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ABUTMENT :

Bendung .

1. Input
Dimension

B2

B1
Rb1

+ 80.45

HT
=
13.05 m
B1
=
0.90 m
B2
=
0.40 m
B3
=
0.40 m
B4
=
2.25 m
B5
=
1.80 m
B6
=
4.95 m
BT
=
9.00 m
H1
=
1.45 m
H1 max
=
1.45 m
H2
=
10.00 m
H3
=
0.60 m
H4
=
1.00 m
H5
=
1.00 m
H6
=
0.40 m
H10
=
11.45 m
ho
=
8.60 m
Abutment width BL =
5.00 m
Support from Parapet =
0.45 m
Rh1
=
0.73 m
Rb1
=
0.45 m
Hw1
=
6.60 m
Hw2
=
7.60 m
Slope
=
0.0 slope 1:n
(in case no soil on toe side, input "0")

H1
+ 79.00

Rh1

H5

H10

B3

Slope 1:n

H6
+ 75.00

HT

H2
ho
+ 74.00

Hw2
+ 69.00

Hw1

H3
H4
+

67.40

BT
B4

B5

Unit Weight
Soil
Soil (saturated)
Concrete

B6
Design Load for Parapet
Wheel load of T-Load
T
=
Contact width of T-load
a
=
Effective width of road =
Thickness of pavement =

1.80 t/m3
2.00 t/m3
2.40 t/m3

Reaction of superstructure
Normal
Vn=Rd+Rl
137.96 ton
Seismic
Ve=Rd
71.27 ton
He=
12.83 ton
Type of bearing
Movable
(Input Fixed or Movable)
Surcharge Load
0.70
t/m2

(He=2 kh Rd, for fixed bearing)


(He=kh Rd, for movable bearing)

10.0 ton
0.20 m
3.00 m
0.05 m

With Impact Plate?


Yes
(Input Yes or No)
Width of Corbel Lp=
0.30 m
Thickness of Impact Plate =
0.30 m
Length of Impact plate
3.00 m
Soil depth above plate
0.70 m

Parameters
q:
q' :
g:
w:
f:
d 1:
d 2:
d E1:
d E2:
b:
c:
kh :
Uc:
f:
N-SPT :
Qa :
Qae:

surcharge load (t/m2)


surcharge load (t/m2) (=0)
unit weight of earth (t/m3)
ground surface angle (degree)
internal friction angle (degree)
friction angle between earth and wall (degree) normal
friction angle between earth and earth (degree) normal
friction angle between earth and wall (degree) seismic
friction angle between earth and earth (degree) seismic
wall angle (degree)
cohesion of soil (t/m2)
(do not consider)
Uplift coefficient
Friction Coefficient =Tan f b =
Allowable bearing capacity
Allowable bearing capacity

Concrete Design Strength


Creep strain coefficient (concrete)
Reinforcement concrete
Allowable stress
sca
Concrete
ssa
Re-Bar
ta
Shearing
tma
Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar
ssy
kgf/cm2
Young's modulus (reinforcement bar)
Young's Modulus Ratio
n

normal t/m2
seismic t/m2

sc

kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2

kgf/m2

(concrete)
(stirrup)

1/34

0.70
0.00
1.80
0.00
30.00
20.00 (=2/3f)
0.00
15.00 (=1/2f)
24.20
0.00
0.00
0.18
1.00
0.60
50.00
20.83
( max.
31.25
( max.

20.83
31.25

Normal condition
175
0.0035

Seismic condition
175
0.0035

60
1850
5.5
14

90
2775
8.25
21

3000
2100000
24

3000
2100000
16

t/m2 for soil foundation)


t/m2 for soil foundation)

88346493.xls.ms_office,Input

2. Check
2.1 Stability Analysis

Overturning

Sliding
Settlement
(bearing capacity)

Normal condition
e=
-0.32
BT / 6 =
1.50
(e < BT/6)
OK
Fs =Hu / H=
2.65
Fs >
2.00
OK
Qmax =
13.19
Qmax < Qa
OK
Qa =
20.8

Seismic condition
e=
-0.62
BT / 3 =
3.00
(e < BT/3)
OK
Fs =Hu / H=
1.26
Fs >
1.25
OK
Qmax =
10.56
Qmax < Qa
OK
Qae=
31.3

m
m

t/m2
t/m2

m
m

t/m2
t/m2

2.2 Structural Analysis


(1) Body

Section A-A
Normal

Bar arrangement
Back face
(tensile bar)
(vertical)

f (mm)
spacing (mm)
As (cm2)
f (mm)
Front face
(compressive bar)
(vertical)
spacing (mm)
( As' > 0.5 As, cm2 )
f (mm)
Hoop bar
(horizontal)
interval (mm)
Max interval (mm)
Design dimensions
Effective width (whole width) (cm)
Concrete cover :
d1(cm)
d2(cm)
Effective height (cm) : d-d1(cm)
Design load
Mf (t m)
Nd (t)
S (t)
Checking of minimum reinforcement bar
Required bar (cm2)
Checking of allowable stress
Compressive stress sc
kgf/cm2
Bending stress ss
kgf/cm2
ss'
kgf/cm2
Mean shearing stress tm
kgf/cm2
(2) Footing

25
90
273
25
180
ok
136 >=136.4

500
7.5
7.5
172.5
704.25
321.86
118.55
258
as rectangular beam
33 ok
1676 ok
1.54 ok
Toe side
(Normal / Seismic)

Bar arrangement
Upper
(tensile bar)
(bridge axis)

f (mm)
spacing (mm)
As1 (cm2)
f (mm)
(compressive bar)
(bridge axis)
spacing (mm)
As2' (cm2, >0.5 As2)
f (mm)
(distribution bar)
spacing (mm)
Aso (cm2, > As /3)
f (mm)
Lower
(tensile bar)
(bridge axis)
spacing (mm)
As2 (cm2)
f (mm)
(compressive bar)
(bridge axis)
spacing (mm)
As1' (cm2, >0.5 As1)
f (mm)
(distribution bar)
spacing (mm)
Aso (cm2, >As /3)
Design dimensions
Effective width (unit width) (cm)
Concrete cover :
d1(cm)
d2(cm)
Effective height (cm) : d-d1(cm)
Design load
Mf
Nd
S
Checking of minimum reinforcement bar
Required bar (cm2)
Checking of allowable stress
Compressive stress
Bending stress
Mean shearing stress

Section B-B
Seismic

Normal

25
90
273
25
180
ok
136 >=136.4
16
200
300

25
180
136
25
180
ok
136 >=68.2

500
7.5
7.5
172.5
1210.07
255.17
240.87
356
as column
58
2212
787
3.03

19
150
ok
18.90 >=5.45

ok
ok
ok
ok

500
7.5
7.5
109.7
235.25
152.42
84.04

53
as rectangular beam
22 ok
1050 ok
3.04 ok

84
as column
32
1194
393
1.66

Seismic
25
150
32.72

19
100
ok
28.35 >=4.50

19
100
ok
28.35 >=10.91

25
300
ok
16.36 >=4.50
19
200
ok
14.18 >=5.45

25
300
ok
16.36 >=16.36
19
200
ok
14.18 >=5.45

100
7.5
7.5
92.5
128.15
0.00
56.47

100
7.5
7.5
92.5
75.76
0.00
38.67

11.47

53.18

20.20

2/34

ok
ok
ok
ok

Heel side
Normal

100
7.5
7.5
92.5
27.63
0.00
24.70

12.58 ok
1,187.67 ok
1.74 ok

25
180
136
25
180
ok
136 >=68.2
16
200
300

500
7.5
7.5
109.7
144.44
219.11
42.67

25
150
25
300
ok
16.36 >=8.18
19
300
ok
9.45 >=5.45
25
300
16.36

Seismic

44.33 ok
2,825.55 Check
4.07 ok

30.68 ok
1,643.98 ok
2.75 ok

88346493.xls.ms_office,Input

(3) Parapet

With Impact Plate

Bar arrangement
Back face
(tensile bar)
(vertical)

f (mm)
spacing (mm)
As1 (cm2)
f (mm)
(compressive bar)
(vertical)
spacing (mm)
As1 (cm2, >As3/2)
f (mm)
(distribution bar)
(horizontal)
spacing (mm)
As2 (cm2, >As1/3)
f (mm)
Front face
(tensile bar)
(vertical)
spacing (mm)
As3 (cm2, >As1/2)
f (mm)
(compressive bar)
(vertical)
spacing (mm)
As3 (cm2, >As1/2)
f (mm)
(distribution bar)
(horizontal)
spacing (mm)
As6 (cm2, >As3/3)
Design dimensions
Effective width (unit width) (cm)
Concrete cover of fronf face (cm)
Concrete cover of back face (cm)
Effective height (cm)
Design load
Mf (t m)
Nd (t)
S (t)
Checking of minimum reinforcement bar
Required bar (cm2)
Checking of allowable stress
Compressive stress
Bending stress
Mean shearing stress

Without Impact Plate


Normal

With Impact Plate


Normal
Seismic

12
250

12
250

16
250
8.04
16
250
ok
8.04 >=8.04
12
250
ok
4.52 >=4.50
16
125
16.08

12

12

16
250
ok
8.04 >=5.36
100
7

10

12
250
ok
4.52 >=4.50

16
125
ok
16.08 >=4.50
16
250
ok
8.04 >=5.36
100

33
5.189
0.000
0.000

10
30
1.570
0.000
1.599

10.78

3.14

19.04 ok
1239.88 ok
0 ok

12.92 ok
722.95 ok
0.59 ok

(4) Impact Plate and Corbel


Impact Plate
Upper
Bar arrangement
(main bar)

f (mm)
spacing (mm)
As1 (cm2)
f (mm)
(distribution bar)
spacing (mm)
As2 (cm2, >As1/6)
Design dimensions
Effective width (unit width) (cm)
Concrete cover (cm)
Effective height (cm)
Design load
Mf (t m)
Nd (t)
S (t)
Checking of minimum reinforcement bar
Required bar (cm2)
Checking of allowable stress
Compressive stress
Bending stress
Mean shearing stress

Corbel
Lower

Upper

16
300
ok
6.70 >=4.50
16
300
ok
6.70 >=4.50

19
150
18.90
12
250
ok
4.52 >=4.50

100
5
25

100
5
25
5.818
-

100
7
23
3.146
-

14.73

8.66

48.88 ok
1447.22 ok
-

37.88 ok
1642.35 ok
-

3/34

19
300
9.45
12
250
ok
4.52 >=4.50

Lower
16
300
ok
6.70 >=4.50
12
250
ok
4.52 >=4.50
100
7
23

88346493.xls.ms_office,Input

DIMENSIONS OF ABUTMENT
B2

B1

Abutment Type
Super Structure Type

BM-100
T-Beam

Rb1
H1
Rh1
H5

H6

B3

H10
HT

H2

ho

H3
H4

B4

Super structure Type

B5

BT

T-Beam

HT

B1

B2

B3

B4

B5

B6

13.05

0.90

0.40

0.40

2.25

1.80

4.95

Hw1
6.60

Hw2

Rh1

7.60

Dimensions
BT
H1
9.00
H1 max

Rb1

0.73

B6

H2

H3

H4

1.45
10.00
0.60
1.00
1.45
Width of impact plate (Corbel), Lp=

H5

H6

H10

ho

Abutment
Width BL

1.00

0.40

11.45

8.60

5.00

0.30

Thickness of impact plate Ft=

B2

Area
No.

