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A tablet PC is a wireless, portable personal computer with a touch screen interface. The tablet form factor is typically smaller than a notebook computer but larger than a smart phone. A tablet PC is a notebook- or slate-shaped mobile computer. Its touch screen or digitizing tablet technology allows the user to operate the computer with a stylus or digital pen, or a fingertip, instead of a keyboard or mouse. The computer can be linked to a network using a wireless link. Tablet PCs are often used where normal notebooks are impractical or unwieldy, or do not provide the needed functionality. A tablet personal computer (tablet PC) is a portable personal computer equipped with a touchscreen as a primary input device and designed to be operated and owned by an individual. The term was made popular as a concept presented by Microsoft in 2001, but tablet PCs now refer to any tablet-sized personal computer, regardless of the operating system.
Unlike laptops, tablet personal computers may not be equipped with a keyboard, in which case they use a virtual onscreen substitute. All tablet personal computers have a wireless adapter for Internet and local network connection. Software applications for tablet PCs include office suites, web browsers, games and a variety of applications. However, since portable computer hardware components are low powered, demanding PC applications may not provide an ideal experience to the user.
Tablet PCs are notebook computers with a liquid crystal display (LCD) on which the user writes with a special pen called a stylus. These pens of styli can be wireless devices or attached to the tablet PC via cords or wires.
Figure 1.Tablet PC
1945: Vannevar Bush proposes the Memex. 1915: U. a data archiving device including handwriting input.S. Late 1960s Alan Kay of Xerox PARC proposed a notebook computer. Patent on touchscreen for handwriting input. Patent on handwriting recognition user interface with a stylus. 3 .S. operated through the use of a stylus. 1950s Tom Dimond demonstrates the Styalator electronic tablet with pen for computer input and software for recognition of handwritten text in real-time. wedge-shaped electronic clipboards. Cadre System markets the Inforite point-of-sale terminal using handwriting recognition and a small electronic tablet and pen. Patent granted to Elisha Gray on electrical stylus device for capturing handwriting. 1966 In the science fiction television series Star Trek. crew members carry large. in an essay As We May Think. 1942: U.2 TABLET PC HISTORY The following timeline list gives some of the highlights of this history: Before 1950 1888: U. optionally using pen input. called the Dynabook: however the device is never constructed or implemented with pen input. 1982 Pencept of Waltham.S. The RAND Tablet is better known than the Styalator. Early 1960s RAND Tablet invented. but was invented later. Massachusetts markets a general-purpose computer terminal using a tablet and handwriting recognition instead of a keyboard and mouse.
Microsoft releases Windows for Pen Computing as a response to the PenPoint OS by GO Corporation. among others. Penpoint OS or Pen Windows. the Poqet Computer Corporation announced the arrival of the Poqet PC. and let the user add voice and handwriting annotations. pig-tails. Operating system is MS-DOS. 4 . 1985 Pencept and CIC both offer PC computers for the consumer market using a tablet and handwriting recognition instead of a keyboard and mouse. its original concept (which called for a larger screen and greater sketching capabilities) resembled the hardware of a Tablet PC. GO Corporation announced a dedicated operating system. 1992 GO Corporation shipped the PenPoint OS for general availability and IBM announced IBM 2125 pen computer (the first IBM model named "ThinkPad") in April. Wang Laboratories introduces Freestyle. The Apple Newton entered development. featuring control of the operating system desktop via handwritten gesture shapes. It was a sophisticated predecessor to later note-taking applications for systems like the Tablet PC. NCR released model 3125 pen computer running MS-DOS. called PenPoint OS. Freestyle was an application that would do a screen capture from an MS-DOS application. and circular shapes. check-marks. Gestures included "flick" gestures in different directions. The operating system was MS-DOS In partnership with Fujitsu. although it ultimately became a PDA. Its operating system was based on MS-DOS. 1991 The Momenta Pentop was released. cross-outs. released in September. 1989 The first commercially available tablet-type portable computer was the GRiDPad from GRiD Systems.
