Desktop

User Guide

August 2010

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The content of this manual is provided for information only, is subject to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Actix. Actix assumes no responsibility or liability for any errors or inaccuracies that appear in this documentation. Copyright © Actix 2010. All rights reserved. All trademarks are hereby acknowledged.

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Contents
1 ABOUT SPOTLIGHT .....................................................................................6
1.2 USING SPOTLIGHT TO SOLVE NETWORK PROBLEMS ...................................................... 7 1.3 ABOUT SPOTLIGHT PROJECTS ............................................................................... 9

2 IMPORTING CELL SITE DATA ....................................................................... 10
2.1 IMPORTING NETWORK DATA .............................................................................. 10 2.2 UPDATING CELL SITE DATA ............................................................................... 19 2.3 LOADING CELL SITE DATA ................................................................................ 19 2.4 CELL SITE DISPLAY ........................................................................................ 20 2.5 SETTING THRESHOLDS FOR DATA IMPORT .............................................................. 25

3 STARTING SPOTLIGHT ............................................................................... 26 4 CREATING A PROJECT ................................................................................ 27
4.1 STEP 1: CHOOSE NAME AND TEMPLATE ................................................................. 27 4.2 STEP 2: SET PREFERENCES AND THRESHOLDS ......................................................... 28 4.3 STEP 3: CHOOSE DATA ................................................................................... 31

5 USING THE SUMMARY DASHBOARD ................................................................ 33
5.1 NAVIGATING AROUND SPOTLIGHT ........................................................................ 34 5.2 THE TOP PANEL ............................................................................................. 35 5.3 THE ISSUES PANEL ......................................................................................... 36 5.4 THE MAP ..................................................................................................... 37

6 USING SPOTLIGHT REPORTS ........................................................................ 38 7 USING THE RADIO NETWORK EXPLORER .......................................................... 40
7.1 ABOUT THE RADIO NETWORK EXPLORER ................................................................ 40 7.2 CDMA / EVDO CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS ............................................................ 42 7.3 CDMA / EVDO NEIGHBOR LIST ANALYSIS ............................................................. 48 7.4 CDMA / EVDO PILOT POLLUTION ANALYSIS .......................................................... 54 7.5 EVDO SYSTEM PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS ............................................................... 58 7.6 GSM CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS ......................................................................... 63 7.7 GSM 2G MISSING NEIGHBORS ANALYSIS .............................................................. 73 7.8 LTE CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS .......................................................................... 79 7.9 UMTS / HSPA 3G NEIGHBOR LIST ANALYSIS ......................................................... 83 7.10 UMTS / HSPA 3G-2G NEIGHBOR LIST ANALYSIS .................................................. 89 7.11 UMTS / HSPA CELL COVERAGE ANALYSIS ........................................................... 95 7.12 UMTS / HSPA CELL PILOT POLLUTION ANALYSIS ................................................. 102 7.13 ABOUT THE INTERFERENCE FACTOR (‘F’ FACTOR) .................................................. 106

8 USING THE EVENT EXPLORER ..................................................................... 109
8.1 ABOUT THE EVENT EXPLORER........................................................................... 109 8.2 DATA SERVICE ANALYSIS ............................................................................... 112 8.3 DRILL DOWN FROM THE EVENT EXPLORER ............................................................ 116

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9 PERFORMING A MORE DETAILED ANALYSIS ..................................................... 121
9.1 BEFORE YOU START ...................................................................................... 121 9.2 TO LOAD DATA INTO ANALYZER CLASSIC.............................................................. 121

10 BATCH SECTOR PLOT ............................................................................ 123 11 CREATING A SPOTLIGHT PROJECT TEMPLATE ................................................. 126
11.1 STEP 1: CHOOSE NAME AND STARTING TEMPLATE ................................................ 127 11.2 STEP 2: CHOOSE DEVICES ............................................................................ 128 11.3 STEP 3: CHOOSE KPIS AND REPORTS............................................................... 132 11.4 STEP 4: CHOOSE ATTRIBUTES ........................................................................ 133 11.5 STEP 5: CHOOSE GLOBAL FILTERS .................................................................. 137

12 TROUBLESHOOTING SPOTLIGHT ................................................................ 138
12.1 NO REPOSITORY DETECTED ............................................................................ 138 12.2 THE MAPS IN YOUR REPORT ARE EMPTY .............................................................. 138

13 APPENDIX A: CELL SITE PARAMETERS ........................................................ 139
13.1 CDMA CELL SITE PARAMETERS ...................................................................... 139 13.2 GSM / GPRS / EDGE CELL SITE PARAMETERS ................................................... 140 13.3 LTE CELL SITE PARAMETERS ......................................................................... 141 13.4 UMTS / HSPA+ CELL SITE PARAMETERS .......................................................... 142

14 APPENDIX B: SPOTLIGHT REPORTS ............................................................ 144
14.1 CDMA SPOTLIGHT REPORT ........................................................................... 144 14.2 EVDO SPOTLIGHT REPORT ........................................................................... 147 14.3 EVDO REV A SPOTLIGHT REPORT ................................................................... 151 14.4 GSM SPOTLIGHT REPORT ............................................................................. 155 14.5 HSPA SPOTLIGHT REPORT ............................................................................ 160 14.6 UMTS SPOTLIGHT REPORT ........................................................................... 165

15 APPENDIX C: CDMA THRESHOLDS, KPIS AND DIAGNOSES ............................... 170
15.1 CDMA THRESHOLDS ................................................................................... 170 15.2 CDMA EVENTS IN THE EVENT EXPLORER ............................................................ 173 15.3 DROPPED CALL DIAGNOSIS FOR CDMA ............................................................. 174

16 APPENDIX D: DATA SERVICE ANALYSIS THRESHOLDS ...................................... 176
16.1 DSA THRESHOLDS...................................................................................... 176

17 APPENDIX E: EGPRS KPIS AND DIAGNOSES ................................................ 179
17.1 EGPRS THRESHOLDS .................................................................................. 179 17.2 EGPRS EVENTS IN THE EVENT EXPLORER........................................................... 181 17.3 EGPRS DIAGNOSES .................................................................................... 183

18 APPENDIX F: EVDO KPIS AND DIAGNOSES .................................................. 185
18.1 EVDO THRESHOLDS ................................................................................... 185 18.2 EVDO EVENTS IN THE EVENT EXPLORER ............................................................ 189 18.3 DROPPED CONNECTION DIAGNOSIS FOR EVDO .................................................... 190
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200 19................... 203 19...18.......... 220 21 APPENDIX I: LTE THRESHOLDS........2 HSPA CALL DROP ANALYSIS EXAMPLE ..................... 207 20.................................................... 231 22.........6 HSDPA THRESHOLDS ... 233 22.........1 GSM THRESHOLDS ...... 237 www..............com ....................................................................2 SPOTLIGHT THRESHOLDS ...... 206 20 APPENDIX H: HSPA THRESHOLDS..................................................... 207 20..................................................................... KPIS AND DIAGNOSES .........................................5 DROPPED CALLS DIAGNOSIS FOR GSM............................................................. 218 20.................................................. 201 19...............actix...... 214 20..........................................................................1 HIDING ANALYZER EVENT DIAGRAMS FROM SPOTLIGHT USERS ...........................3 CALL SETUP FAILURE DIAGNOSIS FOR GSM ....... 192 18...................4 LOW THROUGHPUT DIAGNOSIS FOR EVDO ................................6 HANDOVER FAILURE DIAGNOSIS FOR GSM .........................2 GSM EVENTS IN THE EVENT EXPLORER............................................................................... KPIS AND DIAGNOSES............................. 210 20...............3 DROPPED CALLS DIAGNOSIS FOR UMTS . 224 22 APPENDIX J: UMTS THRESHOLDS....................... 224 21. 224 21.......................................................................................................................................4 LOCATION UPDATE FAILURE DIAGNOSIS FOR GSM ..............1 LTE THRESHOLDS ................3 HSDPA LOW THROUGHPUT EXAMPLE .....................................................................................5 EXCESSIVE CALL DIAGNOSIS FOR UMTS................................................ 236 23.......... 196 19...... 229 22...................... 236 24 INDEX ..4 CALL SETUP FAILURE DIAGNOSIS FOR UMTS ..........................5 HSPA THROUGHPUT KPIS ............ 205 19....................................................... KPIS AND DIAGNOSES .....................................1 UMTS THRESHOLDS . KPIS AND DIAGNOSES..................................................................................5 SCHEDULING ISSUES DIAGNOSIS FOR EVDO ...................... 225 22............................... 194 19 APPENDIX G: GSM THRESHOLDS........... 235 23 APPENDIX K: INFORMATION FOR ADMINISTRATORS ............................................... 207 20................................................................ 225 22....................................................1 HSPA EVENT EXPLORER ANALYSIS ..... 196 19.............2 UMTS EVENTS IN THE EVENT EXPLORER ....................................4 HSPA EVENTS IN THE EVENT EXPLORER .................

for optimization engineers. 1. based on scanner data for sites positioned within a user-defined radius. Actix Spotlight lowers the overall cost of performance optimization by delivering maximum engineering productivity in a managed workflow. provides automated root-cause troubleshooting.1 Radio Network Analyses Spotlight provides the following analyses for examining the performance of the radio network: • • • • Coverage and Overspill Analysis – this determines the coverage footprint of cells and identifies overshoot against coverage design boundaries. 1.1. www. Spotlight automatically generates root-cause diagnostics for the most common subscriber problems—for example.actix.com . based on user-defined thresholds.1.2 Event-based troubleshooting Based on the drive test data provided for the analysis. Prioritizes which cells in the network are strong candidates for tilts and coverage optimization. Spotlight identifies key performance indicators.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 6 1 About Spotlight Today’s performance optimization and troubleshooting processes are typically inefficient. coverage and interference identification. Neighbor List Analyses – this grooms 3G-3G and 3G-2G neighbor lists. dropped calls. Grade of Service – this determines the relative grade of service for cells. Pilot Pollution – this automatically identifies inbound vs. and concise reporting. and error prone. professional-quality reports including embedded maps.3 Reporting Spotlight displays the results of its automatically generated analyses on integrated. costly. Engineers can solve and report on more problems faster by eliminating time consuming data manipulation and manual deduction. outbound pilot pollution. Designed by optimization engineers.1. 1. Engineering teams commonly use disparate tools that are poorly integrated lacking the automation and scalability fundamental for rolling out and maintaining complex wireless networks.

which might indicate the presence of one or more problems. links to these are shown as Critical Issues (6) in the Issues panel. Examine the summary map (1) and then the appropriate report for the loaded data (2). However. a typical general analysis of the data in Spotlight would be to start from the Summary Dashboard (shown below). links to these are also shown as Important Issues (4) in the Issues panel of the Summary Dashboard. missing neighbors and pilot pollution problems can be investigated from the Radio Network Explorer analyses (3). • Using Spotlight reports (see page 38) www. 5 3 6 2 1 4 Some typical scenarios for using Spotlight are outlined below: 1.com . you can follow them up by using the Radio Network Explorer or Event Explorer investigation pages. These might then point you at specific problem events which you can examine and diagnose using the Event Explorer (5).Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 7 1. If there are any problems.2.2 Using Spotlight to solve network problems Spotlight is designed to allow you to follow your own investigations throughout the various analysis pages and reports. Cell coverage.actix.1 Perform a quick overview of network performance Examine the available Spotlight report(s) to see whether any of the performance criteria thresholds have been exceeded.

• • CDMA/EVDO Pilot Pollution (see p54) UMTS/HSPA Cell Pilot Pollution (see p102) 1. • • • • CDMA/EVDO Cell Coverage (see p42) GSM Cell Coverage (see p63) LTE Cell Coverage (see p79) UMTS/HSPA Cell Coverage (see p95) 1.actix.2. or open the Event Explorer.2. Now select the Drilldown option (see p112). determine the relative degree of pollution for each cell and prioritize which cells in the network are strong candidates for downtilts and coverage optimization. or open the Event Explorer (p109).5 Identify sites failing their recommended design targets Use the EVDO System Performance analysis in the Radio Network Explorer (see p58). and throughout the life of the network as changes to traffic and tilt affect the coverage pattern and interference interaction between the cells.6 Investigate failure events Select a Critical Issue from the Summary Dashboard (p40).2 Optimize neighbor lists and export suggested changes to the OMC Use the Neighbor List analyses in the Radio Network Explorer. • • • • CDMA/EVDO Neighbor List (see p48) GSM 2G Missing Neighbors (see p73) UMTS/HSPA 3G Neighbor List (see p79) UMTS/HSPA 3G-2G Neighbor List (see p89) 1. outbound pilot pollution Use the Pilot Pollution analyses in the Radio Network Explorer. 1.2.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 8 1. 1.2.7 Investigate problems in detail at the message level Select a Critical Issue from the Summary Dashboard. www. You can visualize the offending sectors on the map.2.4 Identify inbound vs.2. This process should be performed as part of the rollout phase of a network to construct and optimize the adjacency lists of each cell.3 Determine cell coverage Use the Cell Coverage analyses in the Radio Network Explorer.com .

etc. For these KPIs. tables. the Radio Network Explorer provides a detailed analysis that is very specific to the particular issue.Most of these KPIs relate to a specific type of call or session failure event. the analysis is provided in either the Event Explorer or the Radio Network Explorer. charts. Preferences that determine how the data is to be loaded. but also a related pre-defined analysis. and defines which KPIs and reports will be used in the project. such as dropped calls or handover. Network information that you want to use (the cellrefs file). and maps that can be saved as an Excel workbook or Web page. The term KPI (key performance indicator) means not simply a statistic that reflects network performance in some way. Radio Network KPIs . www. pilot pollution. • Reports provide summaries. depending on the KPI type: • Event KPIs . an overall summary is shown in the Spotlight Summary Dashboard side panel.These KPIs relate to general issues for the radio network. a project is a collection of saved application settings and data files relating to a particular drive test initiative. and include automated root cause diagnosis and drilldown to the sequential message data at the click of a button. such as coverage. Thresholds that trigger particular conditions or Events in Spotlight's analyses. missing neighbors.3 About Spotlight projects In Spotlight. However. This defines the extent of the data from the drive test files that you want to process and store within Spotlight's database. Drive test files that you want to examine. call setup or location update failures.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 9 1.actix. and so on.com . specifically the: • • • • • Template used for the project. some of these KPIs relate to general events (such as call attempts) in order to provide context for the failure events and these do not include diagnostics and drilldown functionality. For all of the KPIs that represent an issue. However.

using various Analyzer features. Locates Site icons on map. with one row for each individual sector in a network. A blank file. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to network analysis.1. CDMA network data is used as an example. As long as the data is in a tabular format. but the appendices show important information relating to other network technologies. Locates Site icons on map.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 10 2 Importing Cell Site Data 2. Numeric identifier for the Site. 2. In this chapter. A full list of network parameters for different technologies is given in Appendix A: Cell Site Parameters.actix. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs. to be populated with formatted data.1 Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are required for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace. Analyzer’s network data import process requires two files: • • A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. containing only Analyzer header information. Network Explorer also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer.txt. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. with one row for each sector.1 Importing Network Data This chapter describes how to import delimited network element data into Spotlight. Azimuth CDMA_Cell Azimuth www. CDMA Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Analyzer Group CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector ID Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. All other parameters are optional. you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below.com . Analyzer’s Network Explorer feature allows you to import network element data. Analyzer will be able to import the data.

Base station power. For information only. used in CDMA Toolkit calculations. PN Offset CDMA_Cell PN Base Station Power Mobile Country Code System Identity Network Identity Broadcast Identity PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging PctSync Active Set Search Window Setting CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell EIRP MCC SID NID BID PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging PctSync SRCH_WIN_A Neighbor Set Search Window Setting CDMA_Cell SRCH_WIN_N List of neighbors CDMA_Cell CDMANeighborList Sector Display – Wildcard Sector Display – Wildcard Sector Display – Wildcard CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell Face_Display Azimuth_Display Phase_Display www. For information only.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 11 Parameter Beamwidth Analyzer Group CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name Beamwidth Purpose Governs the shape of the sector ‘wedge’ icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. For information only.com . For information only. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations. Use to color sectors on the map by a custom integer field. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer.actix. Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current neighbor list settings to those suggested by Analyzer. For information only. Use to color sectors on the map by a custom integer field. For information only. Use to color sectors on the map by a custom integer field. lines to neighbor cells and to color sector/site icons on maps to reflect PN planning. For information only. For information only.

Site Names do not need to be unique – they are just used for labeling purposes. www. Additionally. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation. entries that have multiple sets of latitudes and longitudes for the same Site ID. The figure below is an example of a delimited CDMA file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. follow these guidelines: • The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location.1.com • .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 12 Parameter Layer Type Analyzer Group CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name LayerType Purpose Use this field to manage multiple cell layers to be displayed and hidden separately.actix. the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer. Position information must be accurate for Analyzer to correctly display sites in the right location on the map. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed.2 Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Analyzer does not need the cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order. 2. but to get the best results. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal value. Beware of non-unique Site IDs – that is. Duplicated Site IDs will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer.

but the method works across all network technologies. select Cells > Network Explorer. ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database.txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs • The file to be populated need not be named “cellrefs.1. www. you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information. Rename this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation. 1 To access the Network Explorer. See the section on Loading Cell Site Data later in this document for more details.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 13 • • Before importing new cells into Analyzer.3 Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file. The following example is for CDMA technology.txt”. use the File Location line in the Tools > Preferences dialog.actix. 2. #NetworkData – datafile • Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs. See Appendix A: Cell Site Parameters for more information on other technologies.com . A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: . To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data.

actix. If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information. In most cases. select Import > Import From New Template to open the Import dialog.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 14 The Network Explorer display consists of two panels.com 8 . Check the appropriate Delimiter. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data. Click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. 5 6 7 Give the Template a meaningful Template Name. www. you will not see any cell site data at this time. Adjust these settings if necessary. 2 3 4 From the toolbar. Click Next. Select the appropriate network data file. the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply.

Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. Required Required www. Repeat for each of the required fields in the CDMA_Site data node.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 15 9 Expand the CDMA_Site data node.actix. and this field must be unique for each site in the database. but this field is frequently used for the site label. Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter. based on the table below (See Appendix A: Cell Site Parameters for more information on other technologies): Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional. Required.

3 = green). Required Required Optional Required Optional Optional Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP PN MCC SID www. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter. based on the table below (See Appendix A: Cell Site Parameters for more information on other technologies): Field Sector_ID Required for proper operation? Required. 1 = red.e. 2 = blue.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 16 10 Expand the CDMA_Cell data node. Repeat for each of the required fields in the CDMA_Cell data node. Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter.actix.com . This field can be used to color sectors on the map by face number (i.

Optional. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created. Use this field to manage multiple cell layers.actix. An example of a custom field would be the phase of the site where: 1 = On Air 2 = Under Construction 3 = Planned for Next Year Azimuth_Display Phase_Display Optional. If any errors occur during the import. Drill into the CDMA Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector.com . www. An example of a custom field would be the phase of the site where: 1 = On Air 2 = Under Construction 3 = Planned for Next Year LayerType Optional. 11 Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned. but map this field to a custom integer field to color sectors on the map by that field. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. 13 Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. The Name. Location and ID of the site will appear. but map this field to the integer azimuth field in order to color sectors on the map by azimuth range. select the Save button. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors. as well as a folder containing CDMA Cell Elements. but map this field to a custom integer field to color sectors on the map by that field.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 17 Field NID BID PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging PctSync SRCH_WIN_A SRCH_WIN_N CDMANeighborList Face_Display Required for proper operation? Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional Optional. 14 To save the formatted site information.log 12 Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_CDMA_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. If the current workspace contains existing site data. Select No to append to existing data. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. Cells can be displayed or hidden on the map by layer.

16 After closing the Network Explorer. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view. right click on the CDMA_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. www. Sites can also appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude information has been transposed. this is probably due to nonunique Site IDs in the imported cell site data. 17 If cell icons do not appear on the map. If you see site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 18 15 Close the Network Explorer by clicking the “X” at the upper right hand corner.com .actix. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. view a new map by selecting View > Display New Map.

copy all of the second cellrefs file apart from the first line. click on the name of the current cellrefs file.com . Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. on the File Location line. PNs.2 Updating Cell Site Data You can make minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths. 6 By default. If cell icons do not appear on the map. Analyzer reads cell site data upon opening a new workspace.1. You now have a cellrefs file that can import data for both technologies. right click on the CDMA_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. select Tools > Preferences.actix. although this file can have any name. the cell sites are now visible. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view. In the new workspace. the formatted cell site file is known as the ‘cellrefs’ file. a formatted cell site database must exist that contains location and configuration data for each cell site. etc. www. Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text. Import the second technology and save that cellrefs file. Follow these steps to point Analyzer to a formatted cell site file: 1 2 3 4 5 From the main menu.4 Importing multiple technologies To import multiple technologies using the same cellrefs file. and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements. follow this procedure: 1 2 3 Import the first technology and save the cellrefs file. click View > Display New Map. Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. if any changes to cell site data are made. Using a text editor such as Windows Notepad.) directly from the Network Explorer.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 19 2. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. In the Change Preferences dialog.3 Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer. 2. choose File > New Workspace to create a new workspace. Click OK to close the message box. In the Open dialog. A message box will be displayed saying that the new cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. and paste it in at the end of the first cellrefs file. Therefore. Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! 2. The previous section explained how to create a cell site file from a spreadsheet containing network parameters. From the Main Menu. In Analyzer. you must start a new workspace (or reopen Analyzer) in order for the changes to take effect.

4. The following instructions specify first site labeling. The Site Labels have been formatted. “sectors” are called “cells” based on the European terminology.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 20 2. In Analyzer. press the Labels button. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. site and cell labels will be displayed on the Analyzer map. You can leave the labels as they are.1 Displaying Site Labels By default. Next. 5 6 7 If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. press the Labels button The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. select the cell layer (named CDMA_CellBeamwidth-PN) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. If you wish to change the font of the labels. or Beamwidth. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display.4 Cell Site Display 2. Azimuth. Check each of the following options: ▫ ▫ ▫ 4 Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) In the Label Properties box. The site labels are displayed independently of cell labels.com . then cell labeling: 1 2 3 In the Layer Control dialog box.actix. This allows you to display of Site Name or Site ID in addition to or instead of PN. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. select the site layer (named CDMA_SiteSite_Name) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. there are two formats of labels from which to choose: ▫ ▫ The Site_Name (default) shows only the site name. modify the way they are displayed. Check each of the following options: ▫ ▫ ▫ Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) www. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. or turn them off entirely. The KeyField label shows only the site ID. format the Cell Labels: 1 2 3 In the Layer Control dialog box. Currently.

and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels.actix. choose CDMA_Cell. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. To color the sectors according to a different field (i. Click OK in the Label Properties dialog. All CDMA_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 21 4 In the Label Properties box.4. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. sectors are colored by PN on the map. 5 6 7 2. to color sectors by face). The PN Label shows the PN for each sector. www. Sector_ID. In the Series drop-down. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. or to make all sectors the same color: 1 2 Click the Cell Sites button at the top of the map.e.com .2 Coloring Sectors on the Map By default. displayed next to the sector. If you wish to change the font of the labels.

To modify face colors. The figure below shows sectors colored by Sector_ID and labeled with the PN.e.com . Click OK to exit the Sites / Cell Properties dialog.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 22 3 Use the Cell Color drop-down choose how to color the field. 4 5 Note that the sector need not be colored and labeled by the same parameter. specify an unused field (i. 3 = blue) choose Sector_ID. www. To make all sectors the same color. 2 = yellow. Site coloring will appear as specified. MCC). Right-click on individual ranges and choose Selected Range’s Style to modify colors. Use the Layer Control dialog to adjust labeling as desired. To color sectors by face (i. 1 = red.e.actix. expand the CDMA_Cell parameter in the legend.

select Window > Tile Horizontally or Window > Tile Vertically to arrange the CellRefs Search dialog and the map in the workspace. Click the Highlight All button to highlight all matching sectors on the map. To conduct a search: 1 2 3 Display site data of interest on the map. 4 5 6 7 8 From the Results window. Use the Add.4. select Cells > Search for Cells. Ensure that CDMA is visible in the Technology drop-down. select a row to highlight and center the corresponding sector on the map.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 23 2.3 Searching for Cells Search for Cells provides a mechanism for locating specific cell sites based on user-defined search criteria. www.com . From the main menu. From the main menu. Edit and Delete buttons to modify search criteria. Click the Search Now button to show in the Results window all matching cell sites from the current cellrefs file.actix.

select Cells > Display Cell Data. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1 2 3 4 Display site data of interest on the map. Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. From the main menu.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 24 2.com . From the main menu.4.4 Viewing Cell Site Information A cell’s Azimuth. www. Beamwidth and Sector ID can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map.actix. Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window. select Window > Tile Horizontally or Window > Tile Vertically.

actix.5 Setting Thresholds for Data Import Ensure that before entering Spotlight. www.com . you set the appropriate technology thresholds to enable Spotlight to use your own criteria for identifying particular events and circumstances. See the relevant appendix for details.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 25 2.

note that you will be asked to confirm your choice. • Note that you can also choose to start in classic mode. If you already have an existing project within Spotlight's database.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 26 3 Starting Spotlight To start Spotlight.com . there are several existing projects. click on Actix Software from the Windows Start menu (or. This screen is now displayed: • • If you have just started using Spotlight. if you have a combination of licensed products. In the example screenshot shown above. click the project's related Open button to proceed to the Summary Dashboard. www. you will want to create a New Project. without the Spotlight interface and analyses. and directly investigate the data using Analyzer's rich tool set. select Spotlight from the Engineering Process dialog). If you want to Delete a listed project.actix.

• Click Next to go on to the next step. or click on New Template to create your own.actix. highlight it in the scrolling list and click Delete Template. www. Templates shipped as standard with Spotlight are shown in blue and do not have creation dates associated with them. • Type in a unique Project Name. with all KPIs and reports selected. A Master Template is available at the bottom of the list. Project templates define the extent of the data from the drive test files that you want to process and store within Spotlight's database under the project name.1 Step 1: Choose Name and Template This page is the first step in creating a new Spotlight project.com . To delete a particular template.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 27 4 Creating a Project 4. • Either select a predefined Template from the scrolling list. Note that templates that are shipped as standard with Spotlight may not be deleted.

