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# ASSIGNMENT # 01

Problem 1
A 3-span continuous girder (constant cross section) has the following characteristic:
Spans: 140 ft, 200 ft, 160 ft.
Using moment distribution, compute and draw the moment and shear diagram along the
beam.

32 k
0.64 k/ft
A

140 ft

MAB

2 00 ft

MBA
0.64 k/ft

MBC

160 ft

MCB

MCD

32 k

## Fixed End Moment (FEM)

MAB = 2/12 = -1045.33 k-ft, MBC = 0 k-ft, MCD = PL/8 = - 640 k-ft
MBA = 2/12 = 1045.33 k-ft, MCB = 0 k-ft, MDC = PL/8 = - 640 k-ft
Stiffness of Members (k)
KBA = EI/ = 1/140, KBC = EI/ = 1/200, KB = KBA + KBC = 17/1400
KCB = EI/ = 1/200, KCD = EI/ = 1/160, KC = KCB + KCD = 9/800
Distribution Factors (DF)
DF)BA = kBA/kB =10/17 = 0.588, DF)BC = kBC/kB =7/17 = 0.412
DF)CB = kCB/kC =4/9 = 0.444, DF)CD = kCD/kC =5/9 = 0.556

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MDC

32 k
0.64 k/ft
A

140 ft

2 00 ft

160 ft

DF

0.588

0.412

0.444

0.556

FEM

-1045.330

1045.330

0.000

0.000

-640.000

640.000

UBM

-1045.330

DEM

-614.654

COM

-307.327

UBM

1352.657

DEM

1352.657

COM

-215.338
855.338
379.770
676.329

UBM

-430.676

475.568

189.885

237.784

-866.214

DEM

-509.334

COM

-254.667

UBM

254.667

DEM

254.667

COM

-356.880

-877.784
-178.440

-438.892

617.332
274.095
127.333

UBM

-877.784

343.237

137.048

171.618

-264.381

DEM

-155.456

COM

-77.728

UBM

77.728

DEM

77.728

COM

-171.618

-108.925

-171.618
-54.463

-85.809

140.272
62.281
38.864

UBM

77.991

31.140

38.996

-70.004

DEM

-41.163

COM

-20.581

UBM

20.581

DEM

20.581

COM

-38.996

-28.842

-38.996
-14.421

-19.498

33.919
15.060
10.291

UBM

18.859

7.530

9.429

-17.821

DEM

-10.478

COM

-5.239

UBM

5.239

DEM

5.239

COM

-7.342

-9.429
-3.671

-4.715
8.386

3.723
2.620

UBM
DEM

-9.429

4.662

1.862

2.331

-4.481
-2.635

-2.331
-1.846

-2.331

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COM

-1.317

UBM

1.317

DEM

1.317

-0.923

-1.166
2.089

0.927

COM

0.659

UBM

1.161

0.464

0.581

-1.122

DEM

-0.660

COM

-0.330

UBM

0.330

DEM

0.330

-0.581
-0.462

-0.581
-0.231

-0.290
0.522

0.232

COM

0.165

UBM

0.290

0.116

0.145

-0.281

DEM

-0.165

COM

-0.083

UBM

0.083

DEM

0.083

-0.145
-0.116

-0.145
-0.058

-0.072
0.130

0.058

COM

0.041

UBM

0.072

0.029

0.036

-0.070

DEM
Sum

0.000

-0.036

-0.041

-0.029

567.045

-567.045

-0.036
268.601

-268.601

0.000

32 k
0.64 k/ft
A

140 ft

2 00 ft

MBA = 567.045

MAB = 0

Total Reaction

MBC =567.045

Reaction
Due to
Reaction
Due to
End Moment

44.8

4.05

40.75

44.8

4.05

160 ft

1.492

50.342

MDC = 0

16

1.492

16.187

1.679

16

1.679

14.321

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50
40.75 k

40
30

17.679 k

17.679 k

20
10
0

1.492 k

-10 0

50

100

150

1.492 k
200

250

300

350

0
400

-20

450

500

-14.321 k

-30
-40
-48.85 k

-50
-60

1500
1293 ft-k
1145.16 ft-k
1000

500

0
0

50

100

150

200

250

300

350

400

450

-269 ft-k
-500
-567 ft -k

-1000

## Bridge Engineering SE-507

2011-MS-CES-11

500

Problem 2
In the example note for load computation,
2. Compute the live load reaction at pier 2 (interior pier) considering the two
3. Compare the result with the reaction found in class problem of result of (a) and
(b) of above problem
LL+IM (FO TANDEM + LANE)

25 k

25 k
4 ft

0.64 k/ft

0.64 k/ft

One Tandem

85 ft

85 ft

One Tandem
Lane (distributed load) = 0.64 x 85 = 54.4 k
Tandem = 25(1+81/85) = 34.1 k
Total Reaction (without impact load) = 103.2 k
LL+IM (FO TRUCK + LANE)
32 k

32 k
14 ft

0.64 k/ft

8k

14 ft

0.64 k/ft

One Truck

85 ft

32 k

85 ft

32 k 8k

32 k

32 k 8k

50 ft

0.64 k/ft

0.64 k/ft

85 ft

## Bridge Engineering SE-507

2- Truck

85 ft

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One Truck
Lane (distributed load) = 0.64 x 85 = 54.4 k
Truck=32(1+71/85) + 8(71/85) = 65.4 k
Total Reaction (without impact load) = 119.8 k
2- Truck
Lane (distributed load) = 0.64 x 85 = 54.4 k
Truck = 32(46/85 +32/85) + 8(60/85) + 32(60/85+46/85) +8(32/85) = 77.93k
Total Reaction (without impact load) = 132.33k
So, 2-truck controls, then
LL+IM = 54.4 + 1.33 x 77.93 =158.05 k/lane

Comparison
It can be inferred that critical situation will be two truck 50 feet apart along with lane load
are used to load the bridge.

2011-MS-CES-11