Bimp

m2

15

Body

10

H1
1

1.45

16

11
17

18
3

H5

19

2
4

12

10.00

20

21

H6

22'

1: 0
B3

22

2.60

H2

13.05

11.45

ho

13

0.00

0.00

10.00
6.00

8.60

6.60

14

0.60

Distance
Y
m

Moment
X
Y
t.m/m
t.m/m

1.392
6.048
0.960
0.192
18.576
9.288
1.620
2.592
3.564
21.600
0.216
0.108
66.156
330.780

3.350
2.700
3.350
3.283
2.700
3.450
1.500
3.150
5.700
4.500
3.700
3.650

12.325
10.900
11.100
10.133
5.900
4.467
1.200
1.300
1.200
0.500
12.600
12.350

4.663
16.330
3.216
0.630
50.155
32.044
2.430
8.165
20.315
97.200
0.799
0.394
236.341
1181.71

17.156
65.923
10.656
1.946
109.598
41.486
1.944
3.370
4.277
10.800
2.722
1.334
271.212
1356.06

12
13
14

1.80
1.80
1.80

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.350
1.350
6.750

1.500
1.125
0.750
1.125
0.750

0.000
1.600
1.400
1.600

1.400

Sub-total
Total

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.675
0.675
3.375

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.013
1.013
5.063

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
1.890
1.890
9.450

10
11

0.090
0.045

0.00
0.00

0.000
0.000

3.700
3.650

12.350
12.350

0.000
0.000

0.000
0.000

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
22'
23
23'
Sub-total
Total

4.633
1.425
1.425
0.045
5.450
2.180
0.080
12.870
1.720
29.700
1.485
61.15
305.74

1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
1.80
2.00
2.00

8.339
2.565
2.565
0.081
9.810
3.924
0.144
23.166
3.096
59.400
2.970
116.06
580.30

6.275
6.425
6.425
3.750
6.275
6.275
3.417
6.525
4.317
6.525
7.350

12.900
12.600
12.300
12.250
11.175
10.400
10.333
8.900
7.333
4.600
1.200

52.324
16.480
16.480
0.304
61.558
24.623
0.492
151.158
151.158
387.585
21.830
883.99
4419.96

107.567
32.319
31.550
0.992
109.627
40.810
1.488
206.177
206.177
273.240
3.564
1013.51
5067.55

Soil

13'
14'

Hw2

1.00

X
m

2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40
2.40

Vertical
Load
t/m

0.580
2.520
0.400
0.080
7.740
3.870
0.675
1.080
1.485
9.000
0.090
0.045
27.565
137.83

23

5'

unit
weight
t/m3

1
2
3
4
5
5'
6
7
8
9
10
11
Sub-total
Total

Toe
0.00
Hw1

LOAD AND MOMENT


B1

H10

0.45
0.30

0.45

WEIGHT OF ABUTMENT

HT

Unit :m
Support
from Parapet

2.00
2.00

7.60
B4

B5

2.25

Unit Weight
Soil
Soil (saturated)
Concrete

Canal Slope
Reaction
Normal
Vn= Rd+Rl=
Seismic
Ve= =Rd=
He=
Surcharge Load : qs=

BT
9.00

1.80

Heel
B6

4.95

1800 kg/m3
2000 kg/m3
2400 kg/m3

Total Surcharge Load (t)


Acting Point (m)

20.475
6.725

0 Slope 1:n
137.96
71.27
12.83
0.70

ton
ton
ton
t/m2

Body
Soil

Hn=0

4/34

Toe
Heel

Xo=SMx/SV
3.572 m
0.75 m
7.617 m

Yo=SMy/SV
4.1 m
1.4 m
8.733 m

88346493.xls.ms_office,Stability

5/34

88346493.xls.ms_office,Stability

EARTH PRESSURE
q

1.45

H10
11.45

HT
13.05

qs

Parameters

qa1

H1

H2

10.00

6.60

7.60

H3

0.60
1.00
qw2

H4

qa2

qu1

qa3

qu2

9.00
BT

qs :
q' :
g:
g sat:
w:
f:
d 1:
d 2:
d E1:
d E2:
b:
c:
kh :

surcharge load (t/m2)


surcharge load (t/m2) (=0)
unit weight of earth (t/m3)
unit weight of earth (t/m3)
ground surface angle (degree)
internal friction angle (degree)
friction angle between earth and wall (degree) normal
friction angle between earth and earth (degree) normal
friction angle between earth and wall (degree) seismic
friction angle between earth and earth (degree) seismic
wall angle (degree)
cohesion of soil (t/m2)
(do not consider)

0.7
0.0
1.8
2
0.0
30.0
20.0 (=2/3f)
0
15 (=1/2f)
24.2
0.0
0.0
0.18

w:

ground surface angle (radian)

0.000

f:
d 1:

internal friction angle (radian)


friction angle between earth and wall (radian) normal

0.524
0.349

d 2:

friction angle between earth and earth (radian) normal

0.000

d E1:
d E2:
b:
a:
d E:
Uc:

friction angle between earth and wall (radian) seismic


friction angle between earth and earth (radian) seismic
wall angle (radian)
tan-1 kh (radian)
internal friction angle seismic condition f/2(radian)
uplift coefficient

0.262
0.422
0.000
0.178
0.262
1.0

Earth Pressure
Normal Condition

Pa :
Ka 1:
Ka 2:
y:
X:
PV :
PH :

Seismic Condition

Description
active earth pressure (t/m2/m)
coefficient of active earth pressure, earth and earth
coefficient of active earth pressure, wall and earth
Vertical acting point
Horizontal acting point = BT
Vertical Pressure = Pa sin d
Horizontal Pressure = Pa cos d

qa1 =
qa2 =
qa3 =
qw2 =
qu1 =
qu2 =

0.333
0.333
0.333
-6.600
-6.60
-7.60

x
x
x
x
x
x

0.70
5.45
7.60
1.00
1.0
1.0

x
x

1.80
2.00

56.061
0.333
0.297
4.406
9.0
0
56.061

=
=
=
=
=
=

0.233
3.270
5.067
-6.600
-6.60
-7.60

No.
Pu1 =
Pu2 =
Total

Description
active earth pressure (t/m2/m)
coefficient of active earth pressure

y:
X:
PV :
PH :

Vertical acting point


Horizontal acting point = BT
Vertical Pressure = Pea sin dE
Horizontal Pressure = Pea cos dE

qa1 =
qa2 =
qa3 =
qw2 =
qu1 =
qu2 =

Normal condition
No.
Pa1 =
Pa2 =
Pa2' =
Pa3 =
Total (Pa)
Pw2 =
Total

Pea :
Kea1 :

0.438
0.438
0.438
-6.600
-6.60
-7.60

x
x
x
x
x
x

0.00
5.45
7.60
1.00
1.0
1.0

x
x

69.725
0.438
0.433
4.284
9.0
28.582
63.598

1.80
2.00

=
=
=
=

0.000
4.301
6.664
-6.600
-6.60
-7.60

Seismic condition
Description
13.050
5.450
x
7.600
7.600
x

0.233
3.270
3.270
5.067

x
x
x
x

0.500

=
=
=
=

-6.600

6.600

0.500

-6.600
-7.600

x
x

Description
9.000
x
9.000
x

0.500
0.500

=
=

0.500

H
3.045
8.911
24.852
19.253
56.061
-21.780
-21.780

Y
6.525
9.417
3.800
2.533
4.406
2.200
2.200

HY
19.869
83.910
94.438
48.775
246.991
-47.916
-47.916

No.
Pa1=
Pa2 =
Pa2' =
Pa3 =
Total
Pw2 =
Total

V
-29.700
-34.200
-63.900

X
VX
3.000 -89.100
6.000 -205.200
4.606 -294.300

No.
Pu1 =
Pu2 =
Total

6/34

Description
13.050
5.450
x
7.600
7.600
x

0.000
4.301
4.301
6.664

x
x
x
x

-6.600

6.600

-6.60
-7.60

x
x

Description
9.000
x
9.000
x

0.500

=
=
=
=

0.500

0.500
0.500

=
=

0.500

H
0.000
11.719
32.685
25.321
69.725
-21.780
-21.780

Y
6.525
9.417
3.800
2.533
4.284
2.200
2.200

HY
0.000
110.356
124.202
64.148
298.705
-47.916
-47.916

V
-29.700
-34.200
-63.900

X
VX
3.000 -89.100
6.000 -205.200
4.606 -294.300

88346493.xls.ms_office,Stability

STABILITY ANALYSIS
Case 1

Normal Condition
1 Moment and Acting Point
Description

V Load
HLoad
V (t)
H (t)

Body
Soil

Toe
Heel
Reaction (bridge)
Earth Pressure
Hydrostatic pressure
Uplift pressure
Surcharge Load
S

Distance (m)
X
Y

Moment (t.m)
Mx
My

330.78

3.57

4.10

1181.55

0.00

6.75

0.75

1.40

5.06

0.00

580.30

7.62

8.73

4420.13

0.00

0.00

2.70

11.60

372.50

0.00

0.00

280.31

9.00

4.41

0.00

1234.95

0.00

(108.90)

137.96

(319.50)

2.20
4.61

20.48

0.00

756.76

171.41

Combined Acting Point


Xo=(SMx-SMy)/SV

0.00

-0.323 m

(239.58)

Bending Moment M =SV x e

(1471.50)

6.73

4.823 m

Eccentric Distance
e=(BT/2-Xo)

137.69

0.00

4645.43

995.37

-244.61 t.m

2 Stability Analysis
2.1 Over Turnng
e<=(BT/6)

e=
BT/6=

-0.323 m
1.500 m

BT/6 is larger than e?

OK

Fs is larger than 2.0 ?

OK

2.2 Sliding
Friction Coefficient =Tan f b =
Shearing registance force at base
Hu=V . Tan f b
Safety Rate against sliding
Fs=Hu/H

0.60
454.06 tf
2.649

2.3 Settlement

Allowale bearing capacity Qa


Reaction from the Foundation

Q max(min) =

20.83 tf/m2

V
H

V
6M

BL BT BL BT 2

Q min
Q max

Maximiun Fondation Reaction Q max


Q max =
13.193 tf/m2

Qmax is smaller than Qa? OK


BT

Minimum Fondation Reaction Q max


Q min =
20.441 tf/m2

Case 2

Seismic Condition
1 Moment and Acting Point
Description

V Load
HLoad
V (t)
H (t)

Body
Soil

330.78

Toe
Heel
Reaction (bridge)
Earth Pressure
Hydrostatic pressure
Uplift pressue
Surcharge Load
S

59.54

71.27
142.91

Moment (t.m)
Mx
My

3.57

4.10

0.75

1.40

5.06

0.00

7.62

8.73

4420.1

912.2

12.83

2.70

12.33

192.43

158.12

317.99

9.00

4.28

1286.2

1362.3

6.75
580.3

Distance (m)
X
Y

104.45

(108.90)
(319.50)

2.20
4.61

0.00

0.00

812.5

385.91

1181.5

Combined Acting Point


Xo=(SMx-SMy)/SV

244.12

Eccentric Distance
e=(BT/2-Xo)

-0.623 m

(47.92)

Bending Moment M =SV x e

(294.30)

9.00

5.123 m

4.41

0.00

0.00

6791

2628.8

-505.98 t.m

2 Stability Analysis
2.1 Over Turnng
e<=(BT/3)

e=
BT/3=

-0.623 m
3.000 m

BT/3 is larger than e?

OK

Fs is larger than 1.25 ?

