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MASSAGE THERAPY PREPARATORY EXAM 1. The largest organ in the body is the: a. heart b. lungs c. small intestines d.

skin 2. The cerebellums function is: a. memory retention b. muscle tone c. temperature control d. balance & posture 3. The direction of nerve strokes should be: a. centripetal b. centrifugal c. deep d. superficial 4. The fee for renewing your registration is: a. $12.00 b. $24.00 c. $36.00 d. $48.00 e. $40.00 5. Pre-massage consultations are important to: a. obtain data regarding the clients current health b. determining the most effective treatment plan c. both a & b d. neither a nor b 6. What is the benefit of facial massage? a. increased circulation b. increased tone c. maintaining normal gland function d. all of the above 7. A body in the supine position is: a. palm up b. face up c. palm down d. face down

8. Which of the following movements is used to spread oil? a. petrissage b. effleurage c. tapotement d. friction 9. Which of the following bones connect with the maxilla? a. mandible b. zygomatic c. temporal d. occipital 10. What type of joint is the radioulnar joint? a. hinge b. gliding c. pivot d. saddle 11. Which of these elements compose 96% of our bodies? a. oxygen, nitrogen, iron, calcium b. oxygen, carbon, sodium, nitrogen c. oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen d. oxygen, hydrogen, phosphorus, calcium 12. If you have an elderly client who needs help dressing, you can remain in the room and help. a. true b. false 13. If your temporary registration expires, you may apply to Austin for another one. a. true b. false 14. The primary function of the lymph node is: a. diffusion b. filtration c. respiration d. absorption 15. The only bone in the body that does not articulate with any other is: a. the pisiform b. the cuboid c. the hyoid d. the trapezium

16. Hydrotherapy is the science of using water as a restorative agent. a. true b. false 17. The coronal pane divides the body lengthwise into two equal halves. a. true b. false 18. Which of these types of tissues are considered connective tissues? a. areola b. adipose c. blood d. all of the above 19. R.I.C.E. stands for recovery, immersion, compression and elevation? a. true b. false 20. Deep stroking develops muscle and stimulates the venous and lymphatic flow. a. true b. false 21. Why is it particularly important to practice rules of sanitation? a. safeguard clients health b. safeguard your health c. all of the above d. none of the above 22. If you are massaging the lateral side of the proximal end of the femur you are working the a. greater trochanter b. lateral malleous c. trochlea d. patella 23. What condition makes the skin too tender to move? a. hypoesthesia b. hypodermic c. hyperesthesia d. hyperdermic

24. You may give a massage if your client is having an arthritic flare up. a. true b. false 25. the biceps brachii inserts into the a. phalanges b. radius c. humerus d. femur 26. The distal end of the tibia forms a joint at which of the following bones? a. talus & cuboid b. talus & fibula c. calcaneus d. talus & carpal 27. You must renew your registration on the anniversary of taking this exam. a. true b. false 28. To advertise massage services you need not be a registered massage therapist or registered massage establishment. a. true b. false 29. Using a work area, equipment, or clothing that is unclean or unsanitary is considered unprofessional conduct. a. true b. false 30. What is the most widely used system of massage in the U.S.? a. Swedish b. Shiatsu c. Amma d. Polarity 31. Parallel fiber is classified as a. Tapotement b. effleurage c. petrissage d. friction

32. Who is credited with the development of the terms, effleurage, petrissage, and tapotement used in modern massage? a. Ambroise Pare b. Johan Mezgar c. Per Henrik Ling d. Marcus Aurelius 33. How often should a massage therapist wash their hands? a. before each treatment b. after each treatment c. both a & b d. once a day 34. Which of the following is a function of the vagus nerve? a. facial expression b. visceral movement c. eye movement d. smell 35. What action is the forearm performing while turning a doorknob? a. circumduction b. flexion/extension c. pronation/supination d. rotation 36. The body is made up of 20 25% water. a. true b. false 37. It is important to have a code of ethics for your business in order to protect the public & your reputation. a. true b. false 38. The soleus is deep to the gastrocnemius. a. true b. false 39. Which of the following nerves control vision? a. olfactory b. optic c. oculomotor d. vagus

