You are on page 1of 42

THE ASSIGNMENT ABOUT ACID-BASE TITRATION

CREATED BY :

NAME

: ANDRE ANUSTA BARUS

ID NUMBER

: 4103332001

CLASS

: BILLINGUAL CHEMISTRY EDUCATION

SUBJECT

: ANALITICAL CHEMISTRY EDUCATION

PART 1
OH- =
H- =

(0.0200)
=

=

PH = -log 5

OH- =
H- =

= 12.30

(0.0200)
=

OH- =

= 12.24

(0.0200)
=

= 0.01540 M

=

PH = -log 5.68

OH- =

= 0.01760 M

=

PH = -log 5.68

H- =

= 0.0200 M

(0.0200)

= 12.18

= 0.01320 M

H- =

=

=

PH = -log 7.57

OH- =
H- =

= 12.12

(0.0200)
=

=

PH = -log 9.009

OH- =
H- =

= 12.04

(0.0200)
=

OH- =

= 11.95

(0.0200)
=

= 0.00909 M

=

PH = -log 1.111

H- =

= 0.01110 M

=

= 0.00714 M

PH = -log 1.40056

OH- =
H- =

(0.0200)
=

OH- =

= 11.77

(0.0200)
=

OH- =

= 0.00345 M

=

PH = -log 2.8985

H- =

= 0.00526 M

=

PH = -log 1.90114

H- =

= 11.85

= 11.53

(0.0200)
=

PH = -log 2.8985

= 0.00169 M

=
= 11.22

1904 OH.= H.= = 0.0200) = PH = -log 5 = 0.0200) = = PH = -log 1.= = 10.22 (0.92 (0.= (0.8823 H.= H.0200) = OH.00004 M = = 9.00084 M = 10.00017 M = PH = -log 5.22 .OH.= = 0.

log [H+] = .78 M [H+] = (0.3 x 10-4M = 3.log 8.100) = 8.100) = 1.7 x 10 -4M PH = .log [H+] = .log 1.0 x 10-7 M → PH = -log 1.7 x 10-4M = 3.PART 2 H20 → H+ + OH(x) (x) Kw = x2 x = 1.3 x 10 -4M .0 x10 -7 PART 3 [H+] = (0.3 x 10 -4M PH = .100) = 2 x 10 -5M PH = .08 [H+] = (0.log 2 x 10-5 = 4.78 [H+] = (0.100) = 8.log [H+] = .

log 7.08 [H+] = (0.PH = .100) = 4.log [H+] = .log [H+] = .log [H+] = .64x 10 -3M PH = .79 [H+] = (0.49 [H+] = (0.log [H+] = .69x 10 -3M PH = .100) = 3.23 x 10-3M = 2.log [H+] = .log 6.25x 10 -3M PH = .11 .64 x 10-3M = 2.100) = 7.69 x 10-3M = 2.23x 10 -3M PH = .3 x 10-4M = 3.log 3.log 1.log 8.log 4.log [H+] = .100) = 6.76x 10 -3M PH = .76 x 10-3M = 2.20 [H+] = (0.100) = 1.25 x 10-3M = 2.32 [H+] = (0.

24 2.[H+] = (0.00164 2.00526 - 11.92 9.53 9.79 12.04 TABLE The position The addition The concentration of The concentration of in curve volume of HBr OH.00 0.08 11.11 Part I Part II Part III pH .02000 - 12.72 8.00 - 0.01110 - 12.00 0.90 0.00 0.00 0.32 14.50 0.95 6.00084 - 10.00909 - 11.00 0.00323 2.doensn’t react excess H+ 0.00 0.20 15.78 10.00 0.78 10.log [H+] = .01540 - 12.100) = 9.22 9.00 - 0.01760 - 12.00476 2.log 9.04 5.00 0.09 x 10-3M = 2.00 10.01320 - 12.00017 - 10.00002 4.00 - - 7.00017 3.10 - 0.30 1.18 3.00345 - 11.00002 - 9.49 13.85 7.01 - 0.00 - 0.50 - 0.00769 2.00714 - 11.00083 3.00625 2.22 9.09x 10 -3M PH = .00 - 0.00 - 0.12 4.00 0.00169 - 11.00 0.22 10.99 0.

