1/6 2/8 16/6 .’s. “Bond’s Cement”. on rollers Map Case. 41” x 58” on rollers. Diamond.08 0.91 Bird Small. 6” long Maps and Charts: School Maps. lined and edged as rug.15 Leopard Skin. Diamond. and Utah). on rollers Map Case. 12 inch. Included is a manual describing astronomical terms. 1 bottle For mending glass. set of 5.’s “Globe” Maps Contains all 8 of the above maps.15 . North America. etc. Eastern Hemisphere. Globe.45 8. 60 tear-off sheets “The Scientific Planchette Board” 0. 2 lines Higher charges for elaborate/Old English script. mounted. with a slot for a pencil rather than a pointer. Europe. Indexed Pocket Maps. Large (pheasant-sized). 10.15 0. w/ motto and ribbon Die Sinking. Rand. Bridge.14. 3 lines Printing of cards. & Co.12 9. Marble Koran Stand. china. 100 Printing of cards. South America.40 33. mounted in glass case 18. etc. Celestial Glue. each Monument.95 A sort of Ouija planchette on wheels.

Ivory marker tongues.240 97 .00 21. It is glued to the scalp with Toupee Paste. and nursing duties as required. Cook (male) Cook (female) Footman Must be supplied with the household livery. Minstrel Short. and rulebook in fitted leather case.40 £14 . prepared the clothing.25 0. Housekeeper Oversaw the household and was in charge of the female servants.00 120 . Men’s.50.00 0. from pencil thin to handlebar.75 1. Makeup Kit. A woman’s body-servant. Ladies’.00 0. 121 . Wig. Wig.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Item and Description Servants and Domestics (wages per year): Butler In charge of running the household. blonde.50 .50 £41/5 7/3 5/0 8/3 Coachman Maintained and drove the coaches. Whist Markers One set ebonized. or gray hair costs $8. Full gray cost $27. helped with dressing and changing clothes.50 10.75 3/1 0/5 22/8 41/3 0/10 41/3 74/5 33/0 86/7 3/1 Spirit Gum. Full gray cost $15. Toupee Paste.50. Men’s.40 £20 .00 0. Cheaper versions on wire suitable for comedies or vaudeville are available at half the price. 2 oz. Short. and managing the male servants. 0. Weight US Price 120 . it must be glued on with spirit gum and can look quite realistic.145 97 .45 £15 . A toupee is a small wig/hairpiece meant to cover a man’s bald spot.220 73 . Cotton weft foundation. Wig.00 UK Price £25 . Cheap Cotton weft foundation. saw to all the mistress’ personal needs. blonde.00 8.240 200. Wig. its accounts. eyebrow pencils. Red. False Again.195 68 . a quality piece made on ventilated lace that must be attached with spirit gum. or gray hair costs $31. bottle Toupee.00. Quality Silk foundation. marker set.00.30 £9 . nose putty. 0.50 £20 . or gray hair costs $12. Many styles and colors are available.75 0. Wigs and Theatrical Makeup: Beard.30 £20 .25. but may be donned quickly. Quality Silk foundation.68. 4 oz bottle Used for “Blackface” makeup – a popular vaudeville/minstrel act. per stick Wig. Saw to the master’s every personal need. Ladies’. Cheap Toupee. A man’s body-servant. spirit gum. Curled hairstyle Red. False On ventilated lace. rouge (8 shades).10 5.00 18. 24” Red. Price listed is for ordinary shades. The stick is heated (for example over a lamp) and the softened paste is rubbed over the scalp to glue the hairpiece to the head. Men’s. Red. Many styles are available.00. False This is a full beard. blonde. ran errands as required. cleaning. or gray hair costs $15. washing.20 10. Red. blonde or half gray cost $22. These simply hook over the ears and are not especially realistic. curly black hair used for “Blackface” makeup. False Leather case with greasepaint set (8 colors).50. Red. with mustache. and brushes. university. “The Windsor” Two decks cards. Must be supplied with the household livery. this is a quality piece made on ventilated lace and must be glued on.00. Men’s. “Mutton chop” Sideburns.35 £20 . Lady’s Maid Maid-of-all-Work Valet Tuition. Usually hired by a family that can afford only one servant. The paste has been known to leak or slip on hot days.170 97 . per year Whist Set. Cheaper versions on wire that clip to the septum of the nose are available as half the cost.145 43. and is a high-quality hairpiece knotted into ventilated lace.00 1. She was responsible for all cooking.170 97 . blonde.10 5. gauze net seams. Theatrical Mustache. Burnt Cork.20 1/0 0/5 20/7 0/10 Goatee. The female equivalent of the Valet. blonde or half gray cost $12.21 2. assisted with dressing. the second is natural-toned olive wood. As with the beard.14 £25 .

