Feeding Behavior of Larval Silkworms (Bombyx mori on Different Shapes of Mulberry Leaves

Authors: CORNABY, B. W.; BERGH, B. Source: Environmental Entomology, Volume 5, Number 3, June 1976 , pp. 595-598(4) Publisher: Entomological Society of America< previous article

Abstract: The feeding behavior of 5th-instar Bombyx mori L. (silkworms) differed on normal vs. experimentally modified rectangular and serrated mulberry leaves. Analysis of a time-lapse photographic film record showed that caterpillars fed about 92% of the time during the observation periods. On experimental leaves, larvae reoriented their bodies more; consumed leaf tissue at a lower rate; and left either more and smaller (serrated leaves) or fewer and larger (rectangular leaves) uneaten portions, compared to the normal leaves. Maps of the caterpillars' feeding routes further document the way this defoliator utilizes leaves. Document Type: Research article Publication date: 1976-06-01Register

Text size: Invertebrate Reproduction & Development
Volume 26, Issue 2, 1994

Colleterectomy and its impact on some reproductive behaviour of the tropical Tasar silk moth, Antheraea mylitta Drury (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)
pages 145-152 Available online: 25 Feb 2011 Summary Morphometry of the colleterial gland and its removal (colleterectomy) were made to observe its effect on egg laying and hatching behaviour in the female Tasar silk moth, Antheraea mylitta D. during three study season. The paired colleterial gland, which is divided into two distinct regions, was found to be attached at the terminal part of a common oviduct and secretes an adhesive substance which pastes the eggs to the substratum during oviposition. Colleterectomy of the female Tasar moth just after mating and thereby removal of the gluing material induced the deposition of loose white eggs and enhanced egg laying capacity and hatching efficiency followed by a shorter incubation period without any adverse effect on the progeny. No marked changes were observed in hatching initiation and duration. Further the overall pattern of egg laying was observed continuously for 3 consecutive days in each brood of control females, while the total egg hatchability was recorded for 3 consecutive days in the first and third brood, but it was continued for 4 days in the second brood. Again the egg incubation period in the third brood was observed to be longer than in the first and second broods of control insects. Although colleterectomy did not significantly alter the normal pattern of variation, it was able to influence these events.

Changes in Polyamine Levels in Various Organs ofBombyx mori during Its Life Cycle1
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College of Medical Care and Technology, Gunma University Maebashi, Gunma 371 Institute of Endocrinology, Gunma University Maebashi, Gunma 371


Received January 19, 1984.

Polyamines in various organs of larval, pupal, and moth stages of Bombyx mori, were assayed by high-performance ion-exchange chromatography and paper and thin-layer chromatography. Putrescine and spermidine were especially abundant in the silk gland, gonads, mucous gland, and sucking stomach; spermine was also present in them, but at much lower concentrations. Both norspermidine and norspermine were detected in almost all organs examined, while their precursor 1,3-diaminopropane was found

Journal of Insect Physiology Volume 52. Cadaverine content was particularly high in the mucous gland which contained diapause eggs and the sucking stomach. Ontario. and decreased markedly at the pupal stage. Issue 3. was seen among the newly formed spores.only in a limited number of organs. and norspermidine rather increased during the pupal and moth stages. The concentrations of most polyamines in the silk glands remained rather constant during the larval stage. diaminopropane. Available online 15 December 2004. Pages 316-320 The life cycle of Nosema bombycis as revealed in tissue culture cells of Bombyx mori Insect Pathology Research Institute. Hiromichi Nagasawa . This form leaves the host cell. Marie. Issue 8. Ontario. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology Volume 14. November 1969. The development of the pathogen through its complete cycle to the formation of new spores was observed. Sault Ste. Contribution No. migrates to a new cell. 124 from the Insect Pathology Research Institute. This ³secondary infective form´ is believed to be responsible for spreading the infection within the host. Canada Received 31 March 1969. August 2006. similar to those of the sporoplasm. did not decrease at the pupal stage. Sault Ste. Polyamines in gonads. Marie. Low concentrations of sym-homospermidine were observed in the silk gland and ovary. . Pages 807-815 Effects of diet-deprivation and physical stimulation on the feeding behaviour of the larvae of the silkworm. Bombyx mori Shinji Nagata . Abstract Nosema bombycis spores inoculated into cultures of Bombyx mori cells resulted in infection of the cells. Canada. Diapause eggs contained much higher levels of cadaverine than non-diapause eggs. which it penetrates and infects. A form having two nuclei. Canada Department of Fisheries and Forestry. in contrast. and the growth cycle is repeated. but putrescine.

revised 26 April 2006. Provided that more than 1 h had elapsed since their previous meals. However. The University of Tokyo. Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences. The antenna develops during the pupal stage (lasting in total about 21 days) from a leaf-shaped anlage by incisions proceeding from the periphery towards the prospective antennal stem. Pages 447-464 Morphogenesis of the antenna of the male silkmoth. Diet-deprivation resulted in longer durations of the first meals after diet replacement. Furthermore. Diet-deprivation. Activated locomotions such as wandering and feeding were observed in the long-term diet-deprived larvae only after diet blocks were replaced. larvae could be induced to feed by defecation and tapping. but did not affect feeding patterns. and most probably haemocytes. longterm diet-deprivation promoted wandering behaviour and a consequent delay in feeding after diet replacement. Keil Received 4 February 1993. In Antheraea the dorsal and ventral epithelial monolayers of the antennal anlage are successively subdivided during development into a pattern of repetitive epithelial zones. its flagellum consists of about 30 stem segments each giving off two pairs of side branches. Abstract Continuous observations of larvae of the silkworm. stimulation-induced meal-starts were dependent on the time elapsed since the larvae's previous meals. Bombyx mori. Lepidoptera. while long-term diet-deprived larvae did not show activated locomotion during the absence of diet blocks. the behaviours of diet-deprived Bombyx larvae were also analysed. form double branches. Segmentation and branch formation Cornelia Steiner. 113-8657. Antheraea polyphemus. larvae were less likely to begin feeding after defecation or physical stimulation. Silkworm Tissue and Cell Volume 25. Abstract The imaginal antenna of the male silkmoth Antheraea polyphemus is a featherlike structure. these data suggest that a combination of elevated locomotion activity and the presence of diet may be necessary for the initiation of feeding in diet-deprived larvae. Japan Received 26 January 2006. Available online 13 May 2006. Within the first day after apolysis alternating stripes of sensillogenic and non-sensillogenic epithelium are differentiating. Under diet-deprivation conditions. Feeding behaviour. meal-starts appeared to be inducible by defecation and physical stimulation. Issue 3. The initial pattern of tracheae and peripheral nerves is completely rearranged during these morphogenetic processes which are finished 9±10 days after apolysis. . Then the latter are further subdivided. Accepted 27 April 2006. and at last four different stripelike zones (I±IV) can be discriminated. Collectively. Keywords: Bombyx mori. IV. starting about 3 days after apolysis. Long basal protrusions of the epidermal cells (µepidermal feet¶).Department of Applied Biological Chemistry. revealed that feeding occurred at regular intervals throughout larval development. seem to be involved in the reconstruction of the epithelium: both show characteristic arrangements within the antennal anlage during successive developmental stages. Primary incisions. which arethen split into single branches by parallel running secondary incisions. To investigate possible factors influencing meal-timing. At less than 1 h post-meal. Available online 14 August 2003. Thomas A. June 1993.