You are on page 1of 6

After this short presentation of the NGN network, the next step in our project is to propose a solution to migrate

the PSTN network that we have designed to NGNC4 network that we saw previously where local exchanges are left unchanged while the transit layer is replaced by Softswitches and media gateways (see the figure below).

Our solution should include the following points: architecture, migration procedure, Softswitches, MGM and MSAN dimensioning, required transmission capacity (estimation), cost and financial study. As data input, we have 20% of residential subscribers and 50% of business subscribers in the big cities, are internet subscribers (128 kbps and 512 kbps respectively). We are going to consider the same design of our PSTN network with the following changes:  All the transit exchanges are going to be replaced with one softswitch (with a maximum capacity of 800 000 subscribers) since the total number of subscribers is 429 800.

The number of MSAN is determined by dividing the number of internet subscribers by 480 (ports) and rounding up the result.5432Mbps. Voice only 75600 35800 56200 42200 63600 38000 311400 sub. we will get:8*(160*2+40+38)/20ms= 159. For the internet subscribers in the big cities. we will use a certain number of MSAN that will be defined in the next table. but these local exchanges will be considered only for the subscribers that are not internet subscribers.1592*number of residential internet subscribers in the big city+0. These MSANs will be connected to the softswitch.711 coding (during 20ms).5*nber of business subscribers. we have calculated for each area the number of voice subscribers only and the number of subscribers that are internet subscribers as well.1592Mbps.2kbps=0.08%.  . The following tables show the numbers of residential and business subscribers that are internet subscribers as well as the required capacity in each big city. The same calculation will be done for 512 kbps. by adding 40 bytes for IP packets. we will keep on the local exchanges and RSU that we have chosen. the number of MSAN and of media gateways that are required. we will obtain than: 8*(160*8+40+38)/20ms=543. Then the required capacity will be given by: 0.2*nber of residential subscribers. this means having 480 ports in each MSAN.5432*number of business internet subscribers in the big city (Mbps). We will use the whole ports as xDSL ports. by doing the calculation of the CP load for the big city “A”. we have used the following points:    Number of residential internet subscribers=0. Number of business internet subscribers=0.2kbps= 0. Voice+ internet 30400 14400 22400 14400 25600 11200 118400 For the migration of the PSTN network to a NGN network class 4. 38 bytes for Ethernet and 160*2 bytes for G. In the following table. 128 kbps is given as a speed for residential subscribers. Area A C E B D F total sub. we got: CP load%=57. To fill the tables. then the whole area of “A“ having the CP load less than 80%. These local exchanges are going to be connected to the softswitch via a certain number of media gateways. will need only one local exchange A.

Internet bus. 38000 11400 19000 18000 5400 9000 28000 8400 14000 18000 5400 9000 32000 9600 16000 14000 4200 7000 148000 44400 74000 City A C E B D F Total Internet subscribers 30400 14400 22400 14400 25600 11200 118400 required capacity (Mbps) 29716 14076 21896 14076 25024 10948 115736 MSAN 64 30 47 30 54 24 249 media gateway 3 2 2 2 3 2 14 Softswitch 1 . sub. Residential subscribers 57000 27000 42000 27000 48000 21000 222000 res. The number of media gateway is determined by dividing the number of subscribers (only voice) in each area by 30000 ( maximum capacity of a MGW) and rounding up the result. Internet Business subscribers sub.

We will sketch only a part of the migrated PSTN network that will look like to something like that: IP/MPLS network softswitch MGW LE RSU city MSAN Financial study: In this part. we are going to follow the same step as the financial study in the previous section: 1.  The cost of the MSAN is given by 20MU/port=20*number of internet subscribers =20*118 400=2 368 000MU.  The cost of the local exchanges and RSU is given by 20MU/line=20*number of voice subscribers= 20*311 400=6 228 000MU. . Network cost:  The cost of the softswitch is given by 5MU/line=5*number of subscribers =5*429 800=2 149 000MU.  The cost of the MGW is given by 3MU/line= 3*number of voice subscribers=934 200MU.

4+0. The total cost of the network=27 784 960+19 449 472=47 234 432MU. .c2 b m 9E1 a 1. The TMN cost=0. Network Incomes :  We are going to consider the same incomes that we have obtained in the section 5 of the project: 1. 2.The the total will be= 11 679 200MU.015336349*10^10+17 178 480S+480 205I  in addition.7*(10 419 360+17 365 600)=0.B: since we used in this migration only one local exchange A.4*12 404 000=4 961 600MU.  The cost of the junctions and loops is given for 44 PDH links of 34Mbps and 24 PDH links of 139 Mbps used= 44*17*200+24*69. The IN platform cost=0.4(241 600+483 200+11 679 200)=0.6*17 365 600=10 419 360MU. Actually.9+1) =[2S*44 400+6S*74000]*3=1 598 400S Then the total revenues are=1.6*(12404000+4961600)=0. we should consider the internet income. the transmission between LE A and the RSU will be like this: 25E1 19 11 6 A f c 1.7*27 784 960=19 449 472 MU. Then the internet income after these four years will be: [2S*residential internet subscribers+6S*business internet subscribers](0.5*200=483 200MU. The local loop price=0. We will consider that monthly internet subscription is given by 2S for 128kbps and 6S for 512kbps.015336349*10^10M+17 178 480S+480 205I +1 598 400S By replacing with S=103M and I=2060M.a2      The cost of FO&MW= 483200/2=241 600MU. then the number of PDH of each kind had changed.7+0. N.

Simply replacing the existing network will not generate additional revenue until the new services.Then the total incomes will be=1.  S=0.3197532 MU.1044*10^-3 MU. Large scale deployment of innovative applications. we can reduce the tariffs and at the same moment provide new services for the subscribers and get new subscribers as well.521545093*10^10 M that must be equal to the network cost 47 234 432MU. Migration to NGN can also retain the existing customers by offering new services resulting in increase in subscriber base and ARPU. which can be provided by NGN are provided to the subscribers.  M=3. Conclusion Migration from PSTN to NGN is an absolute prerequisite for all telecom service providers to differentiate. grow and generate new revenues. that by migrating the PSTN network to NGN class 4. Migration of PSTN to NGN is operator-specific and should be completed in a phased manner. .  I=6. with easy-to-use service portals is possible through NGN only. We can deduce from the calculated value of M.395064 MU.