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Massagexamtechnique

1. Compressing and spreading tissue is a mechanical effect of what type of treatment technique? Your Answer: Direct pressure friction Correct Direct pressure friction mechanical effects: compresses and spreads tissue and temporary ischemia. Reflexive effects: hyperemia (secondary to ischemia), relaxes muscles and decreases hypertonicity (through the NS or golgi tendon organon tendon), decreases pain, decreases spasm, increases vasodilation, increases peristalsis (on abdomen), affects meridians (shiatsu and acupressure), and decreases sinus congestion. Neuritis= nerve inflammation, it is contraindicated for all frictions. 2. For a tendon with a synovial sheath, the tendon is placed how, in order to smooth out rough surfaces: Your Answer: Maximum stretch Correct So the technique can develop a maximum force between the tendon and sheath to smooth out rough surfaces of the tendon. 3. What must you do in a chocking or breathing emergency where the person is conscious and unable to cough, speak, or breathe? Your Answer: Place the ill or injured in the recovery position Incorrect Correct Answer is: Give back blows and abdominal thrusts If a person is conscious and cannot cough, speak, or breathe it is safe to assume their airway is blocked. Give back blows and abdominal thrusts to open the airway. 4. What muscle is palpable at the lateral cervical vertebrae and deep to the upper trapezius and is capable of moving the scapula? Your Answer: Splenius capitis Incorrect Correct Answer is: Levator scapula The levator scapula can be palpated in between the splenius capitis and posterior scalenes. It is the only muscle attached to the lateral cervical vertebrae that is capable of moving the scapula. Actions are: Unilaterally rotating head and neck to same side along with laterally flexing the head and neck, elevation and downward rotation of the scapula. Bilaterally extends the head and neck. 5. Which of the following pathologies would be contraindicated for heat? Your Answer: Fibromyalgia Incorrect Correct Answer is: Edema Never apply heat to an inflamed area. 6. Of the following physiological effects of direct pressure friction, which is reflexive? Your Answer: Temporary ischemia Incorrect

Correct Answer is: Relaxes muscles and decreases hypertonicity Direct pressure friction mechanical effects: Compresses and spreads tissue and temporary ischemia. Reflexive effects: Hyperemia (secondary to ischemia), relaxes muscles and decreases hypertonicity (through the NS or golgi tendon organon tendon), decreases pain, decreases spasm, increases vasodilation, increases peristalsis (on abdomen), affects meridians (shiatsu and acupressure), and decreases sinus congestion. Neuritis= nerve inflammation, it is contraindicated for all frictions. 7. Avoid passively stretching an acutely spasmodic muscle with: Your Answer: Inflammation present Correct Stretching an acute/ inflamed muscle will increase the pain and muscle guarding that can amplify tissue damage, intensifying the injury and recovery time. Spasmodic/Spasm= involuntary and sustained muscle contraction (stretch the antagonist muscle and contract agonist). Scar or granulated tissue and chronic pain are symptoms of an old injury and need to be stretched. 8. Where does the scapula articulate with the clavicle? Your Answer: Coracoid process Incorrect Correct Answer is: Acromioclavicular joint The scapula articulates with the clavicle at the acromioclavicular joint. The best way to access the ac joint is to elevate and depress the scapula. 9. A client suffers from lordosis, what interior muscle would you work? Your Answer: Diaphragm Incorrect Correct Answer is: Iliopsoas Lordosis or hyperlordosis (swayback)= Shortens the ESG's and QL's, Iliopsoas, rectus femoris, TFL and adductors. Stretching the abdominals, gluteus maximus and hamstrings making them weak. Stretch hypertonic and strengthen stretch weakened muscles. 10. When you are done with a client, what is the best way for them to get up off the table? Your Answer: Rolling or rocking back and forth until they can sit up Incorrect Correct Answer is: Rolling onto their side and slowly sitting up The best and safest way to get up off the table after a relaxing massage is to roll onto their side and slowly sit up.