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AIR OF FREEDOM INFINITE HISTORY OF CORRUPTION IN BOLIVIA

AIR OF FREEDOM INFINITE HISTORY OF CORRUPTION IN BOLIVIA


Lus Carlos Paravicini

Lus Carlos Paravicini

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AIR OF FREEDOM INFINITE HISTORY OF CORRUPTION IN BOLIVIA

1 Those were the times rowdy government of the Democratic and Popular Unity, celebrated for passing an economic measure, then called dollarization, which would become one of the most acute inflationary setbacks in world economic history, with rates seemed nightmarish. In October 1982, he assumed the presidency Dr. Hernn Siles Suazo. With it, Bolivia returned to democracy, after eighteen years, almost without interruption, de facto government, but it was also the right time for the emergence endless protests and social conflicts that became, thereafter, to La Paz in a city blocks and gears of all types and size during the whole year, scenario in which we have seen everything imaginable, from crucified in his underwear, people who sew lips or blood is drawn to write on the walls, strikes dry hunger or people who become and remain walled up, inexplicably, for weeks, armed clashes between police and military, stones and dynamite puppies, all manifestations always be advertised to the end and which arise on issues ranging from calls to resign, creating special bonuses, wage increases, support for political groups, unions and guilds, disabled or people with disabilities, sex workers, gay and lesbian activists preservation or ecological requirements as the return to sea with full sovereignty , chutos cars legalization, abolition of taxes and any request imaginable. Latest offers come to notice or immolate eyes removed. Terrifying. To refine this a bit harsh social reality, transcribe a clever article published in Bolivia received and Legal BOLIVIAN FANTASY AL QAEDA IN BOLIVIA threatening TRIED (Washington / CNN / Envoy) Documents kept secret by intelligence agencies revealed that Al Qaeda planned the execution of attacks in La Paz, Bolivia. Bin Laden by two experienced terrorists, ordered the kidnapping of a plane that would be thrown at the Presidential Palace to protest U.S. interference.
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Records information services (FBI and Bolivian police) realize that the two terrorists came to El Alto International Airport on Sunday, July 26, 2009 at 21:45 in Air France flight from Paris The mission of Al Qaeda started having problems since I landed, since their luggage was mistakenly sent to Santiago. After nearly five hours of journey by different offices and unable to communicate well by their proficiency defective, left the airport officials advised by the airline to return the next day accompanied by an interpreter. The two terrorists took a taxi to the airport exit, and the driver to note that foreigners were paraded through the city three hours to finally abandon in vicinity of El Alto, in an industry full of chicha, where three accomplices of the taxi driver assaulted, beaten them a good beating and stole their belongings. Muslims could be bringing a few dollars hidden in special belts to transport money and left there by a truck driver who took them to a less bleak. On Monday at 7:30 am and thanks to his guerrilla training in Afghanistan make it to a hotel near El Prado, then rent a car and head back to the airport, determined to hijack a plane-as planned- and crash it into the government house. By going to the airport found the route cut due to manifestations of the miners, state employees, the movement of the landless and teachers on strike, delaying more than three hours and suffered broken windows and dents in the car, in addition to receiving puteadas several. At 12:30 they decide to return to the center of La Paz, there a money exchange seeking to convert the few dollars they had left after the theft. There they received counterfeit money. At last, after many vicissitudes, the terrorists arrive at 15:10 at El Alto Airport to hijack the damn plane and finally fulfill its mission. But the LAB is to strike for more pay and less work. Flight controllers also stop (want to equate their pay with that of pilots). The only aircraft that is on the track is one of TAM but no fuel. The
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airline employees and passengers are in the hall of the airport, protesting and shouting slogans against the government. The police arrive and represses all to death, even to Muslim terrorists. Muslims are arrested and taken to the police delegation, accused by a mob out of Potosi, smashing and resisting arrest. At 18:10, a police oversight (changing of the guard), terrorists manage to escape and then discussed among themselves, do not know if it will be possible to destroy the target. At 22:20, dirty, beaten and hungry, decide to eat something in the street. Chola and ask choripanes sandwiches. Just three days can be recovered from the poisoning caused by bad meat they ate the sandwiches. They knew how to awaken that were taken to local hospital after the ambulance will take three hours to get there and as many hours touring hospitals filled to find where they could provide medical care. To pay for medical care had to wash the bedding around the hospital. On Sunday at 15:30 Al Qaeda men leave the hospital and go about Bolivar's court. The hooligan fans mistake them East Petroleum, because his clothes had green and impressive are beating them, the head of the hooligans (a guy nicknamed "Hose") repeatedly violates the two Muslims. A are finally 19:45 left alone with terrible pains throughout the body, especially in that area. There's a kiosk near the sidewalk and decided to get drunk with rage (though for them is sin), take two cardboard wine brand Uvita, adulterated and must return to the hospital, this time should be cleaning toilets with toothbrushes disused to pay for the care they gave. The next day at 22:30 being terrorists panicked fleeing towards La Paz Oruro appliances in a truck, being assaulted by masked men dressed as cholas. Sore, beaten, starved, unable to sit and walk or are picked up by a vehicle of an NGO human rights defender that moved to Oruro. Back in Oruro, wander helplessly and end up sleeping in the doorway
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of a shop downtown, where the detainees are as vague and undocumented aliens as they are to be deported. At the end of this odyssey, Muslims believe that terrorism is not necessary since his return in Bolivia seek to establish an agreement to perform in La Paz of specialized training courses for staff social chaos of Al Qaeda. The dictatorship of Garcia unpublished Bureau proposed a democracy, Evo Morales held judicial elections unpublished unnecessary adjectives in a country where almost everything is unprecedented, not only for the inner life, but for everyone. We are very close to discovering the warm water. There is some pressure measures, beyond the anecdotal, are criminal and which undermine fundamental human rights, such as doctors and nurses strikes or suspension of basic public services such as electricity, water, liquefied gas, or those nameless crimes such as exposure and use of pregnant women, infants and children or disabled to make them leave or remain in endless vigils outside or in hunger strikes, against his will and against laws to protect women pompous and children who are ignored by all public and private stakeholders and particularly by the authorities, Ombudsman, Human Rights and social media. These movements are replicated on a smaller scale in Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, where protesters block major roads prefer, especially in the Chapare, the kingdom of surplus coca growers or Yapacan region, where large settlements and Aymara migrants Quechua or blocking routes mainly excellence are the road to Oruro and Copacabana. While governments choose to provide selective treatment, as if the protests and the protesters are in favor or against, they often become aggressive and violent as time goes on and not satisfactorily meet their demands, so they can block any trunk road for weeks without missing even ambulances. According to complaints that something really must have, for three hundred bolivianos per head daily, more power, you can get people to leave or contramarchen indefinitely by hundreds or thousands of miles
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through jungles, valleys and plateaus, without specifying whether pregnant women are or pay double what you pay for additional child, all that will be a hunt that will handle media disseminate extreme suffering and hardship for the country and the world. In times of rampant deinstitutionalization, doctors, with their strike for nearly two months, showed that the population can survive, more or less dead, with or without doctors. Hunger strikers of all sorts amazed us with their resistance of months without starving or anything. The police, with their strike and mutiny generally went even further, left without security protection across the country, but also allowed us to discover things that were hitherto unsuspected. Doctors strike, riot police violently, just missing the insurrection of the dead. Those who claim that we have the time Swiss, British punctuality, discipline German, Brazilian joy, efficiency Japanese or American way of life, simply country completely wrong and should think seriously about packing their bags and migrate. But it will not easy by any means. If we were punctual Bolivians, disciplined, cheerful, efficient and dreamy, almost cease to be Bolivian. In a society full of social and cultural mix, things are not black or white, so are either unnecessary or too many adjectives to describe the events. While the riot police was overwhelming, more noise was nuts and the event concluded leaving a feeling of something like a failed trial, prior to a treat, to something improvised a workout without public, without rudder or specific objectives clear, a mere expression of protest, something like a tantrum police. Ordinary citizens will never know who was really behind this farce. Beyond conspiracy theories or coups, surely some of that too there was a movement so unexpected and bewildering that ended with the feeling that something absurd and almost anecdotal had occurred, in which nobody won anything, but we all discovered enough., What in another country could have been the source for mass riots and looting, seemed to be the opposite here, apart from the traffic chaos and vandalism caused this time by police, only the population
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frightened and bewildered as criminals themselves, left without protection and police chase for six days. It is clear that police work is based on the attitude and training of the police, which may not be similar to gang members or comparable to that of the military and other sectors of the population. The population knows that, in both use and misuse of resources and heroic past, such as hunger strikes soft, hard, dry, wet, boarded and mobilized blockades, vigils, crucifixion, burial alive, sewing lips, ups and downs , they are already worn steps actually prostitutes, which make the government authorities take with sportsmanship, pure red tape and a small amount of patience. These are issues that must be left to the initiative of the real stakeholders, candid, sadists and masochists. After police carnival, is difficult to expect a new mutiny occurs. But the incident should serve to understand that the police institutional crisis is deep and long-standing and that it can be used in a thousand ways. The monopoly of legitimate force given to the police public, is an entity with doctrine, clear goals and objectives, principles and values of social content, within a vertical inevitably disciplinary regime. The police agency is not a charity or employment. The logic prebendalista and politicking, always at the service of the government and the powerful in turn, is reflected in the constant and endless requests for improvements of all types, increased budgets, equipment, salaries and effective. Perchance, is that a lot of police effective, super equipped, with (good?) Wages, solve the problems of crime and public insecurity that are common to modern societies?. The riot police apparently gave a negative answer chilling: With thirty thousand cops or no cops, not felt a real impact, for that matter, the truth is that neither experienced much with the strike of doctors and surely something same happen with a stoppage of judges or teachers. While it is understandable that, for government disability or comfort.
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Police has become a major source of work for migrant farmers and urban unemployed, in no way justifies the police can be composed mostly improvised elements, which would be worse than the monkeys knife them. Without wishing to inquire much about the motivations and implications of the statement to the police union, and as such had no major differences to periodically staged by various social sectors, was fully corroborated the basic need for police to have a quality, well-equipped, with modern technology, ie professional, not a mass of unemployed and people of good will dressed in uniforms and equipped with brass knuckles, composed mostly candid, sadists and masochists. This, perhaps, is the basic structural issue to be resolved in order to have a model institution in a society in crisis. A police scientific, professional and University Police technique involves a quality, beyond the title, different and more productive and efficient public houses which manufacture cartons study, graduates and frustrations, as its mission is to train professionals for real cops, they are not designed to feed the enormous state bureaucracy, but to serve society, provide security, peace and tranquility. As for the police troops, would have to answer a proper selection process and intensive technical training to have qualified human resources, but it is impossible to recruit volunteers who have served in the military, period, just to make statistical number. The mutineers gained too little, the government drew up cheap and won, at the cost of putting in tremendous risk social peace and order, finally, to the government mindset, if the conflict is part of democracy, the more social conflicts there will be more Democrats. In principle, no one can argue about the legitimacy of the proposals for higher pay of commissioned officers and the police. But then to the ends of radical measures so marked as fully retracted, leaving defenseless and unprotected population, there is much distance. Discovering the flip side, some policemen totally uncontrolled, violent and performing acts of vandalism increased as stoning, burning and looting property, cannot help but shudder. It shows that the police are
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no better or worse than common criminals or social vandals, the lumpen proletariat who often face social conflicts when they occur, that is, more often than desired. Unfortunately see that the only difference, merely formal, is the uniform. Tremendous alarm signal for society, worse if it is found that the levels of public insecurity almost nothing unchanged despite the absence of police From a standpoint of roles and functions, the police requested wage leveling with military NCOs naked other contradictions and nonsense. The military, obsolete stuck in their false roles of parental or guardianship of a nineteenth sovereignty, inconceivable in the contemporary world, have lost their way and cannot find a proper social role beyond chauvinistic claims. In this perspective, being a bit cynical, perhaps it would be better to level the salaries of junior officers of the armed forces and reduce them to the level of the commissioned officers and police, who are inevitably useful and necessary for the public peace and social harmony , beyond any circumstances It is no doubt that the coup was legal institutions since the election by popular vote of the judiciary authorities, an unprecedented blunder in legal and judicial history of all mankind. If it was supposed to grant legitimacy to the judges, the result could not be worse. With no more than 15% percent of the votes of citizens, any judicial officer could reasonably aspire to legitimacy at the time of his election and worse as they wore out in the exercise of their functions. Appointed by two-thirds vote of the governing party as candidates, were sharp and rude expression of the government apparatus and hegemony to pack all of the public spaces. No question of suitability. It is understandable that all human beings have legitimate aspirations and good or bad intentions, but they cannot replace the minimum effort to perform to learn and train, gain experience and knowledge essential to the exercise of trades and professions. Obviously, to occupy senior positions should have social skills. skills, dedication, knowledge, skills and experience, which is all that can not be improvised. What about the honesty and integrity that must be demonstrated in the performance of duties.

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For professional politicians, in the extreme, is not required to read or write. Contrary, intuition or smell, charisma, patience, ambition or greed and all resistance test, will be some of the determining factors. We can all have the right to be ignorant, lazy or indifferent, is our choice, but we cannot even conceive of, for example, by way of democracy or participation, medical graduates perform all kinds of operations and treatments, while learn along the way and gain experience, as the results would be catastrophic for everyone. In the administration of justice are at stake freedom, work, wealth, integrity, dignity and honor of the people, security, peace and peaceful coexistence in society. Being a lawyer is not just learned a few codiguillos memory, few Latin phrases and something like oratory. You have to read and understand the doctrines, legal institutions, philosophical trends of law, legal logic and many theoretical and practical disciplines. Being that so important is called legal standard is a methodical and systematic process that takes time, requires steps that cannot be ignored or burn, very different to common sense that accompanies or must accompany the common people, without interest mostly grade educational training or experience. Surely had the best intentions in Evo Morales and sincere expectations by experiment that began in time to choose judges by popular vote. Possibly almost all candidates attended with patriotic spirit and willing to give their best, most may have had limitations materials for education and training, possibly unable to access positions and functions to give them the necessary experience, perhaps suffered discrimination and exclusion, but these are not reasons enough to put the life, liberty and property of the people in the hands of people lacked minimum professional qualifications. You can no longer hide. The vast majority of judges in office lack the minimum requirements of suitability, it is not enough good will, do not reach the strenuous efforts they can do, lack the basic rudiments of administering justice. The experiment cost is too high. Without going into details and only considering the field of criminal justice, is no longer acceptable the situation of thousands of remand prisoners are crammed into overcrowded jails, in cohabiting with children of all ages who were born prisoners, who share judgments virtually perpetual, with
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no sign of solution and subhuman conditions that worsen with each passing day. In other areas such as civil, commercial or administrative things have become chacota, professional and human level is too low, corruption is confused with ignorance and arbitrariness. More than ever, imposing criteria racist, classist or subjective, full of resentment and hate, that do not contribute to social peace and public safety, given modality vendetta auction to the highest bidder. The laws and human judgments cannot alter the state, quality or quality of things. The priest Eduardo Perez Iribarne has a radio show called "The Invisible Man", does not mean that man is truly invisible and that should give you a card SEGIP evidencing such thing, same with Spider-Man, Woman marvel or prodigy. Nor can legally define whether a person is beautiful or ugly, stupid or intelligent, least possible, for the moment, climate change by law. Human nature recognizes only two genders: male and female, who temporarily can be children, teenagers, adults and elderly. There is only one human race. That dubious tastes and pleasures there are human, often unnatural depravity does not mean that the law should recognize gays, lesbians, transsexuals, pedophiles, zoophilic, necrophiliacs and other beauties that brought modernity, but of course that their rights are being saved and obligations in the limits set by the law itself, not as diverse or diverted, but as men and women. The classification criteria are unnatural racist: Neither the law nor any human judgment can determine whether or not an individual is originating if it is white or black, green or blue, either pure or mixed race and this can be determined scientifically, all you can is to note the date, place of birth and sex, which are not fully accurate data, but approximate. A government, here or anywhere in the world, has the right and obligation to build all kinds of work and throughout the national territory, and whether individual property, community, cooperative or state, while respecting the rights of legitimate owners of the property. Otherwise would mean that the inhabitants of a town, a city or district governing the use and management of their property according to their uses and customs, and were against the common interest. .
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Consequently, there may be a law that allows or prohibits the construction of a road, a hospital or a school, and that the conditions in which you do have to be consulted to avoid damaging the interests and rights of the people in the affected directly but it is not possible, either legally or physically, a law declaring a territory as intangible, untouchable, invisible, although you can give other property legal attributes, as indefeasible, inalienable or imprescriptible. In cases like TIPNIS, in the case of a private community type, which is appropriate to apply the constitutional precept of expropriation for public convenience and necessity, which means paying a fair price for the owners or indigenous communities of communal lands. The bottom line is this whole mess. Beyond consultation and other pods. On the road, it occurs to us that the leaders asked twenty million dollars to divide supposedly originating from the 14,000. Then the state should pay for hospitals, schools and any work that is done in that vast territory. Can someone enter to plant coca or roses or bananas?. No. Does anyone not coming clean may put a stall selling drinks pacumutos or mocochinchi?. No. Can anyone, not originating certified or approved by the leaders enter fishing or hunting? No. It is, more or less, an absolute distortion to the spirit and letter of the Conventions on the protection of indigenous peoples' rights in favor of a few filibusters eager to monopolize wealth and power at the expense of the suffering of people ignorant and miserable. When you start from false premises, misleading conclusions will be obtained. If human law cannot change the natural state of things, a rule of this kind is impossible, illegal and therefore unconstitutional without further debate or speculations leguleyescas (Act 180). Things like mother earth, stones, rivers, cannot be rights holders under any rational perspective. An Act to refer to certain people (Act 222), in addition to being constitutional, it cannot be subject to future events, uncertain and subjective fully content, recommendations or worse with exhortations that have nothing to do with the constitutional analysis and interpretation of the standard. Thus, a court will have to create consensus and agreements to determine whether there was
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consensus or agreement and what are the parameters for this to happen. In cases where there are conflicting interests, it is almost impossible to obtain consensus, i.e. a unique sense, voluntarily agreed to a draw, which would be unnecessary for the consultation and we could get to the endless speculation. The playfulness and attitude criolla few cowardly political leaders with interests that are not really Christians say, and that by way of originating imaginary owners are said more than one million hectares, while millions of Bolivians fifth class have neither a square meter, which is shielded by a troop of ignorant poor, pregnant women, infants and children of all ages to inspire pity. In a society full of hypocrisy and daily lives among the greatest misery conceivable and possible further waste. Use as vulnerable people who are exposed to health and life without any possibility of opposing or expressing their will, not only criminal, is unforgivable. The political class and the government should reflect and assign a serious and professional treatment to these delicate issues; otherwise we could mired in the swampy sands legal anarchy and barbarism. By the way, can continue to politically free drawing, changes and revolutions for all tastes and sizes. The unpublished judicial elections and the constitutional court's ruling is a bit constructive contribution to democracy and an embarrassment to those who had the misfortune to study law in a country plagued by left, it spends most recalcitrant rightists left are declared. As a result of all the confusion created by the conflict of interest policy, which is hopelessly lost the indigenous cause, their claims and rights. And that is repaired or no longer with thousand marches. The practical results of poor training and management of much of the current administrators of justice, which is well reflected in the monumental injustice of Bolivian prisons, is reflected in its entire rigor in the judgment of the Constitutional Court. Convoluted, confusing, contradictory, demanded too much paper, too much ink, long time. The judges and lawyers, who cannot believe that they are lawyers, have tried to get along with God and with the devil and have been
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wrong with the Devil and God. Only asked about the constitutionality of two laws, so they should just meet their work and make known their opinion, that is, are or are not constitutional, but it was added constraints, exhortations and good wishes to conclude with the rules unconstitutionality are accused of being and not being constitutional simultaneously and, in the best case, its constitutionality is subject to consensus and agreement. It is a purely colonial court judgment, unprecedented in the unprecedented judicial revolution, a collector's item, anthology and an example of how not to make a judgment. Clearly, politically it may be a masterpiece of cunning Upper Peruvian, but never a judgment may be due to an argument or political interest. Judges appointed by the painfully then MAS elected by the vote of the Bolivian population minimum, you probably have a lot of effort, a lot of love, patriotism and commitment to the change process and the democratic and cultural revolution. But with enthusiasm and good will is not enough, either originating helps disguise, hold or carry surname ancestral atavistic rituals, it would be better to resign before the collapse of the administration of justice is irreparable. You can live without formal justice, but you cannot do in real-life injustice.

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2 Siles began his government with the support of the Popular Democratic Unity (UDP), a coalition made up of three major parties of the centerleft and left, the Nationalist Revolutionary Movement of the Left (MNRI), the Communist Party of Bolivia (PCB) The Movement of the Revolutionary Left (MIR), and a cluster of small political groups of little significance. The government coalition was expanded a few weeks later with the inclusion of the Christian Democratic Party. The new government inherited a very difficult situation. Siles had to confront the consequences of internal instability and external insulation of the military governments of the three years that had preceded him. The economic crisis of the eighties had begun a few months before he took office and, in mid-1982, the deterioration of the economy was already of great magnitude. The most visible manifestation of the crisis was inflation, which reached 329% in 1983, to 2,177% in 1984 and 8170% in 1985. These rates were accompanied by falls hyperinflationary in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 4.5% in 1983, 0.6% in 1984 and 1% in 1985. One of the main causes was the weight of the heavy external debt contracted by the military governments, but the incidence was very important drug in the economy, especially in the black market activity runaway currency. Those who then lay in Bolivia, and found no explanation, less solution to spiraling prices of daily goods and services all have or might have, unfortunately they were all millionaires, the little machine Central Bank kept printing money and then , cashier checks, the official exchange rate currency granted at a preferential price through quotas granted to foreign importers and persons related to political governance and particularly those related to financial authorities that granted foreign exchange black market in which banks and financial institutions developed their work, all they got huge profits when sold on the parallel market, where the dollar rose in price by the minute. By contrast, loans dollar millionaires were canceled with pigricias
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through deposits in national currency and the exchange rate on the payment date, the service is paid only in cash, had to carry increasingly large packets to pay the bill for lunch , deposits or withdrawals simple in banking were moved in trucks and vans in wheelbarrows and calico pockets, few could distract in having larger amounts of money in pesos bolivianos, so they decided to mostly accept in good faith the amounts purportedly containing the packages were delivered and were tied with pitas and leagues, with tickets that seemed parsley, especially those that circulated in the east. With a dollar a day could power a family decently survive and many did five dollars a week or twenty a month, the drama was to get the dollars. Since few years ago I occupied an office in Building Hope in Mariscal Santa Cruz Avenue, the heart of the city of La Paz, in an environment that was split wide, with wooden partitions and doors in four, a reception , two offices and a meeting room. The lease was taken shortly after graduating as a lawyer. I managed to read my thesis: "The legal structure as a foundation for economic integration", missing only a few days for what was the coup Luis Garcia Mesa, the razor's edge, at the last moment, on the verge of collapse nervous and struggling against the world, as they had been and would be important events of my life. About a year before I was married and while attending the latest materials and worked at the law Antezana Mario Hinojosa, at the invitation of Fernando "Coton" Gutierrez, the evening progressed the thesis developed in the machine red electric IBM, which had acquired to transcriptions of documents, such an extensive work and endless memories play that changed weekly plot and characters, to our dismay and despair, or a pharmacy book full of symbols and special characters that were about to go crazy . The works were very complicated because they could not make many errors of transcription, in reality almost no error, for the time was short and the high cost of the anxieties accompanying stencils or weekends between thesis and transcripts During the last semester of law school, trying to break into the profitable world of handouts, but we had better chance of competing
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with the Comegato, a character who was not a student but in love with an influential professor, who had obtained a monopoly de facto and professors coordinated with everything involving the production, distribution and marketing of such mandatory study texts, for which he had at his command a small army of writers, editors and transcribers, was of poor quality and down discretionary prices were generally rude, a sweet deal, considering that by then the School had more than five thousand students, bound and captive customers of a system of mediocrity and corruption that goes back to hard to pin down. Law school was controlled by the Group Tolata, akin to the Movement of the Revolutionary Left Front faced the Urus, on the student, while the Nationalist Revolutionary Movement of the Left had taken over the deanship and direction of studies. Among the prominent leaders Tolata group, named in reference to a slaughter of peasants perpetrated in the town of Cochabamba during the Banzer dictatorship, was Xavier Ferreira, a lawyer who then reach economic prosperity as advisor of the labor movement and Germn Monroy Chazarreta, " The Chaza ", who was Mayor of La Paz and star of one of the most outrageous efforts you have known the municipality of the city, he had been friends with the neighborhood in which we played football, and times when he exhibited a temper, almost hysterical, and was given a terrible tantrums when things did not go according to your wishes. In the shadow of the Group was developed Tolata Legal Bloc of the Revolutionary Left Movement, which had to Luis Vasquez Villamor, Jos Luis Paredes and Marco Antonio Oviedo as members, who then stand out in national political life. The Front URUS, clearly Trotskyist orientation, was led by Hugo Salvatierra, "El Chino" who later appeared as CEJIS official, an NGO based in Santa Cruz, linked to the labor movement and the indigenous peoples of the East, who became famous Minister of lands the first government of Evo Morales, whose management saw dramatic facts of irregularities and corruption, mainly with the purchase and distribution of a large number of tractors, negotiated that sank in a scandal that lasted a few weeks and then was filed and forgotten, as always
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happens in these cases that the country only costing a few tens or hundreds of millions of dollars, which happens more often than desired and regardless of the type of government. A very similar occurred negotiated with equipment and agricultural machinery in the matter called "North Port", during the administration of Luis Garcia Mesa, who was tried and convicted of everything except for such crimes always enjoyed preferential treatment and forbearance on the part of the political system. In law school, had a picturesque Salvatierra surname Arzabe lieutenant in charge of inventing and propagating epithets against opponents 'puppies of fascism', 'lackeys of imperialism', 'servants of the dictatorship' were some of the niceties of their usual repertoire, which is exchanged punches in a brawl in a night generally occurred between the two groups of leaders in the Student Assembly, for those curious things of life, led to a truce and the decision to place a person student control of the School, to seek a democratic solution to the crisis of political governance that had bottomed out and did not think anything better to do with a student who was neither with one nor the other, desperate not only for crumble institutional mechanisms that would allow graduate and leave as soon and as far as possible from the Distinguished Faculty of Law and Political Science. I cannot deny that, in the Assembly of the brawl, had a stake who inadvertently sparked the conflict desentend and I was taken exclusively by antagonistic groups, but never imagined it would lead to a first and brutal approach the mystery of human power. Taken by surprise with such a hot potato that was put under my responsibility, I decided to give a quick and practical solution to a Student Assembly calling for the next day, which was held in Hall A with about a thousand students, in an environment of effervescence and contradictory positions and irreducible, that threatened to end in a debacle greater and even violence. Mostly due to fatigue and after several hours of debate and discussion, it was agreed to hold new elections optional and designate a transitional Electoral Committee, which was charged with all matters relating to the administration to be elected as the new authorities, with what was honorably released this Greek who had given me

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Being right with God and the Devil, but with a crop more than positive in terms of my personal goals academics, I was already a student who had rubbed shoulders with the powerful, for a day, just for one day, but had been part of them and that was a fait accompli, irreversible and known throughout the Faculty. To think that, in time to take the entrance examination to college, my greatest aspiration was simply to be university approve and then one day realize my childhood dream: being a football player, lawyer and chancellor. Eventually I got two of the three, but never got other achievements that I had dared to imagine. Student leaders amid irreconcilable political differences, were about to agree on the abolition of the thesis, I was doing precisely desperately against time, evenings and weekends, to replace it by a fuzzy seminar socially oriented degree. My tutor was Dr. Jaime Prudencio Cossio, author of the most important collection of Private International Law Treaties signed and ratified by Bolivia, information or the Foreign Ministry of the Republic could be found who understood my plight and effort conducting and I gave full cooperation. By contrast, Reynaldo Peters Arzabe, responsible for approving the scheme of the thesis we had for more than three months going unsuccessfully, morning, noon and night to his office, until we said the decision not to move without first obtaining any response, the only way to achieve academic favor of revolutionary, who entered the Hall of Fame, rather than being one of many ministers of state, for filing a habeas corpus handwritten on a roll of toilet paper when detained politically Banzer dictatorship, ingenious feat that in some academic circles in Spain earned him recognition and consecration of the document in question as international legal monument, subject to lengthy legal studies and proctologists. More than just an outstanding student, a student was clearly rushed, urged by graduating, I managed to win quickly in general all subjects, except two in which two ordinary professors and libidinous, those that change notes for favors of any kind, they had cast eye on Mara Elena, by then my love, so that by not getting what you expected minimally had no trouble in aplazarme, habitual attitudes and that there was no
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instance of complaint option. The uncertainties, sudden changes, improvisations, arbitrary and discretionary acts were the only safe conditions under which one could study and one had to adapt if they want to survive the maze of other barriers. After much struggle, he had managed to bring day and time for the defense of my thesis into a worsening political climate which, together with the anxiety of such an important event, I released the stomach and had to go to the bathroom repeatedly while waiting in the classroom, eager and with intent to withdraw at any time, members of the Court of Grado, it was essential the presence of chairman, Dr. Manual Morales Dvila, who I had been an assistant in the chair of Constitutional Law and then held the position of Comptroller General of the Republic. In this crucial time, in the sense that they would find the years of effort, sleepless nights and running around academics, although no one could guess, yes I sensed that it was a matter of life and death, of those few truly transcendent we have to face, a delay might have meant, at best, two or more years to stay just as rocket or graduated, which is the same as nothing, as did many graduates who were devoted to other activities or other as Chazarreta himself, that after more than thirty years he resumed his thesis defense process that, by the time it is in several thick volumes. Germn Monroy was the son of the leader Chazarreta movimientista Block Germn Monroy, as most of them lived between power and exile, and was in the latter that he met his wife Anita Chazarreta, granddaughter of a famous musician and northern Argentina gave guitar lessons, vocationally who followed his talented son Manuel, "The Papirri", singer, songwriter and performer. When it seemed that the end of the world was imminent, threatened to pull out my guts, while smoking one cigarette after another, at a time when there was no restriction for this, other than those imposed on Dr. Huascar Cajas his chair of Criminology, with almost two hours late, the Comptroller appeared with Maria Elena, who had come to collect. Once the act of defense, there was not much time to celebrate, as the days of the dedicated solely to process transcripts and approval of
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thesis, concluding few hours before the coup that ended a long time by the Bolivian University. With the University closed, I was commissioned at the law that would advance in the care of cases of former officials of YPFB, including Rolando Prada, who was brother in law of Banzer, and Miguel Tejada Velasco, whom the Comptroller General, possibly from the previous administration, Morales Dvila, had turned Fee Notes millionaire sums, and in the handling cooperated with some success in my capacity as a graduate, but for the care of these issues and figured I was introduced as a lawyer, so that engineers doctor treating me this, doctor that. In appreciation for the work done, the engineer Tejada Velasco invited us to dinner at his house. For those hazards of life, as fate would have precisely he was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Reorganization of the Bolivian University, so, in that capacity, accounted deliver professional titles in the first conferring of degrees that occurred at the Universidad Mayor de San Andrs, over a year after its closure, whose graduates went to get something flushed before the curious coincidence, the academic title from the hands of my illustrious client. It took several years, and with my degree in national provision and the sacred record in various Bar Associations in R. District Superior Court in the Supreme Court of Justice and the Ministry of Government feared, my recurring nightmares long revolved around subjects I nullified college or university and who was not legally valid law degree , with all the consequences that implied in my life.

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3 The secretary opened the door to my office and amid the cigarette smoke that was already part of my personality, I said I was looking for an aviation technician, who had explained that it was an adventure and mate admit it to him, what actually happened just joined and we took an affectionate hug. Middle-aged man, something big, dark, while steaming freshly lit cigarette, immediately reminded me that were met and three months of the plane crash in which miraculously saved his life, so you can forget a day like this, they had been reborn, life had given us a second life and so we should be eternally grateful. Besides that trip companion, a friend of Lucas, who introduced him to me on that flight and who had obtained my address. Lucas was an aviation mechanic who I met in the neighborhood of my childhood, worked repairing meat cargo planes, remnants of World War II, had been a footballer in his youth, in his native Sucre, settled some time in Paraguay where he had learned some Guarani and made many friends, so I was very fond of everything that had to do with the Paraguayan. I often visited the office and at home, we talked about football and their crazy projects, some just stayed on that and others were whimsical and crazy adventures that led out through thick and thin, usually with catastrophic results. Every advantage we met to recommend me not to smoke, or drink coffee or soda liters consumed me at all times and in all places, but it was especially critical of cigarettes. One of the most perplexing temporary occupations Lucas was the assistant to a neurologist who was in charge of the health examinations to applicants for civilian pilots, most of them Eastern, especially Beni. Lucas was responsible for brokering in exchange for extra money, candidates for alleged neurological problems observed obtain the approval of the doctor to continue its proceedings. This rs a common practice in the health system, which act in collusion doctors, clinics, laboratories and pharmacies to to spend customers and charge fees and commissions for analysis, consultations and operations, in many cases unnecessary or harmful.

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In a similar way to what happens with judges and lawyers, physicians are responsible for performing administrative tasks for the construction of infrastructure, procurement of equipment, medical supplies and pharmaceuticals businesses in moving hundreds of millions of dollars and for which volunteer doctors abound. At that time, with the collapse of the UDP inflation, compounded by the fact that the government had decided to control the national economy, trade and foreign exchange black, with none other than local gendarmes magically multiplied in number, the situation in the streets and squares and it was just surreal. Smoking was a vice socially accepted and even encouraged, almost everyone smoked, ashtrays missing anywhere, you were one of the favorite gifts, smoked up in the cinema, in bedrooms, in cars, on planes, in trains, men, women, young, old and even had smoked monkeys at the zoo, had professional footballers they did in full court and full match, I have to mind the image of Luis Galarza, who was deputizing for the other The Strongest goalkeeper Rene Lafuente who had agreed to alternate in the title, who paced the bench and on the edge of the pitch smoking one cigarette after another. The rare, strange, marginalized and even discriminated were the nonsmokers, whether socially. Since my mom died when I was seventeen, my father died when I was over the age of five-and having no close family, things became very complicated to me, I could not continue regularly to football was my passion and made of cigarettes inseparable for much of my life since then, sometimes I had to eat or for basic things, but could never miss cigarettes then sodas and from school, at least read a daily newspaper, then I enter the passions by reading books and magazines and movies, but in any case as personal tastes, saving the industry readings later I had to do for obligations rather professional type. Good conversations, live music in informal bowling, play racquetball and tennis and other leisure guitarreadas were my favorite. Instead, he always escaped to social gatherings of commitment, farrear by farrear or superfluous conversations, the kind that only serve to kill time that can never be recovered. What prevented greatest calamities that my health was rarely enjoyed
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smoking, did compulsively, anxiety and the most affected were those around me who had to assimilate most of the smoke. Consumed whole days of Sundays and holidays devouring the newspapers until his last letter, which was possible because they had a modest volume that was unlike the monstrous editions of magazines and supplements abundant and colorful illustrations are now normally published. One of the miracles of the internet, using digital editions, common throughout newspaper that respect, it makes it possible to review in minutes not one but several newspapers, local, national or foreign, almost always in the headlines already condense the news or you can see and choose for authorship of the opinion columns, ignoring advertising, collection notices, policies requested, employment requirements, the jet set social chronicles Creole, obituaries and other litter, thus saving much precious time that you can devote to more uplifting things. What more can be said of the giant libraries and search engines like Google, which can explore an infinite universe and find anything about anything or anyone in milliseconds, forming a virtual library, access constantly updated and fully free, in a genuine process of democratization of information and culture, in colossal ever imagined by man. Or via skype video conferencing and internet, virtually free and unlimited duration, including voice and image that communicates and from anywhere in the world, but that ignorance, fear, tremendous publicity of telephone operators or just laziness and comfort, make millions of users spend large sums of money to communicate by cell obsessively. It is exceedingly strange that while poorer than a country or its people, most insist on luxury spending and squandering their resources unnecessarily. What is the law? What the king commanded. What is a habit? Which imposes the crowd. Will the habits? Personal or family customs. Simple definitions, popular but quite descriptive. The habits and customs, unlike legality der exist and reproduce autonomously and independently to the will of the king or the ruler, ie, beyond any legal formality that must adapt to the customary rule and not the setback, as often happens in these times. According to the
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values prevailing in each period and also conditional on the possibilities of material development, habits and customs can be good or bad, necessary or dispensable all this much more than simply fashion. Just a few decades the telephones, radios and televisions were covered with exquisite preserve covers for dust and moisture, the brand new car, first of all, had to reupholster or put protective linings to their seats, along with painting body, were the details that were careful, almost everyone smoked, ashtrays and lighters were inevitable objects in homes and offices, was common in varying degrees drunk and without further excuses, bricklayers in La Paz lunched with gas marraqueta papaya and banana, coca acullicaban miners smoked regardless of whether they ate or not, eastern vegetables and exotic vegetables were luxuries had to enter the road to see the state in which they were, butter, sausages, toilet paper, showers and obese were curiosities, Masons and ate children were atheists, communists and atheists were men ate, were fags homosexuals, prostitutes were whores, lesbians were almost extraterrestrial, things and nature were the service of God and of man, or knew people had so many diseases and generally only managed to die a natural death or accident. At a time when there are more phones than people, internet is society, the realism of film and television beat imagination and appropriates human dreams, religions are pure formality or unreflective bigotry, intended land supplant the biological mother, the coca leaf is proclaimed sacred rights of nature are more important than the rights of men and so I set to the Political Constitution of the State, tribes become nations, the nation returns village, villages take the country and turn it into state and turns plurinational state, the original are separated and confronted with derivatives, carnivals become everyday politics of costumes and impostures. In the transition process are harmful habits that tend to become residual vices, like smoking, while others change their consumption areas and travel to cultural and religious justifications, such as alcoholism and the chewing of coca, but leave step to the tremendous influence of drug trafficking in production, marketing and consumption, which is the greatest threat to democratic society faces, which is now
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subject to the interests of the cocaine barons and traffickers, causing the artificial peak a society of frivolity and consumption, along with an increase unstoppable corruption, crime and organized crime. The habits and customs are not excuses for violating social values and principles and we cannot go so far as to putting nonexistent and impossible rights of nature, is called Mother Earth or whatever, the only true inherent rights human beings on planet earth, the existence of which would not exist without any rights. It is necessary and appropriate to recover the sense of humanity, overcome habits and harmful to the common interest of the public debate and exclude the impossible equation with the things of nature, which must be at the service of a good quality of life, and not absurd cults and idolatry atavistic than ancestral. In this issue, also play a role social media, they hold as state secrets free or cheap options, but also silent about mafia practices to lure new people, as the entire system of messages that , slyly make people subscribe to, without any regulatory authority or ombudsman to oversee these lucrative and immoral use of internet and mobile phone. However, there are a supervisory authority and oversight of the games, which charges from albums figurines draws children to large gambling. In those days and in the circumstances of rampant trade speculation, Lucas began machacarme with a proposed trip to his beloved Paraguay, spoke of important friendships and the possibility of agreeing some business, and seek options to temporarily leave some hope for Kafkaesque scenario that existed in Bolivia. Almost bowed to his stubborn insistence, hoping to distract myself with the trip and therefore climate change uncertainty and hopelessness take me everyone is given the opportunity to finance the tickets and passports processed sooner than expected Lucas himself. Boarding and much of the flight were normal, only Lucas himself harangued that the trip had been too hasty, and that we could make things more calmly, so, knowing his character, do not assign more importance to their claims, he settled a case with a suit British alpaca fabric, put the hanger on the front of the plane and then sat back, as I did in the third row, next to another aircraft mechanic friend of Lucas,
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with some unpleasantness because I had touched a seat where you could not smoke, but I consoled myself thinking that the matter would be settled in an hour, arriving in Santa Cruz. Missing about fifteen minutes of estimated time of landing at the Viru Viru Airport, a loud explosion rocked the Boeing 727, which reached to shake as if entered turbulence. A couple, who was in the front row started shouting until he left his young daughter who had entered the cab, which itself had tried, without luck, a madman who entered the front bathroom because the stewardess miraculously prevented place him in the cockpit, to explode a grenade against his body, which was strewn across the hallway. Oxygen masks fell, apparently had some small detail, the kind that one does not pay attention when the crew gives instructions for emergencies, these emergencies that passengers do not normally swear they will perform live, so in instead of oxygen, several passengers were green to inhale the smoke of the explosion. A fat woman got in the seat and pulled screaming jewelry to wrap them in a tissue while writing some scribbles on paper, probably convinced he was doing his will. Before the screaming and panic began to spread, a burly passenger rose with the avowed purpose of giving a slap the hysterical woman, but it was not necessary, as the time went on over the bloodied, we kept asking passengers Calm, in view of which the woman fainted. The woman was tall, fat, wore glasses tied to the neck and it showed that he had gone to the hairdresser before taking flight. Moments of indescribable anguish passed, only managed to put my bag to my chest, with a picture of my kids installed in the mind, just waiting, almost foreboding, the moment of impact and final fatal, but in my view, too premature in my case, many things were left unfulfilled, life seemed too short for so much suffering or say in my time corporate executive, cost too little benefit. Just landed at Viru Viru, stepped into the hall the commander of the ship to give a brief explanation, after which he received a loud and spontaneous applause from the passengers. Most of them got up and struggled to get out the back door, then so was the sprawled body of the suicide, he received posthumous insults of some passengers, while
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Luke tried to move against the current to recover your suit sleeve alpaca I had placed just income, which finally succeeded. Plastic holder only had a few drops of blood. As soon as we arrived at the airport I took a couple of glasses of whiskey, while Lucas was so rushed recriminndome trip. Those who went to Paraguay were moved to the Hotel Cortez, had reached a strong surazo and asked Luke to accompany me to a bar that was in front of the Hotel, where Ivan was Roncal, fellow faculty and son of the Minister of Government Siles Suazo and was in charge of distributing the preferred currency in Santa Cruz, so it was one of the most influential people at the time. After our adventures hello and told him I noticed that he and his friends, typical opportunistic politicians and stakeholders, we listened in disbelief and thinking we were more attuned to drink themselves, however, after a while we were told that the jack is closed so we returned to the hotel to share a room with Lucas and his loud snoring in what remained of the night. At six o'clock we were awakened to take us to the airport where we were incommunicado until eleven, when he just could board a flight to Asuncion city he arrived with a very high temperature and in we went to stay , again in a double room in a hotel owned by a friend of Luke which was located in downtown Asuncion, in which, amid the noise of air conditioning and snoring, I thought I had little time for actual rest. In La Paz, Maria Elena's relatives avoided the newspapers she read to not worry about the news of the explosion on the flight of Llloyd, so recently learned of the case to get to send telex from Asuncin: 'Despite the setback, we good.' At the airport in Santa Cruz we had not been allowed to make any calls were not yet available and cell phones. To mitigate somewhat the accumulated tensions, made a short and pleasant trip to the falls of Foz de Iguazu, after which we held some meetings without greater importance with some friends Lucas and returned to Bolivia by plane, although at get to Paraguay, I was meant to do it by land and never get on a plane, but then I learned why you never say never. I was under the impression that Asuncion was like Santa Cruz largest and fond memories of the warmth and friendliness of its people.
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Shortly after returning from Paraguay, as a result of collection, commissioned the firm for a debt held by the Ministry of Defense with a group of Korean companies by providing clothing and military equipment, formed a company and suddenly take we provision uniforms and apparel for several million dollars. partners were Fernando Jordan Arce, Luis Vacaflores, Mario Hinojosa Antezana and Marcelo Snchez de Lozada, brother of Maria Elena. Given the scale of the operation, decided to travel with my brother to North America and Asia, for details and the seriousness of the suppliers, in a journey that we demanded fifty days. Despite my stated intentions not to climb up on a plane, the trip required not one but several flights of up to fourteen hours, including a stopover in Anchorage, Alaska, which recently had been shot down by accident a Korean airliner passengers. When one of those days for a moment we are alone in the center of Seoul, where we had left the business to assist us while going to park your car, could not help but shudder to think what would happen if for some reason I was left alone or lost in the midst of a crowd of people in a hurry, with a language so different, full of signs quite incomprehensible to our culture, a situation would surely be worthy of the worst nightmare. Then, just imagine a situation of this nature, I understood the hardships and miseries that must traverse Asians in Bolivia, with a completely different culture, charges under permanent immigration authorities, or, in their business, with the pilgrimage of tax inspectors, health and otherwise, to obtain licenses real or imagined, make all kinds of inspections and permanent suffering discrimination not only by the worst of them, which in Bolivia is to be a foreign national, confessed offender almost synonymous lacking rights, and in this case is compounded by the additive of Chinese or Koreans who are passing on their own physical appearance and so are Peruvians, Russians or Americans. The trip was amazing but the business was frustrated because someone with influence currency managed to keep our award, which precluded us and realize bill of credit open the commercial operation of
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high profitability. But the experience was very useful to approach and know the business world privileged military, only in areas such as equipment, clothing, food and supplies moving many millions a year, almost at its discretion to the high command of the armed forces, with the Comptroller formal control, but in the operational yields big profits between actual costs and purchase prices. Official reports say that, upon strict compliance with all requirements of aw, be paid for such a uniform three million dollars, but does not tell you the actual cost did not exceed one million dollars or six helicopters were purchased percent thirty million dollars, which could also be two or three hundred, but it slipped to around sixty. If all is well on the civilian side of inputs, God knows what will happen with weapons and military equipment (vehicles, tanks, planes), in time of peace, and what all this will be in time of war or of single speed or internal conflicts. The business of war, in all times and places, is one of the most lucrative, but it is poignant in poor countries like Bolivia, where the defense budget and internal security exceeds 50% of the total, leaving far less to health and education. We could not but be surprised when, on his return from a trip to China Evo Morales, the government approved a loan of that country by one hundred thirty million dollars for the purchase of six helicopters. Some time later, the ambassador of Russia, a country with which it was managing another loan of hundreds of millions of dollars for aircraft and military equipment, stated publicly that Russian helicopters are the best in the world and much cheaper than the Chinese-made . This, in itself disconcerting, to bother with the fact that the government is being used to buy without any bidding aircraft and equipment with very credible argument that there are no market standards and similar deals, according to Bolivian government requirements. It happened with the Air Force, more than 38 million dollars, which forces forget the scandals of a few hundred thousand dollars of aircraft Banzer and Sanchez de Lozada, as we say peanuts next to the presidential whim Evo Morales. Beyond all trade details, fit wonder what priority need exists to keep buying planes and helicopters and equipping the armed forces, without
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having the slightest possibility of war in sight. It would be better to direct those resources to fight poverty and create jobs?. I always had the impression, beyond prejudice or discrimination, that thick and potbellied politicians are not good, they are generally friendly and good for business. There is a senator and a minister of Evo Morales are increasingly coarse physical, though that probably has no chutos with cars or computers with celebrated technological revolution. Fifty million, four hundred sixty dollars for each computer equipment are not small feat, especially when they are delivered to all teachers in the country without any requirement or real and effective control, but more delicate is the relevance and usefulness of this expense rather than investment. Indeed, on the one hand the computer learning is not anything special, but it requires an orderly, methodical and systematic absolute individual responsibility, in this case, each of the teachers which, knowing the disaster that is the education system and the havoc that can result in poor learning and use of technology, could be a dangerous time bomb. In all, much less in technology, you can improvise or magic solutions, is like giving students college major and illustrated encyclopedias to learn effectively, perhaps by osmosis. In this case, if such a hurry and had so much faith in the technological revolution, could make delivery to all teachers who, at minimum, demonstrate basic knowledge for the reasonable use of the equipment and also to those who have to do with intense areas of application, but not, for example, PE or religion or languages. However, it is too late to mourn over spilled milk, and the education system was infected with a new virus of all monies paid. It seems that excess money that the government uncomfortable and do not know what else to do with it. When I was as an adviser to the Bolivian Chamber of Construction presented a general and military engineer requesting registration of sole proprietorship as a construction company in the first category, for which accompanied the formal requirements, the balance and detail of the machinery and equipment. After reviewing the documentation, it
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became clear that declaring heavy machinery as part of its assets came from various auctions and Engineering Command awards in favor of a black suit, the one that had been allowed to enter the premises of Staff where formal act of auction, heavy equipment had been awarded for token sums and then you were retransferred to General with a slight increase, but in any case related to the amount he was assigned to justify the stated capital . The general, who was a person arrogant, impatient and irascible, for more than two months reiterated his request, tried to meet the requirements with offers of small sums of money or a lot of calls from some government officials to recommend appropriate, but not have resulted, finally appeared with a deposit of two hundred fifty thousand dollars in cash and some contracts to buy and import of heavy machinery for two million dollars, amounts then were a fortune. A few days ago, President Evo Morales, who knows if candor or legitimate concern, saying that the government approve all types and amount of budgets and expenditures, but there is no tracking. This situation definitely abnormal, sharpens the greater concentration of power exists in this case, in the central government, where only the current budget for 2012 is more than three billion dollars. External public debt, already written off in full a few years ago, it was considered to Bolivia as a country very poor and highly indebted, plus domestic debt now exceeding ten billion dollars while the currency reserves are above twelve billion dollars. While growing frantically pace of debt, cannot disguise the real uncontrolled use of internal and external resources, obviously beyond the formalities of law, that contrary, besides being insufficient, only serve to delay investments and runtimes General Budget of the State Treasury, which ends with an actual implementation of less than 60 percent, at the central, regional, municipal and university. The subsidy on imports of gasoline and diesel reached more than three billion dollars over the last six years and for 2012 has been allocated more than seven hundred fifty million dollars. The government decided to build political power and occupy all public spaces and social potential and just when he thought having a real hegemony, in late 2010, passed a law, which is what she likes to do for any and every situation, by which approved a gasolinazo, euphemistically called
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leveling fuel prices that, given the popular reaction was repealed a few days. In this context, President Morales has stated that this grant is a tremendous outpouring of money and cause tremendous economic damage to the country. Has invited a national debate and thus saved swears his responsibility as governor, forgetting that he was elected to make decisions, get results and not to organize debates or explanations. Within the dark handling of the economy that favors characters obviously unclear, the government amended the factors for calculating the consumer price index and the inflation rate, according to the calculation method used by the National Statistics Institute, the 2011 closed with almost 7% annually. But this is a calculating liar, since in the basket of goods and services considered to calculate the prices of food, transportation and utilities, where indeed there have been large and ever increasing prices, account for less than forty nine percent of the weighted total, while the balance is in other areas such as technology and appliances, where prices tend to drop more, so the only happy with the supposed economic jauja are traders, speculators, the state hierarchy, armed forces are modernized and equipped at full blast, the bankers and silvers in all black, the pichicateros and much of the growers. The informal economy, which accounts for more than seventy percent of the economically active, has no major objection to accommodate the drama live what salaried sectors, especially the middle class. This is how the MAS government discovered the alchemy of converting hundred-twenty Bolivians in their real purchasing power, leaving full of indignation and anger to housewives who do not understand how you can be so bad when the country is so okay.

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4 The Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia, was fought from September 1932 to June 1935, for control of the Chaco Boreal. The aridity and sparse population of the territory made, since colonial times, never define their limits to the political-administrative unit. Just after Bolivia lost its outlet to the Pacific Ocean, following the War of the Pacific (1879), this region acquired a strategic value to exit the Paraguay River and access to the Atlantic Ocean, but the cause or the main reason was the alleged existence of oil in the ground Chaco intimated by the Standard Oil Company, which exploited deposits in Bolivia. It was the most important war in South America during the twentieth century. Bolivia and Paraguay mobilized 250,000 and 150,000 soldiers who fought battles in which there were heavy casualties (60,000 Bolivians and Paraguayans 30,000), many injured, maimed or missing. The different types of diseases, both physical and psychological, the characteristic hostile theater and the lack of water and good nutrition affect the health of survivors, many for life. The war consumed enormous economic resources the two countries, already very poor. The Paraguay held part of the needs of his army with the large amount of military equipment captured in various battles that after the war, sold to Spain during the Spanish Civil War. Years after the end of the conflict, it was found that there were no oil fields, other than those already discovered in the foothills bordering the Bolivian Chaco. In the mid-nineteenth century, the War of the Triple Alliance or call Paraguay War Great War Paraguayans and Brazilians do Paraguai War was a military conflict in which the Triple Alliance, a coalition of Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina - fought militarily against Paraguay. There are several theories regarding the triggers of that war. In essence, revisionism and the traditional Argentinian Paraguayan attribute a role to the interests of the British Empire. The alternative

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view emphasizes the aggressive policy of Solano Lopez regarding the matters rioplatenses. The conflict erupted in late 1864, when Marshal Francisco Solano Lpez, Paraguayan President decided to come to the aid of the government by the White Party of Uruguay, in civil war against the Colorado Party, he supported militarily by Brazil. Lopez warned governments of Brazil and Argentina would consider any aggression to Uruguay "as an attack on the balance of states Plata", but imperial troops invaded Uruguayan territory in October 1864. On November 12, 1864, in retaliation for the invasion Brazilian, Paraguayan government seized a Brazilian merchant ship and the governor of the province of Mato Grosso in Brazil, starting the war. The first step was the invasion of Mato Grosso, in December 1864, during which Paraguayan forces occupied and looted much of that state. Without even having received foreign aid, and attacked by the troops of Venancio Flores, Brazilian invaders, the imperial fleet and an important logistical support of the Argentine government, the Uruguayan government was forced to surrender. Solano Lpez requested permission to Argentine President Bartolom Mitre to cross Argentine territory heading to Uruguay with his troops, request rejected by Mitre. Belligerents have allowed troops to pass through its territory would have constituted an abandonment of the hitherto publicly neutral position of Argentina, on the other hand, the Argentine government was sympathetic to the Colorado Party of Uruguay. In response, Paraguayan troops occupied the city of Corrientes in April 1865, forcing Argentina to enter the war, allied with Brazil and the new Uruguayan government. From that moment and can speak of "War of the Triple Alliance." Outside Buenos Aires and Rosario, Argentina entry was unpopular in the conflict, to the point that much of what troops were forcibly sent. The war ended in 1870 with a total defeat of Paraguay, which also meant demographic disaster: According to various sources, the country lost between fifty percent and eighty-five percent of its population and perhaps more than 90% of its adult male population.

