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UnitsCalc for Conversion of Measurements


Among Imperial, US Customary, Metric, S.I. and Other Units Unit Quantity No Unit Quantity No
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Acceleration Angle (Plane) Angle (Solid) Area Density (Weight / Unit-Volume) Distance Energy Flow of Volume Force Force / Unit-Area Force / Unit-Length Force / Unit-Volume Heat Heat Flow Rate Illumination Length Moment of a Force

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Moment of Inertia (Area) Power Pressure Section Modulus Speed Stress Temperature Time Torque Velocity (Angular) Velocity (Linear) Viscosity (Dynamic) Viscosity (Kinematic) Volume Weight Work

No
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5
UnitsCalc20050823

Documentation
Features User Notes Consistent Set of Units Terms Revision History

Description of Template Capabilities Notes for Using UnitsCalc Using Units in Structural Dynamics Terms & Conditions of Use Revision History of UnitsCalc
2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Home

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

ACCELERATION [ L T Known Value = 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

-2

] #NAME? Free fall (g) Kilometres / hour / minute Kilometres / hour / second Metre / sec / sec Centimetres / sec / Sec [gal] Miles / hour / minute Miles / hour / second Yards / sec / sec Feet / sec / sec Inches / sec / sec Int. Nautical Mile / hour / second UK Nautical Miles / hour / second

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Acceleration

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

PLANE ANGLE Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

[ No Dimension ] #NAME? 1 #NAME? Seconds #NAME? Minutes #NAME? Degrees #NAME? Radians #NAME? Grads #NAME? Octants #NAME? Sextants #NAME? Quadrants #NAME? Circles #NAME? Revolutions #NAME? Turns

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Plane Angle

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

SOLID ANGLE [ No Dimension ] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Steradian #NAME? #NAME? Spherical Right Angle #NAME? #NAME? Hemisphere #NAME? #NAME? Sphere
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Solid Angle

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

AREA [ L2 ] Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

F #NAME? Sq Millimetre Sq Centimetre Sq Decimetre Sq Metre Are Hectare Sq Kilometre Sq Inch Sq Foot Sq Yard Sq Furlong Sq Mile (Section) Sq Rod (Pole, Perch) Sq Chain Rood Acre Int. Sq Nautical Mile UK Sq Nautical Mile
2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Area

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

DENSITY; FORCE or WEIGHT/UNIT-VOLUME [ FL -3 ] or [ML -2 T -2] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Dynes / cu centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / cu millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / cu centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / cu metre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / cu millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / cu centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / cu metre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / cu millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / cu centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / cu metre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / cu millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / cu centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / cu metre #NAME? #NAME? Pound / cu inch #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / cu foot #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / cu yard #NAME? #NAME? Kips / cu inch #NAME? #NAME? Kips / cu foot #NAME? #NAME? Kips / cu yard #NAME? #NAME? Ton / cu inch #NAME? #NAME? Tons / cu foot #NAME? #NAME? Tons / cu yard
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Force per Unit Volume

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

DISTANCE; LENGTH [ L ] Known Value = 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

F #NAME? Angstrom Micron Millimetre Centimetre Decimetre metre Hectometre Kilometre Thou (Mil) Inch Foot Yard Furlong Mile Link Rod (Pole, Perch) Chain Fathom Int. Nautical Mile UK Nautical Mile Light-year Parsec

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Distance; Length

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

ENERGY; WORK; HEAT [M L 2 T -2] or [F L] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Calories #NAME? #NAME? Kilocalories #NAME? #NAME? Ergs (centimetre dynes) #NAME? #NAME? Joules [J] #NAME? #NAME? Kilojoules [kJ] #NAME? #NAME? Megajoules [MJ] #NAME? #NAME? kgf m #NAME? #NAME? lbf ft #NAME? #NAME? Horsepower-hours #NAME? #NAME? Kilowatt hour #NAME? #NAME? Btu (British Thermal Unit) #NAME? #NAME? Chu (Centigrade Heat Unit) #NAME? #NAME? Therm
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Energy;Work;Heat

