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The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Start of a Horror Franchise Chad Harker Tyler Streuber Senior Division Website

As best friends, one would think deciding a topic that took place at least twenty years ago would be easy, but to our surprise, it wasn’t. We could not do most of the events that we have knowledge of today, until the idea of movies came to mind. However, we encountered another problem: what movie was controversial enough to gather our attention as well as the judges? We decided to do some research, and in the end, we ended up coming across a movie that neither of us had any inclination that the movie was controversial, and that movie was The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. After finding out that we were doing a movie, the first thing we did was order the movie on Netflix. We received it in the mail a few days later and watched it. We actually could not figure out why the movie was so controversial, but we discovered that there were no other movies of this kind, during the seventies. We also noticed that at the beginning of the movie they said it was based of a true story. After watching the movie, we went to the library and looked through the encyclopedias and discovered that the movie was not entirely based off Ed Gein’s crimes. We learned the crime behind the movie and the affect the movie had on the movie-making process. Once our topic was chosen, we limited the various types of presentations down two or three choices. It ultimately came down to creating a website. The reason we chose a website was because we knew we could have different kinds of multimedia and information in one place. With the ability to embed a movie clip, pictures, a slide-show, and still have a number of pages for the rest of the information was what it ultimately came down to. That is where we took the chance to include the most we could in our project, once we gathered all of our information needed. At the same time of choosing our topic, we also explained to ourselves how our topic related to the National History Day theme for 2012. To begin with revolution, the Texas Chainsaw Massacre changed the way the horror movies were created, including the rise in horror movies

following this one. reaction dealt with the controversy and views that occurred after this movie was released. The controversy that dealt with an introduction in gore and a new type of horror. Finally, reform, dealing with the alteration of horror movies and what they began to show on the big screen. Not only that, but the variations in the audience’s and critics point of view. Overall, with our love of movies and the interest of the topic, we were glad to learn and find information on The Texas Chainsaw Massacre.

Annotated Bibliography 1974. Photograph. Don't Touch the Watch Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Leatherface preparing his chainsaw for his next kill. This picture was taken at the time of the movie and we use it in our banner for the site. 1974. Photograph. Everything But The Music Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Leatherface, angrily wielding his chainsaw in the air after letting Sally escape. This was taken at the time of the movie and is often used as the DVD cover. We used this picture in the banner on our site. 1974. Photograph. Horror Film Wiki Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Gunnar Hansen, and he was the actor who portrayed the infamous Leatherface. This was taken during the time of the movie. This was used in the cast member’s slide show on our site. 1974. Photograph. Media Mikes Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Marilyn Burns, the actress who plays Sally. This was taken at the time of the movie. We used this picture for the banner and the cast member’s slide show. 1974. Photograph. Spoki Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Leatherface running with his chainsaw after Sally. It is a black and white of the original, but it was still taken at the time of the movie. We used this as the background for our site. 1974. Photograph. Terri McMinn Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Terri McMinn, the actress who played Pam. This picture was taken at the time the movie was being made. We used this picture in the banner and the cast member’s slide show.

1974. Photograph. The Deuce: Grindhouse Cinema Database Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Joe Siedow and he was the actor that played the old man or the cook. This picture was taken at the time of the movie. We used this picture on the cast member’s slide show. 1974. Photograph. Unionfilms Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Sally in the ending seen, crying and laughing at the thought of her finally getting away. This was taken at the time of the movie and was used in our site’s banner. 1974. Photograph. Wikia Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Edwin Neal, he was the actor who portrayed as the hitchhiker. This picture was taken during the production of the movie. We used this picture in the cast member’s slide show. 1974. Photograph. Written in Blood Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Allen Danziger, the actor who played Jerry. This was taken at the time of the movie.We used this for the cast member’s slide show. Ebert, Roger. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre." Chicago Sun-Times [Chicago] 01 01 1974, n. pag. Web. 14 Feb. 2012. This is one of the positive reviews of the Texas Chainsaw Massacre. We learned that even though most people found the movie gory and horrendous, even Roger Ebert enjoyed the movie overall. We are using this as a review for the “Audience Reacts” page. Gross , Linda. "'Texas Massacre' Grovels in Gore." Los Angeles Times 30 Oct 1974, f14. Web. 10 Mar. 2012. <http://0-

search.proquest.com.ilsweb.lvccld.org/docview/157585280/135643A973875EB2336/1? accountid=258>. This is another review for The Texas Chainsaw Massacre and this time it wasn’t so positive. It gave us another point of view from which what people might have thought about the movie that wasn’t in a positive aspect. We used this for the “Movie Reviews” page. Hooper, Tobe, dir. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. Writ. Kim Henkel. Bryanston Pictures Release, 1974. Film. This is the actual movie for which we are studying. We felt that we actually needed to watch the movie that we were doing research on. We could pick out the true and false information from any source. We are practically using this on every page on our website. Hooper, Tobe, dir. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)- Official TV Spot 1. Bryanston Pictures Release, 1974. Web. 8 Feb 2012. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre." Variety. 12 31 1973: n. page. Web. 14 Feb. 2012. This is the official television spot of The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. This shows a short preview of the movie, which is nothing like the previews we had today.We used this preview on the home page. Jacob Strunk. 1974. Photograph. Seven Miles West of Town Productions Words & Motion Pictures Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of Paul A. Partian, the actor who played Franklin. It was taken at the time of the movie. This was used in the banner and the cast member’s slide show. Newspaper Article. 1974. Photograph. ProQuest, Los Angeles. Web. 11 Mar 2012.