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Paraguay lost much of its territory - 169,174 km - and was forced to pay a war indemnity bulky: the loan of 200,000 had been paid off in England with successive refinancing, bringing the total to 3.22 million pounds Colonel Luis Paravicini was one of the first Bolivian aviation pilots and in that capacity participated in the whole campaign of the Chaco War that pitted the armies of Bolivia and Paraguay, flying in small aircraft of the time with his co-driver and pet , a dog named Chapirulo, a small white animal full of curlers, hence its name. No was injured or killed in combat, which prevented him to conclude the war was declared hero, even if that were posthumously, as in Bolivia must necessarily die prior to this, in Bolivia there are no bad heroes alive nor dead but there is no memory, neither good nor bad, it is all the time, circumstance, all the past does not work, you should always start over, you have to reestablish it. It had been over 15 years since the conclusion of the war effort, but the ghosts of those wounded who begged to be uploaded and transferred in the small plane, which had previously had to throw all their pumps to enable space to carry three wounded each flight, people took care of their nightmares for the rest of his life. He had to land on makeshift tracks to pick just a few of many killed in the sands of the Chaco, the more severe or more luck, God knows, were able to evacuate and survive, so be maimed or crippled. Throughout the war he lived in his own way, free and just flying in the air, loading and unloading bombs and wounded, with no time for thoughts of life and death in the air just felt free. Another was the fate of an undetermined amount of privileged political and rigor that different administrative waged war, far from the front and from every danger that was not a mosquito bite and that, at the conclusion of the war, were in the front row for tributes and statements of heroes and worthies,-if even for that you have wrist, it was common to hear-and always paradox, anonymous and unsung heroes along

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with officials and bureaucrats who had not fired a single shot and were transformed into heroes political favor, of the prebend. As you did in all wars, from Independence, of Acre and the Pacific, many fighters and real heroes, particularly Indians, were relegated and displaced by legions of opportunists and turned extraordinary paradox that, in a country ever defeated in battle, was that all politicians, generals and officers ended up being heroes and no one was responsible for the mistakes, betrayals and political and military disasters in the conduct of war or diplomatic negotiation. Inside the circus of the tributes, usually posthumously, missing avenues, streets, squares and parks to honor distinguished public figures, as well as countries, cities and international organizations. For some reasons not specify, I think these nominations are irrational and discriminatory, beyond the merits or reason to distinguish the honorees. It seems that instead of identifying a place with a name or designation, is a kind of transmigration of the soul and image of the honoree, who are trapped in a kind of phishing irremediable. Thus we have avenues such as Maple, or Ballivin, Plaza Abaroa or Busch Avenue Peace smelling and bring to mind places elite, almost aristocratic Conversely, when we think of Buenos Aires Avenue in La Paz The United Nations, Jorge Carrasco on Alto, the Busch or Campero in Santa Cruz, we explained that it is intended to honor or remember. To make matters worse, usually implemented over the person or city in a arbitrary context and, in most of the time confined to dark places where they will urinate and other things drunks and fill cogoteros and dogs street, go bad way to remember someone or something. The honorees possibly have ruled life after death or the existence of spirits, otherwise be inexplicable to place monuments and statues, receiving more bird droppings, have to look fearless and impotent and fondling furtive lovers panting or solitary pleasures. In such planning chaos, Plaza Perez Velasco should be called Carlos Palenque, Prez Velasco should be rather close to the Plaza Riosinho,
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with other streets as Acre, Porvenir, Puerto Suarez, Cobija, Pando and so on to infinity. It would have to find another way more logical and rational urban planning, and maybe make a gringos with Wall Street on the Water Street or some other form of numbering reproacheth no memory or ghosts of any hero and no city like Buenos Aires would have to be presented with an avenue that has nothing to do with it, in any way. Of course, this will not solve the mess and lack of signage and management of our cities that have streets with trash dumpster or street including own. And this cannot get rid of any hero or public personality. Perhaps therefore, Plaza Bolivia in Paris does not have more than two square meters, although admittedly it is very well located near the Champs-lyses, the main avenue in Paris, a city where only expensive the very wealthy can have private garage for their vehicles and most of the families live in apartments that do not exceed fifty square meters with two thin lifts or pass kilos. Something similar happens in Tokyo, where you have to be a high level executive to have a tiny private office and this will be reflected in the demand and production work. At War with Paraguay, the Bolivian army was twice the Paraguayan troops and equipment, but had twice as low, politicians and Bolivian military had the luxury of continuing coups, plots, conspiracies, the playpen Villamontes, a change of government, while the troops at the front were dying of thirst and hunger. Many Paraguayans themselves fought barefoot in those burning sands and so were baptized by altiplano, tangled in Spanish as "legs piladas", taking the nickname of "stacks" A rise over the loggia of Homeland Reason (RADEPA) that was the source for the formation of the Nationalist Revolutionary Movement and the Revolution of 1952, the Bolivian failure filled with heroes of all kinds, all were deserving who received their annuities with battalions of widows and orphans, even after more than seventy-five years of completion, while in parallel new heroes were declared as the sway of politics Creole. Virtually no "malomritos". In a country disintegrated into its wide, unpopulated geography in all
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international conflicts and even internally, many of its people looked at the faces and first met in battle, most of the fighters discovered Bolivian climates and conditions completely different from those they were used and failed to adapt or throughout the duration of each conflict. As one of the world's poorest countries, pensions granted to deserving beneficiaries and were always modest, but they were religiously charged by Moors and Christians, many who surely deserved and needed, but other that neither one or else, like wealthy people who did extensive rows to collect their pensions as meritorious, as well as retired and then charge to receive income or Bono Dignidad Bonosol granted in favor of all those over sixty. Annually tributes and parades were held in which the veterans, whose numbers grew as always receding wartime, proud breasts exhibited laden with medals and decorations, with consideration, respect and affection of the people. Many girls scampered to marry and so deserving to get the benefits due them as hereditary widows of veterans, in many cases as false as their own marriages. In previous wars, with similar failures and defeats, were granted pensions montepo many heroes who have attended the battles before birth or who survived more than one hundred years to the same, so there was no shortage of dozens of deserving proxies that charged and health to name them. During World War II, the Bolivian politicians did business with passports and visas in the migration of Jews and Japanese, and then, when the axis Berlin, Rome and Tokyo was about to fall, the Bolivian government, with its powerful army, he declared war on the Germans and their allies, whose subjects suffered confiscation of property, persecution and imprisonment in Bolivia, which also alleged armed tongos of espionage and betrayal that would have made some military during world war opponents. If anything you should thank poverty is that Bolivia has been forced to plead for a peaceful country, as evidenced by the rulers and military, have had better economy and powerful armed forces would not only
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expelled ambassadors broken diplomatic relations waking day President cranky, but our hosts had left to conquer and subjugate all countries weaker version would have been the plateau of the troops of Attila, obviously dressed in red ponchos. Because when it comes to the sea, where with full sovereignty, to win and only win in football or some Bolivian stand as an international circus clown, we remember to be patriotic, to find factors of national unity, proud by winning compatriot. We forget that basically pataduras represent themselves and their guild, make a living with it, an activity that can be assigned a dimension ultranationalist, usually to prop dye populist governments. What can actually contribute to development, social welfare or reduce poverty on a team with professional players, exit champion, more than raise self-esteem, or a false sense of national pride, from that moment, we more supportive or more honest, at least we have better players and better athletes? On the contrary, they are devastating defeats, that join all bitterness and pessimism that pervades all activities. Bolivian fans will not see or appreciate a show where, if need be, we must appreciate and applaud the eventual adversary, nations beyond me or preferences combine to demonstrate success full and impatience, mixed with aggression and rudeness . In a game, something is irrespective game and are not in question, the national honor and dignity and that is pathetic to see President Maradona or Ronaldinho distingue, just because they play well to a professional sport. In professional football, in commercial reality, the only sport that has, to poor performance joins the permanent leaders lament for those who reach no money, they have to sacrifice your own pocket but are able to kill to carry much sacrifice, always in a frame and absolute discretion reserve. Most of those accompanying the Presidents, who are the only ones that count, put and take, decide and speak often ignored as a football and he did not do very well at sums, but generally all of them if known subtraction and crisis. The objectives, purely commercial, are set to boiling point when it comes to a player transfer abroad,

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especially to Europe, no matter if the quality drastically decreases the local championship, what matters are the euros. If European countries have sharply restricted their national sovereignty in order to integrate, if Italian teams have no Italian in their ranks or the France team is composed entirely of black people, what we need to find a nonexistent and distant national identity in cultural or sporting events? The country is fractured into two distinctly different and antagonistic, one that incorporates eastern and assimilate Aymara and Quechua, adapting to climate, geographical conditions, the idiosyncrasies of its people Jaranera optimistic, in contrast to a plateau that seems obsessed introverted attitudes remain petrified and unshakable and pessimistic worldview. Of course, in both lifestyles there are many strengths and weaknesses, but there are certainly factors that drive complementary and should be encouraged rather than exacerbate differences and false nationalism. The case of Santa Cruz society is pathetic. The inordinate desire for appearances, frivolity and consumerism have shaped a value system that privileges physical beauty above all other considerations and have built a society full of artifice and superficiality, in which almost all the important concerns mises contests, coronations of queens, entertainment, fashion and body aesthetics. The spiral of trivialization of all activities has reached unprecedented extremes and exaggerated, queens and models posing outside shames all, especially when they announce to be ambassadors of beauty Bolivian or when announced as the most beautiful in the region or country . Civic leaders and politicians have been diluted to make way for the owner of beauty pageants, a person with a social influence factor and has overshadowed even the Tahuichi Academy football. Women are treated like cattle meat, make them dress and undress down to tiny clothes that do not hide or suggest anything possibly produce something more than lust as if they were completely naked, and you will not have anything new. While playing the mysterious mechanisms for choosing the most
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beautiful, the old mayor of the city is doing its part pinching potos of his beautiful partner, who cannot be bothered or outraged, rather justify and defend the mayor and public mischief . What kind of people and society can be built on these paradigms and examples? The answer we have today, live and direct, in what has become the beautiful Santa Cruz hospital. Within these two dominant blocs are given a number of tiles with characteristics, traditions, values and customs of a wide variety, but that align with one or the other, mainly according to their geographic location in the vast country. We complain that there is no money, but we are able to fill stadiums with international artists coming to esquilmarnos fortunes while the nationals lashed with the whip of indifference. With advances in telecommunications, any accident is headline news if Bolivians involved, the ends of the world are explored and known if any national footballer, who also becomes a kind of reference and so is the owner and team Martins or equipment or Pedriel Pea, is reported by all means the time that they enter the bathroom or contact them by phone to tell the country live on developments that affect hangnail. In the negative, it would seem that the only crimes and accidents that occur in the world are those involving compatriots, ie Bolivia and Bolivia is the measure of the world poses an inordinate chauvinism. So, no matter much if three thousand people died in the Towers, the important thing is that one of them was a cousin of the sister of the grandfather of a Bolivian Before, Bolivia had acts and expressions of sympathy with Germany and Italy, then declared itself neutral and finally ended aligned with the U.S. and its allies, who sold his tin reserves dead chicken prices. Paravicini colonel himself had attended, in Germany and Italy, to meetings, fascist paraphernalia laden with officers and airmen of the armies of the Fuhrer and Duce, concluded, war was invited to the United States and Panama, he already knew that Victory has many fathers, defeat is an orphan. Bolivia lost miserably all international wars in which intervened, also
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lost more than half their lost territory and sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean, while authorities as mules got drunk celebrating carnival or festival similar, as is still the case today. But things are invaluable and irreparable lost, tens of thousands of lives sacrificed without any contemplation, thousands injured and disabled, widows and orphans, and despite so much loss and so many defeats, did, apart from many heroes and military prowess , there was ever a responsible, a villain who had to answer for both disaster therefore insane handling of the interests of that country who swear to defend to the death? The point is that, as always, the oath in Bolivia is more common than the greeting, or as is commonly said, is a salute to the flag, is sworn to observe and enforce the Constitution and laws, is sworn to tell the truth, is sworn eternal love, marriage till death do you part, is sworn by God, for heroes, for the mother, women and children, is widespread practice of swearing, for a couple bucks , you can get witnesses to swear anything requesting or directing them from making the dead live to give by the living dead. In Anglo-Saxon countries, possibly because of the nature of the religious formation of Protestants, Baptists, and the like sanction lies as one of the most serious social failures, what about the crime of perjury or false swearing, no confession or temporary repentance redeem these sins or felonies, the opposite of what happens with the practices and customs inherited from the Spanish and Portuguese colonization, which under the precepts of the Catholic, Apostolic and Roman, offer divine forgiveness and redemption to eternal life by the mere fact of confession to a priest, regardless of the magnitude or severity of sins committed, which has been the basis for building societies hypocrites who live appearances, lies and deception, founding pillars of corruption and its correlate, impunity, in a false world in which everyone is innocent of all, never assume anyone guilty or errors and less crime. A few Our Fathers and Hail Marys and enough left over to fix everything. Perhaps it is time for questioning the motives that drive us to frivolous and consumerist life literally devours us Why aspire to be gigantic and luxurious cars, with all the accessories needed to go to war or safari, will be for comfort, functionality, for
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pleasure, for safety, or is it just for show to the other, hold our success , our wealth and, if so, what is the reason to hide behind tinted windows?, except for the governors, because the power and the powerful always attracts darkness, shadows and lack of transparency in all actions and moments of their lives. Bolivian history shows that no one has the slightest intention of shooting the officers of State or with water guns, however, are usually those who assail these villagers driving under drawback or making excessive use and abuse their authority , without there being any shielding. Homeownership, with all possible amenities and services is a legitimate human aspiration, but then to collect excessive mansions and luxurious villas has no plausible explanation, except where the mood to show off and pretend to others. Personally, to say the tons of money consumed in wasteful spending, stains, dyes (general mania that birlochas many blondes that are stained or collide as they say in the East), surgery operations plastic which typically cost more than a pretty face and sometimes the face and entire body, health and life itself, if even the ministers are originating operations as soon take office, was dating Sacha Llorenti beard, with padlock with whiskers, no mustache, no beard, wearing glasses without lenses, the ministers are stained and then complain of lack of time and overwork. Monkeys are depicted as large and filled with very unbecoming jewelry originating and originating. The prime minister of the government of Evo Morales spent more time in the salon and in the mirror in his office, become another small beauty salon, until almost decays of both look to your bathroom mirror. What about the many celebrations and festivals public and private spending on costumes, costumes, jewelry, food and rampant consumption of alcoholic beverages or the plague of the beauty contests of women of all types and old, gorgeous, models , queens, princesses and ladies on display and are displayed like cattle and are numb to society, all by way of traditions and culture, is not you can live very well without much waste of time, health and money? Someone spoke to decolonize?
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The question the motives, conscious or unconscious, by much of the population, especially in the west, takes every festival or celebration to dress and masks placed every kind and color, is only part of the show or appearances have a complex background, atavism, defects or frustrations. No drink, no binges, no costumes, each more expensive and extravagant, not conceived most of the festivals and celebrations, the important thing is to show and demonstrate economic power, difference, success, prosperity, why and why? Someone spoke of discrimination? Is known, it is impossible for the poor to participate in more michi entry, they will have to get up early to watch the parade of the powerful, of the greatly powerful, smiling and radiant, rulers included. Then, with a candor that moves, all complain of robberies, assaults and kidnappings, rape, abortions, increased crime, public insecurity. Can we not understand that worship and honor him give the devil originate bills soaring inexorably reach us we are more drunk? In the challa, in Alasitas and other opportunities are worshiped earth, material goods, money and nobody remembers the spiritual part, everything is pagan worship. What went through your head of Santa Cruz Governor Ruben Costas in the warm morning that he had to star in an episode of urban violence?. A bullet grazed and caused a superficial wound in the left temple, so presumably that day attended his mind only images of tweezers, disinfectant and bandages, with mortal fright that no one can remove. That day, as he went by car to his office, he saw that two individuals on a motorcycle snatched a woman's purse, so managed to follow in a spontaneous and unpredictable, receiving several shots in response, one of which nearly left the government without a head, at least full and visible. From that criminal act, which is repeated in a thousand variables every day and every night in our cities and towns, which had not been staged, casual and unintentionally, by the highest authority of one of the major cities Bolivia, as an incident had happened again, many of the accounts settings, rapes, murders, robberies, dismemberment,

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kidnapping and a broad menu of extreme violence that occur, and in some cases daily are known. From that episode, was reactivated endless endless debate on the issue of ever increasing insecurity, the President of State visited the governor at the clinic, deplored what happened, he discovered, almost embarrassed, that crime which strikes the country

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5 When I was a few years as a licensed attorney, Eulalio "Lalo" Medina, diplomatic studies in Montevideo, invited me to replace him at the Catholic University, in the Department of Ethics and Social Communication Law, in the boom of Communication Theory Alternative and revolutionary proposals Herbert Marshall McLuhan, the "Prophet of Alberta". . Then he would add Relations and International Organizations, Political Science I and II. Herbert Marshall McLuhan (July 21, 1911 - December 31, 1980) was an educator, philosopher and scholar Canadian. (Information from Wikipedia). Professor of English literature, literary criticism and communication theory, McLuhan is recognized as one of the founders of media studies, and has gone down in history as one of the great visionaries of the present and future information society. During the late '60s and early '70s, McLuhan coined the term global village to describe the global human interconnectedness generated by the electronic media. Its judgment is famous "the medium is the message." During the years at the University of Saint Louis (1937-1944), McLuhan worked obviously in two ambitious projects: his doctoral dissertation and the manuscript that would be published in 1951 as the book The Mechanical Bride, which included only a representative selection of the materials that McLuhan had prepared for him. The doctorate at the University of Cambridge, made in 1943, revised his dissertation on the history of the verbal arts (grammar, dialectic, logic and rhetoric). McLuhan at times uses the Latin concept of trivium to highlight a systematic vision of certain periods of Western cultural history. Suggests that the Middle Ages, for example, is largely characterized by an emphasis on the study of logic. The key that led to the Renaissance was not the rediscovery of ancient texts, but rather the renewed importance given to rhetoric and language over the study of logic. This change to the Renaissance humanist was a change in emphasis is not entirely eliminate verbal art. The modern age is
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characterized by the reemergence of grammar as its most salient issue. McLuhan is the creator of many popular concepts today about the mass media and the information society, such as the Gutenberg Galaxy, Global Village, the differentiation between hot and cold media and the description of the media as extensions of the person. Research by Graciela Paula Caldeiro (2005), relates that McLuhan rose to fame in 1964, when he published Understanding Media. The book, free advertising resources, was transformed into a best seller at Harvard and other universities. What was the particular focus of McLuhan? Essentially, arguably had none. McLuhan's approach to a particular problem stemmed from denying a fixed point, since understanding requires always, for him, a multidimensional approach. Freely, his writing complex arguments lack any thesis or to develop linearly along its pages. It is undeniable that McLuhan was, in effect, a free man. His tombstone reads, with digital typography: The truth will set us free. (Scripture: Veritas liberabit us.) Newspapers and magazines he was recalled to his death with adjectives like Mystic Village hippie Electronics or more between the academic and the more scholarly among hippies. McLuhan's perspective regarding social media has been called technological determinism. Although it is likely to see in him, too, a visionary. Indeed, when McLuhan died, cable television was not yet a global reality, the inhabitants of the "global village" still knew little about interactivity, e-books, multimedia, videoconferencing ... But McLuhan's work has left a theoretical framework that allows us to study and understand the nature of these new media have revolutionized communication history of mankind. When McLuhan, in the mid-60s, first came to public attention by redefining media and messages, some people interpreted that he did was to promote book culture to promote the television era. But really,
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what I did was warn the powerful potential of the new medium. It is known that in his private life to TV McLuhan rejected so much that he asked his son to prevent his grandchildren to see. Indeed, the TV called "timid giant" and intended to raise awareness of its enormous power. McLuhan's thought regarding the media starts from the following ideas: 1. We are what we see. 2. We formed our tools and then they shape us. In this line, it could be argued that the media saw more agents the possibility that consciousness, the means could be compared with roads and canals, rather than works of artistic value or role models to follow. It is common to think that the media are only sources through which we receive information, but McLuhan's conception was that any technology (all media) is an extension of our body, mind or being. Technological means are understood as tools that extend human abilities, just as a bicycle or a car is an extension of our feet ... the computer would be an extension of our central nervous system. The medium is the message. Just as the environment is treated as an extension of the human body, the message could not then simply limited content or information, because in this way would exclude some of the most important features of the media: the power to change the course and operation of relations and human activities. McLuhan define the message half as any change of scale or pace or letters that mean cause in societies or cultures. Thus, the content becomes an illusion or vision, in the sense that it is masking, as The Mask, the modification of the medium (the mediation). Medium and message work in pairs, engaged more or less, since one can contain another: the telegraph contains the printed word, which in turn contains the script, which contains the speech ... and thus, so that the content becomes the message of the half hemisphere.
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Usually we do not notice that there is interaction between the media and, as their effect on us, as audience, often powerful, the content of any message is less important than the medium itself. The four ages. One way to try to systematize some ideas that characterize McLuhan's thought is to make a brief tour of the history of communication, according to the conception that he had of each stage. The history of civilization, through three phases, according to McLuhan: 1. The tribal state. It is a period that is not associated with any phenomenon he believes and technology: verbal communication. For he is creating a technology means not possess when born. McLuhan not a language referred to as a combination of phonemes. He refers to languages that have series of sounds associated with objects. Why have we developed a language predominantly on describing the functionality of emotions? 2. Detribalization status. The key moment in which to start a second stage of civilization is the creation of writing. The abstraction, separation and distance of the symbols on objects brought civilization to a more rational and functional concepts birthing useful and beneficial. The demand for rationalizing produce writing determines a special development of sight, because it requires systematic organization, visual knowledge. Detribalization concept is not new. The division is writing is shared by the sociologist Max Weber or Northrop Frye. 3. Retribalization status. Assumes a throwback and is marked by the emergence of technological means in the field of communication. Electronic means rediscovering the powers overshadowed by quirogrfica and print culture. The radio, as an extension of the ear, and TV, as an extension of touch, have the ability to disrupt the balance of nature to restore the individual all of their feelings. On one hand, oral contact immediately recreate that life was typical archaic and tribal community. Furthermore, knock down state barriers derived

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in turn from the effects of writing and projects embody the globalization of culture. The tribal village. Perhaps the talk has started about 30,000 years ago, but-alphabetic written communication has only about four millennia old. The tribal village is thus an illiterate village and its duration on earth would have been the extent of about 26,000 years. During that time, other factors (technological innovations from the fire and metals to transportation and weapons) made the man stopped being nomadic hunter and learn the secrets of agriculture and become a being sedentary. Appeared, therefore, stable villages, defensive resources were developed, which paved the way for the first cities and later civilizations, with all that they imply: the formation of classes, hierarchies, administrative structures, etc. The tribal village is characterized by the spoken word is the only means of communication available to the man. The spoken word as a means of communication stimulated ear before the hearing, sensory and emotionally involving and integrating the listener and membership group (clan, tribe). In the tribal village, the only way to convey experiences and accumulate was doing in a restricted area that was represented by the memory of the group did not exist since neither history nor schools nor the bureaucracy ... men were 'sensory' integrated. Man-chirographic alphabetically: This era begins with the invention of writing to the spread of printing in Europe, therefore, this stage would extend over about 3,500 years. During this period there are numerous 'extensions of man' in the field of machinery and tools. But it also appears that alphabetic writing can be considered the first medium capable of collecting, preserving and transmitting human experiences, reducing the mnemonic function of individuals, the weight of the proverbs dogmatic and even the authority of the elders, which were hitherto custodians of history and tradition, carrying the transmit function to religious and administrative elites tax. The alphabet is specified in a sensory-visual perspective and has a clear-linear analytical function, in effect linearity is a predominant

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feature of the view when compared with other senses like hearing, taste and touch. McLuhan say that this leads to a dissociation between sensitivity literate man inside. McLuhan will further that the dissolution of the family and the clan towards more open societies is an immediate consequence of literacy, in the sense that it allows the homogenization of cultures, uniformity of individuals before the written laws and, particularly The revolution that led writing in Greek thought that marked the transition from the 'wild' to philosophy and science. The Gutenberg galaxy or the Global Village. In the introduction to The Gutenberg Galaxy McLuhan says that the environment would have been better word to describe the period but then ponders: The term Galaxy Express perfectly combined simultaneous and reciprocal various factors not directly related. This period includes the nearly four centuries ranging from the spread of printing in Europe of modernity to the first decades of the nineteenth century, when the telegraph would forever change the history of human communication. In the western world, only one third of the story has been letterpress, although, of course, the relationship between this and the previous step is interdependent. For McLuhan, civilization is comparable to writing culture, a culture that, in his opinion, will compete with electronic culture. Notice also that while highlighting the insignificance handwriting and clumsiness of the imitation of own specialized visual sign, on the printed page, dominate the linearity and repeatability. McLuhan divides history into four phases: 1. Agricultural . 2. Mechanics . 3. Power, Mass Media. 4. Technology. This is the most important step in your research. In fact,
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still survives McLuhan Program in Culture and Technology at the University of Toronto, focused on the study of the influence of new technologies on social change. Hot and cold media. The definition of the data transmitted through a medium, and the degree of audience participation to complete the middle, are the two fundamental criteria McLuhan proposed to distinguish hot and cold media. For him, high definition is the state of being well supplied with data. In this sense, a photograph is a high definition and a cartoon is low definition for the simple reason that it provides very little visual information. The American journal Chasqui communication refers to a section which clearly explains this difference McLuhan: "The phone is a cold medium or medium low definition because the ear is given paltry amount of information, and speech is a cool medium of low definition, because so little is given and much that the listener has to complete (...) hot media are low or low participation, while colds are high participation to the completion of the public" Marconi Galaxy or Cosmic Hamlet. McLuhan said that the historical cycle between messages and media-man-user in the current Galaxy concludes Marconi, characterized by the television medium. In short, there is a reference in fact (though probably intuitive) to three different levels of technological innovations: 1. An electrical order: the telegraph and the telephone, which means reduced psychosocial space in association with other 'extensions' as a means of transport. 2. A mail order: devices, essentially focusing on the use of valves. 3. Recent technologies: These technologies seem to invade every communication techniques converge making communication and information in an integrated and universal linking all aspects of human communication: from the public, to social services, from entertainment to health and education. Hot and cold media Media Classification makes McLuhan media emerges as hot or cold as a definition of technical meanings and

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information and is based more on the sensory experience of the meaning of the words. In the world of TV, high definition means precision, detail, quality in reference to any visual image. According to this criterion, McLuhan explained that the letters of the alphabet, numbers, photographs and maps are high definition objects. One means of such features provides a lot of information and a passive recipient. By contrast, the forms that are not defined with such quality such as cartoons, would be low definition because our eyes are obligated to complete what is lacking for a finished perception. This principle of 'fill in the blanks' would also apply to sounds. By providing little information, low-definition media require an active receiver. To be sure, when McLuhan refers to the 'information' that transmits half, does not refer to data or knowledge but the way in which our physical senses respond to half or involved. In conclusion, the HD media are hot media and low definition are cold environments. Servomechanisms Extensions of the body. Man machine. Wheel man. Man weapon. Man runs. The system can be mechanical. Servomechanisms the service of man. The term used by Marshall McLuhan refers to mechanisms that man has used over time. Any of our extensions is the new scales of extensions or new technologies. One example is the electricity used: pure information. "In the electric age we all mankind as our skin." "By putting our physical bodies in the center of our nervous systems extended with the help of electronic media, we initiated a dynamic by which all previous categories, which are mere extensions of our bodies, including cities, may result in information systems ". McLuhan alludes to the Greek myth of Narcissus mistook his reflection in the water with another person. "This extension sensitized his perceptions until he became the servomechanism of his own extended or repeated image
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Thus, if we think that a wheel is an extension of the legs, virtual reality, digital revolution Is it an extension of our brain? What our sensitivity?. The metaphor of Narcissus in the world of digital networks, it seems a vision of a future that has already arrived.

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6 It did not take long to discover that he had no vocation for teaching, less on a system in which everything is reduced to a farce academic, all I want is to move the materials and become professional. Busy in a living at the firm, took time from which there was to prepare lessons, which was further complicated when there were three chairs simultaneously, so I started mixing the scripts as Pedro Camacho in Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter and what he perceived as compensation barely covered the cost of gasoline and boredom of students, eager to pass the matter before learning. I know from personal experience, because I also did the same student, ensuring that, at least in law, the University is a referring only very vague and general that oneself has to validate and complete in professional practice, time which finds lawyers who are calling and who are only dark tinterillos, that if not end of grocers, free traders or drivers. In the world of technological age the greater the manual and mechanical component, the greater the level of dependence, manual workers constitute the true slaves of the technological society. In an environment that demands excellence, value added goods and services and continuous innovation are the key to success. So, restaurant owners will have to go to the market to buy food and then prepare and serve to enable obtain resources to pay their communications, internet, television, information and entertainment, which are provided by people and machines invisible and intangible and those little or nothing is known or can be known. Carriers will no kidneys for the same. Lalo Medina bequeathed me also the Chair of International Law at the School of Police, Police Senior level, were also significantly higher than my 29 years. The first day I got a shock when he opened the door of the room stood forty officers and one of them came to me to give me the part of the day, something that would be repeated each day of class. Lalo had recommended me for the level of studies, it was fashionable or defer recommending anyone, but what I found just in time to take
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tests, was that every point, every tenth, served not only to pass the course, but directly influenced by the age and race officials, so that at exam time, the department filled Maple Avenue Police Officers under any pretext, because as good cops had not taken a long time to hear my home. In law school I had been to another as fellow Police Mayor, Freddy Chavez, who began working at the Ministry of Government intelligence and one day I came shining to show me what was supposed to be my personal file, in which it began with the background of a much larger Lus Paravicini, who had been a member of the Communist Party and who, along with Leon and other comrades Kolle Cueto had placed bombs on the hill Laikakota after splicing and harmless me and my political activities in Law. After trying another political science professor at another university, I decided to break free of such weight and definitely hang teaching. That's when I started to question what we learn in 12 years of school, practical for real life and of course, like many, I concluded that school education was in crisis around the world, but also in Bolivia had a correlation and extension at technical and university, which almost everywhere had been correct. In aggravation, the successive educational reforms always emphasize the ideological conception of those in power, change shapes and shallow in content, that are programmed based on the need to fill the two hundred days of classes, which also happens, by the constant interruptions and stoppages and strikes by teachers, especially in state schools. While in college agrees to rote learning, most students and teachers awkwardly babble Spanish, but the State approves the Constitution the obligation of public servants to master Spanish and at least one of the thirty- six native languages, in addition to English. So, three languages spoken in the absence of bad one more or less consistent. As if the language to communicate and serve no other to create other artificial boundaries to separate and segregate people, when technology allows simultaneous translations and high quality, not two or three languages, but among hundreds. How many useful skills could be learned in 12 years of little use, from carpentry, electrical, communications, electronics, mechanics, music, agriculture, computer? Maybe they
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should teach the language of love, peace, solidarity and mutual respect between men and women, regardless of any distinction or nationality. Public universities, fully autonomous, before fighting for a budget that was always insufficient, as absolutely with all public activities in Bolivia, but later, with oil revenues and revenue-sharing, went to the other extreme, many resources are not know what to do with them and cannot successfully execute their budgets, then if there are no problems, but if there are no problems. The difference with private universities that receive no state subsidy and in many cases have excessive profit purposes, is abysmal. In public universities is all improvisation, lack of control, discretion, no research, are the same schools, on another level and space, but the methods and limitations are the same. For many, college is a hobby or a more experience, be free to assume that everyone has the right to remain laneando for ever and ever, without interest the high cost to society, which is what is required to give much for almost nothing. At least in the case law, which is very important to a strong cultural and a comprehensive and accurate domain of language, logic and grammar, as in the meaning of each word or phrase can be the difference between the life or death, prison or freedom, wealth or ruin, cannot be improvised. Although some analysts and journalists, including lawyers, fail or unwilling to understand the differences between murder and manslaughter or murder and killing are too important to ignore or confuse. If not even make it to inform, communicate and think at the same time. When one travels and knows what a university professor, a professor, a legal treatise or a simple lawyer, in most countries of the world, just understand the enormous gap that separates and isolates of knowledge and progress. The books and treatises are deep as any academic or professional research or think about handouts or manuals filthy and full of horrors that teachers generally sell at public universities in Bolivia, as an easy way to generate revenue for their very good salaries, with the standard of living and expenses that are never enough, but they are too generous for most of charlatans and puppets who strut as professors, in many cases just to satisfy their
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base instincts and frustrations. Apparently these defects in vocational training extend to all fields and the only alternative is self-education and training of stakeholders. Perhaps aware of this harsh reality, the MAS government decided to make the appointments of the supreme court, general elections by an unprecedented blunder in the history of the ancient and modern world and ended in a mess that deserves no further comment. However, it was not conceivable that you could get that down, with people who may not have won the primary school, who does not understand what she speaks and whose only merit was the disguise of a set of multicolored original, so form was reached Aymara dominated courts and other frauds and impostors, with ratings of five percent down, with the rejection of more than seventy percent of citizens, a true legal apartheid nothing less than a plurinational . In the XXI century, in Bolivia have been deleted fundamental rights of over two thirds and has terminated the rule of law, all in the name of a judicial revolution incomprehensible. For the vast corruption, organized crime, drug trafficking and all other forms of criminal organization no better law and disorder abundance legislative, better state than there, the top court judges consisting venal and totally improvised subject to economic and political power. The main enemies of the politicians and white collar criminals are democratic institutions and transparency. For proper selection are irrelevant as merely formal aspects of militancy or political affiliation, or collection of cardboard and academic scrolls, what matters is the competence and actual performance. JUDICIAL APPOINTMENT OF FANTASY (published in Bolivia Legal) We selected a candidate representing the broad range of 116 who apply for judicial elections of October 16, who responded to the questionnaire specially prepared for the occasion. (Q) Can you give us a summary of their academic, professional and career?

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I am a lawyer by profession, with 16 years of practice, born in the Chaco, originally from the town weenhayek, I attended primary and secondary to get a bachelor's degree in humanities. In primary school I was champion football team and also won a poetry contest intercollegiate departmental level. Law Degree, with a law degree in national provision, my thesis was on the environment (the importance of water in maritime, lake and river) I have 4 degrees in Criminal Law, Commercial, International and Constitutional Personal Relationships, currently PhD candidate in Social and Community Law at the University of Salamandra, Diploma in Higher Education, Business Leadership and Gender, Advance Interior Border Development, with courses at the University of Havana, Central University of Caracas, U.S. universities , Europe and Beijing, attended over 200 events such as seminars, courses and workshops on various topics relevant to the right, I speak fluent Spanish, Cuban (slang), good understanding of Portuguese, English, French, Mandarin Chinese and weenhayek. (P) Could make a greeting in the language of its indigenous people, native, peasant? De power, might, but not justified because we are very few in the nation that was almost exterminated weenhayek by colonialists neoliberal and communicate mainly in Castilian and other related languages such as the Guarani. (P) As for work experience? I entered junior positions in the Chapare courts, all on merit, was coca producer and member of the federation, dabbled in mining activities in Puerto Suarez, Vista Customs in Desaguadero, worked temporarily as COA (pro bono) , Professor of Law and Secretarial technical institutes of Santa Cruz, Beni and Oruro. Professor of Public and Private Universities in Andean Legal Worldview, All Rights for All, Crafts and Rights of Mother Earth. I was honorary adviser and counselor DIFFERENT Collective Sexual Reproductive Development in people with diverse sexual orientation. Program meets Evo fan, Bolivia Change.

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(P) Your opinion about delayed justice Justice that takes not justice, justice must be prompt, immediate, transparent and efficient, this would require prison punish those who fall behind justice and apply the principles and values enshrined in the Constitution of the Plurinational State and according to the customs of the original jurisdiction under the law of jurisdictional boundary. (Q) How to fight corruption in the judiciary? The corruption is a serious problem that has always existed, but is mainly in the transnational capitalist system that encourages the exploitation of human and natural resources, leading to greed and ambition of the rich, who have always managed the administration justice. This problem must be solved with education, from families to schools and universities, we must make everyone aware of the problem. It must enact more rules to prohibit and punish all involved in bribery, but especially that of the corrupters of the people of the village, offering citizens and entice with offers and gifts to public officials to expedite its proceedings. If it had not have as corrupt corrupters are ancient practices that must be overcome in accordance with the process of change and the democratic and cultural revolution led by Evo Morales brother. Must be made permanent legal and administrative audits. Therefore the importance of this unprecedented process of change in the election authorities to ensure an independent judiciary with appropriate authorities and you taste, as is the case of the speaker, (P) can tell the difference between legal audit and management audit? As its name implies, is legal legal audit and management audit is administrative. (Q) How can the computer technology and the improvement of the judiciary? I have a vast knowledge of computer applications, especially Word, and also sailed very well on the Internet. Access to information is a
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right of all, the use of technology can preserve forests and avoid wasting paper, you have to provide computers to all judges and judicial officers, without discrimination of any kind, and so can be better manage human resources. (P) Does militancy or political affiliation? It's impossible not to have presented certificate militancy gave me the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, extended to my wife and 11 children, to avoid any doubt. Moreover, it is not my fault that I fall sympathetic social movements or honest MAS militants, some that I was offered to manufacture cardboard ballot boxes filled with votes in my favor by Cartonbol, which will be made legitimate and cunningly voting precincts in the day of the election coveted (Q) Will improve with the election of Justice higher authorities? course will improve, will be different from the above authorities and cuoteadas chosen by the political parties prior to MAS, the vote of millions of Bolivian social control is established in the State Constitution. In my case, the commitment will personally attend to each and every one of the requirements to do my constituents, millions of Bolivians who will participate in the construction of the new justice, directly and without intermediaries. This process is guaranteed the total change of the old administration of justice, giving way to new generations of patriots lawyers, independent, impartial and appropriate, so also will be an example and envy of the world. Those opposed to popular and democratic elections are bad Bolivians, For if they did not have enough with the large number and poor quality of the governing laws passed by two-thirds vote, as the opposition anything, or propose or endorse, or decrees emerging steadily and quickly Palace, the Government has decided that, despite the procedural dwells giant, with more than eight thousand records behind for years only in the Supreme Court, with eighty percent of convicted prisoners who populate the overcrowded prisons, with a huge population imprisoned child with his parents, now entrusted to substitute judges to resolve what did not make the headlines, creating a too curious and unprecedented interpretation of the very concept of
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alternate judges elemental. At least I do not agree to be tried by judges having alternates holders and we cannot admit that the causes that were years behind arrived and are resolved simultaneously with new records, to make us the illusion that twelve thousand five hundred hiding records under carpet and enabling zero caseload judges delayed justice would have disappeared, to make way for judicial reform. All this is a gross deception. The old litigants are harmed for the new trial. As we said more than once, in Bolivia there too right for so little justice As if that were not enough, with such default and delay of justice, it was decided to restore the judges to administer economic resources, creating a Financial Management Directorate dependent Plenary Chamber of the Supreme Court. Of course judges judicial happy to build on precious tomes, buy vehicles and equipment, hire staff and everything was always more attractive to administrators of justice and bad worst court administrators checkbook. This is a reversal of centuries ending to consolidate the Council of Magistrates as a village police station. The results of such ignorance applied to the right is not left waiting long. On the day of his inauguration the flaming magistrates began to dispute management positions, his bosses accused MAS of political interference in the brand new courts, turned to talk of additional budgets, shopping carts pose, designation of bodyguards and guards personal safety, some even suggested the acquisition of aircraft and helicopters, staffing confidence, then certainly its own satellite and, of course, as always, to order the indefinite and infinite increase of financial and human resources to fulfill its delicate functions , although it had not yet taken possession of their offices. Meanwhile, announce an evaluation of all judicial personnel in ninety days, after which sure many will be purged officials and others who submit unconditionally to the ruling party, can aspire to a promotion. What will we find when they internalize a little about what I have gotten, things to ask? From proposals to solve the structural problems of the legal system and the administration of justice or to introduce technological innovations urgent, no nothing. It would appear that there is an unhealthy competition between
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Plurinational State agencies for squandering and wasting resources that abound not far from one of the world's poorest countries. While hundreds of thousands of children die of all children are born and grow, no food, no shelter, no health, no education, rulers acquire ships in tens of millions of dollars, are filled with luxury vehicles, traveling in huge processions for most purposes and everywhere, so the case of personal snacks like going to see a football game and bring musicians and dancers express flights. As if we were idiots, it conditions the war on drugs to the purchase of ships and helicopters, including radar, drones and permission for the Air Force shoot first and ask questions later. When buying aircraft, surely require ships and submarines. Why rulers Patriots do not tell children that eat planes and helicopters or satellites or to refrain from eating and mourn to help their more illustrious rulers built palaces for his countless collaborators, to send satellites to do monitor all communications of citizens and the police state once expropriated all urban areas to place their hordes of revolutionary change pipiolos unchanged, that cities become soccer fields synthetic grass, you declare war Chile, decreed the free use of coca and cocaine and permanent party dances and drunkenness across the country?. In this line, it would be better to declare suddenly permanent carnival all year and noted business days instead of holidays, which is distributed school breakfast beer, or chicha chuflay, by region, coca for acullico that should be mandatory for everyone with teeth, condoms and optionally cigarettes. What good is that governments work 16 hours a day?, Better not to work and not spend so much or talk much nor aparentarn, nor shall display both. Who would be interesting if the President does not sleep or store the same bed, if you wash, sew or iron your clothes, if you cook your food, total, for none of that was chosen, your work schedule and your leisure time only incumbent on him. For pity's sake, for the love of humanity, to the Pachamama, Manco Kapac and Mama Ojllo, Tupac Katari and Sisa Bartolina, their ancestors, the sex of the stones and the heroes and martyrs who are not sacrificed more for his country , let them rest and get some rest. That the Vice stop reading so many books to understand the most important.
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If anyone can theoretically earn more than the President, we tronados, as between airplanes and luxury cars, travel and security and bodyguards decorations President receives or spends millions of dollars a month. Roads millionaire and precious to the growers, international airport Chimor for coca, delegations trip of 25 people to defend the coca acullico Vienna Similar delegations that travel the world permanently, by way of ancestors and sacred traditions, not signals are precisely war on drugs, less than a minimum of austerity and proper use of public resources. Nobody objects to that rulers have luxury vehicles, according to their dignity and the poor image of the country they represent, but not endless caravans of vehicles are renewed monthly. Have security, but legions of bodyguards. Okay traveling, although it should be exceptionally for the advancement of telecommunications, but also do so in first class and always staying in hotels for five or more stars that are slaughtered at banquets and feasts, which condecoren all players in the world playing well but could do so without airplanes or helicopters of tens of millions of dollars, without huge entourages, without bands or dancers. That the President does not sponsor children and marriages, do not spend their scarce resources giving away houses and fields, that does not distract your valuable time opening toilets and urinals. No way, no rulers intended to discourage or discouraged and give up for their poor working conditions, only asked a little restraint in their spending. With such expensive rulers, accustomed to luxury and extravagance even for the eventual disproportionate if they were super efficient, and chauvinists and demagogues, would be good to rule retract the growers and related branches, surely if they are able to maintain who cost us more than a son opa held in Paris. Serious studies and consistent World Bank institutions and governance issues, corruption, freedom of expression, rule of law, legal certainty, place the country, by 2010 well below the U.S., Europe, Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa , ie institutional and governance issues lies Bolivia and by far the worst place in the world rating, and there is no

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one behind who locate. (Public Affairs Public Policy for Freedom # 124 - January 2012, populi@populi-bo.org How is Governance in Bolivia?).

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7 The military conflict of Acre had its peak between 1902 and 1903, but actually began in 1899 with the first secessionist uprising in Puerto Acre, while the country was in civil war highlands and valleys. This war originated limits differences with Brazil and the economic importance of the rubber in the region, whose exploitation reached its peak due to high prices in the international market. The most critical antecedent was the treaty of 1867 signed by Melgarejo, marking the boundaries between the confluence of binational Mamore and Beni (ceding sovereignty over the Wood River which is our main access to the Atlantic in the north) and a line to the unknown Yavari River headwaters. Manuel Mariano Melgarejo Valencia (April 13, Tarata, Bolivia, 1820 Lima, Peru, 1871) was President of Bolivia from December 28 1864 to January 15, 1871. He took power in a coup to overthrow Jos Mara de Acha. Personality issue, his dictatorship is remembered for his mismanagement and abuses against the indigenous population, and for having negotiated in 1867 with Brazil the sale of 102,400 km of Bolivia (mainly corresponding then to Acre), on payment of two million pounds and the commitment to build the Madeira-Mamore railway, also disadvantageous treaties signed with Chile and Peru. He was overthrown in 1871 by the Army Commander, General Agustin Morales, and was assassinated in Lima, where he had exiled themselves. The writer and historian Alcides Arguedas includes it in his book Barbarians Warlords (1929) as a tyrant disrespectful of laws The almost reckless courage and stubbornness of Melgarejo brutal are the materials of which legends are made about his personality, as in the popular stories of things that supposedly did or said. Melgarejo was rumored that he had given an immense amount of land to Brazil in exchange for what he described as "a magnificent white horse". Stories say that a Brazilian minister appeared before Melgarejo with a white horse called Holofermes, a medal and other gifts. To show his gratitude, Melgarejo took a map of Bolivia, was marked with the
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horse's hoof and gave that land, hotly contested by Brazilian and Bolivian Indians, as a gift to the Brazilian government. This and other incidents, such as possession and sale of lands in the altiplano (high plateau) to the highest bidder, virtually deprived all Indians of their land for a few decades. It also says that in 1870, when Prussia invaded France (FrancoPrussian War), asked one of his senior generals of the army troops to help in the defense of Paris, a city he was fascinated by the stories of sophistication and elegance, but also a city that could not even locate on a map. The general replied that it was impossible, it would take a long time to cross the Atlantic Ocean. Enraged, Melgarejo replied not be silly! We will take a shortcut and go by the waste ". This sounds like something contemporary, 'I will put it just, then all the lawyers come to fix it for that have studied' They say that once a guard noticed Mariano Melgarejo (who could not read) took a newspaper but in reverse. In telling the guard about his mistake Melgarejo said, "Fuck! Whoever read, read just". The loyalty that his subordinates had to fear was mixed: on one occasion, being in a social gathering on the second floor of the Palace of Government, called his presidential guard and ordered them to march ahead. When the soldiers came to the balcony of the palace had to keep going until fall to the floor of the Plaza Murillo. It is said that there were some fractures, but no deaths. If disobeyed a direct order Melgarejo another would have been his fate. But this noble man for some, and for others despotic tyrant, had great bursts of compassion and coldness in the morning could execute a simple soldier and afternoon could pardon the life of a traitor, could humiliate and proud. He was a man with a single indisputable virtue, value, passion for the arts and beautiful facts of life, devout Catholic, could both laugh heartily when he saw the burning of a village, and mourn for a crying child. Those closest known how unstable personality Melgarejo. The treaty signed by Melgarejo in 1867 involved a transfer of territory we had when we were born to independence. Pando in 1896 signed an
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agreement with Brazil on the edge of the Purus and Acre. But the trigger was, again, an economic issue. The foundation of Puerto Alonso in 1899 (Puerto Alonso was known then as Puerto Acre, capital of the territory of colonies along the river Acre, today in Brazilian territory) was made to install a customs post raising export tax on rubber. This annoyed the adventurers who exploited and smuggled rubber shamelessly neighboring states of Para and Amazonas. Brazil saw their income so reduced by "transit" of the Bolivian rubber through its ports. On 1 March 1899 the Spanish Luis Glvez revolted and declared the independent state of Acre, taking Puerto Acre. Surprisingly, Luis Salinas Vega Bolivian representative, asked the Brazilian support to avert the uprising. The initial response was positive, but soon Brazil ignored the problem and then declare the disputed territory of Acre. Between 1899 and 1900 Bolivia sent three expeditions: Andrs Muoz, Lucio Prez Velasco and Ismael Montes. In stock Cipueiro weapons, Riosinho, Bage and Puerto Acre, Bolivia and regained its sovereignty restored Puerto Acre. There stood Maximiliano Paredes who died in combat Riosinho, a name given to a park, located in the north of La Paz to the end of 2011 was restored and delivered by the Municipality. The Brazilian excuse for intervention came in 1902 with Felix Avelino Aramayo proposal to create a society Anglo American, the Bolivian Syndicate that would lease the entire Acre to exploit Bolivia and privately. The Baron of Rio Branco foreign minister of Brazil, Bolivia protested and accused of breaking the rules of sovereignty on the continent. Rose almost simultaneously in the Plcido de Castro Acre declaring secession again, but this time Puerto Acre Brazil intervened with an armed contingent taking it a second time. The President Pando pressed by the danger to national sovereignty was transferred to a military detachment to the conflict zone. Doing demanded an arduous journey of several weeks from the Andes to the Amazon plain. Pando Castro fought and defeated Orton in the river (Puerto Rico). Meanwhile, the column Porvenir organized and financed by Nicols Surez fought in Bahia (today Cobija), defeating defending the filibuster and that region of the country.
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Military actions were not determined, but it was clear that Brazil was willing to military escalation, for their clear superiority in all areas, could easily tip the balance in his favor. In La Paz the authorities preferred diplomatic negotiations. The March 21, 1903 was declared a modus vivendi, which was the preamble of the assignment. On November 17, 1903 Fernando Claudio Pinilla Guachalla and Bolivia signed by the Treaty of Petrpolis by which ceded the territory of Acre in exchange for monetary compensation of two million pounds, committed to building a railway in the the rapids (rapids of the river that prevented or hindered navigation) and issues relating to the status and rights of the inhabitants of the region in question. So Bolivia lost around 190,000 km2 over territory. As you can see, it was not strictly an international war, were rather clashes with Brazilian groups of filibusters, with little participation of the Bolivian army, and, fortunately, very little of the state or the Brazilian army, but the winners turned out to be ex-combatants and Bolivian military heroes. The Pacific War was an armed conflict between 1879 and 1883 occurred in which the Republic of Chile fought against the republics of Peru and Bolivia. It has also been called guano and saltpeter War. In the mid-nineteenth century, the Atacama Desert had acquired great economic value due to the discovery of valuable deposits of guano and then nitrate, both, then, with good law and good price in the international market. There are discrepancies between the Bolivian and Chilean historians over whether the territory of the Audiencia of Charcas, first under the Viceroyalty of Peru, and later the Viceroyalty of the Ro de la Plata, or lacked shoreline available. Relying on various documents, Bolivians insist that what was, for its part, Chileans deny or doubt it. With the creation of the Republic of Bolivia in 1825, Simn Bolvar included Cobija coast (Puerto La Mar) as part of the new republic. Economic

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exploitation of the coastal area was carried out by entrepreneurs and Chilean pirquineros. Before the start of the war, the respective presidents were Hilarion Daza (Bolivia), Anbal Pinto Garmendia (in Chile) and Mariano Ignacio Prado (in Peru). The Republics of Bolivia and Chile had signed two treaties of limits: the first one in 1866 (Treaty of limits between Bolivia and Chile) and the second in 1874, together with an additional protocol in 1875 (Treaty of 1874 between Bolivia limits and Chile). Both treaties were ratified in due course and redeemed in Santiago and La Paz. According to its preamble, the treaty of 1866 was intended to "put a term friendly and mutually satisfactory to the old question pending between them about fixing their respective territorial limits in the Atacama Desert and the exploitation of deposits existing guano on the coast of the same desert "[sic], providing in Article I that the border of the two countries would" henceforth the 24th parallel of latitude south from the Pacific coast to the eastern limits of Chile. "also established a joint ownership for both countries, between parallels 23 and 25, on products from the exploitation of guano deposits and export duties to be perceived on the minerals extracted in that area. The government that deposed Mariano Melgarejo declared void all acts of the previous government, including the boundary treaties signed with Chile and Bolivia. The statement stressed relations with the Chilean government to the signing of the Treaty of 1874, which replaced that of 1866. The latter tried again set as the boundary between the Republics of Chile and Bolivia "The parallel of grade 24 from the sea to the Andes in aquarum divortia" [sic], thus establishing, in Article IV, the export duties were imposed on minerals exported in the area between parallels 23 and 25 south latitude "shall not exceed the fee currently charged, i individuals, industries and Chilean capital will not be subject to more contributions any kind whatsoever that that currently exist. The stipulation contained in this article shall endure for a term of twenty-five years "[sic]. This international treaty was in force around 1879. On November 27, 1873, the Company Antofagasta Nitrate and Railroad, a Chilean company formed by Chilean and British capital,
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signed an agreement with the Bolivian government that allowed the exploitation of saltpeter royalty free for 25 years, from the bay Antofagasta to Salinas, including the Salar del Carmen. This agreement was not ratified by the Bolivian Congress, which was then analyzed negotiations with Chile, that would result in the treaty of 1874. In 1878, the Congress of Bolivia is focused on the study of the agreement by the government in 1873. For Bolivia, the contract signed in 1873 with the Antofagasta Nitrate Company was not yet in force because, according to the Bolivian constitution, natural resource contracts were approved by Congress. This was done by the Bolivian Constituent Assembly by law, the February 14, 1878, on condition that they pay a tax of 10 cents per quintal of nitrate exported by the company. "Article One. The transaction is approved by the executive held in November 27, 1873 with the attorney for the Compania Anonima Nitrate and Antofagasta Railway provided enforce at least a tax of ten cents in quintal of nitrate exported ". (Constituent Assembly of Bolivia. Law of February 14, 1878). With respect to Chile, charging 10 cents tax on exported quintal violated Article IV of the treaty of 1874. Therefore, the tax met with great resistance by the owners of the company concerned and a tight defense of their cause by the government of Santiago, triggering a diplomatic row. Over the following months, the Bolivian government failed to implement the law while discussing the objections raised by the Chilean government. On November 8, Foreign Minister Alejandro Fierro sent a note to Chancellor Martin Launches indicating that the Treaty of 1874 could be declared invalid if they insisted on charging the tax, Chile reborn rights before 1866. On November 17, the government of La Paz ordered the prefect of Cobija to apply the tax law to begin the reconstruction of Antofagasta. Although both parties proposed conflict resolution via arbitration, as contemplated the Protocol of 1875, this was not carried out because while Chile's government demanded the suspension of the execution of this law until its legality was determined by an arbitrator, the government of Bolivia demanded that the armored
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Blanco Encalada and naval forces withdraw from the Bay of Antofagasta. On 6 February, the protests by the Company Salitres by tax law and because the contract had not complied with the procedures for declaring, Bolivia's government terminated the contract with the company Antofagasta Nitrate and Railways . The prefect ordered Zapata auction their property to pay the taxes generated since February 1878. In Chile, the decision to block the shot was taken the morning of February 11, when, in a special cabinet meeting in Chile, received a telegram from the north, a message containing verbatim minister plenipotentiary to Bolivia "Overriding law February, claiming the nitrate of the company. " This triggered the decision by President Anbal Pinto to order the taking of Antofagasta, which was held on February 14, 1879, Chilean troops occupied the Bolivian coast to latitude 23. On February 14, the day of the auction, three Chilean vessels landed in Antofagasta, Mejillones, Cobija and Snails vindicating these territories. On February 16, arrived in Lima on Bolivian minister Serapio Reyes Ortiz to demand that the Peruvian government to comply with the treaty of defensive alliance of 1873. On February 27, Hilarion Daza declared a state of emergency in Bolivia. With files Nitrate and Railroad Company of Antofagasta, Chile is known that there was no interest in going to war to save the company, even though many important politicians were minority shareholders of the company .. However, the decision would be different if they actually finished off the nitrate, which, according to the vision of President of Chile Anbal Pinto, would the actual violation of the treaty. Peru, which had signed the Treaty of defensive alliance with Bolivia with secrecy in 1873 and which had not acceded Argentina, tried to persuade the government of La Paz to submit to arbitration with the mission Quinones figure was stipulated in the Complementary Protocol of 1875, since it was a "tax problem" and not territorial. The Peruvian government to mediate in the conflict, sent his plenipotentiary minister Jos Antonio de Lavalle to Chile's diplomatic mission failed. Chilean Foreign Minister Alejandro Fierro Peruvian plenipotentiary asked about the existence of a "secret treaty" signed with Bolivia in 1873. Lavalle had no instructions about it and told him in diplomatic congressional
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commission to which he belonged had not touched that topic. In Lima, March 20, Peruvian President explained to him that the Chilean representative Godoy was treated and would summon the Peruvian Congress to assess what attitude to take to Chile and Bolivia. On 1 March, the government of Bolivia declared cut all trade with Chile, assuming that there was a state of war. On March 15, Chile began preparations to occupy further north of latitude 23. This, on March 23, took place the battle of Calama in the Chilean forces defeated a group of Bolivian civil. Bolivian history was responsible for rescuing the heroism of Ladislao Cabrera and especially Eduardo Abaroa, who has long been recorded as the maximum civil Bolivian hero, but it was the military which were taking care of him posthumous promotions, the highest grade known was that of colonel, though possibly no military has known personally or someone can assert that made homeland defense or rather invaded their land occupied by the Chilean military. For the Bolivian military, no hero is not possible if the military. On April 5, 1879, Chile declared war on Bolivia and Peru. The review and analysis of the treaty of 1873 between Peru and Bolivia, Peruvian historians leads to the conclusion that Peru had the option to decide whether this treaty was in force, since Bolivia had signed one of limits with Chile in 1874 without consulting the Peru, or Bolivia's aggression was real or if the issue needed arbitration. This same interpretation says that, following penetration of Chilean troops in Bolivia and the reluctance of the government of Chile in a "diplomatic solution" and the declaration of war that makes the Chilean government on April 5, Peru felt Bolivia bound by the treaty of mutual defense and entered also in the race, declaring the casus foederis (is a Latin phrase meaning "reason for the partnership"). In diplomatic terms, describes the situation in which come into play members of an alliance (eg, "when a nation (member) is attacked by another (third)"). Instead, Chilean historiography claims that the pact is defensive in the way, but offensive in the background, so it considers the mediation of Peru after making Antofagasta as a way to buy time, while making preparations for war. He further states a cause of longer range for the
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war ended in a dispute between Chile and Peru, which would, according to this view, an enmity that have roots in the colonial era, exacerbated in the independence and the War against the Peru Bolivian. Meanwhile, the Peruvian version of the story claims that were colonial relations and trade cooperation between the ports of Callao and Valparaiso. After the proclamation of independence, the two governments signed a treaty League, Alliance and Confederation on December 23, 1822, which established primarily a military alliance between Peru and Chile, which was supplemented by the April 26, 1823 with a treaty Aid, which regulated the financing of the campaign to liberate and although later the Peruvian government did not recognize the debt, in 1839, with the defeat of the Confederacy, Peru, Chile paid the debt owed by the service provided by the Chilean army in the campaign restorative and independence and recognize the actions of the officers of Chile granting awards and decorations of the military of Peru to reunite Peru and Santa Cruz acknowledging defeat to Chile as an ally of Peru. This alliance would strengthen in 1866 during the Spanish-South American teams in which the navies of both countries fought together with the Spanish Navy in the naval Battle of Abtao. After the Battle of Callao and the withdrawal of the European fleet of U.S. waters in October of the same year, the Chilean minister in Peru Marcial Martinez, pursuant to an Act of Congress of his country, confirmed the Peruvian president Mariano Ignacio Prado (same in 1879) the office of Major General in the Chilean Army. This has led the Peruvian historiography to assert the existence of economic interests and expansionist policies in the Chilean ruling class of the time as a real cause of the outbreak of war. There is no room for doubt, all wars and consequent loss of more than half of its territory were in a stage of virtual neglect and absence of the Bolivian state, decisions based on erroneous and irresponsible improvised assumed from the central government almost always the leader of the day, thousands of miles of conflict, and always relying on economic interests of the ruling caste and factional infighting constantly, about to retain power and the established order, and others to subvert order and access to power, without caring for what, just power for power.
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In all cases, interest and economic measures, especially tax, military confrontations caused, no previous studies, less planning or state policies, geopolitical forecasts or analysis or discussion, just the desire to get easy income, by administrative measures adopted in makeshift cabinets, curiously in a country rife with taxes and levies of any kind but that almost no one satisfied, because there were hundreds of taxes coca, chicha, the pontazgo, mining, petroleum, virtually all activities have occurred and all at a rough guess, without much foundation, just interested in the needs of those who were in charge of the management and administration of public finances, which was actually the property of the ruling group, mired in a perpetual orgy feasting of drinks and meals, flattering and perks. The country was full of tight, and Trancas internal little custom today replaced by COAS and hooded with balaclavas. On one take away some straw, were declared wars and thousand gil, is expelled or consecrated ambassadors, laws and decrees repeatedly endless commissions and committees created for everything that had no easy solution, aspirations and needs of the population were translated in countless statements of national or regional priority, tributes were made of all kinds and never reached the days of the year for celebrations and days dedicated to women, men, children, workers, revolutions and revolutionaries, Indians, battles, saints and patrons. So far, the laws serve to pass all kinds of agreements and cooperation agreements, which puts the country invariably poor and poverty and aid workers operating in the terms and conditions that suit them. The other constant is the grants and loans and loans of all types and for all, from the foundation and going through all Governments, civil, military and mixed are the majority. These commitments suddenly entered in the national accounts, but nothing is known of its execution, unless the destination that enormous resources are obtained by a country dedicated to beggar. Modern pirates and colonists are becoming members of an extensive fauna of international bureaucrats who do not stop to grow and multiply, as agencies of the United Nations Program for Development, World Bank, IDB, ECLAC and thousands of NGOs are fighting for the
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poor, in its various forms, inch by inch, foot by foot, since poverty is their business. No one knows exactly who, how and why officials are appointed and for Bolivia, exotic considered high risk for them, do not know their reality and their needs, but in the few years of his stay involved in managing loans and donations or intervene in favor or against the government or the opposition, in the circumstances, to make useless, substantial and repeated studies, consulting and diagnostics and also give reports on call customer requirements, besides enjoying diplomatic immunities and privileges and salaries paid first world countries with resources of the fourth world. In every revolution or change of government supersede previously adopted many rules, no matter the time or the money that has cost its study or approval, and is intended to start from zero, until the delusional world of laws that are adhered to but not are met, which can no longer distinguish what is allowed in what is forbidden, the validity of the rules is linked to fashion and compliance policy is subject to the will of the ruler. The legislative windstorms, taking turns with the dictatorial and totalitarian arrogance, permanently devastate the fragile institutional construction, subject to the vagaries of the moods of the powerful equipment. So it was and so it is. Last year it was announced with much fanfare by all media, delivering a legislative sanitation project commissioned by the Vice President of the Plurinational State, with millions of international cooperation and through NGO's husband's property Minister of Transparency and Fight against Corruption, as opposition lawmakers denounced. The final work, which was published for a long time in the doorway of the Vice President could not be worse and more bland, almost fifty lawyers dark, unknown or at least dubious reputation, traditional todlogos Doctorcitos using computers, whether used as decorations or as typewriters to their briefs and Latin phrases, among which was the former partner of Garca Mesa regime and former Supreme Court President Armando Villafuerte. These agiornados jurists, succulent fees charged to make a rudimentary work, ambiguous, manual and no use at all, - in fact proved highly damaging, much less to provide legal certainty, as its
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prosperous proud promoters boasted. If you come to use the computers did not fall that if a machine is garbage in, cannot do anything but process and deliver garbage, technology is a valuable tool, but is subject to the discretion of men, their design conceptual, does magic or miracles. And what is the result of this garbage Pharaonic consultancy that delivered results in a colossal mess. To accomplish this daunting task, the jurists divided materials legislation, and then created commissions for each, with internal and external consultants. As a first step, published curricula of its members and the good wishes of the Vice President and the GTZ, as always As you probably noticed that there are no databases and search engines, manual sorting and made rough estimates of the fundamental rules that, in his opinion, should be sanitized, as if they had been sick and well, with impeccable legal logic they determined that the hydrocarbon law was for the oil field, unaware that hydrocarbons have treatment standards interrelated with other sectors such as tax, administrative, commercial, environmental, criminal, civil, constitutional, in reality all other subjects, so that the task they undertook was of larger dimensions and more had to be done by an instance permanent coding to make a selective debugging and management of progressive and constant legal texts and concerned by instances competent prior to any publication, it is nothing less than faith and state. the. No one and nothing legal certainty lawyers empowered to perform the dissection and manipulation of rules. The matter is more serious than it appears at first glance. It is not because they have squandered a good milloncitos, but rather of the monumental confusion and legal uncertainty caused unnecessarily. In the late forties and mid-sixties, the government understood that only existed in Bolivia Sucre and La Paz, Oruro and Cochabamba some more mining and history of Potos, the rest were just distant references unexplored land and people closer to savagery and the exuberance of jungle teeming with vegetation, swamps, yellow fever and typhoid, and many animals and insects and unknown diseases, things that could only handle some missions of adventurers and explorers. which also
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must be authorized by rulers always hungover and grumpy, sour gestures and fake smiles. A minority of Creoles cholos and ruled over a silent majority, marginalized, excluded and ignored. Bolivia was the only country in the Altiplano. Political and military banquets and feasts busy in distingue each other, saw diplomacy as the art of flattery and attentions, the pretext for big feasts and occasions borracheras and more conducive to practice the famous speech, almost always convoluted, and rhetoric, and features own doctors Charcas and Alto Peru. Of all the defeats had served in three international wars and the loss of more than a million square kilometers, all concentrated in the towns of the West, the country was in the exploration and production of raw materials, especially minerals and lived rulers of all taxes and spoliation, as now. While there were formally the Departments of Santa Cruz, Tarija, Beni, Pando and land territories and colonies, were merely geographic references contained in maps elaborated someone in Europe and served to adorn the offices of the Palace. By their nature wild and his monumental isolation, in addition to lacking the minimum communication infrastructure, health and education, became favorite places to banish and confine political enemies of all kinds, whose travels were almost always of no return. However, this did not happen with all politicians, only those who fell from grace within a system of coexistence agreement, whereby governments alternated in the use of power, in a primary and a consequent pasanaku carve of rewards and punishments, so that it was common for large political leaders sometimes will result magnanimous in victory and mutual forbearance exiled opponents to civilized Europe or, at least, in Buenos Aires, Lima, Santiago or Bogota were already then known as golden exiles. Of course, this did not apply to the foundation, to sponsor or not they were almost doomed to be cannon fodder. So far, a few minutes ago, the people only remember when crowds gather, herding people like cattle, give them a few cents, drink and some food, to listen to speakers of square, so that governments be given a bath of popularity, showing the overwhelming popular support,
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to fill their necks with garlands of flowers, their heads and hats llujchus and conceal their bellies with multicolored ponchos, to conduct blockades organized by one or the other, to make exploding dynamite sticks or to practice skirmishes with police, excessive for political repression, inadequate for public safety. On January 6, 2012 it became an act in the Government Palace to meet the Act 214 establishes the Year of Nonviolence against Children and Adolescents. A few days ago, accidentally killed a seven year old boy who was walking on foot, pushing the wheelchair of his mother, from Trinidad, Beni to La Paz, with two disabled siblings. Another dealer child one year old just died in the Coliseo Cerrado, did voluntarily left or died, or maybe he killed himself with four shots as some unfortunate police? Infants work and live on the streets or are hawkers in minibuses, bus aides or orders brothel nights without any security or protection from anyone. Are isolated incidents that occur in remote locations or did not give up at the gates of Government House, in the face of the President of the Plurinational State itself amid its luxury vehicles and countless paragraphs clumsily bodyguard? Do as well as Bolivia and Evo meets changing? Meanwhile, as they fill their mouths with advanced laws and international conventions protecting workers, women and children or domestic violence, allowing pregnant women, elderly and the elderly, handicapped and disabled, and children, as say now, gender equity, and infants of all ages, march on foot, in the womb or in arms for months and in the most inhumane conditions, without anyone agreed to apply the law, not yet rigor and at the silence of the media who are only concerned with their sacred right to freedom of expression and the care of their political and economic interests. Of course, this is not the place or time of exposure, pregnant women and children cannot be used for political purposes or the like for a second, so there are many involved in these crimes against humanity. Some broadcasters covered with a stain the faces of urban children who star in an accident or event, but the kids have to go a little more and take out scans and full body and portrayed in different poses. And they interview, live and direct.
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What you can do with pregnant women is a crime, disabled children and has no name and how to call the absence of prosecutors, defenders, human rights and other pods. This was not even in the worst moments of unbridled, when coal mines sanded teeth of children and women to eat less. Corruption is not only giving or receiving bribes, is doing what it should not be or is not allowed by law, or stop doing what you should, so the main form of corruption is the lie and its increased expression is lack of fitness, which is the most deadly form of lying. The Bolivian Revolution of 1952-historic period in which he ruled the MNR (9 April 1952) until the coup of November 4, 1964, led by then Vice-General Ren Barrientos Ortuo, marks the entry of Bolivia to twentieth century. The National Revolution made fundamental changes in public participation, land distribution, state control over natural resources and the Bolivian economy. The origins of this revolution are in the Great Depression and the defeat of Bolivia in the Chaco War. The Great Depression, large mining weakened and caused state revenue to the economy through control of currency and export quotas for tin. In turn, the defeat of Bolivia in the Chaco showed the limitations of the current political model until then, exhausted by the traditional political parties of that period and highlighted the fragility of the Bolivian state. In 1951 the MNR won a victory in the elections, with a partial majority in qualified plebiscites which were eligible only those who could read and write and also have certain income. The Electoral Act provided that Congress should elect the President from among the three main political parties voted: the MNR and FSB purs. That year, President Mamerto Urriolagoitia transferred power to a military junta to prevent the coming to power of the MNR, which became known as "The Mamertazo", which led an insurrection against him. In La Paz and Oruro street clashes occur between 9 and 11 April, lowed the army, but with a balance of 490 dead. A provisional government is formed by Hernan Siles with Juan Lechn Oquendo, who assumes command until the return of Victor Paz Estenssoro from exile in Argentina.

