You are on page 1of 3


LAFD response time goals are aligned with the 2010 National Fire Protection Associations (NFPA) 1710 (Section guideline of a 5 minute response, 90% of the time. The Los Angeles Fire Department is the only Large Metropolitan Fire Department that is transparent, by releasing its response times to the public. In the past, (2008), the response times were measured using 5:59 seconds as the benchmark, rather than the NFPAs recommended 5 minutes. Chief Millage Peaks, Fire Chief at the time, made the decision to align LAFD data analysis with the NFPAs 5 minute recommendation in order to insure accuracy and to be consistent with national guidelines. There are three critical performance measurements when evaluating the LAFDs response times: 1. The time that it takes for the 1st unit to arrive on scene of an incident requiring Advanced Life Support (ALS). 2. The time that it takes for the 1st ALS resource to arrive on scene at an ALS incident. 3. The time that it takes for the 1st unit to arrive on scene at a structure fire. EMS REPONSE: o LAFDs goal is to have the 1st Emergency Medical Service (EMS) unit arrive on scene in 5 minutes, 90% of the time. This is the NFPAs recommendation. o Currently, LAFD is meeting the EMS 1st unit on scene goal nearly 60% of the time compared to 63% prior to implementation of the Modified Coverage Plan (MCP). The 3% increase translates to a 7 second increase on average. FIRE RESPONSE: o LAFDs goal is to have the 1st Fire Suppression unit arrive on scene in less than 5 minutes and 20 seconds, 90% of the time (NFPA recommendation). Currently, LAFD is meeting this goal nearly 64% of the time (4:59 minutes). This percentage has not changed since the implementation of the MCP.

The table below lists LAFDs performance in three areas as well as average response times. It details the Fire Departments performance for fiscal year 2008/2009, prior to any reductions in any resources. It also provides the Departments performance for the first six months of the current deployment, July 5, 2011 through January 1, 2012. Goal 90% <5 min 90% <9 min 90% <5 min 90% <5:20 min FY 2008 - 2009 66% 4:41 93% 5:26 83% N/A 3:55 871 Current Deployment 64% 4:45 92% 5:36 N/A 3:57

ALS Incidents 1st Unit on Scene 1st ALS on Scene Structure Fires 1st Unit on Scene 1st Unit on Scene

Some of the root causes for the increase in response times are: o o o o 4% increase in the number of EMS incidents. 12% reduction in the daily staffing of field resources 12% reduction in fire companies 17% reduction in BLS ambulances

LAFD Citywide Emergency Response Summary CATEGORY INCIDENTS % Calendar Year 2011 2010 Advanced Life Support (ALS) 202,608 195,673 3.54% Basic Life Support (BLS) 114,258 114,353 -0.1% Automatic Fire Alarm 25,306 25,923 -2.38% Structure Fire 4,552 3,826 18.96% Fire* 10,546 11,077 -4.79% Hazardous Materials 2,734 2,964 -7.75% Rescue 4,725 4,510 4.77% Other (flooding, power lines down, investigation, etc) 14,708 14,764 -0.3% TOTAL 379,437 373,089 1.7% *Does not include Structure Fires, incidents with suspected fire involvement.

The 2010 NFPA Standard 1710 increased the turnout time to structure fire incidents from 60 seconds to 80 seconds. This increase reflects the additional time that it takes for firefighters to don their personal protective equipment.

Additional Statistics The total number of incidents or individual calls for service in 2011 was 379,437 and increase of 1.7 % over 2010. 84% of LAFDs total incidents are Emergency Medical Service responses.

In 2011 the LAFD transported over 195,000 patients to area hospitals, an increase of 2.1% over the previous year. The LAFD monitors its response and coverage daily, in real-time. We continue working toward our goal of meeting the recommendations set by the 2010 National Fire Protection Association.