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MACHAI HYDROPOWER PROJECT

No :

Rev :

By :

Date :
Nov, 2011

CALCULATION SHEET
Structure

Review of Hydraulic Design of Shamozai Cross Regulator at RD 50+000 of Machai Canal

Component :
Checked By:

Feature

Input Data
Calculations

DESIGN OF CROSS REGULATOR:


INPUT AND OUTPUT TABLE:

Different Scenarios of Discharges


110%

100%

Channel
RD

51+000
0.98

0.98

0.98

0.98

0.98

(ft)

2585

2350

1880

1410

1175

2585

2350

1880

1410

1175

Q1

Discharge D/S

Q2

(ft)

No. of Bays

(No.)

5
9.51

Width of Each Bay

Bw

(ft)

Width of Each Pier

Bp

(ft)

1.97

Total Bridge Width / Width


of Structure

Bt

(ft)

55.45

Waterway through the piers

bw

(ft)

47.57

Effetive Waterway

Be

(ft)

45.44

U/S Bed Width

B1

(ft)

64.00

D/S Bed Width

B2

(ft)

D1

(ft)

U.S

Diff. of Discharges {Qc-Qdesign(u/s)}

64.00
8.39

7.94

6.97

5.89

5.29

1465.79

1465.34

1464.37

1463.29

1462.69

U/S FSL

EL. A

(ft)

U/S BL

EL. B

(ft)

1457.40
0.000300

W.S.S U/S

S1

(ft/ft)

Side slope U/S

ss1

(ft/ft)

Manning's n

n1

Lacey's f

f1

U/S Glacis slope

1.5
0.023
1.04

(ft/ft)

Area of Flow

Af1

(sq. ft)

642.50

602.58

519.04

429.02

380.63

Perimeter

P1

(ft)

94.25

92.62

89.13

85.24

83.08

Hyfraulic Radius

R1

(ft)

6.82

6.51

5.82

5.03

4.58

Velocity of flow

V1

(ft/sec)

4.02

3.90

3.62

3.29

3.09

Total Energy Level

TEL(u/s)

(ft)

1466.04

1465.57

1464.57

1463.46

1462.84

D2

(ft)

8.39

7.94

6.97

5.89

5.29

1464.81

1464.36

1463.39

1462.31

1461.71

429.02

380.63

Depth of Flow

D.S

Diff. of Discharges {Qc-Qdesign(d/s)}

D/S Canal Data

50%

(ft)
Discharge U/S

Depth of Flow

60%

Machai

Fall

U/S Canal Data

80%

D/S FSL

EL. E

(ft)

D/S BL

EL. F

(ft)

1456.42
0.000300

W.S.S D/S

S2

(ft/ft)

Side slope D/S

ss2

(ft/ft)

Manning's n

n2

Lacey's f

f2

D/S Glacis slope


Area of Flow

1.5
0.023
1.04
5.175

(ft/ft)
Af2

CR-1

(sq. ft)

642.50

602.58

519.04

Different Scenarios of Discharges

Crest

110%

100%

80%

60%

50%

(ft)

94.25

92.62

89.13

85.24

83.08
4.58

Perimeter

P2

Hyfraulic Radius

R2

(ft)

6.82

6.51

5.82

5.03

Velocity of flow

V2

(ft/sec)

4.02

3.90

3.62

3.29

3.09

Total Energy Level

TEL(d/s)

(ft)

1465.06

1464.59

1463.59

1462.48

1461.86

EL. C

(ft)

1458.40

(ft)

1.00
5.06

4.44

''EL. C'' adopted

Height of Crest
Head on Crest, H

(ft)

Floor Level of Cistern

EL. D

(ft)

1455.42

Structures Lengths

Bottom Elevation of Cutoffs

Elevations

Thickness of Slab

7.64

7.17

6.17

Total Floor Length

Lt

(ft)

78.50

Approach Floor Length

L1

(ft)

18.00

U/S Glacis Length

L2

(ft)

4.00

Crest Length

L3

(ft)

3.00

D/S Glacis Length

L4

(ft)

15.50

Cistern Length

L5

(ft)

38.00

D/S Apron Length

L6

(ft)

40.00

U/S Apron Length

L7

(ft)

20.00

U/S

EL. C1

(ft)

1445.44

D/S

EL. C2

(ft)

1445.40

U/S Bank Level

EL. J

(ft)

1468.34
1469.34

U/S Top of Wall

EL. K

(ft)

D/S Bank Level

EL. M

(ft)

1467.36

D/S Top of Wall

EL. N

(ft)

1468.36

U/S Floor

T1

(ft)

2.00

Toe of D/S Glacis

T2

(ft)

3.50

End of Cistern

T3

(ft)

3.00

CALCULATIONS:
Crest Level Calculated

1458.40

Fluming Ratio (Total str length)

86.64
74.34

Fluming Ratio (Waterway)


Calculated Discharge:

h1

7.64

7.17

6.17

5.06

4.44

h2

6.66

6.19

5.19

4.08

3.46

h2 / h1

0.87

0.86

0.84

0.81

0.78

2.90

3.09

3.09

3.09

3.09

Qcalc.
Qd/s

2783

2698

2154

1597

1313

2585.00

2350.00

1880.00

1410.00

1175.00

25.86

Check ( Qcalc. > Qd/s(design) )

OK

C.L - B.L(u/s)

1.00
1.98

C.L - B.L(d/s)