40. If your client has a headache, you would apply a a. hot foot bath b. cold foot bath c. dry compress to forehead d. hot compress to forehead 41. What type of stroke is the kneading massage movement? a. friction b. petrissage c. Tapotement d. vibration 42. Massage is defined as the systemic manipulation of the soft tissues of the body. a. true b. false 43. Cephalic is to lateral as superior is to inferior. a. true b. false 44. The palm of the hand is equivalent to the plantar surface of the foot. a. true b. false 45. You would massage the intestine proximally to distally. a. true b. false 46. Sterilization is the procedure of making an object germ free. a. true b. false 47. Which region of the vertebral column contains the most vertebra? a. thoracic b. cervical c. sacral d. lumbar 48. The skin is the primary organ of elimination. a. true b. false 49. The state of Texas allows Breast Massage with written consent. a. true b. false

50. Which of the following are reasons for draping your client? a. modesty b. warmth c. comfort d. all of the above 51. Inflammation of a vein accompanied by pain and swelling is called a. phlebitis b. embolism c. thrombus d. none of the above 52. Passive joint movements are when the client does all the work and the therapist does not help at all. a. true b. false 53. Which of the following is dense fibrous connective tissue? a. tendons b. fingernails c. bones d. all of the above 54. You control the effects of treatment with water by a. regulating temperature b. regulating duration c. all of the above d. none of the above 55. Practicing in an unregistered massage establishment is cause for your registration to be revoked. a. true b. false 56. The purpose of pouring oil in your hand first is to warm it. a. true b. false 57. Wringing is an example of which of the following strokes? a. tapotement b. effleurage c. friction d. vibration 58. Rotation is a circular motion and circumduction is movement on the axis. a. true 7

b. false 59. Which of the following is the only moveable bone in the skull? a. maxilla b. mandible c. parietal d. occipital 60. Pathogenic bacteria are harmless. a. true b. false 61. It is legal for an establishment to charge for the service of an apprentice after their temporary registration has expired. a. true b. false 62. The largest sesamoid bone in the body is the patella. a. true b. false 63. Your professional dues are tax deductible. a. true b. false 64. Joint movements used during a massage are called Swedish gymnastics. a. true b. false 65. It is not necessary for a massage therapist to know how the blood flows through the body. a. true b. false 66. The body can comfortably withstand _____ of steam vapor. a. 120 degrees b. 140 degrees c. 212 degrees d. 240 degrees 67. Muscle contraction with no movement in the joint is known as a. tenatic b. isotonic c. isometric d. isotropic 68. Veins have valves that prevent blood from flowing backwards. a. true 8

b. false 69. Which is considered part of the ear? a. auditory bones b. semicircular canals c. tympanic membrane d. all of the above 70. What is the term used to define the end of the long bone? a. diaphysis b. epiphysis c. epicondyle d. periosteum 71. Light effleurage may be used over the eyes. a. true b. false 72. If your client has impetigo, he/she is contraindicated for receiving massage. a. true b. false 73. Of all the blood vessels in the body, the ones that have ducts or valves are called a. arteries b. veins c. arterioles d. capillaries 74. Very hot water of very short duration quickens and strengthens the heart rate. a. true b. false 75. The abdomen is massaged a. medial to lateral b. counterclockwise c. clockwise d. lateral to medial 76. Heavy cupping could be used on the lungs and spine. a. true b. false 77. The power house component of the cell is the a. cytoplasm b. mitochondria c. nucleus 9

d. lysosome 78. In performing effleurage, you need to use the palms of your hands. a. true b. false 79. A registered massage therapist who practices as a sole practitioner, but works for someone else, is not required to register as a massage establishment. a. true b. false 80. Which of the following conditions is not contraindicated? a. lacerations b. tumors c. anemia d. varicose veins 81. In massage, you can do deep compression on the kidneys. a. true b. false 82. You would never massage a person who has the beginning stages of the flu. a. true b. false 83. Which of the following conditions contraindicate administering a hot bath? a. diabetes b. headache c. a weight problem d. a lot of stress 84. What cell function requires energy to move a substance up a concentration gradient? a. diffusion b. active transport c. passive transport d. osmosis 85. The blood that enters the lung is a. oxygen poor b. carbon dioxide poor c. nutrient rich d. oxygen rich

