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1. What kind of hormonal change occurs with menopause? Your Answer: Decrease in estrogen Correct Menopause results in a decrease in estrogen and progesterone. 2. Coronary artery disease affects? Your Answer: The arteries of the heart Correct Coronary artery disease (atherosclerosis) affects the heart arteries, by clogging the coronary vessels with fatty buildup. Hypertension may also be a factor. Take note of medications and adjust treatments to compensate for antiinflammatories and aspirin. 3. What would be the best treatment for a client that gets a cramp in the hamstring group while on your table? Your Answer: Reciprocal inhibition with compression on the hamstring Correct Reciprocal inhibition (RI)= contraction of the opposing muscle or muscle group and stretching the involved muscle or muscle group. RI along with direct pressure on the prime muscle will help it to relax. 4. Hypertension is a circulatory pathology and is defined as a(n): Your Answer: Elevation of blood pressure above the normal range for a prolonged time Correct Hypertension is an elevation of blood pressure above the normal range for a prolonged time that increases the risk of stroke or heart attack. Congestive heart failure (heart failure) is the heart's inability to pump sufficient blood to supply the needs of the body. Raynaud's Phenomenon is a peripheral vascular disorder that affects the blood vessels outside the heart and thorax, occurring secondary to another underlying condition. Thrombophlebitis is an inflammation of a superficial or deep vein that leads to the formation of a thrombus (fibrin-based clot). 5. Osteoarthritis is a joint dysfunction and is defined as: Your Answer: A group of chronic, degenerative conditions that affect the articular cartilage and subchondral bone of joints Correct Osteoarthritis (OA) is a group of chronic, degenerative conditions that affect the articular cartilage and subchondral bone of joints. Hypomobility is a loss of motion and normal joint play movement at the joint. Hypermobility is an increase degree of motion at the joint. Degenerative disc disease is a degeneration of the annular fibers of the intervertebral disc. 6. Spinal cord injuries (SCI) are direct or indirect trauma to the vertebral column or spinal cord, it is termed as a: Your Answer: Condition of the CNS Correct Conditions of the Central Nervous Systems (CNS): Communication skills, ambulation aids, decubitus ulcers, seizures, hemiplegia, multiple sclerosis, Parkinsons, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury, and poliomyelitis. SCI is a non-progressive condition resulting in a complete or incomplete loss of the sensory, motor and or autonomic functions at the level of the lesion on the spine or distal to the lesion. 7. In acquired torticollis the following are causes, except:

Your Answer: Sleeping wrong Incorrect Correct Answer is: Malpositioning of the fetus in the womb Malpositioning of the fetus is a congenital cause of torticollis, not acquired. 8. What would be the most effective hydrotherapy treatment for a chronic injury? Your Answer: Heat Incorrect Correct Answer is: Vascular flush A contrast application of cold and hot hydro, vasoconstriction, and vasodilation. With chronic end on heat, with sub-acute end on cold, using a 1-3 min. ratio. 9. What technique is used to reduce edema, ease pain, lower the chance of scar tissue formation and removes metabolic wastes secondary to edema and inflammation? Your Answer: Lymphatic drainage Correct Light repetitive techniques are used to pump the lymphatic fluid through the superficial lymphatic capillaries. Lymphatic drainage is used in acute and early sub-acute stages to remove excess fibrin that leads to adhesions. 10. An acceleration, deceleration soft tissue injury to the head and neck is the cause of: Your Answer: Whiplash Correct Whiplash; An acceleration, deceleration injury to the head and neck relative to the body, usually resulting from vehicular collision but also possible in contact sports.