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“to impart the sensation of things as they are perceived and not as they are known. The technique of art is to make objects ‘unfamiliar’, to make forms difficult, to increase difficulty and length of perception because the process of perception is an aesthetic end in itself and must be prolonged. Art is a way of experiencing the artfulness of an object: the object is not important…” 2. “Tolstoy makes the familiar seem strange by not naming the familiar object. He describes an object as if he were seeing it for the first time, an event as if it were happening for the first time. In describing something he avoids the accepted names of its parts and instead names corresponding parts of other objects.”
3. “I personally feel that defamiliarization is found almost everywhere form is found…An image is
not permanent referent for those mutable complexities of life which are revealed through it, its purpose is not to make us perceive meaning, but to create a special perception of the object - it creates a vision of the object instead of serving as a means for knowing it…” Letter to my Father 1. “Dearest Father, You asked me recently why I maintain that I am afraid of you. As usual, I was unable to think of any answer to your question, partly for the very reason that I am afraid of you, and partly because an explanation of the grounds for this fear would mean going into far more details than I could even approximately keep in mind while talking.” 2. “For instance, a short time ago, you said to me: ‘I have always been fond of you, even though outwardly I didn’t act toward you as other fathers generally do, and this precisely because I can’t pretend as other people can” Part I: Waking Up 1. “One morning, upon awakening from agitated dreams, Gregor Samsa found himself, in his bed, transformed into a monstruous vermin“ (p.119)
2. “But that would be extremely embarrassing and suspect, for throughout his five years with the
firm he had never been sick even once” (p.122) Part I: Immediate Changes 1. “No matter how forcefully he attempted to wrench himself over on his right side, he kept rocking back into his supine state. He must have tried a hundred times, closing his eyes to avoid having to look at those wriggling legs” (p.120)
2. “’Did you understand a single word of that?’ The office manager asked the parents. ‘He’s not
trying to make fools of us, is he?!’ […] ‘That was an animal’s voice’ said the manager” (p.132)
he could not even stand their smell” (p.135) Part II: Effects on Family 1. ‘Oh God.172) 3. a few raisins and almonds. but no great warmth came of it. “he’s not well. were now being sold off” (p. “since the money that Gregor brought home every month (keeping only a little for himself) had never been fully spent. Why else would Gregor miss a train! I mean. The father clenched his fist. bread and butter. which had promptly exerted a more emphatic attraction on him than any of the other food”(p.” (p. then took two steps toward Gregor and collapsed. dry bread.170) . and salted bread and butter. half-rotten vegetables. The mother. first gaped at the father. she collapsed across the settee and remained motionless” (p. “’Am I less sensitive now?’ he wondered. pressing his hand to his open mouth and slowly shrinking back as if he were being ousted by some unseeable relentless force. believe me.162) Part II: Gregor’s Job 1. “ (p. “The mother […] would be sewing lingerie for a fashion boutique.151) 2. which mother and sister had once blissfully sported at celebrations and festivities. he was glad to hand it over. “There were old. it had accumulated into a small principal” (p.3. then peered unsteadily around the parlor before covering his eyes with his hands and weeping so hard that his powerful chest began to quake ” (p.” (p. clasping her hands.172) 2. “he heard the office manager blurt out a loud “Oh!” and now he also saw him. sir. “it even happened that various items of family jewelry. “the mother. glaring at Gregoe as if trying to shove him back into his room. “even though Gregor was eventually earning so much money that he was able to cover and indeed did cover all the expenditures of the family.147) Part I: First Reactions 1. who. They has simply grown accustomed to this. both the family and Gregor. shrieking voice before actually realizing that this was Gregor.152) Part III: Family’s Decline 1. some cheese that Gregor had declared inedible two days ago. stood there with her hair still undone and bristling.147) 4. “their utter despair and their sense of being struck by a misfortune like no one else among their friends and relatives. who stepped aside. they accepted the money gratefully. oh God!’ With outspread arms as giving up everything.147) 5. the person nearest to the door. despite the office manager’s presence. the sister. and cried out in a harsh. the boy thinks of nothing but his job. “he did not relish the fresh foods. some bones left over from supper and coated with a solidified white sauce. greedily sucking at the cheese. having found a job as a salesgirl” (p. I’m almost annoyed that he never goes out in the evening” (p.128) 2. glimpsed the huge brown splotch on the flowered wallpaper.
and a gigantic bony charwoman […] would come every morning and evening to do the heaviest chores” (p.176) 5.180) Part III: Gregor’s Death 1.169) 2. impelling him to take long.187) . and his final breath came feebly from his nostrils” (p. You simply have to try and get rid of the idea that it is Gregor. […] And yet the sister was playing so beautifully. Father.184) 3. “The family had gotten used to storing things here that could not be put anywhere else. for they had rented out one room of the apartment to three boarders”(p. but he would go on living and honor his memory” (p.179) 2. “his conviction that he would have to disappear was. “Gregor was now eating next to nothing” (p.173) 3. if possible. “Gregor. […] Was he a beast to be so moved by music? He felt as if he were shown the path to the unknown food he was yearning for” (p. We might have no brother then. “My dear parents […] things cannot go like this. had ventured a bit further out. He lingered in this state of blank and peaceful musing until the tower clock struck three in the morning [.. drawn to the playing. was fed up with looking after Gregor as before. I do not believe there is anything we can be reproached for” (p. even firmer that his sister’s.183) 2. and now there were many such items here. hairs. “he was with the dust that shrouded everything in his room […] threads. I will not pronounce my brother’s name in front of this monstrosity. no doubt for good.171 – 172) Part III: Gregor’s Neglect & Decline 1. exhausted from her work at the shop. “Gregor spent his nights and days almost entirely without sleep” (p. he would have realized long ago that human beings can’t possibly live with such an animal and he would have left of his own accord.176) 6. “It has to go […] that’s the only way. “but even his sister. and so all I will say is: We must try to get rid of it.” (p. long minutes to shuffle across his room like an old war invalid” (p.] his head involuntarily sank to the floor.4. We have done everything humanly possible to look after it and put up with it. “Now Gregor’s injury may have cost him some mobility. “the maid was now dismissed after all. You may not realize it. but I do.179) Part III: his sister & the violin 1. Just how can that possibly be Gregor? If that were Gregor. so that his head was already sticking into the parlor” (p. Our real misfortune is that we believed it for such a long time. “it was only out of sheer courtesy that they were allowing themselves to be put upon in their leisure.175) 4. and scraps of leftover food were sticking to his back and his sides” (p.
[…]they hoped to rent a smaller and cheaper apartment.Part III: Life after Gregor’s Death 1. but with a better location and altogether more practical than their current place” (p. upon seeing their daughter becoming more and more vivacious. stretching her young body” (p. “Mr. despite all the sorrows that had left her cheeks pale. realized almost in unison that lately. “Then all three of them left the apartment together. […] they reflected it was high time they found a decent husband for her” (p.192) 2. “And it was like a confirmation of their new dreams and good intentions that at the end of their ride the daughter was the first to get up. and Mrs. she had blossomed into a lovely and shapely girl. […] and took the trolley out to the countryside beyond the town […] they discussed their future prospects and concluded that.192) .192) 3. Samsa. […] their jobs were all exceedingly advantageous and also promising.
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