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86. Who is credited with the development of the scientific method of Swedish massage in the 1800s?
a. b. c. d. Ambrose Pare Albert Hoffa Per Henrik Ling Marcus Aurelius

87. Which of the following movements produces a stimulating effect? a. light effleurage b. slow rocking c. fast Tapotement d. none of the above 88. Massage movements should be directed away from the heart to facilitate the flow of blood. a. true b. false 89. Which of the following terms refer to moving a limb away from the midline of the body? a. abduction b. adduction c. flexion d. extension 90. The muscle mainly responsible for producing a particular movement is called a
a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. a. b. c. d. synergist primary mover antagonist fixator scrub them with iodine scrub them with soap scrub them with peroxide all of the above wash sheets with bleach after every use disinfect all equipment after every use wash hands before and after each massage all of the above generation of action potentials posture heat generation all of the above

91. What is the best method of keeping hands and nails clean?

92. The best prevention against the spread of harmful bacterial is

93. The primary function of the muscular system include

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94. Which of these statements refers to the cardiac muscle?


a. is also a striated muscle tissue b. is composed of cells that branch frequently c. both a and b are correct d. none of the above

95. If you fail any portion of your state board exam, you may re-test until you pass it. a. true b. false 96. The superior vena cava receives blood from the head, neck, thorax and upper limbs. a. true b. false 97. To sanitize your sheets after each massage, you would use
a. b. c. d. ammonia Lysol spray soap and water chlorine bleach

98. Soreness in the neck and shoulder could be caused by ... a. hypertension b. high blood pressure c. misalignment of the cervical vertebrae d. all of the above 99. Abnormally high temperature may indicate the onset of illness or other health problems. a. true b. false 100.Over which of the following areas are heavy movements applied? a. thick tissue b. kidneys c. abdomen d. face 101.The primary muscle used in respiration is the? a. internal intercostals b. external intercostals c. diaphragm d. latissimus dorsi

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102. A sitz bath is one in which you would a. submerge your client in a deep tub up to their neck b. submerge their hips and pelvis c. submerge their lower extremities d. sit in the tub while giving your client a bath 103. Keeping a daily log of appointments allows you to a. plan personal time for your self b. evaluate your business progress c. use your time more efficiently d. all of the above 104. A massage therapist has a. good manners b. a pleasant voice c. cheerfulness d. all of the above 105. Percussion movements tone the muscles, strengthen sagging muscles, and reduce fatty deposits.

a. true b. false
106. Prolonged applications of cold will produce a depressing effect on the body.

a. true b. false
107. Joint types are a. freely moveable b. not moveable c. somewhat moveable d. all of the above 108. You should keep accurate records of any and all of your clients for reference, including the name of the doctor.

a. true b. false
109. Grasping muscular tissue with one or more hands, then squeezing, rolling or pinching with firm pressure is called a. friction b. effleurage c. petrissage d. Tapotement 110. Fulling and kneading are examples of which of the following strokes? a. petrissage b. deep friction

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c. superficial friction d. effleurage 111. If you have a client whom you believe has a condition that is contraindicated to massage, you would a. give them massage anyway, if they wanted you to b. give them a massage only after they sign a waiver of responsibility c. insist that they see a doctor, getting a permission slip or prescription indicating that massage would be ok. 112. Articulation of the forearm is a. flexion / extension b. inversion / eversion c. pronation / supination d. all of the above 113. Blood flows from the left ventricle to a. the heart b. the lungs c. the rest of the body d. the aorta 114. The body can withstand bath water in temperatures ranging upward to: a. 100 degrees b. 110 degrees c. 130 degrees d. 140 degrees 115. Tapotement should never be applied to a. muscles that are abnormally contracted b. muscles that are atrophied c. muscles that are hypertrophied d. all of the above 116. How can therapists prevent the chilling of their clients? a. proper room temperature b. proper draping c. warming their hands and oil before the massage d. all of the above 117. The most abundant tissue in the body is a. muscle tissue b. nervous tissue c. connective tissue d. epithelial tissue 118. The number of bones in the body is a. 236 b. 196 c. 206 d. none of the above

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119. Which of the following muscle tissues is considered voluntary? a. cardiac b. smooth c. skeletal d. visceral 120. Quick sudden movements should be avoided because they could convey fear of injury to the client.

