Name:_____________________________ Date:_____________________ Algebra II | Packer Collegiate Institute Quadratic Inequalities

Band:________

GOAL: Instead of solving quadratic equations like x 2 + 8 x + 12 = 0 , we want to solve quadratic inequalities like x 2 + 8 x + 12 < 0 . Question (a): Is x = 1 a solution to x 2 + 8 x + 12 < 0 ? Question (b): Is x = −2 a solution to x 2 + 8 x + 12 < 0 ? Question (c): Is x = −3 a solution to x 2 + 8 x + 12 < 0 ? So when asked to solve x 2 + 8 x + 12 < 0 , you want to find: _____________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________. Let’s start at the very beginning… a very good place to start…

y =++ 8 x 2x

1 2

10 9 8

y

The vertex of the parabola is (use the “quick formula” method):

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 x −10 −9 −8 −7 −6 −5 −4 −3 −2 −1 −1 −2 −3 −4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The x-intercepts are:

−5 −6 −7 −8 −9 −10

1

10

y

y = −− 2 − 2x x

1

9 8 7

The vertex of the parabola is (use the “quick formula” method):

6 5 4 3 2 1 x −10 −9 −8 −7 −6 −5 −4 −3 −2 −1 −1 −2 −3 −4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The x-intercepts are:

−5 −6 −7 −8 −9 −10

(a) If I asked you the interval(s) where x 2 + 8 x + 12 > 0 , what might you say? Look at the graph above!

(b) If I asked you the interval(s) where x 2 + 8 x + 12 ≤ 0 , what might you say? Look at the graph above!

CALL MR. SHAH OVER (c) If I asked you the interval(s) where − x 2 − 2 x − 1 < 0 , what might you say? Look at the graph above!

(d) If I asked you the interval(s) where − x 2 − 2 x − 1 ≤ 0 , what might you say? Look at the graph above!

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But we don’t need an accurate sketch to solve the quadratic inequalities! Here’s a shorter way to go about it… with just a rough sketch… Example 1: Solve: − x 2 − 2 x + 15 < 0 (a) How many x-intercepts are there for y = − x 2 − 2 x + 15 ? If there are any x-intercepts, where are they?

(b) Does the parabola (when graphed) open upwards or downwards?

CALL MR. SHAH (c) Draw a general schematic diagram of what’s going on: OVER

x-axis

(d) Answer the question: − x 2 − 2 x + 15 < 0 Example 2: Solve: x 2 + 4 x + 4 ≤ 0 (a) How many x-intercepts are there for y = x 2 + 4 x + 4 ? If there are any x-intercepts, where are they?

(b) Does the parabola (when graphed) open upwards or downwards? (c) Draw a general schematic diagram of what’s going on:

x-axis 3

(d) Answer the question: x 2 + 4 x + 4 ≤ 0 Example 3: Solve: x 2 + x + 5 < 0 (a) How many x-intercepts are there for y = x 2 + x − 5 ? If there are any x-intercepts, where are they?

(b) Does the parabola (when graphed) open upwards or downwards? (c) Draw a general schematic diagram of what’s going on:

x-axis

(d) Answer the question: x 2 + x + 5 < 0

CALL MR. SHAH OVER

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HOME ENJOYMENT Please do them on a separate sheet of graph paper. When you solve each problem, check your answer using your graphing calculator. 1. (a) Find where (b) Find where (c) Find where (d) Find where x2 + 2x + 1 > 0 x2 + 2x + 1 < 0 x2 + 2x + 1 ≥ 0 x2 + 2x + 1 ≤ 0

2. Find where x 2 − 6 x + 5 ≤ 0 3. Find where x 2 − 2 x + 63 > 0 4. (a) Find where (b) Find where (c) Find where (d) Find where x2 + 5 > 0 x2 + 5 < 0 x2 + 5 ≥ 0 x2 + 5 ≤ 0

5. Find where x 2 + 3 x + 1 ≤ 0

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