This has many options. and is usually created using the output from a planning tool. If you want to analyze data from more than one technology. you must specify a cellrefs file for your project.) of all of the cell sites and sectors that you want to analyze. • Settings – Click this link to open the Preferences dialog box. • CellRefs – Select a valid cellrefs file that contains the details (name. • You can also use the settings and thresholds links to set various other options for your project. in case the original cellrefs file is updated to reflect changes made to the network. ID. etc. Note A cellrefs file contains network configuration information in a delimited text format. www. Note Spotlight always makes a local copy of the selected cellrefs file. simply create a new project that references the new cellrefs file. Spotlight is designed to be used for short-duration drive test campaigns. many of which configure the way various specific types of data are decoded. There are also a number of neighbor list settings for CDMA and UMTS – these are used to fine-tune the algorithms used by the neighbor list analyses in the Radio Network Explorer. and location.actix. The Spotlight project database relies on the associated cellrefs file remaining unchanged – if it is. so this should not present a problem – and if you do need to use the new cellrefs data. the cellrefs file must contain the information for all of those technologies.com .2 Step 2: Set Preferences and Thresholds • In the second step in creating a new Spotlight project.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 28 4. the project will no longer work.

you can configure the corresponding KPIs and analyses by changing those thresholds. • Thresholds – Click this link to open the Thresholds Editor.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 29 Although you can change these settings using the Data Settings link in the Radio Network Explorer's top panel. where you can configure the user-defined thresholds that are used in Spotlight. when incoming and outgoing call setup failures are stored in separate event attributes). which also provides information about which attributes are affected. The documentation provides a list of these thresholds for each technology. ▫ KPI definitions – Thresholds are used in the queries that define the raw data that is to be stored in the repository and from which the various KPIs are derived. The documentation provides information about the names of the event attributes that underlie each KPI and analysis. you should set them using the link on this page when you create the project.com . Many of the analyses in the Radio Network Explorer are also based on event attributes. www. although a few might be based on multiple event attributes (for example. This is useful when reading about event detection thresholds and helps you to look up the definition of those attributes in the Attribute Help system. Thresholds are also used in the calculations that are subsequently performed on the data as it is retrieved from the repository prior to display in Spotlight. Thresholds are used in Spotlight in two main ways: ▫ Event detection – Most of the KPIs in the Event Explorer are ultimately based on event attributes that are detected by the Actix event detection mechanism as the data is loaded into the project's repository. Note When you work in Spotlight. the UMTS pilot pollution analyses are based on the UuPilotPollution and Uu_Scan_PilotPollution event attributes. When an event detection algorithm involves a user-definable threshold. These KPIs are usually based on a single event attribute (for example. For example. make sure that you do not enable the Automatic Import options in the CellRefs group of Preferences. the GSM dropped call KPI is based on the EventCallDropped event attribute). The thresholds used in the event detection mechanisms for the various technologies are documented in detail in the Settings and Preferences section of the help.actix.

Although changing most of the preferences and thresholds will not affect the data stored in your project's repository. Note Although you can change preferences and settings at any time using the Display Thresholds and Preferences options on the main Tools menu. You should therefore think through your requirements and set the settings and preferences accordingly before you start loading data. next time you reload the project.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 30 4. this is not recommended when using Spotlight. www. it can lead to confusion and the potential for different definitions being used to generate the same event.1 What happens to the project’s preferences and threshold settings After you click the last step’s Done button. the page will be updated to reflect the new settings. it will affect drilldown data and any data that you load into Analyzer Classic for detailed analysis.2. Also. as explained earlier. because changing the CellRefs file can cause incorrect results and changing the other settings is potentially confusing. the changes will be lost when you reload the project. These saved settings are automatically reloaded whenever you subsequently open the project. As soon as you close the dialog box.) Changing other preferences and thresholds can result in subtle changes in how Spotlight decodes data. • Click Next to go on to the next step. you can change the neighbor list preferences using the Data Settings link in the Radio Network Explorer's neighbor list pages. This is done for several reasons: • Spotlight does not expect that the cellrefs file will change after you have started loading data—the addition of even a single cell sector in the cellrefs file can result in incorrect results within Spotlight (this is why Spotlight is not compatible with the Automatic Import option for cellrefs data. However. However. For example. Spotlight automatically saves the preferences and thresholds that are currently selected (including a copy of the entire cellrefs file).actix. Spotlight avoids these potential problems. it does mean that any changes you subsequently make to the preferences and thresholds while working on the project will be lost next time you reload the project.com . with a potential for confusing discrepancies between the two sets of results. defines events and determines what to store in the repository. Although changing these settings after you have started loading data into the project should not invalidate the results. the neighbor list settings will revert to those that were selected when you originally created the project. • By saving and reloading the cellrefs file and other preferences and thresholds with the project.

If underneath the selected folder there are subfolders that also contain required data files. check the Add all subfolders box. Initially. If you have a folder full of file to be processed into Spotlight. click the Add Files button and select one or more files.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 31 4.com . you must specify the data files that you want to examine. click the Add Folder button and select the folder. The template selected in step 1 defines the information that will be loaded into the project database and how it will be processed. the file list is empty: • Choose the data files to be processed by Spotlight: If you have just a few files to process.3 Step 3: Choose Data In the third step in creating a new Spotlight project.actix. www. which will be added to the list of chosen files.

The entire process of loading data is dependent on the volume of data to be loaded into the project. Spotlight supports a maximum populated data volume of about 3GB. you can remove a specific file by clicking the remove link at the end of the row. However. it can be reattached very quickly. You can also use the Remove All Files button if necessary. www.actix. The project will be saved to this folder: \Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Projects (depending on your current Windows user settings) For best use.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 32 Once the list of chosen files has been populated. • Click Done to load the data and open the Summary Dashboard.com . once the data has been loaded into the repository. aim for at least 1GB of free disk space per project.

actix. Note that due to the potential amount of information on display.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 33 5 Using the Summary Dashboard The Summary Dashboard shows an overview of the data loaded in the current Spotlight repository project. a separate tab per device will appear in the dashboard.com . so you should keep your Spotlight application window maximized at all times. www. If you have configured multiple devices during the template configuration phase. Spotlight is designed to be used at full application window size.

Once you have specified the filter. a related link appears in the navigation bar. Click on the link to show a dialog similar to this: This dialog allows you to specify any files or streams that you want to exclude from the analysis.com . and allows you to filter by time (not shown above). www. It also provides some useful functions from any stage of your analysis: If your current project uses Global Filters.1 Navigating around Spotlight At the top of the page.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 34 5. note that you need to click the Add Filter link on the right to create the filter. If you have configured regional filtering. this dialog will also give you the option to filter by region. the navigation bar allows you to move around in Spotlight.actix.

The Reports link in this table displays all the existing reports defined to run on the template.com . or by Stream.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 35 5. The Analyzer Classic tab allows you to load selected files for analysis in Analyzer: www. The three tabs allow you to filter by File and Stream.2 The Top Panel The top panel has buttons linking to the Event Explorer and Radio Network Explorer pages.actix. The Log Files link displays a dialog listing the log files processed in the project. The panel also includes a Summary table consisting of information on the loaded dataset.

The Important Issues section includes the various radio network analyses.com . The Critical Issues section includes event-based key performance indicators (KPIs) like dropped call rate. this panel highlights particular issues that have been identified in the loaded data. failed call rate and rate of calls with excessive setup time.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 36 5.3 The Issues Panel On the left of the screen. click on one of these issues to open the appropriate analysis on either the Radio Network Explorer page or the Event Explorer page. www.actix. a drop-down menu at the top of the panel allows you to switch between the technologies. If you have access to multiple technologies in the loaded data. Depending on the nature of the issue. based on the current threshold settings.

you may be able to see one or more areas that may require investigation. any events displayed on the map will use the exact position rather than a binned position. However.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 37 5. by default the map view is docked in Spotlight.com .4 The Map In Spotlight. The Summary map shows the entire drive with the default (technology-dependent) attribute plotted: • • • • CDMA EVDO GSM UMTS / HSPA EcIo_1stBest Consolidated_SINR_For_Nth_Best_Pilot[0] ServRxLevSub Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] The drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. Cell sector wedges are color-coded as follows: green sectors were serving during part of the drive yellow sectors were seen during the drive but were never serving empty sectors were not seen during the drive Note that this image shows the map window undocked. using a Spotlight report or by following a link for a critical or important issue. so they may not necessarily align with the data points. Click on this icon to control the size of map window and its docked or undocked condition. resulting in the Map icon being displayed next to the File menu at the top left of the screen.actix. From this map. www. the map is an integral part of the interface.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 38 6 Using Spotlight reports Reports are a good place to start when attempting to identify problems in the loaded data. a report must have been activated in the current project's template. to be available. A report shows all unfiltered data in the project database for the associated technology. Note that.com . These can be accessed by clicking on the Reports link from Spotlight's Summary Dashboard page.actix. Spotlight provides the following reports: • • • • • • CDMA (see p144) EVDO (see p147) EVDO Rev A (see p151) GSM (see p155) HSPA (see p160) UMTS (see p165) www. Here's an example HSPA report: Navigation tabs on the bottom left let you explore the various pages of the report.

which may cause you problems in some situations. Note that the web page has an associated subfolder with a unique name containing various image and other files relating to that report. However. the Show Excel Report button lets you open the report as a Microsoft Excel file. The Save button exports the report as a web page. the image files in each subfolder are always called image1. because otherwise the report will be updated with the maps from project B. This means that if you save the report in Excel for a project (A) and then run the report again on a different project (B). Excel will display a message saying that the workbook contains links to other data sources and asking whether you want to update them. From here. image2. or simply save the report as an Excel file or print it out. the map bitmaps will be updated to reflect the data in project B. www. Make sure you choose the Don't Update option.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 39 On the bottom right.com . you can use the functionality of Excel to perform further analyses on the data.gif. Note that the maps are inserted into the Excel file as linked bitmaps. If you subsequently reopen the workbook that you saved for project A.gif.actix.

.1 About the Radio Network Explorer You can access the Radio Network analyses from the Radio Network Explorer icon at the top of the Summary Dashboard page: .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 40 7 Using the Radio Network Explorer 7.com ..or by clicking on an appropriate Issue link in the Issues panel on the left of the Summary Dashboard page: www.actix.

taking you to the appropriate analysis. www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 41 The available Radio Network analyses for all technologies are as follows: • • • • • • • • • • • CDMA/EVDO Cell Coverage CDMA/EVDO Neighbor List CDMA/EVDO Pilot Pollution EVDO System Performance LTE Cell Coverage GSM 2G Missing Neighbors GSM Cell Coverage UMTS/HSPA 3G Neighbor List UMTS/HSPA 3G-2G Neighbor List UMTS/HSPA Cell Coverage UMTS/HSPA Cell Pilot Pollution When you are viewing a particular Radio Explorer analysis page. At the top left.actix. you will see a tab for each of these. you may find that several analysis conditions apply.com . depending on the data loaded in the project.

7.2.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 42 7.2 CDMA / EVDO Cell Coverage analysis You can use this analysis to: • • • • Determine the coverage footprint for each cell. Determine the relative grade of service as regards to EcIo.actix. as defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold. Visualize where cells are overshooting their coverage design boundary. based on user-defined thresholds.2 Using the cell coverage analysis 1 Click on an appropriate issue link (or on the Radio Network Explorer image followed by the Cell Coverage tab) to open the Cell Coverage analysis page. 7. Visualize where a cell is the best server.2. www. shown by the red line surrounding a selected cell.1 Before you start You can use scanner or handset data for this analysis.com . Mobile Rx Power and Mobile TX Power for selected cell(s).

Sector 3.com . by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position.Site A. Look for differences between the # > Dist. Some samples (highlighted) are shown well outside the overspill threshold (the red circle around the selected cell) and close to another cell. any events displayed on the map (for example. www. click on the column heading # > Dist. value and # Samples. 2 3 From the top table.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 43 Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. Be careful not to include sectors with low sample counts (for example. Here is one such site . However. below 50) as these will not be statistically relevant. so events might not align with the data points.actix. to sort the table by this value.

Where Seen to visualize the coverage situation for the loaded data. Note that as the samples are now no longer seen.com . www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 44 4 In this example. scanner data is available. this is not a problem.actix. so select the Analysis to be Scanner .

Site B Sector 2. First. www. check that the two cells are twoway neighbors.com . we find another potential problem sector.actix. which could be solved by downtilting the selected sector.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 45 Continuing to investigate the sectors from the top table. There may be a problem with the highlighted neighboring sector.

Attributes – List of most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map. and shows the coverage footprint for only those cells that were the best servers at some point in the drive. plus Grade of Service percentages for the entire drive. Analysis – Select Scanner (Best Server/Where Seen) or Handset (Best Server/Where Seen) analysis. The map also shows the Grade of Service (the legend also shows sample counts). Where Seen mode shows the Ec/Io whenever the cell was measured. Overview – Displays in the left panel an overview of statistics. A table shows details of the sites: Best EcIo. • • • • • • • www.2. and the map zooms to the site and displays its coverage. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. The analysis can operate in two modes: Best Server and Where Seen. Map . So while looking at pilot pollution you could dump the CDMA Dropped Call event on the map and quickly find out if the call dropped due to pilot pollution. Best Server mode shows the Ec/Io when the selected cell was the best server is displayed.actix. and CDMA Grade of Service.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 46 7. EcIo and the CDMA_Important_Issues (CDMA Grade of Service) attribute. as defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold. The red circle represents the coverage design boundary. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list.Shows summary information. Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site. configured using SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold. the side panel displays overview information.When no rows are selected. Changing the mode affects the Ec/Io attribute that is displayed on the map. Events – List of the event attributes that can be plotted on the map. Select a PN to color red all the sites with this PN. the map shows the coverage wedge for the selected cell.com . Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. PN Search – Visualize a PN on the map. the panel shows various KPI values for the site and a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. Data points outside this circle represent overspill. Side Panel . Rx Power. so you can quickly identify co-PN locations. A red line indicates the maximum range for the analysis.3 Features of this analysis page • • Top Panel .When you click a row in the top table or on a site on the map. When a site is selected.

Mobile Tx Power compared with CDMA_MobileTxPowerThreshold . Mobile Rx Power compared with CDMA_MobileRxPowerThreshold . failed call and voice call with poor quality. failed call and voice call with poor quality.This condition is used in conjunction with EcIo and Mobile Rx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call. Recommended value is 5 dBm.This condition is used in conjunction with EcIo and Mobile Tx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call. Values should vary between -75 and -90 dBm.com . failed call and voice call with poor quality. • • www. Recommended value is -80 dBm.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 47 This table shows how the CDMA Grade of Service is computed at each point: CDMA Grade of Service Excess interference External interference Weak reverse link Weak forward link Low Rx signal Poor coverage *Conditions: EcIo condition* Within Within Exceed Within Exceed Within MRx Power condition* Exceed Exceed Exceed Within Within Within MTX Power condition* Within Exceed Exceed Within Exceed Exceed • EcIo compared with CDMA_EcIoCombinedThreshold . Values should vary between 0 and 10 dBm.This condition is used in conjunction with Mobile Rx Power and Mobile Tx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call. Recommended value is -12 dB. Values should vary between -16 and -12 dB.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 48 7. 7. The missing neighbor algorithm generates add. from the Summary Dashboard page click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on this tab.1 Before you start For this analysis.2 Using the neighbor list analysis 1 To start this analysis. 2 3 Go to the top table and sort by the Add column.3. 7. or click on an appropriate Issue in the left-hand Issues panel. If you have not done so before. check the data settings that control the neighbor list analysis algorithm. www.3. remove and retain neighbor recommendations for each site and cell based on scanner measurements.3 CDMA / EVDO Neighbor List analysis This lets you use scanner data to optimize neighbor lists for sites within a userdefined radius of the selected cell. the project will need to contain scanner data.com .actix. You can now see the sector with the highest number of recommended additions to its neighbor list. and these can be exported directly to a CSV file for easy import and to update the switch directly.

or for reasons related to the data settings. Also. you may know that one or more sites will be going off-air and should not be selected. 5 Examine each suggested additional neighbor.com .actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 49 4 Click on the top row in the table to show information for that sector. You may have reasons for refusing to accept the suggestion on geographical grounds (for example. so events might not align with the data points. The map now shows green lines to each new neighbor recommendation. as occurs several times in this example). The map also displays the data points used in the analysis. However. any events displayed on the map (for example. which will immediately update the analysis. by editing the CSV file). Note that in this case you will not be able to output your choice. If you disagree with a suggested addition.in which case you may also want to alter the related data setting. you may think that the number of samples was too small to justify the addition . existing cells between the sector and the suggested addition. www. The thickness of each line shows how well the suggestion meets the criteria of the analysis. For example. and will need to make the correction to the switch manually (for example. The circle represents the user-defined radius used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. you may want to use the PN Search feature to find an alternative sector to add to the neighbor list. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position.

actix. So if you selected 3 additions. Note that the number beside the button changes to match your selection. you can click the related button in the table to mark your choice. which shows each recommendation for a sector individually. the number would show 0/6. This can be useful if there are a large number of recommendations and you need to keep track of how many you have already selected. If you clicked the button. as necessary. Note that by default the map does not show lines for removal recommendations. You can now go through the same process for the 'Removals' column. if there were 6 suggested additions in the first row. you can output them to a CSV file. 7 8 Repeat this process for each row in the top table. you can use the table in the side panel on the left. If you do not want to select every recommendation for a sector. with none currently selected for export. For example. the number would read 6/6. this would result in the number reading 3/6. Once you are satisfied with the recommendations that you have selected.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 50 6 If you accept all suggestions for a sector. From the top of the page. click the Export data link. 9 www.

Events – List of the event attributes that can be plotted on the map.Summary information is displayed in the top panel. This helps in quickly identifying co-PN locations. Attributes – List of most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map.3.com . which can be used to build lists of suggested neighbor cells to add and remove. The circle represents the user defined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. Map . Check boxes next to a recommendation can be selected for export to a CSV file. lines to neighbors are drawn from that site. Defines the maximum number of cells in the neighbor list. This is used to reduce the effect of stray signals. Export data – Select this link to export neighbor recommendations to a CSV file. It includes in a tabular form number of addition. • • • • • • • • 7.3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . Clicking on a row in this table causes neighbor information for the selected cell to be displayed in the side panel. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 51 7. 13 1 www. Defines the percentage of samples that must be reached to trigger a cell being added as a suggested neighbor. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. See below for more information.Details of the neighbor recommendations are displayed on the side panel. All of the options take effect immediately after you click OK. removals and retains neighbor recommendations for every site. PN Search – Visualize a PN on the map. and lines to neighbors to be drawn on the map. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. Input a PN to visualize on the map and this feature would color red all the sites with this PN. Side Panel .3. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list.4 Data Settings Setting Ec/Io Threshold (dB) Maximum Neighbors Addition Threshold (%) Default -17 Description Only scanner measurements above this used-defined EcIo threshold will be included in the analysis. Data Settings – This link opens up a dialog box for configuring the algorithm that Spotlight uses for the missing neighbor analysis.actix.When a row is clicked in the top panel or a site is clicked on the map.

When the percentages of samples fall below this threshold. www.2 Description Defines the minimum percentage of samples that cells in the current neighbor list must achieve in order to be recommended for retention in the list.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 52 Setting Removal Threshold (%) Default 0. for that cell to be considered for inclusion in the serving cell's neighbor list. Note that the algorithm works off Binned data. and also that only cells angled towards the data point are suggested. set this value to 0. This threshold ensures that missing neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals or back-lobes. and the angle to site threshold in lighter blue arcs on either side. To disable this feature. Minimum Measurements Maximum Intersite Distance (meters) 50 20000 Angle to site threshold (degrees) 90 In this example. To disable this feature. Defines the maximum angle between the edge of a cell's beam width and the data point.actix. set this value to 0. cells will be recommended for removal from the list. For rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense urban environment. and are also within the Maximum Intersite Distance (the blue circle). Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io Threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis. Acceptable data points are within this threshold of the candidate sector's beam width. Defines the maximum line-of-sight distance in meters between two cells for one to be considered for inclusion on the other's neighbor list.com . use a higher value. the beam width is shown as a darker blue arc.

actix. Selected 32 Once a potential neighbor list has been calculated for each data point. the longer it will take a handset to find appropriate neighbors. retentions and removals. Select this option to analyze the neighbors of the best cell only.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 53 Setting Include existing neighbors Only process first best PN Max Neighbor List Size Default Selected Description Select this option for the current neighbor list in the cellrefs file to be considered for additions and removals. This is compared with the existing list to calculate which are additions. they are aggregated by serving cell to produce the recommended neighbor list. De-select this option if you want to analyze the neighbor list of all of the cells within the reporting range. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. www. Note that the more potential neighbors you add. Allows you to define the maximum number of recommended neighbors.com .

by using the Events drop-down menu) will use their exact position rather than a binned position. However.2 Using the pilot pollution analysis 1 To start this analysis. www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 54 7. 7.4 CDMA / EVDO Pilot Pollution analysis This lets you quickly identify pilot pollution in the inbound (how the selected sector is being polluted by other sectors) and outbound (how the selected sector is polluting other sectors) directions. You can determine the relative degree of pollution for each cell and prioritize which cells in the network are strong candidates for downtilts and coverage optimization. click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on the Cell Pilot Pollution tab. events plotted on the map (for example. and view the offending sectors on the map. 7. The map shows the drive test data and the Pilot Pollution events. such as Too Many Servers (a pilot pollution issue).1 Before you start You can use scanner or handset data for this analysis. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template.4.com . so events might not align with the data points.4. from the Summary Dashboard. click on an appropriate Issue in the left-hand Issues panel. Alternatively.actix.

Rolling over a line with the cursor shows a pop-up message box giving more information on the pollution. The left hand panel displays details of the outbound pollution for the selected sector. Outbound pollution lines are drawn in red from the selected sector to the sectors being polluted. based on the loaded data. Inbound pilot pollution lines are drawn in blue.com . the sector with the most associated pilot pollution problems). The map now highlights the selected sector.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 55 2 Sort the top table by Pilot Pollution Events and click on the top row (that is. www. the selected sector is polluting three other sectors. Sector 3. In this example. In this example that is CDMA_Site_41. which has 183 pilot pollution events. The thickness of the lines indicates the degree to which pilot pollution was detected for the selected sector. The arrow on each line points from the polluting sector to the polluted sector.

actix. Note that you can also sort this table . the selected sector is being polluted by five other sectors. or if the serving cell needs uptilting for greater coverage. which helps you identify distant sectors that might need downtilting.com . The left hand panel displays details of the inbound pollution for the selected sector.for example by distance. www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 56 3 Now de-select the Outbound Pilot Pollution Total box to hide the outbound polluting lines and select the Inbound Pilot Pollution Total box. In this example.

while looking at pilot pollution you could dump the CDMA Dropped Call / EVDO Dropped Connections event on the map and quickly find out if the connection was dropped due to pilot pollution.com . Side Panel .3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . Map .actix. lines to inbound as well as outbound pollution are drawn from that site. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. PN Search – Visualize a PN on the map. So. Events – Lists event attributes. The lines to polluters have a direction arrow suggesting inbound or outbound pollution.Shows details of the inbound and outbound pollution for the selected site. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. • • • • • • • • www. Clicking on a row in this table displays pilot pollution information for the selected cell in the side panel. Select one or more to plot on the map. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. Analysis – Select Scanner or Handset analysis. Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 57 7. Click on a column title to sort the table by this value. and draws lines to polluters on the map.4. Select a PN to color red all the sites with this PN so you can quickly identify co-PN locations. All the pilot pollution events involving the site are also plotted on the map. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list.When you click a row in the top table or on a site on the map. It includes in a tabular form the number of pilot pollution events for each site and the total number of inbound/outbound polluters. Select one or more to plot on the map. Overview – Click to display an overview of pilot pollution for the entire drive.Shows summary information.

5 EVDO System Performance analysis EVDO system coverage tests are intended to characterize network performance and coverage. and verify that the system meets the following recommended performance criteria: • • • Signal to Interference & Noise Ratio (SINR) Packet Error Rate (PER) Mobile Tx Power • • • • Mobile Rx Power RLP Rx Throughput RLP Tx Throughput DRC Rate 7.5. select the EVDO Report.2 Using the system performance analysis 1 Before using this analysis. 7.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 58 7. Examine the report to obtain an overview of the system performance.5.1 Before you start For this analysis. Click on the Radio Network Explorer icon and then the System Performance tab. 2 www.com .actix. the project will need to contain handset data. from the Summary Dashboard.

Check the # Samples column to make sure that you are looking at data that is statistically significant .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 59 The System Performance page provides information on whether a particular performance metric has been met for the various sectors shown in the top table. www. any Events displayed on the map (for example. However.actix. Click the column title # < Threshold to show the sectors with the highest number of samples that exceed the performance threshold. so events might not align with the data points.com . with 50 or more samples. 3 4 Select from the Metrics drop-down menu the performance metric that you want to examine. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template.for example. The Performance Met column shows whether the currently selected metric has been achieved or failed for each sector. by using the drop-down menu) will use the exact event position rather than a binned position. 5 Click on a row in the table to show various KPI values for the selected site and a distribution chart for the currently selected metric.

7. total samples. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list.com . When no rows are selected. performance met/not met result etc.actix. Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site and a distribution chart for the metric.When you click a row in the top table or on a site on the map. including information such as the Average metric.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 60 6 Click on the sector icon next to the Performance Met column heading to show on the map those sectors that are not performing adequately. A table shows information on individual sites.3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel.Shows summary information. Map . the map shows the corresponding metric for the selected site. Side Panel . The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. You can select the metric on which to run the test from the Metrics drop-down menu.Displays various KPI values for the selected site and a distribution chart for the currently selected metric. • • • • www. Attributes – List of most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map. and by default the SINR analysis is presented. overview information is displayed in the side panel and on the map.5.

Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. 7. Overview – Click on this link to display an overview of system performance for the entire drive. PN Search – Visualize a PN on the map.com .% of High PER) > (EVDO_PER_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % Mobile Rx Power Compares AGCPower_Received_Antenna0 with the userdefined Rx Power threshold EVDO_MobileRxPower_Threshold. High PER % = (Measurement bins with PER > Thresh) / (Total measurement bins) X 100 Performance criteria met. Specify a PN to color red all the sites with this PN. Low SINR % = (Measurement bins with SINR < Thresh) / (Total Measurement bins)) X 100 Performance criteria met. if: (1 .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 61 • • • • Events – List of the event attributes that can be plotted on the map.4 Performance metrics Metric SINR Notes Compares Consolidated_SINR_For_Nth_Best_Pilot_0 with the user-defined SINR threshold Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold.% of Low RX) > (EVDO_RXPWR_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % Mobile Tx Power Compares TotalPower_Transmitted with the user-defined TX Pwr threshold EVDO_MobileTxPower_Threshold. if: ((1 . You can easily switch between metrics. if: (1 .% of High TX) > (EVDO_TXPWR_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % www. Metrics – Select the performance metric to be used for the analysis.% of Low SINR) > (EVDO_SINR_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % PER Compares PER_Instantaneous with the user-defined PER threshold Average_PER_Threshold. to quickly identify Co-PN locations.actix. Low Rx Power % = (Meas Bins with Rx Power < Thresh) / (Total measurement bins) X 100 Performance criteria met. if: (1 . High TX Power % = (Meas Bins with TX Power > Thresh) / (Total measurement bins) X 100 Performance criteria met.5.

if: (1 . Low RLP Rx Thpt % = (Meas Bins with RLP Rx Thpt < Thresh) / (Total measurement bins) X 100 Performance criteria met.% of Low RLP TX) > (RLPTxThpt_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % DRC Rate Compares DataRate_Requested_ShortTermAverage_Kbps with the user-defined DRC Rate threshold EVDO_DRC_Rate_Requested_Threshold. if: (1 .actix.% of Low RLP Rx) > (RLPRxThpt_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % RLP Tx Throughput Compares EVDO_RLP_Tx_Throughput_Instantaneous with the user-defined RLP threshold Average_TxRlpThputInst_Threshold. Low RLP TX Thpt % = (Meas Bins with RLP TX Thpt < Thresh) / (Total measurement bins) X 100 Performance criteria met.com . Low DRC % = (Bins with DRC < Thresh) / (Total measurement bins) X 100 Performance criteria met.% of Low DRC) > (EVDO_DRC_Recommended_Performance_Threshold) % www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 62 Metric RLP Rx Throughput Notes Compares EVDO_RLP_Rx_Throughput_Instantaneous with the user-defined RLP threshold Average_RxRlpThputInst_Threshold. if: (1 .

