APEXINDO

Accumulator Sizing

Instructions In the following spreadsheets cells with BLUE numbers require input, cells with YELLOW background and RED numbers are calculated values. Discussion The purpose of the accumulator system is to provide closing energy to all members of the blowout preventer stack. This is usually done with a hydraulic system designed and built to provide closing power to the equipment in 5 seconds or less to maintain the required pressures as desired. Usable fluid volume is defined as the volume of fluid recoverable from an accumulator between the accumulator operating pressure and 200 psi above the precharge pressure. The accumulator operating pressure is the pressure to which accumulators are charged with hydraulic fluid, usually 3000 psi. In order to calculate usable fluid volumes within accumulators, the ideal gas law formula P1V1 = P2V2 is applied. For example: Assume the total gas volume of the accumulator bottle is 10 gallons. If the bottle is precharged to 1000 psi what is the usable fluid volume the accumulator bottle will deliver betwen the operating pressures of 3000 psi and 1200 psi. Solution: Since the gas law formula requires absolute pressures, we must add atmospheric pressure P3 = 1000 psig + 15 psi (atmospheric) V3 = 10 gal. (gas volume of Koomey 11 gallon nominal accumulator) P1 = 3000 psig (system working pressure) + 15 psi (atmospheric) At a pressure of 3000 psig the gas volume = V2 V1 = P3 * V3 / P1 = 1015 (10) / 3015 = 3.366 gallons (gas) At a pressure of 1200 psig the gas volume = V2 V2 = P1 * V1 / P2 = 3015 (3.366) / 1215 = 8.352 gallons (gas) Therefore, the usable fluid volume (per bottle) is = (8.352 - 3.366) = 4.986 or  5 gallons Page 1

The temperature compensated precharge pressure is calculated from the follwing equation: Temperature compensated Pprech = Original Pprech * (460 + surface Temp oF) / (460 + seabed Temp oF) Page 2 .if operating between 3000 psig and 1200 psig. Subsea Stacks For sizing subsea mounted accumulator bottles. The precharge pressure must be increased to compensate for cold water. the addtional precharge pressure required to offset the hydrostatic head of the seawater column and the effect of subsea temperature should be considered.

( 1200 24 * 1015 ) = 3015 4.85 10.0 Pwork) / * 3015 ) = 5.58 gallons Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle = 110 gallons .1) ( 1 .1) {( Pprech / Pmin) .Surface BOP Control System Calculation Sheet for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Annular Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #2 Ram Preventer #3 Ram Preventer #4 Ram Preventer #5 Choke Line HCR Valve Other Total Type Size 13-5/8" 5000 Close (gal) 40.85 0.52 21.52 Closing Ratio 10.97 = 143 gallons Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle = Available control fluid volume to close against full wellbore pressure Pmin = Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = = = 1200 psia (Volacc .97 gallons 5.78 106.33 Available control fluid volume to close against zero wellbore pressure Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) Nominal accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) Number of accumulator bottles Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 3015 psia (usually 3015 psi) 1015 psia (usually 1015 psi) 10 gallons each 24 (Volacc .99 21.52 21.85 10.1015 24.( Pprech / Pwork)} ( 10 -1) { ( 1015 ) .58 = 4.Pprech / 10 -1) ( 1 .

6 = 6. API Accumulator requirement 1 times all functions Close and Open Annular Close/Open Ram 1 Close/Open Ram 2 Close/Open Ram 3 Close/Open HCR Open/Close 40.107 = 36 GL to come up to 3015 psi 36 / 6.4 GPM Model UA8026-M 4.52 21.63 mn Additional time Total time 12.86 mn Up to 3015 psi (only electric pump) volume 143 GL Volume 143 .48 mn .52 21.99 21.6 GPM air pump #1 air pump #2 Up to 2000Psi accumulator volume 107 GL Time 107 / 15.6 GPM 15.52 0.API 53 BOPS system should have sufficient usable Hydraulic fluid volume (with pump inoperative) to close and open one Annular type preventer and all ram-type preventer from a full-open position against zero wellbore pressure .After closing and opening one Annular and all ram type preventers the remaining pressure shall be 200 psi above the minimum recommended pressure.6 GPM 4.78 106.33 GL Triplex Pump Flow Air Pump Flow Flow Total 15HP 3/4 plungger triplex pump Model T 6.4 = 5.