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After the Chaco War had happened several tilt nationalist governments, including the military stood Germn Busch Becerra (1937-1939) and Gualberto Villarroel (1943-1946) Before the Chaco War, the first civilian aeronautical training center was established Pilot School and Aviation Mechanics of Lloyd Aereo Boliviano, which was authorized by Supreme Resolution of May 27, 1927 and began operations in January of the year following. During its founding the school was under the direction of Professor Victor L. Cabrera and teacher Ramon C. Prada, was free and education cycles were 3 years for mechanical and 2 additional years to pilot. In 1930 LAB only acquired its first aircraft training, they were three Junkers A.50 Junior, a two-seater low-wing tandem powered by an Armstrong-Siddeley Genet 80 hp. It is likely that newly get to use this material in workshops for March 1931 in the absence of numerical records these aircraft were dubbed "Warnes", "Acre" and "Piray". As the pace of those years teaching, Pilot School graduate only reached a limited promotion of pilots, navigators and mechanics Bolivian civilians who actively participated in the contest. Among these personnel include the first civilian pilot Bolivian Jorge Wilstermann Camacho and co-pilots / technicians Clemedez Fernandez, Rodolfo Galindo, Juan Jos Melen and Balderrama, who continued to serve on the LAB during the campaign, along with several foreign nationals settled in the country and working for the company. The few aircraft that had training school were taken to the area of operations, after the "Acre" was lost in an accident in 1933, the other two were transferred to the base of Puerto Suarez, after the war returned to Cochabamba, where they remained in service for several more years. It is curious to note that during the conflict, Paraguay also had two Junkers A.50 faith, which were acquired in 1932 from unknown in Argentina. Following the war LAB School maintained a close relationship with their military counterparts both in Cochabamba with the Military Aviation School "Pabon Mayor" and later with the Military Aviation
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School "anchovy" in Santa Cruz, founded in July 1943 and which in 1952 was replaced by the current Military Aviation College. Paravicini Colonel came to the founding and operation of the Military Aviation School Boqueron, came loaded with leather case, in which he kept his glasses, helmet and gloves were the only witnesses of the innumerable flights Chaco Boreal forest. It came after several days of painstaking journey and taking several means of transport, except for air. The school was named in honor of the Battle of Boqueron, which was the first battle of the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay, and was fought around the fort and surrounding Boquern from 9 to 29 September 1932 . Culminated in the recovery of the fort by the Paraguayan army and Bolivian forces withdrew to the fort Arce, after a heroic, prolonged, painful and futile resistance. Santa Cruz de la Sierra was just a square surrounded by a few dirt roads with precarious constructions pahuichis were distributed in uneven terrain, its red-tiled houses had pitchforks on sidewalks for shelter from the tropical rains and were scattered through trees and dense vegetation, neighbors knew each other and most of the scarce population consisted of Creoles who had been transferred from Paraguay in Spanish colonial times, with mestizos and Guarani peoples originating, matacos , chiquitanos, and other ethnic groups originating guarayos or settled in these extensive eastern lands. Quite frequently, the savages raided the outskirts of the town and attacked with arrows to Western traders trading sugar, rice and other food to the population of Santa Cruz and to bring the distant towns of Beni. The most effective way to repel attacks and scare the wild was the sound of gunfire, they were terrified and fled in a panic, which, along with hunting and guard against attacks by animals, was that all families were forced to carry firearms, particularly shotguns. The airstrip and school settled on a plain, at a place called The Trompillo, then located more than prudent distance from the Plaza and houses but today was practically in the city center, remaining as domestic airfield and headquarters Military Aviation College

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The colonel was a person of small stature, was less than five feet tall, somewhat aquiline nose and regular features. His friendly and polite nature and a good sense of humor quickly won him friends in the neighborhood of simple people and frank, dedicated to see time go mad from the heat of the streets that met at night, for comment on anything, except surazos, when nobody was leaving his home. The only distractions were in the main square, the Cathedral, the Social Club, the Prefecture and the mail or any buri that was organized from time to time, but the days of carnival that was played with eggshells, mud and water drank beer brought from La Paz and crudely distilled spirit. Aviator, veteran of the Chaco War and Director of the School of Aviation, quickly became a popular and respected and that was how he got to know the brothers Jordan Suarez, Elma, Hyna and Adriana, Mario and Achilles, children a remarkable lawyer, Don Achilles Jordan, born in Vallegrande, constituent by the Department and the Public University Rector, homeowner three courtyards on Ayacucho Street, two blocks from the Plaza, where he lived with other relatives, as was fashionable at the time. Jesus Montes Claros of the Knights of Vallegrande, known simply as Vallegrande, is the capital of the province of Vallegrande in the Department of Santa Cruz. It was founded on 30 March 1612 by order of the Viceroy of Peru, Don Juan de Mendoza y Luna Marquis de Montes Claros which entrusted his nephew, Captain Pedro Lucio Escalante de Mendoza to found a city of white to serve as a link between La Plata and Santa Cruz de la Sierra. In the year 1612 Captain Lima leaves thirty Spanish families, which increase as they pass through Potosi and Chuquisaca and add up to two hundred families, each of which bore his peons about twenty or thirty mestizos and indigenous Quechua speakers, which left traces of this language in the Castilian region. When you reach your destination the city had Spanish and mestizo settlers Guarani and Chanes, and on March 30 the same year the foundation made official by lifting the standard of Spain in the Main Plaza.

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In 1613 the King of Spain, Philip III, confer the noble title of Noble Children's Solar Hidalgos the inhabitants of this town, raising its rank and giving them perks such as an encouragement to the fidelity with which should be maintained and kept in this city of white. Much of the early inhabitants of Vallegrande were Jews converted to Christianity fleeing the persecution of the Inquisition and local authorities in Spain, Peru and La Plata. Most of the new Christian (or Jewish converts) of Potos, La Paz and La Plata emigrated to Vallegrande and Santa Cruz de la Sierra. After independence, also influenced the settlement area Vallegrande Arabs, mostly Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese, and some Europeans (Italians and Croats). In Vallegrande, since 1967, when it was removed by the Bolivian army troops, remained buried in a mass grave the remains of Che Guevara for almost 30 years, until they were found in 1997 to be later transferred to Cuba, where he paid homage as national hero and international icon of rebellion and therefore largely driven by the aesthetics of the bearded and beret image is portrayed at the time of his death. Of the daughters of Dr. Aquiles Jordan Knight, Adriana married a Brazilian cut thin mustache, who walked with a white linen suit, the same color hat and a red carnation in his lapel, Jos Mateus Florenzano, with whom he had two daughters, Ninon and Monica, and then divorced. Elma married Gustavo Sanchez Cronembold, who was very young and for a short time, was Deputy Central Bank Monetary in the first government of Victor Paz Estenssoro, when the swap occurred, long accused as fraudulent, of 344,961 pounds sterling "Victorian", which the Central Bank Board in Session 172, May 17, 1952, approved as courses in the respective minutes. Sanchez Cronembold died much later, after leaving his luxury car parked in Obrajes, to make a public service mobility towards the center of the city, as it did regularly, to collect, for the last time, your pension Chaco veteran . His life, full of luxury and pomp, was imprisoned by successive misfortunes of their children.
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Elma and Gustavo had two sons, Fernando and Juan Carlos, the latter married Aida Valle, sister of Luis Alberto "Chito" Valle, son of General Banzer and prosecuted for acts of corruption committed during his time as Prefect of La Paz. The doctor Chito Valle was an outstanding athlete in diving, good at singing and playing guitar and motorcycle fanatic collection of high cylinder, which was walking with their leather jackets, his beard and hair grown, was briefly detained Canadian government at the start of his father on charges of drug trafficking and in 2011 received a first judgment of the Supreme Court which sentenced him to eight years in prison for corruption, including the sale of new vehicles as scrap, so that the case is called "chitochatarra". It is more than obvious political exceptional treatment of this process, in which a judgment was reached after nearly fifteen years, possibly longer existed when no vehicles or junk, but there was no other responsible, as if he could have done Chito Valley all alone, which is inconceivable. His father, General Banzer, died of lung cancer, free trials and sentences. Juan Carlos Sanchez Jordan, blond, blue eyes and a natural sympathy for the personal, which made it very popular among friends in your social circle, was an active member of the jet set life criollo and glamorous fashion and waste , of snobbery and frivolity, elements that young children Dad had built a fragile bubble assumed forms and lifestyles similar to those of American youth. He participated with his brother Chito Valley in a short and messy business of export of plasma obtained from conscripts, in the shadow of the absolute power of Banzer, then formed a company for the construction of military barracks shaped domes and purged a tough prison sentence in Paraguay, where he had intercepted a large shipment of cocaine in cans of palm export. Nothing ever happened with Bolivian entrepreneurs involved in the drug trade. Consistent with its bohemian life, one morning he got home and came across a thief who hurried out, yet recover from the surprise and shock discovered that the intruder had left his shoes, certainly not to make noise in the inspection at Juan Carlos did not mind leaving behind him to deliver the shoes. After that he was sorry to say, it was very cold.
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The other brother, Fernando Sanchez Jordan, rather dark and bespectacled, but also very sympathetic treatment when he wanted to, was in charge of the cleaning of clothes Hollywood, as agreed in the distribution of houses, vehicles and money the father granted in favor of the children, when they were newly married. Nor was much better and much less, cleaning burned for lack of basic maintenance workers did apprehend social benefit, lost everything he had received and had an unfortunate and difficult existence. One cold winter morning in 1973, some aunts who had come to care for my mother, I was shown into the room where she Military Hospital was in its last throes. Visitation at the Union of retired military, was busier than expected. At night, for some reason unknown to me, when I realized he was alone and, worse, locked up, the doorman was gone. Numb from the bitter cold of winter, from time to time and then was startled dozing at the sight of the coffin and candles and, on several occasions, I thought I heard the sound of footsteps I wanted to attribute them to my state of emotional tension, but I have a seizure induced by hospitals and funerals, as I do not plan to attend or myself, My cousins appeared, especially Fernando dealt with the steps and procedures for burial. His wife Maria Teresa Valda, which was called "bold", had been active in running around and, on the day of the funeral, told me that my uncle had a pleasant surprise, I had only to be surprised and, clear, had decided to assign me a tiny room in domestic house Campos Street, next to the food and laundry, which meant a lot at that time, although I slept only occasionally in the cold room close. Three years later, I had taken driving tuition, so Fernando decided to entrust the administration of the cleaning, which is a way of saying, because basically what I had to do was go and pick up branches clothes driving a Volkswagen white van. I also had to go buy white gas plant to YPFB, in the back of the general cemetery of Peace, by then almost the only one in the city, because they had other small cemeteries as German or clandestine outside town. These activities left me plenty of time to roam around the city in the wagon. Javier Rocha was responsible for getting some friends to lock ourselves in the

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van and roll around on the laundry, taking care not to touch that freshly washed. Fernando was the same that I did get a copy of Asian newspapers that were offered in the Bolivian passports and visas for ten thousand dollars. I talked to Jose Luis Paredes, who was Director of Immigration, who told me that they were in history and had instructed an international investigation, rather complex for the geographical and cultural. As time passed fairly uneventfully, I wrote an article that was titled something like Passports, Chinese and Migration. The articles were published sporadically sent Presence, thanks to Ivan Canelas, who did me the favor of introducing thus democratic in Bolivian media without baptism no godfather. Eagerly I wished the publication that I read and reread with almost fetishistic fervor. One morning, first thing, when I was about to open the newspapers, I received a call from Jose Luis Paredes, who told me in a calm voice on the publication of the article and called me into his office. With aplomb and no major dramas, I faced the issue and confirmed that I had an international investigation, highly complex, but with the world as calmly told me that, during his tenure at the Ministry of Government had approved more than 5000 ministerial resolutions temporary residence visas, mainly Asian, showing me copies of some of them, which all contained favored as professionals. The business is not new, he added, started strongly with Guillermo Bedregal, Gumucio and MNR and included exchange of decorations chancelleries level. Finally, between mocking and cynical, in time to recommend me that I do not interfere in matters not incumbent me, reminded me that, in the country, the biggest scandal involving former President of the Republic, never lasted more than a few days and then went to file was not me or the other also.

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8 Until the morning of June 23, 1973, the day my mother died, I was 17 years old and in college, had rarely seen my uncles and cousins, the economic and social differences between them and us were abysmal . A couple of years before we had moved to a tiny apartment on Avenida Snchez Lima, in the district of Sopocachi, that Lucas had to rent, who had gone to live in San Borja, where my parents and I were confined for more than one year, no one wanted or could remember. There were some similarities between the two rooms of the passage Eduardo Isaac and the three small rooms, and modern advances including a private bathroom with toilet cement that had to pour water from a bucket of water being pulled out of the sink and a shower , all with a tiny kitchen with adjoining dining room, this one with the bedroom and the bedroom with the living, to go on a short, steep wooden staircase. I slept on the couch of a half meter wide or square, in the living room, so if I turned around I liked, so I learned not to turn around. As great display technology was the telephone line, the number was 29,123 unforgettable. There too I met Santa Claus, I could just do it almost in my thirties, but I did not help much, because then I did not believe in him and confirmed my impression that he was an impostor old, fat and ridiculous. To make matters worse, I was adding to the suspicion that it was only a dangerous mechanism for children to coarser orders without any charge conciencial parents making honest sweat ink while others generate dollars in industrial quantities. . In front and above the stands was the window, which remained vigilant, most of the day, Mrs. Fight, old housewife who lived with his brother, also elderly. She took care to remind us frequently and harshly that Lucas had a lot of rent, plus they had to agree to an adjustment. To exit to the front door, you had to go through a long alley that were getting the doors of three other departments, one of which was to live the family of Raul "Rulo" Loayza-who later was Director of Taxes and Undersecretary of Government during the tragic episode of the
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abduction of Jorge Lonsdale-along with his brother, Marcos Loayza, filmmaker featured. One night, after leaving the faculty der Roberto Valdivia, we bought a can of sardines and came to the department with a horsey appetite, but did not find any appropriate tool to open the can, while anxiety grew and it took almost an hour to open the can with a nail. At that time, possibly when I needed, I did not even fry an egg, could barely boil noodles with salt and then threw them ketchup. It took a long time, until Maria Elena traveled to the U.S. during and after each exhausting day of work the employee offered me egg with rice or rice with egg, I had the need and opportunity to learn to cook, with a taste and special treat, all kinds of foods, from grilled seafood and pasta, but microwave, which for a very long time became a hobby and a challenge that brooked no limits to my culinary experiments. I had a chance to eat many and various things, but do not forget to roasted crickets nothing that seemed Chulupis, or monkey or dog meat in Korea, barnacles, crustaceans cirrpodos, having a shell composed of five parts and a fleshy stalk with which stick to the rocks of the coast. They are raised in groups and eat, especially in San Sebastian, Spain, piranhas or tails in the Bolivian Pantanal caiman or an oyster binge in Houston, and the exquisite, for my taste, especially Peruvian season preparation seafood. It would be unfair to neglect the delicious lamb heads in the Alto de La Paz, trout on Lake Titicaca, the flame charquicn, silversides, and lamb tails in Oruro, but the goats on the cross in the Chaco. Thanks to Marcelo Antezana and twenty-one joined to work as Secretary to the President of the Confederation of Private Businessmen of Bolivia, who was in charge of Jorge Lonsdale, then succeeded by Marcelo Perez Monastery, where he was Executive Secretary Hugo Sanz attorney Wheat who later competed in the election for Chief of the Judiciary and whom I appointed as Council Delegate District in La Paz. Marujita Artieda was also a well known social secretary and it was scary when he was angry, by the level of contacts.

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Hugo Sainz, who had been secretary and international official, not long endure the sordid atmosphere of courts and resigned. He and his wife had officiated by godfathers of my marriage, as my Aunt Elma and her husband did not accept this situation, but attended the party at the home of the parents of my wife in Irpavi. A church I attended with Juan Carlos "Pocho" Salcedo, Jose Murillo and Roberto Wayar, who picked up his big green Dodge car. The four formed a stable and consistent group in the Faculty of Law, joined us rather genuine cultural concerns, we publish a college magazine was called Satyagraha, referring to the movement of peaceful resistance to an unjust system considered Gandhi, in India, and made a short film as innovative practical work in constitutional law, who in his introduction showed the university building as my voice said: 'The university, straight as an earl in decline ..' Jose Murillo wrote poetry, essays and film reviews. She eventually became a financial adviser quoted. When attending a negotiation for one of its customers, Federico Csapek, he came to her house early in the morning and after a confusing incident between the two, was shot dead while Jose Murillo was wounded with two gunshot wounds to the arm and leg, then transferred by air ambulance to Miami, where he recovered to return to face a tortuous trial that lasted more than three years. Had I known what was coming, probably would have gone to shelter to some distant country. Apparently Csapek had an explosive temper, so that he was separated from his wife and children. A time of learning of the tragedy, the wife returned to the city of La Paz and established a murder trial against Jose Murillo, but the process was more particularly publicized surely influenced and has been known in the Bolivian judicial history, by at least in the private sphere, the widow sent billboards placed throughout the city demanding justice with special television programs and pages of newspapers and magazines and also accusing belied. Obviously, with such a display of resources, nobody remembered due process or presumption of innocence, and Murillo was publicly treated as a murderer.

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The process was filled with experts, witnesses, arguments and incidents of all kinds, the big winners were the media. Those who really came into play were two millionaires life insurance, to be charged by the widow, had to meet the requirement shown with the court ruling that it was a murder and not a suicide. The main accused turned out to be a humble domestic worker who was jailed immediately and indefinitely, while the judges threw the keys Choqueyapu his cell. When all seemed the trial to continue for centuries, became effective the new Criminal Procedure Code and the Government Palace, a ceremony was held which was decorated together government officials, from President Banzer, the Minister of Justice and how could it be otherwise, there was a solid gold medal for Manuel Rocha, alongside U.S. Ambassador to the German GTZ had led to the development of the new standard, which, with its implementation, sued several tens of millions of dollars. The new Code provided a vacatio legis and set a deadline for all those fatal criminal proceedings that were not activated at the end of time or had more than three years without a final judgment, which were virtually all, shall terminate and archived, as if never existed. More than ninety thousand processes ceased to exist and the state, which usually has no one to defend him, did not activate any criminal proceeding and thus evaporated over two billion dollars. With Jose Murillo came also benefited many others accused of various crimes, including lvaro Garca Linera was more than five years in prison and without judgment, with his wife, for having participated in terrorist activities proven, but not so with most detainees lacking financial resources that will surely remain in detention and have no judgment until the next millennium. Roberto Wayar was a member of the choral symphony, has a thoughtful and serene affection to cakes, pies and pastries, married to Maria Luisa Soux, Doctor of History. While practicing lawyer, his passions are related to culture, education, literature, music and politics, believes absolutely in education as the beginning and basis of all social change and evolution.
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In addition to the high affinity that unites us is the person who best understood the whole project SILEG, Bolivia Legal and development and content. Always act out of conviction and is consistent with its principles and values, so you have a project in a rural community near Charazani, 16 hour trip from La Paz, which exerts a second time as Secretary General, and which works hard in the education of children and young farmers, sacrificing their own resources, in many cases, risking their safety. They make just a few months he was held for more than 12 hours by members of a neighboring community that communicated the decision to burn him alive with his old Toyota wagon, dubbed "the gringo". She was saved miraculously and I thought that with this, but not only that followed, but returned and was elected Secretary General. Long ago we are complicit with him, rather than partners, and share moments of intense and extensive reflections dreams and we feed each other. Alberto Salcedo, Pocho Salcedo's brother, Elder of a Christian congregation in La Paz, who during the UDP government owned the company Amerasia, which did very well in office equipment imports, until they committed the imprudence to bulk import typewriters to give to credit to thousands of teachers of the teaching profession, with dollarization machines and credit evaporated and the mysterious ways of God ended up finding personal fulfillment in religion and trade in which there is no inflation dedollarization worth. With his brother Pocho, north American married to a nurse, we also at that time in New York, he worked with a picturesque Jewish businessman, amateur radio, bought a radio in Manhattan, which had its own daily program , free and uncensored. The Jew was dedicated to restoring machinery in various countries, to refurbish, repair it, and sell it as new, very common and profitable business in backward countries with high levels of corruption. Another important revenue record was similar to other famous brands, as Raterpillar, thus ending giant companies like Caterpillar and transacting to avoid defaulting large lawsuits. When we met in his office, asked kindly away the dolls and toys that were in the living room, while he did the same with some rubber ducks with pita that was on his desk.

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With no experience in the field, I had a little trouble adjusting to my new job, mainly had to take minutes for the marathon meetings and correspondence Presidency channel. The invitations to cocktail parties and social gatherings were plentiful. Later I learned that it was a conspiracy whose ramifications never managed to know all that, the fact is that all of a sudden I started getting a lot of invitations with envelopes labeled with my name. By then, I had two suits, a few shirts, two pairs of loafers, a blazer, two jeans, a pair of shoes, an umbrella, a few ties, good amount of underwear, a stereo with vinyl records and cassettes and electric typewriter, which did not stop me to go away to meetings in which I knew by sight or by the newspaper to many of those present, but were almost always the same with the only change of scenery. Obviously, I was a great unknown. At that time, I had begun to feel an extraordinary taste for culinary adventure which made for most of the rest of my life always and anywhere, in any city of the country or the world, getting to explore bowling resources of food of all kinds, from markets to restaurants the most popular luxury and sophistication, in all environments unfolded naturally and I tried almost all types of food, which would go hard after my health bills, which luckily I could cancel in a timely and full, which made substantially improve my quality of life and I became the soul to the body. Until shortly before marriage I had followed in the department of Lima Sanchez. With Javier Rocha and Armando Aguilar, among other friends, were coming to listen to music, but we had many complications to enter any friend, for Mrs. remained vigilant Fight meters from the noisy wooden bleachers, where women had to taking off shoes to upload and enter quietly and quickly to the department, was a desire that made us perspire and we suspended the pulse, but the adventures were more tasty. In times when it was emerging crime reporting specialist with unforgettable headlines like "ice cream cooled to a Cholita", Javier Rocha called me to say that we find and pick up a nymphomaniac
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Abaroa Square, which initially puzzled me because I had not the faintest idea what kind of bug it was that, but still I went on time .. It turned out to be an official of an airline which liked sex without measure or mercy, several years older than us and they visited us bringing generous portions of food and drink fine, without interest I can say or do the hostess but accessing off their shoes to climb the stairs and enter the Department. As the first and only time we could officiate prostitutes, in the first match I got a fright when I found out of the bathroom with Javier, both kneeling naked on the bed, looking for what she said her eye, so I thought I had the glass eye and one I dreaded the possibility of seeing the empty socket, but all became clear when he found his contact lens, returning the water to its natural channel. A few weeks before the wedding, I moved my four crazy pilchas a apartment in an old house on Maple Avenue, owned by the mother and siblings of Maria Elena, who was in the back of the National Electoral Court. For the first time in my life I got rid of those awful papers sealed, nothing less than the terrifying notification name, we did give the hostess Passage Eduardo Isaac, an old senile insanity probably affected, claiming accrued rent collection , eviction or release. Mrs. Mercedes Chinel Iturralde, housewife, seemed drawn from the nineteenth century, had always suspected that more than two hundred years old, white hair held in place by a cap of the years '25 and blue eyes and lost. Each arriving to collect and insult caused the uproar of dogs, possibly by the skins of different color and that, according to gossip, cats were hunted herself in the full moon, then skinned and tanned in person . He was also the occasion to end the collection of rents accrued angry, Mrs Fight and I could definitely get away from the room of my uncles used, in full independence and autonomy to enter or exit at any time. The most important thing was that from then on I never missed a bed, shared or not, which could throw myself and wallow at ease, stay up at night and sleep. With very good intentions, Roberto Valdivia, who worked at the Banco Boliviano Americano, I did provide a loan of ten thousand dollars that allowed me to furnish and equip the new dwelling. The first thing I bought was a desk and a chair of L'Atelier and a phone line at the time
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was $ 1500 dollars, but for the acquisition and installation had to have too much influence in the telephone company, the emblem of the largest and unpunished corruption in the city of La Paz. So I could savor the pleasure of having their own furniture, from the time I joined the spiral of bank loans that would produce endless and cruel me sleepless nights and worries that plagued much of my life. If I had known, would have prevented or restricted the maximum loan from the beginning. As economically progressed, so did the financial obligations and was imbued with the spirit of consumerism and frivolity own modern world so distant from the practical needs to live well and in harmony with nature and life itself. Still, when I do a review of those times, who rigged a generous consumption of various alcoholic and hundreds of adventures of all kinds, I conclude that it was a substantial investment and spending at all bland. In alcohol, unlike cigarettes and soda, had a limit that varied each time, which never happened, so once remember losing consciousness briefly and always drove my car almost normally, Well, according to me. The food, apart from special seasoning, should be abundant, exasperated me gourmet dishes. What I did not know was that the rich eat little but well, while the poor tend to eat sick and anything. Responding to an invitation, as did religiously with all that I came to the Confederation of Private Employers, one night I attended a cocktail that was a delegation of businessmen in an American city, in honor of the President of the Confederation of Private Employers in Hotel Sheraton, Radisson currently. In these endeavors I was, was holding a bunch of shrimp tails he had pulled a pineapple shell in which were offered in all its glory, barely held together by fragile toothpicks and drinks enough above, when speakers began to request the presence of the President of the Confederation of Private Employers, then 'or representative', which after a while someone asked me realizing that I was. With shrimp in one hand and my drink in the other, only managed to get close to receive award from Patricia Banzer Valle, who worked as a public relations officer of the hotel. There were some black and white photos,
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but where it was clear that I was red when I had to address a few words of thanks on behalf of private entrepreneurs in Bolivia. With so much social event for over a month I fed almost exclusively of the delights on offer, free and almost unlimited, with drinks at will, the only requirement was to face circumstances to speak in different scenarios, almost the same threads with almost the same guests, and I knew by heart the sharp analysis, gossip or political jokes, so I put my mind blank. After a month and a half, and was saturated with both cocktail and snack Therefore, to the extent that the rest of my life I attended very few social events of this nature, for which we must have a shield and an infinite stomach patience, the only way to explain the endurance of the regulars, either diplomatic or commercial interests obligations, they never have nothing romantic or fun, like all nice things lose their charm when they become routine or liability meets . In the new neighborhood, almost immediately I joined a group of neighborhood kids and one evening, as we sat on the sidewalk, passed General Hugo Banzer Suarez, who had recently taken office, passed by on the sidewalk, accompanied by his security group and greeted us with his unmistakable deep voice 'hello boys' and entered his residence in Sanchez Lima Avenue corner Rosendo Gutierrez. That home would bring bad memories, for there died one of his male children to be cleaning a gun, according to the official. About the same time, his other son had died in a motorcycle accident in the United States, constituting the hardest blows he received in his life. The only child to survive, Hugo Banzer Donoso, was illegitimate and caused anger and resentment Eternal his wife, Yolanda Prada. Colonel Hugo Banzer Surez took power after a military coup in August 1971, temporarily allying with the two antagonistic parties throughout the MNR regime, the MNR of Victor Paz Estenssoro and the Bolivian Socialist Falange (FSB), founded by Oscar Unzaga de la Vega. In the early days of the new government took the death of Colonel Andres Selich, that was an awkward opponent Banzer, when he was Minister Alfredo Arce Carpio. The Ministry of Health was appointed Falangist leader Carlos Valverde Barbery. Together with Valverde, Paz came to a group of young Falangist,
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including Fernando "Pichicho" Gutierrez, a crazy and likeable character that I had met on my vacation trips to Santa Cruz. was also Charlie Valverde Bravo, who was later known journalist and writer Santa Cruz, was a skinny and full of curls, very different from Carlos Valverde rather beefy and totally shaved which is known nationally. To them, a friend joined pandino source, Lucho "gringo" Saucedo. Pichicho almost always wore pants and a blue jeans jacket in which a machine gun settled short, 45 long revolver and bayonet, with which we practiced to throw over the head of one of us that we stood by turns at the front of a Abaroa Square tree. Next to the carnival I was elected president of the neighborhood group, dubbed Blue Dolphins,-never imagining that many years later the DNA of General Banzer political party would be divided into blue smurfs and dinosaurs. Accompanied by other managers, we headed to invite their young daughters to the party, which took place half a block from the presidential residence, to which the two attended briefly. Until shortly before the age of fifteen years, had lived in the two rooms of the house of passage Eduardo Isaac, the most valuable thing we had was a piano that my mother had brought from Santa Cruz, a gift from my grandparents, whom I never know only by reference. She, from time to time, drew his scores and played tangos. Inside, through a long narrow corridor from the front door, we lived with several families, Sanzetenea, one of which would work in the delegation after the Judicial Council of Santa Cruz, the Gallardo, Mario's parents, journalist lawyer who was then one of the most efficient and loyal employees I had in the Judicial Council, in Sucre and died under medical malpractice, and unpunished-very common in Bolivia and other inquilininos almost floating. During the revolution of 1964 a boy named Churata made me shoot some shots from the window of his room, with an old Mauser rifle of the Chaco War, to the hill Laikakota where militants had barricaded MNR, I think poverty and shyness are twin sisters. Shyness is almost inevitable product of insecurity that is forged with poverty. For quite s months, I was going to collect a pension lunches August 6th Avenue and brought in a white pail, which I differed sharply from the other
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neighborhood kids. One night when almost everyone went to a party at the Plaza of Spain Splendid, a kind-hearted ladies gave me some money to pay out and also my entry, but once on the site, I preferred to buy food and chocolates and go home without knowing what they called dance hall. Neither knew or knew learn to dance or sing it was too earless, but I always liked the music and the songs, to the point that whenever I can, that is always working with music, which is greatly aided by the possibilities of the personal computers. Before becoming a youth center, in La Paz, Rio de Janeiro, Tarija and Santa Cruz had had some intense crush of young love, but for some reason the destination, it went from a strong attraction. Now once installed in office of public affairs, the shyness turned into mistrust and chronic susceptibility, frightened me the mere possibility of getting involved with someone based on benefits or situations involved false Please crushes or attractions, but also always terrified the idea ridiculous. These insights have been confirmed in various ways. I was invited to the election of Miss Montero, in that distant city seventy miles of Santa Cruz. While waiting, I looked at the possibility of being sworn, to which I had no difficulty in accepting, without imagining the mess when I was getting into and be sworn today not accept anything. We become members with a businessman English surname oil, agriculture minister and friend Walter Nuez, journalist Jos Pomacusi and model Carla Moron. The moments of the interviews and then the parade in different costumes are high intensity, especially for the candidates, who seem to be for their lives in the attempt. While all were nice, there were two candidates almost natural, they were the ones with more support from society monterea, who had organized grab bars amid rivers of whiskey and beer, whose course was increasingly growing. As in trials in these contests no tie, so thanks to our inevitable vote won the second favorite, meaning that it has more support after the first, which was not in the plans of the organizers and, as soon as she gave the final verdict provoked a hail of bottles and a pitched battle. Jurors most experienced quickly and quietly disappeared and I was protected by the family members of one

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of the candidates who, at dawn, I was invited patasca delicious pork head. Again checked that up to be the most beautiful influences are needed, ie power, is by no means sufficient power of nature and almost all of these events are fixed in advance and in the hands of the powerful. In the passage Eduardo Isaac, lived next door in the Gonzales, owners of the Sevillana, a liquor store and preserves fine, and the other side was the house of Doa Mara Estenssoro, who lived in a large house surrounded by pine trees, with several daughters, grandchildren and nephews. Every afternoon the alley came another daughter, in a modern green American car and sat there Dona Maria and her daughters to knit, chat and drink tea. In that house I came religiously every month to borrow the phone, on behalf of my mother, to call the Pension Fund and Retirement Military to ask when they were going to pay widow's pension from my mom, with which we were going to charge and then eat at the Military Circle, remained in the Plaza Murillo. Invariably I ordered a chicken with mashed potatoes, garnished with peas, he called Shiites, the separating carefully, following an inexplicable aversion to virtually accompanied me all my life and that was inherited in the same way by one of my children. Under such conditions, the mysterious black phone device that I instilled a respect unique and extraordinary, but also in awe, and warned the times marked the day that hunger could quench widely that accumulated the last week of each month . I had entered the Colegio Don Bosco, although initially I did the first course at the Colegio Anglo Americano. My primary and secondary education were paid by the Directorate of Military Orphan Defense Ministry. The only condition was terrible and I was not postponed, at the risk of losing the scholarship and life. Herman Dullman Estenssoro lived with her mother and aunts, with whom we share good years of childhood, while two blocks around on the street Captain Ravelo, was the home of Marcelo Estenssoro, the
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"West", which starred civilian pilot the first hijacking in Bolivia, when the plane was diverted by a leading political dissidents to Salta, Argentina. He was married to Lucy Quintanilla, daughter of General Carlos Quintanilla Quiroga, who was the de facto President of Bolivia from August 1939 to April 1940. Quintanilla fought and was the first Commander during the Chaco War, managed to ascend the ranks of the Army of Bolivia to become commander in chief of the armed forces during the administration of Germn Busch Becerra. When President Busch committed suicide on August 23, 1939, the army entrusted the power to summon Quintanilla elections . During the 30s, the political situation had been turbulent in the country, with the formation of new parties that challenged the government. The traditional parties of that time decided to form an alliance to counter the efforts of the other parties. General Enrique Pearanda (who had risen to fame by commanding the Bolivian forces during the Chaco War) was elected as the candidate of the alliance. To ensure victory of Pearanda, Quintanilla government exiled several opposition leaders, including Bernardino Bilbao Rioja. Pearanda won the election, so that in 1940 General Quintanilla left the Presidential Palace and moved to Rome, where he served as Bolivia's ambassador to the Holy See. Quintanilla died in Cochabamba on June 8, 1964, at age 75. I made good friends with the son of the "West", Pancho Estenssoro. With him and his older sister Patricia "Pato" Estenssoro did a short course in typing. Patricia married Louis Ballivin. His daughter, Patricia Ballivian was the first president of the Bolivian Agency of Roads in the government of Evo Morales, then minister and deputy minister. Pato Estenssoro then married Ernesto "Pirulo" Aranibar, who was planning minister under President Siles Suazo, head visible de-dollarization of the national economy. The families of the house of passage Eduardo Isaac shared a common bathroom blind as well and no one had a shower or anything, so that everyone would wash in their rooms with buckets and swimsuits. In the rear, the output of the court gave Zapata, lived Pancho Sanzetenea, nearest version I have known Charles Bronson, who settled in Santa
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Cruz the sauna Hippo, one of the most traditional and successful city and where we gathered, many years later, on Saturday night to play horn, with a group of friends and brothers Chavo and Pocho, a character quite high to us, attending the snack and was an encyclopedia of knowledge and anecdotes , knew everything about national and international cuisine, all kinds of music, literature and life and miracles of Bolivian politicians and intellectuals, especially Cochabamba, for in that city spent most of his life, knew all the details and knew to most of the members of the guerrilla Che Guevara who was killed in 1967 in Vallegrande. El Chavo took care to prepare culinary delights, while telling anecdotes varied and enjoyable, as tasty as the food personally prepared.

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10 Lucas had taken a jeep to Beni WWII, he just wanted to sell it, in any of its forest populations undoubtedly what attracted him most was the desire and adventure of each trip, where he lingered operations such uncertain times but always long, while setting up a business selling pacumutos, sort of skewered meat offal, cassava and salad, which was doomed for several years without initial and commercial calculations had been optimistic about the reality of San Borja in the Department of Beni, population of twenty thousand inhabitants, in a jungle area surrounded by cattle ranches and with great presence of Aymara migrants, by its proximity to La Paz, but with all the customs and traditions of the East. I presume that my parents, during his confinement, there had befriended and treated as relatives decided Manuelito Jordan and his wife Zaida Vaca, who had several children, two of whom were my classmates at Colegio Don Bosco in La Paz. Manuelito Jordan died in a cargo plane that had just arrived from the United States and that crashed into the room Las Nieves, Santa Ana del Yacuma, what in the Beni is something natural. Gutenberg, the youngest son, who studied law and worked a good time at the firm, a boy with an extraordinary ability to make negotiations and proceedings of any kind, always higher than expected results. Joseph, who was my classmate throughout the school, studied medicine in very difficult conditions, he did while attending almost every night of the year and throughout the night, the patrons of a seedy bar that was in the corner of University and near the Zapata court, three blocks from the street Capitan Ravelo and Eduardo Isaac Passage entry. In clinical Oil Fund, where Joseph worked as a surgeon, I had the first and only major operation, he had cooperated at no cost to all classmates who required surgical services. Emergency was operated peritonitis caused by atypical retractable appendix, which had a previous hindered and timely diagnosis, with a prolonged convalescence endless over two weeks. The pain forced me to stay lying on his back throughout the duration of my recovery. It was in the last days, especially at night, a little secret, I began to be visited by
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some politicians to inquire about the application to the Judicial Council, I had presented to Congress a few months ago, but at that moment I woke up more interest, preferred to think of the gallons of ice cream and soda that would as soon leave my torture and surgical complications. In February 1998, when I entered the clinic, had just resigned as Director of the National Civil Registry, part of the National Electoral Court A little over a year before, had been interviewed by the Plenary Chamber of the Electoral Court, Alfredo Bocnge comprised l, Ivan Guzman de Rojas, Jorge Lazarte and Alcira Espinoza, as its President, Huascar Cajas, was ill and died a few days of my possession. Cajas was my professor in criminology, stuff that all students had the best memory, for an educational and entertaining exhibitions, during which you could not smoke, had to be punctual at the time and could not fly or a fly. Also, with Huascar Cajas and Jorge Lazarte, had been appointed in February 1990 by the National Congress as members of the Commission of Legislative Harmonization and Modernization of the State, under the initiative of Luis Vasquez Villamor, commission that was the origin of the Court INEC and the transfer of the Civil Registry, the Ministry of Interior to the Electoral Court. Since joining the University I developed a penchant for having ordered the documents and tried to carry a phone book in alphabetical order. The business of my dreams was to have a bookstore and stationery and stocked as widely as possible, in the optimum with its own printing. I also developed a keen sense of intuition that often allowed me to jump the gun or the reactions of certain people. While working at the law, and had a manual file which was recorded, by subject, the main laws consulting, because I refused to raise allegations answering inquiries or memory or by referring to one or two codes, as was and is usual for the majority of Bolivians lawyers. So I ordered information, selective, timely and adequate basic rule of life. In the congressional committee, I learned of the existence of a compilation of rules, then I knew, had been done by a firm at a cost of custom made millionaire and Congress. When asked about it, I went
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for the distribution of the Congress in which they jealously guarded and almost secretly, the document, after arduous negotiations, I was handed a copy in continuous forms and a list consisting of approximately 41,000 laws and decrees passed since the founding of the Republic until 1988. The classification was primary and was grouped according to criteria such as chiefs or taxes and then placed a very brief summary of the content of the rule and its date of enactment, but it was a work computer. The previous year had produced the collapse of Banco del Progreso SAM, and the firm had been consulted and engaged for the defense of the interests of private shareholders. Ascertained the background, the underlying problem had originated in operations known in the jargon as biciclete bank, consisting of millionaires disbursement amounts guaranteed by checks drawn on U.S. banks and were collected within the next six months. Beyond the technical details, it is evident that these monies were used for cocaine trafficking, so that when a plane dropped at high load, the drug dealers could not get the cash and the check were discovered, all in collusion with senior officials of the Central Bank and the Bank itself. The defense minister at the time, Alfonso Revollo, which then would take care of the whole process of capitalization, as Chairman of the Supervisory Board COSSMIL, which was the main shareholder, decided to proceed with the liquidation of the Bank. Based on this background, we prepare an ordinary lawsuit against the highest authorities of the Central Bank, the Banking Superintendency response, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Defense, requesting compensation for damages and the return of private actions. The action shook the foundations of the state financial system. It had gotten to be admitted and demand that the court must have notations on bills and Central Bank buildings, when, before a claim seemingly innocent Vocal semanero the Superior Court of La Paz, after speaking by telephone with Central Bank president, which won in the same employment opportunity for a niece, decided to stop the demand as ringers were paid an astronomical sum as if it were an executive demand, which was not the case. Given the arbitrary and illegal proceedings, saw it convenient to make
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a public complaint, which was answered with a request by the Board Member, in which an almost unintelligible language and tangled rehearsing some kind of explanation and gave praise and raves about his personality, suitability and honesty, to which we responded with another publication entitled terse "praise in mouth is own reproach". The case resulted in a settlement hearing in Superior Court and one in the Bar. I refused to recant unless proven as to the legality of the alleged collection of rings and explain what relationship existed between our demand and employment in the Central Bank for Vocal niece, so this instance was unsuccessful and was suspended in the exercise of the profession, first for two years and I fell on appeal to six months. Trying to assimilate the results of my first encounter with the great organized corruption, devastated and morale at rock bottom, I began intensively to make the compilation of laws and decrees, but already in a database as having multiple fields date, type, subject, summary of hundred characters, status and five areas related to secondary linkage. This was organized an initial team of six people and completed the collection of laws and decrees in the office library. Years ago I had ventured into the computer with one of the first personal computers arrived in Bolivia, which had transcribed my phone and files with standards that had consulted since 1981 and regularly enriched with new rules approved by the government, including codes and resolutions important. The Congress list we obtained was useful for checking and review of almost 42,000 laws and decrees, the texts, of variable length, had to check one by one, to synthesize and extract relevant data and manually place them in the database fields data. For several months he performed an extraordinary job including some Saturdays and Sundays and also frequently outdated, at times seemed a mission impossible and a total waste of time and resources. The computer equipment were very unstable and periodically mysteriously lose some amount of information processed, so we had to make permanent backups.
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The office was on the 11th floor of Building Hope, eleven stories we had to walk up and down during the several months in which the change occurred and repair of elevators. The delay was attributed to traffic problems in Chilean ports, so as long as for many things, the culprits were the Chileans and our land-locked. In the evenings and early mornings, numb with cold, we waited a long time until the doorman opened the gate of the second floor, facing the newspaper offices and workshops Presence. Not to miss the holidays, festivals like the entrance of the Great Power or indefinite time locks and typical disturbances in the center of the city, I decided to move a computer to my home computer, where my children had already developed an allergy to all As regards the Bolivian Legislative Dictionary. Very limited outings to restaurants and nightclubs, I was subjected to daily torture sessions and very painful to the dentist, he always had a very bad teeth, which ruined more with stress, snuff, coffee, sweets, taking soda to take away the bitter taste of cigarettes and lozenges that relieved the havoc produced the jumble in my throat and often also in my stomach. At one point in the office things were dire and few promising without lights on the horizon, so someone had to bring a bruja, which after doing their rituals and Astoria us unfiltered cigarettes in appropriate night and the moon's position right, I said things that struck me deeply and remember that since. In times when there was the least money, said he saw a lot in the future as well as read only seen the luck to Max Fernandez, what sounded like a cruel and thoughtless joke that soon after I move to an office on the first floor (surely she too fatigued walking up the eleven floors) and the enigmatic and indecipherable far premonition that he would be called to the big house of justice. Soon after, I went to work in the Civil Registry, on the first floor, but also wanted to believe that it was the big house of justice, but still did not know it would come to the Council of the Judiciary and Legal Bolivia did not know that and SILEG come to assume the large dimensions. In Santa Cruz, and the Judicial Council, I sought the astrologer
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Esteban, who published the horoscope in the newspaper El Nuevo Dia, asked me my data, the day I gave a couple of cassettes in the next, and I augured very strong family and political storms, reproaching intemperate love intellectualize my love, natural and spontaneous feeling that has no place in the brain at risk cubicle rebutted and even denatured, so I also suggested to leave as soon as possible, the harmful tendency to find perfection, particularly in the emotional level, which had deprived me of many pleasant and unpleasant encounters. Over time, I learned that the issue went beyond the desire to intellectualize feelings in pursuit of perfection and impossible ideals. It was rejection, almost natural allergies, which were gradually accentuating. Things like excessive makeup or high heels for women or bad taste in clothes, the way they talk or the recurrent use of hairdressers and beauty salons went from discomfort to exasperation and were creating barriers with unexplained impregnable women, although almost never dared to admit it and say it openly. Although it was unconsciously, could not find valid explanation to understand the mania of women, especially young people, to devote endless hours to grooming, to make up in the mornings to disappoint at night, using devices such as wigs, eyelashes, nails, hair dye and fade, to use prosthetics and less recourse to cosmetic surgery, often with disastrous results for the economy and for the family's health. Not to mention excessive jewelry and ornaments. Every time I understand less the need for wearing high heels, even in women of great stature, not only by the annoying noise caused by walking, but by in unnecessary health damage they cause and attachments as artificial rude. As vulgar as sex workers who star in pornographic movies and that all they do not get no pull at all are the high heels. And, in my intense bustle of mundane life, I'm still wondering what or who are the contrivances and arrangements. If it were discreet touches, I can understand the brides and marriageable girls, but never what they normally do married women, it is hard to believe that they do to be nice to the husband, so processed and different from what you see in marital intimacy or in everyday life
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I do not think that the case of sexism, it's just common sense, rather claim to the human role of women that do not require large costumes, makeup or shave, punctures and cosmetics to be beautiful human beings. Nor is stingy, but do not let the jets regretted money spent on these sophisticated and as common forms of deception. A small saving in these expenses bland, could contribute to a better life, more simple and authentic. I cannot forget I still anxiety when a woman begins to delve into its vast portfolio and is just about everything except what you need, which leaves me a feeling of anxiety, nervousness and even frustration, something like reviewing a record in disarray looking for a phrase or word out there and there. Along with some other similar experiences, I concluded that it is possible to see the fate of anyone or anything, otherwise the world, especially our own, and would have had a close many times, but I was convinced that There are certain factors that surely energies and trendsetters, especially under the influence of stars and other mysteries anything supernatural. But these experiences were useful for me to acquire the knowledge that there is an inevitable and predetermined destiny, to which we make adjustments and adjustments to our behavior and attitudes, which is useful and necessary to believe in someone greater, plus that so true that with money until poverty is bearable. I started to believe it was all energy, life and death, heaven and hell, one, eternal and infinite energy only changes form. Apart from the heavy work itself, it was complicated by the clutter that had been developed, published and compiled the laws and decrees which in many cases were referred to as either laws or decrees, reflecting eventful political life and disorderly country, approvals, waivers and massive replenishment rules. Things got unexpectedly when you tried to summarize the contents of the rules in a hundred characters, number of operators, chose to abbreviations that only they could understand them, so I had to personally review all records. Rarely was simple, as if it was some
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code, that was enough to put the title, but in the vast majority had to remove the entire contents of summary disposition, which, moreover, often referred several different topics and subjects. Embarking on a colossal work for a particular initiative, we went a bit each was more tempted to raise his hands, but was made more difficult decision to leave. Suddenly, almost without realizing it, we discovered that we had achieved a satisfactory result. The job called Legislative Dictionary Boliviano (DLB) was published in two volumes, which were presented by Vice President Luis Ossio Sanjins, among other guests were Huascar Cajas and Jorge Lazarte and some U.S. congressmen who happened to be in the country Luis Ossio Sanjins referred to the natural resource inventory and Canada did it based on its rapid progress, while Huascar Cajas that, |contrary to his custom had arrived a few minutes late, she turned to apologize and remember the virtue of punctuality individuals. The DLB was supplemented in subsequent years with the monthly news magazine of the legal and legislative "FOLEX", published in each edition the new rules adopted in the form of DLB. Was hard to get items for collaboration for the magazine, so I had to several fictitious names to complete each edition, which I personally dealing with arm and diagram to lower printing costs. For that moment I understood the difference between the writers, they do out of obligation or custom, for the writers, who write for themselves and for themselves, and then share with others. The financial situation was desperate, so I had no better idea than sending letters announcing the upcoming release and the option to book and pay fifty percent in advance, which, unexpectedly, began arriving checks and reservations to the extent that the edition sold out and I was left with only one game as a souvenir. This for many people may have been an innocent and meritorious contribution to the legislative, was actually a hit too hard and unexpected for traditional political and legal system, especially to shake the very foundations of the culture of the large, medium and

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small institutionalized corruption, which is based on invariable formula 'to less transparency, greater discretion'. The settlement had been careful to hide books and laws, so that even the Masses were celebrated in Latin, which almost no one knew, so that worked well to make all the rites and sacraments Christians obey only dogmas and mysteries unquestionable, unexplained, and the fact that more than natural man fears everything unknown. When you have built a rugged plagued legislation on positions, contradictions, incoherence and disorder, only a few lawyers and tinterillos knew, managed and interpreted the laws that seemed appropriate and ordinary people did not know the reason, motive or cause of his execution, was an absolute darkness in which even the legal texts themselves were grossly adulterated or interpreted at the whim and practical needs of the lawyers, who also were careful to present certified copies of written texts, using simple Memory notes or appointments you let your imagination run wild. Vain were the efforts and the great legislative debates, and laws were passed in the ruling elite knew for a few days, then went to file the curiosities. To avoid major inconvenience and loss of time, wisely and since the founding of the republic, we opted to abrogate and repeal all laws contrary to the new law, anyone could identify with some precision. The rules and procedures inherited from the colonial court had no trouble in joining and further debase within the national legal system. Sealed papers, stamps and forms, records, pleadings and judgments where endless recitals wins and loses in the operative paragraphs, the folios sewn with pita, are part of an inheritance too heavy, it could never be administered loose or corrected by politicians and demagogues concerned only spend the time or make the rocket projects and reforms. Mimicking fashions arriving from the outside and to the extent of the growth of major cities were created groups or professional associations, ostensibly to defend the interests of the union, but that, from the beginning, became political spoils and instruments to traffic influences and satisfy personal interests of its leaders, always elected by a minimum number of its affiliates.
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The Medical College brings together medical professionals, and its name, takes part in all instances related to public health, especially in directories and designations, which may be understandable if the entity acting transparently and democratically, whatever the regime. But what is unacceptable is to exploit any conflict or invent some pretext to declare wild indefinite strikes, against their own Hippocratic oath and in public francs and attacks against human life and public health. Its leaders, who are rarely far from leading physicians, are sacrificed in order to obtain items and positions within the public health system, which implies the same for the state's obligation to equip and maintain der hospitals and public health centers to on that basis, many physicians edify their clinics and private practices. In the case of lawyers, having no Hippocratic oath least conscience pricked them, things got worse. Politicians are by nature as never dissembled colors and party initials in collegiate elections. The charges usually were exercised for influence peddling in the courts and public or to serve as a springboard to access infallible charges magistrates and judges, whatever the mode of appointment or election to these positions. Additionally, as perceived plus large sums of money from the judicial budget, of high membership fees and authorized to practice law, charged rings to litigants and could enable or suspend lawyers or related opposite, becoming judges and parties and obviating the most basic principles of self-defense. Their secrets were religiously ethical processes, but their convictions were rudely public as to kill any lawyer civil disobedient and rebellious to the system. In all cases of malpractice or negligence Colleges assume no responsibility and no action normally overlook to become problems between parties. Under such conditions, it is understandable that the publication of the Bolivian Legislative Dictionary was an unpardonable affront against this system obscurantist, but also constituted a technological threat against the more conservative sectors of society, precisely those who had studied law because he wanted nothing numbers or human blood, and thought that computing was synonymous with complicated mathematical formulas and the like. But deep down it was a matter of survival, a way of living in which they had a complete monopoly of justice, was the knowledge of the initiates and illustrated that had
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access to the esoteric nomenclature laws, decrees and resolutions. For every procedure, to ask permission to enter the bathroom, had to be submitted in sealed paper memorial, signed by a lawyer, who had to pay the minimum fee, and that never bore a ceiling, and the collections of stamps and law, ie, lawyers were the only intermediaries to administer justice and enforce the law in Bolivia, no lawyer could not even bury the dead. A presentation was also attended Rodolfo "Rudy" Weisse Castedo, nephew of Dr. Castedo, director of Vital Records in Santa Cruz. Thanks to the publicity did crystal radio, he contacted me and invited me to visit him in the Comptroller General's Office, where she served as National Manager of Systems. Man lucid and solid professional, had quickly grasped the importance and potential of DLB, so, after coordinating with the Comptroller and Eduardo Rodrguez, who was the General Counsel, the database installed on computers of the Comptroller, with consequent financial relief for our foolhardy enterprise. After a few months of filing in Congress, we also get to do another installation of the database at the Ministry of Industry and Trade, which actualized us every two months. Unexpectedly, I received a query about the possibility to expand to full texts, specifically with all national legislation related to the Latin American Integration Association, ALADI, including all current regulations on transport, services, tourism and others and, if , the time that such work could be ready. Burdened by the heavy investments had done so far, but with the frenzied panic to regain pace of work, I had no choice but to gamble and take on the new challenge. With the collaboration of lawyers and attorneys working at the firm, we started to collect the texts of the standards identified. The task in terms of laws and decrees was greatly facilitated by the database of DLB, which were classified by subject and status. The first ordeal of this new venture was to obtain the texts of resolutions, rules and similar rules. For some regulations, such as transport, civil aviation or manufacture of beverages and food, there was more than one copy, usually locked drawer in the desk of a
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ministry's legal advisor. In the case of transport regulations, that was effective, as was most extensive and very detailed to regulate all matters relating to air transport, road, rail and lake, national, departmental, provincial and urban. Texts saying a lot and saying nothing, you could say. We had to go to the Minister to allow us to photocopy these texts, and with guarantees and limited time, it was usual to take a few small pieces of paper with the requirements for each type of service The second ordeal began with transcription of standards. This, apart from internal staff, external services we specialized office secretaries. For this type of work requires infinite patience, you have to deal with machines and people, but also get to develop a compulsive perfectionist obsession, deep and shape. It was when I received the first outside work that I realized I had too many typos, misspellings, had eaten words and paragraphs intact, so we had to redo and correct in the office. As we had a fatal within four months, I started to investigate possibilities of digitization, on which he had heard something. The first findings were disappointing, they referred to the possibility of moving to micro films or the like, but not good for our purposes, in addition to astronomical costs. One of these days, when I was by myself to cancel the contract, got the call from Rudy Weisse, who asked me to send someone to pick software to digitize texts, which he believed could Serme useful. From somewhere I could make some money to buy the first scanner of several that then had to incorporate. In these times of uncertainty and anxiety, when it seemed that the whole project fell with more pain than glory, consulted with systems engineers and technicians, who admitted that they could scan images of the texts, but only as images, we could attached to each standard that was required to acquire digital storage media giant, which already was a breakthrough and a relief to finally give unto a large collection of digital photos. As I had forged my spirit and tempered my character based on the real-life setbacks, much closer to pragmatism than theory, I began to explore the software and, to the surprise of all, I discovered the miracle, photos became digital texts, with some minor flaws, but with surprising results.
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At the edge of disaster, we got right back on track for such ambitious goals that seemed to have no beginning or end. The solution, then, proved invaluable part though useful, since much of the texts had a bad print quality, so were inescaneables and had to manually transcribe, proving that the quality control work and ended up being crucial exhausting. The work is successfully delivered, the Minister thanked us and the Ministry no longer had to wear trunks and suitcases with laws and regulations, everything was installed on laptops of Bolivian commission members. We also opened a new cycle, as or more intense than before. Simultaneously and to help cover costs, we published a booklet called SIJE, Specialized Legal Information Service, containing the list of new cases in the Superior Court of District Courts specifying those who had been drawn. It was particularly useful for banks and financial institutions. In the manner least expected and although several people were no fingerprints and more on the magnifying glasses, we make public an inventory ordered thematically laws and decrees, it was discovered that many of them normaban about the same but with different wording that most of the rules were repealed in generic form, ie, repealed all provisions contrary, as is happening now, building a huge and messy tangle of legislation, which is growing and becoming more entangled with industry approval of rules intended to regulate climate, forgetting that the rules are a means of shaping public and government decisions are neither solution nor ends in themselves.

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11

In the hustle congressmen, I had the opportunity to meet Ivan Guzman de Rojas, mathematical engineer who had developed a computer system for simultaneous translation into several languages, using as a conversion tool to Aymara language, work that earned him recognition and prestige, but no practice profitability, as usually happens with this type of initiative, which would be better to distribute checks before medals or diplomas. In response to an invitation, was kind enough to visit me in the office to see the work of the Bolivian Legislative Dictionary was underway and that gave me some valuable suggestions. When I was in a shop asking for technical, needs to complete and update equipment, the store owner asked me if I was a systems engineer, to which I replied that he was a lawyer, but he was immersed in computer work. It turned out that he was a member of the Committee on Information Technology of the House of Representatives, which just needed a tech savvy lawyer, so I joined the Commission and I was able to give some lectures on the use of computers in the national education system and develop the computing bill, then entirely new aspects, even for me. The Registrar General's Office was in a rented house on Calle Mamani Horn and it was there that I received the phone call inviting me to meet my new office, I went to meet the members of the National Electoral Court in a building on the August 6th Avenue, where I showed two shops of regular size and placed in a closed frico and, on the ground floor of a building. As the deal was closed and I had worked with him, I presented my first letter of resignation, which caused me to convene a meeting in which he apologized for not being consulted. After inspecting joint property other options that had been presented to the public call, was chosen for an amount slightly higher, and no two shops, but an entire two-storey detached house with garden and garage, located in the same August 6th Avenue, which was optimal for the functioning of the Civil Registry and a draft electoral map and still
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had plenty space and ground. Naturally, the owner of the building where the two commercial reluctantly agreed to divest the operation and probably miss sparks against me. Faced with the responsibility of running the civil registry properly, I used the database to identify Dictionary Bolivian legislature and make public, a compilation of the rules related to the Civil Registry since the founding of the Republic, he considered that it was essential that all citizens can learn such vital legislation, which was published in full in reprints of national newspapers. However, we did not have office computer equipment, old typewriters only so after a futile wait, I decided to bring my office equipment. Naturally, most staff knew how to operate computers, nor of encouraging individuals to teams, so I took a couple of helpers. With rudimentary means involving confirmations via fax certificates inside, in the cities, and radio in the provinces and rural populations, the limitations of manual work fairly well concealed by the work and will of the officials. In the Court spoke Digitization Project Civil Registry, but, being a delayed issue, several courts inside, Cochabamba, Potosi and Oruro, quite rightly decided to start and advance the digitization of certificates, a process that had enough advanced and that, despite the differences in formats, when databases were then easily migrated to software that was used for the official process. Without warning, when we had almost given up hope, some eight months after Court officials appeared bringing computer equipment that had been acquired after a tortuous bidding process that resembles an obstacle course in the Bolivian public. These excessive delays, no formalities involved in ensuring transparency and quality, have fatal effects in terms of technology equipment, by the dynamics of the item and the rapid obsolescence of equipment falling. For that matter, was no exception, with the aggravating circumstance that, at the time of signing the minutes of delivery, could demonstrate that the equipment was sub-standard quality and prices, being conservative, were duplicated in relation to the store most expensive city, but the Director of Information of the Court had the upper hand, and his word was law. Soon, installed equipment and the internal
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network, I received drafts of the field structure to be applied for scanning each form, which later became the reason for my retirement and definitive withdrawal of the Civil Registry. In the draft envisaged the transcription and digitization of approximately twenty fields with irrelevant data as names of godparents or witnesses, several observations and record data from a colonial home, so I made the suggestion of reducing twelve and eight fields, which meant a big difference in cost and time, but, this time, not even considered, because the decision had already been taken and the official said that any changes would have to be on your body, end which, of course, had no intention of reaching, so that my resignation was accepted on tables. Gustavo Sanchez Cronembold once dimmed the scandal of sterling and retired to private life with a strong heritage, established the Clean Clothes "Hollywood", a pioneer and several branches in the city of La Paz, which ended after fire almost thirty years of monopolistic functioning. He was also the one who was responsible for selling the house on Calle Ayacucho and distribute the shares of his brothers and sisters. Colonel Hyna married much younger than him but also at least eight inches high, with whom he had a son, Luis Carlos, born August 9, 1955 and who moved to the city of La Paz before that it meets the year. At La Paz, settled in a small apartment on fields near Maple Avenue. The year 1956 was at its height the government of Victor Paz Estenssoro, who was later succeeded by Hernan Siles Suazo, both the MNR and we are going to produce a food crisis and the currency, forcing a system of food rationing and quotas to some extent comparable to the hyperinflation of the UDP government, headed by the same Siles Suazo, a politician who ended up being praised by the democratic, stated in his second term, characterized, in addition to the galloping inflation by chaos and social conflicts that forced him to shorten his term. It was honest and austere reputation, to the extent that they say personally turned off lights when leaving Palace to save electricity, as staff were enriched with speculation of flour and other staples or with the Central Bank's foreign Bolivia.
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Colonel Paravicini had a son from his first marriage, Harry, who turned out to be fanatic Falangist, ie the political party opposed to MNR, who has emptied an eye on politics and was a skirmish with a glass eye or, as says now, with a prosthetic lens. Falange militants were persecuted, imprisoned, tortured and in some cases even physically eliminated or interned in concentration camps throughout the MNR regime, but he had already shown signs Colonel some sympathy with the Phalangists, all that had caused I would not have considered in 1953, when the Military Aviation School became the Military Aviation School of Santa Cruz. On the contrary, in fact, on February 1 of that year were summoned to a meeting with an administrative commission arrival of La Paz, was headed by a former official of aeronautics and in the process appeared as a prominent revolutionary leader MNR union, which was responsible, without preamble, to communicate the decision to retire superiority and retirement Paravicini Lieutenant Colonel Luis Gutierrez, who was to deliver on the day his office and proceed with their relevant pension arrangements. No option to complain, in the months and years that followed had to devote to paperwork started and then lost in a mere bureaucracy or in the mail or on the road, the only ways to reach the seat of government in a more or less expeditiously, but with many limitations, were through the radio or telegraph, insufficient means to provide information and less inexhaustible meet requirements that were renewed and multiplied each progressed in any of the various government agencies involved. The mailings were insecure and uncertain and delayed not less than fifteen days to reach their destination, if they did. In La Paz, he took a job as chief of staff of the Banco Boliviano Colombo, until he fell to confine political control in the town of San Borja in Beni, with his wife and young son, who would stay with the fuzzy picture one truck with several arrests, carrying a group of political prisoners standing in the back of the body and him holding the hand of his father, vehicle stopped at the garage door of a dull red color, like faded but unforgettable, the San Pedro National jail.

