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Testatika demonstration with over 30 engineers


translation by Stefan Hartmann and Hans Holzherr on 4th of Aug. 99
fonte:http://www.overunity.com/testatika/neweng.htm

Recently, over 30 technicians and engineers (most of them retired) were allowed to visit the Methernitha group in Linden, Switzerland, where they witnessed a demo of the different Testatika machines. Here is a report from Hans Holzherr from Switzerland who was present: Re: Testatika demonstration? From: Hans Holzherr To: Stefan Hartmann < harti@harti.com > Hello Mr. Hartmann, To your questions: > Have you seen live a machine with a load? > If so, what load? I am referring in the following to the model with the 50-cm diameter disks. This machine was already running when the visitors stepped into the room, and was not halted during the whole time - we were there for about 1.5 hrs. As a first load a 1000-Watt lamp was connected for approximately 10 seconds whose brightness did NOT diminish - the corresponding sequence on the Testatika film is just an effect of the camera aperture's automatic adjusting to the sudden brightness! The second load was a U-shaped heating element, that Mr.Baumann handed to me. It became so hot within one second that I had to put it down immediately! What was particularly impressive was that while he pulled back one of the contact wires (that was with the lamp, I believe), a 1-cm long arc appeared between the output electrode and the connecting wire for approximately one second. The apparatus was under a plexiglass hood. Near the base it had two holes which Baumann used to insert the contact wires to touch the output electrodes. > How do you think the high wattage is produced ? Good question! I'd love to know the answer, too! > Did the disks slow down when a load was placed across the output electrodes ? I did not notice that (nobody else did), but of course you tend to turn your look to 'where the action is' (the lamp etc.) The disks turned with 15 rpm, which is quite slow. The spin rate was regulated magnetically. > What general impression did you have ? It was really impressive! One can hardly believe it, with this slow rotation. In any case, this cannot be explained in terms of bare electrostatics in the sense of the Wimshurst machine. The perforated sheets seem to have a key function... Beside the pick-up and the drive electrodes there are a number of small plexiglass blocks with gluedon perforated sheets, whose function is unknown. As Adolf Schneider already mentioned, my colleague Bernhard XXX and I want to try to copy the principle experiment shown by Baumann - without much hope to find anything extraordinary, though. The device consists of a horizontal swiveling plexiglass arm with a small rectangular plexiglass plate at both ends glued to the lower side of the arm. The lower side of the arm is covered with perforated aluminum sheets (square holes), while the bottom of the plates is covered with brass wire mesh. Beneath each plate five

22 additional plates are glued onto the base plate. There is also wire mesh between each pair of plates in the two blocks. From the mesh layer between the lowest plate and the base a wire goes to the two capacitors, which are connected in parallel . Baumann seized the arm with both hands and turned it about ten times back and forth (a full rotation was not possible, because the capacitors were in the way), then measured the DC voltage with a digital measuring instrument: 60 Volts. Then, as he short-circuited the condensers a loud crack could be heard. I dont know if that already is an abnormal result... On my question Baumann replied that with metal foil (instead of wire mesh) the device would not produce that effect.

Picture copyright 1999 by Hans Holzherr Recently we got to know a person who had copied the 50-cm machine based on the Testatika literature. However, his model does not function (is not self-running). Re: Testatika demonstration? to: Stefan Hartmann < harti@harti.com > Hello Mr. Hartmann, here are further specifications to your questions: > Did the machine ran the whole time ? 1,5 hours? Yes. >Could you imagine that in the base of the machine batteries of the flat > cheque card type are hidden, or the would these be depleted too soon to account for the >power produced during that 1.5-hour period? Unfortunately, I cannot judge that. If one considers that the Methernitha community gains neither money nor fame from the machine, and that they are so media-shy and otherwise restrictive I find the thought of a simple battery trick pretty absurd..... (Of course a skeptic might argue that they are media-shy BECAUSE it's a battery trick...)

23 > Could you touch the machine ? Is the base of the device empty or is there something in it, > or is it build from massive wood? It was forbidden to touch the 50 cm machine, let alone lift it up. Therefore I cannot say anything about the base other than that it appeared solid. BUT one could touch the smaller type models e.g. the small models with the 12 cm disks. One could lift them and examine them - while the disks kept turning. The whole atmosphere was rather loose - surprisingly. In this regard, being a group of over 30 persons was an advantage: The two Methernitha people couldn't watch all our fingers at all times! The earliest model is, by the way, the only one whose disks are propelled by an electric motor which is driven by a capacitor which in turn is continuously recharged. > I see, the plastic cover was for HV security ? Also, I think it is a dust shield. The machine is really beautiful... > Hmm, in former reports it was stated that it ran with 50 RPM!!? I have read that, too. With this demo, however, the speed was approximately just 15 RPM. > > there is a number of plexiglass blocks with glued-on perforated sheet, their > > function is unknown. > > Aha, very strange.... > > Are these "special antennas"? I dont know. Some have perforated sheets glued on two opposite sides, so they could be condensers; others have only one perforated sheet which is bent over an edge of the plexiglass block, so it covers two adjacent sides. After my visit I made a diagram of the ' principle experiment' - see the picture above! > Hmm, was that another device, or was that just a briefly modified existing machine?? Another device! Baumann's comment: this is how it all started! >>Recently we got to know a person, who had copied the 50-cm machine based on the >>Testatika literature. However, this model does not function (is not self-running). > Yes a pure Wimhusrt machine will probably not even run itself, > if one does not know the Methernitha secrets I saw a photo from this copied device, and at first sight it looked like the original, including the horseshoe magnets. > P.s.: May anybody know that you were at Methernitha ? > you are the first with an "email address" to have seen that 'live' ! > Other visitors did not have internet ACCESS, it could > be that you'll get a great many emails... > Could I list you as a "witness" in the Free Energy lists?

24 Thanks for the warning! Then it will be better without email address. I am also only a witness, without being able to prove that the thing absolutely works... Re: Testatika demonstration? Date: Mon, 2 August 1999 16:39:44 -0400 From: Hans XXX to: Stefan Hartmann < harti@harti.com > Hello Mr. Hartmann, > Can I put the picture onto overunity.com the server? Yes, you can. > Should I mention your name ? As the author of the picture. > I will translate your emails into English and post them > into the Free Energy lists. Yes, perhaps I could then check the English version. Has Adolf sent you the NET Journal article about the Methernitha visit? There you find additional specifications, information that other visitors have gained. However, I find the 'yield ' of the visit report somewhat disappointing. > I will not then mention your email address there. O.k. > Apparently, Mr. Baumann and Mr. Bosshardt were in a pretty informative mood that day! Yes, you could say that. Unfortunately I had difficulties to understand Baumann because he spoke softly and fast, and provided explanations in non-scientific terms. However, it's very interesting that he answered my question, if the energy source of the Testatika was radium chloride, with a definite NO. Also, they said, there exists no other Testatika machine elsewhere. Nelson Camus had told a different story: that he had encountered a similar community in South America which was in touch with Methernitha, and which also possessed a Testatika. According to Camus the apparatus functions with radium chloride-doped condensers. That also works, but for that you don't need any moving parts! (Hubbard generator). (from Stefan Hartmann: I really doubt this claim from Nelson Camus....!!)

