You are on page 1of 10

Retake APP Exam # 3: The Nervous and Endocrine System retake 1.

Which of the following is not one of the major portions of the brain? A. motor cortex B. cerebrum C. diencephalon D. cerebellum 2. Which of the following hormones stimulates the osteoblastic activity thereby decreasing the calcium levels within the blood? A. parathormone B. thyroxine C. triiodothyronine D. calcitonin 3. Which mineral is critical to the formation of the secretions produced by the thyroid? A. sulfur B. iron C. manganese D. iodine 4. Which of the following is not a function of the hormones produced by the thyroid gland? A. control the rate of metabolism in the body B. stimulate protein synthesis C. stimulate breakdown of liver glycogen D. formation of Graafian follicles 5. ____ meningitis 6. ____ neuritis 7. ____ shingles 8. ____ quadriplegia 9. ____ hemiplegia A. This condition is an acute inflammation of a nerve trunk by the herpes zoster virus. Symptoms include a band of pain around the torso and a rash with water blisters that erupt on a confined area on one side of the trunk. B. This condition is an acute inflammation of the pia mater and arachnoid mater around the brain and spinal cord. It often presents with a severe headache, stiff neck, high fever, chills, and delirium that are usually caused from a previous infection. C. This condition is an inflammation of a nerve of the peripheral nervous system that results in pain and muscle weakness. D. This condition results from spinal cord trauma that causes all four limbs to be being paralyzed. E. This condition usually results from a stroke that causes unilateral paralysis of the body. 10. Which of the following conditions is produced by hyper functioning of the thyroid gland? A. myxedema B. goiter C. cretinism D. tetany 11. Which of the following hormones is responsible for the formation of the tissue responsible for the production of progesterone and for stimulating ovulation? A. luteinizing hormone B. vasopressin C. oxytocin D. prolactin

12. Which of the following hormones is responsible for the production of testosterone by the testes? A. follicle stimulating hormone B. adrenocorticotropic hormone C. growth hormone D. interstitial cell stimulating hormone 13. Which of the following hormones is responsible for promoting the production of sperm in the males promoting the growth of the Graafian follicle, the production of estrogen in female? A. follicle stimulating hormone B. adrenocorticotropic hormone C. growth hormone D. interstitial cell stimulating hormone 14. Which of the following hormones stimulates the glands that are found on top of the kidneys? A. follicle stimulating hormone B. adrenocorticotropic hormone C. growth hormone D. interstitial cell stimulating hormone 15. Which of the following conditions is produced by hypo functioning of the thyroid in infancy or childhood? A. myxedema B. goiter C. cretinism D. tetany 16. Which of the following portions of the brain is responsible for coordinating voluntary muscles, maintaining balance, and making muscular movements graceful and smooth? A. diencephalon B. cerebrum C. brain stem D. cerebellum 17. Which of the following portions of the brain is responsible for presiding over mental activities, such as emotions, speech, communication, sensation, communication, reasoning, and memory? A. diencephalon B. cerebrum C. brain stem D. cerebellum 18. Which part of the brain is responsible for regulating the tonicity of the blood vessels, depth and rate of respiration, and heart rate? A. limbic system B. hypothalamus C. thalamus D. medulla oblongata 19. Which part of the brain functions in the emotional aspects of behavior related to survival and is often referred to as the emotional brain? A. limbic system B. hypothalamus C. thalamus D. medulla oblongata

20. Which part of the brain functions in emotions and memory and provides the sense of touch / pressure, pain, and temperature? A. limbic system B. hypothalamus C. thalamus D. medulla oblongata 21. Which part of the brain is the principal link between the endocrine and nervous system and regulates the pituitary gland? A. limbic system B. hypothalamus C. thalamus D. medulla oblongata 22. What is the name of the connective tissue layers that surround, protect, and nourish the brain and spinal cord? A. encephalon B. neural sleeve C. dural wrap D. meninges MATCH THE CONNECTIVE TISSUE COVERING WITH ITS DESCRIPTION 23. ____ pia mater 24. ____ dura mater 25. ____ arachnoid spinal cord A. middle layer that has a spider web appearance B. tough and durable outer layer C. thin, innermost layer that contains blood vessels that nourish the brain and

26. What is the name of the fluid that surrounds, protects, and nourishes the brain and spinal cord? A. cerebrospinal fluid B. ependymal fluid C. neurolymph fluid D. neurolymphoid fluid

27. How many cranial nerves are there? A. 6 pairs B. 10 pairs C. 12 pairs D. 31 pairs MATCH THE CRANIAL NERVE WITH ITS DESCRIPTION 28. ____ facial nerve (CN7) 29. ____ glossopharyngeal nerve (CN9) digestion 30. ____ vagus nerve (CN10) of the neck 31. ____ hypoglossal nerve (CN12) A. controls movement of the tongue B. controls talking, heart action, breathing, and C. controls muscles of expression and some muscles D. sense of taste E. sense of smell

