Engineering Standard

SAES-P-123 Lighting Electrical Systems Designs & Automation Standards Committee Members
Ishwait, Basel A., Chairman Hamrani, Majed Muhsen, Vice Chairman Heikoop, Dirk Johannes Badrani, Hamed Sulaiman Shaikh Nasser, Ahmed Nasser Hassouneh, Awwad Shaban Fateel, Adel Mahdi Ghamdi, Abdulaziz Abdullah Hamood, Abdulrazaq Abduljabbar Zayan, Mahmoud Bahi El-Din Almadi, Soloman Musa Ba Hamdan, Mohammed Omar

29 July 2006

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards
Table of Contents 1 2 3 4 5 Scope............................................................ 2 Conflicts and Deviations............................... 2 References.................................................... 2 Lighting Requirements.................................. 4 Illuminance Levels....................................... 11

Previous Issue: 28 February 2005 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Primary contact: Basel A. Ishwait on 966-3-8745133

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2 For high structures and stacks. Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco. Dhahran. Direct all requests to deviate from this standard in writing to the company or buyer representative. Consulting Services Department of Saudi Aramco.4.2 3 References The selection of material and equipment. special obstruction lights and warning lights shall be provided in accordance with SAES-B-063.4 Requirements for residential lighting are found in the IESNA Lighting Handbook. who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302 and forward such requests to the Manager. codes. Dhahran.1 Any conflicts between this standard and other applicable Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards (SAESs). construction. This document may not be attached to nor made a part of purchase orders. and forms shall be resolved in writing by the company or buyer representative through the Manager.4.2 1. offshore platforms and similar structures extending into navigable waters must be furnished with obstruction lighting as required by SAESM-005. 2 Conflicts and Deviations 2. Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs). and repair of equipment and facilities covered by this standard shall comply with the latest edition of the references listed below unless otherwise noted. or industry standard.1 1. Piers. Page 2 of 15 . Standard Drawings (SASDs).Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 1 Scope 1. this SAES does not apply to residential and security lighting. 1. 2. Security lighting requirements shall be in accordance with the SAES-O-113 and SAES-O-114.1 This SAES covers the minimum mandatory requirements for lighting installations. and the design. Exception: Except where specifically mentioned. Aviation and Navigation Aids 1. maintenance.3 1.

Street Lighting Illuminating Engineering Society of North America IESNA IESNA LEM-3 IESNA LM-5 IESNA LM-64 Lighting Handbook Design Considerations for Effective Building Lighting Energy Utilization Guide for Photometric Measurements of Area and Sports Lighting Installations Guide for Photometric Measurements of Parking Areas Page 3 of 15 .Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 3.2 Industry Codes and Standards National Fire Protection Association NFPA 70 NFPA 101 National Electrical Code (NEC) Life Safety Code Details . Manufacture and Preservative Treatment of Wood Poles Saudi Aramco Standard Drawing AB-036398 3.1 Saudi Aramco References Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards SAES-A-112 SAES-B-063 SAES-M-005 SAES-M-100 SAES-O-113 SAES-O-114 SAES-P-100 Meteorological and Seismic Design Data Aviation Obstruction Marking and Lighting Design and Construction of Fixed Off-Shore Platforms Saudi Aramco Building Code Security Lighting Systems Check Point Lighting Basic Power System Design Criteria Saud Aramco Materials System Specification 14-SAMSS-600 Material.

Lighting design shall be in accordance with IESNA RP-7.1.3: Lighting systems should be designed to automatically turn off or minimize lighting when it is not required.1 In order to optimize the effective utilization of lighting energy. interior and exterior lighting design requirements for new buildings shall be in accordance with the IESNA Lighting Ready Reference / Energy Management IESNA RR-96.1 General 4. Luminaires and Traffic Signals Guide for Selecting. Page 4 of 15 . as supplemented by this SAES. Lighting systems shall be designed for energy efficient operation.1. Design components for lighting energy management shall be per considerations in IESNA LEM-3.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting IESNA RP-1 IESNA RP-7 IESNA RP-8 IESNA RP-16 IESNA RP-20 IESNA RP-24 IESNA RR-96 Practice for Office Lighting Practice for Industrial Lighting Practice for Roadway Lighting Nomenclature and Definitions for Illuminating Engineering Lighting for Parking Facilities Practice for Lighting Offices Containing Computer Visual Display Terminals Lighting Ready Reference / Energy Management American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials AASHTO LTS-2 Standard Specifications for Structural Supports for Highway Signs.1.4 Lighting design for parking facilities shall be in accordance with IESNA RP-20. Commentary 4. and Designing Traffic Barriers AASHTO GTB-77 4 Lighting Requirements 4.1.1. 4. In buildings. Locating. lighting in areas that are not continuously occupied should have accessible manual switches and/or occupancy sensors to insure that lighting turned off when the area is not occupied.3 4.2 4.