> Did Methernitha have no problem to show you the "principle setup" of your above picture ? Obviously not. They probably trust in the fact that not all secrets are VISIBLE on the machine. E.g. - it looks like - the molecular orientation of all plexiglass plates must be the same. And then the material plays a role. (we know this from a different source.) > Don't they object against anybody copying the machine? > Or do they think that one cannot understand the whole system quickly enough in such a demo? No and yes, and they are probably darn right! It is hard to grasp!

25 > could you see the small machines with a load, too? > how much Watts could these deliver ? Approx. 300 Watts? > those are more simply built , right ? With the 12 cm original model Baumann got a voltage of 130 V. He connected a load to it, which consisted of two small lamps and a resistor. Values unknown. After that two visitors were asked short circuit the apparatus via their bodies, which gave them an electric shock! Interestingly enough, the digital voltmeter showed only briefly 130 Volts, and then stopped working. All following measurements, also on the 50 cm machine, were made with an analog meter. The smaller Testatikas are simpler. Each one is built a bit differently. One has only one disk. Several, including a 1-meter model under construction, have 'sector wires' instead of sector foils, which are sort of 'woven' into the disk, changing sides three times. > Were there bifilary coils inside the Leydener bottles? You could not see inside them. In the large capacitors there are 20 layers of perforated sheet (Baumann said). One just cannot see inside! > and there is a crystal diode somewhere? Yes, it's probably the object at the top. Baumann mentioned that also. On the original model it seemed to me to consist only of a rough coil around one central straight wire, with a total of 4 leads. With the 50-cm apparatus I tried my best but could only make out 2 supply wires, so the structure was not very clear, maybe also a rough spiral around something (tube from perforated sheet?); perhaps there was also a tube around everything (my memory has faded), but I could not detect a crystal. I remember that it was hard to see inside. Regarding visibility in general, I noticed that a thin layer (which might be a lead) between two plexiglass plates is hardly noticeable at all, because of the total light reflection. MfG Hans Holzherr

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fonte:www.padrak.com/ine/INE1.html

THE INSTITUTE FOR NEW ENERGY (INE) 3084 E. 3300 South Salt Lake City, UT 84109-2154 TEL 801-466-8680 FAX 801-466-8668 Email: Hal Fox, in Utah, halfox@slkc.uswest.net Email: Patrick Bailey, in California, ine@padrak.com Website: http://www.padrak.com/ine/ Note: Because of the volume of email we receive, the INE reserves the right to answer only email from active members of the Institute of New Energy. Please state your membership number when writing to the editor of New Energy News. Thank you! INSTITUTE FOR NEW ENERGY The Institute For New Energy (INE) is an official US non-profit technical organization and is a co-sponsor of the International Symposium On New Energy (ISNE). It is a membership organization whose monthly newsletter "The New Energy News" (NEN) reports the latest findings in New Energy research. The Institute's primary purpose is to promote research and educate society of the importance of alternative energy. It is also related to the International Association For New Science, whose goal it is to institute a paradigm shift in science and healing. PHILOSOPHY The Institute For New Energy believes that the planet Earth is in peril and something needs to be done immediately to save it from environmental destruction. The INE believes that one key to solving the environmental holocaust is with New Energy Technologies. The INE believes it is imperative that this technology be researched, developed, and released to the public and industry to save this planet. The International Symposium On New Energy has been held twice to discuss these issues. DEFINITION OF NEW ENERGY "New Energy" or "Advanced Energy" technology includes theory, research, construction, and the testing of advanced energy devices. These devices and systems may operate with a higher efficiency than those used today, and include advanced concepts where the energy conversion may appear to be over unity (such as in a dam or in a transistor). This means there is a greater energy output from a system compared to the energy input. NEW ENERGY TOPICS Space Power Generators, "over unity" and "free energy" machines, scalar wave theory, magnetic motors, vortex mechanics, cold fusion, electro-static generators, nuclear isotopes, motional magnetic fields, zero-point energy, N-machines, homopolar generators, and other concepts. AFFILIATIONS WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS The INE affiliates with and interacts with many other US and international organizations, such as the International Association For New Science (IANS) in the US, and the Planetary Association for Clean Energy (PACE) in Canada. The INE was formed as an outgrowth from the IANS in 1993, and maintains an information network exchange of information with any other technical society, non-profit organization, or professional group - anywhere.

30 PURPOSE OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON NEW ENERGY (ISNE) To bring together outstanding international New Energy researchers and their theories and devices, who will share and discuss their latest findings. The goals of this open symposium are to stimulate new research ideas, coalesce researchers with industry, and to find funding sources. The full Proceedings of the papers from the 1993 and the 1994 ISNE are still available for about $50.00 each. NEW ENERGY NEWS The New Energy News (NEN) is the Bi-Monthly Newsletter for the Institute for New Energy, and is mailed every other month to all INE members. NEN Sample Issue: October 1995 - On Cold Fusion and Other Usual Topics NEN Latest Issue's Table of Contents It Contains 20 to 30 Pages per Issue. It is Free with Your Membership, and is sent Non-Profit Bulk Rate Mail within the US. Single issues are available for $3.00 each, sent via 1st class mail. INFINITE ENERGY MAGAZINE Infinite Energy Magazine (IEM) has become the world's definitive magazine on alternate energy conversion and "cold fusion" topics, and is also mailed every other month to all INE members, alternating with the NEN. Infinite Energy Magazine Description Infinite Energy Magazine's Issue's Table of Contents JOURNAL OF NEW ENERGY The Journal of New Energy (JNE) is a periodic journal comtaining advanced physics and energy conversion technical papers, available to the members of the Institute for New Energy and to the general public. Journal of New Energy Summaries and Table of Contents INE MEMBERSHIP Membership to the INE (a non-profit corporation) is of three classes: Individual Memberships: $35.00 per year for Individuals; or $60.00 per year for Corporations and Institutions; and includes 6 issues of New Energy News and 6 issues of Infinite Energy Magazine! First Class Mailing and International Mailing is $15.00 Additional.

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Mar. 3, 1999.