Visualize where a cell is the best server. and so are unreliable to use in this investigation. 7. for example the issue shown above. Visualize where cells are overshooting their coverage design boundary as defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold (drawn as a red circle on the map). Mobile Rx Power and Mobile TX Power for selected cell(s). See Coverage criteria to see how this was derived. 7. within the range G_Interference_Radius (drawn as a dotted blue circle on the map). Visualize the neighbor BCCH.actix. '#'. based on a user-defined threshold.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 63 7. TCH and BSIC plans. click on an appropriate 'issue' link to open the Cell Coverage analysis page. 1 2 From the Summary Dashboard. www.1 Before you start You can use scanner or handset data for this analysis.com . Determine the relative grade of service as regards to EcIo.2 Example of No Dominance The Summary Dashboard shows an Important Issue: '% area with No Serving Cell Dominance'.6.6. Note that several rows in the top table have a low sample count.6 GSM Cell Coverage analysis You can use this analysis to: • • • • • Determine the coverage footprint for each cell.

www. No Serving Cell Dominance): Attribute ServRxQualSub ServRxLevSub NumNeighbors within 5 dB Important Issue Poor Voice Quality Poor Signal Strength No Serving Cell Dominance The attribute is used in the calculation to identify the issue.actix. 50 counts. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. 4 From the Attribute drop-down menu. as explained in Coverage criteria. say. any events displayed on the map (for example. However. so events might not align with the data points.com . select an attribute to plot on the map. Click Add Filter and OK.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 64 3 To remove rows with low sample counts. base on the related Important Issue from the Summary Dashboard (for this example. apply a Filter with a threshold of. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position.

which shows that it covers an unnecessarily large area. www. This could be corrected by applying some downtilt to the sector. a problem row has been selected. The second map image shows RxLev (Where Seen) plotted for the same sector. which highlights an area of poor dominance (drawn in red).actix. The first map image shows the 'NumNeighbors within 5 dB' attribute plotted. In the example below.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 65 5 Examine the top table of the analysis for indications of poorly performing cells relating to the Important Issue. and select likely candidate rows.

select the Visualization tab. On the map you can see the selected sector in gray.6. www. If you have interference.actix.com . together with colored co-channel.3 Example of GSM visualization This analysis can also be used to highlight and investigate interference issues. Now from the side panel. Depending on the information available. If TCH information is present in the cellrefs file. adjacent lower and adjacent higher interference sectors.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 66 7. based on the information held in the cellrefs file. In this example. which is usually an indicator of interference. The cell coverage radius is shown as a red circle. up to four radio buttons are displayed at the top of the panel with which you can pick the required type of cell plan visualization. and TCHList information will appear in the pop-up sector information. radio buttons will be displayed for the two TCH display options. 1 2 Use the top table to locate and select cells exhibiting this combination of poor RxQual and good RxLev. the Quality tab of the side panel shows a high percentage of Poor RxQual at the same time as Good RxLev. and the cell plan visualization radius is shown as a dotted blue circle. you may need to see if there are any cells in the area that have the same frequencies.

RxQual. (Average. Best Server mode shows the Ec/Io attribute when the selected cell was the best server (and also RxQual). the map shows the coverage wedge for the selected cell. RxLev. Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map.When you click a row in the top table or on a site on the map. where: UL = UE Tx Power . Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site and the map zooms to the site and displays its coverage. Min). Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. % >180 Beam – Percentage of points outside a hypothetical beamwidth of 180 degrees. The table containing the following information: ▫ Handset (Where Seen / Best Server) • • • • • • BCCH # . Ensure that the site you are looking at has a statistically viable number of samples. if the difference is greater the 8 dB. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages.com .Number of samples greater than the coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold). The Where Seen mode shows RxLev whenever the cell was measured.actix. Input a SC to visualize on the map and this feature would color red all the sites with this SC. This quickly identifies co-SC locations.) . > D(ist. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. % > Beam – Percentage of points outside the cell beamwidth.Number of samples.RxLevSub www.4 Features of this analysis page • Map . Analysis – The page can operate in two analysis modes: Best Server and Where Seen. Link Diff – This is the difference between UL and DL pathloss and is used to highlight cell with possible LNA (TMA) issues. EcIo & RSCP.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 67 7. coverage footprints can only be seen for those cells that were best servers at least once during the drive. and data points outside this circle represent overspill.Shows a table of summary information. Max.6. Events – Lists the event attributes that can be plotted on the map. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. Top Panel . Note that clicking on the icon only displays the Average value. SC Search – Visualize a SC on the map. The red circle represents the user-configured coverage design boundary.BTS Sensitivity + BTS Antenna Gain DL = BTS EIRP .

• Side Panel . www. Note that if you have the Visualization tab selected and you select a sector not included in the visualization. ▫ Quality tab .actix. and will need to click on a row in the top table to show them again.Each tab displays various KPIs for the selected site. Poor Lv and No Dom .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 68 Poor Ql.com .(Handset data only) Shows the percentage of Good and Poor RxQual and RxLev in the data (see Coverage criteria for details).see Coverage criteria below for details. you will lose the other tabs. ▫ Scanner (Where Seen / Best Server) As Handset but no RxQual or Link Diff information in the top table.

BCCH adjacent lower. • Visualization tab . TCH (if available in the cellrefs file) and Co BSIC co. Note that the color is determined by the first satisfied condition. so there may appear to be a discrepancy between the two views. TCH co-interference.Displays a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 69 • Distance tab . Display Thresholds command). See also the previous worked example of GSM visualization. out to a distance defined by the threshold G_Interference_Radius (which can be changed using the Tools. as defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold (changeable from the Tools. Note that the side panel only shows Best Server data.and adjacent channel interference on the map by coloring in the interfering sectors. Display Thresholds command).com . so if you set the Analysis (see below) to 'Where Seen'. in the following order: BCCH co-interference. BCCH adjacent upper. TCH adjacent upper.Displays BCCH. www.actix. the map will only show Where Seen data. TCH adjacent lower. A red line at the top indicates the maximum range for the analysis (equating to the red circle on the map).

there is 1 BCCH channel and 3 TCH channels used by the sector.com . So in the BCCH example below.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 70 %Intrf or %Interference in the visualization table is the ratio between the number of interfering channels in common and the sum of all the channels on the cell. www. and so the %Intrf is 100% x 1/4 = 25%. Each row shows three interfering TCH channels. Each row shows only one interfering BCCH channel. and so the %Intrf is 100% x 3/4 = 75%.actix. there is 1 BCCH channel and 3 TCH channels used by the sector. In the TCH example below.

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TCH Co/adjacent Channel % is shown below. This type of visualization is inappropriate for frequency hopping - that is, where baseband or synthesized traffic channels are being used.

Co BSIC visualization is shown below. This is used to distinguish between two different cells which are on the same BCCH. Orange sectors show that there is another cell on the same BSIC (co BSIC channel interference), and red sectors show that the cell also has the same BCCH.

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7.6.5 Coverage criteria
Condition Poor Voice Quality Poor Signal Strength No Serving Cell Dominance Top table column or Quality tab* Poor Quality, Poor Ql Poor Leverl, Poor Lv No Dom Criteria ServRxQualSub < G_RxQualSub_Max threshold ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min threshold If the sum of all these conditions is > 2: ((ServRxLevSubNborRxLev[n])<5) * (abs(ServBCCHNborBCCH[n])<375), where n is 0 to 5. Where none of the above conditions is true.

Good Design

G. Design %

*This is the percentage of data points where one (or more than one) condition applies.

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7.7 GSM 2G Missing Neighbors analysis
This lets you use scanner data to optimize neighbor lists for sites within a userdefined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) of the selected cell. Where the serving cell cannot carry a call due to interference or poor radio conditions, the call needs to be moved to a better cell. If the cellrefs file contains neighbor information, the analysis examines the relationship between the existing neighbors and the potential neighbors as seen by the scanner, and generates add, remove and retain recommendations for each site and cell. You can export the suggestions made by the analysis directly to a CSV file for easy import and to update the switch directly.

7.7.1 Before you start
You will need to have loaded a suitable GSM scanner stream.

7.7.2 Using the neighbor list analysis
1 To start this analysis, from the Summary Dashboard page, click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on this tab, or click on an appropriate link in the left-hand Issues panel. If you have not done so before, check the data settings that control the neighbor list analysis algorithm. In this example, we will be interested in the Minimum Samples and the Addition Threshold. If you alter a data setting, the analysis will immediately update.

2

3

Sort the top table by the Add column. You can now see the sector with the highest number of recommended additions to its neighbor list. Check that the Server Count column shows an acceptable value (you can also define a cutoff threshold using Minimum Samples in the Data Settings dialog as shown above).

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4

Click on the top row in the table to show information for that sector.

The map now shows lines to the recommended additions (there are many additions in this example as the cellrefs file does not contain any 3G-2G neighbor definitions - therefore there are also no retentions or removals suggested). The thickness of each line shows how well the suggestion meets the criteria of the analysis. The circle represents the radius of the Maximum Intersite Distance (defined in the Data Settings dialog) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. The map also displays the data points used in the analysis. The side panel on the left shows each recommendation for a sector individually, sorted by the % of data points that meet the recommendation algorithm. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. However, any events displayed on the map (for example, by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position, so events might not align with the data points.

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You could now go through the same process for the 'Removals' column (this example contains no 'removals' suggestions). if there were 12 suggested additions in the first row. For example.com . Also. this would result in the number reading 5/12.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 75 5 Examine each suggested additional neighbor. www. You may have reasons for refusing to accept the suggestion on geographical grounds (for example. 6 7 Repeat this process for each row in the top table. If you do not want to select every recommendation for a sector. existing cells between the sector and the suggested addition). the number would read 12/12. If you clicked the button. you can use the table in the side panel on the left. you may know that one or more sites will be going off-air and should not be selected.actix. you can click the related button in the table to mark your choice. the longer it will take for a handset to find appropriate neighbors. If you accept all suggestions for a sector. This can be useful if there are a large number of recommendations and you need to keep track of how many you have already selected. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. but you can also control this using the Data Settings link at the top of the screen and specify a new Max Neighbor List Size value. Note that the more potential neighbors you add. Note that the number beside the button changes to match your selection. as necessary. or for reasons related to the data settings. So if you selected 5 additions. You may well have an upper limit already defined by your internal guidelines. Note that by default the map does not show lines for removal recommendations. with none currently selected for export. the number would show 0/12.

When you click a row in the table or a site on the map. lines to neighbors are drawn from that site. Data Settings – This link opens up a dialog box for configuring the algorithm that Spotlight uses for the missing neighbor analysis. Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map.Shows add.7. 7. • • • • • • • www. removal and retention neighbor recommendations for every site. together with related site information.com .3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . See below for more information. From the top of the page. The box beside each recommendation type shows which color it will be drawn in on the map click on the check box to show or hide that particular recommendation type (by default. Events – Lists the event attributes that can be plotted on the map.Shows details of the neighbor recommendations. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. you can output them to a CSV file. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. Map .actix. Check boxes next to a recommendation can be selected for export to a CSV file. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. The circle represents the user-defined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. click the Export data link. which can be used to build lists of suggested neighbor cells to add and remove. The map also shows the data points used in the analysis. Removals are not shown). and draw lines to neighbors on the map. All of the options take effect immediately after you click OK. Export data – Select this link to export neighbor recommendations to a CSV file. Side Panel . Clicking on a row in this table displays neighbor information for the selected cell in the side panel.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 76 8 Once you are satisfied with the recommendations that you have selected. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list.

Defines the percentage of samples that must be reached to trigger a cell being added as a suggested neighbor. see below) from X’s neighbor list.com . where the percentage is: 100 * (No.actix. Select this option to analyze the neighbors of the best cell only. This is used to reduce the effect of stray signals. For rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense urban environment. Allows you to define the maximum number of recommended neighbors. To disable this feature.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 77 7. De-select this option if you want to analyze the neighbor list of all of the cells meeting the other criteria. cells will be recommended for removal from the list. Defines the maximum line-of-sight distance in meters between two cells for one to be considered for inclusion on the other's neighbor list.4 Data settings for this page Setting RxLev Threshold (dB) Reporting Range (dB) Addition Threshold (%) Default -95 Description The RxLev of the serving cell must be better than this threshold value for the cell to be considered in this analysis. Note that the algorithm works off Binned data. of samples where cell X is the serving cell to Y) / (Total no. When the percentages of samples fall below this threshold. use a higher value. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. The RxLev of any candidate neighbor cell must be no worse than this value from the RxLev Threshold for the cell to be considered in this analysis (so no worse than –100 dB if using the default value for RxLev Threshold). 5 1 Minimal Samples Maximum Intersite Distance (meters) 50 5000 Only process first best ARFCN Max Neighbor List Size Selected 32 www. Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io Threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis. set this value to 0.2 Defines the minimum percentage of samples that cells in the current neighbor list must achieve in order to be recommended for retention in the list. Removal Threshold (%) 0. of samples where X is the serving cell) where the thresholds relate to whether Y should be added (or removed. Note that the more potential neighbors you add.7. the longer it will take for a handset to find appropriate neighbors.

and are also within the Maximum Intersite Distance (the blue circle). retentions and removals. To disable this feature.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 78 Setting Angle to site threshold (degrees) Default 90 Description Defines the maximum angle between the edge of a cell's beam width and the data point. Acceptable data points are within this threshold of the candidate sector's beam width. and the angle to site threshold in lighter blue arcs on either side. and also that only cells angled towards the data point are suggested. This threshold ensures that missing neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals or back-lobes. they are aggregated by serving cell to produce the recommended neighbor list.actix. In this example. the beam width is shown as a darker blue arc. www.com . for that cell to be considered for inclusion in the serving cell's neighbor list. set this value to 0. Once a potential neighbor list has been calculated for each data point. This is compared with the existing list to calculate which are additions.

1 Before you start You can only use scanner data for this analysis. Note that these thresholds have already been applied to the loaded data. by selecting a cell.8 LTE Cell Coverage analysis You can use this analysis to: • • • Determine the coverage footprint for each cell.com . Quickly visualize where a cell is the best server.actix.8. click on an appropriate issue link or the Radio Explorer icon to open the Cell Coverage analysis page. and changing the thresholds at this point will have no effect on the analysis.2 Example The Summary Dashboard shows an Important Issue relating to Poor Coverage. www.8. 7. Hovering over the link shows the thresholds used to identify this issue. Visually determine where cells are overshooting their coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold). 1 From the Summary Dashboard.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 79 7. 7.

> and enter 50. www. To remove rows with low sample counts. 50 counts by selecting #Samples.actix. apply a Filter with a threshold of. so examine the top table of the analysis for indications of poorly performing cells. Click Add Filter and OK. say. Note that several rows have a low sample count and so are unreliable to use in this investigation.com . 3 4 Sort by Av RSRP by clicking on the column heading.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 80 2 The Issues panel showed a high percentage of Poor Coverage issues.

7 Looking at the map. note that there are some samples with poor RSRP despite being very close to the problem sector.com .actix. www. 6 Select the top sector row.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 81 5 Color the cells by RSRP by clicking on the multi-cell icon beside the column heading (the icon should become colored to indicate this is toggled on).

In multi-carrier environments. The red circle represents the user-configured coverage design boundary. Dist tab – Displays a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured. > Dist . Side Panel Quality tab – Displays a quadrant chart with the percentage values of points in good/bad RSRP and good/bad RSRQ. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. Best Server mode shows the RSRP when the selected cell was the best server. you can perform analyses from the perspective of one carrier.Number of samples greater than the coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold). A red line indicates the maximum range for the analysis. The table contains the following information: ▫ Scanner # .8. this feature would color red all the cell(s) matching the selected criteria. RSRQ (Max. • Map .com • • • • . the map shows the coverage wedge for the selected cell. or PCI (previously named L1_CID) to visualize. RSRP and RSRQ. as defined by LTE_Scan_PoorRSRP_Threshold and LTE_Scan_PoorRSRQ_Threshold. >180 Beam – Percentage of points outside an imaginary beamwidth of 180 degrees. and data points outside this circle represent overspill. Input a Site Name. > Beam – Percentage of points outside the cell beamwidth.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 82 7. The Where Seen mode shows the RSRP whenever the cell was measured.Number of samples. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. The map zooms to the site and displays its coverage.actix. Min. Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site.When you click a row in the top table or on a site on the map. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel.Shows a table of summary information. Sector ID. Currently there are no events to display. Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map. RSRP. Ave). coverage footprints can only be seen for those cells that were best servers at least once during the drive. • • Analysis – Select LTE Scanner Where Seen or Best Server analysis mode. www. Cell Search – Visualize a cell on the map. as defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold. Vis tab – Displays cell details. Changing the mode affects the RSRP attribute that is displayed on the map. Ensure that you are looking at a statistically sensible number of samples.3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . Events – Lists the event attributes that can be plotted on the map.

7. the analysis examines the relationship between the existing neighbors and the potential neighbors as seen by the scanner. If you alter a data setting. or click on an appropriate link in the left-hand Issues panel. If the cellrefs file contains neighbor information. click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on this tab. You can export the suggestions made by the analysis directly to a CSV file for easy import and to update the switch directly.actix. remove and retain recommendations for each site and cell. Check that the Server Count column shows an acceptable value (you can also define a cutoff threshold using Minimum Samples in the Data Settings dialog as shown above).1 Before you start You will need to have loaded a suitable GSM scanner stream. www. and generates add. You can now see the sector with the highest number of recommended additions to its neighbor list.9. Where the serving cell cannot carry a call due to interference or poor radio conditions.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 83 7.com . 2 3 Sort the top table by the Add column. the call needs to be moved to a better cell. check the data settings that control the neighbor list analysis algorithm.2 Using the neighbor list analysis 1 To start this analysis.9.9 UMTS / HSPA 3G Neighbor List analysis This lets you use scanner data to optimize neighbor lists for sites within a userdefined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) of the selected cell. the analysis will immediately update. from the Summary Dashboard page. If you have not done so before. 7. we will be interested in the Minimum Samples and the Addition Threshold. In this example.

com . The map also displays the data points used in the analysis. sorted by the % of data points that meet the recommendation algorithm. www. The circle represents the radius of the Maximum Intersite Distance (defined in the Data Settings dialog) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. However. The side panel on the left shows each recommendation for a sector individually. The map now shows lines to the recommended additions (there are many additions in this example as the cellrefs file does not contain any 3G-2G neighbor definitions . any events displayed on the map (for example.therefore there are also no retentions or removals suggested).Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 84 4 Click on the top row in the table to show information for that sector. so events might not align with the data points.actix. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position. The thickness of each line shows how well the suggestion meets the criteria of the analysis.

you may know that one or more sites will be going off-air and should not be selected. For example. www. you can use the table in the side panel on the left. the longer it will take a handset to find appropriate neighbors. or for reasons related to the data settings. You may well have an upper limit already defined by your internal guidelines. You may have reasons for refusing to accept the suggestion on geographical grounds (for example. there were 12 suggested additions in the first row.com .actix. the number would read 12/12. with none currently selected for export. You could now go through the same process for the 'Removals' column (this example contains no 'removals' suggestions). Note that the more potential neighbors you add. If you clicked the button. existing cells between the sector and the suggested addition). as necessary. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. the number would show 0/12. Also.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 85 5 Examine each suggested additional neighbor. So if you selected 5 additions. 6 7 Repeat this process for each row in the top table. but you can also control this using the Data Settings link at the top of the screen and specify a new Max Neighbor List Size value. If you accept all suggestions for a sector. this would result in the number reading 5/12. Note that by default the map does not show lines for removal recommendations. you can click the related button in the table to mark your choice. If you do not want to select every recommendation for a sector. Note that the number beside the button changes to match your selection. This can be useful if there are a large number of recommendations and you need to keep track of how many you have already selected.

Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map. Check boxes next to a recommendation can be selected for export to a CSV file. Events – Lists the event attributes that can be plotted on the map. click the Export data link. which can be used to build lists of suggested neighbor cells to add and remove. Find SC – This link allows you to visualize an SC on the map. Map . and draw lines to neighbors on the map.9. Specify an SC and this feature colors red all the sites using this SC. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. lines to neighbors are drawn from that site. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 86 8 Once you are satisfied with the recommendations that you have selected. Side Panel . Export data – Select this link to export neighbor recommendations to a CSV file.com . • • • • • • • • • www.Shows details of the neighbor recommendations. From the top of the page.Shows add. The circle represents the user-defined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. All of the options take effect immediately after you click OK. you can output them to a CSV file. Data Settings – This link opens up a dialog box for configuring the algorithm that Spotlight uses for the missing neighbor analysis. removal and retention neighbor recommendations for every site. 7. Removals are not shown). Scanner Frequency – The results can be filtered by carrier. See below for more information. The map also shows the data points used in the analysis. The box beside each recommendation type shows which color it will be drawn in on the map click on the check box to show or hide that particular recommendation type (by default.When you click a row in the table or a site on the map. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. together with related site information.3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . Clicking on a row in this table displays neighbor information for the selected cell in the side panel. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages.actix.

actix.2 Minimal Samples Maximum Intersite Distance (meters) 50 5000 Only process first best ARFCN Max Neighbor List Size Selected 32 www. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. Defines the minimum percentage of samples that cells in the current neighbor list must achieve in order to be recommended for retention in the list. Select this option to analyze the neighbors of the best cell only. 5 1 0. The RxLev of the serving cell must be no further than this from the RxLev Threshold before the cell will be considered in the analysis (so no worse than -100 dB if using the default values). use a higher value.com . Defines the percentage of samples that must be reached to trigger a cell being added as a suggested neighbor. To disable this feature. For rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense urban environment. set this value to 0. This is used to reduce the effect of stray signals. De-select this option if you want to analyze the neighbor list of all of the cells meeting the other criteria. Allows you to define the maximum number of recommended neighbors.4 Data settings for this page Setting RxLev Threshold (dB) Reporting Range (dB) Addition Threshold (%) Removal Threshold (%) Default -95 Description The RxLev of the serving cell must be better than this value before the cell will be considered in the analysis. When the percentages of samples fall below this threshold.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 87 7.9. cells will be recommended for removal from the list. Note that the algorithm works off Binned data Defines the maximum line-of-sight distance in meters between two cells for one to be considered for inclusion on the other's neighbor list. the longer it will take for a handset to find appropriate neighbors. Note that the more potential neighbors you add. Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io Threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis.

To disable this feature.actix. and are also within the Maximum Intersite Distance (the blue circle). for that cell to be considered for inclusion in the serving cell's neighbor list. they are aggregated by serving cell to produce the recommended neighbor list. Acceptable data points are within this threshold of the candidate sector's beam width. and also that only cells angled towards the data point are suggested. In this example. Once a potential neighbor list has been calculated for each data point. set this value to 0. the beam width is shown as a darker blue arc.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 88 Setting Angle to site threshold (degrees) Default 90 Description Defines the maximum angle between the edge of a cell's beam width and the data point. and the angle to site threshold in lighter blue arcs on either side. This is compared with the existing list to calculate which are additions. This threshold ensures that missing neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals or back-lobes. www. retentions and removals.com .

it must have been logged in idle mode.and the call needs to be carried out or completed in the 2G network . These are cells that have not been defined in the neighbor list of the strongest cell at a given location. remove and retain recommendations for each site and cell. which must contain a field called GSMNeighborList on the WCDMA_Cell network element. but which have an RxLevel good enough to be added to the UE’s neighbor list as a potential cell to hand over from 3G to 2G. These must have been loaded using a suitable matching cellrefs file. from the Summary Dashboard page.com . or click on an appropriate Issue in the left-hand Issues panel: www. Increasingly.are typically caused by missing neighbors.10 UMTS / HSPA 3G-2G Neighbor List analysis This lets you use scanner data to optimize neighbor lists for sites within a userdefined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) of the selected cell. the analysis examines the relationship between the existing neighbors and the potential neighbors as seen by the scanner.2 Using the neighbor list analysis 1 To start this analysis.1 Before you start You will need to have loaded the following: • • • A UMTS scanner stream that relates to a single UMTS frequency.10. If the cellrefs file contains neighbor information. 7. A GSM scanner or handset stream that was logged at the same time.actix. and generates add. UMTS scanners are able to scan several frequencies (identified by the UARFCN) simultaneously. You can export the suggestions made by the analysis directly to a CSV file for easy import and to update the switch directly.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 89 7. 7.10. click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on this tab. Situations where the 3G network cannot carry a call due to interference or poor radio conditions . If a handset stream is used.

4 Click on the top row in the table to show information for that sector. You can now see the sector with the highest number of recommended additions to its neighbor list. check the data settings that control the neighbor list analysis algorithm. Check that the Server Count column shows an acceptable value (you can also define a cutoff threshold using the Minimum Sample Count as shown above). 3 Sort the top table by the Add column. In this example.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 90 2 If you have not done so before.actix. www.com . If you alter a data setting. we will be interested in the Minimum Sample Count and the Addition Threshold. the analysis will immediately update.

so events might not align with the data points. If you clicked the button. If you do not want to select every recommendation for a sector. However. 5 Examine each suggested additional neighbor. the number would show 0/51. Note that the number beside the button changes to match your selection. any events displayed on the map (for example. the number would read 51/51. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position. you can click the related button in the table to mark your choice. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 91 The map now shows lines to the recommended additions (there are many additions in this example as the cellrefs file does not contain any 3G-2G neighbor definitions . if there were 51 suggested additions in the first row.therefore there are also no retentions or removals suggested). For example. The map also displays the data points used in the analysis. This can be useful if. there are a large number of recommendations and you need to keep track of how many you have already selected.com . So if you selected 13 additions. with none currently selected for export.actix. The side panel on the left shows each recommendation for a sector individually. www. this would result in the number reading 13/51. as in this example. you can use the table in the side panel on the left. The thickness of each line shows how well the suggestion meets the criteria of the analysis. sorted by the % of data points that meet the recommendation algorithm. If you accept all suggestions for a sector. The circle represents the user-defined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors.

and draw lines to neighbors on the map. From the top of the page.10. You could now go through the same process for the 'Removals' column (this example contains no 'removals' suggestions). existing cells between the sector and the suggested addition). or for reasons related to the data settings. Note that in this case you will not be able to output your choice. as necessary.When you click a row in the table or a site on the map. Clicking on a row in this table displays neighbor information for the selected cell in the side panel. together with related site information. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. by editing the CSV file). 6 If you disagree with a suggested addition. The box beside each recommendation type shows which color it will be drawn in on the map click on the check box to show or hide that particular recommendation type (by default. you may want to use the SC Search feature to find an alternative sector to add to the neighbor list. Once you are satisfied with the recommendations that you have selected. the longer it will take for a handset to find appropriate neighbors. you can output them to a CSV file. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. Events – Lists the event attributes that can be plotted on the map.Shows add. The circle represents the user-defined radius (Maximum Intersite Distance) used by the analysis to identify potential neighbors. removal and retention neighbor recommendations for every site. The map also shows the data points used in the analysis.3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . www. Removals are not shown). Map . Also. You may well have an upper limit already defined by your internal guidelines. click the Export data link.actix. Check boxes next to a recommendation can be selected for export to a CSV file. Note that by default the map does not show lines for removal recommendations. Repeat this process for each row in the top table. Another problem that arises from this example (due to no 3G2G neighbor data in the cellrefs file) is the sheer number of suggested additions: 51.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 92 You may have reasons for refusing to accept the suggestion on geographical grounds (for example. Note that the more potential neighbors you add. Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map. compared with the maximum permitted number of 32. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. lines to neighbors are drawn from that site. and will need to make the correction to the switch manually (for example. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. you may know that one or more sites will be going off-air and should not be selected.Shows details of the neighbor recommendations. Side Panel .com • • • • • . 7 8 9 7.