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On returning from forced exile, got a couple of rooms in an old, large and poorly constructed, arguably improvised, which housed several families, located in Passage Isaac Eduardo, coming down the street Captain Ravelo, almost aristocratic neighborhood that time. His pending retirement had lasted several years and the pressing needs forced him to have to spend weekdays integrity to personally arrange, provided by friends or acquaintances with influence at intermediate levels of the hierarchy MNR because him and to his surname were banned topics for governance. Confirmed their impression that all formalities, from the simplest to the most complex, could only advance personally and in the headquarters of the government. It was an impossible task from Santa Cruz or anywhere else that is not peace, not only for veterans, but for all, including urban and rural teachers humble they had to process their items, charges and retirement necessarily traveling to the seat of government. In inner cities, even despite the small number of vehicles on time, until much later, drivers who wanted to license should wait for the special commission that came from La Paz, once a year and the time least expected to take exams and sell the securities to enable the candidates, as well as being object of entertainments and amenities in order to fulfill the functions entrusted to them their central authorities. From home in Passage Eduardo Isaac and that neighborhood come almost all of my childhood memories. From a sleepless morning that was paraded at arms of my parents, who probably expected and left to mourn, or my father's conversation with another retired military, in the corner of the alley while the shots were heard in the next hill Laikakota, in a subversive episode did not have much importance or travel to a collective Obrajes line one to visit the first military aviator Bolivia, the Amalia Villa Tapia, who went so far as Coronela, if I mistaken. I still seem to perceive the pictures lead sac Prince of Wales or the smell of the lotion from my father. After a few weeks of having completed five years when I was playing and hearing and watching an airplane through the air, lifted my hands to greet and say that on that plane my dad had gone to heaven, not
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understanding why then the tears my mom and my aunt, my father's sister, who was visiting us that day. In the same neighborhood, the Arab Union Club was located between Maple Avenue and Capitn Ravelo, street next to the Hospital bronchopulmonary Bolivia Square today, in what would be then the Sheraton Hotel and now the Radisson Hotel. There were two clay tennis courts, virtually abandoned since the club activities were some parties and tables of card games that were assembled after seven in the evening. When I joined a group of boys, older in about six to eight years, had become the tennis courts in two tennis to have access to fulbito yard to those climbing the back wall, but with permission from administrators, there was the club Racing , by which they would have to spend a lot of guys from the German School, American Institute, La Salle, San Calixto and youth groups such as Splendid, Saint George, the Shark, the 508, and others coming from inside or outside the country, was a club with extraordinary athletic ability to call. The differences, in many cases serious and militant among the various schools or groups, disappeared in club environments, matches and championships were developed to order, respect and loyalty sports, though, sooner or later, will give confrontations or fights between members of different social groups. Contrary to the success that the club would have for many years on the pitch, in regard to the social, to parties, was always a sovereign failure, although many of its members were prominent figures in the social activities of their groups which, in turn, had almost given up sports, which reserved for Racing. In this club I spent most of my time between twelve and fifteen, I met hundreds of friends and I caught my biggest sporting glories as a scorer in the championships of soccer, which would rise from the tennis club of the Arab Union for land The YMCA, monoblock front of the University. In all categories, we ran James Michel, who was several years older, smoked like Chinese but had a strong vocation and infinite patience for the technical direction. Among the very good friends, were those of Jorge Torres Wafers and, above all, that of Carlos Rios Dabdoub, better known as "Chapu" which would have a decisive influence on the course of my future life.

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Jorge Torres wafers was son of General Juan Jos Torres, who was overthrown in 1971 by the military coup of Hugo Banzer. Brasilia lived in the building, opposite the YMCA and there boarded the president a day to ask Torres was godfather uniforms, then, the club's name was mutated to Die Feldern, whose meaning cannot remember and probably originated in the strong presence of students of the German School, why General Torres we flatly rejected the request, arguing that he did not agree with a club name in a foreign language, it should be in Spanish or any language. Jaime Michel had taken charge of the lower divisions of Club Mariscal Santa Cruz, which was representative of the Armed Forces in the professional Association Football, and we enter the fourth stage Jorge Torres, the Chapu Rios, Ramiro "Chino" Soriano , who after college would like conductor in the Soviet Union and who was the first and only player who saw him play with magnifying lens mount in a stadium and I, who, having closed the book of records, I was enabled with the name of a former player, Armando Mantilla-I do not remember what happened with my colleagues on this issue. It was a harmless and innocent approach to the empire of lies and falsification of documents which were too common and normal in Bolivia, which is decreasing thanks to modern technological resources, which does not guarantee the correctness and absolute loyalty amid papers institutional culture and civic corruption. One night we played in the Hernando Siles stadium, in a preliminary match, the general took over the presidential car. Despite this illustrious competition, the University received a rout, in which he played Rodrigo Grisi, which eventually turned out to be brother of Chapu Rivers. Carlos Rios Dabdoub, "the Chapu" son of Jorge Rios Gamarra, MNR politician who split to found, along with Walter Guevara Arze and other dissidents, the Authentic Revolutionary Party (PRA), who had been mayor of La Paz and then set about industrial activities. With Chapu, studying at the German School and then graduated as a Chemical Engineer in Switzerland and then become Bolivia's ambassador to Belgium and to the European Union, had a personal
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affinity immediate since we met at the club and be extended by an invariable and close friendship. It was for the fifteenth birthday of Chapu I received the first formal invitation and attended the dinner that gave his parents in the house on August 6th Avenue, which years later would work on Channel 9, ATB, owned Raul Garafulic. The house was near Maple Avenue and the National Electoral Court. We were his parents, Jorge Ros Gamarra and Blanca Dabdoub, a dentist who stayed borne in Santa Cruz to file in La Paz, who, quite naturally, to the embarrassment of guys used to smoke or drink from hidden to circumvent the rigid prohibitions and conventions social, cigarettes invited us out for a kind of world that opened in two down the middle, good whiskey and then discreetly withdrew. We dined at the table next to Gonzalo Cisneros, Fernando Campero Prudencio, "the Monito" Valdivia and other students of the German School. Each of us had a card marking the place assigned in the table, while I was dazzled by the elegant, yet warm and sober than it would be my first formal dinner and one of the many games that would argue with Chapu, in good and bad, to talk about everything and nothing or he magically appears when most needed support. In fact, his mother, Mrs. White that even eighty-three years remains beautiful, with a lucidity and unusual strength, meant almost a second mother to me. A few months later I proposed Chapu to vacation to Santa Cruz. It took some work to convince my mom, who eventually resigned, was to say goodbye to the fleet and was crying as were leaving the vehicle. I have the vague and fuzzy memories of traveling with my parents to Oruro and Cochabamba, then with my mother and my father's sister a few times to Copacabana, I actually remember these travel through the photos. With the club had only been in Cebollullo, an indigenous people in Rio Abajo, the, foot of Illimani, where we spent a couple of days. The trip was in the body of a truck and there we played with a combination of farmers. Somewhat later, we had also been Callapa, a valley near La Paz today and is part of the urban area, where we spent a terrible night of Good Friday, because according to tradition, the
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peasants believe that Jesus Christ died that day and cannot see nothing, so harassed and frightened us all night. On Saturday we returned early resurrection to La Paz. The trip to Santa Cruz lasted much more than now, he had to go by the old road from Cochabamba, spending a long stretch and full of fog known as "Siberia" in a very narrow road with few miles of pavement. As the fleet moved and passed in the valleys and plains to dense jungle, grew my surprise to discover a world that did not believe could exist. In the fleet stops in small restaurants, we went down to rest and meet with clouds of mosquitoes around kerosene lamps and they took care of us the christening to eastern Bolivia, filling pits and tingles. Everything was so different from what we know so far. In Santa Cruz the Chapu stayed with relatives of his mother and I with mine. We spent some beautiful days, we played football on a pitch that was in the middle of the jungle, the sand was boiling by the heat and when throwing the ball had to be introduced to the mountain, almost with my eyes closed hoping not to run into any animal or weirdo . We were going to stay with his cousins, we had coffee with masaco, fried cheese empanadas, tortillas, rice bread, different from ordinary bread named "horneao", for the word had another meaning bread not very Christian, cuaps, tamales to the pot and baked, jelly leg, white mash with cheese, SOMO, milk tablets, Paraguayans. His cousin Pilincho Vocal Dabdoub was the District and Superior Court of the Judiciary Chief, when I had already been suspended from those duties. While breakfast or nap cafes were plentiful and varied, lunches and dinners were still quite frugal, beef was badly cut in small pieces lean, vegetables and exotic vegetables were a luxury, so almost everything revolved around native hens and chickens, dishes and majaditos locro road with rice, jerky, fried banana and fried. A couple of nights we went to a club that had just opened and there were serenades with tropical heat and the moon. On Sunday night, as everyone did, we would wander around the Plaza September 24 and afternoon of intense heat slept little nap refreshed by floor fans. The return was after a stopover in Cochabamba, where we were to see
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a match between The Strongest Wilstermann and because the Chapu and I are fans of the tiger. The fleet travel to La Paz Cochabamba became pure torture for me, because alongside the cold, rickety bus, there was the growing discomfort of a bite on the leg that made me delirious with fever and pain and then I would leave a scar similar to a bullet hole. Back in La Paz, it took me several days get better, based on plantain leaves that I put my mom on the bite.

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12 In 1985 after having been an advisor to the Committee on Energy and Hydrocarbons of the House, we moved to settle in Santa Cruz. In that city joined to work at Bank of La Paz, where most salvageable was meet Fernando Garcia, Eguez then a law student and later loyal friend and lawyer who served with efficiency and honesty as Director of Disciplinary Council District Judiciary. Fernando, big man, only known weakness is an unrepentant womanizer and helps clear pint was at eighteen father and grandfather at thirty-five, when his eldest daughter met fifteen. With him and a group of friends were playing racquetball and handball at least a couple of days a week and weekends give us all sorts of adventures on the river Pirai tropical nights or karaoke, guitar and nightclubs, as well as the good beef steaks inevitable, fed beer and music, cheerful environments but sedate. Even before the move, he used to go for lunch and dinner at Munich, a restaurant located on the street near the corner of Bolivar Campero, restored in a shack that was frequented mainly by Europeans. The manager was a Spanish, skinny and large violet eyes, who struck up a friendly relationship. One of those days, I found the leg in a cast and told me that the night before there had been a fight and broke his leg when hit with a chair. On the same occasion, he offered me, casually, making any adjustment work with someone who had hurt me or something similar, without other costs that transport and accommodation, which finished not understand at the time and I thought he was drunk or high. It turned out that he was a veteran of the war in Algeria, which had joined the Foreign Legion. In the bowling fat lunch a gringa who was with two other DEA agents, it was later revealed that the gringa, also an actor, getting him to Pompey drug for sex drive. So there was a personal matter, was going out of hours care, because Pompey himself lived there, who rarely went to the street. One of those was published with all the scandal conceivable that Pompey, with a gringo and a taxi driver, had killed the gringa and cut into pieces to throw in the lagoon turril Tom Hacket (I think that's the name) course was held in the public prison Palmasola where removed two or three highly dangerous
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prisoners, including one of the band of cachupines, with whom he discussed the use of a jaboncillo and who beat her to death with a brick in the head without incidiera great size or stature of his occasional victim. For many years he was one of the most feared criminals and almost everyone, including mayors and wardens, breathed easier when he was extradited to Spain, where he was to meet several other leathers. Through the father of James Michel, Manager Racing and then also a graduate of law, I was invited to work as a consultant in CIACRUZ, insurance company. In La Paz, had left the firm precisely Jaime Michel. One of those days I met Carlos Kruzfeltd Sciaroni, whom we met briefly a few months ago in Santiago de Chile, the son of Santa Cruz, my mother's friends. He was married to Patricia Monastery, daughter of Osvaldo "Duck" Monastery, one of the most industrious and enterprising entrepreneurs I met and with whom I worked in the group companies as Ceibo Ltd., Mendoza and Canada Dry. As such, I took care of all the formalities of incorporation of Channel 9, Teleroriente, then associated with Channel 9 Communications Illimani La Paz. They were the first steps of private television in Bolivia. In 1989, on the recommendation of Chapu, Carlos,Dabdoub Arrien met who was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Regional Development, Development and Integration of the House of Representatives, who invited me to advise. The policy and legislative agenda was marked by the debate about decentralization policy, which then would lead to the complex and unfinished process of autonomy. In this work I met Carlos Hugo Molina, who was instrumental in the adoption of the Law of Popular Participation, arguably the most important advance in the construction of autonomies. In the meetings, they had no further formalities and schedules, I'm not tired of learning. It was also Carlos Dabdoub who wrote the foreword in the Bolivian Legislative dictionary and made its presentation at the Private University of Santa Cruz Neurosurgeon by profession but by vocation born politician, Carlos Dabdoub had been President of the Civic Committee of Santa Cruz by several steps. Serene and thoughtful, honest, orderly and patient, was a leader rather than a regional, a national class. With the same clarity
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and nuances, with Jorge Torres Wafers were political leaders, of whom I knew personally, that struck me more and better and who tried to take his example and model. The Judicial Council met Oscar Hasseuntoffel, an analytical jurist, serene and intelligent and Guillermo Arancibia, an extraordinary human sensitivity. A level of Presidents I have too many reasons to respect and admire the figures of Victor Paz Estenssoro and Jaime Paz Zamora, very distant from the crowd of mediocre and opportunistic politicians who occupied the highest levels of public power in the days when I lived. It is premature to give an objective opinion about Evo Morales, but no doubt also be a President with historical significance, although subject to a final assessment to see if outweighs the positives and negatives redeemable before their long management. Conventional methods for measuring the course of time are possibly man unresolved issues. Individually, we recorded a few of the memories in our memory, in any case a much smaller percentage and less reliable, almost imaginary, which can register on any computer hard drive. So, we would be unable to record a telephone, a feat that neither would most practical. But, where we can see the terrible limitations of our conventional methods are quite useful for quantitatively measuring the course of years, months, weeks, hours and seconds, is in the quality or intensity of these periods of time, so that we are far to say how much or what intensity is in our dreams, awake or asleep, which often appear as fleeting, or in our nightmares usually desperately endless. Something similar happens with all that vast, perhaps infinite, but ethereal amount of information processed and stored on computers and electronics, do not know what the actual state, and what about the other information, from the words we speak, the information we produce and discard immediately or our ideas and thoughts in small proportion, are recorded in a print and we could talk about images and messages or communications in general. For this type of mysteries that quantum physics seeks to uncover the story is usually written and interpreted almost always in relative and subjective judgments, taking those facts of connotation, significance and social impact as the criteria or the writers or very records and other
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physical evidence of certain temporary episodes, so it is that culture can be seen as the accumulation of goods and services produced by the man with a sense of transcendence. Timing is also measured differently depending on the location and progress of social groups. In the case of Bolivian society, acquires diverse and contradictory dimensions outward and inward. First, inevitably inserted into the phenomenon of the global village of the information society, swept up in the frenzy of unstoppable technological whirlwind, unbeaten under discussion also remnants of modes and relations of production and even primitive archaic. Internally, in other dimensions, the contradictions are reproduced with greater extent, diversity and intensity. As a product of the nineteenth century conceptions themselves, tend to resurface chauvinist positions that postulate dye stale populist nationalism that seek to find a national identity, that is, an aggregation of factors in the disintegration of a diaspora of cultures and, from there , in an unprecedented view of many nations, nations with hundreds of people, that it is unclear whether they are made, and, naturally, have neither may ever have the minimum attributes to form a nation and therefore to constitute a different nationality within a Plurinational State, ie simultaneously with other similar nations. Bolivian Andean ideologues, great ancestors anchored in assumptions and cultural traditions, now claim to vindicate a large Andean worldview sacralizes Mother Earth or Pachamama, the coca leaf, Aymara and Quechua cults and consequently the State, in the last years as the Plurinational State. Thus, it is not justify all that has been done or is being done to improve the desperate living conditions of the majority of the population, fostering prosperity myths, religious cults that blend with the pagan gods or abundance that, based on faith, miracles can occur that cannot be obtained but through disciplined and honest human labor. It is therefore encouraging vices, habits and bad habits. Only way to be as traditional as poverty encourages and justifies the chewing of the coca leaf, the raw material for making cocaine, or collective drunkenness and permanent discussion in which much of the
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population throughout the year to name own folk traditions, which also aim to have them as the exclusive property of a unique culture in a world of infinite cultural variety. Where would we be if countries patenting rock, tango, waltz, samba, jazz and internet content. Thus, through laws and decrees we consolidate a huge heritage of dances, and real estate that make us believe that the world is dying of envy. According to this valuation is oversized, countries, especially neighbors, lurking and always willing to take ownership of our own, while we respect scrupulously the cultural heritage of the rest of humanity and fight bravely against all forms of piracy and plagiarism. To avoid mistakes, we are strict in issuing emergency regulations, for the first and only time and in exceptional form, except that is repeated up to twenty times, total, is part of our worldview. You do not want to admit is that foreigners, famous foreign nationals, who are neither Aymara or Quechua or other of the 36 nationalities that coexist in Bolivia, are not Martians or aliens, all, without exception, gringos, Chinese , Arabs, Africans, Europeans, and basically are also human beings, with their cultures and traditions, with strengths and weaknesses and, at the moment, apart from having in common that quality of being human, we all live on one planet, in a one world, where physical boundaries and traditional sovereignties, all artificial, and lagged to the advancement of science and technology which, unlike the giant unexplored Bolivian cultural production is shared by almost everyone restrictions and no one declared national heritage or hero who invented the cell phone, electricity, toilets, computers, penicillin, telegraph or satellites, which certainly were not known in the empire, otherwise the mankind would not have had access to these small contributions and advances and, in the best case, had been an object of worship and adoration before applying. They are probably the factors of this nature that made in Bolivian society are rooted factors that have prevented progress in cultural integration processes and in building democratic institutions. In an environment that favors formal ritualism ambiguous laws are simple statements pretentious claim that magically change the realities, while institutions are meeting circumstantial individuals gathered by chance. Under these conditions, it is only possible to conceive leaders and nonLus Carlos Paravicini Pgina 130

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leaders, so most of the story revolves around personalities, good or bad and criticism and analysis revolve around almost personal ideologies and doctrines. As the political parties and groups form around military and civilian leaders, anyone, with no requirement that any of recklessness and regardless of their training can dabble in politics and union and then aspire to any public office, including the presidency of the Republic or the State. Thus, there are no filters or controls democratic parties and the exercise of political career and public service are outside of basic democratic institutions, lack of regulatory mechanisms and do not imply any form of social accountability. Apart from government and other barbarian leaders Melgarejo who thought obsolete and parts of old stories, much of the cabinets and Evo Morales highlighted partners for their pronounced long personal limitations, but several ministers and ministers were shown to be the most and less suitable morons ever known in modern democracy worldwide, the opposite of her mysterious advisors who apparently are what really make critical decisions ls. "Now the ministers are on the balconies, begging for his breeches" or "at carnivals rain collations by the ministers change underwear thongs". "This president kindhearted, ministers all take away the pants" or "Our president is very naughty wishes one and eats three." Bartolinas Sisa have much fame, so I take them straight to my bed" So sang songs on Carnival Sunday the President of the Plurinational State with Ministers, the style of which he blames only Melgarejo, more than a hundred years later. Cuesta assimilate we have a President with such mischief, wit and intelligence to say nothing of the dignity of his ministers. For all work activities and countless professionals must meet requirements and formalities, but for any politician. There are all kinds of rules for workers and traders, but none for political practice, in which anyone can do without consequence free drawing. It does not matter
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that a person is ignorant or enlightened, intelligent or stupid, or dishonest right, holy or depraved, all have a place in Bolivian politics with only dare to do and then leave us. No need to study, unravel, work, play, be evaluated, apply, or anything like that, it's just enough to have excessive ambitions and aspire to earning potential and endless benefits without responsibility or risk greater than that of any scandals harmless newspaper. Years of show media against anything that has to do with the government of Snchez de Lozada. Tomorrow, when inevitably end the human power of Evo Morales, will be the turn of the planes, satellites, massacres and genocides, Evo Meets program, drug trafficking, TIPNIS, Venezuelan donations, the fuel subsidy, the smuggling unprofitable state enterprises. It will be the turn of exile in Iran, in Cuba or Venezuela and a new refrain of extradition and related branches. Far beyond the deception that may be inherent in human nature and the degree of social permissiveness, in the worst forms of corruption is undoubtedly the lack of minimum requirements for the exercise of an office or function, ie the lack suitability. A person with skills in plumbing, for more honest, humble and eager to go, should never improvise and perform a major surgery, or a heavy equipment operator would not have to take care of flying a plane, even if you have unconditional support and militant of all passengers and their families. What is impossible in everyday life, our politicians have made it a happy reality, for them and they put anything. What is lost by acts of dishonesty, misappropriation, embezzlement and negotiated diverse laziness makes an insignificant compared to what is wasted through ignorance, malpractice, malpractice, without influencing the varying of patriotism or jingoism daring and reckless. Certainly one can say that pretty much the case with politicians around the world, which is obvious, but there is a different institutional framework. The political parties themselves, as social control factors that are based on social media, turn out to be essential for debugging and control to aspiring politicians, making constant monitoring, analyzing and examining them permanently, which is not true at all in our case, where anyone can propose and comment any outrageous or
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ridiculous that no longer surprised or shocked, or resignation or indifference, targeting both suicide. Moreover, as aggravating, nobody is accountable to no one, so that everyone will always commit crimes unpunished if the contrary, the authors of disaster victims always turn out to be political revenge. In my relationships with those in power, the least you could salvage is disappointment and alarm to the mediocrity of the political leaders. In my experience in 2004 as a candidate for mayor of Sucre, in the leading candidates was one that would check and after, came regularly and systematically raping one of his daughters for years, another candidate who had complaints commission serious acts of corruption in the previous administration, and most of the candidates, a truly deplorable personal level that cannot be disguised by the millions or campaigns. It is not just the lack of lights or preparation, is the audacity and temerity to poor people or ignorant, lazy and dishonest aspiring life comfortable and easy money without risk or effort. After visiting Lajas Tambo, when I saw the extreme poverty of those people who only speak Quechua, I realized that I could have more affinity with a Chinese or a Russian rather than with those beings so alien, marginalized and distant to what is known of Bolivia and the modern Western world. Conversely, for the candidates they are far from representing their interests and needs, are just charlatans of those who have to endure in exchange for a few snake oil. When I was invited to run for the vice presidency by Johnny Fernandez of UCS had become convinced that nothing could change the country for the sole replacement of people. On the contrary, as we are tired of vendors and manufacturers illusions of dreams and nightmares, the only option is the absolute change model social behavior patterns, behavior patterns and values of behavior. The only solution is to recreate a new institutional culture based on a strong compliance and laws and a thorough reform of the national legal system. With the increasing amount of new constitutions and laws this task becomes increasingly complicated. Unfortunately, I fear that the mechanisms of democracy, as currently proposed, are insufficient for a peaceful and orderly transition, especially if we consider that this is a radical qualitative change
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With this insight, my position to consider the nomination was probably excessive, but was the result of my experience. It made no sense to proceed with my vanity or my ego to appear as a candidate, whether in practice would not only be a new component of the troupe of careerist politicians, charlatans, demagogues and ambitious, those who stand to kiss and Children in elections and then violate them anyway and every way possible. Until then he had known the splendors and miseries, the most profound expressions of poverty and wealth, fame and power, I had faced, almost alone and valid only for my enthusiasm, the gigantic monster of corruption and a rotten political and legal system and rotten from its roots, but I must admit that, at that time, I had an almost militant support of the majority of journalists, especially in Santa Cruz and Sucre, who became also my main source of information and intelligence, they knew that mine was serious, even when I said I was going to pursue the corrupt to its eighth generation, which was not necessary, as most of them ended correteados their own miseries and ghosts and created their own hell on earth, was clear, crime does not pay, eventually passing the bill and charged with everything that catches her step. Therefore, given the inconvenience of raffling a struggle that had cost me blood, sweat and tears, if you had not resigned the independence of the judiciary for a mess of pottage, much less could give in and spend the camp and craven careerists, just to have a comfortable life and a good living surrounded llunkus and lackeys, thus combating judicial corruption would become episodic and isolated event, so I made a proposal that no politician in his right mind would OK, that I be granted full independence and autonomy in all matters relating to the reform of the national legal system and the judiciary, from parliamentarians, employees, government plan, that is, my own party within the party, which was understandably rejected . If that was not enough, publicly suggested that Johnny Fernandez should postpone its application to have greater political maturity, which was considered a heresy by the members of UCS. The difference between developing countries in their degree of
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institutionalization and respect it. The rest are accidents and circumstances.

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13 COMPREHENSIVE REFORM OF THE NATIONAL LEGAL SYSTEM Luis Carlos Paravicini * CONTEXT The foregoing considerations below are based on the findings of the consulting engagement: "Vice Presidency - PROGRAMME UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT - UNDP - PROJECT BOL/91/019. Formulation of a national governance (judicial reform). LUIS CARLOS Paravicini. FINAL REPORT 06/03/94 ", which compares and contrasts the experience resulting from the exercise of functions as Director of the Judiciary from March 1998. A. Component description It is an irrefutable fact, fully confirmed by various surveys and opinion polls, that justice as fundamental democratic institution, is among the least trusted people he deserves and, in any case, is one of the factors most often mentioned when trying to alterations or modifications. It is more than curious confirm that, after more than six years have performed an analysis on the same topic, we can establish that progress has been mainly in formal terms, approving constitutional amendments that, among other things, the creation consecrated Constitutional Court, the Judicial Council and the Ombudsman institutions just a little over two years and became effective functioning naturally with different impacts and outcomes, but still leave perceive the absence of a substantial improvement in the quality of our national legal system and the administration of justice. In modern times it is conceivable that the democratic exercise of sovereignty lies in the subjection of all, rulers and ruled, the rule of law, ie, the positive law. Therefore it is advisable to make a first major distinction between what, in general terms we can call national legal system concerning the
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judicial function, that by which the State, through courts and judges, interprets and administers the law to settle disputes between individuals or between these and the state itself. The judicial function is one that has been entrusted to the judiciary in our country and that is the highest authority in the Supreme Court, a body that simultaneously exerted a rudimentary and limited control of constitutionality, something that, at present, is fully in charge of the Constitutional Court. In many cases ignoring the context and the limitations derived from the national legal system, this power was attributed to defects and deficiencies of all kinds and are reflected in the almost universal belief about who is going through a crisis deepening. In their defense, it must be recognized that the administration of justice has been developing its activities with a number of limitations, most of them common to our democratic institutions, which assume the form of recruitment and appointment of members to the shortage of material resources to meet their most basic tasks. The national legal system, within which we could consider all factors that make the preparation, review, approval, interpretation and application of legal rules, institutional weakness congenital accused lacks coordination mechanisms between state powers and functions , no basic research systems, and dissemination of information laws, let alone projects or legislative or regulatory initiatives, so it would not be exaggeration to say that we lack a historical memory of suitable methods for the preparation and processing of legal rules causes them, even before they enter into force, collide or be cause for conflicts with existing. There is no coherent strategy regarding the management and administration of the system and its components. JUDICIAL REFORM, as described above, and indispensably necessary passes for institutional strengthening of the national legal system. Similarly, any attempt to reform the Judiciary must face fully to the whole of the basic factors that make deficiencies and defects in the current model of justice, because the solutions to isolated problems can mean a simple and futile efforts dispersion whose ultimate impact will be negligible and even counterproductive to the ultimate goal.

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B. Strategies and policies The gradual consolidation of the democratic system of government let us identify and uncover weaknesses and deficiencies in the functioning organic background state, which induced and caused the introduction of political and economic reforms. Successive democratic governments realized that, beyond the social and institutional need to undertake a broad and deep process of strengthening the national legal system, along with a radical reform of the judiciary, the very viability of the process of reform and modernization of the National was subject to credibility, security and guarantees which may express and deliver the national legal system and the administration of justice. Aware of the gravity and importance that assumed a legal system and judicial administration minimally reliable and efficient government and opposition opened a consultation stage of consensus decision-making that involved significant but insufficient progress, due to a number of conceptual and structural constraints , among which we can mention: NO LACK OF OVERVIEW AND INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS. Instruments of creation, and evaluation of effective legal institutions created under the umbrella of judicial reforms implemented so far, were marked by a sharp and permanent and almost entirely subjective view formalist. We cannot expect results if starting is not understood that the structural weaknesses of the justice system include, for better or worse, each and every one of the actors in the legal phenomenon that, institutionally, is concurrency, in various roles and functions of the Supreme Court of Justice (ordinary court), Constitutional Court (control of constitutionality) Judicial Council (administrative authority and discipline of the judiciary), Attorney General (representative of society and the State) , Bar Association (trade organization), the legislature (through its committees, primarily the Constitution and Justice), Ministry of Justice (essentially articulating and coordinating policies among the three branches of government), National Police (investigation), without consider other indirect stakeholders and the civil society should play a leading role in changing a system which appears to be the main victim. The starting point to ensure that the new
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institutions, judicial reforms product, whether that problem solution before, act in a coordinated and are not a cause of unnecessary conflicts and traumas and artificial, is precisely complement rather than overlap, roles and functions must be defined so that each agency, assume, knows and respects their role, but so do the roles, functions, powers and duties of others, avoiding customize the strengths and weaknesses of each in the set. CUSTOMIZATION OF REFORM. Evaluations tested on the operation of the system, with the inclusion of the new institutions, possibly far more flaws than virtues, usually have sin of reductionism and a simplicity that, in addition to shock, make any attempt at discussion unfeasible or analysis of medium seriousness know has normal result value judgments about the best or worst performance of institutions in relation to the other, depending on the quality of the people, rather than to the different nature or the results of the organs, the end and not surprising, but disappointing to know repeated and absurd analogies, such as that made by high government authority, which aims to compare the judiciary with a cart of 3 (or 4 if he joined the Public Ministry) wheels, compared impossible and unprecedented considering the abysmal differences constitute each of the bodies, which would mean, in the metaphorical line, assume a vehicle design that simultaneously have a tractor tire, another wagon, tickets and such other Once a bicycle, the case without any amount which is more or less in relation to other deflated. For the event, one might ask where is the engine and the pilot who would be unusual vehicle?. a puzzle whose pieces do not fit. They cannot but cause us fear some conceptions and analogies of the judiciary, but the problem is more serious than a matter of organic and functional fit, well and with some consistency, could be somehow solved with a judicious Power Act Judicial indeed divergences can be polished, define roles and functions, achieving a harmonious and peaceful coexistence, but a restructuring and formal setting also give answers and solutions merely formal, with what we have achieved just bureaucratic institutions more 'peaceful' and, if the term goes, 'decent' in behavior and interaction of

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its members, stabilizing vegetable bodies do not solve, not even relieved, the great problem of poor justice to the country and its people. HAS LOST THE SPIRIT OF REFORM THE LEGAL SYSTEM. Experience shows that the failure to approve an avalanche of laws, to create and implement new institutions and agencies, by no means, means decreasing the delay of justice, making it more accessible and less selective, ensuring legal and citizen reduce corruption in the judiciary and, much less, provide an acceptable service justice. On the contrary, it is becoming stronger in my perception that, while generate more formal right, the lower the possibility of justice for the Bolivian citizen, doing that, less access to positions of power you have, the less the possibility of justice, a value that has become a sort of aristocratic administered goods and monopolized by small groups of power. reforms made by lawyers, to be run by lawyers. While it is understandable that the core of the reform has been focused on legal and judicial issues, including reform of its main institutions and organizations, is the perception that it was inexcusable to go on the path of bringing justice to the city, which means subtracting justice to its excessive ritualism and, why not, besides its administration despartidizar, desjudicializar the judiciary itself, however contradictory this may seem, but not, if we consider the global trend to resolve conflicts and disputes through alternative means, justices of the peace and conciliation and arbitration mechanisms involving various transfer much of the dispute to the civil society, including effective and expeditious mechanisms and decentralization. The Law of the Judicial Council, without going into any defects or errors of form, is a pathetic example of the inconvenience of leaving law solving problems paradoxically contributed to entrench themselves in the system since the founding of the Republic. move from words to reality involves LEAVE THE AREA OF simple appearances. Statements despartidizar purposes and depoliticize the appointment of judges, the legal profession and the Institute of the Judiciary, in practice they have come to constitute sterile bureaucratic exercises, from the moment when, in the Law of the Judicial Council, management mechanisms were introduced and very insufficient
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recruitment. In practice, the Judicial Council plays a role arduous primary filter too, to make calls and submit payrolls, leaving the true designation held by instances in which political interests persist otherwise. Within the lights and shadows of the management so far has met the President of the Supreme Court, merits consideration as a very important contribution to find mechanisms suggesting more "honest" and to direct that this matter can be handled with real independence of the judiciary itself, creating mechanisms objectives, participatory and transparent. It is starkly illustrative perception of many judges selected the 'new' system, those who believe that, previously, the efforts of sponsorship, endorsement or sponsorship of any political party or influential were straightforward, in contrast to the new requirements that have been added the political component, complicated and intense 'lobbies', constraints and demands on members' personal levels of collegiate bodies, such as Congress, the Supreme Court, the Land Court or the District Courts. ORIGINAL SIN: Inconsistency between means and goals. For a disciplinary body, but also administrative judiciary, without assuming the profile at all professional or personal characteristics of the Directors appointed by Congress, is relatively understandable that, for the discipline, will appoint lawyers, but no justification or explanation in relation to the aims pursued, the let the administrative issues that require a high component of essential and proven experience in management and technology issues, continue under the administration, in this case, four Directors Association, the which adds another Advocate, President of the Supreme Court. If he had acted with a more consistent with the spirit of the reforms, the least we could have a joint council was approved, with a Board made up of lawyers and other professionals who specialize in administration, and obviously under a single Presidency itself. This is a tasty example of how you can change everything so that nothing changes. If that was not enough, the time seems to, increasingly, those right who proposed a Constitutional Chamber of the Supreme Court, instead of creating a spectacular and magnificent Constitutional Court, plus administrative costs disproportionately inflate, sowed germ divisions and conflicts of all kinds, breaking the basic principle of jurisdictional unity, in countries

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like ours, that have adopted a presidential system of government and parliament, it is more appropriate. JUSTICE AND SERVING THE CITIZEN NO SERVANT CITIZEN. Many authorities committed to the reforms and also the views of the process analysts have begun to question many aspects and we cannot ignore the growing perception in the sense that several or many things of judicial reforms have been ill-conceived, are outdated or just are failing in their application, ie, have no proper correlation between a giant, but scattered and disorganized intellectual and theoretical effort, regarding the adequacy and effective implementation of changes in practice life and social organization of the city, which in first and last instance, is what really matters. In my opinion, a fragmented process that was born from conception and that was accumulating isolated proposals, contradictory and inconsistent, the present is a complete failure and must be reformulated root, in other words, you have to collect the pieces and useful redeemable Back to square one to raise deep structural changes, establishing basic guidelines of judicial policy, based on a diagnosis objective, identify proposed changes and basically working executors based on coordination, and continuity management unit, is on the premise that as a state policy do not only as a result of short-term measures taken for the convenience of the government in power. Only with such depth measures can reverse the growing climate of insecurity and uncertainty and not only affects the citizens and society, but has spread even to the operators themselves justice in their various organizations, which increasingly are more uncomfortable and uneasy, without understanding the causes and find reasonable explanations. JUSTICE MORE SIMPLE APPROACH TO A CITIZEN IN EQUALITY before the law. For these purposes, assumes greater urgency justification and design mechanisms for expeditious judicial administration through simple procedures accessible to ordinary citizens; boot, should radically change the existing legal procedures, to the point of making the bulk of disputes are resolved and concluded level Superior District Courts, to more complex issues, it could decentralize and devolve the functions of the judiciary by creating
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Regional Courts of Appeals that have several advantages: i) reduce costs and time in the process, ii) Enable greater social control iii) allow for a more direct and transparent access of litigants iv) facilitate the administrative management of the Regional Courts. Finally, only for matters of extraordinary importance or complexity and expressly for the purpose of Court jurisprudence, should be few issues to be submitted to the knowledge of the Supreme Court, including a Constitutional Court. Moreover, several of the tasks currently carried lower courts may well be delegated to lawyers, notaries, justices of the peace and other auxiliaries of the administration of justice, as was done, for example, in specimen signatures. Additional settings. In a scenario of this nature, it is urgent to create: a) a coordination, research and legal information. b) A National Review Commission and Coder permanent. c) administrative support units, mainly in aspects of budget implementation, management and computer rankings. d) Training Units. The proposed strategy would require a major national effort, so that programs and projects to support and strengthen the legal system and the judiciary should be channeled organically and institutionally, to avoid dispersion of efforts and resources, ensure proper coordination between the branches of government and provide the Government the adoption of uniform and consistent policies, contrary to what happens with the current feudalisation where similar coexist both institutions and agencies in all three branches of government, and even within the judiciary itself. C. METHODS AND MEANS FOR CHANGE. Given the magnitude and complexity of reform misconceived remake and worse executed, I think the only appropriate mechanism, possible and legitimate to design, discuss and approve changes of such magnitude lies solely in the Constituent Assembly. D. INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK

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The Article 2 of the CPE notes that "sovereignty resides in the people is inalienable and imprescriptible, its exercise is delegated to the legislative, executive and judicial. The independence and coordination of these powers is the basis of government. The functions of government: legislative, executive and judicial, cannot be united in the same body. " The institutional framework of the Bolivian legal system is formed by the concurrence of the three branches of government, but in isolated and disjointed, lacking a strategy of reform and modernization and is characterized by several factors: a) Its rules are generated based on entirely circumstantial and improvised initiatives. b) Does not have an instance for coordination. c) It has rules and procedures for monitoring, management and information to the appropriate decision making. d) The development and adoption of varying degrees of legal rules are contingent on criteria and political decisions. e) Lack of information and dissemination makes compliance always take on a character and even precarious. f) The procedures used for consideration of projects and reforms, from submission to its discussion are inadequate and unproductive. Seminars, symposiums and other events, almost always, only meet formality and ritual aspects, with shares of simple commitment, which raises personal opinions and the conclusions are almost always harmless and inconsequential, without justifying the expenditure and while distracted in its realization. Additionally, these meetings tend to undermine the activities of institutions and government authorities, as it happens it is very common to hear that authorities and judges are absent in seminars, meetings or training trips. The judiciary is facing a crisis of credibility and trust increasingly acute. Rates of delayed justice, inefficiency and corruption are growing. Clearly the need to modify codes and inadequate procedures for the administration of justice, and have a series of administrative reforms for better performance. However, as we said above, the problems of the judiciary originate in the national legal system deficiencies,
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involving other actors and functions of the state - the inefficiency and corruption are not exclusive monopoly Judiciary far from it - and, in general, are part of the defects and limitations of the Bolivian state administration. In addition to these explanations, which could mitigate the harsh criticisms made against the Bolivian justice, the truth is that, unlike other organs and functions of the State, the Judiciary affects concrete and immediate interests of citizens, so is most vulnerable and defects are more visible and noticeable. The proposed reforms, by themselves, do not guarantee the recovery of basic levels of efficiency, credibility and confidence in the legal system, factors that are gravitating even for the economic development plans. Indeed, how can you encourage foreign investment with an uncertain legal system, messy and uncertain? The lack of a space for coordination, organizational and institutional weakness of the factors involved in the legal system causes other effects: The support and strengthening programs are not a serious partner, responsible and true to channel their efforts. The national government does not have a body that sets policies, priorities and objectives in all that pertains to the legal system and the judiciary, so it does not assume control over the initiatives and events that may occur in these areas. The lack of a national strategy for the legal system leads to decisions and priorities are taken according to the other interests and priorities. The occurrence of specific interests, the absence of global policies and the lack of involvement of government agencies and civil society in the great task of making reform so far and usually reforms as projects and programs assistance and strengthening the judicial sector have not had the impact or outcomes. Lack of coordination and dispersion of efforts and goals cause insertion
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of proposed judicial reforms inappropriate or inconvenient for the national legal system, creating greater uncertainty and insecurity factors. Generally, programs and projects to strengthen and support the reforms of the judiciary, as well as their own reforms being introduced into specifics, are useful but insufficient or inadequate to fund the requirements of the sector. In some cases, it is the very failure of the reform itself, but in others it is urgent the need of an organ that filters and determine the advisability or feasibility, within the context of the interests, opportunities, customs and even national character , to consider proposals for reform, probably made in good faith, but may be inapplicable in the immediate or without prior processing. Moreover, it is not permissible totally evict our legal system and the judiciary. One thing is that there are limitations and ostensible shortcomings, but there are many instances, legal institutions, principles and factors that work and have a reasonably good application, which may warrant reform processes, improvement and modernization nontraumatic big eaters or resources or Pharaonic projects. Unrealistic expectations, impatience and other forms of pressure can also be decisive factors hinder or prevent proper execution. A big risk for the implementation of these reforms lies in the ability to play commissions, committees or councils highly representative agency but very little power of resolution, decision making and management. Traditionally, government administrations have gone to this type of mechanisms that, in practice, have failed or produced beyond the ceremonial and formal background with which are created and developed. Sometimes, especially when using common sense, are unnecessary the great speeches, announcements, openings, diagnoses, seminars, debates, projects and even laws, you save time and money, but mostly avoid creating frustration and discouragement disbelief. Just as at the time no pulse trembled us to argue that the rules relating
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to judicial mistakes were a concert involving a reversal of centuries, we cannot neglect a success that apparently results in an improvement, curiously almost involuntary, in Bolivian administration of justice and hopefully not remain mere mirage. Essentially, it is the validity and application of the Anti-Corruption Law Marcelo Quiroga Santa Cruz, Law No. 004 of 31 March 2010 with just 40 items and draconian penalties that may require some adjustments, particularly to avoid interference with work administrative public servants or to prevent some abuses in its biased application, especially for political purposes. We say we have only forty items, as we are vaccinated with the endless rules that say everything and nothing, contradictory, ambiguous, that before being approved as inapplicable and only get to be in place a few days after the fanfare of its promulgation. We have argued that the chronic problems of the administration of justice in Bolivia did not originate nor solved based on the human factor, to the manner of appointment or evaluation of its staff, which may have some significance regarding the desirable but almost utopian, independence of the judiciary and better quality in the interpretation and application of rules, ie, better quality decisions, which does not necessarily mean they are more or less fair. This was clearly demonstrated with the crazy judicial election by universal suffrage. The structural problem of the Bolivian justice sits in compliance with laws and, in particular, the time limits set by law to follow procedures. Since Act 004 which penalizes called delayed justice and dereliction of duty, are getting interesting results prior to approval of this standard had not envisioned. Judges and courts are sticking to procedural deadlines and this is an achievement that no judicial reform had been achieved so far. As in addition, the drastic penalties for other forms of corruption, in this court case, also contribute to a more responsible and careful exercise of the judicial function. Undoubtedly, this is good news, which unfortunately is not news in our social media manipulated, attentive
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only to the fashion scene, the controversial politicking, to celebrities, to the police blotter or football. In the present case, it is a success that the government has not carried out an advertising blitz, as it surely will for the next election, when completed to understand what has happened as a side effect of a rule initially conceived eagerly demagogic. In Bolivia, although some do not want to see, but very occasionally and so is by chance, you can also expect positive things and worthy of further enhancement and dissemination. Applying a law of adaptation and procedural delays, including the introduction of judgments and computer type or template with the data strictly necessary and useful (citing alleged laws, foundations or petition summary and operative part) not only the administration of justice would quickly catch up in the office of the causes, but the magistrates and judges would have plenty of time for training and recreation activities to which they are so fond. Beyond their education, the authorities must understand that the role is fast giving way to digital technology, is a fact of life, so we must take leave of reports, records and judgments never ending.

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14 The scandal relates to fashion the airline AEROSUR. Taxes not paid for more than eight years and social security contributions. The theme of Aerosur, began to unfold with unmistakable signs of a terminal crisis creeping years ago, but the magnitude of which was not even an idea about. No one suspected the monstrous reality that gradually discovering till we would cut our breath and get goosebumps. Aerosur, company that began operating in the mid-nineties, began to show the lint with versions of tax and social debts by some tens of millions of Bolivians, dollars were then, after we got out there and hundreds of billions. The airline stopped flying, thousands of passengers were hung and thereafter, a comedy unfolds in several acts. What has happened and is known so far is inexplicable and unjustifiable. And the story seems to continue for some time. According to official information, only tax obligations, contributions from labor and management salaries due 2004, the debt exceeds half a billion dollars. As a fair and accurate reflection of the weakness and vulnerability afflicting the Republic since its founding, including nationalities and for having, for nearly twenty years the authorities of governmental control and oversight neglected their basic functions and no one cared mostly see if the company had balances or meet basic requirements, licensing and business plans, financial, accounting and tax, ie a large number of public servants of various ranks and levels, chose to look the other way, and memory close. During each and every one of the past eight years, the Internal Revenue did not charge anything, the ATT is not regulated, the ASFI not audited, the FIU is not investigated and thus the only one who watched in awe the spectacular growth of the company was pure paper the wand of the corner, probably for candid, because I knew what almost everyone knew or suspected.
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Founded in 1993 with a loan default of two million eight hundred thousand Bolivians, awarded by the Big Bank Beni, then BIDESA without own assets or accounts in local banks, extraordinary artificial grew, with former prisoners in leadership and executive with chartered planes, masonry colorful and full advertising and journalistic coverage. Although everyone knew and saw, with drug monies black, silver has raised some passages like mushrooms auto sales with thousands of luxury and exclusive vehicles, real estate and mansions were born, supermarkets, pharmacies, karaokes, boutiques, restaurants and nightclubs. The jauja was growing, people who had no bike appear as owners of hundreds of vehicles, real estate transactions of hundreds of thousands of dollars have become commonplace. It consolidated a laundry colossal black silver. In a full replica of Venezuelan consumerism, streets, shops and markets of major cities were filled with drinks and food imported, branded clothes and all the necessary elements for maximum glamor, beauty and fashion. About 1200 employees, which for some reason never unionized, lost their jobs. The debt of five hundred million dollars could be implemented through a fraudulent bankruptcy, but that results after processing hard and dozens of people, possibly not recover even ten million. There are salaries, benefits and payroll taxes payable and other public and private creditors. In recent days, there was a quaint American investor, who proposed to invest fifteen million dollars to save Aerosur obviously without assuming any debt or liability. Since the state cannot condone a penny of debt, the only option of going to the fraudulent bankruptcy, can trap and involve many senior officials, by action or omission, reasons for some delays in processing capture Leigue Humberto Roca, who knows too much about too many important characters and the dramatic move. The actual facts and can be analyzed and interpreted from different points of view. On one hand, it is a great act of corruption that occurred continuously and successively, with economic harm to the state over five hundred million dollars, many public and private persons involved and affected. From other side, opponents of the government will see
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how to blame him for what happened, stopped running and it was not the case. It happened before with many similar issues as the LAB, bank failures, the FONVIS, and all those who spend public fraud scandal drawer disproportionate to impunity and oblivion. The government, rightly or wrongly, has been caught in a situation of extraordinary complexity. It's too much money for a poor country with many needs and, worst, all that money makes much needed in the country, came to not return in any way. In the short term, without significant political opposition, if the situation gets out of control could have economic and social consequences, the elimination of important economic resources can have a chilling effect on regional economies, especially the backbone. Could it be that the strange attitude is casual, the long and stony silence from authorities external and internal audit, which tend to be relentless with small amounts you owe tax and who are so tolerant and complacent about a paper company that for years appropriates taxes collected by making a concession business by the state itself? How should we interpret the appearance of a dark character like Asbn, this time Sergio, who attributes to the previous administration of the company have all appropriate public and private resources raised through public services exist an aviation company in the real world? What the hell are concerned citizens with looting feast rascals Plurinational off the state? It is outrageous that now appears a group of shareholders, including the brother of former President and allegedly responsible for the riot, which calls for them to break through the bottle minus twenty-five percent for accrued taxes and contributions, for the reason that they are not as bad as the above, plus touches them, it's your turn. Do you sacrifice, assisted by an army of lawyers and accountants, while in Bolivia no records, maybe just some notebooks with payments and contributions mafioso style? How is it that only white stick fraud brain has over five hundred properties in Santa Cruz, eighty luxury collection vehicles, which in Miami is an emperor of real estate with money from passengers and fiscal resources Aerosur ?
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It's a scam almost perfect at the expense of the innocence of the Bolivians and the indispensable complicity of the authorities of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. Along with other prominent bankers, amid great scandal Leigue Humberto Roca, was arrested and imprisoned in the prison of San Pedro. They had bankrupted several banks and appropriated milloncitos few hundred dollars of the public's savings, which were partially returned through generous government loans Central Bank. After the riot, the great speeches concluded corruption, one by one the bankers were released, were piles of trials, liquidators and lawyers to divide crumbs and those responsible for bank failures resumed their activities and other endeavors of greater magnitude. Hundreds of millions of dollars, arising from the bankruptcy of Banco BIDESA, former BIG Beni, where the main shareholders were the narcos repentant The authorities of successive governments were encouraging and endorsing a number of economic activities of dubious origin, which resolved to make a tacit pact clean slate, reinforcing a pattern of official impunity for politicians and white collar criminals, who were given every possible advantage. It was then that everyone agreed to put a pious mantle of oblivion over the background of the engineer Humberto Roca reappeared. As if by magic, disappeared judgments against him, the Superintendence of Banks, then ASFI, which inevitably placed in the credit bureau who must dimes, forgot they had embezzlement of millions of dollars, the Financial Intelligence Unit pretended that there were multiple and laundering millions of dark resources, the companies control authorities did not bother to verify compliance with minimum requirements for running a company of this size, excise watched impassively, for years, that the company sold thousands of tickets including taxes without paying any of them, social media and advertising agencies experienced one of its biggest booms in its history and passengers, at such official support, advertising and media, dedicated to purchase tickets and travel in an airline that did quickly forget the long agony of Lloyd Aereo Boliviano, and he seemed to grow without limits
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internationally. The prosecution only concerned when it came to find out the delivery of four alleged terrorists passages. Since there were no politicians to achurar, the Comptroller observed a silence and immutable state Attorney General is doing his papers of incorporation to the rhythm of the original multi. The mechanisms used, not without a great imagination and financial ability, were as basic and simple as to undermine the fragile easily and quickly control mechanisms and control of financial and commercial activities. Surely very few who knew the origin of the leased airplanes that appeared gradually opened offices and quickly grew plethoric bubble mauve and green colors. Aerosur did advertising, advertising was the same, never seen a swing of this nature, the media, advertisers and journalists will dedicated their creations, their passions and their efforts to promote it, nobody questioned anything. Humberto Roca longer persecuted, prosecuted and prevented from engaging in business, no one knew how, by whom or why, but the fact is that his condition quickly overtook injunction and let the shadows of the underground to publicly assume the presidency Company, which was run by frontmen as his brother, projecting as a philanthropist, to the extent that even the mass media merchant began managing his name as a future candidate for the Presidency of the Republic. In applying the principles of leverage, Aerosur was dedicated to print and sell tickets for all tickets, pay for goods and services with passages, half the world has become a commission salesperson discount tickets. The people saw this amazing growth had no qualms or observation, with the backing of the huge media machine mounted around he traveled with the greatest enthusiasm and patriotism, in a market monopolized by the company air. Public officials, ultimate customers of such services, multiplied the most of domestic and international travel and became, naturally, in the largest buyers and sellers of tickets. Hundreds of millions of dollars out of state coffers and private pockets to be invested in private infrastructure projects whose profits entirely moved out of the country. Roca and colleagues acquired property and vehicles and sold them at a profit of net exports, while the media praised his vision and entrepreneurship. It was the miracle of
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the cash flow. The world and the country were plagued by endless legions of bureaucrats Bolivian overwhelmed with their invaluable presence in all kinds of events. The government's decision to create the company Boliviana de Aviacion (BOA) and strengthen Military Air Transportation (TAM) was possibly unexpected blow to the type of work rather than for specific activities AEROSUR. The bulk of real estate activities are concentrated in Miami, where investments demanded more and more resources, which was gradually weakening cash flow and liquidity AEROSUR to finance its own operations, while Humberto Roca made statements that would cause the naive reaction of government officials, but they were the right pretext to leave the country as course pursued. Authorities dropped in game one of his former employers and exposed spoiled and hopelessly whole apparatus of corruption and impunity created around a fantastic airline and ghost. The complicity of those in power in all cases of grand corruption is all too obvious. While still maintaining the increasingly credible official version that Sanchez de Lozada and his colleagues cannot be extradited to the United States after more than nine years, allegedly for having political protection in that country, you cannot use the same argument to justify inaction in private cases like Tito Asbn, Humberto Roca or Manfred Reyes Villa and many others who could never enjoy any official U.S. government protection or any other democratic government. While the main architects of this masterful financial maneuver against a defenseless state, vulnerable, highly inefficient and tainted by corruption and impunity are fully identified, what can be said of rulers, ruling and opposition politicians, authorities, some company executives, as Carlos Meyer and media who participated and made possible a scam so gross, and allowing it to evaporate from escaping the country hundreds of millions of dollars worldwide view?. It concluded with the foregoing considerations, invoking the generous understanding of potential readers, to express that the only purpose that encourages me is to contribute to a healthy and respectful debate, it has no intention to injure or offend anyone and that, much less, can
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be interpreted as a factor of conflict or confrontation. In any case, we must assume that the possibility of building a national state with dignity, without discrimination of any kind and fairly accessible, reliable and always will be just above grudges or personal grudges, they should stay on file at the time of things small and inconsequential that did so much damage to the country. Beyond any statistical econometric even further from any forecast or assessment of these failed apprentice sorcerers who are economists, the fact is that the Bolivian economy has followed the normal course without major or minor structural changes during the two periods of government MAS grows Coast to be almost on autopilot. Gross domestic product exceeded twenty billion dollars. The fiscal budget is just over three billion dollars, the foreign and domestic debt now exceeding ten billion dollars, inflation, the government says, is seven percent. The economy grew at just over five percent over the last year and this year might be the trade balance deficit. The fuel subsidy will reach more than seven hundred fifty million dollars annually. The formal sector of the economy comprises less than thirty percent of the economically active population, while more than seventy percent makes up the economy. There is no reliable information regarding the marginal population, as child laborers and others invisible. The gap between those who hoard wealth over the huge pockets of poverty is increasing constantly. The government was satisfied and even proud of the economic growth over the past seven years, but does not mention that it was solely the result of a sustained and significant increase in prices of raw materials exported by the primary extractive model which is anchored the country since its founding. Not that they produce more and better, just about price increases attributable to changing market conditions internationally. For too long, since the end of the stage of barter, the real wealth lies in the value-added goods and services. The Bolivian economy has not entered the dawn of the industrial revolution. Time is the most precious intangible value, for Bolivians not seem to lag. In the government's agenda, the industrialization proposal merely an uncertain contract to
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process iron, which looks more like a soap opera Venezuela, in which the protagonists are Indians, cholos, Hindus, iron, natural gas and Creole policy. As much, it speaks of a liquid separation plant or a urea industry, of course in the Chapare, plus ridiculous and infamous little factorys paper and cardboard. What is called in Bolivia industry refers rather small maquiladora assembly plants and feed raw materials and imported inputs. Under the false name of nationalization, the government expropriates TNCs, especially every May 1, which passed into the hands of foreign owners of everybody and nobody, that is, the multinational state. On those dates, the glorious armed forces demonstrate their power to take in successful commando operations, plants and facilities guarded by a pair of guards, in the best case, have a shotgun and a revolver. Besides created more jobs for related to MAS and its symbolic value for the National Socialist government, not evidence any real impact on governance and less on the country's economic performance. The strength of this weak economy undoubtedly lies in agribusiness, in the agricultural and livestock, producing and supplying the national market widely and generate surpluses for export. The rest, including the government, is engaged in the provision of various services, poor quality, inefficiency and high costs. To maquilar a little misery, the government is dedicated to the most miserable bonds vulnerable sectors of society, as elders, mothers and children, which is dedicated to getting loans of any kind and nature, to be paid or remitted in twenty or more years, when they disposed of these funds are no longer in government, perhaps no longer an active part of this world. What nobody says that Bolivia is becoming more consolidated as one of the poorest and most backward countries of the world. With the advent of a world famous ignorant highly complex technological geniuses who breathe politics and demagoguery from every pore, that ideologize to school breakfast, hundreds of companies in the world that this country produces more than ten million conflicts and consumers , in which there are more cell phones than people, where jobs are scarce but there are almost a million and a half vehicles of all types, origin, model, and that municipal communes unusually congested and result in the formation of a fleet that produces highly polluting scrap
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and waste huge resources. Every multinational produces and invoice more than the Plurinational State, they are small and efficient administrative apparatus and individually generate profits much higher than those of the country. In fact, Bolivia and must resign themselves to not only compete with countries with international companies and even football clubs. In fact, a blockbuster movie can raise more than ten million Bolivians produce in a year. The drug trade is worth more than one billion dollars a year of prosperity creating artificial islands, extreme consumerism and frivolity. The coca, the raw material for cocaine, has been elevated to the status of sacred and is defended against all odds by the President himself internationally. From this perspective, coca is ancestral, cultural, while cocaine is a problem for foreign governments; Bolivia is the country of Santa Coca and his disciples, the humble and slaughtered cocaleros, headed by the President of the Plurinational State. There is a merit that one cannot deny that assumed pipiolos revolutionary government, have managed to divide the country and not in two or three separate and independent regions, but also managed to create thirty-six nations today are artificial fully facing the State Multinational and where filibusters are refugees and traffickers of all kinds and species. Today things should be resolved by consulting and deciding between governments. In the endless conflict between the government and the TIPNIS all that really matters is not the construction of a road, the political and economic interests masquerading as various pretexts, while a mixture of real and pseudo originating enlist to provoke pity and compassion savagely slaughtered women and children, in the name of defense of trees, plants and shrubs for the next generations, as they are currently, they die all, no one to defend them or treats. It would be nice to know if it would be possible if only these marches were staged by the brave leaders, what would become of them if pregnant women and abused or exploited children exposed and keep away as humanly legal and appropriate. The TIPNIS pulseta by no small matter, and not a matter of government, has become a matter of survival of the federal
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government. On the one hand the government with his newfound zeal modernist bent on playing the concrete jungle of cities, skyscrapers, filled with asphalt, causing monumental traffic jams in the name of progress, while political operatives and oenegistas designed from their comfortable offices in their vehicles or luxurious modern hotels, restaurants and cafes, the speeches that should handle the marchers. The discussion of each other and methods to defend their positions are already insane. The TIPNIS is Indian Country, National Park and Reserve, and as communal lands, is owned by approximately twenty thousand indigenous native assumptions that manage more than one million two hundred thousand hectares, people originating or not, lack of everything, of schools, hospitals, roads, electricity, water and living in conditions of pure savagery, accompanied by great modern touches like cellphones ineffable. Neither the most recalcitrant private ownership it can be absolute, is always limited by the common interest. Thus, any natural or legal person, public or private, may oppose the streets are built or installed basic way of owning an urban or rural background, nobody can claim respect for their beautiful garden with flowers and avoid the road construction or installation of water and sewer, there being several administrative figures apply to private property, such as expropriation or easements. Not for the fact that some self originating they please be smelly and dirty the community should be deprived of basic services. With the poet Octavio Echaz Campero, the question arises: Who is putting air boundaries and who is owner of the river water? For TIPNIS, besides being very difficult to determine the origin of the original assumptions, is unusual, unfair and disproportionate fifteen thousand individuals to own and to have, according to the will and whim of their leaders, elected according to their uses and customs, more than one million hectares, either irrational exploitation of timber, fishing, tourism or for criminal activities such as drug trafficking, while there are millions of people who do not have even a square meter of land and cannot afford stop working every day to go for months that supposedly live mere tip of alms and solidarity.

