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ASSIGNMENT # 01

Problem 1
A 3-span continuous girder (constant cross section) has the following characteristic:
Spans: 140 ft, 200 ft, 160 ft.
Loading: Span 1 has a 0.64 k/ft uniformly distributed load; Span 2 has no
loading; and span 3 has a point load of 32 kips at the mid-span.
Using moment distribution, compute and draw the moment and shear diagram along the
beam.

32 k
0.64 k/ft
A

140 ft

MAB

2 00 ft

MBA
0.64 k/ft

MBC

160 ft

MCB

MCD

32 k

Fixed End Moment (FEM)


MAB = 2/12 = -1045.33 k-ft, MBC = 0 k-ft, MCD = PL/8 = - 640 k-ft
MBA = 2/12 = 1045.33 k-ft, MCB = 0 k-ft, MDC = PL/8 = - 640 k-ft
Stiffness of Members (k)
KBA = EI/ = 1/140, KBC = EI/ = 1/200, KB = KBA + KBC = 17/1400
KCB = EI/ = 1/200, KCD = EI/ = 1/160, KC = KCB + KCD = 9/800
Distribution Factors (DF)
DF)BA = kBA/kB =10/17 = 0.588, DF)BC = kBC/kB =7/17 = 0.412
DF)CB = kCB/kC =4/9 = 0.444, DF)CD = kCD/kC =5/9 = 0.556

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MDC

32 k
0.64 k/ft
A

140 ft

2 00 ft

160 ft

DF

0.588

0.412

0.444

0.556

FEM

-1045.330

1045.330

0.000

0.000

-640.000

640.000

UBM

-1045.330

DEM

-614.654

COM

-307.327

UBM

1352.657

DEM

1352.657

COM

-215.338
855.338
379.770
676.329

UBM

-430.676

475.568

189.885

237.784

-866.214

DEM

-509.334

COM

-254.667

UBM

254.667

DEM

254.667

COM

-356.880

-877.784
-178.440

-438.892

617.332
274.095
127.333

UBM

-877.784

343.237

137.048

171.618

-264.381

DEM

-155.456

COM

-77.728

UBM

77.728

DEM

77.728

COM

-171.618

-108.925

-171.618
-54.463

-85.809

140.272
62.281
38.864

UBM

77.991

31.140

38.996

-70.004

DEM

-41.163

COM

-20.581

UBM

20.581

DEM

20.581

COM

-38.996

-28.842

-38.996
-14.421

-19.498

33.919
15.060
10.291

UBM

18.859

7.530

9.429

-17.821

DEM

-10.478

COM

-5.239

UBM

5.239

DEM

5.239

COM

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-7.342

-9.429
-3.671

-4.715
8.386

3.723
2.620

UBM
DEM

-9.429

4.662

1.862

2.331

-4.481
-2.635

-2.331
-1.846

-2.331

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COM

-1.317

UBM

1.317

DEM

1.317

-0.923

-1.166
2.089

0.927

COM

0.659

UBM

1.161

0.464

0.581

-1.122

DEM

-0.660

COM

-0.330

UBM

0.330

DEM

0.330

-0.581
-0.462

-0.581
-0.231

-0.290
0.522

0.232

COM

0.165

UBM

0.290

0.116

0.145

-0.281

DEM

-0.165

COM

-0.083

UBM

0.083

DEM

0.083

-0.145
-0.116

-0.145
-0.058

-0.072
0.130

0.058

COM

0.041

UBM

0.072

0.029

0.036

-0.070

DEM
Sum

0.000

-0.036

-0.041

-0.029

567.045

-567.045

-0.036
268.601

-268.601

0.000

32 k
0.64 k/ft
A

140 ft

2 00 ft

MBA = 567.045

MAB = 0

Total Reaction

MBC =567.045

Reaction
Due to
Applied loading
Reaction
Due to
End Moment

44.8

4.05

40.75

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44.8

4.05

160 ft

MCB = 268.601 MCD = 268.601

1.492

50.342

MDC = 0

16

1.492

16.187

1.679

16

1.679

14.321

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Shear Force Diagram


50
40.75 k

40
30

17.679 k

17.679 k

20
10
0

1.492 k

-10 0

50

100

150

1.492 k
200

250

300

350

0
400

-20

450

500

-14.321 k

-30
-40
-48.85 k

-50
-60

Bending Moment Diagram


1500
1293 ft-k
1145.16 ft-k
1000

500

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

-269 ft-k
-500
-567 ft -k

-1000

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500

Problem 2
In the example note for load computation,
1. Compute the live load reaction at pier 2 considering the lane loading(distributed
load of 0.64 k/ft) and tandem loading (25 k per axle 4 ft apart)
2. Compute the live load reaction at pier 2 (interior pier) considering the two
condition (trucks are 50 ft apart with lane loading)
3. Compare the result with the reaction found in class problem of result of (a) and
(b) of above problem
LL+IM (FO TANDEM + LANE)

25 k

25 k
4 ft

0.64 k/ft

0.64 k/ft

One Tandem

85 ft

85 ft

One Tandem
Lane (distributed load) = 0.64 x 85 = 54.4 k
Tandem = 25(1+81/85) = 34.1 k
Total Reaction (without impact load) = 103.2 k
LL+IM (FO TRUCK + LANE)
32 k

32 k
14 ft

0.64 k/ft

8k

14 ft

0.64 k/ft

One Truck

85 ft

32 k

85 ft

32 k 8k

32 k

32 k 8k

50 ft

0.64 k/ft

0.64 k/ft

85 ft

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2- Truck

85 ft

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One Truck
Lane (distributed load) = 0.64 x 85 = 54.4 k
Truck=32(1+71/85) + 8(71/85) = 65.4 k
Total Reaction (without impact load) = 119.8 k
2- Truck
Lane (distributed load) = 0.64 x 85 = 54.4 k
Truck = 32(46/85 +32/85) + 8(60/85) + 32(60/85+46/85) +8(32/85) = 77.93k
Total Reaction (without impact load) = 132.33k
So, 2-truck controls, then
LL+IM = 54.4 + 1.33 x 77.93 =158.05 k/lane

Comparison
It can be inferred that critical situation will be two truck 50 feet apart along with lane load
are used to load the bridge.

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