ADULT DEVELOPMENT AND AGING ASK: When would you consider someone as adult?

Who among you consider yourselves as adult? PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT Early Adulthood (20~30) healthiest point but skills starts to decline *bad habits can impair health as we age. Middle Adulthood (40~50) Most visible physical changes in appearance Have health concerns Increase 20% in weight *How would you handle changes in physical appearance? *Who among you uses Olay or other anti-aging products? *Would you opt to go under plastic surgery? (women) *How would you feel about it? (men) Menopause – decline in the production of Estrogens. Symptoms are: hot flashes, depression, irritability *Do men go through menopause? Well, sex-related hormone declines at 50~ Hormone Replacement Therapy Late Adulthood (60~) Life span - average maximum number of year people live Life expectancy – number of years that will probably be lived by an average person Improvements in medicine, nutrition, exercise, and lifestyle have increased our life expectancy, 30 additional years since 1900. * Sino may grandparents? *Ilang taon? *Active ba sila? *Anong klaseng lifestyle meron sila? [Typography] Life summary

(people have the longest life spans)

Biological Theories of Aging 1. Cellular Clock (Leonard Hayvick), cell can divide maximum about 100 times but as we age, we become less capable of dividing. Telomeres.Each time the cell divides, the telomeres that protect the ends of the chromosomes become shorter and shorter. SHOW VIDEO: Explanation: It protects the DNA. How fast or how slow you age. The more enzymes you have on your dna, the slower you age. The lesser enzyme you have, the faster you age. Each time the cell divides, the telomeres that protect the ends of the chromosomes become shorter and shorter. 2. Free-radical theory Inside the cells, unstable oxygen molecules “free radicals” are produced, and they bounce around the cells, damaging DNA and other cellular structures. Damage done may lead to cancer or arthritis.

Late Adulthood (60~) Pablo Casals -95. Deficiency in acetylcholine (important role in memory). number. hailed greatest cellist… John Rock – 70. introduced birth pills. of gradually becoming less competent intellectually? Socioemotional Development in Adulthood Erickson’s Adult Stages http://www. (The Brain and Alzheimer’s disease) Aging body = Aging brain Adults can grow new brain cells throughout their lives – mabagal lang yung pag-konek.Physical Changes and Health Aging in the late adulthood involves: changes in physical appearance (wrinkles and aging spots).the brain deteriorates and shrinks. *The Notebook Cognitive Development in Adulthood Early Adulthood (20~30) formal operational thought is in its highest level of thinking. perceptual speed. chronic diseases ( hypertension) Sounds dismal – but there are a few good stories about fighting aging. they found out that out of the six intellectual abilities (which includes reason. : crystallized intelligence in middle age. Takes longer to retrieve information. Older adults do more poorly than their younger counterparts Decline of processing speed is apparent in middle aged adults and becomes more pronounced In older adults.D is smarter than a young adolescent who has reached the stage of formal operational thought? : fluid intelligence peaks in early adulthood and Middle Adulthood (40~50) (UP) Crystallized intelligence – accumulated information and verbal skills (DOWN) Fluid intelligence – once ability to reason abstractly In one study. over 60 – weight loss.stimulating mental activities increase dendritic branching. Everything declines. Intellectual functioning is provocative. except for wisdom (expert knowledge about the practical aspects in life) Do we all face the prospect. space. Alzheimer’s disease . tissue loss in skeleton which could lead to osteoporosis.jpg . Neurons actually shift responsibility to help pick up a slack. and verbal memory) – only two declined in middle age – number and ps. hindi ba? Brain has remarkable repair capability.franciscopais. Tho. *Who you think a Ph. Main drug to fight alzheimers is Aricept (blocks chemicals that cut acetylcholine apart)Does not prevent the brain from deterioriating. then. vocabulary.