2001 Bill Gates of Microsoft demonstrates the first public prototype of a Tablet PC (defined by Microsoft as a pen-enabled computer conforming to hardware specifications devised by Microsoft and running a licensed copy of the "Windows XP Tablet PC Edition" operating system) at Comdex. 1993 Fujitsu releases the Poqet PC the first pen tablet to use an integrated wireless LAN Apple Computer announces the Newton PDA. IBM's first commercialized portable tablet computer product available to the consumer market. as the IBM ThinkPad 750P and 360P AT&T introduced the EO Personal Communicator combining PenPoint with wireless communications. BellSouth released the IBM Simon Personal Communicator. 2003 PaceBlade receives the "Innovation des Jahres 2002/2003" award for the PaceBook Tablet PC from PC Professionell Magazine at the Cebit Fingerworks develops the touch technology and touch gestures later used in the Apple iPhone. 2000 PaceBlade develops the first device that meets the Microsoft's Tablet PC standard and received the "Best Hardware" award at VAR Vision 2000 The "QBE Vivo" pen computer created by Aqcess Technologies ties for Comdex Best of Show. and included PDA and Email features. an analog cellphone using a touch-screen and display. It did not include handwriting recognition. but did permit users to write messages and send them as faxes on the analog cellphone network. also known as the Apple MessagePad. 1999 The "QBE" pen computer created by Aqcess Technologies wins Comdex Best of Show. which includes handwriting recognition with a stylus. The IBM releases the ThinkPad. 5 .
the EEE PC T91 and T91MT. 6 . 2009 Asus announces a tablet netbook. 2008 In April 2008. the latter which features a multi-touch screen. Read It and Weep. Jamie uses a Tablet PC for her journal. Microsoft's acquisition of the technology is the subject of a separate lawsuit. 2006 Samsung introduces the Samsung Q1 UMPC. Windows Vista released for general availability. Always Innovating announced a new tablet netbook with an ARM CPU. On Disney Channel Original Movie. 2007 Axiotron introduces Modbook. the gesture features of the Windows/Tablet PC operating system and hardware were found to infringe on a patent by GO Corp. as part of a larger federal court case. HP releases the second Multi-Touch capable tablet: the HP TouchSmart tx2 series. Motion Computing launched the J3400. Vista included the functionality of the special Tablet PC edition of Windows XP. the first (and only) tablet computer based on Mac hardware and Mac OS X at Macworld.concerning user interfaces for pen computer operating systems.
Wi-Fi.1. miniHDMI connector. 3G.3 MP camera. running a full-version of Windows 7 2011 Motorola announces Xoom Tablet.6" TFT-LCD display. a 10" tablet PC running Android 2. Bluetooth® 2. a 10 inch tablet powered by the upcoming Android 3. a micro SD card slot. featuring an 11. etc. 2010 MobileDemand launches the xTablet T7000 Rugged Tablet PC which runs a full Windows OS and features include an integrated numeric keypad. bModo launches the bModo12 which runs the Windows 7 OS and features include 11. a webcam. a 900 gram Microsoft Windows based 3G tablet PC with 8 hours of battery life. WiFi b/g connectivity.2. Dell Announces the Inspiron Duo A flip screen Netbook and Tablet PC hybrid HP releases the Slate 500. USB2. credit card reader. a USB port and a 16h battery life for audio playback and 6. running Apple iOS. Apple unveils the iPad. SDHC slot. Neofonie releases the WeTab. GPS. EEE Slate EP121 (Windows 7 tablet). OMTP Jack. a MeeGo-based slate tablet PC. unlocked SIM card Slot. etc. 1. 512 Mb of RAM and ROM. bar code scanner. Quaduro Systems unveils the 10" QuadPad 3G Plus.0 Honeycomb Asus announces the EEE Pad MeMO (7 inch tablet).0. a mic.1.5h for 1080p video. EEE Pad Transformer (10 inch tablet with Android and docking keyboard that transforms it into a laptop form factor) and EEE Pad Slider (10 inch tablet with sliding screen over the keyboard) Dell showcases the Streak 7 tablet and says it's working on the 10 inch Streak 10 7 . Dixons Retail plc unveils the Advent Vega. Bluetooth 2. having a 1 GHz NVIDIA Tegra chipset. running Google Android. Samsung unveils the Galaxy Tab.6 inch multi-touch screen at 1366×768 pixels resolution.
