Profiles of For-Profit Educational Management Organizations

Eleventh Annual Report
Alex Molnar, Arizona State University Gary Miron, Western Michigan University Jessica Urschel, Western Michigan University September 2009

CERU | COMMERCIALISM IN EDUCATION RESEARCH UNIT

Education Policy Research Unit (EPRU)
Division of Advanced Studies in Education Policy, Leadership, and Curriculum Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education Arizona State University P.O. Box 872411, Tempe, AZ 85287-2411 Telephone: (480) 965-1886 E-mail: epsl@asu.edu educationanalysis.org

Commercialism in Education Research Unit (CERU) Education Policy Studies Laboratory
Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education Arizona State University P.O. Box 872411, Tempe, AZ 85287-2411 Telephone: (480) 965-1886 E-mail: epsl@asu.edu educationanalysis.org

Education and the Public Interest Center (EPIC)
School of Education, University of Colorado Boulder, CO 80309-0249 Telephone: to (303) 447-EPIC Fax: (303) 492-7090 Email: epic@colorado.edu http://epicpolicy.org

This document can be found online at http://epicpolicy.org/publication/profiles-profit-emos-2008-09

Table of Contents
Summary………………………………………………………………….………….1

Introduction and Background………………………………………………...….2

Findings for 2008-2009…………….…………………………………………...…5

Company Summary........………………………………………………………....15

Large Company Profiles………………………………………………………....19

Medium Company Profiles……………………………………………………..140

Small Company Profiles……………………………………………………......166

Virtual Schools…………………………………………………………………...226

Appendix A: Reader’s Guide…………………………………………………..233

Appendix B: Data Sources by State………………………………………….234

Appendix C: No Longer Profiled Companies……………………………….237

Appendix D: Methods…………………………………………………………...240

Profiles of For-Profit Education Management Organizations: 2008-2009
1

Summary
In 2008-2009 the for-profit education management industry continued to grow slowly. However, new methods (See Appendix D) used for searching for and identifying EMOs resulted in a substantial number of for-profit EMOs being profiled for the first time in this year’s report. The greatest increase in profiled companies occurred in the category of small EMOs (managing three or fewer schools). Although this year’s report profiles more EMOs than do previous reports, all of the companies added were previously operating “under the radar” of our researchers. For this reason, we believe our key finding from the 2007-2008 report, i.e., that the growth of the EMO sector is slowing, still holds true for the 2008-2009 academic year. Numerical trends outlined in this report at times reflect actual growth in the industry and at other times reflect the increasing ability of this report’s researchers to identify and map the operations of EMOs across the country. National Landscape • The number of states in which for-profit EMOs operated increased from 28 in 20072008 to 31 in 2008-2009.

Companies • • Since the first Profiles report was published for the 1997-1998 school year, the number of for-profit EMOs profiled has increased from 14 to 95, and the number of states in which EMOs are operating from 16 to 31. In the past year, the number of EMOs profiled has a net increase of 45. The newly profiled EMOs were previously in operation and a change in methods allowed us to identify 31 additional small EMOs, 12 additional medium-sized EMOs, and two additional large EMOs. While the actual number of companies has remained relatively stable over the past few years, many of the large and medium-sized EMOs are expanding into new service areas, such as supplemental education services. Imagine Schools, Inc., is the largest for-profit EMO in terms of the number of schools it manages. This company experienced the largest net increase of schools profiled, from 43 in 2007-2008 to 76 in 2008-2009. Nineteen of these newly profiled schools were confirmed as new schools in 2008-2009.

• •

1

The authors would like to recognize and thank Tammy DeRoo for assistance with data collection, Erik Gunn for editing work, and Joe Fee for addressing technical problems that arose with the project data base. Additionally, the authors would like to thank the many university-based academics, representatives from state advocacy groups, teachers’ unions, and state education agencies that responded to our requests for information and provided feedback on the completeness and accuracy of our lists of companies and schools.

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• •

EdisonLearning experienced a decrease in the number of fully managed schools for the second year in a row. In 2008-2009, Edison Learning managed 62 public schools, compared with 68 fully managed schools in 2007-2008. Because of the large enrollments of its schools, EdisonLearning still has the largest number of students among the for-profit EMOs (37,574). The total enrollment of the 24 virtual schools operated by K12 Inc. (37,543) nearly matches EdisonLearning’s.

Schools • Since the first Profiles report was produced for the 1997-1998 school year, the number of schools managed by for-profit EMOs has increased to 733 from 131. In the past year, the number of profiled schools has increased dramatically, to 733 from 533. However, we estimate that the actual number of EMO-managed public schools has leveled off over the past few years and attribute the dramatic increase only to a change in our methods. Of the 733 schools profiled in this report, 74% are operated by large EMOs. Fully 94% of EMO-managed schools are charter schools, and 6% are district schools. The number of district schools operated by EMOs continued to decline between 20072008 and 2008-2009. The majority (57%) of EMO-managed schools profiled are primary schools. The number of virtual schools operated by EMOs increased from 40 in 2007-2008 to 56 in 2008-2009. This is equivalent to 7.6% of all schools managed by for-profit EMOs. The five states with the highest numbers of schools managed by for-profit EMOs are Michigan (191), Florida (136), Arizona (103), Ohio (95), and Pennsylvania (39). Overall, schools managed by for-profit EMOs operate in 31 states.

• • • • •

Students • • • • The number of students in profiled EMO-managed schools increased by 84,809 in the last year. In total, the EMO-operated schools profiled in this report enrolled 339,222 students during the 2008-2009 school year. Even while our estimates of the numbers of companies and the numbers of schools they operate have been leveling off, the data suggest that the number of students in EMO schools continue to grow as average school enrollments continue to grow. Large EMOs account for 78.5% of all students enrolled in EMO-managed schools. Large EMOs tend to have a larger average and median school enrollment than medium- and small-size EMOs.

Introduction and Background
The EMO Industry: Background and Rationale Education management organizations, or EMOs, emerged in the early 1990s in the context of widespread interest in so-called market-based school reform proposals. Wall

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Street analysts coined the term EMO as an analogue to health maintenance organizations (HMOs). Proponents of EMOs claim that they bring a much needed dose of entrepreneurial spirit and a competitive ethos to public education. Opponents argue that outsourcing to EMOs results in already limited school resources being redirected for service fees, profits, or both while creating another layer of administration. Opponents also have expressed concerns about the implications of public bodies relinquishing control or ownership of schools. The theory behind market-based school reform proposals is that, by being forced to compete with other schools, existing public schools will necessarily improve or cease operating. Competition under this theory generally comes in two forms: private schools, with taxpayer-funded tuition vouchers, or charter schools, which operate largely independent of the school district but have been chartered by a public entity or publicly appointed entity so that they qualify for local and state taxpayer funds in the same way as conventional district schools. In practice, voucher schools have remained a small part of the market-reform arena, while charter schools now account for the lion’s share of the alternatives to traditional public schools. While faith in market competition as an effective engine of reform provides a general theoretical basis for EMO operation of both district and charter public schools, the competitors are different in each instance. Adherents of market-based school reform favor charter schools in the belief that they provide competition that will force existing public schools to improve their outcomes or be put out of operation. Support for for-profit management of district schools, meanwhile, arises essentially from a belief that private business models are more efficient and effective than nonprofit, government-operated institutions. A for-profit company contracted to manage district public schools, it is reasoned, will have incentives (making a profit in the short term and retaining a profitable contract in the long term) to seek efficiencies and improve student outcomes and achievement. The competition, in this context, takes place not among schools or districts themselves, but among current or potential managers of schools. Defining Education Management Organizations We define an education management organization, or EMO, as an organization or firm that manages schools receiving public funds, including district and charter public schools. For-profit EMOs are businesses that seek to return a profit to the investors who own them. A contract details the terms under which executive authority to run one or more schools is given to an EMO in return for a commitment to produce measurable outcomes within a given time frame. Schools operated by the for-profit EMOs profiled in this report operate under the same admissions rules as regular public schools and are operated for profit. The term “education management organization” and the acronym “EMO” are most commonly used to describe these private organizations that manage public schools under contract. However, other names or labels such as “education service providers” are sometimes used to describe these companies. An important distinction should be made between EMOs that have executive authority over a school and service contractors, often referred to as “vendors.” Vendors provide specific services for fee, such as accounting, payroll and benefits, transportation, financial and legal advice, personnel recruitment, professional development, and special

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education. We do not profile companies that work exclusively as vendors in this report, although it is important to note that some EMOs included in this report provide services to schools that are not “managed” by the company. In these instances we include data only on those schools that are fully managed by the company. EMOs vary on a number of dimensions, such as whether they have for-profit or nonprofit status; whether they work with charter schools, district schools, or both; or whether they are a large regional or national franchise or a single-site operator. Historically, only a small portion of EMOs have been nonprofits. In recent years, however, nonprofit EMOs (sometimes referred to as CMOs—charter management organizations) have expanded rapidly. This Profiles report does not track nonprofit EMOs. Also not tracked are EMOs that operate for-profit private schools, including those that may receive public funds under tuition voucher programs such as those that operate in Milwaukee, Cleveland, or the District of Columbia. (See Appendix A for definitions.) The number of schools under EMO management, school enrollment, and other data included in this report primarily are derived from official state Department of Education resources. This differs from past years’ reports in which the primary source of information was from the education management organizations themselves. After information was gathered from all state Departments of Education, company profiles were sent to the EMOs for review. The official state information helped to identify a large number of additional education management organizations not previously profiled. The authors were also able to avoid gaps in the data created when EMOs did not respond to requests for information. Because nearly all EMOs are privately held companies, there is no way to compel them to share information about their operations (see Appendix B for details and notes regarding the data sources and responses we received from states and from EMOs). Description of Data Collection and Sources of Information This 11th annual Profiles report covers data for the 2008-2009 school year. An effort is made to provide complete and current data on the numbers of EMOs, EMO-managed schools, and enrollments in EMO-managed schools. In addition to data on the 2008-2009 year, the report also contains longitudinal data. Therefore, where possible and appropriate, we have corrected or updated past data that was missing or based on estimates. As previously stated, the nature of the industry and the lack of public information make the process of collecting and updating the data for the Profiles report difficult. In past years, EMOs were primary sources for the published information. This year we collected information on companies and EMO-managed schools from states that tracked such information. Official October 1, 2008 enrollments are reported for all states that had released this information or provided it to the authors by August 4, 2009. For states that did not track education management organizations and their managed schools, key informants, advocacy groups, and charter school sponsors were contacted with a list of known EMOs and EMO-managed schools and asked to provide additional information (for a complete list of state sources, see Appendix B). After all state-level research was completed, representatives of the EMO were asked to confirm and, if necessary, correct company contact information and schools’ contact information. EMOs were also asked to provide updated information for schools in those states for which official enrollments had not been released. If the companies provided

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enrollments or other information that did not match official state-level data, the official government data was used. In such cases, the EMO was informed of the decision to use the official data. Two contacts were attempted to solicit a response from all large, medium, and small EMOs. We were very pleased and grateful for the responses we received from EMOs. In most cases, we received complete details regarding schools and enrollments. In other cases, the data we received from the EMOs was missing enrollments or the years the EMO or schools were founded. In these cases, an additional attempt was made to gather this information. In a few cases in which official 2008 enrollments had not been released and the EMO did not respond, we relied on official 2007-2008 enrollments (see Appendix D for a complete explanation of data collection). The 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 Profiles reports omitted data about small EMOs and the schools they operate because of the difficulty ensuring the comprehensiveness and accuracy of information. The 2007-2008 report once again profiled small EMOs, with the caveat that the list of small EMOs profiled was not exhaustive. This year’s data collection process identified an additional 31 small EMOs. While it is still possible that we have not identified all small EMOs operating nationally, we are confident we are now profiling the great majority of all EMOs. Purpose of this Report Profiles reports are comprehensive digests of data on education management organizations. Analysis and interpretation of the data in this report are, for the most part, limited to describing general trends over time. The report is intended for a broad audience. Policymakers, educators, school district officials, and school board members may use this information to learn more about current or potential contractors. Investors, persons involved in the education industry, and employees of EMOs may find it useful in tracking changes, strategizing for growth, and planning investments. Journalists and researchers who study and seek to learn more about education management organizations may also find much here to interest them.

Findings for 2008-2009
The Profiles of For-Profit Education Management Organizations: 2008-2009 is the 11th annual Profiles report. Profiled EMOs are categorized by size. Small EMOs are those operating three or fewer schools. Medium EMOs are those operating four to nine schools. Large EMOs are those operating 10 or more schools. Number of Education Management Organizations Profiled Table 1 presents growth trend data for large, medium, and small EMOs. Since the first Profiles report in 1999, the number of EMOs profiled has increased from 14 to 95. The number of states in which EMOs operate has grown from 16 to 31.

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Table 1. Number of EMOs Profiled by Size and Year
19981999 19992000 20002001 20012002 20022003 20032004 20042005 20052006 20062007 20072008 20082009

Large EMOs Medium EMOs Small EMOs Total number of EMOs Number of states with EMOs

5 5 4 14

7 8 4 19

8 10 3 21

9 9 18 36

10 8 29 47 25

13 8 30 51 29

16 8 35 59 25

14 9 28 51 29

14 9 25 48 31

15 7 28 50 28

16 20 59 95 31

16

21

22

24

Figure 1 illustrates the trends in the number of EMOs profiled over the past decade. The total number of EMO profiles in each annual report is illustrated with the solid dark line. Profiles reports have never fully captured the number of small EMOs. Small EMOs (i.e., companies operating three or fewer schools) are more difficult to identify, and—as we have learned over the years—are more difficult to obtain information from. However, the use of state resources and key informants reduced the severity of this problem and identified 31 additional small EMOs, 12 additional medium EMOs, and two additional large EMOs. Profiles reports from 2005-2006 and 2006-2007 did not include new small EMOs. The 2007-2008 report included and updated the information about those small EMOs included in past reports and added small EMOs identified in the course of last year’s research. The data in this report continue these methods. In last year’s report, the authors suggested that the number of small EMOs may exceed the total number of large and medium EMOs combined. This year’s data support our surmise. Based on what we know from states like Michigan and Arizona, where most of the small EMOs are located, this category of company continues to increase, while the number of large and medium-sized EMOs has leveled off over the past few years. While the number of profiled EMOs dramatically increased this year, it is important to note our data suggest that the growth of the for-profit EMO sector has slowed in recent years. Although the growth in the total number of schools operated by EMOs is slowing, many of the medium-sized and large EMOs have been diversifying and expanding into new service areas, such as the provision of supplemental education services that are less regulated and show growth potential. Some EMOs, such as EdisonLearning, also have packaged and sold or leased their curricula, accountability, and in-service training systems.

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100 90 80
Number of EMOs

Number of Large EMOs Number of Medium EMOs Number of Small EMOs Total Number of EMOs Profiled Estimated Actual # of EMOs

70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0
19981999 19992000 20002001 20012002 20022003 20032004 20042005 20052006 20062007 20072008 20082009

Figure 1. Illustration of the Actual Number of Profiled EMOs by Size

Number of Schools Managed by Education Management Organizations Table 2 displays the number of schools managed by EMOs that were profiled from the period 1998-1999 to 2007-2008. In 2008-2009, medium-sized and large EMOs managed a total of 733 schools, up from 533 in 2007-2008. The addition of two large EMOs, Academica and Insight Schools, added 64 schools to the large EMO category. The addition of 12 medium-sized EMOs was primarily responsible for a dramatic increase in mediumsized EMOs. The biggest net increase in profiled schools for an EMO from 2007-2008 was Imagine Schools, Inc., which managed 43 schools in 2007-2008 and 76 schools in 20082009. Nineteen of these schools were confirmed as opening in 2008-2009. The years that the remaining 14 schools began operation could not be confirmed.

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Table 2. Number of Schools Managed by Profiled EMOs, By EMO Size
19981999 19992000 20002001 20012002 20022003 20032004 20042005 20052006 20062007 20072008 20082009

Large EMOs Medium EMOs Small EMOs Total number of EMO schools

94 32 5 131

177 48 5 230

223 58 4 285

281 52 35 368

325 50 42 417

373 51 39 463

434 49 51 534

424 56 41 521

409 56 36 501

450 44 39 533

537 113 83 733

To accurately interpret these numbers it is important to note that in 2006-2007, Imagine Schools Inc., the nation’s second largest EMO, reported that it had changed from a for-profit to a nonprofit organization. As a result the company and the estimated 38 schools it managed that year were not included in the 2006-2007 Profiles report. In researching the 2007-2008 report we learned that Imagine Schools, Inc. was still operating as a for-profit company because it had not yet received IRS approval to operate as a

800
Number of Schools Operated by EMOs

700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0

Large EMOs Medium EMOs Small EMOs Total # of Schools Profiled Estimated Actual # of Schools

1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 20081999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Figure 2. Illustration of the Growth of EMOs in Terms of the Number of Schools They Operate

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nonprofit. As of July 23, 2009, Imagine Schools, Inc. was still awaiting a ruling from the IRS; it is, therefore, profiled as a for-profit EMO in the current report. It should be noted that Imagine Schools, Inc. responded to our request stating, “We have always operated as a non-profit and many of our schools are non-profit entities, we therefore decline to participate in the study.”2 Figure 2 illustrates the growth trends associated with the schools-under-management data in Table 2. Note that large EMOs predominate, even with the dramatic increase in the number of medium and 800 small EMOs. Over the past Number of Charter Schools decade, large EMOs have 700 increased their share of the Number of District Schools 600 total number of schools under management. Med500 ium-sized and small EMOs 400 have only shown gradual growth in terms of the total 300 number of schools they 200 operate. 100 Large EMOs (i.e., those managing 10 or more 0 schools) now account for 1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 20081999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 73.3% of all EMO-managed schools; mediumFigure 3. Number of Charter Schools and District sized EMOs account for Schools Operated by For-Profit EMOs 15.4% of all EMO-operated schools; and small EMOs 800 account for an additional Number of Brick & Mortar Schools 700 11.3%. Number of Virtual Schools 600 With regard to the numbers of schools in oper500 ation by school type, Figure 400 3 illustrates that charter schools account for approx300 imately 94% of all EMO200 managed schools. Since 2003-2004, the number of 100 district schools managed by 0 EMOs has trended down-200320042005200620072008ward. Even with the 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 dramatic increase in the number of EMO-managed Figure 4. Number of Brick and Mortar Schools and schools profiled, the number Virtual Schools Operated by EMOs of EMO-managed district
Number of Profiled Schools Operated by EMOs

2

Email from Madeline Grossmann, Assistant to the President, Imagine Schools Arlington Office, July 23, 2009.

Number of Profiled Schools Operated by EMOs

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schools decreased to 44 from 62, making district schools a mere 6% of all EMO-managed schools.3 Figure 4 contrasts the number of EMO-managed “brick and mortar” schools to the number of virtual schools managed by EMOs. A virtual school delivers its curriculum and provides instruction via the Internet and electronic communication (see Appendix A for definitions). We have only collected data on virtual schools since the 2003-2004 school year. In that time, the number of virtual schools included in the Profiles reports has grown from 17 to 56. Virtual schools accounted for only 4% of the EMO-managed schools in 2003-2004; this year they accounted for 7.6% of EMO-managed schools. Because the virtual schools tend to have much larger enrollments than traditional brick-and-mortar schools, the number of students they enroll—as a proportion of all students in EMOmanaged schools—accounts for 20.4% of all students in EMO-operated schools, up from 17.4% last year. Fifty of the 56 virtual schools are run by large EMOs. Three medium EMOs, Pinnacle Education, Inc., Humanities and Sciences Academy of the United States, and eSchool Consultants, each manage one virtual school. The remaining three virtual schools are managed by small EMOs. KC Distance Learning, Inc. manages two schools, both of which are virtual. Altair Learning Management is a single-site EMO that manages a virtual school with the largest enrollment of any of the schools profiled (Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow, 8,476). Two firms continue to dominate the virtual school industry: Connections Academy and K12 Inc. Virtual schools operate under two different governing frameworks. Most are established under state charter school laws. K12’s 24 schools include 22 established under charter regulations and two that are not. Connections Academy’s 13 schools include 11 charter schools and two noncharter public schools. An additional virtual school firm has been profiled this year. Insight Schools manages 10 virtual charter schools spread across nine states. A small number of virtual schools are operated under other arrangements— either directly under control of a school district or provided for under state enabling legislation that is separate from its charter school laws. Table 3 displays a summary of current virtual school operations. Table 3. Number of Managed Schools by School Type
20032004 Number of Brick & Mortar Schools Number of Virtual Schools 20042005 20052006 20062007 20072008 20082009

446 17

504 30

491 30

465 36

493 40

677 56

3

This doesn’t take into account the 12 Hawaii district schools that were profiled last year but were dropped this year. District schools actually decreased from 50 to 44 schools.