19 x 10-4 PH = -log 1.15) (a-x) (x) (x) = Ka → x = 1.00909 B.04 .19 x 10-4 [H+] = 1.16.00 - 0.(Ka = 10-6.93 2.19 x 10-4 → PH = 3.TTRATION OF WEAK ACID WITH STRONG B ASE PART 1 HA → H+ + A.

→ A.→ A.15 + = 5.+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.87 HA + OH.PART 2 HA + OH.20 HA + OH.15 + = 4.→ A.+ H2O .+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) : ( ) ( ) (0) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.

+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( ) .→ A.→ A.15 + = 5.78 HA + OH.55 HA + OH.15 + = 5.Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) : ( ) ( ) (0) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.

15 + = 6.→ A.PH = pKa + log = 6.+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.15 HA + OH.+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( PH = pKa + log ) .→ A.97 HA + OH.15 + = 5.

+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.15 + A HA 9 00 10 10 10 = 7.= 6.→ A.52 HA + OH.10 .+ H2O Initial After Titration : (1) ( : ( ) (0) ) (0) ( ) PH = pKa + log = 6.→ A.15 + = 6.15 + = 6.33 HA + OH.

→ A.15 + = 7.+ H2O Initial After Titration : : ( (1) 0 10 10 ) ( 9 90 10 ) (0) (0) ( 9 90 10 PH = pKa + log = 6.43 HA + OH.15 .+ H2O Initial After Titration : : ( (1) 05 10 ) ( 9 50 10 ) (0) (0) ( 9 50 10 PH = pKa + log ) A HA 9 50 10 05 10 = 6.→ A.HA + OH.15 + ) A HA 9 90 10 0 10 10 = 8.

log K .18 PART 4 [OH ] = 0.66 x 10 -4 M = 10.22 .020 x2 a x = Kb = K Ka 50 0 50 0 10 0 = 0.54 PH = .100 50 50 0 10 10 PH = -log K OH = 1.0167M = 1.+ H2O : (1) (1) (0) : (0) (0) (1) Initial Chemical reaction [A ] = 0.43 x 10 -8 → x = 1.log x 1 0 x 10 14 1 54 x 10 5 10 -5 M = 9.PART 3 A.+ H2O → HA + OH(a-x) (x) (x) Kb = a HA + OH.log [H ] = .→ A.

[OH ] = 0.91 50 0 10 10 PH = -log [OH ] = 0.67 50 PH = -log = 1.100 K = 1.66 x 10 -4 M = 1.100 50 50 0 10 10 PH = -log [OH ] = 0.66 x 10 -4 M = 11.100 K OH 50 0 10 10 K OH 50 0 10 10 OH 50 0 10 10 K OH = 1.66 x 10 -4 M = 11.100 = 10.66 x 10 -4 M = 11.21 50 PH = -log [OH ] = 0.50 50 K = 1.100 OH 50 PH = -log [OH ] = 0.66 x 10 -4 M = 11.79 .

15 Part III 10.10 10.50 7.100 50 50 0 10 10 PH = -log [OH ] = 0.93 Part II 0.95 TABLE The position The addition volume of NaOH (ml) pH Part I 0.00 5.20 2.00 5.50 4.00 9.00 6.75 9.66 x 10 -4 M = 11.00 6.00 3.78 4.00 6.52 8.90 8.10 9.22 .15 6.66 x 10 -4 M = 1.100 K OH = 11.00 7.[OH ] = 0.00 5.18 Part IV 10.55 3.00 6.00 5.33 7.43 9.88 50 50 0 10 10 PH = -log K OH = 1.87 1.97 5.

