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Southern Company Transmission Georgia Control Center

North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)


Eastern Interconnect
~700,000 MWs interconnected and operated synchronously. Operations and transactions must be closely coordinated. Ability to lean on others aids the reliability of all participants. However, distant events can have widespread impacts.

Georgia Power Company Transmission


Transmission Lines
o 46 kV & 69 kV 3,520 miles o 115 kV 5,553 miles o 230 kV 2,158 miles o 500 kV 1,100 miles

Substations
o 227 Trans. and Gen. o 1955 Distribution

Load Data
o So. Control Area: 48,000 MW o GPC: 29,800 MW

Tie Lines and Control Centers

Tie Lines are the transmission lines connecting electric utilities There are 53 Tie Lines that connect Southern Company to neighboring utilities in the Southeast

Southern Company Operations


Power Coordination Center
o o o o o o o o System Balancing Authority Reliability Coordinator Monitor Interface Flows Facilitate Transmission Transactions Monitor and Control the Transmission System Facilitate Work Requests Local Security Restoration

Local Transmission Control Centers

Distribution Control Centers


o Monitor and Control Distribution Breakers and Feeders o Communicate with distribution customers

How Does the GCC Function?


Security
study transmission work requests to ensure the work is done in a way to keep grid reliable

Pre-Arrange
process requests, write safe switching orders, communicate with personnel

Support Engineers
provide technical guidance as needed

Floor Operators
System Operators (SO)
ensure reliability and security of the transmission grid in GA

Area Operators
monitor and control the transmission grid in GA in real-time

Desk Responsibilities
Area Desks
o Monitor system conditions o Monitor and respond to alarms o Issue switching orders
1 More than 27,000 in 2010

o Respond to emergency conditions o Dispatch field personnel as needed

Desk Responsibilities Continued


System Operator Desk
o Perform contingency analysis and security studies o Develop operating solutions for identified contingencies o Monitor system voltage schedule o Analyze outages and assist Area desk with restoration plans o Communicate with PCC and external entities

Other Functions
Pre-Arrange
o Coordinate all work requests for facility outages
1 More than 12,000 in 2010

o Verify feasibility of work requests through System Security o Write accurate and safe switching orders o Notify all impacted parties of work requests o Compile and distribute the daily work summary

Other Functions Continued


System Security
o Conduct security studies/perform contingency analysis for outage requests o Develop necessary operating solutions to facilitate major construction projects o Coordinate with Transmission Planning group to help plan to build reliable system o Conduct annual Summer Operating Study and report results

Other Functions Continued


Support Engineers
o Provide technical support to other GCC groups o Collect and distribute data from the field o Verify equipment data with field personnel and other operating companies o Produce and maintain operating procedures (e.g. Blackstart) o Fault Data Analysis

Operator Tools
Energy Management System (EMS)
o PNA (Power Network Analysis) view real-time data from EMS and also perform and build case studies o OPNA (Offline PNA) perform studies and N-1 contingency analysis o EMo (Electronic Monitor) view real-time status to get the big picture quickly o Dynamic Line Rating o Fault Location

Operator Tools
Other Simulation and Viewing Tools
o PowerWorld view real-time flows, also big picture o PSS/E perform studies and in-depth contingency analysis using modified planning model o TransMap o GenVarr o Situational Awareness

Operator Tools
EMS Real-time Screenshot Example

Software Tools
PowerWorld Real-time Screenshot Example

Operator Tools
TransMap - Electronic Mimic Board
9 5 958 7 3 1088 7 A 3 1084 7 5 1 898 5 7 9 OGLETHORPE 161/12 KV NGEMC CATOOSA 161/12 KV PRE. 009 BRYANT TVA MORGANVILLE 161/46/12 KV PRE. 151 151001 151006 9 814 5 3 9 824 5 3 9 5 858 3 TVA Switches 161KV 4 9 NO 938 7 3 9 NO 3 934 5 3 924 929 914 5 919 903 3 AIM 5 SWITCHES IN KIKER SUB. 153609 RINGGOLD PRE. 027 153519 RLB 153511 BLD 5 501 509 RLB RLB 5 506 80 AMP 157 AIM 5 147 AIM 173 RLB 019213 RLB 019211 NGEMC WHITFIELD PRE. 027 883 893 887 897 5 AIM 5 AIM 743 741 BLD BLD NO NO #3 #2 #1 NGEMC EDWARDS 161/25/12 KV PRE. 009

