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1. World Wars I and II and the New Deal all A) led to new federal bureaucracies. B) were followed by a Red Scare. A) were followed by periods of isolation. B) were a time of great waves of immigration. C) were times of difficulty for farmers. 2. The greatest irony of America's involvement in World War I was that it fought for democracy A) side-by-side with Communists in 1918. 13) while supporting a monarchy. C) with a Jim Crow army. D) with airplanes against a cavalry. E) even though many Americans didn't vote. 3. Woodrow Wilson resorted to income taxes, the draft, and arrests of war critics, which resembled most closely the actions of A) John Adams in his implementation of the Alien and Sedition Acts. B) James Madison in the War of 1812. C) James K. Polk during the Mexican War. D) Abraham Lincoln in the Civil War. E) William McKinley during the Spanish-American War. 4. The War Risk Insurance Act of 1917 set a precedent for what later government action? A) The women's suffrage amendment B) Government-provided social services C) Equal pay for equal work laws D) Prohibition E) Sedition laws 5. The fact that a person cannot yell "fire" in a crowded theater because it would pose a "clear and present danger" is an outgrowth of A) Schechter v. the United States. B) Munn v. Illinois. C) The Supreme Court's actions against the AAA. D) Plessy v. Ferguson. E) Schenck v. United States.

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6. In what way are the War of 1812 and World War I similar? In both, the United States A) won a decisive victory after the treaty was arranged. B) sided with France after an attempt at neutrality. C) had its neutrality threatened. D) implemented a draft. E) proposed that an international union of nations be created. 7. A major reason why United States farm exports decreased after World War I was that A) production declined. B) competition with other nations increased. C) domestic demand increased. D) Europe quickly became economically self-sufficient. E) the government encouraged farmers to form cooperatives. 8. How were the presidential campaigns for the elections of 1916 and 1940 similar? A) The Democratic presidential candidates were both incumbents. B) The Republicans were divided between interventionists and isolationists. C) Only the Democratic Party appealed to the isolationist vote. D) The Republican candidates won the elections. E) Neither party's candidates were running while already in office. 9. Which of the following repudiated the position of the irreconcilables and Washington's farewell admonition? A) Social Security B) Medicare C) The United Nations D) The Smith Act E) The World Court 10. Which of the following is the most grievous attack on civil liberties? A) Coolidge's action in the Boston police strike of 1919 B) Government response to the Bonus Army C) The Selective Service Act D) The Kellogg-Briand Pact E) The Palmer raids

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11. The greatest hindrance to reform in the 1920s was the A) Progressive Party's lack of a presidential candidate in the 1924 election. B) Red Scare. C) overall farm prosperity. D) women's suffrage amendment. E) Teapot Dome scandal. 12. What was a major weakness of the economy of the 1920s? A) The lack of credit B) The soaring cost of farm products C) Food production was at an all-time low D) The lack of cooperation between business and government E) The unequal distribution of wealth 13. The United States' policy of isolation was undermined by the A) Fordney-McCumber Tariff and the League of Nations. B) Good Neighbor Policy and the International Court of Justice. C) Hawley-Smoot Tariff and American policy in the Dominican Republic. D) Dawes Plan and the Washington Naval Arms Conference. E) Kellogg-Briand Pact and American policy in Nicaragua. 14. A major impact of advertising and mass media in the 1920s and later was the A) standardization of culture and dissemination of the values of consumerism. B) creation of new syndromes and phobias. C) reinforcement of production-oriented societal values and the work ethic. D) growth of a more organized, more bureaucratic, and more complex economy. E) increase of regional differences. 15. Which of the following is NOT true of flappers? A) They flaunted their liberated lifestyle. B) They helped change the image of what was respectable for women. C) They smoked cigarettes in public. D) Most young women emulated the lifestyle. E) Dancing to jazz was one of their pastimes. 16. The rise of the Ku Klux Klan and the National Origins Act represented a resurgence of A) religious revival. B) nativism. A) jingoism. C) fundamentalism. D) isolationism.

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17. Which of the following made Al Capone a millionaire? A) The Harlem Renaissance B) The Eighteenth Amendment C) Immigration restriction D) The "talkies" E) Buying on margin 18. Fundamentalism showed itself in the A) Birth of a Nation. B) modernist movement. C) Scopes trial. D) "Lost Generation." E) work of Tammany Hall. 19. John Hay's Open Door Notes of 1899 stated that the United States favored a policy toward China that would reflect A) abolition of all foreign spheres of influence. B) an end to the Chinese taxing system. C) a repeal of the extraterritoriality agreements. D) international equality of trade with China. E) an American sphere of influence. 20. The quote is most likely from "Chronic wrong doing...may...require intervention by...the United States [in adherence to] the Monroe Doctrine..., however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrong doing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power." A) The Influence of Seapower Upon History. B) the Platt Amendment. C) the Roosevelt Corollary. D) the Pan-American Union's constitution. E) A Century of Dishonor. 21. Dollar diplomacy A) made use of private capital investment to gain influence in foreign nations. B) used government loans to establish Caribbean protectorates. C) was used in Mexico during McKinley's administration. D) was used successfully to expand American interests in Manchuria. E) created very good relations between the United States and Latin America.