sabi niya kontrata o papel lang naman daw iyon. Commitment. Quest for personal fulfilment may destabilize a marriage. like me. 1990s. 1st day of class – we were told what we wanted to be. and the work shapes many aspects of their lives. You have to take subjects only beneficial to the track you are in. I know someone. and etc.finding your career path requires exploring other fields.33) JOBFAIR! WORK – defines individuals in fundamental ways. In my opinion. It is an important influence on their financial standing . In the broadcast communication department. ASK: How about in your homes? Who among you has parents who are both working? Lifestyles. People identify with their work.Careers and work Some people know already what they want to be when they’re still young – some. kapag di ka pa kasal ng 25 – magiging curse yan! High divorce rate resulted from overly idealistic expectations for our marriage partner – na forever silang maging lover. counsellor. It is quite funny when we see his photos during the conference with old people – 40s. men are increasing their responsibility for maintaining the home. an 18 year old guy who wanted to attend 10 press conferences or so in one year. I guess. friend. but then again. career person. MIDLIFE – time which many people examine what they have accomplished in their careers and become concerned about the limited amount of time remaining to accomplish what they want. I think what he was doing was too much. 50s… We know for sure he was trying to build his resume. and Marriage ASK: Who among you wants to get married? At what age? How many children would you want to have? At what age? To those who do not want. This refer to a certain field in the broadcast industry were you will focused all throughout your college life. *What movie was it. friendships. Men are showing greater interest in family and parenting. Women are increasing their responsibility for breadwinning. leisure activities. are still exploring. Joke: Work and relationships . Just sharing. some of you might have changed your decisions already? Choosing an occupation involves exploring a number of options during college and even beyond. Adults were remaining single longer.) Share recent study: because of spending too much time with work. confidant. this is helpful and not helpful at the same time ---. home location. why? Are you afraid of commitments? I have a friend who doesn’t believe in marriage. Establishing oneself in a job to a career are central concerns of those in their 20s or 30s. Desired skills of an ideal job candidate (insert figure 4. Men and women are from different planets (John Gray) May contribute to marital problems but not cause them! What makes a marriage work? Four principles at work in successful marriages: Nurturing fondness and admiration Turning toward each other as friends Giving up some power Solving conflicts together . during my freshman year –we didn’t have “tracks”. and health.

old Being destructive v. being constructive Being masculine v." Phase 3 is a period of rebuilding a new life. New research by British psychologists shows educated twenty and thirtysomethings most likely to be hit by pre-midlife blues: http://www. being feminine Being attached to others v. may midlife crisis na naman! WHY THE MIDLIFE CRISIS vs. live-in. .*To singles: Timeline-ish Swinging single – Desperately lonely. "You can leave but you feel you can't. In Filipino terms.  Which phase do you think you are now? Don’t you think this is too much. defined by feeling "locked in" to a job or relationship. after nito. more tenuous status as adults – begin to define the kind of lives they will lead in the middle Four phases of a quarterlife crisis Phase 1. people reach a stable point in their careers. "This mental and physical separation from previous commitments leads to all sorts of emotional MIDLIFE CONSCIOUSNESS Being young v. aspirations and values. outgrow their earlier . What are your opinion about this? MIDLIFE CRISIS By age or both. halfway step between single and being married." Phase 2 is typified by a growing sense that change is possible. "It's an illusory sense of being trapped. preferences and sense of self. but the majority reflected on a difficult time which was a catalyst for important positive change. A minority of participants described getting caught in a loop. Single vs. being separated from them Individuals vary with how they cope. 40~65 years old worry less than people under 40. Transition period is a time of crisis that lasts about 5 years. Phase 4 is the cementing of fresh commitments that reflect the young person's new interests. Getting Married debate Looking at the pros and cons More time to make decisions about one’s life Time to develop personal resources to meet goals Freedom to make one’s own decisions And pursue one’s own schedule and interests Opportunities to explore new places and try out new things. and privacy Cohabitation : living together in a sexual relationship without being married. It allows exploration of new possibilities with a closer link to interests." said Robinson. "Up until then you may be driving fast down a road you don't want to be going down. suicidal single (Forever alone) Most of them though are in the two extremes.

did . when individuals at age 50 years of age were not heavy smokers.Meaning in Life and Life Themes Confronted with death events. etc. Remember: according to research. don’t complain when your parents have more friends than you on facebook. Involves people’s effort to cultivate meaningful. So. Socio-emotional aspects of aging The more older people are involved. optimal experiences through charities. the happier they are compared to those who just stay at home doing nothing. Positive Psychology and Aging The earlier stereotypes of aging are being overturned as researchers discover that being a middle aged or older adult has many positive aspects.