Dvarim Hayotzim Min Halev

Volume XIII - Issue 13

The DRS Weekly Torah Publication










The Mishkan and the Avos
By Yaakov Hagler, 11th Grade
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e read in this week’s Parsha,
“ ” .ןראה תא לאלצב שעיו
There are several questions that can be asked upon reading this Pasuk:
Firstly, why specifically did Betzalel make the Aron, were there not other craftsmen to do the job?
Secondly, if it was so that Betzalel was deserving of the right to build the Aron, why was he worthy of
such an honor?
Thirdly, what’s the connection between Betzalel and the Aron?
To help us answer these first question, Rashi explains that Betzalel was mentioned since he put his whole
Neshama, or soul, in the work of the Aron; therefore, the Torah only mentions Betzalel’s name. The Sifsi
Chacham’im add to Rashi by saying that since the Aron was the holiest vessel in the Mishkan, and there was to be
a lot of effort necessary to complete the Aron, Betzalel constructed the Aron. Unlike by the Aron, the Sifsei
(Continued on page 5)

arshas Vayakhel and Pekudai are immediately next to each other. However, in
actuality, from the building of the Mishkan in Parshas Vayakhel until the ded-
ication of the Mishkan in Parshas Pekudai there was a long break. The Mish-
kan was completed on the 25th of Kislev, but it wasn’t actually dedicated until Rosh
Chodesh Nissan. The question is: Why didn’t they dedicate it sooner? The Medresh
says that Hakadosh Baruch Hu did not want the Mishkan to be dedicated until the
month of Nissan, because that was when Yitzchok was born. Actually, the Gemora
in Rosh Hashanah (11) says that all of the Avos were born during the month of Nis-
san. We therefore need to understand the connection between the dedication of the
Mishkan to the birth of the Avos.
There is a Ma’amer Chazal in Parshas Nasso that says on the Pasuk,
“Vayehey biyom kalos Moshe l’hakim es hamishkan,” the word “Kalos” is written
without a “vuv”. The ל"צז יבר בוקטראשט said that when you build a house to live,
once the structure is complete and all of the furnishings are in the house, then all of
your work is done and the house can be lived in. But when you’re building a Bais
Kedushah, it has to be worthy to serve the Shechinah. Therefore, even after you have
finished building the structure and all of the furnishings are in it, you still haven’t
finished your work until it’s worthy to serve the Shechina . And that, according to
(Continued on page 2)
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Builders of Torah
By Moishy Rothman, 10th Grade
לה ןמ םיאצויה םירבד “ ב
Parshas Pikudei mainly speaks about the completion of
the work and the dedication of the Mishkan. Interestingly, the
words “Ka’ashere Tziva Hashem es Moshe” – “Just as Hashem
commanded Moshe,” appear after almost every set of instruc-
tions (18 times to be exact). Many Achronim ask: If we know
that the Torah does not write words for no reason, why does the
Torah constantly stress the fact that everything was done ac-
cording to what Hashem commanded? Wouldn’t it be enough
just to say it once?
The Beis Halevi explains that the purpose of the con-
struction of the Mishkan was a Tikkun, and compensation, for
the sin of the Eigel Hazahav. It was not needed prior to then. He
explains that what caused the Eigel was the Bnei Yisroel’s own
ideas about how best to serve Hashem, which was not as they
were told to do. For this reason, it was suitable for the Torah to
continuously emphasize the fact that the Mishkan was being
done according to Hashem’s commandment and will, not the
Bnei Yisroel’s own will.
A very fundamental lesson can be taken from this pshat.
That is, that we should not serve Hashem in our own ways and
in the ways we want to do things, rather we should serve Ha-
shem in the ways that He has commanded us.

Have a good Shabbos!
Torah Teasers
By Rabbi Moshe Erlbaum

להקיו תשרפ - ידוקפ

1. Which two items in the ןכשמ were made
of one solid piece of gold, בהז השקמ?
2. What else used in the רבדמ was fashioned
from one solid piece of metal?
3. Which three items found in the ןכשמ were
a perfect square, עובר?
4. Of all the precious metals collected for
the ןכשמ, which one had the largest amount
received ?
5. Which precious stone appears three times
on the clothing of theלודג ןהכ?
6. What is mentioned at beginning of תשרפ
להקיו and in the last קוספ of ידוקפ תשרפ?

