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Hydrofreze ve Diyafram Duvar Makinaları

BAUER MBC30

BAUER BC30

B125 KRC

IMT

BHL 8

DESANDER

Özellikle bu türlü imalatlar denizüstü platformlarda gerekmektedir. . Halatlı mekanik Grap ve Halatlı Tırpan imalatlarını sürdürmektedir. Leffer Diyafram Duvar Grab İmalatlarını basınç tankları ve Zemin teknolojilerinde kullanılan Diyafram Duvar Grab.BENTONİT TESİSLERİ MEKANİK GRABLER Leffer Firması 1946 yılında Almanya da hans Leffer tarafından kurulmuştur.600ton ağırlık 100m boy ve 7m çaplı bir parçayı tek parça halinde işleyebilme kapasitesine sahiptir.Dünyanın önde gelen çelik işleme tesislerinden bir tanesidir. 114000m2 alanda 35000m2 kapalı olma üzere 800 işçisiyle yarım asrı geçen bir süredir özel çelik imalatlarını başarıyla sürdürmektedir.

LefFer Genel Müdürü Bay Hans Leffer ilk türk müşterilerinin STFA olduğunu bildirmektedir.Leffet Diafram Duvar Grab Türk zemin firmalrının çok yakından tanıdığı Leffer Firması 1960 lı yılların başından beri Türk Mütaahhitlerinin hizmetindedir. .

.2-6/800-1200 Modeli Diyafram Duvar Grabi ile birlikte 800x2800 ve 1200x2800 çeneleride(jaws) beraberinde getirmişlerdir. Leffer SWG3.Leffer Diafram Duvar Grabi Erke Servisince Kuruluyor Lefffer Zemin Makinaları konusundaki uzmanlığını en son Geoteknik Firmasına teslim ettiği Leffer Mekanik grap ile bir kez daha kanıtlamıştır.

halatlar ve halat makaraları. hafif tırpanlama işleri de yapılabilir. Çenelerin dişleri değiştirilebilir. Bütün halat ve klavuz makaraları hassasiyetle ölçülendirilmiştir . bakım gerektirmeyen yağlı rulmanlar kullanılmıştır. . Çeneler.Leffer Diafram Duvar Grabi Erke Servisince Kuruluyor Leffer’in Mekanik Diyafram Duvar Grabinde köşeli ve yuvarlak tip çene seçenekleri mevcuttur. hiçbir sorun olmaksızın şantiye sahasında yerlerine takılabilir.

Slurry Walls) .Böylece grable yapılan kazı işi mükemmelliğe ulaşmış olacaktır. Dikey kazım açısında ve yönünde meydana gelebilecek en ufak bir sapmayı bile bu alet sayesinde önceden fark etmek mümkündür.Leffer Diafram Duvar Grab LefferIn imalatında yer alan Hidrolik Diyafram Duvar Grabi sürekli ölçüm yapan bir ölçme ve kontrol sistemi ile techiz edilmiştir. Böylece 50 mt den fazla derinliklerde bile son derece düzgün anolar elde edilecektir. SLURRY WALL RETAINING SYSTEMS FOR DEEP EXCAVATIONS Diaphragm Walls (U.S. Bu sapma bilgileri anında operatörün önündeki kontrol panelinde de görülecek ve operatör grabin yönünü değiştirerek bu sapmanın önüne geçecektir.