OK

2.2 Sliding
Friction Coefficient =Tan f b =
Shearing registance force at base
Hu=V . Tan f b
Safety Rate anaginst sliding
Fs=Hu/H

0.6
487.51 tf
1.263

2.3 Settlement
Allowale bearing capacity Qa
Reaction from the Foundation

31.25 tf/m2
e > BT/6 ?
V

in case e<BT/6

Q max(min)

in case e>BT/6

V
6M
=

BL BT BL BT 2

X=3(BT/2-e) =

15.368 m
Q

Maximiun Fondation Reaction Q max


Q max =
10.560 tf/m2

Foundation Reaction Qe
Q=2V/(BL.X)=
21.148 tf/m2

Minimum Fondation Reaction Q max


Q min =
25.552 tf/m2
Qmax is smaller than Qa? OK
Qmax =
Qmin =
X=

Qe is smaller than Qa? OK

BT

10.56 tf/m2
25.55 tf/m2
9.00 m

7/34

88346493.xls.ms_office,Stability

Bearing Capacity of soil


(1) Design Data
fB
B

=
=

30.00
9.00 m

cB
z

gs'
L

0.00 t/m
1.60 m

=
=

1.00 t/m
5.00 m

=
=

(=gsat-gw)

(2) Ultimate Bearing Capacity of soil, (qu)


Calculation of ultimate bearing capacity will be obtained by appliying the following
Terzaghi's formula :
qu

a c Nc + gs' z Nq + b gs' B Ng
Shape factor (Table 2.5 of KP-06)
a

1.21

Shape of footing

0.40

rectangular, B x L
a
1.00
1.30
1.21
(= 1.09 + 0.21 B/L)
(= 1.09 + 0.21 L/B)
1.30

Shape of footing
1 strip
2 square
3 rectangular, B x L
(B < L)
(B > L)
4 circular, diameter = B

b
0.50
0.40
0.40

0.30

Bearing capacity factor (Figure 2.3 of KP-06, by Capper)


Nc

36.0

Nq

Nc
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
37
39 >

a c Nc
gs' z Nq
b gs' B Ng
qu

5.7
7.0
9.0
12.0
17.0
24.0
36.0
57.0
70.0
82.0
=
=
=

23.0

Ng

Nq
0.0
1.4
2.7
4.5
7.5
13.0
23.0
44.0
50.0
50.0

Ng
0.0
0.0
0.2
2.3
4.7
9.5
20.0
41.0
55.0
73.0

20.0

0.000
36.800
72.000

2
108.80 t/m

(3) Allowable Bearing Capacity of soil, (qa)


qa

qu / 3

2
36.27 t/m

(safety factor =

, normal condition)

qae

qu / 2

2
54.40 t/m

(safety factor =

, seismic condition)

8/34

88346493.xls.ms_office,Stability

STRUCTURAL CALCULATION
A

ABUTMENT BODY

Load and Bending Moment of Abutment Body


Klik untuk menghitung
B1

Dimensions
B1
B2
B3
0.90
0.40
0.40
Hw1
Hw2
5.00
6.00
Abutment Width
Bw=
5.00
m
Seismic Coefficient
Support from Parapet

B2

Lp
H1
1.45

0.60

1
10
3

11

H2
10.00

Plat Form of Impact Plate (Lp) =


kh=
0.18
hs=
0.45
m

H5
1.00

H6
0.40

0.30

Seismic
Moment Horizontal Distance
Mx
Load
Y
tf.m/m
t/m
m
0.278
0.251
10.725
2.722
1.089
9.300
0.192
0.173
9.500
0.026
0.035
8.867
8.359
3.344
4.300
-2.786
1.672
2.867
-0.119
0.039
10.700
-0.054
0.019
10.450
8.618
6.620
43.088
33.102

Moment
My
tf.m/m
2.687
10.124
1.642
0.306
14.378
4.793
0.416
0.203
34.549
172.746

Mi=
Mx+My
tf.m/m
2.966
12.846
1.834
0.332
22.737
2.006
0.297
0.149
43.167
215.834

Section B-B
Where Hw1' is considered, this section is same as groundwater level.
Wehre Hw1' is not considered, this section is just half of (H1 + H2).
Distance AB:
6.00
m
B-B section
Normal
Vertical Distance
No.
Load
X
t/m
m
1
1.392
-0.514
2
6.048
0.136
3
0.960
-0.514
4
0.192
-0.447
5
5.616
0.136
5'
1.698
-0.405
10
0.216
-0.864
11
0.108
-0.814
S
16.230
Total
81.149

Seismic
Moment Horizontal Distance
Mx
Load
Y
tf.m/m
t/m
m
-0.715
0.251
4.725
0.823
1.089
3.300
-0.493
0.173
3.500
-0.086
0.035
2.867
0.764
1.011
1.300
-0.687
0.306
0.867
-0.187
0.039
4.700
-0.088
0.019
4.450
-0.669
2.921
-3.347
14.607

Moment
My
tf.m/m
1.184
3.593
0.605
0.099
1.314
0.265
0.183
0.087
7.329
36.643

Mi=
Mx+My
tf.m/m
0.468
4.415
0.111
0.013
2.078
-0.422
-0.004
-0.001
6.659
33.296

B3
B

H2
10.00

B5

(H1+H2)/2

ho
8.60

5.73
Y

or

5.00

5'

Hw1'

6.00
A

unit:m
ho
8.60

A-A section
Normal
Vertical Distance
No.
Load
X
t/m
m
1
1.392
0.200
2
6.048
0.450
3
0.960
0.200
4
0.192
0.133
5
18.576
0.450
5'
9.288
-0.300
10
0.216
-0.550
11
0.108
-0.500
S
36.780
Total
183.900

H6

(0,0)

Load and Bending Moment due to Super Structure


Normal
Vertical Distance
Load
X
t/m
m

No.
Section A-A
Normal
Rd + Rl
Seismic
Rd
Section B-B
Normal
Rd + Rl
Seismic
Rd

H1
1.45

H5

B5
1.80

Moment
Mx
tf.m/m

Seismic
Horizontal Distance
Load
Y
t/m
m

Moment
My
tf.m/m

Mi=
Mx+My
tf.m/m

137.962
71.272

0.45
0.45

62.083
32.072

0.00
12.83

0.00
10.97

0.00
140.69

62.083
172.763

137.962
71.272

0.45
0.45

62.083
32.072

0.00
12.83

0.00
4.97

0.00
63.72

62.083
95.790

Load and Bending Moment due to Earth and Water Pressure


1) Section B-B
a) Normal Condition
q1=
qs*Ka
q2=
(qs+g*H)*Ka
EaH=
(q1+q2)*(1/2)*H*cosd
y=
[H*(2q1+q2)]/[3*(q1+q2)]
S=
EaH*Bw
My=
EaH*Bw*y
where,

qs
Ka2
g
d
H
y
S
Bw

qa1
q1=
q2=
Eah=
y=
S=
My=

Surcharge Load
coefficient of active earth pressure
Unit weight of soil
Unit weight of saturated soil
friction angle between earth and wall
depth11
Acting Point (m)
Shearing Force(tf)
Abutment Width

0.208
3.125
8.534
1.930
42.672
82.362

tf/m
tf/m
tf/m
m
tf
tf.m

0.70
0.297
1.8
2.0
0.3491
5.45

tf/m2

H= 5.45

H1+H2
11.45

qa2

6.00
5.00

tf/m3
tf/m3
radian
m

qw2

qa3

5.00 m

9/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

b) Seismic Condition
qe1=
q'*Kea
qe2=
(q'+g*H)*Kea
EeH=
(qe1+qe2)*(1/2)*H*cosd
y=
[H*(2qe1+qe2)]/[3*(qe1+qe2)]
S=
EeH*Bw
My=
EeH*Bw*y
where,

q'
Kea
g
d
H
y
S
Bw

qe1=
qe2=
EaH=
y=
S=
My=

Surcharge Load (seismic)


coefficient of active earth pressure
Unit weight of soil
friction angle between earth and wall

0.000
4.301
11.320
1.817
56.599
102.822
0
0.438
1.8
0.2618
5.45

Acting Point (m)


Shearing Force(tf)
Abutment Width

tf/m
tf/m
tf/m
m
tf
tf.m/m
tf/m2
tf/m3
radian
m

5.00 m

2) Section A-A
a) Normal Condition
Description
EaH :
active earth pressure (t/m2/m)
= Pa . cos d
Ka2 :
coefficient of active earth pressure
y:
Vertical acting point
S=EaH*Bw
My=S*y
qa1 =
qa2 =
qa3 =
qw2 =

0.297
0.297
0.297
-5.000

No.
Pa1 =
0.208
Pa2 =
2.917
Pa2' =
2.917
Pa3 =
3.568
Total (Pa),per m
Pw2 =
-5.000
Total, per m
Total (per width)

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x
x

0.70
5.45
6.00
1.00

y=
S=
My=

x
x

1.80
2.00

Description
11.450
5.450
x
6.000
6.000
x

0.500

5.000
width =

x
5.00

=
=
=
=

0.500

=
=
=
=

0.500

b) Seismic Condition
Description
Pea :
active earth pressure (t/m2/m)
= Pa . cos d
Kea :
coefficient of active earth pressure
y:
Vertical acting point
S=EaH*Bw
My=S*y
qa1 =
qa2 =
qa3 =
qw2 =

0.438
0.438
0.438
-5.000

No.
Pa1=
0.000
Pa2 =
4.301
Pa2' =
4.301
Pa3 =
5.261
Total
(per m)
Pw2 =
-5.000
Total
(per m)
Total
(per width)

x
x
x
x

x
x
x
x
x

0.00
5.45
6.00
1.00

1.80
2.00

Description
11.450
5.450
x
6.000
6.000
x
5.000

width=

5.00

0.208
2.917
3.568
-5.000
H
2.383
7.948
17.500
10.703
38.534
-12.500
-12.500
-62.500

y=
S=
My=

x
x

=
=
=
=

0.500

=
=
=
=

0.500

0.500

36.210
0.297
3.884
181.051
703.241

Y
5.725
7.817
3.000
2.000
3.884
1.667
1.667

HY
13.643
62.126
52.500
21.407
149.675
-20.833
-20.833
-104.167

51.489
0.438
3.763
257.443
968.728

0.000
4.301
5.261
-5.000
H
0.000
11.719
25.804
15.782
53.305
-12.500
-12.500
-62.500

Y
5.725
7.817
3.000
2.000
3.763
1.667
1.667

HY
0.000
91.605
77.411
31.564
200.580
-20.833
-20.833
-104.167

Summary of Intersectional Force


Description
Section A-A
Abutment Body
Reaction at Abutment
Hydrostatic pressure
Earth Pressure
Total
Section B-B
Abutment Body
Reaction at Abutment
Hydrostatic pressure
Earth Pressure
Total

Normal Condition
Moment
Load
Shearing
M (tfm)
N (tf)
S (tf)

Seismic Condition
Moment
Load
Shearing
M (tfm)
N (tf)
S (tf)

43.09
62.08
-104.17
703.24
704.25

183.90
137.96
0.00
0.00
321.86

0.00
0.00
-62.50
181.05
118.55

172.75
172.76
-104.17
968.73
1,210

183.90
71.27
0.00
0.00
255.17

33.10
12.83
-62.50
257.44
240.87

0.00
62.08
0.00
82.36
144

81.15
137.96
0.00
0.00
219.11

0.00
0.00
0.00
42.67
42.67

36.64
95.79
0.00
102.82
235

81.15
71.27
0.00
0.00
152.42

14.61
12.83
0.00
56.60
84.04

10/34

1.377519

1.248424

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar as Rectangular Beam,


1) Cracking Moment

Normal Condition

Section A-A

Mc= Zc*(s'ck + N/Ac)

=
where, Mc
Zc

Zc=1/6*b*h12
b=100 cm
Tensile strength of Concrete (bending)

428 tf.m/m
kgf.cm

2,700,000 cm3

s'ck = 0.5*sck
s ck=
175
kgf/cm2
Axial force
Area of Concrete = b*h1
thickness of section, B5
2/3

N
Ac
h1
b

42832788 kgf.cm/m

905 tf.m/m
kgf.cm

Cracking Moment
Section Modulus

s'ck

Section B-B

Mc= 90516242 kgf.cm/m

1,144,835 cm3

15.6 kgf/cm2
321,862
18000
180
500

15.6 kgf/cm2

kg
cm2
cm
cm

255,172
11721
117
500

Section A-A
1) Design Bending Moment

Mf=

s sa=
j=
k=
n=
sca=
d=
d1=
h1=

Allowable Stress R-bar


1 - k/3
n / (n + ssa / sca)
Young's modulus ratio
Allowable Stress Concrete
Effective height
= h1-d1
7.5
cm
180
cm

704 tf.m/m

144 tf.m/m

53 cm2

1850 kgf/cm2
0.854
0.438
24
60 kgf/cm2
173 cm

1850 kgf/cm2
0.854
0.438
24
60 kgf/cm2
173 cm

Mu= As*ssy { d - 0.5*[As*ssy]/[0.85*sck*b]}


Mu=
1,297 tf.m

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu=
As=
ssy=
s'ck=
b=

Section B-B

As_req= Mf / (s sa*j*d)
As_req=
258 cm2

2) Required Bar Area

Ultimate Bending Moment


Area of Tensile Bar
Yielding point of Tensile Bar
(Spec >295 N/mm2)
Design Compressive Strength of Concrete
Effective Width

4) Checking : Single or Double Bar Arrangement

3000 kgf/cm2
175 kgf/cm2
500 cm

kg
cm2
cm
cm

273 tf.m

3000 kgf/cm2
175 kgf/cm2
500 cm

M1=
M1=

(d/Cs)2*ssa*b
1,669 tf.m

1,669 tf.m

ssa=
sca=

12.844
0.854
0.438
31
1850 kgf/cm2
60 kgf/cm2

12.844
0.854
0.438
31
1850 kgf/cm2
60 kgf/cm2

M1=
Mf=

1,669 tf.m
704 tf.m

1,669 tf.m
144 tf.m

M1= Resistance moment


Cs=
j=
k=
n=

1/2

{ 2n / ( k*j ) }
1 - k/3
n / (n + ssa / sca)
ssa/sca

Check : M1 > Mf ?