To disable this feature. Defines the percentage of samples that must be reached to trigger a cell being added as a suggested neighbor. • 7. Specify an SC and this feature colors red all the sites using this SC. which can be used to build lists of suggested neighbor cells to add and remove. Defines the maximum line-of-sight distance in meters between two cells for one to be considered for inclusion on the other's neighbor list. If a potential neighbor has passed the UMTS threshold criteria described above. A neighboring cell must have an RSCP of less than or equal to this value to be included on the potential neighbor list. Data Settings – This link opens up a dialog box for configuring the algorithm that Spotlight uses for the missing neighbor analysis. Note that the algorithm works off Binned data.10. Only sectors which have been measured above the Ec/Io Threshold at least this many times will be included in the analysis. of samples where cell X is the serving cell to Y) / (Total no. For rural areas where the average intersite distance is naturally greater than a dense urban environment. All of the options take effect immediately after you click OK. of samples where X is the serving cell) where the thresholds relate to whether Y should be added (or removed. A neighboring cell must have an EcIo of less than or equal to this value to be included on the potential neighbor list. where the percentage is: 100 * (No.com . now the potential neighbor must have a measured BSIC greater than or equal to this value to be included on the potential neighbor list. RSCP.actix. set this value to 0. EcIo or RSCP.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 93 • • • Export data – Select this link to export neighbor recommendations to a CSV file. select EcIo. See below for more information. see below) from X’s neighbor list. -100 -95 50 5000 Addition Threshold (%) 1 www. Find SC – Visualize an SC on the map. Scanner Frequency – The results can be filtered by carrier. use a higher value.4 Data settings for this page Setting UMTS Threshold Type EcIo Threshold (dBm) RSCP Threshold (dBm) GSM Neighbor Threshold (dBm) Minimal Sample Count Maximum Intersite Distance (meters) 0 Default Description Depending on which measurement your network uses for determining when to hand over. or EcIo and RSCP. This is used to reduce the effect of stray signals.

Note that the more potential neighbors you add. This is compared with the existing list to calculate which are additions. for that cell to be considered for inclusion in the serving cell's neighbor list.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 94 Setting Removal Threshold (%) Default 0. cells will be recommended for removal from the list. Select this option to analyze the neighbors of the best cell only. retentions and removals. set this value to 0.com . This threshold ensures that missing neighbors are not suggested from reflected signals or back-lobes. and also that only cells angled towards the data point are suggested.2 Description Defines the minimum percentage of samples that cells in the current neighbor list must achieve in order to be recommended for retention in the list. Once a potential neighbor list has been calculated for each data point. and the angle to site threshold in lighter blue arcs on either side. the longer it will take for a handset to find appropriate neighbors.actix. Only process first best SC Max Neighbor List Size Selected 32 Angle to site threshold (degrees) 90 In this example. To disable this feature. Defines the maximum angle between the edge of a cell's beam width and the data point. De-select this option if you want to analyze the neighbor list of all of the cells meeting the other criteria. Allows you to define the maximum number of recommended neighbors. and are also within the Maximum Intersite Distance (the blue circle). www. Acceptable data points are within this threshold of the candidate sector's beam width. conceivably resulting in a dropped call. When the percentages of samples fall below this threshold. the beam width is shown as a darker blue arc. they are aggregated by serving cell to produce the recommended neighbor list.

and changing the thresholds at this point will have no effect on the analysis.2 Example using handset data The Summary Dashboard shows an Important Issue relating to Poor Coverage. 7.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 95 7.com .11. click on an appropriate issue link or the Radio Explorer icon to open the Cell Coverage analysis page. by selecting a cell. 10 From the Summary Dashboard.1 Before you start You can use scanner or handset data for this analysis. Quickly visualize where a cell is the best server. Note that several rows have a low sample count and so are unreliable to use in this investigation.11 UMTS / HSPA Cell Coverage analysis You can use this analysis to: • • • Determine the coverage footprint for each cell. www. 7. Hovering over the link shows the thresholds used to identify this issue. 11 The Issues panel showed a high percentage of System Interference issues. Note that these thresholds have already been applied to the loaded data.11. so examine the top table of the analysis for indications of poorly performing cells.actix. Visually determine where cells are overshooting their coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold).

say.actix. www. Click Add Filter and OK. 14 Color the cells by EcIo by clicking on the icon beside the column heading. Select the top sector row.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 96 12 To remove rows with low sample counts. 50 counts. apply a Filter with a threshold of. 13 Sort by Ave EcIo by clicking on the column heading.com .

any events displayed on the map (for example.plotting the Uu_ActiveSet_Count attribute shows that there is only one clear server. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. so events might not align with the data points. Site 8130 Sector B.com . by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position. 16 So what other cells are interfering to cause this situation? Experiment with plotting various Events and Attributes . However. This may indicate a missing neighbor. note that there are some samples with poor EcIo despite being very close to the problem sector.actix. www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 97 15 Looking at the map.

See the 3G Neighbor List analysis for more information. Here we can see that there is a suggested addition to the neighbor list.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 98 17 Click on the 3G Neighbor List tab.actix. Note that the map and table keep the focus on the selected cell. www. so exporting and using that new neighbor should solve the problem.

5 www.actix. Select the top sector row. sort by >180 Beam by clicking on the column heading. 1 2 3 4 Click on the issue link to open the Cell Coverage analysis page. as described in the previous example.3 Example using scanner data The Summary Dashboard shows an Important Issue where a large percentage of data points were identified as being outside the beamwidth of the serving cell. Note that the top two sectors are in the same site.11. As the problem concerns data points outside the serving cell beamwidth.com . Color the map cells by >180 Beam by clicking on the icon next to the column heading. Filter out any rows with low sample counts.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 99 7.

actix. you select the Analysis 'Scanner . >180 Beam. . EcNo. Select the other sector from the table or the map to confirm that this is a crossfeeder situation. note that the samples seen for the selected sector appear in the beam of the other offending sector.Number of samples greater than the coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold). > Dist. 7. Ave). The table contains the following information: ▫ Scanner # . Min. Ensure that you are looking at a statistically sensible number of samples.com . Looking at the map. Ensure that you are looking at a statistically sensible number of samples. EcNo.Shows a table of summary information. RSCP (Max.Number of samples.Number of samples. – Percentage of points outside the cell beamwidth. Min. > Dist.4 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . > Beam.Where Seen'.11. . – Percentage of points outside an imaginary beamwidth of 180 degrees. if the difference is greater the 8 dB. www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 100 6 7 Ensure that in the top panel.Number of samples greater than the coverage design boundary (defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold). Link Diff. – This is the difference between UL and DL pathloss and is used to highlight cell with possible LNA (TMA) issues. RSCP (Max. Ave). ▫ Handset # .

and data points outside this circle represent overspill.Displays various KPI values for the site selected and a histogram of the distances at which the cell was measured. The red circle represents the user-configured coverage design boundary. www. Analysis – Select Scanner (Best Server/Where Seen) or Handset (Best Server/Where Seen) analysis. EcIo & RSCP. you can perform analyses from the perspective of one carrier. Input a SC to visualize on the map and this feature would color red all the sites with this SC. This quickly identifies co-SC locations. The page can operate in two modes: Best Server and Where Seen. Side Panel . • Map . The map zooms to the site and displays its coverage. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the list. the map shows the coverage wedge for the selected cell. Events – Lists the event attributes that can be plotted on the map.com . Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel. Best Server mode shows the Ec/Io when the selected cell was the best server. as defined by SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold. System interference % Limited coverage % Poor UL & DL % Clicking on a row in this table causes the side panel to display more information about the site. Note that in multi-carrier environments. coverage footprints can only be seen for those cells that were best servers at least once during the drive. A red line indicates the maximum range for the analysis. Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes that can be plotted on the map.When you click a row in the top table or on a site on the map. • • • • • • SC Search – Visualize a SC on the map. The Where Seen mode shows the Ec/Io whenever the cell was measured.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 101 Downlink Interference factor.actix. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. Changing the mode affects the Ec/Io attribute that is displayed on the map.

7. such as Too Many Servers (a pilot pollution issue).1 Before you start You can use scanner or handset data for this analysis.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 102 7.12. www. from the Summary Dashboard. You can also select single or multiple events to see lines to the sectors contributing to the pollution.12. and view the offending sectors on the map. Alternatively.2 Example using scanner data 1 To start this analysis.12 UMTS / HSPA Cell Pilot Pollution analysis This lets you quickly identify pilot pollution in the inbound (how the selected sector is being polluted by other sectors) and outbound (how the selected sector is polluting other sectors) directions.actix.com . click on the Radio Network Explorer button and click on the Cell Pilot Pollution tab. click on an appropriate Issue in the left-hand Issues panel. 2 Sort the top table by Outbound Cells and click on the top row. You can determine the relative degree of pollution for each cell and prioritize which cells in the network are strong candidates for downtilts and coverage optimization. 7.

com . The arrow on each line points from the polluting sector to the polluted sector. by using the Events drop-down menu) will use the exact position rather than a binned position.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 103 In this example. any events displayed on the map (for example. Rolling over the lines with the cursor displays more detailed information (see the example below). 5 www. 3 De-select the Inbound Cells box to hide the inbound polluting lines.actix. to show lines to cells. based on the loaded data. drag a box around the area with a cluster of Too Many Server events. 4 The inbound polluters are shown by blue lines. The map now highlights the selected sector. Inbound pilot pollution lines are drawn in blue. Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. Outbound pollution lines are drawn in red from the selected sector to the sectors being polluted. and that you can hide or show these polluting lines by clearing or checking the related box in the top table. However. The thickness of the lines indicates the degree to which pilot pollution was detected for the selected sector. and Outbound and Inbound Cell polluters. as the selected sector 55662 looks like the best candidate for investigation as it has a high number of Too Many Servers events. so events might not align with the data points. De-select Outbound Cells and select Inbound Cells. On the map. The map also shows the Too Many Server events.

At this point you could use the Cell Coverage tab to see the best way to improve the coverage for the selected sector. so you would need to improve the coverage in that area. and a few polluting cells are some distance away. de-select Inbound Cells and select Outbound Cells.com .actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 104 There is no clear dominator in this area. 6 To see how the selected sector is polluting other sectors. In the image below. the EcIo values have been plotted on the map to confirm the situation near the Too Many Server events. www. from the top table.

Attributes – Lists the most commonly used attributes. Side Panel . All the pilot pollution events involving the site are also plotted on the map. to draw lines to inbound as well as outbound pollution from that site.com . and lines to polluters to be drawn on the map. The lines to polluters have a direction arrow suggesting inbound or outbound pollution. Map . Select one or more to plot on the map.Summary information is displayed in the top panel.3 Features of this analysis page • Top Panel . 7. Currently plotted attributes are shown in red in the • • • • www.Click a row in the top panel or a site on the map. Clicking on a row in this table causes pilot pollution information for the selected cell to be displayed in the side panel.12.Shows details of the inbound and outbound pollution for the selected site. Filters – Select this link to specify filters for the table on the top panel.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 105 The selected sector is causing pollution at quite a distance. This confirms that the selected sector may need some downtilt to avoid causing the pollution and to increase nearby coverage. It includes in a tabular form the number of pilot pollution events for each site and the total number of inbound/outbound polluters. Use the Cell Coverage tab to see how best to improve the coverage for the selected sector.actix. past much closer sectors.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 106 list. One important source of interference in a WCDMA network comes from the signals transmitted by surrounding cells (inter-cell interference). The more users in the system. • • 7. the interference level is directly related to the user density in the considered cell and neighbors. defined as Home cell noise/Total noise. Is = 2 x CPICH RSCP So the F factor. Of course all additions and subtractions should be done linearly (first convert from dB to Watts…). www. Currently plotted events are shown in red in the list. Select one or more to plot on the map. So. can be written as: F = Io / Is = ( UE RSSI – Nt – (2 x CPICH RSCP)) / (2 x CPICH RSCP) 2 x RSCP is also measured RSCP + 3dB. Analysis – Select Scanner or Handset analysis. while looking at pilot pollution. such as in UMTS FDD mode. The currently selected attributes will be kept as you move between Spotlight's analysis pages. Note that the formula is only valid for unloaded networks that do not experience much fading. So. SC Search – Visualize a SC on the map. so you can quickly identify co-SC locations. A satisfactory Eb/N0 value is of paramount importance in maintaining a satisfactory quality of service (measured using Frame Erasure Rate or Block Error Rate). • Events – Lists event attributes. Io / Is. The F factor can also indicate pilot pollution—coverage quality will suffer from an increased load as the F factor increases. the higher the interference and the smaller the cell range. and therefore interference is directly linked to the coverage and capacity of such a network.com . whether you are looking at a totally new network or a secondgeneration network that is migrating to 3G. The F factor can be calculated from measurements as follows: CPICH Ec/Io = CPICH RSCP – UE RSSI UE RSSI = Nt + Is + Io where: Nt = thermal noise of the UE (-100 dBm) Is = Interference (received power fraction) coming from same cell Io = Interference (received power fraction) coming from other cell We know that in an unloaded network.13 About the Interference factor (‘F’ factor) With CDMA technology.actix. understanding the relationship between coverage and capacity— and how it is affected by interference and transmit power—is essential for UMTS network planning. As a result. you could plot the UMTS Dropped Call event on the map and quickly see if the call dropped due to pilot pollution. This is represented by the F factor. interference is a critical factor because communication occurs on the same frequency band and time slot. Input a SC to color red all the sites with this SC. and affects both the cell range and capacity of the system.

because at the edge of cells the F-factor will naturally be higher. the capacity of this cell will be impacted.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 107 A good value for the F factor is below 3 (or 4) over 95% of the cell area.1 Example 1 .13. and even more so when the network becomes loaded.Low 'F' factor In the example below. most of the DL interference (F-factor) is below 5 across most of the drive.actix. www. Note When examining drive data. 7.com . the F-Factor is very dependent on the route. If a cell has a higher value.

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7.13.2 Example 2 - High 'F' factor
In the example below, there are areas where the DL interference is high, even with a cell site in the area (for example - middle bottom). The region could suffer from capacity issues as the network usage increases. Thus, the region needs some optimization, in the form of downtilts, azimuth changes, or new sites.

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8 Using the Event Explorer
8.1 About the Event Explorer
The Event Explorer provides a detailed analysis of critical failure events. You could arrive at this page from the Summary Dashboard as a result of clicking on an appropriate Issue or on the Event Explorer icon.

8.1.1 Worked example investigating dropped calls
In this case, we have chosen to analyze call drops and so all the dropped call events appear on the map. The cell wedges are color coded to represent dropped call numbers. The side panel lists all the critical events occurring in the drive. When using this page, you can work from the data in the top table or from the diagnostics panel on the left. The table in the top panel has a row for each site and lists the failure rates for that site. Note that the table shows a set of KPIs that correspond to the current Category (selected from a drop down menu above the top table – this prevents the table from becoming cluttered by only showing a small set of related KPIs at the same time).

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Selecting the heading sorts the table by that KPI. The symbol beside the top table heading indicates the additional effect of selection:

Selecting a heading with an on the map.

icon allows you to visualize the KPIs and events

Selecting a heading with an icon allows you to visualize the KPIs and events on the map and also displays the diagnostics on the left panel. If the top table shows high values for a particular problem KPI, check the top left hand box to enable the selection boxes for each row. Then check each row with high problem KPIs. The side panel is now filtered to show the events appearing for only the selected site/sector rows. If there are many rows in the table, you might want to sort by the Diagnostics column to see the diagnostic types grouped alphabetically.

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In this example, EcIo has been selected from the Attributes menu at the top and displayed on the map. There are some poor values surrounding the dropped call event, which is expected for a handover problem. Plotting pilot pollution events may also help you to understand the situation here.

Note that drive test data is binned according to the selections made in step 4 of defining the project template. However, any events displayed on the map will use the exact position rather than a binned position, so they may not necessarily align with the data points. Drilldown allows you to view selected data related to the event on the Drilldown page, which shows a range of analysis views appropriate to the type of diagnosis. For more information, see the section on Drilldown on p112.

8.1.2 Features of this analysis page

• •

Filters – The table on the top panel can be filtered by adding filters through this dialog Attributes drop-down menu – List of attributes that are most useful in analyzing drive data. For example, for UMTS data you could select Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo. From the map, you could see if EcNo is higher around a dropped call, which would suggest that the call quality was degrading immediately before the event. See the Attribute / Event Help (available from the Help menu) for more information. Events drop-down menu – List of the event attributes that can be plotted on the map. See the Attribute / Event Help (available from the Help menu) for more information.

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Typically this will be for an HSPA network.com . To set the thresholds. www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 112 • Detailed event diagnostics . consisting of these sections: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Causes – Shows possible causes for the event Further Explanation – Provides details on the causes for the event Further Analysis – Suggests how to proceed with further analysis Measurement Information .2 Data Service Analysis You can use this analysis to examine the data service performance of your network.actix. probably working in conjunction with some legacy UMTS or GPRS areas.The left hand side panel provides a diagnosis for the failure event.Provides RF measurement data around the event 8. Make sure that you set the Data Service Analysis thresholds to suit your requirements before loading the data. The screenshot below shows the Data Service Analysis Summary page. from the top menu select Tools > Display Thresholds and go to the Data Service Analysis section.

Percentage of FTP upload or download tasks below the absolute threshold value.actix. As an example of how the composite threshold value is calculated. Task is used to refer to any data upload or download. an FTP ‘put’ or ‘get’. consider a data download Task where the UE spends 80% of the time in Cell_DCH and 20% in HSPA. for example. browsing a web page or a ‘ping’ test. Percentage of FTP upload or download tasks below the composite threshold value (consisting of the composite threshold value for each technology involved in the logged data).com . Clicking on an Issue link takes you to the Event Explorer page for Data Service Analysis: www. The composite throughput threshold is: (80% x ApplicationLowTput_UMTS_DL_Threshold) + (20% x Application_LowTput_HSDPA_DL_Threshold) For more information on the thresholds used to identify these issues.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 113 The Issues panel reports on the following issues: • • • Task Failure Rate. see Appendix D: Data Service Analysis thresholds.

com .actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 114 Here is an example of a drilldown into upload data. there are two main obvious causes for low throughput: • • Many spikes of high NACK rate Many radio drops In the second half of the Task. showing the HSUPA Radio Chart from the drilldown analysis: HSUPA Radio Chart In the first half of the Task. www. we can see a correlation between higher SGI and higher throughput (labeled 1 in the screenshot).

actix. if the radio resources are sufficient you may need to balance the load properly between the sectors.com . The possible causes and corresponding actions would be: • Low radio bandwidth – deploy an additional frequency here. www. showing the HSDPA Radio Chart from the drilldown analysis: HSDPA Radio Chart Examining this HSPA call leads to three routes for improving the radio network performances (labeled in the above screenshot): 1 Low UE frame usage The throughput (the blue line at the top) clearly matches the UE frame usage (the histogram near the bottom). Extended periods of low UE frame usage could indicate that the HSPA network is congested in this area.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 115 Here is an example of a drilldown into download data.

8. on the bottom side panel.com . Avoid ping pong between cells. The data buffer for the UE in the Node B empties periodically. The possible causes would be: • • The Scheduler in the Node B periodically reduces the scheduling for this UE in order to average out the throughput between users.actix. other reasons to use drilldown may be that you may have some engineering knowledge or familiarity with the locality that leads you to suspect that the diagnosis may not be considering these factors.1 Why use drilldown? • • Initially you will want to be reassured that the Spotlight diagnosis is correct. The reason could be a data buffer dimensioning issue somewhere in the data transmission chain. 8. If you want to drill down further to investigate at the message level.3. The possible improvements would be: • • Change the HSPA cell change criteria in the RNC to speed up HSPA cell changes. 3 Spikes of low throughput In this example. or an Iub capacity issue. click on the check box next to an event to drill down further. www. As you become familiar with Spotlight’s event diagnostics. 2 Low throughput at HSPA cell change HSPA cell changes seem to be responsible for a high degradation in CQI and a low UE frame usage.3 Drill Down from the Event Explorer All Spotlight analyses in the Event Explorer and Radio Network Explorer pages use data from the project database. we see regular spikes of low throughput.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 116 • The Iub link capacity cannot support the user traffic – add more Iub capacity for this Node B. because the data gets transferred on the air interface faster than the Node B gets data from the RNC.

This may take a long time for a large file.3.2 Specifying a drilldown window Check the Drill Down box for one or more events. you can specify a window of time around the event using the Before Window and After Window fields.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 117 8. In this example on the right. Note If you do not define a large-enough drilldown window. The Drilldown controls let you specify the amount of data you want to load from the related data file and display on the Drilldown page.actix. although in practice it is more efficient to select multiple calls for the drilldown analysis. A simple method is to check the Load Entire File box to load the whole file containing the event for further analysis. If you leave Load Entire File blank. This is faster than loading the entire file. The technology of the loaded data determines how the drilldown window actually operates: www.com . Spotlight will only load data for that time window. there is only one dropped call event and that has been selected. the window might not include the appropriate messages that trigger the event.

This will take you to the detailed Drilldown page.com . www. click on Begin Drilldown.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 118 Once you have input the Before Window and After Window values.actix.

The table on the left shows a row for each Dropped Call event selected for further drilldown. we are examining a series of dropped call events. www.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 119 8. The top Dropped Call event has been selected for drilldown.3 The Drilldown page In this example. together with a diagnosis of the cause.3.actix. clicking on the Begin Drilldown button starts the drilldown process and displays the drilldown page.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 120 The page shows several views to help you analyze the event in more detail. EcNo. called a screen layout. and also make use of the Replay control to step through the data. Each drilldown that is based on a different failure event will have its own screen layout.com . A Protocol Stack Browser provides detailed messaging around the event. You can access standard Analyzer views from the View menu. The UMTS Event Navigator shows the event and the serving SC. • • • Detailed Event Diagnostics are in a panel on the left. This particular layout provides most of the information needed to diagnose a dropped call. www. Note All the views will have data only for the time window specified in the previous step. is standard for this type of event. also showing the originating data file name. RSCP and Tx power information around the event.actix. A map and the UMTS Event Navigator window display attributes relating to the selected event. This set of views. The charts give the SIR.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 121 9 Performing a more detailed analysis You may want to perform a detailed analysis of the selected data. 9.com . 2 Click the Analyzer Classic tab to show a list of loaded files. In order to do this. click on the Log Files link. you can view a list of the files loaded into the current project's repository and select which of them to load into Analyzer Classic.1 Before you start You must already have created a project and loaded files into the repository. 9.actix.2 To load data into Analyzer Classic 1 From the Summary Dashboard's Repository Summary table. www. 3 Check the box to the left of each file that you want to load into Analyzer Classic.

com . Once the load is complete. the current views are minimized and two new views are displayed: an Attribute Explorer on the left. you can click on the Return to Spotlight link. which will restore the Spotlight view.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 122 Files that are already loaded have their boxes checked and disabled. and a new Task Window positioned in the top right corner of the available screen area. containing a single Return to Spotlight link. When you have finished using Analyzer Classic. If you do not want to return to Analyzer Classic and re-examine the selected data. 4 Click the Load Files button. Note that this will not close any files that have been loaded into Analyzer Classic which are not listed as loaded into the project repository. www. This loads any checked files that are not already loaded. and can be unloaded using the Unload All button (which is disabled if there are no loaded files). Note that this does not affect the project database in any way. you can now click on the Unload All button to close files loaded into Classic. 5 6 Perform analyses on the data using the advanced tools available in Analyzer Classic.

com . www. where a set of selected criteria apply. This would be useful if. click on the Reports link to open the Reports dialog. Each image shows a particular attribute plotted in relation to a sector. GSM. Now click on the Batch Sector Plot link. for instance. 3 Select the appropriate Technology. and Handset only for EVDO. you require a set of images to use in a management report that shows the results from drive test data imported into Actix Spotlight. but include Scanner and Handset for CDMA.actix. To use Batch Sector Plot 1 2 From the Spotlight Dashboard. This opens the Batch Sector Plot dialog. UMTS. The available options will depend on the data currently loaded.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 123 10 Batch Sector Plot The Batch Sector Plot function lets you export a series of images.

Cells on the same SC but that were not seen during the drive will not be highlighted. check the Legend box. Only one attribute may be exported for each use of this function. The legend for a plot is always output in BMP format regardless of this selection. Where Best – the image only includes those points where the cell was the best server during the drive(s). check the Coverage Wedge box. Select the Map Image Format: PNG – The default map image format option. BMP – This results in much larger graphics files. 7 Select the Min Sample Count threshold. www. as PNG files are small yet remain clear. and the choice is By SC or By Sector. the example shown is for UMTS Scanner.actix.) is chosen. If by SC (or BCCH etc. If you use Insert Object in Excel. click the Generate button. plus the highlighted cells. then all sectors on that SC (and UARFCN if defined in the cellrefs) will be exported in one image. Some sectors may appear on the screen very briefly – these failed to match the selected criteria. Now select the Footprint for the cell in each output image: Where Seen – the image only includes those points where the cell could be seen during the drive(s). Only links to BMP files will show the actual image – other formats will only show an image icon. Sector or other selection that meets the other criteria entered in this dialog. The available options will depend on the selected Technology. 10 To display the coverage wedge and overspill circle.com . The number of points for the attribute must be equal to or higher than this value for an image to be exported. and is only recommended if you intend to use the images with Microsoft Excel.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 124 4 Select the Attribute that you want to display on the output images. One image will be exported for each SC. 12 Once you are satisfied with your selections. The coverage wedge and overspill distance circle are drawn by default 11 To export the legend for each image as a separate BMP image. 8 9 Enter the Map Image Size in pixels. This depends on the selected Technology. Spotlight will now cycle through the sectors and create an image for each one that matches your criteria. The cell is only included if it was best server at some point in the drive(s). you have the ability to link to a graphics file. plus a 4% padding. Each image will cover the area of the Union of the bounds of the attributes. where Size X is the width of the image and Size Y is the height. The legend is not be exported by default. 5 6 Select how you want to Plot the results.

bmp yyyy-mm-dd-hhmm. Windows Explorer opens at that folder. Any legend BMP files are output into the same folder using the same number. so they can easily be matched to the related plot file.png When the batch run ends.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 125 The images are consecutively numbered and placed in a folder with a time-stamped name: yyyy-mm-dd-hhmm. Some sample results are shown below: www.com .

You then need to fill out options on the following pages: • • • • • Step 1: Choose Name and Starting Template Step 2: Choose Devices Step 3: Choose KPIs and Reports Step 4: Choose Attributes Step 5: Choose Global Filters www.actix. but also how the data is organized and this can affect the validity of the analysis. Although Spotlight is based on repository technology. click New Template. start a new Spotlight project and on the Creating a New Project: Step 1 page. project templates are not the same as repository templates. To create a Spotlight project template. For example. if you include KPIs and reports that are not relevant. because it controls not only what analysis is available. Spotlight uses a default repository template that is supplied with Spotlight. particularly when creating the project and loading data into it. and how the data is to be stored in the repository. Configuring a project template correctly is important. When you create a project template using Spotlight's New Template option. In addition. the way you configure the project template can affect the performance of the projects that are based on it. reports and attributes are available within Spotlight.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 126 11 Creating a Spotlight Project Template Spotlight project templates define which KPIs. but also when subsequently closing and reloading it. performance may be slower than necessary. During this process. Spotlight also generates a repository template based on the KPIs and other options that are selected.

com . This must not contain any of the following characters: \ / : * ? " < > |. you are returned to the New Project start page. Spotlight appends the date on which it was created to the project template's name. is at the bottom of the dropdown list. 3 www.Select the existing project template on which you want to base your new template. where the new template appears in the list of project templates.actix. Based on Template .1 Step 1: Choose Name and Starting Template This page is the first step in creating a new Spotlight project template. Note that templates shipped with the product are shown in blue.Enter a unique name for the template. Click Next to go the next page. 11. which contains all available KPIs.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 127 After clicking Done on the last page. 1 2 Template Name . The Master Template. Note For convenience.

