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Circulatory System

Coronary arteries: It Arises near the origin of the aorta, just cranial to the aortic valves. The left coronary artery passes dorsal to the pulmonary artery and divides into two branches, one to the dorsal and one to the left and ventral sides of the heart. Postcava: The postcava returns venous blood from the hindlimbs and the abdomen to the right atrium. Passes through the liver, within which it receives the hepatic veins, and pierces the diaphragm near the central tendon. Percardium: The precardium is a membranous sac that the heart is enclosed in. Consists of two parts: the parietal preicardium is closely adherent to the heart wall, the parietal pericardium is continous with the visceral pericardium is continuous with the visceral pericardium around the roots of the great vessels and forms a sac which encloses the heart. Auricles: it is a small conical pouch that projects from each atrium of the heart. Right Auricle: The Right Auricle margins present a dentated edge. It projects from the upper and front part of the sinus forward and toward the left side, overlapping the root of the aorta. Left Auricle: It is somewhat constricted at its junction with the principal cavity; it is longer, narrower, and more curved than the right atrial appendage.
atria- Left appendage- is a muscluar pouch connected to the left atrium of the heart. It functions as a reservoir for the left atrium. Right appendage- is a small concial
muscular pouch attached to the right atrium. It also has the same function as the left appendage.

Ventricles- a ventricle is a heart chamber which collects blood from an atrium (another heart chamber that is smaller then a ventricle) and pumps it out of the
heart. In a four- chambered heart, such as that in humans, there are two ventricles: the right- pumps blood into the pulmonary circulation for the lungs and the left pumps blood into the systemic circulation through the aorta for the rest of the body.

Ventricles have thinner walls then the atrium, and thus can withstand higher blood pressure.

Coronary Arteries- arise near the origin of the aorta, just cranial to the aortic vavles. The left coronary artery
passes dorsal to the pulmonary artery and divides into two branches. One to the dorsal and one to the left and ventral sides of the heart.

Precava- recieves blood from the head and arms and chest, empties into the right atrium of the heart, formed from
the azygos and both brachiocephalic veins.
Postcava- Returns venous blood from the hindlimbs and abdomen to the right atrium. Passes through the liver, within which it recieves the hepatic veins,
and pierces the diaphram near the central tendon.

Pulmonary Trunk- a vessel that arises from the right ventricle of the heart, extends upward, and divides into the right and left pulmonary arteries
that convey unaerated blood to the lungs. When the right ventricle contracts, the blood inside it is put under pressure and the tricuspid valve between the

right atrium and ventricle closes. The only exit for blood from the right ventricle is then through the pulmonary trunk. The pulmonary trunk is to the right ventricle what the aorta is to the left ventricle, the outlet vessel.

Pulmonary arteries- carry blood from heart to the lungs. They are the only arteries that carry deoxygenated blood and begins at the base of the right
ventricle

Pulmonary Veins- carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart. They are the only veins in the post-fetal human body that carry red blood. There are four types: Right inferior, Right superior, Left superior, right inferior. You can found them connected to the lungs, two on each side. ascending aorta- is the first section of the aorta, the largest artery in the body. It starts from the left ventricle of the

heart and extends to the arch of the aorta. The right and left coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muslce arise form the ascending aorta. It carries most blood to the blood.
Descending aorta- is part of the aorta, the largest artery in the body, that runs down through the chest and abdomen.

It starts after the arch of the aorta and ends up splitting into two great arteries that go to the legs.
aorta trunk- is the tube that is on top of the aorta.

Humans and Cats Circulatory System is the same except that cats have don't have all the veins like we do in the pulmonary and coronary artery Six branches off the arotic arch as the blood begins to circulate, it leaves the heart from the left ventricle and goes to the aorta. The Aorta is the largest artery in the body, the blood that leaves the aorta is filled with oxygen. This is important for the cells in the brain and body to do their work. The oxygen rich blood travels throughout the body in its system of arteries into the smaller arterioles. On its trip back to the heart, the blood travels through the system of veins. As it reaches the lungs, the carbon dioxide is removed from the blood and replaced with clean oxygen we inhaled through the lungs.