Mf < Ml : Tensile Bar Only

Mf < Ml : Tensile Bar Only

(a) Tensile Bar


Max Bar Area :
2%*b*d
Min Bar Area :
4.5%*b
Estimation of Required Bar Area :

As max =
As min =
As_req=
Apply f :
b/pitch=
As=

Required Bar Nos :


Bar Area :

Resistance Moment by Tensile bar As2

1,725 cm2
23 cm2
53 cm2
25 @ 180
28 nos
136 cm2

ok

ok

As1= Mf / {ssa*j*d}
As1=
258 cm2
As2=
14 cm2
ssa=
d=
d2=

1,725 cm2
23 cm2
258 cm2
25 @ 90
56 nos
273 cm2

1850 kgf/cm2
172.5 cm
7.5 cm

Mrs= ssa*As2*(d-d2)
Mrs=
44 tf.m

d1

83 cm2
53 cm2
1850 kgf/cm2
109.7093 cm
7.5 cm
100 tf.m

As=As1+As2
(b) Compressive Bar ( in case Mf > Ml )

M' =
M'=

d2

d1
As
Required Bar Area :

0 tf.m

As'_req= M' / [ssa*(d - d2)]


As'_req=
0 cm2
M1=
1,669 tf.m
Mf=
704 tf.m

As'
h

Mf - M1

d=
d2=
ssa=
As'_req=
Apply f =

11/34

172.5
0
1850
0

cm
cm
kgf/cm2
cm2

0 tf.m
0 cm2
1,669 tf.m
144 tf.m
172.5
0
1850
0

cm
cm
kgf/cm2
cm2

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

Bar Area :

As' =

12/34

0 cm2

ok

0 cm2

ok

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

5) Checking of Allowable Stress


(a) Tensile Bar Only

ss =

Mf=
S=
Mf/(As*j*d)=

704 tf.m
119 tf
1,676 kgf/cm2

sc =
tm =
p=

2*Mf/(k*j*b*d2)=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=

33 kgf/cm2
2 kgf/cm2
0.003

k=
j=

{(n*p)2+2*n*p}1/2 - n*p=
1-k/3=
b=
d=
n=

ok
ok
ok

0.321
0.893
500 cm
172.5 cm
24

144 tf.m
241 tf
1,050 kgf/cm2
22 kgf/cm2
3 kgf/cm2
0.002

ok
ok
ok

0.240
0.920
500 cm
172.5 cm
24

x=kd
h

d
As
d1

(b) Tensile Bar & Compressive Bar


Mf=
S=

0 tf.m
0 tf

0 tf.m
0 tf

sc =
ss =
ss' =
tm =
p=
p'=

Mf/(b*d2*Lc)=
n*sc*(1-k)/k=
n*sc*(k-d2/d)/k=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=
p'=As'/(b*d)=

0
0
0
0
0.003
0.000

k=
Lc=

{n2(p+p')2+2n(p+p'*d2/d)}1/2-n(p+p')=
0.5 k (1-k/3)+(np'/k) (k-d2/d)(1-d2/d)=

0.321
0.143

0.240
0.110

j=

(1-d2/d)+k2/{2*n*p*(1-k)}*(d2/d-k/3)=
b=
b
d2=
d2
d=
n=
x=kd
As'

0.893
500 cm
0 cm
172.5 cm
24

0.920
500 cm
0 cm
172.5 cm
24

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
ok
ok
ok

0
0
0
0
0.002
0.000

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
ok
ok
ok

d
As
d1

13/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar as Column,


1) Minimum Area as Column
Acmin =
ssa=
sca=
N=
Acdes=

Seismic Condition
Section A-A

Section B-B

2,274
2775
90
255
90,000

1,358
2775
90
152
58,605

N / (0.008*ssa+sca)
Allowable stress of Reinforcement bar
Allowable stress of Concrete
Axial force
b*h

Minimum Reinforcement Bar


(a) As a beam
(b) As a column

4.5% * b
0.8% * Acmin

Maximum Reinforcement Bar


(a) As a beam
(b) As a column

2%*b*d
6% * Ac

cm2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
tf
>

Acmin

ok

cm2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
tf
>

As min=
As min=

23 cm2
18 cm2

23 cm2
11 cm2

As max =
As max =

1,725 cm2
5,400 cm2

1,097 cm2
3,516 cm2

Mf=

1,210 tf.m

235 tf.m

Acmin

ok

2) Required Reinforcement Bar


Design Bending Moment

As_req= {[sc*(s/2)-N/(b*d)]/ssa}*b*d
As_req=
237 cm2
sc= Stress of concrete

sc=

56 cm2

72.09 kg.cm2

50.15 kg.cm2

Eq1= sc3 + [3*ssa/(2*n)-3*Ms/(b*d2)]*sc2 - 6*Ms/(n*b*d2)*ssa*sc - 3*Ms/(n2*b*d2)*ssa2 = 0


ssa=
Ms=
e=
M=
N=
n=
c=
h=
b=
d1=
d=
s=

Allowable stress of Reinforcement Bar


Eccentric Moment, Ms=N(e+c)
Essentric Distance e=M/N
Design Bending Moment
Axial Force
Young's Modulus Ratio
c=h/2 - d1
Height of Section
Width of section
Concrete Cover
Effective Width of section d=h-d1
n*sc/(n*sc+ssa)

2775
1.42E+08
474.22
1,210
255
16
82.5
180
500
8
173
0.294

kg.cm2
kgf.cm
cm
tf.m
tf

2775
31314871
154.34
235
152
16
51.10465
117
500
8
110
0.224

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm

[3*ssa/(2*n)-3*Ms/(b*d2)]=

232

245

6*Ms/(n*b*d2)*ssa=

9,936

5,415

3*Ms/(n2*b*d^2)*ssa2= 861,643
sc (trial)=
72
Eq1 (trial)=
0 ok
cross check
0 ok

sc (trial)=
Eq1 (trial)=
cross check

kg.cm2
kgf.cm
cm
tf.m
tf
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm

469,571
50
0 re-check
0 ok

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu= c*(h/2-0.4X)+Ts'(h/2-d2)+Ts(h/2-d1)
Mu= Ultimate Bending Moment (tf.m)

Mu=

Mu= Min (Mu1,Mu2)

c=
sck=
b=
X=
Ts'=
As'=
As=
Es=
ecu=
h=
d1=
d2=

1,460 tf.m

in case X>0
Mu1= 1.46E+08

0.68*sck*b*X
design strength of Concrete
Width of section
solve the equation Eq2 below
As'*Es*ecu*(X-d2)/X
Compressive Bar, As'=0.5 As
Required Reinforcement Bar (Tensile)
Young's modulus (reinforcement bar)
Creep strain coefficient (concrete)
Height of Section
Concrete Cover (tensile side)
Concrete Cover (compressive side)

672859
175
500
11.309
293344
119
237
2,100,000
0
180
7.5
7.5

284 tf.m
in case X<0
1.86E+08

in case X>0
28402759

-1155.34

366281.8
175
500
6.156
-45127
28
56
2,100,000
0
117
7.5
7.5

kg/cm2
cm
-9.709
1543872

cm
cm
cm

in case X<0
37876729
-503.65
kg/cm2
cm
-4.232
572980

cm
cm
cm

Eq2 = a*X2 + (b-Ts-N)*X-b*d2 = 0


a=
b=
Ts=
ssy=
N=

0.68*sck*b
50
59500
As'*Es*ecu
871013
As*ssy
711031
Yielding point of Tensile Bar
(Spec >295 N/mm2)
3000 kgf/cm2
Axial Force
255172 kgf
put a,b,c as follows :
a=
a =
59500
b= b-Ts-N =
-95190
c= - b*d2 = -6532600
then,

59500
206698
168733
3000 kgf/cm2
152421 kgf
59500
-114456
-1550237

X=

(-b + (b2-4ac)0.2 ) / (2*a)=

11.309

6.156

X=

(-b - (b2-4ac)0.2 ) / (2*a)=

-9.709

-4.232

14/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

4) Bar Arrangement
d

d2

d1

Max Bar Area :


Min Bar Area :

As max =
As min =

(a) Tensile Bar


Required Bar Area
Apply f =
Column width
Bar Area

As req=
b=
As =

(b) Compressive Bar


Required Bar Area
Apply f =
Column width
Bar Area

As' req=

(c ) Hoop Bar
Minimum Diameter
Apply
Bar Interval shall satisfy the following conditions:

1,097 cm2
23 cm2

237 cm2
25 @ 90
500 cm2
273 cm2

ok

56 cm2
25 @ 180
500 cm2
136 cm2

ok

ok

28 cm2
25 @ 180
500 cm2
136 cm2

ok

b=
As' =

119 cm2
25 @ 180
500 cm2
136 cm2

f' min =
f' =

12 mm
16 mm

d =
t < 12*f =
t < 48*f '=
t=

then

1,725 cm2
23 cm2

1725
300
768
200

mm
mm
mm
mm

12 mm
16 mm

ok

1097.093
300
768
200

mm
mm
mm
mm

ok

5) Checking of Allowable Stress, Seismic Condition


(a) Tensile Bar Only
Mf=
S=
Mf/(As*j*d)=

ss =
sc =
tm =
p=
k=
j=
b

2*Mf/(k*j*b*d2)=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=
{(n*p)^2+2*n*p}^0.5 - n*p=
1-k/3=
b=
d=
n=
x=kd

1,210 tf.m
241 tf
2,828 kgf/cm2
66
3
0.00316
0.27149
0.90950
500
172.5
16

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

check
ok
ok

cm
cm

235 tf.m
84 tf
1,713 kgf/cm2
35
2
0.00249
0.24505
0.91832
500
109.7093
16

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
ok
ok

cm
cm

As
d1
(b) Tensile Bar & Compressive Bar
Mf=
S=
Mf/(b*d *Lc)=
n*sc*(1-k)/k=
n*sc*(k-d2/d)/k=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=
p'=As'/(b*d)=

60
2,793
790
3
0.003
0.002

k=
Lc=

{n2(p+p')2+2n(p+p'*d2/d)}1/2-n(p+p')=
0.5 k (1-k/3)+(np'/k) (k-d2/d)(1-d2/d)=

0.254
0.137

j=

1,210 tf.m
241 tf

sc =
ss =
ss' =
tm =
p=
p'=

(1-d2/d)+k /{2*n*p*(1-k)}*(d2/d-k/3)=
b=
b
d2=
d2
d=
n=
x=kd
As'

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

0.921
500 cm
7.5 cm
172.5 cm
16

235 tf.m
84 tf
ok
check
ok
ok

30
1,697
337
2
0.002
0.002

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
ok
ok
ok

0.223
0.129
0.927
500 cm
7.5 cm
109.7093 cm
16

d
As
d1

15/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

Check for Stress of Concrete and Reinforcement bar as Column


Section A-A
Height of section
Effective width
Concrete cover

h
b
d1
d2
As
As'
Mf
N
S
n
c
e
a1
b1
c1
x

Reinforcement bar
Morment
Axcis force
Shearing force
Young's modulus ratio

Neutral line

cm
cm
cm
cm
cm2
cm2
kgf/cm
kgf
kgf

a2
b2
b3
b4
b5
b6
sc
ss
ss'
tc

Stressing

Normal
180
500
7.5
7.5
273
0
7.04.E+07
321,862
118,551
24
83
219
386
23665
-4082130
72
0
ok
18005
66
7497
65
7497
100
29.04
972.30
624.33
1.49

Section B-B
Seismic
180
500
7.5
7.5
273
136
1.21.E+08
255,172
240,874
16
83
474
1153
39405
-5105274
51
0
ok
12697
73
7088
43
7088
122
57.70
2212.39
786.83
3.03

ok
ok
ok
ok

ok
ok
ok
ok

Normal
117
500
7.5
7.5
136
0
1.44.E+07
219,111
42,672
24
51
66
22
4596
-504172
56
0
ok
14036
40
2979
49
2979
54
16.71
382.67
347.50
0.84

Seismic
117
500
7.5
7.5
136
136
2.35.E+07
152,421
84,035
16
51
154
287
8081
-610343
33
0
ok
8208
48
3396
25
3396
77
31.87
1193.79
393.38
1.66

ok
ok
ok
ok

ok
ok
ok
ok

SUMMARY OF DESIGN CALCULATION


Section A-A
Description

Abbr.