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

FLOW OF VOLUME [ L3 T -1 ] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Cu Inch / hour #NAME? #NAME? Cu Inch / minute #NAME? #NAME? Cu Inch / second #NAME? #NAME? Cu Feet / hour #NAME? #NAME? Cu Feet / minute #NAME? #NAME? Cu Feet / second [cusec] #NAME? #NAME? Cu Yards / hour #NAME? #NAME? Cu Yards / minute #NAME? #NAME? Cu Yards / second #NAME? #NAME? UK Ounces / hour #NAME? #NAME? UK Ounces / minute #NAME? #NAME? UK Ounces / second #NAME? #NAME? UK Gallons / day #NAME? #NAME? UK Gallons / hour #NAME? #NAME? UK Gallons / minute #NAME? #NAME? UK Gallons / second #NAME? #NAME? US barrels / day #NAME? #NAME? US Ounces / hour #NAME? #NAME? US Ounces / minute #NAME? #NAME? US Ounces / second #NAME? #NAME? US Gallons / day #NAME? #NAME? US Gallons / hour #NAME? #NAME? US Gallons / minute #NAME? #NAME? US Gallons / second #NAME? #NAME? Litres / day #NAME? #NAME? Litres / hour #NAME? #NAME? Litres / minute #NAME? #NAME? Litres / second #NAME? #NAME? Cu Millilitres / hour #NAME? #NAME? Cu Millilitres / minute #NAME? #NAME? Cu Millilitres / second #NAME? #NAME? Cu Centimetres / hour #NAME? #NAME? Cu Centimetres / minute #NAME? #NAME? Cu Centimetres / second #NAME? #NAME? Cu Metre / day #NAME? #NAME? Cu Metre / hour #NAME? #NAME? Cu Metre / minute #NAME? #NAME? Cu Metre / second [cumec]
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Flow

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

FORCE; WEIGHT [M L T -2] or [F] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Grains #NAME? #NAME? Drams #NAME? #NAME? Ounces #NAME? #NAME? Pounds #NAME? #NAME? Stones #NAME? #NAME? Quarters #NAME? #NAME? Hundredweights #NAME? #NAME? Tons (long) #NAME? #NAME? Kips #NAME? #NAME? Poundal #NAME? #NAME? Hundredweights (short) #NAME? #NAME? Tons (short) #NAME? #NAME? Slugs #NAME? #NAME? Millinewtons #NAME? #NAME? Newtons #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons #NAME? #NAME? Micrograms #NAME? #NAME? Milligrams #NAME? #NAME? Carats #NAME? #NAME? Grams #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes #NAME? #NAME? Dyne #NAME? #NAME? Pennyweights #NAME? #NAME? Ounces (troy) #NAME? #NAME? Pounds (troy)
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Force;Weight

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

PRESSURE; STRESS; FORCE/ UNIT-AREA [ F L -2 ] or [M L -1 T -2] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Dynes / sq centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / sq metre [Pascal] #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / sq centimetre Newtons / sq millimetre [Mpa] #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / sq millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / sq centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / sq metre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / sq millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / sq centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / sq metre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / sq millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / sq centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / sq metre #NAME? #NAME? Pound / sq inch [psi] #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / sq ft [psf] #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / sq yard #NAME? #NAME? Poundal / sq ft #NAME? #NAME? Kips / sq inch [ksi] #NAME? #NAME? Kips / sq ft [ksf] #NAME? #NAME? Kips / sq yard #NAME? #NAME? Tons / sq inch #NAME? #NAME? Tons / sq ft #NAME? #NAME? Tons / sq yard #NAME? #NAME? Atmosphere #NAME? #NAME? Microbar #NAME? #NAME? Millibar #NAME? #NAME? Bar #NAME? #NAME? Millimetres of Water #NAME? #NAME? Centimetres of Water #NAME? #NAME? Metres of Water #NAME? #NAME? Inches of Water #NAME? #NAME? Feet of Water #NAME? #NAME? Yards of Water #NAME? #NAME? Millimetres of Mercury [Torrs] #NAME? #NAME? Centimetres of Mercury #NAME? #NAME? Inches of Mercury
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Pressure; Stress

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

FORCE/UNIT-LENGTH [ F L -1 ] or [M T -2] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / decimetre #NAME? #NAME? Newtons / metre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / decimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilonewtons / metre #NAME? #NAME? Kilogram / millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilogram / centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilogram / decimetre #NAME? #NAME? Kilograms / metre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / millimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / centimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / decimetre #NAME? #NAME? Tonnes / metre #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / inch #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / foot #NAME? #NAME? Pounds / yard #NAME? #NAME? Kips / inch #NAME? #NAME? Kips / foot #NAME? #NAME? Kips / yard #NAME? #NAME? Tons / inch #NAME? #NAME? Tons / foot #NAME? #NAME? Tons / yard
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Force per Unit Length

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?


UnitsCalc20050823

ILLUMINATION 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?

