abate : Verb. subside or moderate. Rather than leaving immediately, they waited for the storm to abate.

aberrant: Verb. abnormal or deviant. Given the aberrant nature of the data, we came to doubt the validity of the entire experiment.

abeyance: Noun. suspended action The deal was held in abeyance until her arrival.

abscond: Verb. depart secretly and hide. The teller who absconded with the bonds went uncaptured until someone recognized him from his photograph on America's Most Wanted.

abstemious: Adjective. sparing in eating and drinking; temperate. Concerned whether her vegetarian son's abstemious diet provided him with sufficient protein, the worried mother pressed food on him.

admonish: Verb. warn; reprove. When her courtiers questioned her religious beliefs, Mary Stuart admonished them, declaring that she would worship as she pleased.

adulterate: Verb. . make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances. they protested vigorously. when consumers learned that Beechnut had adulterated its apple juice by mixing the juice with water. It is a crime to adulterate foods without informing the buyer.

aesthetic: Adjective. artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful. The beauty of Tiffany's stained glass appealed to Alice's aesthetic sense.

aggregate: Verb. gather; accumulate. Before the Wall Street scandals, dealers in so-called junk bonds managed to aggregate great wealth in short periods of time.

alacrity: Noun. cheerful promptness; eagerness. Phil and Dave were raring to get off to the mountains; they packed up their ski gear and climbed into the van with alacrity.

alleviate: Verb. Relieve. This should alleviate the pain; if it does not we shall have to use stronger drugs.

amalgamate: Verb. combine; unite in one body. The unions will attempt to amalgamate their groups into one national body.

ambiguous: Adjective. unclear or doubtful in meaning. His ambiguous instructions misled us; we did not know which road to take.

. the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes. Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them in the next. she was confused by the ambivalence of her feelings.ambivalence: Noun.

.ameliorate : Verb. Many social workers have attempted to ameliorate the conditions of people living in the slums. improve.

Shakespeare's reference to clocks in Julius Caesar is an anachronism. something or someone misplaced in time. . no clocks existed in Caesar's time.anachronism: Noun.

She called our attention to the things that had been done in an analogous situation and recommended that we do the same.analogous: Adjective. . comparable.

absence of governing body. The assassination of the leaders led to a period of anarchy . state of disorder.anarchy : Noun.

irregular.anomalous: Adjective. . She was placed in the anomalous position of seeming to approve procedures that she despised. abnormal.

aversion. Tom's extreme antipathy for disputes keeps him from getting into arguments with his temperamental wife. .antipathy: Noun. dislike.

indifference. A firm believer in democratic government. lack of caring. .apathy: Noun. she could not understand the apathy of people who never bothered to vote.

relieve. However. he would not calm down until they appeased his hunger by giving him a bottle.appease: Verb. . Tom and Jody tried to appease the crying baby by offering him one toy after another. pacify or soothe.

apprise: Verb. inform. When NASA was apprised of the dangerous weather conditions. . the head of the space agency decided to postpone the shuttle launch.

approval. she looked for some sign of their approbation.approbation: Noun. . Wanting her parents’ regard.

appropriate: Verb. The ranch owners appropriated the lands that had originally been set aside for the Indians' use. acquire. . take possession of for one's own use.

strenuous. . hard. Her arduous efforts had sapped her energy.arduous: Adjective.

open and honest. Red Riding Hood's artless comment.artless: Adjective. without guile. "Grandma. what big eyes you have!" indicates the child's innocent surprise at her "grandmother's" changed appearance .

self-indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict ascetic life led by members of some monastic orders . austere. practicing self-denial. The wealthy.ascetic: Adjective.

.assiduous: Adjective. It took Rembrandt weeks of assiduous labor before he was satisfied with his portrait of his son. diligent.

ease or lessen (pain). Dick tried to assuage his heartache by indulging in ice cream. satisfy (hunger).assuage: Verb. he had assuaged his appetite but not his grief. Jilted by Jane. soothe (anger). . One gallon later.

force. When a meteor strikes the ground. make thinner. the initially intense shock attenuates or lessens as it diverges outward. degree). weaken or lessen (in density. .attenuate: Verb.

bold. daring. Audiences cheered as Luke Skywalker and Princess Leia made their audacious. death-defying leap to freedom and escaped Darth Vader's troops .audacious: Adjective.

severely simple and ornamented. austere and bare. with no touches of luxury to moderate its austerity . forbiddingly stern. like a monk's cell.austere: Adjective. The room reflected the man.

for it runs several programs that are not subject to outside control. . self-governing.autonomous: Adjective. in many ways Cal Berkeley is autonomous. Although the University of California at Berkley is just one part of the state university system.

because he had extrasensory perception on which to base his predictions. The self-proclaimed psychic averred that. state formally as a fact. assert confidently or declare. he needed no seismographs or other gadgets in order to foretell earthquakes . as used in law.aver: Verb.

trite. commonplace. He even resorted to the banality of having someone slip on a banana peel! .banal: Adjective. The hack writer's worn-out cliches made his comic sketch seem banal. lacking originality. hackneyed.

give false impression. contradict. His coarse. hard-bitten exterior belied his innate sensitivity.belie: Verb. .

kindly. .beneficent: Adjective. doing good. The overgenerous philanthropist had to curb his beneficent impulses before he gave away all his money and left himself with nothing.

. reinforce. The debaters amassed file boxes full of evidence to bolster their arguments.bolster: Verb. support.

using inflated language. Puffed up with conceit the orator spoke in such a bombastic manner that we longed to deflate him. Pompous.bombastic: Adjective. .

boorish: Adjective. she ignored his boorish behavior. Though Mr. for she had lost hope of teaching him courtesy . rude. Potts constantly interrupted his wife. insensitive.

growth forth. .burgeon: Verb. In the spring. the plants that burgeon are a promise of the beauty that is to come. send out buds.

burnish: Verb. make shiny by rubbing. polish. . The maid burnished the brass fixtures until they reflected the lamplight.

support. prop up.buttress : Verb. . debaters buttress their arguments with facts. Just as architects buttress the walls of cathedrals with flying buttresses.