Cistern Floor
Level

Method 1

Unit discharge at throat

56.89

51.72

41.38

31.03

Working head

0.98

0.98

0.98

0.98

0.98

Critical depth

hc

4.65

4.36

3.76

3.10

2.75

h/hc

0.21

0.22

0.26

0.32

0.36

53.33

44.25

28.67

16.56

11.80

1411.73

1420.35

1434.92

1445.92

1450.06

1.50

1.50

1.50

1.50

1.50

1454.92

1454.92

1454.92

1454.92

1454.92

Cistern Level
Min. Recomm.

d'
Cistern Level
D=1/4(H*HL)^2/3

Method 2

Cistern Level
0.4*yc

0.4*yc

CR-2

0.96

0.92

0.83

0.73

0.67

1455.46

1455.50

1455.59

1455.69

1455.75

1.86

1.75

1.50

1.24

1.10

Different Scenarios of Discharges


Cistern Level

Method 3

R= 0.9(q^2/f)1/3 f=0.8

FOS for U/S Cuttoff

110%

100%

80%

60%

50%

1454.56

1454.67

1454.92

1455.18

1455.32

13.39

12.56

10.82

8.93

7.90

FOS(U/S)

1.52

FOS*R

U/S Cuttoff Depth

20.35

19.09

16.45

13.57

12.02

FSL(u/s) - FOS * R

U/S Cttoff El.

1445.44

1446.25

1447.92

1449.72

1450.68

C1'

11.96

11.15

9.48

7.68

6.72

C1

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

3.00

U/S Cutoff depth below


BL(u/s)
U/S Cutoff depth (min.
Recom.)
Adopted C1

Cutoffs (U/s and


d/s)

11.96

FOS for D/S Cuttoff

FOS(D/S)

FOS*R
FSL(d/s) - FOS * R

D/S Cuttoff
D/S Cutoff El.

1.45
19.41

18.21

15.69

12.95

11.46

1445.40

1446.15

1447.70

1449.36

1450.25

8.72

7.06

6.17

4.00

4.00

4.00

11.13

10.43

1463.46

1462.84

7.42

D/S Cttoff d2

C2'

11.02

10.27

D/S Cutoff depth (min.


Recom.)

C2

4.00

4.00

11.02

Adopted C2
Method 1

Length of
Stilling Basin

L=5(H*HL)^1/2

LB'

Maximum Length

LB'(max)

T.E.L in parent Channel

T.E.L (parent)

13.68

13.26

1466.04

1465.57

Cistern Level

Trialed

10.62

10.15

9.15

8.04

y1

2.49

2.30

1.92

1.51

1.30

V1

22.89

22.49

21.59

20.50

19.85

10.62

10.15

9.15

8.04

7.42

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00
3.06

y1 + V12/2g

Froude No.

FN

2.56

2.61

2.75

2.94

Conjugate depth

y2

7.84

7.43

6.55

5.57

5.03

1456.19

1456.19

1456.18

1456.18

1456.18

Computed Floor Level of


Cistern with y2

Check
Patarka
Method 2

Length of
Stilling Basin

L/y2

Maximum Length

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

4.80

4.85

4.97

5.14

5.24

37.63

36.04

32.59

28.66

26.36

37.63

LB'(max)

Diff. of Energy Levels

From page 75, fig 3.17 of


Iqbal Ali

K = U/s Energy head over crest

1464.57
1455.42

V21/2g+ y1+(z1-z2)

Method 4

12.30
13.68

Level of Jump below crest level

TEL (d/s)

1465.06

1464.59

1463.59

1462.48

1461.86

yc = C

4.65

4.36

3.76

3.10

2.75

0.98

0.98

0.98

0.98

0.98

L/C

0.21

0.22

0.26

0.32

0.36

(K+F)/C

2.01

2.03

2.08

2.14

2.20

X/C

0.88

0.87

0.85

0.82

0.80

4.10

3.82

3.21

2.56

2.20

Y/C

1.45

1.46

1.49

1.52

1.55

6.77

6.39

5.59

4.73

4.26

1.72

1.69

1.63

1.60

1.60

1456.68

1456.71

1456.77

1456.80

1456.80

6.51

6.69

6.98

7.14

7.16

1455.84

1455.92

1456.09

1456.23

1456.30

OK

OK

OK

OK

OK

U/S

FSL

FSL

FSL

Crest Level

D/S

FSL

BL

FSL

Cistern Level

EL. of jump fomation


Hz. Length till start of SB

Lo

Cistern Level Calculated

Check
Calculations for Impervious Length

Different Scenarios of Calculating Hmax

CR-3

Different Scenarios of Discharges


110%

100%

80%

60%

WL U/S

1465.79

1465.34

1464.37

1458.40

WL D/S

1464.81

1456.42

1463.39

1455.42

Hmax.

0.98

8.92

0.98

2.98

Different Scenarios of Calculating Hmax.

Hmax

Total floor length (Reverse


Calculations)

8.92

Assumed Total Impervious


Length

52.60

52.60

52.60

52.60

depth of d/s cistern cuttoff

11.02

11.02

11.02

11.02

=b/d

4.77

4.77

4.77

4.77

2.94

2.94

2.94

2.94

0.15

0.15

0.15

0.15

Calculated GE
bmax.
Calculated

Approach Floor
Length, L1

D/S Apron
Length, L6

Min. Recommen
Calculated

2*R
Transition1:3

Min. Recommended

Min. Recommen

CR-4

-7.90
18.00
26.77
25.7
40.00

Calculated

U/S Apron
Length, L7

52.60

6.2
20.00

50%