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Written Examination Guide
Release: August 2011
The American Board of Orthodontics 401 North Lindbergh Blvd. Suite 300 St. Louis, MO 63141 Telephone: 314.432.6130 FAX: 314.432.8170 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.americanboardortho.com
4. In the past. the ABO has provided educators (and later. The board will evaluate the security of the test site. 2. 8. Residents in an ADA accredited orthodontic program may take the written exam in the year of their graduation or if they have completed 18 months of their program at the time of the exam. Now. It is administered at computerized testing centers throughout the United States and Canada. The examination is based on subject areas outlined by the Commission on Dental Accreditation and includes the following subjects: 1. The written examination is available to any educationally qualified practicing orthodontist who has never taken the written exam or was unsuccessful on a prior written exam. 9. Each request will be assessed on an individual basis and the decision of the board is final. and Canada. the process has been improved in order to keep the examination relevant to orthodontics as it is practiced today. and current orthodontic literature. 6. There is no time limitation nor expiration date for the written examination. Questions are developed from various sources by the ABO’s Written Examination Committee. and will be asking for submission of questions from residents as well. These questions are reviewed and refined by the examination committee and then added to the bank of questions. In other words. The goal is to have thousands of questions in order to write multiple examinations for the computerization process. The written examination consists of multiple-choice questions related to the basic sciences. Anyone who has successfully completed the written examination is eligible for the ABO Clinical Examination. related dental disciplines and the orthodontic literature. 3. Embryology and Genetics Growth and Development Head and Neck Anatomy Histology Oral Physiology and Biochemistry Pathology Research Methodology and Biostatistics Adjunctive Orthodontic Procedures as related to integrated disciplines Biomechanical Principles Cephalometrics and Radiography Clinical Orthodontics (adults and children) 2 . 7. 10. a successfully completed written examination will never need to be retaken. You must petition the board for the opportunity to use a PearsonVUE testing facility outside of the U.S. permission may be given to test at an overseas facility. The ABO has solicited questions from educators across the country. textbooks and actual clinical case reports. 11. orthodontic practice. residents) an entry page for question submission on our website. It is suggested that candidates review the courses taken during their advanced orthodontic education. major textbooks. applied biomedical sciences.WRITTEN EXAMINATION Question Submission for Written Exam – enter here Download Written Examination Guide and Reading List (pdf. the committee formulated questions using the recommended reading list and referencing journals. If the board concludes the integrity of the examination process can be maintained. 5. 15 pgs) Background The ABO Written Examination is a comprehensive exam that assesses the examinee’s knowledge of basic sciences and clinical concepts. To that extent. orthodontic theory.
14. 16 pgs) 3 . 25. Clinical Photography Craniofacial Deformities Dentofacial Orthopedics Infection and Hazard Control Interdisciplinary Comprehensive Care Risk Management Literature Review Principles of Occlusion Orthodontic and Orthopedic Appliance Design Orthodontic Dental Materials Orthodontic Diagnosis and Treatment Planning Orthodontic Technique Radiographic and Imaging Techniques Surgical Orthodontics (Diagnosis. 16. 23. 17. Treatment Planning and Presurgical and Postsurgical Orthodontic Treatment for Orthognathic Surgery) 26. 15. Temporomandibular Disorders 27. 21. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Download Written Examination Guide and Reading List (pdf. 19. 22. 20. 24.12. 18. 13.