A basic tablet PC may include a simple word processing application. A more device may include productivity software that provides the user with the ability to schedule tasks or create spreadsheets. over the integrated keyboard. or by emergency personnel such as police officers. 8 . An industrial tablet PC can be used by plant workers. sometimes referred to as a convertible or hybrid notebook.. and construction). or standard applications that are compatible with popular operating systems (OS).g. However. screen up. some of which function as docks for the devices. A rugged tablet PC can be used by personnel who work outdoors (e. A rugged tablet is a slate-like model that is designed to withstand rough handling and extreme conditions. A hybrid tablet. Convertible models may allow user input through a variety of methods in addition to the hardware keyboard. forestry. A slate tablet has electronics integrated into the touch screen unit and lacks a hardware keyboard. or inspectors in manufacturing environments.3. STYLES OF TABLETS There several styles of tablets: A convertible tablet typically has a display that rotates 180 degrees and can be folded to close. machine operators. external keyboards are available for slate tablets. There are many applications for tablet PCs. including natural handwriting with a stylus or digital pen and typing through a screen-based software keyboard. firefighters and paramedics. Rugged tablets are usually encased in a protective shell and have shock-protected hard drives Most tablet PCs include special tablet PC software. Reading a tablet PC comparison or performing an on-line tablet PC review is a good way to learn about product features. is like a regular notebook but with a removable display that functions independently as a slate. utilities.
Because their design dictates a lap or table be used. CONS Laptops do not come with handwriting recognition. Convertible and hybrid models have moving parts that can break. and they are a product that rarely is on sale. While they might be a little heavier and not as mobile as the Tablet PC. a Tablet PC is designed to be held vertically. like a clipboard. Tablet PCs are great for professionals who need to jot down quick notes such as doctors. Tablet PCs are twice the price of an average laptop computer. A Tablet PC is an excellent choice if you are someone who writes faster than you type or if you “think better” with a pen in your hand. There are less parts to break and the parts that are there are designed to be especially durable. 9 . While a laptop computer is designed to sit on your lap.4 THE TABLET PC VS THE LAPTOP The biggest difference between a Tablet PC and a Laptop can be found in the namesake of the latter. CONS It is as easy to scratch the screen of a slate model Tablet PC as it is to scratch the screen of your IPod. THE TABLET PROS With their lightweight and minimal design. slate model Tablet PCs are made for constant mobility. someone who works while they go. you must sit while using a laptop. THE LAPTOP PROS I don’t think anything will take the place of the laptop. a laptop is a great choice for someone who brings their work with them vs. Laptop computers have been on the market longer so there are more discount brands offered. lawyers. and professors.
10 . hand writing recognition. fully functional x86 PCs with handwriting and voice recognition functionality. Following Tablet PC. ahead of Apple's iPad launch. This was relaunched in 2010 as Slate PC.5 SYSTEM SOFTWARE 5. Tablet PCs use the same hardware as normal laptops but add support for pen input.1 MICROSOFT WINDOWS Figure 2 Microsoft Tablet PC According to a 2001 Microsoft definition of the term. "Microsoft Tablet PCs" are pen-based. and gesture support. Microsoft announced the UMPC initiative in 2006 which brought Windows tablets to a smaller. touch-centric form factor. to promote tablets running Windows 7. Tablets running Windows get the added functionality of using the touchscreen for mouse input. Slate PCs are expected to benefit from mobile hardware advances derived from the success of the netbooks.