F #NAME? Foot-candles Lux Metre-candles


2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Illumination

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

MOMENT OF INERTIA (AREA) [ L4 ] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Millimetre ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Centimetre ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Decimetre ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Metre ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Hectometre ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Kilometre ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Inch ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Foot ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Yard ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Furlong ^ 4 #NAME? #NAME? Mile ^ 4
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: MomentOfInertia

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

POWER; HEAT FLOW RATE [M L 2 T -3] or [F L T -1] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Calories/second #NAME? #NAME? Kilocalories/hour #NAME? #NAME? lbf ft / minute #NAME? #NAME? lbf ft / second #NAME? #NAME? Ctu / hour #NAME? #NAME? Btu / hour #NAME? #NAME? Btu / minute #NAME? #NAME? Btu / seconds #NAME? #NAME? Ton of refrigeration #NAME? #NAME? Horsepower #NAME? #NAME? Horsepower (metric) #NAME? #NAME? kgf metre / second #NAME? #NAME? erg / second #NAME? #NAME? Watts (Joules/second) #NAME? #NAME? Kilowatts [kW] #NAME? #NAME? Megawatts
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Power

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

MOMENT OF A FORCE; TORQUE [ F L Known Value = 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

] or [M L 2 T -2] #NAME? Newtons millimetre Newtons centimetre Newtons metre [Joule] Kilonewtons millimetre Kilonewtons centimetre Kilonewtons metre Kilogram millimetre Kilogram centimetre Kilograms metre Tonnes millimetre Tonnes centimetre Tonnes metre Pounds inch Pounds foot Pounds yard Kips inch Kips foot Kips yard Tons inch Tons foot Tons yard

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Moment; Torque

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

SECTION MODULUS [ L 3 ] Known Value = 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

F #NAME? Millimetre ^ 3 Centimetre ^ 3 Decimetre ^ 3 Metre ^ 3 Hectometre ^ 3 Kilometre ^ 3 Inch ^ 3 Foot ^ 3 Yard ^ 3 Furlong ^ 3 Mile ^ 3

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Section Modulus

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

SPEED; VELOCITY [ L T Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

-1

1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?

#NAME? Centimetres / hour Centimetres / minute Centimetres / second Metres / hour Metres / minute Metres / second Kilometres / hour Kilometres / minute Kilometres / second Int. Knots UK Knots C (speed of light) Mach Inches / hour Inches / minute Inches / second Feet / hour Feet / minute Feet / second Yards / hour Yards / minute Yards / second Miles / hour [mph] Miles / minute Miles / second
2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Speed

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

ANGULAR VELOCITY [ T Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?


UnitsCalc20050823

-1

] #NAME?

1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?

Degrees / second Radians / second Revolutions (cycles) / minute [rpm] Revolutions (cycles) / second [Hz, cps]
2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Velocity (Angular)

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?


UnitsCalc20050823

TEMPERATURE [ t ] 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?

F #NAME? Fahrenheit Celsius Kelvin


2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Temperature

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

Known Value = #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

TIME [ T ] 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?

F #NAME? Nanoseconds Milliseconds Seconds Minutes Hours Days Weeks Fortnights Months Years Decades Lunar Months Lunar Years Centuries Millenniums

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Time

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

DYNAMIC VISCOSITY [ F T L -2 ] or [M L -1 T -1] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? Micro N s / m^2 #NAME? #NAME? kg / m h #NAME? #NAME? mN s / m^2 [g / m s] [Centipoise] #NAME? #NAME? Dyn s / cm^ 2 [1 g / cm s] [Poise] #NAME? #NAME? N s / m^ 2 [ kg / m s] #NAME? #NAME? kgf s / m^ 2 #NAME? #NAME? lb / ft h #NAME? #NAME? pdl s / ft^2 [lb / ft s] #NAME? #NAME? lbf s / ft ^ 2 [slug / ft s] #NAME? #NAME? lbf h / ft^2
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Viscosity-Dynamic

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

KINEMATIC VISCOSITY [ L 2 T -1 ] Known Value = #NAME? 1 #NAME? #NAME? mm ^2 / h #NAME? #NAME? mm ^2 / s [Centistoke] #NAME? #NAME? cm ^2 / h #NAME? #NAME? cm ^2 / s [Stoke] #NAME? #NAME? m ^2 / h #NAME? #NAME? m ^2 / s #NAME? #NAME? in ^2 / h #NAME? #NAME? in ^2 / s #NAME? #NAME? ft ^2 / h #NAME? #NAME? ft ^2 / s
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Viscosity-Kinematic

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

VOLUME [ L3 ] Known Value = 1 #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME? #NAME?
UnitsCalc20050823

F #NAME? Cu Millimetre Cu Centimetre [cc] Cu Decimetre Cu Metre Cu Hectometre Cu Kilometre Stere Millilitre [cc] Centilitre Decilitre Litre Hectolitre Kilolitre Cu Inch Cu Foot Cu Yard Cu Furlong Cu Mile UK Fluid Ounce UK Gill UK Pint UK Quart UK Gallon UK Peck UK Bushel Teaspoon Tablespoon US Fluid Ounce Cup US Pint US Quart US Gallon US Barrel US Pint Dry US Quart Dry US Peck Dry US Bushel Dry