Photocell switches shall be of the twist-lock type and shall incorporate an inherent time delay to prevent spurious operations.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 4. Lighting system power supplies consisting of 120/240 volt. when required shall be performed as per the IESNA LM-5.1.6: Point by point lighting calculation methods should be used to confirm that lighting levels satisfy the minimum levels specified in Table 2. four-wire. three-phase.13 4.11 4. three-wire or four-wire.14 Page 5 of 15 . the towers shall be equipped with steel service platforms located 1. The choice of voltage and distribution system for lighting installations shall depend on the area to be supplied and the required lighting load.1.1.1. Photometric measurements of parking areas. two-wire shall be acceptable.1 Poles used in process areas shall be hot-dipped galvanized steel. supplemented by this SAES.7 4. singlephase.9 4. Direct-control switches and switching contacts used on fluorescent lighting circuits shall have a continuous current rating of at least twice the steady-state current of the lighting load. Outdoor non-plant area and street lighting fixtures shall be individually controlled by a photocell mounted on the fixture. Direct-control switches and switching contacts used on incandescent lighting circuits shall have a continuous current rating of at least 1.5 m below the fixtures.5 times the steady-state current of the lighting load. three-phase.1.1. Where floodlights are installed on steel towers. Commentary Note 4. Poles for area lighting and street lighting shall meet the following requirements: 4.1. 480/277 volt.1. 208/120 volt.1. and 480 volt.6 Photometric measurements of sports lighting.8 Lighting levels stated in this specification refer to minimum maintained illuminance. when required shall be performed as per the IESNA LM-64. 4.1. supplemented by this SAES. 4.10 4.12 4.5 4. Photocell switches shall be suitable for continuous operation in an ambient temperature above 40°C. three-wire.1.1.14.

equipment structure and building walls for mounting general area floodlight fixtures is desirable. 4.1. Poles and foundations shall be designed to withstand wind loading due to a basic wind sped value stated in SAES-A112 and a gust factor of 1.1. Components and Their Utilization 4.1 Lighting fixtures shall be listed and labeled by the Underwriters Laboratories.5 4. For higher speed limits.1. Commentary Note 4.2 Lighting Fixtures. Page 6 of 15 4. 4.1.14.14. Lighting poles installed within 5 meters from roads having a speed limit in excess of 50 km/h and up to 65 km/h shall have breakaway bases per AASHTO LTS-2. Factory Mutual or the Canadian Standards Association. and lighting fixture. bracket. Poles with breakaway bases shall not have traffic guards. Other labels or listings shall originate from an independent third party laboratory and shall state either that the fixtures meet appropriate designated standards or have been tested and found suitable for use in a specified manner.1.3 acting on the effective projected area of the pole. Exception: Outside plant areas. wider zpones per AASHTO GBT-77 shall apply.15 Mounting method of lighting fixtures shall be based on the best arrangement for illuminance. Energy-efficient fluorescent lamps type T5 or T8 and compatible energy efficient electronic ballasts having less than 10% THD (total harmonic distortion) shall be used in lighting fixtures for offices.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 4.2.4 4.2 Poles outside process areas shall be hot dipped galvanized steel or seamless aluminum alloy. Lighting fixtures for hazardous areas shall meet certification requirements of SAES-P-100. as well as easy and safe access during installation and maintenance. steel.3 Aluminum.15: The use of existing structural steel. 4.2.14.14.2 . and fiberglass poles shall be provided with a suitable wiring compartment located at a height of not less than 150 mm nor more than 900 mm from the base. fiberglass poles in accordance with standard drawing AB-036398 or wood poles per 14SAMSS-600 may be used.1.