47 Available control fluid volume to close against zero wellbore pressure Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) Nominal accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) Number of accumulator bottles Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 3015 psia (usually 3015 psi) 1015 psia (usually 1015 psi) 10 gallons each 14 (Volacc .58 Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle = 64.Surface BOP Control System Calculation Sheet for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Annular Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #1 Ram Preventer #2 Ram Preventer #3 Ram Preventer #4 Ram Preventer #5 Choke Line HCR Valve Other Total Type Size 13-5/8" 5000 Close (gal) 35.6 52.47GL requiered by KUFPEC to close BOP will be: 1345 psia .Pprech / 10 -1) ( 1 .97 = 83.37 16.( Pprech / Pwork)} ( 10 -1) { ( 1015 ) .1) {( Pprech / Pmin) .6 Available accumulator fluid = Number of bottles * Fluid/bottle = Available control fluid volume to close against full wellbore pressure Pmin = Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = = = 1200 psia (Volacc .1015 14.97 5.2 Rig 8 Accumulator remaining pressure after use of 52.( 1200 14 * 1015 ) = 3015 4.58 = 4.1) ( 1 .5 Closing Ratio 0.0 Pwork) / * 3015 ) = 5.

1 Ram and Open 1 HCR Annular Close Ram Close HCR Open 23.4 1.5 1.1 / 6.6 52.30 mn 83.4 = 3.5 = 21.68 mn Up to 3015 psi only electric pump volume 83.5 times the closing of 1 Annular.47 GL Triplex Pump Flow Air Pump Flow Total 15HP 3/4 plungger triplex pump Model T 6.1 GL to come up to 3015 psi Total time 8.6 GL gallons Volume gallons Additional time 21.5 0.98 mn gallons gallons KUFPEC to close BOP .5 35.5 GL Time 62.37 16.5 / 11 = 5.62.58 11 0.6 .KUFPEC Accumulator requirement Exibit B section 2-5-14 1.6 GPM 11 GPM Air pump # 1 Up to 2000Psi accumulator volume 62.5 1.4 GPM Model UA8026-M 4.

21 552 Nosubsea * Fluid/bottle Pmin is the greater of: Pmin = Stack Working Pressure (psia) Minimum Ram Preventer closing Ratio = 3000 10.5 3222.80 424.445 * Dw )} Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = Available accumulator fluid (Pwork to Pprech) = ( 11 -1) ( 1 = 1223 89 / * 3223 ) = 6.1) { 1 .90 = 275 or: Pmin = Pressure to hold c/k valve open at stack working pressure Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = (Volacc .5 } Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = Available accumulator fluid (Pwork to Pmin) = * 4.7 125 Available control fluid volume from subsea accumulators Water depth at which control system will operate (Dw) Surface Temperature ( ° F) Temperature at Seabed ( ° F) Nominal system Working Pressure (Pwork) Nominal precharge Pressure (Pprech) Nominal surface accumulator bottle volume (Volacc) 500 50 40 3000 feet degrees degrees psia (usually 3015 psi) 1000 psia (usually 1015 psi) 11 gallons each Number of subsea accumulator bottles (Nosubsea) 89 Accumulators Actual surface precharge pressure required to compensate 1020 psia for temperature (Pprech) Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pprech) = (Volacc .445 * Dw Pmin + .5 1423 4.1) { Pprech + .445 * Dw 1222.1 = 427 Enough Bottles Total required + 50 % .445 * Dw } Pwork + .80 gallons Nosubsea * Fluid/bottle = 89 - = 1200 psi Pprech + .(Pprech + .Subsea BOP Control System Calculation Sheet for Control Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements Control Fluid Requirements Type Size Close (gal) Open (gal) Closing Ratio Annular Preventer #1 88 61 (Note the opening and closing volumes of one annular only are required for this calculation.7 Total 157.445 * Dw / Pwork + .) Ram Preventer #1 17 16 Ram Preventer #2 17 16 Ram Preventer #3 17 16 Ram Preventer #4 17 16 Ram Preventer #5 Other 1.21 = 6.445 * Dw Fluid/bottle (Pwork to Pmin) = ( 11 -1) { 1222.

a BOP Control System Calculation Sheet rol Fluid and Minimum Accumulator Volume Requirements gallons gallons psia gallons Enough Bottles .