unit

Normal Condition
Rectangular Beam

Calculation Condition
Principle Dimensions
Concrete Design Strength
Effective width of section
Height of Section
Concrete Cover (tensile)
Concrete Cover (compressive)
Effective height of Section
Allowable Stress

Concrete
Re-Bar
Shearing
Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar

Reinforcement Bar
Tensile Bar

sc
b
h
d1
d2
d
sca
ssa
ta
ssy

kgf/m2
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/cm2

Required
Designed

As_req.
As

cm2
cm2

Compressive Bar

Required
Designed

As'_req.
As'

cm2
cm2

Hoop Bar

Designed

Aso

Design Load
Design Bending Moment
Design Axis Force
Shearing Force

Mf
Nd
S

175
500
180
7.5
7.5
172.5
60
1850
5.5
3000

Section B-B
Seismic Condition
Column

175
500
180
7.5
7.5
172.5
90
2775
8.25
3000

258
273
D25@90
0
0

Normal Condition
Rectangular Beam

175
500
117
7.5
7.5
109.7093
60
1850
5.5
3000

237
273
D25@90
119
136
D25@180

Seismic Condition
Column

175
500
117
7.5
7.5
109.7093
90
2775
8.25
3000

53
136
D25@180
0
0

D16@200

56
136
D25@180
28
136
D25@180
D16@200

tf.m
tf
tf

704
322
119

1,210
255
241

144
219
43

235
152
84

tf.m
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

1,297
1,725
23
258
273

1,460
1,725
23
356
409

273
1,725
23
53
136

284
1,097
23
84
273

n
d
sc
ss
ss'
tm

cm
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

24
172.5
33 ok
1,676 ok
2 ok

sc
ss
ss'
tm

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Checking of Minimum Re-Bar


Ultimate Bending Moment
Max Re-bar
Min Re-bar
Required Bar
Area of Re-bar for Design

Mu
As max
As min
As req.
As_tot=As+As'

Checking of Allowable Stress


Rectangular Beam
Young's Modulus Ratio
Effective height
Compressive Stress
Bending Tensile Stress
Mean Shearing Stress
Column
Compressive Stress
Bending Stress
Shearing Stress

16/34

29
972
624
1

ok
ok
ok
ok

16
172.5

58
2,212
787
3

24
109.7093
22 ok
1,050 ok
3 ok
ok
ok
ok
ok

17
383
347
1

ok
ok
ok
ok

16
109.7093

32
1,194
393
2

ok
ok
ok
ok

88346493.xls.ms_office, Body

FOOTING

Load and Bending Moment of Footing


1) Computation Conditions
Normal Condition

l1

Toe Side

M
(0,0)
Ra'

Ra=Qmax

Q min

Q max

B4
BT
Heel Side
l2
M

Seismic Condition
(0,0)

Ra=Qmin

Ra'

X
B6

BT

2) Footing
B5

B4

H3

F3

BT

Area

unit
weight
tf/m3
2.4
2.4

No.
6
F1
sub-total
Distance l1

m2
0.675
2.250

l1 (X)

Heel Side
Area

unit
weight
tf/m3
2.400
2.400

No.
8
F3
sub-total
Distance l2

m2
1.485
4.950

l2 (X)

BT
9.00

H3
0.60

H4
1.00

Unit Weight of Material


Soil
Concrete
Surcharge Load q
q'= q seismic

Toe Side

B6
4.95

unit:m
HT
13.05
HT-H3-H4
11.45

F2

F1

H4

Dimensions
B4
B5
2.25
1.80
Abutment Width
Bw=
5.00

B6

1800
2400
700
0

normal condition
Vertical Distance
Load
X
tf/m
m
1.620
0.750
5.400
1.125
7.020
1.038 m

Moment
Mx
tf.m/m
1.215
6.075
7.290

seismic condition
Horizontal Distance
Moment
Load
Y
My
tf/m
m
tf.m/m
0.292
1.200
0.350
0.972
0.500
0.486
1.264
0.836
l1 (Y)
0.662 m

normal condition
Vertical Distance
Load N
X
tf/m
m
3.564
1.650
11.880
2.475
15.444
2.285 m

Moment
Mx
tf.m/m
5.881
29.403
35.284

seismic condition
Horizontal Distance
Moment
Load
Y
My
tf/m
m
tf.m/m
0.642
1.300
0.834
2.138
0.500
1.069
2.780
1.903
l2 (Y)
0.685 m

kgf/m3
kgf/m3
kgf/m3
kgf/m3

1.80
2.40
0.70
0

tf/m3
tf/m3
tf/m3
tf/m3

Seismic Coefficient
Kh=
0.18

3) Earth Pressure, Heel Side Only


Dead Load (soil)
Distance l3 =Xo-(B4+B5)
Bending Moment Md

Normal Condition
W1=
116.060 tf/m
l3 =
2.379 m
Md=
276.157 tf.m/m

Seismic Condition
We1=
116.060 tf/m
l3 =
2.379 m
Mde=
276.157 tf.m/m

Surcharge Load W2=q*B6


Distance l4 =B6/2
Bending Moment Ms

W2=
l4 =
Ms=

We2=
l4 =
Mse=

Vertical Earth Pressure Pv=


Pv=sin d*{ (1/2)*Ka*g*HT^2 + q*Ka*HT}
Coefficient of active earth pressure
Angle between earth and wall
Distance l5 =B6*(2/3)
Bending Moment Me

Pv=

12.813 tf/m

Pve=

13.237 tf/m

Ka=
d=
l5 =
Me=

0.297
0.3491 radian
3.300
42.284 tf.m/m

Kea=
d e=
l5 =
Mee=

0.433
0.2618 radian
3.300 m
43.683 tf.m/m

3.465 tf/m
2.475 m
8.576 tf.m/m

17/34

0.000 tf/m
2.475 m
0.000 tf.m/m

88346493.xls.ms_office, Footing

4) Reaction from Foundation


Reaction from the Foundation
Normal
Q max
13.193
Qmin
20.441
Seismic
Qmax
10.560
Qmin
25.552
X
9.000

tf/m2
tf/m2
tf/m2
m

Reaction from Foundation, Toe Side


Normal Condition
Rat=
Q max
Ra't=
Q max-(B4/BT)*(Q max - Qmin)
Seismic Condition
Reat=
Q
Rea't=
Q*(X-B4)/X
Reaction from Foundation, Heel Side
Normal Condition
Rah=
Q min
Ra'h=
Q max-[(B4+B5)/BT]*(Q max - Qmin)
Seismic Condition
Reah'=
Q*(X-B4-B5)/X
Reah=
Qmin
Reah'=
Q*(X-B4-B5)/X
Reah=
0
Reah'=
Q*(X-B4-B5)/X
Reah=
Qmin

Rat=
Ra't=

13.193 tf/m2
15.005 tf/m2

Cantilever length =B4=

2.250 m

Reat=
Reat'=

10.560 tf/m2
7.920 tf/m2

Cantilever length =B4=

2.250 m

Rah=
Ra'h=

20.441 tf/m2
16.455 tf/m2

Cantilever length =B6=

4.950 m

Rea'h=
Reah=
Rea'h=
Reah=
Rea'h=
Reah=

17.306
25.552
5.808
0.000
17.306
25.552

Cantilever length =X-B4-B5=

4.950 m

Cantilever length =X-B4-B5=

11.318 m

Cantilever length =X-B4-B5=

4.950 m

tf/m2
tf/m2
tf/m2
tf/m2
tf/m2
tf/m2

5) Intersectional Force due Reaction


Axial Force = 0 tf/m

Description

Footing
Dead Load, Earth
Surcharge Load
Earth Pressure
Reaction form Foundation
Total - per m
Total -5 m

Toe Section
Normal Condition
Moment Shearing
M
S
(tf.m/m)
(tf/m)
-7.290
-7.020

34.924
27.634
138.169

31.723
24.703
123.514

Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar :

Heel Section
Normal Condition
Moment
Shearing
M
S
(tf.m/m)
(tf/m)
35.284
15.444
276.157
116.060
8.576
3.465
42.284
12.813
-234.147
-91.316
128.153
56.465
640.765
282.327

Seismic Condition
Moment
Shearing
Me
Se
(tf.m/m)
(tf/m)
-7.290
-7.020

24.502
17.212
86.060

20.790
13.770
68.848

per m
Seismic Condition
Moment Shearing
Me
Se
(tf.m/m)
(tf/m)
35.284
15.444
276.157
116.060
0.000
0.000
43.683
13.237
-279.368 -106.073
75.755
38.667
378.775
193.336

Toe Section

1) Design Bending Moment ( Mf )


Normal Condition
Seismic Condition

M=
Me=

27.634 tf.m/m
17.212 tf.m/m

Max. Design Bending Moment

Mf=

27.63 tf.m/m

2) Required Bar Area


As=
s sa=
j=
k=
n=
sca=

Mf / (s sa*j*d)
Allowable Stress R-bar
1 - k/3
n / (n + ssa / sca)
Young's modulus ratio
Allowable Stress Concrete

11.47 cm2
1850 kgf/cm2
0.854
0.438
24
60 kgf/cm2

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu=As*s sy{d-(1/2)*[As*s sy]/[0.85*s ck*b]}
where, Mu
As
s sy
d

s'ck
b

Mu=

Ultimate Bending Moment


Area of Tensile Bar
Yielding point of Tensile Bar
Effective height = h1-cover
cover d1=
7.5
cm
h1=
160
cm
Design Compressive Strength of Concrete
Effective Width

5.21E+06 kgf.cm
52.07
tf.m

3000 kgf/cm2
152.5 cm

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

175 kgf/cm2
100 cm

4) Checking of Single or Double bar arrangement


M1=
M1=
=

(d/Cs)2*ssa*b
2.61E+07 kgf.cm/m
260.82 tf.m/m

M1= Resistance moment


Cs= { 2n / ( k*j ) }1/2
k= n / (n + ssa / sca)
n= Young's modulus ratio
ssa=
sca=
n=
Check M1 > Mf?
M1= 260.818 tf.m
Mf=
27.634 tf.m

12.844
0.438
30.833
1850 kgf/cm2
60 kgf/cm2
24

Compressive
Tensile

M1 > Mf : Design Tensile Bar Only

18/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Footing

(a) Tensile Bar


Max Bar Area :
Min Bar Area :
Required Bar Area
Apply f =
Required Bar Nos
Bar Area

2%*b*d =
305.00
4.5%*b =
4.50
As req=
11.47
25 @ 300
Nos=b/pitch = 3.333333
As =
16.36

cm2
cm2
cm2

d1
nos
cm2

ok

(b) Compressive Bar, in case M1<Mf


M' =
Mf - M1
M'=
0.00 tf.m
As' = M' / [ssa*(d - d2)]
As'=
0.00 cm2
d=
152.5 cm
d2=
0.00 cm
ssa=
1850 kgf/cm2

Required Bar Area

Apply f =
Bar Area

As' =

d
d1

0.00 cm2

d2

ok

5) Checking of Allowable Stress


(a) Tensile Bar Only

ss =

Mf=
S=
Mf/(As*j*d)=

27.63 tf.m/m
24.70 tf/m
1,187.67 kgf/cm2

sc =
tm =
p=

2*Mf/(k*j*b*d2)=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=

12.58 kgf/cm2
1.74 kgf/cm2
0.00

k=
j=

{(n*p)2+2*n*p}1/2 - n*p=
1-k/3=

b
ok
x=kd

ok
ok

0.20
0.93

b=

100

cm

d=
n=

152.5
24

cm

d
As
d1

(b) Tensile Bar & Compressive Bar


Mf=
S=

27.63 tf.m
24.70 tf

sc =
ss =
ss' =
tm =
p=
p'=

Mf/(b*d *Lc)=
n*sc*(1-k)/k=
n*sc*(k-d2/d)/k=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=
p'=As'/(b*d)=

12.58
1,187.67
301.84
1.74
0.00
0.00

b=

100

cm

k=
Lc=

{n2(p+p')2+2n(p+p'*d2/d)}1/2-n(p+p')=
0.5 k (1-k/3)+(np'/k) (k-d2/d)(1-d2/d)=

0.20
0.09

d=
d2=

152.5
0.00

cm
cm

j=

(1-d2/d)+k2/{2*n*p*(1-k)}*(d2/d-k/3)=

0.93

n=

24

Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar :