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Volume

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

Number Display Control Places to the Right of the Decimal


Floating User Controlled

Speed

Number of Places

F Note: User controlled format applies when measurement values lie within the above range. Floating format applies for values outside this range.
UnitsCalc20050823

2005 Dr Shaiq Khan, Techno Consultants Ltd

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Decimals

Date Printed: 3/12/2012

UnitsCalc Features

Features of UnitsCalc
Interactive Conversion of Measurement Values in Various Units by Dr Shaiq U.R. Khan BEng (Civil), MEng, PhD, CEng, FIStructE 05 December 2001 Techno Consultants Ltd 117 Portland Street, Manchester M1 6ED, England
UnitsCalc is an Excel 97/2000 Template for the conversion of measurements among units of physics and mechanics used by engineers and architects in the building trade. The systems of units covered are: British Imperial System, French Metric System, U.S. Customary System, the International System of Units and some other units used in practice e.g. navigation, astronomy, etc. Features The file size is under 500 KB. At 3 KB/second, your download time would be around 4 minutes.

A mouse click converts a known measurement from any one unit to rest of the units in a convesion table. Conversion values can be copied to the clipboard for use elsewhere.. Help button for instant instructions of use. Control for decimal places in normal size numbers. Full Documentation is included within the template i.e. Features, Consistent Set of Units, User Notes, Terms and Conditions of Use and Revision History of the Template.

Unit Quantities Acceleration: Free fall (g), Kilometres/hour/minute, Kilometres/hour/second, Metre/sec/sec, Centimetres/sec/Sec, Miles/hour/minute, Miles/hour/second, Yards/sec/sec, Feet/sec/sec, Inches/sec/sec, Int. Nautical Mile/hour/second, UK Nautical Miles/hour/second

Angle (Plane): Seconds, Minutes, Degrees, Grads, Octants, Sextants, Radians, Quadrants, Circles, Revolutions, Turns Angle (Solid): Steradian, Spherical Right Angle, Hemisphere, Sphere Area: Sq Millimetre, Sq Centimetre, Sq Decimetre, Sq Metre, Are, Hectare, Sq Kilometre, Sq Inch, Sq Foot, Sq Yard, Sq Furlong, Sq Mile, Acre, Int. sq Nautical Mile, UK sq Nautical Mile Density (Weight per Unit Volume): Dynes/cu centimetre, Newtons/cu millimetre, Newtons/cu centimetre, Newtons/cu metre, Kilonewtons/cu millimetre, Kilonewtons/cu centimetre, Kilonewtons/cu metre, Kilograms/cu millimetre, Kilograms/cu centimetre, Kilograms/cu metre, Tonnes/cu millimetre, Tonnes/cu centimetre, Tonnes/cu metre, Pound/cu inch, Pounds/cu ft, Pounds/cu yard, Kips/cu inch, Kips/cu ft, Kips/cu yard, Ton/cu inch, Tons/cu foot, Tons/cu yard Distance; Length: Angstrom, Micron, Millimetre, Centimetre, Decimetre, metre, Hectometre, Kilometre, Thou, Mil, Inch, Foot, Yard, Furlong, Mile, Fathom, Int. Nautical Mile, UK Nautical Mile, Light-year, Parsec Energy; Work; Heat: Calories, Kilocalories, Ergs (centimetre dynes), Joules, Kilojoules, Megajoules, Metre Kilogram, Foot Pound, Horsepower-hours, Kilowatt hour, Btu (British Thermal Unit), Chu (Centigrade Heat Unit), Therm Flow: Cu Inch/hour, Cu Inch/minute, Cu Inch/second, Cu Feet/hour, Cu Feet/minute, Cu Feet/second (cusec), Cu Yards/hour, Cu Yards/minute, Cu Yards/second, UK Ounces/hour, UK Ounces/minute, UK Ounces/second, UK Gallons/day, UK Gallons/hour, UK Gallons/minute, UK Gallons/second, US barrels/day, US Ounces/hour, US Ounces/minute, US Ounces/second, US Gallons/day, US Gallons/hour, US Gallons/minute, US Gallons/second, Cu Centimetres/hour, Cu Centimetres/minute, Cu Centimetres/second, Cu Millilitres/hour, Cu Millilitres/minute, Cu Millilitres/second, Litres/day, Litres/hour, Litres/minute, Litres/second, Cu Metre/day, Cu Metre/hour, Metre/minute, Cu Metre/second (cumec)