which is the concept that examinees should be measured against the skill and knowledge represented by each test item. one that is represented as an absolute standard on a Benchmark Scale. Topics include: Occlusion Temporomandibular Disorders Radiography / Photography Cephalometrics / Computer Techniques / Anatomical Landmarks of the Lateral and Frontal Cephalogram Topics below are combined in this percentage Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / Risk Management / Practice Management / Ethics Statistics / Research Design / Pharmacology / Pain and Anxiety Control Preventive Dentistry / Oral Hygiene / Behavioral Science / Patient Management Speech Pathology / Orthodontic History MODULE 3 .Clinical Sciences "A". The Benchmark Scale and Criterion Standard for The American Board of Orthodontics Written Examination were first established in 2003 and updated for 2008 and beyond.Basic and Applied Biomedical Sciences. Topics include: Anatomical Sciences / Anatomical Landmarks of the Skull Biochemistry / Physiology / Bone Biology and Histology Developmental Anatomy / Developmental Disturbances / Genetic Disorders Growth and Development Microbiology / Immunology / Infection Control / Pathology MODULE 2 . The following is a breakdown of the percentage of questions to total exam for each topic: MODULE 1 . The difficulty of each item for the minimallycompetent examinee is the basis for setting the Criterion Standard. The ABO Written Examination consists of 240 multiple-choice questions.Clinical Sciences "B". Topics include: Orthodontic Materials / Physical Principles / Orthodontic Techniques and Appliances Orthopedics / Biomechanics Orthodontic Diagnosis / Case Analysis / Treatment Planning Orthodontics / Oral Surgery / Periodontics / Endodontics Orthodontics / Restorative Dentistry / Implantology MODULE 4 Patient Analysis 17% 6% 6% 4% 4% 4% 5% 4% 4% 8% 5% 10% 5% 7% 7% 4% .Test Specifications The American Board of Orthodontics Written Examination is based on criterion-referenced testing.
Kokich might be found at the following website address: http://www. 89. 85.screencast.AAOinfo. To watch a Jing video on how to access the AJODO website from the AAO website click: http://www. 86. Click on the Go button. 80. Type in the email address on file for you at the AAO and your AAO password.2841 Can’t remember your password: Click on Did you forget your password? and create a new password. 84.org Login to the AAO website. . the American Association of Orthodontists is happy to provide you with directions on how to access the majority of the articles on the ABO reading list.com and click on Publications at left side of page You should be able to locate these articles in your university library. Articles 1 – 61 are AJODO articles and can be obtained free of charge through the AAO website: • • • • • • Go to www.com/t/ZegIRqk56X Articles 62 – 76 can be obtained free of charge from the Angle Orthodontist website at www.angle. You do not need to know your old password to create a new password for the AAO website. 88.424. If you do not remember the email address on file for you at the AAO: Contact the AAO 1.org Articles 79. 78. Click on the green hyperlink to access the AJODO site. 83. You do not need to login to the AJODO website since you self-authenticated by logging in on the AAO website. 82 and 91 can be found for free by clicking on the ABO Reading List hyperlink. 90 Please be aware that copyright issues prohibit the AAO Library from providing the articles on the ABO reading list.MEMORANDUM DATE: TO: FROM: SUBJECT: September 2011 ABO Examinee American Association of Orthodontists Reading List for ABO Written Examination On behalf of the American Board of Orthodontics. 81. The AAO wishes you success on the ABO written examination and your journey toward board certification. Articles written by Dr. or save a copy of the ABO Reading List and click on the hyperlink for each article. Find the article by clicking on Articles and Issues. Click on My AAO (in the blue bar) Under Member Benefits in the middle of the page you will see this link: AJODO: Immediate access to the AJO/DO online.800. any medical library or for download for a fee: 77. 87.kokichorthodontics.
You will find a hyperlink with each article that takes you to the publisher’s website. Marshall. Please read the enclosed memorandum on how Articles 1-61 can be obtained free of charge by logging into www. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 137. Greenlee. Azzurra Viglianisi 2. Pages 128-131.e1-726. Issue 6. Early treatment for Class II Division 1 malocclusion with the Twin-block Kevin O’Brien. Volume 139. Stephanie Shih-Hsuan Chen. This reading list includes papers of historical as well as scientific interest. February 2011 Effects of lingual arch used as space maintainer on mandibular arch dimension: A systematic review. Pages 726. Issue 2. 5.e4. Pages 154-169. 3. Issue 4. June 2010 Root resorption associated with orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic review. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics.e18. JOURNAL ARTICLES 1. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. appliance: A multi-center. et al. Steven D.AAOinfo. is not all encompassing and does not remain static. It is intended to give the orthodontist a broad perspective of the changing world of orthodontic theory and practice. Volume 138. It will be continuously subject to additions and deletions. such as this. Pages 462-476. controlled trial. 4. Issue 5. Issue 2. et al. Volume 135. October 2010 Self-ligating bracket claims. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics.e1-382. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. et al. May 2009 . All articles that are new to the Reading List have been highlighted. The American Board of Orthodontics does not consider any of the texts and/or articles to contain the indisputable answer to any questions within the field of orthodontics. August 2010 Systematic review of self-ligating brackets. et al. Pages 573-579. Volume 138. Current literature and textbooks on orthodontics may be studied in addition to the suggested references. Pages 382.org . Volume 137. randomized. Belinda Weltman. et al. 6.THE AMERICAN BOARD OF ORTHODONTICS WRITTEN EXAMINATION 2012 READING LIST The objective of this reading list is to offer the practicing orthodontist a list of references. which may serve as a source of knowledge in preparing for certification. April 2010 Geoffrey M. Several articles by ABO directors are also included so the candidates may have some insight into their background and current interests. Issue 4. It should be clearly understood that a bibliography. Stability of treatment for anterior open-bite malocclusion: A metaanalysis.