.cacophonous: Adjective. inharmonious. Do the students in the orchestra enjoy the cacophonous sounds they make when they're tuning up? I don't know how they can stand the racket. discordant.

Jill was capricious too. fickle. it changed course constantly . The storm was capricious. . unpredictable.capricious: Adjective. she changed boyfriends almost as often as she changed clothes.

severe criticism.castigation: Noun. Woolf could not bear the castigation that she found in certain reviews. Sensitive even to mild criticism. . punishment.

catalyst: Noun. . certain enzymes within the cells continue to act as a catalyst for the biochemical processes of ripening. agent that influences the pace of a chemical reaction while it remains unaffected and unchanged. After a banana is harvested. thereby causing he banana eventually to rot. person or thing that causes action.

sarcastically biting. . burning. The critic's caustic remarks angered the hapless actors who were subjects of his sarcasm.caustic: Adjective.

Those sneaky lawyers misrepresented what occurred. and in general depended on chicanery to win the case.chicanery: Noun. . deception. made up all sorts of implausible alternative scenarios to confuse the jurors. trickery.

thicken.coagulate: Verb. it will continue to coagulate as it stands . clot. congeal. Even after you remove the pudding from the burner.

something that rounds out. or concludes. summarizes. .coda: Noun. concluding section of a musical or literary composition. The piece concluded with a distinctive coda that strikingly brought together various motifs.

It was inevitable that David chose to go to Harvard: he had several cogent reasons for doing so. convincing. including a full-tuition scholarship. .cogent: Adjective.

By the close of World War II much progress had been made in assigning nurses rank and responsibilities commensurate with their training and abilities. corresponding in extent. etc..commensurate: Adjective. .. degree. proportionate. amount.

This text can serve as a compendium of the tremendous amount of new material being developed in this field. comprehensive summary. brief. .compendium: Noun.

trying to please. .complaisant: Adjective. the complaisant Parliament recognized Henry VII as king of Ireland. obliging. overly polite. Fearing that the king might become enraged if his will were thwarted.

his mother worried that he might be too compliant. .compliant: Adjective. Because Joel usually gave in and went along with whatever his friends desired. yielding. conforming to requirements.

. soothing. She was still angry despite his conciliatory words.conciliatory: Adjective. reconciling.

Unlike Widow Douglass. forgive. overlook. . give tacit approval.condone: Verb. Miss Watson did nothing but scold. excuse. who condoned Huck's minor offenses.

puzzle. .confound: Verb. No mystery could confound Sherlock Holmes for long. confuse.

. . Bernard Berenson. was hired by wealthy art lovers to select paintings for their collections. a lover of an art. person competent to act as a judge of art.connoisseur: Noun. etc. the American art critic and connoisseur of Italian art.

claim. thesis.contention: Noun. if you follow our tactics you will boost your score on the GRE . It is our contention that.

the coach became so contentious that the referees threw him out of the game. quarrelsome. . Disregarding violently with the referees' ruling.contentious: Adjective.

Feeling or expressing remorse or penitence. Her contrite tears did not influence the judge when he imposed sentence. affected by guilt. .contrite: Adjective.

During the long car ride. she invented conundrums to entertain the children.conundrum: Noun. difficult problem. riddle. .

approach. African-American men from all over the US converged on Washington to take part in the historic Million Man March.converge: Verb. tend to meet. come together. .

His argument was so convoluted that few of us could follow it intelligently. . intricate. coiled around.convoluted: Adjective. involved.

. cowardly Lillian's craven refusal to join the protest was criticized by her comrades. who had expected her to be brave enough to stand up for her beliefs.craven: Adjective.

Mere words cannot daunt me. "Boast all you like of your prowess. . frighten. intimidate.daunt: Verb." the hero answered.

Even the best-mannered students have trouble behaving with decorum on the last day of school. . propriety. orderliness and good taste in manners.decorum: Noun.

default: Noun. failure to act. the dealership took back the car because he had defaulted on his debt. When Jack failed to make the payments on his Jaguar. . When the visiting team failed to show up for the big game. they lost the game by default.

. courteous regard for another's wish.deference: Noun. please do not take photographs during the wedding service. In deference to the minister's request.

depict. Austen delineates the character of Mr. Using only a few descriptive phrases. Collins so well that we can predict his every move. portray. sketch. .delineate: Verb.

denigrate: Verb. All attempts to denigrate the character of our late president have failed. . the people still love him and cherish his memory. blacken.

deride: Verb. ridicule. make fun of. however audiences were moved by the play. Despite the critics’ derision. The critics derided his pretentious dialogue and refused to consider his play seriously. . cheering its unabashedly sentimental conclusion.

obtained from another source. the critics thought she had promise and eventually would find her own voice. . unoriginal.derivative: Adjective. Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in nature.

dry up. A tour of this smokehouse will give you an idea of how the pioneers used to desiccate food in order to preserve it.desiccate: Verb. .

haphazard. .desultory: Adjective. aimless. to him. digressing at random. not desultory. reading was purposeful. In prison Malcom X set himself the task of reading straight through the dictionary.

something. Does the threat of capital punishment serve as a deterrent to potential killers? . hindrance.deterrent: Noun. that discourages.