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The Acoustic Function of a Reich Cloudbuster By Chuck Henderson - 11/28/99


Note : this is a work in progress, please address questions, comments or suggestions to Chuck, thanks! For more than twenty-five years I have studied and researched the work and legacy of Dr. Wilhelm Reich. While most who are familiar with his work tend to utilize his discoveries in the fields of either mental or physical health, I have chosen to study the applications of Reich's discoveries in the area of physics, or what Reich termed as: "Orgone Bio-Physics". Whether you call it Orgone Energy, as Reich did, or Aether, Odic Force, Chi (Ki), etc., the fact remains that this primordial life energy does exist. It can be and has been measured, captured, manipulated, concentrated, and redirected by Reich as well as many others over the years. With the invention of the Cloudbuster, Reich had a tool that would enable him to massage a stagnant, what he termed "DORish" atmosphere (DOR = Destructive ORgone), into a vibrant, healthy atmosphere by reinstating the normal rain cycle in areas that were suffering from drought conditions. The question that constantly plagued me was, HOW? How did this very simple device induce an energetic flow without some sort of complex mechanism? I must admit that, for a while, my research seemed to have hit a deadend. I needed a new, more unconventional approach to help me find the missing pieces of the puzzle. In the early 1980's, with the advent of Vanguard Sciences and then KeelyNet, I began finding several of those missing pieces as what some would call "synchronicity" came into play. My exposure to the works of Keely, Tesla, Rife, and many others helped me to look at my questions from other points of view. While it should not come as a complete surprise, this will not be an article detailing all of the construction or operating techniques for Reich's Cloudbuster. Some detail is necessary in order to lay the foundation for my theory, through which, I feel that I can finally answer the "How" question with some clarity. After receiving independent confirmation of what I had long suspected, I feel that it is time to put forward my theory that Dr. Wilhelm Reich's Cloudbuster is an acoustic device operating within a range of frequencies well below human hearing, operating in the Infrasonic or ELF (Extra Low Frequency) range. In the numerous writings of Reich, there are many indicators pointing to this possibility, beginning with the observations that lead to the development of the Cloudbuster. Due to a DOR (Deadly Orgone Energy) emergency at Orgonon (Reich's research facility at Rangeley, Maine) in March of 1952, which quickly worsened in April, Reich was forced to recall some nearly forgotten observations which enabled him to disperse the oppressive DOR concentrations that were smothering his facility and the surrounding area. Reich writes:

41 "Far back in 1940, when the atmospheric OR energy had been seen for the first time at Mooselookmeguntic Lake in the Rangeley region through long metal pipes, casual pointing of some pipes at the surface of the lake seemed to affect the movement of the waves. This appeared quite incredible at that early period of OR research; the matter was abandoned and soon forgotten. However, the incredible effect of the metal pipes upon the energy motion such as waves, seemed to have lingered on in my mind over all these dozen years" - (1) The length of pipe picks up a specific acoustic wavelength or frequency, determined by the overall length and inside diameter of the pipe, and then by filtering out other frequencies, boosts or amplifies the pressure of the acoustic wave emmanating from the opposite end of the pipe. Reich continues: "When the suffering from the DOR became unbearable at Orgonon late in April, a few metal pipes, 9 to 12 feet long and 1 1/2 inch in diameter, were directed toward the black DOR concentrations overhead, and connected through BX cables to a deep well." - (2) This is a key bit of information as it provides us with the ability to calculate the Base frequencies that Reich used to develop and operate his Cloudbuster. Let's say he started with four pipes: 9 ft X 1 1/4 in. I.D. (1 1/2 in. O.D.) = ___?___ Hz 10 ft X 1 1/4 in. I.D. (1 1/2 in. O.D.) = ___?___ Hz 11 ft X 1 1/4 in. I.D. (1 1/2 in. O.D.) = ___?___ Hz 12 ft X 1 1/4 in. I.D. (1 1/2 in. O.D.) = ___?___ Hz By using the formulas that are used in calculating the sounds generated by the individual pipes of a pipe organ, it is possible to calculate the corresponding frequency for each length of pipe that Reich used in his initial experiment. This also provides the basis for the calculation of the frequencies and harmonics involved in the operation of a full-blown Cloudbuster as developed by Reich in the fall of 1952. Again, Reich continues: "The effect was instantaneous: The black DOR-clouds began to shrink. And when the pipes were pointed against the OR energy flow, i.e., toward the west, a breeze west to east would set in after a few minutes "DRAW," as we came to call this operation; fresh blue-gray OR energy moved in where the nauseating DOR-clouds had been a short while before. Soon we learned that rain clouds, too, could be influenced, increased and diminished as well as moved, by operating these pipes in certain well-defined ways." - (3) The existing photos that I have seen show that the tubes were staggered in length when extended for an OROP (ORgone OPeration utilizinng a Cloudbuster). This leads me to the conclusion that the Cloudbuster is a tunable acoustic antenna. Tunable to achieve the desired results, taking into account the specific characteristics of the

42 atmosphere at a given location, also taking into consideration the dynamics of the atmosphere as it interacts with the surrounding terrain. (see Appendix A) You may be asking yourself, what has caused me to draw these conclusions from Reich's writings as sited above? Well, my initial suspicions were caused by the recollection of a simple science project that I undertook as a teen in the 1960's. Using the plans that I had found in an issue of either "Popular Mechanics" or "Popular Science" magazine, I built a very simple (by today's standards) parabolic microphone. As I recall, this scratch-built parabolic microphone was made from several varying lengths of copper tubing, a small metal salad bowl, a small (crystal?) microphone like those used for the small reel to reel type portable tape recorders, and a 6" piece of wooden broom handle. The copper tubing was cut in lengths ranging from approximately 18" to 2' 6" in length. Each specific length corresponded to a specific frequency. The microphone was mounted with some stiff wire approximately 1" below the lip of the metal bowl (at the focal point of the reflected sound) and the piece of broom handle was attached to the outside of the bowl with a screw to serve as a handle. With the numerous pieces of tubing bundled together, one end of the bundle having all ends of the tubing flush or even, the even end was then covered with the bowl and the bowl fastened into place. (see appendix A)

Here as you can see by my rough illustration, the parabolic microphone that I built was very simple. The crystal microphone that I used in it's construction was relatively insensitive when compared to the miniaturized, omni-directional microphones we have available today. But, due to the frequency limitations established by the specific lengths of the tubing used, effectively filtering out the background noise, and the focusing effect of the metal bowl, the microphone was good for a range of 200+ yards. Now, as to the independent confirmation that I mentioned earlier, this came in the form of a national news story that I was compelled to follow-up on. It seems that in 1995, Professor Al Bedard of N.O.A.A.'s Environmental Research Lab discovered that tornadoes have an acoustic signature. A signature that can consist of several separate frequencies as well as their related harmonics, all in the sub-audible range below 20 Hz. There is a direct link to the size and intensity of a tornado and the sounds it emits.

43 It has also been discovered that that a powerful tornado may contain within it, as many as six smaller tornadoes. Professor Bedard and his associates are working on a system to detect tornadoes that would provide up to 30 minutes warning to all those who find themselves in a tornado's path. Professor Bedard is no stranger to the inner workings of tornadoes. He created "TOTO" (the "TOtable Tornado Observatory"), in 1982 to study live tornadoes. TOTO is able to measure the temperature, velocity, atmospheric pressure, and electricity of a tornado. The device called "Dorothy" in the movie "Twister" bears a striking resemblance to Bedard's TOTO. In the movie, the fictional Dorothy releases hundreds of little sensor-filled spheres, whereas Bedard's instrument package - TOTO, stays on the ground. I believe that Bedard's discovery of an acoustic signature for any given tornado, combined with a Cloudbuster functioning as a tunable acoustic antenna, ties directly into Reich's second rule of his "Rules to Follow in Cloud Engineering" where Reich states: "Never play around with rain making or cloudbusting. The OR envelope which you tackle while "drawing" energy from the atmosphere is an energetic continuum of high power. You may cause twisters.".....(4) (( Emphasis Mine )) Even as I write this I have to ponder: WHY?! There is no physical mechanism to induce an energetic flow other than acoustic. What aspect of a Cloudbuster allows it to attract and concentrate OR (ORgone energy) more than say, a body of water, given that water attracts and holds OR?