Saxena. 1994). 1990). Bauer. San Francisco and New York. that was followed by the Bank of California in San Francisco (Clough and Buchignani. The term "diaphragm walls" refers to the final condition when the slurry is replaced by tremied concrete that acts as a structural system either for temporary excavation support or as part of the permanent structure. Rodio etc). by providing a low permeability barrier to contaminant transport. The majority of diaphragm wall projects in the US are located in six cities Boston.The continuous diaphragm wall (also referred to as slurry wall in the US) is a structure formed and cast in a slurry trench (Xanthakos. 1974). fraise or hydromills (sample manufacturers: Icos. Individual contractors have developed their own specialized trenching equipment like hydraulic clamshells. Casagrande. Icos constructed the first structural slurry wall in the late 1950s for the Milan Metro (Puller. . The trench excavation is initially supported by either bentonite or polymer based slurries that prevents soil incursions into the excavated trench. The first application in the US was in New York City [1962] for a 7m diameter by 24m deep shaft (Tamaro. 1972). This construction sequence is illustrated in Figure 1. and the World Trade Center in New York (Kapp. 1980). Figure 2 shows selected pictures from construction of a new subway in Boston (MBTA South Boston Transit way) including two slurry wall construction machines. Slurry Wall History The first diaphragm walls were tested in 1948 and the first full scale slurry wall was built by Icos in Italy in 1950 (Puller. The simplest type of trenching equipment is the mechanical clamshell attached on a kelly bar. CLICK HERE TO FIND OUT THE DESIGN OF slurry walls WITH deepxcav software or click here to arrange a free online video presentation of deepxcav on slurry walls with our technical experts Slurry Wall Equipment Slurry wall technology hinges on specialized equipment for excavating slurry trenches. Washington DC. Chicago. 1969. 1996). the CNA building in Chicago (Cunningham and Fernandez. Case Foundation. Slurry walls were introduced in the US in the mid 1960s by European contractors. 1996) with bentonite slurry support as a cut-off wall.The term slurry wall is also applied to walls that are used as flow barriers (mainly in waste containment).

In contrast. in diaphragm walls the wall perimeter is constructed panel by panel and reinforcement cages are almost always used.Diaphragm walls are extensively used in the Central Artery/Tunnel project (CA/T) in Boston. Diaphragm (Structural) Wall Applications Earth retention walls for deep excavations. Cement-bentonite slurry walls also provide another alternative. When required. where the excavated soil is transported and mixed to a remote location. site area. one should check that used bentonite slurry and soil-bentonite slurries are able to withstand chemical attacks from the insitu soils. . 1998). (D) Concreting by tremie pipes. basements. alternate slurry materials such as attapulgite and treated bentonites can be used. The differences arise mainly from construction method differences. Figure 1: Typical construction sequence of slurry walls : (A) Trenching under slurry. cement-bentonite and soil-cement-bentonite can provide greater strengths. Other backfill compositions may be used when deemed appropriate (soil-attapulgite and soil-bentonite with geomembrane inserts). 3). (B) End stop inserted (steel tube or other).. In limited headroom conditions smaller cranes can be used and the technique can be altered to “remote backfill mixing”. Retaining wall-foundations Retaining wall-water control Used in top-down construction method as permanent basement walls Slurry Wall for Cut-Off Wall Applications Water and seepage control for deep excavations Cut-off curtains Contaminated groundwater / seepage control Gas barriers for landfills LIMITATIONS OF SLURRY WALLS Slurry wall construction requires the use of heavy construction equipment that requires reasonable headroom. the trenches are excavated under a slurry that later solidifies and create the permanent barrier/backfill. High capacity vertical foundation elements.slurry walls. In this method. and considerable mobilization costs. SLURRY WALL COSTS Slurry wall construction cost for cut-off barries is considerably cheeper than diaphragm wall construction for deep excavations. Massachusetts (Fig. (C) Reinforcement cage lowered into the slurry-filled trench. Work in the CA/T involves many cut and cover tunnels constructed under the existing artery. In such a case. extending 120' below the surface have been constructed for the Central Artery (Lambrechts et al. In cut-off walls construction is much quicker as a continuous trench is excavated and backfilled and reinforcement cages are seldomly used. and then is returned as backfill. and tunnels. Also. Some of the deepest T.

SLURRY WALL SECTIONS WITH MULTIPLE REINFORCEMENT LAYERS WITH OUR SOFTWARE PROGRAM deepxcav . Boston MA (Ladd et al. 1999) where slurry walls have been extensively used.. (B) Smaller size mechanical clamshell Figure 4: Central Artery Tunnel Project.Figure 2: Diaphragm Wall Trenching equipment. (A) Mechanical clamshell in front and hydraulic clamshell in the back.