enabling more advanced interaction using touch gestures with your fingers the same way a mouse is used. Windows Vista also significantly improved handwriting recognition functionality with the introduction of a handwriting recognition personalization tool as well as an automatic handwriting learning tool. including East Asian writing systems. a touch screen. In such instances tablet functions may be unavailable or severely restricted in functionality. more accurate. ink collection. and additional input methods to any computer running Vista even if the input device is an external digitizer. Personalized custom dictionaries help with the recognition of specialized vocabulary (like medical and technical terms). Windows 7 also significantly improved pen input and handwriting recognition by becoming faster. Vista also supports multi-touch functions and gestures (originally developed for the Microsoft Surface version of Vista) and is now usable by the public with the release of multi-touch tablets. Despite such advances. problems may arise with tablet functions of the OS. Windows has a history of tablet technology includingWindows XP Tablet PC Edition. Tablet functionality is available in all editions of Windows 7 except the Starter edition. the Tablet PC functionality no longer required a separate edition. and integrates with other programs. 11 . when. and supportive of more languages. for instance.With the succession of Windows Vista. and text prediction speeds up the input process to make note-taking faster. touch screen drivers are recognized as PS/2 mouse input rather than a touch input device. This extends the handwriting recognition. Tablet PC support is built into all editions of Windows Vista with the exception of Home Basic and Starter editions. Multi-touch technology is also available on some tablet PCs. It introduces a new Math Input Panel that recognizes handwritten math expressions and formulas. Among the first tablet PCs launched in 2010 based on the Windows 7 operating system are bModo12 from bModo and Samsung Galaxy. Windows 7 touch capability is built with Microsoft Surface technologies. This is a gesture and touch-centric UI enhancement that works with most current touch computers. or even a regular mouse.
The ProGear initially came with a version of Slackware Linux. was developed for the Nokia Internet Tablet devices (770. the device is no longer for sale and FrontPath has ceased operations. 12 . and the Java-based Jarnal (which supports handwriting recognition as a built-in function). a Debian Linux based graphical user environment. and has a vast array of applications available in both official and user supported repositories. It is important to note that many touch screen sub-notebook computers can run any of several Linux distributions with little customization. N810 & N900). The ProGear used a Transmeta chip and a resistive digitizer. N800. Since all these are open source. Before the advent of the aforementioned software.2 LINUX Figure 3 Linux Tablet PC One early implementation of a Linux tablet was the ProGear by FrontPath. many users had to rely on on-screen keyboards and alternative text input methods like Dasher. However. A number of Linux based OS projects are dedicated to tablet PCs. Open source note taking software in Linux includes applications such as Xournal (which supports DF file annotation). Gournal (a Gnome based note taking application). Because these computers are general purpose IBM PC compatible machines. It is currently in generation 5. they are freely available and can be run or ported to devices that conform to the tablet PC design. they can run many different operating systems. but could later be bought with Windows 98. which requires users to write letters separately in a grid. Maemo (rebranded MeeGo in 2010). CellWriter. There is a stand alone handwriting recognition program available.5.
5. There is. TabletKiosk currently offers a hybrid digitizer / touch device running openSUSE Linux. after Android is reworked to include more tablet features. mainly tablets 13 . both have touchscreen support integrated into their user interfaces. However.10. moreover. Some vendors such as Motorola are delaying deployment of their tablet computers until 2011. Android 3 is the latest version of the Android platform that is optimized specifically for devices with larger screen sizes.3 ANDROID Figure 4 Android Tablet PC Google's Linux-based Android operating system has been targeted by manufacturers for the tablet space following its success on smartphones due to its open nature and support for low-cost ARM systems much like Apple's iOS. It is the first device with this feature to support Linux. there have been numerous announcements of such tablets. In 2010. talk of tablet support from Google coming to its web-centric Chrome OS.The Ubuntu Netbook Remix edition. much of Android's tablet initiative comes from manufacturers as Google primarily focuses its development on smartphones and restricts the App Market from non-phone devices. Canonical has hinted at better supporting tablets with the Unity UI for Ubuntu 10. as well as the Intel sponsored Moblin project.
