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1. LAMINA STRESS STRAIN RELATIONSHIP

The Stress- strain relationship of lamina about its own principal axis is

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**With the reference co-ordinate system the equation changes to
**

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̅

[̅

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̅

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**1.1 DERIVATION OF TRANSFORMED STIFFNESS
**

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**The strain transformations are given by
**

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**Introducing a new matrix
**

We can write

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{ } [ ]{ { } [ ]{ } and } We know that { [ ]{ } } Therefore. { [ ] [ ]{ } [ ] [ ][ ][ ][ ] } { } Explanation for the last term [ ] { } [ ][ ] { } Premultiplying both sides with [R] will yield { } [ ][ ][ ] { } Now let’s try to find out [ ][ ][ ] [ We know Therefore [ ] ] and |R|= 2 [ ] [ ] Now [ ][ ] [ [ ][ ] ] .

[ ][ ][ ] [ ][ [ ] ] Now find [T]-1 [ ] [ ] Det |T|=1 Proof: | | ) [ [ - ] ) ) ) ) Since ) . the equation reduces to ) Putting [ ] [ ] Now finding each element ) [ ) ] ) ) [ ) ] ) ) [ ) [ [ )] ) )] ) Therefore )] ) ) ) .

[ ] [ [ ] [ ] and ] [ ][ ][ ] Therefore { [ ] [ ][ ] } where[ ̅ ] { [ ̅ ]{ } } [ ] [ ][ ] Finding the components of [ ̅ ] ̅ [̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ] ̅ [ ][ [ ] ] Finding each component by matrix multiplication ̅ ) ) ) ̅ ) ) ) ̅ ) ) ) ) ) ) ̅ ) ) ) ) .

{ } ∑ ̅ [̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ] {∫ ̅ { } ∫ { } }--------------(4) . { { } } ∫ { ∑ } ∫ { ∑ } { ∫ ∫ } { ----------------------------(2) } -------------------------(3) Introducing the equation (1) in (2) and (3) and considering the fact that the stiffness matrix of a lamina is constant.̅ ) ) ) ) ) ) ̅ ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Now { ̅ [̅ ̅ } where { ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ] ̅ { } { } { { } ----------------------(1) } } The forces and moments are given by ∫ ∫ and where Nx is the force per unit length and Mx is the moment per unit length.

{ } { ∫ } are not functions of z. neglecting the zero superscripts ( ) ----------(9) ( ) ---------(10) ( ) ---------(11) ( ) ----------(12) ( ) ----------(13) ). we can write (4) and (5) as { } [ ]{ } [ ]{ } { } [ ]{ } [ ]{ } where ∑ }----------(5) (̅ ) ).{ } ̅ [̅ ̅ ∑ Since . ∑( ̅ ) ) ∑ (̅ ) The equilibrium equations are ---------------------------------(6) ---------------------------------(7) ---------------(8) From the equations. ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ̅ ] {∫ ̅ . .

( ) ----------(14) ( ) ---(15) ( ) --(16) ( ) -(17) ( ) -(18) ( ) ----------(19) ( ) ----------(20) ( ) ----------(21) Applying (15) and (18) in (6)=> ( ) ( ) Re arranging the terms ) ) - -----------------(22) Applying (16) and (17) in (7) => ( ) ( ) Rearranging the terms ) ) Substituting (19).(20).(21) in (8) --------------(23) .

each layer is orthotropic and has principal material directions aligned with the plate axes. When subjected to a transverse load p=p(x). Since v=0 and the plate is infinitely long in y direction converts the base equilibrium equations (22).(28) .(26) -----------. v=0 and w=w(x). Equation (26) vanishes as From (25) Differentiating w. The plate is infinitely long in y direction.(23) and (24) into -------------. the plate deforms into a cylinder: u=u(x).( ) ( ( ) ) ( ) Expanding and rearranging the above equation ) ) ) ----------------------(24) EXACT SOLUTION FOR CYLINDRICAL BENDING As per the study of Pagano for cylindrical bending on laminated plates.(25) -------------.r.t x or Substituting (28) in (27) ( ) -------------------.(27) Since we assume that the principal material axes is aligned with the plate axes. The plate is in a state of plane strain in the XZ plane. p is independent of y.

t.t. ) ) Therefore. considering the derivatives of y as zero and ) . the only strain will be εx.r.x ----------------------------------(31) ( ) Integrating 4 times w.r.x Since εy and γxy are zero. the stresses in each layer can be given by ) ) ) ) ) and ) From the equilibrium equation.( ) ( ) ---------------------(29) where D= Applying (29) in (28) ( ) ----------------------------(30) Considering Sinusoidal load p=p0sinnx. Integrating 3 times w.

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