Pages 650-654. Pages 370-382. and superimposition accuracy. Pages 449-455. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 131. Schmidt. Pages 456-463. expansion during the early to mid mixed dentition. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Issue 4. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. December 2004 Michael L. Grubb. April 2007 Periodontal response to early uncovering. ramus osteotomy. Vincent G. Pages 278-281. Volume 127. et al. Volume 135. Issue 3. March 2009 Medication effects on the rate of orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic literature review. Issue 4. Pages 451-464. et al. of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 127. Volume 133. Relationship between rapid maxillary expansion and nasal cavity size Nanci Lara Oliveira De and airway resistance: Short. et al.and long-term effects. April 2005 A change in the certification process by the American Board of Orthodontics. Volume 134. et al. Michael L. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. autonomous eruption. Long-term comparison of treatment outcome and stability of Class II Jeffrey L. Issue 4. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Issue 3. Lokesh Suri. 11. 15. et al. and orthodontic alignment of palatally impacted maxillary canines. measurement. Issue 1. July 2008 Comparison of hand-traced and computerized cephalograms: Landmark identification. Berger. Riolo. American Journal Felippe. 9. 12. Critical factors for the success of orthodontic mini-implants: A systematic review. Orthodontics: A modification in the case requirements for adult and periodontally involved adolescent and preadolescent patients. February 2008 Dustin RodenJohnson. Volume 126. 16. 17. Pages 16-26. Parul Taneja 13. January 2009 Yan Chen. Issue 4. Volume 133. Riolo. Issue 1. March 2005 The American Board of Orthodontics: Diplomate recertification. Issue 2. Issue 3. September 2008 Radiographic and periodontal requirements of the American Board of John E. Treatment effects and short-term relapse of maxillomandibular Julie Vargo. patients treated with functional appliances versus bilateral sagittal split et al.7. Pages 290-302. et al. April 2007 Andrew D. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 135. Volume 131. . Pages 3-4. et al. Pages 284-291. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Theodosia Bartzela. 10. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Kokich 14. Volume 134. et al. 8. April 2008 Surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion: A literature review. Issue 6. Pages 556-564.
26. 29. Issue 3. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Turley 28. Volume 126. 22. et al. Influence on the masticatory system in treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring with a mandibular protruding device: A 2-year follow-up. Volume 126. Stability and predictability of orthognathic surgery. Colin A. Issue 1. 273-277. Volume 122. Issue 6. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Pages 266-278. Pages 270-278. Greg J. Schaefer. et al. Volume 123. March 2004 The ABO’s 75th anniversary: a retrospective glance at progress in the last quarter century. et al. Issue 4. Mihalik. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 126. Pages et al. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. August 2001 The effect of preemptive and/or postoperative ibuprofen therapy for orthodontic pain. Melissa K. Bailey. May 2002 The importance of incisor positioning in the esthetic smile: The smile arc. Myung-Rip Kim. September 2004 Surgical and orthodontic management of impacted maxillary canines. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. 24. Thomas J. ‘Tanya J. Pages 349-352. Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. 19. Cangialosi. Cangialosi. Lokesh Suri. Pages 7-15. David M. Issue 4. October 2002 Orthodontics and temporomandibular disorder: A meta-analysis. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 120. Volume 126. July 2004 The ABO discrepancy index: a measure of case complexity. Volume 121. Issue 3. Bernhardt. Issue 3. Volume 125. . Fransson. Huang 23. Pages 438-446. August 2004 A cephalometric comparison of treatment with the Twin-block and stainless steel crown Herbst appliances followed by fixed appliance therapy. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Pages 98-111.18. Volume 125. Issue 3. Pages 279-283. March 2004 Long-term follow-up of Class II adults treated with orthodontic camouflage: A comparison with orthognathic surgery outcomes. 27. October 2004 Anette M. Issue 2. Kokich 21. Abbie T. Pages 687-693. September 2004 Occlusal adjustment for treating and preventing temporomandibular disorders. et al. Pages 432-445. Issue 3. Sarver 30. A literature review. Volume 120. Volume 126. December 2004 Delayed tooth eruption: Pathogenesis. Patrick K. Pages 20-27. 20. Thomas J. March 2003 Managing the developing Class III malocclusion with palatal expansion and facemask therapy. Pages 138-139. Pages 278-283. Issue 2. et al. Issue 5. American Journal of L. Issue 1. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. et al.C. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. et al. et al. Volume 126. diagnosis and treatment. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. July 2001 Vincent G. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. 25.