This is a picture of the actual movie review by Linda Gross. It took a while to find the review, considering it was in the New York Times database, but we finally got it. You can see the picture on the “Movie Reviews” page. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre." Variety. 12 31 1973: n. page. Web. 14 Feb. 2012. This is article is not generally for the movie audience. This talks about the cinematography aspect of the movie. It talks about how the movie was sort of dull and drawn out, but it still had that professional look. Adding to the positive side of the movie. We are using this as a review for the “Audience Reacts” page. Tim Harden. 1974. Photograph. Where Are They Now? Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is a picture of William Vail, he is the actor who played Kirk. This picture was taken at the time of the movie. We used this picture in the banner and the cast member’s slide show.

Bell, Rachael, and Marilyn Bardsley. "Ed Gein: The Inspiration for Buffalo Bill and Psycho." Trutv. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb 2012. This was a small site that explained how Ed Gein infuenced characters in other movies, such as Buffalo Bill (Silence of the Lambs) and Psycho. We used this for the “Horror... Redefined” page. "Case File Ed Gein: The Butcher of Plainfield."FortuneCity.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb 2012. This contains the actual, basic information about the case of Ed Gein. It shows pictures of him, his grave, and the farm-house that he murdered his victims in. We used this on the “True Story or Not” page on our website. "Crime File- Famous Criminal: Ed Gein." crime & investigation network. AETN UK, 2005-2011. Web. 21 Feb 2012. Instead of focusing on Ed Gein, we focused on his mother with his site. The root of his problem. It went in depth into the life of her life, including what made her mind go “corrupt.” We used this on the “True Story or Not” page. "Ed Gein: American Psycho." House of Horrors. Internet Zombie Productions, 1997-2012. Web. 21 Feb 2012. This site is a statement saying that this movie was not an actual case, only based of one. They referred to him as a “source” to the change of horror movies. This will go on the “Horror... Redefined” page. "Ed Gein." CrimeLife.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Feb 2012. This biography focuses mainly on the life issues and the crime itself of Ed Gein. A lot of sights focus on how he helped inspire the movie, but this goes more into Ed Gein himself. We used this on the “True Story or Not” page.

Ed Gein Documentary. the Biography Channel, Web. 10 Mar 2012. This was an hour long documentary on the crimes that Ed Gein committed. It also showed the his relations with three movies he inspired. It was very helpful, because we found some information we didn’t see anywhere else. We took some quotes and information on his crimes and put it on different pages. "Edward Gein." Infamous American Murders. N.p., Apr 2012. Web. 06 Feb 2012. This site is where we learned most of the information we know about Ed Gein. We learned his criminal record, family, etc. We used this on the “True Story or Not” page. Gottesman, Ronald. "Ed Gein." Violence in America. 2. Charles Scribners, 1999. Print. This encyclopedia taught us on what he did with his victims and from the graves he dug up. We learned he created a skin suit, skull soup bowls, and much more. We put this on the “True Story or Not” page for the website. Mossivan, Jennifer. "Ed Gein." Almanac of Famous People. Gale Group, Inc., 2001. Print. We learned the birth date and death date of Ed Gein. Most of the cites did not actually have this and this encyclopedia is one of the first things we looked at. It was a good starting point. This went on the “True Story or Not” page. N.d. Photograph. Radio SantaFe, Bogata. Web. 11 Mar 2012. This is, in our opinion, the creepiest Ed Gein photo in existence. It shows his birth to death dates. We used this as his profile on the “True Story or Not” page. N.d. Photograph. The Movie BlogWeb. 11 Mar 2012. This is Roger Ebert’s professional picture. He is practically the most famous film critic out there. I used his picture with his review on The Texas Chainsaw Massacre on the “Movie Reviews” page.

Ramsland, Katherine. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre: The Case it's Based on." Trutv. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb 2012. This site contains movie critic and fan reviews from the time it came out. It also shows pictures of the movie and the basic story plot.We used this on the “Audience Reacts” page. Ring, Robert. "The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)."Classic-Horror.com. N.p., 30 Oct 2010. Web. 21 Feb 2012. This site goes very in depth to the entire plot of the movie. It also states how it changed horror movies as well as the goals of the director and other filmmakers of the movie.We mainly used this on “Beyond the Script” page, but also used it on the “Audience Reacts” page. Schneider, Steven Joy. 1001 Movies You Must See Before You Die. Quintet Publishing Limited, 2003. Print. This gives a description of the majority of reviews that came out with the Texas Chainsaw Massacre. With it being so controversial, we were surprised to find that many people liked it. We put this on the “Audience Reacts” page. Sharret, Christopher. "The 1960's and After." Film Reference. Advameg, Inc., n.d. Web. 14 Feb 2012. On this site, we learned how the rating system changed by the types of movies that have been coming out recently, especially The Texas Chainsaw Massacre. We also learned about the creation of the MPAA. We are going to use this on the “Uprising of Horror” page. "Synopsis for the Texas Chainsaw Massacre." Imdb.com. N.p., 04 2012. Web. 8 Feb 2012. We wanted a professional synopsis/summary of the movie and this is where we got it. We put this information on the “Beyond the Script” page.

"What was the Production Code." wiseGEEK. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb 2012. When I looked up how The Texas Chainsaw Massacre changed the rating system, I saw the MPAA and did not know what it meant. I figured out that the MPAA stood for the Motion Picture Association of America. We also put this on the “Uprising of Horror” page.