WPF TextBlock

WPF TextBlock
A TextBlock control in .NET 3.5 provides a lightweight control for displaying small amounts of flow content. This tutorial demonstrates how to create and use a TextBlock control in WPF using XAML and C#.

Creating a TextBlock
The TextBlock element represents a WPF TextBlock control in XAML.

<TextBlock/>

The Width and Height attributes of the TextBlock element represent the width and the height of a TextBlock. The Text property of the TextBlock element represents the content of a TextBlock. The Name attribute represents the name of the control, which is a unique identifier of a control. The Foreground property sets the foreground color of contents. This control does not have a Background property.

The code snippet in Listing 1 creates a TextBlock control and sets the name, height, width, foreground and content of a TextBlock control. Unlike a TextBox control, the TextBlock does not have a default border around it.

<TextBlock Name="TextBlock1" Height="30" Width="200" Text="Hello! I am a TextBlock." Foreground="Red"> </TextBlock> Listing 1 The output looks like Figure 1.

Figure 1 As you can see from Figure 1, by default the TextBlock is place in the center of the page. We can place a TextBlock control where we want by using the Margin, VerticalAlignment and HorizontalAlignment attributes that sets the margin, vertical alignment, and horizontal alignment of a control. The code snippet in Listing 2 sets the position of the TextBlock control in the left top corner of the page.

<TextBlock Name="TextBlock1" Height="30" Width="200" Text="Hello! I am a TextBlock." Margin="10,10,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" HorizontalAlignment="Left"> </TextBlock> Listing 2

Creating a TextBlock Dynamically
The code listed in Listing 3 creates a TextBlock control programmatically. First, it creates a TextBlock object and sets its width, height, contents and foreground and later the TextBlock is added to the LayoutRoot. private void CreateATextBlock() { TextBlock txtBlock = new TextBlock(); txtBlock.Height = 50; txtBlock.Width = 200; txtBlock.Text = "Text Box content"; txtBlock.Foreground = new SolidColorBrush(Colors.Red);

LayoutRoot.Children.Add(txtBlock); } Listing 3

Setting Fonts of TextBlock Contents
The FontSize, FontFamily, FontWeight, FontStyle, and FontStretch properties are used to set the font size, family, weight, style and stretch to the text of a TextBlock. The code snippet in Listing 4 sets the font properties of a TextBlock. FontSize="14" FontFamily="Verdana" FontWeight="Bold" Listing 4 The new output looks like Figure 2.

Figure 2 The FontSource property allows loading custom fonts dynamically. The following code snippet sets the FontSource property. Uri fontUri = new Uri("SomeFont.ttf", UriKind.Relative); StreamResourceInfo MySRI = Application.GetResourceStream(fontUri); TextBlock1.FontSource = new FontSource(MySRI.Stream);

Wrapping, Alignment and Padding

The TextWrapping property sets the wrap of no warp text. The following code snippet sets the wrapping text option. TextWrapping="Wrap" The TextAlignment property sets the text alignment in a TextBlock, which is of type TextAlignment enumeration. A text can be aligned left, center, or right. TextAlignment="Right" The Padding property sets the space between a boundary and the text that can be applied to all sides or a selected side of the boundary. The padding spacing is based on left, right, top, and bottom. If you specify only a single value, the padding will be applied to all four sides and if you specify two values, it will be applied to LeftTop and BottomRight sides. Listing 5 shows all these properties in a complete sample. <TextBlock Name="TextBlock1" Height="30" Width="200" Text="Hello! I am a TextBlock." Foreground="Red" Margin="10,10,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" HorizontalAlignment="Left" FontSize="14" FontFamily="Verdana" FontWeight="Bold" TextWrapping="Wrap" TextAlignment="Center" Padding="2"> </TextBlock> Listing 5

Inlines

The Inlines property represents the collection of inline text within a TextBlock control. A Run object represents an inline text and can be treated as its own text control and have its foreground and font related properties. Listing 6 sets the Inlines property of the TextBlock and sets different fonts and foreground colors. <TextBlock.Inlines> <Run FontWeight="Bold" FontSize="14" Text="Hi! I am a TextBlock. " /> <Run FontStyle="Italic" Foreground="Red" Text="This is red text. " /> <Run FontStyle="Italic" FontSize="18" Text="Here is some linear gradient text. "> <Run.Foreground> <LinearGradientBrush> <GradientStop Color="Green" Offset="0.0" /> <GradientStop Color="Purple" Offset="0.25" /> <GradientStop Color="Orange" Offset="0.5" /> <GradientStop Color="Blue" Offset="0.75" /> </LinearGradientBrush> </Run.Foreground> </Run> <Run FontStyle="Italic" Foreground="Green" Text="How about adding some green? " /> </TextBlock.Inlines> Listing 6 The new output looks like Figure 3.

Figure 3

TextDecorations

The TextDecorations property represents the text decorations that are applied to the content of a TextBlock. WPF supports only underline text decoration. Listing 7 sets the TextDecorations to underline. <TextBlock Name="TextBlock1" Margin="10,10,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" HorizontalAlignment="Left" FontSize="12" FontFamily="Verdana" TextWrapping="Wrap" TextAlignment="Left" Padding="2" TextDecorations="Underline"> Listing 7 The new output looks like Figure 4.

Figure 4

Background

The Background property represents the background color of a TextBlock. Listing 8 sets the Background property of a TextBlock to a LinearGradientBrush. <TextBlock.Background> <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0" EndPoint="1,1" > <GradientStop Color="Blue" Offset="0.1" /> <GradientStop Color="Orange" Offset="0.25" />

<GradientStop Color="Green" Offset="0.75" /> <GradientStop Color="Red" Offset="1.0" /> </LinearGradientBrush> </TextBlock.Background> Listing 7 The code snippet in Listing 8 sets an image as background of a TextBlock. <TextBlock.Background> <ImageBrush ImageSource="Garden.jpg" Opacity="0.6"/> </TextBlock.Background>

Summary
In this article, I discussed how we can create and format a TextBlock control in WPF and C#. After that we saw how to create a TextBlock control dynamically. Then we saw how to set various properties of a TextBlock such as fonts, Inlines, and text decorations.

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