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
ok
ok
ok

d2

As'
h

Heel Section

1) Design Bending Moment


Normal Condition
Seismic Condition

As

d1

( Normal Condition )
Me>0

M=
Me=
Mf=

128.153 tf.m/m
75.755 tf.m/m
128.15 tf.m/m

x=kd

Tensile

Me<0

Compressive

Compressivee

Tensile

2) Required Bar Area


As=
s sa=
j=
k=
n=
sca=

Mf / (s sa*j*d)
Allowable Stress R-bar
1 - k/3
n / (n + ssa / sca)
Young's modulus ratio
Allowable Stress Concrete

53.18 cm2
1850 kgf/cm2
0.854
0.438
24
60 kgf/cm2

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu=As*s sy{d-(1/2)*[As*s sy]/[0.85*s ck*b]}
where, Mu
As
s sy
d

s'ck
b

Ultimate Bending Moment


Area of Tensile Bar
Yielding point of Tensile Bar
Effective height = h1-cover
cover d1=
7.5
cm
h1=
160
cm
Design Compressive Strength of Concrete
Effective Width

Mu=
=

23475776 kgf.cm
234.76 tf.m

3000 kgf/cm2
152.5 cm

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

175 kgf/cm2
100 cm

4) Checking of Single or Double bar arrangement


M1=

(d/Cs)2*ssa*b
M1= Resistance moment
Cs= { 2n / ( k*j ) }1/2
k= n / (n + ssa / sca)
n= Young's modulus ratio

M1= 33507898.8 kgf.cm/m


=
335.08 tf.m/m
Mf=
128.153 tf.m
M1>Mf : Design Tensile Bar Only
11.33
0.438
24

(a) Tensile Bar

19/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Footing

Max Bar Area :


Min Bar Area :
Required Bar Area
Apply f =
Required Bar Nos
Bar Area

2%*b*d =
320.00
4.5%*b =
4.50
As req=
53.18 cm2
25 @ 150
Nos=b/pitch = 6.666667
As =
32.72 cm2

cm2
cm2

M'=
As'=
d=
d2=
As' req=

tf.m
cm2
cm
cm
cm2

d1
nos
Pitch shall be same as that of toe
check or arrange compressive bar

(b) Compressive Bar, in case M1<Mf


M' = Mf - M1
As' = M'/[ssa*(d - d2)]

Required Bar Area


Apply f =
Bar Area

0.00
0.00
152.5
0.00
0.00

As' =

d2

d1

0.00 cm2

ok

5) Checking of Allowable Stress


(a) Tensile Bar Only

ss =

Mf=
S=
Mf/(As*j*d)=

128.15 tf.m/m
56.47 tf/m
2,825.55 kgf/cm2

sc =
tm =
p=

2*Mf/(k*j*b*d2)=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=

44.33 kgf/cm2
4.07 kgf/cm2
0.00

k=
j=

{(n*p)2+2*n*p}1/2 - n*p=
1-k/3=

b
check

check

ok
ok

ok
ok
cm

0.27
0.91

b=

100

d=
n=

152.5
24

x=kd
h

d
As

cm

d1

(b) Tensile Bar & Compressive Bar


Mf=
S=

128.15 tf.m
56.47 tf

sc =
ss =
ss' =
tm =
p=
p'=

Mf/(b*d2*Lc)=
n*sc*(1-k)/k=
n*sc*(k-d2/d)/k=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=
p'=As'/(b*d)=

44.33
2,825.55
1,063.96
4.07
0.00
0.00

k=
Lc=

{n2(p+p')2+2n(p+p'*d2/d)}1/2-n(p+p')=
0.5 k (1-k/3)+(np'/k) (k-d2/d)(1-d2/d)=

0.27
0.12

b=
d=

100
152.5

cm
cm

j=

(1-d2/d)+k2/{2*n*p*(1-k)}*(d2/d-k/3)=

0.91

d2=
n=

0.00
24

cm

Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar :

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
check
ok
ok

b
d2
As'
h

Heel Section

1) Design Bending Moment


Normal Condition
Seismic Condition

As
d1

( Seismic Condition )
Me>0

M=
Me=
Mf=

128.153 tf.m/m
75.755 tf.m/m
75.76 tf.m/m

x=kd

Tensile

Me<0

Compressive

Compressivee

Tensile

2) Required Bar Area


As=
s sa=
j=
k=
n=
sca=

Mf / (s sa*j*d)
Allowable Stress R-bar
1 - k/3
n / (n + ssa / sca)
Young's modulus ratio
Allowable Stress Concrete

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


where, Mu
As
s sy
d

s'ck
b

20.20 cm2
2775 kgf/cm2
0.886
0.438
16
90 kgf/cm2
Mu=
=

Ultimate Bending Moment


Area of Tensile Bar
Yielding point of Tensile Bar
Effective height = h1-cover
cover d1=
7.5
cm
h1=
160
cm
Design Compressive Strength of Concrete
Effective Width

9.12E+06 kgf.cm
91.19 tf.m

3000 kgf/cm2
152.5 cm

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

175 kgf/cm2
100 cm

4) Checking of Single or Double bar arrangement


M1=

(d/Cs)2*ssa*b
M1= Resistance moment
Cs= { 2n / ( k*j ) }1/2
k= n / (n + ssa / sca)
n= Young's modulus ratio

M1=
=
Mf=

6.11E+07 kgf.cm/m
610.54 tf.m/m
75.755 tf.m

M1>Mf : Design Tensile Bar Only

10.281
0.342
16

20/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Footing

(a) Tensile Bar


Max Bar Area :
Min Bar Area :
Required Bar Area
Apply f =
Required Bar Nos
Bar Area

2%*b*d =
0.00
4.5%*b =
4.10
As req=
20.20 cm2
25 @ 150
Nos=b/pitch = 6.666667
As =
32.72 cm2

cm2
cm2

M'=
As'=
d=
d2=
As' req=

tf.m
cm2
cm
cm
cm2

(b) Compressive Bar, in case M1<Mf


M' = Mf - M1
As' = M'/[ssa*(d - d2)]

Required Bar Area


Apply f =
Bar Area

0.00
0.00
152.5
0.00
0.00

As' =

d
d1

nos
check or arrange compressive bar

d2

d1

0.00 cm2

ok

5) Checking of Allowable Stress


(a) Tensile Bar Only

ss =

Mf=
S=
Mf/(As*j*d)=

75.76 tf.m/m
38.67 tf/m
1,643.98 kgf/cm2

sc =
tm =
p=

2*Mf/(k*j*b*d2)=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=

30.68 kgf/cm2
2.75 kgf/cm2
0.00

k=
j=

{(n*p)2+2*n*p}1/2 - n*p=
1-k/3=

b
ok
x=kd

ok
ok

0.23
0.92

h
b=

100

cm

d=
n=

152.5
16

cm

d
As

d1

(b) Tensile Bar & Compressive Bar


Mf=
S=

75.76 tf.m
38.67 tf

sc =
ss =
ss' =
tm =
p=
p'=

Mf/(b*d *Lc)=
n*sc*(1-k)/k=
n*sc*(k-d2/d)/k=
S/(b*j*d)=
As/(b*d)=
p'=As'/(b*d)=

30.68
1,643.98
490.93
2.75
0.00
0.00

k=
Lc=

{n2(p+p')2+2n(p+p'*d2/d)}1/2-n(p+p')=
0.5 k (1-k/3)+(np'/k) (k-d2/d)(1-d2/d)=

0.23
0.11

b=
d=

100
152.5

cm
cm

0.92

d2=
n=

0.00
16

cm

j=

(1-d2/d)+k /{2*n*p*(1-k)}*(d2/d-k/3)=

kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

ok
ok
ok
ok

b
d2
As'
h

x=kd

d
As
d1

SUMMARY OF DESIGN CALCULATION, FOOTING


Description
Calculation Condition

Abbr.

Principle Dimensions
Concrete Design Strength
Effective width of section
Height of Section, H4
Concrete Cover (tensile)
Concrete Cover (compressive)
Effective height of Section
Allowable Stress

sc
b
h
d1
d2
d
sca
ssa
ta
tma
ssy

kgf/m2
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/cm2

Required
Designed

As req.
As

cm2
cm2

Required
Designed

As' req.
As'

cm2
cm2

Mf
Nd
S
Mu
Ml
As max
As min
As req.
As

tf.m/m
tf/m
tf/m
tf.m
tf.m
cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

n
d-d1
sc
ss
ss'
tm

cm
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Concrete
Re-Bar
Shearing

Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar


Reinforcement Bar
Tensile Bar

Compressive Bar

Design Load
Design Bending Moment
Design Axis Force
Shearing Force
Ultimate Bending Moment
Resistance moment
(single bar)
Max Re-bar
Min Re-bar
Required Bar
Area of Re-bar for Design
Checking of Allowable Stress
Young's Modulus Ratio
Effective height
Compressive Stress
Bending Tensile Stress
Mean Shearing Stress

unit

Toe Side
Normal
175
100
100
7.5
0
92.5
60
1850
5.5
14
3000
11.47
16.36
D25@300
0.00
0.00
27.63
0.00
24.70
52.07
260.82
305.00
4.50
11.47
16.36
24
92.5
12.58 ok
1,187.67 ok
1.74 ok

21/34

Heel Side
Normal

Seismic

175
100
100
7.5
0
92.5
60
1850
5.5
14
3000

175
100
100
7.5
0
92.5
90
2775
8.25
21
3000

53.18
32.72
D25@150
0.00
0.00
128.15
0.00
56.47
234.76
335.08
320.00
4.50
53.18
32.72
24
92.5
44.33 ok
2,825.55 check
4.07 ok

20.20
32.72
25 @ 150
0.00
0.00
91.19
0.00
38.67
91.19
610.54
2.75
4.50
20.20
32.72
16
92.5
30.68 ok
1,643.98 ok
2.75 ok

88346493.xls.ms_office, Footing

PARAPET WALL

Sectional Force without Impact Plate


(1) Rear Face Reinforcement Bar
T-Load

Mo=
So=

Mp + Me
Sp + Ph

where,
Mo
So
Mp
Me
Sp
Ph

Bending Moment at Parapet (tfm/m)


Shearing Force at Platform (tf/m)
Bending Moment due T-Load (tfm/m)
Bending Moment due Earth Pressure (tfm/m)
Shearing Force dueT-Load (tf/m)
Earth Pressure (tf/m)

Earth Pressure

H1

gKaH1

1) Sectional Force due to T-Load


Mp=
Ka T/1.375*{-H1+(H1+a)*ln[(a+H1)/a]
Sp=
Ka T/1.375*ln[(a+H1)/a]
where, Ka
T
a
H1

Coefficient of active earth pressure


Wheel load of T-Load
contact width of T-load
Height of Parapet

2) Sectional Force due to Earth Pressure


0.5 g *Kah*H1^2
Ph=
Me=
(1/3)*Ph*H1
where, Kah
d
g
H1

4.393 tfm
4.563 tf
0.297
10.000 tf
0.200 m
1.450 m

Ph=
Me=

0.554 tf
0.268 tfm

Ka*cos d
friction angle between the parapet wall and soil = (1/3)f
Unit Weight of Soil
Height of Parapet

3) Summary of Sectional Force


Mo=
Mp + Me
So=
Sp + Ph

0.293
0.175 (radian)
1.800 tf/m3
1.450 m

4.661 tfm
5.117 tf

2. Sectional Force with Impact Plate


(1) Front Face Reinforcement Bar (compute under normal condition)
Lo

Lo-Bu

Lx

w1
Ds

w2

Ft

B1
Rf=
Rp=
R=
Lx=
Mf=

B2

(1/2)*Wd*Lo
T/1.375
Rf + Rp
(1/2)*B2+Bu
R*Lx

where, Rf
Wd
w1
w2
Lo
Rp
R
Lx
Bu
Mf

Bu

L=0.7 Lo
Rf=
Rp=
R=
Lx=
Mf=

3.105
7.273
10.378
0.500
5.189

Reaction due self weight Wd


w1 + w2
weight of soil on impact plate
self-weight of impact plate
Length of Impact Plate
Reaction due to T-Load
Total Reaction
Distance from center of parapet to reaction point
width of corbel
Bending Moment at Parapet

22/34

tf/m
tf/m
tf/m
m
tfm/m

tf
tf/m2
tf/m2
tf/m2
m
tf
tf
m
0.30 m
tfm/m
2.07
1.35
0.72
3.00

B2=
Bu=

Thickness of impact plate


Soil depth above plate
Thickness of pavement
Effective width of road

0.40
0.30

m
m

(=Lp)

Ft=
Ds=
Dp=
B=

0.30
0.70
0.05
3.00

m
m
m
m

88346493.xls.ms_office, Parapet

(2) Rear Face Reinforcement Bar (compute under seismic condition)


Lo

Ds
Ft

H1

H1

RH
Yr

he

B1

Bu

B2

g Kah he

1) Sectional Force due to Impact Plate


Rh=
Mr =

2*Rf*Kh
Rh*Yr

where, Kh
Yr

1.118 tf/m
1.285 tfm/m
seismic coefficient
= H1-Lp =

Lp=

0.300 m

(= Bu)

0.18
1.150 m

2) Sectional Force due to Earth Pressure


H1 > Ds ?