Intel co-developed the lightweight Moblin operating system following the successful launch of the Atom CPU series on netbooks. started the Mobile Internet Device initiative. Intel. In 2010. Nokia and Intel combined the Maemo and Moblin projects to form MeeGo. The product line continued with the N900which is the first to add phone capabilities. 14 . MeeGo is a new operating system developed by Intel and Nokia supports Netbooks. Smartphones and tablet PCs. The first MeeGo powered tablet PC is the Neofonie WeTab. WeTab OS adds runtimes for Android and Adobe AIR and provides a proprietary user interface optimized for the WeTab device. The WeTab uses an extended version of the MeeGo operating system called WeTab OS. following the launch of the UMPC. a Debianbased Linux distribution custom-made for their Internet Tablet line.4 MEEGO Figure 5 Meego Tablet PC Nokia entered the tablet space with the Nokia 770 running Maemo.5. which took the same hardware and combined it with a Linux operating system custom-built for portable tablets.
15 . Some people classify the original OLPC as a "personal computer". strongly resembling a tablet computer. on top of a Linux kernel. whether this will be true for the XO-3 remains to be seen. called the OLPC XO-3.5 OLPC Figure 6 OLPC Tablet PC The OLPC organization is developing a new version of the OLPC. running its "Sugar desktop environment".5.
although OS X does have support for handwriting recognition via Inkwell. To support the digitizer on the integrated tablet. Instead. Wacom does not provide drivers for this device. Prior to the introduction of the iPad. 16 . Apple sells the iOS based iPadwhich was introduced in 2010. a heavily modified Apple MacBook. The Modbook used Apple's Inkwell handwriting and gesture recognition.5. Axiotron introduced the Modbook. the Modbook was supplied with a third-party driver called TabletMagic. Mac OS X-based tablet computer at Macworld in 2007. and used digitization hardware from Wacom.6 APPLE MAC OS X Figure 7 Apple Tablet PC Apple have never sold a tablet PC-style computer running Mac OS X.
but take the Tablet PC to those interested and show it. especially for people who are new to computers. For many.where no applications are held on the device. The notes can also be searched automatically if handwriting recognition is implemented. can be programmed to respond in different ways to certain gestures created by the pen. Note-taking — taking handwritten notes and drawing diagrams at a class or conference increases productivity and retention of information.1 ADVANTAGES Cheaper application management . mouse movement is too jerky to be used as a precision tool. If you find an interesting article. you no longer email the link . More natural form of input — sketching and handwriting are a much more familiar form of input than a keyboard and mouse. This allows for better interaction in business meetings and conferences and also makes it easy for digital artists who wish to draw on a horizontal medium. Digital art — tablets are often necessary for professional digital artist work. or the operating system itself.6 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES 6. Accessibility — those who are physically unable to type can utilize the additional features of a tablet PC to be able to interact with the electronic world. 17 . Horizontal orientation — most tablet PCs do not interrupt line of sight since they lie flat on the table or in one's arms. emailing this approval with the form to the next as in workflow. Provides a platform where many can share the same document or form(. This assumes that the Tablet PC has no memory or removable memory. Portability — slate tablets and hybrids without keyboards are very slim and light compared to typical laptops and can easily be tucked under the arm like a book. Gesture recognition — gestures (moving the stylus in special patterns over the screen) are powerful ways to increase efficiency.approve on it as it is be passed around) as opposed to tracing approval by one. Many applications.