Exception: Existing series street lighting systems may be maintained and extended if this does not require additional series lighting transformer capacity.3.6 4. High-pressure sodium fixtures shall be used for outdoor area illumination. platforms.3.7: Canopies. sunshades and like locations are considered damp locations per NEC Article 100. Page 7 of 15 . Lower mounting height shall be permitted for stanchion mounted fixtures provided the fixture is positioned outside the handrail vertical plane. elevated walkways and landings shall be positioned at a height of 2. Commentary Note 4.1 Street lighting design shall be in accordance with IESNA RP-8.4 Ballasts and capacitors for fluorescent and HID fixtures shall be Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) free. 4. vapor-tight) corrosion-resistant lighting fixtures.3 Light fixtures positioned over stairways.03 m.5 4. and in industrial areas where fluorescent lighting is required. 4. Light fixtures shall be suitable for the environment where they are installed.2. Highpressure sodium or Metal Halide fixtures shall be used for high-bay or low-bay indoor-industrial applications.7 4.3 Plant Lighting 4.3 4.e.2. Metal Halide shall be maximized. as supplemented by this SAES. Series street lighting shall not be used. The mounting height shall be measured from the bottom of the fixture to the floor directly beneath. lighting shall be provided at all street intersections in plants.2.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting control buildings.3. Metal halide fixtures shall also be permitted in workshops.2.2. 4. fixtures for these locations must be approved for use in damp locations. except for sports and recreational facilities. As a minimum requirement.. The use of energy-efficient fixtures like High Pressure Sodium.2 4. Battery rooms shall be provided with enclosed and gasketed (i.2. Per the NEC. repair shops and maintenance shops where a high Color Rendering Index (CRI) is essential. Mercury vapor fixtures shall not be used. roofed open porches.

3.1 In the event of a power failure.2 4. station batteries. Area lighting of remote and unmanned on shore oil and water wells is at the option of the operating proponent. When general area lighting provides the required illumination on a visual task.3. shall be one-and-one-half hours.4 4.5 4. Sources of emergency lighting power include emergency stand-by generators. emergency lighting must be provided to enable operating personnel to follow planned operating and shutdown procedures. the temperature code (T-rating) shall be based on an ambient test temperature of 50°C or higher. Minimum duration of emergency lighting in the event of normal power failure. 4. task lighting is not required.5. battery-operated fixtures. battery-operated self-contained floodlights (these are the most economical for general lighting). In manned switchgear rooms and control rooms where essential activities continue during failure of the normal lighting.5. The installation shall be in accordance with NFPA 70 and the area classification drawings. In outdoor areas where tasks are not required to be performed at night.5.3 Page 8 of 15 . To determine suitability of lighting fixtures for use in hazardous areas where the maximum daily ambient temperature exceeds 40°C. In plant areas photocell control of area and street lighting shall be through a lighting contactor with a hand-off-automatic switch and provisions for remote operation. it shall be considered as task lighting. a minimum emergency illumination level of 100 lux (10 fc) shall be provided at 760 mm above the floor.3.6 Lighting of unmanned offshore platforms is at the option of the operating proponent. Outside area and street lighting shall be controlled by photocells.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 4.4 Task Lighting Task lighting is lighting directed to a specific surface or area to provide illumination for visual and/or manual tasks.3. where available. 4.5 Emergency Lighting 4. See SAES-O-113 for blackout requirements. Local supplementary fixture(s) shall be required when a specific amount or quality of lighting cannot readily be obtained by general lighting. providing 125volt direct current.7 4. 4.

and exit doors.5.5. landings of stairs.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 4. Emergency lighting facilities shall provide initial illumination that is no less than a maintained maximum of 10 lux (1 fc) and a minimum at any point of 1 lux (0. Emergency egress lighting shall be provided for the floors of required means of egress and the following. B.5. The floors of means of egress shall be illuminated at all points including angles and intersections of designated corridors and passageways. 2. Control Rooms Process Areas Switchgear Rooms In-Plant Buildings Offshore Platforms Fixtures required for exit illumination shall be supplied from separate sources of power for items 1-5 above and where required by SAES-M-100. In evacuation assembly areas and in off-shore platform escape capsule areas and boat landings. such as: emergency telephones. 4.5. 4. In plant areas to illuminate equipment required for use in emergencies.6 Illuminated exit signs shall be manufactured and installed in accordance with NFPA 101 requirements. fire water pump areas. 4.5.4 Normal and emergency task lighting of at least 200 lux (20 fc) shall be provided for the following: A. shutdown and emergency isolation stations. 3.5 4. stairways. fire control panels and stand-by generators.7 Emergency lighting systems shall be supplied from storage batteries or an on-site generator set and the system shall be installed in accordance with the requirements of the Electrical Code.8 Page 9 of 15 .1 fc) measured along the path of egress at floor level. as per SAES-M-100 and this Section: 1. central foam concentrate mixing areas. 5. 4. A maximum to minimum illuminance uniformity ratio of 40:1 shall not be exceeded.