Volume 119. Pages 81-85. Volume 112. Cynthia Yiu 33. September 1997 Melvin L. Pages 587-593. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Pages 603-611. June 2001 Considerations for orthognathic surgery during growth. Anthony Gianelly John S. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 119. Moss 42. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. October 1997 The functional matrix hypothesis revisited.31. Issue 6. 36. Issue 4. Pages 594-603. Wayne L. Issue 3. Vig 41. June 1998 Peter Ngan. Issue 6. Volume 119. Volume 113. Part I: Temperature transitional ranges. Issue 5. November 1998 Nasal obstruction and facial growth: The strength of evidence for clinical assumptions. August 2000 The genetics of human tooth agenesis: New discoveries for understanding dental anomalies. 35. Pages 589-599. clinically oriented review. Pseudoelasticity and thermoelasticity of nickel-titanium alloys: A Margherita Santoro. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial et al. February 2001 Evaluation of treatment and posttreatment changes of protraction facemask treatment using the PAR index. et al. Volume 117. Pages 410-417. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Pseudoelasticity and thermoelasticity of nickel-titanium alloys: A clinically oriented review. 32. Issue 4. Pages 95-101. Part 1: Larry M. Mathew M. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Moss and the resolving synthesis. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. 40. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Part II: Deactivation forces. The functional matrix hypothesis revisited. Volume 114. Pages 650-656. Pages 159-170. . Heleni Vastardis 38. September 2000 Treatment timing for Twin-block therapy. Casko. Mandibular deformities. Brennan. October 2000 Early treatment of vertical skeletal dysplasia: The hyperdivergent phenotype. Sankey. Pages 317-327. Katherine W. The epigenetic antithesis Melvin L. American Journal et al. Volume 118. Pages 338-342.L. et al. Issue 6. The genomic thesis. Wolford. et al. Volume 112. et al. Orthopedics. Issue 2. Volume 117. June 2000 The use of the lingual arch in the mixed dentition to resolve incisor crowding. 37. of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Issue 6. January 2000 Objective grading system for dental casts and panoramic radiographs. 34. Issue 3. Issue 2. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. 4. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. June 2001 Margherita Santoro. Tiziano Baccetti. 3. 39. Volume 118. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Volume 118. Pages 414-420. Issue 1.