The other handset is for "long calls".actix. because generally. you should separate the data into multiple devices when combining it would be statistically invalid and the structure of the attributes and KPIs and the statistics in the reports do not provide a mechanism for separating the data. you might want to separate the handset and scanner data into separate devices for convenience or clarity. Typically. you need to consider how and why the data was logged: • The simplest scenario is when the data was logged by one handset and optionally one scanner in a single drive test unit. Combining the data would normally give misleading results. such as the percentage of call setups that were successful. it would skew the dropped call rate.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 128 11. 11. and so ideally. in which the handset stays in call until the call drops. the short calls provide data for event KPIs.. You can choose to combine all of the data (this is the default) or to separate it into silos called devices. whereas the long calls provide data for measuring the radio performance. In this scenario. Another common scenario is when data is logged by two handsets and one scanner in a single drive test unit. When determining how many devices to create. the handset and scanner data is stored in different attributes and the KPIs and statistics are based on one type of attribute or another and therefore provide a means of separating the two types of data. For www. Essentially. the long call data would by definition have an almost 100% dropped call rate and so if used for event KPIs.2. However. it is generally safe to combine the data from both logging devices into a single Spotlight device.2 Step 2: Choose Devices The second step in creating a new Spotlight project template involves defining how you want the data to be stored.com • . etc. For example. whereupon the dialer immediately starts a new long call.1 How many devices do I need? Each additional device adds a performance overhead. you should create the smallest number of devices that are required to separate the data in such a way that the KPIs and reports will provide statistically valid results. Typically. one handset does a succession of short (approximately 90-second) calls separated by 30 seconds of idle time.

For example. it would typically be valid to combine short call data collected by different drive test units on the same days in different parts of a city or state. you need to create a suitable filter for the device (as described below) in order to exclude all of the data from the other networks. When there are multiple drive test units driving different routes on the same days. Spotlight creates a single all-purpose device that has no filter. Sometimes you may want to base optimization and troubleshooting work on benchmarking data. you would be interested in the data from your own network only. data streams that match the filter for device A will be loaded into device A. by default.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 129 this scenario. you should therefore create separate devices for the short and long call data.com . Note that data streams that match the filter for device A and B will be loaded into both devices. • A similar scenario occurs when a single drive test unit has two devices. you should generally separate it into different logical devices. A and B. and data streams that do not match either filter will not be loaded. data streams that match the filter for device B will be loaded into device B. However. data logged from voice and data calls is stored in separate attributes. However. For example. • • 11. which is data that has been collected from several different operators' networks simultaneously in order that the KPIs from the various networks can be compared. In this scenario. one vehicle plus logging equipment). When you subsequently select data files to load into the project. for clarity it is generally advisable to separate the data into different logical devices. and KPIs and statistics are typically based on one type or the other. However. suppose you define two devices. for the reasons explained earlier. generally. but one was used for voice calls and the other for data. This avoids any risk of combining data inappropriately and thereby creating invalid KPIs. you would normally store it in one device. When Spotlight is to be used for this purpose. The filter identifies the data streams that are to be loaded into that device. www. All of the drive test scenarios that we have considered so far involve a single drive test unit (that is. Like scanner and handset data. If you want to separate data into multiple devices.actix. provided all of the data for that network was logged for the same purpose. if the data was logged for different purposes (such as the short and long call data described above).2. there is no reason why you should not combine data logged for the same purpose in the different drive test units. you must specify a filter for each one.2 Adding a device When you create a new project template.

com . in order to make the filter more generally applicable. Typically. Spotlight lists the name of every data stream that it contains. When you select the file. which opens this dialog: 2 3 Device Name .This is used to identify the device wherever it is used.actix. click Add to add the device to the project template.You can use this button to browse to a typical log file that will be loaded into the project. so try to make the name meaningful. 4 5 www. The long name is composed of the stream name preceded by the file name like this: FileName:StreamName. Filter .This defines a single sequence of characters that must be present in the stream's long name in order for it to be loaded into this device.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 130 1 You create a new device by clicking the Add Device button. Spotlight inserts the stream name into the Filter box above. When you are ready. When you select a name in the list. Import From File . you would then edit it in the Filter box.

2.com . For example. you could rename the files. Typically. and sometimes you can use this as the filter. the slots might have an identifying number. If the slots in each drive test unit are given the same labels in all of the drive test units. Typically.you might need to consider filtering on the file name part of the long name.actix. • Click Next to go the next page. If necessary.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 131 11. because even if everything else is the same in each drive test unit. etc. you might need to rename the files manually or using a script. suppose you have several drive test units logging the data and you want to combine your network data from all of the units. you would use the Import from File button on several of the log files that you want to use in the project. www. suppose you are setting up a project template that will be used for troubleshooting your network's data from a benchmarking study. These are often used successfully as filters. which often appears in parentheses in the stream name. Sometimes the slots can be configured with a label (such as the name of the network). However. in which the data for each network is written out to different files. Alternatively.3 More on device filters Setting up good device filters takes some thought. Using the phone numbers will not achieve this. the logging equipment has a number of slots into which the handsets are plugged. For example. the phone numbers will always be different. (1). such as (0). the handsets for your network would need to be in the same slot in all of the drive tests units. If necessary. However. You could include the name or ID of the network in the log file names and then base the stream name filter on the network name or ID. you could base the filter on the label. in order to examine the pattern of their stream names. long names cannot provide the results you require . for this to work correctly. you could base the filter on the phone number of the handset that was attached to your network. Some stream names include the handset's identifier. in which five handsets were used to log data from five different networks in one drive test unit (vehicle). When filtering on the stream name part of the stream. and these are generally incorporated into the stream names. This technique can be particularly useful when working with TEMS data. consider a benchmarking study. such as the mobile identification number (MIN) or phone number. If the stream names include the phone numbers.

Spotlight lists all of the KPIs and reports that are available. Click Next to go to the next page. if you are planning to load only GSM voice data.actix. deselect all of the KPIs and reports that do not relate to GSM voice calls. select only those KPIs and reports that are relevant for the tasks you plan to perform and the data you plan to load into the projects based on this template. 2 www. 1 For performance reasons. For example.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 132 11.3 Step 3: Choose KPIs and Reports The third step in creating a new Spotlight project template involves selecting the KPIs and reports that you want to include in the project.

com . www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 133 11.actix. One of the attributes is highlighted in red to indicate that it has been chosen from the Attribute Picker panel.4 Step 4: Choose Attributes The fourth step in creating a new Spotlight project template involves selecting the attributes that you want to include in the project and defining the binning settings.

com • . Each of these contains a number of attributes and binned queries that are used for display on the map. Do not add attributes to this query.) Attribute Picker . The additional attributes are highlighted. For example. rather than expandable items. For example.This is a special query that is used internally. • Attributes . When you select a binned data query. Make sure you add the attributes to the appropriate binned data query as described above. you can add additional attributes using the Attribute Picker on the right side. if you are adding a UMTS scanner attribute. and is the main query used in the Event Explorer Drill Down pages. It is also used to populate the Radio Network Cell Coverage and Cell Pilot Pollution pages when the user has selected a 'handset' Analysis. UMTS Scanner BinnedData . and is used in the Radio Network Cell Coverage and Cell Pilot Pollution pages when the user has selected a 'scanner' Analysis.1 Choose Attributes The top part of this page has three panels: • Binned Data Queries .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 134 11.4. Do not add attributes to this query.This is a tree view that lists all of the possible attributes. indicating that you can remove them. for UMTS there are binned data queries as follows: ▫ UMTS UE BinnedData .This is a special query that is used internally. ▫ ▫ ▫ If you want to add additional attributes. select the UMTS Scanner BinnedData query.This lists the binned data queries that relate to the KPIs and reports that you selected in Step 3. UMTS UE SectorHandle BinnedData . It is also used to populate the Radio Network Neighbor List analysis pages. UMTS Scanner SectorHandle BinnedData . What happens when you select an array attribute depends on the internal structure of the binned data query that is selected: ▫ Generally. You cannot remove these. Note that array attributes are shown in the tree view as individual items.This lists the attributes and binned queries that are in the binned data query that is selected on the left side and any additional attributes that you have added using the Attribute Picker on the right side. Select any attributes that you want to include. You can then delete any index positions that you www.actix. the attributes and binned queries it contains are listed in the central Attributes panel.Contains the scanner attributes. because they are required for the features that are associated with the selected KPIs and reports. select the appropriate binned data query to add them to.Contains the handset attributes. (You do this by selecting the attribute and clicking Remove Attribute. Queries that have Sector Handle in their name are for internal use and you should not add any attributes to them. when you select an array attribute. etc. Spotlight automatically adds a separate item to the list of attributes for each possible index position (provided there are less than 32 possible index positions). However. Typically each technology has two or more binned data queries.

the results from the last drive will be displayed.The possible units are meters and arc seconds. 11. For most attributes.actix. Note Although Spotlight can handle a considerable number of attributes. for a "Top n" attribute. but some use other operations. (However. This means that in bins that the drive test(s) passed through more than once. the increased accuracy is likely to be of limited value in practice. Note that the fast binning option detailed below creates more compact databases and avoids problems with the limit to the number of "subselects" documented in the linked topic. the binning settings cannot be changed. For example. If the data will be displayed on vector-based maps. In addition when working with very large volumes of data. This has the effect of smoothing the data and reducing the number of rows or data points that would otherwise be stored in the database and subsequently displayed.2 Binning The binning settings control how the device's binned data is stored in the repository and how it is subsequently displayed on the map and the other binned data views. it is considerably slower. You must choose the unit that matches the projection system that you are using. when you select an array attribute. you can www. a simple average operation is performed.com • . You cannot add array attributes that have 32 or more possible index positions. particularly when displaying data on the map.4. Note that once the project is created.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 135 do not want to use. De-select this option if you want the results from all of the drives to be aggregated together. which sorts the raw data values into a geographical grid and then performs an averaging operation to produce a single value for each square in the grid (sometimes call a bin). such as the mode or count.Select this option if you want to use the fast bin aggregation method (this is recommended). Units of measurement . Spotlight adds it to the list of attributes as a single item (using the array indexer syntax) and automatically includes every index position for which there is data. for some binned data queries (such as the GSM Scanner BinnedData query). ▫ However. The binning options are: • Fast binning . The averaging operation that is performed is determined by the internal attribute definition. For example. See Fast Bin Aggregation in the online help for more information.) Spotlight always uses the location binning mechanism. you might want to delete all but the first three or four index positions. changing the binning settings in the Preferences dialog does not affect data loaded into the Spotlight repository. These limits are documented in detail in the Repository Manager section. it does affect the drilldown data and any Spotlight data that you have loaded into Analyzer Classic. there are limits imposed by the technologies that underlie the repository technology. Although this is technically more accurate.

www. because it depends on the radius of the earth at that latitude. However. See Map Projections in the online help for an overview of the issues.actix.400 kilometers at the equator). using this formula shows that a Y axis bin size of 100 meters is approximately three arc seconds. you want to align the grid with one used in another system. you should generally choose the projection system used in those maps and the correct units for that system. However.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 136 generally use arc seconds and the default projection system. for example. the formula for converting between meters and arc seconds for the X axis is more complicated. which is used by GPS. • X and Y bin size . 0) defined for the selected projection system. The default sizes are 3 arc seconds and 50 meters. if the data is to be displayed on raster maps.These define the dimensions of the squares in the geographical grid. The X axis corresponds to longitude and the Y axis to latitude.By default. You must specify the offset in the same units as you used to define the size of the bins (and this must correspond to the measurement system used by the projection system). For the Y axis. This has the advantage that. However. the starting point for the geographical grid is the false origin (0. by default. The sizes must be specified in the appropriate units for the projection system. all of the location grids are the same. the approximate size in arc seconds can be calculated from a size in meters using the following formula: Where REarth is the radius of the earth (approximately 6. For example. • X and Y origin . sometimes you may want to move the start point because. You do this by specifying an offset for either or both of the coordinates in the X origin and/or Y origin text boxes.com . Note that using larger bin sizes reduces the size of the database and improves performance. which is the World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS 84) projection system.

If these options are enabled. www. you are returned to the new project page.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 137 • Projection . You need to select the appropriate zone for the area in which the data was collected. The options in the drop-down list are the projection systems that are supported directly by Analyzer and that use the units of measurement selected above. you need to have already defined the regions. • 11.Select the projection system that you want to use. The Default option for arc seconds corresponds to the WGS 84 projection system. Click Next to go to the next page. you can activate or modify them by clicking on the Global Filters link in the top right of an analysis page. Time and regional filtering in the project (as well as the Device filtering enabled in Step 2). you can choose to allow filtering by Cluster Name and Clutter Type.5 Step 5: Choose Global Filters The fifth step in creating a new Spotlight project template involves choosing whether to enable File/Stream. For the Regional Filters. where the new template appears in the list of project templates.actix. To enable filtering by region. When you click Done. created a new Spotlight Template and on the Filtering page checked the relevant region types under Region Filters. Note Regional filtering option is not shown in the above example.com . ED79 UTM is a generic map projection system that divides the globe up into a number of zones. See the online help section ED79 UTM Zone Lookup for more information. There is no default option for meters. but you can use one of the ED79 UTM (Universal Transverse Mercator) system options.

Ensure that your MS SQL service is active and try to start your project again. which associates to itself a number of image file formats. www. select Control Panel. locate the 'SQL Server (ACTIXSQLEXPRESS)' row. In the table of services. Open Picture Manager. click on the Resume Service button.com . you will need to uninstall and reinstall Actix Spotlight. from the toolbar. following these steps: 1 2 From the Windows Start menu. Ensure that the box for Windows Bitmap (.bmp) is left unchecked (that is. Administrative Tools. 3 If the service does not restart. from the toolbar. click on the Start Service button. ▫ ▫ ▫ If the Status is 'Paused'. If you changed your license after creating the project. 12. go back to Spotlight and attempt to reload your project. If the Status is 'Started'. you will need to create a new project and reload the data. empty). Services. and from the Tools menu select File Types.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 138 12 Troubleshooting Spotlight 12.actix.1 No repository detected Spotlight was unable to find your project database.2 The maps in your report are empty This is an issue cause by Microsoft Picture Manager. If the Status is blank.

For information only. lines to neighbor cells and to color sectors/sites on maps to reflect PN planning. www.actix. For information only. Governs the shape of the sector 'wedge' on the map to reflect the beamwidth of the antenna deployed at the site.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 139 13 Appendix A: Cell Site Parameters 13. Numeric identifier for the Site.com PN Offset CDMA_Cell PN Base Station Power* Mobile Country Code* System Identity* Network Identity* Broadcast Identity* PctPilot* PctTraffic* PctPaging* CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell EIRP MCC CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell SID NID BID PctPilot PctTraffic PctPaging . Used in CDMA Toolkit calculations. For information only.1 CDMA Cell Site Parameters Imported Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Analyzer Group CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Site CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID SiteLatitude SiteLongitude Sector ID Can be 1. For information only. used in CDMA Toolkit calculations. For information only.3 etc. or a combination of site numbers Azimuth Beamwidth Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. Mobile Country Code. Locates Site icons on the map. For information only. For information only. Locates Site icons on the map. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps. Base station power.2. Azimuth Beamwidth CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell Orients the sector icons on the map.

Locates Site icons on map. Used in Analyzer’s CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer.2 GSM / GPRS / EDGE Cell Site Parameters Imported Parameter Site Name Site Number Analyzer Group GSM_Site GSM_Site Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. Used in Analyzer’s CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer. band. by technology. Used to color sectors on the map by a custom integer field. Text that specifies which cell layer (for example. Used to color sectors on the map by a custom integer field. Used for multiple cell layers.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 140 Imported Parameter PctSync* Active Set Search Window Setting* Neighbor Set Search Setting* Analyzer Group CDMA_Cell CDMA_Cell Analyzer Name PctSync SRCH_WIN_A Purpose For information only. 13.actix. Used as the linking column to associate the GSM_Site and GSM_Cell rows. www.com Latitude Longitude GSM_Site GSM_Site Latitude Longitude . Used to color sectors on the map by a custom integer field. purpose or status) that the site belongs to. CDMA_Cell SRCH_WIN_N List of neighbors* CDMA_Cell CDMANeighborList Sector Display – Wildcard* Sector Display – Wildcard* Sector Display – Wildcard* Layer type* CDMA_Cell Face_Display CDMA_Cell Azimuth_Display CDMA_Cell Phase_Display CDMA_Cell Layer_type *Optional. Numeric identifier for the Site. Locates Site icons on map. Used in Analyzer’s CDMA Toolkit calculations to compare current search window settings with those suggested by Analyzer.

purpose or status) that the site belongs to. Location Area Code.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 141 Imported Parameter Sector Number Analyzer Group GSM_Cell Analyzer Name SectorID Can be 1.3. band. or a combination of site numbers Azimuth Beamwith Purpose Sector-specific ID information useful for display on maps. Base Station Power. Base Station Power Broadcast Control Channel Mobile Network Code Mobile Color Code Location Area Code Cell ID value Base Station Identity Code Layer type GSM_Cell GSM_Cell EIRP BCCH GSM_Cell MNC Mobile Network Code. Locates site icons on map.3 LTE Cell Site Parameters Imported Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Analyzer Group LTE_Site LTE_Site LTE_Site Analyzer Name Site_Name SiteID Latitude Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. Used for multiple cell layers. GSM_Cell Layer_type 13. GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell GSM_Cell MCC LAC CI BSIC Mobile Color Code. by technology.actix. www. Text that specifies which cell layer (for example. Governs the radius of the sector 'wedge' icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the sector.com . Cell ID value. Numeric identifier for the site. Base Station Identity Code. etc. Broadcast Control Channel. comprising of a concatenation of the NCC and BCC values.2. Azimuth Beamwidth GSM_Cell GSM_Cell Orients the sector icons on the map.

com . Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) www.actix. Numeric identifier for the site. Governs the shape of the sector “wedge” icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power – for informational purposes only. National Domain Code – for informational purposes only. Mobile Country Code – for informational purposes only. Locates site icons on map. LTE_Cell LTE_Cell MCC MNC 13. LTE_Cell LTE_Cell Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP* LTE_Cell EIRP Downlink EARFCN LTE_Cell DL_EARFCN Layer1 Cell Identity LTE_Cell PCI MCC* MNC* * Optional. Locates site icons on map. The downlink EARFCN of the cell.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 142 Imported Parameter Longitude Sector Number Azimuth Beamwidth Analyzer Group LTE_Site LTE_Cell Analyzer Name Longitude Sector_ID Purpose Locates site icons on map. The fields DL_EARFCN and PCI must be present to calculate lines to cells. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map.4 UMTS / HSPA+ Cell Site Parameters Imported Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Analyzer Group UMTS_Site UMTS_Site UMTS_Site UMTS_Site UMTS_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector_ID Purpose Text description of the Site for display on map. The fields DL_EARFCN and PCI must be present to calculate lines to cells. The physical layer cell identity (previously named L1_CID).

Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power – for informational purposes only. Cell Identity – for informational purposes only. Mobile Country Code – for informational purposes only. Used to define a pre-defined neighbor list for each cell. National Domain Code – for informational purposes only.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 143 Imported Parameter Azimuth Beamwidth Analyzer Group UMTS_Cell UMTS_Cell Analyzer Name Azimuth Beamwidth Purpose Orients the sector icons on the map.com . Configurable text field that specifies which cell layer (for example.actix. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. SC EIRP* UMTS_Cell UMTS_Cell SC EIRP MCC* MNC* LAC* CI* Neighbor List* UMTS_Cell UMTS_Cell UMTS_Cell UMTS_Cell UMTS_Cell MCC MNC LAC CI WCDMANeighborList Layer Type* UMTS_Cell LayerType * Optional. Used for multiple cell layers. band or status) the site belongs to. Location Area Code – for informational purposes only. Governs the shape of the sector “wedge” icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. by technology. Used during neighbor list recommendations analysis. www.

www. as the report indicates which thresholds have been passed and which have failed.1.com . 14.1 CDMA Spotlight Report This report provides information on unfiltered CDMA data within the current project database.1 Report tab This tab provides summary information on the loaded data.actix. This is a good place to start using Spotlight. Related tables provide additional information to let you decide where to go to follow up any problems.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 144 14 Appendix B: Spotlight reports 14.

actix.1.com . www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 145 14.2 Radio Link tab This tab provides tables showing radio link information.

actix.3 Map tab This tab provides maps for dropped calls.1.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 146 14. www. failed calls and forward FER.

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14.2 EVDO Spotlight Report
This report provides information on unfiltered EVDO data within the current project database. This is a good place to start using Spotlight, as the report indicates which thresholds have been passed and which have failed. Related tables provide additional information to let you decide where to go to follow up any problems.

14.2.1 Report tab

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14.2.2 Map tab

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14.2.3 Air Interface Quality Analysis tab

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14.2.4 DL/UL Throughput Metrics tab

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1 Overview Map www. Related tables provide additional information so you can decide how to follow up any problems.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 151 14. as the report indicates which thresholds have been passed and which have failed.3. 14.com . This is a good place to start using Spotlight.3 EVDO Rev A Spotlight Report This report provides information on unfiltered EVDO Rev A data within the current project database.actix.

3 Connection Details www.com .2 Main 14.3.actix.3.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 152 14.

actix.3.5 Throughputs www.4 RF 14.3.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 153 14.

6 Per Flow Throughputs www.actix.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 154 14.3.

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14.4 GSM Spotlight Report
This report provides information on unfiltered GSM data within the current project database. This is a good place to start using Spotlight, as the report indicates which thresholds have been passed and which have failed. Related tables provide additional information to let you decide where to go to follow up any problems.

14.4.1 Report

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14.4.2 File Overview

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14.4.3 Overview Map

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14.4.4 Radio

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actix. as the report indicates which thresholds have been passed and which have failed.1 Report www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 160 14. This is a good place to start using Spotlight. Related tables provide additional information to let you decide where to go to follow up any problems.5 HSPA Spotlight Report This report provides information on unfiltered HSPA data within the current project database.5. 14.com .

5.actix.com .2 Overview Map www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 161 14.

In addition.com .actix. the tables report the following statistics for CQI: • Mean • Mode www.5.3 Radio The PDF and CDF of ALL the actual CQI samples present in the logs are provided.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 162 14.

NACK and DTX samples of all the HARQ processes recorded.4 HS mobility www. Details per call can be accessed at the bottom of the page by clicking on the link below the table. 14.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 163 • • • Median Maximum Minimum • • Total # samples 95% Percentile The HARQ statistics section shows the distribution between ACK.com .5.

actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 164 14.5.5 Channel Usage www.com .

14.1 Report www. Related tables provide additional information to let you decide where to go to follow up any problems.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 165 14.com .6. This is a good place to start using Spotlight.actix. as the report indicates which thresholds have been passed and which have failed.6 UMTS Spotlight Report This report provides information on unfiltered UMTS data within the current project database.

6.2 Overview www.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 166 14.com .

com .6.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 167 14.3 Overview Map www.actix.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 168 14.4 Radio www.6.com .actix.

actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 169 14.5 CS Domain and PS Domain www.com .6.

1 CDMA thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools. high Tx. Recommended value is 2. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value. 15. 15.2 CDMA_EcIoCombinedThreshold This threshold is used in conjunction with Mobile Rx Power and Mobile Tx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 170 15 Appendix C: CDMA thresholds. Recommended value is -12 dB.1.3 CDMA_ImportantIssue_ExcessInterference This threshold is used for filtering out files that have percentage of excess interference cases less than the threshold. 15.1 CDMA_AvgForwardFER This threshold is used for diagnosing areas of poor quality.com .2. good Rx problems cases less than the threshold.2. if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve. 15. www.actix.1.1. KPIs and diagnoses 15.5 CDMA_ImportantIssue_FwdLinkProblem This threshold is used to filter out the display of data in the CDMA Dashboard that have percentage of forward link problems cases less than the threshold.1 SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used. Default is 5000m.2. Recommended value is 2. 15.1.1. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis. Display Thresholds command. Recommended value is 2. Recommended value is 2.1.1 Spotlight Thresholds 15.2.2 CDMA / Coverage 15. 15.2.1.1. failed call and voice call with poor quality.1. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight. Values should vary between -16 and -12 dB. To modify the value.4 CDMA_ImportantIssue_ExternalInterference This threshold is used to filter out the display of data in the CDMA Dashboard that have percentage of bad EcIo.

9 CDMA_ImportantIssue_RevLinkProblem This threshold is used to filter out the display of data in the CDMA Dashboard that have percentage of rev link problems cases less than the threshold. The recommended value is 3 and values should lie between 2 and 4.2.2. 15.1. 15.1.2.1.2.1.1.2. 15.10 CDMA_MobileRxPowerThreshold This threshold is used in conjunction with EcIo and Mobile Tx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call.2.actix. failed call and voice call with poor quality.com .1. Recommended value is -80 dBm.8 CDMA_ImportantIssue_PoorQuality This threshold is used to filter out the display of data in the CDMA Dashboard that have percentage of calls with poor quality cases less than the threshold. Values should vary between -75 and 90 dBm. 15. Recommended value is 2.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 171 15. Recommended value is 2.12 CDMA_MobileTxPowerMaxFilterThreshold This threshold is used in conjunction with Mobile Tx Power Min Threshold to filter out messages when the transmitter is disabled due to high FFER. 15. Recommended value is 2. 15.6 CDMA_ImportantIssue_LowRX This threshold is used to filter out the display of data in the CDMA Dashboard that have percentage of low rx problems cases less than the threshold.2.1.1.1. Values should lie between -10 and -18 dB.13 CDMA_MobileTxPowerThreshold This threshold is used in conjunction with EcIo and Mobile Rx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call.2.7 CDMA_ImportantIssue_PoorCoverage This threshold is used for filtering out files that have percentage of poor coverage cases less than the threshold. Recommended value is 2. Default is -30. Values should lie between 0 and 10 dBm. 15. 15.2. Recommended value is 5 dBm.15 CDMA_PilotPollutionThreshold This threshold alerts the user of pilot pollution when the signal level falls below this threshold. www.2.14 CDMA_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold This is the absolute number of pilots (with Ec/Ios above CDMA_PilotPollutionThreshold) required to trigger a pilot pollution event. failed call and voice call with poor quality. Default is 23.11 CDMA_MobileTxPowerMinFilterThreshold This threshold is used in conjunction with Mobile Tx Power Max Threshold to filter out messages when the transmitter is disabled due to high FFER. Recommended value is -14 dB.1. 15.

15.5 CDMA / Performance 15.1.4.com . 0 = CDMA Important Issue analysis is turned off to improve file load speeds. www.1 CDMA_EcIoInterferenceThreshold Recommended value is -15 dBm.4.actix. when 4 or more pilots (including the best server) are within the threshold value in dB of the best server. when 4 or more pilots (including the best server) are within the threshold value in dB of the best server. Default is 0.1. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. 15.3 CDMA_TooManyActivePNsThreshold In calculating "Too Many Servers". Recommended value is 5 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around 1 and 10 dB.2 EVT_CDMANeighborListIssueDetect 1 = Turns on the CDMA Neighbor List Issue Detect event diagram for CDMA Troubleshooter. it creates a "too many server" event. The Call Drop Rate should not exceed 2% of all successful calls in the busy hour.1. The maximum should not be higher than 0 and minimum should not be lower than -25 dBm. The default value is 2%.4 CDMA / Other 15. EVDO Troubleshooter.3 CDMA / Events 15.2 CDMA_EVDO_TooManyActivePNsThreshold In calculating "Too Many Servers".1.1. Default is 0.1 CDMA_CallDropRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the Repository views.3. 0 = unique neighbor list analysis is turned off to improve file load speeds.3.3.4.5. 15. it creates a "too many server" event. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table.3 EVT_CDMAServerKey 1 = Turns on the CDMA Server Key event diagram for CDMA Troubleshooter.3.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 172 15. If the resulting KPI is equal or less than this value. 15. 15. 0 = CDMA Server Key analysis is turned off to improve file load speeds. Default is 0. If it is higher than this value.1.1. 0= CDMA Neighbor List Issue Detect analysis is turned off.1.1 EVT_CDMAImportantIssue 1 = Turns on the CDMA Important Issue Detect event diagram for CDMA Troubleshooter.4 UniqueNeighborList 1 = Turns on the unique neighbor list analysis for CDMA.1. 15.1. Default is 0. Recommended value is 5 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around 1 and 10 dB. 15.1.