79 Page 10 of 15 .77 Indoor Non-Industrial 0. Fixtures for suspended ceilings shall be recessed mounted and shall be self-supporting in accordance to NFPA 70.500 K or higher.6.6 Control Building Lighting 4.83 MH (400 W & below) 0.5 lumens per-watt efficacy and a color rendering index (CRI) of 82 at a correlated color temperature of 3. Lighting fixtures for offices and equipment rooms shall be controlled by manual switches located at the entrance to every room.86 Incandescent 0. computer rooms.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 4.6.71 Outdoor Residential 0. Office lighting shall be done as per IESNA RP-1.000 lux shall be used for supplementary task lighting in work areas within the control room as required.86 Indoor Industrial 0. Incandescent spot fixtures with dimmers to provide variable illumination of up to 1. interface rooms and general service areas shall be provided by fluorescent fixtures.90 MV 0. Lighting for control rooms shall be designed for maximum flexibility to permit flicker-free variation of illumination levels above each group of operator workstations.3 4.77 Fluorescent 0. The fluorescent lamps shall have 82.90 Luminaire Dirt Depreciation Outdoor Industrial 0. Table 1 – Light Loss Factors Lamp Lumen Depreciation HPS 0.67 MH (above 400 W) 0. Fixtures shall be installed to minimize reflections and glare at operating screens.7 Light Loss Factors Table-1 containing Light-Loss Factors that shall be used in computing illuminance levels.6.4 4.6.1 Fluorescent and incandescent fixtures installed in the control room shall provide shadowless illumination.2 4. 4. Offices containing computer visual display terminal (VDT) shall be done as per IESNA RP-24. General illumination for offices.

Trestles and Walkways Piers Street Lighting (See Residential) Offices Regular CAD Work Station Conference Room Elevators Corridors Stairways Washrooms Control Rooms General Instrument Panels Consoles Back of Panel Process Interface Buildings 500 (50) (900) H [1] 10 30 200 (1) (3) (20) Ground Ground Ground H H H 500 500 500 200 75 75 150 (50) (50) (50) (20) (7. Commentary Note 5: The illumination levels outlined in Table 2 are the required maintained minimum lighting levels (e.g.5) (7.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting 5 Illuminance Levels The following minimum maintained (in service) illuminance levels in Table 2 shall be used. not average values) at the specified work plane for each location.5) (15) (760) Task (760) Floor Floor Floor (900) H H H H H H 500 500 500 100 100 (50) (50) (50) (10) (10) Floor (1700) (760) (900) (760) H V [2] V V V Page 11 of 15 . The initial field measurement after installation shall be no less than the specified illuminance divided by the light loss factor (LLF) from Table 1 and other factors utilized in the design. Table 2 – Minimum Maintained Illuminance Levels Location _______________________________ Illuminance Lux (fc) ___________ Working Plane (mm) Related Notes [#] ____________________ Aircraft Hanger [10] General Area Area Lighting General Area Under Pipe-ways.

Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting Table 2 . normal surroundings) Service Area Food Preparation Entrance Halls Electrical Rooms Vertical Face of Switchgear Battery Room Electrical Substations and Switch Yards Outdoor Switch Yards General Substation (outdoor) General Substation (indoor) Indoor Substation Operating Aisles Telephone Equipment Room Powerhouse Platform. light environment) Dining Area (quick service. Stairs (draft fans level) Burner Platform Control Area Vertical Instrument and Control Panels Control Desk Gauges (by supplementary lighting) Water Wells Control Panel Garage (non-residential) Traffic Area 150 300 300 500 200 (15) (30) (30) (50) (20) (760) (760) (900) (900) Floor H H H H H 300 300 (30) (30) (1700) Floor V H 20 20 50 150 500 (2) (2) (5) (15) (50) Ground Ground Floor Floor 460 H H H H V 200 150 300 300 500 300 30 50 (20) (15) (30) (30) (50) (30) (3) (5) Floor Floor (760) (1700) (760) Task Ground (1700) H H H V H H V 200 (20) Floor H Page 12 of 15 .Minimum Maintained Illuminance Levels (Continued) Location _______________________________ Illuminance Lux (fc) ___________ Working Plane (mm) Related Notes [#] ____________________ Dining Facilities Dining Area (leisure.