7 Gallons Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Gallon Total (P1*V1)/P2 (P1*V1)/P3 V2= (P1*V1)/P2 V1-V2 (P1*V1)/P3 V1 . BOP Max Working Pressure Pressure pre-charge Volume pre-charge Pressure full charge Volume full charge Pressure Used Charge Volume used Charge Bottles installed Closure ratio Pressure rating BOP Annular size Nitrogen Volume Fluid Nitrogen Volume Fluid Remaining V3 P1 V1 P2 V2 P3 V3 15000 1000 11 3000 7.99 Gallon Full opening of all rams (max 4 rams) + 1 Annular + 1 Failsafe (see BOP Manual) 424.67 1376 7.BOYEL'S GASS LAW: Formula = (P1*V1)/T1 = (P2*V2)T2 = P3*V3)T3 = etc. Temperature is not taken into considderation According to API 16 D 2005 version.= Psi Psi Gallons Psi Gallons Psi Gallons Bottles to 1 Psi Ram Close Ram Open Ram Close Ram Open Ram Close Ram Open Ram Close Ram Open Ann Close Ann Open 1 Failsafe 3.99 3.7 282.Vol Rem .99 86 10.1 Gallon Conclusion Amount of Bottles required Suffecient Number of Bottles 86 Bottles .01 17 16 17 16 17 16 17 16 88 61 1.F27 4.= .= .= F24 .9 15000 18-3/4"/10K .V3 1215*35/3015 D11-F22 (D11 * D12) / D11 (D12-1)-F25 Usable Fluid Vol Pre-Chg .= .67 7.33 7.

= V TV P1 P2 PCH .= . ie RAM CLOSE FORMULA .= Pch 1000 18.= .= .CALCULATE FUNCTION VOLUME .= Onboard volums .Fill in Yellow boxes .2 Note :.= TOTAL SYSTEM ACCUMULATOR VOLUME MAX ACCUMULATOR PRESSURE ACCUMULATOR PRESSURE AFTER ACCUMULATOR PRECHARGE [P1-P2 / P1 * P2]* PCH * No Accumulators Volume 104 10 TOTAL FUNCTION VOLUME IN GALLONS.

9 to 1 .2 18.25 14.2 1040 3000 2850 1000 Ratio 10.LUME Gallons Piston Ø 14 153.9 Ram closing ratio Ram rod Ø 4.

Start Time 3000 psi End Time Pipe Size Final Accumulator Pressure : psi Time to Pump Accumulators to 3000psi.Annular Failsafes Ram Size Close Time 5" 2 7/8" to 5" VBR's Well No Volume Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal Open Time Volume Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal Gal PSI 5" 5" 18 3/4" All Start Pressure in Accumulators.ms_office. Date: Company L.P.R U.R U. After Test.P.Accumulator Draw Down Test.R M.R L. Using both electric pumps and air pumps Using emergency electric pump and air pumps Final Minimum Acceptable Accumulator Pressure . * The closing System must be capable of closing each Ram Preventer within 30 Sec`s * Closing time for Annulars must not exceed 45 Sec`s. Tool Pusher SubSea Engineer Co/Man \\vboxsrv\conversion_tmp\scratch17429\[88184840.xls]Intro While closing annular and UPR While closing annular and UPR .P.P. * Accumulator Working Pressure must be 3000 psi * Precharge Pressure must be 1000 psi Closing / Size requirements.1200 psi. * 1200 psi represents 50% excess Volume required.xls.

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