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Number of Students in Schools Managed by Profiled EMOs In this section we describe current figures and overall trends in student enrollments. Large EMOs tend to have larger average school enrollments than medium or small EMOs (see Table 6). As a result, although large EMOs account for 73.3% of all EMO-managed schools, they enroll 78.5% of all students in EMO-managed schools (see Table 4). Table 4. Number of Students in Schools Managed by EMOs, By EMO Size
20012002 Large EMOs Medium EMOs Small EMOs Total number of EMO students 135,000 15,057 6,960 157,017 20022003 166,464 14,168 8,567 189,199 20032004 178,670 11,665 10,068 200,403 20042005 214,205 13,535 14,688 242,428 20052006 209,495 15,971 12,503 237,969 20062007 198,583 20,092 10,823 229,498 20072008 225,050 15,758 13,605 254,413 20082009 266,140 34,956 38,126 339,222

Number of Students in Schools Operated by EMOs

400,000 350,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 50,000 0

Large EMOs Medium EMOs Small EMOs Total Number of Students Estimated Actual # of Students

1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 20081999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Figure 5. Number of Students Enrolled in Schools Managed by For-Profit EMOs

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Prior to 2001-2002, student enrollment data were not collected for Profiles reports. Figure 5 displays enrollment data for companies profiled for the period 2001-2002 to 2008-2009. Also displayed is the calculated student enrollment trend estimate. The estimated enrollment for the first three years is based on the number of schools and the mean enrollment in schools for 2001-2002 and 2002-2003. Each year since 2001-2002 the average and median enrollment for EMO-managed schools has increased. This fact also is taken into account when we calculate our estimated enrollments. The dip in overall enrollment in 2006-2007 is due to the exclusion of Imagine Schools Inc., which was included again in 2007-2008 and in the current report. The data in Table 5 display the number of EMO-managed schools and total enrollment of those schools by school type. The Common Core of Data definitions were used to classify schools as either “primary,” “middle,” “high,” or “other” (see definitions in Appendix A). Fifty-seven percent of all EMO-managed schools are at the primary level in 2008-2009, compared with 60% in the previous year. Table 5. Number of Schools and Students Enrolled in Schools Operated by Profiled EMOs, By School Level (2006-2007 to 2008-2009)
2006-2007 Schools Primary Middle High Other 292 27 94 88 Enrollment 133,886 12,434 28,352 54,826 2007-2008 Schools 324 33 100 76 Enrollment 161,256 13,917 48,745 30,495 2008-2009 Schools 419 54 146 114 Enrollment 189,361 16,022 41,743 92,096

Table 6 displays the 2008-2009 average and median enrollments for EMO-operated schools, in terms of EMO size and instruction level. The data illustrate that schools run by large EMOs have a larger median enrollment than do schools operated by medium or small-sized EMOs. The data in Table 6 illustrate the predominance of the large EMOs, both in terms of the number of schools they manage and the total number of students their schools enroll. It also illustrates the extent to which large EMOs focus on primary schools with relatively large enrollments.

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Table 6. Numbers of Schools and Students Enrolled, by EMO Size and School Level, 2008-2009
Number of Schools Large EMOs Primary Middle High Other Total Primary Middle High Other Small EMOs Total Primary Middle High Other Total Total Enrollment 155,926 Average Enrollment Median enrollment 461 243 261 206 408 299 253 105 177 206 254 142 218

327
45 101 64 537

477
314 309 1,013 496 368 211 208 309 309 358 204 263 931 459

14,141
31,226 64,847 266,140 19,133 1,268 4,986 9,569 34,956 14,302 613 5,531 17,680 38,126

Medium EMOs

52
6 24 31 113 40 3 21 19 83

450
271

Number of EMOs by State Figure 6 illustrates the distribution of EMOs by state. Michigan has the most forprofit EMOs, with a total of 37 companies that operate 1 or more public charter schools. Arizona is close behind, with 36 for-profit EMOs. Florida, Ohio, and Pennsylvania also have a sizeable number of EMOs, each with between 11 and 19 companies. After these
40 35 30

Number of EMOs

25 20 15 10 5 0
AR AZ CA CO DC FL GA IA ID IL IN KS LA MA MD MI MN MO NC NV NY OH OR PA SC TX UT VA WA WI WY

Figure 6. Number of For-Profit EMOs by State

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states, the numbers of companies per state drop off considerably. The remaining 26 states with EMOs typically have between 1 and 5 for-profit EMOs operating within their borders. While Figure 6 displays the number of companies in existence, Figure 7 displays the number of schools operated by for-profit EMOs per state. Michigan stands out as an exceptional case, with 191 schools operated by for-profit EMOs. Florida is a distant second, with 136 for-profit EMO operated schools. Arizona’s EMOs have fewer schools on average. Therefore, while Arizona had nearly as many companies as Michigan, the total number of schools operated by for-profit EMOs is only 103. Ohio, with 95 schools, and Pennsylvania, with 30 schools, also have large concentrations of for-profit-EMOoperated schools. In the case of Pennsylvania, many of its EMO-operated schools are Philadelphia district schools rather than charter schools. In the other states, the bulk of the EMO-operated schools are charter schools. California, Colorado and Texas, all with between 15 and 17 schools operated by for-profit EMOs, round out what one might consider the key states with for-profit EMOs.
200 175

Number of Schools Operated by EMOs

150 125 100 75 50 25 0
AR AZ CA CO DC FL GA IA ID IL IN KS LA MA MD MI MN MO NC NV NY OH OR PA SC TX UT VA WA WI WY

Figure 7. Number of Schools Operated by For-Profit EMOs by State

Description of the Appendices The appendices contain important information that will be helpful in using the Profiles report. Below is a list of appendices and a brief description of each: • • • • Appendix A contains definitions of terms and notes that will be helpful in understanding the company summaries and profiles. Appendix B contains notes on state-level resources and responses from states and EMOs. Appendix C contains a list of companies that are no longer profiled and the reason(s) why. Appendix D contains the methods for gathering and reporting all EMO-related data.

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LARGE COMPANY SUMMARY
Summary of For‐Profit EMOs Managing 10 or More Schools, Listed Alphabetically by Company Name

Company Name
Academica  Charter School Administrative  Services Charter Schools USA

Company Location
Miami, Florida Southfield, Michigan Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Public Schools Managed Charter District Total
54 19 18 54 19 18

Enrollment
20,105 7,253 13,630

States
3: FL, TX, UT 5: GA, MI, MO,  OH, TX 1: FL 12: AZ, CA, CO, FL,  ID, MN, NV, OH,  OR, PA, SC, WI 1: MI 16:CA, CO, GA, IA,  IL, IN, LA, MD, MI,  MN, MO, NV, NY,  OH, PA, WI 1: MI 10: AZ, DC, FL, GA,  IN, MD, MI, MO,  NV, OH 9: CA, CO, ID, KS,  MN, NV, SC, WA,  WI 15: AR, AZ, CA,  CO, FL, ID, IL, IN,  NV, OH, PA, SC,  TX, WI, WY 6: AZ, FL, IN, LA,  MI, OH 8: AZ, CO, DC, IL,  IN, MI, OH, PA 6: CO, IN, MI, NC,  NY, OH 2: FL, TX 3: IL, NY, PA 6: AZ, CO, FL, MI,  OH, PA

Page 
20 27 33

Connections Academy CS Partners, LLC

Baltimore, Maryland Hartland, Michigan

11 10

2

13 10

13,278 3,285

38 44

Edison Learning

New York, New York

31

31

62

37,574

48

Helicon Associates Imagine Schools, Inc.

Trenton, Michigan Arlington, Virginia

12 76

12 76

3,457 32,316

64 69

Insight Schools

Portland, Oregon

10

10

4,548

79

K12 Inc.

Herndon, Virginia

22

2

24

37,542

85

Leona Group, LLC, The Mosaica Education, Inc. National Heritage Academies Non‐Public Educational Services, Inc. Victory Schools, Inc. White Hat Management

Phoenix, Arizona New York, New York Grand Rapids, Michigan Salem, Massachusetts New York, New York Akron, Ohio

67 33 57 13 12 51 6

67 33 57 13 18 51

18,577 10,163 36,737 2,971 8,378 16,326

93 102 110 118 124 130

Large Company Totals: 16 Large EMOs

496

41

537

266,140

29

15 of 240

Profiles Report: Company Summary

MEDIUM COMPANY SUMMARY
Summary of For‐Profit EMOs Managing 4 to 9 Schools, Listed Alphabetically by Company Name

Company Name
ACH of America, LLC Advance Educational Services Benjamin Franklin Charter School Charter School Associates, Inc. Choice Schools Associates, LLC Edtec Central, LLC Educational Services of America, Inc. eSchool Consultants Evans Solution Management  Company Global Educational Excellence Humanities and Sciences Academy of  the United States, Inc.

Company Location
Altamonte Springs,  Florida Lansing, Michigan Gilbert, Arizona Sunrise, Florida Grand Rapids, Michigan Ferndale, Michigan Liberty, Illinois Columbus, Ohio Detroit, Michigan Ann Arbor, Michigan Phoenix, Arizona

Public Schools Managed Charter District Total
4 4 4 7 9 4 9 4 7 8 4 4 6 5 6 6 5 5 7 5 4 4 4 7 9 4 9 4 7 8 4 4 6 5 6 6 5 5 7 5

Enrollment
452 993 2,091 2,375 2,446 373 635 2,232 679 2,609 260 721 1,306 1,789 2,770 1,616 886 3,454 4,712 2,557

States
1: FL 1: MI 1: AZ 1: FL 1: MI 1: MI 1: AZ 1: OH 1: MI 2: MI, OH 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: OH 1: MI 1: PA 1: AZ 1: FL 1: MI 5: AZ, LA, MA, MI,  OH 1: MI

Page 
139 140 141 142 143 145 146 148 149 151 153 154 155 157 159 160 162 163 164 165

Ideabanc, Inc.  Tucson, Arizona Institute of Charter School  Kettering, Ohio Management and Resources Midwest Management Group Inc. Michigan OmniVest Properties Management,  Newtown, Pennsylvania LLC Pinnacle Education, Inc. Tempe, Arizona Fort Walton Beach,  Rader Group Florida Romine Group, LLC, The Utica, Michigan SABIS Educational Systems Varner and Associates International  LLC Eden Prairie, Minnesota Lathrup Village,  Michigan

Medium Company Totals: 20 Medium EMOs

113

113

34,956

7

16 of 240

Profiles Report: Company Summary

SMALL COMPANY SUMMARY
Summary of For‐Profit EMOs Managing 3 or Fewer Schools, Listed Alphabetically by Company Name

Company Name
777 Educational Management  Company A Childs View School Inc. Academic Leadership Services, L.P. Accelerated Learning Center, Inc. Allen‐Cochran Enterprises Allsport Enterprises, Inc AlphaStaff Altair Learning Management American Basic Schools, LLC American Institutional Management  Services Bardwell Group Black Star Educational Management Bright Beginnings School, Inc. Bright Horizons Family Solutions LLC Carter, Reddy and Associates Champion Schools, Inc. Charter for Excellence Charter School Management Inc. Community Education Partners Compass High School, Inc. Connections Between Cultures, Inc. Cornerstone Charter School, Inc. Country Gardens Educational Services,  LLC Desert Springs Academy East Valley Academy Eastpointe High School, Inc. EdFutures, Inc. Education Associates Education Management and Networks Educational Impact, Inc. Educators Management Group Eduprize Schools, LLC GAR, LLC Hamadeh Educational Services, Inc. Heritage Academy, Inc. Innovative Teaching Solutions KC Distance Learning Inc. Lakeshore Educational Management,  Inc. LLL Licensing Inc.

Company Location
Detroit, Michigan Tucson, Arizona Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Phoenix, Arizona Chandler, Arizona Tucson, Arizona Fort Lauderdale, Florida Columbus, Ohio Mesa, Arizona Dearborn, Michigan Redford, Michigan Detroit, Michigan Chandler, Arizona Watertown,  Massachusetts Gainesville, Florida Phoenix, Arizona Maricopa, Arizona Gladwyne, Pennsylvania Nashville, Tennessee Tucson, Arizona Wichita Falls, Texas Phoenix, Arizona Laveen, Arizona Tucson, Arizona Scottsdale, Arizona Tucson, Arizona Carlsbad, California Holland, Michigan Warren, Michigan Tucson, Arizona Palm Bay, Florida Queen Creek, Arizona Tempe, Arizona Dearborn, Michigan Mesa, Arizona Southfield, Michigan Bloomsburg,  Pennsylvania Charlevoix, Michigan Pinellas Park, Florida

Public Schools Managed Charter District Total
2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 1 1 3 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 3 2 1 1 1 3 1 3 2 3 1

Enrollment
185 59 259 240 309 75 327 8,476 720 470 1,064 194 415 460 325 194 844 2,103 547 331 161 199 363 144 20 206 750 805 539 139 185 1,305 106 2,020 449 1,587 229 657 92

States
1: MI 1: AZ 1: PA 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: FL 1: OH 1: AZ 1: MI 1: MI 1: MI 1: AZ 1: FL 1: AR 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: PA 2: FL, VA 1: AZ 1: TX 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: AZ 3: CA, GA, FL 1: MI 1: MI 1: AZ 1: FL 1: AZ 1: AZ 1: MI 1: AZ 1: MI 2: MN, WA 1: MI 1: FL

Page 
213 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204

17 of 240

Profiles Report: Company Summary

SMALL COMPANY SUMMARY
Summary of For‐Profit EMOs Managing 3 or Fewer Schools, Listed Alphabetically by Company Name

Company Name
Montessori Charter School of  Flagstaff, Inc. Montessori Schoolhouse of Tucson,  Inc. Nobel Learning Communities, Inc. Professional Contract Management  Inc. Rose Management Group Schoolhouse Services and Staffing,  Inc. Select Management Inc. Self Development Charter School Smart Schools Management Solid Rock Management Company Southern Arizona Community  Academy, Inc. Summit Management Consulting Superior Management Corporation Synergy Training Solutions TAG Elementary, Inc. Technical Academy Group LLC Three Cord Inc. Transitions Consultants LLC Visions Education Development  Consortium LLC Youth and Family Centered Services

Company Location
Flagstaff, Arizona Tucson, Arizona West Chester,  Pennsylvania Portland, Michigan Tucson, Arizona Detroit, Michigan Pontiac, Michigan Mesa, Arizona Traverse City, Michigan Detroit, Michigan Tucson, Arizona Kimball, Michigan Clearwater, Florida St. Clair Shores,  Michigan Tucson, Arizona Dearborn, Michigan York, Pennsylvania Southfield, Michigan Flint, Michigan Austin, Texas

Public Schools Managed Charter District Total
1 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 3 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 1

Enrollment
272 85 700 135 990 1,329 209 271 1,037 724 187 813 232 411 214 1,084 400 900 388 192

States
1: AZ 1: AZ 1: PA 1: MI 1: AZ 1: MI 1: MI 1: AZ 1: MI 1: MI 1: AZ 1: MI 1: FL 1: MI 1: AZ 1: MI 1: PA 1: MI 1: MI 1: FL

Page 
205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225

Small Company Totals: 59 Small EMOs

80

3

83

38,126

12

For‐Profit EMO Totals:
95 For‐Profit EMOs

Public Schools Managed Charter District Total 689 44 733

Enrollment

States 31

339,222

18 of 240

PROFILES OF FOR-PROFIT EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS: 2008-2009
Large Companies: Managing 10 or More Schools

19 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 6361 Sunset Drive Miami, FL 33143

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 305-669-2906 www.academicaschools. 1999 Unknown Unknown com 305-669-4390

Company Schools by State Florida
Year Founded 2002 2005 2008 2007 2008 2001 2003 1999 2005 2004 1997 2002 2003 2002 2007 Grade Levels Served K-5 6-8 9-12 K-8 9 9-12 6-8 K-5 9-12 9-12 K-5 9-12 6-8 K-5 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 426 Yes 245 65 591 99 857 935 747 61 255 697 1457 1151 431 167 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Archimedean Academy Archimedean Middle Conservatory Archimedean Upper Conservatory Ben Gamla Charter School City of Hialeah Educational Academy Doral Academy Charter High School Doral Academy Charter Middle School Doral Academy Elementary Doral Performing Arts and Entertainment Academy International Studies Charter High School Mater Academy Mater Academy Charter High Mater Academy Charter Middle Mater Academy East Charter Mater Academy East Charter High

School Location Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Hollywood, FL Hialeah, FL Doral, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Doral, FL Miami, FL Hialeah Gardens, FL Hialeah Gardens, FL Hialeah Gardens, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL

20 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Mater Academy High School of International Studies Mater Academy Lakes High School Mater Academy Lakes Middle School Mater Academy Middle School of International Studies Mater Academy of International Studies Mater East Academy Middle School Mater Gardens Academy Elementary Mater Gardens Academy Middle School Mater Performing Arts & Entertainment Academy Miami Childrens Museum Charter School Pinecrest Academy (South Campus) Pinecrest Academy Charter Middle School Pinecrest Academy High School Pinecrest Preparatory Academy Somerset Academy (Country Palms) Somerset Academy (Silver Palms) Somerset Academy Charter Dade Somerset Academy Charter High Somerset Academy Charter High Dade Somerset Academy Charter Middle Dade Somerset Academy Davie Charter

Miami, FL Hialeah, FL Hialeah, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Hialeah, FL Hialeah, FL Hialeah Gardens, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Pembroke Pines, FL Homestead, FL Miami, FL Davie, FL

2008 2006 2006 2008 2008 2005 2006 2003 2005 2004 2006 2003 2008 2001 2008 2007 2004 2002 2004 2004 2003

9-12 9-12 6-8 6-8 K-5 6-8 K-5 6-8 9-12 K-2 K-5 6-8 9 K-5 K-5 K-8 K-5 9-12 9-12 6-8 K-5

10 270 221 16 18 296 339 146 156 186 575 421 10 404 21 884 539 548 103 129 138

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

21 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Somerset Academy Elementary Somerset Academy Elementary (Miramar Campus) Somerset Academy Middle (Miramar Campus) Somerset Academy Middle School Somerset Academy Middle School Somerset Academy South High School Somerset Academy South Middle School Somerset Arts Conservatory Somerset City Arts Academy Somerset Neighborhood School The Theodore R. and Thelma A. Gibson Charter School

Pembroke Pines, FL Miramar, FL Miramar, FL Miami, FL Pembroke Pines, FL Miami, FL Miami, FL Pembroke Pines, FL Homestead, FL Miramar, FL Miami, FL

2000 2006 2006 2008 2000 2008 2008 2006 2008 1997 2003

K-5 K-5 6-8 6-8 6-8 9-12 6-8 9-12 9-12 K-5 6-8

800 592 330 12 613 10 14 45 106 76 30

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No No No No

Texas
Year Founded 2006 Grade Levels Served 6-12 Charter Enrollment School? 451 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Brooks Academy

School Location San Antonio, TX

Utah
Year Founded 2004 2005 2003 2008 Grade Levels Served K-9 K-9 K-8 K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 934 Yes 500 580 506 Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No

School Name North David Preparatory Academy North Star Academy Ogden Preparatory Quest Academy

School Location Layton, UT Bluffdale, UT Ogden, UT West Haven, UT

22 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Syracuse Arts Academy Wasatch Peak Academy

Syracuse, UT North Salt Lake, UT

2006 2005

K-6 K-6

529 363

Yes Yes

No No

Total Number of Schools: 54 Total Enrollment: 20,105 States Operated in: FL, TX, UT

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

23 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 21 14 13 6 0

School Types

6 13 21 Primary Middle High Other 14

New Schools Opened
50 Number 40 30 20 10 0 2008-09 Report Year

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 N/A 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 47

24 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 54

Number of Schools Managed
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2008-09 Report Year

Number

2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
25000 Number 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 2008-09 Report Year

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 20105

25 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Academica
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 States Op. In N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 3

Number of States Operated In
4 Number 3 2 1 0 2008-09 Report Year

2007-08 2008-09

26 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter School Administrative Services
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 20755 Greenfield Rd, Ste 30 Southfield, MI 48075

Telephone and Fax 248-567-7787 248-569-6552

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1995 Private Unknown

Company Schools by State Georgia
Year Founded Unknown Grade Levels Served K-7 Charter Enrollment School? 481 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Academy of Lithonia

School Location Lithonia, GA

Michigan
Year Founded 1995 Unknown 1999 1995 Unknown 1995 Unknown 1995 2005 2003 1996 1999 Grade Levels Served K-1 2-6 9-12 K-8 K-5 K-12 6-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 58 Yes 225 221 393 357 643 247 373 849 211 352 920 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Academy of Detroit West Academy of Detroit-West Academy of Inkster Academy of Lathrup Village Academy of Oak Park - Elementary Academy of Oak Park - High Academy of Oak Park - Middle Academy of Southfield Academy of Warren Academy of Waterford Academy of Westland Cherry Hill School of Performing Arts

School Location Detroit, MI Redford, MI Inkster, MI Lathrup Village, MI Oak Park, MI Ferndale, MI Detroit, MI Southfield, MI Warren, MI Waterford, MI Westland, MI Inkster, MI

27 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter School Administrative Services
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Missouri
Year Founded 1999 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 380 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Academy of Kansas City