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An autonomous and independent state within the Plurinational State, with three nations, languages, and standards authorities themselves. Well advised and financed, including criminal organized a march to a lot of pregnant women and children, for sixty days underwent forced walks under the weather and so managed to provoke compassion solidarity and national and international, in view of human scraps peered like a caravan of ghosts to the civilized city of La Paz, encouraged and spurred on by snobbish and newly minted environmentalists, most of whom do not even know what a mosquito bite and that securely , would not last more than a week defending nature in nature, away from their comfortable urban locations. For its part, the rulers realized that the problem was not a road and sobrepreciados costs, which are normal in state business, but as a result of their absurd demagoguery and populist and neo-fascist ideological constructs had planted the seed for the division of the country and its people in multiple and independent States, that they appropriated facto of all natural resources, which make feasible the national state and the government of the country ungovernable. Yesterday was that the road does not pass through the sacred territory of TIPNIS today that no prior consultation, then there will be no hospital or schools, banning the entry of strangers without original passport, not conducted oil and mining activities, and Of course, its own flag, anthem, his cabinet ministers, police and even the army, more assembly and original justice and his map, and their ambassadors and their football team and their mises, its folklore, its culture, festivities and traditions. Their original dance round, will be filled with feathers of exotic birds and endangered species, spend five thousand dollars a head for dress, filled with jewels and glitter drunk and cultural splendor. The beauty queens will be exhibited naked even with the generous contribution of their parents, they will be showing outward inward because there is no more to show, and girls will be chosen miss liver, pancreas, kidney, intestine, chitterlings. Exploited and exported and imported timber furniture sophisticated plastic and synthetic leather, the image and likeness of the Plurinational State. To the leaders of the marchers are not interested in overthrowing the government of Evo Morales, its purpose is to consolidate their own
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state, his domain and unique, even at the expense of the health and lives of pregnant women and children helpless and powerless. It will not be long, they are sure that soon speak from state to state, government to government and have reciprocal relations of cooperation and friendship with endless new national states, facing each other and settled in most of the productive territory than before outside Bolivia While the military, the only organized force is distracted with war toys flatters them plurinational state through loans that will pay all, shouting slogans and concurring MAS militantly disciplined and their congresses, the police are all super busy repressing social protest against the regime, the judges are minions of the MAS employees and are the ideal tool to prosecute political and exterminate exterminated and opponents. Justice, absolutely nothing. For the MAS and social movements, administer or enforce laws without limits is a matter of personal style, and no more rules are needed instructions siblings rulers, so the crisis has been removed from the judiciary, eliminating justice. Many judges MAS barely read and write, but not to worry, no need to administer justice and enforce laws and colonial unknown, everything works reading coca leaves or the entrails of rats and fetuses from the flames. The meager education intended to be fed to outside cheap pure ideology and public health is increasingly ill. Doctors and health workers who refuse to work eight hours a day, as the government wants to impose, for establishing a monumental conflict, strikes, and confrontations where the only losers are the sick poor, who are most of the sick poor

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15 On a trip I made to La Paz in 1989, while walking down the street on October 20 I met Gonzalo Cisneros, who was in charge of the Housing Program of the Ministry of Urban Affairs, who introduced me as a consultant to design the legal framework administrative and selfconstruction projects and housing construction company, program under the United Nations Program for Development. I was responsible for developing all operational regulations, designing recovery mechanisms of a portfolio of social interest loans of nearly forty million dollars and travel around the country where housing projects were mainly directed to relocated and low-income people. In some cases, the task was not easy, because it was relocated miners who disagreed with his situation and felt that the provision of housing was an obligation of the State or to compensation for his dismissal, but when I explain, almost as preaching the gospel, that the purpose was to recycle the resources to reach more beneficiaries, invariably agreed to cancel the capital of the credits had virtually no interest Convinced of the success of the negotiations, took delivery of all documents and mechanisms that would carry out the project optimally. As usual, the technical part was solved, but lacked the political decision at the ministerial level for the FONVIS desktops will enable the collection and recovery, which was never taken. Years later, proceeded to liquidate FONVIS which had a virtually unrecoverable portfolio of over four million, announcing great judgments to former ministers, directors employer and employee and third charge, which of course never happened. It is said that two-thirds of Bolivians spend two thirds of their income for housing problem, in its various forms. In all government programs and plans, housing is a central theme. They offer different solutions, usually with high contents pharaonic and esoteric. It's very good political business all that is offered in this area.

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The multiple and repeated government initiatives, usually ranging from the development, construction, staffing, procurement and administration of housing plans aimed at social housing, as if other antisocial interest. Government plans fail again and again, but cyclically resurface and reproduce. Disasters are recurrent and repeated almost unchanged. The funds generously donated by the government are distributed in successive negotiated, since the purchase of land on precious and inadequate, and award of works contracts, poor performances and failures, economic and political favoritism in the award and inability to recover credits through state resources. They are, to our knowledge, a total disaster. The only problems are solved housing are the mansions of the rulers and administrators on duty, whether state, employer or labor. Also some lawyers and liquidators win. With these familiar experiences, has become a successful financial system for housing. Successful, of course, for the system, not for housing. Banks, specialized institutions such as mutual and cooperative and even traditional private usurers, spend most of their portfolios to real estate loans. Not wrong at all. Speculators, loteadores and builders always win and well. But not as much as the financial institutions, which never fail to win, everything and nothing. Formally Win forms, fees, interest and compound interest, and criminal trends. His lawyers earn contracts and collections. They also earn construction companies, architects, appraisers, servicers and the white sticks. Win judges and court officials. Of course, they have their share of loteadores and land speculators. Of course, where there are some who make a lot, others lose a lot, it is impossible that such financial business everyone can win. Thus, a first devastating effect on the economy and popular social results in the inflationary spiral, purely speculative, that makes land and houses artificially multiply its value from ten to a hundred times, as usual. Then two thirds of the population are incorporated into the trap of home
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ownership, a long terms and low interest rates. Maybe with a very human optimism, especially if they are young and inexperienced, they are convinced that they will keep their jobs and income for twenty or more years, which is not seriously ill and will not have major unforeseen mishaps. Then spend two thirds of their income and get to work as black for banks and financial institutions. It is possible that many of the borrowers enthusiasts eventually suffer setbacks along the dream life of the loan. You better be as late as possible, because if it's early or run out of rope kid, no loan and homeless and lost everything they have paid on account, remain in the street or on the track and enter into the central risk for not being able to be paid for anything else, not even for health. Nor is it advisable to follow the advice of a lawyer, and prolong chicanear offered the collection for years, because during that time, the only lawyer who will win, because the interests relentlessly continue running, the debtor will continue to work for the bank and your home will be flooded by uncertainty, worry, stress and anxiety, but you do not own a steadily increasing debt. Those debtors who in an act of rebellion get money to catch up or pay the entire loan will be stuck in situations even more complicated, because hardly allowed financial institutions vary contractual terms, stubbornly go into trance and auction process, in which, through white sticks, acquire the hen rate housing loans dead to award them to other unsuspecting, or suggest complex mechanisms of refinancing, payment in cash of the total debt to capital, fees and collection costs, commissions , penalties and interest and penal currents. The social is the least important. The bankers, financiers and usurers own everything, they make the rules because they own gold. They charge fees and interest to your taste, interests condone all about and condemned to pay all kinds of other interests. Approved projects and programs of development and construction to your taste and flavor, working with builders of your choice. They got their orders and absolute disposal authorities ASFI, former superintendent of banks, which only serves to regulate and protect the interests and decisions of the bankers, who happen to be more subject employees and unconditional. Borrowers have no choice
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to defend or to complain, are subjected to all kinds of sanctions and whether to dimes and back an hour, they are immediately sent to the credit bureau, even if it were an alien bug. Financial institutions are at your service to judges and court officials, or in those areas not lose, so their collections, judgments coercive desapoderamientos executives and go as per tube, for them there is some justice retardation. Structural effects of these distortions in the economy are devastating. Speculation leading to a permanent and growing inflationary process of land, materials and construction equipment and housing prices causes great benefits and accumulation of resources for speculators, bankers and merchants, who relegate moderately productive loans, so that economy is set around the provision of services of all kinds, which cannot be the basis for real growth of a productive economy. This situation is aggravated by playing the system for the purchase of luxury vehicles and luxury consumption credit. Clearly earners, but also no doubt that the bulk of people lose energy, money and dreams. Now settled back in La Paz, the government had just appointed Minister of Health Carlos Dabdoub, why the Chapu me up to go to the act of possession, then I would call for a meeting with the new minister. While I had the immense satisfaction of having completed and published the DLB and additional work, I was in a deep depression state plagued by debts and financial commitments which appeared no solution in sight. As a consolation or encouragement, which almost always happened when I was on the verge of giving up, I was summoned by a mission of the University of New York who was advising the Congress. During his visit to the Supreme Court had met the Director of the library, Rudy Miranda, who spoke wonders about allowing DLB meet requirements in hours of Ministers rules that usually delayed weeks or even months. After I met him and confirmed his perception, but noticing a little surprised because surely hoped to find a venerable old scholar and not an ordinary little over 35 years old, and conventionality formalisms enemy that caused him irritation Excellency the ridiculous titles, illustrious, magnificent, honorable and other similar nonsense. Once in the office of the Minister of Health, accompanied by Maria
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Elena and Chapu, Carlos asked me to advise part-time through a World Bank program that was the only way to achieve a decent wage, as the principal legal advisor with over thirty years in office and a thorough knowledge of the health and social security, gained just under four hundred dollars a month. Initially and to the surprise and disbelief of all, I thanked him but told him I was a reckless offer because of my financial situation I was dangerous and could wipe desks and things of the Ministry. Fortunately, I saved the character of Chapu who passed the matter as a joke and ended with a discussion of their laughter. Most of the administrative work was related resolutions for scholarships and medical specialization courses in the most unlikely places on the planet, agreements with NGOs and drug registration. The great discovery was the Code of Health and its many regulations, organs, bodies and many more, that the Law School had not heard of and fewer see or by lining certainly only had a few copies printed within the Ministry , one of which I had the privilege to access and use to fully incorporate the DLB. Until that time, we had only heard of the Social Security Code and its endless regulations, to the extent that so far the vast majority of lawyers, let alone the population is unaware that there is a code of such importance, it is not isolated because so did other codes such as education or aeronautics. One of the most serious conflicts was presented with two groups of blind leaders who struggled for recognition, going every day and amid allegations of kidnapping and attempted murder. and threatened to declare a hunger strike in my office, which was in a sort of lorera cover windows with plastic tin roof in a small annex to the top floor. Instead of birds, Dr. Gorriti worked there and me. Given the intransigence, I had no better idea to ask a little old assistant, who did not leave or vacation for fear that it removed from their work, and for many of us than to make money and survive, is our way of breathing life and not wither in a painful retirement, which would touch the shoulder of one of the most exalted leaders with a thin stick, causing a chain reaction, which put together a trompeadura called down the three floors braided shock, shoving and insults between them, ending in a brawl in the middle generalized Student Square, where police had to intervene, but it was the magic solution to the conflict, then we visited each group in turn.

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Although I had a more or less clear, the minister asked me to analyze and verify if gambling were legal in Bolivia, by then worked in luxurious casinos backbone and had imminent expansion plans, for which I reviewed the DLB database and, for sure, I assure you that were illegal. The next day, he asked me to accompany him to the building of the Lottery, which made known the decree of annulment of gambling, prompting strikes and protests and the parade by representatives of the Ministry of games with their sponsors politicians, their slender hostesses and their offers of bribes to overturn the measure, which ultimately did not. The former health minister had appointed a lawyer in office spent to occupy with Carlos, so after a few weeks in the functions, we received a labor demand asking for an astronomical sum benefits and compensation for damages, as a criterion of the lawyer continued to work despite the conclusion of his contract, so there had been a tacit agreement. To make matters worse, he had accompanied the order for the judge issued an embargo on all goods of ministry, for which compliance and were two court officials conducting a diligent inventory of everything in their path, to the amazement of officials. Already knowing that illegal and arbitrary acts do not respect time and legal procedures of defense, I chose the most logical, call the police and report the acquiescence of public and once judicial officers had given their police statements, presented the memorial with exceptions to the judge, who immediately declared incompetent and declined to pursue the matter. Soon after allegations were made public some of what became known as the War of the serum. For years, Inti Laboratory and Vita had a virtual monopoly on the production and marketing of sera with discretionary and utilities astronomical prices. The representative of Chile began importing Laboratories sera with prices up to ten times lower, prompting, VITA Laboratories initiated legal action serum intellectual rights, first and above its manifest irrelevance, for the form of packaging, the which was also unsuccessful. In these circumstances, I visited the owner VITA Laboratory, who resided in Spain and occasionally came to see their business in Bolivia. Accompanied by his lawyers tried to convince their disparate legal
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arguments, to finally come to the eternal argument of patriotism, anti chilenismo, sea and so on, for which people have to pay the serum patriotic gold prices to enrich some patriots living in Europe a king, at the cost of blood and health of Bolivians. It is obvious that their claims and threats were unsuccessful, but the incident served to corroborate me the terrible suspicion that in the production, marketing and registration of drugs not only that there are no adequate quality controls, but the prices and conditions of sale are subject to the discretion of the merchants of health. In Bolivia the devil knows who works for lawyers and liquidators of financial institutions and state. Many officials take advantage of circumstances and perform certain embezzlement and misappropriation, but at least risk their skin or their freedom, while the big beneficiaries are the lawyers and liquidators, who, with the full support and unhindered succulent charge fees and liquidated the assets of the entities dead chicken price. This was blatant in the case of bankruptcy of private banks, which did not recover or twenty percent of the more than six hundred million dollars scammed, there were a few bankers who were a couple of years off in St. Petersburg, known as the jail San Pedro and then released to found other companies hoping to break fraudulently turn. The assets of banks were topped by tiny values and liquidators came as owners of gas stations, buildings, stations and large business partners. The lawyers were gaining privileged million, all at the expense of state resources, it could not be otherwise. In the case of the Supplementary Fund Public Administration, FOCSAP, his manager Dante Escobar Plata and a group of accomplices carried out the embezzlement of tens of millions of dollars, to this day no one knows the exact amount, he fled the country and then a long search was captured in Buenos Aires, where he had undergone plastic surgery and then moved to La Paz. One of the lawyers hired to see the settlement, got three members of his lodge fraternal brothers, we regulate, transactional, nine hundred thousand dollar fee, which initially had been claimed at one million three hundred thousand, corresponding to 10% of a deposits of thirteen million dollars that had been recovered from the banking system. The fees were for a simple pair of briefs submitted by the lawyer, that is, each memorial
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would cost four hundred and fifty thousand dollars to be paid by funds affiliated FOCSAP scammed. The settlement process does not advance more than twenty years, all were released except Dante Escobar, who was speaker of the inmates of the prison and could not get out in compliance with the court order of freedom as opposed extrajudicial victims, ie by pressure measurements made until the end. The payment of the attorney fees was swiftly ordered by the three members of the Superior Court of the District, who also arranged the transfer of funds to the Judicial Council for immediate payment. The lawyers raised a constitutional FOCSAP against the decision of the Members, appeal was denied in the first instance, but then, under review by the Constitutional Court in December 2010, pleaded tried the application, considering the gross disparity between the work done by the attorney and the amount of fees regulated, but, above all, by the application of legal rules which provide that the assets of the social security and the rule cannot be garnished, something so elemental that was ignored by lawyers and Members of Court, expressed ignorance of the law was and is current in the system. In September 1992, Jorge Torres invited me to advise him on the Planning Commission, Economic and Financial Affairs of the House of Representatives: For several years he had been in discussion the draft Law on Banks and Financial Entities and form a commission was reviewer, so in the first meeting with the representatives of the entities involved agreed that, as a consultant I was an independent commission to the interests of public and private sector, so I was appointed chairman of the review committee, term that did not seem to be very agreeable to Jorge, but it made no objection. I changed my schedule to assist the Ministry of Health and I spent the afternoon, which was not without some inconvenience, especially when we quoted Carlos seven in the morning cabinet meeting. Milton holders were accredited by the Central Bank Paz, Guido ASOBAN Antezana by Alfredo Arce Carpio by the Superintendency of Banks, plus three or four deputies assigned, technical representatives of some political parties and occasional technical specialists in certain areas. We had

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meetings every day from nine in the morning to close at one in the afternoon at the offices of the commission. In the first meetings, presentations besides style, realizing that already approaching one of those famous commissions to which governments to spend huge amounts of time and thus silver and defer or avoid commitments and responsibilities, knowing the practical executive and Jorge Torres, I managed to take me a working system operating and expeditious results-oriented within the shortest possible time. A way to meet and determine which were the doctrinal approaches and guiding principles that should contain the new standard, had the technical presentations by the delegates of the Central Bank, Banks and Private Banks of Bolivia, as well as some specialized complementation. At least for me, barely knew what a checking account, the process was extraordinarily rich, high-level lectures on public finance and central banking. Abstracted in dance numbers and percentages completely forgot my own economic hardship, as I licked every taste and vanity that spoke to me as President, no less than such technical committee. Before it had only been president of my class in my school or club in the neighborhood, but no one had told President until then. After didactic presentations with whiteboards and supporting documents, it was clear to all that the two crucial issues on which he had to agree were the reserve requirement, but basically the capital adequacy ratio, according to the recommendations of the Convention Basel, which was discovered in Switzerland. The coefficient has to do with the net worth of a bank and margin leverage the resources provided by the public, that is, more or less, if a bank has one, can provide up to ten, in equity are considered quality guarantees and other more subtle and technical aspects. As exposures were between economists, were vehement debates and positions were being defined, to the extent that while Guido Antezana spoke, did not realize that was beside the boy, standing with mates and refreshments tray, who received an inadvertent blow to the lower abdomen product effusiveness Antezana, who in turn received the download of mates and soda that spilled over his head and shoulders,
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which could be a tragedy and became a cheerful anecdote that served to finish defusing the environment. Alfredo Arce Carpio took every recess to discuss their stories of when he was Minister of Banzer government, including the arrest and exile Guillermo Bedregal, who was placed on a plane and exiled to Brazil with his own clothes and their own disbelief or me spoke in his ear 'is Muja, not now moos' while Gaston Muja, of the Mutual Savings and Credit exposed position thereof. Early in the second democratic government Banzer, Arce Carpio was shot at a social gathering with Roberto Suarez Gomez, then the maximum drug lord in Bolivia, so once unfashionable public scandal, had to lower its profile political and other positions less noticeable, died in a confusing incident and his body was found in a seedy alley of a suburb, which apparently had gone to get drugs for consumption. It was undoubtedly a man of great confidence of General Banzer and a politician who was active during the dictatorship. After defining the crucial issues was fairly simple move with the articles of the draft, without difficulty. Unexpectedly, appeared as a political party assigned by Jorge "Rulo" Valdez, a fellow of the College who was a poet and philosopher who smoked marijuana regularly, even he did when he was a judge and was a judge atypical conciliatory and baffled the potential litigants with conversations and reflections of his hallucinations product in any case a special judge less bad than most of his colleagues. As the days passed, the meetings became more interesting and illustrative, nobody wanted to miss any sessions and sometimes had to raise a chair to the table. After just over a month, the bulk of the work was completed with the agreement and satisfaction for all without any major discrepancies or sleeplessness. The last meeting lasted all day, at the end of the afternoon I picked Luis del Rio, the Superintendent of Banks, whom I had sued over the issue of Banco del Progreso and went to the Department of Building Jorge Torres in Brasilia building, where he and Armando Mendez, President of the Central Bank and Jorge himself, finished arrange the most sensitive issues of the final draft of the law and concluded with the final draft close to four o'clock.
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While work on the bill of Banks and Financial Institutions had distracted me, or maybe I'd rather sleepy, to its conclusion at the Ministry I resumed the concerns that were activated by the daily collection of various creditors, especially of equipment and some bank obligations. In Santa Cruz had stopped smoking completely, but at meetings of the committee had accepted some cigarettes, so I returned to my pace gradually compulsive, but tried not to do so in the Ministry. One of those mornings, which had begun with nasty calls and an early riser cabinet meeting that lasted longer than usual, was further complicated when I announced the visit of the President of the AntiSmoking, I was still a lit cigarette and The small room was full of smoke, so I asked to wait a moment, despite the bitter cold I opened the windows, I went to the Office of the Minister, I received a statement and went back to the office. Of course I noticed the doctor's distaste upon entering the office but dissembled and said nothing about the smoke and the smell of snuff undeniable against which he fought tirelessly. It was precisely regulate advertising and warnings on packs of cigarettes on public health damage. Possibly something the minister said, for a few days he came by my office, luckily that day was not smoking. Amidst my musings, I received a call from Chapu, who was Adviser to the President of the Republic and invited me to go to the Palace. With an enthusiasm that could not hide even asking cautiously, told me he had included the subject of DLB in a program to strengthen the World Bank to the presidency with a budget of forty-four thousand dollars. After making the appropriate arrangements, two weeks after we installed at the Government Palace the system and the delivery of one hundred fifty printed sets of DLB, which were sent to ministries and state departments, where they received notes of congratulations and thanks. In these chores, some debate arose concerning rules worthies, which was rectified immediately by consulting the DLB and discovering rules that not even the worthies knew of its existence. For my part I got just enough to restore peace and the consequent economic optimism.

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Things continued as patterns of behavior that I had set, especially that always start making the most difficult or unpleasant, leave for last how easy or pleasant, so first I cut the toenails, then those of right hand and finally on the left .. The other rules were analyzing before speaking, give opinions or act, especially when he got some rough news as an unjust sentence, let the anger is assimilated and then reacted and did what he thought right. With rare exceptions and in all positions and roles I held, the principle was to always meet and face, meet all or anyone who would talk to me, even over the phone, because I always had a bad habit of speaking in front and clearly, without unnecessary offers or pretexts. To this we added an obsessive desire for punctuality and prioritize results over all things or explanations, because I always believed that it is complicated and explained that loses gets angry. Besides banning that I speak of bad news, the rest were the abundant defects accompanied me loyally and whose list is very extensive detailing. Not satisfied with making my mind returns to my body, Chapu invited me to a dinner at his house, which was attended by some international and Carlos Dabdoub. There I met Fernando Campero Prudencio, who was Minister of Exports and Economic Competitiveness, who invited me to visit him to discuss a project. In January 1993, the Minister Fernando Campero Prudencio hired me to build a team consultant for restructuring but operating in the Register of Commerce and Corporations. Criteria were introduced computerized forms to systematize and summarize the wealth of information on the companies that are processed manually and rearranged all RECSA files. Additionally, it was proposed by a decree creating one newspaper complementary to the Official Gazette of Bolivia, in charge of publishing laws and government decrees, to publish, and summarized in simple formats as possible, all matters relating to establishment and modification of companies, public procurement notices, auction notices and judicial edicts. As of February 1994, for the vice presidency and UNDP by Jorge Torres, I participated in the formulation of a National Governance
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Programme, taking charge of the Judicial Reform component. Among the approaches embedded in the work, basically aimed to provide comprehensive treatment to the National Legal System Reform, ranging from the way it develops the legislative, enforcement and management, through a necessary decentralization and deconcentration of the judiciary, eliminating unnecessary instances and radically simplifying procedures in order to establish as many oral procedures, mechanisms and alternative dispute resolution technological modernization with electronic records and computer templates to replace the old records and judgments and resolutions LF, convoluted and contradictory, recommending that magistrates and judges administer justice and not just spend their time on administrative tasks that have no training, recommending the application of penalties for cases of judicial corruption. Blackmailers, extortionists, usurers and serving power brokers. They are all, of course, but it is an open secret that there are prosecutors who engage in profit from human misery or are directly responsible for it With an investigation that is open to anyone interested, you can identify the full force of a true mafia system in the administration of justice, with special emphasis on the prosecution. They are a succession of cases and events that resemble the abuses of the courts of inquisition. Which was presumed the guilt of the accused, rightly or wrongly, who were sterile colossal efforts to prove her innocence, when the sentence had already been given in advance. For that matter, is not to identify individual behaviors of some prosecutors, denounce them, process them and give them penalties, requires institutional responsibility of the prosecution to monitor, control and punish irregularities, as it were so, its officials . It is conceivable that the prosecution is limited to contemplate how the law and tramples human rights. What is happening is simply inadmissible, unjust, illegal and inhumane. Someone cleverly managed to convince prosecutors are quite powerful and unpunished, they can act on their discretionary criteria, bypassing laws and principles. They interpret the laws at will.
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Again, we can see that neither the problem nor the solution pass laws, but their enforcement and compliance. It is not tolerable that some administrators of justice and prosecutors intend to be above the law, they do not even bother to consult, are convinced that their views and their words are the only possible law. In specific cases and real, especially in property crimes such as fraud, breach of trust, racketeering, anyone can accuse, with evidence or without evidence, with or without evidence, and there begins to be exercised absolute power and impunity of the Prosecutor, Director Functional Research with the current code. Clear and blatant conspiracy primarily with usurers and other miscreants, have no objection to impute or accuse anyone, even if the obligation is civil and has been constitutionally abolished imprisonment for debt and equity obligations. The basic procedure is safe and highly lucrative. Loan sharks today, when it comes to real estate, providing a sales document with rescue pact, or possessory pledge and sudden death in the event of default if furniture or by irrevocable powers in the case of vehicles, naturally skyrocketing interest not detailed in the document and is deducted in advance. So much for the will and the need for the parties. The thing starts to get complicated when usurers seek judicial recovery of debts, initially attending a civil question, but if it takes effect quickly, proceed to hire a prosecutor to handle criminal proceedings. Attorney wins by double game, a commission for the monies recovered by this way extorsive and receives money, sexual favors and benefits they get from the defendants under various pretexts, with foolproof method of playing scared, the fear that people have of be indefinitely detained in inhumane conditions. With or without evidence, as the prosecutor charged to any person for any criminal charge. If the usurer, through negligence or save some money or for any other reason not incorporated by public deed or not registered its mortgage or lien in the public records in accordance with the provisions expressly by law, the prosecutor will call the registrars to
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testify the existence of liens or inscriptions nonexistent. Under this reasoning, we should close the public record, archive the principle of disclosure and enforceability and prosecutors are to dictate on the presence or absence of encumbrances and annotations. But it does not end there, is aggravated when it comes to bonds, which pass usurers play a role even more cruel and profitable. As most of the alleged offenders are poor heritage, lack the resources to comply with the presentation of sureties that, over the difficulty of getting them, must necessarily have a property to your name, making it virtually impossible for most part of the poor. The diabolical machinery composed of lawyers, witnesses, judges and prosecutors, proceeds to contact pious usurer, who naturally have property in your name, which, like good Samaritans, are engaged as usual sureties, but not before a series ensured mechanisms for the entrenched not flee or disappear and, of course, against a cash benefit as opportunity and the sinner. It may thus be lucre with the poor and needy, just abusing their condition. Undoubtedly, many of these problems stem from the lack of understanding or ignorance of the population open regarding the adversarial process, public, oral and continuous, which replaced the inquiry process and also the inadequacy of a rule imposed and misses the national character. The truth is that it is increasingly common practice of lynching physical media or the social outcry demanding that any defendant or suspect is immediately arrested, being driven to jail prisoner harder possible. You cannot keep hiding realities of poverty and human degradation. Someone needs to start educating and counseling to a population that still maintains the logic of inquiry that required a suspect is immediately arrested and have to prove their innocence, the performance should be monitored during the investigation of Attorney, avoiding interpretations or performances discretionary and arbitrary and, where appropriate, should be officially sanctioned acts contrary to the law. For nothing is sufficient for judicial review of the judges, no one can act outside the law and the research phase cannot be understood as consulting the opinion of any Tax, then transfer process null and void to the stage of the trials themselves, which come before the trial courts.
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When the prosecutor makes it to this stage and will be warned the defendant that has several years of judicial torture ahead and on which no one will compensate or indemnify, however innocent it happens to be, chances are you have lost heritage, work , health and family and only fits to Gardel going to sing. In 1995, through the Millennium Foundation, and the Ministry of Industry and Commerce made a new consultancy to streamline its procedures in the Register of Commerce and Corporations. In developing the work, not quite surprised with the amount of generic and specific records, each with their requirements and payment of discretionary established values that make formal business activity is very competitive and very complicated in terms of its operation and control . Business records, tax, municipal, labor, migration, health, professional, prefectural, transit and roads and many others make up a large network of obstacles that tends to increase and complicate the business, so it is recommended the gradual unification of records and simplification of procedures with the use of forms and registration systems and information. Undoubtedly, these mechanisms are nested records multiple large pockets of public corruption and legal uncertainty, besides encouraging rentier mentality in the administration of public affairs. In September 1994, began weekly publication in the Commercial Gazette newspaper "Today", in which Jorge Torres was appointed Director. Apart from publishing such an article, the rest was up and summary information modification companies, auctions and judicial edicts, tenders and public notices, which we reviewed daily for all national and local newspapers to extract the information and put it in the fields of databases that are then published. The purpose was to bring transparency and provide useful information for these activities scattered so far, which was not seen with pleasure by the newspapers that have significant revenue for publishing this information in full and high tariffs that limit access of large sectors of population and expensive procedures unreasonably. As currently conceived is not the existence of chemically pure breeds, saving some small residues ethnicities, there are no people absolutely ugly nor beautiful, from a human aesthetic standpoint, but it is valid to
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analyze the intuitive feelings that images provoke us, for what man has created signs, in addition to words, to graph gestures of joy, sadness, anger, pain, disgust, panic, terror, including masks depicting specific moods inherent in human nature. Gestures, facial expressions and attitudes are the elements we use to test the rebellions that from time to time, try the subjects of social ugliness. Undoubtedly, bad habits and bad habits contribute greatly to physical deformities and diseases, such as obesity. The ugliest of all is ethical and aesthetic degradation is being pushed as concrete signs abstract and difficult to change perception. To be in tune with the process, it seems that the message is displayed dirty, disheveled, speaking evil, whether one or more official languages of the Plurinational State. What they fail to understand is that, here and in any time and civilization, the ugly always be ugly, you do not need to be ugly to be original or that all are necessarily originating ugly, dirty, foul-mouthed, scruffy, smelly or rude. Speaking ill one or more languages will not make us more beautiful, or smarter, or more educated, and more supportive, and more human, and we will integrate more and join us, will make up to accentuate our conflicts, our differences and possibilities grow integration evaporate. It is urgent to set aside as much farce and imposture. Just to build the world of the ugly, the gross, the failed, the frustrated. Human laws say ugly must do more to show friendly, brutes must do more to learn to speak, read and write, to reason and speak properly. The ugly, including illustrated ignorant, have the same rights as everyone, but they have no right to deface the world in his image and likeness, because the human spirit will always look for the beauty, perfection, will be full of positive values, assess how good over evil, gestures on faces, humanity is light, shadow ever. The problems caused by the attitudes and grimaces sour, bitter, resentful some unpleasant without cause us into a society of disguises and deceptions, alcoholizar the habit of lifelong social and cultural, to kick harsh language, messing around, to throw away, to block what you can, cutting any public service, to demand everything and nothing, when, now, when, now, when fuck, fuck now, how long?

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16 The meeting convened by the President had the presence of defense ministers of the Presidency and Justice, the President of Representatives, the President of the Supreme Court, the coordinator of judicial reform and the U.S. ambassador. The President, after thanking the presence of the attending authorities said, by way of introduction, that sincerely deplored almost a matter of a personal nature, rather than institutional, is uncontrolled causing a series of incidents that went beyond the tolerable, so it was necessary to divert valuable time to buffer state authorities personal actions were affecting their own institutions and relations between the branches of government. Councillor Paravicini has come much farther than he imagined, but also far beyond what is prudent and what we can afford it, I admit, perhaps the initial enthusiasm aroused judicial reform, all were surprised and maybe we were very contemplative with rebellious attitudes, irreverent and rebellious clashes that resulted in virtually all instances, based on the Supreme Court, Minister of Justice, Constitutional Court, District Courts, Bar Associations, Association of Judges with complaints, prosecutions and sanctions of all kinds, without consulting anyone. As if we did not have enough internal problems to the arrest of Chairman requirement for extradition made by the Argentine Judge Canicoba, Paravicini has had the audacity to publicly declare their agreement with the order and explained his approach in the sense that decision was in the hands of the U.S. Embassy, so that, according to him, it would probably be denied. Practically since before his inauguration in office has been devoted to statements and interviews almost daily, always announcing denouncing irregularities and processes, we must recognize that in some cases with success and relevance, but always acting alone and without coordinating with anyone.

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In fact, the Judicial Council itself, conceived as the engine of judicial reform, has been a source of conflict within the judiciary, its members have constant differences and their relationship to the Supreme Court is in conflict permanent. But what was surpassed all limits of Paravicini attendance before the Joint Committee of the National Congress constitution, which was presented enmanillado, faced the senators whom he called ignorant and corrupt and then left with the word in the mouth without giving option to uniformed police officers and civilians who had been deployed in the offices of Congress had a chance to act. Many think that this situation is going to remedy the legal actions were initiated against him, but as time passed and then distract with a temporary license, somehow managed to escape from the criminal and returned as if anything its duties to pursue more vigorously, being a hero in the fight against corruption. All this has been very severe, an attack not only important for the Commission of the National Congress for senators who compose it, has been an unforgivable insult to the political system, the democratic concept of power and the rule of law. If so with Ministers and Senators, with the President of the Republic who is also accused of corruption in the judiciary, for instance there is no longer legal to respect and obey, and this, believe it or not only a nationally unprecedented act, but is an unprecedented move in the history of world democracy, it is a challenge to the very foundations of governance, which of course is something that cannot go unpunished and is after an invitation for any congressman, senator, minister or magistrate interpele any authority and disrespect by way of separation of powers, is a glaring risk to the basic principles of governance. For the one percent of what he did in democracy, military rule had already been underground. Since we cannot keep wasting time with this issue, which is more detailed knowledge of these, ask the Judicial Reform Coordinating us a brief summary of the background and then analyze the measures that have been taken. Complementing the above by the President, I recall that the Chief Executive was appointed Paravicini almost accidentally when his DNA
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already had two representatives, one MIR and the MNR did not have a suitable candidate, so agreed with the choice Paravicini, after verification that had no political militancy, especially in the MIR. When he was a candidate, the day before the election in Congress, a journalist discovered him and there began his unstoppable romance with social media began to give permanent, broad and increasing coverage. Shortly after his appointment as Director of the Judiciary, was invited to give a lecture at the National Chamber of Commerce, On that occasion, the Minister of Justice and the Ombudsman made an explanation and a measured analysis of judicial reform and their goals, very different from the above by Paravicini, who began attacking the legal tomes (that was the term he used to refer to courthouses), and very high cost of precious, very functional for the proper administration of justice , prosecutions and ritualistic archaic colonial tradition, lack of institutional and independence of the judiciary and judicial officers, poor training of lawyers and judges, the centrality of justice that had just begun to bring to citizens, cutting radically decentralize administration procedures and establishing alternative mechanisms of conflict resolution, making the Supreme Court only known cases of extraordinary importance, leaving the bulk of the issues to be resolved in only two instances and regionally, establishing permanent Codifying Commission to clean and sort the abundant legislative introduce monitoring systems causes the electronic file, remote notification, templates to simplify judgments and decisions, citizens unrestricted access to information via remote procedure to remove the real factors retarding justice, suggesting that judges and magistrates be heading exclusively to administer justice, thereby ending the waste of human and material resources and dramatically penalizing acts of judicial corruption, proposals caused a stir and an auditorium overwhelmed unnoticed had not expected such a flood of ideas, events that are more like protocol. As I reiterate several times, in his opinion, the judicial delay is not due to material limitations of infrastructure or human resources, it would be the product of a system specifically designed for it, ranging from the morass of endless processes indentured and its voluminous records to
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the extensive and contradictory judgments in which, he says, when you win in recitals is because they lost in the operative paragraphs, and therefore considers that an objective system of case tracking, effective sanctions for judicial corruption at all levels and the proper selection of human resources, it is perfectly possible to update the entire caseload of no more than one year without requiring additional resources. Within months of starting their functions, Teresa Rivero of Cusicanqui sent the media a supposed letter of complaint against Paravicini, signed by some men and Mamani Quispe, who claimed that the director had starred in a brawl in the city of Santa Cruz, in a brothel with women of ill repute and he consulted by journalists obviously noted the incongruity of the accusation, adding that if he showed a brothel with reputable women and nuns were, he immediately pensioned. Moreover, being just travel in Europe, the grotesque letter fell about her weight and Paravicini was licensed to perform any type of activity. Another was the fate of Guido Chvez, whom he brokered the same Councillor unhappy lover a young and renewed scandals which occurred even at the family level. The first serious conflict of Judicial Council came to the public call for ministers launched the Supreme Court. According to the Directors expressly agreed with Chavez and Teresa Guido Rivero of Cusicanqui and President of the Supreme Court, as Chairman of the Board, in the event that they had done the same with the Directors Martha Villazn and Lus Carlos Paravicini , proceeded to make the list of applicants and sign it by the first three, to which the other two refused saying they had not participated in the preparation of payroll. Counselors were summoned to the Vice President, which was agreed to proceed with a new public call. The second time, but already there the actual participation of all directors, the controversy was about whether the candidates qualified as a methodology or merely elaborated and sent a list of qualified alphabetical order, as sought by the Constitution Committee. After discussions and consultations, it was agreed that the development of a methodology for rating the candidates on their merits and demerits. In the meantime, as is customary in these cases, someone made an alleged payroll filtered through a reporter Sucre, which caused a
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severe but brief confrontation with the press and with the Constitution Committee that very reluctantly finally agreed that payrolls have rated .. Even then you would know that it was a carefully planned operation to detail, with the participation of elements of intelligence and special operations, the intervention of the Office of Real Rights in the city of La Paz was a precision operation that led to the discovery , before the cameras of the press, officials at various levels of the office handling documents and illicit money, caught in flagrante full and without any possible doubt. As an immediate consequence, seventeen people were arrested and gave their statements and the office was operated by the District Superior Court. After some time, the Registrar and officials raised a number of legal remedies, besides the restitution, received salaries that were reset and dilution processes and responsibilities, so they changed the working methods and were careful to perform illegal transactions in nightclubs and private offices nearby and no longer in their units. When the Board came to the Judicial Council, the administrative management was centralized in the Treasury Branch, which was the instance that handled and decided, almost discretion and formality to the approval by the Plenary Chamber of Ministers, the entire management goods and human and financial resources of the judiciary, including approval of building plans, appointment of personnel, budgets and contracts which, by their growing complexity and magnitude, began to consume much of the time that should be devoted to the resolution of court cases se. Issues concerning technological developments were virtually stagnant. It was the anecdotal case of purchase of a simple fax machine, which had caused discrepancies in plenary session and, when it was considered by the Council for its definition, and was discontinued. In the diagnosis of Chemonics consultant, whose studies had cost millions to the judiciary and were kept or concealed as state secrets, the emphasis was on the enormous limitations and major damages were to bring issues of technology decisions of the Plenary composed exclusively of lawyers. The monitoring system of criminal cases,
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IANUS, funded by USAID, was stalled for years without any practical application. The Judicial Reform Project of the World Bank was limited to consultancies and recurrent training judges, especially in Costa Rica, Puerto Rico and Spain that tour were to favor friends and judges and lawyers with no institutional benefit. The forum began plagarse Bolivian masters, some doctors and most really phony. Taken together, the judiciary functioned like a big family, in the bad sense of the term. The Ministers had their wives, nieces and children as Notaries Public Fe, advisors or key administrative positions. Which were also designated to judges and magistrates in their districts, where they had to solve direct interference in the affairs and instruct all staff in each court, whose members did the same with the judges and they match with the instructional therefore had ministers representing each judicial district, who were masters in their administrative and jurisdictional fiefdoms. Nepotism was the absolute ruler, the current form of labor. After years, was intended to start the monitoring system of civil cases, for which he had finally made the bid and award millions of software licenses, ie first and investing in technology that will inevitably be obsolete and then would the design of the system itself, which was subject to licensing and software capabilities. World upside down, in which loans are spent on goods and services from the lender and the country is left with the debt, the process and bureaucratic costs of borrowing. By chance, several claims before trial, it was discovered that all judicial deposits had evaporated and there were no records or control of tens of millions of dollars. In the first inquiry, it was established that a few million dollars had been retained by the Ministry of Finance and the Comptroller General of the Republic, were deposits that were made when litigants tax court. Other amounts had been arranged by some banks and deposit accounts were also particular furniture judges and judicial offices and drawers, so that from then on, they were recovering some million. As the devil does not know who he works for, once I resigned from the Board, the Chairman and members had no objection to arrange and
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authorize those resources, which were deposits of litigants and legally were consolidated for Judicial Treasury after 3 years if not claimed, will be used in the payment of two bonds, equivalent to two full salaries without discount of any kind in favor of judicial officers. . The passing of irregular situations criminal because deposits could not be returned within reason was legal because no one about their location, no way was an act of liberality or generosity of the litigants, who wandered by various judicial departments recover their money. Moreover, the bonds were clearly illegal and in no way could still be paid and validated on the grounds of acquired rights, the same as doctors use to oppose the eight-hour workday full cone applies to all workers public sector, had been abolished by law expressly these benefits and privileges. Lawyers such as board members, they would not have problems with judges and judicial officers and had no qualms about authorizing payment of illegal bonuses resources judicial deposits, which have been generated by judgments of responsibility millionaire sums. Until now a total mystery deposits and administration. The Judicial Branch budget is tiny in relation to other public bodies and entities, equivalent to 3% of the total, which amounted to about seventy million dollars a year, over 50% were covered by the General Treasury of the Nation and called the balance with its own revenues, which actually come from real rights and a small balance for stamps and judicial values. For these features, long ago it was established that the absolute gratuity in the administration of justice and the elimination of rings and judicial values, which were also another source of corruption in the judiciary and the press counterfeiting ring that operated inside and on the same premises of justice, even in their own courts. In 1999, through a partnership with Communications El Pas, Paravicini & Associates launched five CDs containing the full texts of legislation active with unexpected success, sold nearly nine thousand games at a time when there were not many teams with readers and were tens of thousands of pirated copies, reaching every corner of the country with

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which, thereafter, would SILEG, consolidated system as one of the best in the South American. The initial calculations were not very optimistic Paravicini, to the extent that aside three games in the magazine rack to reduce somewhat the eventual failure, for it seemed very exaggerated to the middle and when editing nearly ten thousand sets that were sent manufacturing in Spain and then in Peru, but also economic success was overwhelming. Then came the website Legal Bolivia and the arrival of hundreds of thousands of readers and subscribers around the world, established itself as a stable, automated, content-rich and concerning themselves about legislation and law in Bolivia. From his experience in the computer field, the Chief Executive was appointed Paravicini responsible for coordinating all aspects of management and technology management. Along with Guido Chvez were appointed coordinators for the proposed restructuring of real rights, funded by the World Bank and then had a very low budget execution related solely to the payment of wages and salaries of the project. After two years, the Royals ran Rights Project budget and any additional budget. It developed a modern and efficient system of registration of real rights, the recognition of the World Bank itself and it was initially installed in La Paz, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, then it gradually grew in other cities, where time was reduced registration and registration that lasted years, months or weeks to a maximum of forty or seventy-two hours, the system was ready for remote access users, was drastically curtailed the role of servicers and settled common computer security mechanisms records and detecting irregularities. Contrary to what happened earlier, arrears and they originate in the bureaucracy of international funding agencies. Once, before a clear set of interests that occurred within the World Bank, in which three equipment suppliers struggled to a major award, and with the comings and goings of the objections not arriving, the Full Council opted to dispense with that part of the financing and equity purchase equipment with the judiciary, which not only helped save the contingency and expedite the implementation of the project, but it was a timely warning
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to the international bureaucrats understand that it was not a game or a mere alms. Against all the provisions, the Counsel Paravicini dispatched their affairs too fast, slow in entering more than leaving your office, made an excessive delegation of tasks and responsibilities among the members of his staff, was fully up to date disciplinary matters rightful view, and still had the luxury of having lots of free time to devote to media interviews. Inexplicably colleagues had many businesses and generally were overwhelmed. In disciplinary proceedings, in Santa Cruz held the first oral public disciplinary proceedings against magistrates and judges, which was chaired by Paravicini, with Hugo Salces, President of the High Court and the Vocal Jos Lus Dabdoub. With the room full of lawyers and journalists, the case against the web of corruption, an alleged vallegrandina lodge, culminated in the resignation of Alfredo Red Valley Vocal and severe sanctions against several judges and officials, in addition to sending the records to the Attorney General for criminal prosecution. But Rojas Valley proved to be one of the key men of the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement in the Superior Court of the District of Santa Cruz, Jos Lus paradoxically Vocal Dabdoub was one of them and your process is affected not only a political party, but Root altered the political balance in the administration and management of the Court, so that the matter reached the highest level of political party operators, resulting Carlos Sanchez Berzain the most indignant, so devoted to denouncing the Council was distributed between two DNA and two MIR and to seek the dismissal of Paravicini . Unexpectedly, on a trip to Trinidad for two days, Paravicini was dedicated to addressing issues that were pending for years and had caused even gun fights. Indeed, since his arrival in the city, no one predicted a greater chance of success, as a number of lawyers and judges denounced and waited what ostensibly armed conflict, to the extent that the director asked to leave weapons at reception Court and after considerable oral hearings, were clarified all outstanding complaints and disciplinary sanctioned several judges and magistrates. The case of the "narcojueces" of Cochabamba had a longer and more
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complex process. The daily presence had made a series of publications, reports and interviews and documented with photographs, provided by the American Embassy, which showed the binding of Judges and Magistrates of Cochabamba and illegal favorable rulings in favor of forty-seven drug bigwigs. At the head was the Vocal Toms Molina Cspedes, the tests were also given to the District Attorney and the Judicial Council, had been obtained by U.S. agents using the most sophisticated technology and coursing in investigations were so forcefully that the disciplinary tribunal consisting of the President of the Superior District Court, a Member of the same and the Chief Paravicini, in any case in a minority situation, unanimously found proven offenses and serious offenses, providing for dismissal Vocal Toms Molina Cspedes and drastic sanctions to magistrates, judges and officials who had provided assistance. On appeal, and without Paravicini, the Full Council endorsed the resolution. Toms Molina Cespedes, Judge, had already clear signs specifically encourage people linked to drug trafficking. He closeness with leaders of various political parties, wrote a book about the Phalangist leader Oscar Unzaga de la Vega. Sponsored by all political parties appealed claiming the unconstitutionality of Article 53 of the law of the Judicia Council to sanction the commission of serious offenses by dismissal

The Constitutional Court could not withstand the tremendous pressures of political parties without exception and from the judiciary itself, including bar associations and judges, and a forced interpretation provided that no judge can be removed but is based on final judgment, adding the constitutional text the word criminal, of his own, so as to prevent administrative sentence, as was the Council could remove some narcojuez, or a judge found in his office chuto filling judicial caresses a litigant least one judge who was discovered accidentally getting a few thousand dollars in his office, which, in addition and for the Constitutional Court and the political system was an enclosure inviolable, almost sacred, that could not be raided by the Council abusive Judiciary. With the glittering success, once canceled the Judicial Council in its disciplinary function, almost the raison d'tre of this institution, Tomas
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Molina was returned as Member of the Court of Cochabamba, finished release and favor bigwigs drugs that were still being held and then he held the position of National Director of Prisons in all successive governments. How could it be otherwise, a major equity holder, used his position of maximum prison authorities to meet daily in the prison of San Pedro with his friend, the former dictator Luis Garcia Mesa, who then published a thick volume with memories. Surely for idiosyncratic reasons, disciplinary tasks Paravicini had enough support in Santa Cruz in eastern Bolivia in general, even within the judiciary itself. For the construction of the Palace of Justice in Cobija, Pando, who already had a scandalous purchase for the price of a swamp, in a one-hour meeting, managed to stoop over a million dollars building medium build, at a cost of more than seven million dollars to a city with less than twenty thousand inhabitants and not more than one year trial. What could cover Cobija required with no more than five hundred thousand dollars, but so do all other judicial constructions sometimes and instead of undersized, but always with extraordinary price and luxury materials and equipment or inappropriate The building of the Court was delivered solemnly Pando by President Carlos Mesa and gross irregularities were forgotten and left the construction of the Palace of Justice in Santa Cruz, a tome expensive, or that of Cochabamba and not what say, of La Paz, examples of how not to build buildings to administer justice. While in the judicial districts of Oruro and Potosi there were no major problems in the administration of justice, in La Paz, the surprise intervention apart from the office of real rights, the judicial reform made against their main stronghold, it somehow also replicated in Cochabamba, Chuquisaca and Tarija. Possibly influence the idiosyncrasies of most of the Aymara population occupying the seat of government and El Alto, but surely is determining the undeniable fact that both cities are political breathing, living largely on politics, they are concentrated decisions that are made and also lie where conflicts are managed politically.

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The way of life, customs and values of the Aymara and Quechua people who live west of the country has marked and own characteristics. While formally submitted to the rules imposed by the Spanish colonization, maintained their strong cultural principles, without losing their identity and took some traditions and customs to merge or combine with its own cultural evolution, but always keeping collectivist orientation and practice in resolving their internal conflicts, totally opposed to the individualistic conception of formal law and artificially imposed by the conquerors. Introverted character, plus the Quechua Aymara, with innate vocation for trade and almost infinite patience to endure insults and humiliations, his social life is conceivable only about the community and its interests. Lack an important legal construction, but its principles and values are solid and full implementation. Therefore, their ideas of freedom, democracy and justice are totally different and the designations of authorities obey their own systems of government and administration. They respect the experience and wisdom of older and older but the reactions are unpredictable when they lose patience. Quite the opposite, in eastern Bolivia, whatever their ethnic or national origin, warm weather environments with large and colorful character helped forge the cheerful, outgoing, honest and up reveler inhabitants, lacking patience necessary to make political or union activities, people seek immediate practical solutions to problems, not like anything of speeches but enjoys and takes every pretext for conversation and conversation. Consequently, being so predictable and impatient, are bad politicians. Possibly by the harsh climate cope with adversity better spirits of all kinds. Under such conditions, the Judicial Council failed to take off in the discipline, in La Paz, complex scenario in cohabiting castes and classes very different, with values and principles that come to be antagonistic in many cases. Strange amalgam of indigenous, cholos, birlochas, mestizos, Caucasian and revolutionary or metaphysical philosophers pipiolos with Andean ethnocentric worldview, people of lower strata launches into wrenching, inconsolable screaming or unstoppable and endless accusations and insults when presented with a misfortune or a conflict, which leads to excessive ritualism in the
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forms and discussions .. There are occasions that leverage to get all the anger contained and stored for centuries. In La Paz there were several significant social issues that did not move forward or back or unless the issue of property rights in the institutionalized corruption that fully recovered and restored more than the old mafia system, which contributed greatly to the lack of continuity and change of authorities, most with serious limitations in the use of technologies and concepts of modern management organization and therefore chose to remove the great progress and return to manual processes and discretionary, which became indefinite time processing, legal uncertainty and the large crowds and lines at their offices. There were also cases like FOCSAP, the rebel banker Roberto Landivar for EGTK terrorists, in which Alvaro Garcia Linera and their companion were imprisoned for more than five years without trial of any kind, cases where judges excusing were going to meet and resolve the issues, with or without good reason. Paravicini was unrelated or personally knew none, so his performance was not a favor or anything, just worried about unfair treatment and abuse. As a very sensitive issue was the case of the rape and murder of the girl Patricia Flores. After several years, the process has not progressed beyond the research and there was a person, Odo Mendoza, who was accused of being author and remanded in custody in jail. Something or many things happened and there was a report commissioned by FBI in which the authors stated that, according to scientific tests, were three and not one. Called the judge overseeing the case, Armando Pinilla, who soon after was promoted to Member of the Court, said he was pressured by a government policy not to advance the process, but ordered to do so or to surrender, committed in advance and conclude the instance a period not exceeding one month. Have passed more than 12 years and the only suspect arrested was released despite the FBI report, never publicly met the other two authors, but had enough data and evidence to identify them, but not to prosecute and punish less due to the intervention of a powerful politician who, according to gossip, could have been one of the coauthors of the tremendous crime. And to this day, no one came to talk about it. As the Judicial Council had no effective disciplinary powers, Paravicini
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instructed to be referred the background of all judges involved in these illegalities to the Attorney General for criminal prosecution. Luis Vasquez Villamor, former Minister of Justice, Labour and Chairman of the Chamber of Deputies, a dynamic person with strong professional knowledge and leading advocate of judicial reform, the structural defect had to be extraordinarily functional submissive and political power, that virtually deprived of a personality and made, despite significant positions he held during his long career has gone through more pain than glory, almost symbolizing the fall of the old political system. The reaction of the judges to be processed was hormonal and immediately convened the first judicial strike protest in La Paz, before they had done in Cochabamba with the issue of narcojueces. As political and trade union activities are prohibited as incompatible with the judicial function, Paravicini responded with memos impeachment against the directors of the Association of Judges who, having joined in political union, had also committed to their duties implied waiver court. In the morning I had to start legal strike and possible dismissal savvy in office, union leaders ordered the suspension of the strike that was as a simple act of protest to avoid penalties for judges who are excused for all or nothing and retardation and who engaged in denial of justice, publicly, inadmissible and indefinite. The chairman of the judges rebels, Rigoberto Paredes, from then devoted the rest of his judicial career to find tried by court if there was any case against Paravicini to get something so unlike an administrator of justice, revenge at any cost. Luis Vasquez Villamor took the lead, unfortunately personal, get close to the carriage of disciplinary and, in a joint press conference with Paravicini announced an alliance of the three branches of government to fight corruption. Within hours of such dramatic announcements, retracted his announced purposes and assumed a critical attitude on the performance of the Chief Paravicini, who called his office at the Ministry of Labour to suggest relinquish his post as soon as possible, adding to orders already made two justice ministers, the Joint Committee on Constitution, Bar Associations and Judges Association. On the occasion, he said he no longer had the support of the U.S. Embassy, which was very important in effectively managing
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Ambassador Donate Hrinak, but that changed dramatically with the arrival of Ambassador Manuel Rocha. 'In a fight going out disheveled minimum, it is best to give up,' he had said briskly but friendly. At that time, the Minister of Justice had initiated proceedings culminated its predecessor Ana Maria Cortez, for a loan of twenty million IDB, to run through the Institutional Reform Program (PRI) Vice dependent of Republic. The statement by the representative of the international project left bewildered even the most prudish members of the Judicial Council, it was the massive recruitment of Spanish consultants, with a monthly salary of fifteen thousand dollars per head for consultancies that had already been made several times and in several previous times and other investments equally disproportionate and disadvantages. By becoming the representation of the case, the Minister claimed that because Chan Counselor Paravicini the country would lose credit millionaire IDB and, of course, again asked for his resignation. Through Institutional Reform Program, which was placed directly in the Government Palace, the documentation came with instructions for a new millionaire and consulting on the operation of the judiciary. Outside the Council proceeded with the process, and was awarded to a partnership composed accidental an American company had not done any work of this kind in Latin America, except in Bolivia, knew neither laws nor customs associated with a Bolivian company formed in time to submit the proposal, represented by Jorge Cavero, brother Ramiro Cavero, Minister Jorge "Tuto" Quiroga, President of the Republic, who previously was in charge of the PRI as Vice President. The work, besides being unnecessary should not have cost more than two hundred thousand dollars, was awarded to nearly one million five hundred thousand dollars, opposed the Chief Paravicini. In late 2001 the Minister of the Supreme Freddy Reynolds had sent a note asking the Chief Paravicini collaboration to assist in processing the expropriation of land that had belonged to the Supplementary Fund for Oil Workers of Bolivia for the Judiciary. Without much diplomacy, Paravicini replied that a task of the Council that he should not worry about other administrative matters, apart from the delicate tasks that

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corresponded courts. Reynolds returned the answer which is inappropriate and offensive to him. The President of the Chamber of Deputies, Luis Vasquez, received the Chief Paravicini to hear arguments and threats Nielsen Federico Reyes, president of the Civic Committee of La Paz, on the need to conclude the procedures for expropriation of land owned by the former oil workers. Vasquez finished passing joke Counselor reproach against alleged civic leader, who explained that all administrative and despite the wishes of the Minister Reynolds, was attribution of the Council that the expert appraisal was grossly inflated, that the land had faults and that no one would gain without serious geological survey, but above all, that these were lands that had passed into state property and that it was impossible that the judiciary be given to inappropriate and unnecessary expropriate land owned by the State of which the same Judiciary was part, ie, the state cannot expropriate themselves. Nielsen Reyes had the nobility to apologize and admit that he had received erroneous information. In a meeting to consider the issue of infrastructure judiciary presiding Minister Freddy Reynolds, he thought it was the right opportunity to vent all their anger by accusing failed Paravicini estate managements have interfered and prevented the acquisition of valuable land in the city of La Paz, Minister's home district and next to the President of the Superior Court District, Martinez Rafael Barrero, tenaciously patient had handled for years. After a short exchange of words, Paravicini left the meeting. The Chief was sure that things were coming to a turning point or return unresolved. They considered several options, one was to give up on all the progress, lower profile and fully and unconditionally become functional to the system, maintaining the privileges of office and paving the way to a modus vivendi which Councillor and Martha had Villazn definitely out, overwhelmed by the tremendous political pressure from the MIR and frightened by the overwhelming power facto counselors who had taken DNA. Another option, as untimely, was to seek the patronage of a political party to continue in office under rules agreed at the political level. The other, the inevitable, was to force the break to leave the Council without concessions, therefore preserving the
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principles of honesty and conciencial with each and every one of his actions, aware of the incalculable material damage that would result. Paravicini, who for some time was insane clown charged, stepped out with a strange statement said he was not ashamed to tell you clown, because that was a more worthy than many other, less crazy, as crazy are those who think differently and are therefore called to change the world of the sane and conformist. Respect the critics and the constant criticism, said that they are as powerless, they know how to do but cannot. Communication received from a judgment of the Court of Honor of the Bar Association of La Paz which was suspended for two years in the practice of the legal profession, as had been decided in a secret process and lightning, which also meant used to suspend it in the position of Director, as interpreted according to the lawyers, to be a director is required to be a practicing lawyer and the suspension in the exercise of the profession entailed suspension in public. Finally we outlined a path to get rid of the intruder to the system. Almost from the beginning of the Council, relations with the bar associations were difficult. Worsened much when Paravicini decided, with the approval of the Comptroller, require lawyers accountable for more than twenty million Bolivians who had received the Judiciary, to which they resisted citing their institutional autonomy. As time went on, the discrepancies were increasing, so frankly lawyers lined up against the Council and particularly the Chief Paravicini, who is not only the nicknames of abogansters but illegal fees charged to the Bar They performed Lawyers. In practice, I knew that the Bar were readying lawsuits against almost all capitals. With that background, ensuring that not the result of a hormonal reaction, addressed a note to the full Board communicated its decision not to attend any public event at which were present the Minister Freddy Reynolds, including plenary meetings were chaired by interim Minister real estate. Months earlier, lawyers Armando Villafuerte, Eduardo Rodrguez and Carlos Tovar Guttzlaff largely by pressure from the U.S. Embassy, were elected Ministers without even postulate these charges. In February 2002, Armando Villafuerte sent a note informing his election
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as President of the Supreme Court, invoking pursue collaboration and coordination between the organs of the judiciary, the note was received, read and answered immediately, as was his usual, by the director. The following Saturday, the Secretary of Chamber presented Paravicini's house to tell it had proceeded to remove the note addressed to him by an error Villafuerte, as had been sealed and sent by the Secretary of Cam own facsimile Villafuerte's signature. For those days were already made public the painful history Villafuerte professionals. Important adviser during the dictatorship of Garcia Mesa, came to occupy the Chair of the Subcommittee on Reorganization of intervened Bolivian University and one of the main activities of your firm was virtually monopolize the adoption proceedings of Bolivian children. Villafuerte admitted these ends ensuring that lawyers do not choose their clients and the work they do. In mid-March he met the full Board, without notice or summons to Paravicini, collected a false safety report which indicated that for months they did not see Paravicini at the offices of the Council considered the letter on the absence public events in which he was the Minister Freddy Reynolds, that the incumbent President have had no reason to be, and based on such records passed between Villafuerte, Teresa Rivero and Guido Chavez ordered the exclusion of Paravicini holding sheets, arranged making their offices, changing sheets and confiscated to his love letters. The foundation of all was an alleged dereliction of duty and breach of duty, without any right to trial or even the slightest defense, what would informally validated by the Constitutional Commission, but never earned a ruling of the competent body, Congress. The March 12, 2002 the President signed into law Tuto Quiroga 2338, known as Anti Paravicini Act, designed and managed in record time by Luis Vasquez Villamor. "Amend temporarily, until the reconstitution of the Judicial Council and all its members, Article 16 of Law No. 1817 of December 22, 1997 with the following text: "ARTICLE l6 . - (Quorum, decisions and votes)
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I. The full Judicial Council is made up of four directors over the President, who is also President of the Supreme Court, who will meet, deliberate and validly vote. The quorum shall be at least three of the five members. The attendance of the Directors is mandatory, unless excused license. II. Decisions are taken by simple majority of members present in room. The administrative decisions should be denominated "agreements" and in disciplinary matters "resolutions". III. Minutes of meetings of the Council, as established in the regulations, specifying the dissenting votes. "Here is the text of this law. Paravicini could not participate in the constitutional protection 'against their colleagues who filed counselors, because he was suspended by the Law Society, had dereliction of duty and breach of duty, according to the report of the three qualifying members of the Judicial Council. The Constitutional Court considered the same, therefore overruled the appeal, but somehow more consciential of its members, in the same ruling, declared that, as the National Congress which had elected him, was the only body to rule on whether or not Paravicini kept as a counselor, binding judgment hitherto Congress refuses to consider ..