.diatribe: Noun. invective. During the lengthy diatribe delivered by his opponent he remained calm and self-controlled. bitter scolding.

split. Willie didn't know how to resolve the dichotomy between his ambition to go to college and his childhood longing to run away and join the circus. .dichotomy: Noun. branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones).

shyness.diffidence: Noun. You must overcome your diffidence if you intend to become a salesperson. .

diffuse: Adjective. wordy. rambling. spread out (like a gas) If you pay authors by the word. . you tempt them to produce diffuse manuscripts rather than brief ones.

wandering away from the subject. his digressions were always more fascinating than the topic of the day. . Nobody minded when Professor Renoir's lectures wandered away from their official theme.digression: Noun.

lament with music. The funeral dirge stirred us to tears.dirge: Noun. .

I will attempt to disabuse you of your impression of my client's guilt. correct a false impression. undecieve. .disabuse: Verb. I know he is innocent.

the star was sufficiently discerning to distinguish her true friends from the countless phonies who flattered her. mentally quick and observant.discerning: Adjective. having insight. . Though no genius.

. conflicting.discordant: Adjective. not harmonious. Nothing is quite so discordant as the sound of a junior high school orchestra tuning up.

The campaign was highly negative in tone. destroy confidence in. each candidate tried to discredit the other. . disbelieve. defame.discredit: Verb.

lack of consistency.discrepancy: Noun. . The police noticed some discrepancies in his description of the crime and did not believe him. difference.

discrete: Adjective. separate; unconnected; consisting of distinct parts. Because human populations have been migrating and intermingling for hundreds of centuries; it is hard to classify humans into discrete racial groups.

disingenuous: Adjective. lacking genuine candor; insincere. Now that we know that the mayor and his wife are engaged in a bitter divorce fight, we find their earlier remarks regretting their lack of time together remarkably disingenuous.

disinterested: Adjective. unprejudiced. Given the judge's political ambitions and the lawyers' financial interest in the case, the only disinterested person in the courtroom may have been the court reporter.

disjointed: Adjective. lacking coherence; separated at the joints. Unable to think of anything to say about the assigned topic, the unprepared student scribbled a few disjointed sentences on his answer sheet.

dismiss: Verb. eliminate from consideration; reject Believing in John's love for her, she dismissed the notion that he might be unfaithful.

disparage: Verb. belittle. A doting mother, Emma was more likely to praise her son's crude attempts at art than to disparage them.

basically different. Unfortunately Tony and Tina have disparate notions of marriage: Tony sees it as a carefree extended love affair. while Tina sees it as a solemn commitment to build a family and a home.disparate: Adjective. unrelated. .

pretend. disguise. we all knew he was there not to dance but to meet girls.dissemble: Verb. . Even though John tried to dissemble his motive for taking modern dance.

propagandists have been able to disseminate their pet doctrines to new audiences around the globe. scatter (like seeds). distribute. By their use of the internet.disseminate: Verb. spread. .

dissolution: Noun. looseness in morals. The profligacy and dissolution of life in Caligula's Rome appal some historians. disintegration. .

for special effects in his musical works. Composer Charles Ives often used dissonance clashing or unresolved chords .dissonance: Noun. opposite of harmony. . discord.

expand. swell out. . I can tell when he is under stress by the way the veins distend on his forehead.distend: Verb.

distill: Verb. an epigrammatist distills thoughts into quips. refine. . concentrate. A moonshiner distills mash into whiskey. purify.

go in different directions from the same point. vary. The spokes of the wheel diverge from the hub. .diverge: Verb.

deprive. He was divested of his power to act and could no longer govern. strip. .divest: Verb.

.document: Verb. She kept all the receipts from her business trip in order to document her expenses for the firm. provide written evidence.

but never could convince him that his opinions might be wrong. . doctrinal.dogmatic: Adjective. arbitrary. opinionated. We tried to discourage Doug from being so dogmatic.

.dormant: Adjective. lethargic. latent At fifty her long-dormant ambition to write flared up once more. within a year she had completed the first of her great historical novels. sleeping.

someone easily fooled. Sherlock Holmes was far more difficult to fool.dupe: Noun. While the gullible Watson often was made a dupe by unscrupulous parties. .

showing excitement. overflowing with enthusiasm. . she was always bubbling over with excitement.ebullient: Adjective. Amy's ebullient nature could not be repressed.

eclectic: Adjective. composed of elements drawn from disparate sources. His style of interior decoration was eclectic. strikingly juxtaposed to create a unique decor. bits and pieces of furnishings from widely divergent periods. selective. .

. The efficacy of this drug depends on the regularity of the dosage.efficacy: Noun. power to produce desired effect.

When the boss told Frank she was firing him for laziness and insubordination. he had the effrontery to ask her for a letter of recommendation. sheer nerve presumptuousness. impudence.effrontery: Noun. shameless boldness. .

poem or song expressing lamentation. . Milton composed the elegy "Lycidas". On the death of Edward King.elegy: Noun.

draw out by discussion. The detectives tried to elicit where he had hidden his loot.elicit: Verb. .

enhance. ornament. . as a story.embellish: Verb. adorn. The costume designer embellished the leading lady's ball gown with yards and yards of ribbon and lace.

based on experience.empirical: Adjective. he placed his reliance entirely on empirical data . He distrusted hunches and intuitive flashes.

In a brief essay.emulate: Verb. someone whose virtues you would like to emulate . describe a person you admire. rival. imitate.

prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country. This disease is endemic in this part of the world. more than 80 percent of the population are at one time or another affected by it. .endemic: Adjective.

weaken. even a short walk to the window enervated her. She was slow to recover from her illness.enervate: Verb. .

produce.engender: Verb. . cause. To receive praise for real accomplishments engenders self-confidence in a child.

enhance: Verb. improve. increase. You can enhance your chances of being admitted to college of your choice by learning to write well. an excellent essay will enhance any application .

fleeting.ephemeral: Adjective. Then mayfly is an ephemeral creature: its adult life lasts little more than a day . short-lived.

composure. Even the inevitable strains of caring for an ailing mother did not disturb Bea's equanimity . calmness of temperament.equanimity: Noun.

