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2.Biggest difference between the two is efficiency.

Ground source heat pumps are on average twice as efficient as air heat pumps, since they use the thermal ene rgy of the earth crust to increase energy output, while decreasing energy input. 3.ground source heat pump utilizes earth s thermal energy extracted from the groun d by using ground heat exchanger.So the source is ground. 6.Benefits Ground source heat pumps add tremendous benefits to your house, by increasing th e energy efficiency of your heating and cooling systems by 2-3 times, and as a r esult decreasing your bills to heat your house in the winter and cool it in the summer by the same two to three times.

5.closed loop Most installed systems have two loops on the ground side: the primary refrigeran t loop is contained in the appliance cabinet where it exchanges heat with a seco ndary water loop that is buried underground. The secondary loop is typically mad e of High-density polyethylene pipe and contains a mixture of water and anti-fre eze (propylene glycol, denatured alcohol or methanol). Monopropylene glycol has the least damaging potential when it might leak into the ground, and is therefor e the only allowed anti-freeze in ground sources in an increasing number of Euro pean countries. After leaving the internal heat exchanger, the water flows throu gh the secondary loop outside the building to exchange heat with the ground befo re returning. The secondary loop is placed below the frost line where the temper ature is more stable, or preferably submerged in a body of water if available. S ystems in wet ground or in water are generally more efficient than drier ground loops since it is less work to move heat in and out of water than solids in sand or soil. If the ground is naturally dry, soaker hoses may be buried with the gr ound loop to keep it wet. An installed liquid pump pack Closed loop systems need a heat exchanger between the refrigerant loop and the w ater loop, and pumps in both loops. Some manufacturers have a separate ground lo op fluid pump pack, while some integrate the pumping and valving within the heat pump. Expansion tanks and pressure relief valves may be installed on the heated fluid side. Closed loop systems have lower efficiency than direct exchange syst ems, so they require longer and larger pipe to be placed in the ground, increasi ng excavation costs. Closed loop tubing can be installed horizontally as a loop field in trenches or vertically as a series of long U-shapes in wells (see below). The size of the lo op field depends on the soil type and moisture content, the average ground tempe rature and the heat loss and or gain characteristics of the building being condi tioned. A rough approximation of the initial soil temperature is the average dai ly temperature for the region. Open loop In an open loop system (also called a groundwater heat pump), the secondary loop pumps natural water from a well or body of water into a heat exchanger inside t he heat pump. ASHRAE calls open loop systems groundwater heat pumps or surface w ater heat pumps, depending on the source. Heat is either extracted or added by t he primary refrigerant loop, and the water is returned to a separate injection w

Deep lake water cooling uses a similar process with an open loop for air conditi oning and cooling. which uses a high temperature heat source to generate electricity.if the temperature is undisturbed by the presence of a heat pump. Open loop systems using ground water are usually more efficie nt than closed systems because they are better coupled with ground temperatures. as fouli ng decreases the flow of natural water. The core of the heat pump is a l oop of refrigerant pumped through a vapor-compression refrigeration cycle that m oves heat.Ground source heat pumps harvest heat absorbed at the Earth's surfac e from solar energy.[16] Also. But unlike an air-source heat pump. including geoexchange. Like a re frigerator or air conditioner. in comparison. iron bacteria or hydrogen sulfide. This is much more energy-efficient because underground temperatures are more stable than air temperatures through the year. irrigation trench. although ef ficiencies begin dropping significantly as outside air temperatures drop below 5 °C (41 °F). strictly. these systems use a heat pump to force the transf er of heat from the ground. They are also known by other names. 5. The supply and return lines must be placed far enough apart to ensure thermal recharge of the source. tile field or body of water. a GSHP sys tem installation requires a professional's services. a closed loop system is u sually preferable. the heat does not come from the centre of the Earth.ell. Closed loop systems. earth energy systems. This design takes advantage of the moderate temperatures in the ground to boo st efficiency and reduce the operational costs of heating and cooling systems. This forces t he use of more environmentally sound injection wells. Air-source heat pumps are typically more efficient at heating than pu re electric heaters. a nd may be combined with solar heating to form a geosolar system with even greate r efficiency. the appliance may need to be protected f rom corrosion by using different metals in the heat exchanger and pump. ground source heat pump (GSHP). Heat pumps can transfer heat from a cool space to a warm space. minerals. it becomes difficult for the heat pump t o exchange building heat with the groundwater. have to transfer heat across extra layers o f pipe wall and dirt. a ground source heat pump exchanges heat with the ground.Because of the technical knowledge and equipment needed to properly design and size the system (and install the piping if heat fusion is required). the temperature beneath the upper 6 metres (20 ft) of Ear th's surface maintains a nearly constant temperature between 10 and 16 °C (50 and 60 °F). 1. Depending on latitude. earth-cou pled. The engineering and scientific communities prefer th e terms "geoexchange" or "ground source heat pumps" to avoid confusion with trad itional geothermal power. Seasonal variations drop off with depth and . If the water contains high levels of salt. which transfers heat to or from the outside air. or they can enhance the natur al flow of heat from a warm area to a cool one. but fr om the Sun. Since the water chemistry is not controlled. The temperature in the ground below 6 metres (20 ft) is rou ghly equal to the mean annual air temperature at that latitude at the surface. It uses the earth as a heat source (in the winter) or a heat sink (in the summer ). Limescal e may foul the system over time and require periodic acid cleaning. against the natural direction of flow. Ground source heat pumps are also known as "geothermal heat pumps" although. A growing number of jurisdictions have outlawed open-loop systems that drain to the surface because these may drain aquifers or contaminate wells.A geothermal heat pump. even when extracting heat from cold winter air. or ground heat pump is a central heating and/or cooling system that pumps heat to or from the ground. This is much more of a problem with cooling systems than heating systems.

[4] Like a cave. . heating or cool ing. Some systems are designed to operate in one mode only. depending on climate.disappear below seven meters due to thermal inertia. A ground source heat pump extracts ground heat in the winter (for heating) and transfers heat back into the ground in the summer (for cooling). the shallow ground temperature is warmer than the air above during the winter and cooler th an the air in the summer.