II.

III.

Constitutional Judgment No. 689/2002-R Sucre, June 13, 2002 File: 2002-04365-09-RAC Parties: Luis Carlos Armando Paravicini against Villafuerte Claros Jordan, President of the Supreme Court and the Judicial Council, Teresa Chavez and Guido Rivero Mendez, members of the Judicial Council Subject: Constitutional Protection District: Chuquisaca Judge Rapporteur: Dr. Felipe Tredinnick Abasto Watched: In review, Resolution 068/02 of 11 April 2002, Trainee at p. 105-108, made by the Social and Administrative Chamber of the Superior Court of Chuquisaca, within the Constitutional Amparo filed by
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Luis Carlos Armando Paravicini Jordan against Villafuerte Claros, Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Council, Teresa Rivero and Guido Mendez Chavez, members of the Judicial Council, the background that present in the record, and WHEREAS: In the review of records, provides as follows: 1. On April 6, 2002, for a memorial cursante fs. 12-15, Luis Carlos Paravicini raised in this Appeal, stating that he was elected and sworn in by Congress, as Director of the Judiciary Judiciary staff for a period of ten years and may be suspended when issued indictment against him judgment of responsibility for crimes committed in the exercise of their duties or leaving office for the reasons provided in the Act, as the feature arts. 122 constitutional and 6, 7, 9, 11 and 12 of the Law of the Judicial Council. In the period quota will perform interim president of the Supreme Court and the Judicial Council, Dr. Freddy Reynolds Eguia, were raised with him and the other members of the Judicial Council, appropriate functions differences. He thought things would change, and possession for the election of Dr. Armando Villafuerte Claros, as President of the Supreme Court and the Judicial Council, who on March 13, 2002 I sent a note in which he expressed that he hoped " have its strong cooperation in the specific field of their powers ", so his person answered the March 20, 2002, giving its strong collaboration. But this, the March 22, 2002, received the Chairman's Note 124/2002 of 14 March 2002, against which-uses for constitutional protection, which exonerates him of his duties, by stating that his person is no longer a member of the Judicial Council and who delivers his office and documents are in charge, says the arbitrary decision-appellant relies not on any substantive legal standard, unless the 2338 Act cited in note In support of its exemption. His person-aggregate has not ceased to be a Director of the Judiciary and its endowment cannot be ignored by the authorities appealed, as they have done through the Presidency Note 124/2002, thus violating their rights and guarantees recognized by Arts. 6, 7 incs. b), c), d), h)

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and j), 14, 16, 29, 32, 35, 122 and 228 of the State Constitution and arts. 6, 7, 9, 11 and 12 of Law 1817 of the Judicial Council. After exhausting all ordinary and extraordinary means of defense, this action raises, asking to be declared admissible and determining the ineffectiveness of the Note by the President of the Supreme Court 124/2002, we will convene meetings full Board, ordering the cancellation of its retained assets and imposing civil and criminal liability. 2. A fs. 101-104 attends the minutes of public hearing on April 11, 2002, where the appellant, through his attorney, reiterated the terms of their demand and expanded by stating that: a) is not appealed to the National Congress, As providence was never notified any of that entity, refers to an alleged complaint that the full Council would have done, b) despite having said he would not attend the plenary sessions, it is not true that there was dereliction of duty done and c) no it can relieve them of their duties, when there has been a judgment of liability or an internal administrative process. In turn, the authorities appealed for coursing fs report. 22-26, which he read in open court, stated: a) the applicant, by letter of January 17, 2002, made known his decision not to attend any meeting of the full Board, conduct constituting a crime of dereliction of duty and dereliction of duty, provided by Arts. 154 and 156 of the Penal Code, with that attitude causing irreparable damage to the institution, b) in fact the appellant has tacitly waived its functions performed by abandonment, open participation in political negotiations and publicly expressed his irrevocable resignation, c) Regarding the note I had been sent the President asking for his cooperation, was mistakenly sent by the Secretary General of the Presidency, d) Presidency Note of 124/2002 is silent regarding a dismissal or acquittal, only lets you know that the 2338 Act was first applied for abandoning their functions, e) exemption from Councillor Paravicini, is a prerogative of the authorities that he was appointed, so that on three occasions was made aware of the situation Congress in which the appellant is, to take appropriate legal determinations, f) its assets have been retained as an administrative measure and shall be the competent authority to confirm or revoke the decision and g) before the delivery of the National
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Congress, cannot be used Amparo characterized by subsidiarity, not be a substitute for any other remedy. Resolution fs leaving. 105-108, declares inadmissible the appeal with costs and fine, with the following arguments: a) if the applicant considered that the full Board performed illegal acts, he should have applied to the full "review, revision or review", and not just accused of illegal acts, etc., in its reply of 26 March 2002 and b) the authorities reported this situation appealed to Congress, which has sole jurisdiction to hear cases of cessation of functions and without any response from the Congress, The appellant raises this Amparo is not a substitute for other actions. Whereas: the analysis of the actuated, summarized in the preceding points, we conclude: 1. On January 17, 2002, Luis Carlos Paravicini, appellant informed the House Judiciary Council will not attend "any official act or meetings called or where it is present the Minister Freddy Reynolds", given to the terms "injurious "needlessly dumped by the Minister Reynolds against him. (Folio 84). 2. The Chairman of the Supreme Court and the Judicial Council, Freddy Reynolds Eguia, in January 22, 2002, quotes the directors, including the appellant to the extraordinary meeting of the full Board, the same day, for treat hearing Presidents and members of the Superior Court of La Paz and miscellaneous. (Folio 27). (Without any evidence that such transfer took place and whether or not the appellant attended to). 3. On January 24, 2002, by memorandum addressed to the President of Congress, Freddy Reynolds Eguia, requested the convening of the Congress for the appointment of a new director, given that Carlos Paravicini would forego his duties as director and abandoned office, a fact that is a dereliction of duty and dereliction of duty, to criminal sanctions, concluding that it has waived its functions. (Pages 78-79). 4. On February 4, 2002, Freddy Reynolds Eguia, cites only to directors, Guido Chavez and Teresa Rivero of Cusicanqui a regular meeting of
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the Full Council to be held on February 5, in order to consider: disciplinary issues, administrative and miscellaneous. (Folio 87). 5. In a note dated March 12, 2002, Freddy Reynolds, the President of Congress reiterates its request for appointment of new directors at the same time tells Paravicini participation in partisan political negotiations with a view to the forthcoming elections, confirming the removal and cessation of functions of the appellant, a situation that causes a lack of quorum for the Council to continue to function (pages 80). 6. Law Enactment 2338, on March 12, 2002, by amending Article transiently. Act 16 of 1817, up to the reconstitution of the Judicial Council and all its members, providing that the House Judiciary Council is made up of four members plus its President, Council will meet, deliberate and validly vote. The quorum shall be at least three of the five members. Decisions are taken by simple majority (pages 8-9). 7. On March 13, 2002, Armando Villafuerte Claros tells the appellant his appointment as President of the Supreme Court, requesting their cooperation in the specific field of its powers. (Pages 2). On March 20, 2002, the appellant acknowledges Armando note Villafuerte and offers his strong cooperation. (Pages 3). 8. On March 20, 2002, Freddy Arce Flores, Secretary to the President of the Supreme Court, directs note the new President, Armando Villafuerte, referring to the note of March 13, 2002, which was sent to Charles Paravicini, says his person used his facsimile signature and seal to the main authorities communicate his appointment as President, assuming responsibility for having committed an involuntary action, without consulting him, by sending such notice to the plaintiff (folio 77). 9. Fernando Beltran, Human Resources Manager of the Judicial Council, in March 21, 2002, in a note addressed to Armando Villafuerte, accompanying the report of the Chief of Staff, regarding Councillor Paravicini attendance during the months of January , February and March, the same that was taken from the Book of Daily News from the Executive Security Council of the Judiciary. It is found that the appellant did not attend to his duties the following dates: a)
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February 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 27, 28 b) of the month of March: 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19 (pages 96-100). 10. On March 22, 2002, the appellant received the note PRES 124/2002, of 14 March 2002, by which the respondents asking him delivering his office and other documents have been given to the Transitional Law enacted in December 2338 March 2002, which provides that the President of the Supreme Court with two counselors will quorum is reconstituted as the Judicial Council with four members, in view of dereliction of duty and breach of mistake that the appellant (pages 4). 11. Carlos Paravicini, a note delivered on March 27, 2002, the respondents answered, noting that according to the wording of the Act 2338, cannot be inferred that the cause of its enactment has been absent from duty that would have been incurred by what the respondents have misinterpreted the law and arbitrarily have ordered their removal. The alleged to have raided his office, removed documents and files it. Points, which cannot be sustained absent from duty, for never was summoned to any city, and cannot be assumed a tacit resignation, "invoking them to reflect and adapt their actions to the state of existing law" (pages 5-7). 12. Memorial sent by March 27, 2002, the President of the Council, Armando Villafuerte as the new President of the Supreme Court., Confirms and reiterates the request for Freddy Reynolds of appointment of new directors, in view of the resignation of Martha Villazon and dereliction of duty, public resignation and participation in political negotiations to run for the office of Vice-President Charles Paravicini (pages 81-83). 13. On April 3, 2002, Freddy Arce Flores, Secretary General of the Presidency of the Supreme Court directed the appellant note, pointing out that the letter of March 13, was sent by mistake, having been instructed to recover the original. Notes that the new designation to communicate to the authorities took the names from a list prepared earlier and respective correspondence, which used the facsimile signature of the President, after having been dispatched to the recipients (folio 76).
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WHEREAS: as is clear from reading the article. 19 of the Constitution, by its protective nature, the Constitutional Amparo is a guarantee given to people when there are illegal acts or omissions involving a breach or threat to their fundamental rights, not being this resource by its subsidiary nature, one that hinder or duplicate procedures enshrined in the Constitution and the Law That art. 12-I inc. 3) of the 1817 Law of the Judiciary Council, states that members of the Judicial Council cease to hold office upon resignation. In the instant case, by note of January 17, 2002, the appellant informed the House Judiciary Council of its decision not to attend any official act, or meetings convened, where it is the Minister Freddy Reynolds. In response, on January 24, 2002, Freddy Reynolds asked Congress, appoints new Chief Executive, under the interpretation that the appellant had waived their functions, having abandoned their dependents, on that note, he complied with the provisions of art. 12-II of the 1817 Act, which provides that in case of resignation, termination of office will be known by Congress. That the attached documentary wrought, is evidence that the appellant failed to attend their duties on days 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 13, 14, 15, 27, 28 February 2002, and as for the days 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 19 March 2002, without considering that it is the duty of all public officials, attend without interruption every day at their jobs and not just attend the plenary when it is acknowledged. All members of the Judicial Council appealed, have not injured any fundamental right of the appellant, but rather, on the understanding that the Director Paravicini made public renunciation of the exercise of their duties, as confirmed with the abandonment of the same (11 days in February, 12 days of March), have asked Congress to appoint a new Director. That by Law 2338 of March 12, 2002, temporarily amending art. Act 16 of 1817, established that up to the reconstitution of the Judicial Council and all its members, the full Board comprises four directors over its
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president, who will vote and deliberate validly, with a quorum of at least three of its five members. In the said Act, the respondents understood that Congress had implicitly accepted the resignation. That given a different interpretation of the appellant, it is the National Congress expressly rule on the communication of renunciation and abandonment of office, received from the President of the Judicial Council, as provided for in art. 12-III of the Law of the Judicial Council, which states that Congress assume knowledge of the causes of cessation and appoint a new director, if so required. That with regard to the claim of the appellant in respect of remaining director, as the new President of the Supreme Court would have communicated its designation, it is manifest that wrought it appears that the letter is not signed by the President, but rather from a facsimile used by the Secretary General (pages 77 and 76). If the applicant is or not being a director, is an end that does not depend on the respondents, but the Congress as expressed in the previous paragraph. That the Court of Protection to be declared inadmissible the appeal but with a different foundation correctly interpreted art. 19 of the State Constitution and other rules applicable to the case. Therefore: The Constitutional Court, under the jurisdiction exercised by the command of the arts. 19-IV and 120-7 th of State Constitution; 7-8 th and 102-V of Law 1836, adopted Resolution 068/2002 of April 11, 2002, in fs. 105-108, made by the Social and Administrative Chamber of the Superior Court of the Judicial District of Chuquisaca. Register and refunded. President Dr. Ren Guzmn Baldivieso Dr. Willman Ruperto Duran DEAN Bank Dr. Elizabeth Salinas Iiguez of Dr. Philip Tredinnick Abasto Magistrate Judge Dr. Jose Antonio Rivera Santivaez

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Magistrate With high efficiency and consequently to February 2012 the president of Congress, whose current owner lived firsthand what is the delay of justice, has not had the time or the desire for a simple acknowledgment to the notes that Paravicini asking directed, pursuant to constitutional judgment, Congress deign to rule on their situation. If not the current President of the Plurinational Legislative Assembly mathematician, Jacobin and Bolshevik, and if you have been judge, prosecutor or lawyer, the delay of justice would not be weeks, months or years, ever since it would not be or at least want to acknowledge receipt of a simple letter over seven years, in as little autonomous Assembly the President decides on their own what should or should not try. In an interview granted to the Vice Bureau reported Paravicini, unofficially of course, unfortunately the political system as a whole and especially the judiciary had decided to marginalize the grounds that he had committed dereliction of duty and breach of duty. The Joint Committee on Constitution presented a report to the President of Congress, which indicates that playing the anti Paravicini, it follows that it ceased to be a director for breach of duty and dereliction of duty, as denounced the presidents of the Court and the Supreme Judicial Council. The report was signed disciplined by members and representatives of all political parties. However, it is clear that neither the Constitutional Court nor Paravicini no one had asked the demure interpretative report of the Constitutional Commission, a body totally incompetent to interpret the laws, are required only official statement of the National Congress, the same who had appointed Counselor for two-thirds vote. Also sign so special report, the honorable Charles Sandy Antezana, Williams Paniagua Lopez, Gonzalo Ledezma Chirveches, Jhohny Antezana Martinez, Leopoldo Fernandez Ferreira, (with Carlos Sanchez Berzan and Luis Vasquez Villamor brulote main managers), Raul Araoz Velasco, Huascar Jordan Aguilar, Oscar Sandoval Moron,
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Elsa Guevara Aguirre, Manuel Morales Dvila Prez and Gerardo Rosado, ie, the MNR, MIR, MAS, DNA and MBL did not miss any of the ruling parties or opposition systemic. Surely, this is one of the most infamous documents within the infamous legislative history. Nevertheless, this report was never considered by Congress, I had appointed for two-thirds vote, which should decide the matter according to the binding ruling of the Constitutional Court and that, so far, kept me in limbo. Once filed with the court, after being stopped at the door of his office in La Paz, we proceeded to develop the two criminal cases as presented by the National Bar Association, with Eddy Fernandez and Erwin Rojas as enthusiastic promoters. Fernandez was the brother of Monica Fernandez, Cochabamba Council delegate and dismissed for corruption. Erwin Rojas was an MNR who worked with Guido Chvez when he was district attorney during the Banzer dictatorship and then with Vocal Alfredo Rojas Valle deposed. The complaint of the Bar Association of Bolivia merged into one body to the complaint of the Bar of La Paz, also on charges of defamation, libel and slander was said that the notification had been attached to a light pole in the Sucre, but process it was determined in La Paz for hosting the National Bar Association .. In the Bar of La Paz Marie Antoinette Pizza, known as lender and agent of the Board chaired by Armando Villafuerte up before his election as Justice of the Supreme, which was put more effort, he was primarily responsible for accountability received by Treasury Judicial million and were invested in karaokes, bars and travel managers. . The lawyers, who initially were attending the hearings in groups gradually reduced. The whole process, which already had a conviction which lacked only the date and who became prior knowledge of own Paravicini, was substantiated based on unpublished evidence and unusual, as the transcript of a television program originally recorded Santa Cruz, transcribed role for Notary Public in Cochabamba, which was attributed to Paravicini to the opinions of journalist Jorge Arias. The initial court could not sustain much the absurdities of an absurd
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process and apologized, almost with tears in his eyes. A hearing was suspended for two hours because the entire courthouse there was no simple dictionary to see if there aboganster the term and what it meant. When the hearings concluded and the new judge should proceed to sentencing previously prepared, the only representative of the Bar Association who still continued the proceedings of an already decided issue was presented with more than an hour late, so the judge had no choice but to declare the abandonment of the cause and wrought file. The lawyer of the Bar Association, oddly enough, he just had punctured the tire of your vehicle, the spare was flat and had difficulty getting the help of a Llantero, but actually someone upstairs had decided to intervene to prevent the tremendous abuse. After the shock that caused the neglect, the same judge granted the retrial, for which time Paravicini reported that his real home was in the city of Sucre, which finally gave up the abogansters pursue complaints.

In conclusion and to end, apart from a series of unexpected situations, the fact is that got away Counselor Paravicini of its functions, the highest judicial authorities finally agreed to lock in the system, there was political agreement from all parties politicians, with or without parliamentary representation, to marginalize all formal political activity, it was agreed with the highest levels of the international Club veto and avoid, to the extent possible, that Paravicini occupy any office or public or large private company, which being ignored or avoid taking SILEG and services, as might be expected, it was agreed through the appropriate mechanisms for key social media to refrain from giving interviews or the least coverage, maximum tolerated obituary notice for the day of his death, while Manuel Rocha made sure that the U.S. embassy put him as a person hostile to U.S. interests. Therefore, we believe that Paravicini longer a problem and the signs are very clear to avoid future similar gaps and daring. He who would follow in his footsteps should think it not once but a thousand times. How old youth recall beyond hypocrisy, there were more than a generation that grew up with dreams manufactured by idealists that gave up his life for them. Many also hallucinated impulse like marijuana and pods.

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Today, with disappointment, that we have taken the baton vendors nightmares, those who seek to evade facile, hide and escape from reality, certainly hard, we have to live. They are seeking refuge in the time and space to lay their powerlessness, frustrations, fears and disabilities. They go to a nonexistent past ghosts (the former rulers and their accomplices) or external factors outside and (imperialism, capitalism, colonialism, terrorists, extremists) to justify the mistakes of their employees and their own ineptitude and mediocrity. There are some characters, more mischievous, cunning and cynical, go and choose the devil, as the old mayor of Santa Cruz tired of trying to reason with media and journalists eager for scandal and morbidity, chose the more practical, insult, say dengue faces and then publicly poto pinch of her colleagues. Holy remedy, did you initiate discrimination lawsuits, with proliferation scandal news, interviews and judicious reflection and analysis, the entire management debate dilute mayor was completed and became alight with senility adjectives, machismo and others who have nothing to do with inefficiency and corruption in a city where everything seems to revolve around naked dignity of the most beautiful and magnificent the universe, which is sometimes confused with the ugliest on the planet. In practice this logic fatally, President Sings and singing ribald songs to ministers on their own panties and then it is a matter of state, almost as important as the outlet to the Pacific, then Evo is no liar or inefficient, or other similar or worse things, only sexist and must face the fury of Women Building. Rather than declare war on another country, like ours burns. Many, before his mental weakness, chose to ascribe rights to nature, to the stones and material goods stripped of basic rights to women, men and children, in a world in which the stones have sex. Thus arises a stream that relies on a self-defense and concern for the environment, to postulate an uncompromising and tough defense all material, dividing natural things good and bad. Others, not be satisfied with the goods and evils accumulated in their environment and actually looking bear problems and realities and far beyond, whether in Asia, Africa, on

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the moon or the Universe, yielding to the voices and to predict disasters the end of the world .. As far as organized society evolved, it is not conceivable without an authority recognized and accepted therefore legitimate, in the use of public force necessary to maintain order and social peace. So, what basic respect for authority can expect if an indispensable institution for democracy if its leaders and its members are irreflexiblemente challenged by everything and nothing? We must be aware that, by removing the institutional credibility and therefore democratic authority, not only sell more newspapers, but discredits the system itself, it undermines democracy and legal certainty, it induces systematic failure law, the foundation of social coexistence. We usually make an effort to return its full dimension to things. If the chief of police personnel committed an alleged offense, such as driving with cloned plates, or resulting stolen, or if you drive your vehicle without a license, or if some members can form bands of robbers or violent conduct illegal charges, is but something undesirable happens to organs and public and private organizations, can be in the government, professional associations, private enterprises, social organizations, in the media, in churches and communities and even the best families, only appropriate to apply the sanctions provided by law for each individual behavior, like anybody else, so the last thing it could be accepted to continue branding the entire institution as corrupt, it is good to remember that any legal person, ie no institution can commit crimes that are personal. Who knows what would happen if a private company is liquidated because a director or manager is a bigamist or scammer or because it is involved in the smuggling of one or two vehicles or that a priest has been caught in the middle of raping an elderly church of course not lead to the closure of the church. There may be doctors murderers, pedophile priests, lawyers crooks, journalists slanderers, but only in Bolivia and all the policemen responsible for any act committed by one of its thousands of members, thieves and journalists are against the wall and judge permanently to the police. But, when it comes to going to the police to claim protection or some vital service, we remember the freshly slaughtered servers

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public order and peace, fighting against all internal and external adversities give us some reassurance. With salaries and privileges far greater than the police, doctors and health personnel entering indefinite strike, demanding not work eight hours a day, with hunger strikes and other radical measures including pressure. Physicians, in addition to its unjustifiable strikes, threaten mass suicide, with tapiarse or costurarse lips, before millions of helpless and impotent patients, children, women and elderly who suffer and die without any possibility of the slightest protest, which not understand anything or have anything to do with the savagery of a clearly political strike. If these hypocrites doctors, who are obviously not all, do not respect their Hippocratic oath, not attractive work eight hours a day and have so much discipline and political union, which will stress open political activity and not harm more the hardest hit ever. Nothing more appropriate to remember what the doctors bury their mistakes, lawyers take them to the gallows and journalists published on the front page. How will medical services of excellence, as will be devoted their professional work, most of the population accustomed to their treatment and go only in emergencies, seems not really miss the lack of doctors in seditious tantrum. If some doctors genuinely want to starve, their will be respected, and that lack of medical care does not stretch the leg, neither they nor their relatives or friends or the government. In an environment full of rituals and formalities, in spaces where a while importing more ways that content, statements, before the results, all vying for the titles and distinctions. The nurses got to be licensed, but that the lawyers had consecrated as doctors of lies and malice, soon to be graduates in plumbing, masonry, bakery for competing with political scientists and analysts. In the world of full inclusion, the category of sex workers, who inexplicably does not include men engaged in this trade, and that the government got recognizes all rights and guarantees, along with gays, lesbians and other diverse, what would surprise no one that the old
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practice, formerly called prostitution, soon to become a respectable academic profession and exercised by licensed doctors of the university of life. Always at the forefront of savvy Creole, years ago we invented football academies, in which we just missed reaching the sub category five, to exit train world champions as adults doing almost deprived of childhood nursery, making cities like Santa Cruz factory models and footballers. Not satisfied with the elephant hunt in which distracts the king of a decadent monarchy, the Spanish now devoted to plant breeding of players in the most miserable, like ours, of course, so will stimulate the export of human cattle in foot. And standing. Now there is talk of college football, where technicians, referees and players are sure to be graduates, with degrees of masters and doctoral degrees, specializing as goalkeepers, defenders, midfielders, strikers or strikers, we must address the referees as graduates and doctors, so that the players own, creating new bureaucratic hierarchies sports champions make us all by law or decree, but that will not guarantee that a doctor is better looking than just a degree or an arbitrator with studies higher university is better than empirical. What will our sports reporters, why invent adjectives to talk about the extraordinary, incredible, fabulous, incomparable Bolivian footballers made history in the world? So no longer will sport or football, bureaucratic competition will test and a merit, without discarding the election by universal suffrage. How long will the studies, what matters shall be made in the theoretical and practical skills will must learn the languages of the countries that pay better? Is it the way to improve the level of our athletes?, Are only some of the questions that come to mind for this unprecedented occurrence in Bolivia. At this rate, we will have anytime Bolivian soccer team should consist of three doctors, three Masters, three graduates, a fag and a disabled, half of which must be intercultural, that if mixed teams are proposed of men and women. What's more, with the exquisite quality of the trained professionals at universities Bolivian sure referees and athletes achieve anthology.
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In opposition to knowledge, to knowledge, excellence, intelligence, attributes of the human being, ignorance and the ignorant always pretend to ignore and discredit anyone who knows a little more, you know something else aspiring to overcome , to learn, to be better, to discover, investigate and explore the infinite world of science and the arts. The ignorant is bold, brash, arrogant, cocky, impostor, liar, character defects with which it intends to disguise their moral shortcomings, their insecurities and natural complexes. Loving crowds with taste and odor mob, is sloppy in form, is lazy by definition, a friend of how easy and fast, and will captivate the adulos easy and gullible sycophants, his speech is erratic, convoluted, incoherent and contradictory, phrases usually stick to wrong or mispronounced words strung together, to distract the inconsistency of their scarce and primitive arguments. He dreads to excellence and knowledge, so always be surrounded with mediocre or more ignorant, and not make you shade. The problem of ignorance and the ignorant is plaguing today, without measure or mercy, Bolivian society facing a crisis of governance and coexistence huge. Precisely in a highly competitive world by improving levels of education, knowledge, information and technological development, factors that constitute the wealth of the modern world, we have produced leaders who are determined to lead to an impossible socialism, between tribal and feudal century XV, including costumes, dialects, exotic or bizarre rituals more Idi Amin Dada's own or that of some ancestor Gaddafi culture about itself. Our world has been divided into artificial and arbitrary manner, with a sense of absolute racial ethnic discrimination, between originating and non-originating, we fabricated thirty-six nationalities in a multinational state, with their own languages, customs and territories (maps mental and imaginary). We faced each other, all against all, without knowing why and what for. Admittedly, our rulers, not innate evil or bad faith, but only by ignorant,
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in a few years have gotten us back centuries. Macroeconomics is somewhere unreachable constellation and popular economy is broken. Instead of industrialization, irrational exploitation of natural resources and depletion of non-renewable raw materials. Widespread corruption and impunity. Anomie, injustice, illegality, abuse, insecurity and helplessness total civilian population. The pichicata flows under the noses of senior officials, that miss the person who cannot aspire. Hopelessness, uncertainty, fear, indifference, helplessness, resignation, are our daily bread. Why do well if we can make them evil, that study, effort and sacrifice, whether to be a minister or Assemblyman or judge must be as gross as possible, do not know how to speak, less thinking, reasoning or debating banned? We must democratize misery obviously down, to make us all poorer and less rich. Anyone who is not with ignorance gelatinous institutionalized in social movements is against, is racist, discriminatory, imperialist, neoliberal, capitalist, and exploitative and so on. No resources for education, health, public safety, wages, but abound to nationalize, nationalize and create all kinds of monstrosities inefficient and corrupt Chinese satellites to buy three hundred million dollars will go to inspect the manufacture of the President in his modest plane of $ 40 million (it is likely that, in the original natural intelligence leader, the Chinese choose to show some microwave round mtanle just, after his lawyers come to fix the mess). You have to buy weapons, upgrade to the glorious armed forces, to ensure national sovereignty. Meanwhile, victims of natural disasters should be treated worse than animals, we must leave them in precarious tents, where it rains more on the inside than on the outside, no food, no service, no drugs, no hope, no nothing, while governments of all types and level summits and parade held social gatherings held in local thick carpets and many stars, luxury travel in late model vehicles, four by four, full equipment, with sirens and all the trappings of power at its best ostentation. Powerful shift, do not hesitate to capitalize on their images and their pockets with the misery produced by nature, for them everything is gain, no loss.

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If a wise legislator originating argues that torture is necessary, but because criminals do not confess, you might also hear that the violations are acceptable as they do not always agree with a good violated if legal processes trampling develop laws, and rights reasons, why be surprised that, after more than five years of clandestine incestuous affair with Chile overnight giving the government becomes a tantrum, break half the romance and, as a lover scorned, threatens to international judgments, based on treaties inapplicable or visiting incompetent instances. Is that ignorance is so great, in this issue, maybe the President intends to designate by law cuts the Tribunal members 'Haiga' or instruct the Attorney Soza prosecute the Chilean Chancellor terrorism in La Paz?. Since then, we have developed state policy in 15 days To glimpse a way out of the ocean of darkness that has led to the democratic and cultural revolution and the process of change, it becomes clear that our rulers, hereafter, shall be the best men and women, the most educated, experienced, trained and honest, ie suitable. The ignorant must be dispatched to instruction in their respective levels and ignorance must be the only factor of discrimination for exercising public functions. The supposed great strides in gender equality and the fight against all forms of discrimination are not as we understand in Bolivia. It is not about placing an equal number of men and women in public office, this does not guarantee anything, it is certainly an awareness regarding the rights and choices of different sex, of different, impossible beyond creating categories for men and women , murky legal coverage could extend to practices such as pedophilia or bestiality. The proliferation of gays and lesbians and other diversities or deviations, it is rather a way to decriminalize degenerative tendencies of a society with growing groups of rebels and protesters. Everywhere you look unions the same sex are and will be unnatural. It was the prohibition of alcohol, or the hippie movement or political
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revolutions, the solutions do not go through the prohibitions and censures, rather point to freedom of conscience and man's ability to distinguish right from wrong. Each and every year of this millennium have been optimally exploited by politicians and sindicateros to split the country and confront the country in thirty-six nationalities false, to confront doctors with patients, with cambas Collas, the living with the dead , hatred of t'aras with k'aras of originating with non-originating with cops and robbers all you can be somewhat antagonistic. Total discord was achieved in a country immersed in a growing cultural and technological lag, which places us in the pre-modern or perhaps in earlier times. If originating and Creole politicians are unable to govern or conditions take their stress and will compete in the neoliberal disaster, but stop playing and experimenting with life and the fate of millions of people who do not have Why pay the bill for their ignorance and recklessness

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EPILOGUE PART ONE Under what often happens in cases of this nature, it is true that, as usual, won or thought ill win, but also occasionally occurs, Pyrrhic victory was a system that was stripped and showed up the last shred of his anatomy Rotten, dressed miseries exhibited false glories and virtues nonexistent. Never forget the lesson learned when I returned after visiting the judiciary in the Basque country, laden suitcases and bags and headed in transit on Kadaster an internship in the Netherlands. At the airport in Madrid I met with former Vice President Victor Hugo Cardenas, who carrying a small suitcase with wheels had to smile when he saw me carrying all packages and mil bags and suggested, as a comment, which had to travel be as little luggage, thus avoiding numerous drawbacks from loss, theft, problems with customs and other calamities. Sure, I knew that not only travel, life and other simple things, like love, should be charged only with the essentials, be it clothes, money, houses, cars and above all, try to have the bag debt free forever, of any size and nature that are ending up weighing more. In a house, furniture and utensils, but all possible trees, flowers and greenery, lungs of life. At some point I thought the man who does not dream is dead. Now I am more confident than ever about so sometimes dreams run out of air and become endless nightmares are dreams for something. Dreaming is the only way to achieve freedom, no one can be free without dreams and not dream which is not free. Youth is a state of mind, it is all about attitude and sense of opportunity, the brain controls everything but we must never ignore the feeling. No risk, no gain as possible but there may be losses. Rico does not have the most, but he who needs the least. This same desire to dream and pursue those dreams, often leaves those who try in precarious situations, very battered and battered by efforts at times almost on humans. In my case, luckily it was not, I was able to live several lives and die multiple deaths in a single life, the
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privilege to meet and achieve goals that seem impossible until now, do not know if I lift fell less or more, could manufacturing spaces of thought and reflection, without heads and schedules, writing at home, without conditions and without external censorship, making work is pleasure and passion, far from the hypocrisy, lies and frivolity in germinating corruption. I was plunged into extreme wealth that mankind can aspire and my quality of life increases with each passing day. Definitely worth it

PART TWO 1 The same logic and legal reasoning engine is based on the sequence
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of set concepts, judgments and then finally reasoning. Hence the vital importance of understanding the concepts, the content and meaning of words as faithfully and accurately as possible, which, for many people, it is impossible and unnecessary effort. Without the process of understanding the scope and meaning cannot conceive of the rule of law or social life. If that occurs with the common meaning of the words, what about the technical or specialized meaning in medicine, engineering or law. Thus, deposition means one thing for doctors and quite another for lawyers. Naturally, there are efforts to the contrary, ie, talk about and define concepts whose meaning is unknown, talk about anything and everything as usual. Todlogos Those who seized culturally backward societies. It is from these improvised distortions that the social world of the buildings constructed certainties and uncertainties that will determine the most comfort or discomfort of the political, economic and legal status of a society. Interestingly, the more certainty we define, the greater and increasing the amount and variety of uncertainties generated. Examples abound. How to know whether or not drug cartels in Bolivia?, The issue goes far beyond a simple orthographic accent that differentiates cartels advertising posters. If you do not know what a cartel, accent, it is idle to discuss whether or not there is drug cartels operating in Bolivia. From billboards no doubt, is littered all around us. And our life. But lazy, ignorant, lazy and reckless is plagued our world. In economics cartel called a formal agreement between companies in the same sector, which aims to reduce or eliminate competition in a given market. Cartels are usually designed to develop a control over production and distribution so that by the collusion of companies that form, they form a monopolistic market structure, obtaining market power in which benefit most possible detriment of consumers. Therefore, the consequences for them are the same as with a monopolist. The difference is that the total benefits (which are the maximum possible to get in the market) are distributed among producers. Its main focus is on fixing prices, limiting the available supply, divide the market and share the benefits. Today, the term is

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usually applied to agreements governing competition in international trade. Advocates say these cartels help stabilize markets, to reduce production costs, to eliminate high tariffs, to equitably distribute benefits and benefit consumers. Opponents point out that when there is no competition, prices are higher and lower supply. Today it is considered that its disadvantages outweigh its advantages and often set legal limits to restrict the development of new cartels. Currently, in most countries, is prohibited cartel formation among several companies in the same sector. On another level, cartel (although cartel) are the terms that identifies a large organization or a set of illicit criminal organizations that establish self-protection agreements, collaboration and sharing of territories (squares) to carry out their criminal activities . As seen clearly, despite the desperate efforts of the Bolivian authorities to deny the existence of these organizations in Bolivia, the evidence shows the opposite. It is therefore more than just a semantic effort to exercise public authority without his nose grow disproportionately. In the line of light nonsense, a Venezuelan government journalist, said that things at home could not be better: a modern fleet with late model vehicles, passing through its modern and congested highways and roads, fancy restaurants filled diners, buildings and skyscrapers springing nonstop, shops and supermarkets with a variety of products from all sources imaginable. If these are the parameters of development, also in Bolivia would be very close to attaining the coveted development, we could soon have a vehicle per inhabitant and the hated outlaw poverty. From restaurants, drinks and feasts, let alone better. The idea of development is so myopic and biased not be very surprised if it came from spokesmen declared socialist populist regimes, but totalitarian and dictatorial clearly vocation. Venezuela produces and exports much oil you can afford to supply their citizens to fuel prices almost free, you can export its revolution to other countries
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and subsidize them. But, even with all the oil in the world can hide the poverty of the majority, the vast inequalities and technological backwardness and productive. The silver jet receives for its oil, which is not inexhaustible, allows you to import and buy everything that occurs, which actually produces nothing important than oil, making it an artificial economy and unsustainable. In countries such development is synonymous with modernity and this is reflected in buildings, asphalt, airplanes, helicopters, phones and luxury vehicles. Misery and poverty are hidden under the carpet piously materialistic progress and sustained growth of the macro economy. As core cities of Bolivia, after looking at the side, bottom and surface, it seemed that the traffic chaos in La Paz had no possible solution in sight, especially in terms of public transport and this is where there is any great idea appears first timidly and then acquires a terrible power. The cable car as a solution to mass transit between La Paz and El Alto. That is, someone from looking at the sky found the answer their prayers, which was a tourist transportation in mountainous places, could be a great solution. The single proposal immediately seduced Morales government and was signed into law in record time. It has neither the level of pre feasibility studies or preliminary serious, but you know it will cost two hundred thirty-four million dollars, also could be half a million or twenty, the subject of silver, amounts and terms are not important in the country, there are issues of poverty, health and education that require funds, all needs are met promptly, although not clear the timing. Be acquired as multinational fashion, by direct award to an Austrian company that has a name. This is a unique project that has enchanted Moors and even some Christians, and advertised it as if it were a reality even without preliminary design. Is the big idea within a government devoid of ideas, and even program agenda. However, the uncertainties are increasing and constant. Building a project such an impact for a problem that seemed to have no solution at excessive cost but reasonable, expectations can cause sized and prove a boomerang for the government itself when the time of the
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realities, more than a frustration for capital population of a city that basically produces bureaucracy and paperwork A prosperous and generous Chinese must implore you not continue to provide silver for airplanes, helicopters, ships, satellites and other future scrap buses. The regime of Evo Morales is nothing socialist, communist least, but neither the current nor the next rulers of Bolivia will pay one peso for these loans, for the most part, we do not need in Bolivia. What happens is that Bolivia has always been our custom to go into debt and beg, to enrich the rich and powerful. The Bolivian government motto is: governing is debt, live debt forgiveness. Chinese Sirs, for pity's sake, and do not pay or give away more money to the government of Bolivia, their leaders are as greedy and happy children with new toys as children are absolutely irresponsible and greedy. The basis of all social organization lies in its design and institutional advancement. A higher form as is the construction of a democratic society requires higher and supreme institutional structure that makes establishing viable social compact. For practical purposes, we understand institutional processes as a system of permanent, stable and dynamic nature of society based on norms and principles of legal order, they have a legitimate source and legitimized through the will of the majority, who are respected and obeyed by all members of the community involved, are modified according to the procedures previously established and approved, to ensure social peace and peaceful resolution of conflicts. In the development of social life, institutions and institutions suffer problems and facing crises of varying severity. Institutional strength translates to confront and solve the problems and overcome the crisis within the same institutional framework. Otherwise mean fracture, rupture and accelerated processes of social disintegration that can lead to erratic until chaotic scenarios that involve the use of force and violence to quell conflict. As part of the economy of nations, beyond time, dimensions, sizes and
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characteristics, it is clear that the larger institutions, higher income and greater progress and development. This means that the more advanced the economy of a country, it is more complex in terms of their management mechanisms, but always prioritize productivity, higher employment and welfare of the population as possible in a context of social control and fiscal austerity with the aim of achieving the best possible social distribution of wealth generated. Therefore, it is essential to produce, then generate wealth and eventually distribute it equitably. The primary distribution mechanism is effective in taxes and, very marginally, in grants and subsidies. To make the model sustainable, developed economies very severely punish any form of tax evasion, but also use the tool to correct tax distortions in the free market system. So outrageous or outlandish amounts of millions by buying a box or a sportsman's pass, are good news for the Treasury, which appropriates much of the transaction through taxes are usually progressive and can almost equal the amount transaction total, which is exerted equally effective distribution mechanism. Developed countries may suffer economic depressions of magnitude, but they do not mean you got to lose, but structural adjustments to dramatically reduce costs and introduce austerity policies together to stimulate new investment and create more jobs, especially those affecting higher incomes, in many cases too high for its own economy. For countries that are among the poorest and most backward in the world, such as Bolivia, institutions often extremely weak and tends to enter deep cyclical periods of crisis that can take manifestations economic, social and political, and usually interspersed difficult to differentiate. The extraordinary technological advances in recent decades have radically transformed communications, access to knowledge and information, to form a global society, a globalized world in which things are everyday reality that seemed science fiction a few years ago and still imagine no limits to where it could advance. Advances and progress translated into reality, involving all kinds of benefits, but basically involve a great added value that benefits all human activity
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spaces beyond geographical, cultural or political, allowing the automation of many functions and manual jobs, but creating jobs options and optimal use of technology in all fields of knowledge and production. In underdeveloped countries, the lag is clearly reflected in weakness, in many cases to lack of an appropriate institutional framework. In politics, parties and institutions are supplanted by warlords and regional strongmen environment, within a context of corporatism unlimited. Everything and everyone is corporatized, in guilds and groups of any kind as laborers, miners, farmers, truckers, unions, cooperatives, associations, federations, professional fraternities and a broad spectrum of atomized and sectoral and territorially dispersed throughout the country. The political and social groupings are based on warlords who often exercise their power so life and constitute the only and highest levels of representation and decision. The experience at the political level are clear and compelling: MNR, MIR, ADN, UCS, MAS, to name a few, are synonymous with Paz Estenssoro, Siles Suazo, Banzer, Fernandez, Paz Zamora Morales, plus some lieutenants and secundones, with their environments, provide a synthesis of contemporary political life. In military and civilian governments, with different nuances and trends, all leftist politicians declare, nobody admits to being under center and right, all are revolutionary in their own way and in official discourse, all are patriots and sacrifice for the country and its people. It's so predictable and repetitive speech, which in practice already leftist left, center and right, with their ends and radicalities. Plans and government programs are translated into proposals of good intentions that are transcribed into documents that nobody reads and nobody was interested. Based species especially in personal charisma, their positions are generally anti everything, anti-capitalism, antiimperialism, anti-liberalism is, the logic that prevails is the destructive, belligerent, the conflict, confrontation long before the proposal construction, integration and peaceful coexistence. Military or civilian rulers are struggling to pass as many laws and
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regulations of all kinds. There is no quality control or amount, it does not matter if they are contradictory or above standards, whether they are helpful or harmful. Rules and roles are the major achievements of each governance. The Executive Branch or organ is the only real power, the others are mere appendages formal. And the executive branch is the will and mood of the President. The judiciary has collapsed. In criminal matters and we are close to achieving more than 90% of prisoners detained indefinitely and without trial, crammed with their children in subhuman deposits. The delay of justice is the norm in all subjects, hordes of political activists without legal training or experience usurp functions of administrators of justice, judicial positions are distributed according to the instructions and requirements imposed by the highest authorities of government. Before a debacle of this magnitude, the justice minister says that the adversarial criminal justice system has failed, leaving the impression that the system should be re inquisitive or to be invented one unpublished, including judicial elections or to approve the new law notarized to expedite the process of declaration of heirship, which are not far from central question. Meanwhile, prepare a new amnesty law, to decongest the prisons and re-congest immediately. Becoming fashionable again public insecurity, will be given another law with stiffer penalties and so on to infinity or total madness. With the incessant, contradictory and convoluted legislative production, which knows no limits in materials, quantities, and has a basic order, creates the conditions for generating a permanent legislative chaos, making it impossible to have a stable and accessible regulatory framework for population. A messy permanent change in the rules that cannot be known, let alone applied fulfilled by citizens, creating a culture of permanent failure formality and legal standards. Under this scenario of instability and uncertainty cannot think of any institutional framework. Political parties, associations of various kinds, trade unions and social organizations generally operate within contexts of artificial formality and superficiality. They have plenty of rules and regulations, that

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almost nobody knows and less fulfilled, organizations revolve around a leader or chief, the rest are simply filling protocol. Cultural organizations are isolated and suffer from a total abandonment by the state and lack of public policies. Organizations generally do not have a regulatory framework, less oversight and conduct their activities under total arbitrariness and discretion of their leaders. The State has removed the superintendents as regulators in key sectors of the economy, to be replaced by control authorities and control are simple bureaucratic entities dependent executive, becoming part of judges and essential economic activities. Aerosur bankruptcy, with a consummate tax evasion than the five hundred million dollars, the bankruptcies of financial cooperatives closed, but in practice conducted all financial activities that should be controlled, regulated and controlled by the State through the ASFI show the complete lack of control and monitoring by entities that only protect the interests of owners and are dedicated to introduce fines for everything and anything, ie a desire merely rentier and collector. The sport, which really comes down to football, is the biggest and only concern of governments, in order to strengthen his popularity. The state allocates significant resources to acquire synthetic grass courts everywhere, as if football was the only sport. There are no minimum efforts to provide sports complex, which could be of much greater utility and social benefit. The greatest stimulus that comes to mind is the government time and again decorate the South American champions 50 years ago, or the team that qualified for the World Cup in 1994, did not win any points, did not qualify to the next stage and had no role in such jurisdiction. To compensate for permanent sports frustrations, the government gets to distinguish medals to some players who like the president Football clubs are managed by a president and a group of leaders who look primarily for their personal interests. Business enterprises are trifles, that move poor compared to the billions of dollars the sport generates in the world. However, on these wretched kneel their angurrias resources and appropriate monies, interest and even football
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players themselves, who are not to blame for the lack of competitiveness or success. No nothing as we advance the quality of leaders that are not controlled by anyone, with no oversight or accountability for managing administrative, economic and sports, although it is the first public activities of social significance. Actually, between political parties, associations, unions and clubs there major differences in background, together with a formal framework and file a leader or chief who decides everything and of itself, and lack the minimum participation rules and administration democratic. In exposed conditions is impossible to think of a minimum stable institutional framework, much less in a context of democratic and participatory development. The countries are artificial creations and therefore do not die or suffer physical illnesses, but its inhabitants if they can be sentenced to live permanently in a state of inequality, uncertainty, injustice, where not a few who live too well, in contrast to the many who almost no longer living and who have lost hope of vindication, it got tired of constantly being cheated by sellers of illusions and dreams manufacturers offering everything in order to access and enjoy the power. The man, however intelligent, if not discipline, is bound to stumble and wander aimlessly through the world. Discipline is much more than being subjected to an external force applied to subordinate and dependent, it is more about self-discipline, willpower or mind control over the actions and their consequences on third parties and himself, implies dominate passions, instincts and pleasures that are part of human free will, the ability to choose between good and evil li beyond immediate and circumstantial. A society that unfolds on the basis of discipline can only aspire to form a conglomerate of people, animals, things and events that overlap and collide with each other, more subject to chance and random than a rational and productive organization . Human activities, to be of general benefit, should be performed in the most efficient and effective as possible, it makes sense to do things
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just to do them, study by study or live to live. Our society does not educate for life and college student ends life for the poor, to forge many professionals and maudos mediocre, full of gaps, equipped with high loads subjective prejudices and slogans. Students studying for formal obligation will not be prepared and motivated to research, much less to create or develop new skills. In the sacred name of university autonomy are squandered enormous resources, you can teach anything, anyone can be a professor, the only really important goal for students is to go out and get the card, and then add other cards that, in any way, may meet the profound deficiencies of basic education. The discipline involves punctuality and that's something that just Bolivians lack pride themselves, hence the cynical guise of Bolivian time. Politically, it is the fulfillment of offers and promises government, holding all the rule of law, honesty and consistency with principles and programs. Matter, above all things, results, achievements and benefits produced by public administration. The rulers, especially the democratically elected, should have the preparation and fitness for a proper management of the complex public administration. Beyond declaring themselves as they wish, socialists, leftists, capitalists, illusionists, communists, anarchists, their efforts should prove fully consistent with their statements and in no case can be understood that the leaders are limited to explain or wailing mourners on failures resulting from their inadequacies and inabilities. They can be called whatever you want, but the results would have called efficiency and satisfaction of the people. Public accountability and timely, is the cornerstone of public service and personal decency. From the juridical, discipline involves subjecting everyone to the law, in a plane of absolute legal equality, that is, building a strong culture of compliance with the law, as it is the government of laws, its letter and spirit and not the dictatorship of the men, with their whims and caprices falsehoods. But we cannot expect anything good from the vast and chaotic tangle of legislation, the relentless and unforgiving profusion of legal standards of all types and size, improvised, contradictory, so illLus Carlos Paravicini Pgina 226

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conceived and elaborated that look exactly meant to be broken or circumvented even before approval, usually in the heat of inspiration and daring rogues learners improvised legislators, who usually know very little about what they approve, provided by user or group party of power shift, as figureheads generously henchmen. The excessive accumulation of rules constitutes a factor of uncertainty and insecurity, which makes impossible any attempt to build institutions. Society cannot live in constant anxiety, in an infinite and arbitrary change of many complex rules, just to satisfy the ego of some delusional ruler airs and immortality. No sport has found that social host, with more or less adept and active practitioners, could have persisted with no clear and stable rules. From the most popular sports such as football, have a few simple rules that suffer tiny adjustments over time. No age restrictions, of origin, social status, skin color, language or any other nature. Universal and simple access, stability and certainty. The same thing happens with the internet today, that being of infinite magnitude in terms of possibilities and content, has no formal restrictions or conditions for use universal and voluntary, not limited by language or borders of any kind, nor undertakes nobody and nobody is trying to persuade about advantages and disadvantages. However, any user knows to be extremely selective to find and use strictly useful and necessary within a broader universe maybe everything conceived by all men at present. The technological age requires very precise and synthetic everything you want to communicate, discarding long discourses full of rhetoric and euphemisms. The expensive and fruitless exercise legislative, in the case of Bolivia and assumes horrific dimensions, or ridiculous or Kafkaesque, is increasingly used by those in power to try to justify their efforts. Juran, are confident that, while thousands more noble and well-intentioned regulations have been adopted, will have done better. That is when they decide to declare national heritage to everything that moves, possessing or eat and drink around, declare endless national and regional priorities, prohibiting everything seems pernicious or harmful to their majesties judgment, approving countless credits and loans,
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cooperative agreements, in which the only evil is operated and injured Bolivia, declared tributes to legions of heroes and martyrs and passed endless rules protecting the rights of all, especially children and women themselves leaders are the first to violate or breach. For all that is difficult or uncomfortable for rulers, commissions are created and given all that invariably deadlines are breached. Now go over twenty constitutions or social pacts, but most people do not know or basics of any of the constitutions, what about laws and regulations. The point of technology, with its astonishing development, is to know, discover and above all, use it properly, that is precisely what is done or not done too badly. Because the Internet is too powerful status and opportunities for entertainment and fun, many believe that this is a hobby, a pastime, without realizing that it is almost as important a service as energy or water. With the information technology has significantly improved the quality of life around the world, but it is in the political and social activity is concentrated in the largest effects, leading to the advent of the digital age, combining technology with democratic development. Papers, books and libraries are becoming relics doors and social communication, interaction and full access to information and democratic are manifestations of genuine freedom of thought and expression, without intermediaries, censors or interpreters. In the global village, the car is full and effective regulation and internet is practically the main means of global communication, with real social and democratic contended. But the digital age, allowing more access to knowledge in unlimited levels, allows transparent and expose falsehoods and impostures of every kind and nature. As the speeches, tenders and lies of politicians. Thanks to the Internet, with particular incidence in most backward societies, it is discovered that professional malpractice, negligence or acute deficiencies are too broad and common. Physicians who diagnose and prescribe anything laboratories that
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manufacture all kinds of products that can be harmful to health or simply deadly, lawyers wasting liberty or property of its customers and that originate monumental and endless lawsuits, lawsuits and zafarranchos, engineers and architects that can cause the collapse of buildings or houses. This, indeed much more, is evident when the opportunity to learn and investigate directly, eg, via Google. The digital era democracy does not require complex and abundant laws or appliances requires artifice and deception. It is a major manifestation of human freedom and real only find its natural limitation on the rights of others and the public interest. Rulers, enthralled with technological development, the best efforts and allocate resources to acquire the most modern, whether or not of practical use. They are so modern, soon operate a satellite, whose use is not clear yet, all teachers have received government public a computer each. The Commander of the Air Force has confirmed something that surely full of anointing and patriotic pride and jingoistic patriots: planes and helicopters are the most modern in the region. Surely the same thing happen with tanks and missiles and that, along with skyscrapers, luxury vehicles and pavement they call progress. With ten million, twelve million cell phones, eight million users consuming more than 1200 million dollars a year for this service, and half a million motor vehicles, Bolivia, one of the poorest and most backward countries of world, has one of the highest rates of vehicles per person in addition to the higher average luxury vehicles, well above countries like Brazil and Argentina. The economy is essentially tertiary, more than seventy percent of the labor market is informal, underemployed or unemployed. Informality is formed mainly by vendors and merchants of all sizes, smugglers, who own borders and shops, drivers, growers with their derivatives, and cooperative miners. Private property control totally free and free of obligations, except his covenant of political support to the government, under the guise of social movements, drivers and cooperative. Exports of raw materials such as oil, minerals and soybeans, which account for over ninety percent of total exports, have had in the last
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decade an explosive quantitative growth of over six hundred percent, mainly due to a steady increase in prices international market, but this growth, in addition to that generated by the extraordinary global technology development and remittances from Bolivians working abroad, has not had a proportionate impact on development and progress for the whole Bolivian society. Between privatization and nationalization, the state has ownership of hydrocarbons and, to a small extent, on state temporarily mines still camouflaged under the cooperative regime. Community ownership remained a mere statement and unnecessary constitutional marginal and irrelevant exercise. Agribusiness, which at all levels is in charge of the initiative and private property, is the only efficient productive activity. Even though the current government is titrated prodigal in socialist revolutionary, popular, and other labels, the fact is that the economy is chaotic and rabidly liberal modes own feudal or pre-capitalist production. Neither before nor now arguably the Bolivian economy resembles a socialist economy, which actually does not exist anywhere in the world. Aside from industrial activities in oil, minerals and agro-industry, manufacturing and production of medium or large scale is emerging. In the country there are no matches, no gas lighters or bicycles, imported almost everything has some value added. What we sell we buy a hundred thousand, certainly a terrible deal. That's why, as exports grew remarkably, did the same and in the same proportion with imports of everything conceivable. The few and small industrial and commercial enterprises are family court, has not developed a market or a culture capital, disappears when the head of the family or clan, the company disappears, even in professional activities such as consultancies, law firms or clinics . While technology and decreed the use of marginal or residual role as documentary support, the government buys little factorys paper and cardboard, moreover amid dirty and miserable negotiated. It would not be strange to propose the construction of strategic companies for

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making candles or to produce typewriters or physical libraries are installed in all schools. Only this can explain that in its policy of promoting dynamic football, leading favorite sport, the government is engaged in import and install synthetic turf at a cost of three hundred thousand dollars each. Hopefully not reach fever imported artificial vegetation and trees, while the name of progress and modernity exterminates wildlife parks and nature reserves. Throughout history, the state has tried to establish all types of businesses, suffice to remind the Bolivian Development Corporation, banks Mining, Agriculture, Housing, the State, glass factories, matches, sulfuric acid, of underwear, but all efforts ended in resounding failures. The domestic private sector has not created large industrial enterprises, which means that, beyond ideology, the real problem is management rather than ownership of public and private enterprises. The governments simply inflate state bureaucracy lush unproductive, uncontrolled, inefficient, centralized and devouring huge internal and external resources, useful only to give political support to the government. Democracy has a control means essential but insufficient resulting in the citizens' votes. In theory, the branches of government are independent and act on the basis of coordination, but in practice, the only real political power is the executive, all others, including the armed forces and the police, are mere appendages or outbuildings bureaucratic. The monitoring and control mechanisms exist in the formal and are used primarily for purposes of political repression towards opponents or dissidents. Comptroller, Legislative Assembly, Constitutional Court, Attorney General or control authorities and control over sectorial policies stations resemble a compulsive craving for fines and administrative penalties to all non-government. Control, regulation and control almost anything, maybe even less. Aerosur, irregular financial
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cooperatives, textiles and hundreds of millions of dollars evaporated from faithful attest absolute decontrol. A government lacking clear goals, objectives and controls possible elementary, is a government lacking quality. Any enthusiast, with or without training and fitness can dabble in politics, or in union leadership or sport, anyone can access any position and perform any function, specialized or not, and this applies to political parties, associations, cultural or sports groups whose improvised leaders, more than lack of effective controls have no accountability to anyone. Institutions can handle at will and have various resources as they please. The media, largely commoditized or government service, are dependent, are subject to economic and political power, which is responsible for the agenda and mark them hotline valid. Obsessed with defending their supposed sacred right to freedom of expression, as conceived by themselves, cannot exercise the role of filter to guide society regarding the quality of applicants to manage public affairs or common interest. The news coincides with the opinion, the opinion often becomes insult, slander or libel, no less monitoring and research. A journalism degree can lie or deceive without hesitation, and can be stoned or honors and dignities bury even the most unworthy. What we say and write is full of superlatives. Cultural and sports activities are left to their fate, which is usually bad, because bad and improvised are the leaders, the media and the public. The sports leaders, mostly, are a comfortable way of life and even gain significant income, social status and prestige, regardless of their personal background and level of knowledge The Bolivian fans, do not go to see a show, or to encourage his team, always satisfied under the expectation of a win as broad and powerful, with no middle ground. Exitista is a hobby you want maximum results at the lowest possible price, but always in the immediate. Very few attend to enjoy a sporting event, only interested in the result, win-win, whatever.