Above all don't equivocate. attempt to conceal the truth. mislead.equivocate: Verb. No matter how bad the news is. . lie. give it to us straight.

Unlike much scholarly writing. learned. lively as well as learned.erudite: Adjective. scholarly. . Huizinga's prose was entertaining as well as erudite.

known only to the chosen few. you won't. hard to understand. if you are in the in-crowd. you'll get the reference. The implication is. if you come from Cleveland.esoteric: Adjective. New Yorker short stories often include esoteric allusions to obscure people and events. .

. Jeff sang a song he had written in her honor. often on the occasion of someone's death. expressions of praise. Instead of delivering a spoken eulogy at Genny's memorial service.eulogy: Noun.

worsen.exacerbate: Verb. . embitter. The latest bombing exacerbated England's already existing bitterness against the IRA. causing the Prime Minister a break off the peace talks abruptly.

clear from blame. She was exculpated of the crime when the real criminal confessed. .exculpate: Verb.

exigency: Noun. urgent situation. . state of requiring immediate attention. The exigencies of war gave impetus and funding to computer research in general and in particular to the development of code-breaking machines. pressing needs or demands.

conjecture. Based on their extrapolation from the results of the primaries on Super Tuesday. the networks predicted that George W. .extrapolation: Noun. Bush would be the Republican candidate for the presidency. projection.

I'm serious about this project. joking (often inappropriately).facetious: Adjective. . humorous. smart-alecky cracks about do-good little rich girls. I don't need any facetious.

facilitate: Adjective. help bring about. make less difficult. Rest and proper nourishment should facilitate the patient's recovery .

. Paradoxically. misleading. fallacious reasoning does not always yield erroneous results: even though your logic may be faulty. the answer you get may be correct.fallacious: Adjective. false.

Germaine Greer wrote that she was sick of pretending that some fatuous male's self-important pronouncements were the objects of her undivided attention. Attacking the notion that women should defer to men's supposedly superior intelligence. yet smug. . brainless. inane.fatuous: Adjective. foolish.

. Courtiers fawn upon princess.fawning: Adjective. trying to please by having obsequiously. groupies fawn upon rock stars. flattering. or cringing.

He was famous for his felicitous remarks and was called upon to serve as master-of-ceremonies at many a banquet. apt.felicitous: Adjective. . well chosen. suitably expressed.

glowing ardor.fervor: Noun. . the students cheered the strikers and booed the dean with equal fervor. intensity of feeling. At the protest rally.

droop. When the opposing hockey team scored its third goal only minutes into the first period. grow feeble.flag: Verb. the home team's spirits flagged .

fledgling: Adjective. The folk dance club setup an apprentice program to allow fledgling dance callers a chance to polish their skills. . inexperienced.

The painter Julian Schnabel is known for works that flout the conventions of high art. reject. show contempt for. .flout: Verb. mock. such as paintings on velvet or linoleum.

Do you think Cher's for meant to foment such discord? . instigate. stir up.foment: Verb. Cher's archenemy Heather spread some nasty rumors that fomented trouble in the club.

. prevent by taking action in advance. the prospective bride and groom hoped to forestall any potential arguments about money in the event of a divorce. By setting up a prenuptial agreement.forestall: Verb.

frugality: Noun. In economically hard times. thrift. . economy. anyone who doesn't learn to practice frugality risks bankruptcy.

ineffectual. useless. . hopeless.futile : Adjective. It is futile for me to try to get any work done around here while the telephone is ringing every 30 seconds.

deny. .gainsay: Verb. She was too honest to gainsay the truth of the report.

garrulous: Adjective. wordy . My uncle Henry can out-talk any other three people I know. . loquacious. he is the most garrulous person in Cayuga County. talkative.

urge on.goad: Verb. . She was goaded by her friends until she yielded to their wishes.

asking astronomical prices even for bleachers. overcharge During the World Series.gouge: Verb. ticket scalpers tried to gouge the public. .

she was always grandiloquent. . using high sounding language. pompous. The politician could never speak simply. bombastic.grandiloquent: Adjective.

party-throwers are gregarious. hermits are not. sociable.gregarious : Adjective. . Typically.

he cannot be guilty of fraud. . and guileless. simple.guiless: Adjective. without deceit. He is naive.

Fool me twice.gullible: Adjective. "Fool me once." . shame on you. easily deceived. shame on me. Gullible people have only themselves to blame if they fall for con artists repeatedly. As the saying goes.

the principal berated the offenders. . In her long harangue. and vehement speech.harangue: Noun. long passionate.

homogeneous: Adjective. . Because the student body at Elite Prep was so homogeneous. Sara and James decided to send their daughter to a school that offered greater cultural diversity. of the same kind.

Apple's claims about the new computer are pure hyperbole: no machine is that good! .hyperbole: Noun. As far as I'm concerned. overstatement. exaggeration.

Deeply iconoclastic.iconoclastic: Adjective. . Jean Genet deliberately set out to shock conventional theatergoers with his radical plays. attacking cherished traditions.

idolatry: Noun. worship of idols. excessive admiration. Such idolatry of singers of country music is typical of the excessive enthusiasm .

unchangeable. .immutable: Adjective. All things change over time. nothing is immutable.

if you're going to drink. don't drive. Drinking alcohol can impair your ability to drive safely. . hurt. injure.impair: Verb.

imperturbable. Refusing to let the enemy see how deeply shaken he was by his capture.impassive: Adjective. the prisoner kept his face impassive. without feeling. . stoical.

had not intentionally set out to impede the progress of the investigation . though inept.impede: Verb. block. hinder. The special prosecutor determined that the Attorney General.

impermeable: Adjective. . This new material is impermeable to liquids. impervious. not permitting passage through its substance.