File: 88179778.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Features

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UnitsCalc Features Force ;Weight: Grains, Drams, Ounces, Pounds, Stones, Quarters, Hundredweights, Tons (long), Kips, Poundal, Hundredweights (short), Tons (short), Slugs , Millinewtons, Newtons, Kilonewtons, Carats, Micrograms, Milligrams, Grams, Kilograms, Tonnes, Dyne, Pennyweights, Ounces (troy), Pounds (troy) Force per Unit Length: Newtons/millimetre, Newtons/centimetre, Newtons/decimetre, Newtons/metre, Kilonewtons/millimetre, Kilonewtons/centimetre, Kilonewtons/decimetre, Kilonewtons/metre, Kilogram/millimetre, Kilogram/centimetre, Kilogram/decimetre, Kilograms/metre, Tonnes/millimetre, Tonnes/centimetre, Tonnes/decimetre, Tonnes/metre, Pounds/inch, Pounds/foot, Pounds/yard, Kips/inch, Kips/foot, Kips/yard, Tons/inch, Tons/foot, Tons/yard Illumination: Foot-candles, Lux, Meter-candles Moment; Torque: Newtons millimetre, Newtons centimetre, Newtons metre (Joule), Kilonewtons millimetre, Kilonewtons centimetre, Kilonewtons metre, Kilogram millimetre, Kilogram centimetre, Kilograms metre, Tonnes millimetre, Tonnes centimetre, Tonnes metre, Pounds inch, Pounds foot, Pounds yard, Kips inch, Kips foot, Kips yard, Tons inch, Tons foot, Tons yard Moment of Inertia: Millimetre4, Centimetre4, Decimetre4, Metre4, Hectometre4, Kilometre4, Inch4, Foot4, Yard4, Furlong4, Mile4 Power: Calories/second, Kilocalories/hour, Pound-feet/minute, Pound-feet/second, BTU/hour, BTU/minute, BTU/seconds, Horsepower, Horsepower (metric), kgf metre/second, Watts (Joules/second), Kilowatts, Megawatts Pressure; Stress; Force per Unit Area: Dynes/sq centimetre, Newtons/sq metre [Pa], Newtons/sq centimetre, Newtons/sq millimetre [Mpa], Kilonewtons/sq millimetre, Kilonewtons/sq centimetre, Kilonewtons/sq metre, Kilograms/sq millimetre, Kilograms/sq centimetre, Kilograms/sq metre, Tonnes/sq millimetre, Tonnes/sq centimetre, Tonnes/sq metre, Pound/sq inch [PSI], Pounds/sq ft, Pounds/sq yard, Poundal/sq ft, Kips/sq inch, Kips/sq ft, Kips/sq yard, Tons/sq inch, Tons/sq ft, Tons/sq yard, Atmosphere, Microbar, Millibar, Bar, Millimetres of Water, Centimetres of Water, Metres of Water, Inches of Water, Feet of Water, Yards of Water, Millimetres of Mercury [Torrs], Centimetres of Mercury, Inches of Mercury Section Modulus: Millimetre3, Centimetre3, Decimetre3, Metre3, Hectometre3, Kilometre3, Inch3, Foot3, Yard3, Furlong3, Mile3 Speed; Velocity (Linear): Centimetres/hour, Centimetres/minute, Centimetres/second, Metres/hour, Metres/minute, Metres/second, Kilometres/hour, Kilometres/minute, Kilometres/second, Int. Knots, UK Knots, C, Mach, Inches/hour, Inches/minute, Inches/second, Feet/hour, Feet/minute, Feet/second, Yards/hour, Yards/minute, Yards/second, Miles/hour (mph), Miles/minute, Miles/second Velocity (Angular): Degrees/second, Radians/second, Revolutions (cycles)/minute [rpm], Revolutions (cycles)/second [Hz, cps] Temperature: Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin Time: Nanoseconds, Milliseconds, Seconds, Minutes, Hours, Days, Weeks, Fortnights, Months, Years, Decades, Lunar Months, Lunar Years, Centuries, Millenniums Viscosity (Dynamic): Micro N s / m^2, kg / m h, mN s / m^2 [g / m s] [Centipoise], Dyn s / cm^ 2 [1 g / cm s] [Poise], N s / m^ 2 [ kg / m s], kgf s / m^ 2, lb / ft h, pdl s / ft^2 [lb / ft s], lbf s / ft ^ 2 [slug / ft s], lbf h / ft^2 Viscosity (Kinematic): mm ^2 / h, mm ^2 / s [Centistoke], cm ^2 / h, cm ^2 / s [Stoke], m ^2 / h, m ^2 / s, in ^2 / h, in ^2 / s, ft ^2 / h, ft ^2 / s Volume: Cu Millimetre, Cu Centimetre, Cu Decimetre, Cu Metre, Cu Hectometre, Cu Kilometre, Stere, Millilitre (CC), Centilitre, Decilitre, Litre, Hectolitre, Kilolitre, Cu Inch, Cu Foot, Cu Yard, Cu Furlong, Cu Mile, UK Fluid Ounce, UK Gill, UK Pint, UK Quart, UK Gallon, UK Peck, UK Bushel, Teaspoon, Tablespoon, US Fluid Ounce, Cup, US Pint, US Quart, US Gallon, US Barrel, US Pint Dry, US Quart Dry, US Peck Dry, US Bushel Dry
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UnitsCalc User Notes