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For international events, players and technicians are no longer professionals, are converted into mythological dimensions gladiators in defense of national honor, they represent Bolivia, the country, are the team of all, they fill us with glory and we permit the holding big. In Bolivia, South American championship barely obtained fifty years ago and a 1993 World Cup qualifying, which achieved a goal and no points are epics that commentators are responsible for reminding us every day, every week, every month and every year. Nobody Doubts That football is a sport of crowds, The Most popular in Bolivia. But surely, there are many people who are not fanatical, Perhaps even amateur football out there to hate. Or does not care. Or does not understand anything. So there is no reason to make every sporting event a matter of national honor state or dignity. Although no one can doubt That football is a business first and foremost, big business, MOST of our leaders are nothing more than hucksters and hustlers, adventurers and petty morons rakes and very poor staff training, are there to live the football, totally dependent on him to eat, to live and to exist. As politicians. Lacking discipline and training, ignore basks in Processes, methods and rules. Entities That Live in permanent deficit target, but When They Have to travel abroad, only conceive Concentrations and accommodation of five or more stars, the highest possible, Because the stakes national dignity. The same leaders technicians That Change According To the results of currently Contracted players to make them available to the coaching staff on duty. His role at times Seems to be the pimps and even human traffickers. Not interested in the sport or the show itself, his dream is to export athletes every possible industry part of the world. It seeks to take advantage of any possible advantage, as the height of the cities of western Bolivia, ending Affecting more factor to Nationals and naturalized. It has ruled out The Possibility of rotating scenarios in different cities, as in other countries. Academies and schools are Formed of players, In Which children are trained as professionals, but

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when it comes to professional competitive plane are found to be more of the same. Journalists, to appease the fury and despair, after each failure, seek to blame the public, the referee or the court, to the long trips, the weather or the stars. The presentation of Bolivians abroad equipment stands and guarantee bad show, the anti football made in Bolivia. Domestic and foreign players entering Defeated beforehand, shaking them prawns, jaws creak them, become a bundle of nerves and inaccuracies, for them there is no competition and no choice of winning, it is Reducing defend or win, pending some miraculous tie will be to Certainly huge feat and always historical and memorable. For the sake of the sport, take pity and Someone Should Prevent The Presence of professional footballers, at least on Behalf of the whole country. Perhaps with Less patriotic amateurs and could do better and really get into nature areas of healthy competition. Playing sports Should be something done with taste, with passion and even with pleasure, by no means a matter of sacrifice, suffering and stress. True, bigotry, successfully, extreme feelings and passions overwhelmed exist everywhere on the planet, but in Certain contexts, Within reasonable limits That Distinguish the culture of celebrity, politics of sport. Being of one or another nationality Generates no obligation, moral or whatsoever, always waiting to allow more overwhelming victories. The Argentines and Brazilians are not good athletes by Their nationality or Bolivians are bad for his. This is even the MOST popular sport, is Often a reflection of the degree of organization and discipline of a national society cannot expect anything if it works in the heat of the excitement of the moment, the permanent improvisation, fanaticism or irrational and perpetual drunkenness ancestral. The sport, Such as education, culture and politics, Involve effort, perseverance and discipline, but not want to admit the Creole political professionals. While not corrected the faults and defects, Which in Bolivia Tend to be increasingly disproportionate and out of all rationality, no results will be achieved.
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It is imperative to fill the gap Regulatory and have, from society, it can Control and Regulate the administration and operation of collective entities of public interest, Such as political parties, foundations, Federations, Associations, clubs and the like they publish Should Their financial statements and summaries of Activities permanently using free and simple procedures, Such as websites, free access to the public. Quality control is to be Measured, place and Weaknesses in its full dimension. In competition there will be winners and losers, the MOST you can ask for is the greatest possible delivery, the best of efforts. Beyond That, nationalism and chauvinism are by others and are ridiculous. In an environment where there is Virtually no research, inventions or discoveries least be there to record offices drinks and food, mostly franchises or licenses of foreign products and services. There are many, too many and Repeated Formal records, controls are discriminated and occasional, limited to factors Such as components or due dates. Foods and beverages unfit for consumption are detected before the smell the stench of decomposing blatant. Without neglecting the crucial significance That the smuggling and informality for people of a poor country like Bolivia has had access to almost massive Technological advances, Lack of quality control in all kinds of Activities, Goods and Services Firmly rooted is a constant. Piracy, lack of respect for copyright and property, forgery and counterfeiting, are Virtually uncontrollable, are part of the traditions and lifestyle, landscape and climate. The problem Is that, far beyond the Interests of the Treasury, irreparably damaged Often the health and economy of the people. The incipient intention of forging a national identity That Could Overcome Between the deep antagonisms Cambas and Collas was completely disrupted by creating artificial 36 nations, Which added to the introduction of a racist neo to divide native Bolivians and not Originating in indigenous, rural and different Nationalities and cultures, by way of an unprecedented exclusive inclusion.
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Humanly, it is impossible to measure the quality or condition of a person to determine whether or not Originating, worse in a society where there is Effective Virtually no quality control and real. With emerging Industrial Safety Standards That Are Almost never met, Regulations are bad copies plagiarized from other countries. No quality control in professional services, food and beverages do not meet standard Regulation for the Preparation of Food and Beverage and other relevant standards are almost completely unknown That. Industrial, mining, petroleum, construction and services are in poor conditions. Authorities are dedicated to fine solutions and ex post, after the occurrence of disasters. Then, an unusual name socialism, Whose economy is Developed under the rules of liberalism Wilder, the law of supply and demand is accentuated by profiteering and speculation in goods and services of all kinds, prices and quality Food and Drug Staples and discretion are at the expense of traders and merchants. No one and nothing controls the quality of Politicians or Officials, or Legislators, or the originate, or laws, or of goods and services, and industrial safety, or safety, or anything. Gendarmerie controls to verify the issue of food or drink spoiled, or expired expiration dates, or some adulterated or harmful to health, are isolated events take place sporadically That, by random chance or some kind of vendetta and do not alter at all the unsanitary conditions of clinics, offices, restaurants, shops and food and beverage services for all types and categories. Under This Total lack of control, low quality 0, no prosperity possible. It is unnecessary and unfair to blame the Americans or the empire by Things That Have Nothing to do. If you really want to Improve, beyond rhetoric and hollow power, we must begin to Substantially Improve the quality of what we do and say, to add value to our attitudes and our lives. The choice fails to Improve and control the quality or die, Because
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country clubs and societies do not die or dying or raised, Because They are fictions. The crucial question the standards Concerns Tend to Achieve more satisfactory Levels of life in Developed societies and organized. By contrast, in lagging countries, backward and poor management, technology development abysmally only Serves to Increase the distances and Differences Between Those who have too, swim in opulence and waste, Compared To Those without any, of Those That Majorities are expendable and disposable on Minorities the privilege and perks without measure or mercy. That's just what happens with Bolivia. Rulers who receive and Have unlimited resources, are provided with high-tech aircraft and helicopters, luxury cars, bodyguards, environments and services in the first world, touting socialism, equality and social progress. The economy, for them, is growing exponentially, more and more millionaires coming out of nowhere, They build houses or buy luxury vehicles In Their collections of homes and vehicles enter That nothing is worth less than one hundred thousand dollars. But are hostages of poverty That They accrue, so we are covered and They Fear everything, wear dark glasses, are surrounded by all kinds of security and, as in the best time of the dictatorship, the Bolivians divided in two, the good and the Bolivians Bolivians bad. Meanwhile, corruption and impunity grow much more than the economy, que rubs off the wasteful use and waste of resources. The jauja smugglers is generously shared with high-flying, bleach, white collar crooks and corrupt and increasingly prosperous growers and related branches. Annual inflation down is controlled by no more than seven percent, mixing potatoes, onions and meat with satellites, aircraft, cookers, washing machines and phones. Unemployed and underemployed living in the shadow of major sectors of the economy casual. Along with the significant contribution of Remittances sent by migrants. Traders and services in general are not Affected by inflation, They Automatically fit and updated prices of goods and services imported, sold or lent, so any kind of inflation, even disguise it, Rather than giving them additional Affect benefits ends. Unemployed workers can choose to go abroad to work as servants to send Remittances, sacrificing lives and families, can work as
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domestics in the homes of the rich and powerful, dedicated to cocaine and its derivatives or the sex trade of Their bodies, activities have That the enthusiastic support of the government. Politicians Have It clear, while in control of economic power, there is nothing seriously That Can Threaten. The price to be paid temporary society is resigned to coexist amid deep Material Differences, Which proclaims equal before the law pompous but unenforceable. It is a society in Which, paradoxically, the rich and powerful are increasingly hostage to Their opulence and flatulence, are Victims of imaginary fears and terrors, Pursued by ghosts and regrets That They only understand. Vacuum national spirit, with the increasingly distant and diffuse Possibility to build a national identity, the Plurinational State of Bolivia has nothing multinational. State, just hopes to keep a failed state That cannot check anything, even the demons released Their racist theories or the multiplication of ethnic groups and tribes. A Tower of Babel gigantic geographical and cultural. The regional confrontation Between Cambas and Collas was forgotten, now cohabit in non-Originating Originating and territory, indigenous, Peasants, whites, blacks, mulattos, criollos, mestizos, cholos, birlochas, Camba, cunumis, millionaires, bourgeois and petty bourgeois poor and miserable, every faced With Others. Politically, a country devoid of Proposals, Ideological and Programmatic Approaches, and is divided Between anti evistas evistas. With a law against discrimination and racism, the rulers Are those who foster and Promote discrimination and racism That borders on the absurd or sickly. And it's Not About Governing in particular, it is all Competing for seize power at any cost for personal use and intensive. Along with fundamental social values, Such as honesty, service, Solidarity, are lost family values and basic human and enter all resign Themselves, In Their Own Way, in the jurisdiction of every man for himself and the last to leave it off light , total silver Until poverty is bearable.

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In no way, in any case, it's about changing people, leaders Whether or actors, or athletes Politicians, You have to build are adequate systems of management and control in all areas of activity. That if you really want to change in a positive way. Conversely, if the Majority sentiment is in line, only to Consolidate and deepen remains the existing. While people are resigned to Live This Way, the country can look forward to a formal existence, sovereign and independent, but fictitious, lifeless own, a country without national or social soul spirit. A territory With people who talk, drink and dance in excess and without stopping, a country of marginal and excluded from the modern world order, a country of perpetual insurgency, protest, fight Until The End

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Together with a delegation of judges and lawyers, I had the opportunity to meet and visit Cuba. Reluctant to groups and tourism packages, I quickly uncheck Bolivian group of jurists, who are almost always unique and unmistakable, walk in groups and almost all activities performed collectively, can be one of the few occasions in which can establish something like the Bolivian identity, by more diverse than either the regional origin of its members. All differences usually disappear as if by magic. I had the same perception whenever you visit a country with a Bolivian delegation. In Cuba, as for myself, I visited a Circuit Court in Criminal. In the trial, with a high temperature in the room, old building and under a large, noisy fan and blades, they settled in court, the lawyer and the accused of stealing four goats, which passed as heavily time became goats, kids or even bastards. The questions bordered on the absurd, if goats had left voluntarily or were forced, he intended to do with them if they gave any abuse or if fed properly and with what resources. In the back of the room, about eight people who were witnessing the public were the endless process that lasted over two hours. The court asked whether the defendant had been willing to misappropriate, if the animals were forced or abused, whether they had witnessed, what purpose had done that of which he was accused, he planned to do with animals and so, for several hours of questions and answers that seemed more typical of some theater of the absurd. The accused, a young man, stocky, dressed in plain clothes, was changing his initial nervousness evident by a kind of resignation. Beyond a visit to the House of the Revolution or a lunch with Bolivian and Cuban lawyers, I was a feeling of surprise and bewilderment to check the high price charged by the socialist project in reality and in the daily lives of Cubans . Beyond the effects it may have had the United States trade embargo, it is very difficult to understand, unless justified, living conditions for the majority of the inhabitants of the Island

The achievements of free education and health, cannot conceal the painful delays and living conditions of the majority of the population,
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who cannot hide his disappointment, frustration and hopelessness by a revolution of great ideals, in a tense atmosphere, resigned Total police control and own authoritarian regimes. As professionals, mainly doctors or teachers, earning the equivalent of thirty dollars a month, the few vehicles are old. Few people have telephones for local calls only, eating meat is a privilege, as it is to have more than two rooms for a family, which has a small refrigerator has almost ornaments, water and some small thing. The common people have to do hours in line to take a camel, a bus that moves from work to home. The television, print and radio, totally official, almost exclusively used for government propaganda. Prostitution, officially banned, is the only possible way of life for a large segment of the youth population. It is difficult to assimilate than the soap, toothpaste and toilet paper are luxury items that Cubans have to store and dispense such treasures and that apart from sugar, cigars and tons of speeches, the island produces almost nothing more. Soviet aid, in his time, and currently provides Venezuela with Chavez, the only explanation for understanding the survival of the Cuban painful. In most of the hotel sector, which deserves careful treatment by the government, commanders have the comforts of its revolutionary task. Modern and luxury European vehicles, drivers, bodyguards, comfortable homes, mobile, mobile, and internet access to shops found in clothing, food and imported drinks, certainly beyond the reach of ordinary people. While the police and security forces have modern technology that allows permanent and total control over the lives of the shelves and people, everything else points out that the price of dignity and socialist ideals is too high. At that time, in a routine trip to Santa Cruz, I received the news of the scandal of the moment, which he named Judge chuto. The day before, in a well-coordinated operation, a judge was caught inside his office completely naked, wearing only socks on, hard at work with a sexual assault trial. Once discovered by officials of the Judicial Council, knelt
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and apologized. However, the next day as if nothing appeared, noting that it was a trap, it was a false accusation, which did not help him to prevent his removal. Almost simultaneously, a judge was shot in the Plaza de Santa Cruz receiving a bribe, while another was caught in his own office to receive money, to which both claimed angrily that the courts and judicial offices were inviolate, but just went for to jail. Many of the activities taking place on the planet, almost all, dazzling and brightness are filled by the brightness of the sun or of the energy produced by man. This is the same man who amassed a large and diverse number of standards and rules to make life in society possible. Despite the persistence and proliferation of laws that have tried to regulate human activities and social overflowed the complex nature of human attempts to regulate their own behavior. In terms of international relations, after multiple trials and models of social, economic and political relationship between States, the socalled international law has not come to have a regulatory effect real, stable, acceptable and generally applicable. It has passed the primitive horde to the tribe and then to villages and cities to levels of more advanced civilized coexistence, as the Nation State, the National, transnational power blocs, the colonialism and imperialism. That civilized coexistence is a way of referring to the historical accumulation of models and forms of social, political and economic to the present day. Despite human efforts to rationalize the phenomenon of human life in society, the reality of the instincts and the strength of the force, social, physical, economic and political, not necessarily in that order has been imposed on any rational attempt . International relations based on principles of cooperation, solidarity, reciprocity, self-determination, independence, equality among states, more noble and laudable principles declared and proclaimed in multiple treaties and conventions, almost never had legal force and effect
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The so-called public international law, to configure a fuzzy set of rules devoid of coercion, to compel compliance or punish non-compliance by States and international organizations, stalled and was mired in a wide range of good wishes and great intentions. Then, as was from the beginning, everything is subject to the power of the economic and military strength. No real power, no national sovereignty worth, no ideology and, consequently, the rules of international law are ceremonial formalities tone with obvious ethical content, fit only for diplomatic relations between organized bureaucracies to base their actions on hypocrisy and farce. Today more than ever, in the relationship between states or supranational blocks, there are only real interests and objective conditions, no friendship, love and solidarity. For the economic development of modern societies, it is possible to dispense with production models and diversified goods and services that meet the best and the widest possible social needs, which implies an increase in value added to goods and services ie, intelligence, knowledge, technique and technology to transform and make best use of natural resources. Until the middle of last century, the world was divided into two antagonistic blocs, on the one hand a model of liberal economy that gave rise to industrial capitalism, finance and technology, and the other socialist regimes as stages of transition to a communist mode of production , which did not pass theoretical and doctrinal speculations. With the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Russia has quickly turned into a free market economy, while China, applying a rare combination of communist ideology with a capitalist market economy, disguised as an economic pragmatism course, next to the block of countries European Union, Japan, Russia, and other emerging powers like India and Brazil, competing with the U.S. for control of the world economy. Politically and ideologically, free market capitalism led by the U.S. empire, in formal terms, could oppose the Chinese government and some declared socialist countries, albeit with different nuances and
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characteristics. In practice, the main antagonists of American liberalism are religious fundamentalism, especially Muslims, followed by a plethora of countries nationalist, populist, authoritarian and dictatorial, which appear to be formally democratic but almost invariably declared socialist, revolutionary, popular and obviously left. In truth, several decades ago that few dare to publicly declare right. What is common in countries revolutionary, socialist and popular is its exaggerated patriotism, his obsession with an already impossible and absolute national sovereignty and its chimerical quest to refound their country and, as if that were not enough, the whole world. Undoubtedly, in the background of the current confrontation, under the cloak of culture and religion, the real stakes are relative to control natural energy resources, mainly oil. Although it seems hard to swallow, the large gap between developed countries on the other, largely has to do with the so-called curse of raw materials. It would not be strange that the oil, gas and minerals have anything to do with the devil, not in vain exploitation often causes hellish effects on societies that resolve to live the raw material extraction nonrenewable. Lifestyles have much to do with the nature of men and societies. Men generally poor envy the rich men, who in turn despise. The losers hate the successful and they revel in their success restregarles and humiliate. Poor societies crash and blame for all their woes on developed countries and imperialism. Unlike countries such as Japan and Switzerland, with small territories without significant amounts of natural resources, living backward countries export raw materials and import of consumer goods, often rabidly anti-imperialist, anti-liberal, anti-colonial and anti-whole. Their proposals are usually nationalist, popular, revolutionary and socialist. Although strategies offer unprecedented and ambitious development plans, their real objectives are limited to making and hegemonic control of political power and the bureaucratic and discretionary management

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of the economy, to consolidate political power that lasts as long as possible. Without going too far, Venezuela showed how to squander billionaires revenue by exporting oil to form a plastic society, full of luxury consumption mansions, luxury cars, asphalt and skyscrapers, which assumes that poverty is fought with miserable bonds with inflammatory speeches endless and indecipherable or exporting a Bolivarian socialist revolution to enable the Cuban people continue to live in the vegetative state of death. Meanwhile, Bolivia, more than its parent and extractive monkey producer, noted for the export of hundreds of thousands of people, migrants working in farm chores or as cheap labor, to send more than a billion dollars a year to their families. Bolivia knows and is aware of the great generosity of Venezuelans have received some donations of all types and sizes, and is Venezuela's main financial creditor. Although rebound, has also received help from Cuba, which allowed the literacy program convert illiterate judges and prosecutors Plurinational State or the miracle of healing or break free sight to thousands of poor Bolivians. You have to be gentlemen and recognize that Venezuela was very detached to transfer some magic formulas, almost alchemical, to successfully implement change in Bolivia. Along with an economy that has grown more than six times in the last ten years thanks to the sustained increase in prices of raw material exports, with an undeniable and positive macroeconomic stability, the millions and millionaires are growing and exponentially. More than human envy, surprised by the amount of new rich and the mysterious origins of their fortunes. It is not an isolated case, not ten, not a hundred, or a thousand, or ten thousand, many more are buying or bidding that houses three hundred thousand or more dollars, cash, this is a standard price for the legions of new millionaires. Vehicles of fifty, a hundred or two hundred thousand dollars paid ticket on ticket. Arica and Iquique in Chile, or Miami receive a flow of tourist and commercial Bolivians spend and invest significant money in tourism, services and investments.

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These historical and structural distortions of economies such as Venezuela or Bolivia, add a factor determining administrative disorder and poor quality of public administration, which impacts heavily on the country's institutional backwardness. Along with the comfortable attitude of extracting and exporting raw materials and people, the backward countries have rulers with compulsive mania approve and adopt laws and regulations of all kinds, as relentless and indiscriminate. It is an inverse relationship, the greater the backwardness and poverty, more laws and regulations were issued, of course to be religiously ignored and unfulfilled. It is part of the recipe infallible reign of corruption, always pointing to less transparency and more discretion. Backward countries do not exceed their lives if need more investment and production. But except little investment activities and high shortterm returns, no one will invest in countries with a tangle of rules that are modified each day, which seek to regulate the smallest details of human behavior or phenomena nature. The obsessive compulsion to legislate frantically and incessantly only contributes to a permanent climate of uncertainty, insecurity and helplessness. Is such the rumpus created, it is impossible to distinguish the important from the irrelevant, the current repealed. Possibly no longer be able to order or debug the system, so it might have to rebuild a basic law, based on general rules and synthetic cutting unnecessary generously entire litter, which, being very conservative, should be deleted or moved the liabilities more than ninety percent of the national legal literature. Social dynamics and technological advancement make even the most modern legislation, concise and synthetic, are ever further behind and out of step with the current reality, let alone future projections, so that the rules can no longer be thought with details, particulars or casuistically. No society can hope to overcome their backwardness refuge in a past that no longer exists, but that it cannot be amended or interpreted to explain or justify the failures of the present. There is no point to
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continue inventing false glories, cardboard heroes, triumphs and sublime acts of patriotism. What we are today is the result of what was done or left undone and objectively review sheds more failures than victories, more errors than hits, more miseries splendors. It is idle to pretend and harmful rule change or interpret history, a task that should be reserved for academic researchers and historians. The contributions that each civilization has done to contribute to the economic, scientific, social and cultural development of mankind are registered and are but by its use and usefulness beyond cosmic ancestral origins, are part of the heritage of humanity. . Modern life requires adopting healthy ways, practical and simple social coexistence. Simulation times, appearance and deception are left behind and they are extinguished countless disguises and deceptions. Wigs, hairpieces, false nails and eyelashes are almost a rare curiosity. Decreases the amount of people who dye their hair or makeup devote hours daily. Women are reducing or eliminating the large size portfolios in which were anything but what they wanted or substantially improve your health, and peace of others, eliminating the high and noisy heels of their shoes or at least leave bathing and sleeping with them. No one traveling with large suitcases or trunks. Just as it is not healthy to go rummaging societies true or false past ghosts to found their new development paradigms, cannot take off if they are loaded with weights as tangles and legislative maze. For extreme cases, such as the Bolivian legislature, it would be an end to the circus of the Legislative Assembly, which neither deliberate, nor monitors legislation and limited to only two-thirds approval vote by which instructs the Executive. For how much spending, if the same could be done with three people, two of the ruling party and the opposition, to approve every whim of rulers, declared national monuments and heritage to the houses, churches, bridges, neighborhoods and whole cities to be declared capital of folklore, food, dancing, flowers, stones, chicha, the singani, cassava, potato, tamarind and achachair that declared a national priority to achieve collective happiness and welfare of the living and dead throughout the Plurinational State of Bolivia.
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The law, in countries with weak democratic institutions, rather than reflecting the spirit of lawmakers improvised, often the purest expression of the aims, objectives and purposes of the real true beneficial owners of public power holders. Sometimes the confusion is so great that the rules could cause results to be comical if it were not tragic. How can you understand that, after they have popped dynamite and explosive substances of every kind and nature, in many social events, in quantities sufficient to demolish the Cerro Rico, with some heads, arms and legs mutilated, the government is approve the picturesque came Decree 1359 of September 26, 2012, by which, and in reliance on something that is already well established in the Penal Code, prohibiting the possession and use of explosives in public demonstrations. Lilly may Dona Gabriela Montao has found a reason to record in history its accidental and temporary step as first president of the country, in the temporary absence of the President and Vice President, both books, as happens with some frequency and intensity. In such explosive issues like this, and in the Republic were issued many rules prohibiting, among many other things, conducting banquets and feasts or the granting of awards and distinctions relentless with or without cause. But it happens that the custom is very strong. It means the spirit or intention of the government to ban the use of explosives in social events, supposedly peaceful, much indistinguishable from the violent. It is a tremendous and absolute discrimination and even nonsense, because clearly it would follow that you can use to fly ATMs exclusive to demolish bridges, to celebrate folk and presteros entries, to blow up enemies, opponents or suspected terrorists, to rob banks and shops, mines and properties pushy or to intimidate rival football teams or thousand other things. Yet precisely this provision is inapplicable, because in Bolivia there is no social protest peacefully. It is also insufficient and incomplete, as in peaceful demonstrations, and several types of explosives, no bullets, bullets, marbles, rockets, all gas, sticks, arrows, slingshots, stones,
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bricks and anything that may cause greater amount of physical and psychological harm as possible, especially women, the elderly and children or forgive that have nothing to do with the conflict, though, trying to avoid unfortunate and irreparable loss of human life. For more serious the consequences, the police stopped a few people, usually casual passersby, who are freed after a while and after the chocolate of rigor. An intention as mentioned could be compared to a standard stipulating that blocking roads, streets and squares should refrain from using rocks, dirt or digging ditches, which are only allowed to place paper signs announcing the general and indefinite blockade . Yes, it would be idle to prohibit or prevent glass breakage and building vehicles that are thrown stones and blunt between blockers and blocked, in addition to the police, to break heads, loot and set fire to property. That maybe the government can regulate the size and consistency of the bullets used in the violent demonstrations peaceful. But the humor is not exhausted by a decree of such depth and sagacity. The government already had surprised us by placing their bases cultivated on all charges by a court of the unpublished, tasty and expensive judicial elections, fully appropriating justice, crime and even the criminals, who remains in the greater overcrowding and promiscuity in unclean places prisons and criminal misnamed. The authorities of various governments were responsible for appropriating and erase more than two billion dollars of assets seized in drug trafficking, publicly and full view of everyone. Perhaps to prevent any opportunistic rogue appropriating estates, jewelry, money, houses, furniture or vehicles, is considering a new law to seize, go to state ownership and finish goods allegedly originated in drug trafficking, smuggling or corruption . What a beauty, tell nobody says anything about the two billion dollars swindled to suspected traffickers and the state itself. That beauty, now there will be many more billions to magically disappear, and ipso forcefully confiscated alleged pichicateros butt, smugglers or corrupt, as long as they are not government. Really, intelligence and patriotism of legislators are limitless. Now, it
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will not be necessary to investigate money laundering, the dirty silver will be transferred and deposited or invested outside in tax havens, in real estate or accounts where corrupt politicians and deposit or invest their nest egg, where they enjoy legal security and discretion. And who dares to denounce him for contempt process, discrimination or be seized and will top their property. The perfect crime. To begin implementing the new standard on the right foot, would be a massive confiscation of thousands of millionaires proliferate like mushrooms lately and that could hardly explain the origin of his sudden and extraordinary fortunes The mess patriotic critics may have other effects and perverse. Beyond loans, donations, high prices of raw materials, remittances from the massive export of people, or the resulting activities of organized crime, to pursue a real and sustained growth requires investments that create jobs, but not under the threat that, under any suspicion or allegation, the State actually privileged officials, will appropriate movable and immovable property, and will top the money would be distributed fairly obtained, as if it were cuoteo between friends of the courts and notaries. Understandably jubilant rulers of enthusiasm and patriotic fervor, determined to change the country and the world, revolutionary, populist and socialist XXI century as stated, not much understand the difference between making or private business ventures that require effort, perseverance infinite , honesty, a lot of discipline and control over public affairs, in which the all-powerful and just have to have the silver approve of others, without effort or responsibility. Bolivians do not invest heavily in the country, if they invest and spend seriously prefer Arica, Iquique or Miami, where there is stability, legal certainty, but above all, reliability. Bolivians, within the country, but do not spend all they can spend and from public or private. Spending 'permanent and permanent luxury is really wasteful. With blinds discretionary rules and random nobody will be willing to invest or to work for the benefit of enthusiasts confiscators. In the legal business, apart from honest work, effort and

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discipline, success formulas are often secret, unexplained bureaucratic or mechanical, otherwise all they do business or invest would be millionaires, there would be failures. Any private enterprise involves high risk, unlike state investments, generally devoid of risk for executors and unprofitable for the state normally spends almost never reversed. But are not the only reasons that the government has to be proud of the depth of the change process. Replicating their way the Cuban model, which has much of its citizens working in Venezuela, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Bolivia, very well paid for the bounty of the sea of oil flooding to Venezuela, Bolivia Bolivian exports to million mainly to Spain , Argentina and Brazil, and to the very heart of the American empire, to be exploited and work as cheap labor. Cuba, which more than sugar and cigars almost produces nothing, found the perfect formula to give decent caregivers and teachers outside the country, but also to generate significant resources to sustain its socialist regime. Bolivia exported hundreds of thousands of people to work from dawn to dusk, no schedules, in appalling conditions, locations or exploited in sweatshops, labor or social unprotected, undocumented or illegal, prostitutes or criminal work. They sacrificed their best years of their lives to send to Bolivia over a billion dollars annually. Something that should be filled with shame and anger, the proud, proud in power, excited announcing the permanent increase in remittances, despite the international crisis. Something like being happy for the dividends of labor and sexual exploitation of daughters and granddaughters. With more than a million Bolivians exported and degraded, possibly eliminate the problem of unemployment and finish enabled the domestic market and strong economy. There are even more imaginative initiatives, already here partner schools sports no less than the Spanish Real Madrid, the most ancient royal and aristocratic world football, in which children and young legs planted and then harvested and transferred to the world of big star sports and big business. Nothing uncomfortable intermediaries, or passes, or anything red tape, directly from producer to consumer. These alleged schools should rather be called something like neo farms breeding and fattening of human sport.
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And so, in this logic liberating and creative, it is obvious that as long as government populist schemes, which are only interested in the ideological indoctrination, the country will continue to export huge quantities of unskilled labor, with professional and technical are unnecessary and are not necessary change in Bolivia. The public health is fully submitted and by large political and union mafias. It is not that doctors work more or fewer hours. It is health that is found to be the most lucrative business and perverse that it has been conceived and developed within the national state intended. The State provides the infrastructure, training, drugs and everything you need for the medical business, which are the major interests of laboratories, pharmacies, clinics and hospitals and the legion of health merchants. What people need is remedies to their ailments and diseases, very secondary to major infrastructure and equipment, health professionals need to guide and do not make everything in business. Beyond union or bureaucratic issues, the government should ensure adequate supply, universal and accessible to all drug and laboratories, a fair price, which is very distant to immoral prices and profits earned by members of the medical mafia. But, of course, no government will be so suicidal as to affect the very core of his political support, their unions, social movements. You would be crazy not to be political or for daring to touch the untouchables, the merchants of health and education. It is best to continue giving away computers, so many people can have real access and free health and education via Internet Doctor and his assistant licensed Google efficiently, with the invaluable cooperation of Mr. smuggling. Within the sea of administrative contradictions, the lies and deceptions reiteration undesirable smell. Over a year ago someone brutally intervened in Chaparina indigenous march. No doubt there were police and Air Force planes, the government disavowed responsibility and appointed the then government minister and UN ambassador, never better fate for a man who showed so surely understood human rights of those that have nothing to do with Indians and wild, with women and children defenseless. So far no progress research, the government says it broke the chain of command, no one knows when or how much,
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no one is responsible and, slowly, surely end in the official version that it was a flagellation and victimization of the marchers, in a conspiratorial effort encouraged by imperialism, neo-liberals, the far right and the opposition, almost as if it were a police riot organized and orchestrated by the government. . The same government that approved an amnesty to allow the legalization of more than one hundred fifty thousand vehicles or chutos undocumented, detained illegally smuggled repowered decided to mobilize the national army, to make a giant operation Challapata population against some hundreds of suspected smugglers, a major operation involving armed troop deployment. Besides two accidentally killed and some wounded, the successful military operation had the additional merit, according to official reports, the order is made without the use of lethal weapons, possibly the tanks had water balloons, helicopters were to rope and modern rifles and machine guns fired only corks, own things technological advancement. No doubt, as indicated imitations do not remedy anything, do not help anyone, are just a smokescreen to distract and evade the bottom of the real issues.

3
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No group of people can build their value system based on delusions or complacency. Must knock and rumble false legends, half-truths, myths, fantasies or lacking content and accuracy. Better late than never, it should remove some of the lies, deceptions and hypocrisies that have taken over much of the Bolivian society. Enough collective onanism. The constant repetition of lies does cause assumed falsehoods as truths, and leads to accept dogmas and uncompromisingly defend naturally derived fanaticism and fundamentalism. Although it will convince some, liars are the first not believe themselves. Myths and legends are constructed from fantastic creations or recreations, exaggerations of events or characters that never existed outside the imagination. The lie, of every kind and size, is not only tolerated, but it is an institution rooted in society. The strange, the weird, someone is telling the truth or, at least, do not lie. Lying, as a lifestyle, with the passage of time and the widespread acceptance, beyond the individual people, invades collective social spheres and comes to involve society and condition. As socially accepted value, lying is a fertile field when combined with certain pathological personality disorders. So, there are people who are developing and obsessive compulsive behaviors, which create more than an addiction or psychological dependence, influence the life and activities of individuals, families and groups. Those compulsive liars, they cannot help invent falsehoods with or without cause, go to extremes and become mythomaniacs, the lies that pass personal creating collective myths or lies. There are those who find pleasure and a way to enjoy life in litigation, courts, judges, lawyers and all matters relating to litigation, ie become pleitmanos or kleptomaniacs, who cannot resist the temptation to steal strange thing, anything, whenever others. How to forget the megalomaniacs who think the world revolves around them, which are the most important, most intelligent, most beautiful or arsonists who enjoy setting fires. Nor should we forget the Master Glass, who was convinced that everyone wanted to hurt her, throwing objects, insulting, damaging their honor and dignity
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And so, with different types of disorders and addictions in certain groups often become general and collective pathologies, like much of Bolivian politicians, the momentum of the institutional weakness of society, of the defects and atavisms ancestral nesting ignorance, and concentrated hog and for having hobbies are liars and mythomaniacs, pleitmanos want to solve everything with lawsuits, lawyers, police and prisons, neither good access to public power appropriated or burn everything everything in its path and, of course, they are the most important not only in the country but the world, believe they are enlightened and predestined for momentous achievements and historical roles. They will change the country, the world, but they will not change, since they are the best, own the truth, intelligence and virtue. From there to extremism, fanaticism and dogmas, as absolute truths that do not support any questioning, there is a small space and very significant. By nature, men have devoted many forms of myths and legends, gods and deities have come about which have created a number of legends, which are then compiled into multiple stories of power and grandeur, or immense tragedies, to consolidate a number of traditions and stories collected and studied by various cultural and religious mythologies. Since the separation between religion and temporal power, the companies created a series of pipe dreams and fictions, imaginary ideals and concepts to identify or make signs and symbols of political and legal organization. Is there arise the concepts of state, nation, country, country, democracy, law, the principal. To take effect fictions real politicians attending cultural and religious feelings of the men and from that powerful file sanctifies everything is intended to enforce as absolute truth by society. Then the state becomes sacred, almost divine, the national anthem become sacrosanct, like the sacred nature or the sacred coca leaf. If the State is sacred, rulers are almost divine, or tools are representatives of the divine on earth, everything that happens in the configuration of a set of dogmas, which can involve questioning only
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treason, subversion, terrorism and other offenses punishable by the maximum legal rigor. Then, to the sanctification of State adds the personalization of power, usually a leader, leader or chief. If the state, the country, the nation, sovereignty assigned categories of sacred things, the rulers, who are his representatives on earth, they are being enlightened, and untouchable elected, lie almost beyond good and evil. As an unavoidable budget for the rise of absolute monarchies, the King or ruler had to be above all men, his authority was absolute and indisputable, his will the law and therefore were untouchable, physically, morally or legally. In the crowd, there is the usual positions and rules, usually stronger and more consistent than the written standard. This is how you set up the crime of contempt, recently declared unconstitutional in Bolivia, long before had been removed from most of the laws. In a completely legal inequality, of darkness and discretion, you could not criticize, accuse, less insulting public authorities, but the authorities if they had impunity to accuse, insult or abuse any vassal common, that is, could and can use and abuse of their privileged status. Something like that actually changed only by the growth of the States, was the droit de seigneur, by which the king passed the first night with the girlfriends of his kingdom, certainly not all, but with the most attractive for taste and possibilities of the ruler, was a right of exclusive optional exercise. The ideal institutions created by the human mind, gave rise to a number of assumptions, principles, values, dogmas and myths to enable their social understanding and application. One of the myths, dogmas almost attributed to the quality of the states and countries is that of sovereignty as its ultimate and irreducible condition inherent in nature, which means the total amount of power previously reserved for the will of the king or sovereign and then transferred to the people and their sovereign will, which only depends on the people themselves socially and politically organized, all by

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another fiction, the theory of popular representation mandate or exercised through voting. Sovereignty, modernly designed as the ultimate authority exercised by a State over a given territory, its people, their property and their customs, that is no longer taken as absolute sovereignty in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The current world based operation and interaction between men, societies and states in the material strength, economic or military, factors over which management imposes criteria and coexistence, subordinating values, ideas and ideologies that are diluted in the imaginary world of myths and myth mania. The most powerful and imposing subordinate to others and therefore constitute empires. Among men, is inconceivable to think that a millionaire negotiate on equal terms with a homeless actually legal equality between men is nothing but a noble ideal embodied in a formal legal precept, always too vague and relative terms . Thus, one cannot conceive of an absolute monarchy or a totalitarian and dictatorial government if not placed a shell of intangibility on people of the highest authorities, which, in some cases, vassals, subjects and even ordinary citizens cannot even look, less touch or comment on their persons or personalities, are the same divine incarnation on earth. All men, societies and cultures have the ability and the right to create and recreate myths and legends, to invent gods, heroes, and epic feats apocalyptic calamities. As everyone has his or her own version of truth, despises and denies the truths of others, from which arise dogmas, fundamentalism and fanaticism. Thus, for example, from an original Andean ethnic worldview, inventions like the wheel, the printing press, electricity, penicillin, radio, telegraph, television, internet and many others, can be trifles, trifles, compared with infinite wisdom and cultural achievements of the ancestors, their gods or mother earth. But, however strong are their convictions or beliefs, cannot ignore the reality of the world, the
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achievements of humanity, progress and development, which go far beyond the myths of greatness and wisdom created around cultures and specific religions. The world, which is becoming bigger and faster turns, does not stop to consider theories and speculation about what might have been but never was or what it is and should not be, reality forces people to be increasingly practical and objective, rather than ignoring the issues disdaining subjective or metaphysical speculations. For this reason, the sovereignty of the states, as absolute and unquestionable class, has given way to a much more flexible and realistic, functional autonomy, which jettisoned outdated early nineteenth-century nationalism and patriotism outdated. Thus, the claim is pathetic and some states such as Venezuela, Cuba and Bolivia who aspire to negotiate on equal terms with powers that lead them light years ahead in every way, based on a lyrical and international law inapplicable. The power and the might have their own gravitational fields and physical rules. The man returns to the axis, object and purpose of development and progress, far above religious, cultural, political and even social and, of course, fictitious entities such as states, borders, countries, nations, races and homelands . Fidelity and human respect to the state, the country, the nation and its symbols and emblems is a logical consequence of social belonging der sense to a group or community, including families, values, traditions, and stories shared in common, no Thus, due to authoritarian impositions or discretionary. Is rationality and human feeling in any case it's wills or supernatural or divine commandments. Like love, it is a deep feeling that is born and grows from day to day life with others, family, friends, neighbors, citizens. By nature, man is basically selfish, not love and respect yourself you cannot do with the other. He works and struggles for his own survival, for your family, for your group, your city or country, which are fully linked to the state of the world, so it lacks coherence that work for the aggrandizement of parental or similar fictions. In the objective and sticking to the immediate reality, the balance of
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power as asymmetric, right or wrong, make huge gap between the developed and the others, who are all others. Rationality and sentiment, applied to the rules that allow social coexistence, make it possible and necessary to create symbolic entities that, taken together, constitute the institutional pass legal, political and social. The right has no life of its own, there is not autonomously applies to individual will or social, not artificially imposed or applied unilaterally, rules exist only to the extent that men accept and comply. Custom, symbolized by general rules, involve attitudes, human behavior, adopting rules of social behavior and not vice versa. In these complex constructions of values, behavior patterns and behavior patterns come to nourish life forms and social organization and, in them, you identify the origin and consequences of various degrees of progress and development or backwardness and poverty. The specific case of Bolivia is beside the point. Particularly hard, since the time of the Spanish conquest, the colonizers used massively coca leaf to replace the food, to befuddle mitayos and make them work like slaves. However, through the sustained process of alcohol in society and vocation rentier of successive governments to be forming a social fabric riddled with flaws, vices and atavism. It is thereafter to be creating or promoting myths, traditions and legends alleged ancestral reaching design a society attached to the permanent use and excessive alcohol, creating multiple religious and cultural festivals in urban and rural. Obviously, it will be almost impossible for a people who dance, dress up and get drunk frequently and excessively, can spontaneously overcome ingrained bad habits and be able to combine them with discipline, honest work and effort to progress. But society cannot just wait backwardness and poverty of such a lifestyle, alcohol inevitably brutalizes those consuming up to repeated intoxication is associated with other bad habits with poor diet, disorder, indiscipline and disorganization. It would be unnatural to expect that people, families or social groups who get drunk until he lost consciousness, arising healthy individuals,
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households or firms integrated and stable and disciplined workers. By contrast, addition of backwardness and misery, will children with defects and physical and mental defects, broken homes, domestic violence, growing crime and public insecurity and deplorable social organization model. The worst thing is that it is not only feasts and orgies that breed throughout the year, with the active or passive participation of the majority of the population, by way of traditions, cultural events and folk, brightness and splendor and cultural, of the immense and unending national heritage. All social act, of greater or less importance, revolves around the unbridled consumption of alcohol, eating drinking, working for the drink, you live for recurrent drunkenness, fortunes are spent in baptisms, marriages, anniversaries, coronations, graduations, festivals, while more and more apparent is holding, the greater the social prestige and all this waste has nothing to do with the Incas, native, ethnic groups or nationalities. Every time they invent more excuses to drink. Godchildren, godfathers, godmothers, borrow, boyfriends throw the house out the window have not nor will not care if they or their children will have to go deprivation, hunger and misery, what matters is the feast, the great binge. Not content with drunk on in the world of the living, invented traditions for health and drunk on behalf of the dead, who also offer food as if they were really alive. The Administration is working to enact laws that prohibit the sale of beverages to minors, for now, those under 18 years, but the trend seems to mark a gradual reduction, total toddlers and infants soon to be forced to share the sacred ancestral traditions and drunk as vats. It also prohibits smoking in public places, but is at the discretion, will and discretion of an imaginary and non-existent authority, so it's just one of the many laws sacredly bound to be broken. It is obvious that this is not about laws, prohibitions or so, it is minimally comply and what is approved. It is not necessary to prohibit the use of bombs and dynamite in peaceful demonstrations, which corresponds to halt and punish the first Bomber to appear, for endangering public

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safety, or for injury or homicide, as well as blocking the streets, avenues , roads or bridges. Those who get drunk affect their health, their physical, your family and even against public adornment and therefore should be prosecuted, detained in rehabilitation centers or community projects designed to perform. Since colonial and much of the Republic, the main income came from the consumption tax and the chicha, which implied that the higher general drunkenness, more revenue for the rulers, for the treasury or to the national coffers, which ultimately accounts were the same. This gives rise to most of the alleged and sacred traditions. Drunks are drunks fondly called, or mareaditos, alcoholic beverages are the sips, cigarettes are puchitos. The endless presteros compete with feasts and banquets perpetual rulers plunging amid mutual flattery and decorations. There is another source and the actual cause and scatter the uncontrolled structural and social disintegration. Families are broken, the couples are in constant crisis, parents leave their children and children to parents, there is domestic violence and social violence. The explosive rooted culture and alcohol combined with state revenues, and Republicans in recent times, when prices of the minerals were in tatters, the Treasury did live almost exclusively on beer taxes, all a country that lived exclusively in the brewery. For unwanted crumble if international prices of minerals or hydrocarbons, Bolivia would be almost two hundred years ago, with a gross aggregate asphalt jungles, buildings, vehicles, phones and computers, which do not produce or otherwise reproduce than waste and pollution. Rulers, beyond their circumstantial differences, always agree stimulate, encourage, protect and promote all the festivities and celebrations possible that lead or lead to binge alcohol. The more the people brutalized remains, the greater the guarantee of permanence in power. The bulk of the cultural heritage is based on the gastronomic and alcoholic excesses, most people live to eat and drink, we eat a lot and

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with great diversity, but almost always abundant food is not the best for a healthy and balanced. In the transition from monarchies to democratic forms of organization, conservatives were located right next to the monarch, while the left moved supporters of changes, renovations and alterations, including various types of propellants to rebellions and revolutions initially conceived as a total change of social and economic structures, usually with some kind of violence. With the passage of time, the leftist socialist positions assumed by substituting the collective interest of the individual, which in turn took a conservative character more akin to the liberalism and capitalism. While the Cold War lasted, mostly leftists and socialists aligned with imperialism and Soviet socialist bloc, but also with the Chinese Communists or pro Maoists in opposition to U.S. imperialism that virtually took over the Western world. Today, with the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia became a variable, almost degeneration, neoliberal capitalism tempered by the emergence of multiple mafia organizations. However, both have worn the terms of revolutionary, nationalist and socialist, discredited and stigmatized as opposites as conservative, liberal, capitalist and imperialist. Today is not surprising that leftist left, right or center and rightist and leftist socialists. Until insufficient representative democracy, now talk of participatory democracy, community, inclusive, intercultural, or other adjectives that occur to the pipiolos revolutionary turn. U.S. imperialism has strengthened gradually and inexorably economic dominance with the technological, strengthening its principles and values of liberal democracy, respect for property and private initiative, free market economy and free competition. China developed a Communist ideology to face a deep and prolonged process of reform or cultural revolution in, with extraordinary economic pragmatism out.

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The growth and progress of men, countries and societies are not resulting in any chance, divine grace or anything like that. Nor is bad luck, fate or dark natural forces over which cause backwardness, poverty and misery. They work, discipline, honesty, order the factors that make a difference. A man, a society or a country is not bigger or better for only one desire and that further development and progress achieved will be as a result of their own efforts. Imperialism, in all ages, assume and adopt positions and behaviors according to their nature, cannot be asked to take on highly complex societies values and principles beyond their dynamics, not be asked to stop or slow your pace of evolution and growth, while waiting for the rest of humanity to emulate and achieve similar rates of development. For U.S. imperialism, countries with economies so tiny, and with huge degrees of backwardness and poverty as Bolivia, have no economic or geopolitical interest. The empire, its businesses and the bulk of its citizens have some significant investments are neither will be of any significance trading partners and do not depend on the products or Bolivian exports. Therefore, may care little that politicians desgaiten insulting or blaming all their woes to the U.S. imperialists, that so far no other empires which attack identified, there is no external enemy to blame invent and of their own failures and limitations, mainly human order. However, by an accident of geography and in the globalized world, Bolivia ends being very important in the economic and geopolitical chessboard at the regional level. Brazil, an emerging power and consolidated as the sixth world economy, needs to expand its economy to and from Asia, including the giant China, for it requires all possible avenues to enable transport to connect their territory with Pacific ports, especially Chileans , meaning roads, airports, railways and rail and river, called bi-oceanic corridors. Bolivia, in perpetual revelry and partying with their small and primary exports of hydrocarbons, minerals and soybeans, means almost nothing for the Brazilian economy, even for the Chilean. At the height of good prices in the international market for commodity exports,
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internally evidenced by feverish desvertebrado integration and extensive territory. Roads and airports, sometimes apparently not lead anywhere, are built faster than ever before. Positively, will be very useful to articulate the country, but these infrastructure projects alone do not account for automatic growth and sustained productivity and efficiency. Moreover, there is no denying that much of the road works Brazilians meet the objectives, while Chile envisions a big chunk of the use of ports and maritime infrastructure and transportation back and forth between Brazil and Asia. With revolutionary and populist rulers used to living in the country into debt or ask for alms, euphemistically called international cooperation, they have no qualms about expelling much of its population to work abroad as slaves, as they do large number of children who cannot even leave the country, never fail to aspire to live off, to consolidate a rentier state and beggar to feed their insatiable greed staff . Bolivia has lost over half of its territory and its outlet to the Pacific Ocean as a result of international wars, which occurred precisely because the mania of the rulers to tax income territories and get forgotten and abandoned by the state centralist, bureaucratic and resource consuming. As one of those curious coincidences of fate or history, the government of Evo Morales went to break a bilateral dialogue with India to announce major demands patently inadmissible in courts and international bodies incompetent, decreed a new holiday to celebrate the day of claim maritime, with mass rallies in stadiums and a Directorate of Maritime Claim, which, as you could not be otherwise, brought by a lawyer specializing in tax law. While much of its population is resigned to live and work as domestic servants or street vendors, throughout Bolivia, could become a single service for large commercial interests Brazilians, Asians and Chileans. With a state that had never even control and presence in most of the vast territory, its rulers, and easy to get good income taxes and tolls, regardless of income provision of food and beverages will be provided by Bolivian army of camp followers, with their traditional and colorful
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plastic sheeting, which is that they are not ancient. Best of all is that the funding for this megaproject is guaranteed and it is doing on behalf of Bolivian debt, supposedly to integrate the country. Of course there are some other financing collateral for spacecraft and military toys, for Bolivians are distracted with the latest technologies of imperialism or neo neocolonialism. It seems that the big business of oceanic road integration excludes looming Bolivia and only see it as a land of undesirable but necessary step, to manage roads, tolls and gas stations and fast food. Of course crumbs left over, there will be a positive impact on the economy, but the country will have lost the opportunity to be part of a massive structural economic project. The dimensions of the projected business are colossal and that in terms of actual productivity, the Bolivian economy is unable to provide any added value, will just see the huge caravans passing products and carriers leaving a minimum value residual basic services provided. After launching the monstrous machinery worth no sovereignty, waste blockers roads and highways, will be restricted to blocking streets and avenues of the congested cities and bureaucratized. Apart from the temporary economic bonanza for the export of nonrenewable raw materials and eventually run out or are replaced by synthetic products, causing concern some signs of waste and extravagance in the tiny Bolivian economy, which seems to forget own emergency priorities economic and social to help others, without being exclusive, never cease to be outside. Indeed, an education that is worthless, a public health sick of inefficiency and corruption, nearly one million children and adolescents who work on the street or in extreme working conditions, more than two million migrants, or overcrowded prisons nonexistent justice are issues that deserve priority attention. Cuba, Venezuela and Bolivia have in common despotic regimes, states organized around people, artificial processes embodied in Castro, Chavez or Morales, they are the revolution, the state, the change, the process, the beginning and the end of everything, Socialists declare all but the last two being advertised XXI century, while Castro and remnants seem eighteenth century.
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Lacking targets and capacity to develop and implement development plans of any complexity, have most of state resources to keep the impoverished majority within acceptable margins of poverty and dependence, and social base and political support, particularly through most miserable bonds, grants and small works prebendal . The actual costs of these models are perverse labeled socialists of colossal dimensions. By way of redistributing wealth that produce, distribute massive poverty to privilege and exploitation of the rich and powerful, they are becoming more powerful and richer. The millions spent on satellites, airplanes, helicopters, tanks, vehicles, ships, tanks, paper mills, synthetic turf, multi games, hype, not recover ever, is burnt silver. Roads and airports are for the expansion of the neighbors. And not because the neighbors are bad or evil, or because they want to take advantage of that landform called Bolivia, is the result of the development of the real world, of the inexorable laws of economics, is the product of live speeches and demagoguery, drunk and addicting to people. Although the circumstances are different, it is the responsibility of the current government, has always been so. The difference today is that Morales has received more money than ever and therefore spends as ever. The Works produced and delivered with huge advertising displays are not anyone's generosity, not a product of extraordinary talents and efforts of successful public revenues generated are almost by inertia and spends it on a whim or will. As Castro and Chavez, Morales has nothing new to offer and seeks refuge in a nonexistent past plagued by heroes and villains, which they change the script and the costume for the occasion. No program or plan, even got social summits give him a clue to develop a minimum agenda of government, cannot think of the gelatin of social movements as a political party, every day further from there. However, somehow or no political project seems at risk, while no or few promising signs of a more or less structural proposal or the emergence of any serious opposition. For now, in the political spectrum, and weighs only matters the person and personality of Evo Morales, is in your favor or against you, it revolves around the whole country.
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Everything is politicized. From one extreme chauvinism has shifted to a fem-ism absurd and irrational. Women receive one thousand tributes and protections, they are selfless, hardworking, honest, sacrificed, harassed labor, sexual, political, never unfaithful, physically or psychologically mistreated no, no insults, no stick, do not kill or harass anyone, unless their partners, not abandon their children under any circumstances, can do whatever they want with their bodies, they are totally free sexually. Prostitution has become an honorable profession; sex workers now may be able to form a university academically in sex, as there is football. The policy of gender equality and equal opportunities had undoubted effect on the government's election strategy. By contrast, the wicked and evil men only receive a warm tribute on Father's Day and a bit warmer day dog, but they represent and loaded with all the faults and vices of mankind, are unfair, abusive in any way to women and children, are womanizers, harass and discriminate, poor pregnant women irresponsibly or minimally seduce and enslave, live selfless and sacrificial work of women, who abuse and violate the sex and labor, they cannot make a living working sexually, are jealous, possessive, faithless, cynical, materialistic. But, beyond competition and affirmative action, men, women, gays, lesbians, the disabled, are the forgotten, the disposable, the true marginalized, those who have no vote and are mining cooperatives or growers, children, those hundreds of thousands abused in a thousand ways, suffering all kinds of exploitation, are discriminated and neglected. All thanks to an insurmountable limitation, children do not vote, no electoral weight, as politicized in a society with such advanced rights of all generations, poor children They might as well not exist really. As much as leave, or make hunger strikes or any kind, for the same or more work than adult women and men, they have no electoral gravitation therefore of no interest to anyone, no effective rights. Pretending to match what nature has done differently, brings men and women alike have to work for the system, leaving children and households disintegrate without mercy. The crisis of couples and
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marriages is aggravated by the social culture of alcoholism unisex, which also causes the increasing domestic violence, increased crime, prostitution and public insecurity. No material warrants that mothers have to stop caring for children, especially children. Indeed, even at the risk of appearing outdated in the currents of modernity, but women's liberation is often a family and social decline. In the end, all men, women and children hostage perpetual end of a financial system that is enriched in the name of deceit unlimited as your dream home or the car itself, the credit card rental in Miami, neglecting the production side of a society very unproductive. It's a cycle that plays cruelly, men and women working frantically for years to pay two or three times the inflated value of the house, so that in the end, if you do not lose the house by an incident, the heirs come to fight for the rifarla inheritance or a dead chicken price In 1963 the Bolivian national team football won the South American championship football. A commendable sporting achievement, outstanding, but full of oversized paroxysm, which means the top of a extreme exaltation of feelings and passions produced, in this case, for the sole and ultimate achievement of a Bolivian team in an international sporting event . In those moments, football, began to rehearse forms of remuneration, in cash or other prizes, most were a modest incentive for cracks then, no point of comparison with astronomical figures that moves the sport today. Players competing won the championship, because surely did not like playing football and if they were selected, it was probably because they were the best of the time and the means, without which the result of their efforts have influenced their greater or less patriotic, or other aspects of healthy non-athletic competition. Clearly, he was a football team, not patriots or heroes. Nobody can ignore sporting merit, in contrast to the world of failures and frustrations that fill the history of sport in Bolivia, especially football, in particular the so-called professional. At the time the excitement and euphoria caused several awards and celebrations, with the growing frustration and helplessness throwing skills successive went endlessly repeating, almost to absurdity.
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Coming soon will be commemorated with bells and whistles the fifty years of the most successful sports teams Bolivian celebration repeated year after year and at this rate, will have more celebrations in the centenary, bicentenary, millennium, and so, ad nauseum. Great reason to decorate and re decorate, to remember and celebrate, for national pride. Memories and celebrations are already a disproportionate dimensions jingoism and ridiculous or even pathetic. However, this story seems small when compared to what happened with the Bolivian national team which qualified for the 1994 World Cup held in USA.A set of players, supposedly professionals, led by the Basque Xabier Azcargorta managed, painfully and the razor's edge, to qualify for the World Cup. The qualifying campaign was too tight, too suffered as always Bolivian teams playing. Among Bolivian and foreign nationals, many of them did not know when or how was founded Bolivia or complete stanza of the national anthem, all live football, the better they did earn more money . Under such circumstances, it is a stretch to think or speak of patriotism, pride, national dignity or other superlative ratings for slaughter which overtook football play football representatives of the time. But even ignoring chauvinism inherent way of being of Bolivians, is that the great achievement was to qualify for the world championship play, as with hundreds of teams from around the world, prompting celebrations overflowing with passion and patriotism, which flooded the cities and towns of the country for days and nights of celebration, euphoric repletaron cities and patriotic drunk. Beyond emotional and circumstantial passions, the truth and objective is that the campaign he did after that selection, but decent, was a disaster: a single point, a single goal in three games, was only legend, the Legionnaires players unparalleled so far and of course full of homages and allusions permanent. A clear example of such a failure is a category of high achievement, just to reduce the complex and frustrations of people who believe that the success or glory are achieved without effort or discipline, everything falls from the sky, or springs from Pachamama or of divine enlightenment. But the story could not conclude at this unique sporting feat. Today,
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after eighteen years, we learn that there were those who earned more than the fans, rather than journalists, much more than the players themselves professionals, leaders then would have won more than ten million dollars just for the sale or resale of tickets to World Cup matches. Not to be outdone, the current soccer officials have sold the TV rights for the year 1918 by more than six million dollars, when the World Brazil 2014 has not even started, apart from having handled tens of millions of dollars over the recent years. So either always wins. At some point it must be terminated with myths and myth mania, with lies and liars. But that is not by law or decree, which are supreme forms of lies, designed, developed and approved by mythomaniacs, kleptomaniacs, pyromaniacs and megalomaniacs From the title of the bill Extinguishing the domain of goods to the State, which is being debated in the Legislature, is misleading and ambiguous, to say the least. Although not surprising, it remains contradictory that those who attacked fiercely Law 1008, of controlled substances, mainly because it is anti constitutional presumption of guilt and proceed accordingly with draconian rigor, today propose and promote a law that formally , multiviolara fundamental constitutional principles and precepts. With what until now known by this law again presume the guilt of suspects, confiscate them and finish off his property, unless the show almost immediately that their property is not their property, but could be the source of new evils. The project unknown due process, criminalizes the possession or private property and no criminal behavior and thus could identify a string of violations to the law, regulations. Like the 1008 Act, this type of standard is undeniable origin in American politics anti drugs. Without neglecting the impact that drugs actually have on public health, it seems that most concerned and occupies the financial side of the problem, ie, the large amounts of money out of the economy to address the world drug black, by what Americans have always maintained that the struggle goes on strike