Again, I must say acoustics - tunable acoustics.


For a moment, let us look at Trevor Constable's "Weather Guns". Constable developed these devices after years of experimentation with Reich's Cloudbuster design. Constable's "Weather Guns" do not require grounding in water as Reich's Cloudbuster does, but it is required that they be in motion and in pairs to operate optimally (Please do not confuse his "Weather Guns" with his "Spiders"). Constable's Weather Guns must be paired to achieve the desired harmonic to create the desired effect. Individually, a single Weather Gun produces only 1/2 the wavelength (or 1/2 an Octave) and must be paired to produce the full wavelength (or full Octave) that a single tube from a Reich Cloudbuster can produce. (Again, see Appendix A) It should also be noted that while both appear to be acoustic devices, both function in different ways. Constable's Weather Guns operate somewhat like a snowplow moving down a road. They concentrate the atmosphere's OR and moisture into a rolling waveform moving along ahead of the moving devices until it reaches a sufficient concentration to precipitate out of the atmosphere in the form of rain. Then the concentration process will begin again, if the devices remain in motion. Constable's video (available through Borderland Sciences Research Foundation ) showing his ocean-going Weather Gun demonstration through time-lapse photography, is a good example of this principle as he causes it to rain over and over again ahead of his moving vessel. While Constable's Weather Guns create a "Push" effect in the atmosphere, Reich's Cloudbuster

44 creates an energetic "Draw" (or Pull) in the atmosphere. Reich's CB (CB = Cloudbuster ) draws the beneficial OR frequencies down to ground level, whereas Constable's WGs (WG = Weather Gun) seem to operate on the energies of the atmosphere at an elevation of from 4,000 to 5,000 feet and above. The Earth's atmosphere is as stratified as the ground beneath your feet, so the affects of certain frequencies manifesting at certain elevations of the atmosphere is not unusual. The ability of Reich's CB to draw this energy to ground, I believe, is a primary factor in the successful remedy of drought conditions and long-term desert abatement.

Appendix B Atmospheric Refraction of Sound due to Cooling

The use of a CB to overcome the atmospheric refraction of sound, the same property that causes sound to carry over water and mute over desert sands, is the key to the restoration of the normal rain cycle of an area and the regeneration of it's soil. Reich knew that there was considerably more to ending a drought or eliminating the encroachment of desertification on a region than simply causing it to rain.

Atmospheric Refraction of Sound due to Heating

45 Reich's understanding of these processes is very apparent in Reich's written account of his Tucson, Arizona OROP, contained in his book: "Contact With Space" ( available through the Wilhelm Reich Museum bookstore ). The careful observations made of, not only the atmosphere, but the plants, animals, and soil of the region are the obvious proofs. Observations made over time on all levels from the macroscopic to the microscopic. So, where does this discovery leave us? It leaves us on the doorstep of some very interesting and possibly beneficial devices with their resultant discoveries. Some of these possibilities are: A better tornado detection and tracking system that will provide more advance warning for the population in a tornado's path.

Realizing that tornadoes and hurricanes serve an important purpose in nature, it should be possible to lessen their intensities and guide them away from population centers or stop the birth of tornadoes from a particular storm. It should be possible to better detect the causes of drought and correct them. It should be possible to stop the desertification of an area and gradually reverse the process on a permanent basis.

Appendix A

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Sources Cited:
1) Wilhelm Reich Infant Trust Fund. "WILHELM REICH: Selected Writings An Introduction to ORGONOMY". Page 438. New York: Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, 1960. 2) IBID, Page 438. 3) IBID, Page 438 & 439. 4) Orgone Institute. "CORE (Cosmic Orgone Engineering)". Vol. VI, No.s 1-4, Page 105. Rangeley, Maine: Orgone Institute, July 1954.

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Additional Sources of Information:


"A College Course In Sound Waves and Acoustics", by Professor M.Y. Colby, New York, N.Y.: Henry Holt and Company, Inc., Feb. 1955. "Contact With Space", by Wilhelm Reich, M.D., New York, N.Y.: Core Pilot Press, 1957. "The Cosmic Pulse of Life", by Trevor James Constable, Santa Ana, CA.: Merlin Press, 1976. ** VIDEO: "Ether Weather Engineering on the High Seas", by Trevor James Constable, available through Borderland Sciences Research Foundation.

Other sites for Reich and Orgone related information P.O.R.E. - arguably the best Orgone site Arguments against Cloudbuster use Why Orgone at KeelyNet? Toxic Response to Carlinsky How far does a Cloudbuster draw? Pictures of a Cloudbuster Jim's page on Trevor Constables Cloudbuster Photos of Reich Orgone Museum Pictures of Reich & Constable Short article on Reich Thermodynamics & Free Energy The STRAIGHT DOPE column on Reich Reich & the Accumulator EXCELLENT URLs for Reich Another good URL page for Orgone For Grins! Contents of the Raiders of the Lost Ark warehouse

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The Mini-Romag Generator


Design and Drawings by Jean-Louis Naudin
Courtesy of Kevin O. from "Magnetic Energy"

created on 03-19-99 - JLN Labs - last update on 11-15-99 fonte:http://www.jlnlabs.org

The Mini Romag generator from Magnetic Energy uses the principle of moving magnetic flow named "the magnetic current" for generating electrical power. According to Magnetic Energy this generator is able to produce 3.5 volts, 7A DC ( about 24 Watts ) of free electricity while its generate sufficient power to sustain itself... This generator need to be started by an external motor during about 42 seconds at 2100 RPM. After this charging process, when the energy flow is established in the Romag generator, the motor can be removed and free electrical energy can be used. This Romag generator is a new revolutionary concept which generates electrical energy without using the first flow of current generated by magnetism, it uses only the untapped natural ressource of the magnetism... The original hand sketch and all details can be found on the Magnetic Energy web site