User Notes for UnitsCalc


Interactive Conversion of Measurement Values in Various Units by Dr Shaiq U.R. Khan BEng (Civil), MEng, PhD, CEng, FIStructE 5 December 2001 Techno Consultants Ltd 117 Portland Street, Manchester M1 6ED, England

Introduction UnitsCalc is an interactive Excel Template for conversion of measurements among various units. It deals with unit systems of the past and those in use today. The established systems of units covered are: British Imperial System (BIS), French Metric System, U.S. Customary System (USCS) and International System of units SI. In addition, various other units commonly used in practice are also included. To allow ready conversation of measurements from one system to the other, it has been necessary in some tables to group unlike quantities like mass and force. This has been inevitable due to the difference in fundamental quantities on which the unit systems are based. In the Metric and SI systems, mass is a fundamental quantity. In the BIS and the USCS systems, mass is not a fundamental quantity but a derived unit based on force as a fundamental quantity. Similar to the mass and weight table, speed and velocity have also been grouped together in one table. To keep the file size of UnitsCalc small, the fact that velocity has a direction and speed is directionless has been ignored. In short, UnitsCalc is a simple tool for the conversion of measurement units in use on the planet earth. As the mixture of these units employ different fundamental quantities in mass and force, the user needs to exercise care in using these units correctly. To this end, study of the next worksheet "Consistent Set of Units" might be found helpful.

Loading the Template on to your Computer UnitsCalc is supplied as an Excel 97/2000 Template, having .XLT as its filename extension.

To load UnitsCalc on to your computer, copy this file into Microsoft Office folder for its Templates. Generally the path to this folder in Excel 97 is: C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Templates If you are using Excel 2000, the path to this folder is: C:\Windows\Application Data\Microsoft\Templates To load and use the Template in Excel 97 or Excel 2000, choose: File, New and the select the file UnitsCalc20011205-.xlt If you receive an Excel Warning about running Macros and are prompted for whether to load them, answer YES to Load and Enable Macros. UnitsCalc incorporates VB Macros and to allow your computer to use them is vital for its operation.

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UnitsCalc User Notes Using UnitsCalc

Loading of UnitsCalc in Excel leads to its Homepage. This page displays command buttons
to all conversion tables and documentation pages in UnitsCalc. Clicking a button displays any desired conversion table or documentation page.

To convert a measurement from any one unit to its equivalent in rest of the units, type your

value in cell C2 ( shaded light green ). After pressing enter/return, use a mouse click in any desired cell of Column-C to select your original unit. The mouse click changes row colour of your original unit to yellow and instantly converts the measurement in cell C2 to its equivalents in respective rows of all other units (cells shaded light blue).

To display simple conversion factors from any one unit to rest of the units, you can type a
value of 1 in cell C2 (shaded light green) as your measurement.

To navigate among various conversion tables, click the Home button in top left cell of the To copy a converted value to the Clipboard, click its unit name in right column of the

table. This takes you to the Homepage of UnitsCalc for going to other conversion tables. conversion table. This displays a dialog box showing the value copied to the clipboard. Click OK in this dialog box. The copied value can now be pasted in another worksheet or application e.g. MS word.

In converse to the above, a conversion value can be pasted in Cell C2 from another

worksheet or application via the clipboard. However, please use the Paste-Special - value command rather than the simple Paste Command. The Paste command erases the cell colour and its data validation capability.

When ending a session of UnitsCalc, Excel displays a dialogue box for saving the UnitsCalc
file. Select "NO" to this option as changes to the UnitsCal file do not require saving.

Acceleration 9.80665 metre/second/second (32.1740485564304 ft/s/s) "g" 1 centimetre/second/second gal Angle (Solid) Sphere A total solid angle about a point = 2 Hemispheres = 8 Spherical right angles = 4 p Steradians Steradians The SI unit of solid angle, equal to the angle made at the centre of a sphere by an area on the surface of the sphere equal to the square of the spheres radius. Symbol sr Area 100 sq m; a unit for area of farmland and real estate Are 4840 sq yards Acre 10,000 sq metre = 100 Are Hectare Distance; Length Angstrom , a unit of length equal to one hundred-millionth of a centimetre, 10-10 metre. Centimetre cm, equal to 0.01 m Decimetre 0.1 m Fathom a unit of length equal to six feet, chiefly used in reference to the depth of water. Foot ft, a unit of linear measure equal to 12 inches (304.8 mm exactly). Furlong an eighth of a mile, 220 yards Hectometre a metric unit of length equal to one hundred metres. Inch in, unit of linear measure equal to one twelfth of a foot, 25.4 mm exactly Kilometre a metric unit of measurement equal to 1,000 metres Metre Micron Mile Millimetre As per 1983 definition, the length of the path travelled by light in a vacuum during a time interval of 1/299792458 of a second. one millionth of a metre. a linear measure equal to 1,760 yards (also statute mile) mm equal to 0.001 m
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UnitsCalc User Notes Nautical Mile a unit used in measuring distances at sea, equal to 1,852 metres (International) Nautical Mile (UK) a unit used in measuring distances at sea, equal to 6080 feet