Wellington remained imperturbable and in full command of the situation in spite of the hysteria and panic all around him. placid. . calm.imperturbable: Adjective.

impervious: Adjective. . impenetrable. The carpet salesman told Simone that his most expensive brand of floor covering was warranted to be impervious to ordinary wear and tear. incapable of being damaged or distressed.

incapable of being pacified.implacable: Adjective. Madame Defarge was the implacable enemy of the Envremonde family .

he believed his love was implicit. Jack never told Jill he adored her. understood but not stated. .implicit: Adjective.

burst inward. . the glass tube implodes.implode: Verb. If you break a vacuum tube.

by oversight. carelessly. Judy's great fear was that she might inadvertently omit a question on the exam and mismark her whole answer sheet .inadvertently: Adverbe unintentionally.

. recently begun. rudimentary. Before the Creation.inchoate: Adjective. the world was an inchoate mass. elementary.

The incongruity of his wearing sneakers with formal attire amused the observers. lack of harmony. .incongruity: Noun. absurdity.

it's inconsequential. "Don't worry about it." . Tamara said. Brushing off Ali's apologies for having broken the wine glass. insignificant.inconsequential: Adjective. unimportant.

incorporate: Verb. . introduce something into a larger whole. unite. combine. President Truman ordered the military to incorporate blacks into every branch of the armed services. Breaking with precedent.

. when they will do so .indeterminable: Adjective. uncertain. not clearly fixed. however remains indeterminate. That Interest rates shall rise appears certain. indefinite.

.indigence: Noun. poverty. Neither the economists nor the political scientists have found a way to wipe out the inequities of wealth and eliminate indigence from our society.

. Couch potatoes lead an indolent life lying back in their Lazyboy recliners watching TVerb. lazy.indolent: Adjective.

inactive. who lay in bed inert." Tina cried to Tony. "Get up. you lazybones. . lacking power to move.inert: Adjective.

ingenuous: Adjective. naive and trusting. The woodsman did not realize how ingenuous Little Red Riding Hood was until he heard that she had gone off for a walk in the woods with the Big Bad Wolf. . unsophisticated. young.

.inherent: Adjective. firmly established by nature or habit. Katya's inherent love of justice caused her to champion anyone she considered to be treated unfairly by society.

harmless.innocuous: Adjective. . An occasional glass wine with dinner is relatively innocuous and should have no ill effect on most people.

Sherry and I are very different. unresponsive. she seems insensible to shame. at times when I would be covered with embarrassment. . unconscious.insensible: Adjective.

imply. did you mean to insinuate that i'm getting fat? .insinuate: Verb. hint. creep in. When you said I looked robust.

insipid: Adjective. lacking in flavor. dull. both lack sparkle . Flat prose and flat ginger ale are equally insipid.

narrow-mindedness.insularity: Noun. isolation. The insularity of the islanders manifested itself in their suspicion of anything foreign. .

he absolutely refused to take a bath.intractable: Adjective. Charlie Browns friend Pigpen was intractable. stubborn. unyielding. unruly. .

intransigence: Noun. The negotiating team had not expected such intransigence from the striking workers. who rejected any hint of a compromise. stubbornness. . refusal of any compromises.

flood. This semester I am inundated with work.inundate: Verb. submerge. the waters of the Nile used to inundate the river valley every year . you should see the piles of paperwork flooding my desk. Until the great dam was built. overwhelm.

inured: Adjective. hardened. accustomed. She became inured to the Alaskan cold. .

abuse.invective: Noun. . He had expected criticism but not the invective that greeted his proposal.

easily angered. who feared shed' burst into a rage at any moment.irascible: Adjective. irritable. . Miss Minchin's irascible temper intimidated the younger school girls.

irresolute: Adjective. . don't waver. Once you have made your decision. a leader should never appear irresolute. weak. uncertain how to act.

itinerary: Noun. Ethel refused to make any alterations in her itinerary. Plan of a trip. . Disliking sudden changes in plans when traveled abroad.

laconic: Adjective. brief and to the point. Many of the characters portrayed by Clint Eastwood are laconic types: strong men of few words .

languor. After a massage and a long soak in the hot tub. weariness. .lassitude: Noun. I surrendered to my growing lassitude and lay down for a nap.

potential but underdeveloped. dormant. . hidden.latent: Adjective. Polaroid pictures are popular at parties because you can see the latent photographic image gradually appear before our eyes.

lethargic: Adjective. but the stuffy room made her lethargic. . she tried to stay alert and listen to the professor. In class. she felt as if she was about to nod off. dull. drowsy.

levee: Noun. earthen or stone embankment to prevent flooding. As the river rose and threatened to overflow the levee, emergency workers rushed to reinforce the walls with sandbags.

levity: Noun. lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity. lack of seriousness or steadiness; frivolity. Stop giggling and wriggling around in the pew; such levity is improper in church.

log: Noun. record of a voyage or flight; record of day to day activities. "Flogged two seamen today for insubordination," wrote Captain Bligh in the Bounty's log.

loquacious: Adjective. talkative. Though our daughter barely says a word to us these days, put a phone in her hand and see how loquacious she can be: our phone bills are out of sight!

lucid: Adjective. easily understood; clear; intelligible. Lexy makes an excellent teacher: her explanations of technical points are lucid enough for a child to grasp

luminous: Adjective. shining; issuing light. The sun is a luminous body.

philanthropist Eugene Lang donated millions to charity.magnanimity: Noun. . Noted for his magnanimity. generosity.

The captain ordered the sergeant to punish all malingerers and force them to work.malingerer: Noun. . one who feigns illness to escape duty.

rebel. To the masculine literary establishment. .maverick: Noun. nonconformist. George Sand with her insistence on wearing trousers and smoking cigars was clearly a maverick who fought her proper womanly role.

mendacious: Adjective. Distrusting Huck from the start. lying habitually dishonest. . Miss Watson assumed he was mendacious and refused to believe a word he said.