School Location Kansas City, MO

Ohio
Year Founded 2000 2001 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 222 Yes 141 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Academy of Business & Tech Elementary Academy of Dayton

School Location Toledo, OH Trotwood, OH

Texas
Year Founded 1998 1998 1998 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 260 Yes 446 474 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Academy of Beaumont Academy of Dallas Bexar County Academy

School Location Beaumont, TX Dallas, TX San Antonio, TX

Total Number of Schools: 19 Total Enrollment: 7,253 States Operated in: GA, MI, MO, OH, TX

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 # of Schools 1 0 0 0

28 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter School Administrative Services
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08

0 0 0 0 0 3 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Michigan
School Name Academy of Flint School Location Flint, MI Reason No Longer Profiled School is now managed by Varner & Associates, LLC

29 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter School Administrative Services
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 14 1 1 3 0

School Types

3 1 1 Primary Middle High Other 14

New Schools Opened
8 Number 6 4 2 0 1999-00 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 Unknown 1999-00 2 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown 0 0 2 6

30 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter School Administrative Services
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 5 7 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 14 19

Number of Schools Managed
20 15 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

Enrollment
8000 Number 6000 4000 2000 0 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Report Year

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 Unknown 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown Unknown 6031 7046 7295 7295 7295 7096 7253

31 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter School Administrative Services
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 1 1 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5

Number of States Operated In
6 5 4 3 2 1 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

32 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter Schools USA
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 6245 N. Federal Hwy, 5th Fl Fort Lauderdale, FL 33308

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 954-202-3500 www.charterschoolsusa. 1997 Private Not com Profitable 954-202-3512

Company Schools by State Florida
Year Founded 2003 2002 2004 1999 2002 2001 2004 2003 Unknown 2004 2004 2001 2001 Unknown 2007 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 6-12 K-6 K-8 9-12 K-4 5-8 K-5 6-8 K-8 K-5 6-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 897 Yes 1301 559 1609 643 971 844 958 842 453 228 1151 557 288 746 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Aventura City of Excellence School Bonita Springs Charter School Cape Coral Charter School City of Coral Springs Charter School Downtown Miami Charter School Four Corners Charter School Gateway Charter High School Gateway Charter School Gateway Charter School Middle Hollywood Academy of Arts and Science Hollywood Academy of Arts and Sciences Middle School Keys Gate Charter School North Broward Academy of Excellence North Broward Academy of Excellence Middle School Palm Bay Community Charter School

School Location Aventura, FL Bonita Springs, FL Cape Coral, FL Coral Springs, FL Miami, FL Davenport, FL Fort Myers, FL Fort Myers, FL Fort Myers, FL Hollywood, FL Hollywood, FL Homestead, FL North Lauderdale, FL North Lauderdale, FL Palm Bay, FL

33 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter Schools USA
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Renaissance Elementary Charter School Renaissance Middle Charter School Six Mile Charter Academy

Miami, FL Doral, FL Fort Myers, FL

1999 Unknown 2005

K-5 6-8 K-8

502 130 951

Yes Yes Yes

No No No

Total Number of Schools: 18 Total Enrollment: 13,630 States Operated in: FL

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools 0 0 0 1 4 1 0 0 6 1 0

34 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter Schools USA
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 12 4 1 1 0

School Types

1 4

1 Primary Middle High 12 Other

New Schools Opened
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 3 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 1 11 2 3 4 0 3 0 4

Number

35 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter Schools USA
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools N/A 5 4 15 15 15 18 18 15 14 18

Number of Schools Managed
20 Number 15 10 5 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
15000 Number 10000 5000 0 200102 200203 200304 2004- 200505 06 Report Year 200607 200708 200809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown 8005 7932 9093 11205 11197 13360 13042 13630

36 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Charter Schools USA
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 States Op. In N/A 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 1

Number of States Operated In
3 Number 2 1 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

37 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Connections Academy
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 1001 Fleet St, 5th Floor Baltimore, MD 21202

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 443-529-1000 www.connectionsacade 2001 Private Unknown my.com 443-529-1200

Company Schools by State Arizona
Year Founded 2005 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 600 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Arizona Connections Academy

School Location Mesa, AZ

California
Year Founded 2004 2006 Grade Levels Served K-12 K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 762 Yes 96 Yes Virtual School? Yes Yes

School Name Capistrano Connections Academy Central California Connections Academy

School Location San Clemente, CA Visalia, CA

Colorado
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 704 No Virtual School? Yes

School Name Colorado Connections Academy

School Location Littleton, CO

Florida
Year Founded 2003 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 940 No Virtual School? Yes

School Name Florida Connections Academy

School Location Orlando, FL

Idaho
Year Founded Grade Levels Served Charter Enrollment School? Virtual School?

School Name

School Location

38 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Connections Academy
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Inspire Virtual Academy

Boise, ID

2005

K-12

488

Yes

Yes

Minnesota
Year Founded 2005 Grade Levels Served K-11 Charter Enrollment School? 772 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name MTS Minnesota Connections Academy

School Location Minneapolis, MN

Nevada
Year Founded 2007 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 934 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Nevada Connections Academy

School Location Reno, NV

Ohio
Year Founded 2003 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 1532 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Ohio Connections Academy

School Location Cincinnati, OH

Oregon
Year Founded 2005 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 2506 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Oregon Connections Academy

School Location Scio, OR

Pennsylvania
Year Founded 2003 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 2875 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Commonwealth Connections Academy

School Location Mechanicsburg, PA

South Carolina
Year Founded Grade Levels Served Charter Enrollment School? Virtual School?

School Name

School Location

39 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Connections Academy
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

South Carolina Connections Academy

Columbia, SC

2008

K-12

659

Yes

Yes

Wisconsin
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 410 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Wisconsin Connections Academy

School Location Appleton, WI

Total Number of Schools: 13 Total Enrollment: 13,278 States Operated in: AZ, CA, CO, FL, ID, MN, NV, OH, OR, PA, SC, WI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 2 1 1 0

40 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Connections Academy
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 2 0 0 11 0

School Types

2

Primary Other

11

New Schools Opened
5 Number 4 3 2 1 0 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 N/A 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A Unknown Unknown 2 3 4 1 1 1

Report Year

41 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Connections Academy
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A Unknown Unknown Unknown 10 12 12 13 13

Number of Schools Managed
15 Number 10 5 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
15000 Number 10000 5000 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A Unknown Unknown Unknown 1081 5210 7335 8625 12397

42 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Connections Academy
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 States Op. In N/A N/A N/A Unknown Unknown Unknown 7 10 10 11 12

Number of States Operated In
15 Number 10 5 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

2007-08 2008-09

43 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

CS Partners, LLC
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 2120 Progressive Drive Hartland, MI 48353

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 810-632-6863 www.charterschoolpartn 2004 Private Unknown ers.com 810-632-7548

Company Schools by State Michigan
Year Founded 2004 2006 1996 1999 1999 1999 2004 1999 1995 1996 Grade Levels Served K-6 K-8 K-8 K-6 9-12 7-8 K-8 K-6 9-12 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 293 Yes 278 742 387 328 128 343 431 297 58 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No

School Name American Montessori Academy Ann Arbor Learning Community Charyl Stockwell Academy Conner Creek Academy East Elementary Conner Creek Academy East High School Conner Creek Academy East Middle School Crescent Academy Huron Academy Kensington Woods High School Sunrise Education Center

School Location Livonia, MI Ann Arbor, MI Howell, MI Roseville, MI Roseville, MI Roseville, MI Southfield, MI Sterling Heights, MI Howell, MI East Tawas, MI

Total Number of Schools: 10 Total Enrollment: 3,285 States Operated in: MI

44 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

CS Partners, LLC
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 1 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Michigan
School Name Hillsdale Preparatory School School Location Hillsdale, MI Reason No Longer Profiled Profile sent by Choice Schools Associates Ashley Greenwood indicated Hillsdale Prep was managed by Choice Schools Associates in the 2008-2009 school year.

45 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

CS Partners, LLC
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 6 1 2 1 0

School Types

1 2 Primary Middle High 6 1 Other

New Schools Opened
6 5 4 3 2 1 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 N/A 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 3 5 2 0

Number

46 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

CS Partners, LLC
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2 5 9 10 10

Number of Schools Managed
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

Number

2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
4000 Number 3000 2000 1000 0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 556 2035 2443 3024 3285

47 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

CS Partners, LLC
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 States Op. In N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 1 1 1

Number of States Operated In
2 Number

1

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07

0 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 Report Year 2007-08 2008-09

2007-08 2008-09

48 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 521 5th Ave, 11th Floor New York, NY 10175

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 212-419-1600 www.edisonlearning.com 1992 Private Unknown 212-419-1604

Company Schools by State California
Year Founded 1999 1993 1998 1998 Grade Levels Served K-6 K-4 K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 512 Yes 507 452 1160 Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No

School Name Edison - Bethune Charter Academy Edison Brentwood Academy Edison Charter Academy San Jose - Edison Academy

School Location Fresno, CA East Palo Alto, CA San Francisco, CA West Covina, CA

Colorado
Year School Location Founded Colorado Springs, CO 1997 Denver, CO Colorado Springs, CO Denver, CO 2004 1996 1998 Grade Levels Served 6-8 K-8 K-5 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 410 Yes 791 674 666 Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No

School Name Emerson - Edison Partnership School Omar D. Blair School Roosevelt - Edison Charter School Wyatt - Edison Charter School

Georgia
Year Founded 2000 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 801 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Charles R. Drew Charter School

School Location Atlanta, GA

49 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Illinois
Year Founded 1999 2008 1999 1999 2001 Grade Levels Served 3-12 K-2 K-4 K-4 5-8 Charter Enrollment School? 1451 Yes 567 420 461 317 Yes No No No Virtual School? No No No No No

School Name Chicago International Charter School (Longwood Campus) Chicago International Charter School (Loomis Campus) Franklin - Edison School Northmoor - Edison Primary School Rolling Acres Edison Junior Academy

School Location Chicago, IL Chicago, IL Peoria, IL Peoria, IL Peoria, IL

Indiana
Year Founded 2002 2003 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 713 No 719 No Virtual School? No No

School Name Jeremiah Gray - Edison Elementary School Rosa Parks - Edison Elementary School

School Location Indianapolis, IN Indianapolis, IN

Iowa
Year Founded 1999 Grade Levels Served K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 441 No Virtual School? No

School Name Jefferson - Edison Elementary School

School Location Davenport, IA

Louisiana
Year Founded 2007 2008 Grade Levels Served K-7 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 392 Yes 218 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Andrew H. Wilson Charter School Intercultural Charter School

School Location New Orleans, LA New Orleans, LA

50 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Maryland
Year Founded 2000 2000 2000 Grade Levels Served K-6 K-6 K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 593 No 519 724 No No Virtual School? No No No

School Name Furman Templeton Elementary Gilmor Elementary Montebello Elementary

School Location Baltimore, MD Baltimore, MD Baltimore, MD

Michigan
Year Founded 2004 1999 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 690 Yes 930 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Ben Ross Public School Academy Edison - Oakland Public School Academy

School Location Warren, MI Ferndale, MI

Minnesota
Year Founded 1997 1997 1997 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-5 6-8 Charter Enrollment School? 399 Yes 231 243 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Kenwood - Edison Charter School Raleigh - Edison Academy Washburn - Edison Junior Academy

School Location Duluth, MN Duluth, MN Duluth, MN

Missouri
Year Founded 1999 2003 2006 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-8 K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 454 Yes 973 765 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Allen - Edison Village School Confluence Academy - Old North Campus Confluence Academy - South City Campus

School Location Kansas City, MO St. Louis, MO St. Louis, MO

51 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Confluence Academy - Walnut Park Campus Confluence Preparatory Academy Derrick Thomas Academy

St. Louis, MO St. Louis, MO Kansas City, MO

2004 2008 2002

K-8 9 K-6

780 82 820

Yes Yes Yes

No No No

Nevada
Year Founded 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-5 K-5 6-9 K-5 K-5 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 877 No 874 826 1157 703 868 731 No No No No No No Virtual School? No No No No No No No

School Name Ann T. Lynch - Edison Elementary C.C.Ronnow - Edison Elementary Cahlan - Edison Elementary Charles I. West Edison Junior Academy Crestwood - Edison Elementary John S. Park - Edison Elementary Lincoln - Edison Elementary

School Location Las Vegas, NV Las Vegas, NV North Las Vegas, NV Las Vegas, NV Las Vegas, NV Las Vegas, NV North Las Vegas, NV

New York
Year Founded 2001 Grade Levels Served K-7 Charter Enrollment School? 399 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Harriet Tubman Charter School

School Location Bronx, NY

Ohio
Year Founded 2000 1999 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 595 Yes 648 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Dayton View Academy The Dayton Academy

School Location Dayton, OH Dayton, OH

52 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Pennsylvania
Year Founded 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2005 2002 2002 2000 2002 2002 2000 1999 2005 2002 2002 2002 Grade Levels Served K-6 K-6 K-6 5-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-6 K-5 K-8 5-8 K-12 K-8 K-8 5-8 6-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 455 No 420 568 429 565 214 508 430 269 714 437 695 895 869 752 417 446 372 No No No No No No No No Yes No No Yes Yes No No No No Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Add B Anderson Elementary School Alain Locke Elementary B.B. Comegys School Barratt Middle School James Alcorn Elementary School James R. Ludlow Elementary School John F. Hartranft Elementary School Kenderton Elementary School Laura W. Waring Elementary School Lincoln - Edison Charter School Morton - McMichael Elementary Penn Treaty Middle School Renaissance Academy Renaissance Advantage Charter School Samuel B. Huey School Shaw Middle School Tilden Middle School William D. Kelley Elementary School

School Location Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA York, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Phoenixville, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA

53 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Wisconsin
Year Founded 2001 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 566 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Business and Economics Academy of Milwaukee Total Number of Schools: 62 Total Enrollment: 37,574

School Location Milwaukee, WI

States Operated in: CA, CO, GA, IA, IL, IN, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, NV, NY, OH, PA, WI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools 0 2 2 12 25 3 1 21 10 19 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period California
School Name School Location Reason No Longer Profiled

54 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Edison McNair Academy

East Palo Alto, CA

School is not listed on edisonlearning.com or in the California Charter School Locator.

Phillips - Edison Partnership School

Napa, CA

School is not listed on edisonlearning.com or in the California Charter School Locator.

55 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Kalihi Elementary School

Honolulu, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services." However, after further research and conversations with school officials, the authors decided to exclude schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered.

Lihikai Elementary School

Kahului, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". However, after further research and conversations with school officials, the authors decided to exclude schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered.

Paia Elementary School

Paia, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services." However, after further research and conversations with school officials, the authors decided to exclude schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered.

Palolo Elementary School

Honolulu, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting edisonlearning.com, the authors decided to discontinue schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Sanford B Dole International School

Honolulu, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting school officials the authors decided to exclude schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Waimanalo Elementary and Intermediate School

Waimanalo, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting school officials the authors decided to exclude schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

56 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

William Paul Jarrett Middle School

Honolulu, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting school officials the authors decided to exclude schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Illinois
School Name Loucks Edison Junior Academy School Location Peoria, IL Reason No Longer Profiled This school is not listed on the Edison Learning website, edisonlearning.com. The school board voted to close Loucks-Edison in April 2008 ("Loucks-Edison Takes the Hit," http://www.week.com/news/local/17993354.html ).

New York
School Name Riverhead Charter School School Location Calverton, NY Reason No Longer Profiled "Edison ceased its management of the School as of December 2007." The State Education Department, April 7, 2009, retrieved from, www.regents.nysed.gov/meetings/2009Meetings/April2 009/0409emsca2.doc on May 15, 2009.

57 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Pennsylvania
School Name Gillespie Middle School School Location Philadelphia, PA Reason No Longer Profiled This school is no longer listed on the Edison website, edisonlearning.com. School District of Philadelphia Accountability and Assessment Office was contacted on April 28, 2009 to confirm split, but messages were not returned.

Harrity School

Philadelphia, PA

This school is no longer listed on the Edison website, edisonlearning.com. School District of Philadelphia Accountability and Assessment Office was called on April 28, 2009, but messages were not returned.

Potter - Thomas Elementary School

Philadelphia, PA

This school is no longer listed on the Edison website, edisonlearning.com. School District of Philadelphia Accountability and Assessment Office was called on April 28, 2009, but messages were not returned.

Renaissance Advantage Charter School

Philadelphia, PA

This school is no longer listed on the Edison website, edisonlearning.com. School District of Philadelphia Accountability and Assessment Office was called on April 28, 2009, but messages were not returned.

Stetson Middle School

Philadelphia, PA

This school is no longer listed on the Edison website, edisonlearning.com. School District of Philadelphia Accountability and Assessment Office was called on April 28, 2009, but messages were not returned.

58 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Sulzberger Middle School

Philadelphia, PA

This school is no longer listed on the Edison website, edisonlearning.com. School District of Philadelphia Accountability and Assessment Office was called on April 28, 2009, but messages were not returned.

59 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Hawaii
School Name Aiea Elementary School School Location Aiea, HI Reason No Longer Profiled EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting edisonlearning.com, the authors decided to discontinue schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Central Middle School

Honolulu, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting edisonlearning.com, the authors decided to discontinue schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Ilima Intermediate School

Ewa Beach, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting edisonlearning.com, the authors decided to discontinue schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Kaala Elementary School

Wahiawa, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting edisonlearning.com, the authors decided to discontinue schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

Kahului Elementary School

Kahului, HI

EdisonLearning still partners with this school to provide "Achievement Services". After consulting edisonlearning.com, the authors decided to discontinue schools at which "Achievement Services" are offered. Only comprehensive "School Designs" by Edison are profiled.

60 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 51 8 0 3 0

School Types

8

3 Primary Middle Other 51

New Schools Opened
30 25 20 15 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 15 1999-00 21 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 27 28 20 0 9 24 6 4 4

Number

Report Year

61 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 12 17 18 23 23 23 18 20 18 17 16

Number of States Operated In
25 20 15 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

62 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Edison Learning
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 38 60 84 109 116 109 98 101 97 80 62

Number of Schools Managed
150 Number 100 50 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year

Enrollment
100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 1998- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200899 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 24000 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown 75000 80000 70441 66482 60491 56383 47927 37574

Number

63 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Helicon Associates
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 2525 W. Jefferson ST Trenton, MI 48183

Telephone and Fax Web Address 734-675-5505 www.heliconassociates. com 734-675-6553

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1993 Private Unknown

Company Schools by State Michigan
Year Founded 2004 2000 2003 1998 1995 1996 1998 Unknown Unknown 1995 Unknown 1998 Grade Levels Served K-10 K-9 K-5 K-8 K-12 K-8 K-5 6-8 9-12 5-8 K-4 K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 202 Yes 226 312 141 188 403 517 362 525 167 169 245 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Eastern Washtenaw Multicultural Academy Marshall Academy Mt. Clemens Montessori Academy New Bedford Academy Pansophia Academy Summit Academy Summit Academy North Elementary Summit Academy North Middle School Summit Academy North-High School Thomas Gist Academy North Thomas Gist Academy South Will Carleton Academy

School Location Ann Arbor, MI Marshall, MI Mt. Clemens, MI Lambertville, MI Coldwater, MI Flat Rock, MI Romulus, MI Romulus, MI Romulus, MI Inkster, MI Westland, MI Hillsdale, MI

Total Number of Schools: 12 Total Enrollment: 3,457 States Operated in: MI

64 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Helicon Associates
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 0

65 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Helicon Associates
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 6 1 1 4 0

School Types

4

Primary Middle 6 1 1 High Other

New Schools Opened
4 3 2 1 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 3 1999-00 0 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 1 0 0 1 3 0 0 3 0

Number

Report Year

66 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Helicon Associates
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 6 6 8 9 9 11 14 14 14 12 12

Number of Schools Managed
15 Number 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year

Enrollment
6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 200102 200203 200304 200405 200506 200607 200708 200809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 Unknown 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown 3529 3663 4440 5522 5522 5522 3627 3457

Number

Report Year

67 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Helicon Associates
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

Number of States Operated In
2 Number 1 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year

68 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 1005 N. Glene Rd, Ste 610 Arlington, VA 22201

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 703-527-2600 www.imagineschools.co 1999 Private Not m Profitable 703-527-2600

Company Schools by State Arizona
Year Founded 2005 2006 2007 Unknown 2005 2001 2007 2006 2001 Unknown 2001 2002 2008 Unknown 2006 Grade Levels Served K-6 K-5 K-5 K-5 K-5 K-5 6-8 6-8 6-8 6-8 K-8 K-8 K-5 K-5 K-7 Charter Enrollment School? 517 Yes 191 564 541 728 415 57 188 141 102 268 426 216 430 262 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Imagine Charter Elementary at East Mesa Imagine Charter Elementary at Camelback Imagine Charter Elementary at Desert West Imagine Charter Elementary School at Cortez Park Imagine Charter Elementary School at Rosefield Imagine Charter Elementary School at West Gilbert Imagine Charter Middle at Camelback Imagine Charter Middle at Desert West Imagine Charter Middle School at Cortez Park Imagine Charter Middle School at West Gilbert Imagine Charter School at Bell Canyon Imagine Charter School at Sierra Vista Imagine Elementary at Avondale Imagine Elementary at Coolidge Imagine Elementary at Tempe