Thou (Mil) one thousandth of an inch, 0.0254 mm Yard a unit of linear measure equal to 3 feet (914.4 mm exactly). Energy; Work; Heat Btu British thermal unit defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 lb of water through 1 degF at a standard temperature of 59.5 degF to 60.5 degF and constant pressure of 1 atmosphere. It has been taken as 1055.05585262 watts/joules (based on 1 Calorie = 4.1868 Joules). Calorie Chu Horsepower Horsepower (Metric) Joule Sometimes referred to as a small Calorie, it is the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water through 1 C, now usually defined as equal to 4.1868 joules. Centigrade heat unit defined as the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 lb of water through 1 degC at standard temperature and pressure. equal to 550 foot-pounds per second defined as 75 kgf-metres per second. It is the SI unit of work or energy equal to the work done by a force of one Newton when its point of application moves one metre in the direction of action of the force, equivalent to a watt-second (symbol J) [named after J. P. Joule, English physicist d. 1889]. A large calorie, usually referred to simply as a calorie and sometimes as a kilogram calorie, equals 1000 calories. It is the unit used to express the energy producing value of food in the calculation of diets. It is a unit of force that, acting on a mass of one gram, increases its velocity by one centimetre per second every second along the direction that it acts (abbr.: dyn).

Kilocalorie

Force Dyne

kilogram force 9.80665 Newtons Poundal it is a unit of force equal to the force required to give a mass of one pound an acceleration of one foot per second per second. Illumination foot-candle lux (lx) Power Horsepower Horsepower (metric) Watt Pressure Atmosphere Bar Pascal Torr Speed C a unit of illumination equal to that given by a source of one candela at a distance of one foot. SI unit of illuminance, equal to one lumen per square metre. 550 Pound-feet/second (1.013869665 Horsepower metric) 75 kilogram-metre/second (0.986320071 Horsepower) 1 joule/second (0.737562149 lb-ft/second) 101325 N/sq-mm = 760 mm of Mercury 100000 N/sq-mm 1 N/sq-m 1 mm of Mercury = 133.3223684 Pa The speed of light in a vacuum defined to be exactly 299 792 482 metres per second.

Knot 1852 metres/hour (1.150779448 mph) (International) Knot (UK) 6080 feet/hour (1.151515152 mph)

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Mach

UnitsCalc User Notes Ratio of the speed of a body to the speed of sound in the surrounding medium, used with a numeral (as Mach 1, Mach 2, etc.) to indicate the speed of sound, twice the speed of sound, etc. A value for the speed of sound of 331.46 metres/second in dry air at a temperature of 0 degC has been used in this template.

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UnitsCalc User Notes Temperature Celsius Using this temperature scale, water freezes at approximately 0 degC and boils at approximated 100 degC. It is given by: T(C) = 5 [T(F) - 32]/9 = T(K) - 273.15 Using this temperature scale, water freezes at approximately 32 degF and boils at approximated 212 degF. It is given by: T(F) = 9 T(C)/5 + 32 = 9 T(K)/5 - 459.67 SI unit for measuring temperature. On the Kelvin scale, water freezes at about 273 K and boils at approximately 373K. It is given by: T(K) = 5[T(F) - 32]/9 + 273.15 = T(C) + 273.15 a unit of distance in Astronomy, equivalent to the distance that light travels in one year, 9.460528263 1012 km (about 587.85 million miles). The lunar or synodic month is the time Moon takes to pass from particular phase, such as full moon, back to the same phase; its average has been taken as 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 2.8 seconds or 29.530587962963 days. Distance at which the mean radius of the Earth's orbit subtends an angle of one second of arc. It is used by professional astronomers to express distance to stars and galaxies. One parsec has been taken as 3.26163408 light-years has been used in this template. It has been taken as 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 45.5 seconds or 365.242193287037 days (31556925.5 seconds)

Fahrenheit

Kelvin (K)