The metamorphosis of caterpilalr to butterfly is typical of many such changes in animal life. .metamorphosis: Noun. change of form.

fussing about each and every detail that went into making up her perfect home. Martha Stewart was meticulous housekeeper. painstaking. .meticulous: Adjective. scrupulous. excessively careful.

one who hates mankind. . various critics consider him a misanthrope. swift portrays human beings as vile. In Gulliver's Travels. degraded beasts.misanthrope: Noun. for this reason.

soothe. The airline customer service representative tried to mollify the angry passenger by offering her a seat in first class.mollify: Verb. .

Because solar energy has the power to reduce greenhouse gases and provide increased energy efficiency. conversion to the use of solar energy may help mitigate global warming. appease.mitigate: Verb. lessen in intensity. moderate. .

Forced to take early retirement. melancholy. ill-humored. Bill acted morose for months. then.morose: Adjective. . sullen. he shook off his gloom and was his usual cheerful self. all of a sudden.

.mundane: Adjective. Uninterested in philosophical or spiritual discussions. worldly as opposed to spiritual. everyday. Tom talked only of mundane matters such as the daily weather forecast or the latest basketball result.

negate: Verb. A sudden surge of adrenalin can negate the effects of fatigue: there's nothing like a good shock to wake you up. . deny. cancel out nullify.

. beginner.neophyte: Noun. recent convert.. This mountain slope contains slides that will challenge experts as well as neophytes.

.obdurate: Adjective. He was obdurate in his refusal to listen to our complaints. stubborn.

servile. slavishly attentive. . Helen valued people who behaved as if they respected themselves. sycophantic. nothing irritated her more than an excessively obsequious waiter or fawning salesclerk.obsequious: Adjective.

make unnecessary. . get rid of. I hope this contribution will obviate any need for further collections of funds.obviate: Verb.

excessively pushy in offering one's services. meddlesome. Jill just wanted to nap. . After her long flight.officious: Adjective. but officious bellboy was intent on showing her all the special features of the deluxe suite.

burdensome. She asked for an assistant because her work load was too onerous.onerous: Adjective. .

vilification. infamy. he preferred to rely on his record.opprobrium: Noun. He refused to defend himself against the slander and opprobrium hurled against him by the newspapers. .

waiver. vibrate pendulum like.oscillate: Verb. . It is interesting to note how public opinion oscillates between the extremes of optimism and pessimism.

Trump's latest casino in Atlantic City is the most ostentatious gambling palace in the East: it easily out-glitters its competitors. showy. .ostentatious: Adjective. pretentious. trying to attract attention.

paragon: Noun. . model of perfection. Her fellow students disliked Lavinia because Miss Minchin always pointed her out as a paragon of virtue.

committed to a party. Rather than joining forces to solve our nation's problems. the Democrats and Republicans spend their time on partisan struggles. .partisan: Adjective. prejudiced. one-sided.

pertaining to disease. we must overlook the psychological elements . As we study the pathological aspects of this disease.pathological: Adjective.

scarcity. .paucity: Noun. They closed the restaurant because the paucity of customers made it uneconomical to operate.

pedantic: Adjective. showing off learning; bookish. Leavening her decisions with humorous, down-toearth anecdotes, Judge Judy was not at all the pedantic legal scholar.

penchant: Noun. strong inclination; liking. Dave has a penchant for taking risks: one semester he went steady with three girls, two whom were stars on the school karate team.

penury: Noun. sever poverty; stinginess. When his pension fund failed, George feared he would end his days in penury. He became such a penny-pincher that her turned into a closefisted, penurious miser.

perennial: Noun. something long-lasting. These plants are hardy perennials and will bloom for many years.

perfidious: Adjective. treacherous; disloyal. When Caesar realized that Brutus had betrayed him, he reproached his perfidious friend.

perfunctory: Adjective. superficial; not thorough; lacking interest, care, or enthusiasm. The auditor's perfunctory inspection of the books overlooked many errors.

you'd drown in your own sweat (figuratively speaking) . penetrable. If your jogging clothes weren't made out of permeable fabric. allowing liquids or gas to pass through.permeable: Adjective. porous.

spread throughout. she could not rid her clothes of the pervasive odor of mothballs that clung to them. .pervasive: Adjective. Despite airing them for several hours.

unexcited in the face of sudden emergencies. not easily disturbed. . The nurse was a cheerful but phlegmatic person.phlegmatic: Adjective. calm.

. Living her life in prayer and good works. Mother Teresa exemplified the true spirit of piety. devoutness.piety Noun. reverences for God.

pacify.placate: Verb. conciliate. . offering to replace the damaged merchandise or to give back her money. The store manager tried to placate the angry customer.

When clay dries out.plasticity: Noun. . ability to be molded. it loses its plasticity and becomes less malleable.

every word out of his mouth was a truism. commonplace statement.platitude: Noun. In giving advice to his son. trite remark. old Polonius expressed himself only in platitudes. .

overabundance She offered a plethora of excuses for her shortcomings. excess.plethora: Noun. .

. fall sharply Stock prices plummeted as Wall Street reacted to the rise in interest rates.plummet: Verb.

porous: Adjective. . full of pores. Dancers like to wear porous clothing because it allows the ready passage of water and air. like a sieve.

practical (as a opposed to idealistic). concerned with the practical worth or impact of something.pragmatic: Adjective. This coming trip to France should provide me with a pragmatic test of the value of my conversational French class. .

preamble: Noun. . In the Preamble to the Constitution. the purpose of the document is set forth. introductory statement.

uncertain.precarious: Adjective. the broker advised her client against purchasing it. Saying the stock was currently overpriced and would be a precarious investment. . risky.