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HOW THE UNIT WORKS : The here disclosed 3 volt, 7 amperage magnet motor/generator must be charged up by driving the main shaft at 2100 RPM for 42 seconds. This charging process manifests as magnetic energy within the six coils of copper wire, the copper tube supporting these coils and the copper coated steel wires wrapped around the magnets. This charging is accomplished while the six coil connection wires, Part #22, are making contact and setting up their alternating magnetic poles. After the 42 second charging time one of these coil connection wires must be opened and this circuit again completed through an energy draw at what could be called 7 amps. See load Part #23. As current is drawn from the six coils, this draw sets up magnetic poles which are a response between the rotor magnets and the coils. This response then causes the main shaft to be rotated by the 12 permanent magnets as they attract and build a release field. Then the driver unit (hand crank) is disconnected allowing the unit to rotate with the load being the activating driving force. The fields of the magnets must be maintained during their spin movement. These magnetic fields which are encapsulated are achieved by the wiring system. The attract/release of the magnets is a function of several factors. First, the magnets attract field between north and south is completed by taking a crossing path of attract (top of one row to bottom of next, etc.). This action has the effect of fields blending into fields, and a holdback attract does not happen. Each time a magnet set passes a coil an interchange of like energy between the coils around the magnets and the generating coils setsup neutral polarities which are release fields and prevents a holdback attract. One important magnetic assembly is the circuitry which allows this interchange of energy. This is a recycling of a stabilized magnetic/electro energy not electro/magnetic because the field of force is not a case of electrical input, an input that created the magnetic energy, but rather a buildup of magnetic energy which caused an energy thrust. In further defining the workings of this unit it is important to understand that although electrical and magnetic (energy) work with similar attitudes, the manner in which they work setsup a differing

50 energy effect. One of these effects is that magnetic structures want to share their f1ow, compatible to the Universal Force, while electrical flow argues, (short circuits, sparks, etc.). Because of this fact the working responses (within the unit) take place, how they are needed, and when they are needed which results in a functioning unit. There is a continuous transmutation process taking place whereby magnetic energy continually generates an energy that manifests a measurable current.

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PARTS LIST AND CONSTRUCTION DETAILS When building your first unit we suggest using the stated materials. 1) Aluminum Base Plate

52 2) Sleave Bearing, 1" long, " inside diameter, oil impregnated brass. 3) 4" long by " diameter Brass Shaft 4) Brass 2" diameter Rotor, 13/4" long

5) Six rotor slots, each 13/4" long by .260 deep by 23/32" wide. These slots are spaced exactly 60 degrees apart. 6) One slot cut in center of Brass Rotor, 360 degrees around, " wide by 5/16" deep. 7) 12 slots (formed from the six slots as the 360 degree cut is made). Each slot is lined with .010 thick mica insulation. 8) A total of 228 pieces of Ushaped .040 thick copper coated steel wires. Each slot (Part #7) has 19 pieces of these wires fitted into the Mica, thus these wires do not contact the Brass rotor. The lead edge of these wires is flush with the Rotors outer surface and the trail edge protrudes 1/8" above the Rotors outer diameter. 9) Eleven complete turns of .032 thick copper coated steel wire. These 11 turns or wraps accumulate to 3/8" wide and the same pattern is placed around all 12 magnets. When placed into the bent wires #8, they are a snug fit making firm contact. 10) Are 12 pieces of .005" thick mylar insulation inserted into the cores of the wires #9. 11) 12 permanent magnets, insulated with the mylar, to not contact wires # 9. These magnets measure 3/4" long, 5/8" wide, 3/8" thick and are made of a special composition and strength. Alnico 4, M60; 12 AL, 28 Ni, 5 Co, bal Fe, Isotropic permanent magnet material cooled in magnetic field, Cast 9100 TS. 450 Brin, 2.2 Peak energy product. When inserted in the rotor the outer faces of these 12 magnets are not to be machined to a radius. The center of these magnets pass the center of the coils with 3/32" clearance. The edges, where the wires are wrapped, pass 1/32" away from the coils. This changing magnet spacing aids in not only the release cycle but also contributes to rotational movement. (Sharp magnet edges which are facing the coils are to be sanded to a small smooth radius.) 12) Magnet polarity placement into Rotor. 13) Connection pattern for wires wrapped around magnets. The 12 wire wraps are divided into two sections, upper and lower of six each. There are no connections between these sections. The magnetic flow direction between the upper 6 wraps and the lower 6 wraps is attained by the flow direction as

53 shown in Figure 5. Viewing Figure 6 shows the wires wrapped around the magnet starting at the top north half and then after 11 complete turns the wire exits at the lower south half. As this wire then goes to the next magnet it arrives at an attract wire which is its north side. Thus all wires get interconnected from south to north magnet half or north to south magnet half. The actual connections should be crimped copper clips not solder with insulation tubing to prevent contact to the Rotor body. 14) A .030 thick copper tube (stiff material) 2" long by 2" inside diameter. 15) Are six slots cut at the top of tube #14. These slots are 5/8" wide by 1/32" deep spaced at 60 degrees apart. 16) Are six slots cut at the bottom of tube #14. These slots are 5/8" wide by 5/16" deep and in line with the upper slots #15. 17) Six copper tube mounting points. 18) Acrylic ring to hold Part #14, measuring 33/4" O.D., 2" I.D., 3/8" thick bolted directly to Part #1. This ring has a .030 wide groove cut "deep to allow the six copper tube mounting points, Part #17, to be inserted. 19) A .002" thick plastic insulation paper to be placed around the inside and outside of Part #14. 20) Are six coils of insulated copper wire, each coil having 72 turns of .014 thick wire. Each coil is wound with two layers, the bottom layer to completely fill the 5/8" wide slot with 45 turns and the top layer to span 5/16" wide with 27 turns. To be sure each coil has the exact wire length or 72 turns, a sample length wire is wrapped then unwound to serve as a template for six lengths. A suggested coil winding method is to fill a small spool with one length then by holding the copper tube at the lower extension, then start at the plus wire in Figure 2 and temporarily secure this wire to the outer surface of the tube. Next, place the premeasured spool of wire inside the tube, wrapping down and around the outside advancing clockwise until the 5/8" slot is filled with 45 turns. Then, return this wire back across the top of the coil for 15/32" and winding in the same direction again advance clockwise placing the second layer spanned for 5/16" with 27 turns. This method should have the second layer perfectly centered above the first layer. After winding this coil, repeat the process by again filling the small spool with another length of premeasured wire. A very important magnetic response happens as all six coils have their second layers spaced as disclosed. 21) This number identifies the top view of the second layer. 22) Connection pattern for six coils. When the unit is driven at startup (hand crank) for 42 seconds at 2100 RPM, all six jumper wires must be together which means the plus wire goes to the minus wire connected by the start switch. After 42 seconds the load is added to the circuit and the start switch is opened. To double check your connections between the coils, note that the finish wire of coil #1 goes to the finish wire of coil #2, which is top layer to top layer. This pattern then has start of coil 2 (bottom layer) going to start of coil 3 (also bottom layer). When the copper tube with the coils is placed around the rotor, the distance from any magnet to any coil must be identical. If it measures different, acrylic holding shapes can be bolted to the aluminum base, protruding upward, and thus push the copper tube in the direction needed to maintain the spacing as stated. 23) Wires to load. 24) Wires to start switch. 25) Rotational direction which is clockwise when viewing from top down.