Moss 45. Volume 83. Issue 2. Issue 5. Issue 6. Bishara 47. Pages 618-624. et al. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. George Andreasen Charles R. 53. 1. 55. Pages 380-387. American Journal of Orthodontics. An evaluation of changes in mandibular anterior alignment from 10 to Robert M. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. American Journal of Orthodontics. Bishara. Pages 87-91. November 1984 Skeletal morphologic features of anterior open bite. February 1975 Thomas J. Volume 93. The role of an osseous connected cellular network. Volume 112. The functional matrix hypothesis revisited. et al. July 1977 The “Wits” appraisal of jaw disharmony. Pages 221-226. Pages 423-428. . Adkins. et al. Issue 2. Volume 101. Michael D. Pages 125-138. Edsard van Steenbergen. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. 54. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Melvin L. Volume 97. August 1997 The functional matrix hypothesis revisited. Pages 194-199. Issue 1. Volume 93. Volume 86. Jacobson 52. 46. Cangialosi Samir E. Issue 2. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Pages 131-137. Pages 359-370. January 1984 Third molars: A review. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. March 1990 A long-term prospective evaluation of the circumferential supracrestal fiberotomy in alleviating orthodontic relapse. Volume 112. May 1988 Prediction of mandibular growth rotation evaluated from a longitudinal Vibeke Skieller. Edwards 50. July 1997 Biomechanics of orthodontic correction of dental asymmetries. Volume 112. Issue 1. Volume 85. Pages 79-83.43. Issue 3. 48. Ravindra Nanda Samir E. The role of mechanotransduction. 56. Michael Konik. June 1995 Impacted maxillary canines: A review. Volume 67. Issue 1. May 1988 Melvin L. implant sample. American Journal of Orthodontics. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Issue 5. Burstone A. Moss 44. et al. John G. 51. Pages 159-171. Little. July 1997 The mechanism of Class II correction in late Herbst treatment. 2. American Journal of Orthodontics. February 1992 The risk of orthodontic treatment for producing temporomandibular mandibular disorders: A literature overview. January 1992 Arch perimeter changes on rapid palatal expansion. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Pages 1-22. Issue 1. February 1983 Deep overbite correction by intrusion. American Journal of Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics. Issue 5. Volume 101. Issue 2. Pages 28-36. 20 years postretention. Volume 107. Cyril Sadowsky 49. Pages 8-11. Issue 1. Volume 72. American Journal of Orthodontics.
American Journal of Orthodontics. Jeryl D. Issue 1. English. October 1960 Frankfort-Mandibular Plane Angle in Orthodontic Diagnosis.H. 65. Volume 73. The Angle Orthodontist. September 1972 Prediction of mandibular growth rotation. James A. et al. The Esthetic Impact of Extraction and Nonextraction Treatments on Caucasian Patients. Pages 344-353. The six keys to normal occlusion. July 1962 The use of cephalometrics as an aid to planning and assessing orthodontic treatment: Report of a case. Volume 72. Pages 585-599. 58. C. Issue 4. Pages 276-283. Issue 1. The Angle Orthodontist. December 2002 Incisor Root Resorptions Due to Ectopic Maxillary Canines Imaged by Computerized Tomography: A Comparative Study in Extracted Teeth. Pages 21-27. Issue 6. Volume 46. 70. et al. The Angle Orthodontist. The Angle Orthodontist. Issue 4. Pages 721-735. The Angle Orthodontist. Issue 7. Volume 55. Kusy Sune Ericson. Volume 73. Chris Murphy. The Angle Orthodontist. Issue 4. et al. American Journal of Orthodontics. The Angle Orthodontist. . Jüri Kurol 69. Issue 4 . 66. Bolton Cecil C. S. Volume 70. Issue 10. Volume 72. et al. Volume 48. The Role of Computerized Video Imaging in Predicting Adult Extraction Treatment Outcomes. August 2003 A Longitudinal Study of Incremental Expansion Using a Mandibular Lip Bumper. Lawrence F. Volume 68. Volume 62. Andrews A. June 1969 The clinical application of a tooth-size analysis. Classification. Pages 175-230. Issue 4. August 2002 Does Malocclusion Affect Masticatory Performance?. American Journal of Orthodontics. Björk Wayne A. McNamara. Volume 72. February 2002 Orthodontic Biomaterials: From the Past to the Present. 64. February 2000. 59. January 2006 Rapid Maxillary Expansion Followed by Fixed Appliances: A Long-term Evaluation of Changes in Arch Dimensions. 68. Pages 296-309. The Angle Orthodontist. October 1998 Thuan N. Tweed 62. Johnston Jr. April 1946 Long-Term Stability of Lip Bumper Therapy Followed by Fixed Appliances. 3-10. 67. Volume 76. American Journal of Orthodontics and Oral Surgery. Issue 6. Pages 316-323. Pages 504-529. August 2003 An Improved Version of the Cervical Vertebral Maturation (CVM) Method for the Assessment of Mandibular Growth. Volume 70. August 2000. Pages 396-400. Pages Lysle E. Jay Bowman. Treatment Planning and Prognosis. The Angle Orthodontist. et al. Volume 32. Pages 36-42. Pages 501-512. 63.57. C. Issue 5. American Journal of Orthodontics. Le. Pages 391-399. Tiziano Baccetti. Michael Joseph Solomon. Robert P. et al. Steiner 61. 60. Issue 1. Issue 3.