32. How many pairs of spinal nerves are there? A. 6 pairs B. 10 pairs C. 12 pairs D. 31 pairs

33. What is the name of the structure that is made of a network of intersecting or braided branches of nerves? A. ganglia B. tract C. plexus D. cyst MATCH THE RECEPTOR WITH ITS DESCRIPTION 34. ____ exteroceptor 35. ____ viceroceptors 36. ____ proprioceptor A. provides information about body position and movement B. provides information about the external environment C. provides information about the internal environment D. provides information about the chemical composition of the blood

37. What is the largest and longest nerve in the body? A. phrenic nerve B. femoral nerve C. median nerve D. sciatic nerve MATCH THE RECEPTOR WITH THE TYPE OF STIMULI THEY DETECT 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. ____ mechanoreceptor ____ thermoreceptor ____ nociceptor ____ photoreceptor ____ chemoreceptor A. detects chemicals in the mouth, nose, and body fluids B. detects pain C. detects pressure and stretching D. detects changes in temperature E. detects sound F. detects light

43. Which of the following portions of the peripheral nervous system is responsible for controlling voluntary muscles? A. limbic nervous system B. substantia nigra C. somatic nervous system D. autonomic nervous system 44. Which of the following portions of the peripheral nervous system is responsible for controlling the visceral organs such as the glands, heart, blood vessels, and intestines? A. limbic nervous system B. substantia nigra C. somatic nervous system D. autonomic nervous system 45. Which of the following systems is used primarily for preparing the body for energy expending, stressful, or emergency situations? A. sympathetic nervous system B. parasympathetic nervous system C. socratic nervous system D. cerebrospinal nervous system

MATCH THE RESPONSE WITH THE PORTION OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM THAT CAUSES IT 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. ____ increased heart rate ____ normal digestion ____ increased circulation to the skeletal muscles ____ dilated pupils ____ normal heart rate ____ increased mental activity A. sympathetic nervous system B. parasympathetic nervous system

52. What is the simplest form of nervous communication that includes a sensory and motor nerve? A. impulse B. pathway C. route D. reflex 53. Which of the following statements describes proprioception? A. the ability of the body to know where it is in relation to its environment B. the ability of the body to know the state of contraction of its muscular structures C. the ability of the body to know the position of all of its joints and the degree of their motion D. all of the above MATCH THE NEUROLOGICAL DISORDER WITH ITS DESCRIPTION 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. ____ poliomyelitis or polio ____ Menieres disease ____ Parkinsons disease ____ multiple sclerosis ____ stroke (cerebrovascular accident or CVA)

A. This condition occurs as a result of the degeneration of certain nerve tissues responsible for the regulation of certain body movements. It results in tremors and shaking, stiff muscles, and loss of postural reflexes. B. This condition is also known as a cerebrovascular accident. It results from a blood clot or ruptured blood vessel in or around the brain with subsequent destruction of nerve tissue. C. This is a crippling or even deadly disease that affects the motor neurons of the medulla oblongata and spinal cord, resulting in paralysis of the related muscle tissues. D. This condition presents with recurrent vertigo accompanied by ringing in the ears and deafness. A dysfunction of the semi-circular canals in the inner ear is usually the causative agent. E. This condition usually occurs in young adults and is characterized by muscle weakness and loss of coordination and balance due to the breakdown of the myelin sheath of nerve fibers.

59. Which type of gland secretes substances that pass directly into the blood stream by way of diffusion without passing through a duct? A. endocrine B. exocrine C. alpha D. beta 60. Which type of gland secretes substances that pass thru a duct to an outside body surface? A. endocrine B. exocrine C. alpha D. beta

61. Which of the following organs does not function as a gland? A. pancreas B. ovaries C. testes D. kidneys 62. What is the primary control mechanism utilized by the body to regulate hormone levels? A. positive feedback B. negative feedback C. positive reinforcement D. negative reinforcement 63. Which system is also responsible for regulating glandular secretions? A. digestive B. integumentary C. lymphatic D. nervous 64. Which of the following hormones is not produced by the anterior pituitary? A. growth hormone B. oxytocin C. luteinizing hormone D. interstitial cell stimulating hormone 65. Which of the following hormones is not produced by the anterior pituitary? A. prolactin B. thyroid stimulating hormone C. adrenocorticotropic hormone D. vasopressin 66. Which of the following hormones influences water regulation by the kidneys? A. oxytocin B. vasopressin C. thyroid stimulating hormone D. growth hormone 67. Which of the following hormones promotes uterine contractions to induce the birthing process? A. oxytocin B. vasopressin C. thyroid stimulating hormone D. growth hormone 68. Which of the following hormones is responsible for growth and development? A. oxytocin B. vasopressin C. thyroid stimulating hormone D. growth hormone 69. Hyper functioning of the pituitary gland during adolescence causes ___. A. diabetes insipidus B. dwarfism C. acromegaly D. gigantism