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22. Which statement best expresses Theodore Roosevelt's attitude toward trusts while he was president? A) Legislation should be enacted to prohibit the growth of large corporations. B) All trusts are bad. C) Anyone who wants to restrain corporations is trying to destroy our industry. D) America needs large businesses to compete in the world market. We must put our faith in management. E) We do not want to destroy corporations, but should make them responsive to the public good. 23. Considering the cartoon, which of the following foreign policies best suits how Americans felt about Cubans and Filipinos? THE PHILIPPINES: "What yer got?" CUBA: "Pie." THE PHILIPPINES: "Where'd yer git it?" CUBA: "Mah Uncle Sam gin it to me; any maybe ef you was half way decent he' gin you some."

A) B) C) D) E)

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24. In the cartoon, Cuba tells the Philippines he can have independence too if he would just act halfway decently. To what situation in the Philippines was the cartoon referring? A) A poor infrastructure that needed attention B) An education system that refused to teach English C) Aguinaldo's revolt for independence D) The islanders still supporting Spanish rule E) The Filipinos reverting to their pagan religion 25. The greatest conflict in the 1920s was between A) urban and suburban ideals. B) consumerism and the rise of mass media. C) isolationists and internationalists. D) the merits of eastern versus western lifestyles. E) cosmopolitan and traditional value systems. 26. Which work represents the disillusionment with war that came about after World War I? A) The Sun Also Rises, by Ernest Hemingway B) The Weary Blues, by Langston Hughes C) The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald D) The Sound and the Fury, by William Faulkner E) The American Mercury, by H.L. Mencken 27. The significance of the Universal Negro Improvement Association was that it A) represented a major black artistic movement. A) created the Harlem Renaissance. B) was the only biracial organization of its day. B) was the black working class's first mass movement. C) led to the development of the NAACP.

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28. What is the reason for the 1937-1938 phenomenon indicated in the graphs?

A ) The WPA was created. B) World War II started. C) Roosevelt cut back on his New Deal programs. D) Americans lost confidence in their governmental institutions. E) The Dust Bowl occurred. 29. The unemployment graph is misleading because it A) does not include minorities. B) represents a national average and does not account for regional differences. C) does not include workers whose unemployment insurance has run out. D) only represents a small portion of society. E) was made by the administration trying for reelection. 30. The Great Depression of the 1930s A) challenged basic American tenets of individualism and success. B) was not as severe or as long as the Panic of 1893. C) was not felt by millionaires or people on fixed incomes. D) was a boon to immigration advocates. E) was helped by the Hawley-Smoot Tariff.

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31. Which of the following is true for women in the 1930s? A) At the end of the Depression, women were more concentrated in low-paying jobs than before it began. B) Women were not considered in any New Deal legislation. C) The number of employed married women fell 50 percent. D) Unemployment rates for white women were far lower than for white males. E) Because many women were recognized as heads of households, they were not discriminated against in the workplace. 32. The cartoon representing the election of 1928 most likely was a product of

A) B) C) D) E)

the Dillingham Commission. the Ku Klux Klan. the Democratic Party. antiprohibitionists. urban New Yorkers.

33. A resurgence of traditionalism, a rise in religious service attendance, and the enjoyment of evenings at home with a game of Monopoly most likely would have taken place during the A) 1920s, because of the booming economy. B) 1900s, because of the backlash against urbanization. C) 1930s, because of the Great Depression. D) 1910s, because of the increase in immigration. E) 1940s, because of the excess of consumer products.

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34. The Scottsboro case, the popularity of the novel Gone With the Wind, and the movie Birth of a Nation indicated Americans' A) angst over immigration. A) disillusionment with war. B) economic anxiety. C) racial prejudice. D) fear for the future. 35. Which development occurred during the administrations of both Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt? A) The decline of labor unions B) Influxes in immigration C) Government scandals D) Political party cooperation E) Large population migrations 36. The practical reason behind the removal of troops from Nicaragua, the passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act, and the Good Neighbor Policy was that the A) country was preparing for war. B) nation was in the midst of a depression. C) public was tired of reform movements. D) nation was preoccupied with prosperity. E) the "lost generation" lost interest in politics. 37. Nothing seemed more ironic in the post-crash Hoover administration than A) Hoovervilles and Hoover blankets. B) the "Bonus Army." C) farmers destroying food. D) the Teapot Dome scandal. E) young people staying in school longer. 38. Which of the following was more likely to occur in Hoover's presidency than in Franklin Roosevelt's? A) Encouraging rugged individualism B) A youthful administration C) Experimentation D) Reciprocal trade agreements E) Deficit spending