79 15.91 11.00 11.21 12.69 x 10 x2 H2O 9 = x2 0 08364 x 0 1410 x 10 x = 1.00 11.8364-x) Kb = x2 (x) x2 = a x 0 08364 x 1.TITRATION OF STRONG ACID WITH WEAK BASE PART 1 B + (0.00 11.67 14.50 10.00 11.88 16.00 11.95 C.10.18 x x2 9 BH+ + (x) OH- .50 13.00 11.

log K K + log 0 50 19 60 =0.07 PART 2 K 10 14 K 1 69 x 10 9 Ka = = 5 = 0.97 .18 x 10 5 POH = -log 1.025 19 60 0 50 19 60 H 0 97 0 025 = -log 0 59 x 10 = 5.80 0.18 x 10 5 = 4.93 PH = 14-4.23 + 1.59 x 10 Amount of pyridine that titrated = Amount of pyridine that titrated = PH = PH = pKa + log .[OH ] = 1.93 = 9.58 5 + log 38.

log K K + log 1 00 19 60 =0.23 + 1.05 19 60 1 00 19 60 0.89 .81 K 10 14 K 1 69 x 10 9 Ka = = 5 = 0.50 K 10 14 K 1 69 x 10 9 Ka = = = 0.9 = 6.59 x 10 5 Amount of pyridine that titrated = Amount of pyridine that titrated = PH = pKa + log H 2 00 19 60 =0.10 19 60 2 00 19 60 0.59 x 10 Amount of pyridine that titrated = Amount of pyridine that titrated = PH = PH = pKa + log .27 5 + log 18.94 H 0 94 0 05 = -log 0 59 x 10 = 5.= 6.

95 5 + log 8.PH = .18 K 10 14 K 1 69 x 10 9 Ka = = 5 = 0.23 + 0.25 0.826 1 69 x 10 9 19 60 0 50 19 60 02 = K =0.log K K + log 0 89 0 10 = -log 0 59 x 10 = 5.23 + 0.80 5 Amount of pyridine that titrated = 0 50 19 60 =0.79 .59 x 10 5 + log 38.20 0 79 -log 0 59 x 10 10 14 19 60 H = K Ka = = K 4 00 = 0.59 x 10 Amount of pyridine that titrated = Amount of pyridine that titrated = PH = PH = pKa + log .596 = 5.log K + log 5.9 = 6.

593 = 5.92 PART 3 BH+ B (a-x) [A-] Ka x (x) = 0.52 x 10-3 + H+ (x) ) = 0.log 0.log K K 19 60 0 25 19 60 0.56 = 0.08364( = x2 a x = x2 0 046 x = 0.046 M .23 + 0.Amount of pyridine that titrated = PH = PH = pKa + log .823 5 + log 3.52 x 10-3 [H+] =0.08364 x 0.52 x 10-3 PH = .98 H + log 0 98 0 25 = -log 0 59 x 10 = 5.

= 3.10 x 10-3 M PH = -log 2.24 x 10-3 M = 2.24 x 10-3 M PH = -log 3.93 [H+] = (0.18 x 10-3 M PH = -log 1.10 x 10-3 M = 2.1067) ( ) =2.18 x 10-3 M = 2.67 [H+] = (0.1067) ( ) =1.1067) ( =3.5 ) .27 PART 4 [H+] = (0.

50 x 10-3 M PH = 2.9 TABLE The position The addition volume of NaOH (ml) pH Part I 0.07 Part II 0.66 x10-3 M PH = 2.50 6.1067) ( ) =4.346 [H+] = (0.80 1.17 [H+] = (0.[H+] = (0.50 2.00 6.00 9.50 x 10-3 M = -log 4.00 6.18 .01067M = 1.1067) ( ) =0.1067) ( ) =6.01067M PH = -log0.66 x10-3 M = -log6.