1. The תרפכ and the םיבורכ on top of it were
made of one solid piece of gold (ז:זל) as was
the הרנמ )זי:זל(.
2. In ךתולעהב תשרפ, השמ is commanded to
fashion two תורצצח, trumpets out of one solid
block of silver (א:י רבדמב).
3. The בהזה חבזמ )הכ:זל( and of the חבזמ
תשחנה )א:חל( were perfect squares. The ןשוח,
breastplate of the לודג ןהכ was also a perfect
square (ט:טל).
4. Silver was collected in the greatest
amount. The tally was 100 רככ, talents, and
1,775 םילקש. )הכ:חל)
5. There were two stones of םהש on the
shoulder straps of the דופא )ח:טל( and one on
the fourth row of the ןשוח. )גי:טל)
6. שא, fire is mentioned at the beginning of
להקיו with regards to keeping תבש )ג:הל(, and
in the last קוספ of ידוקפ with regards to the
pillar of fire that led the לארשי ינב at night
the יבר בוקטראשט, is why “Kalos” is written without a “vuv”,
because even though all of the work was done and everything in
the Mishkan was perfect, it was still missing the most important
thing, and that was the Shechinah.
Based upon this we see that B’nei Yisrael needed the time
until Rosh Chodesh Nissan so that the people could attain the
proper level of Kedushah whereby they would be worthy to do the
Avodah in the Mishkan; they needed to daven with kavanah the
same way that the Avos did at Har Hamoriah. This is the connec-
tion between the dedication of the Mishkan and the Avos; it is to
teach us that “Ma’aseh Avos Siman Labanim” – In order for the
Mishkan to be complete it has to be worthy to serve the Shechi-
Good Shabbos!
(Yaakov Hagler — Continued from page 1)
of the Mishkan
By Aryeh Helfgott,
11th Grade
Dvarim Hayotzim Min Halev 3

For the last few weeks, the Torah has been dealing
with the commandment that was given to Moshe and Bnei
Yisroel, of building the Mishkan. We find that Bnei Yisroel
contributed in many ways to the building of this holy sanctu-
ary. The Bnei Yisroel gave generously, in order to build this
holy place, which Hashem’s Shechina would rest amongst
the Jewish people. In one of this week’s parshiyos, Parshat
VaYakhel, we learn about the actual building of the Mishkan.
One might have thought that the building of such a holy
structure, should take place throughout all hours of the day, 7
days a week. This would make it possible to perform the task
as quickly as possible, thus allowing the Shechina to rest
amongst the Bnei Yisroel sooner. However, at the beginning
of Parshas VaYakhel, we are commanded to keep Shabbos,
and to stop the building process. Rashi comments, that this
comes to teach us that despite the importance of the Mishkan,
it may not be built on Shabbos. What is so special about
Shabbos that it supersedes this important task, which will
allow the Shechina to rest amongst Bnei Yisroel sooner?
A similar idea is that we find that Chazal decreed,
that a number of mitzvos from the Torah should not be done
on Shabbos in order to protect the sanctitiy of the holy day.
An example of this is the mitzvah of shofar. We know, that
the blowing of the shofar has the power to change an evil
decree against the Jewish people, to a positive judgment.
Still, Chazal did not allow us to blow shofar on Shabbos, be-
cause they were concerned that someone might forget their
shofar and carry it in a public domain. Because of the con-
cern for this single person, and the sanctity of Shabbos, the
entire Jewish people were not able to perform this “decree-
changing” mitzvah from the Torah. Again, we see that there
is something special about the kedusha of Shabbos, that it
overrides the kedusha of the other 612 mitzvos.
The idea of Shabbos, is the basis for our emunnah
and bitachon in Hashem. When one recognizes Shabbos, he
is acknowledging that HaKadosh Baruch Hu, not only creat-
ed the world, but also is involved in our lives on a daily basis.
When we say in Kiddush, “zacher lema’aseh beraishis,” we
are acknowledging that Hashem created the world. However,
there is more that we have to acknowledge, we must
acknowledge the fact the HaKadosh Baruch Hu plays a con-
stant role in our lives, and that everything that we have
comes from Him. This concept, must take precedence over
our performance of any mitzvah. Therefore, before one can
do mitzvos, he must acknowledge that everything in this
world is from Hashem.
Now we can understand why the building of the
Mishkan, would not take priority over Shabbos. Rav
Shimshon Dovid Pincus in his sefer, Nefesh Shimshon ex-
plains, that only Shabbos has the special tefilla of Kabbalas
Shabbos to greet it. No Yom Tov, or any other special time,
receives a welcome like Shabbos does. It is only on the holy
day of Shabbos, that we have the special mitzvah of Kabbalas
Shabbos, where we greet the Shabbos Queen. The Brisker
Rav zt”l wrote, that this “reception ceremony,” is learned
from what took place at Har Sinai. There, the Jewish people
greeted and received the Shechina, in the matter that a king is
greeted and received. When we greet Shabbos, we are actual-
ly greeting the Shechina. This is our time to develop a per-
sonal relationship with Hashem.
Now, let us all be prepared as Shabbos comes, an
opportunity to greet the Shechina!!!
Have an amazing Shabbos!
his wealth, refusing to share his blessings with the needy.
Israel's funeral was a sorry affair. It was difficult to even scrape together the needed quorum of ten to conduct a
proper Jewish burial. He was buried off to a side, on the outskirts of the cemetery. No eulogies were held, for what
could be said of such a man?
The following Thursday evening, the was a knock on the door of the chief rabbi of Krakow, the famed Rabbi
Yomtov Lipman Heller (1579-1654; known as the author of Tosophot Yom Tov). In the doorway stood a man who ex-
plained that he had nothing with which to purchase wine, candles, challah and food for the Shabbat. The rabbi gave him
a few coins from his private charity fund and wished him a "Good Shabbat."
(Stories of Greatness — Continued from page 6)
(Continued on page 4)
Shabbos: Our Connection to
Hakadosh Baruch Hu