54 26) Acrylic dome for protection against elements. 27) Coating of clear acrylic to solidify rotor. Do not use standard motor varnish. Pre-heat the rotor and then dip it into heated liquid acrylic. After removal from dip tank, hand rotate until the acrylic hardens, then balance rotor. For balancing procedure, either add brass weights or remove brass as needed by drilling small holes into rotor on its heavy side. 28) Insulation tubing on all connections. 29) Shaft for start purposes and speed testing (if desired). This concludes the parts list for the Mini-Romag. This simple unit demonstrates profound concepts and has a surprising number of applications. Remember, it must have a load to work, something that attracts magnetic energy. Build this unit and explore new possibilities with us. All these informations has been shared freely with courtesy of Magnetic Energy, special thanks to them for sharing their wonderful and advanced technology... See also : The Mini-Romag generator : Towards a possible explanation ? by JL Naudin (updated 04-13-99) The Theory of Mini-Romag Generator by Dave Squires (updated 04-13-99)

Email : JNaudin509@aol.com

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Fonte:http://www.angelfire.com/ak/egel/kronzen2.html

All Natural homepage

KONZEN PULSE MOTOR UPDATE


A previous page on this invention The newest test-motor is completed and running the best of all the prototypes so far. It is ten times more efficient than the last test motor built, and with more power and speed too. NEW EVENTS AND PHOTOS: The revs now are at a smooth 1800 with two permanent magnets installed above (or below on the opposite side) the fixed stator power coil shown here in this photo:

These permanent magnets working as a flux-bridge brought the rpms up from 800 rpm at .7amps current draw when running through a 12V/4a battery to 1800 with only .5 amps current draw on the meter. This is a very good turn of events for this motor project..over double the speed, four times the power in torque, and actually less current draw too. The explanation of this power is that the rotor coils are still oscillating their current after being energized for a few milliseconds, and will then glide smooth over the permanent magnet flux-bridge. HORSEPOWER TESTS: Tested on a prony-brake rig with 4 grams drag at one foot from the center of the shaft, the prony brake held the motor to 850rpm under this load. These figures calculate to just over one watt output from the shaft. Calculating the duration of the pulse in this motor to be 10%: the .5 amps meter reading x 12Volts x .10 (10%)"cycle-on-time" = .6 watts So it can be easily argued from these simple figures alone that this motor generates a dollar for every sixty cents in just the power of the shaft.

56 Here are two pictures of the motor with only one permanent magnet installed per side at 2:30 and 8:30 in the counter-clockwise rotation. Without the permanent magnets, the motor turned at 800rpm with the same amp draw. The magnets will only work facing a certain direction otherwise they slow the motor. More tests will determine how far I can go with this...already it has over doubled the speed of the motor with no extra current draw.

Here is a close up of the magnetical arrangement of things:>

Below are two pictures of the latest motor with 110V factory wound coils as the "flux-bridge" (now using permanent magnets here but soon will also be trying pickup coils behind the permanent magnets)

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Here are two pictures of the newest test motor with the new .022gauge/33ftlength directional "thrust" power coils and also before permanent magnets and/or pickup-coils were installed:

Motor in the energized-colliding-coils position:

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Rotating alnico magnets on back of motor which can determine the exact timing and current draw of the motor shown here:

Electric bearing used in this motor made from roller-blade bearing and 1/4inch I.D. nylon "hat" washer.

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>

Electric bearing taken apart:

Chassis of newest motor taken apart to show construction:

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Experimental "Clamshell" magnetic flux-line pickups


This photo is of an experiment to harness the flux lines just outside the coil as they head south using pencil leads with lead wires attached to them leading to a diode. The pattern of th pencil leads is supposed to match up to the exact pattern of flux lines when the coil energizes.

CIRCUITS
2/11/2000: Here is the basic circuit of the pulse motor.

The magnetic thrusts of the electromagnets are wired to be in collision with one another to create the mechanical-rotation power of this motor. Technical note: All the electromagnets are of the same impedance and windings, so the "time constants" will match up when all electromagnetic coils have their current cut at the same time too. This means there will be more power immediately AFTER the current is cut; from the kickbacks of all the coils at once having their current released. The power from the matched-timing kickbacks would be of a S-S power, opposite of the initial N-N power feed.

61 Here is the same circuit, but with diodes added that will recirculate the current for better efficiency. This circuit will restrict AC current generation if using pickup coils.

Here are two circuits that will refill a capacitor or battery from the back-pulse of the motor as the motor runs:

A previous page on this invention email the inventor and author: konehead@msn.com Cheers

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The Gary Magnetic Motor - 04/20/97


** Note, I was only sent two .GIFs of this, so please don't get on my case if the diagrams don't explain it to your satisfaction..>> Jerry ** This article describes Gary's NEUTRAL ZONE MAGNET MOTOR/GENERATOR Courtesy of our late friend - John Draper This is a free energy machine that was demonstrated. I have talked to people knowledgeable in the field of magnetics and they do not know of such a neutral zone in the magnetic field of a permanent magnet, and present magnetic theory cannot account for such a phenomena. This thing definitely needs to be replicated and tested and then perhaps a rewrite would be necessary for some aspects of magnetic theory. Gary received Canadian Patent 10,239 March 13, 1879 for 'Improvement on Magneto Electric Machines' a patent on his Neutral Zone Magnet Discovery. This is the text from an article published by: Harper's New Monthly Magazine - March 1879 pages 601-605 GARY'S MAGNETIC MOTOR With an ordinary horseshoe magnet, a bit of soft iron, and a common shingle- nail, a practical inventor, who for years has been pondering over the power lying dormant in the magnet, now demonstrates as his discovery a fact of the utmost importance in magnetic science, which has hitherto escaped the observation of both scientists and practical electricians, namely, the existence of a neutral line in the magnetic field -- a line where the polarity of an induced magnet ceases, and beyond which it changes. With equally simple appliances he shows the practical utilization of his discovery in such a way as to produce a magnetic motor, thus opening up a bewildering prospect of the possibilities before us in revolutionizing the present methods of motive power through the substitution of a wonderfully cheap and safe agent. By his achievement Mr. Wesley W. Gary has quite upset the theories of magnetic philosophy hitherto prevailing, and lifted magnetism out from among the static forces where science has placed it, to the position of a dynamic power. The Gary Magnetic Motor, the result of Mr. Gary's long years of study, is, in a word, a simple contrivance which furnishes its own power, and will run until worn out by the force of fraction, coming dangerously near to that awful bugbear, perpetual motion. The old way of looking at magnetism has been to regard it as a force like that of gravitation, the expenditure of an amount of energy equal to its attraction being required to overcome it; consequently its power could not be availed of. Accepting this theory, it would be as idle to attempt to make use of the permanent magnet as a motive power as to try to lift one's self by one's boot straps. But Mr. Gary, ignoring theories, toiled away at his experiments with extraordinary patience and perseverance, and at last made the discovery which seems to necessitate the reconstruction of the accepted philosophy. To obtain a clear idea of the Gary Magnetic Motor, it is necessary first to comprehend thoroughly the principle underlying it -- the existence of the neutral line and the change in polarity, which Mr. Gary demonstrates by his horseshoe magnet, his bit of soft iron, and his common shingle-nail.