H1=
H1-Ds=

1.450 m
0.750 m

Peh 1=
Me 1=
Peh 2=
Me 2=

(1/2)*g*Kah*Lp^2
Peh*[(Lp)*(1/3)+(H1-Lp)]
(1/2)*g*Kah*he^2
(1/3)*Peh*he

0.024
0.030
0.148
0.037

then

Peh
Me

0.172 tf/m
0.067 tfm/m

=Peh 1+ Peh2
=Me 1+Me2

tf/m
tfm/m
tf/m
tfm/m

3) Intersectional Force of Parapet due to Earth Pressure

B1

B2
Section

Lp
H1

Lp

10
11

Area
(m2)

Seismic Distance Moment


Weight
Gh (tf)
y(m)
Mg (tfm)
0.580
2.4
1.392
0.18
0.251
0.725
0.182
0.090
2.4
0.216
0.18
0.039
0.600
0.023
0.045
2.4
0.108
0.18
0.019
0.650
0.013
0.309
0.218
Note:
if H1 < Dc, areas 10 & 11 would be counted as "0"

1
10
11
S

Lp

B5

Unit
Weight

Weight
(tf)

Kh

4) Summary of Intersectional Force


Mo=
So=

Mr+Me+Mg
Rh+Reh+Gh

1.570 tfm/m
1.599 tf/m

3. Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar


1) Cracking Moment
Mc=

Zc*(s'ck + N/Ac)

where, Mc
Zc
s'ck

N
Ac
b
B2

Mc=

Cracking Moment
Sectional Coefficient
Zc=b*B2^2/6
b=100 cm
Tensile strength of Concrete (bending)
s'ck = 0.5*sck^(2/3)
s ck=
175 kgf/cm2
Axis force (=0)
Area of Concrete = b*B2
Effective Width
Thickness of parapet

417155 kgf.cm

4.172 tf.m

kgf.cm
26667 cm3
15.64 kgf/cm2
0
4000 cm2
100 cm
40 cm

2) Checking of Cracking Moment and Design Bending Moment


Design Bending Moment Mf
Check Mf & Mc

5.189 tf.m
1.7*Mf>Mc?, if yes check ultimate bending moment
1.7*Mf =
8.821 tf.m
Mc=
4.172 tf.m
1.7*Mf>Mc?

23/34

Yes, check ultimate bending moment

88346493.xls.ms_office, Parapet

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu=As*s sy{d-(1/2)*[As*s sy]/[0.85*s ck*b]}
where, Mu
As
s sy
d

s'ck
b

Check Mu & Mc

Mu=

Ultimate Bending Moment


Area of Tensile Bar
Yielding point of Tensile Bar
Effective height = B2-cover
cover d1=
7 cm
B2 =
40 cm
Design Compressive Strength of Concrete
Effective Width
As=Mf/(s sa*j*d)
s sa=
Allowable Stress Rbar
j= 1 -k/3 (=8/9 )
or k = n/{n+s sa/s ca)
n= Young's modulus ratio
s ca
Allowable Stress Concrete
Mu =
Mc =

9.552 tf.m
4.172 tf.m

Mu>Mc?

955213 kgf.cm
tf.m
cm2
3000 kgf/cm2
33 cm

175
100
9.951
1850
0.854

9.552 tf.m

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

kgf/cm2
cm
cm2
kgf/cm2

24
60 kgf/cm2
ok

4) Bar Arrangement
(a) Front Face, with Impact Plate
Max Bar Area As max =
0.02*b*d =
66.0 cm2
Min Bar Area As min =
b*4.5%=
4.5 cm2
Required Bar Area
As req=
10.780 cm2
Apply f =
16
@
125 mm
Bar Area
As =
16.085 cm2
ok

Concrete Cover d1=


Then d=

7 cm
33 cm

Concrete Cover d1=


Then d=

10 cm
30 cm

(b) Rear Face, without Impact Plate


Max Bar Area As max =
0.02*b*d =
60.0 cm2
Min Bar Area As min =
b*4.5%=
4.5 cm2
Required Bar Area
As req=
cm2
Apply f =
12
@
250 mm
Bar Area
As =
cm2

spacing of body, tensile f

25

180

180

(c) Rear Face, with Impact Plate


Max Bar Area As max =
0.02*b*d =
60.0 cm2
Min Bar Area As min =
b*4.5%=
4.5 cm2
Required Bar Area
As req=
3.143 cm2
Apply f =
16
@
250 mm
Bar Area
As =
8.042 cm2
ok

Concrete Cover d1=


Then d=

10 cm
30 cm

spacing of body, tensile f

25

5) Checking of Allowable Stress


(a) Front Face, with Impact Plate
Mf (front)
S
ss =
Mf/(As*j*d)
sc =
2*Mf/(k*j*b*d^2)
p=As/(b*d)
k={(n*p)^2+2*n*p}^0.5 - n*p
j= 1-k/3

5.189
0.000
1239.88
19.04

tf.m
tf
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Concrete Cover d1=


Then d=
check ss < ssa ?
check sc < sca ?

7 cm
33 cm

4.661 tf.m
5.117 tf
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Concrete Cover d1=


Then d=
check ss < ssa ?
check sc < sca ?
check tm < ta ?

10 cm
30 cm

Concrete Cover d1=


Then d=
check ss < ssa ?
check sc < sca ?
check tm < ta ?

10 cm
30 cm

ok
ok

0.0230
0.6347
0.7884

(b) Rear Face, without Impact Plate


Mf (rear)
So
ss =
sc =
tm =

Mf/(As*j*d)
2*Mf/(k*j*b*d^2)
S/(b*j*d)
p=As/(b*d)
k={(n*p)^2+2*n*p}^0.5 - n*p
j= 1-k/3

(c) Rear Face, with Impact Plate


Mf (rear)
So
ss =
sc =
tm =

Mf/(As*j*d)
2*Mf/(k*j*b*d^2)
S/(b*j*d)

1.570
1.599
722.95
12.92
0.59

p=As/(b*d)
k={(n*p)^2+2*n*p}^0.5 - n*p
j= 1-k/3

0.0027
0.3001
0.9000

tf.m
tf
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

24/34

ok
ok
ok

88346493.xls.ms_office, Parapet

4. Summary of Design Calculation


Description

Abbr.

unit

Provision on Impact Plate


Calculation Condition
Principle Dimensions
Concrete Design Strength
Effective width of section
Height of Parapet
concrete cover (tensile)
concrete cover (compressive)
Effective width of Parapet
Allowable Stress

Concrete
Re-Bar
Shearing
Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar

Reinforcement Bar
Tensile Bar
Tensile Bar

Required
Designed

Design Load
Design Bending Moment
Design Axis Force
Shearing Force
Checking of Minimum Re-Bar
Cracking Moment
1.7*Mf
1.7*Mf < Mc ? If no, check Mu
Ultimate Bending Moment
Mu > Mc ?
Max Re-bar
Min Re-bar
Required Bar
Area of Re-bar for Design
Checking of Allowable Stress
Young's Modulus Ratio
Effective height
Compressive Stress
Bending Tensile Stress
Mean Shearing Stress

Front Face
Yes
Normal

Back Face
No
Normal

Yes
Seismic

sc
b
B2
d1
d2
d
sca
ssa
ta
ssy

kgf/m2
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/cm2

As req.
As

cm2
cm2

10.78
16.08
D16@125

Mf
Nd
S

tf.m
tf
tf

5.189
0.000
0.000

4.661
0.000
5.117

1.570
0.000
1.599

Mc

tf.m

4.172
7.924

4.172
2.669
ok

Mu

tf.m

As max
As min
As req.
As

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

4.172
8.821
check Mu
9.552
ok
66.0
4.5
10.780
16.085

60.0
4.5

60.0
4.5
3.143
8.042

n
d
sc
ss
tm

cm
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

24
33
19.04
1239.88
0

24
30

16
30
12.92
722.95
0.59

175
100
40
7
0
33
60
1850
5.5
3000

25/34

175
100
40
10
0
30
60
1850
5.5
3000

175
100
40
10
0
30
90
2775
8.25
3000

Remarks

(K175)

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

3.14
8.04
D16@250

88346493.xls.ms_office, Parapet

ABUTMENT :

Bendung .
0.90

0.40

D16@200

D25@180
+

80.45

79.00

D16@200
D16@200
1.45
1.00

D16@200

0.40
D16@200

0.40
D16@200

10.00

D25@180

11.45

D25@180

13.05

D16@200

D16@200
8.60
5.00

D25@180
D25@90

D25@150
D19@100

D19@100

D25@150
+

69.00

67.40

0.60
2.50
1.00

D25@300

D19@150

9.00
2.25

1.80

4.95

D25@300

IMPACT PLATE AND CORBEL

Design Parameters
Active load
Impact plate
Effective width of road
Unit weight of plate
Unit weight of soil
Soil depth above plate
Thickness of pavement

T-Load
3.00
0.30
3.00
2.40
1.80
0.05
0.05

Length L=
Thickness h1=
B=
gc =
gs =
Ds=
Dp=

m
m
m
tf/m3
tf/m3
m
m

Span length
Width of corbel
Height of corbel

Ls = 0.7*L=
Lp=
h2=

Cover of R-bar
Impact plate
Corbel

d1=
d3=

2.10 m
0.30 m
0.30 m

5 cm
7 cm

Computation of Intersectional Force, Corbel


1) Dead Load
Impact plate
Soil above plate
Total dead load Wd=

0.72 tf/m2
0.09 tf/m2
0.81 tf/m2

2) Intersectional Force due Dead Load


Md= (1/8)*Wd*Ls^2

0.446513 tf.m

3) Intersectional Force due Live Load


wL=2*T*(1+ i)/{2.75*(a+2*d)}
ML={(1/4)*wL*Ls*(a+2*d)-(1/8)*wL*(a+2*d)^2}*a
where,

ML
T:
a
i:
Dp:
a:

bending moment due live load


wheel load of T-load
contact width of T-load
impact coefficient
i=20/(50+L)=
0.377
thickness of pavement
coefficient

wL =
ML=

33.39051 tf/m2
5.371698 tf.m

10.00 tf
0.20 m

0.05 m
1.10

4) Total Intersectional Force


M=Md+ML

5.818211 tf.m

3 Corbel
1) Intersectional Force due Impact Plate
M1=R*bu
where,

M1=
R
bu

total reaction form corbel


width of corbel =Lp

2) Intersectional Force due Corbel


M2=(1/6)*(2w1+w2)*gc*bu^2
where,

3.113 tf.m

w1
w2
gc =
bu

0.15
0.60
2.40
0.30

3) Total Intersectional Force


M=M1+M2

10.378 tf.m/m
0.300 m

M2=

0.032 tf.m

m
m
tf/m3
m

3.146 tf.m

3 Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar for Impact Plate


1) Cracking Moment
Mc=

Zc*(s'ck + N/Ac)

where, Mc
Zc

s'ck

N
Ac
h1

cracking moment
section modulus
Zc=b*h1^2/6
b=
100 cm
tensile strength of concrete (bending)
s'ck = 0.5*sck^(2/3)
s ck=
175 kgf/cm2
axial force
area of concrete = b*h1
thickness of section, impact plate

Mc=

234650 kgf.cm

2.346 tf.m

kgf.cm
15000 cm3

15.643 kgf/cm2
0.000 tf
3000 cm2
30 cm

27/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Imp-Plate

2) Checking of Cracking Moment and Design Bending Moment


Design bending moment Mf

5.818 tf.m

Check Mf & Mc

1.7*Mf>Mc?, if yes check ultimate bending moment


1.7*Mf =
9.891 tf.m
Mc=
2.346 tf.m
1.7*Mf>Mc?

