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Zachary Johnson HIS 151002 Reading Response Questions For Nature's Metropolis Chicago is a city that became the

center of the United States. From it's beggining, it was tied to the natural enviroment around it and was supported by it. It was also supported by the rural farmland and towns that surronded it and helped it's rapid growth. The farms sent thier products to the city and made it very wealthy. In turn the city helped these farms succeed by giving them transportation to get their products to the market by the rail roads and the ports on lake michigaen. The urban areas of the city had a huge value increase which led to major investments in land. Chicago could not have been developed if it didn't have these and would not have grown. The last great ice age had left the area around Chicago with a wide variety of natural resources around it that greatly influenced it's growth. To the north were vast forests of white pine and douglas fir that provided the timber needed to build with and helped build new housing for the large number of immigrants coming in. To the south there was the prarie that had rich soil left over from the previous ice age that could support large numbers of farms. Lake Michagean provided a huge supply of fresh drinking water and could be fished in while the mouth of the Chicago river on the lake shore provided a protected area for boats to dock in. A large sandbar helped block storm surges and protected ships behind it from waves and wind and became a favored area for sailors to find shelter in. The area also had wildlife that could be hunted for furs and meat. These resourses helped build Chicago and provided the people living in it what they needed to live there. The rural areas around Chicago were connected to the city. Outside the city were densly populated farming settlements that had large orchards, diaries and truck gardens which moved their products into the city to sell and have exported by the railways or shipped off on Lake Michigaen. Further out were less populated areas were people had large farms that grew crops that were not rotated like corn and wheat and were shipped to Chicago. Beyond that were ranchers who had cattle moving around out on the prarie that would send their cows to Chicago to be sluaghtered in the

wealth came back out by giving farmers access to the distribution centers in the city and creating a larger market. It had many rural communites around it that supported it while it gave them a place to send their products to be processed and sold at. . The city was also situated between the great lakes and the Mississippi watershed which gave access to the lakes and the rivers in the area. With these ways to move in and out of the city. This drew more people into the area and helped increase the cities population. Many people saw the area as the perfect place for a large very succesful city to be built at with all the advantages it had. The city was expanded by speculators from the east coast coming in to by urban land that was undergoing a major value increase that brought more immigrants into the area. It's location gave it access to the great lakes and water ways while it's rail roads sped up the movement of the products sent to it by the farms and ranches in the midwest around it. The natural enviroment around gave it the resources it needed to expand and grow. For the products going into Chicago. The exchange between the rural farms and the city made the population grow incredibly fast and Chicago grew faster than any other city in the country.meat packing industry. For a period of time. a lot that sold for thirty three dollars now sold for one hundred thousand in eighteen thirty six. Transportation is one of the main reasons Chicago grew. It had an excellent rail road system hooking it up to the rest of the nation with the first part being the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad. People from the east were buying as much land as possible at increasing prices. In eighteen twenty nine. Chicago had many things that helped in it's development. These factors made Chicago the center of the midwest. Cannals such as the Illinois and Michigan canal sped up the movement of ship traffic significantly an furthur helped the city grow.One man named Charles Butler spent one hundred thousand dollars on a hundred and fifty acres of land in the city. the land values in the city of Chicago went up incredibly high. it became an agricultural center for the midwestern United States and greatly increased in wealth.