J. No. Volume 7. Pages 3-20. Issue 1. 81. Northway. Vermette. 6. et al. Vincent G. April 1982 Long-Term Posttreatment Evaluation of Rapid Palatal Expansion. Birgit Thilander P. Kusy 72. Mossey 80. Samir E. May 2004 Prevention of infective endocarditis: Guidelines from the American Heart Association. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica.A. and temporomandibular disorders: A review. Pages 321-325.A. British Journal of Orthodontics. European Journal of Orthodontics. Volume 50. Maxillary development revisited: relevance to the orthopaedic Jean Delaire treatment of Class III malocclusions. Journal of Orofacial Pain. Issue 1. Pages 407-416. Issue 2. 3. The Angle Orthodontist. Volume 56. Pages 73-115. 79. Meade Jr. Issue 3. Pages 309-320. Volume 139. Kokich. A review of contemporary archwires: Their properties and characteristics. Pages 71-78. and stability. No suppl_1. John E. et al. Issue 3. No. December 1996 Uncovering labially impacted teeth: apically positioned flap and closederuption techniques. 73. McNamara. John B. et al. William M.71. Seminars in Orthodontics. July 1980 The genetic basis of normal and abnormal craniofacial development. Volume 66. The Angle Orthodontist. Volume 65. 78. Issue 3. 74. Journal of the American Dental Association. Pages 3S-24S. et al. Fishman A. 82. Pages 23-34. February 1995 Radiographic Evaluation of Skeletal Maturation. Segal. W. Pages 11-24. Seminars in Orthodontics. Pages 189-217. 83. J. 77. Leonard S. June 1997 Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion: A comparison of technique.R. The Angle Orthodontist. The Angle Orthodontist. January 2008 Occlusion. Issue 2. Volume 53. Frank M. response. Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research. Volume 19. Volume 52. orthodontic treatment. Volume 67. September 1999 Robert P. The Angle Orthodontist. Pages 88-112. Wilson. Issue 1 . The Angle Orthodontist. June 1997 Meta analysis of the treatment-related factors of external apical root resorption. August 1997 Clinical and scientific applications/advances in video imaging. Issue 4. Spear . Bishara 85. Pages 195-203. Pages 289-311. Winter 1995 Class II Malocclusions: Diagnostic and Clinical Considerations With and Without Treatment. Issue 6. Haas Irma Thesleff 75. Grubb. No. 84. 3. 76. Michael E. The Influence of Genetics in Malocclusion. Volume 12. Volume 3. March 1997 G. Volume 26. Volume 67. January 1998 Basic mechanisms in craniofacial growth. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica. March 2006 Guidelines for managing the orthodontic-restorative patient. January 1995 The Heritability of Malocclusion: Part 2. Pages 144-151. Volume 9 Issue1. et al. Pages 197-208.
Pages 153160. 90. American Heart Association. Gray's Anatomy 3. Pages 39-44. 88. Cohen and Hennekam. Seminars in Orthodontics. ADA Guide to Dental Therapeutics ADA Publishing Second Edition 2000 Chapter 4 Chapter 10 Thirty-Eighth Edition 1995 Chapter 3 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Development. a review. Volume 3. Seminars in Orthodontics. John D. June 1996 Highlights of the 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for CPR and ECC. Kokich David R.86. Issue 1. Issue 1. Issue 1 . 89. The Mosby Co. Managing treatment for the orthodontic patient with periodontal problems. Seminars in Orthodontics. March 1997 Orthodontic-endodontic treatment planning of traumatized teeth. Oxford Fourth Edition 2001 Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 2. et al. Issue 2. Structure and Function. Bishara. something new. Pages 45-72. West Frank M. Steiner. Vincent G. Pages 1-32. Samir E. Oral Histology . Spear. Seminars in Orthodontics. Volume 3. Dale E. Seminars in Orthodontics. March 1997 Interdisciplinary management of single-tooth implants. Volume 3. Issue 3. Antonio Nanci. September 1997 Managing complex orthodontic problems: the use of implants for anchorage. Pages 178-188. Seventh Edition 2008 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 10 Chapter 12 4. Pages 21-38. 91. Fehr Vincent G. Mathews. Volume 3. American Heart Association TEXTBOOKS 1. March 1997 Ceramic brackets: Something old. 2010 David P. Volume 2. Kokich 87. Syndromes of The Head and Neck Gorlin.