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This is illustrated in Figure 1 (which is NOT provided). The letter A represents a compound magnet; B, a piece of soft iron made fast to a lever with a pivoted joint in the centre, the iron becoming a magnet by induction when in the magnetic field of the permanent magnet; C, a small nail that drops off when the iron, or induced magnet, is on the neutral line. By pressing the finger on the lever at D the iron is raised above the neutral line. Now let the nail be applied to the end of the induced magnet at E; it clings to it, and the point is turned inward toward the pole of the magnet directly below, thus indicating that the induced magnet is of opposite polarity from the permanent one. Now let the iron be gradually lowered toward the magnet; the nail drops off at the neutral line, but it clings again when the iron is lowered below the line, and now its point is turned outward, or away from the magnetic pole below. In this way Mr. Gary proves that the polarity of an induced magnet is changed by passing over the neutral line without coming in contact. In the experiment strips of paper are placed under the soft iron, or induced magnet, as shown in the figure, to prevent contact.

64 The neutral line is shown to extend completely around the magnet; and a piece of soft iron placed upon this line will entirely cut off the attraction of the magnet from any thing beyond. The action of this cutoff is illustrated in Fig. 2. The letters A and B represent the one a balanced magnet and the other a stationary magnet. The magnet A is balanced on a joint, and the two magnets are placed with opposite poles facing each other. The letter C is a piece of thin or sheet iron, as the case may be, made fast to a lever with a joint in the centre, and so adjusted that the iron will move on the neutral line in front of the poles of the stationary magnet. By pressing the finger on the lever at D the iron is raised, thus withdrawing the cut-off so that the magnet A is attracted and drawn upward by the magnet B. Remove the finger, and the cut-off drops between the poles, and, in consequence, the magnet A drops again. The same movement of magnets can be obtained by placing a piece of iron across the poles of the magnet B after the magnet A has been drawn near to it. The magnet A will thereupon immediately fall away; but the iron can only be balanced, and the balance not disturbed, by the action of the magnets upon each other when the iron is on the neutral line, and does not move nearer or farther away from the magnet B. It may not be found easy to demonstrate these principles at the first trials. But it should be borne in mind that it took the inventor himself four years after he had discovered the principle to adjust the delicate balance so as to get a machine which would go. Now, however, that he has thought out the entire problem, and frankly tells the world how he has solved it, any person at all skillful and patient, and with a little knowledge of mechanics, may soon succeed in demonstrating it for himself. The principle underlying the motor and the method by which a motion is obtained now being explained, let us examine the inventor's working models. The beam movement is the simplest, and by it, it is claimed, the most power can be obtained from the magnets. This is illustrated in Fig. 3. The letter A represents a stationary magnet, and B the soft iron, or induced magnet, fastened to a lever with a joint in the centre, and so balanced that the stationary magnet will not quite draw it over the neutral line. The letter C represents a beam constructed of double magnet, clamped together in the centre and balanced on a joint. One end is set opposite the stationary magnet, with like poles facing each other. The beam is so balanced that when the soft iron B on the magnet A is below the neutral line, it (the beam) is repelled down to the lower dotted line indicated by the letter D. The beam strikes the lever E with the pin F attached, and drives it (the Lever) against the pin G, which is attached to the soft iron B, which is thus driven above the neutral line, where its polarity changes. The soft iron now attracts the beam magnet C to the upper dotted line, whereupon it (the soft iron) is again drawn down over the neutral line, and its polarity again changing, the beam magnet C is again repelled to the lower line, continuing so to move until it is stopped or worn out. This simply illustrates the beam movement. To gain a large amount of power the inventor would place groups of compound stationary magnets above and below the beam at each side, and the soft iron

65 induced magnets, in this case four in number, connected by rods passing down between the poles of the stationary magnets.

A "Pittman" connecting the beam with a fly-wheel to change the reciprocating into a rotary motion would be the means of transmitting the power. With magnets of great size an enormous power, he claims, could be obtained in this way. One of the daintiest and prettiest of Mr. Gary's models is that illustrating the action of a rotary motor. There is a peculiar fascination in watching the action of this neat little contrivance. It is shown in Fig. 4. (sorry, I don't have all the figures mentioned...>>> Jerry/KeelyNet) The letter A represents an upright magnet hung on a perpendicular shaft; B, the horizontal magnets; C, the soft iron which is fastened to the lever D; E, the pivoted joint on which lever is balanced; and F, the thumb-screw for adjusting the movement of the soft iron. This soft iron is so balanced that as the north pole of the upright magnet A swings around opposite and above the south pole of the horizontal magnets B, it drops below the neutral line and changes its polarity. As the magnet A turns around until its north pole is opposite and above the north pole of the magnets B, the soft iron is drawn upward and over the neutral line, so that its polarity is changed again. At this point the polarity in the soft iron C is like that of the permanent magnets A and B.

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To start the engine the magnet A is turned around to the last-named position, the poles opposite like poles of the magnets B; then one pole of the magnet A is pushed a little forward and over the soft iron. This rotary magnet is repelled by the magnets B, and also by the soft iron; it turns around until the unlike poles of the permanent magnets become opposite; as they attract each other the soft iron drops below the neutral line, the polarity changes and becomes opposite to that of the magnets B and like that of the magnet A; the momentum gained carries the pole of A a little forward of B and over the soft iron, which, now being of like polarity, repels it around to the starting-point, completing the revolution. The magnets A and B now compound or unit their forces, and the soft iron is again drawn up over the neutral line; its polarity is changed, and another revolution is made without any other force applied than the force of the magnets. The motion will continue until some outside force is applied to stop it, or until the machine is worn out. The result is the same as would be obtained were the magnets B removed and the soft iron coiled with wire, and battery force applied sufficient to give it the same power that it gets from the magnets B, and a current-changer applied to change the polarity. The power required to work the current-changer in this case would be in excess of the power demanded to move the soft iron over the neutral line, since no power is required from the revolving magnet under these circumstances, it being moved by the magnets compounding when like poles are opposite each other, three magnets thus attracting the iron. When opposite poles are near together, they attract each other and let the iron drop below the line. The soft iron, with its lever, is finely balanced at the joint, and has small springs applied and adjusted so as to balance it against the power of the magnets. In this working model the soft iron vibrates less than a fiftieth of an inch. This rotary motion is intended for use in small engines where light power is required, such as propelling sewing-machines, for dental work, show windows, etc.. When Wesley Gary was a boy of nine years, the electric telegraph was in its infancy and the marvel of the day; and his father, who was a clergyman in Cortland County, New York, used to take up matters of general interest and make them the subject of an occasional lecture, among other things, giving much attention to the explanation of this new invention. To illustrate his remarks on the subject he employed an electro-magnetic machine. This and his father's talk naturally excited the boy's curiosity, and he used to ponder much on the relations of electricity and magnetism, until he formed a shadowy idea that somehow they must become a great power in the world. He never lost his interest in the subject, though his crude experiments were interrupted for a while by the work of his young manhood. When the choice of a calling was demanded, he at first had a vague feeling that he would like to be an artist. "But," he says, "my friends would have thought that almost as useless and impractical as to seek for perpetual motion." At last he went into the woods a-lumbering, and took contracts to clear large tracts of woodland in Western and Central New York, floating the timber down the canals to Troy. He followed this business for several years, when he was forced to abandon it by a serious attack of inflammatory rheumatism, brought about through exposure in the woods. And this, unfortunate as it must have seemed at the time, proved the turning-point in his life. His family physician insisted that he must look for some other means of livelihood than lumbering. To