By Elly Deutsch, 11th Grade
לה ןמ םיאצויה םירבד “ ב
עשוהי רפס, CONTINUED

Perek 9 – The Givonim
The Givonim hear about Bnei Yisrael destruction of Jericho and Ai, and disguised themselves as ambassadors from a distant
land and tried to make peace with עשוהיand Bnei Yisrael by praising the Ribono Shel Olam and offering gifts. Without encountering
Hashem, עשוהיaccepts a peace agreement with them and the leaders of the assembly swear to them. The Givonim’s deception is
uncovered and they attack bnei yisrael, but bnei yisrael does not attack back because of the shevuah made by the nesi’ei ha’eidah. The
Nesi’im spare the Givonim and relegate them to lowly positions such as woodchoppers and water boys. עשוהיasks the Givonim why they
tricked Bnei Yisrael The Givonim explain that they were told about Hashem’s promise to give the Eretz Yisrael to Bnei Yisrael so as an
attempt to save themselves they did this, but now that they failed, they accept their status.

Perek 10 – The Conquest of the South and the 5 Amorite Kings
Adoni-zedek king of Yerushalayim forms an alliance with the 5 Amorite Kings to attack Givon for making peace with Bnei
Yisrael. The 5 kings and their entire nations wage war of Givon and the men of Givon run to עשוהיfor help. עשוהיand Bnei Yisrael save
Givon. Miraculously, stones fall from the sky like hail, plummeting Bnei Yisrael’s enemies. More Amorite enemies died through hail-
stones than Bnei Yisrael killed by sword. After the war, עשוהיorders the sun and the moon to stand still to emphasize that Hashem fought
the battle for Bnei Yisrael, and this never happened again in history. עשוהיand Bnei Yisrael return back to their camp in Gilgal where
עשוהיis informed that the 5 Kings took refugee in a cave in Makeddah. עשוהיinstructs large stones to be rolled against the opening of the
cave and men be appointed to guard it. עשוהיcomes to the cave and kills the 5 Kings, and hangs their bodies on gallows until the erev.
When the sun sets, עשוהיcommands the bodies to be removed from the gallows, and the bodies are thrown into the cave. The opening of
the cave is covering by the large stone and the bodies remain there to this day. Then, עשוהיconquers all the cities in the South. This
includes Makkedah, Libnah, Lachish, Gezer, Eglon, Chevron, and Debir. The entire south is conquered by sword and is entirely annihi-
lated, including their kings, with the help of Hashem.

