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[CIRCUIT IDEAS

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MUDIT AGARWAL

220V Bulb Flasher
This circuit will flash the lights one after the other. The drivers for the relay are Bd139 transistor. Relay used here is of 12v 7A rating. This circuit uses IC 555. The IC 555 has two basic operational modes: one shot and astable. In astable mode threshold inputs pins 6 and trigger input pin 2 are connected together and to the external capacitor. The capacitor charges toward the supply voltage through the two resistors, R1 and R2. The discharge pin 7 connected to the internal transistor. When power is first applied to the circuit, the capacitor will
12 V

SAKSHAM

switch low. Internal transistor also conducts. The effect of Internal transistor conducting causes variable resistor 470K to be connected across the external capacitor. Variable resistor 470K is effectively connected to ground through internal transistor. The result of that is that the capacitor now begins to discharge through 470K. IC 555 starts generating clock pulses to the 4017 counter. 4017 start generating logic high on pin 3 to pin 1 one by one and again the same sequence . The 4017 is a

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12V Relay 12V Relay 12V Relay 12V Relay 12V Relay 12V Relay 12V Relay
1N4007 1N4007 1N4007 1N4007 1N4007 1N4007 1N4007 1N4007

R1 4.7K 16 4 7 R2 470K 8 3 2 4 7 10 1 5 6

4.7 K 4.7 K 4.7 K 4.7 K 4.7 K 4.7 K 4.7 K 4.7 K

555
6 2 1

3

14

4017

5 15 10 8 0.1 uf

100 nf

13

be uncharged, therefore, both the trigger and threshold inputs will be near zero volts. The lower comparator sets the control flipflop causing the output to switch high. That also turns off internal transistor. That allows the capacitor to begin charging through R1 and R2. As soon as the charge on the capacitor reaches 2/3 of the supply voltage, the upper comparator will trigger causing the internal flip-flop to reset. That causes the output to

5-stage divide-by-10 Johnson counter with 10 decoded outputs and a carry out bit. These counters are cleared to their zero count by a logical “1” on their reset line. These counters are advanced on the positive edge of the clock signal when the clock enable signal is in the logical “0” state. 4017 medium speed operation and assures a hazard free counting sequence. The 10/8 decoded outputs are normally in the logical “0”

Bd139

12V Relay

Bd139

Bd139

Bd139

Bd139

Bd139

Bd139

Bd139

Each decoded output remains high for 1 full clock cycle.[CIRCUIT IDEAS] state and go to the logical “1” state only at their respective time slot. . 4017 IC flashes bulb connected via 12V relay one by one and repeat the operation until power is available. The carry-out signal completes a full cycle for every 10/8 clock input cycles and is used as a ripple carry signal to any succeeding stages.