a. true b. false
121. Your client should drink plenty of water to keep the system flushed out after a massage.

a. true b. false 122. This structure is not a part of the respiratory system.
a. b. c. d. bronchi lungs larynx none of the above

123. You should not leave the client in a hot bath any longer than a. 3 5 minutes b. 10 15 minutes c. 30 35 minutes d. 45 minutes 124. The least likely oil you would use for massage would be a. peanut oil b. almond oil c. aromatic oil d. mineral oil 125. A muscle twitch could be described as a contraction that a. does not shorten the muscle b. is a sudden jerky contraction c. is produced by a series of stimulating bombarding the muscle in rapid succession d. all of the above 126. The origin of the muscle is the part of the muscle that moves to effect joint muscle.

a. true b. false
127. From a locally contraindicated area, you would massage a. distal to the area b. lateral to the area

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c. superior to the area d. the affected area 128. Scratching the client can be avoided by keeping the nails short and smooth.

a. true b. false
129. Which of the following types of massage is designed to improve the flow of lymph thus helping to rid the body of toxins? a. shiatsu b. acupressure c. lymphatic massage d. none of the above 130. After leaving the right ventricle, the blood flows to a. the right atrium b. the vena cava c. the lungs d. the carotid arteries 131. The body is a unit constructed of the following smaller units. a. muscles, bones, organs, connective tissue b. cells, blood tissue, organs c. cells, tissues, organs, systems d. muscle, bones, blood, organs 132. Petrissage is always in a circular motion.

a. true b. false
133. When using alternating hot and cold applications, the length of the cold application should be a. shorter than the hot b. longer than the hot c. equal to the hot d. none of the above 134. Bacteria can be seen with the naked eye.

a. true b. false
135. Disease producing bacteria are called: a. pathological b. pathogenic c. non-pathogenic d. non-pathological 136. What part of the body would you never use Tapotement on? a. gluts

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b. hands c. abdomen d. face 137. Circular movement around a joint is a. vibration b. friction c. petrissage d. effleurage 138. Well-kept records help the practitioner to determine and render more effective treatment plans.

a. true b. false
139. Sodium bicarbonate is used in bath water for which of the following conditions?

a. true b. false
140. Mustard baths will increase circulation and are especially good for tired aching feet. a. true b. false 141. The most effective stroke to use on a bony prominence would be a. deep effleurage b. petrissage c. friction d. vibration 142. Deep effleurage should be applied __________ the heart. a. away from b. medial to c. distal of d. toward 143. If you had a client with a condition of acute inflammation, it would be beneficial to administer massage to the affected area.

a. true b. false 144. When a cell is active, the function it is performing is called
a. b. c. d. active transport passive transport metabolism mitosis

145. A congested foot and ankle is contraindicated to massage.

a. true b. false

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146. Light percussion causes irritability.

a. true b. false
147. What chemical substance provides the energy for cells to work? a. ATP b. STP c. ATF d. PCP 148. Internal bleeding is a condition that is indicated for massage.

a. true b. false
149. In Swedish massage, effleurage may be omitted.

a. true b. false
150. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that occurs only in males.

a. true b. false
151. There are more bones in the axial skeleton than the appendicular skeleton.

a. true b. false
152. Synovial membranes are found in diarthritic joints.

a. true b. false 153. Adult bones do not contain living cells. a. true b. false
154. Synarthritic joints are freely movable joints.

a. true b. false
155. Proper nutrition, exercise, and hygiene are important to a practicing massage therapist.

a. true b. false
156. Deep rhythmical breathing is beneficial to both the therapist and the client during a massage. a. true b. false 157. If a client lodges a complaint against you, the state will investigate if

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a. b. c. d.

the complaint is made anonymously the client has a legitimate complaint the complaint has no basis in fact all of the above

158. Blood is supplied to the brain through the a. jugular vein b. temporal arteries c. coronal arteries d. carotid arteries 159. The benefits of proper breathing during a massage are a. increased oxygen input b. increased waste output c. increased relaxation d. all of the above

160. An abnormally high temperature and pulse rate are not contraindications to
massage.

a. true b. false
161. Prolonged vibration may cause numbness and tingling.