Perek 11 – The Conquest of the North
Yabin king of Chatzor gathers all the kings and nations of the North to the waters of Merom to wage war with Bnei Yisrael.
Hashem comforts ,עשוהיsaying that He will give them over to Bnei Yisrael as corpses, and עשוהיresponds by conquering Chatzor, the
leading city of all the other kingdoms, wiping out the inhabitants entirely, burning down the city, and taking the spoils as booty. עשוהי
conquers all the kings and all the cities, not leaving a single soul. The perek then summarize all the conquests of ,עשוהיlisting the places
in the North seized. עשוהיwages war with all these kings for a long time, and the only city that made peace with Bnei Yisrael were the
Chivites. Hashem intentionally hardened the hears of these nations in order to cause them to wage war with Bnei Yisrael and have them
exterminated, just as Hashem commanded Moshe. עשוהיcuts down the Anakim, a family of giants that lived in the Chevron area and
terrified all their opponents, removing their existence from everyone besides for Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod. The perek closes mentioning
that עשוהיtook the entire land of Eretz Yisrael according to all that Hashem told Moshe, and עשוהיgave the land as an inheritance,
according to their divisions, to the shevatim, and finally, there was no more war in Eretz Yisrael.
A few minutes later there was another knock on the door, heralding a similar request. A third petitioner followed, and
then a uforth and a fifth. Within the hour, no less than twenty families came to ask for the rabbi's aid to meet their
Shabbat expenses. The rabbi was mystified: nothing like this had happened before in all his years in Krakow. Why this
sudden plague of poverty?
Rabbi Heller called an emergency meeting of the trustees of the community's charity funds, but they could not
explain the phenomenon. They, too, had been deluged with hundreds of requests for aid in the last few hours. The com-
munal coffers had been virtually emptied!
As if on cue, there was another knock on the door. "Tell me," asked the rabbi after handing a few coins to the
latest petitioner, "how did you manage until now? What did you do last week?"
(Stories of Greatness — Continued from page 3)
(Continued on page 5)
Learn Nach in Minutes
By Jeremy Teichman
Dvarim Hayotzim Min Halev 5

chacham’im explains, Ahaliav and other craftsmen who were guided by Betzalel and made the other vessels of the
The second question of why was Betzalel worthy to build the Aron can be answered from the reading of
last week’s parsha, Ki Sisa. In Ki Sisa, Ha-Shem tells Moshe to appoint Betzalel, the son of Uri. The Ba’al Ha-
Turim comments that Betzalel is a contraction of two words, א לצב - ל , or in the shadow of Ha-Shem, meaning that
Betzalel knew the secrets of the mishkan, especially the Aron and its connection to the Throne of Ha-Shem. The
Gemara in Berachos says that Ha-Shem was telling Moshe that Betzalel was unique since he was of able to com-
bine the heaven and earth together.
With this understanding, we can now answer the third question. The Aron represents Torah, as mentioned
in Rashi in Parshas Terumah. Betzalel himself should be the builder of the Aron, since he is the paradigm of To-
rah learning. As mentioned before, Betzalel was the connector of heaven and earth. Similarly, the Torah brings the
heaven and earth together to us, infusing our daily lives with the Kedusha of Torah. Also, Betzalel’s father is Uri,
which means light. The Torah too, gives light to people. Not only do we see the correlation between the Torah,
the Aron, and Betzalel, but also a connection to us. Ha-Shem is teaching us that Torah should be a person’s main
priority. The Aron was the holiest and most time and effort consuming project, and Betzalel took it upon himself
to complete. So too Torah, a person should push himself to grow like Betzalel in his Torah learning, since it is one
of the holiest and most important things a person can do. To support this statement, the Meshech Chachma says
that there was only one Aron made, unlike the other vessels that were replaced later in time. So too Torah, can
never be replaced due to its importance and holiness. May it be the will of Ha-Shem we should take this lesson to
heart and become greater people and walk א לצב - ל , like Betzalel.
Have a great Shabbos!
(Moishy Rothman — Continued from page 1)
"We bought on credit at the grocer's," replied the pauper. "Whenever we needed food and did not have with what to pay,
the merchant said it was not a problem -- he just wrote it down in his ledger. He didn't even bother us about payment.
But now he says that that arrangement is over."
Investigation revealed that hundreds of families in Krakow had subsisted this way -- up to now. For some rea-
son, none of the grocers, fishmongers and butchers were willing to extend credit any longer to the town's poor.
The rabbi called the town's food merchants to his study and demanded to know what was going on. At first they refused
to tell him. But Rabbi Heller was adamant. "You're not leaving this room," he insisted, "until you tell me what this is all
Finally, the truth came out. For years, Israel had supported hundreds of the poorest families in Krakow. Every
week the town's merchants would present the bill to him, and he paid in full. His only condition was that not a soul, not
even their closest family members, should know. "If any one of you breathes a word of this to anyone," he threatened,
"you won't see another copper from me ever again."
Rabbi Yomtov Lipman was shattered. Such a special person had lived in their midst, and they, in their haste to
judge him, had insulted him and reviled him.
The rabbi announced that the shloshim (30th day anniversary of the passing) of Israel shall be a public fastday.
All adults will neither eat nor drink from morning to evening, and all will gather at the cemetery to beg forgiveness
from the deceased.
The rabbi himself eulogized Israel. "You," he cried, "fulfilled the mitzvah of tzedakah (charity) in its most per-
fect form -- without taking any credit for the deed, and ensuring that no recipient of your generosity should ever stand
ashamed before his benefactor or feel indebted to him. And we repaid you with derision and scorn..." The rabbi ex-
pressed the wish that when his own time came, he should be laid to rest next to Israel. "We buried you near the fence,
like an outcast, but I shall consider it a great honor and privilege to be buried near you!"
The rabbi also instructed that the rich man's last wish be fulfilled. On the marker raised above the grave were
etched the words "Here lies Israel Goy". However, one word was added to the inscription -- the word kadosh, "holy
one". And so the inscription reads to this day on the gravestone adjoining that of the famed Rabbi Yomtov Lipman Hel-
ler in the old Jewish cemetery of Krakow: "Here lies Israel Goy Kadosh."
(Stories of Greatness — Continued from page 4)
לה ןמ םיאצויה םירבד “ ב