15. 15. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 173 15. If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value.5. If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value. The default value is 98%.4 CDMA_OverAllSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the Repository views. 15.1. If it is less than this value. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. If it is less than this value. Recommended value is 2000 ms. The default value is 98%.1.1.5.5.2 CDMA events in the Event Explorer The following events are displayed in the top table of the Event Explorer: # Call Attempts # Dropped Calls # Failed Calls # Excessive Setup These events are affected by the following thresholds: CDMA_AvgForwardFER CDMA_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold CDMA_PilotPollutionThreshold www.3 CDMA_CallSetupTime This threshold is used for determining calls with excessive setup time. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table.actix. The Call Setup Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour. The Overall Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour.com .2 CDMA_CallSetupSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the Repository views. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table.

com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 174 15.3 Dropped Call diagnosis for CDMA www.actix.

High EcIo. FER > Average Forward FER threshold. Low EcIo. high MTx Power. low MRx Power. high MRx Power. www.com . 4+ pilots have EcIo > CDMA_PilotPollutionThreshold. high MTx Power. low MTx Power. New originating PN (Sync PN) is not contained in the neighbor list of the serving cell.actix. high MRx Power.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 175 Diagnosis Coverage Issue Excessive Interference Poor Coverage Reverse Link Problem External Interference Forward Link Problem Low Rx Signal Poor Quality Neighbor List Issue Pilot Pollution Other Condition and notes Evaluate the CDMA Important Issues parameter to identify the type of coverage issue present. high MTx Power. low MRx Power. high MTx Power. Low EcIo. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. Low EcIo. Low EcIo. high MRx Power. More investigation is needed. high MTx Power. low MRx Power. High EcIo.

8 None N/Av www.0 1.com . It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis.1 Threshold Value 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 dB 6.0 7.1.1 DSA thresholds You can modify threshold values for Data Service Analysis using the Tools.1 23.1 8.6 -5.0 15.0 12.0 16.2 HSUPA_SGI_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable Serving Grant Index value.1 5.0 22.0 19.1 2.1.9 -1.0 13.0 14.9 11. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value.0 27.9 9.0 17.1.2 0. The default is 15.0 25.8 28.0 21.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 176 16 Appendix D: Data Service Analysis thresholds 16.1.1 HSDPA_CQI_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable Channel Quality Indicator value.0 26. Display Thresholds command.5 -4.0 27. The default value of 18 corresponds to ~10 dB.5 -8.0 18.0 Threshold Value 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 63 dB 20. 16. The HSUPA SGI format group controls the exact mapping of the threshold values to dB values (shown below).0 -6.1 2.1 8.actix. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight.9 4. 16.0 24. Threshold Value 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 dB -9. To modify the value.7 -1.4 -2.

www. The default value is 10 kB/sec. The default value is 40 kB/sec.5 Application_LowTput_HSDPA_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for downlink in HSDPA for the Below Composite Threshold KPI. The default value is 1000 kB/sec.6 Application_LowTput_HSDPA_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for uplink in HSDPA for the Below Composite Threshold KPI. The default value is 1000 kB/sec.actix.2.com .2. 16.1.1 Absolute_ApplicationLowTput_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for downlink for the Below Absolute Threshold KPI.2 Absolute_ApplicationLowTput_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for uplink for the Below Absolute Threshold KPI.2.2. The default value is 1000 kB/sec.1.4 Application_LowTput_GPRS_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for uplink in GPRS for the Below Composite Threshold KPI.1.1.3 Application_LowTput_GPRS_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for downlink in GPRS for the Below Composite Threshold KPI. 16.1.1.2. The default value is 40 kB/sec. 16.2.8 Application_LowTput_HSPAPlus_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for downlink in HSPA+ for the Below Composite Threshold KPI. 16.1.1.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 177 16. 16. The default value is 1000 kB/sec.2. 16.7 Application_LowTput_HSPA_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for downlink in HSPA for the Below Composite Threshold KPI. 16.1. 16. The default value is 1000 kB/sec.2.2.2 Throughput thresholds 16.1. The default value is 600 kB/sec.9 Application_LowTput_HSPAPlus_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for uplink in HSPA+ for the Below Composite Threshold KPI.

www.13 ApplicationLowTput_UMTS_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for downlink in UMTS for the Below Composite Threshold KPI. The default value is 40 kB/sec.actix.11 ApplicationLowTput_Idle_DL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application threshold value for downlink in Idle mode for the Below Composite Threshold KPI.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 178 16.2.1.1. Change this to correspond to the network that you are testing. 16. Default is the same as HSPA. 16.1.14 ApplicationLowTput_UMTS_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for uplink in UMTS for the Below Composite Threshold KPI.1.10 Application_LowTput_HSUPA_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application throughput value for uplink in HSUPA for the Below Composite Threshold KPI.com . 16. The default value is 600 kB/sec.12 ApplicationLowTput_Idle_UL_Threshold This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable application threshold value for uplink in Idle mode for the Below Composite Threshold KPI.2. 16. The default value is 200 kB/sec.1.2.2.2. Default is the same as HSPA. Change this to correspond to the network that you are testing.

1.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 179 17 Appendix E: EGPRS KPIs and diagnoses 17.1.6 G_RMAC_MEAN_BEP_Max This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable MEAN BEP parameter. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value.1.1. Display Thresholds command.1.4 G_RMAC_CV_BEP_Max This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable CV BEP parameter.1.8 G_RMAC_Sign_Var_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable signal quality variation as denoted by the RMAC_Sign_Var attribute. 17. though this is highly dependent on the coding scheme employed.2 G_Cell_Reselect_Time This threshold determines the window during which cell reselections may take place. Default is 2. Default is 2. Default is 15000ms. To modify the value. Default is 15000ms. Any values above this threshold will be flagged as excessive high cell reselection time. 17. 17.1. Default is -85.1 EGPRS thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools.1. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis.1. Default is 25. www. Typical values range from -80 to -95.actix.1. 17. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight.1 G_Cell_Reselect_Duration This threshold determines the maximum time for a cell reselection. 17. 17.1. 17.1.1 EGPRS / Analysis 17. Default is 4.1.1.1. 17. Any two reselections occurring within this threshold will be flagged as abnormally high cell reselections.3 G_RMAC_C_Value_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable C Value criterion.1.5 G_RMAC_DL_TS_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable timeslot allocation.1.com . Default is 24.7 G_RMAC_Power_Reduction_Max This threshold is used to determine the maximum acceptable Power reduction values on the RMAC interface.

2 EGPRS / Events 17.1 EGPRS_Duration_Period This threshold is used to determine the period over which the minimum acceptable throughput value for RLC / LLC are evaluated in EGPRS.2.3.1. 17. Default is 10.4 G_T3380_PDPActTimer This timer is used to determine the time (in ms) the system will wait for GPRS SM Activate PDP Context Request messages to be answered with a GPRS SM Activate PDP Context Accept before registering a PDP Context Activation Failure.1.3 EGPRS_LLC_UL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for LLC uplink in EGPRS.3 EGPRS / Spotlight 17. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network. Default is 15000ms. 17.2. Default is 1.2 EGPRS_LLC_DL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for LLC downlink in EGPRS.9 G_RMAC_TAI_Max This threshold is used to determine the maximum acceptable TAI value.3 G_T3321_DetachTimer This timer is used to determine the time (in ms) the system will wait for GPRS MM Detach Request messages to be answered with a GPRS MM Detach Accept before registering an Detach Failure.1. Default is 15000ms. www.3. 17.com . 17.1 G_T3240_RAUTimer This timer is used to determine the time (in ms) the system will wait for GPRS MM Routing Area Update Request messages to be answered with a GPRS MM Routing Area Update Accept before registering a Routing Area Update Failure. Default is 8000ms.1.1.3.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 180 17.1.2 G_T3310_AttachTimer This timer is used to determine the time (in ms) the system will wait for GPRS MM Attach Request messages to be answered with a GPRS MM Attach Accept before registering an Attach Failure.2.2. 17. 17.1. 17. Default is 5.1.1.actix.1.1.3.4 EGPRS_RLC_DL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for RLC downlink in EGPRS. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network. Default is 15000ms. Default is 10. Default is 15000ms. 17.1. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network.

2 EGPRS events in the Event Explorer TASK Failure Low Throughput High Cell Reselection Long Cell Reselection RAU Failure (10 second window up to the event) Where time . 17. 17. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 181 17. 17.3. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network.10 GPRS_RLC_UL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for RLC uplink in GPRS. 17.3.9 GPRS_RLC_DL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for RLC downlink in GPRS. Default is 15000ms.3. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network. Default is 1. 17.actix.7 GPRS_LLC_DL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for LLC downlink in GPRS.1. 17. This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network.6 GPRS_Duration_Period This threshold is used to determine the period over which the minimum acceptable throughput value for RLC / LLC are evaluated in GPRS. Default is 2. Default is 2.3.3.1.1.1.1.3.8 GPRS_LLC_UL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for LLC uplink in GPRS. Default is 10.1.com . This factor is highly dependent on the typical allocation of static / dynamic pdTCHs in your network. 0) > 5000 and GPRS_RAU_Reject or GPRS_RAU_Failure or GPRS_RAU_Aborted or TEMSEvent_GPRS_RAU_Failure or GPRS_Events==13 www.default(prev_time_where(x).5 EGPRS_RLC_UL_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable throughput value for RLC uplink in EGPRS. Default is 5.

0) > 5000 and GPRS_Attach_Reject or GPRS_Attach_Failure or GPRS_Attach_Aborted or TEMSEvent_GPRS_Attach_Failure or TEMSEvent_GPRS_Attach_Aborted or GPRS_Events==8 or GPRS_Events==9 or GPRS_Events==10 PDP Context Activation Failure (10 second window up to the event) Where time . 0) > 5000 and GPRS_PDPContextAct_Reject or GPRS_PDPContextAct_Failure or GPRS_PDPContextAct_Aborted or TEMSEvent_GPRS_PDPContextActivation_Failure or GPRS_Events==2 or GPRS_Events==3 or GPRS_Events==4 www.default(prev_time_where(x).Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 182 or GPRS_Events==14 or GPRS_Events==15 Attach Failure (10 second window up to the event) Where time .actix.com .default(prev_time_where(x).

actix.3 EGPRS diagnoses www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 183 17.com .

com . 0)) < 2] > 0 where n = 0 to 5 AND default(RMAC_C_Value. -110) > G_RxLevSub_Min Interference Excessive Power Reduction Low bandwidth allocation Co/Adjacent Channel allocations between neighbors Distant Serving Cell default(RMAC_TimingAdvanceIndex. 7) <= G_RMAC_CV_BEP_Max + default(RMAC_GMSK_CV_BEP. 0) >= G_RMAC_Sign_Var_Min + default(RMAC_8PSK_CV_BEP. 3) <= G_RMAC_DL_TS_Min + default(RMAC_DL_NumTimeslots_Used_Actual. -75) <= G_RMAC_C_Value_Min default(RMAC_Sign_Var. otherwise use the second value'. www.default(NborBCCH[n]. 7) <= G_RMAC_CV_BEP_Max >0 default(RMAC_RxQual. 0) >= G_RxQualSub_Max + default(RMAC_8PSK_MEAN_BEP. 31) <= G_RMAC_MEAN_BEP_Max + default(RMAC_GMSK_Mean_BEP. 0) >= G_RMAC_Power_Reduction_Max default(GPRS_DL_Timeslot_Numbers_Num. 3) <= G_RMAC_DL_TS_Min >0 Σ[abs(ServBCCH . 0) >= G_RMAC_TAI_Max The 'default' function means 'use the first value in brackets if possible.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 184 Diagnosis Poor Radio Conditions Rapidly Changing Radio Conditions Condition and notes default(RMAC_C_Value. 0) >= G_RxQualSub_Max >0 default(RMAC_Power_Reduction.actix. 31) <= G_RMAC_MEAN_BEP_Max + default(ServRxQualSub.

2 Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average SINR for PN_Nth_Best_0 (dB) for cluster acceptance.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 185 18 Appendix F: EVDO KPIs and diagnoses 18.1.1.1.actix. When 4 or more pilots are above this threshold.1. 18.4 CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold This is the absolute number of pilots (with Ec/Io above CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold) required to trigger a pilot pollution event.1.6 Max_TxPower_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the maximum Transmit Power (in dBm) for cluster acceptance.1. this threshold sets up the level of interference required for pegging the events (based on scanner info).1.1. a pilot pollution event is created. 18. Default is 3. Recommended value is -80 dBm.1. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight.1 EVDO thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools. Recommended valus is -15 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around -18 and -10 dB respectively. 18.1. 18. Default is 3.7 Min_TxPower_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the minimum Transmit Power (in dBm) for cluster acceptance. 18.1.1.1 EVDO / Coverage 18. failed call and voice call with poor quality. To modify the value.3 CDMA_EVDO_MobileRxPowerThreshold This threshold is used in conjunction with EcIo and Mobile Tx Power Thresholds to determine the diagnosis for the dropped call.1. Display Thresholds command. 18.5 CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold In calculating pilot pollution.com .1 Average_PER_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average PER (%) for cluster acceptance. www. Default is 3. 18. Values should vary between -75 and 90 dBm.1.1.

0 = this analysis is turned off to gain on file load speeds.1.2 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_1 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 1.3 EVT_VerituneEVDOPilotPollution 1 (default) = Turns on the analysis for EVDO pilot pollution.1. 18. 0 = this analysis is turned off to gain on file load speeds.2. 18.3.1.1. Default is 0. 18.1 EVT_EVDOLowThroughput 1 (default) = Sets low throughput for EVDO troubleshooter. 18.2 EVT_EVDOServerKey 1 (default) = Turns on the EVDO Server Key event diagram for EVDO troubleshooter.1.2 ConnectionAttemptDuration_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Connection Attempt Setup time for cluster acceptance.3 EVDO / Network Parameters 18.3 ConnectionReleaseDuration_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Connection Release time for cluster acceptance. Default is 3. 18.3 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_10 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 10. Default is 3. 0 = this analysis is turned off to gain on file load speeds.2 EVDO / Events 18.2. Default is 3.4 PPPSetupTime_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the PPP Session Setup time for cluster acceptance. 18.4 SchedulerAnalysis 1 (default) = Turns on the scheduler analysis for EVDO troubleshooter. www.1.1.1.com . 18. Default is 38400.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 186 18.1 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_0 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 0.3. Default is 3.4 EVDO / Other 18. 0 = this analysis is turned off to gain on file load speeds.1.1 AccessAttemptDuration_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Access Attempt Setup time for cluster acceptance.4. 18.4.1.4.actix.1.1. Default is 1228800. 18.2.1.1. 18.3.2.3.

4 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_11 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 11.1.4.4.4.actix. 18.4.17 CDMA_EVDO_EcIoInterferenceThreshold Recommended value is -15 dBm. Default is 921600.16 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_9 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 9. Default is 307200. 18. 18. Default is 0.1. This value is reserved.1.12 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_5 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 5. Default is 2457600. Default is 76800.4.4. 18.4. Default is 0.1.1.4.6 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_13 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 13. Default is 0.11 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_4 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 4.1. www. 18. The maximum should not exceed 0 and the minimum should not be below -25 dBm.4. 18.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 187 18.4. Default is 307200.com .4.1.4. Default is 614400. The DRC Channel is Off for Index 15.1.1.8 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_15 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 15. Default is 153600.1. This value is reserved.10 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_3 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 3.1. Default is 1228800. 18. Default is 614400. 18.7 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_14 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 14. 18.13 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_6 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 6. Default is 1843200. 18.5 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_12 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 4. 18.4.1.9 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_2 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 2.14 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_7 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 7.15 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_8 This is the data rate requested in bps for DRC Index 8. 18.4.1.1. 18.

1 AccessAttemptFailRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the EVDO Access Attempt Fail rate for cluster acceptance. www. 18. 18.5. The default is 95%.5.5.5 EVDO / Performance 18.5 Average_RxTCHThroughput_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average Receive TCH Throughput (kbps) for cluster acceptance. 18.5.5. The default is 95%. The default is .1. 18.1.1. 18. The default is 95%.5. The default is . 18.5. The default is 100 kbps.4 Average_RxRlpThputInst_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average Receive RLP Throughput Inst. The default is 100 kbps.11 PPPConnectionSuccessRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the PPP Connection Success Rate for cluster acceptance. The default is 95%. (kbps) for cluster acceptance. The default is 25 kbps.9 ConnectionAttemptSuccessRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the EVDO Connection Attempt success rate for cluster acceptance.1.1.1.1.1.7 Average_TxRlpThputInst_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average Transmit RLP Throughput Inst.5. 18.8 ConnectionAttemptFailRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the EVDO Connection Attempt Fail rate for cluster acceptance.1.3.actix.10 ConnectionReleaseSuccessRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the EVDO Connection Release Success rate for cluster acceptance. 18.3. The default is 5%.5.5.com . Default is 5%.5. 18. (kbps) for cluster acceptance.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 188 18.1. 18.1.2 AccessAttemptSuccessRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the EVDO Access Attempt success rate for cluster acceptance.6 Average_Tx_RlpRetransmissionRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average Transmit RLP Retransmission rate for cluster acceptance.1.3 Average_Rx_RlpRetransmissionRate_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the Average Receive RLP Retransmission rate for cluster acceptance.

18.1. All Single User Throughput values less than or equal to SU_Rx_Throughput_Threshold value for continuously SU_Rx_Throughput_TimeLimit_Threshold seconds will be flagged as a Low SU Throughput issue. 18. All RL Throughput values less than or equal to RL_Throughput_Threshold value for continuously RL_Throughput_TimeLimit_Threshold seconds will be flagged as Low RL Throughput issue. 18.3 SU_Rx_Throughput_Threshold This threshold (in kbps) is used to set the Low Throughput event for TC averaged over time including the time the AN did not serve the AT.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 189 18.1.6 RevA 18.1.1.actix.6.6. Default is 15 seconds.6.1. The default is 50 kbps.2 RL_Throughput_TimeLimit_Threshold This threshold is used to set the time limit in seconds to be used in computing the Low Throughput event for RL Packets.6.2 EVDO events in the Event Explorer The following events are displayed in the top table of the Event Explorer: # Dropped Connections # Setup Failures # Access Attempt Failures # Excessive Setup # Low Throughput # Scheduling Issues % Low SU Throughput (RevA) % Low RL Throughput (RevA) These events are affected by the following thresholds: Average_PER_Threshold Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold Average_RxRlpThputInst_Threshold Average_TxRlpThputInst_Threshold EVDO_Number_of_Users T2P_Avg_Threshold (RevA) www. Default is 500 kbps.com . 18.1 RL_Throughput_Threshold This threshold (in kbps) is used to set the Low Throughput event for RL for both HICAP and LOLAT modes over all packet sizes.4 T2P_Avg_Threshold This threshold (in dB) indicates the optimum value above which the transmission data rate is satisfactory. All RL Throughput values less than or equal to RL_Throughput_Threshold value for all continuously RL_Throughput_TimeLimit_Threshold seconds will be flagged as a Low RL Throughput issue. The default value is 10 dB.

3 Dropped Connection diagnosis for EVDO The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of Dropped Connection events.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 190 18. www.com .

More investigation is needed. Poor Quality Low Signal Pilot Pollution Other www.actix. PER > Average PER threshold Average 1st Best SINR < Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold. 4+ pilots have EcIo > CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 191 Diagnosis Abnormal Connection Release Condition and notes ConnectionRelease_Reason parameter gives the reason for any abnormal connection releases.com .

www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 192 18.com .actix.4 Low Throughput diagnosis for EVDO The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of Low Throughput events.

Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 193 Diagnosis Low RLP Rx Throughput Low RLP Tx Throughput Network Overload Low Signal Poor Quality Pilot Pollution Other Condition and notes Ave. Rx RLP Throughput < Average_RxRlpThputInst_Threshold. Ave. Average 1st Best SINR < Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold. More investigation is needed. Number of users > EVDO_Numberof_Users (Threshold). PER > Average PER threshold. Tx RLP Throughput < Average_TxRlpThputInst_Threshold.com . 4+ pilots have EcIo > CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold. www.actix.

5 Scheduling Issues diagnosis for EVDO The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of Scheduling Issue events.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 194 18.com . www.actix.

com . 4+ pilots have EcIo > CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold. More investigation is needed. www. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 195 Diagnosis Network Overload Low Signal Poor Quality Pilot Pollution Other Condition and notes Number of users > EVDO_Number_of_Users (Threshold).actix. Average 1st Best SINR < Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold. PER > Average PER threshold.

values in excess of 8000 meters are usually regarded as distant serving cells. Once a loss of dominance is triggered.1 Dragged_Dominance_Hysteresis This threshold is the dBm hysteresis applied to the Best Neighbor Level to trigger a loss of dominance of the server.1 G_Distance_Max This threshold is used to determine the maximum distance allowed per cell.2 Dragged_HO_Window This threshold is the number of milliseconds that the MS must lose dominance for. and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve. 19.1.1.3 GSM / Analysis 19. The default value is 10000 ms. 19. then any subsequent Handover Failure or Dropped Call will trigger the Dragged Handover Failure or Dragged Drop. Default is 5000m.2. Dominance loss = ServRxLevSub < (Best_Nbr Hysteresis).Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 196 19 Appendix G: GSM thresholds.3 Ping_Pong_HO_Window This threshold is the number of milliseconds during which a handover back to the previous cell will trigger the Ping Pong Handover Event. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis.1 SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref file. The default value is 6000 ms.2.2.2 GSM / Advanced_Handover_Analysis 19. 19. before a Dragged Handover Failure or Dragged Dropped Call is triggered. 19.1.com . Display Thresholds command. To modify the value.1.1 GSM thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools. KPIs and diagnoses 19.1.3.1. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight. The default value is 5 dBm. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value. Typically. and not re-established before the Dragged_HO_Window timer expires.1.1 Spotlight 19.actix.1.1. www. 19.

1.com .1.3.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 197 19. 19.3.1 G_Interference_Radius This value is used to define a radius of analysis about a selected sector for coadjacent interference and neighbors visualizations in the Cell Plan Viewer. You can set the units to be used (either miles or kilometers) in Preferences.1.1. Distance Units.4. approximately 8 km) are usually regarded as distant serving cells. 19.3.1.3. values over 16 (that is. 19.4 G_Prolong_Interf_timer This threshold is used in conjunction with the signal strength and signal quality to determine prolong interference – that is. Typically.1. 19.7 G_TimingAdvance_Max This threshold is used in absence of the Distance parameter to determine the maximum distance allowed per cell.actix. www. General Settings. Any signal below this threshold is categorized as poor coverage. 19.5. Default is 3000 ms. Recommended value: -95 dBm. in the Channel Overlap analysis in the GSM Cell Plan Viewer. Typically. values in excess of 3 with good signal strength usually indicate the presence of interference.3.3.1.1.4. This value is usually set to 0 to indicate maximum uplink power. 19.1.2 G_Handover_Min This threshold is used in conjunction with handover to determine the minimum possible signal difference for handover to take place.5 GSM / Events 19.6 G_RxQualSub_Max This threshold is used in conjunction with the signal strength to determine whether there is interference present on the cell.2 G_ScanSortSigLevel_Min This value is used in relation to the scanner signal level. 19.3 G_MsTxPowStepOrdered_Min This threshold is used in conjunction with the signal strength to determine incorrect uplink power balance. for example.1 G_Timeout_ChannelRequest This value is used to determine the time (in ms) the system will wait for RR Channel Request messages to be answered before registering a Call Setup Failure.5 G_RxLevSub_Min This threshold is used to determine the minimum acceptable value for signal strength. good signal strength but bad quality in this time window will cause a prolong interference event.1. Recommended values are 56 dB. 19.4 GSM / Cell_Plan_Viewer 19.1.

6.6. used in the calculation of DL pathloss. 19.6.com . 19.1.1. 19. The default value is 18. while values in excess of 10000 ms tend to have a high detection of attributes.1.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 198 19.2 SL_GSM_BTS_Sens_Threshold This threshold is the default BTS receive sensitivity.7 GSM / Troubleshooter 19. Values less than 5000 ms will tend to be more accurate. a condition of which is that RxLev has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window.6.1.7.7 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_Time_window_Threshold This threshold is used to define the window over which Rapid Pathloss is performed.6. The RxQual condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected. The default value is 5000m.6. www. used in the calculation of pathloss.1.1. 19. The default value is 30.5 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_RxLev_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection. a condition of which is that RxQual has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window. values of 5000 to 10000 ms are used.6 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_RxQual_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection.1 G_Analysis_Time_After This value is used to determine the time (in ms) allocated to investigate the radio conditions AFTER the detected event occurrence. The default value is 5 dB.1. 19.1. but with relatively low accuracy since the time under analysis is large. The default value is -120 dBm.6.6.4 SL_GSM_High_TX_Power_Threshold This threshold is used for determining a ‘High TX’ condition.1. The default value is 3000 ms. Typically. used in the calculation of UL pathloss.1 SL_GSM_Ant_Gain_Threshold This threshold is the default Antenna gain. 19. 19.1. The RxLev condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected. The default value is 2.6 GSM / Spotlight 19.1. The default value is 55. and only data within this distance from the site is considered for the analysis.8 SL_GSM_Site_Issues_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used in the ‘outside beamwidth’ analysis.4 dB. but less attributes will be detected. 19.3 SL_GSM_EIRP_Threshold This threshold is the default EIRP.actix.

The Call Setup Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour. while values in excess of 10000 ms tend to detect a large number of attributes.7.7.7. If the resulting KPI is equal to or less than this value.1. If it is less than this value.com . it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value. If it is less than this value. www. 19. If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value. 19. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table.actix.1. Typically. The Location Update Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour. 19.1. If it is less than this value. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. The Handover Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour.7 G_OverAllSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views.1. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. but with relatively low accuracy since the time under analysis is large. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. If the resulting KPI is equal to or in excess of this value.1. The Overall Success Rate should be in excess of 98% for most GSM networks in the busy hour.1. values of 5000 to 10000 ms are used.3 G_CallDropRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 199 19.6 G_LocationUpdateSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table.4 G_CallSetupSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. it will be flagged as failed and will show up as a red cross in the KPI table. it will be flagged as accepted and will show up as a green tick mark in the KPI table. but fewer attributes will be detected. The Call Drop Rate should not exceed 2% of all successful calls in the busy hour. If it is higher than this value. If it is less than this value.5 G_HandoverSuccessRate This threshold is used to determine the criterion for KPI acceptance in the repository views. If the resulting KPI is equal or in excess to this value.7.7.2 G_Analysis_Time_Before This value is used to determine the time (in ms) allocated to investigate the radio conditions PRIOR to the detected event occurrence. 19. 19.7. Values less than 5000 ms will tend to be more accurate.

actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 200 19.2 GSM events in the Event Explorer The following event information is displayed in the top table of the Event Explorer: GSM: Circuit Switched category # Call Attempts #Dropped Calls # Call Setup Failures # LU Fails GSM: Handover Issues category # HO Att # HO Fails GSM: NBR Neighbor Issues category % Strong NBR % Strong NBR Diff Band % NBRs with 5dB % NBRs with 5dB Diff Band GSM Diagnoses Call Setup Failure diagnosis Location Update Failure diagnosis Dropped Calls diagnosis Handover Failure diagnosis www.com .