60 3.5 22.27 Part IV 20.826 5.00 5.00 2.11 x 10-3 M x 0 10 x = 3 11 x 10 3 .TITRATION OF ACID OR BASE WITH DIFFERENT STRENGTH PART 1 B + BH+ H2O (0.346 23.823 Part III 19.10 2.00 2.10-x) Kb= H OH- + (x) (x) OH By substitution we got [OH-] = 3.00 5.50 2.9 4.00 1.93 20.4.67 21.17 25.00 2.

75 H 9 1 H 85 15 .0 + log = 11.507 = 11.00 = pKa2 + log = 10.11 x 10-3 = 2.49 Or directly by using formula [H+] = K PH = 11.49 PART 2 PH PH = pKa2 + log = 10.log 3.0 + log = 10.507 PH = 14 – 2.POH = .

60 = pKa2 + log = 10.0 + log = 10.0 + log = 10.00 = pKa2 + log = 10.0 + log = 10.PH PH PH PH PH = pKa2 + log = 10.37 = pKa2 + log = 10.0 + log = 10.18 = pKa2 + log = 10.0 + log H 8 2 H 7 3 H 6 4 H 5 5 H 4 6 .

= PH PH PH PH PH = pKa2 + log = 10.63 = pKa2 + log = 10.05 = = 9.40 = pKa2 + log = 10.0 + log = 9.0 + log = 9.72 pKa2 + log H 3 7 H 2 8 H 1 9 H 05 19 5 H .0 + log = 8.82 pKa2 + log = 10.0 + log = 9.

[H ] = √( )( ( ) ( ) = 3.00 01 99 PART 3 [H+] = √ Where Ka1 and Ka2 are disosiation constant of acid BH22+.The concentration of BH+ (C) is determined by the initial concentration of B solution : C = (0.= 10.50 )( ) .16 x 10-8M pH = .050 M Wet got.log 3.0 + log = 8.16 x 10-8 = 7..1 M) ( ) = 0.

pH = PART 4 pH = pKa + log = 5.278 = 6.995 = 7.In this case.0 + log = 6.00 pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 6.28 .

37 pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 5.6 pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 5.pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 5.0 + log .95 pH = pKa + log = 5.

63 .0 pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 4.0 + log = 4.18 pH = pKa + log = 5.82 pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 5.= 5.

40 pH = pKa + log = 5.pH = pKa + log = 5.0 + log = 4.0 + log = 3.0 + log = 4.72 .05 pH = pKa + log = 5.

24 .0 x 10-5 x = 5.0333 M The pH of solution is determined by the disosiation reaction of BH22+ BH2+2 BH+ + H+ (C-x) (x) (x) Ka1 = = 1.72 x 10-4 = 3.72 x 10-4 M pH = .PART 5 C = (0.10 M ) ( ) = 0.72 x 10-4 [H+] = 5.log 5.

25 x 10-3 = .log 6.log 9.10 M) ( pH ) = 3.10 M) ( pH ) = 9.log 1.18 x 10-2 = .25 x 10-3 = 2.09 x 10-3 = 2.20 [H+]= (0.92 .log 3.10 M) ( pH ) = 6.09 x 10-3 = .10 M) ( pH ) = 1.18 x 10-2 = 1.49 [H+]= (0.22 x 10-4 = 2.04 [H+]= (0.22 x 10-4 = .PART 6 [H+] = (0.

43 x 10-2 M = .82 7 9.log 1.6 13 5.72 9.37 Part II Part III .10 M) ( pH ) = 1.37 4 10.49 1 11.40 9 9.60 3 10.95 12 5.05 9.85 TABLE Part The addition volume of HCl pH Part I 0 11.1 7.[H+]= (0.50 10.9 8.63 8 9.00 10 7.43 x 102= 1.75 2 10.5 10.18 5 10.5 6.00 6 9.28 11 5.0 10.5 8.00 1.

20 23 2.Part IV Part V Part VI 14 5.18 15 5.40 19 4.85 .05 19.72 20 3.49 22 2.04 24 1.63 18 4.24 21 2.92 25 1.82 17 4.00 16 4.5 3.