B..B. White and M. W. Saunders Co. Fields. Facial Growth D. Okeson.5. Saunders Co. Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion Radiographic Cephalometry. Biomechanics in Clinical Orthodontics Ravindra Nanda. from Basics to Videoimaging 8. W. Allen and Bouquet... Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology Neville. Pharoah. Oral Radiology Principles and Interpretation S. 1995 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 3 4 5 8 10 12 18 22 7.J. Damm. The Mosby Co. Contemporary Orthodontics 11. Saunders Co. Sixth Edition 2008 A. 1997 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 1 5 7 10 . Third Edition 1990 Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 12 Chapter 14 Chapter 15 6. 9.C. Fourth Edition 2007 10. Third Edition 2009 Chapter 1 Chapter 7 Chapter 14 Chapter 16 Chapter 17 J.W.R. The Mosby Co. The Mosby Co.B. Jacobson. Inc. Fourth Edition 2000 Chapter 3 Chapter 11 Chapter 13 Chapter 24 W.. Jr. Quintessence Publishing Co. Enlow. Proffit with H. W.
website. The Mosby Co. Clinical Periodontology 18. Proffit. Ninth Edition 2002 Chapter 5 Chapter 18 Chapter 45 17. http://www. Munksgaard. H. Burdon. English. Pham-Litschel First Edition 2009 13. Takei and F. Carranza W. Current Principles and Techniques Orthodontics Dentofacial Orthopedics L. Saunders Co. K. Fourth Edition Chapter 16 Chapter 31 M.americanboardortho. Orthodontics. Clinical Periodontology and Implant Dentistry J.com . B. T. R. Vanarsdall. D. Lindhe. 20. McNamara. Jr. Mosby’s Orthodontic Review 15. White. Peltomaki. 2001 Chapter 1 Chapter 25 J. W. and K. Graber. OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control Plan ABO Website OSHA The American Board of Orthodontics. McGraw-Hill Fifth Edition 2001 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6 Chapter 8 Chapter 12 19. 14. Contemporary Treatment of Dentofacial Deformity W. Sarver: Mosby 2003 Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter Chapter 2 5 7 9 10 11 16 17 18 16. Glantz. R.12. Newman. Fifth Edition 2012 J. Vig. Primer of Biostatistics Stanton A.
primalpictures.21. American Red Cross Manual 3D Head & Neck Anatomy for Dentistry American Red Cross DVD-ROM Primal Pictures Ltd www.com . 22.
Division 1 malocclusion Class II.THE AMERICAN BOARD OF ORTHODONTICS WRITTEN EXAMINATION CLINICAL TOPICS Adult treatment African American cephalometric norms Alveolar ridge for implants Anterior facial height Arch form Arch length discrepancy Assessing hand-wrist radiographs Bicuspid extraction treatment Bimaxillary protrusion “Black triangles” / tooth morphology Blocked out canines Bolton’s tooth size discrepancy Bruxism Class II. Division 2 malocclusion Class III malocclusion Closed bite Congenitally missing premolars Deep overbite Dental age vs skeletal age vs chronological age Dental midline deviations Diastema Early loss of primary teeth Ectopic canines Endodontically treated teeth Excessive spacing Facial asymmetry Facial type classification Frenum management Functional shift Growth patterns “Gummy” smile Hand wrist radiographs Impacted canine Implants Incisor crowding Lateral open bite Mandibular asymmetry Mandibular retrognathia Maxillary deficiency Maxillary protrusion Missing mandibular incisor Missing molars Missing teeth Open bite Orthodontic relapse Orthognathic surgery Over erupted incisors Over retained primary teeth Posterior crossbite Posterior discrepancy Primary failure of eruption Retained primary molars Root resorption Severe rotations Space maintenance Subdivision classification Surgical procedures Third molars TMD Tongue thrust habit Upper lip to incisor relationship .
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