70. Hyper functioning of the pituitary gland during adulthood causes ___. A. diabetes insipidus B. dwarfism C. acromegaly D. gigantism 71. Hypo functioning of the pituitary gland during childhood causes ___. A. diabetes insipidus B. dwarfism C. acromegaly D. gigantism 72. Hypo functioning of the pituitary gland during adulthood can lead to excessive water loss and excessive thirst in a condition known as ___. A. diabetes insipidus B. dwarfism C. acromegaly D. gigantism 73. The condition of excessive thirst is known as ___. A. polyuria B. polydypsia C. polyphagia D. polycytemia 74. Which of the following hormones is not produced by the thyroid gland? A. parathormone B. thyroxine C. triiodothyronine D. calcitonin 75. Which of the following hormones stimulates the osteoclastic activity thereby increasing the calcium levels within the blood? A. parathormone B. thyroxine C. triiodothyronine D. calcitonin 76. Which of the following conditions is produced by hypo functioning of the thyroid during adulthood? A. myxedema B. goiter C. cretinism D. tetany 77. Which of the following conditions is produced by hypo functioning of the parathyroid gland? A. myxedema B. goiter C. cretinism D. tetany 78. Which of the following conditions is produced by hyper functioning of the thyroid gland? A. exophthalmos B. glycosuria C. increased blood pressure D. all of the above

79. Which of the following conditions presents with initiative and memory failure, a swollen face, and weight increases in the adult? A. cretinism B. lupus C. myxedema D. scleroderma 80. Which of the following conditions presents with a lack of mental and physical growth, resulting in mental retardation and malformation as well as lack of sexual development in childhood? A. cretinism B. lupus C. myxedema D. scleroderma 81. Which of the following conditions could result from hyper functioning of the parathyroid gland? A. gall stones B. kidney stones C. prolapsed colon D. muscles flaccidity 82. Which of the following groups of hormones is not produced by the adrenal cortex? A. mineralocorticoids B. glucocorticoids C. stress hormones D. sex hormones 83. Which of the following groups of hormones is primarily responsible for regulating the concentration of simple carbohydrates within the blood stream? A. mineralocorticoids B. glucocorticoids C. stress hormones D. sex hormones 84. Which of the following groups of hormones is responsible for regulating the electrolyte levels by influencing the functioning of the kidneys? A. mineralocorticoids B. glucocorticoids C. stress hormones D. sex hormones 85. What is the name of the masculine sex hormones found in both men and women? A. prostaglandins B. histamines C. androgens D. pyrogens 86. Which of the following disorders is caused by a hyper functioning of the adrenal glands leading to moon face, a buffalo hump high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, and hirsutism? A. cushings syndrome B. addisons disease C. diabetes mellitus D. prostatitis 87. Which of the following disorders is caused by a hypo functioning of the adrenal glands leading to, hypoglycemia, low blood pressure, and excessive pigmentation (bronzing)? A. cushings syndrome B. addisons disease C. diabetes mellitus D. prostatitis

88. Which of the following hormones is responsible for increasing the level of glucose in the bloodstream? A. insulin B. glucagon C. estrogen D. prolactin 89. Which type of cell is responsible for supporting, nurturing, and protecting the rest of the nervous system cells? A. neurons B. neuroglia C. neurolemma D. astrodendrocyte 90. Which of the following types of neuronal fibers functions to receive information and is multi-branched? A. synapse B. axon C. dendrite D. cell body 91. What is the name of the junction between two neurons where impulses are passed? A. synapse B. axon C. dendrite D. cell body 92. What is the name of the substance that crosses the gap between two communicating neurons? A. neurotransmitter B. enzyme C. peptide D. ATP 93. A group of neuronal fibers that are bundled together by connective tissue like strands of a cable and are found in the peripheral portions of the nervous system is known as a ____. A. neuroblast B. ganglia C. nerve D. plexus 94. What is the name of the fatty insulating material that is found wrapping around the axons of neurons? A. meninge B. myelin C. epineurium D. cerebrospinal fluid 95. Which of the following groups of organs compose the central nervous system? A. brain and spinal cord B. cranial nerves and brain C. spinal nerves and spinal cord D. cranial nerves and spinal nerves 96. Which of the following groups of organs compose the peripheral nervous system? A. brain and spinal cord B. cranial nerves and brain C. spinal nerves and spinal cord D. cranial nerves and spinal nerves

97. Which type of diabetes is caused by decreased secretion of insulin by the pancreas? A. diabetes insipidus B. Type 1 diabetes C. Type 2 diabetes D. all of the above 98. Which of the following cells is responsible for the production of insulin? A. alpha cells B. beta cells C. gamma cells D. delta cells 99. Which of the following is not a symptom of Type 1 diabetes? A. polyuria B. polyphagia C. polyphobia D. polydipsia 100. Which of the following glands is regarded as the master gland that is ultimately responsible for influencing all of the other glands of the body? A. pineal B. pituitary C. thyroid D. adrenal