School Location Mesa, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Surprise, AZ Gilbert, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Gilbert, AZ Phoenix, AZ Sierra Vista, AZ Avondale, AZ Coolidge, AZ Tempe, AZ

69 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Imagine Middle at East Mesa Imagine Middle at Surprise Imagine Preparatory High School at Apache Junction Imagine Preparatory High School at Surprise

Mesa, AZ Surprise, AZ Apache Junction, AZ Surprise, AZ

Unknown Unknown 2008 2008

7-8 6-8 9-12 9-12

71 300 84 106

Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No

District Of Columbia
Year Founded 2007 2005 2007 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-7 K-3 Charter Enrollment School? 250 Yes 300 228 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Imagine Hope Community Charter School Lamond Campus Imagine Hope Community Charter School Tolson Campus Imagine Southeast Public Charter School

School Location Washington, DC Washington, DC Washington, DC

Florida
Year Founded 2003 2001 2008 2001 Unknown 2006 2001 2008 2008 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-5 K-5 K-5 6-8 K-5 K-5 K-5 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 475 Yes 536 348 305 166 249 813 326 60 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No

School Name Canoe Creek Charter Academy Chancellor Charter School at Lantana Imagine Charter School at Broward Imagine Charter School at North Lauderdale Imagine Charter School at North Lauderdale Middle Imagine Charter School at North Manatee Imagine Charter School at Weston Imagine School at Evening Rose Imagine School at Lakewood Ranch

School Location St. Cloud, FL Latana, FL Coral Springs, FL North Lauderdale, FL North Lauderdale, FL Ellenton, FL Weston, FL Tallahassee, FL Bradenton, FL

70 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Imagine School at Land O Lakes Imagine School at North Port Imagine School at St. Petersburg Imagine School at Town Center Imagine Schools at South Vero Imagine Schools at West Melbourne Imagine South Lake Charter School Kissimmee Charter Academy P.M. Wells Charter Elementary and Foundation Middle Susie Daniels Charter School

Lutz, FL North Port, FL St. Petersburg, FL Palm Coast, FL Vero Beach, FL Melbourne, FL Clermont, FL Kissimmee, FL Kissimmee, FL West Park, FL

2008 2008 2008 2008 2008 2004 2005 2000 2001 2006

K-5 K-5 K-5 K-8 K-5 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-5

393 512 328 244 434 407 701 750 750 129

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No No No

Georgia
Year Founded Unknown 2007 2007 2003 2006 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-7 K-7 K-5 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 652 Yes 485 463 498 250 Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No

School Name Imagine International Academy of Mableton Imagine International Academy of Smyrna Imagine Wesley International Academy Kennesaw Charter School Marietta Charter School

School Location Mableton, GA Smyrna, GA Atlanta, GA Kennesaw, GA Marietta, GA

Indiana
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 597 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Imagine Indiana Life Sciences Academy East

School Location Indianapolis, IN

71 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Imagine MASTer Academy Imagine Schools on Broadway

Fort Wayne, IN Fort Wayne, IN

2007 2008

K-7 K-5

677 400

Yes Yes

No No

Maryland
Year Founded 2008 2007 2007 Grade Levels Served K-4 K-4 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 464 Yes 230 352 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Imagine Discovery Public Charter School Imagine Foundations Public Charter School Imagine Lincoln Public Charter School

School Location Baltimore, MD Upper Marlboro, MD Marlow Heights, MD

Michigan
Year Founded 1995 Unknown 1996 1999 2004 Grade Levels Served K-12 6-12 K-8 K-8 K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 765 Yes 444 302 215 290 Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No

School Name Imagine Conner Creek Academy Imagine Conner Creek High Imagine Renaissance Public School Academy Imagine White Pine Academy Imagine Woodmont Academy

School Location Warren, MI Warren, MI Mt. Pleasant, MI Leslie, MI Southfield, MI

Missouri
Year Founded Unknown Unknown 2007 Unknown Grade Levels Served K-8 K-12 6-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 491 Yes 1527 331 1387 Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No

School Name Imagine Academy of Academic Success Imagine Academy of Careers Elementary Imagine Academy of Careers Middle School Imagine Academy of Environmental Science & Math

School Location St. Louis, MO St. Louis, MO St. Louis, MO St. Louis, MO

72 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Imagine College Prep High School Imagine Renaissance Academy for Environmental Science and MathImagine Renaissance Academy for Environmental Science and Math-

St. Louis, MO Kansas City, MO Kansas City, MO

2008 2007 2007

9-12 K-5 6-12

685 503 587

Yes Yes Yes

No No No

Nevada
Year Founded 2008 2006 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-7 Charter Enrollment School? 248 Yes 601 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Imagine School in the Valle One Hundred Academy of Excellence

School Location Las Vegas, NV North Las Vegas, NV

Ohio
Year Founded 2007 2005 2007 2002 2006 2008 2006 2008 2008 2007 Grade Levels Served K-5 K-8 K-5 K-5 K-8 K-4 K-6 K-5 K-5 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 350 Yes 409 242 797 922 305 623 160 292 461 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Imagine Academy at Sullivant Imagine Academy of Columbus Imagine Clay Avenue Community School Imagine Great Western Academy Imagine Groveport Community School Imagine Harrisburg Pike Community School Imagine Harvard Avenue Charter School Imagine Klepinger Community School Imagine Madison Avenue School of Arts Imagine Romig Road Community School Total Number of Schools: 76

School Location Columbus, OH Columbus, OH Toledo, OH Columbus, OH Groveport, OH Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Dayton, OH Toledo, OH Akron, OH

73 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Total Enrollment: 32,316 States Operated in: AZ, DC, FL, GA, IN, MD, MI, MO, NV, OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Florida
School Name Imagine Schools at Rivers Edge Charter Academy School Location Palm Bay, FL Reason No Longer Profiled In 2008, this school changed names from Rivers Edge Charter Academy to Imagine Schools at West Melbourne.

74 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Missouri
School Name Imagine Ethel Hedgeman Lyle Academy School Location St. Louis, MO Reason No Longer Profiled In 2008, Ethel Hedgeman Lyle Academy dissolved its relationship with the former management firm, Imagine Schools (http://www.stl-ehla.com/history.html)

Imagine Ethel Hedgeman Lyle Middle and High College Prep

St. Louis, MO

In 2008, Ethel Hedgeman Lyle Academy dissolved its relationship with the former management firm, Imagine Schools (http://www.stl-ehla.com/history.html)

75 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 61 8 3 4 0

School Types

8

3

4 Primary Middle High Other 61

New Schools Opened
40 Number 30 20 10 0 199900 200001 200102 200203 200304 200405 200506 200809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 8 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 9 12 5 4 4 10 Unknown Unknown 37

Report Year

76 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools N/A 22 25 44 44 35 33 32 Unknown 43 76

Number of Schools Managed
80 Number 60 40 20 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 08 09 Report Year

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
40000 Number 30000 20000 10000 0 200102 200203 200304 2004- 200505 06 Report Year 200607 200708 200809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown 13228 22198 17765 18194 16097 17571 19045 32316

77 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Imagine Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 States Op. In N/A 5 6 9 8 8 9 10 Unknown 11 10

Number of States Operated In
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 08 09 Report Year

Number

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

78 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Insight Schools
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 309 SW 6th Ave, Ste. 820 Portland, OR 97204

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 503-414-5300 www.insightschools.net Unknown Private Unknown 503-414-5353

Company Schools by State California
Year Founded 2007 2007 Grade Levels Served 9-10 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 122 Yes 202 Yes Virtual School? Yes Yes

School Name Insight School of California - Los Angeles Insight School of California - North Bay

School Location Lancaster, CA Windsor, CA

Colorado
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 528 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Insight School of Colorado

School Location Westminster, CO

Idaho
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 337 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name iSucceed Virtual High School

School Location Boise, ID

Kansas
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 576 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Insight School of Kansas

School Location Olathe, KS

Minnesota
Year Founded Grade Levels Served Charter Enrollment School? Virtual School?

School Name

School Location

79 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Insight Schools
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Insight School of Minnesota

Brooklyn Center, MN

2008

9-12

299

Yes

Yes

Nevada
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 340 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Insight School of Nevada

School Location Las Vegas, NV

South Carolina
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 600 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Insight School of South Carolina

School Location Columbia, SC

Washington
Year Founded 2006 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 1137 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Insight School of Washington

School Location Bellevue, WA

Wisconsin
Year Founded 2007 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 407 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Insight School of Wisconsin

School Location Grantsburg, WI

Total Number of Schools: 10 Total Enrollment: 4,548 States Operated in: CA, CO, ID, KS, MN, NV, SC, WA, WI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 # of Schools N/A N/A

80 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Insight Schools
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08

N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Oregon
School Name Insight School of Oregon School Location Portland, OR Reason No Longer Profiled Robert Siegel of Oregon DOE indicates that this school became a private entity.

81 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Insight Schools
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 0 0 9 1 0

School Types

1

High Other

9

New Schools Opened
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2008-09 Report Year

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 N/A 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10

Number

82 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Insight Schools
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 10

Number of Schools Managed
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 2008-09 Report Year

Number

2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
5000 Number 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2008-09 Report Year

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 4548

83 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Insight Schools
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 States Op. In N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 9

Number of States Operated In
10 Number 8 6 4 2 0 2008-09 Report Year

2007-08 2008-09

84 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 2300 Corporate Park Dr. Herndon, VA 20171

Telephone and Fax 866-283-0300 703-483-7330

Web Address www.k12.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1999 Public Profitable

Company Schools by State Arizona
Year Founded 2003 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 4000 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Arizona Virtual Academy

School Location Tucson, AZ

Arkansas
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 501 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Arkansas Virtual Academy

School Location Little Rock, AR

California
Year Founded 2002 2002 2002 2006 2002 2007 2004 2006 Grade Levels Served K-12 K-12 K-12 K-12 K-12 K-12 K-12 K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 160 Yes 438 575 3647 1839 280 789 451 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

School Name California Virtual Academy at Jamestown California Virtual Academy at Kern California Virtual Academy at Kings California Virtual Academy at Los Angeles California Virtual Academy at San Diego California Virtual Academy at San Joaquin California Virtual Academy at Sonoma California Virtual Academy at Sutter

School Location Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA Simi Valley, CA

85 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Colorado
Year Founded 2001 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 4501 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Colorado Virtual Academy

School Location Northglenn, CO

Florida
Year Founded 2003 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 940 No Virtual School? Yes

School Name Florida Virtual Academy

School Location Jacksonville, FL

Idaho
Year Founded 2004 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 2425 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Idaho Virtual Academy

School Location Meridian, ID

Illinois
Year Founded 2006 Grade Levels Served K-9 Charter Enrollment School? 400 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Chicago Virtual Charter School

School Location Chicago, IL

Indiana
Year Founded 2008 2008 Grade Levels Served K-10 K-10 Charter Enrollment School? 295 Yes 77 Yes Virtual School? Yes Yes

School Name Hoosier Academy - Indianapolis Hoosier Academy - Muncie

School Location Indianapolis, IN Muncie, IN

Nevada
Year Founded Grade Levels Served Charter Enrollment School? Virtual School?

School Name

School Location

86 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Nevada Virtual Academy

Las Vegas, NV

2007

K-12

721

Yes

Yes

Ohio
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 7277 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Ohio Virtual Academy

School Location Maumee, OH

Pennsylvania
Year Founded 2005 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 4600 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Agora Cyber Charter School

School Location Philadelphia, PA

South Carolina
Year Founded 2008 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 1100 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name South Carolina Virtual Charter School

School Location Columbia, SC

Texas
Year Founded 2006 Grade Levels Served 3-8 Charter Enrollment School? 1400 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name Texas Virtual Academy at Southwest

School Location Sugar Land, TX

Wisconsin
Year Founded 2006 2003 Grade Levels Served 9-11 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 162 Yes 878 Yes Virtual School? Yes Yes

School Name Honors High Online of Wisconsin Wisconsin Virtual Academy

School Location Fredonia, WI Fredonia, WI

87 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Wyoming
Year Founded 2006 Grade Levels Served K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 86 No Virtual School? Yes

School Name Wyoming Virtual School

School Location Gillette, WY

Total Number of Schools: 24 Total Enrollment: 37,542 States Operated in: AR, AZ, CA, CO, FL, ID, IL, IN, NV, OH, PA, SC, TX, WI, WY

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 2 0 0 1 2 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period California
School Name School Location Reason No Longer Profiled

88 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

California Virtual Academy at San Mateo

Simi Valley, CA

School is no longer operational according to CA DOE website (4/27/2009)

District Of Columbia
School Name Community Academy Public Charter School Online School Location Washington, DC Reason No Longer Profiled According to corrected profile from Jeff Kwitkowski, Vice President, Public Relations, K12 Inc., Community Academy Public Charter School Online is a program of an existing charter school.

Pennsylvania
School Name Pennsylvania Virtual Charter School School Location Norristown, PA Reason No Longer Profiled According to corrected profile from Jeff Kwitkowski, Vice President, Public Relations, K12 Inc. simply provides curriculum and technology to this school, but does not fully manage this school.

Virginia
School Name Georgia Virtual Academy School Location Hendon, VA Reason No Longer Profiled According to corrected profile from Jeff Kwitkowski, Vice President, Public Relations, K12 Inc., Georgia Virtual Academy is a program of a state authorized charter school.

89 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 5 0 0 19 0

School Types

5 Primary Other 19

New Schools Opened
10 8 6 4 2 0 200102 200203 200304 200405 200506 200607 200708 200809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 N/A 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 N/A 2 8 4 2 0 7 5 3

Number

Report Year

90 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A 1 8 14 15 15 21 25 24

Number of Schools Managed
30 25 20 15 10 5 0 200102 200203 200304 200405 200506 200607 200708 200809

Number

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year

Enrollment
40000 Number 30000 20000 10000 0 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 N/A N/A Unknown Unknown 10325 14460 18522 20865 34255 37542

Report Year

2007-08 2008-09

91 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

K12 Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 States Op. In N/A N/A N/A 1 5 11 9 10 13 16 15

Number of States Operated In
20 Number 15 10 5 0 200102 200203 200304 200405 200506 200607 200708 200809

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Report Year

92 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 7878 N. 16th St Ste 150 Phoenix, AZ 85020

Telephone and Fax 602-953-2933 602-953-0831

Web Address www.leonagroup.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Private Profitable

Company Schools by State Arizona
Year Founded 2003 1997 2001 1999 1999 1999 Unknown Unknown 1998 Unknown 2003 1999 1999 2006 2003 Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 7-8 9-12 9-12 9-12 K-6 K-6 9-12 K-8 7-8 9-12 9-12 11-12 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 479 Yes 174 25 552 194 464 149 181 462 218 30 227 472 54 634 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Alta Vista High School Apache Trail High School APEX Academy Desert Hills High School El Dorado High School Estrella High School Gilbert Arts Academy Liberty Arts Academy Maya High School Mesa Arts Academy Montezuma Middle School Ocotillo High School Peoria Accelerated High School SEES High School South Pointe High School

School Location Tucson, AZ Apache Junction, AZ Apache Junction, AZ Gilbert, AZ Chandler, AZ Avondale, AZ Gilbert, AZ Mesa, AZ Phoenix, AZ Mesa, AZ Tempe, AZ Phoenix, AZ Peoria, AZ Tempe, AZ Phoenix, AZ

93 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

South Pointe Junior High School South Pointe Public Charter Elementary School South Ridge High School Summit High School Sun Valley High School Tempe Accelerated High School Tucson Accelerated High School West Phoenix High School

Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Mesa, AZ Tempe, AZ Tucson, AZ Phoenix, AZ

Unknown Unknown 2007 1998 1997 1997 1997 1997

7-8 K-6 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12

186 260 406 341 550 323 223 646

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No

Florida
Year Founded Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Grade Levels Served K-7 K-6 6-8 K-5 K-5 K-5 6-8 K-5 6-8 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 273 Yes 179 80 118 371 136 134 156 79 104 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Athenian Academy of Pasco Athenian Academy of Pinellas Broward Community Charter Middle School Broward Community Charter School Broward Community Charter West Dayspring Elementary Charter School Paragon Academy of Technology Paragon Elementary Charter School Pompano Charter Middle School Sunshine Elementary Charter School

School Location New Port Richey, FL Dunedin, FL Coral Springs, FL Coral Springs, FL Coral Springs, FL Fort Lauderdale, FL Hollywood, FL Pompano Beach, FL Pompano Beach, FL Hollywood, FL

94 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Indiana
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 205 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Timothy L. Johnson Academy

School Location Fort Wayne, IN

Louisiana
Year Founded 2006 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 351 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name McDonogh City Park Academy

School Location New Orleans, LA

Michigan
Year Founded 1997 1997 1999 1995 2001 1997 2008 1998 1998 1999 1999 1999 Grade Levels Served K-5 6-12 K-12 K-5 9-12 6-8 9-12 K-8 K-9 K-9 3-8 K-2 Charter Enrollment School? 302 Yes 367 1035 461 545 531 144 250 389 496 294 130 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Academy for Business and Technology Elementary Academy for Business and Technology High School Allen Academy Cesar Chavez Academy Elementary Cesar Chavez Academy High Cesar Chavez Academy Middle Dream Academy Francis Reh Academy George Crockett Academy Hope of Detroit Academy Joy Preparatory Academy - Dexter Campus Joy Preparatory Academy Oakman Campus

School Location Dearborn, MI Melvindale, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Benton Harbor, MI Saginaw, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

95 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Mildred C Wells Academy New City Academy Northridge Academy Pierre Toussaint Academy Saginaw Preparatory Academy Traverse City College Preparatory Academy Voyageur Academy William C. Abney Academy

Benton Harbor, MI Lansing, MI Flint, MI Detroit, MI Saginaw, MI Traverse City, MI Detroit, MI Grand Rapids, MI

2005 1999 1999 1998 1997 2007 1998 1998

K-6 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-7 9-12 K-7 K-5

186 99 190 403 247 90 786 509

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No

Ohio
Year Founded 2000 2008 2007 2001 2003 2007 2002 2007 2002 2006 2002 Grade Levels Served K-12 K-5 K-5 K-7 K-8 6-9 K-8 K-4 K-8 K-5 8-12 Charter Enrollment School? 310 Yes 60 135 148 77 57 185 90 154 178 135 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Alliance Academy C.M. Grant Leadership Academy Cincinnati Leadership Academy Eagle Academy George A. Phillips Academy Great Lakes Environmental Academy Lake Erie Academy Lakeside College Preparatory Academy Paul Laurence Dunbar Academy South Scioto Academy Toledo Preparatory Academy

School Location Toledo, OH Columbus, OH Cincinnati, OH Toledo, OH Toledo, OH Toledo, OH Toledo, OH Cleveland, OH Toledo, OH Columbus, OH Toledo, OH

96 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Wildwood Environmental Academy

Maumee, OH

2004

K-6

158

Yes

No

Total Number of Schools: 67 Total Enrollment: 18,577 States Operated in: AZ, FL, IN, LA, MI, OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 0 2 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Arizona
School Name South Pointe Middle School School Location Phoenix, AZ Reason No Longer Profiled The school is not listed in Arizona Department of Education enrollment document for 2008.

97 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Michigan
School Name Charlotte Forten Academy School Location Detroit, MI Reason No Longer Profiled Contract with Leona was terminated on June 30, 2008. http://www.michigan.gov/documents/mde/ New_PSA_School_Openings_2007_193242_7.pdf

Consortium College Preparatory High School

Detroit, MI

Neither this schools name or address is listed Financial Status Update, enrollment document for 2007 provided by CEPI, or the 2008 CEPI document listing all EMOs and their schools.