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This is one of the most inspirational sto-
ries I have ever read. It's called Israel Goy by
Menachem Brod, taken from www.chabad.org.
In the city of Krakow, Poland, there
lived a rich Jew by the name of Israel who was
famous for his stinginess. The local beggars had
long since given up trying to knock at his door.
All attempts by the trustees of the community's
various charity funds to elicit at least a token
contribution from him were met with polite but
adamant refusals.
Israel's utter heartlessness outraged and
mystified the Jews of Krakow. From the days of
Abraham, charity had been the hallmark of the
Jew; in 17th-century Europe, where Jews were
subject to frequent confiscations of their proper-
ty and expulsions from their homes, it was es-
sential to the community's very survival that
those of means should aid their impoverished
fellows. How could a Jew be so indifferent to
the needs of his brothers and sisters? People
started referring to the rich miser in their midst
as "Israel Goy" and the epithet stuck.
Years passed and the rich man grew old
and frail. One day, the Krakow Burial Society
received a summons to Israel's home. "I feel
that my days are numbered," he told them when
they came, "and I would like to discuss with
you my burial arrangements. I have already had
shrouds sewn for me and I've hired a man to
recite the kaddish for my soul. There is just one
thing remaining: I need to purchase a plot for
my grave."
The members of the Burial Society decided that
this was their opportunity to collect the debt
owed by Israel to the community. "As you
know," they said to him, "there is no set price
for a cemetery plot. Each Jew pays according to
his ability, and the money is used for charitable
purposes. Since you are a wealthy man, and
since -- if you will excuse our bluntness -- you
have not been very forthcoming over the years
in sharing the burdens of the community, we
think it appropriate to charge you 1000 gul-
The rich man calmly replied: "For my
deeds I shall be judged in the heavenly court. It
is not for you to judge what I did or did not do
in the course of my life. I had planned to pay
100 guldens for my plot -- quite a respectable
sum -- and that is what I shall pay, not a penny
more. I'm not asking for any special location or
a fancy gravestone. Bury me where you see fit.
I have just one request: on my gravestone, I
want it to be inscribed 'Here lies Israel Goy.'"
The members of the society exchanged
glances: was the old man out of his mind? They
spent a few more minutes at his bedside hoping
to secure at least a modest sum for the commu-
nity poor, but finally left his house in exaspera-
The entire town was abuzz with this latest show
of miserliness by "Israel Goy." How low can a
man sink! Even at death's door, he's hoarding
(Continued on page 3)

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