Yes, check ultimate bending moment

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu=As*s sy{d-(1/2)*[As*s sy]/[0.85*s ck*b]}
where, Mu
As
s sy
d

Mu=

1039032 kgf.cm

ultimate bending moment


area of tensile bar
yielding point of tensile bar
effective height = h1-cover
cover d1=
5 cm
h1=
30 cm
design compressive strength of concrete
effective width

s'ck
b

tf.m
cm2
3000 kgf/cm2
25 cm

Mu =
Mc =

10.390 tf.m
2.346 tf.m

10.390 tf.m

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

175 kgf/cm2
100 cm

As=Mf/(s sa*j*d)
s sa=
allowable stress of reinforcement bar
j= 1 -k/3 (=8/9 )
or k = n/{n+s sa/s ca)
n= Young's modulus ratio
s ca
allowable stress of concrete
Check Mu & Mc

14.729 cm2
1850 kgf/cm2
0.854
24
60 kgf/cm2

Mu>Mc?

ok

4) Bar Arrangement
Checking of single or double bar arrangement
M1= (d/Cs)^2*ssa*b >Mf?
where, M1
Cs
s
m
ssa
sca
n

M1=

resistance moment
={2m/[s*(1-s/3)]}^(1/2)
(n*sca)/(n*sca+ssa)
ssa/sca

Check M1 > Mf?

M1=
Mf=

700936 kgf.cm

7.009 tf.m

12.844
0.438
30.833
1850 kgf/cm2
60 kgf/cm2
24

7.009 tf.m
5.818 tf.m

M1>Mf: Design Tensile Bar Only

(a) Tensile Bar


Max bar area As max =
0.02*b*d =
50.0 cm2
Min bar area As min =
b*4.5%=
4.5 cm2
Required bar area
As req=
14.729 cm2
Apply f =
19
@
150 mm
Bar area
As =
18.902 cm2
ok

d
d1

(b) Compressive Bar, in case M1<Mf


M' = Mf - M1=ssa*As'*(d - d2)
As' = M'/[ssa*(d - d2)]
d=
d2=
ssa=

25 cm
0 cm
1850 kgf/cm2

Required bar area


Apply f =
16
Bar area

As' req=
@
As' =

As'=

0.000 cm2

M1=
7.009 tf.m
Mf= 5.818211 tf.m

0.000 cm2
300 mm
6.702 cm2

d2

d1

ok

28/34

88346493.xls.ms_office, Imp-Plate

5) Checking of Allowable Stress


(a) Tensile Bar Only
Mf
S
ss =
sc =

5.818211
0
1447.22
48.88

Mf/(As*j*d)
2*Mf/(k*j*b*d^2)
p=As/(b*d)
k={(n*p)^2+2*n*p}^0.5 - n*p
j= 1-k/3

tf.m
tf
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

check ss < ssa ?


check sc < sca ?

0.0076
0.4477
0.8508

b=
d=
n=

100 cm
25 cm
24

ok
ok

x=kd
h

(b) Tensile Bar & Compressive Bar

As
d1

Mf
S
sc =
ss =
ss' =

Mf/(b*d^2*Lc)
n*sc*(1-k)/k
n*sc*(k-d2/d)/k

5.818211
0.000
38.88
1371.70
933.07

tf.m
tf
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

check sc < sca ?


check ss < ssa ?
check ss' < ssa ?

ok
ok
ok
b

p=As/(bd)
p'=As'/(bd)
k={n^2(p+p')^2+2n(p+p'*d2/d)}^05-n(p+p')
Lc=(1/2)k(1-k/3)+(np'/k)(k-d2/d)(1-d2/d)
b=
100 cm
d=
25 cm
d2=
0 cm
n=
24

0.0076
0.0027
0.4048
0.2394

d2
As'
h

x=kd

As
d1

4 Calculation of Required Reinforcement Bar for Corbel


1) Cracking Moment
Mc=

Zc*(s'ck + N/Ac)

where, Mc
Zc

s'ck

N
Ac
h2

Mc=

cracking moment
section modulus
Zc=b*h2^2/6
b=
100 cm
tensile strength of concrete (bending)
s'ck = 0.5*sck^(2/3)
s ck=
175 kgf/cm2
axial force
area of concrete = b*h1
thickness of section, impact plate

234650 kgf.cm

2.346 tf.m

kgf.cm
15000 cm3

15.643 kgf/cm2
0 tf
3000 cm2
30 cm

2) Checking of Cracking Moment and Design Bending Moment


Design bending moment Mf
Check Mf & Mc

3.146 tf.m
1.7*Mf>Mc?, if yes check ultimate bending moment
1.7*Mf =
5.348 tf.m
Mc=
2.346 tf.m
1.7*Mf>Mc?

Yes, check ultimate bending moment

3) Ultimate Bending Moment


Mu=As*s sy{d-(1/2)*[As*s sy]/[0.85*s ck*b]}
where, Mu
As
s sy
d

s'ck
b

Check Mu & Mc

Mu=

574637 kgf.cm

ultimate bending moment


area of tensile bar
yielding point of tensile bar
effective height = h1-cover
cover d1=
7 cm
h2=
30 cm
design compressive strength of concrete
effective width

tf.m
cm2
3000 kgf/cm2
23 cm

As=Mf/(s sa*j*d)
s sa=
allowable stress of reinforcement bar
j= 1 -k/3 (=8/9 )
or k = n/{n+s sa/s ca)
n= Young's modulus ratio = 12
s ca
allowable stress of concrete

8.657 cm2
1850 kgf/cm2
0.854

Mu =
Mc =

5.746 tf.m
2.346 tf.m

5.746 tf.m

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

175 kgf/cm2
100 cm

Mu>Mc?

29/34

24
60 kgf/cm2

ok

88346493.xls.ms_office, Imp-Plate

4) Bar Arrangement
Checking of single or double bar arrangement
M1= (d/Cs)^2*ssa*b >Mf?
where, M1
Cs
s
m
ssa
sca
n

M1=

resistance moment
={2m/[s*(1-s/3)]}^(1/2)
(n*sca)/(n*sca+ssa)
ssa/sca

Check M1 > Mf?

M1=
Mf=

593272 kgf.cm

5.933 tf.m

12.844
0.438
30.833
1850 kgf/cm2
60 kgf/cm2
24

5.933 tf.m
3.146 tf.m

M1>Mf: Design Tensile Bar Only

(a) Tensile Bar


Max bar area As max =
0.02*b*d =
46.0 cm2
Min bar area As min =
b*4.5%=
4.5 cm2
Required bar area
As req=
8.657 cm2
Apply f =
19
@
300 mm
Bar area
As =
9.451 cm2
ok
5) Checking of Allowable Stress
Mf
So
ss =
Mf/(As*j*d)
sc =
2*Mf/(k*j*b*d^2)

3.146
0.000
1642.35
37.88

p=As/(b*d)
k={(n*p)^2+2*n*p}^0.5 - n*p
j= 1-k/3

d1

tf.m
tf
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

check ss < ssa ?


check sc < sca ?

ok
ok

0.0041
0.3563
0.8812

SUMMARY OF DESIGN CALCULATION


Description

Abbr.

Principle Dimensions
Concrete Design Strength
Effective width of section
Height of Section
concrete cover (tensile)
concrete cover (compressive)
Effective height of Section
Allowable Stress

Compressive Bar

Corbel

kgf/m2
cm
cm
cm
cm
cm
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/m2
kgf/cm2

Required
Designed

As req.
As

cm2
cm2

14.73
18.90 D19@150

Required
Designed

As' req.
As'

cm2
cm2

0.00
6.70 D16@300

Mf
Nd
S

tf.m
tf
tf

5.818
-

3.146
-

Mc

tf.m

5.746
5.348
ok

Mu

tf.m

As max
As min
As req.
As

cm2
cm2
cm2
cm2

2.346
9.891
check Mu
10.390
ok
50.00
4.50
14.73
18.90

n
d
sc
ss
ss'
tm

cm
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2
kgf/cm2

Design Load
Design Bending Moment
Design Axis Force
Shearing Force
Checking of Minimum Re-Bar
Cracking Moment
1.7*Mf
1.7*Mf<Mc? If "no" check Mu
Ultimate Bending Moment
Mu>1.7*Mf?
Max Re-bar
Min Re-bar
Required Bar
Area of Re-bar for Design
Checking of Allowable Stress
Young's Modulus Ratio
Effective height
Compressive Stress
Bending Tensile Stress
Mean Shearing Stress

Impact Plate

sc
b
h
d1
d2
d
sca
ssa
ta
ssy

Concrete
Re-Bar
Shearing
Yielding Point of Reinforcement Bar

Reinforcement Bar
Tensile Bar

unit

175
100
30
5
25
60
1850
5.5
3000

24
25
48.88 ok
1,447.22 ok
-

30/34

175
100
30
7
23
60
1850
5.5
3000

Remarks

(K175)

(Spec >295 N/mm2)

8.66
9.45 D19@300

46.00
4.50
8.66
9.45
24
23
37.88 ok
1,642.35 ok
-

88346493.xls.ms_office, Imp-Plate

Remarks
1

Input Data
"Input":

Figure in red are input data.

There are two try and error calculation except input data such as dimension and condition.
To calculate them, click on the macro button at their right sides after inputting data.
Button Calculate sc
Button Calculate x

(1) Sheet name "Body", G391 to K392


(2) Sheet name "Body", H530 to N531.
3

Allowable stress for "Body"


If allowable stress is "Check" for body, see Sheet "Body", calculation of stress

Minimum reinforcement bar


Step 1

Calculation of Md', find 1.7Md

Step 2

Comparison between Md' and Mc


if Md' > Mc go to step 3

Step 3

Calculation of Mu

Step 4

Comparison between Mu and Mc


Mu > Mc

OK

Wing Wall
Wing Wall are not considered.

Revised
4-Nov-02

Bering capacity calculation was added.


Safety factor was revised as follows.
Normal condition
1.5 to 2.0
Seismic condition
1.2 to 1.25

9-Nov-02

Sheet " Footing"


Cell "H548" & "L548" is changed.
Figure "Mu" is not referred correctly. Therefore revised.

15-Nov-02

Sheet "Body"
Cell "I123" and "I150"
Water pressure calculated per m, there revised as per width.

29-Nov-02

All sheets
Some of inputting cells and calculation result cells have been rearranged.
Safety factors against sliding have been set at the same figures as retaining wall.
revised figure
previous figure
normal condition
1.50
2.00
seismic condition
1.20
1.25
Reinforcement bar arrangements for additional bars and distribution bars have been added.

3-Dec-02

Modification of drawings

31/34

88346493.xls.ms_office,Read me

4-Dec-02

Modification of additional bar arrangement

12-Dec-02

Minor change: sheets "Stability", "Body" and "Footing"

28-Dec-02

Minor correction: sheet "Body" (calculation results are same as revision 7)

20-Jan-03

Sheet "Parapet"
Cells "K65", "L65" and "M65" were added.
Cells "C63" and "H66" were corrected.
Cells "D71", "D72", "H71", "I70", "I71" and "I72" were corrected.
Figure 600 on Cell "C86" was deleted.
Cells "K127" and "D150" were corrected.
Cells "C151", "D151", "H151" and "I151" were inserted.
Cell "L287" was corrected.
Sheet "Input"
Cell "L40"was modified.
Calculation formulae in Cells "J226", "J227" and "J228" were deleted.
Calculation formulae in Cells "L230", "L231" and "L232" were corrected.

2-Feb-03

10

Sheet "Input"
Input Cell "E41"was modified to calculation cell.
Input Cell "E42" was added.
Cells "B42", "E43", "G41" and "G42" were added.
Sheet "Stability"
Calculation formula in Cell "J267" was changed.
Sheet "Body"
Calculation formula in Cell "H66" was corrected.
Sheet "Footing"
Calculation formula in Cells "K120", "L120", "M120" and "N120" were corrected.

26-Feb-03

11

Sheet "Input"
Cell "G128" was corrected.

32/34

Top side

------>>

Toe side

88346493.xls.ms_office,Read me

33/34

88346493.xls.ms_office,Read me

Calculation formula in Cells "K120", "L120", "M120" and "N120" were corrected.

34/34

88346493.xls.ms_office,Read me