98 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 34 8 19 6 0

School Types

6 19 34 8 Primary Middle High Other

New Schools Opened
20 15 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 6 1999-00 11 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 0 2 5 2 4 1 0 11 17

Number

Report Year

99 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 25 34 34 33 37 41 45 45 45 54 67

Number of Schools Managed
80 60 40 20 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

Enrollment
20000 Number 15000 10000 5000 0 1998- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200899 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 7585 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown 11683 12917 12617 13990 16090 15142 16648 18577

100 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Leona Group, LLC, The
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 2 2 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 5 6

Number of States Operated In
8 6 4 2 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

101 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 42 Broadway, Suite 1039 New York, NY 10004

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 212-232-0305 www.mosaicaeducation. 1997 Private Unknown com 404-841-3988

Company Schools by State Arizona
Year Founded 2004 1997 2008 Grade Levels Served K-6 K-8 K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 309 Yes 700 246 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Ahwatukee Foothills Prep Phoenix Advantage Charter School Riverbend Prep

School Location Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Laveen, AZ

Colorado
Year School Location Founded Colorado Springs, CO 2006 Denver, CO Colorado Springs, CO Fort Collins, CO 2000 2006 2006 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-6 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 601 Yes 300 238 378 Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No

School Name Banning Lewis Ranch Academy at Northtree Denver Arts and Technology Academy STAR Academy of Colorado Springs, Inc. T.R. Paul Academy of Arts and Knowledge

District Of Columbia
Year Founded 2001 2001 2001 Grade Levels Served K-7 3-6 K-3 Charter Enrollment School? 649 Yes 57 173 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Howard Road Academy Howard Road Academy G Street Campus Howard Road Academy Pennsylvania Ave Campus

School Location Washington, DC Washington, DC Washington, DC

102 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Illinois
Year Founded 2007 Grade Levels Served K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 427 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Frazier Preparatory Academy

School Location Chicago, IL

Indiana
Year Founded 2003 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 329 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Charter School of the Dunes

School Location Gary, IN

Michigan
Year Founded 2001 2001 2004 2004 1999 2005 1999 2003 2003 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-5 K-6 K-8 K-8 K-7 K-8 K-6 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 401 Yes 178 103 501 189 176 456 108 571 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No

School Name Arts and Technology Academy of Pontiac Bay County Public School Academy Bingham Arts Academy Business Entrepreneurship Science and Technology Public Capital Area Academy Discovery Arts & Technology Grand Blanc Academy Jackson Arts and Technology Academy Richfield Public School Academy

School Location Pontiac, MI Bay City, MI Alpena, MI Highland Park, MI Lansing, MI Inkster, MI Grand Blanc, MI Jackson, MI Flint, MI

Ohio
Year Founded Grade Levels Served Charter Enrollment School? Virtual School?

School Name

School Location

103 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Academy of Arts & Humanities Academy of Arts and Sciences Arts and Sciences Preparatory Academy Cleveland Arts & Social Sciences Academy Columbus Arts and Technology Academy Columbus Humanities Arts and Technology Academy Columbus Preparatory Academy Cornerstone Academy Foundation Academy of Mansfield Lorain Preparatory Academy Youngstown Academy of Excellence

Warren, OH Lorain, OH Cleveland, OH Cleveland, OH Columbus, OH Columbus, OH Columbus, OH Westerville, OH Mansfield, OH Lorain, OH Youngstown, OH

2005 2005 2006 2005 2004 2004 2004 2000 2007 2007 2005

K-8 K-3 K-8 K-6 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-6 K-6 3-8 K-8

308 153 160 181 484 376 560 153 163 144 219

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No No No No

Pennsylvania
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 172 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Fell Charter School

School Location Simpson, PA

Total Number of Schools: 33 Total Enrollment: 10,163 States Operated in: AZ, CO, DC, IL, IN, MI, OH, PA

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 # of Schools 0 0

104 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08

0 4 2 4 0 0 0 7 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period District Of Columbia
School Name Arts and Technology Academy School Location Washington, DC Reason No Longer Profiled Corrected profile sent by Marilyn Bowman Director of Business Development, Mosaica Education, Inc. indicated this school has been discontinued.

Michigan
School Name Kalamazoo Advantage Academy School Location Kalamazoo, MI Reason No Longer Profiled Grand Valley State University has declined to renew its charter after a ten-year association.

105 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Ohio
School Name Arts and Sciences Academy School Location Warren, OH Reason No Longer Profiled Both OEA document and OHDOE document indicated the school was closed (in the case of the OH DOE, no enrollment listed). Emailed OH DOE 4/27/2009 for more available information on this closure but no response was received.

Lorain Preparatory Academy

Lorain, OH

Neither the OEA document nor the Oct. 2008 enrollment from the OHDOE lists this school. Email sent to OHDOE on 4/25/2009 requesting more information but no response was received.

Preparing Academic Leaders Academy

Maple Heights, OH

Not listed in OEA or OHDOE October 2008 enrollment document. Email sent to OHDOE 4/27/2009 requesting more information on this closure but no response was received.

Pennsylvania
School Name Graystone Academy Charter School School Location Coatesville, PA Reason No Longer Profiled Mosaica is no longer mentioned on the schools website or in the 2008 Charter Annual Report for Graystone Academy Charter. Emails were sent to school board president and to the general school acount to confirm that the school was no longer managed by Mosaica, but no response was received.

Walter D. Palmer Leadership Learning Partners Charter School

Philadelphia, PA

Indicated as discontinued in corrected profile sent by Marilyn Bowman, Dicretor of Business Development, Mosaica Education, Inc.

106 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 32 0 0 1 0

School Types

1

Primary Other

32

New Schools Opened
10 8 6 4 2 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 1 1999-00 6 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 4 2 3 5 7 7 8 3 4

Number

Report Year

107 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 2 8 12 22 21 24 27 34 42 36 33

Number of Schools Managed
50 40 30 20 10 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

Enrollment
15000 Number 10000 5000 0 199899 200203 200304 2004- 200505 06 Report Year 200607 200708 200809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 850 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown Unknown 9807 10061 9995 12157 12339 12505 10163

108 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Mosaica Education, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 2 3 5 11 7 8 9 9 10 8 8

Number of States Operated In
12 10 8 6 4 2 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

109 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address Address 3850 Broadmoor Ave SE, Ste 201 616-222-1700 www.heritageacademies 1995 Private Profitable .com Grand Rapids, MI 49512 616-575-6801

Company Schools by State Colorado
Year Founded 2007 Grade Levels Served K-6 Charter Enrollment School? 535 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Landmark Academy at Reunion

School Location Commerce City, CO

Indiana
Year Founded 2003 2008 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-5 Charter Enrollment School? 663 Yes 413 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Andrew J. Brown Academy Aspire Charter Academy

School Location Indianapolis, IN Gary, IN

Michigan
Year Founded 1999 2000 1999 1997 2004 2002 2005 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-7 Charter Enrollment School? 725 Yes 695 695 717 668 706 727 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No

School Name Burton Glen Charter Academy Canton Charter Academy Chandler Woods Charter Academy Cross Creek Charter Academy Detroit Enterprise Academy Detroit Merit Charter Academy Detroit Premier Academy

School Location Burton, MI Canton, MI Belmont, MI Byron Center, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

110 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Eagle Crest Charter Academy Endeavor Charter Academy Excel Charter Academy Flagship Charter Academy Fortis Academy Great Oaks Academy Hamtramck Academy Keystone Academy Knapp Charter Academy Laurus Academy Linden Charter Academy Metro Charter Academy North Saginaw Charter Academy Paragon Charter Academy Paramount Charter Academy Prevail Academy Reach Academy Ridge Park Charter Academy South Arbor Charter Academy Taylor Exemplar Academy Timberland Charter Academy

Holland, MI Springfield, MI Grand Rapids, MI Detroit, MI Ypsilanti, MI Warren, MI Hamtramck, MI Belleville, MI Grand Rapids, MI Southfield, MI Flint, MI Romulus, MI Saginaw, MI Jackson, MI Kalamazoo, MI Mount Clemens, MI Roseville, MI Kentwood, MI Ypsilanti, MI Taylor, MI Muskegon, MI

1997 1998 1995 2007 2004 2004 2003 2003 1997 2004 1999 2000 1999 1998 1998 2004 2008 1998 1999 2006 1998

K-8 K-8 K-8 K-5 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-7 K-5 K-8 K-8 K-5 K-8

704 636 715 488 724 672 472 729 715 677 738 697 503 673 903 657 309 588 737 582 458

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

111 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Triumph Academy Vanderbilt Charter Academy Vanguard Charter Academy Vista Charter Academy Walker Charter Academy Walton Charter Academy Warrendale Charter Academy Windemere Park Charter Academy

Monroe, MI Holland, MI Wyoming, MI Grand Rapids, MI Walker, MI Pontiac, MI Detroit, MI Lansing, MI

2004 1996 1996 1996 1997 1999 2001 1999

K-6 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8

598 456 723 687 684 768 702 703

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No

New York
Year Founded 2003 2003 2002 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 655 Yes 630 605 Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No

School Name Brooklyn Excelsior Charter School Buffalo United Charter School Southside Charter School

School Location Brooklyn, NY Buffalo, NY Syracuse, NY

North Carolina
Year Founded 1999 1999 2000 2002 2000 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 672 Yes 722 476 936 674 Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No

School Name Forsyth Academies Greensboro Academy PreEminent Charter School Queens Grant Community School Research Triangle Charter Academy

School Location Winston Salem, NC Greensboro, NC Raleigh, NC Mint Hill, NC Durham, NC

112 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Ohio
Year Founded 2003 2004 2005 2004 2002 2004 2003 2004 2006 2004 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-7 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-7 K-8 K-7 K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 460 Yes 712 690 551 627 587 724 669 528 577 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No No

School Name Alliance Academy of Cincinnati Apex Academy Bennett Venture Academy Emerson Academy of Dayton North Dayton School of Science and Discovery Orion Academy Pathway School of Discovery Pinnacle Academy Stambaugh Academy Winterfield Venture Academy

School Location Cincinnati, OH Cleveland, OH Toledo, OH Dayton, OH Dayton, OH Cincinnati, OH Dayton, OH Cleveland, OH Youngstown, OH Toledo, OH

Total Number of Schools: 57 Total Enrollment: 36,737 States Operated in: CO, IN, MI, NC, NY, OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 # of Schools 0 0 0 0 0

113 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08

0 0 1 0 0 0

114 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 14 22 27 28 32 39 51 51 53 55 57

Number of Schools Managed
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

Enrollment
40000 30000 20000 10000 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 4385 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 7920 11396 13917 17043 20929 26674 29848 32158 33172 36737

Number

Report Year

115 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 57 0 0 0 0

School Types

Primary

57

New Schools Opened
15 Number 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 6 1999-00 9 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 5 1 4 7 12 1 2 2 2

Report Year

116 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

National Heritage Academies
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 1 2 3 3 4 5 5 5 5 6 6

Number of States Operated In
8 6 4 2 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

117 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Non-Public Educational Services, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address Congress Street, Shetland Park Salem, MA 01970

Telephone and Fax 978-741-7161 978-741-0414

Web Address nesieducation.org

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1978 Private Profitable

Company Schools by State Florida
Year Founded 2008 2000 2001 2004 Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 217 Yes 269 349 241 Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No

School Name Lee Altenative Charter High School RMA - Bradenton RMA - Fort Myers RMA-South Daytona

School Location Lehigh Acres, FL Bradenton, FL Fort Myers, FL South Daytona, FL

Texas
Year Founded 2001 2001 1998 2003 2003 1999 1999 1999 2003 Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 231 Yes 187 261 223 283 192 186 135 197 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No

School Name RMA - Amarillo RMA - Beaumont RMA - Corpus Christi RMA - Fort Worth RMA - Houston RMA - Killeen RMA - Lubbock RMA - Midland RMA - Odessa

School Location Amarillo, TX Beaumont, TX Corpus Christi, TX Fort Worth, TX Houston, TX Kileen, TX Lubbock, TX Midland, TX Odessa, TX

118 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Non-Public Educational Services, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Total Number of Schools: 13 Total Enrollment: 2,971 States Operated in: FL, TX

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 1 0 2 3 0 0

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Florida
School Name School Location Reason No Longer Profiled

119 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Non-Public Educational Services, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

RMA - New Port Richey

New Port Richey, FL

There is no record of this school in the enrollment document provided by Kim Ward at FL DOE or in greatschools.net.

Illinois
School Name RMHS - Chicago School Location Chicago, IL Reason No Longer Profiled Email from Donna Eldridge, Vice President, High School Dvision of NESI, Inc. on April 28, 2009 states that RMHS is a private school.

North Carolina
School Name RMHS - Wake County School Location Raleigh, NC Reason No Longer Profiled

This school is a private school. It was mistakenly profiled as a public school in past Profiles reports.

Virginia
School Name RMHS - Prince William County School Location Woodbridge, VA Reason No Longer Profiled

This school is a private school. It was mistakenly profiled as a public school in past Profiles reports.

120 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Non-Public Educational Services, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 0 0 13 0 0

School Types

High

13

New Schools Opened
5 4 3 2 1 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 3 1999-00 3 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 4 1 2 3 0 0 1 2 1

Number

Report Year

121 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Non-Public Educational Services, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 # of Schools 12 14 17 16 17 18 18 18 16 18 13*

Number of Schools Managed
20 15 10 5 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

Enrollment
5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 1560 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2024 2602 3294 3485 4485 4339 3234 3020 3313 2971*

Number

Report Year

*Richard Milburn High Schools were mistakenly profiled as public schools in past Profiles reports. RMHS schools have been removed from this year's data.

122 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Non-Public Educational Services, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 States Op. In 7 8 9 7 6 6 5 5 5 5 2*

Number of States Operated In
10 8 6 4 2 0 19 9899 19 9900 20 0001 20 0102 20 0203 20 0304 20 0405 20 0506 20 0607 20 0708 20 0809

Number

Report Year

123 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Victory Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 111 W. 57th St, Ste 525 New York, NY 10019

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 212-786-7900 www.victoryschools.com 1999 Private Profitable 212-265-1742

Company Schools by State Illinois
Year Founded 2007 2007 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 680 Yes 220 Yes Virtual School? No No

School Name Chicago International Charter School- Basil Campus Chicago International Charter School- Irving Park Campus

School Location Chicago, IL Chicago, IL

New York
Year Founded 2008 2005 2004 2000 1999 2004 2000 1999 2005 Grade Levels Served K-1 K-5 K-5 K-6 K-6 K-5 K-8 1-4 K-3 Charter Enrollment School? 150 Yes 400 285 500 930 300 621 262 375 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No

School Name Bronx Global Learning Institute for Girls Charter School Charter School of Educational Excellence Grand Concourse Academy Charter School Merrick Academy New Covenant Charter School Peninsula Preparatory Academy Roosevelts Childrens Academy Charter School Sisulu-Walker Charter School of Harlem South Bronx Charter School for International Culture and the Arts

School Location Bronx, NY Yonkers, NY Bronx, NY Queens Village, NY Albany, NY Far Rockaway, NY Roosevelt, NY New York, NY Bronx, NY

124 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Victory Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Pennsylvania
Year Founded 2002 2003 2002 2002 2002 2002 2007 Grade Levels Served K-6 6-11 7-12 5-8 K-7 K-6 K-3 Charter Enrollment School? 456 No 556 537 790 700 408 208 No No No No No Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No

School Name Anna B. Pratt Elementary School E. W. Rhodes High School FitzSimons Thomas High School George W. Pepper Middle School Mary McLeod Bethune School Richard R. Wright School Southwest Leadership Academy Charter School Total Number of Schools: 18 Total Enrollment: 8,378 States Operated in: IL, NY, PA

School Location Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 1

125 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Victory Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

2007-08

0

126 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Victory Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 15 1 1 1 0

School Types

1

1

1 Primary Middle High Other 15

New Schools Opened
8 Number 6 4 2 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 1 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2 2 6 1 3 1 0 3 3

127 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Victory Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools N/A 2 3 5 10 11 13 13 13 15 18

Number of Schools Managed
20 Number 15 10 5 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 200102 200203 200304 2004- 200505 06 Report Year 200607 200708 200809

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 N/A 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown 1242 4716 5725 5683 5840 5840 6290 8378

Number

128 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

Victory Schools, Inc.
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 States Op. In N/A 1 1 2 3 3 2 2 2 3 3

Number of States Operated In
4 Number 3 2 1 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

129 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Address 159 S. Main St, Ste 600 Akron, OH 44308

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 330-535-6868 www.whitehatmgmt.com 1998 Private Unknown 330-535-5055

Company Schools by State Arizona
Year Founded 2002 Grade Levels Served 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 305 Yes Virtual School? No

School Name Life Skills Center of Arizona

School Location Phoenix, AZ

Colorado
Year Founded 2006 2004 2003 Grade Levels Served K-12 9-12 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 441 Yes 285 294 Yes Yes Virtual School? Yes No No

School Name CDELA (Colorado Distance & Electronic Learning Academy) Life Skills Center of Colorado Springs Life Skills Center of Denver

School Location Brighton, CO Colorado Springs, CO Denver, CO

Florida
Year Founded 2005 2006 2006 2005 2006 2007 Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 401 Yes 294 269 241 331 52 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No

School Name Life Skills Center Broward County Life Skills Center - Lee County Life Skills Center - Leon County Life Skills Center - Miami-Dade County Life Skills Center - Opa-Locka Life Skills Center - Orange County

School Location Oakland Park, FL Ft. Myers, FL Tallahassee, FL Miami, FL Opa Locka, FL Orlando, FL

130 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Life Skills Center Pinellas County Life Skills Center Polk County East Life Skills Center North Life Skills Center of Palm Beach County

St. Petersburg, FL Winter Haven, FL Clearwater, FL Delray Beach, FL

2005 2007 2008 2005

9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12

452 275 70 452

Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No

Michigan
Year Founded 2006 2005 2005 2004 2004 Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 Charter Enrollment School? 331 Yes 344 289 435 174 Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No

School Name Covenant House Life Skills Center Central Covenant House Life Skills Center East Covenant House Life Skills Center West Life Skills Center of Metropolitan Detroit Life Skills Center of Pontiac

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Pontiac, MI

Ohio
Year Founded 1998 2002 1998 2003 1999 2002 2004 Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-6 K-8 K-8 Charter Enrollment School? 459 Yes 348 526 376 155 286 383 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Virtual School? No No No No No No No

School Name Hope Academy - Chapelside Hope Academy Canton Campus Hope Academy Cathedral Campus Hope Academy East Campus Hope Academy Lincoln Park Campus Hope Academy North Coast Campus Hope Academy Northwest Campus

School Location Cleveland, OH Canton, OH Cleveland, OH Cleveland, OH Cleveland, OH Cleveland, OH Cleveland, OH

131 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Hope Academy of Broadway Campus Hope Academy of Brown Street Campus Hope Academy University Campus Hope Academy West Campus Life Skills Center of Akron Life Skills Center of Canton Life Skills Center of Cincinnati Life Skills Center of Cleveland Life Skills Center of Columbus North Life Skills Center of Columbus Southeast Life Skills Center of Dayton Life Skills Center of Elyria Life Skills Center of Hamilton County Life Skills Center of Lake Erie Life Skills Center of Middletown Life Skills Center of North Akron Life Skills Center of Northeast Ohio Life Skills Center of Springfield Life Skills Center of Summit County Life Skills Center of Toledo Life Skills Center of Trumbull County

Cleveland, OH Akron, OH Akron, OH Cleveland, OH Akron, OH Canton, OH Cincinnati, OH Cleveland, OH Columbus, OH Columbus, OH Dayton, OH Elyria, OH Cincinnati, OH Cleveland, OH Middletown, OH Akron, OH Cleveland, OH Springfield, OH Akron, OH Toledo, OH Warren, OH

1998 1999 1998 2003 1999 2002 2000 1999 2006 2006 2005 2002 2003 2003 2001 2005 2003 2001 2003 2002 2000

K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12

492 246 360 461 184 169 113 196 207 215 270 172 188 261 215 122 244 230 135 223 325

Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No No

132 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Life Skills Center of Youngstown OHDELA (Ohio Distance & Electronic Learning Academy) Riverside Academy

Youngstown, OH Akron, OH Cincinnati, OH

1999 2002 1999

9-12 K-12 K-8

227 1621 594

Yes Yes Yes

No Yes No

Pennsylvania
Year Founded 2004 Grade Levels Served K-12 Charter Enrollment School? 588 Yes Virtual School? Yes

School Name PDELA (Pennsylvania Distance Learning Charter School) Total Number of Schools: 51 Total Enrollment: 16,326

School Location Sewickley, PA

States Operated in: AZ, CO, FL, MI, OH, PA

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0

133 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools

Schools No Longer Profiled for this Reporting Period Florida
School Name Life Skills Center Escambia County School Location Pensacola, FL Reason No Longer Profiled Response from White Hat Management confirmed this school is no longer in operation.

Like Skills Center - Liberty City Area

Miami, FL

Response from White Hat Management confirmed this school is no longer in operation.

Like Skills Center - Polk County

Lakeland, FL

Response from White Hat Management confirmed this school is no longer in operation.