1 inches. However. many Tablet PC's run a higher risk of screen damage. 18 .2 DISADVANTAGES Higher cost — convertible tablet PCs cost roughly $300 more than their non-tablet counterparts as of 2005. This premium is expected to fall to as low as $75 by 2007. Screen size — the size of tablet PC screens currently peaks at 14. which can be as high as 50-150 WPM. and because their screens also serve as input devices. Screen damage risk . No built in optical drive (most Tablet PCs) — due to need for low mass Less power than conventional laptops . However. In addition. reducing the fluidity of the lines the computer captures. Digitizer issues — some tablet digitizers cannot keep up if the user writes or draws too quickly. Input speed — maximum handwriting speed can be significantly slower than maximum typing speed. some models make up for this with very high resolution (a higher pixel density per unit area).Because Tablet PC's are handled more than conventional laptops yet built on the frames of conventional notebooks. though this is not usually necessary given that Tablet PCs are usually carried around and mobility is therefore very important.6.there are no desktop-replacement Tablets available. some models are intentionally priced at the same point or lower than equivalent notebooks without tablet functionality. the signal from the pen may become distorted near the edges of the screen. PDAs carry some of the same risk.
GoBinder lets students take notes. . This mobile learning solution helps students organize their notes and assignments and keeps them prepared with answers. and interactive whiteboards in fixed. students can create their own tabs to organize their personal and extracurricular activities. • BLACKBOARD BACKPACK Students use Blackboard Backpack as the digital replacement for the familiar three-ring binder. content replay. Blackboard Backpack lets students organize everything under tabs that mirror their Blackboard course environment. anytime access. like Word documents and PDFs straight into the GoBinder database. student response tools. mobile. students can capture Web and native Windows application files.. 19 . download instructor lectures before class and annotate on top of them.DyKnow Monitor™ offers a more flexible way to keep a bird’s-eye view of student computers. What’s more. block Internet browsing and other distracting applications. and anywhere. • AGILIX GOBINDER GoBinder is a powerful application that enables students to learn better and study smarter. With its unique Digital Paper technology. Tablet PCs. and distance environments. and blank student screens.7 APPLICATIONS • DYKNOW . laptops.DyKnow Vision™ software fosters interaction through collaborative note taking. using a keyboard or a Tablet. teachers can use DyKnow Monitor to view thumbnails of student screens. DyKnow Vision works with desktops. so it is familiar even the first time they use it. Like other computer monitoring and control applications. Teachers can use DyKnow Vision to instantly transmit content to student screens for annotation. because it is such a flexible solution.
making it easy to brainstorm. • JUMPING MINDS Designed for Tablet PCs. collect.• NOTATEIT NotateIt software simulates a multi-page 'magnetic' whiteboard on your computer. and continue onto the next problem at your own pace. NotateIt includes a powerful tool set you can use in conjunction with any other Windows application: Annotation Tools. JumpingMinds software uses advanced handwriting recognition to read your answers as you write them on the display. Plus. you can even change the background of your 'whiteboard' to graph paper. lined paper or any other graphic organizer that suits your needs. For complete flexibility. No typing. organize and store your thoughts and ideas. correct if needed. mind map. Screen Capture. get instant feedback. 20 . On-Screen Soft Keyboard and Screen Recording and Playback. Just write your answer.
WeTab running OpenOffice. Jeff Tablet PC vs. "Tablet PC Brings the Simplicity of Pen and Paper to Computing". DailyTech. 6.wikipedia. 4. Van West. Page. 21 . Gareth Firefox for Android coming 'late this year'. 9. Mashable. Laptop: How Do You Choose? 7.org 2. M Microsoft Tablet PC Overview. "Live from Steve Ballmer's CES 2010 keynote". Upcoming Tablet Alternatives to the Apple iPad". TransmetaZone.8 REFERENCES 1. NewGadgetsDE. "Ballmer Admits Apple is Beating Microsoft in the Tablet Sector". 10. 8. Engadget. www.answers. Beavis. 5.com 3. www.