You are on page 1of 7

“Disk Scheduling Algorithms”

School of computer & Systems sciences JNU New Delhi

Submitted to: Dr. Akashay Kumar

Submitted By: 1. Chandresh Kumar Maurya 2. Mritunjay Kumar

37. then to 183. SSTF scheduling is essentially a form of shortest-job-first (SJF) scheduling. 124.183. the next closest request is at cylinder 67. and finally to 67. Shortest seek time first(SSTF) 3.65. Continuing. This algorithm is intrinsically fair. of course. then 98. the closest request to the initial head position (53) is at cylinder 65. SSTF chooses the pending request closest to the current head position. Introduction In this project. The following is the list which are implemented here : 1. for a total head movement of 640 cylinders. Since seek time increases with the number of cylinders traversed by the head. Remember . but it generally does not provide the fastest service. 14. we have implemented the basic disk scheduling algorithms. From there. so 37 is served next. Scan scheduling 4. it may cause starvation of some requests. 124. First-come first-serve (FCFS) 2.67 in that order. the request at cylinder 37 is closer than 98. 122. we service the request at cylinder 14.14. If the disk head is initially at cylinder 53. First-come first-serve (FCFS) The simplest form of disk scheduling is. like SJF scheduling.122. Consider. and. for our example request queue. 65. the first-come. C-Look Scheduling Here is brief description about the algorithms 1. 122. Shortest seek time first(SSTF) The SSTF algorithm selects the request with the minimum seek time from the current head position.37. 2. This algorithm gives a substantial improvement in performance. a disk queue with requests for I/O to blocks on cylinders Queue=98. and finally 183.1. it will first move from 53 to 98. for example. Once we are at cylinder 65. firstserved (FCFS) algorithm. This scheduling method results in a total head movement of only 236 cylinderslittle more than one-third of the distance needed for FCFS scheduling of this request queue. C-Scan scheduling 5. Look Scheduling 6.124.

and 183. 183. 37. Then. in addition to the head's current position (53). C-Scan scheduling Circular SCAN (C-SCAN) scheduling is a variant of SCAN designed to provide a more uniform wait time. the direction of head movement is reversed. 4. The head continuously scans back and forth across the disk. it immediately returns to the beginning of the disk. 122. C-SCAN moves the head from one end of the disk to the other. 5. Scan scheduling In the SCAN algorithm. the disk arm starts at one end of the disk.67. servicing the requests at 65. 65. If the disk arm is moving toward 0. until it gets to the other end of the disk. the arm goes only as far as the final request in each direction. Before applying SCAN to schedule the requests on cylinders 98. 124. it reverses direction immediately. servicing requests as it reaches each cylinder. In practice. and comes back. it will be serviced almost immediately. neither algorithm is implemented this way.98. servicing requests along the way. and 67. 122.The C-SCAN scheduling algorithm essentially treats the cylinders as a circular list that wraps around from the final cylinder to the first one. 124. and servicing continues. More commonly.Look Scheduling both SCAN and C-SCAN move the disk arm across the full width of the disk. the head will service 37 and then 14. we need to know the direction of head movement. At the other end. Like SCAN. reverses direction. If a request arrives in the queue just in front of the head. a request arriving just behind the head will have to wait until the arm moves to the end of the disk. and moves toward the other end. At cylinder 0. the arm will reverse and will move toward the other end of the disk. 14. however. Look & C.3. When the head reaches the other end. without servicing any requests on the return trip . We again use our example. without going all the way to the end .

5. It takes current head position as input and moves disk head according to the algorithm. 2. because they look for a request before continuing to move in a given direction. 6. 3. void disp_graph() that draws line indicating head movement according to the input values.h.of the disk. 4. 4. void s_sch() performs SCAN scheduling. Output Screen shot of some outputs is shown below . int disp_menu() that basically displays the list of options available to the users in a graphic view defined by setfillstyle() . int sstf(int seek_pos) that implements shortest seek time first algorithm. Hardware & software specification Compiler: turbo C++ (don’t use Dev C++) RAM: 3044 K 3. Functions Used: 1. These versions of SCAN and C-SCAN are called LOOK and C-LOOK scheduling. void sort_inputs() that sorts inputs to be used for SCAN scheduling algorithms. void schedule(int ch) performs basic algorithm for disk scheduling described above. 2. bar() like functions included in the header file graphic.