Manifolds Heat Exchangers Separator Cooling Towers (equip areas) Compressor Areas Task Lighting for Gauges. Platforms Pump Rows. Aux.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting Table 2 . valves.C. Quantitative and Physical Tests. Valves.) General Aisles Gauges Instruments and Relays on Panels Laboratories Qualitative. Glassware. etc. Washrooms Fume Hoods Stock Rooms Turbo Generators Turbine Floor Condenser. control panels. Pump.Minimum Maintained Illuminance Levels (Continued) Location _______________________________ Illuminance Lux (fc) ___________ Working Plane (mm) Related Notes [#] ____________________ Plant Process Areas [11] Walkways.5) Floor Floor Ground H H H 50 100 (5) (10) Floor Task H H 200 750 300 (20) (75) (30) (900) Task Floor H H 200 200 300 (20) (20) (30) (900) (1700) (1700) V V V 500 300 300 150 (50) (30) (30) (15) (900) (900) Task Floor H H H 300 200 300 (30) (20) (30) Floor Floor Task H H - Page 13 of 15 . Floor Gauges (by supplementary lighting) 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) (5) Floor Ground Ground Top of Bay Ground Ground (1700) H H H H H V 10 (1) Ground H 15 30 15 (1.5) (3) (1. push-button stations General Area Plant Non-Process Areas and Buildings Tank Fields (Tank Farms) [9] Ladders and Stairs Gauging Area Manifold Area Loading Racks General Area Tank Truck (Loading Point) Firehouse General Area (Interior) Repairs & Service Area Storage (parts) General Machinery (A. Plants. Stairs. instruments.

Alleys 10 Schools Classrooms Manual Training Library Corridors Sports and Recreation Swimming Pools (outdoor) Football Gymnasiums (general) Softball (infield) Softball (outfield) Tennis Courts (outdoor) Golf Driving Range (tee) Golf Driving Range (180 m) Volleyball (indoor) Basketball (indoor) Squash. Bikeways. Shower Lavatory (Hammam) 10 100 100 200 300 (1) (10) (10) (20) (30) Ground Floor (760) (760) (1200) H H V V H 200 500 150 300 200 200 300 (20) (50) (15) (30) (20) (20) (30) Floor (760) Floor (760) (760) (760) (760) H H H H H H H 100 200 (10) (20) Floor Floor H H Plant Roads. Racquetball Handball (1) (1) Ground Ground H [3] H [3] 750 1000 750 200 (75) (100) (75) (20) (760) (900) (760) Floor H H H H 100 200 300 300 200 300 100 50 100 300 500 150 (10) (20) (30) (30) (20) (30) (10) (5) (10) (30) (50) (15) Ground Ground Floor Ground Ground Ground Ground Ground Floor Floor Floor Floor H H H H H H H V H H H H [4] [5] [4] [6] [5] [4] [4] [5] [4] Page 14 of 15 .Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting Table 2 . Parking Lots & Alleys Roads. Aisles Small Machine Sheet Metal Electrical Instrument Change House Locker Room. Bikeways (where used) 10 Parking Lots.Minimum Maintained Illuminance Levels (Continued) Location _______________________________ Illuminance Lux (fc) ___________ Working Plane (mm) Related Notes [#] ____________________ Warehouses Bulk Storage (outdoor) Bulk Storage (indoor) Small Bin Storage Small Parts Storage Counter Tops Work Shop (Repair Shop) Large Fabrication Bench and Machine Work Crane-way.

20-29.5 E min E max [6] ≤ 3. Page 15 of 15 ." Reaffirmed the contents of the document.Minimum Maintained Illuminance Levels (Continued) Location _______________________________ Illuminance Lux (fc) ___________ Working Plane (mm) Related Notes [#] ____________________ Residential Street Lighting Local Road (residential) Parking Lots. and reissued with no other changes.0 E min E max [5] ≤ 2.5 E min E avg [7] ≤ 4.Document Responsibility: Electrical Systems Designs and Automation Issue Date: 29 July 2006 Next Planned Update: 1 March 2010 SAES-P-123 Lighting Table 2 . 28 February 2005 29 July 2006 Revision Summary Revised the "Next Planned Updates. Refer to IES Handbook / Chapter 20 / Industrial Lighting/ Fig. and Bikeways Notes: [1] [2] H is the horizontal plane V is the vertical plane 10 10 (1) (1) Pavement Ground H H [7] 10 10 10 10 (1) or (1) (1) or (1) Ground 1800 Ground 1800 H V [8] H V [8] E avg [3] ≤ 6. Alleys Sidewalks (Roadside) Residential (Camps and Community Centers) Walkways Distant from roadways. Illuminance for other area of activities not mentioned here shall be referred to in IES Handbook / Chapter 20 / Industrial Lighting / Fig. 20-11 for Illuminance Values for Aircraft Maintenance and Manufacturing (Maintained on Tasks).0 E min E max [4] ≤ 3. Minor revision.0 E min [8] [9] [10] [11] For pedestrian identification at a distance The letter E in formulas Notes [3] to [6] represents the illumination level.

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