Though I was angry enough to resign on the spot. I had enough sense to keep myself from quitting a job in such as precipitate fashion. rash. sudden. . hasty.precipitate: Adjective. premature.

forerunner.precursor: Noun. most critics consider them precursors of the Romantic Movement. not true Romantics. Though Gray and Burns share many traits with the Romantic poets who followed them. .

arrogant. . It seems presumptuous for one so relatively new to the field to challenge the conclusions of its leading experts. taking liberties.presumptuous: Adjective.

lie.prevaricate: Adjective. . Some people believe that to prevaricate in a good cause is justifiable and regard the statement as "white lie" .

pristine: Adjective. . unspoiled. primitive. This area has been preserved in all its pristine wilderness. characteristic of earlier times.

therefore shocked us all. incorruptibility. his defalcations. .probity: Noun. Everyone took his probity for granted. uprightness.

Don't be so prodigal spending my money.prodigal: Adjective. wasteful. when you've earned some money. you can waste as much of it as you want! . reckless with money.

. deep. Freud's remarkable insights into human behavior caused his fellow scientists to honor him as a profound thinker. complete.profound: Adjective. not superficial.

Susie wanted to buy a new Volvo but had to settle for a used Dodge because the new car's price was prohibitive. inclined to prevent or forbid.prohibitive: Adjective. tending to prevent the purchase or use of something. .

Times of economic hardship inevitably encourage countless get-rich-quick schemes to proliferate. . times.proliferate: Verb. grow rapidly. spread. multiply.

.propensity: Noun. Sol has an unfortunate propensity to belittle the talents of others. Convinced of his own talent. natural inclination.

propitiate: Verb. The natives offered sacrifices to propitiate the gods. appease. .

. correct conduct. Miss Manners counsels her readers to that they may behave with propriety in any social situation and not embarrass themselves. fitness.propriety: Noun.

Octavius. . Anthony. ostracize. outlaw.proscribe: Verb. and Lepidus proscribed all those who had conspired against Julius Caesar. banish.

. sharp in taste or smell. stinging.pungent: Adjective. The pungent odor of ripe Limburger cheese appealed to Simone but made Stanley gag. caustic.

limited.qualified: Adjective. restricted. the mayor gave him only a qualified endorsement . Unable to give the candidate full support.

dormant. at rest. temporarily inactive.quiescent: Adjective. fear of Mount Etna was great. . After the devastating eruption. people did not return to cultivate its rich hillside lands until the volcano had been quiescent for a full two years.

. The mountain climbers had difficulty breathing in the rarefied atmosphere. made less dense [of gas].rarefied: Adjective.

recant: Verb. . disclaim or disavow. Hoping to make Joan of Arc recant her sworn testimony. her English captors tried to convince her that her visions had been sent to her by the Devil. retract a precious statement openly confess error.

recalcitrant: Adjective. Which animal do you think is more recalcitrant a pig or a mule?: . unruly. determined to resist authority. obstinately stubborn.

Miss Emily became a recluse. hermit.recluse: Noun. . she shut herself away in her empty mansion and refused to see another living soul. Disappointed in love. loner.

profound. . abstruse. secret. He read many recondite books in order to obtain material for his scholarly thesis.recondite: Adjective.

stubborn. . The refractory horse was eliminated from the race when he refused to obey the jockey. unmanageable.refractory: Adjective.

disprove. The defense called several respectable witnesses who were able to refute the lying testimony of the prosecution's sole witness. .refute: Verb.

the manager swiftly relegated him to a minor post cleaning up behind the bar. assign. delegate. After Ralph dropped his second tray of drinks that week.relegate: Verb. . banish to an inferior position.

express disapproval or disappointment. He never could anything wrong without imagining how the look on his mother's face would reproach him afterwards.reproach: Verb. .

devoid of a sense of decency. person hardened in sin.reprobate: Noun. . I cannot understand why he has so many admirers if he is the reprobate you say he is.

disavow. disown.repudiate: Verb. . On separating from Tony. Tina announced that she would repudiate all debts incurred by her soon to be ex husband.

rescind: Verb. . the senator proposed a bill to rescind the unpopular financial measure. cancel. Because of the public outcry against the new taxes.

resolution: Noun. Nothing could shake his resolution to succeed despite all difficulties. determination. .

determination.resolve: Noun. firmness of purpose. How dare you question my resolve to take up skydiving! Of course I haven't changed my mind. .

Hughes preferred reticent employees to loquacious ones. inclined to silence.reticent: Adjective. reserved. uncommunicative. Fearing his competitors might get advance word about his plans from talkative staff members. .

Though I bow my head in church and recite the prayers. worshipful. . sometimes I don't feel properly reverent.reverent: Adjective. respectful.

sage: Noun. person celebrated for wisdom. Sandy was possessed with burning desire to consult the legendary sage. Hearing tales of mysterious Master of All knowledge who lived in the hills of Tibet. .

approve. . ratify. Nothing will convince me to sanction the engagement of my daughter to such a worthless young man.sanction: Verb.

healthful. Many people with fever move to a more salubrious sections of the country during the months of August and September. .salubrious: Adjective.

. the guests were so full they were ready for a nap. Having stuffed themselves with goodies until they were satiated.satiate: Verb. satisfy fully.

Thorough watering is the key to lawn care.saturate: Verb. . you must saturate your new lawn well to encourage growth. soak thoroughly.

enjoy. or quality. Relishing his triumph. Costner especially savored the chagrin of the critics who had predicted his failure.savor : Verb. . have distinctive flavor. smell.

hide away or cache. .secrete: Verb. the pancreas secretes insulin in the islets of Langerhans. The pack rat secretes odds and ends in its nest. produce and release a substance into an organism.

fragment. generally of pottery. . The archaeologist assigned several students the task of reassembling earthenware vessels from the shards he had brought back from the expedition.shard: Noun.

doubter. skepticism. . person who suspends judgment until having examined the evidence supporting a point of view.skeptic: Noun. Adjective. skeptical. I want some proof that it can work. I am a skeptic about the new health plan.