Ohio
School Name Hope Academy High Cleveland Campus School Location Cleveland, OH Reason No Longer Profiled According to Excel document sent April 27, 2009, from Data Manager Karlyn Geis, Hope Academy High Cleveland Campus: Open FY08, Currently Closed

134 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools CCD Level Primary Middle High Other Unknown # of Schools 11 0 36 4 0

School Types

4

11 Primary High Other

36

New Schools Opened
20 Number 15 10 5 0 1998- 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200899 00 01 02 03 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

Report Year New Schools 1998-99 4 1999-00 3 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 1 0 7 Unknown 6 0 0 18 1

135 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools Unknown 12 9 15 25 30 38 38 38 54 51

Number of Schools Managed
60 50 40 30 20 10 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

Number

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

Enrollment
20000 Number 15000 10000 5000 0 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Report Year

Report Year # of Students 1998-99 Unknown 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Unknown Unknown Unknown 6149 6149 18318 15613 15613 16404 16326

136 of 240

Profiles Report: Large Company Profiles

White Hat Management
Large Company: Managing 10 or More Schools Report Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 States Op. In Unknown 1 1 1 3 2 5 5 5 6 6

Number of States Operated In
8 Number 6 4 2 0 1999- 2000- 2001- 2002- 2003- 2004- 2005- 2006- 2007- 200800 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Report Year

2006-07 2007-08 2008-09

137 of 240

PROFILES OF FOR-PROFIT EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS: 2008-2009
Medium Companies: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

138 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

ACH of America, LLC
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 777 E. Altamonte Drive Altamonte Springs, FL 32701

Telephone and Fax 800-215-7112 407-788-0180

Web Address www.achcorp.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1972 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 6-7 K-6 6-8 K-5

School Name Discovery Middle Charter School Educational Horizons Charter School Literacy Leadership Technology Academy The Island School

School Location Coral Springs, FL

Year Founded Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 89 Yes 73 232 58 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No

West Melbourne, FL Unknown Tampa, FL Boca Grande, FL Unknown Unknown

Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 452 States Operated in: FL

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

139 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Advance Educational Services
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 4407 W. St. Joseph Hwy. Lansing, MI 48917

Web Address 800-772-4125 www.advanceteam.com 517-687-3380

Telephone and Fax

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 K-8

School Name Island City Academy Walden Green Montessori West Michigan Academy of Arts and Academics Woodland School

School Location Eaton Rapids, MI Spring Lake, MI Spring Lake, MI Traverse City, MI

Year Founded 1996 1995 1995 1996

Charter Enrollment School? 196 Yes 206 378 213 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No

Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 993 States Operated in: MI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

140 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Benjamin Franklin Charter School
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 320 E. Warner Rd. Gilbert, AZ 85296

Web Address 480-632-0722 www.benjaminfranklinch arterschool.com 480-632-8716

Telephone and Fax

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1995 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-6 K-6 K-8

School Name Benjamin Franklin Charter School Crismon Campus Benjamin Franklin Charter School Gilbert Benjamin Franklin Charter School Mesa Benjamin Franklin Charter School Power Campus Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 2,091 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Queen Creek, AZ Gilbert, AZ Mesa, AZ Gilbert, AZ

Year Founded 1996 1997 1995 2006

Charter Enrollment School? 589 Yes 463 177 862 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0

141 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Charter School Associates, Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 4300 N University Drive Suite C201 Sunrise, FL 33351

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 2003 Private Unknown 954-414-5767 www.charterschoolassoc iates.com 954-748-5717

Telephone and Fax

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-2 K-2 6-12 K-5 K-6 K-5 K-8

School Name Excelsior Charter of Broward Kidz Choice Charter School Life Institute for Education Academy Pemayetv Emahakv Our Way School Shiloh Elementary Charter School Summerville Charter School The Charter School at Waterstone

School Location Tamarac, FL

Year Founded 2008

Charter Enrollment School? 138 Yes 51 36 165 378 456 1151 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No No

Pembroke Pines, FL Unknown Fort Myers, FL Okeechobee, FL Plant City, FL Homestead, FL Homestead, FL Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

Total # of Schools: 7 Total Enrollment: 2,375 States Operated in: FL

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

142 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Choice Schools Associates, LLC
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address P.O. Box 14149 Grand Rapids, MI 49514

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 1998 Private Profitable 616-785-8440 www.choiceschools.com 616-785-8455

Telephone and Fax

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8 K-8 6-12 K-5 K-8 K-12 K-8 K-12

School Name Benton Harbor Charter School Creative Learning Academy of Science, Mathematics and Humanities Creative Montessori Academy Grattan Academic High School Grattan Academy Hillsdale Preparatory School Morey Public School Academy Three Oaks Public School Academy West Michigan Academy of Environmental Science Total # of Schools: 9 Total Enrollment: 2,446 States Operated in: MI

School Location Benton Harbor, MI Beaverton, MI Southgate, MI Greenville, MI Belding, MI Hillsdale, MI Shepherd, MI Muskegon, MI Grand Rapids, MI

Year Founded 1999 1996 2001 2003 1996 2005 1997 2003 1996

Charter Enrollment School? 483 Yes 56 648 123 68 73 230 322 443 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 0 0
143 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Choice Schools Associates, LLC
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

2006-07 2007-08 2007-08

1 0 0

Discontinued Schools for this Reporting Period
School Name Tri Valley Academy of Arts and Education School Location Muskegon, MI Reason Discontinued Contract was terminated on 6/30/08 and there was no renewal. (Michigan PSA Status Update)

144 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Edtec Central, LLC
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address

Telephone and Fax

22620 Woodward Avenue, Suite C 248-582-8100 Ferndale, MI 48220 248-582-8101

Web Address www.edtec.net

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 6-12 10-12 4-12 4-12

School Name Ace Academy - Calumet Center Ace Academy - Lincoln Center Clara B. Ford Academy Vista Meadows

School Location Highland Park, MI Highland Park, MI Dearborn Heights, MI Dearborn Heights, MI

Year Founded 2007 Unknown 2007 2008

Charter Enrollment School? 84 Yes 80 177 32 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No

Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 373 States Operated in: MI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

145 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Educational Services of America, Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 1585 N. Milwaukee Ave Liberty, IL 60048

Telephone and Fax 847-367-6383 847-367-0367

Web Address www.ombudsman.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2005 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 6-12 6-12 9-12 9-12

School Name Ombudsman - Charter Central Ombudsman - Charter East Ombudsman - Charter Metro Ombudsman - Charter Northeast Ombudsman - Charter Northwest Ombudsman - Charter Pantano Ombudsman - Charter Valencia Ombudsman - Charter West Ombudsman- Charter East II

School Location Tucson, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Phoenix, AZ Tucson, AZ Tucson, AZ Glendale, AZ Phoenix, AZ

Year Founded 2008 1996 1999 2000 2002 Unknown Unknown 1998 2008

Charter Enrollment School? 15 Yes 98 82 92 89 0 85 83 91 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 9 Total Enrollment: 635 States Operated in: AZ

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0
146 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Educational Services of America, Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

2006-07 2007-08 2007-08

0 0 0

Discontinued Schools for this Reporting Period
School Name Ombudsman Learning Center Parker School Location Parker, AZ Reason Discontinued Ombudsman Parker is no longer listed in Arizona Department of Education resources.

147 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

eSchool Consultants
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 4480 Refugee Road Columbus, OH 43332

Web Address 614-322-7996 eschoolconsultants.com

Telephone and Fax

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12 9-12 9-12 K-12

School Name Focus Learning Academy Northern Columbus Focus Learning Academy of Southeastern Columbus Focus Learning of Southwestern Columbus Virtual Community School of Ohio

School Location Columbus, OH Columbus, OH Columbus, OH Columbus, OH

Year Founded 2003 2003 2003 2002

Charter Enrollment School? 265 Yes 308 261 1398 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No Yes

Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 2,232 States Operated in: OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

148 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Evans Solution Management Company
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 5555 Conner St #2223 Detroit, MI 48213

Telephone and Fax 313-923-0000 313-924-0095

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 5-12 6-11 6-11 8-11 4-11 5-12 K-8

School Name Blanche Kelso Bruce Academy Conner Blanche Kelso Bruce Academy Depaul Blanche Kelso Bruce Academy St. Judes Blanche Kelso Bruce Academy Victors Blanche Kelso Bruce Academy Wolverine Bruce Kelso Bruce Academy St. Antoine Northpointe Academy

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Highland Park, MI

Year Founded 2001 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown 2005

Charter Enrollment School? 145 Yes 26 12 14 21 160 301 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 7 Total Enrollment: 679 States Operated in: MI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

149 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Ideabanc Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address

Telephone and Fax

150 N. Country Club Road, Suite 10 520-296-1100 Tucson, AZ 85716 520-296-1446

Web Address www.amerischools.org

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-12 K-8 K-12

School Name AmeriSchools - Camelback AmeriSchools - Country Club AmeriSchools - Yuma AmeriSchools College Preparatory Tucson Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 721 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Phoenix, AZ Tucson, AZ Yuma, AZ Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1998 1996 1999 1998

Charter Enrollment School? 187 Yes 194 205 135 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

154 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Global Educational Excellence
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 341 E. Huron St Ann Arbor, MI 48104

Telephone and Fax 734-662-7050 734-662-7756

Web Address gee-edu.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-3 K-12 4-8 6-12 K-5 6-12 K-6

School Name Bridge Academy Bridge Academy of Ohio Central Academy Central Academy of Ohio Frontier International Academy Riverside Academy East Riverside Academy West Middle High School Campus Victory Academy

School Location Hamtramck, MI Toledo, OH Ann Arbor, MI Toledo, OH Hamtramck, MI Dearborn, MI Dearborn, MI Ypsilanti, MI

Year Founded 2003 2007 1996 2007 2005 2003 2003 2006

Charter Enrollment School? 565 Yes 100 483 65 282 563 441 110 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 8 Total Enrollment: 2,609 States Operated in: MI, OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 0 1
151 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Global Educational Excellence
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

2007-08

0

Discontinued Schools for this Reporting Period
School Name Riverside Academy Early Childhood Center School Location Dearborn Heights, MI Reason Discontinued The school is not listed in 2008 reports from Center for Educational Performance and Improvement (CEPI).

152 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Humanities and Sciences Academy of the United States, Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 5201 N. 7th Street Phoenix, AZ 85014

Telephone and Fax 602-650-1116 602-650-1881

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1997 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12 10-12 9-12 9-12

School Name Humanities and Science Institute Humanities and Sciences Academy Arizona International Commerce Institute Tempe International Commerce Institute Tsaile Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 260 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Phoenix, AZ Tempe, AZ Tempe, AZ Tsaile, AZ

Year Founded 2001 2003 2000 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 17 Yes 32 178 33 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No Yes No No

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

153 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Ideabanc Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address

Telephone and Fax

150 N. Country Club Road, Suite 10-296-1100 Tucson, AZ 85716 520-296-1446

Web Address www.amerischools.org

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-12 K-8 K-12

School Name AmeriSchools - Camelback AmeriSchools - Country Club AmeriSchools - Yuma AmeriSchools College Preparatory Tucson Total # of Schools: 4 Total Enrollment: 721 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Phoenix, AZ Tucson, AZ Yuma, AZ Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1998 1996 1999 1998

Charter Enrollment School? 187 Yes 194 205 135 Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

154 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Institute of Charter School Management and Resources
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 3300 Governors Trail Kettering, OH 45409

Telephone and Fax

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1999 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12 K-6 1-8 K-8 K-7 K-12

School Name Dohn Community High School Montessori Renaissance Exp Elementary School Richard Allen Academy Elementary Richard Allen Academy II Richard Allen Academy III Scholarts Preparatory

School Location Cincinnati, OH Columbus, OH Dayton, OH Dayton, OH Hamilton, OH Columbus, OH

Year Founded Unknown 2001 2000 2003 2004 2005

Charter Enrollment School? 111 Yes 58 199 481 238 219 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 6 Total Enrollment: 1,306 States Operated in: OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

155 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Institute of Charter School Management and Resources
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Discontinued Schools for this Reporting Period
School Name Richard Allen Preparatory School Location Dayton, OH Reason Discontinued Excel document provided by Karlyn Geis, Data Manager, Office of Community Schools on April 27, 2009 outlining all changes in community schools in the 2008-2009 school year. Entry for Richard Preparatory states, "Open FY08, Currently Inactive"

156 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Midwest Management Group Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address Unknown Unknown, MI 11111

Telephone and Fax

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-2 3-5 9-12 6-8 K-8

School Name Michigan Technical Academy Michigan Technical Academy Elementary Michigan Technical Academy High School Michigan Technical Academy Middle Woodward Academy

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Redford, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1995 Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 188 Yes 244 435 273 649 Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 5 Total Enrollment: 1,789 States Operated in: MI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

157 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Midwest Management Group Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Discontinued Schools for this Reporting Period
School Name Great Lakes Academy School Location Pontiac, MI Reason Discontinued Charter school authorizer stated that although the CEPI document stated Midwest Management Group was the EMO, this was an error and this had been corrected with CEPI.

158 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

OmniVest Management LLC
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 115 Pheasant Run Suite 114 Newtown, PA 18940

Telephone and Fax 215-497-8301 215-497-8305

Web Address www.omnivestllc.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2001 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-5 9-12 K-8 K-8 K-8 K-6

School Name Alliance for Progress Charter School Franklin Towne Charter High School Imani Education Circle Charter School Khepera Charter School People for People Charter School Philadelphia Montessori Charter School Total # of Schools: 6 Total Enrollment: 2,770 States Operated in: PA

School Location Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA Philadelphia, PA

Year Founded 1998 2000 2003 2004 2001 2004

Charter Enrollment School? 297 Yes 929 453 335 540 216 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

159 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Pinnacle Education, Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 2224 W. Southern, Ste 1 Tempe, AZ 85282

Telephone and Fax 480-755-8222 480-755-8111

Web Address www.pin-ed.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1995 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 10-12 10-12 9-12 9-12 9-12 7-12

School Name Pinnacle Charter High School Nogales Pinnacle Charter High School Tempe East Pinnacle Charter High School Tempe West Pinnacle High School - Casa Grande Pinnacle High School - Mesa Pinnacle Virtual High School

School Location Nogales, AZ Tempe, AZ Tempe, AZ Casa Grande, AZ Mesa, AZ Tempe, AZ

Year Founded 2001 2000 1995 1999 1996 2003

Charter Enrollment School? 115 Yes 82 166 164 88 1001 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No Yes

Total # of Schools: 6 Total Enrollment: 1,616 States Operated in: AZ

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0

160 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Pinnacle Education, Inc.
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Discontinued Schools for this Reporting Period
School Name Pinnacle High School - Chandler School Location Chandler, AZ Reason Discontinued The school is not listed in Arizona Department of Education enrollment document for 2008.

Day Star Academy

Phoenix, AZ

School will be discontinued after 2007-2008 school year, according to fax from Michael Matwick, CEO 4/9/08

161 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Rader Group
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 1982 Lewis Turner Blvd Fort Walton Beach, FL 32547

Telephone and Fax 850-314-6571

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1998 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 6-8 6-12 K-8 6-12 6-12

School Name Florida Intl Academy Charter Learning Academy of Santa Rosa Milestones Community School Okaloosa Academy Walton Academy

School Location Miami, FL Milton, FL Leesburg, FL Fort Walton Beach, FL Defuniak Springs, FL

Year Founded Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 285 Yes 80 211 220 90 Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 5 Total Enrollment: 886 States Operated in: FL

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

162 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Romine Group, LLC, The
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 7877 Stead, Ste 100 Utica, MI 48317

Web Address 586-731-5300 www.therominegroup.co m 586-731-5307

Telephone and Fax

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1994 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-7 K-8 K-10 K-11

School Name Bradford Academy Hanley International Academy Madison Academy Merritt Academy Trillium Academy

School Location Southfield, MI Hamtramck, MI Burton, MI New Haven, MI Taylor, MI

Year Founded 2003 2005 2004 2002 2002

Charter Enrollment School? 1424 Yes 545 400 396 689 Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 5 Total Enrollment: 3,454 States Operated in: MI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 0 1 0

163 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

SABIS Educational Systems
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 6385 Beach Rd Eden Prairie, MN 55344

Telephone and Fax 952-918-1850 952-918-1851

Web Address www.sabis.net

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1985 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-12 K-4 K-8 K-12 K-8 K-7

School Name Holyoke Community Charter School International Academy of Flint International Academy of Saginaw Milestone SABIS Academy of New Orleans SABIS International Charter School SABIS International School The International College Preparatory Academy Total # of Schools: 7 Total Enrollment: 4,712

School Location Holyoke, MA Flint, MI Saginaw, MI New Orleans, LA Springfield, MA Phoenix, AZ Cincinnati, OH

Year Founded 2000 1999 2007 2002 1995 2001 2003

Charter Enrollment School? 703 Yes 1074 163 400 1574 635 163 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No No No

States Operated in: AZ, LA, MA, MI, OH

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2007-08 # of Schools 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 1 0
164 of 240

Profiles Report: Medium Company Profiles

Varner and Associates International LLC
Medium Company: Managing 4 to 9 Schools

Address 19244 West 11 Mile Road Lathrup Village, MI 48076

Telephone and Fax 248-552-1345

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-5 9-12 6-8 K-8

School Name Academy of Flint Chandler Park Academy Elementary Chandler Park Academy High Chandler Park Academy Middle Dr. Charles Drew Academy

School Location Flint, MI Harper Woods, MI Harper Woods, MI Harper Woods, MI Ecorse, MI

Year Founded 1999 1997 Unknown Unknown 2005

Charter Enrollment School? 556 Yes 965 316 324 396 Yes Yes Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No No No

Total # of Schools: 5 Total Enrollment: 2,557 States Operated in: MI

Number of Schools No Longer Profiled
Year 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 # of Schools N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

165 of 240

PROFILES OF FOR-PROFIT EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS: 2008-2009
Small Companies: Managing 3 or Fewer Schools

166 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

A Childs View School Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Telephone and Fax Address 2846 West Drexel Road, Suite 100 520-578-2075 Tucson, AZ 85746 520-578-2076

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2005 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-5

School Name A Childs View School

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 2005

Charter Enrollment School? 59 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 59 States Operated in: AZ

167 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Academic Leadership Services, L.P.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 127 Crimson Drive Pittsburgh, PA 15237

Telephone and Fax 412-682-6559

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2007 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Career Connections Charter High School Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 259 States Operated in: PA

School Location Pittsburgh, PA

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 259 Yes

Virtual School? No

168 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Accelerated Learning Center, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 4105 E. Shea Blvd Phoenix, AZ 85028

Telephone and Fax 602-485-0309 602-485-9356

Web Address www.canadyalc.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1997 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Accelerated Learning Center

School Location Phoenix, AZ

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 240 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 240 States Operated in: AZ

169 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Allen-Cochran Enterprises
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1691 W. Grand Canyon Dr Chandler, AZ 85248

Telephone and Fax 480-632-1940 480-632-1398

Web Address ceeeagles.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1997 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Center for Educational Excellence

School Location Tempe, AZ

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 309 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 309 States Operated in: AZ

170 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Allsport Enterprises, Inc
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 8570 E. 22nd Street Tucson, AZ 85710

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 520-731-2150 www.allsportacademy.co 2001 Private Unknown m 520-731-2160

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 5-9

School Name Allsport Academy

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 2001

Charter Enrollment School? 75 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 75 States Operated in: AZ

171 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

AlphaStaff
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 800 Corporate Drive, Suite 600 Fort Lauderdale, FL 33334

Telephone and Fax 888-335-9545 866-632-8090

Web Address www.alphastaff.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1997 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-7 K-5 9-12

School Name Treasure Village Montessori Charter School Glades Academy Agri Ecolo Studies Everglades Preparatory Academy

School Location Islamorada, FL Pahokee, FL Pahokee, FL

Year Founded 1998 Unknown Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 170 Yes 48 109 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 327 States Operated in: FL

172 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Altair Learning Management
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 40 East Columbus St Columbus, OH 43110

Telephone and Fax

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2000 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12

School Name Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow

School Location Columbus, OH

Year Founded 2001

Charter Enrollment School? 8476 Yes

Virtual School? Yes

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 8,476 States Operated in: OH

173 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

American Basic Schools, LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 827 E. 6th Ave Mesa, AZ 85204

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 480-964-4602 www.burkebasicschool.c 1999 Private Profitable om 480-655-7870

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6

School Name Burke Basic School

School Location Mesa, AZ

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 720 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 720 States Operated in: AZ

174 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

American Institutional Management Services
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 5728 Schaefer Road, Suite 200 Dearborn, MI 48126

Telephone and Fax 313-624-2000 313-846-4514

Web Address www.aimsus.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name The Dearborn Academy

School Location Dearborn, MI

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 470 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 470 States Operated in: MI

175 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Bardwell Group
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 19800 Beech Daly Rd Redford, MI 48240

Telephone and Fax 313-450-0300

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1998 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8

School Name David Ellis Academy David Ellis Academy West

School Location Detroit, MI Redford, MI

Year Founded 1998 2006

Charter Enrollment School? 326 Yes 738 Yes

Virtual School? No No

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 1,064 States Operated in: MI

176 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Black Star Educational Management
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 19410 Livernois Detroit, MI 48221

Telephone and Fax 248-223-9290 248-223-9514

Web Address www.nsoroma.org

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1997 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Nsoroma Institute

School Location Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 194 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 194 States Operated in: MI

177 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Bright Beginnings School, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 400 N. Andersen Blvd Chandler, AZ 85224

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 480-821-1404 www.brightbeginnings.k1 1994 Private Unknown 2.az.us 480-821-1463

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6

School Name Bright Beginnings School

School Location Chandler, AZ

Year Founded 1996

Charter Enrollment School? 415 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 415 States Operated in: AZ

178 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Bright Horizons Family Solutions LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 200 Talcott Avenue South Watertown, MA 02472

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 617-673-8000 www.brighthorizons.com 1986 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-5

School Name JFK Medical Center Charter School

School Location Lake Worth, FL

Year Founded Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 460 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 460 States Operated in: FL