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effective pocket drug traffickers, seize their assets, their economic power, especially when goods are outside its territory .. But if the Americans have their focus and their reasons to attack or heart heritage of drug traffickers in Bolivia cannot act with as much or more enthusiasm, to pass a law that can lend itself to all kinds of abuse and may violate rights and guarantees. This untimely legislative enthusiasm contrasts with the passivity with which until now looked at the actual loss or extinction of two billion dollars of assets seized various drug trafficking. This, coupled with massive corruption, impunity remains the largest. The argument that, in addition to forget such a real feast, will be auctioned and process new seized property, is very brittle, because, on the contrary, the same drug traffickers, smugglers or corrupt may reacquire and legitimize their goods topped by white sticks, by rockbottom prices, as if they were traffic tickets, because nobody in their right mind, so I had the chance, would risk large sums to acquire, via auction, and luxury goods generally marked with stigmata or people like that, to the best of cases, can be seen as accomplices or narcos white sticks, smugglers or corrupt. The state of putrefaction in which the administration of justice is no transparency augurs less confiscatory probity processes. Never mind independence or impartiality. If there is a legitimate concern for finding effective and dissuasive sanctions for serious crimes, why not do the same with human traffickers, with rapists, and murderers cogoteros with infanticide or even many other crimes against humanity. Those who stand to gain from all this legal concoction will corrupt officials and bigwigs drug trafficking, smuggling and corruption. The goods will become real money and not be gullible to invest or spend on goods, at least in Bolivia, except perhaps the powerful shift. For if there is a genuine intention to identify, seize and auction the assets of drug traffickers, smugglers and corrupt, would be enough to
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require sworn statements of assets to all households that have assets of over five hundred thousand dollars, to give a conservative figure. Certainly, thousands of people, mostly, could not prove the origin of their fortunes, including mansions, luxury cars and lavish spending, it is very difficult for someone to win hundreds of thousands of dollars from one moment to another, you have received an inheritance from her grandmother, who is a product of their savings or unused fruit of entrepreneurial success. Just walk the streets to get to the conclusion that there are strange things happening in the world of economic power. And there they are, with their outrageous ostentation growers, smugglers, drug traffickers, officials from all governments have or might have, merchants, and financial cooperative miners, judges, prosecutors, military and police. All of them are very healthy and impunity. Basically all a standard with many contradictions and possible unwanted side effects, which is intended to be passed against all odds, may have an explanation that responds more to an electoral political strategy. There are too strange coincidences. The government was forced to remove the offense of contempt of positive law, criminal figure who was used and abused grossly to prosecute opponents, then went to extreme interpretations and enforced the law against discrimination and racism, but this criminal offense is insufficient for effective deterrence and repression of opponents began giving legal battle. The year 2013 is the year before the general elections of 2014 and you could almost say it's a full year of election. Evo Morales maintains a core electoral support of about 40%, with the majority support of cities like El Alto, the Villa Primero de Mayo and north of Santa Cruz, the Chapare and other rural localities and sectors as so-called social movements , cooperative miners, coca growers and shippers. The opposition, mainly concentrated in the middle classes in major cities and possibly reach a similar 40%, but has no political project,
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less leadership, so, barring any last-minute surprise, can be estimated as a punishment vote the MAS government, but in fact no vote shall be limited to white or abstention. Under such scenarios, assume that the government does not want to lock in sterile legal battles, and repeatedly demonstrated that it is capable of passing through the lining and the constitution when it is convenient. Now is when it takes the logic of American politics anti drugs and therefore, potential or potential opposition candidates have to hit them in the stomach and in the pocket where it hurts and see if they are wanting to jueguitos election. Hence the extraordinary importance of having complete control over judicial and electoral bodies, with them everything is secured and under control, the rest are just fillers. Of course I will consult 'somebodies' harmless to mount the electoral Tongo. Always secondary role, Doria Medina, and Del Granado, always silly and always helpful, but nothing risky, have ensured their role as supporting actors, all with a Caribbean whiff of good times. Be delivered by 2014 showpiece as Sucre Airport, roads and other airports, the cable car to La Paz and El Alto, will be sacrificed billion to subsidize fuel for 2013, games will become more multinational, will be delivered hundreds of synthetic soccer fields and the military will make a spectacular operating Porongo or other similar population to catch phony CD vendors. Within this perspective, the only change will be the name of the companion to the Vice President and the only rival to be feared that Evo Morales called fatigue and boredom multinational and multicultural. It is very difficult to say, not even close, at the time began the transition process between the primitive and the ultra-modern caveman cave. Caveman was living in caves or caverns, or you can be a retrograde, ie, in favor of institutions of the past. Today should be very few men living in caves or so primitive, but there are too many who claim resurrect retrograde institutions of the past, of those yes that abound. In the primal horde necessarily nomadic men were engaged in hunting, fishing and gathering for subsistence. Coexisted in total promiscuity
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and its sole purpose was to satisfy the necessities of life, obeying their natural instincts. Women were busy caring for and managing food distribution, food and parenting, were the reference point for families and groups. Without this basic social division of labor, men would have been broken up and could not have developed the family or any other social institution, political or legal. The caves and caverns initially nestled in mountains gave way to other forms of precarious buildings for shelter from the rain, sun and cold. Hordes and primitive tribes traveled great distances to get food, to form nuclei that were settled gradually settled in villages, towns, cities and countries. In their struggle for survival had to learn to fight against the odds of nature, animals and other men. Naturally, the strongest physically were assuming the leadership and command groups dispersed and living in a state of confrontation. The English philosopher Thomas Hobbes in his Leviathan, holds that man in a state of nature was violent and lived in constant confrontation with other men, the werewolf man, so did the inevitable need to choose a higher authority to manage the conflicts inherent in human nature. Hence arise extreme positions such as authoritarianism, but also the end of absolutism. By contrast, the Swiss Jean Jacques Rousseau believed that primitive society was peaceful and lived in peace and harmony, so that, to sustain and ensure that lifestyle, voluntarily decided to conduct a social pact or contract that allows them to make lasting and sustainable social life, establishing rules and basic principles of behavior and social behavior. It is considered as an important doctrinal support of constitutionalism, the rule of law and representative democracy. Because of the extraordinary complexity of human nature, is always been subject to external and independent elements to the will of the individual, everything is relative, the only absolute is human nature, so there are no men or society totally good or bad, but you can find times
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and dominant trends in geographical areas or under certain contexts. The greater the degree of backwardness, ignorance and poverty, the higher the state of confrontation, the mood belligerent, bellicose, insurrection or conflict, that eventually will prevail over men, groups, societies and countries. The lack of institutional stability and the lack of respect or repeated failure to prevent the rules of peaceful and productive, creates uncertainty and impedes the advancement and development. For this reason, there are companies and countries that are virtually ungovernable, in which its members live in a permanent state of conflict, confrontation and disagreement about everything and anything. Friedrich Nietzsche said: 'Only he who builds the future has the right to judge the past'. Societies fade into countless conflicting interest groups and sectarian, which commonly demand and defend alleged intransigence interests and rights to various types of violence, or sensations of recreating climates low intensity civil wars, with few deaths, but almost always with injuries and great economic damage. Public order and authority succumb blockades, demonstrations, strikes of all kinds and beyond the limit, that no one knows what or where your limits. Despite major advances in the social integration of humanity, backwardness and misery inducing move easily into the past, tending to atomize social organization reinventing multiple racial, ethnic, cultural, religious, economic and geographical, with recreation tribes or nations and the promotion and enhancement feudalizar to parcel and economic organization, social, political and legal. So there is the resurrection of multiple forms of feudal organization in the XXI century. The complex and lengthy process of building national states that lasted centuries, suddenly meant to be replaced by the opposite, ie down to these difficult and precarious forms of state organization and return to the regions, peoples, to villages, ethnic groups, tribes and clans, a full re tribalization of some states evidently failed. Would be totally crazy if countries like Russia, China, lndia and the United States, they have and recognize the existence of hundreds of
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ethnicities, cultures, languages and dialects, make themselves the task of going back to overcome forms of social organization. In any case, there is nothing to prevent the maintenance costumes, languages, dialects and customs and practices relating to various cultures and respectable, but the universal trend for quite some time, is that even the most diverse countries, using an official language for communication and integration of its citizens, but of course, none of them came not appoint judges by general elections. In extreme cases, as if that were not enough a language for communication and integration of its people, we must encourage and impose many dialects or languages to set him apart and divide within the state itself, which becomes pompously multinational, multicultural, although Actually not a state itself. The inconvenience of atomizing social organization in today's globalized world can plot very well what would happen to a family in which the father speaks Spanish, Aymara mother, a son Quechua, Guarani and other another Englishman, obviously basiccommunication is almost complete, but the worst thing is that a house divided will surely hit one in which a member may be the failure of others and the failure of one is the failure of all. Everything will be more expensive and difficult, to educate, to work, to love and live through interpreters and translations. From the time when men dominated their environment and able to meet their basic needs, appropriate for the output of other men, by brute force, but also take over other men who submit and become slaves. The company began its amazing process of advancement and technical and technological development. The economic and technological strength take the place previously held by physical force and replaced their former slave shackles for the most powerful brands in the market, consumerism and technology. With the printing press was introduced a powerful tool for the dissemination of ideas, thoughts and information, covering the whole of humanity. The publication of books, newspapers, magazines caused the creation of printing industry, publishing and media of varying quality, origin and content, forming all kinds of collections and public
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and private libraries to which, in one way or another, to a greater or lesser extent, were able to access the vast majority of the population worldwide. The cavern was filled with light and made possible the mass dissemination of ideas, thoughts and information, although far from a genuine and complete freedom, because the communication phenomenon was quickly caught and conditional factors and interests of economic and political power. In addition, they built huge paper files with information access and use private and usually very restricted. In the city-states and feudal organization moved towards the construction of national states, to consolidate national borders and languages that are based on principles of sovereignty, independence and legal equality, but only at the declarative and formal. Communications van rigged with technological development, you create great communication tools, such as the telegraph, telephone, radio, film, television up to modern information technology, internet and intranet, telecommunications, interactive communication and multimedia as universal patterns of communication, access and dissemination of knowledge and information, setting the current era and the heyday digital realm of electronics. The use of physical force takes on organized forms and with them comes the creation of armies that include increasingly sophisticated air forces, sea and river, which gradually reached a destructive power that threatens the very survival of the human species in the planet. Along with the emergence and consolidation of dozens of national states, different languages and nationalities, ideologies and doctrines of various kinds, lays the foundation for a dynamic and complex scenario delimitation of physical and mental borders, shaping a world in dozens scattered and disintegrated of countries and nationalities, living in a permanent state of confrontation, whether political, economic, ideological, cultural, religious or military. The repeated and excessive use of physical force caused bloody wars and conflagrations war with millions of human victims. The armed
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forces of countries became the main factor for the territorial integrity of states and a decisive factor in the domestic politics of the same, although in many cases resulted in accelerated processes of internal disintegration and external institutional instability and breakdown of order legal and democratic. With the passage of time, more than religious crusades or wars of conquest and subjugation, or self-defense, as the point of view of each side, even in times of relative peace, the armed forces were increasingly assuming a more influential role in modern countries, which spend a growing share of the social surplus to fund the war machine, to promote death in the name of peace and national security. Historically, beyond any rhetoric, and military armies exist and are trained to kill, destroy or remove other men, imaginary, real or imagined enemies, which in this case does not matter. To meet their basic needs, which is already impossible to even try to define what should be understood as such, the men went to an incipient process of accumulation and savings, then the exchange of goods with other men through barter and trade, to conclude building a gigantic uncontrolled hoarding and artificial world of glitz, excessive accumulation of wealth, luxuries unheard, symbols and appearances that distort and degrade human nature. The armies were no longer mere tools of conquest of other territories or subjugation of men by other men, to become material sustenance of economic forces, ideological and political conquest and domination, progressively increasing its enormous capacity of destruction and innate vocation to kill or destroy the enemy. A patriotic name and nationality, appropriated most of the social product and turn it into military power. Almost every country in the world, but especially in the most backward, the military form a privileged social caste, race and studies have guaranteed for life, enjoy very good remuneration, social insurance are the best, the best land and the best houses, general end in big mansions and million dollar bank accounts abroad. Rather than working or engaged in producing something playing little wars, with diverse and sophisticated toys of
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destruction purchased under state secrecy and with the generous resources assigned to them by successive governments, for all those who want to stay in power for the as long as possible of course to save the country. Primitive societies lived in total and understandable promiscuity between men and women. Then, as now, nature only realizes the existence of two sexes in the animal world, males and females, men and women, who may be children, adults and seniors as the development of its life cycle. But man, in his desire to play God or as a result of vicious practices, degenerate and decadent, was responsible for creating other genres transsexual, homosexual, lesbian, bisexual and various other critters more, which surely will be discovered, and adding accumulating and that pride and human stupidity are conferring rights through modern earthly laws. As to things, Mother Nature, rocks, rivers and even the luxury vehicles that are subject to large subsidies and investments at the expense of hunger and poverty, for example, children. In Bolivia, one in four children is malnourished and hungry, while almost half of the adult population is obese with severe problems therefore swallow and drink without measure or mercy. A more than remarkable material progress achieved by the human mind, in terms of values and principles of individual and social behavior, rather seems to have been the continuing and accelerated involution. The promiscuous cavemen safely be shocked if they could see what has become social coexistence. The tragedy of biblical Sodom and Gomorrah would like childish pranks off today degradation in the modern world unfolds. Those who exercised the oldest profession in the world renting her body out of necessity, with deep shame and humiliation in their human dignity. Today, graduates in sex work, rent, sell or give in anticrtico parts or all of their bodies, demand and obtain full recognition of their sexual and proud to show fully exercise the office, while family values and children can go to hell.
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Men undergoing physically and men became slaves. Today all men are slaves of the miserable materialistic system of frivolity and excessive consumerism, oblivious to the slightest rationality. Yesterday the natural realm of basic instincts, today the artificial realm of highly complex instincts. In primitive caves, women cared, fed and educated their children today cannot take care or themselves. Hostages of stress, labor exploitation, prisoners of a rotten system that imposes the cult of material goods and evils, the unlimited accumulation of wealth and poverty, individualistic and perverse system of every man for himself, and as you can, a world void of human values and principles. Children, adolescents and children are left to fend for themselves, often poor, doomed to be kept in nurseries, schools and colleges archived or confined to spend your days and nights with the magic of the many TV channels or electronic games. Or prisoners in a dark room with a lock and key or in a public jail keyless but without freedom, without food and without hope. Or abandoned and working on the street, cold, heat, rain, snow or wind, polishing the boots of the soldiers patriots or shoes of politicians and businessmen, taking care of houses or vehicles luxurious and modern financial system slaves . It is then that we realize that the education system is nothing but a cruel and unnecessary farce. Twelve years of school to rocket to memorize dates and names to memorize the capitals of the countries and cities, but nothing the least understanding of how things work or because of the facts, or technical skills can be useful in life. Until a while ago, few questioned the fact that boys are forced to save the day, month, year, the climate in which it was discovered or invented something, or the names, plus personal resume labor of any inventor, but they never explained what it was really the discovery or invention. With modern technology and the opposite happens, almost nobody is interested to know the date, place, what it means or who discovered the web, internet, intranet, hosting, the scanner, the www, the IP, FTP ,
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the hard disk, the megas or gigas, skype, chat, but virtually everyone who minimally use computers, which are the majority, know exactly what they are for, they know what it is and understand that no definition or translation reach minimally to reflect on something its extraordinary content and almost infinite potential. Because this is just basically learn ls managing modern technological tools, and use them to obtain and add content, from access to knowledge and information, to investigate and then produce new knowledge. What was once badly learned in twelve years of schooling unproductive and barren, now safely claim not more than six years. President Evo Morales said that in 1989, when he was invited to Europe for the first time, gave him a computer so that it could communicate with people in Bolivia and was taken aback by that machine and was a total illiterate. True, in those years, especially in Latin America, most people felt threatened, embarrassed and helpless and chose the easy attitude of rejection and close our eyes to a reality that began to radically transform the world, many preferred to think it was a fad or the distraction of some snobs. Surely, thereafter, it got harder for union leaders and politicians, accustomed to efectivista speech before the reasoning or the rigor of thought and reflection. The leaders, with their innate vocation of power normally expect access to power will not only change their economic situation and their multi-family environments, but are confident that the wonderful instrument of power will provide in abundance all the support and logistical support to fulfill their selfless functions, from luxury vehicles, aircraft, advisers, secretaries and a legion of servers of all types and in all the national territory. And make no mistake that and humbly receive when they capture power.

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Naturally it is not worldwide or worldwide resigned to not knowing, not trained in other subjects that are not strictly political or union. By contrast, from kings and princes to come to the modern contemporary politicians, the ordinary is to be prepared in basic subjects for the complex administration of public affairs, an indispensable preparation for not totally dependent on consultants and other similar species. Sure, study, prepare, acquire knowledge, skills and abilities is complicated, it requires effort, patience and perseverance. The purpose is not to obtain titles, honorary less, but to learn what is necessary to perform duties of great responsibility. No one pretends that the rulers are scholars or specialists and experts in various fields, but minimally must have the greatness, wisdom and common sense to choose his advisers well, right people and specialized improvised or chosen not only to heat the compadrero and political subservience. Evo Morales himself confessed publicly that he was well advised to acquire communications satellite, at a cost of three hundred million dollars. Telecommunications coverage in Bolivia is quite wide and, without major government efforts, you can expect a prompt coverage throughout the country. There are several operators, the main ENTEL, the public company that concentrates more than fifty percent of the market, there are television and radio stations and satellite signal taking get virtually most of the country. The vehicles now come with GPS, ie satellite signal. The reality is rather almost excessive and a waste of economic resources and a huge underutilized technology in this area. It is instructive to know that there are nearly ten million mobile phones and more than six million users. Many people put ringtones quirky and always loud, not to listen better, but for all to hear and see around them that they have a modern apparatus and are important because they call and are called permanently. A lot of smart politicians wonder where is the intelligence
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of smart phones that provides them with the state and they basically just used to call or receive calls, obviously by his aides or assistants. Bolivians consume or spend over a billion dollars a year in services that are of the highest worldwide. All have and speak for one or more devices, for most people is an indispensable tool of work, from bricklayers, plumbers, sex workers, to public and private employees of every rank and level, housewives, doctors, lawyers or philosophers. The phones are left as almost marginal support or reference. Already a fifty-six percent of the population has Internet access, while nearly ninety percent of those between 13 and 22 years accessing the service. Surely Evo Morales was duped by advisors, such todlogos, that there are genuinely convinced that with the use of satellites will solve the problem of hunger in the world and are able to suggest that Bolivia launch a program to launch unmanned rockets into outer space. The downside is that they do not make for bad, they do so ignorant and reckless. The communications satellite, which will orbit China custom Bolivian involve only the government is dedicated to compete and satellite communication services, today acquired from other satellites. For practical purposes, the only difference or real use could be to carry out political espionage or interference in telecommunications and media show for some unwary. Initiatives and imaginary technological assumptions are not new. More than two decades stopped working the National Computing Centre (CENACO), with large and rudimentary computers to tape, a good budget and hundreds of employees dedicated to processing payroll and payslips public sector, with the addition that made some exquisite almanacs, printed dot matrices, with silhouettes of voluptuous women. Total, personal computers appeared and all its evolution, and what they did in CENACO today it can be done in personal computers, with much better quality and efficiency. No one knows the fate of the giant CENACO computers, chances are you have been reduced to scrap. Besides the well-developed modern technology domestic taxes, clearly
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highlights the task effectively and efficiently engineer Antonio Costas who, against all odds, managed the construction of biometric voter register and subsequently the optimal installation and operation of General Service Personal Identification (SEGIP). In completely opposite direction, real rights offices of the judiciary, which is a disaster itself, through which finance most of the judicial budget, has stepped back in time more than a decade, but technologically and technically its decline is even greater. In the late twentieth century, property rights had installed technology allowing procedures to receive and deliver in 24 or maximum 48 hours, had migrated all the information of the previous system and was installed as the folio real axis to gather all the necessary information registration of instruments relating to the ownership of real estate. With a system that was able to operate online, for records and information in minutes or at most hours, judicial revolution occurs and she returns to manual methods and procedures and mechanical rituals inherited from the colonial period. In the wave of disorder and delay, and queues become traditional mechanisms are reactivated corruption and inefficiency. Unexpectedly, there is the Chairperson of the Judicial Council, candidate for most citizens voted MAS in unpublished judicial elections and announces drastic penalties for selling in five Bolivians, a place in the long lines. It was the same person who was responsible for directing the Members of the Departmental Courts of Justice, and as public complaints apparently, auction all Notaries Public Faith, existing and vacant, even televised events. Any simple complaint for disciplinary offenses before the powerful Council of Magistrates can remain for months and probably for years without any response or processing and thus is at best cynical argue that fighting corruption and delay of justice. The judiciary itself stoically resists all technological modernization. With everything ready to enter the electronic file, to templates for remote notifications judgments or insist bulky paper files with pita sewn in countless folios under the appalling personal errands and notifications, almost like in the 'age of caverns, bringing corruption and delay of justice are constantly growing.
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Through the Ministry of Education has given the government a personal computer to all teachers in the teaching profession, spending a good amount of millions of dollars. In the past, we tried to do the same spending in typewriters or in book publishing, but without any real and positive impact on education. The only ones who win, and win big money, are the manufacturers and marketers of these teams, which certainly does not do it for charity or patriotism. Today, the new generation seems to come with genetic load including computer use. It is very likely that children of ten or twelve more and know more about the use of computers that most teachers who end up being students of his students. Just as few people wrote to machine just because of receiving a gift, nor were many people who read books gift to receive. It is clear that the proper use of computers involves systematic processes that require discipline, order and perseverance to learn to use good systems of extraordinary complexity. He recently completed the ridiculous initiative a million books printed by the government bureaucrats chattering, sent to publish what they considered the ten best novels national editions millions whose fate is as dark as the resources spent. Chances are that powerful shift finished decorating their cases with huge quantities of books to highlight his illustration and wide culture. Even President Morales, in time to support the unsuitable advice on buying the Chinese communications satellite, expected later acquire another satellite, this time for oil exploration and mining. It's another absurd claim, as if there was a great need for human development. A satellite of this nature will only serve to prospect for deposits that are then delivered to the cooperative miners and peasant communities, as at present, with no investments or benefits for the country. Greater profits for new kinds of predatory private property resources, in exchange for their political loyalty to the government. The state-owned nationalized mining today is minimal in relation to cooperatives, which are multiplied as prices rise in the international market. How many more satellites will need to purchase the Plurinational State
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for their leaders and advisers understand the limited use of these huge investments. Not so in cases like Venezuela, where the economic jauja oil exports allows citizens to fill their gas tanks practically free, in an economy that produces almost nothing and buys everything it consumes, which certainly not little. The ruling bureaucracies are always excellent and lucrative business with regard to education and health, in the physical or material, in the construction of infrastructure, hospitals, health centers, schools, colleges, universities, but they forget that the most important is the quality of education and health services, which is not only the main task of the state, but basically its inescapable and delegated responsibility. Ensuring quality education and health, which is useful for individuals and for society and not to be limited to a gigantic waste of economic and human resources. Colleges and schools are increasingly useful for the pesky encachufar children, so they are busy and distracted, while parents with full gender equality, care about getting more money for more drink, to dance, to the house or larger apartment possible to collect luxury cars, and only serve to turn the apple and make the neighbors envious choking. Are children scrap, condemned to eat or not to eat junk food, full time to join the world of television and entertainment, to recognize their parents by the photo you have on the phone or Ipod. The government is filled mouth to boast of the three most miserable granted bond. In the case of Juancito Pinto, said that it was possible to reduce the dropout of 6 to 2 percent, certainly in primary tax, but says nothing of the great mass of students cannot drop out because they have no ability or access any education, and says nothing about the huge drop in the secondary, or the giant, sterile spending on education. Keep poverty, which is a large international business, is one of the keys to staying in government . Besides the academic farce, the fact is that, in practice, colleges and universities play a much more influential social function and transcendent than mere education itself.
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Modern Schools provide status and mark the useful destination of students, the more prestigious and expensive is an educational institution for the privileged who can enter and stay studying for years, social relationships grow, there will be a greater closeness with elites political, commercial and intellectual dominance, so there will be more chances of job success. Then come the college, five or more years of higher technical memo practices, then join waves of mediocre professionals with total vocation bureaucratic and unproductive, which is limited to repeating bad so bad they repeated for all the most important years of his educational background. Research and useless zero or simple imitations, no knowledge generation even critical essays. Factories giant social parasites. With professors often barely literate, they do not investigate unless critical thinking or generate new knowledge that if they publish something usually bad plagiarism plagiarism of other hostages, not much can be expected. In the best case, we will continue with universities producing drivers, unemployed and informal traders, but that universities are not needed. . With advances in technology, it is possible that this whole exercise monumental waste of time and resources was exposed and have to force a resource more useful accommodation. Practically with pennies, using a simple computer anyone can read and write perfectly texts, translated into any language, correct grammar and spelling, or instantly access a universal library more complete, accurate and functional all libraries accumulated by all men during the centuries of the centuries. In primary education basics should be the appropriate learning technology tools, but, paradoxically, the current educational system that has teachers for everything and anything, just lacks items for computer teachers. Around the intensive use of new technologies in education, teachers should exist only with a good technical management, to guide the generation of knowledge and research in social areas, Natural, and a physical education teacher to do play football synthetic turf donated by Evo Morales.
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With great relief for the preservation of nature, millions of trees be felled will be spared to make paper, the use of which, almost immediate, could be restricted to toilet paper, towels or napkins, envelopes and receipts. Printers and analog communications, the vast majority, will the memories couch after having rendered invaluable services to humanity digital pre. The literary, artistic, musical, audiovisual and became collective heritage of free access for all. Writers, artists, musicians and video artists can now produce in terms of cost and accessible to anyone, but expectations have to say goodbye to obtain large profits or profits by copyright, already seem doomed to be a memory, not a pleasure, of times immemorial commodification of thought, literary and artistic creation and information. Surely, if they persist, the copyright will be very different to anything that has been known so far and hopefully eventually imposed quality over marketing. The new paradigm is called value added, which means that the content of an appropriate use of technological tools, research and creative processes of continuous innovation. The media should settle quickly to new formats, readers, listeners or viewers will be the distinguishing what is important from the irrelevant, the false from the true, the useful from the useless. Governments will no longer need to spend a fortune on advertising campaigns liars to control the journalists, who were considered masters of truth and of collective thought. To the relief of the sick, the technology also announced substantial progress, not only in equipment, techniques and medications, but in mass access to public health. Surely, primitive man knew no disease, had no occupation to get food, clothing and shelter, if he had a headache probably was to have received the blow of a club or a club, never mind sleeplessness or financial concerns , or jealousy, or stress or sexual release.
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The times and the experiences they opened multiple worlds full of flavors, scents and colors and a result began to get sick, to meet bodily reactions of various kinds, and then devoted himself fully and effectively to invent more illness, which forced him to invent and discover more and more remedies and pharmaceuticals, paints, dyes, cosmetics, ornaments, wigs, toupees, women's shoes with tachometers, jewelry, handbags, fashion, plastic surgery, doctors, lawyers and all other calamities that afflict us today and to overwhelm us. Internet, telemedicine, medical information, will greatly contribute to achieving universal access and human health through a natural process of purification, which will have to drastically desmercantilizarse health services, drugs and medicines, the frequency, quantity and quality of medical consultations, which will allow the noble medical profession regain the human dimension and remove the remnants of the monstrous and degrading business of health and sanitation. Just as in the literary copyright lent to a gross commercialization of thought, knowledge, information and human creation, brands and patents of drugs are the obstacle to universal access to public health . Governments should not get trapped in the mechanical construction of infrastructure or the incessant creation of items for doctors, in many cases, are in the medical practice is the best way out of poor and rich even unlimited. A key health policy should force prescribe and consume drugs and generic drugs, as far as possible, which would be complemented by the establishment overall virtual offices, call centers and telemedicine. As a global synthesis of this accelerated social transformation time, in a world based on cultural and technological globalization, idealism and materialism, for doctrines that were founded in the economic and political regimes of individualism and collectivism, capitalism and socialism, give way to a new form of social organization, cultural, economic and political, whose characteristics atypical compared to other models and regimes, as one might call it the era of consumerism, as a philosophical system, cultural, economic, social and political
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organization. In today's world, doctrines and political ideologies have completely broken ties with the complex social and economic reality. While liberalism basically raised the omnipresence and omnipotence of the free market, socialism tried to implement the dictatorship of the proletariat with common ownership of the means of production. In the first case, it is logical that in a free market economy, the means of production are privately owned. By contrast, socialism involves primarily a collectivist view of the economy, therefore the means of production should be owned by the state, but not of the bourgeois state, but the state by the proletariat, it is because of the dictatorship of the proletariat over the bourgeoisie. In practice, intermediate models have been known, owned or joint participation between the state and private property, regardless of ideological label. What is now evident is the triumph, if you overwhelming, the free market economy, although this does not necessarily mean the disappearance of the state in the economy, especially in strategic areas of the economy, or the banning of mixed economy companies . Although it disconcerting or even unusual, apart from the cultural, religious and ideological are the scenarios that determine current confrontations, the question of ownership of the means of production and to the social relations of production ceased to be the core discussion of the economic and ideological. In any case it is the means of production that no longer exist, or have lost their vital importance in the economic process, but there is no doubt that now own or have possession of no decisive force, decisive structural before assigned him, from any ideological position. Capital, technology and scale companies have long ceased to be local, regional stopped being minimally happen to be transnational, but more so, are global. Without nationality, do not recognize or respect borders, but if they have consumer markets and territories, which may include one or more regions, one or more countries. In this era of technology, there is no space limits, or market or economic relations of production.

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All factors of economic production, from the media, labor, capital, have become totally dependent on consumers, are part of a consumer system, alien and unlike any capitalist or socialist model. But it is obvious that the new phenomenon of consumerism is just liberal, is individualistic, selfish or personalistic to crack table, nobody is willing to share the ownership or possession of anything. No one knows who owns what is produced, or how much or how, just want to meet real consumption or artificially created, but above all, to cover their own expectations of what is expected to be spent in the immediate. The market generally and globally, causing a vortex that demand quantities, qualities, conditions and prices, the producers of goods and services should seek to meet as closely as possible. The market dictatorship or dictatorship of the proletariat have given way to the dictatorship of consumption, which is not intended to meet specific basic needs, is a giant octopus insatiable demand incessantly all kinds of products, so it is capricious, unpredictable and even chaotic . The law of supply and demand, which is not a norm over multinational state as some politicians might assume, and not a rule almost sacred, even in the most unalloyed capitalism. Technology, production, marketing and consumption of goods and services has imposed new and increasingly complex pricing mechanisms or compensation system. The producers of basic goods and services such as food, and no place to market conditions, it is the market that required certain types, classes and production volumes. Because producers use their products as tools to enter and buy everything they need in the market, using the coins as a modern and sophisticated kind of barter. Administrative costs of production of goods and services have been greatly reduced. There are many tasks and human functions until recently indispensable for today virtually ignores, such as secretaries, couriers, messengers,
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attendants, bank tellers, which also leads to a qualitative transformation of administrative systems and the state bureaucracy. From an analysis of this kind applied to the Bolivian reality, minimally appropriate to look back at what they mean income and the use thereof in a government whose economic resources has handled more easily than all other previous governments together. Even at the level of the global economy is a trifle, forty or fifty billion dollars are too important to the Bolivian economy. Only time when seeking to change come the change, tell whether the economy was managed properly, if justified billion annual subsidy for vehicles and fuel smuggling, if justified the purchase of three hundred satellites million, if benefits were huge expenditures on education and health, teachers, doctors, military, schools, computers, hospitals and health centers, vast resources for public universities autonomous and self-managed. It remains to see if they were necessary purchases of airplanes and helicopters, how, how much and to be harnessed to the armed forces, the resources spent on unproductive growing state bureaucracy, purchases of luxury cars, travel and missions hardwood official missions, the monumental government advertising spending, in many cases higher volume than the works themselves endlessly publicized. Is it worth it to build palaces when prisons are overcrowded with prisoners living with their children in subhuman conditions, leaving a total abandonment and helplessness hundreds of thousands of malnourished and hungry, spend so many resources through direct awards for projects of little content and social impact, forget about the production, the value added of industrial diversification and the creation of jobs worth? How can government transparency and honesty ask if the President of the State, in his affidavit of assets and income, forgot to state that he had bought two trucks pretty hard to forget and who knows if more oversights or omissions. Possibly it is a mere coincidence and unwanted, but neoliberal governments Banzer and Sanchez de Lozada received valuable gifts
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of sculptures and gyms that had to return because the Penal Code penalizes the presents and gifts they receive a ruling. Worse, in these past and nefarious schemes, almost all officials bought huge amounts of luxury vehicles for their institutions, coincidentally appeared with vehicles of the same make, they took care to put in the name of family and friends, being that the state is the main buyer of luxury vehicles and late model. Almost no politician then declared the monies deposited or paid at the national financial system, for that were and are tax havens. Of course, in case of commissions or gifts in vehicles, they should be listed as cash purchases, bad gift would receive a credit vehicle. It is certainly something different for the President Morales, who recognizes and admits receiving gifts ponchos, jewelry and the like, but is unlikely to have anything to do with purchases of vehicles, except for personal use, if available , of every kind and wherever you go, and helicopter aircraft. Resources and administrative spaces, especially in the provision of various services have been drastically reduced, with a general lowering production costs and maintenance. Of course, this has not yet arrived or apply for government institutions prosperous. For the new technological reality, development and progress of mankind, societies and countries is no longer measured by the quantitative growth of goods or services, by the gross domestic product, by macroeconomic stability and growth for the economy. Today, prosperity only understood as continuous improvement, sustained and sustainable quality of life, in the context of equitable distribution of goods and services. It's almost impossible to try to distribute or redistribute material wealth, which must be distributed with equity criteria is quality of life. The beneficiaries or losers with good policy or mismanagement of public resources and certainly not the rich who are directly abound today, and the many poor who abound more and more, will be the heirs, who are not entitled to the benefit of inventory , doubt and even less to complain. What today is done, good or bad, will repay tomorrow.
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When discussing about construction costs Courthouse Pando, a sixstory luxury building, with an initial cost of about eight million, for a total population that was not more than twenty thousand inhabitants and no annual litigation spent five hundred, my first surprise was that the original plans had been omitted the stands, possibly by the excitement of putting lifts on the land forgotten by God and by Bolivians. After a meeting of just over two hours, we managed to correct the initial error and placed Seles stands, which changed some unusual environments that were three feet wide and eight high, but as the amount was to be able to lower the price in nearly a million and a half dollars, removing a number of luxury items that were incorporated into the original project. After passing one by one the objections of judges Pandinos regarding the magnitude of the work, its oversized and on price, it stuck in my speech that tested the dean, who with the fervor that usually characterizes the jingoistic, of standing with his hand on his chest, said that the importance of the construction lay mainly in an act of sovereignty and dignity to the giant neighbor Brazil, that would be admired by the initiative and such a construction, a true guardian of national sovereignty. Completed and delivered, well or badly the tome, over border neighbors, while known in Brazil almost no one knew of the majestic building. This incident also reminded me of the curious sense of expediency and utility often used by public officials to assess the works and services. They told me that many years ago, there was an unforeseen problem with the vault of the Central Bank, so called an emergency a Mr. Ackerman, who requested the job done opening, accepting the predetermined price stipulated by the specialist. When successfully completed, the manager complained about the high price relative had claimed while working, which basically had been to a few and precise movements.

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With so unexpected and untimely claims, the expert he closed the vault, to the horror of everyone and conditioned a new work to be paid in advance twice, which naturally did not rise to any claim. It is at least curious that multinational enthusiasts have not done a multinational, multilingual census, that if they did not want or could print on forms with the thirty-six languages, minimally should have done in Spanish, Aymara and Quechua, to be consistent with their speech. The census, like all statistics, true or false that usually makes or commanded to do the government generally can be a bureaucratic exercise accumulation soulless figures and human content, so normally shed little useful data to identify planning priorities and distribution of resources and investments with equity criteria. The resource allocation criteria based on the number of inhabitants is notoriously inadequate or excessive, inappropriate, disproportionate and inequitable, precisely because it is based on quantitative parameters. Is that the qualitative differences are almost impossible to standardize. Cultural, social and economically no houses of 3 bedrooms, living and dining which minimize the same or completely different, it is not the same as having water and sewer or assume them to be desired, so that the accuracy and language used are critical. Jorge Luis Borges did not believe in democracy and statistics say that only an exaggeration of those. And of course it's different choice or vote for a particular candidate to answer a series of questions that end up being a metaphysical complexity for all but the statisticians, who will look to reduce cold numbers the splendors and miseries of everyday life of the common people. It cannot be the same humble and decent housing with basic services installed, with water reaching up to water the pots once a week, for those mansions with large gardens, lap pool, sauna and jacuzzi, although admittedly the real possibility that the water is more or less equally to all baable drinking or even for most. The same could be
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said of electricity or other goods and services, supposedly being equal, are quite different. As always with everything that has to do with the man and his circumstances. What more could be said of the nonsense of the quota law for now to positions equally between men and women, tomorrow will be added to queers and lesbians, and then come depraved animals and robots, children, adolescents, adults, disabled , the elderly and so on to get the largest moleculizacin of social life, in a plane disguised confrontation claims, according to fashion. It might not all be equal before the law, while the law is different for everyone. A percentage quantitative means not the slightest qualitative equitable distribution of rights and obligations, since they are intangible, immaterial and invisible. Men and women are human beings, equal and different by nature, so natural functions and degrees of effort, discipline, training, skills and abilities, should be the only objective merits to consider, without discrimination of any kind. But that's how you build the absurdities, contradictions, absurdities. A government that believes control everyone but you cannot control yourself. In recent times, this paradox was obvious when it was discovered, casual and suddenly, a General of Police, appointed one of the key positions within the Ministry of senior Government in the fight against drugs, proved to be a major drug lord or when police conducted a mock vulgar and ordinary riot facts found asleep on orders from above, all the great intelligence apparatus of the state and political repression, causing concern in most people by surprise and bewildered, she thought in crime, strikes and pressure measurements had seen it all, but it seems that creativity of the Bolivian conflict is unlimited. It is obvious the government's voracious appetite control all controllable. The media were of strategic importance to the project of political hegemony Caribbean designed enthusiastically that, so far, progress slowly but surely. For this, the government installed and purchased newspapers, radio
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and television networks. Apart from the state media under total government agency spends huge sums on advertising to reward or punish media owners who have not acquired directly, obviously through proxies. The people and the country already suffering shelves acute poisoning caused by the endless waste of advertising and political propaganda. As a direct consequence, the majority of journalists and media workers reported what he wants, as he wants and when he wants the government. And if there is still some unruly and rebellious, are the order of the unconditional judges and prosecutors to prosecute and punish as ejemplarizadora, as they like to energetic authorities say, reaching the absurdity of prosecuting legal persons for offenses of discrimination and defamation and slander, contempt before, ie crimes that are personal, that can only be committed by individuals. Meanwhile, the government spends more on what it says that it really does, because it says everything he does, but less does what it says it is born. Most of the over publicized government works are but the lies of filibusters and scoundrels in full fatigues of looting of public affairs on behalf of the people. Despite the stage full of cynicism and hypocrisy, it is impossible even disguise impunity pact established between the previous and the current rulers, between past and present corrupt. It is a tradition that has decades of respectful observance and alternation. The big honchos corrupt or drug trafficking and corruption remain basically the same, just change the scenario. Roberto Suarez Gomez, who was absolute king of cocaine to Luis Arce Gomez, Minister of cocaine from narco-dictatorship of Luis Garcia Mesa, Jorge Roca Suarez, 'Roof' and Straw ', Roberto nephew and heir of the empire of drug trafficking, his brother Marco Antonio Roca Ali, recently arrested with tons of cocaine in Paraguay, to Alfredo Arce Carpio, cousin of Arce, former interior minister and the presidency of the dictator Banzer Suarez of the founders of the Bank narcoarrpentidos BJG Beni. Roberto Landvar Humberto Roca Leigue , Miguel Angel Linares and, shareholders of bankrupt BIDESA Bank,
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until the huge business AEROSUR laundering and bankruptcy, and bullrings too many things in common, besides names and relationships. In the early years of Banzer dictatorship, the Nazi war criminal Klaus Klaus Barbie or Altman, Bolivian Shipping Lines formed, around which were succulent and dark business based on a vessel donated by Venezuela. Not long ago met some of the scenes for which the current Bolivian Shipping Company paid $ 30 million to Chinese and Korean companies for the purchase of barges, prepayment and cash, as is customary in these times in which acquire modern cable cars and other hundreds of millions of dollars through direct purchase, payment and cash without rebate or yapa. How quickly they forgot the narcovnculos, for which the MIR Oscar Eid purged four years in prison, the narcochola or Beard Narco Jet frustrated Choca and export of more than four tons of cocaine when he was a government minister Carlos Sanchez Berzain, nicknamed "the Chulupi" in an unnecessary and offensive reference to these harmless but repulsive insects. And Chinese passports or importation of rice weevils. One of the major operators had the drug court in the judiciary was, without a doubt, the Member of the Cochabamba District Court Toms Molina Cspedes, with the support of the union and the college of judges abognsters, got the Constitutional Court declared unconstitutional the section of the Law Council of the Judiciary that allowed dismiss judges for committing serious offenses, which was stopped and canceled the fledgling judicial reform process initiated in 1998. The Constitutional Court did not hesitate to add a word of their harvest to the Constitution, in order to comply with the order mafioso. Molina was not only restored and completed his term as Member of the Court, ending of free drug bigwigs, but then was appointed to the position of Director of Prisons of the Ministry of Government, he held even to the first MAS government period.

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In a way it can be understood that, with the overwhelming majority of lawyers, university-trained Bolivian who do not meet minimum eligibility requirements for professional practice and less to occupy positions of judges and prosecutors, professors even worse, the legal system resists adopting meritocratic methods and procedures for recruitment, selection and appointment. Deficiencies of lawyers, more than the poor educational background, major limitations include moral, intellectual and even public health and sanitation. Despite this fact, it is surprising that judges and prosecutors who had been tried and dismissed because they were found to be involved in very serious cases of corruption and drug trafficking continued to occupy judicial and months or years later reappear in under similar conditions and fashion scandal. Apparently, the homeless do not take anything to be restored thus confirms the full force of the judgment gatopardiana to change everything so that nothing changes. How true is it that said Vctor Paz Estenssoro in Bolivia goes around and nothing happens " There have emblematic cases of opportunism and deception at the highest level. Carlos Mesa was a good journalist who became a political deplorable. His enormous ego and personal ambition led him to be disloyal to who had been occupying the Vice President, to leave at the worst time, as always with the great big traitors and betrayals. But Mesa, who without the political and economic patronage Sanchez de Lozada had not achieved the votes or their fellow journalists, was not enough to replace his political mentor in the highest office. The role he played in his short presidency was certainly painful and they suffer the consequences today. Beyond revolcadas and speeches with populist pretensions, his obsession was to stay in power, he had fallen from heaven, as long as possible and to do so, tried to maintain a precarious balance between two opposing forces and exclusionary political system the shadow of the U.S. Embassy, on the one hand, and social movements that were fortified insurgents from the civil resistance to the ousted government of Sanchez de Lozada, on the other.
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His ambiguous position and led him to approve cowardly nonsense of the election and appointment of prefects or all that exercise giant referendum for nationalization of hydrocarbons, and then refuse to enact the law, which had to be promulgated by the President of the Senate. Sure to have reached a turning point, as he liked to argue, when he thought he was only choice or disaster, resigned a couple of times, make sure a rejection inevitable and that, consequently, there would be one major political support in his favor. Legitimation forced because of public convenience and necessity, but totally wrong. A few days after the overthrow of Sanchez de Lozada, Mesa issued Supreme Decree 27234 by which granted political amnesty for all offenses covered by Law No. 2494 of August 4, 2003 National System of Public Safety, which, according its foundation, were considered political crimes. As of November 4, 2003, another decree was passed supreme, 27237, by which, the amnesty decreed in Article 2 of Supreme Decree 27234 of October 31, 2003, reaches only to citizens whose actions had been carried out in the period of time between August 5 and November 4, 2003, in the area of social protest against the policies and decisions taken by the national government. The basis of the amnesty decree is anthology: "That the State Constitution, in paragraph 13 of Article 96, provides as attribution of President declare amnesties for crimes against state security, so that crimes against state security occurred in recent social protests, are classified as political offenses. That according to the criminal doctrine, political crimes not defined by objective but subjective, having to do with the motives that determine the action that fits into a particular offense. That the events of October, formally can be interpreted as the criminal offenses in the National System of Public Safety, but considering its features and background as to boost mobile these actions, it is clear that they do not responded to the desire to commit a criminal offense,
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unlike most expressed a social protest against the constituted government. Currently the Government's priority is to recover the validity and credibility of the democratic system, strengthen the rule of law, social peace and reconciliation among all Bolivians, and to that end, one of the right tools is the amnesty hereof, under the State Constitution." As a result of the social unrest and clashes between armed forces, police and civilians organized, there were sixty dead and hundreds injured, extensive damage to public and private property in various parts of the national territory is violated all kinds of constitutional rights and guarantees and, consequently, the last thing I could care were the attacks against state security. The crimes against state security prosecution today deserve endless and prosecutions against suspected terrorists white collar, mostly oriental, to what has even created a special court in the city of La Paz, by simple decree supreme. Of course that is not the case of a senior officer before being arrested in the act as a member of an armed guerrilla, who then went on to declare a radical democrat, which can be Jacobin and Bolshevik, Marxist or Catholic, Apostolic and Roman communitarian and believer of the Andean world, defender of the sacred private property, at the same time as the occasion warranted and that each can be added with fervor the media lynching of any public servant in disgrace. The amnesty policy, which could only be applied constitutionally to crimes against state security, considered political crimes, at any time, for any reason or circumstance freed or released from criminal liability for ordinary criminal offenses were committed before and during October 2003 rulers, military, police, political, and social union or single individuals. This was a clever but clumsy maneuver to favor more social movements and political and union leaders who actively participated in the violent resistance to the constitutional government of Sanchez de Lozada, actually laid the foundation for politically bury the former
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president. Had to be done at that time, taking advantage of the ambition and political naivete of Mesa, because then it would be impossible, in government, Evo Morales, and union leaders and social amnisten themselves. This is where you put a lock on judicial and legal mess that would ensue thereafter. Sanchez de Lozada, especially in his second term, probably committed gross mistakes, misjudged or was wrong in the capitalization process, perhaps caused economic damage to the State, as they did and do almost all military and civilian governments, but then to charge him with crimes as serious as genocide, there is an enormous distance. The government of Evo Morales knew that an accusation of this caliber could not succeed in any international arena, especially the effects of undesirable and impossible to achieve extradition. Nor, it would have been feasible to judge unilaterally party nationally and in the eyes of the international community, because. Generously granted amnesty by the Bureau to the other party involved in the events of October, did not mean, in any case, social leaders, trade union and political, are released from liability only for crimes against state security, against the peace and public safety officers because he forgave all offenses but to them, only them, in order to force the impossible figure of genocide. It's not serious, here or anywhere in the world accused of genocide to the result of a long and violent social upheaval, then or now, even anger that pride, stubbornness and stupidity of Sanchez de Lozada had generated. There is abundant evidence charts reflect and remember the days of extreme violence that were experienced especially in the cities of La Paz and El Alto, in which it was cut off the supply of basic services. But above all that, everyone is silent, no one remembers anything. It is never good to beat a dead horse and what was done with Sanchez de Lozada's not to be proud. He was tried and convicted without any
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due process, was accused of crimes for which they were not charged or the cruelest dictators that plagued military and civilian Bolivia's history of death, torture and mass destruction. Under these conditions of inequality and legal defenselessness, is an affront to human dignity and the trial judgment against three former ministers of the government of Sanchez de Lozada and several former members of the military high command. It's a particularly shameful and offensive sentence for former employees and members of the ousted regime, but particularly for the military that allowed the violation of the fundamental rights of their fallen comrades in misfortune. No man of honor is silent about the abuse, arbitrariness and illegality, whether in return for remuneration or greater empowerment and modernization that have received the armed forces in peacetime, in any civil or military government, democratic or dictatorial. What is the constitutional declaration stating that Bolivia is a pacifist? It may not be amiss to recall that during the governments of Barrientos and Ovando, journalists and Alexander Otero discovered a huge negotiated by the Bolivian government acquired large amounts of sophisticated weaponry to deliver triangularlo and Middle Eastern countries, on which weighed embargoes, restrictions or prohibitions. Undoubtedly a big deal, it was only paper and large revenues without any effort or physical risk to military rulers of the time. Just because you find the first signs cost the violent deaths of journalists and never returned to talk about it. At that time the production and trafficking of cocaine were emerging and nobody bothered to denials or prosecutions for contempt, discrimination, racism, separatism and terrorism. The penalty was simple and practical, like good soldiers had to assassinate the enemy, as Che Guevara, had to kill him, to become universal martyr and icon of the revolution. But the military usually do not understand subtleties. The history of Bolivia is generous in contradictions and absurdities. In the UDP government was big business for foreign exchange at
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preferential prices especially for food imports. It mattered bread flour but it did in neighboring countries. Exceptions, for this one time remain the rule and amnesties were never the exception. In these times, when the production and marketing of cocaine has assumed industrial proportions, another major business is the subsidy top vehicles and fuel smuggling. To go to parties, to quote Jack the Ripper, the business was consolidated with an amnesty to legalize illegal or nationalize more than one hundred fifty thousand vehicles chutos, for that one time, as always. Vehicles that have nationalized or been useful and necessary is another matter. To our knowledge, the armed forces currently collaborating with the war on drugs and smuggling, especially fuel. So, unlike a while back, and no more was heard of the illegal export of gasoline and diesel in cans, bottles, flasks and similar containers, unless the use of donkeys for that purpose. The efficiency is total military control, now rampant large cisterns sit on the extensive borders sovereignty, while the nationalized gas stations are run by enthusiastic members of the change process. Certainly fuel vehicles are sold only as pure fabrication Bolivian Bolivian patriotic sense that does not allow any foreign purchase a drop of gasoline or even a gas molecule. Also, everything is properly recorded and reported regularly to the local public opinion. Thus ingenious, as they always do rogues that border the government, was made an additional demand for fuels that required an increase in imports, so the subsidy rose to more than a billion dollars a year and so is closing the virtuous cycle that enriches the powerful shift. This consolidated the institutionalization of a corrupt scheme that aims to justify the need to stay in power by any means and at any cost. A process called change, or even democratic and cultural revolution that revolves around a single trim figure clearly caudillo. And this public reminder is necessary for those who are silent or look
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the other way every time an injustice is committed, especially against those who are circumstantially disadvantaged or weakness. Today there are few, tomorrow I can touch others and at some point I will touch everyone, then no one is surprised when his turn of disloyalty, forgetfulness and silence. On the other hand inexplicably, no government makes the slightest effort to capture or extradition of those responsible for major corruption with involvement of public and private interests. Tito Asbn, with the failure of Lloyd Aereo Boliviano, or Humberto Roca Leigue scam with over half a billion dollars with Aerosur, just to name two of the most emblematic. You cannot say that enjoy political or diplomatic protection of any foreign government, but that benefit contemplative and negligent attitude of the Bolivian authorities. Overall, what is happening is worse with drug bigwigs, which are captured with great fanfare, police deployment and press conferences in the Ministry of Government and are recaptured some time later walking freely in the streets and squares in broad daylight or under the glamorous nights of the jet-set celebrity Creole. In the midst of these huge and inexplicable contradictions, the current government, like all previous ones, says and repeats increasingly that is immersed in a relentless fight against corruption, come what may, to the end, to the full extent of law and other beauties of style and solemnity. Especially in Latin America have been very common regimes, civil or military, who forged Rasputins typical figures of unscrupulous individuals, usually twisted mind, gruesome and dark, pulling the strings of power behind the throne, to the shadows and whose lust and typically pay those who create, promote and protect. Among the most notable of recent times is that of Vladimiro Montesinos, Fujimori's Peru or Sanchez Berzan with Sanchez de Lozada. Will the government now has its own Rasputin and who would be the character that you could attribute this role, inevitably fatal to rulers and ruled?

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Historically, Bolivian society is atomized in a distinctive mix of social classes and castes which give way to coexist with a diversity of uses and customs, Indians, cholos, peasants, birlochas, Collas, Camba, Chapacos, black and White, Caucasian and mulattoes who coexist in a permanent state of belligerence and confrontation, being able to test other classifications that are part of the complex political and cultural framing of Bolivian society. A natural consequence feudalisation feverish and fractionation process of the country, was channeled the consequent creation of thirty-six nationalities artificial, with its thirty-six languages, territories, habits and customs, to gradually allow the conversion of ethnic and supposedly originating although actual source unclear in constituent nationalities then Plurinational State designed by Spanish, Creole, escutcheons and Caribs. Hence arise impostors groups that are embedded disguised native and indigenous peasants are becoming masters of vast territories, with certification granted by the State. Ethnic feuds quickly turn millions of acres of proprietary and exclusive to make and break as they please their leaders. Some thousands of people who appropriate large tracts of the country to take charge of the irrational exploitation of natural resources and the rapid destruction of the environment. People camouflaged that according to sociological vagary candida designed to give some content to the proposed multinational, dyes clearly racist and fascist, that would be totally alien to the social dynamics that would have to remain static and unchanging as originating, perhaps with the brand some kind of bar code, for not ever losing its status peasant indigenous and above all, the rights attached to it. This condition remains unchanged and engaged in banking, trade, diplomacy or any profession or trade. Protected by defenseless women, children and pregnant and totally helpless, leaders endless marches organized by days, weeks and months and achieved one of its main territory, TIPNIS, with more than one million hectares rich in flora and fauna, is declared intangible and rescission of the construction of a highway that would pass through its
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territory, which obviously is theirs alone, not of Bolivians, or other tribes or other ethnic groups, less colonialist state, neoliberal and discriminatory. Previously demanded that the State must consult about anything he wanted to do on or in their sacred property, resisted the request because it has not been before, while the government stubbornly I carry a painful, expensive and fruitless mock query not fool anyone, not even themselves. The tortuous march starring original indigenous cases, supported by environmentalists, ecologists and various NGOs, was interfered with and harassed by the government since its inception. It was blocked by a counter coca growers and colonizers who were renamed intercultural. As the march continued nevertheless to you all, the government decided to intervene it violently with police, vehicles and planes that they must evacuate the marchers, but not before a savage beating them as warranted her wild wild condition. The government was not able to prevent the arrival of circulating photographs and images that reflected the cruel and unnecessary slaughter carried out by heavily armed police against women, children and some men helpless, because the leaders were put to good use with due notice and opportunity Once passed the rigorous escandalete after countless contradictory official explanations, the government ended with the resounding and definitive conclusion that physical attacks were authoring and full responsibility of a character who reappears quite often and this Once dubbed as Dona break in the chain of command, in simple terms, the spontaneous and uncontrolled actions of a group of well-armed and equipped soldiers, in an effort to ensure protection and give some marchers clueless wandering curiosity arousing ragged and dirty, pity and sympathy of public opinion morbidly watching the degrading spectacle. In the end, broken the chain of command, no one answered even by
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the elemental fact that not well break anything, not even a chain of command, because that certainly is a serious breach between police and military, otherwise it would not be possible apply discipline or authority in any organized group. The controls broken, however, continued nomas in its controls and the main obtained his designation as a consolation prize as ambassadors to agencies concerned with maintaining respect for peace and human rights worldwide than Bolivia. At this stage of accelerated dismantling of weak institutions, although it should not surprise anyone, strong surveillance and repression apparatus of government policy, with registered trademark and unmistakable Caribbean origin and inspiration, unexpectedly becomes the eye of a new and intense storm of chaos. As in Cuba and Venezuela, in Bolivia have resurfaced situations of political detainees, modern arrested, prosecuted and jailed on various charges court. The government, which has full control of public bodies, has under its unconditional dependence venal and servile judges chosen by a pantomime of unpublished judicial elections, which also finished politicize the judiciary, has judicialized policy completely. With great success the government found the formula to violate with impunity and without blushing and guarantees fundamental rights of people, ignoring the extensive catalog contended in the Constitution on rights saturated lyric, which became effective mauda approve. Are so extensive and redundant lists of rights declared in the Constitution, in favor of the state of nature and people, everything indicates that the pompous rights were expressly designed to be religiously unfulfilled. In a scenario where you are presumed guilty and must prove that innocence, even senior officials of international organizations come manipulated public opinion to accredit and endorse the imaginary good government compliance tasks, which by the way of Free has nothing. The Ombudsman MAS successfully defends the people and the social and popular movements that support the government. Prosecutors basically represent the interest of the government and judges enforce government instructions. The Attorney General and the Comptroller
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roam in lawsuits that nobody knows or chasing ghosts and government opponents. Suddenly, with no known origin or class reassembly loose. A gringo, arrested in a process for unjust enrichment, appears with a great display and press coverage more generous conceivable, makes a statement in English, because it does not speak Spanish, which is spoken when neglected quite fluently, says he invested and lost tens of millions of dollars, said to be a wealthy heir with hundreds of millions of dollars, says there is evidence of FBI agents, mentions an imaginary Swiss partner invested millions of dollars. After a series of what appear to be statements of great imagination but inconsistent and lacking credibility, he defends a high drug lord, Maximiliano Dorado, who was extradited to Brazil's request, with the unusual argument that important drug trafficker had no impeachment in Bolivia, so precisely was extradited to Brazil and not tried in Bolivia, therefore would have to be an innocent victim and possibly some international conspiracy. The gringo, amid some statements that seem to be delusional and incessant trembling of his hands by a course of Parkinson's disease caused by their prolonged and undue detention for about 18 months in jail Palmasola, launches accusations of alleged extortion and abuse that in his version, they would have even publicly and in the presence of many journalists, tremendous allegations which themselves are silent media. That is, journalists are accused of having known, covert and illegal acts silent against the gringo and then or now have nothing to say. Their testimonies were possible and aired after receiving the visit of a prominent American artist, winner of an Oscar and the efforts that sometime did a U.S. senator, calling for an improper and illegal detention. Senator reappeared again and suggested the Bolivian government have immediate and unrestricted freedom of the gringo, for humanitarian reasons and because he is 18 months jail without conviction, while the gringo does not measure his loquacity and argues

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that many high-level officials who are became millionaires with their millions of kilos of rice. U.S. Senator, this time from the very Ministry of Government of Bolivia, confirmed the allegations made in June to the Minister of Government and requested that his compatriot is released immediately. Probably the senator is sure to be in the land of coconuts, in which Mr. President decides everything about the life and property of his subjects and is not far wrong there. Although legally and formally neither the president nor his ministers can have the arrest or release of anyone, judges and prosecutors will be more than willing to fulfill the wishes of the executive. If released into the gringo, would be the opportunity to rid the ninety percent of the thousands of prisoners who are being held without trial or sentence, and the government gets rid of a problem and can free up resources for the president to give away more soccer fields synthetic turf or build larger Orinoca museums, enabling more appropriate pay worship to the giant leader's personality precisely originating from that region. The worst thing you can do in love, in business or in politics is reacting to the heat of the hormones. Government authorities reacted in panic before the surprise. Not just any artist, was an American Academy Award winner. Not just any senator, was an American. Not interested in the history of the artist, played a football game with President Morales. One cannot speak of interference in internal affairs, or obstruction or interference with justice. The artist, by their presence, and proved the innocence of his friend. In addition, the artist, a few days before, had been appointed honorary ambassador by President Evo Morales himself. They also have a Republican senator to advocate a gringo and is very dose. Surely the same thing happen, minimally, if some prominent national artist goes to the U.S. to visit a friend in prison and charged with a crime and makes public its demand for justice to the sensitive American public, who become the subject matter of state, of importance and global impact.

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From that point, things were a dramatic turn. The staff were efficient the highest confidence, guardians of the Cabinet Ministers and the Presidency, are defendants, prisoners and processed as components of a gruesome and sinister band of government officials, judges and prosecutors together engaged in extortion and corruption. No presumption of innocence and due process, legal tests are presented, tried and sentenced to the national and international press. They were lynched by the media, in public and unappealable, instant, in life and for life. No civilian are killed, are killed in life based on charges, deductions and assumptions. Based on the visit of a Hollywood artist and a senator from Washington, an American prisoner accused of the newest members of an alleged gang appropriation of ten thousand dollars from one of the unfortunates involved and extortion of fifty thousand dollars from another of them, within a clear management of tens or hundreds of millions of dollars. Additionally, one of them accused of pressing a judge to revoke the freedom that would have granted initially, although the judge alluded to now saves a suggestive silence. It is also known that thousands of tons of rice, plant and equipment have been seized by the Directorate of Seized Government Ministry, the same to the Minister of Government, which administered and wiped more than two billion dollars property seized in drug trafficking, before this incident. Meanwhile, in the confiscated property of the gringo, say seventy families were left without wages or social benefits, nearly eighteen months after the arrest of the gringo. The press rises three hundred twenty-eight thousand the cattle that were seized at the property. Makes sense and it is understood the urgency of the government to adopt the Law on Forfeiture of Real Property in favor of the State, which would have already finished all the goods have been monetized and money would be safe in the crystal Treasury coffers, whether the end result gringo guilt or innocence.

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The word gringo becomes law. Judgment is final and conclusive. Nobody remembers investigate the kingpin drug dealer and his brother Maximiliano Dorado. No mention anything about the Colombian partner arrested for drug trafficking, which would partner the gringo and drug trafficker Maximiliano Dorado partner who, in the background and behind the whole farce, was extradited accused of being one of the main leaders of the network which exports tons of cocaine to Brazil, ie operations of hundreds or thousands of millions of dollars of traffic and black silver washer. What remains for the thousands of prisoners Bolivians are the same or worse condition than the gringo and his artist friend. Maybe that will be achieved in Hollywood godfathers or U.S. senators. Person may not exist, less authority, you can ignore or deny the terrible situation from years living thousands of prisoners in overcrowded jails overcrowded and Bolivia. The situation of injustice, of retardation, human rights violation, is all public knowledge, is an infamous issue that increases with each passing day. Willingly or unwillingly the government has increased the number of prisoners without trial or process, has increased disproportionately and ruthlessly prison overcrowding, prison allows hundreds of children and has made the retardation and denial of justice in practice ordinary, developed with impunity by all kinds of authorities. But for airplanes, helicopters, palaces, spy satellites, vehicles and weapons are an extraordinary diligence, no slowdown, everything is expedited. Nor does anyone remember that everything matches a dark recent episode that knocked million dollars of drug money to members of the Colombian FARC, kidnappings and car hijackings a former senator and former vice presidential candidate. Millions of dollars cannot appear and disappear as if by magic. Taking advantage of the panic come countless complaints and allegations against multiply and definitely bury any remaining credibility
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and trust that had been on the administration of justice. It is becoming increasingly remote possibility of finding solutions to court disaster. No one knows who is guilty, then almost impossible to think of innocent. Nothing will palliatives or reforms patch, summits or high-level meetings, diagnoses, laws and decrees. Finally bottomed out, if that was what was intended, was a complete success. The former district attorney of Santa Cruz was arrested and charged by the lawyer of a suspected rapist have asked for five hundred thousand dollars and several properties to free his client, it is impossible to believe, ask for no pay and no one would accept such a fortune by releasing a defendant irregularly: Worse, the prosecutor cannot release anyone or for all the gold in the world, wanted or wished to do so. But the inquisitorial zeal and player does not end there. The government ministry is quick to clarify that they knew it all and who ordered the operation, whether ex post. The Communications Minister, with his face that seems to reflect a permanent and endless suffering, appears on television and while on a horse crosses his forehead, nose and threatens to grow disproportionately, very loose body embarrarlo finishes throughout, holding that the President knew seven months allegations and it was he who conducted the investigation and more drastic sanctions for those involved. Necropsy, they say. While it is too obvious that the judiciary and the Public Ministry and exclusively depend fatal executive, primarily through government Ministries and transparency, as can be understood that Ministers and the President himself personally involved in dubious judicial proceedings, either for or against. This cannot happen anywhere in the world where there is an Attorney General and Justice with a modicum of independence. No sane person could deny or ignore the fact that the authorities are well aware of the serious problems of the administration of justice, and the continuing injustices of degrading and inhuman situation that exists in Bolivian prisons calls. It is no news to absolutely nobody. Nor is it credible that authorities at the highest level of government,
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totally ignore what is happening around him or do their agents and representatives, for months or years and just happened to become aware that there is not only corruption, but networks operating corruption amid sophisticated intelligence apparatus and repression, they know to how many times an opponent enters the bathroom real or imaginary. But none of that can explain less justify, the main government authorities have to usurp judicial, police and prosecutors. The President can play governor, mayor, diplomat, mayor, football and much more, but cannot, under any circumstances, officiating prosecutor, judge or investigator. It just does not belong. The executive body, particularly the Ministries of governance and transparency, cannot usurp functions which are the responsibility of the state to another. Due process and the presumption of innocence are among the fundamental rights and guarantees of the people and are applicable to all, rulers and ruled, judges, prosecutors, police, soldiers, men, women and children. The existence of a rule of law necessarily involves the full implementation of a system of inviolable constitutional rights, due process, the unrestricted right to defense, the presumption of innocence. Without these guarantees, no justice, no justice, no rule of law, not rule of law and no democracy without democracy there is no state. The judicial and media lynching contemplate now live and live through all media, past or wild is obviously unconstitutional, going against human dignity, reflects greed and cowardice of those who cling to power any cost and at any price. But the story always goes round, tomorrow will be the same brave today that address the abuse, injustice and revenge relentless irrational hatred that builds up in one of the most corrupt countries in the world, the worst quality of life in South America, the most controversial of the region and one of the poorest and most backward in the world. Precisely because of things like this.
Lus Carlos Paravicini Pgina 314

AIR OF FREEDOM INFINITE HISTORY OF CORRUPTION IN BOLIVIA


The absolute ignorance of laws, rights and guarantees not only a situation of injustice and lawlessness judicial replicates and multiplies to deepen legal uncertainty, public and citizen insecurity, to discourage any initiative or national or foreign investment, but basically ballast will prevent social takeoff towards a balanced development, in terms of fairness and equity. Although it seems contradictory, in conditions of inequality and injustice as those currently monopolize Bolivian society, the quantitative growth, macroeconomic stability and other factors that are flowering, can be rather negative for the purposes of development with equity and justice. A higher economic growth by exporting raw materials or resources income of dubious origin, the greater will be the concentration and monopolization of wealth by the privileged sectors delving deep inequality gap which happens to be the basic structural problem of Bolivian society, including above the poverty itself. The process of accumulation and concentration of wealth has a direct impact on restricting or inaccessibility of most of the population to an increasingly unjust justice and distant from the common citizen. Justice becomes a luxury only allowed to politically or economically powerful and that cannot be justified by any argument.

Lus Carlos Paravicini

Pgina 315