March 24, 2011

0600 EDT

Briefing Sheet Fukushima Dalichi
In an early morning press conference on Thursday, March 24, NISA indicated that progress was being made in injecting fresh water into the reactors: fresh water is reportedly being injected into Unit 1-albeit using fire trucks. Seawater injection to the other units continues; however, the flow rate to the reactor pressure vessels in unknown. Containment integrity is questionable for all 3 units-particularly for Units 2 and 3. Pump cooling for Unit 5 reactor and spent fuel pool (RHR) stopped on Wednesday and TEPCO plans to re-establish today. (Source: NISA) AC power cables installed from a nearby transmission line to Units 1&2. TEPCO is working to establish power to necessary cooling equipment (U2 first). Electrical power has been restored to the Unit 3 control room (Source: NHK World). Power cables connected to a load center in Unit 4. External AC power restored to Unit's 5 and 6. Unit 6 diesel generators running. 480 VAC power has been restored to portions of all 4 units, but limited capability to operate any equipment at this time. Multi-day trending of all available dose rate information shows slightly declining levels. Indications of trace, but detectable amounts of 1-131 are being reported at some nuclear plants in the U.S. (Ginna, Nine Mile, Palo Verde, SONGS, and Diablo Canyon, Columbia, Millstone). PMT is reviewing data sets. Industry has agreed to collect the data and provide to NRC for distribution with Federal Government (anticipate EPA lead). Industry Consortium call established for 10:00 am each day. Priorities include establishing a method for US industry to interact with TEPCO (INPO representative arrived on March 23) and offering longer-term solutions for core and spent fuel pool cooling. Two shipments of the first train of Bechtel-designed equipment arrived at Yokota Air Base. There is a third shipment of components for this train that is scheduled to be shipped today. EDO and Office Directors are addressing roles and responsibilities of the Operations Center vice work to be done by offices (outside Operations Center). ET initially assessing, with NRC in-country team, anticipated size and expertise makeup of next group of in-country support. Recommend reaching out to Pete Lyons to help DOE understand NRC rationale for our position with respect to providing salt and RHR restart strategies via letter to TEPCO. Naval Reactors requested an assessment of reactor core and spent fuel pool conditions. This would be developed and shared in a timely manner for the purposes of capturing what "could" happen, sharing itwith the Japanese and opening the dialogue for what recommendations the U.S. would make if such conditions exist (such as filling the primary containment if fuel has the potential to go ex-vessel). NR specifically interested in assessing protective actions for U.S. personnel in Japan in this context.