.solicitous: Adjective. The employer was very solicitous about the health of her employees as replacements were difficult to get. worried concerned.

sleep-causing. Professor Pringle's lectures were so soporific that even he fell asleep in class.soporific: Adjective. marked by sleepiness. .

because houses and birds both have wings. misleading often intentional. seemingly reasonable but incorrect. To claim that. both can fly extremely specious reasoning .specious: Adjective.

colored band produced when a beam of light passes through a prism. .spectrum: Noun. The visible portion of the spectrum includes red at one end and violet at the other.

the big Halloween parade has passed. . Although you can still hear sporadic outbursts of laughter and singing outside. occurring irregularly.sporadic: Adjective. the party's over till next year.

the fact that you were acquitted clears you completely. token of disgrace. brand. I do not attach any stigma to the fact that you were accused of this crime.stigma: Noun. .

stint: Verb. "Spare no expense. refusing to stint on the wedding arrangements. be thrifty set limits. ." the bride's father said.

make express conditions. specify.stipulate: Verb. Before agreeing to reduce American military forces in Europe. . the president stipulated that NATO teams be allowed to inspect Russian bases.

dull. impassive. The earthquake shattered Stuart's usual stolid demeanor. trembling. he crouched on the no longer stable ground. .stolid: Adjective.

striated: Adjective. The glacier left many striated striated rocks. grooved. . marked with parallel bands.

. a pompous buffoon. pompous walk.Strut Noun. His strut as he marched about the parade ground revealed him for what he was.

The engineer calculated that the strut supporting the rafter needed to be reinforced. . supporting bar.strut: Noun.

The prosecutor's office was ready to serve a subpoena on the reluctant witness. writ summoning a witness to appear. .subpoena: Noun.

descend. settle down. grow quiet. The doctor assured us that the fever would eventually subside.subside: Verb. .

support. verify.substantiate: Verb. These endorsements form satisfied customers substantiate our claim that Barron's GRE is the best GRE prep book on the market. . establish by evidence.

. your bulk mailing will be returned. you follow regulation 326C. cause to be set aside. If. make obsolete. Bulk mailing postal regulation 326D supersedes bulk mailing postal regulation 326C.supersede: Verb. in bundling your bulk mailing. replace.

surmise.supposition: Noun. I based my decision to confide in him on the supposition that he would be discreet. hypothesis. .

understood. We have a tacit agreement based on only handshake. . not put into words.tacit: Adjective.

digressing. Lois kept on coming back to her main question: Why couldn't he come out to dinner with Superman and her? .tangential: Adjective. only slightly connected. Despite Clark's attempts to distract her with tangential remarks. peripheral.

thin. The allegiance of our allies is held by such tenuous ties that we have little hope they will remain loyal. .tenuous: Adjective. slim. rare.

harangue. extended scolding. Every time the boss holds a meeting. . he goes into a lengthy tirade.tirade: Noun. scolding us for everything from tardiness to padding our expenses. denunciation.

nothing aroused the bear from his torpor: he would not emerge from hibernation until spring. lethargy.torpor: Noun. dormancy. sluggishness. . Throughout the winter.

.tortuous: Adjective. it is unwise to go faster than twenty miles an hour on it. full of curves: Because this road is so tortuous. winding.

she had a stubborn streak of independence that occasionally led her to defy the powers tat be when she felt they were in the wrong.tractable: Adjective. easily managed. Although Susan seemed a tractable young woman. docile. .

Miss Watson refused to forgive and forget. violation of a law. Although Widow Douglass was willing to overlook Huck's minor transgressions. . sin.transgression: Noun.

ferocity. aggressiveness. .Truculence: Noun. Tynan's reviews were noted for their caustic attacks and general tone of truculence.

. now the other. fluctuate. waver. saying now one . Uncertain which suitor she ought to marry.vacillate: Verb. the princess vacillated.

the Dalai Lama.venerate: Verb. . revere. In Tibet today. the common people still venerate their traditional spiritual leader.

veracious: Adjective. I can recommend him for this position because I have always found him veracious and reliable. . truthful.

verbose: Adjective. . wordy. We had to make some major cuts in Senator Foghorn's speech because it was far too verbose.

capable of maintaining life.viable: Adjective. practical or workable. is viable and stands a good chance of winning popular support. The plan to build a new baseball stadium. though missing a few details. .

gluey. . sticky.viscous: Adjective. Melted tar is a viscous substance.

. abusive. He became more vituperative as he realized that were not going to grant him his wish.vituperative: Adjective. scolding.

. no one can predict what the electorate will do next. Maria Callas's temper was extremely volatile. The political climate today is extremely volatile. explosive. changeable. The only thing you could predict was that she would blow up.volatile: Adjective. Acetone is extremely volatile liquid. evaporating rapidly.

justified. .warranted: Adjective. you must convince her this action is warranted. authorized Before the judge issues the injunction.

very cautious. . The spies grew wary as they approached the sentry.wary: Adjective.

whimsical man who takes a notion to dress up as a woman so that he can look fter his children. In Ms. . the hero is a playful. doubtfire. who are the custody of his ex-wife.whimsical: Noun. capricious. fanciful.

turmoil. bewildering jumble. . The existing welter overlapping federal and state claims cries out for immediate reform.welter: Noun.

zealot: Noun. he never tried to force his religious beliefs on his friends. fanatic. he was no zealot. person who shows excessive zeal. . Though Glenn was devout.

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