AP Psych; Ch.6, S.

1; Selective Attention -selective attention- conscious focus on particular stimulus; we focus on one thing at a time -cocktail party effect- picking out voice among many -inattentional blindness- failure to see something b/c focused attention elsewhere; e.g. woman w/ umbrella walks thru 2 groups of players passing ball, viewers miss it! AP Psych; Ch.6, S.2; Perceptual Illusions -visual capture- vision dominates other senses; e.g. at the movies, picture is in front, sound comes from behind, but we perceive sound coming from screen AP Psych; Ch.6, S.3; Perceptual Organization -construct meaningful, distinct and constant perceptions -gestalt- organized whole; tendency to integrate info into meaningful whole; e.g. Fig. 6.1: pcs of Necker cube look whole -whole may be > sum of parts -Figure and Ground -perceiving object (figure) as distinct from surroundings (ground); e.g. Fig. 6.5; reversible figure-ground; perception alternates -Grouping- organizing stimuli into coherent groups -Depth Perception- ability to judge distance: convert 2 dimensional images into 3 dimensional perception -visual cliff- lab device for testing depth perception -demonstrates innate ability -binocular cues- depth cues dependent on both eyes; -retinal disparity- computing distance by comparing retinal images -convergence- computing distance by inward angle of eyes; neuromuscular cue -monocular cues- depth cue available to single eye -Motion Perception -stroboscopic movement- perceiving motion w/ rapid series of slightly varying images (e.g. movies) -phi phenomenon- perceiving motion w/ blinking of adjacent lights (e.g. marquees and holiday lights) -Perceptual Constancy- perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal images change AP Psych; Ch.6, S.4; Perceptual Interpretation Sensory Deprivation and Restored Vision -patients born w/ cataracts removed later in life have visual limitations; e.g. identifying shapes, faces, perceptual constancy -suggests critical period of development Perceptual Adaptation- ability to adjust to artificially displaced visual field; e.g. man wears goggles that inverts (flips) the world, eventually adjusts

Ch. ufos or clouds.Perceptual Set. expectations) to perceive something a certain way. Fig. S. including ESP and psychokinesis (mind control of matter) aka PK or telekinesis -most scientists skeptical . e. dashboard instrumentation. etc. stovetop controls. Fig.5. also. 6. efficiency and/or safe use.6. clairvoyance (seeing remote events). airplane landing procedures.study of paranormal phenomena. Is There ESP? -extrasensory perception (ESP). AP Psych.g. precognition (seeing future events) -parapsychology.mental predisposition (due to experience.explore human-machine interaction to maximize ease.19: what do you see? woman’s face or man playing sax. 6.beyond sensory input. e.g.20: loch ness or log. -human factors psychology.g. telepathy (mental communication). e.

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