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39. What was done to disable Francis Townsend's support? A) Job creation • B) The Good Neighbor Policy C) Creation of the Social Security Administration D) Implementation of Keynesian economic policies E) Passage of the Wagner Act 40. Which legislation was passed to undermine Huey Long's support? A) B) C) D) E) Social Security Workers' compensation The Wealth tax The Agricultural Adjustment Act Creation of the Securities and Exchange Commission

41. What action was taken by the New Deal to assure the situation represented in the cartoon would not occur in the future? Creation of the Home Owners Loan Corporation in 1933 Passage of the Revenue Act in 1935 Declaration of the bank holiday in 1933 Creation of the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1934 Passage of the Glass-Steagall Act in 1933

42. Which of the following is an example of the endurance of New Deal policies? A) Harry Hopkins's chief projects A) The Social Security and Wagner Acts B) The Agricultural Adjustment Act C) Brain trust advisors B) Schechter v. United States 43. In what respect were the administrations of Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Roosevelt similar? A) Tariff laws remained fairly static. B) Social security legislation was extended. C) The Alaska pipeline supplied needed oil for the war efforts. A) Extensive changes were made to the currency systems. B) Laws were passed to handle the problem of farm surpluses. 44. One major difference between the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Amendments is that the Nineteenth Amendment A) was triumphant after nearly 100 years of continuous struggle. B) was first proposed by northeastern reformers. C) had already been put into effect in some states. D) had its roots deep in American history. E) was generally supported by Americans after it was ratified. 45. Which of the following was NOT an aspect of United States foreign policy between World Wars I and II? A) Supporting naval limitations B) Refusing to join the League of Nations C) Refusing to join the International Court of Justice D) Agreeing that war debts and reparation payments were connected E) Helping finance the rebuilding of Germany 46. Many Progressive ideals were adopted from which earlier movement? A) Populist B) Abolitionist C) Chamber of Commerce D) Salvation Army E) 2nd Great Awakening

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47. Progressive supported all of the following except: A) Australian Ballot B) Civil Rights legislation C) Women's Suffrage D) Prohibition E) Direct Election of Senators 48. Which of the following is NOT paired with his WWI involvement? A) Sims- Convoy System B) York- War Hero- Killed 20 Germans C) Morgan- Financially supported allies D) Lodge- Provided Senate support for League of Nations E) Creel- Headed the Committee of Public Information 49. What was the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty of 1901 regarding? A) Pan American Conference B) Central American Canal C) US claims in Hawaii D) Alliance between US and Britain A) Anti-War treaty between US and Europe 50. Roosevelt's Elkins Act and Hepburn Act led to regulation in which industry? A) Coal B) Banking A) Steel C) Telephone D) Railroad 51. The teapot dome scandal involved Warren Harding AND A) Calvin Coolidge B) Woodrow Wilson C) Bernard Baruch D) Albert Fall E) Herbert Hoover 52. The first "talkie" motion picture, shown in 1927, was A) Gone With The Wind B) The Birth of a Nation C) The Jazz Singer D) Wizard of OZ E) Easy Rider

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53. The nickname given to a group of corrupt politicians surrounding Warren G. Harding was A) The Kansas Gang B) The Ohio Gang C) The New York Gang D) The Pennsylvania Gang E) The Georgia Gang 54. The term "Rugged Individualism", meaning individualism and self-reliance, was A) The Battle Cry of the Progressives B) Something that FDR stressed in his fireside chats C) Hoover's 1928 Campaign Slogan D) Embraced by many 1930's Labor Unions E) A nativist term, denouncing immigration 55. The Dawes Plan of 1924 and the Hoover Moratorium (1931) A) Sought to disarm the militarized nations B) Regarded repayment of WWI debts C) Reduced Tariff rates of the 1920s D) Protected overseas US investments E) Denied US involvement in the League of Nations 56. All of the following existed to support Labor EXCEPT A) NLRB A) Sec.7 of the NIRA B) SEC B) Wagner Act C) Norris-LaGuardia Act 57. Francis Perkins is notable because she is the first woman to A) be a presidential cabinet member A) Serve on the Supreme Court B) Lead the NAACP C) Be a state governor D) Fly non-stop around the world

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58. All of the following were critics of the First New Deal EXCEPT A) Huey Long B) Townsend C) Harold Ickes D) Father Coughlin E) The Supreme Court 59. The Primary Goal of the Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO) was to A) Continue the Practices of the AFL B) Organize all workers in a given industry, regardless of skill A) Form separate unions for skilled and unskilled workers B) Make sure that that Yellow Dog Contracts were enforced C) Pass Open Shop Laws 60. Which of the following New Deal Programs is correctly paired with its description? A) AAA- Encourage Farm Production B) FDIC- Regulate the Stock Market C) EBRA- Gave emergency relief to businesses D) CCC- Employed young men to work in conservation E) NIRA- One of the acts that still exist today