a. true b. false
162. A massage therapist should wear clothes that are a. loose fitting b. stylish c. seductive d. synthetic 163. Where would you place pillows on a client in the prone position who is having low back pain? a. under the feet and ankles b. under the abdomen c. under the chest d. under the neck 164. When giving a massage, it is acceptable to break contact with the client if a. if the phone rings b. if you need to put on some more music c. in an emergency d. all of the above 165. The lymphatic system a. is a filtering system b. is a defense against invading bacteria and toxins c. carries nourishment from the blood to the body d. all of the above

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166. The length of the average massage is a. 30 minutes b. 60 minutes c. 90 minutes d. 40 minutes 167. Muscle movement and breathing enables flow of the blood and lymph to various parts of the body.

a. true b. false 168. What is the filtering part of the lymphatic system?
a. b. c. d. lymph fluid gland node vessel

169. Where would you place a pillow on a client in the supine position who is having low back pain? a. under the ankles b. under the abdomen c. under the chest d. under the knees 170. Epsom salts raise the body temperature and relieve stiff muscles and joints.

a. true b. false
171. The capillaries are the most important, functionally, of the three kinds of vessels in our bodies.

a. true b. false
172. If you work out of more than one office, you should display a photocopy of your state certificate of registration in each of the offices where you are employed.

a. true b. false 173. It is necessary to have a photograph attached to the front of your State certificate of
registration at least 2 x 2.

a. true b. false
174. A massage technique done by shaking the hands or fingers over tissues in varying pressure and speed is a. friction b. tapotement c. vibration d. petrissage

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175. Striking movements used in massage are called a. tapotement b. vibration c. effleurage d. friction 176. Stroking movements used in massage are called a. petrissage b. Tapotement c. effleurage d. friction 177. A massage stroke designed to manipulate soft tissues in such a way that one layer of tissue is moved over or against another is called a. petrissage b. friction c. vibration d. tapotement 178. Compression movements used in massage are called a. Tapotement b. vibration c. effleurage d. petrissage 179. If you have a client with a headache you would give them a massage a. while they have a headache b. only after they take aspirin c. only after they see a doctor d. none of the above

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Match the following muscles to figure 1.


(consider this a posterior view of the body)

180. ___________ Deltoid

181. ___________ Gastrocnemius


182. ___________ Soleus 183. ___________ Gluteus medius

184. ___________ Tensor fascia latae 185. ___________ Tricepts brachii


186. ___________ Trapezius

187. ___________ Bicepts femoris

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188. ___________ Latissimus dorsi

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Match the following muscles to figure 2.


(consider this an anterior view of the body)

189. ___________ Supinator 190. ___________ Sartorius 191. ___________ Sternocleidomastoid


192. ___________ Tibialis anterior 193. ___________ Deltoid 194. ___________ Rectus femoris 195. ___________ Biceps brachii

196. ___________ Tensor fasciae latae

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ANSWER KEY

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47.

D D B E A D B B B C C A B B C A B D B A C A C B B B B B A A D B C B C B A A B A B A B A B A A 48. A

49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96.

A D A B A C A A C B B B B A A A B B C A D B A A B A C B B B A C B A A B A C C B A B B D D C B A

97. D 98. D 99. A 100. A


101. 102. 103. 104. 105. 106. C B D D A A D A C A C C D B A D C C C A A D B D B B C A C C C B A B B C B A B A C D B C

145. A
146. 147. 148. 149. 150. 151. 152. 153. 154. 155. 156. 157. 158. 159. 160. 161. 162. 163. 164. 165. 166. 167. 168. 169. 170. 171. 172. 173. 174. 175. 176. 177. 178. 179. 180. 181. 182. 183. 184. 185. 186. 187. 188. 189. 190. 191. 192. B A B B B B A B B A A B D D B A A B C A B A C D A A B B C A C B D A B G H E I C A F D D F A H

107.
108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116.

193. 194. 195. 196. 197. 198. 199. 200. 201. 202. 203. 204. 205. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. 211. 212.

B G C E G F C A E H B D F B H C D A G E

117.
118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127. 128. 129. 130. 131. 132. 133. 134. 135. 136. 137. 138. 139. 140. 141. 142. 143. 144.

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