179 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Carter, Reddy and Associates
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 6604 NW 9th Blvd, Suite A Gainesville, FL 32605

Telephone and Fax Web Address 352-333-0244 www.crandassociates.or g 352-333-0246

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2002 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-5

School Name Dreamland Academy of Performing and Communication Arts Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 325 States Operated in: AR

School Location Little Rock, AR

Year Founded Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 325 Yes

Virtual School? No

180 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Champion Schools, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1313 N. 2nd St, #17 Phoenix, AZ 85004

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 602-252-7727 www.championschools.o 1999 Private Profitable rg 602-252-7729

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6

School Name Summit Elementary

School Location Phoenix, AZ

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 194 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 194 States Operated in: AZ

181 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Charter for Excellence
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address P.O. Box 692 Maricopa, AZ 85239

Telephone and Fax 520-423-9999 520-423-9997

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2006 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Legacy Traditional School

School Location Maricopa, AZ

Year Founded 2007

Charter Enrollment School? 844 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 844 States Operated in: AZ

182 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Charter School Management Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 841 Merion Square Road Gladwyne, PA 19035

Telephone and Fax 610-447-0400

Web Address ghjk

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2002 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Chester Community Charter School

School Location Chester, PA

Year Founded 1998

Charter Enrollment School? 2103 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 2,103 States Operated in: PA

183 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Community Education Partners
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 2636 Elm Hill Pike, Suite 500 Nashville, TN 37214

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 800-647-8439 www.communityeducatio 1996 Unknown Unknown npartners.com

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-11 6-12

School Name Richmond Alternative School Emerald Bay Academy

School Location Richmond, VA Panama City, FL

Year Founded 2004 Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 298 Yes 249 No

Virtual School? No No

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 547 States Operated in: FL, VA

184 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Compass High School, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 8250 E. 22nd St, #124 Tucson, AZ 85710

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 520-296-4070 www.compasshsgators.o 2001 Private Unknown rg 520-296-4103

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Compass High School

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 2001

Charter Enrollment School? 331 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 331 States Operated in: AZ

185 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Connections Between Cultures, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 2507 Central Freeway E. Wichita Falls, TX 76302

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 940-767-1561 www.brightideasschool.c 1997 Private Unknown om 940-767-1239

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12

School Name Bright Ideas Charter School

School Location Wichita Falls, TX

Year Founded 1998

Charter Enrollment School? 161 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 161 States Operated in: TX

186 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Cornerstone Charter School, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 7107 N. Black Canyon Phoenix, AZ 85021

Telephone and Fax 602-595-2198 602-242-2398

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2000 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Cornerstone Charter School

School Location Phoenix, AZ

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 199 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 199 States Operated in: AZ

187 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Country Gardens Educational Services, LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 6313 W. Southern Rd. Laveen, AZ 85339

Telephone and Fax 602-237-3741 602-237-3892

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2000 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-11

School Name Country Gardens Charter School

School Location Laveen, AZ

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 363 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 363 States Operated in: AZ

188 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Desert Springs Academy
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 3833 E. 2nd St Tucson, AZ 85716

Telephone and Fax Web Address 520-321-1709 www.desertspringsacad emy.com 520-321-9316

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1999 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Desert Springs Academy

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 144 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 144 States Operated in: AZ

189 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

East Valley Academy
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 910 North 85th Place Scottsdale, AZ 85257

Telephone and Fax 480-610-1711

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1999 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6

School Name East Valley Academy

School Location Mesa, AZ

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 20 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 20 States Operated in: AZ

190 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Eastpointe High School, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 8495 E. Broadway Tucson, AZ 85710

Telephone and Fax 520-731-8180 520-731-8179

Web Address www.eastpointehs.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1999 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Eastpointe High School

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 206 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 206 States Operated in: AZ

191 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

EdFutures, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 7100 Arsenal Lane Carlsbad, CA 92009

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 760-804-9449 www.edfuturesinc.com/H 2001 Private Unknown ome.html 760-804-9709

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6 K-8 K-8

School Name Laverne Elementary Preparatory Academy University Community Academy Lee Charter Academy

School Location Hesperia, CA Atlanta, GA Fort Myers, FL

Year Founded 2008 2002 2005

Charter Enrollment School? 178 Yes 395 177 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 750 States Operated in: CA, FL, GA

192 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Education Associates
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 491 Columbia Avenue Holland, MI 49423

Telephone and Fax 616-355-0055 616-355-0057

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 1-12

School Name Black River Public School

School Location Holland, MI

Year Founded 1996

Charter Enrollment School? 805 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 805 States Operated in: MI

193 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Education Management and Networks
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 29205 Ryan Road Warren, MI 48092

Telephone and Fax 586-576-0886 586-576-0887

Web Address www.emaninc.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2003 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 7-12 K-3 4-6

School Name Oakland International Academy High Oakland International Academy Elementary Oakland International Academy Intermediate Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 539 States Operated in: MI

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

Year Founded Unknown 1999 Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 160 Yes 237 142 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

194 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Educational Impact, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1950 E. Placita Sin Nombre Tucson, AZ 85718

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 520-407-1200 www.academyadventure 2003 Private Unknown s.com 520-407-1201

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-3 K-5

School Name Adventure School Academy Adventures Primary School Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 139 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Tucson, AZ Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 2005 2003

Charter Enrollment School? 55 Yes 84 Yes

Virtual School? No No

195 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Educators Management Group
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 7105 Babcock St SE Palm Bay, FL 32909

Telephone and Fax 321-723-6934

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2006 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6

School Name Royal Palm Charter School

School Location Palm Bay, FL

Year Founded Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 185 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 185 States Operated in: FL

196 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Eduprize Schools, LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 4567 W. Roberts Queen Creek, AZ 85242

Telephone and Fax 480-888-1610 480-888-1655

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2007 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Eduprize School

School Location Queen Creek, AZ

Year Founded 2007

Charter Enrollment School? 1305 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 1,305 States Operated in: AZ

197 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

GAR, LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1833 N. Scottsdale Rd Tempe, AZ 85281

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 480-947-9511 www.studentchoicehighs 2000 Private Unknown chool.net 480-947-9624

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Student Choice High School

School Location Tempe, AZ

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 106 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 106 States Operated in: AZ

198 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Hamadeh Educational Services, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address PO Box 1440 Dearborn, MI 48121

Telephone and Fax 313-565-0507 313-565-0718

Web Address www.hesedu.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1998 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served PK-12 K-12 K-4

School Name Star International Academy Universal Academy Universal Learning Academy

School Location Dearborn Heights, MI Detroit, MI Dearborn Heights, MI

Year Founded 1998 1998 2004

Charter Enrollment School? 1163 Yes 450 407 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 2,020 States Operated in: MI

199 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Heritage Academy, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 32 S. Center Mesa, AZ 85210

Telephone and Fax Web Address 480-969-5641 www.heritageacademya z.com 480-969-6972

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1995 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 7-12

School Name Heritage Academy

School Location Mesa, AZ

Year Founded 1995

Charter Enrollment School? 449 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 449 States Operated in: AZ

200 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Innovative Teaching Solutions
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 26211 Central Pk Blvd, Ste 300 Southfield, MI 48076

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 248-799-2780 www.oldredford.com/OR 1999 Private Profitable A/its.htm 248-799-2317

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-5 6-8 9-12

School Name Old Redford Academy Elementary School Old Redford Academy Middle School Old Redford Academy Preparatory High School Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 1,587 States Operated in: MI

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1999 1999 2004

Charter Enrollment School? 566 Yes 396 625 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

201 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

KC Distance Learning Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 650 NE Holladay, Suite 1400 Portland, OR 97232

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 800-633-1488 www.kcdistancelearning. 1974 Private Unknown com 503-731-5498

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 6-12 6-12

School Name iQ Academy Washington iQ Academy Minnesota

School Location Vancouver, WA Fergus Falls, MN

Year Founded Unknown Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 75 No 154 No

Virtual School? Yes Yes

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 229 States Operated in: MN, WA

202 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Lakeshore Educational Management, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 12955 Robins Ridge Rd Charlevoix, MI 49720

Telephone and Fax 231-547-4264 231-547-4264

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2005 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12 K-12 K-12

School Name Concord Academy Boyne Concord Montessori and Community School Concord Academy Petoskey

School Location Boyne City, MI Mancelona, MI Petoskey, MI

Year Founded 1998 1998 1994

Charter Enrollment School? 177 Yes 149 331 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 657 States Operated in: MI

203 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

LLL Licensing Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 6710 86th Ave Pinellas Park, FL 33782

Telephone and Fax

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2000 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 3-8

School Name Bradenton Charter School

School Location Bradenton, FL

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 92 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 92 States Operated in: FL

204 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Montessori Charter School of Flagstaff, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1000 E. Appalachian Rd Flagstaff, AZ 86004

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 928-774-8685 www.flagmontessori.com 1995 Private Profitable 928-774-7690

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Montessori Charter School of Flagstaff Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 272 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Flagstaff, AZ

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 272 Yes

Virtual School? No

205 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Montessori Schoolhouse of Tucson, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1301 East Fort Lowell Road Tucson, AZ 85719

Telephone and Fax 520-319-8668 520-881-4096

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1997 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 1-3 K

School Name Montessori Schoolhouse Montessori Schoolhouse

School Location Tucson, AZ Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1998 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 65 Yes 20 Yes

Virtual School? No No

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 85 States Operated in: AZ

206 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Nobel Learning Communities, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Telephone and Fax Web Address Address 1615 West Chester Pike, Suite 200 484-947-2000 www.nobellearning.com West Chester, PA 19382 484-947-2072

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1984 Public Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 5-12

School Name Philadelphia Maritime Academy Charter School Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 700 States Operated in: PA

School Location Philadelphia, PA

Year Founded 2003

Charter Enrollment School? 700 Yes

Virtual School? No

207 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Professional Contract Management Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 140 Kent Street Portland, MI 48875

Telephone and Fax Web Address 517-647-7533 www.pcmiservices.com 517-647-7535

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1995 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Casa Richard Academy

School Location Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1995

Charter Enrollment School? 135 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 135 States Operated in: MI

208 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Rose Management Group
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address Address 3686 W. Orange Grove Rd, #192 520-797-4884 www.rosemanagement.c 1998 Private Unknown om Tucson, AZ 85741 520-797-8868

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12 9-12

School Name Mountain Rose Academy Canyon Rose Academy Desert Rose Academy

School Location Tucson, AZ Tucson, AZ Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1999 2003 2001

Charter Enrollment School? 301 Yes 408 281 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 990 States Operated in: AZ

209 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Schoolhouse Services and Staffing, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 22930 Chippewa Detroit, MI 48219

Telephone and Fax 248-538-0072 248-538-0073

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6 K-12 6-12

School Name Dove Academy Weston Preparatory Academy Eaton Academy

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1997 1998 1996

Charter Enrollment School? 404 Yes 471 454 Yes Yes

Virtual School? No No No

Total # of Schools: 3 Total Enrollment: 1,329 States Operated in: MI

210 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Select Management Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 46312 Woodward Ave Pontiac, MI 48342

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 248-334-6434 www.greatlakesacademy 1997 Unknown Unknown .org 248-334-6457

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-6

School Name Great Lakes Academy

School Location Pontiac, MI

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 209 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 209 States Operated in: MI

211 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Self Development Charter School
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1709 N. Greenfield Rd. Mesa, AZ 85205

Telephone and Fax Web Address 480-641-2640 www.selfdevelopmentch arterschool.com 480-641-2678

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2000 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-7

School Name Self Development Charter School

School Location Mesa, AZ

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 271 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 271 States Operated in: AZ

212 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

777 Educational Management Company
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 3100 Elmwood Street Detroit, MI 48207

Telephone and Fax 313-875-2207 313-875-2311

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1998 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12 K-8

School Name Ross Hill Academy Middle High School Ross Hill Academy Elementary

School Location Detroit, MI Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1998 1998

Charter Enrollment School? 78 Yes 107 Yes

Virtual School? No No

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 185 States Operated in: MI

213 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Smart Schools Management
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 1245 Hammond Rd East Traverse City, MI 49686

Telephone Year Privately Held / and Fax Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Web Address 231-932-6015 www.smartschoolsinc.co 1996 Private Unknown m 231-922-9392

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12

School Name Grand Traverse Academy

School Location Traverse City, MI

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 1037 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 1,037 States Operated in: MI

214 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Solid Rock Management Company
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 3031 W Grand Blvd, Suite 524 Detroit, MI 48202

Telephone and Fax 313-873-7625

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12

School Name Marvin L Winans Academy of Performing Arts Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 724 States Operated in: MI

School Location Detroit, MI

Year Founded 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 724 Yes

Virtual School? No

215 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Southern Arizona Community Academy, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 2470 N. Tucson Blvd. Tucson, AZ 85716

Telephone and Fax 520-319-6113 520-319-6115

Web Address www.sacademy.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1999 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Southern Arizona Community Academy Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 187 States Operated in: AZ

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 187 Yes

Virtual School? No

216 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Summit Management Consulting
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 4864 Lapeer Road Kimball, MI 48074

Telephone and Fax 810-434-3291

Web Address fromthesummit.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-9

School Name Landmark Academy

School Location Kimball, MI

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 813 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 813 States Operated in: MI

217 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Superior Management Corporation
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 401 South Old Coachman Road Clearwater, FL 33765

Telephone and Fax 727-793-2400

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2006 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-5

School Name Plato Academy Charter School

School Location Clearwater, FL

Year Founded 2004

Charter Enrollment School? 232 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 232 States Operated in: FL

218 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Synergy Training Solutions
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 24535 Jefferson St.Clair Shores, MI 48080

Telephone and Fax 586-445-7069 586-445-9139

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1996 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12 9-12

School Name Michigan Health Academy HEART Academy

School Location Detroit, MI Harper Woods, MI

Year Founded 1996 1997

Charter Enrollment School? 193 Yes 218 Yes

Virtual School? No No

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 411 States Operated in: MI

219 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

TAG Elementary, Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 10129 E. Speedway Blvd Tucson, AZ 85748

Telephone and Fax 520-296-0006 520-296-0046

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 1998 Private Profitable

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name TAG Charter School

School Location Tucson, AZ

Year Founded 1998

Charter Enrollment School? 214 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 214 States Operated in: AZ

220 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Technical Academy Group LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 4800 Oakman Blvd Dearborn, MI 48126

Telephone and Fax 313-582-4500 313-582-9407

Web Address www.atafordpas.org

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-12

School Name Advanced Technology Academy

School Location Dearborn, MI

Year Founded 2000

Charter Enrollment School? 1084 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 1,084 States Operated in: MI

221 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Three Cord Inc.
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 459 West King Street York, PA 17401

Telephone and Fax 717-845-4046 717-845-4057

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2005 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 6-12

School Name New Hope Academy Charter School Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 400 States Operated in: PA

School Location York, PA

Year Founded 2007

Charter Enrollment School? 400 Yes

Virtual School? No

222 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Transitions Consultants LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address P.O. Box 673 Southfield, MI 48037

Telephone and Fax 313-865-6024 313-865-6658

Web Address None

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2007 Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8 K-8

School Name George Washington Carver Academy West Village Academy

School Location Highland Park, MI Dearborn, MI

Year Founded 1999 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 542 Yes 358 Yes

Virtual School? No No

Total # of Schools: 2 Total Enrollment: 900 States Operated in: MI

223 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Visions Education Development Consortium LLC
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Address 310 W. Oakley Flint, MI 48503

Telephone and Fax Web Address 810-341-6944 www.k12web.org/School/CenterA 810-341-6949

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability Unknown Unknown Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served K-8

School Name Center Academy

School Location Flint, MI

Year Founded 1999

Charter Enrollment School? 388 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 388 States Operated in: MI

224 of 240

Profiles Report: Small Company Profiles

Youth and Family Centered Services
Small Company: Managing 3 or fewer Schools

Telephone and Fax Address apital of Texas Highway South, Sui 512-327-1119 Austin, TX 78746 512-327-4576

Web Address www.yfcs.com

Year Privately Held / Founded Publicly Traded Profitability 2003 Private Unknown

Company Schools
Grade Levels Served 9-12

School Name Tampa Bay Academy

School Location Riverview, FL

Year Founded Unknown

Charter Enrollment School? 192 Yes

Virtual School? No

Total # of Schools: 1 Total Enrollment: 192 States Operated in: FL

225 of 240

PROFILES OF FOR-PROFIT EDUCATION MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS: 2008-2009
Virtual Schools

226 of 240

Profiles Report: Virtual Schools

For-Profit Virtual Schools Listed by State
The following is a list of virtual schools which are managed by for-profit education management organizations.

Arizona
School Name Humanities and Sciences Academy Arizona Arizona Virtual Academy Parent Company Humanities and Sciences Academy of the United States, Inc. K12 Inc. Telephone 800-7620010 866-3394947 480-7825842 480-7558222 Web Address humsci.org Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? 2003 32 Yes

www.azva.org

2003

4000

Yes

Arizona Connections Academy Pinnacle Virtual High School

Connections Academy

Pinnacle Education, Inc.

www.connection sacademy.com/a ca pin-ed.com

2005

600

Yes

2003

1001

Yes

Arkansas
School Name Arkansas Virtual Academy Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 866-3394952 Web Address www.arva.org Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? 2002 501 Yes

227 of 240

Profiles Report: Virtual Schools

For-Profit Virtual Schools Listed by State
The following is a list of virtual schools which are managed by for-profit education management organizations.

California
School Name Central California Connections Academy California Virtual Academy at San Joaquin California Virtual Academy at Sutter California Virtual Academy at Los Angeles California Virtual Academy at San Diego California Virtual Academy at Kings Insight School of California North Bay California Virtual Academy at Jamestown California Virtual Academy at Sonoma California Virtual Academy at Kern Capistrano Connections Academy Insight School of California Los Angeles Parent Company Connections Academy Telephone 559-7131324 866-3396790 866-3396787 866-3396790 866-8396790 866-8396790 800-6705391 866-3396790 Unknown Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.connection 2006 96 Yes sacademy.com/c enca www.caliva.org 2007 280 Yes Web Address

K12 Inc.

K12 Inc.

www.caliva.org

2006

451

Yes

K12 Inc.

www.caliva.org

2006

3647

Yes

K12 Inc.

www.caliva.org

2002

1839

Yes

K12 Inc.

www.caliva.org

2002

575

Yes

Insight Schools

insightca.net/nort hbay/index.asp www.caliva.org

2007

202

Yes

K12 Inc.

2002

160

Yes

K12 Inc.

www.caliva.org

2004

789

Yes

K12 Inc.

866-3396790 949-4929131 800-6705391

www.caliva.org

2002

438

Yes

Connections Academy

Insight Schools

www.connection sacademy.com/ CAPOCA insightca.net/los angeles/index.as p

2004

762

Yes

2007

122

Yes

228 of 240

Profiles Report: Virtual Schools

For-Profit Virtual Schools Listed by State
The following is a list of virtual schools which are managed by for-profit education management organizations.

Colorado
School Name Colorado Connections Academy CDELA (Colorado Distance & Electronic Learning Academy) Colorado Virtual Academy Parent Company Connections Academy Telephone 303-7942302 303-6379234 866-3396816 800-7051528 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.connection 2002 704 No sacademy.com/c o/oca www.cdela.com 2006 441 Yes Web Address

White Hat Management K12 Inc.

www.covcs.org

2001

4501

Yes

Insight School of Colorado

Insight Schools

www.insightcohs .net

2008

528

Yes

Florida
School Name Florida Virtual Academy Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 866-3398803 407-8576588 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.k12.com/flv 2003 940 No a Web Address www.connection sacademy.com/F CA 2003 940 No

Florida Connections Academy

Connections Academy

Idaho
School Name iSucceed Virtual High School Inspire Virtual Academy Parent Company Insight Schools Telephone 800-2111687 208-3224012 208-3223559 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.isucceedvh 2008 337 Yes s.net Web Address www.connection sacademy.com/I NSPIRE www.idahova.org 2005 488 Yes

Connections Academy

Idaho Virtual Academy

K12 Inc.

2004

2425

Yes

Illinois
School Name Chicago Virtual Charter School Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 866-6121450 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.k12.com/cv 2006 400 Yes cs Web Address

229 of 240

Profiles Report: Virtual Schools

For-Profit Virtual Schools Listed by State
The following is a list of virtual schools which are managed by for-profit education management organizations.

Indiana
School Name Hoosier Academy Indianapolis Hoosier Academy - Muncie Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 317-8054376 765-2889633 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.k12.com/ha 2008 295 Yes Web Address

K12 Inc.

www.k12.com/ha

2008

77

Yes

Kansas
School Name Insight School of Kansas Parent Company Insight Schools Telephone 913-6865600 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.insightks.n 2008 576 Yes et Web Address

Minnesota
School Name Insight School of Minnesota Parent Company Insight Schools Telephone 800-7115944 612-7291090 877-9944766 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.insightmn.n 2008 299 Yes et Web Address www.connection 2005 sacademy.com/ mtsmca www.iqacademy Unknown mn.org 772 Yes

MTS Minnesota Connections Academy iQ Academy Minnesota

Connections Academy

KC Distance Learning Inc.

