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Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

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Momentum Transfer + Energy Transfer
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from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

2-D Collisions Experiment

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006 !

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Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

Worksheet 1: Elastic and Inelastic Collisions
1. The diagram shows a ballistic pendulum, a system for measuring the speed of a bullet. The bullet, with mass 5 g, is fired into a block of wood with mass 2 kg, suspended like a pendulum, and makes a completely inelastic collision with it. After the impact of the bullet, the block swings up to a maximum height 3 cm.

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A 1.0 kg block at rest on a horizontal frictionless surface is connected to an unstretched spring with spring constant k = 200 N/m whose other end is fixed to a wall. A 2.0 kg block moving at 4.0 m/s collides with the 1.0 kg block. If the two blocks stick together the instant they collide, what will be the maximum compression of the spring?

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from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

3.

A blue puck of mass 0.04 kg, sliding with a velocity of magnitude 0.2 m/s on a frictionless, horizontal air table, makes a perfectly elastic head-on collision with a red puck of mass m, initially at rest. After the collision, the velocity of the blue puck is 0.05 m/s in the same direction as its initial velocity. Find (a) the velocity (magnitude and direction) of the red puck after the collision and (b) the mass of the red puck.

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In a completely inelastic collision between two objects, in which the objects stick together after the collision, is it possible for the final kinetic energy of the system to be zero? If so, give an example in which this would occur. If the final kinetic energy is zero, what must be the initial momentum of the system? Is the initial kinetic energy of the system zero? Explain.

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006 !

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Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

5.

A steel ball of mass 40 g is dropped from a height of 2 m onto a horizontal steel slab. The ball rebounds to a height of 1.6 m. The ball is in contact with the slab for 2 ms. Analyze this situation. Among other quantities, determine the impulse delivered to the ball during impact and the average net force exerted on the ball during impact.

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from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

6.

Extra Challenge: If you hold a small ball a few centimeters directly over the center of a large ball and drop both simultaneously, the small ball rebounds with surprising speed. To show the extreme case, neglect air resistance and suppose that the large ball makes an elastic collision with the floor, then rebounds to make an elastic collision with the still-descending small ball. Just before the collision between the two balls, the large ball is moving v v upward with velocity ￿ , and the small ball has velocity −￿ . (Do you see why?) You should assume that the large ball has a much much greater mass than the small ball. a. What is the velocity of the small ball immediately after its collision with the large ball? b. From the answer to part (a), what is the ratio of the small ball’s rebound distance to the distance it fell before the collision?

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006 !

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Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

Worksheet 2: Analyzing a collision
7. The diagram below depicts a top view strobe photograph of a collision between a small low-friction puck and a larger stationary puck on a smooth level surface. As a result of the collision, the incident puck deflects through an angle of 90º with some loss of speed, while the target ball is propelled from rest downward and slightly in the positive x-direction.

a. What is the direction of the impulse delivered to the larger puck by the smaller puck?

b. What is the mass ratio of the large puck to the smaller puck?

c. Is kinetic energy conserved in this collision? If not, what fraction is lost?

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from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Honors Physics / Unit 10 / MTET

COMM II Model Summary

Concept Map

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006 !

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