. Inc. Catalogue 1902. Baedeker’s Guide to the United States with an Excursion into Mexico.. The Standard Catalog of World Coins. Straus and Giroux. 1909. Baedeker’s Russia. Sweden (international copyright). Piero. Karl Baedeker... Sears. Catalogue. Lord Montagu of. March. 1900. The Epic of Flight: The Aeronauts. Manual of Wireless Telegraphy (Manhattan Electrical Supply Company Catalog). Publishers. 1900. Frank C.. Time-Life Books. Keith.. Visalia Stock Saddle Co... W. DPI Books. 1987 Hogg. Lanterns that Lit Our World. Krause Publications. Project Physics. Praeger. 1993 122 . Inc. 2000 Beaulieu. Roebuck & Co. reprinted by Allen and Unwin. Krause Publications. the Magic and Manners of Early Motoring. 1902. facsimile reprint by The Gemmary. (ed>). Ian.. Krause Publications. Fall.. Karl. PRC Publications. Crown Publishing. Weapons of the American Civil War.The Gaslight Equipment Catalogue Bibliography Anon. and AB Nordbok. 1897 Sears. Dover Publications.. Krause Publications. 1993 Jackson. Carriage. 2002 Anon. 1987 Anon. Farm. Behind the Wheel. 2000 Hogg. Krause Publications. 1999 Dickens.. 1805-1942. a Handbook for Travellers. Catalog #143. 2002 Hogg. Ronald S. 1955 Furnas. David D. Saddle and Western Gear Catalog. 1966 Hatfield. Donald Dale. Ian V.. 1879 Foster-Harris. Inc.. Clifford. Ian and Weeks. Catalog. The Very Best English Goods. Turn-of-the-Century Farm Tools and Implements. and Restore Old Railroad. Cartridges of the World. 1902. 1905. 9th ed. Dover Publications. and Other Lanterns. 2002 Krause.. from Daguerreotypes to Instant Pictures. The Standard Catalog of World Gold Coins. 1969 Anon. Rand McNally & Company. Ventura Books. Northrop University Press. LTD.). and Mishler. 1970 Anon. Baedeker’s Guide to London and its Environs. Catalog. Clifford. Krause Publications. John J. Chester L. 1996 Krause. Karl. DBI. Baedeker’s Egypt. 1975 Herber. M.L. Bannerman Catalogue of Military Goods-1927. Griffin & Sons.. Krause Publications. (reprint) Adburgham. reprinted by Da Kapo Press. Consumers Guide. 1971 Baedeker. Harper Collins. Montgomery Wards Catalogue of 1895. Karl. Roebuck & Co.. Karl Baedeker. 4th ed. Golden Hill Press. Karl Baedeker. The Value of a Dollar. London. Catalog. Farrar. Cameras. The 1920s Investigator’s Companion. 1992 Barnes. Dickens’s Dictionary of London. Dover Books. Turner Kirkland. Frank C. Baedeker’s Guide to Italy. 1978 Derks.. Isabella. 1980 Anon.. Chester L. Seattle. 3. Sunde & d’Evers Co. 1891. Rare Selections from Old Gun Catalogs. Victorian Houseware. Roebuck & Co. Consumers Guide. 1931 Anon.. 1897. Inc.. 1977 Beeton. Roebuck & Co. ed. Princeton Imaging.. 1980 Barnes.C. The Engineers. 1912 Anon. Henry. 1927 Anon. Chelsea House Publications. 7th ed. 1905 Baedeker. John S. A Pictorial Archive with Over 2000 Illustrations. Baedeker’s Guide to Paris and its Environs. and Kitchenware. Winchester Repeating Arms Co. Marine. 1938. Peter Henderson & Co. 1980 Kimes. Baedeker’s Guide to London and its Environs. 1999 Anon. 1911-1941. Karl Baedeker. Machineguns. 1893. and Mishler. 1900 Baedeker... Gerald. 1977 Anon. Charles. Greg House Publishing. ca. The Standard Catalog of American Cars. 1860-1999. 2000 Holton. Karl. 1978 Coe.. Griffin’s Scientific Handicraft. C.. Karl. Sears.. Jane’s Gun Recognition Guide. Karl.. 2002 Anon. Hardware. Aeroplane Scrap Book No. 1902 Baedeker. 1979 Anon. Photographic Materials. Cartridges of the World. Sears. 2001 Hobson. Military Smallarms of the 20th Century. 1902 Baedeker. 1969 Baedeker. and Warner. 1997 Anon. Classic Cars. Karl. Beeton’s Book of Household Management. Date.. Beverly Rae and Austin. 1975 Israel. Prices and Incomes in the United States. Dixie Gun Works. Brian. LTD.). DBI... An Unconventional Handbook. Ken (ed. Scott. 1900 Baedeker. (ed. (ed. Inc. Jr.. Inc. Viking Press. Fire. Life Science Library. How to Identify. Holt Rinehart Winston. 1977 Casucci. Fall. Ian V. 1900. Facsimile of the first 1861 edition. Fred L. 1971 Barlow. Anthony. Chaosium. Alison. 1996 Hogg. Karl Baedeker.). The Look of the Old West. George Murphy. Catalog 127. Paddington Press. Dover Publications. and McPherson. 1914.

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