67 the query, "What shall I do?" it was suggested that he might take to preaching, following in the footsteps of his father, and of a brother who had adopted the profession. But this he said he could never do: he would do his best to practice, but he couldn't preach. "Invent something, then, "said the doctor. "There is no doubt in my mind that your were meant for an inventor." This was really said in all seriousness, and Mr. Gary was at length persuaded that the doctor knew him better than he did himself. His thoughts naturally recurring to the experiments and the dreams of his youth, he determined to devote all his energies to the problem. He felt more and more confident, as he dwelt on the matter, that a great force lay imprisoned within the magnet; that some time it must be unlocked and set to doing the world's work; that the key was hidden somewhere, and that he might find it as well as some one else. At Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, Mr. Gary made his first practical demonstration, and allowed his discovery to be examined and the fact published. He had long been satisfied, from his experiments, that if he could devise a "cut-off," the means of neutralizing the attractive power of a stationary magnet on another raised above it and adjusted on a pivot, unlike poles opposite, and so arrange this cut-off as to work automatically, he could produce motion in a balanced magnet. To this end he persistently experimented, and it was only about four years ago that he made the discovery, the key to his problem, which is the basis of his present motor, and upsets our philosophy. In experimenting one day with a piece of soft iron upon a magnet he made the discovery of the neutral line and the change of polarity. At first he gave little attention to the discovery of the change of polarity, not then recognizing its significance, being absorbed entirely by the possibilities the discovery of the neutral line opened up to him. Here was the point for his cut-off. For a while he experimented entirely with batteries, but in September, 1874, he succeeded in obtaining a movement independent of the battery. This was done on the principle illustrated in Fig. 2. The balanced magnet, with opposite poles to the stationary magnet, was weighted so that the poles would fall down when not attracted by the stationary magnet. When it was attracted up to the stationary magnet, a spring was touched by the movement, and thus the lever with the soft iron was made to descend between the two magnets on the neutral line, and so cutting off the mutual attraction. Then the balanced magnet, responding to the force of gravitation, descended, and, when down, struck an other spring, by means of which the cut-off was lifted back to its original position, and consequently the force of attraction between the magnets was again brought into play. In June, the following year, Mr. Gary exhibited this continuous movement to a number of gentlemen, protecting himself by covering the cut-off with copper, so as to disguise the real material used, and prevent any one from robbing him of his discovery. The publication in the local newspaper of the performance of the little machine, which was copied far and wide, excited much interest. But the inventor was by no means satisfied. He had succeeded in securing a continuous motion, but not a practical motor. He had invented a unique plaything, but not a machine that would do man's work. So he made further experiments in one direction and another, using for a long time the battery; and it was not until some time after he moved to Boston (which was about two years ago) that he was convinced that the points in the change of polarity, with which he was so little impressed when he first hit upon them along with his discovery of the neutral line, were the true ones to work upon.

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Thereafter his progress was most rapid, and in a little while he had constructed working models, not only to his own satisfaction, but to that of those experts who had the fairness to give them a critical and thorough examination, clearly demonstrating his ability to secure motion and power, as they had never before been secured, from self-feeding and self-acting machines. His claim, as he formally puts it, is this: "I have discovered that a straight piece of iron placed across the poles of magnet, and near to their end, changes its polarity while in the magnetic field and before it comes in contact with the magnet, the fact being, however, that actual contact is guarded against. The conditions are that the thickness of the iron must be proportioned to the power of the magnet, and that the neutral line, or line of change in the polarity of the iron, is nearer or more distant from the magnet according to the power of the latter and the thickness of the former. My whole discovery is based upon this change of polarity in the iron, with or without a battery." Power can be increased to any extent, or diminished, by the addition or withdrawal of magnets. Mr. Gary is forty-one years old, having been born in 1837. During the years devoted to working out his problem he has sustained himself by the proceeds from the sale of a few useful inventions made from time to time when he was forced to turn aside from his experiments to raise funds. From the sale of one these inventions -- a simple little thing -- he realized something like ten thousand dollars. The announcement of the invention of the magnetic motor came at a moment when the electric light excitement was at its height. The holders of gas stocks were in a state of anxiety, and those who had given attention to the study of the principle of the new light expressed the belief that it was only the question of the cost of power used to generate the electricity for the light that stood in the way of its general introduction and substitution for gas. A prominent electrician, who was one day examining Mr. Gary's principle, asked if in the change of polarity he had obtained electric sparks. He said that he had, and the former then suggested that the principle be used in the construction of a magneto-electric machine, and that it might turn out to be superior to anything then in use. Acting on this suggestion, Mr. Gary set to work, and within a week had perfected a machine which apparently proved a marvel of efficiency and simplicity. In all previous machines electricity is generated by revolving a piece of soft iron in front of the poles of a permanent magnet. But to do this at a rate of speed high enough to produce sparks in such rapid succession as to keep up a steady current of electricity suitable for the light, considerable power is required. In Mr. Gary's machine, however, the piece of soft iron, or armature, coiled with wire, has only to be moved across the neutral line to secure the same result. Every time it crosses the line it changes it polarity, and every time the polarity changes, a spark is produced. The slightest vibration is enough to secure this, and with each vibration two sparks are produced, just as with each revolution in the other method. An enormous volume can be secured with an expenditure of force so diminutive that a caged squirrel might furnish it. With the employment of one of the smallest of the magnetic motors, power may be supplied and electricity generated at no expense beyond the cost of the machine.

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The announcement of the invention of the magnetic motor was naturally received with incredulity, although the recent achievements in mechanical science had prepared the public for almost anything, and it could not be very much astonished at whatever might come next. Some admitted that there might be something in it; others shrugged their shoulders and said, "Wait and see;" while the scientific referred all questioners to the laws of magnetic science; and all believers in book authority responded, "It can't be so, because the law says it can't." A few scientists, however, came forward, curious to see, and examined Mr. Gary's models; and when reports went out of the conversion of two or three of the most eminent among them, interest generally was awakened, and professors from Harvard and from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology called, examined, and were impressed. More promptly than the scientists, capitalists moved; and before science had openly acknowledged the discovery and the principle of the invention, men of money were after Mr. Gary for the right to use the motor for various purposes: one wished to use it for clocks, another for sewing-machines, others for dental engines, and son on. It is as yet too soon to speculate upon what may result from the discovery; but since it produces power in two ways, both directly by magnets and indirectly by the generation of unlimited electricity, it would seem that it really might become available in time for all purposes to which electricity might long ago have been devoted except for the great expense involved. Within one year after the invention of the telephone it was in practical use all over the world, from the United States to Japan. And it is not incredible that in 1880 one may be holding a magnetic motor in his pocket, running the watch which requires no winding up, and, seated in a railway car, be whirling across the continent behind a locomotive impelled by the same agency. Also check out the full Gary document with additions, courtesy of Tim Vaughan - 05/02/97.