3 Call Setup Failure diagnosis for GSM The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of Call Setup Failure events.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 201 19.actix.com . www.

Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. If ServRxQualSub > G_RxQualSub_Max.actix. When a call setup procedure is aborted by the UE with a UL CC Disconnect message. Immediate Reject Another Call Started • Another RR Channel Request with the same establishment cause and random reference occurs more than 200 milliseconds after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 202 Diagnosis RR Failed Condition and notes An RR Channel Request is not followed by an RR Immediate Assignment with matching establishment cause and random reference within the time period specified by the G_Timeout_ChannelRequest threshold. More investigation is needed. If ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min.com . • CM Service Abort / Reject User Release Poor Coverage Interference Other A CM Service Abort / Reject message was received. www. Another RR Channel Request with a different establishment cause or random reference occurs at any time after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete. An Immediate Reject message was received.

www.com .4 Location Update Failure diagnosis for GSM The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of Location Update Failure events.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 203 19.actix.

actix. An Immediate Reject message was received. • LU Reject Poor Coverage Interference System Released A Location Update Failure message was received. Immediate Reject Another Call Started • Another RR Channel Request with the same establishment cause and random reference occurs more than 200 milliseconds after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete. More investigation is needed. Other www. If ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min.com . 42) in either the NAS message or the RR Channel Release message. When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 204 Diagnosis RR Failed Condition and notes An RR Channel Request is not followed by an RR Immediate Assignment with matching establishment cause and random reference within the time period specified by the G_Timeout_ChannelRequest threshold. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. Another RR Channel Request with a different establishment cause or random reference occurs at any time after the RR Immediate Assignment and before the call setup is complete. If ServRxQualSub > G_RxQualSub_Max.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 205 19.actix.com . www.5 Dropped Calls diagnosis for GSM The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of Dropped Call events.

com . Scanner: If one of the top 6 BCH is not in the BA list before the drop. CauseCodeRR = 10 www. 19.6 Handover Failure diagnosis for GSM The diagnosis for Handover Failure is derived directly from the CauseCodeRR value. See GSM Dragged Handovers. For example: Diagnosis Handover Impossible (TA out of Range) Channel mode unacceptable Frequency not implemented Condition and notes Handover Failure message.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 206 Diagnosis System Released Condition and notes When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31. If ServRxQualSub > G_RxQualSub_Max. 42) in either the NAS message or the RR Channel Release message. Missing Neighbor Handover Problem Poor Coverage Interference Other If stronger neighbors than the serving cell for a period. CauseCodeRR = 8 Handover Failure message. but was before the drop. If ServRxLevSub < G_RxLevSub_Min. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem.actix. BCH is not in the BA list. Handset: If after the drop. CauseCodeRR = 9 Handover Failure message. More investigation is needed.

in the Drilldown options.actix. or the top table of the Event Explorer page. Please refer to the description of HSPA KPIs on p207 for details of HSPA diagnostics. www. you select a long 'After Window' (in the tens of seconds). KPIs and diagnoses 20. we strongly recommend that.1.com .1 HSPA Event Explorer analysis 20. At the top of the Event Explorer page is a list of occurrences of HSPA Call drops. select the HSPA Call Drop from either the HSPA Summary Dashboard in the Critical Issues section. An associated root cause analysis is shown in the diagnostic panel on the left. by default the following HSPA event KPIs are displayed. 20. these have diagnostic information (and can be investigated further using the Drilldown mechanism): • • • Call Drop Low Raw Throughput Low Net Throughput For failure scenarios where a transition to Idle mode occurs (such as the dropped call under investigation in this example).2 Detailed Event Diagnostics Of the HSPA KPIs listed in the top table.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 207 20 Appendix H: HSPA thresholds.2 HSPA Call Drop Analysis example To access the HSPA Call Drop analysis.1.1 Event Explorer dashboard In the top table of the Event Explorer dashboard. aggregated by site: • • • • • • • • Call Attempts Dropped Calls Call Setup Failures Average RAW Throughput RAW Throughput Peak Cell Change Failures (not yet implemented) Low Raw Throughput Instances Low Net Throughput Instances 20.

FACH). we can confirm the diagnosis. One interesting binned data attribute to display on the map is the UE state. and the target SC in R99 (45). The diagnostic panel provides essential information.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 208 The first example of an HSPA Dropped Call is a case of HSPA to R99 transition via Idle mode. DCH_R99. www. The dropped call under investigation in this example. such as the last SC under HSPA coverage (104). By plotting this binned data on the map. a long 'After Window' of 30 seconds was selected. so in the Drilldown options. The UE goes out of HSPA coverage and is forced into Idle mode by the network. and can visualize the transitions from HSPA to DCH_R99.com . This can also be clearly seen on the map.actix. 20. which then re-establishes the radio connection on the new site in R99.1 Drilldown You can investigate all the KPIs with diagnostic information with the Drilldown mechanism. includes a transition to Idle mode. which indicates what kind of resources (if any) are allocated to the UE (HSPA.2.

and the radio connection is re-established on SC_45. • www. the HSPA connection provides a good performance up to a few seconds before the drops. Further down in the signaling.actix. it is worth noting that the user consistently reports that SC_45 has a better signal than SC_104 (several Measurement Report messages). Due to the UE dropping to Idle for several seconds. until the network decides to release the radio connection (RRC Connection Release message). However. the user is paged by the network. as the throughput remains at reasonable levels. SC_45 is much stronger than SC_104 (the current HSPA server) In the Protocol Stack Browser. The radio charts report the typical HSPA L1 measurements and give an idea of the quality of the HSPA connection before the call drops.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 209 The drilldown screen looks like this: The main aspects to point out from the screen layout are: • • The Active Set analysis: it can be clearly seen that at the moment of the call drop. but in R99.com . the HSPA radio performance is less essential for the analysis as the user experience is compromised anyway.

If a change of frequency occurs. It is important to highlight that the diagnostic information provides information on the type of Cell Change in terms of site and frequency. a Low Throughput event is also pegged. as they coincide with the dropped call events seen above. or from the top table of the Event Explorer Once one of the Low Throughput KPIs is selected. Skip the cases related to HSPA to R99 transition via Idle mode. because transitions to Idle involve a service interruption noticeable by the user. Whenever an HSPA Call Drop event is detected.that is.actix. the interruption is normally even longer. These cases should introduce relatively short interruptions. like in this demo. so the settings of the thresholds that control Low Throughput detection (see above) play a fundamental role here.com . Three different results from the root cause analysis are shown. www.3 HSDPA Low Throughput example You can access the Low Throughput analysis by selecting either Low Raw HS Throughput or Low Net HS Throughput KPI from the Summary Dashboard's Critical Issues section. when the network points the user at another HS server cell. Cell Changes that involve a change of site cause longer interruptions therefore these are the most common in the diagnostic panel. The first case to analyze is the event caused by a Direct HS Cell Change . the technology seems not mature yet to allow Direct Cell Changes with change of frequency (but we have seen change of frequency cases with transitions to Idle mode). However. the Event Explorer displays in the diagnostic panel a list of five occurrences of Low Throughput and associated root cause analyses.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 210 20.

That is not always the case. casing a so-called ping-pong scenario. we will be able to see that the cell changes occur between the same two cells. Now look at the second case of Direct Cell Change shown on the right. the quality of the signal (EcIo) in the target cell is already degrading.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 211 Other useful information to mention is signal strength of source and target cell and all the HSPA physical layer measurement provided before and after the event. For a well-designed network. but as we can see. The performance slightly increases right after the cell change. and this is a clear example of network not optimized.actix. as we will see shortly. It highlights that numerous Cell Changes occurred in a very short time. www.com . In the Drill-down section. the performance should improve following a Cell Change.

Just like for the HSDPA Call Drop KPI.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 212 Another case that can be shown is the “Lack of Data to Transmit” scenario.actix. The noticeable quality degradation after the event is due to radio condition getting worse. In the map the user is very close to the serving cell. where throughput is extremely low but the radio conditions are good. and this will be clear from the Drill-down page. which justifies the high level of CQI (23) measured during the low throughput window of time. 20.3. remember to select a long “after window” in the Drilldown options for scenarios that include Idle transitions.1 Drilldown All the KPIs with diagnostic information can be investigated further via the Drilldown mechanism.com . the “lack of data to transmit” scenario identified here is independent of the conditions occurring after. www. However.

com . www. Also. the Protocol Stack Browser window shows the signaling associated with these mobility procedures.actix. Finally.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 213 For the HS Direct Cell Change case. an After Window of 5 seconds is enough. The Event Navigator below confirms the occurrence of several HS Cell changes within a short time. the radio graphs give an overview of the level of degradation suffered from this poor design issue.

not network-forced) dropping the radio connection Network releasing the radio connection for causes other than user inactivity or normal PDP Context deactivation www. The most recurrent scenarios are: • • Terminal spontaneously (that is. whenever the UE goes from HSPA to Idle without a normal call release. maintain the Drill-down settings used above. the trigger of HSPA Drop call is the same as UMTS PS Drop call. Here we can see that despite good radio conditions (check the numeric values of CQI and its visual representation on the map) throughput is null before the event detection. it is possible to see quite easily from the Event Navigator form that a HS Cell Change occurs.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 214 For the “Lack of Data to Transmit” case.actix. an HSPA Drop Call event is detected. Usually.com . But as mentioned above this is another issue and completely unrelated to the lack of data to transmit.4. Therefore. 20. and in fact.4 HSPA events in the Event Explorer 20. but a HSPA Drop call is only pegged when the UE is in HSPA state at the moment the call drops.1 HSPA Call Drops An HSPA call is a UMTS PS Call where the UE is in 'HSPA' state. Radio conditions get worse afterwards.

2 Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh The value (in kbps) under which the instantaneous Net HSDPA throughput is considered LOW . For more information on Raw and Net MAC-HS Throughput.com . please see the section HSPA Throughput KPIs on p218.2 Low Throughput Issues Low throughput conditions are detected when the user throughput exceeds a certain threshold for a specified period of time. • • 20.) that the HSDPA throughput is allowed to stay under a certain value (Uu_HSDPALowRawThrou_Thresh or Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh).4.Excessive interference .2.1 Uu_HSDPALowRawThrou_Thresh The value (in kbps) under which the instantaneous Raw HSDPA throughput is considered LOW . You can configure the detection mechanism via the following HSDPA thresholds: 20.4. 20.actix.No coverage .The UE is moving in an area where HSPA is not supported (and the network does not handle direct HSDPA to R99 transitions).4.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 215 The following failure cases are supported: • Deactivation of PDP Context due to abnormal situations When the network (SGSN) releases the PDP context for abnormal scenarios (this is detected via a Deactivation PDP Context Request downlink message with SM cause different from 'Regular deactivation'.It is used in conjunction with the threshold Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres. If the throughput stays under those raw or net throughput thresholds for a period longer than Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres a Low Raw(Net) MAC-HS Throughput event is pegged for Drive Test www.4. The analysis can be based on Raw MAC-HS throughput or Net MAC-HS throughput.It is used in conjunction with the threshold Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres. UE drops to idle The UE drops to idle when radio link conditions becomes poor. to peg Low Raw MAC-HS Throughput events in Drive Test. to peg Low Net MAC-HS Throughput events in Drive Test.2. RRC Connection Release The network (RNC) releases the RRC Connection with a cause other than 'Normal' or 'User Inactivity'.3 Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres The time (in msec.2. 20. Typical scenarios are: .

during which the UE receives a limited amount of data .4. The level of degradation is proportional to the duration of the mobility procedure.actix.2.4 Raw HS Throughput • Mobility scenarios Whenever a mobility scenario occurs.com .or no data at all. www. as with Idle transitions. expect throughput degradation.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 216 KPI/attribute Uu_LowRawHSDPAThroughput Uu_LowNetHSDPAThroughput Uu_HSCellNotBestPilot Low Tput KPI event (Used for diagnostic purposes only) Related threshold Uu_HSDPALowRawThrou_Thresh Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres Uu_WinTimeHSnotBest Uu_HSDPALowCQI_Thresh Uu_HSDPAAvRegularSched_Thresh Uu_HSDPAAvLowSched_Thresh Uu_HSDPANet_To_L1_Throu_Thresh Uu_HSDPAL1_To_Raw_Throu_Thresh SL_UMTS_DT_Spotlight_CriticalIssues_HSDPAPea kTput HSDPA Peak Tput (threshold determines if this is a critical issue in the Summary dashboard) HSDPA Setup Failure rate Overall PS Setup Failure rate Average HSDPA Call Setup time HSDPA Call Drop rate Overall PS Call Drop rate Average EcIo 95 percentile MAC-HS Tput Average RSCP 95 percentile DL TCP Tput 95 percentile CQI Tput 95 percentile EcIo Tput 95 percentile RSCP Tput HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Failure_Rate HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_Overall_PS_Failure_Rate HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Setup_Time HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Drop_Rate HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_PS_Drop_Rate HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_EcIo_Threshold HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_MACHS_T hroughput_Threshold HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_RSCP_Threshold HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_TCP_Thro ughput_Threshold HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_CQI_Thre shold HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_EcIo_Thr eshold HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_RSCP_Th reshold The following failure cases are supported: 20.

Lack of data to transmit This is detected when the Statistical Mode of the Instantaneous Raw Tput in the last 3 seconds is 0. This scenario typically occurs when there is no activity (data). the average scheduling rate (from the instantaneous scheduling rate dataset Uu_HSDPA_FrameUsage) is below the user-specified threshold Uu_HSDPAAvRegularSched_Thresh (0.actix. • www. Low CQI values are an indication of poor radio downlink conditions. This may occur when more than one HSPA user is present in the HS Serving Cell where the event is detected. However the diagnostic alerts you that the threshold for Low Raw Throughput event detection might not be restrictive enough.com . the Net Throughput does not reach satisfactory levels: • Low Raw HS Throughput If Low RAW Tput is also detected. Check through the Low Raw Throughput KPI list of occurrences for the right event (timestamp would be the same as the Low Net Tput event.2. The threshold needs to be a factor ranging from 0 to 1 rather than an absolute CQI threshold between 0 and 30. there are some interesting cases where. Low Raw HS Throughput not detected All the cases listed for Raw Throughput are still valid. Low scheduling rate This is detected when in the last 3 seconds. However some useful measurement data are included in the table for the Net Tput KPI and this data might be sufficient).4. which would explain why only Net Throughput issues are detected. Net HS Throughput • • 20. However. the diagnostic simply reports that the cause of Net Tput degradation is related to underlying Raw Tput. despite a good Raw Throughput. and Uu_HSDPALowCQI_Thresh is a number between 0 and 1. 30 is the maximum value a UE can report.1).5 A Low Net HS Throughput can usually be associated with an underlying Raw Throughput scenario.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 217 The sub-cases below are self-explanatory and are all mutually exclusive by definition: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ HS Direct Cell change ongoing Intra-F HS Cell Change via Idle mode Inter-F HS Cell Change via Idle mode HS to DCH_R99 direct transition HS to DCH_R99 transition via Idle mode • Low CQI values These are detected when the average CQI in the last 3 seconds is below the user-specified threshold Uu_HSDPALowCQI_Thresh. because under certain scenarios UEs might only report 15 as the maximum CQI. but the handset is kept in HSPA mode by the network..

the Call Setup Failure is pegged only as a UMTS PS Call Setup Failure. 20.4. it is not possible to know whether a R99 or a HSPA bearer would have been used.4 HSPA Call Setup Failure This event is detected whenever a failure occurs during the setup of the HSPA bearer.3 Lack of pilot dominance issues This is essentially very similar to 'Pilot pollution' or 'Too many servers' but focused on HSDPA.5 Known Issues If a particular KPI event (for example. leading to a discrepancy in the number of events displayed. 20. Identifying zones with a lack of pilot dominance is a very important task in the rollout and optimization of HSDPA. HSDPA requires clear pilot dominance for an efficient service delivery (good throughput). • High retransmissions due to poor Uplink quality conditions This is detected when: Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_MAC Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_L1 < Uu_HSDPANet_To_L1_Throu_Thresh For the definition of the different types of HSDPA throughput. 20. the 'Further Information' section provides additional information regarding Net throughput.actix.4.4. please refer to the section on HSDPA Throughput KPIs. Two scenarios are analyzed: • High retransmissions due to packet incorrectly received in Downlink This is detected when: Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_L1 < Uu_HSDPAL1_To_Raw_Throu_Thresh Uu_HSDPA_PayloadRate_L1 For the definition of the different types of HSDPA throughput. In these cases. However. if a UMTS PS call fails at an early stage. Therefore. the event can be missing from the diagnostic panel in the KPI dashboard. please refer to the section on HSDPA Throughput KPIs. 20.5 HSPA Throughput KPIs The following types of HSPA throughput are provided in the HSPA Network Acceptance report: • • Raw MAC-HS throughput Net MAC-HS throughput • Net DL TCP throughput www. An attempt to establish a HSPA call can be detected only when the bearer is being set up.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 218 If high levels of retransmission occur. the event will be flagged in both the initial dashboard (as part of the % Call Drop Critical Issue if the relevant threshold condition is fulfilled) and the top table of the KPI dashboard.com . HSPA Call Drop) occurs very close to the end of the logfile.

Mean. Both raw and net instantaneous throughputs are calculated every 200 msecs: MAC . this includes MAC-HS header and padding.actix. www. For this reason. but in reality the Net throughput is always lower than the Raw throughput. Mode. MAC-HS net throughput and RLC throughput do not coincide: The Net DL TCP throughput is simply the downlink TCP throughput that excludes TCP re-transmissions. while Net throughput does not include packets unsuccessfully decoded or re-transmitted: Raw throughput -> All packets received by UE Net throughput -> Only successfully decoded (not re-transmitted) packets The following figure further clarifies the approach used for the calculation of Raw and Net MAC-HS throughput: Total # packets contributing to Raw MAC-HS throughput -> 7 Total # packets contributing to Net MAC-HS throughput -> 5 20.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 219 MAC-HS throughput KPIs (e. the size of the entire MAC-HS PDU is used. Raw and Net MAC-HS throughput are equal.HS instantaneous throughput = (bytes received by the UE over 200ms)/200ms The difference between Raw and Net MAC-HS throughput is that Raw throughput includes ALL the packets scheduled for the UE. For the purpose of throughput calculation.1 Notes • • In ideal scenarios.g.com . 95% percentile) are derived from the MAC-HS instantaneous throughputs.5.

1 Spotlight Thresholds 20. to peg Low Raw MAC-HS Throughput events in Drive Test.6.2.6 HSDPA thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools.6.1 SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used.1.) that the HSDPA throughput is allowed to stay under a certain value (Uu_HSDPALowRawThrou_Thresh or Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh). www. The default value is 400 kbps. The default value is 3000 ms. The time interval is as lons as the duration of the Cell Change procedure.1 IUB_THROUGHPUT_PERIOD_THRES This threshold is used to set the sampling period (in msec.6.2.2 HSDPA thresholds The following thresholds are available under the root of the HSDPA node: 20.6. It is important to set your threshold before loading the data because it will affect the analysis. The default value is 1000 ms. The default value is 300 kbps. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight.3 Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh This threshold is used to set the value (in kbps) under which the instantaneous Net HSDPA throughput is considered LOW . simply click on the associated number and type in the new value. 20. etc.It is used in conjunction with the threshold Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres.6.2 Uu_HSDPALowRawThrou_Thresh This threshold is used to set the value (in kbps) under which the instantaneous Raw HSDPA throughput is considered LOW . The default value is 1000 ms.).It is used in conjunction with the threshold Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres.2. see Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_MAC.6.2.actix. IP. To modify the value. For a definition of Net HSDPA Throughput.5 Uu_ThresGapBeforeThrComparison This parameter indicates the gap between the end of the Cell Change procedure and the start of the time interval used to calculate the TCP throughput for comparison with the throughput during the cell change. 20.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 220 20.com . 20.) for the calculation of MACd throughput over the Iub. If the throughput stays under those raw or net throughput thresolds for a period longer than Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres a Low Raw(Net) MAC-HS Throughput event is pegged for Drive Test. 20.2.4 Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres This threshold is used to set the period of time (in msec. 20. Display Thresholds command.6.6. Note that MACd throughput includes the header of RLC and layer above (PDCP. to peg Low Net MAC-HS Throughput events in Drive Test. if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve. 20. Default is 5000m. For a definition of Raw HSDPA Throughput see Uu_HSDPA_PayloadRate_L1.

2.3.actix.6.6.5 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_PS_Drop_Rate This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the PS R99 call drop rate. to setup thresholds above which measurements from the UE as seen good for HSPA Network acceptance.6.3.6.3.4 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Drop_Rate This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the HSPA call drop rate.6.2 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_Overall_PS_Failure_Rate This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the overall PS call setup failure rate (HSPA and R99).7 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_RSCP_Threshold This threshold is used in conjunction EcIo threshold.6 Uu_WinTimeHSnotBest This threshold is used to set the period of time (in msec. to setup thresholds above which measurements from the UE a seen good for HSPA Network acceptance. www. 20.com .3.6.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 221 20.6. 20.3. 20.3.1 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Failure_Rate This threshold is used to indicate a pass threshold for the HSPA call setup failure rate.6.3 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Setup_Time This threshold is used to indicate an average HSPA call setup acceptance time.6. 20. The default value is 1000 ms.3. 20. 20.6.3.6 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_EcIo_Threshold This threshold is used in conjunction RSCP threshold.3 HSDPA / HSDPA_NW_Acceptance Thresholds These are used for the HSPA Spotlight Reports. 20.) that the EcIo of the HS Serving Cell is allowed to be lower than the best pilot EcIo in the Active Set.6. 20. If the quality of the HS Serving Cell is below the best pilot in the AS for a period longer than this threshold a Uu_HSCellNotBestPilot event is pegged for Drive Test.9 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_TCP_Throughput_Thr eshold This threshold is used to indicate the lowest required TCP Throughput value at the 95 percentile for HSPA Network acceptance (unit is kbit/sec). 20. 20.3.8 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_MACHS_Throughput_ Threshold This threshold is used to indicate the lowest required Raw MAC HS Throughput value at the 95 percentile for HSPA Network acceptance (unit is kbit/sec).

6.4.4. See more information about this threshold in the help under "HSPA Low Raw Throughput". See more information about this threshold under "HSPA Call Drop".3 Uu_HSDPANet_To_L1_Throu_Thresh This threshold is used to set the value under which the ratio between Net HS Throughput average and L1 HS Throughput average is considered low enough to assign the cause of Low Net HS Throughput not only to lack of data sent by the network.6... 20. NOTE: the threshold is expressed as a percentage value (0. and Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_L1 and Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_MAC for a definition of L1 and Net HS throughput. The max achievable CQI is a function of the UE category and the modulation used (QPSK or 16 QAM). before the occurrence of a failure event).Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 222 20. before the occurrence of a failure event).11 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_EcIo_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate the lowest required EcIo value at the 95 percentile for HSPA Network acceptance.3.6.6. 20. NOTE: the threshold is expressed as the ratio (0.6.6.7.1).4. The default value is 0.4. The default value is 70%. but for example due to high retransmission levels. The average of the Throughput values is calculated on the 5 secs. before the occurrence of the Low Net Throughput event).100). The average of the Throughput values is calculated on the 5 secs.4.1 Uu_HSDPALowCQI_Thresh This threshold is used to set the value under which the average CQI is considered low (average calculated on the 5 secs.1).12 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_RSCP_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate the lowest required RSCP value at the 95 percentile for HSPA Network acceptance.3. 20.4 HSDPA / Spotlight Thresholds 20. See also Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh and Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres www.10 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_CQI_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate the lowest required CQI value at the 95 percentile for HSPA Network acceptance.3. before the occurrence of the Low Net Throughput event). 20. but for example due to high retransmission levels..6. NOTE: the threshold is expressed as the ratio (0. NOTE: the threshold is expressed as the ratio (0.com . See also Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh and Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres for the exact definition of the Low Net HS Throughput event.2 Uu_HSDPAAvRegularSched_Thresh This threshold is used to set the value under which the average HS Scheduling is a possible sign of regular scheduling in presence of other HSPA users (average calculated on the 5 secs.1) of the max achievable CQI. The default value is 0.4 Uu_HSDPAL1_To_Raw_Throu_Thresh This threshold is used to set the value under which the ratio between L1 HS Throughput average and Raw HS Throughput average is considered low enough to assign the cause of Low Net HS Throughput not only to lack of data sent by the network.. 20. 20.actix.6.

4. and Uu_HSDPA_Throughput_L1 and Uu_HSDPA_PayloadRate_L1 for a definition of L1 and Raw HS throughput.com .actix.6. The default value is 1500 (kbps).Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 223 for the exact definition of the Low Net HS Throughput event.7. The default value is 0. 20.5 SL_UMTS_DT_Spotlight_CriticalIssues_HSDPAPeakTput This threshold is used to filter out HSDPA Raw Tput peak performance issues from the HSPA dashboard that are equal or less this value. www.

1 SL_LTE_DT_Spotlight_ImportantIssues_Threshold This threshold is used to filter out Important Issues from the LTE dashboard that occur with a frequency greater than this value.1.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 224 21 Appendix I: LTE thresholds.2 Spotlight 21. 21.1.1 LTE thresholds 21.1.1 SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used (for all Cell Coverage analyses) if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve. Recommended value is 0.2. www.2.1.1 Scan coverage 21. Recommended value is -13 dB and the value should range between -10 and -18 dB.1 Spotlight 21.actix.com . 21.1. Default is 5000m.1. KPIs and diagnoses 21.1.2 LTE_Scan_PoorRSRQ_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate poor RSRQ values from scanner data.1.2 Spotlight thresholds 21. 21. Recommended value is -95 dBm and the minimum should not be lower than -105 dBm.1 LTE_Scan_PoorRSRP_Threshold This threshold is used to indicate poor RSRP values from scanner data.2.

Recommended value is 3 and the value should be between 2 and 4.1.1 SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used. and the value should be between -90 and -110 dBm. To modify the value. Recommended value is -15 dB and should lie between -18 and -10 dB.com .1.1 UMTS thresholds You can modify threshold values for event detection using the Tools. Recommended value is -15dB and the value should be between -18 and -10 dB. It is important to set your thresholds before loading the data because it will affect the analysis.2 Uu_Scan_PilotPollution_RSCP_Threshold The RSCP threshold used by the “Poor Interference with Strong Signal Strength” pilot pollution model (a Veritune feature). Default is 5000m. When 4 or more pilots are above this threshold. 22.2 UMTS / Scan_coverage 22. Display Thresholds command. 22. this threshold sets up the level of interference required for pegging the events (based on scanner info). 22. diagnosis and display of data in Spotlight.2. 22. if there is no Max_ServerDist information in the cellref and indicates the maximum serving distance (in meters) a cell should serve.2.2.actix.1. www.4 Uu_Scan_Poor_EcNoThreshold This is used to indicate poor EcIo values from scanner data. 22. it creates a pilot pollution event. Recommended value is -95 dBm and should not be lower than -105 dBm. simply click on the associated number and type in the new value. 22.5 Uu_Scan_Poor_RSCP_Threshold This is used to indicate poor RSCP values from scanner data.1.1 Spotlight 22.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 225 22 Appendix J: UMTS thresholds.2.1.1 Uu_Scan_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold This is the absolute number of pilots (with Ec/Ios above Uu_Scan_PilotPollutionThreshold) required to trigger a pilot pollution event. The default value is -100 dBm.1.3 Uu_Scan_PilotPollutionThreshold In calculating Pilot Pollution.1.2.1. KPIs and diagnoses 22.1.