TVA WIDOWS CREEK 230/161 KV 3 RLB 1 RLB NGEMC KENSINGTON 230/25 KV

CRAWFISH CREEK PRE. 181

5 717 AIM

Replaces paper & pins with electronic board


5 2657 AIM 5 2647 AIM 2767 AIM 002771 BLD #2 LTC 3 826 AIM 1 5 NGEMC GPC 5 243 BLD 241 PLAIN / WHIPS 5 851 RLB 809 853 BLD 251 RLB 217 AIM 5 263 BLD 5 3 5 816 AIM 1 #1 LTC NGEMC HASSLER PRE. 140 5 5 002637 AIM TVA GPC Line

CHICKAMAUGA 115/25/12 KV (NGEMC) (GPC/TVA) PRE. 002 1A #2 1B B A LTC 763 LTC LTC LTC LTC 5

181 5 RLB DALTON CITY #8 PRE. 112

LINE GRD. 716 5 719 5

726 80 AMP 717 381 5 BLD 393 RLB 027781 BLD

5 NC TVA Line

VARNELL PRE. 153

TVA

725

TVA Sw. NGEMC YOUNG (N. LAFAYETTE) 115/25 KV PRE. 002 B A LTC 783 5 787 LTC 793 5 797 5 791 799 9 9 5 058 7 5 017 7 AOM 068 9 161 Meter M A 5 217 258 7 227 5 A 13.0 Reactor 9 448 5 7 417 7 AOM 458 9

9 5 7 5

TUNNEL HILL PRE. 192 148 5 318 214

117 7 AOM 138 9

5 7 9 7 5 308 9

ROCK SPRINGS 230/161/115 KV PRE. 129

9 5

45 MVAR 3 730 747 1 AOM 627 7 AOM 728 9

738 7 7 758 9 061441 BLD 061453 RLB

LAFAYETTE FUTURE PRE. 002 TVA 5 703 5 717 AOM 5

DUG GAP (NGEMC) 115/12 KV PRE. 028 LTC 3 5 203 BLD 217 RLB 201 BLD 5 917 AIM

5 DALTON CITY #10 PRE. 112 027 AIM 061 5 358 7 5 348 7 7 5 368 7 310 5 327 5 317 AOM 7 LTC #2 LTC #1 5 LTC ANTIOCH ROAD PRE. 211 9 5 017 7 006 CS/AIM 9 BLACK 9 RED WHITE

DALTON CITY #7 PRE. 126 B 5 017 AIM 5 051 NO A 5 5

DALTON CITY #1 PRE. 029 227 AIM 203 201 RLB RLB 5

DALTON CITY #4 PRE. 028 BK B 5 5 967 AIM 983 957 AIM 991 BLD

BK A 5 5

713 714 723

941 DALTON CITY #2 RLB SHUGART ROAD PRE. 067 5 5 953 388 BLD 9 7 5 378 9 5 338 9 3 45 MVAR 331

E. DALTON E. DALTON

061469 717 BLD AIM 5 876 1 5 866 1 3 3

(4)981709 5 TVA SW. LAFAYETTE CITY #3 115/12 PRE. 141

851 BLD 859 853 RLB 5 827 5

459 NGEMC BLD 443 ROPER 431 BLD 115/12 BLD 427 9 PRE. 163 AIM

E. DALTON 673 671 BLD BLD 581 BLD 583 RLB 709 1 716 3 #1 LTC 3 704 AIM NGEMC WHITFIELD 713 IND. PARK 679 BLD 100 A NGEMC TILTON PRE. 027 767 AOM 3 B 5 757 AOM 3 A 5 717 AIM 3 A 5 727 AIM 3 LTC B

311

LTC NGEMC BRISON PRE. 028 5 916

809 805 BLD 803 801

917 AIM 926 LTC 823 TRION 115/12 KV PRE. 028 LTC

RIEGEL TEXTILE (MT. VERNON MILLS) PRE. 138 551 BK 1 BLD BK 2 553 RLB

5 B 577 AIM 5 567 AIM A

3 321 DALTON PRIMARY PRE. 028

707

DALTON CITY #9 115/25 KV PRE. 033

1 726 NGEMC 3 CENTER POINT PRE. 033 #2 LTC

CALHOUN #1 PRE. 027

PRE. 027

Reliability Tools
Weather Forecasts Lightning Tracker Fault Data Analysis Geographic Information System Summer Operating Study Sub-Transmission Automation

Weather Reports

Determine Location of Lightning Event


FALLS Fault Analysis and Lightning Location System

Operator Tools
EMS Real-time Screenshot Example

Summer Operating Database - Overload

Current Issues
Reliability Standards Cyber Security Employee Skills and Training Staffing

Questions?