PROJECT REPORT

SPEED CONTROL OF DC MOTOR USING PWM TECHNIQUE

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ZÜÉâÑ ÅxÅuxÜá
• Syed Muhammad zaidi(group leader)
10es60

• • • • •

MUHAMMAD TAHIR 10ES27 WASEEM SHOUKAT 10ES41 MUHAMMAD RASHID 10ES45 REHMAN ALI 10ES46 MUHAMMAD RIZWAN 10ES

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Introduction
• we want to control speed of dc motor using pulse width modulation technique.

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Pulse width modulation
• Pulse width modulation (PWM) is a method for binary signals generation, which has 2 signal periods (high and low). The width (W) of each pulse varies between 0 and the period (T).

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Apparatus
• • • • • • • • Dc motor Potentiometer Diode 1N4007 555-TIMER Capacitor 0.01uF Capacitor 0.1uF CE-Transistor(BD-139) DC power supply(9v)
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Working of mentioned components in this project
• In this project we use npncommon emitter transistor having beta amplification capability. Resistances limiting the current.555-timer act as pulse generator and capacitor used for filteration purpose.

Block diagram

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Working
• When potentiometer nobe moved towards forward biased diode then speed of motor high because time duration of positive pulse increased and negative pulse decreased

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High speed o/p waveform

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FOR DESIRED LOW SPEED OF MOTOR

• When we want to get low speed of dc motor then potentiometer nobe moved towards reverse biased diode and then time duration of negative pulse increased and positive pulse decreased
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Low speed o/p waveform

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Conclusion
• The present project is practical one and high feasibility according to economic point of view, reliability & accuracy. It is programmable one therefore it can control various motors ranging small one to several hp motors.

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