Time Light-year Lunar Month

Parsec

Solar Year

Viscosity (Dynamic) Poise a unit of dynamic viscosity, such that a tangential force of one dyne per square centimetre causes a velocity change of one centimetre per second between two parallel planes separated by one centimetre in a liquid. Centipoise 0.01 Poise Viscosity (Kinematic) Stokes the cgs unit of kinematic viscosity, corresponding to a dynamic viscosity of 1 poise and a density of 1 gram per cubic centimetre and equivalent to 10-4 square metres per second. Centistoke Volume Litre Stere UK bushel UK gallon US barrel US bushel US gallon Weight (Mass) Kip Pound Pound (troy) Slug Ton Ton (short) Tonnes 0.01 Stokes 1000 cubic centimetre = 1000 Millilitre = 1000 cc 1 cubic metre 2219.36 cubic inch = 4 UK peck = 8 UK gallons 277.42 cubic inch = 4 UK quarts = 8 UK pints = 32 UK gills = 160 UK fluid ounces 42 US gallons=168 US quart = 336 pint = 672 cups = 5376 US fluid ounces 2150.4 cubic inch = 4 US Peck Dry = 32 US quart dry = 64 Pint Dry 231 cubic inch =16 cups = 128 US fluid ounces = 256 tablespoons = 768 teaspoons 1000 lbs = 4.448221615 kN 0.45359237 kg = 4.448221615 N = 16 Ounces = 256 Drams = 7000 Grains Troy weight used in weighing gold or silver, 5760 Grains = 240 Pennyweights = 12 Ounces (troy) ( 0.822857143 lbs = 0.373241722 kg) 32.17404865 lbs = 143.1172982 N 2240 lbs = 1016.046909 kg = 9.964016418 kN 2000 lbs = 907.18474 kg = 8.896443231 kN 1000 kg = 2204.622622 lbs = 9.80665 kN

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UnitsCalc User Notes Unit Symbols a atm bar cd cm cu dyn erg fps ft g h ha hp Hz in J K k kg kgf kJ km kN ksf ksi KW l lb lbf lm lx m mm mi mN MJ mph MW N Pa pcf pdl psf psi rad rpm s sr tonne W
UnitsCalc20050823

are (SI) Angstrom standard atmosphere pressure; 1 atm = 101325 Pa bar candela (SI) centimetre cubic foot dyne = 10-5 N erg = 10-7 J foot per second foot gram hour = 3600 seconds hectare horsepower, 550 foot-pounds per second cycle (revolutions) per second, cps inch joule Kelvin kip, USCS kilogram Kilogram force = 9.80665 N on planet earth kilojoule Kilometre kilonewton kip per square foot kip per square inch kilowatts litre pound pound force lumen Lux metre millimetre mile (Imperial, USCS) millinewton = 0.001 N megajoule mile per hour Megawatts Newton Pascal pound per cubic foot Poundal pound per square foot pound per square inch radian revolutions per minute second steradian t watt

Metric Prefixes
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Abbreviations exa E peta P tera T giga G mega M kilo k hecto h deca da deci d centi c milli m micro m nano n pico p femto f atto a Factors 1018 1015 1012 109 106 103 102 10 10-1 10-2 10-3 10-6 10-9 10-12 10-15 10-18

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Consistent Set of Units


In dynamic analysis of structures, it is essential to use a consistent set of units. This means that in calculations Newton's second law, force equal mass times acceleration, is identically satisfied without using scale or conversion factors.

In a consistent set of units, one unit of force applied to one unit of mass must equal to one unit of acceleration i.e. 1 unit force = 1 unit mass x 1 unit acceleration A correct dynamic analysis demands using consistent units. To avoid errors, Blevins any of the following consistent set of units.
[1]

suggests using

No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Force Newton kgf kgf dyne gramf lbf lbf

Mass kg kg/g kg/g gram gram/g slug lbf/g

Length m m cm cm cm ft in

Time s s s s s s s

Pressure Pascal kgf/m2 kgf/cm2 dyne/cm2 gramf/cm2 lbf/ft2 lbf/in2

Density kilogram/m3 kilogram/g-m3 kilogram/g-cm3 gram/cm3 gram/g-cm3 slug/ft3 pound/g-in3

g 9.80665 m/s2 9.80665 m/s2 980.665 cm/s2 980.665 cm/s2 980.665 cm/s2 32.17 ft/s2 386.1 in/s2

It is also possible to use other sets of units. For example, if kN is chosen as the unit of force and one m/s2 as the unit of acceleration, then the unit of mass must be such that 1 kN of force will accelerate it at 1 m/s2. The unit of mass that satisfies this criteria is 1 Tonne i.e. 1000 kilograms (Mg).

Reference 1 Blevins, Robert D."Formulas for Natural Frequency and Mode Shape", Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida, ISBN 0-89464-894-2, 1995.
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