154

No

Nevada
School Name Insight School of Nevada Parent Company Insight Schools Telephone 800-2081931 702-4071825 775-8264200 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.insightnv.n 2008 340 Yes et Web Address www.k12/com/nv va www.connection sacademy.com 2007 721 Yes

Nevada Virtual Academy

K12 Inc.

Nevada Connections Academy

Connections Academy

2007

934

Yes

230 of 240

Profiles Report: Virtual Schools

For-Profit Virtual Schools Listed by State
The following is a list of virtual schools which are managed by for-profit education management organizations.

Ohio
School Name Virtual Community School of Ohio Electronic Classroom of Tomorrow Ohio Virtual Academy Parent Company eSchool Consultants Telephone 614-5019473 888-3268395 866-3399072 330-2538680 513-5333230 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.vcslearn.or 2002 1398 Yes g Web Address Unknown 2001 8476 Yes

Altair Learning Management K12 Inc.

www.k12.com/oh va www.ohdela.com

2002

7277

Yes

OHDELA (Ohio Distance & White Hat Electronic Learning Management Academy) Ohio Connections Academy Connections Academy

2002

1621

Yes

www.connection sacademy.com/o ca

2003

1532

Yes

Oregon
School Name Oregon Connections Academy Parent Company Connections Academy Telephone 503-3944315 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.connection 2005 2506 Yes sacademy.com/o rca Web Address

Pennsylvania
School Name Commonwealth Connections Academy Agora Cyber Charter School Parent Company Connections Academy Telephone 717-6058900 866-5489452 724-9337300 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.connection 2003 2875 Yes sacademy.com/c ca www.agora.org 2005 4600 Yes Web Address

K12 Inc.

PDELA (Pennsylvania Distance Learning Charter School)

White Hat Management

www.pdela.com

2004

588

Yes

South Carolina
School Name Parent Company Telephone 803-2124712 803-2536222 800-2605165 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.connection 2008 659 Yes sacademy.com/s outh-carolinawww.k12.com 2008 1100 Yes Web Address

South Carolina Connections Connections Academy Academy South Carolina Virtual Charter School Insight School of South Carolina K12 Inc.

Insight Schools

insightsc.net/ind ex.asp

2008

600

Yes

231 of 240

Profiles Report: Virtual Schools

For-Profit Virtual Schools Listed by State
The following is a list of virtual schools which are managed by for-profit education management organizations.

Texas
School Name Texas Virtual Academy at Southwest Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 866-3600161 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.k12.com/tx 2006 1400 Yes va Web Address

Washington
School Name iQ Academy Washington Parent Company KC Distance Learning Inc. Insight Schools Telephone 888-8994792 866-8000017 Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? www.iqacademy Unknown 75 No wa.com Web Address www.insightwa.n et 2006 1137 Yes

Insight School of Washington

Wisconsin
School Name Wisconsin Virtual Academy Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 866-3399913 866-3399913 920-9937076 866-8000027 Web Address www.wivcs.org Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? 2003 878 Yes

Honors High Online of Wisconsin Wisconsin Connections Academy Insight School of Wisconsin

K12 Inc.

www.k12.com/h2 owi www.connection sacademy.com/ wca www.insightwi.ne t

2006

162

Yes

Connections Academy

2002

410

Yes

Insight Schools

2007

407

Yes

Wyoming
School Name Wyoming Virtual School Parent Company K12 Inc. Telephone 307-6853248 Web Address Unknown Year Charter Founded Enrollment School? 2006 86 No

232 of 240

Appendix A Reader’s Guide

Definition of Terms
• Charter School: Charter schools provide free elementary/secondary education under a charter granted by a legislatively recognized public entity or publicly appointed entity so that they qualify for local and state taxpayer funds in the same way as conventional district schools. Virtual School: A virtual school (also known as cyber school) delivers its curriculum and provides instruction via the Internet and electronic communication. A virtual school meets the definition and requirements of schools as specified in state statutes. Education Management Organization (EMO): An EMO is an organization or firm that manages at least one school that receives public funds and operates the public school(s) it manages under the same admissions rules as regular public schools. EMOs can be for-profit or nonprofit organizations. They can manage traditional public schools or charter schools. Instructional Levels: Instructional levels are calculated from the lowest and highest grades for which students are enrolled in a school. According to the Common Core of Data: Primary schools are those with a low grade of prekindergarten through grade 3 and an upper grade of up to 8. Middle schools contain a low grade of 4-7 and an upper grade ranging from 4 to 9. High schools have a low grade of 7 to 12 and must extend through grade 12. Other includes all other grade configurations, including schools that are completely ungraded.

233 of 240

Appendix B Data Sources by State
State
AR

Dates of DOE  contact(s)
2/27/2009, 3/4/2009,  4/21/2009 Not applicable 3/4/2009 (twice),  4/21/2009 3/4/2009, 4/21/2009

Relevant website(s)
2008 district enrollment can be found at  http://arkansased.org/schools/excel/oct1_enr_district_  120408.xls http://www.ade.state.az.us/edd/ http://dq.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/

Notes
Arkansas Department of Education provided 2008 building level enrollments via email.

AZ CA CO

All pertinent information was retrieved from Arizona Department of Education website. All schools enrollments reported from Dataquest website. Key informants knew of no  additional EMOs or EMO‐managed schools.

http://www.cde.state.co.us/cdechart/download/2008Enrollmen Colorado Department of Education does not track EMOs. Every charter school in Colorado was  t.pdf emailed on 4/21/2009 in an attempt to identify additional EMOs and EMO‐managed schools.  2008‐09 enrollments were gathered from Colorado Department of Education website. http://www.dcpubliccharter.com/pcschools/index.html 2008 enrollments were retrieved from DC charter school profiles; all school profiles were  examined for possible additional EMO‐operated schools. School level enrollments and a list of operating EMOs and their schools sent via email by the  Florida Department of Education. http://www.doe.k12.ga.us/ReportingFW.aspx?PageReq=211&St Complete with 2008 ENR from Georgia Department of Education website; charter schools  ateId=ALL&PID=61&PTID=67&CTID=215&T=0 profiles were searched to find additional EMOs and EMO‐managed schools; state department  does not track EMO information. http://doe.k12.hi.us/reports/enrollment.htm EdisonLearning still partners with Hawaii schools to provide "Achievement Services." However,  after further research and conversations with officials and representatives of the schools in  Hawaii, the authors decided to exclude schools at which only "Achievement Services" are  offered. Therefore, only schools that Edison labels as comprehensive "School Designs" are  profiled. The Iowa Department of Education confirmed that Edison Learning was the only management  organization operating in Iowa. The Iowa DOE also provided the 2008 enrollment for that  school. http://www.sde.idaho.gov/site/statistics/fall_enrollment.htm 2008 enrollments were retrieved from Idaho State Department of Education website. http://labs.suntimes.com/reportcards/results/index/1434 2007‐2008 Charter School Report used to discover any additional schools or EMOs operating in  http://ren2010.cps.k12.il.us/docs/ONS%20perf%20report%202‐ Illinois. Schools' enrollments (except Chicago International Charter School campuses) were  25_FINAL.pdf gathered from 2007‐2008 Illinois School Report Cards, retrieved from  http://labs.suntimes.com/reportcards/results/index/1434. CICS campus enrollments were  gathered from 2007‐2008 Charter School Report, retrieved from  http://ren2010.cps.k12.il.us/docs/ONS%20perf%20report%202‐25_FINAL.pdf. As of August 4,  2009, 2008‐2009 school enrollments had not been released. When EMOs have provided  enrollments for schools operating in Illinois, those updated enrollments are reported.
234 of 240

DC FL GA

3/4/2009, 5/5/2009,  5/11/2009 3/4/2009 3/4/2009

HI

3/4/2009

IA

3/21/2009

ID IL

3/21/2009 3/21/2009, 4/30/2009

Profiles Report: Data Sources

State
IN

Dates of DOE  contact(s)
3/21/2009

Relevant website(s)

Notes

http://mustang.doe.state.in.us/SEARCH/schlletter.cfm?letter=P Ball State University Office of Charter Schools provided EMO information on their sponsored  schools; Mayor of Indianapolis Office of Charter Schools contacted but messages not returned.  All schools' enrollments were retrieved from 2008 figures on the Indiana Department of  Education website. http://online.ksde.org/rcard/searchpage.aspx http://www.nolaparentsguide.org/ http://louisianaschools.net Insight School operating in Kansas discovered August 5, 2009. Enrollment for this school  retrieved from 2007‐2008 school report card. New Orleans Parents' Guide to Public Schools (2009) was examined to discover any additional  EMOs or EMO‐operated schools. 2008 enrollments were reported from this document as well.  A researcher from the American Federation of Teachers as well as university‐based researchers  provided additional information regarding EMOs and their schools operating in Louisiana.

KS LA

Not applicable 3/21/2009, 5/11/2009,  5/14/2009

MA

3/21/2009

MD

3/22/2009, 5/13/2009

http://profiles.doe.mass.edu/search/search.aspx?leftNavId=112 A known list of EMOs was confirmed by Massachusetts Department of  38 Elementary & Secondary Education via email on March 23, 2009. 2008 enrollments were  retrieved from Massachusetts Department of Education website. http://www.mdreportcard.org/ The list of Maryland's charter schools was examined in an attempt to discover any additional  EMO‐managed schools. Confirmation of EMO‐operated schools and guidance regarding 2008  enrollments were provided by the Maryland Charter School Network. The Maryland Charter  School Office confirmed schools in operation on 5/19/2009. http://mdoe.state.mi.us/statusreports/statusreports/PSA_07.pd A list of 2008‐2009 "education service providers" and 2008 enrollments were available from  the Center for Educational Performance and Information, a division of the State of Michigan.  f There were some inconsistencies in the data when it came to specific schools operated by  EMOs.  http://education.state.mn.us/MDE/Data/Data_Downloads/Stud All Minnesota charter school sponsors were emailed in an attempt to discover additional EMOs  ent/Enrollment/School/index.html or EMO‐managed schools; 2008 enrollments were retrieved from Minnesota Department of  Education. A list of EMOs and EMO‐managed schools and their 2008 enrollments were provided via email  by Missouri Department of Education. http://www.ncpublicschools.org/fbs/accounting/data/ North Carolina Public Schools confirmed a list of known EMOs and EMO‐managed schools via  email; enrollments were retrieved from state DOE website. 2008 enrollments were provided via email by Department of Education. Confirmation of Edison  Learning schools and their enrollments were provided via email by Clark Country School  District. http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/psc/csdirectory  Charter school profiles retrieved from www.emsc.nysed.gov/psc/csdirectory were examined  for additional management organizations and EMO‐operated schools. 2008‐2009 enrollments  for charters were reported from these profiles. The Ohio Department of Education does not track EMOs. Additional EMOs and schools were  uncovered with the help of the Ohio Education Association (OEA). Enrollment data for 2008  were provided by the OEA, as they were not yet available in a readily usable format from the  DOE. When EMOs provided updated enrollments for schools operating in Ohio, those updated  enrollments are reported. 2008 enrollment figures were provided via email by Oregon Department of Education. Key  informants knew of no new EMOs or EMO‐managed schools.
235 of 240

MI

3/6/2009

MN

3/22/2009, 4/27/2009

MO NC NV

3/22/2009, 4/14/2009 3/22/2009. 4/17/2009 3/22/2009, 4/21/2009

NY

3/22/2009

OH

3/22/2009

OR

3/22/2009, 5/5/2009

Profiles Report: Data Sources

State
PA

Dates of DOE  contact(s)
3/22/2009, 4/28/2009

Relevant website(s)
http://www.pde.state.pa.us/k12statistics/site/default.asp?g=0

Notes
Each charter school's 2008 Charter Annual Report was examined in order to discover additional  EMOs; known EMO‐operated charter schools were updated using information from these  reports. Edison and Victory district schools reported enrollments' are October 1, 2007  enrollments. As of August 4, 2009, 2008 enrollments were not yet available. Contacts at Propel  Schools and the Pennsylvania Department of Education's Division of Nonpublic, Private &  Charter School Services were contacted for additional information on EMOs operating in the  state. If EMOs have provided updated enrollments for schools operating in Pennsylvania, those  updated enrollments are reported. 2008 enrollments from South Carolina DOE document retrieved from South Carolina Charter  Schools (Composite), 2008‐2009, sent via email. Tennessee Department of Education confirmed list of EMO‐managed in the state and provided  2008 enrollments for these schools via email. As of August 4, 2009, 2008 enrollments were not yet available. TEA Division of Charter Schools  provided a list of for‐profit EMOs and their managed schools via email. Academica provided data for all 6 EMO‐operated schools in Utah. This is the only for‐profit  EMO that operates in the state. Department of Education provided list of EMOs, EMO‐managed schools, and 2008 enrollments  via email.

SC

5/5/2009

TN

4/22/2009

TX

3/27/2009, 5/15/2009

UT

Not applicable

VA

3/27/2009

WA

Not applicable

http://reportcard.ospi.k12.wa.us/

Washington was identified as having an Insight School on August 5, 2009. Enrollment for this  school was retrieved from the 2007‐2008 school report card.

WI

3/27/2009, 5/5/2009

http://data.dpi.state.wi.us/data/DataDownload/frm.SelectDataS Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction does not track EMOs; 2008 school enrollments  et.asp were retrieved from WDPI website. Wyoming Department of Education confirmed K12's Wyoming Virtual School was the only EMO‐ managed school in the state. Principal of the school was contacted for current enrollment.

WY

3/27/2009, 5/5/2009

236 of 240

Appendix C: No Longer Profiled Companies
These companies were once profiled but are no longer being tracked for the reason(s) listed. Name of Company Accelerated Elementary and Secondary Schools Advantage Schools Years Profiled 2004-2006 Reason for Exclusion This EMO became a nonprofit organizational on 7/19/2005.

1999-2001

Advantage Schools was acquired by Mosaica Schools in July 2001. Information attributed to the Advantage Schools website at www.advantageschools.com/news/mosaica%20070201.htm on 07/02/01.

Cambridge Academy East, Inc.

2003-2005

Cambridge Academy East, Inc. representative reported on 01/20/06 it operates as a non-profit company.

Cesar Chavez Middle Schools

2003-2005

Cesar Chavez Learning Community, Inc representative reported on 01/19/06 it operates as a non-profit company.

Crawford First Education

2000-2002

Crawford First Education offers supplementary education by contracting with schools to educate at-risk students. It is not considered an EMO.

Designs for Learning, Inc.

2000-2005

Designs for Learning, Inc. representative reported on 01/09/06 that it provides professional services, customized training, and consulting. Therefore, it is not considered an EMO.

Educational Services, Inc.

2002-2005

Educational Services, Inc. reports that it transferred schools Pathways Charter High School and Pathways Preparatory Academy to a non-profit charter named Pathways Charter School, Inc on 07/01/05, per company profile response on 01/04/06.

Excel Education Centers, Inc.

1999-2007

Verbal confirmation from employee at Liberty Traditional School, a school which used to be managed by Excel under a different name.

Future 2003 Development Education and Performing Arts Academy General Health 2003-2005 Corp.- Arizona Youth Associates

Charter revoked by Charter School Board for failure to pay into Arizona state retirement system. School closed mid-year. "Phoenix school closes doors, students stranded." (2003, Oct. 16) azfamily.com.

General Health Corp.- Arizona Youth Associates became a non-profit on 11/01/05. As per profile response: "we moved the charter school over and under a non-profit sector of the parent company. This is in response to the federal DOEs interpretation that for-profit status precludes a school from being classified as a ‘public school’ for the purposes of receiving grant funding.”

237 of 240

Profiles Report: No Longer Profiled Companies

Name of Company Ideabanc, Inc.

Years Profiled 2002-2005

Reason for Exclusion Company reports it became a non-profit on 07/01/05 and changed name to Edventure, Inc., per company profile response on 12/06/05.

Innovative Educational Programs

2002

Innovative Educational Programs offers supplementary education by contracting with schools to educate special education students. It is not considered an EMO. Information received via telephone conversation with Innovative Educational Programs on 12/12/02. Lake Havasu Charter School changed legal status from for-profit to non-profit on 1/4/2002. Information attributed to the Arizona Department of Education website at www.ade.state.as.us/charterschools/search/SiteList.asp on 06/06/02.

Lake Havasu Charter School, Inc.

2002

LearnNow

2001

Acquired by Edison Schools in July 2001. Information attributed to the Edison Schools website at www.edisonschools.com/news/news/cfm?ID=88 on 07/02/01.

Malone Management

1999-2001

Malone Management closed the only school they operated in 2000 and does not currently operate any schools.

Mountain Rose

2002

Mountain Rose Academy changed legal status from for-profit to non-profit in 2002. Information received via telephone communication with Daisy Maldonado of Mountain Rose Academy, Inc. on 09/26/02. Note: This company changed their name in 2004 to Rose Management, and has returned to operating as a for-profit entity. Ombudsman reports it was acquired by Educational Services of America, Inc. effective 09/16/05.

Ombudsman Educational Services, Ltd.

2002-2005

ORBIS Management Group, LLC

2002-2006

In a telephone interview 2/23/2007, a spokeswoman at Orbis Management Group said the company's work with Walden Green Day School was limited to managing its payroll account and related services. It therefore does not meet EMO criteria.

Pitman Resources

2002

Pitman Resources' charter schools were bought by Sequoia Schools. Information received via telephone conversation with Pitman Resources on 12/03/02.

Planagement Group, L.P., The

2005-2007

Schools are now managed by Responsive Education Solutions, a non-profit company.

ReInventEd, Inc.

2003

Charter revoked by Charter School Board for failure to administer the AIMS HS writing test in February 2003 and failing to provide educational services. Information attributed to the Arizona State Board of Charter Schools website at http://www.asbcs.state.az.us/asbcs on 11/02/04.

238 of 240

Profiles Report: No Longer Profiled Companies

Name of Company Sequoia Charter Schools

Years Profiled 2002-2005

Reason for Exclusion Sequoia Charter Schools reported it became a non-profit on 11/01/05.

Shadow Ridge

2003

No longer listed by the Arizona Department of Education as a charter school operator.

TessaracT Group 1999-2001

Company went bankrupt. "Charter school company files for bankruptcy protection." (2000, Oct. 10) Business News.

Tucson Country Day School

2003

Indicated that they are a non-profit company. Information received via fax communication with Tucson Country Day School on 09/24/03.

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Appendix D Methods for Compiling School Profiles
Compiled each year since 1998-1999, Profiles of For-Profit Education Management Organizations documents the number of for-profit firms involved in managing publicly-funded schools, identifies the schools they manage, and records the number of students those schools enroll. The Profiles report was compiled using a combination of data sources. This year the research began with a focus on state departments of education. Each state known to have for-profit EMOs in operation was contacted to determine whether the state was tracking education management organizations and their schools. If a state tracked EMOs and had released current year enrollments, that information was used to update our data on the EMOs and the schools they operate in that state. Very few states are tracking EMOs or have information on the number and scope of EMO involvement. Therefore, after considering official state sources, we used one or more of the following methods to identify additional EMOs and EMO-managed schools: examination of state charter school directories; general Internet searches; and contacts made with advocacy groups, charter school sponsors, charter schools, or other key informants (see Appendix B for a complete list of methods used for each state). After this round of state-level research was completed, each identified for-profit EMO was sent a document with descriptive information collected about the company and its schools. Representatives of the EMO were asked to confirm this information. Even though states did not have much data that identified EMOs, once we could determine which schools were operated by EMOs, we relied on the vast amount of information available from official state sources. Therefore, fewer attempts were made to solicit a response from EMOs for the current report than had been attempted in past years. In all cases, two contacts were attempted to solicit a response from each large, medium, and small EMO. Due to the more favorable response rate to faxes sent last year, the authors decided to focus on this medium of contact for the current report. In most cases, two faxes were sent to each EMO. If the EMO did not list a fax number, an email was sent to all contacts listed on the company website or through the company website contact form. If neither a company email nor fax number could be located, faxes were sent to the first school listed on the company profile. As a reflection of the fewer attempts to contact EMOs, we also received a lower response rate than in 2007-2008. Forty-four percent of large EMOs responded to our requests this year, as compared to 67% in 2007-2008. We received responses from 20% of medium EMOs in 2008-2009 as compared to 57% in 2007-2008), and 24% of small EMOs, compared to 36% in 2007-2008. In most cases in which we received a response, we received all of the information we sought. In a few instances, the returned company profile was still missing years founded or updated enrollments. In these cases, one additional contact was attempted via email to gather the omitted information. For schools in states in which official enrollments had been released, those numbers were reported regardless of the enrollments reported by EMOs. In states for which 2008 enrollments had not been released, updated enrollments sent by the companies were used. In some cases, the state had not yet released 2008 enrollments and the company did not respond. For these schools, official 2007-2008 enrollments have been reported. The companies profiled represent those Education Management Organizations that the authors could positively identify as for-profit management companies and those classified as Education Management Organizations by state departments of education. 

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