The default value is 5 dB. 22. used in the calculation of DL pathloss.1.1. 22.6 SL_MaxTimeBetweenRRC_REQandCallStart This threshold is used for determining UMTS CS calls with excessive setup time.1.1 SL_Ant_Gain_Threshold This threshold is the default Antenna gain.2 SL_BLER_Threshold This threshold is used for determining a UMTS ‘lost DL channel’ condition. The default value is 50.3. 22. it creates a "too many server" event (based on scanner info).com .3.2. The RSCP condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected.7 Uu_Scan_TooManyServers_RSCP_Threshold The CPICH RSCP threshold above which a Uu_Scan_TooManyServers event may be pegged.1.1. The default value is -104 dBm and the value should be between -90 and -110 dBm. The default value is 10 dB. 22. 22. 22.7 SL_RapidPathloss_EcIo_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection.actix. The default value is 18. when 4 or more pilots (including the best server) are within the threshold value in dB of the best server.1. www.2.3.1.1.5 SL_EIRP_Threshold This threshold is the default EIRP.3.1.3. Recommended value is 6000 ms.6 Uu_Scan_TooManyServers_Count_Threshold The absolute number of pilots (with Ec/Ios within Uu_Scan_TooManyServersThreshold of the Ec/Io of the best server) required to trigger a “too many servers” event (based on scanner info). Recommended value is 3 and the value should be between 2 and 4.3. a condition of which is that EcIo has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window.1. The default value is -15 dB.4 SL_Detectedset_EcIo_Threshold This threshold is used for determining if a detected set member strong enough to be consider as a neighbor. used in the calculation of pathloss.8 Uu_Scan_TooManyServersThreshold In calculating "Too Many Servers". 22.2.1.3 SL_BTS_Sens_Threshold This threshold is the default BTS receive Sensitivity.3. used in the calculation of UL pathloss. 22. Recommended value is 5 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around 1 and 10 dB.4 dB.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 226 22.3 UMTS / Spotlight 22. The default value is -120 dBm. 22.

The default value is 5000m.3. 22.1. 22. 22. then a System Interference event appears on the map. If the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is greater than Uu_RSCP_Interference_Threshold and the CPICH_EcNo_In_ActiveSet is less than Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold.com .12 SL_UMTS_DT_Troubleshooter_ImportantIssues_Threshold This threshold is used to filter out Important issues from the UMTS dashboard that are equal or less then this value. and only data within this distance from the site is considered for the analysis.1.1. Recommended value is 10 dBm. www. Values should lie between -10 and -18 dBm.3 Uu_HighUE_TxPower This is used in the Poor Uplink Coverage event.4. Recommended value is -15 dB. If the UeTransmittedPower is greater than Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold AND the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold.11 SL_UMTS_DT_Troubleshooter_CriticalIssues_Threshold This threshold is used to filter out critical issues from the UMTS dashboard that are equal or less then this value.2 Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold This is used in conjunction with the RSCP Interference Threshold for the System Interference event. The default value is 5. Recommended value is 15 dBm.3. 22. If the UeTransmittedPower is greater than Uu_HighUE_TxPower AND the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is greater than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is greater than Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold. Recommended value is 0.1. 22.1.8 SL_RapidPathloss_RSCP_Threshold This threshold is used in Rapid Pathloss detection. The default value is 3000 ms.3. The EcIo condition must also be met for Rapid Pathloss to be detected.actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 227 22. then Poor Uplink Coverage will appear on the map. Values should lie between 0 and 25 dBm. a condition of which is that RSCP has dropped by at least this threshold value within the defined time window.1.10 SL_Site_Issues_Dist_Threshold This threshold is used in the outside beamwidth analysis.1 Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold This is used in the Coverage Limited event. then a Coverage Limited event will appear on the map.9 SL_RapidPathloss_Time_window_Threshold This threshold is used to define the window over which Rapid Pathloss is performed.4 UMTS / UE_Coverage 22. The minimum should not be lower than 0 and the maximum should not be higher than 25 dBm.4.1.3.4.3.1. 22. 22. Recommended value is 0.1.

then a System Interference event appears on the map. Recommended value is -15 dB and should lie between -18 and -10 dB.4.1. it creates a Pilot Pollution event.9 Uu_TooManyServersThreshold In calculating "Too Many Servers". In the cases where CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is lower than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold. when 4 or more pilots (including the best server) are within the threshold value in dB of the best server. In the case where it is greater than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold.4. 22.4.4. If the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_PoorEcNOThreshold AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND Ue_TransmittedPower is greater than Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold. Recommended value is 5 dB and the minimum and the maximum should be around 1 and 10 dB. Recommended value is -15 dBm.1.1. It is also used in the Poor Uplink and Downlink Coverage event.1. Other conditions must be satisfied for these events to occur please note the other thresholds involved. then the Poor Downlink Coverage event will appear on the map.4. Recommended value is -80 dBm and should lie between -90 and -60 dBm. it creates a "too many server" event (based on scanner info).5 Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold In calculating Pilot Pollution. Recommended value is -95 dBm and should not be lower than -105 dBm. 22. If the UeTransmittedPower is less than Uu_LowUE_TxPower AND the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold AND the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_PoorEcNoThreshold. 22.actix. 22. 22.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 228 22.7 Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold This is used in three different events. then a Coverage Limited event will appear on the map. If the CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet is greater than this threshold and the CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet is less than Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold. www.4 Uu_LowUE_TxPower This is used in the Poor Downlink Coverage event.1. Values should lie between -30 and 0 dBm.1. this threshold sets up the level of interference required for pegging the events.6 Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold This is used in the Coverage Limited event.com .4.8 Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold This is used for the System Interference event. it will trigger either a Coverage Limited event or a Poor Downlink Coverage event. it will trigger a Poor Uplink Coverage event. When 4 or more pilots are above this threshold. Recommended value is -15 dB and should lie between -18 and -10 dB.

2 UMTS events in the Event Explorer Circuit Switched KPIs # Dropped Calls # Setup Failures # Excessive Call Setup Packet Switched KPIs # PS Attempts # Dropped PS # Failed Connection Handover Issues % Handoff Overhead Based on measurements made when the UE is in RRC connected mode. The number of active set update procedures is determined from the RRC signaling. This event is set when the best cell measured by the scanner is not measured by the UE as an active or monitored cell over a period of time of "Uu_Scan_UE_Timer" milliseconds. # ActiveSet Failures This is the ratio of the number of active set update failures to the total number of active set update procedures.e. # ActiveSet Attempts This is the number of active set update procedures. or weaker by less than "Uu_Scan_UE_dB_Threshold" decibels. The thresholds "Uu_Scan_UE_Timer" and "Uu_Scan_UE_dB_Threshold" are configurable using Tools > Display Thresholds > UMTS > Event Control.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 229 22. this event is only set if the following conditions are met: • • The UE is in RRC connected mode. # Server Inconsistencies This is the number of times the event Uu_UE_Scan_Issue is set. 2 or more cells in the active set) to the time the UE spent with only 1 active cell.com . and the number of active set update failures corresponds to the number of active set update procedures for which the UE sends an RRC Active Set Update Failure message. this statistic gives the ratio (as a percentage) of the time the UE spent in handover (i. Note that this statistic needs a valid cellrefs file in order to work correctly. and The scanner's best cell is stronger than the best cell in the active set. Furthermore. determined from the RRC signaling. www.actix.

com .actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 230 Hard Handover Issues # 3G 2G Attempts # 3G 2G Failures # IF Attempts # IF Failures www.

com .actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 231 22. Note that the window size used to evaluate the condition is the period from 5 seconds before the drop. up to the drop itself.3 Dropped Calls diagnosis for UMTS The following diagram outlines Spotlight's procedure for determining a diagnosis of CS and PS Dropped Call events. www.

Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. 42) in either the NAS message or the RRC message.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 232 Diagnosis System Released Missing Neighbor Handover Problem Condition and notes When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31.com . Multiple Active Set update messages are received and a particular SC is not added to the Active Set. 4+ pilots in the Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No within Uu_TooManyServersThreshold dB of the best server (Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0). CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_PoorEcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower (-15 dBm). Coverage Limitation Problem Poor DL Coverage Problem Poor UL Coverage Problem Lost DL Channel Investigate Further (unknown diagnosis) www. providing it is higher than the specified threshold: Pilot Pollution Pilot Pollution: Too Many Servers Interference Problem 4+ pilots in Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No > Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold (-15 dB). SC in Active Set after event < > SCs in Active Set and Neighbor list before event. on average. CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower (15 dBm). Uu_Trch_DownlinkBLERAGG > SL_BLER_Threshold. More investigation is needed. CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold (10 dBm). For the Raked RF Condition. CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold (-80 dBm). the system picks the diagnosis with the highest value. Over 5-seconds.actix.

actix.com .4 Call Setup Failure diagnosis for UMTS The following diagram shows the procedure used by Spotlight to determine the diagnosis of CS and PS Call Setup Failure events: www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 233 22.

CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold (10 dBm). providing it is higher than the specified threshold: Pilot Pollution Pilot Pollution: Too Many Servers Interference Problem 4+ pilots in Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No > Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold (-15 dB). When the cause code is Not Normal (0-31. Over 5-seconds. Use other tools and views to refine your understanding of the problem. CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_PoorEcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower (-15 dBm).com Limited Coverage Problem Poor DL Coverage Problem Poor UL Coverage Problem Lost DL Channel Investigate Further (unknown diagnosis) . 42) in either the NAS message or the RRC message. SC in Active Set after event < > SCs in Active Set and Neighbor list before event. on average. 4+ pilots in the Active or Monitored Set with Ec/No within Uu_TooManyServersThreshold dB of the best server (Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0). A CM Service Abort / Reject message was received. Uu_Trch_DownlinkBLERAGG > SL_BLER_Threshold. For the Raked RF Condition. Multiple Active Set update messages are received and a particular SC is not added to the Active Set. CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold (-80 dBm). www.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 234 Diagnosis System Rejected / RRC Failure CM Service Abort / Reject System Released Missing Neighbor Handover Problem Condition and notes When an RRC message contains an RRC Reject. the system picks the diagnosis with the highest value.actix. CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold (-15 dB) AND CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold (-95 dBm) AND UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower (15 dBm).

up to the drop itself.5 Excessive Call diagnosis for UMTS The following diagram outlines the procedure used by Spotlight to determine the diagnosis of Excessive Call events. www.actix. Note that the window size used to evaluate the condition is the period from 5 seconds before the drop.com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 235 22.

Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 236 23 Appendix K: Information for Administrators 23. www. when defining event diagrams (license permitting). A checkbox enables this in the Diagram Info dialog in Analyzer.actix.com . The checkbox is called ‘Hide diagram from read-only users’.1 Hiding Analyzer Event Diagrams from Spotlight users Central tools teams may want to hide the details of particular KPI calculations from their Spotlight users.

123 best serving cell. 234 Co/Adjacent Channel allocations between neighbors. 117 Dropped Call diagnosis for CDMA. 202. 172 CDMA_CallSetupSuccessRate. 119 drilldown window. 170 CDMA_ImportantIssue_ExternalInterference. 186 AccessAttemptFailRate_Threshold. 116 Drilldown page. 171 CDMA_MobileTxPowerMaxFilterThreshold. 171 CDMA_OverAllSuccessRate. 37 Binned Data Queries. 185 Average_Tx_RlpRetransmissionRate_Threshold. 171 CDMA_MobileTxPowerMinFilterThreshold. 170 CDMA_ImportantIssue_LowRX. 184 Dragged_Dominance_Hysteresis. 188 Consolidated_SINR_For_Nth_Best_Pilot[0]. 50 A Abnormal Connection Release. 188 Average_RxRlpThputInst_Threshold. 173 CDMA_TooManyActivePNsThreshold. 42 coverage footprint. 174 Dropped Calls diagnosis for GSM. 42.com . 191 AccessAttemptDuration_Threshold. 173 CDMA_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold. 173 CDMA_CallSetupTime. 196 DRC Rate. 29 Detailed Event Diagnostics. 188 Average_TxRlpThputInst_Threshold. determining. 233 CDMA Cell Coverage. 190 www. 229 CM Service Abort / Reject. 172 cell coverage. 134 Average EcIo. 216 Average_PER_Threshold. 130 Analyzer Classic. 188 Average_RxTCHThroughput_Threshold. 8 CDMA Cell Coverage analysis. 69 Distant Serving Cell. 139 CDMA events in the Event Explorer. 188 ConnectionReleaseDuration_Threshold. 31 Data Service Analysis. 36 CSV file. 185 CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollutionThreshold. 171 CDMA_ImportantIssue_RevLinkProblem. 170 CDMA_ImportantIssue_FwdLinkProblem. 186 ConnectionReleaseSuccessRate_Threshold. 188 Average_SINR_PN0_Threshold. 173 CDMA_EcIoCombinedThreshold. 47. 37 coverage design boundary. 185 Average_Rx_RlpRetransmissionRate_Threshold. 121 Another Call Started. 63 Coverage Issue. 42 CDMA cell site parameters. 216 Average HSDPA Call Setup time. 134 binning settings. 112 Data Settings link.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 237 24 Index 9 95 95 95 95 95 percentile percentile percentile percentile percentile CQI Tput. 28 Channel mode unacceptable. 216 EcIo Tput. 206 Choose Attributes. 133 Choose Devices. 188 B Batch Sector Plot. 173 CDMA_PilotPollutionThreshold. 171. 171 CDMA_ImportantIssue_PoorQuality. 8 cellrefs file. 175 Coverage Limitation Problem. 171 CDMA_MobileTxPowerThreshold. 196 Dragged_HO_Window. 135 C Call Setup Failure diagnosis for GSM. 128 Circuit Switched KPIs. 54 CDMA Spotlight Report. 202. 205 Dropped Calls diagnosis for UMTS. 42. 171. 216 Average RSCP. 173 CDMA_CallDropRate. 216 MAC-HS Tput. 47. 184 ConnectionAttemptDuration_Threshold. 63 binned data. 9. 231 Dropped Connection diagnosis for EVDO. 62 Drill Down. 216 DL TCP Tput. 170 CDMA/EVDO Pilot Pollution. 188 ConnectionAttemptSuccessRate_Threshold. 47. 185 CDMA_EVDO_TooManyActivePNsThreshold. 171 CDMA_MobileRxPowerThreshold. 170 CDMA_EcIoInterferenceThreshold. 232 Critical Issues section. 172 CDMA_ImportantIssue_ExcessInterference. 201 Call Setup Failure diagnosis for UMTS. 186 ConnectionAttemptFailRate_Threshold. 171 CDMA_ImportantIssue_PoorCoverage. 188 Add Device. 172 CDMA_EVDO_DRCRate_0. 187 CDMA_EVDO_MobileRxPowerThreshold. 8 CDMA Neighbor List analysis. 120 device filters. 131 Distance tab. 188 AccessAttemptSuccessRate_Threshold. 173 CDMA Neighbor List. 170. 204 Attribute Picker. 185 D data files. 216 CDMA_EVDO_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold. 144 CDMA thresholds. 186 CDMA_EVDO_EcIoInterferenceThreshold. 216 RSCP Tput. 8 CDMA_AvgForwardFER. 48 CDMA Pilot Pollution analysis.actix.

216. 197 Global Filters. 200 GSM Spotlight Report. 179 G_RMAC_CV_BEP_Max. 181 GPRS_LLC_UL_Min. 172 EVT_CDMAServerKey. 54 EVDO Rev A Spotlight Report. 206 Handover Issues. 138 EVDO Cell Coverage. 218 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_CQI_Thres hold. 140 EGPRS diagnoses. 206 G G_Analysis_Time_After. 179 G_RMAC_DL_TS_Min. 218 HS mobility. 216. 8. 8 GSM 2G Missing Neighbors analysis.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 238 G_RMAC_Sign_Var_Min. 197 G_RMAC_C_Value_Min. 216. 42 EVDO events in the Event Explorer. 199 G_Cell_Reselect_Duration. 179 . 180 EGPRS_LLC_DL_Min. 229 Handover Problem. 109 EVT_CDMAImportantIssue. 8 Fast binning. 63. 42 Grade of Service. 180 G_RxLevSub_Min. 181 GPRS_RLC_DL_Min. 83 HSDPA 3G-2G Neighbor List analysis. 197 G_T3240_RAUTimer. 181 EGPRS thresholds. 135 Forward Link Problem. 179 EGPRS_Duration_Period. 210 HSDPA Peak Tput. 37 EDGE cell site parameters. 58 EVDO thresholds. 34 Global Filters. 199 G_MsTxPowStepOrdered_Min. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Failure_Rate. 137 GPRS_Duration_Period. 216. 181 GPRS_RLC_UL_Min. 106 failure events. 47 GSM 2G Missing Neighbors. 197 G_TimingAdvance_Max. 66 GSM/GPRS cell site parameters. 147 EVDO System Performance analysis. 8 exporting a series of images. 179 G_RMAC_MEAN_BEP_Max. 199 G_CallSetupSuccessRate. 199 G_Interference_Radius. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_EcIo_Threshold. 230 High retransmissions due to packet incorrectly received in Downlink. 123 External Interference. 216. 180 EGPRS_LLC_UL_Min. 222 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_TCP_Throu ghput_Threshold. 216. 181 grade of service. 8 EVDO Cell Coverage analysis. 216. 197 G_LocationUpdateSuccessRate. 234 Hard Handover Issues. 199 G_Prolong_Interf_timer. 206. 184 Export data. 180 EGPRS_RLC_DL_Min. 175 H Handover Impossible. 180 EGPRS_RLC_UL_Min. 199 G_CallDropRate. 198 G_Analysis_Time_Before. 185 event detection. 235 Excessive Interference. 140 E EcIo_1stBest. 179 G_Cell_Reselect_Time. 216 HSDPA Spotlight Report. 102 HSDPA Low Throughput example.actix. 95 HSDPA Cell Pilot Pollution analysis. 216 HSDPA Cell Coverage analysis. 221 www. 175 Excessive Power Reduction. 180 G_Timeout_ChannelRequest. 160 HSDPA thresholds. 216 HSDPA Setup Failure rate. 172 EVT_EVDOLowThroughput. 155 GSM thresholds. 73 GSM Cell Coverage. 186 Excessive Call diagnosis for UMTS. 197 G_ScanSortSigLevel_Min. 222 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_MACHS_Th roughput_Threshold. 175 Frequency not implemented. 181 empty maps. 180 G_T3310_AttachTimer. 172 EVT_CDMANeighborListIssueDetect. 186 EVT_EVDOServerKey. 179 G_Distance_Max. choosing. 196 G_Handover_Min. 8 EVDO Neighbor List analysis. 179 G_RMAC_Power_Reduction_Max. 50 export suggested changes to the OMC. 186 EVT_VerituneEVDOPilotPollution. 163 HSDPA 3G Neighbor List analysis. 216. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Drop_Rate. 29 Event Explorer. 180 G_T3380_PDPActTimer. 197 G_RxQualSub_Max. 48 EVDO Pilot Pollution analysis. investigating. 220 HSDPA Throughput KPIs.com F F factor. 179 G_RMAC_TAI_Max. 180 G_T3321_DetachTimer. 189 EVDO Neighbor List. 218 High retransmissions due to poor Uplink quality conditions. 181 GPRS_LLC_DL_Min. 232. CDMA. 8 GSM Cell Coverage analysis. 151 EVDO Spotlight Report. 183 EGPRS events in the Event Explorer. 197 G_HandoverSuccessRate. 197 G_OverAllSuccessRate. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_RSCP_Thre shold. 196 GSM visualization. 222 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_95_Percentile_EcIo_Thres hold. 89 HSDPA Call Drop rate. 63 GSM events in the Event Explorer.

36 inbound vs. 74. 61 sites failing recommended design targets. 61 Mobile Tx Power. 226 M Max_TxPower_Threshold. 175. identifying. 195. 121 Lost DL Channel. 217 Low Raw HS Throughput. 234 Load Entire File. 234 Rapidly Changing Radio Conditions. 8 SL_Ant_Gain_Threshold. 28 project template. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_PS_Drop_Rate. 184 relative grade of service. 234 S SchedulerAnalysis. 186 Preferences dialog box. 62 RR Failed. 62 RLP Tx Throughput. 40 Raked RF Condition. 229 PER. 191. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_RSCP_Threshold. 234 Investigate Further. 185 Missing Neighbor. 204 RRC Failure. 142 239 N Neighbor List Issue. 9 KPIs and Reports. 204 Important Issues section. 121 Return to Spotlight link. 185 Maximum Intersite Distance. 232. 234 Ping_Pong_HO_Window. 207 HSPA Cell Coverage. 195. 217 Low Raw HS Throughput not detected. identifying. 123 Immediate Reject. 79 LTE cell site parameters. 39 Min_TxPower_Threshold. exporting a series of. 232. 184. 38 Repository Summary table. 189 RLP Rx Throughput. 234 Low bandwidth allocation. 232. 184 Poor UL Coverage Problem. 73. 216. 193. 202. 232. 204. 126 No repository detected. 61 Mobility scenarios. 37 setting thresholds for data import. 216 LTE Cell Coverage analysis. 89. 214 HSPA+ cell site parameters. 195 Low Throughput diagnosis for EVDO. 192 Low Tput KPI event. 117 Location Update Failure diagnosis for GSM. 193 Low RLP Tx Throughput. 194 ServRxLevSub. 204. 221 HSPA 3G Neighbor List. 207 HSPA events in the Event Explorer. 196 PN Search. 217 Limited Coverage Problem. 204 R Radio Network Explorer. 137 Protocol Stack Browser. identifying problems at the. 184 Low CQI values. 8 Microsoft Excel. 84. 234 PPPConnectionSuccessRate_Threshold. 30 neighbor lists. 175 RL_Throughput_Threshold. 193. 26 New Template. 42 Reports. 193. 217 Low RLP Rx Throughput. 120 K key performance indicator. 8 Network Overload. 193. 232. 226 SL_Detectedset_EcIo_Threshold. 52. 193 Low Rx Signal. 141 LU Reject. 132 L Lack of data to transmit. 175. 217 Low Signal. 191.actix. 206.com . 189 RL_Throughput_TimeLimit_Threshold. 175 Low scheduling rate. 234 Mobile Rx Power. 234 Poor Quality. 191. 206 interference factor.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_HSDPA_Setup_Time. 9 KPI. saving the project. 232. 206 Overall PS Call Drop rate. 216. outbound pilot pollution. 8 Interference. optimize. 202. 188 PPPSetupTime_Threshold. 39 SINR. 216 www. 175 neighbor list preferences. 203 Log Files link. 186 Scheduling Issues diagnosis for EVDO. 232. 232. 204. 216. 8 HSPA Call Drop Analysis example. 25 settings. 220 P Packet Switched KPIs. 51. 234 issues panel. 175. 61 Pilot Pollution. 195 network performance overview. 49 Poor Coverage. 202. 91 message level. 202. 127 Projection. 7 New Project. 202. 30 Show Excel Report. 106 Interference Problem. 226 SL_BLER_Threshold. 226 SL_BTS_Sens_Threshold. 221 HSDPA_NW_Acceptance_Overall_PS_Failure_Rate. selecting. 36 IUB_THROUGHPUT_PERIOD_THRES. 216 I images. 216. 175. 122 Reverse Link Problem. 195 Poor Radio Conditions. 138 O Other. 27. 216 Overall PS Setup Failure rate. 83. 193. 8 HSPA Event Explorer analysis. 191. 206 Poor DL Coverage Problem.

198 SL_GSM_BTS_Sens_Threshold. 222 Uu_HSDPAL1_To_Raw_Throu_Thresh. 69 www. 226 Uu_Scan_TooManyServersThreshold. 227 Uu_HighUE_TxPower. 215. 216. 227 SL_UMTS_DT_Troubleshooter_ImportantIssues_Th reshold. 102 UMTS cell site parameters. 220. 172 Unload Files button. 226 SL_Overspill_Dist_Threshold. 234 240 UMTS Cell Coverage analysis. 216 Uu_HSDPAAvLowSched_Thresh. 225 SL_RapidPathloss_EcIo_Threshold. 228 Uu_WinTimeHSnotBest. 95. 189 thresholds. 196. 227 SL_RapidPathloss_Time_window_Threshold. 216.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 SL_EIRP_Threshold. 232. 220 Uu_TooManyServersThreshold. 8 3G-2G Neighbor List analysis. 216. 222 Uu_HSDPALowCQI_Thresh. 27 Spotlight Report. 198 SL_GSM_High_TX_Power_Threshold. 220 Uu_HSDPALowRawThrou_Thresh. 29 Uu_Scan_PilotPollution_Count_Threshold. 198 SL_MaxTimeBetweenRRC_REQandCallStart. 198 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_Time_window_Threshold. 216 Uu_LowUE_TxPower. 229 UMTS Spotlight Report. 220 Uu_HSDPANet_To_L1_Throu_Thresh. 227 SL_Site_Issues_Dist_Threshold. 215. 222 Uu_LowNetHSDPAThroughput. 228 Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold. 204. 29 thresholds. 234 top panel. 202. 165 UMTS thresholds. 198 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_RxLev_Threshold. 226 SL_GSM_Ant_Gain_Threshold. 232. 227 Spotlight projects about. 216. 89 Cell Coverage. 206. 37 Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold. 223 SL_UMTS_DT_Troubleshooter_CriticalIssues_Thres hold. 227 Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold. 221 UuPilotPollution. 224. 228 Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold. 225 Uu_Scan_PilotPollutionThreshold.com . 25 Too Many Servers. 225 Uu_Scan_Poor_EcNoThreshold. 228 Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold. 42. 198 SL_GSM_Site_Issues_Dist_Threshold. 216 Uu_HSDPAAvRegularSched_Thresh. 216. 226 Uu_Scan_TooManyServers_RSCP_Threshold. 63. 7 SU_Rx_Throughput_Threshold. 170. setting for data import. 198 SL_GSM_EIRP_Threshold. 142 UMTS events in the Event Explorer. 37 System Rejected. 8 3G Neighbor List analysis. 29 T T2P_Avg_Threshold. 95 UMTS Cell Pilot Pollution analysis. 216 Uu_LowRawHSDPAThroughput. 228 Uu_Scan_PilotPollution. 225 Uu_Scan_Poor_RSCP_Threshold.actix. 216. 225 Uu_Scan_TooManyServers_Count_Threshold. 234 System Released. 33 Summary map. 225 Uu_Scan_PilotPollution_RSCP_Threshold. 220 Uu_HSDPALowThrouMaxTimeWin_Thres. 79. 228 Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold. 198 SL_GSM_RapidPathloss_RxQual_Threshold. 226 SL_RapidPathloss_RSCP_Threshold. 189 Summary Dashboard. 216. 226 Uu_ThresGapBeforeThrComparison. 8 UniqueNeighborList. 216. 222 Uu_HSDPALowNetThrou_Thresh. 35 U UMTS UMTS UMTS UMTS UMTS 3G Neighbor List. 122 Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0]. 216. 227 Uu_HSCellNotBestPilot. 215. 69. 83 3G-2G Neighbor List. 225 UMTS/HSPA Cell Pilot Pollution. 9 creating. 8 V Visualization tab. 227 SL_UMTS_DT_Spotlight_CriticalIssues_HSDPAPeak Tput.

actix.Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 241 www.com .

com .Actix Spotlight Desktop User Guide August 2010 242 www.actix.

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